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THE VERMONT PIKENIX
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BRATTLEBORO, VT. : JULY 18, 1857.
oui or wis uounty, tor 13 cents per ycarj elicwbere 20 cent
per year payments In all cases to be made quarterly In
CUTLER'S BLOCK,. . . . MAIN ST., 1I11ATTLEBOHO.
WlliSt'S ClLtJKlIlD 9L1TI ASD M'OOD DeD TlBLM, Willi
THE NKW STTLK CCHHIOS.
XT No Bar Kept. . . Clonal Invariably t 10 P. II. XI
Sm22 Vt'. LILLKY, I'KOraitroa.
C. XV. IIORTON, M. .,
PHYSICIAN AND SUKOEON,
No. 3 llliihc'n Uuildlnic,
n. M. FUNK HO USER Si CO.,
jFoEtoai'Mnn nnB (Commtifon
II SECOND STREET, BETWEEN OLIVE AND LOCCST,
ST. LOUIS, MO.
a. x. resworn, w. i. oicntiiii,
i. L. romi, a. r. tut.
U. M. F. Si CO., will advance on shipments to their
correspondents In New Orleans, New York, and Boston.
Manufacturer of, and Dealer In,
Guna, Platola, Fowling; Plccrn, Ammulit"
Repairing done at short notice on favorable terms.
Ship appolilt the American ousf,...BRATTLEIlQRO, VT.
The "Brnltlcboro Comet llnuil"
are prepared to furnish MUSIC on all occasions, of the latest
and most popular character. Address
LEWIS 8. 11IQQINS, Clerk, or C1IAS. C. ELLIS, Leader.
II. M. AYEUS, M. I).,
Eclectic riijdlclan ntul Surgeon.
OFFICE, No. 2, ELLIOT STREET.
Two Doors West of - - - - REVERE HOUSE
J. II. Si XV. II. ESTERUROOK,
Manufacturers and Dealers In
Empire Stair, Victor, Stownrt' ntul Ocncuce
Valler CooltSlosi-a, l'ntior nml Ilox
Sloven anil Hot Air Furnnccw.
Also t Flows, Cultivators, Road Scrapers, Churns, Iron Sinks,
Russia and English Stotc l'lpe,and all klndsof Stove
Furniture, Japan and Common Tin-ware.
No 1 Exchange Hoc.,.... BRATTLEBORO, VT.
IIECSTIS Si UURNAF,
Hnrnrsa, Truiili, Vnllao Si Collar Minutiae
lurers and Cnrrinfrr Trimmer.
Repalrlng Articles In the above business punctually attended to
Maik-5t., Opposite Amebicis Hoi'SK,
J. F, Hecstu. J. W. BcaSAr.
ALEXANDER II. PIKE,
I'hllllp'a Patcnl Lever Farm nnil Cltv Gate
and Cloth Hoard for PncUltiil,
And Dealer In Lumber, Bills of Timber, Clapboards, Shingles,
&c., manufactured and furnished to order.
" WEST WARDSBORO, VT.
E. C. CROSS, M. T I hvaician nnd Sureron,
OrricB near J. Clark's Daco Store.
Such Domestic Medicines as I have proved valuable In my prae
tice during the past ten years In Guilford and Leyden,
kept on hand and dispensed at my office.
Pure Mnttcr for Vaccllin t Ion.
Attorney nnd CounacIIor nt Law,
Removed from Barton's River to Brattleboro, Vt.
CO Office over the Savings Bank.
FLAGG Si CKOSHV,
Altorncya and Connaellorn at Lavr,
8. r. tLAOa. F. II. CROSBT.
JAMES XV. CARPENTER,
Attorney Si Counsellor at Lnsr and Solicitor
Saxton's River Village, Rockingham, Vt.
CHAS. N. DAVENPORT,
Attorney Si Couiiitellor nt Law Si Solicitor In
BRADLEY Si KELLOGG,
Attorneys Si CouiiNcllorv nt Law Si Solicitor
Office opposite the Brattleboro House, BRATTLEBORO, VT.
J. D. BRADLET. OEO. B. KELLOGG.
BUTLER Si KNOWLTON,
Attorney nnd Counsellor ut Lnsr.
Office two doors West of the Hank. JAMAICA, VT.
I, z. nrrLEE. B. L. KN'OWLTOM.
ESTEV Si KATIIAN,
Dealers in all kinds of
Marble, Granite, Slate, SoapSlone, eVc,
Two doors South of the Bi Idge, Maln-St., BRATTLEBORO, VT
II. N. IIIX,
Attorney Si Counsellor at Lair and Solicitor
WHITINQIIAM CENTRE, VT.
WOODCOCK Si VINTON,
JCr AU kinds of rrinting l'aper made to order. Cash paid
for White and Brown Rags. BRATTLEBORO, VT.
E. CROSI1V Si CO.
Wholesale Dealers in
Flour, Grain and Produce.
No. 3 Dlake'a Block, .... BRATTLEBORO, VT.
JOSEPH STEEN Si SON,
Booksellers, Publisher nnd Stationers,
Corner of Main and High Street), BRATTLEBORO, VT.
JOJEHI STIES. J. rHANE STEEN.
CHAS. C. ELLIS,
Book-Binder Si Blank Hook Mnniifacturcr,
Brick Block, three doors above the Americau House.
S. PIKE, RIFLE MAKER Si GUNSMITH,
Will execute all orders in his line, cither for MAKING- OR RE
PAIRINQ, which may be entrusted to his care. All
work warranted to give satisfaction.
Shop on Dirge-Street, 2 doors ll'est of Cana.-otrtet t
S. A. MORSE Si CO.'S
III the rear of the Brattleboro House,
Main Street, BRATTLEBORO, VT.
FA VETTEVI LLE HOTEL,
F. O. KNAIT, 1'rohuktob, Newfase, Vt,
XT The best accommodations for TravcKrs and Visitors.
Quod stabling connected with the house.
K. V. CROSS, M. D
I'liyslclun and Surgeon,
GUILFORD CENTRE, VT.
VM. S. HOUGHTON,
Hnrness, Trunk nnd Vnliso Manufacturer,
AND CARRIAGE TRIMMER PUTNEY, VT.
Manufacturer and Dealer In Ladles, Gents, Mlases, Children!
Boots, Shoes, Culler and Rubber,
Opposite the Post Office, Main Street,.... BRATTLEBORO.
J, XV. HOLTON, Apothecary and I)ruKK
And Dealer In
MAIN STREET BRATTLEBORO, VT.
Is, Q. MEAD,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, practicing In
the Courts of Vermont and Now llainnshlre.
ILy"A0ENT or Itll.ETtfA Ftrt Inluranct Company, s.ai
'".! county Mint.ui itv.
ALSO, Agnt to procure Pensions, and Bounty Land.
Commissioner for the States of New York and New Hamp.
hire, Calllurnla and Notary Publlo, 117
F. II. FESSEN'DEN.
GENERAL INSURANCE AOENCV
OOlee AVillUioii-a Stone Block.
The subscriber has too agency of the VT. MUTUAL FIRE
INSUUANCE COMPANY, with a Capital exoeedlng tl.300..
000. Also theSPItING FIELD FIKE AND MARINE 1NSUR.
ANCi: COMPAN Y,(stock) with a Capital of J160.000 4: alargs
surplus) and the CONWAY F1RK INSURANCE COMPANY',
t.iut. M,,u a wujiium ui fiw uw. jio u riso preparcu u ei.
I. t Insurance, il desired, in tail ETNA INSURANCE COM.
P INY. lldrtforil. ftitil ATl.ANTin VlllV. ANI1 MAHfNKPft
Pr')ldcnce. persona wishing to insure on property will do
'U to call ou bini before eOcctlog the same. Insurance on
LI t'E mar also be effected with hint Jn the NATIONAL LIFE
INbL'lUNCE COMPANY, 'or anj-,tnn and to any amount
mwuj4 aiu,uvj ai one hsk. f, u. tuxiLflVZH,
BratUcboro, Jmuary Cth, 18 J7, S
wiikn Tin: puhsi; is fui.i..
Oh ! happy ftro the hours when the puree U full
Time piuM-i orer Itowern when the parte It full ;
Where'er our fancy wemti,
We tire f ure to meet with friend,
AikI thcre'i not li log that oTcntfi when the purtc li full.
But weary are the liouti when the puric it low,
And few an J for the Mower when the purio U low j
Where'er our footttcpa range
Comeii the chilling breath of change,
An J the bent of Meads took itranyc when the purccla low.
Morn cometh with a dance when the purne li full i
There U muilo In bt-r glance when the purse ii full
Life then U lomelhlog worth,
1 here U pleasure upon earth.
There U beauty, tong and mirth when the purse Is full.
Clear the brown path to meet the coulter's gleam t
Lo ' on he comes behind bis smoking team,
With toll's brlgnt dew-drops on bis sun burnt brow
The lord of earth, the hero of the plow !
Itrit in the field before the reddening sun,
Last In the shadows when the day is done,
Line after line along the burning sod,
Marks the broad acres where his leet have trod ;
Still where he treads the stubborn clods divide,
The smooth, fresh furrow opens deep and wide ;
Matted and dense the tangled turf upheaves,
Mellow and dark the ridgy cornfle'd cleaves ;
Up the steep hill fide where the laboring train
Stands the long track that scores the level plain ;
Through the tnolit valley clogged with oozing clay,
The patient convoy breaks Its destined way
At every turn the looceulng chains resound,
The HMlnglngptowshare circle glistening round,
Till the wide field one billowy waste appears.
And wearied bands unbind the panting steers.
O. Jr. Jlolmei.
We live at an epoch full of splendid discov
ery. No period in history, equally brief one
at the close of the fifteenth century, when Co
lumbus found the Western uorld, and DeGa
ma the way to the Eastern, alone excepted
has yielded so brilliant a harvest of reliable ge
ographical knowledge as tho six years closing
with 1855. The period covers investigations
oflhrlh, Yogel, and Do Lauturo, in Middle
Africa ; of Oswcll, Livingstone, and Anderson,
in the South ; of Lieutenant ilurton, in the
East. It covets the highly interesting but curiosity-provoking
excursions of Herndon and
Page up the Maranon and Parana into the heart
of South Ameiica. Il covers the explorations
of M'Clure, Collinson, IUe, and Kane, within
the Polar circle. It unfolds an index of cour
age, labor, and patience well rewarded, that
might stimulate tho most indolent in civilized
life into the spirit of adventure. The index is
that nf a bulky volume, containing stores of
facts precious to science, with very little that
is not tributary to some department of knowl
edge Hut foremost and chief, as tho leading
discoveries of the time, and the crown and com
plement of all preceding research, rank these
1. Tho discovery, in 1849, by Captain Os
well and Dr. Livingstono, of the great Lake
Ngami, in Southern Africa, thus partially con
firming Greek and African tradition, and the
conjectures of geologists, that the unknown des
erts of that continent beneath the Lunar rango
nrn diversified with expanded sheets of water,
and possibly an inland sea.
2, Tho discovery, in 1850, by Captain
M'Clure, of a Northwest passage lo China,
three hundred years after Sir Hugh Willough
by first attempted to find it, and after thrro hun
dred years of gallant endeavor and matchless
suffering in the pursuit.
3. Ihe discovery, in 1855, by Dr. Kane, of
an iceless circumpolar sea, the cxistenco of
which had been prc-supposed by science.
Iho latter two achievements leave only sec
ond-rate honors to subsequent maritime explor
ation. Not but that there is a world of work
to be done ; not but that lhcro are as valuable
facts in the sea as ever came out of it. Ilut
tho main glory of adventure consisis in pioneer
ing tho way, which, once indicated, they who
follow are but instruments in the hands of the
true discoverer. Is not the discovery of the
planet Neptuno credited to Lo v errier, who
demonstrated its place in tho concave, rather
lhan to the star-gazer who, guided by his data,
found it! So will the glory of finding the
Northwest Passage belong primarily to M'Clure
who, ftom the heights of Baring's Island, saw,
seventy niutical miles away, across impassable
ice, points which Parry had reached from the
opposite side; and like the Spaniard, who "si
lent upon a peak in Darieft," first saw the Pa
cific, looked down Barrow Strait homeward.
Yet no little fame will bo his who, working his
way through intervening ice, effects, not mere
ly demonstrates tho passage. So likewise the
honor of proving an open polar sea belongs to
Dr. Kane; while a largo residum of credit is
reserved for the sailor who shall attain and nav
igate those unvisited waters. Nor is tho field
of unfinished labor at tho North confined to
these two enterprises. The coast line of the
North American continent is yet to bo defined ;
the extent and direction of various straits, bays,
and inlets separating the Arctic islands are to
bo ascertained ; tho islands themselves are to
be surveyed ; Greenland is lo bo circumnaviga
ted, All these things will doubtless be ac
complished before 1057, the most ol them dur
ing the current century. An expedition fur
nished with all tho results of M'Clure, Collin
son, and Kane, and instructed thoroughly by
their experience of ice and cold, is already
planned in England ; and, if managed with
senso, intrepidity, and attended with good for
tune may forgather the labors of a generation
or two. The propriety of expediting overland
from Canada a subsidiary company, provided
completely with the appliances of scientific and
geographical observation, will not, wo suspect,
be overlooked by her Majesty's Colonial Office
In South America, the grand labors of Hum
boldt and lionpland only less valuable because
effected beforo the natural sciences had assum
ed their ptcsent better classification with the
minor attempts of Herndon and Page, only whet
the appetito for information, Paraguay is still
a terra incognita ; tho upper waters of the Am
azon have been but cursorily noted ; the ham
mer of the geologist has scarcely disturbed the
echoes of the Andes, with their wondrous peaks
and table-lands, abrupt chasms, and irregular
stratification; the shelves of our museums boast
very few representatives of the animal and veg
etablc fecundity which throngs tho prolific plains
at their feet. The Southern half of our hem'
isphere is, in fact, a vast arena for renumera
live research an arena uninterrupted and un
impoverished by desert sands. Tho Emperor
of Iltazil, we are glad to note, has organized
an expedition to so much of the course of the
Amazon as lies within his dominions. It is
designed tu start early in the coming autumn
Africa more than makes up for the deficion
cies of South America in the article of sand,
lis animal kingdom is also upon a more stupen
dous scale, adding that formidable obstacle lo
other peculiar perils of exploration. Never
theless, lhanks to the enterprise of the Viceroy
of Egypt, the intrepidity of Dr. Livingstone,
the pliant adaptability of Captain Button, muoh
has been acbcmplishrd. Tho Whito Nile has
been examined within two degrees of tho equa
tor; advancing from tho vicinity of the Cape,
Livingstone has traversed tho tniddlo region
obliquely, up to the eighth parallel of South
latitude; and, varying his track, he has cross
ed the samo country from ocean lo ocean, as
shown upon the chart prepared by him, which
accompanies the present paper. Upon tho lat
ter route, from longitude 25 to the Mozam
bique Channel, ho had been anticipated by I'e
rcira, in 1790. Burton has recently returned
from some remarkable investigations in the
country back of Natal, throwing light upon
tribes unvisited by Europeans. Africa, never
theless, affords a vast area for research. Ethi
opia is still imperfectly kno-.n. A tract as
large as the United States is clothed m utter ob
scurity. We know nothing of the Mountains
of the Moon but their name. The sourco of
the Whito Nile is undiscovered, Tho inland
sea we have referred to has never been seen or
sounded. Whole nations, known to us by re
port, have yet tu witness that phenomenon, a
white man. Such is tho field still open for ex
ploration ; and it is scarcely lo be imagined
that tho adventuroos spirit nf our lime will long
leavo it without cultivators. We already hear
of hunting parties, and individuals pushing by
degrees inward from the various European set
tlements upon both shores, supplying, if not
exact scientific and topographical data, addition
al anecdotes of the aborigines. There is, more
over, the great Egyptian expedition now upon
tho Nile, recruited from tho European schools
of science, furnished with apparatus, boats,
necessaries, and a powerful escort, and instruc
ted to stop non here short of the mysterious
head of that river, should tho search carry them
to the Lunar mountains, or to the moon itself.
Burton, too, at the head of a strong company,
has landed in Zanguchar, on tho eastern side,
in latitudes0 South, designing to urge his dis
coveries inward until ho joins tho Egyptian
patty, and with them to seek the intercontinen
tal sea. Should these projects be realized to
the extent tho character of the men engaged in
them warrants, the dark curtain that has from
the beginning shrouded Middle Africa, will at
last be uprollcd, and tho land of ivory and gold
dust become as familiar to curious civilization
as the land of Iho olive and myrtle.
Turning to Asia, wo find great reason to re
joico that the "golden realm of Cathay" is tn
be thrown open to the world. Tho first step
having been taken, Chinese obstinacy will do
the rest. China is broken. The barbarian
will pour in. Fotcign intervention will satis
fy and tranquilize rebellion, restore activity to
industry, and by settling upon solid foundations
the guarantees of trade, lend it new vitality.
What immense tracts will thus bo made pene
trable to the curious explorer, what boundless
fields opened for educational and missionary ef
fort, what provocations presented to antiquarian
and historical inquiry, u hat temptations to men
of science, what curious and secret processes,
invaluable to the agriculturist and artisan !
Indeed, no anticipations, however enthusiastic,
can bo fairly pronounced extravagant, when we
reflect that this is tho eldest empire uf earth,
Iho home of one-third of tho human family, tho
mother of thoso immortal arts, without which
mankind might still be in tho dawn rather lhan
in tho noontide of civilization. It will not be
long before Japan will yield to tho samo press
ure now applied to China, and expand tn tho
approach of commerco and travel.
There will then remain for examination only
ono promising theatre of tesearch, namely the
Australasian archipelago, still indifferently
knoun oven to the Europeans scattered about
it. Australia, had our own Government pos
sessed it, would long ago havo been mapped,
acre by acre, in the Land Office, and its entire
topography delineated minutely. We havo no
means of conjecture us lo the time the British
Government will be likely to tako for tho samo
task. Certainly, in tho anomalous character
of tho animal and vegetable life, observed there,
wo have the prospects of results ptofoundly in
teresting to the naturalist; while for data to ho
supplied only by tho rocks of that eccentric
continent tho geologist must continue to wait
patiently. Timo, and the enterprise of his
children, will accomplish these things, and
greater. In another century, perhaps the phra
ses, "unexplored region," "only partially
known," and other similar blazons of geograph
ical ignorance, will cease to disfigure the map.
What may we not expect from iho accelerating
movoment of the ago?
BATHING AND DROWNING.
That period of tho year has arrived which
may be aptly termed tho drowning season.
The dare-devil spirit and impulsivo, reckless
habits which characterize us as a nation, havo
rendered us so familiar with what we are pleas
ed to call "accidents," that wo havo come to
regard these fortutious events as matters of
courso, and are enabled to calculate their pe
riodical return with far more certainty than our
astronomers can predict ihe approach nf a comet.
Paradoxical as it may seem, there is something
like order and system in our accidents. Our
disasters are regulated by limes and seasons.
The well-known hymn, slightly altered, states
tho case exactly
"Each season has Us own mishap,
Its peril every hour."
Fires and burning fluid explosions arc in or
der from November to March, On tho break
ing up of winter falling through the rotting ice
is for a few weeks tho favorite method of find
ing a permatute grave. Tho gunpowder mania
comes an about the fourth of July, and accom
plishes a vast amount of mischief in a very short
timo. Then comes tho season of steamboat ex
plosions and conflagrations, railroad collisions,
&c, which lasts until people get home from
their summer jaunts, and tho picnic excursions
are over. The period which wo have denomi
nated "the drowning season," usually com
mences in tho lattter part of Juno, and is of about
three months' continuance. From river, pond
and seashoro the wail of wo has already begun
to ascend. How many bright and premising
youths will find a "watery bior," cro tho sum
mer solstice is passed I How many hearts
will bo crushed, how many hopes blighted, how
many homos darkened, as the cold and dripping
forms of sons and brothers are slowly boruo
from the placo of boyish revelry to the silent
and darkened chamber !
What then ! ' Shall bathing and swimming
be abandoned, because attended with danger I
By no means, One might with as much rea
son abandon the uso of fire, because that ele
ment sometimes destroys properly and life.
Children, boys especially, ought to be encourag
ed lo learn to swim. .It is a healthful and in
vigorating exercise and u most useful art, life
itself often depending upon it. But in acquir
ing the art, every possible precaution should be
taken against the mil to which the beginner is
exposed. A few words of caution to our young
readers, and sotno directions to the older ones
for restoring persons apparently drowned, may,
therefore, provo not altogether useless.
It is probable that drowning is usually oc
casioned by excessive fright. Tho body is as
light as water, and if a person on suddenly find
ing himself beyond his depth, could keep per
fectly cool and self-possessed, there would per
haps be little danger of his sinking. He would
soon find away to keep his mouth and nostrils
out of water, even if ho knew nothing of swim
ming. But all experience shows that it is too
much to expect a novice to retain his calmness
and composure under such circumstances. Buys,
and men too, will be terribly frightened, when
they find themselves sinking in an element which
they have never learned lo master, in spite of
all the philosophy they may bo able to command.
It is about as useful, therefore, to exhort them
to keep cool when they find themselves drown
ing, as it would bo to advise a boy to turn bold
ly round and face an infuriated bull, rather'than
trust to a good pair of legs for escape.
Two simple precautions would, wo think,
avctt most of tho fatal casualties from balhing
which happen among boys. First, let thoso
who cannot swim select a safe place for bathing;
and, second, let them never venture beyond their
depth, unless there are those present who arc
capible of rendering assistance, in case of dan
ger. The inexperienced should be especially
careful not to bathe whero the bottom is steep,
irregular, or full of holes. They should also
shun the neighborhood of mill-dams and water
falls, whero there are strong currents and ed
dies. No placo is safe for a novico to bathe
in unless he knows il tu be free from these ob
jections ; and even then, it would bo rash for
him to venture further than he can safely wade,
unless thoro are good swimmers in tho patty.
In diving, select a deep place, and strike ihe
water obliquely. If seized by the cramp, strike
out the limb boldly, drawing the toes upward,
noinaltor how great the pain ; meanwhile, make
for land wall your arms. If in a moment of
peril a companion comes to your aid, do not
grapple him, or you may both perish. The
person rendering assistance should approach the
sufferer with cate, getting behind him if possi
ble, nnd seizing him with one hind or his teeth.
When life is not exposed, health is often en
dangered by tho reckless manner in which boys
plunge into water in a warm day. Swimming,
although a very healthful exercise in itself, may
be perverted into a source ot great evil to the
body. Boys should understand that to go into
Ihe water when in a perspiration, or immediate
ly after a hearty meal, or when greatly fatigued,
or at mid-day in very hot weather, or to go in
several times in ono day, or to remain in too
long, or lo attempt to swim to far, may make
invalids of them all their days, or even cost them
It is well known that persons rescued from
the water have been restored to life, an honror
tno after their apparent death. But perhaps
it is not so generally know that few well au
thenticated cares arc on record where resus
citation has been effected after a total submersion
of five minutes. Mr. Woolly, a medical as
sistant of tho Ilnyal Humane Society of Eng
land, has met with hut one case in the records
of that Society, in which tho individual was re
stored after remaining under water five min
utes ; and Dr. Taylor says, "in numerous ex
peiimenls on drowned animals, I have never
found that life could be restored after the ani
mal had been entirely submerged for tho space
of four minutes." Still by patient and well
directed efforts, the apparently drowned may
often bo restored lo animation, and we append
the new rules of tho celebrated Dr. Marshall
Hall, F. R. S., for treating such cases.
I. Send with all speed for medical aid, for
articles of clothing, blankets, &c.
II. Treat tho patient on the spot, in the open
air, freely exposing Iho face and chest to the
breeze, except in too cold teeather,
III. Placo tho patient gently upon tho face,
to allow any fluids to flow from the mouth.
IV. Then raise tho patient gently into tho
sitting posture, and endeavor to excite respira
tion 1st. By snuff, hartshorn, &c., applied to the
Sd. By irritating the throat by a feather or
by the finger.
3d. By dashing hot and cold water alternate
ly on the face and chest.
These failing of success, lose no time, but
imitate respiration thus,
V. Replace the patient upon his face, his
arms under his head, that the tungue may fall
forward and leave the entrance to tho windpipe
freo, and that any fluids may flow out of the
1st. Turn the body gradually on the side and
a little more, and then again on the face, affr
natclu, to induce inspiration and expiration.
2d. When replaced, apply pressure along tho
back and ribs, and then lemnvo it, to induce
farther expiration and inspiration, and then pro
ceed as before
3d. Let these measures he repeated gently,
deliberately, but efficiently and porseveringly,
sixteen times in the minuto, only,
VI. To induce circulation and warmth, while
continuing these measures, also
1st. Rub all the limbs and trunk upwards with
tho warm hands, making ,Tnri prcuure energet
ically. 2d. Replace the wet clothes by such other
coverings as can be procured. JV, E. Fanner,
Daniel Morgan, the Rifleman. The name
of Daniel Morgan, tho celebrated commander
if tho A irginia riflemen, is a household word
in Virginia. His remains repose at Winches
ter. Jerseyman by birth, ho early emigrated
to the Virginia wilds, and was a wagoner in
the French war. Tall, muscular, and inured
to all hardships, ho was fond of adventure,
famed for intense daring and hair-breadth es
capes. He had been grossly insulted by one
British officer, and severely punished by anoth
er in the name of King George Ho vowed
vengeanco and kept his vow.
At the opening of tho revolution ho raised a
battalion of riflemen, and drilled them to per
fection. They spurned tho bayonet, and relied
on tho deadly aim of tho rifle. He used to say
the business of his men was to kill, not to be
killed. At tho battle of Saratoga, seeing the
day was going against the Americans by reason
of tho extraordinary skill and energy of Gene
ral Fraser, with his Scotch division, he resolv
ed to resort to tho only measure cunccivablo to
arrest the linn of battle that threatened to over
whelm them. Summoning to his presenco the
best marksman in his command, whoso aim was
never known to fail, ho said to him, "Murphy,
do you sco that officer on tho iron gray horse 1"
"Yes, sir," was the reply of the soldier. Mor
gan rejoined with an almost faltering voice,
"Then do your duty."
Murphy ascended a tree, cut away the inter
laced branches with his hatchet, (this was a
part of their variegated armor,) rostcd his rifle
in a suro placo, watched his opportunity, and
as suon as Gen. Eraser had, in his animated
movements, como within a practical range,
Murphy fired, and tho gallant Eraser fell mor
tally wounded, being shot in Iho centra of his
body. That fall decided the day. The enemy
soon gave way, and Saratoga became immortal.
But Morgan, the rough soldier, was a man of
tender feelings, and he almost wepl at tho deed,
and always said it tioubled him, becauso it
looked so much like a kind uf assassination of
a brave and noble officer. Though gallant as
that officer was, he had placed himself there to
bo shot at, and was engaged in shooting others.
It was in a similar way that Nelson fell on the
deck of the victory.
WHICH IS THE LADY I
'Who lives there, Hettie?' And Cousin
Henry pointed tu the pretty pink cottage, hid
ing behind its dark cedars and drooping larch
es, which we could see very plainly from tho
front chamber window where we sat together.
'Oh, Mr. and Mrs. Garret live there. They
are young people, and I wish you could see the
lady, Cousin Henry.1
'Because she is perfectly lady-like. It is
really a luxury to ones (esthetic faculties to
watch her. 1 cannot keep my eyes off her
when she comes in hero; every movement is
so full of grace. She walks across tho room,
or takes a scat, in a way that is perfectly cap
tivating ; in short, she realizes my idea of a la
dy, graceful, elegant, refined what are you
laughing at, Cousin Henry!'
'At yourself. Forgive me, dear, but I see
you havc'nt lost your old intensity of language
sinco we parted. I believe, however, extrava
gant adjectives are one of the failings of your
sex. I should like to see this paragon of
'Well, you shall, to-morrow afternoon.
How fortunate that mamma invited her and
Mrs. Pease to tea.'
'And who is Mrs. Pease!'
'Another uf our recent neighbors. She
lives in that neat, straw-colored brick-house
just down the road. But, dear me! she isn't
at all like Mrs. Garret, though they are old
friends and school-males. Sho's fat and dum
py, and so clumsy and gauche. They do say,
though she is very kind hearted. Hark I
does'nt that robin sing sweetly in the old elm!'
And listening to the notes as they pulsed up
and down through tho green leaves, I forgot
all about the gossip with which I had been en
tertaining my companinion during the morning.
I had not seen Cousin Henry Ward for four
years. He had been in California during this
lime, and his return was an occasion of great
rejoicing lo me. There was no tics beside
those of kindred existing between us, for Hen
ry's hluc-eyed wife, Clara Hunter, had been
Ihe tenderly beloved companion of my girlhood.
She was niiw visiting hor parents in tho West,
and as business brought him to New York soon
after his return, he managed to run up to Wood
fern fur a couplo of days.
Cousin Henry was a Utile eccentric in his
views and opinions. I am certain I never quar
reled with any other man half so much as I
have with him. I am certain I never loved
two others as well. His heart was a warm,
generous, true one; and his perceptions of
character were remarkably acute ; so, from
childhood we had quarreled.
Tho next afternoon our neighbors made their
advent. Mrs. Garret was elegant, fascinating
as ever, and I saw Cousin Henry, who, like
most men of his temperament, highly apprecia
ted grace and beauty, was much attracted by
the lady's manner.
Perhaps her faco was not regularly beauti
ful, but its brightness and vivacity more than
atoned for this; and there was a grace, an esse
and self possession in every movement and man
ner, which impressed every one.
Very unlike this her friend, Mrs. Pease.
Her manners wero not unladylike, and her con
versation was pleasing and intelligent; but her
mould was very different from her friend's,
who, perhaps was not aware of the marked con
trast between them, for Mrs. Peaso's figure was
large, heavy and inelegant. I do not believe
she could havn committed a graceful action ;
and while Mrs. Garrett's taste in dress was ex
quisite, Mrs. Pease's sense of fitness of arrange
ment and harmony of color was remarkably ob
tuze. But just beforo tea, a circumstance occurred
which materially affected our relativo estimates
of the ladies.
Mrs. Winters, another of our neighbors, call
ed to seo us. She was a pretly, rather char
acterless, and, on the whole, well-meaning sort
uf a woman, who lived in a very dashing style,
and was very anxious to ignore her early life,
which was obscure, But then, wo all havo
our weakness, and if Mrs. Winters lacked mor
al courage in this matter, most likely you and
I do in soma other, reader.
I observed that our new guest seemed a lit
tle embarrassed when I presented her to tho
others, and partly divined tho causo, when thoy
spoko of being natives of tho same town.
'You have, however, altered much, I should
hardly recognize you, Mrs. Winters,' remarked
Mrs. Garret, in tho cotirso of their conversation.
'But you know wo used to meet almost every
afternoon, as you returned from tho factory and
I from school.' Her voice was very low and
soft, but it seemed to mo thoro was a littlo con
sciousness in tho smile that curved the lips of
the lady, while Mrs. Winter s faco changed
suddenly to crimson, as she stammered some in
Mrs. Pcaso interrupted her suddenly, and
very earnestly ; 'I too, remember you, Mrs.
Winters, because of thoso dolightful visits we
used to have together at your uncle's the Col
oriel. You know ho was thn lion of our town,
and then, my father thought so much of him.'
Mrs. Winter's face boamed with smiles, as she
turned it toward Mrs. Peaso, but I doubt wheth
er eho felt so happy as that lady just then,
'Well, Sarah,' remarked Mrs. Garret, whilo
wo were atsupper, 'lalwayslhoughtyou hadn't
the slightest loaven of arti'nynur nature. But
1 really doubted il, when you made that very
effective speech to Mrs. Winter's.'
'Did you Annlel Well, I couldn't help
feeling very sorry for her, when you alluded to
her factory life. She wishes to forget her an
tecedents, and if we cannot respect her motive,
wo certainly should her feelings.'
I don't agree with you, Sarah." The ele
gant lady was evidently a littlo disturbed, 'If
people aro so weak as tu be ashamed of thoir
antecedents, they should bo exposed and morti
fied. I intended she should understand 1 knew
just how she was, and how sho worked for sev
eral years in my father's factory and married
'And now on account of tho sudden fortune
ho has acquired, she presumes to take airs, and
set herself on an eminence with those who al
ways thought her infinitely beneath them. It's
really quite ridiculous.'
'But her manners aro certainly refined, An
nie, as much so as many a rich man's daugh
ter.' 'Well, her father was a drunkard, and her
mother a poor shiftless creature. That remark
of yours about the colonel, must havo been very
acceptable, fur I honestly believe he was the
only respectable relation Martha Winters ever
Somo occurrenco, I forget what, prevented
any reply to this ironical conclusion of Mrs.
'And this is your idea of a perfect lady,
oh, Nettie !' said my cousin when wo were
alone that evening.
'I shall never love Mrs. Garrett any more,'
I answered, thumming desperately on the piano
keys. 'Any woman who could intentionally,
wantonly, injure the feelings of another, cannot
be a lady.'
'You are right, cousin Nettie,' said Henry,
who came up to me, drew up my head, and
smoothed down my hair, just as he used to do,
when we sat in the late autumn days, under the
barberry bushes, 'no woman can be a lady who
would wound or mortify another. No matter
how beautiful, how refined, how accomplished
she might be, she is coarse-grained, and the in
nate vulgarity of her nature manifests itself
here. She is plebeian not in birth or fortune,
it may be, but in her soul.'
'How I wish all good people were beautiful
and agreeable,' I said. 'Now there's Mrs.
Pease, after all, she's the true lady,' and then
I fell to thinking.
'Of what are you thinking Nettie!' at last
asked my cousin Henry, and I looked up to find
his dark searching eye on my face.
'I was thinking, Cousin Henry, how the an
gels estimate uf us must differ from our own ;
for they, with their clearer vision, behold that
'beauty of the soul' which no homeliness of set
ting can change or obscure. How little must
this earthly loveliness we so highly, perhaps so
rightly value, seem lo ihcm Oh, when shall
we to whom beauty is jay, a happiness, a lovo
and yet wo feel and acknowledge a loveliness
beyond any that is outward and sensuous, be
cause it is of the right, born of God, and eter
nal when shall we learn to say this is beauty!
always recognizing and rejoicing in it!'
'When this mortal shall have put on immor
tality,' answered the deep voice of my cousin,
and then we went to the window, and looking
up together to the shining stars, said simulta
neously, those grand, solemn triumpnant, words
of Paul tho Apostle : "When this mortal shall
have put on immortality.'
THE WANE OFTHE CRESCENT.
From "Boat-Llfe In Egypt," by W. C. Prime.
It is profoundly interesting to stand in a spot
where, daily, for a thousand years, the prayers
of men have been offered up ; where the stones
are worn with the knees of sincere, if mistak
en, believers; where thero has never been a
day, since the ninth century, when the voice of
the muezzin was not hcatd across tho court and
through the shadowy arches, uttering that sim
ple and sublime passage that has been so often
uttered above this city and all the East that ono
might think the ait would sound il with its own
morning winds forever after, "God is great.
There is no deity but God. Mahommcd is
God's apostle. Come to prayer, come to pray
er ; prayer is belter than sleep; come to pray
er. God is most great. There is no god but
At noonday and at sunsctting the samo chant
has filled these arches with solemn molody.
One cannot stand and hear it now without feel
ing that the voice is the same voice that uttered
it ten centuries ago, though the men through
whose thin lips it escaped on the air are the
dead dust of those centuries. Aye is sublime.
A creed, though false, is nevertheless magnifi
cent if it be old ; and I cannot look on these
tottering walls, theso upheaving pavements,
these crumbling towers, without a melancholy
regret stealing in along with other feelings that
this worship, this creed, is approaching its end,
and that the day is fast coming when Islam and
tho creed of the Prophet will bo to men like
tho memories of lsis and Apis shadows flit
ting around tho ruin' of old Egypt. In broad
daylight, when eyes and intellects are wide
awake, tho shadows are as clouds dark with
memories of crimo and wrong ; shapes of hid
eous deeds, blackening the very name of hu
manity. Ilut in night time and tho moonlight, when
wo do not see these, thero will bo shapes like
halos around tho falling minarets of Tooloon
and Amer as around the obelisk ol Heliopolis
and the unchanging pyramids; memories of
simple but grand faith in Ihe hearts of old men
that worshipped God, and died in every year
and month of all tho thousands that have shone
upon these stones; shadows that will forever
haunt tho places that aro sanctified by man's
holiest emotions sincere and prayerful trust in
God, though it were in a false god; shadows
that aro changclul, but always there; long
shapes and forms cast on the walls by the altar
flames, that remain and appear and flit hero and
thero on pavement and wall, though altar-fires
be long extinguished, and tho wall lie in dust
on tho broken pavements of the temple.
But is this so, and is the end approaching !
I asked myself the question in the city of Vic
tory, seated at my open window in the night
lime, the moon shining gloriously a dazzling
moon my table drawn to the window, and tho
flame of my candle rising steadily, and without
a flicker, in tho profoundly silent air. Two
hundred thousand people were lying around me,
and I asked who and what they were, and what
part they formed in the grand sum of human
valuation! Literally nothing. They are not
worth the counting among tho races of men,
I had been conversing that sarna day with
intelligent Musiulmans, who not only express
ed their belief, but added Ihelr anxious hopo
that tho advance of English power in the East
would soon mako Egypt an English possession.
I heard this every whoro among them. If they
knew anything about it and Turks ought lo
know muro of it than Americans they would
see that it is their manifest destiny, England
begins to see it as before she has only wished it.
I answered my question, Yes, tho end is nut
far distant. The mosque of Amer, traditional
melro of tho duration of the faith, is falling.
I saw with my own eyes a huge piece of its
wall go crashing down inln the dusty coutt,
where the still sunshine fell on it as if it had
been waiting for it ; and no ono will ever dis
turb ils ruins.
Just before break of day, from the mosque of
Mohammed All at the citadel.the morning call to
prayer sounds over tho city. The Sultan Has
san, uld Tooloon, and another and another take
it up, nnd three hundred voices aro filling the
air with a rich soft chant, that reaches tho car
of tho Mussulman in his profoundest slumber,
and calls him up to pray. Docs he obey 1
There was a time when, at that call, the city
of Selah-o'dccn had no closed eye, no unbent
knee in all ils walls. But the Mussulman is
changed now. He heard the call in his half
drunken sleep, stupefied with hashish, and he
damned the muezzin, and turned over to deeper
slumber. He heard It in his profound repose,
after counting over the gains ho had made by
cheating his neighbois, and he did not feel like
praying. Ho heard it in the perfumed couch
of his slave, and ho forgot the prophet's in the
present heaven. He heard it yes, there wero
a few old men who remember the glory of the
Mamelukes ; who heard their fierce shouts when
the Christian invaders met them at the pyra
mids; and who, wearied with long life, look
now for youth and rest in heaven, and they,
when they heard the call, obeyed it, and theirs
were tho only prayers wasted on the dawning
light in all of Cairo, and when they cease there
will be none to pray.
About the Comet. A Mr. Jones was once
put on trial before the church of which he was a
member, for some misdemeanor. He put in an
earnest plea of not guilty, assured his brethren
that the evidence, even of his accusers, would ac
quit him, and declared his readiness for trial.
Unfortunately for Mr. Jones, the evidence was
all one way, and all ncainst him ; but before a
vote was taken on bis expulsion, he wished to put
himself right on the record, and accordingly said :
"My brethren and sisters : when I put in my
plea of not guilty, I did so under a firm belief
that I was innocent. It is, perhaps, needless for
me to add that after listening impartially to tho
evidence adduced, I find that 1 was mistaken,
and yielding to what I perceive to bo the gener
al sentiment of the church, I cheerfully with
draw my assertion of innocence, and acknowl
edge that I sm guilty."
Mr. Jones sat down beaming with frankness
and open-hearted honesty.
When we published our comet theory, we
thought that it was, perhaps, somewhat gaseou3
but so was the comet; somewhat erratic but
o was the comet. Under the pressure of the
evidence which has been adduced sinco the pub
lication of our article, we are compelled to be
lieve that it is possible that the comet, after all,
did not strike, however improbable the idea may
seem at first glance.
In thus retiring from the field of comet discus
sion, we wish to tender to our numerous western
exchanges our thanks for the open and childlike
spirit with which they received our argument.
It speaks well for their simplicity of heart and.
freedom from guile. To our friends in Roches
ter, and more particularly in Boston, we would
remark that we can appreciate their incredulity,
when we recollect how fully their minds and
columns Are engaged in tho discussion of the
Main Street Bridge and spiritualism. For that
more numerous class of papers which have pub
lished our articles as an "ingenious argument,"
but expressed doubts as to its scientific accura
cy, we can only say that their caution was com
mendable. Buffalo Commercial.
How to Avoid beiko Personal. Sheri
dan Knowles being advised by Sir E. Bulwer
Lytton to read Gibbon's Declmo and Fall, in
order to get a good plot for a new play he had
engaged to write, went, in his usual impulsive
manner, and immediately subscribed to Sanders
Si Oiler's public library. Paying down his sub
scription for three months, he walked away.
Being on the eve of going into the country, ho
did not take any books then, but on his return
to London, nearly four months afterwards, he
called and asked for the work in question. The
clerk looked over tho nams and said, "our
subscription has expired, sir; I cannot let you
havo any books until you have paid for another
3uarter in advance" The wrath of the Irish
ramatist was roused, so ho soundly rated the
cleric, declaring that " Saunders & Otley were
a couple of swindlers !" Ono of the partners
hearing this came forward, and repreached Mr.
Knowles for his personal insult. "Personal,
my dear sir," said the wit, "not a bit of it you
are Mr. Saunders, d n Mr. Otley if you are
Mr. Otley, d n Mr. Sanders I would not be
personal for the world I" The partner smiled
at the felicitous retort, and put Knowles on the
Mechanics' Institute Vaiiieoatid
Woods The Philosophical Club of the Insti
lute, Prof. Manes in the chair, finished their
discussion on Wood on Wednesday evening.
Among the novel facts elicited, Prof. Mapes
stated lhat the French were in the habit of honng
holes into growing tress and injecting various
colored liquids fur purpose of making the fine
variegated woods for cabinet-making and other
purposes. By using liquids of various chemical
properties at different times, under the action of
Ihe force pump, some remarkably beautiful re
sults are obtained by chemical action. He also
described a process of making imitation tortoise
shell from wood treated with hot tand skillfully
manipulited over the surface by means of a
feather-like substancee held in the hand of the
workman. Very many of the fino tortoise shell
boxes of French manufacture, the Professor
said, would be found, on examination, to be
nothing but wood treated in this manner.
He also stated that it was the practice of some
intelligent timber-growers to select choice trees
and repeatedly, puncturo tbenvwtih a blunt in
strument, thus provoking the growth of im
menso warts often weighing half a ton, the beat
of which sell in France as high ss forty cents a
pound. N. Y. Times. 4th.
Death fiiom a Sinqulaii Cause. Mr. C.
C. Cooley, whom we spoke uf in our issue of yes
terday as being at the point of death, from the
effects of having a tooth extracted, died yester
day. Mr. Cooley was a contractor in Colonel
Colt's pistol factory, whero he bad been engag
ed for several years. His ago was 37 years.
Some three weeks sinco he applied to a dentist,
who extracted for him an eye tooth, from which
he was suil'ering much pain. Tho tooth was
properly extracted, and nothing remarkable oo
curicd at the time, but, soon after the operation
was performed, Mr. C.'s jawaud faco began t&
swell and to pain him sovercly. His face con
tinued to swell, until tho infiamation had exten
ded to his head and throat, when his nervous
syetem became so much affected that delirium
set in, and continued, wjth but slight intermis
sions, up to ihe time of his death, All the rem
edies prescribed lo reduce the infiamation and
remove tho delirium proved ineffectual. Ho
could tako no food or nourishment of any amount
for several days previous to his death, and sank '
away gradually from mere physical oxhsustion,
until within torno forty-eight hours previous to
his death, when mortification took placo, com
mencing in tho affected portion of the jaw, and
extending to the throat, nnd thus forever ended
his sufferings. Tho physicians who attended
him, wo understand, havo remarked that they
never before, during; their extended practice,
met with a precisely similar case, nor ono that
so completely baffled, their skill. Uartforti
Tho editor of the Port Gibson Rovoillo, R. H
Purdon, is but 19, but Is evidently a fast boy.
Ho has edited a paper four years, has been en
gaged a dozen times, at loast, without marrying,
and above all, fought a duel with the editor of
the Natchez Free Trader, receiving a wound in
tho arm, after which he returned to his desk and
went on writing as if uotbing had happened