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Vermont phœnix. (Brattleboro, Vt.) 1834-1955, July 25, 1857, Image 1

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Office No. O Ornnllc Ilow, DwliicU'a Block,
Oppoiltc Brattleboro House.
TERMS i J J.00 per yrar Jl.W In advance. No deduc
tion from the abovi- prices will hcrfafur be made except to
fulfill exUllng contract.
Ciias. S. 1'RofTr, 1'rlntcr.
fot on square of 12 ltmt or Inn nonp&rtU type, (the taaU
B i
1CSI llie UIM,J IDTM IDtmiQQI 1 fur neb ituKpitni u
Mrtlon 20 centi. The ntiratwr of lnwrtloDi trost be mtrkel
on all luUertJicmenU or they will be continued until ordered
out. Contract will be made with adrertlieri by the col
umn or fractloual parts thereof, at liberal rates. Transient
ad milling to be paid la adrancc.
For all Probate adrertlscmcnts, excepting notices of appllca
tlons to sell rral estate, $1.60 each for three lawrtloni.
rosTAOiti Ths YtnuoxT PtKE.fix U sent Into all the towns of
Windham County free of Postage. To any part of this State
out of this County, for 13 cents per year elsewhere 29 cent
p?r year payments la all eases to be made quarterly la
ad ranee.
yol. xxiv.
No. 30.
EJ- No Bsr Kept. . . Cloied Invariably at 10 P. St. J31
8in22 W. LILLEV, rorlrro.
No. 3 Blnlir'n IluIialiiR,
jFoi'lUtii'tidin antt (Comiu(co(o)i
M E It C II A N T S ,
a. x. rcxsnorsia, v. a. DiczE&UAy,
t. l. roTin, iu r. urn,
R, M. V. Si CO., frill advance on shipments to their
correapoudenu In new Orleans, new lorn, ana uoston.
Manufacturer of, and Dealer In,
aunt, Pistols, Fouling l'locci, Ainuiunl
lion, &c
Repairing dono at short notice on favorable terms.
Shop oppoiite the American suit,... DRATILEBORO, VT.
musici music::
Tlir "Brntllrbaro Cornet Band"
are prepared to furnish MUSIC on all occasions, of tbe latest
ana most popular cnaracicr. Aauress
Brntllrboro, VI.
II. M. AVERS, M. D.,
Eclrcllc l'liTnIcinii nml Surircoli,
Two Doors West of - - - - REVERE 1I0UBE
Manufacturers and Dealers In
Enilrr Slnlr, Victor, Slrwnrt'a nnd Ocneste
Valley uoou siovra, a-iinor nnu un
Stores nml Hot Air Piiriincc.
Also i Plows, Cultivators, Rood Scrapers, Churns, Iron Sinks,
Russia and English Store ripe, and all aimis oi Biove
Furniture, Japan and Common Tin-ware.
No 1 Exchange Boel....BKATTLEBOR01 VT.
Ilnmcas, Trunk, Vnliac -Si Collar Mnnufnc
turcra nml Cnrrlnnc Trimmers.
Itepahing Articles In the above business punctually attended to
Mak-St., Opposite Auanicis Ilocse,
J. F. IIicstii. 3. W. Bcasir.
Manufacturer of
I'hllllp'a 1-ntcnt Lrver Farm nuil City Gate
nnu TLloill ssonruH lor i-ncitiiiu,
And Dealer In Lumber, Bills or Timber, Clapboards, Shlnfles,
&C, manufactured and furnUhed to order.
E. C. CROSS, M. II., rhralciuu nnd Surirron,
OrriCK mar J. Clark's Dauo Sroaa.
Such Domestic Medicines as I have proved valuable In my prac
tlee during the post ten years in uuiitorti ana iryaen,
kept on band and dispensed at my office.
' Pure Matter for Vncclnntloii
Attorney and Counsellor nt Law,
(Removed from Saxton's River to Brattleboro, VL
D- Oaten over the Savings Bank,
Attorneys nml Connacllora at Lair,
a. r. flaoo. r. M. caosar.
Attorney Si Coimacllomt Lnvr and Solicitor
in uimucrrv,
Saiton'l River Village, Rockingham, VL
Attorney Si Counaellor nt Lnrr Si Solicitor in
Attorneys Si Counsellors at Lair Si Solicitors
in sjnancery
Office opposite the Brattleboro House, BRATTLEBORO, VI.
Attorneys and Counsellors nt Lair,
Office two doors West of the Bank. JAMAICA, VT,
1. X. BCTim. B. U 1.KOWI.TOS.
Dealers In all kinds of
1 ... ,.. Cnnn.ilAn. X.-f..
Two doors South of the Bridge, Maln-St., BRATTLEBORO, VT
Attorney Si Counsellor nt Luvr nlid Solicitor
111 Vjiiuucirj ,
Pnper Manufacturers.
Kr All kinds of Printing Paper made to order. Cash paid
for White and urown itags. iittaiiwjwnu, . ,
Wholesale Dealers In
Flour, Grnin nnd Produce,
No. 3 Blake's Block,.... BRATTLEBORO, VT.
nia.llFra. Publishers nnd Stationers,
Corner of Main and High Streets, BRATTLEBORO, VT.
Book-Biuder Si Blank Book Manufacturer,
Brick Block, three doors above the American House.
Will execute all orders in his line, either for MARINO OR RE
PAIRINU, which may be entrusted to nis care, au
work warranted to give satisfaction.
Shop on Birgc-Strcet, 2 doort Ifrit of Cana.-Street l
Tu the rear of the Brntltcboro House,
F, a. KNAPP, PBoraiETOR, NnwrASE, Vr,
5J- The best accommodations for Travelers and Visitors.
uuud staoiing conuectea wnn me noune.
E. W, CROSS, M. I).,
Pliyslclun nnd Surgeon,
Harness, Trunlt uud Vullse Manufacture
Alauufacturer and Dealer In Ladles, Gents, Misses, Chlldrens
and ttoys
Boots, Shoes, Cullers and Rubbers,
Opposite the Post Office, Main Street,... BRATTLEBORO.
J. XV. IIOLTON, Apothecary nu.l Wruiltfl.l,
And Dealer In
Patent Mrdlclnra,
the Courts of Vermont and New !Iiuinslilri.
(CrAuiBT tr TU1 ETNA Fire Inluranee Vompajtynd
ALSO, Agvut to procuru Pensions, and Bounty Land,
ctfttumiBaioner .or lue oiaies oi sora ana asw llam
hire, California and Notary Publlo.
VJT Offlce AViUlstalt's Sloue Block.
The subscriber tiaa the sgency of the VI. MUTUAL FIRS
INSURANCE COMPANY, with a Canltal cxcocdlna II 300..
A UiS UUM r A a, V.fstocL) with a Capital of J 100.000 & a large
surplus! and tbe Lxis WAY FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
uck) wlUi a Caiiital of II 00 .000. He Is also prepared to
f.-iit liuuraiicc, II delnd, In the .ETNA INSI UANCE COM.
Providence. Persons wishing to Insure on property will do
sml to call an Lira before eJTectlnc tbe same. Insurance
LIFE mar also be effected with bin la the NATIONAL LIFlt
lvauiuVCE COMPANY, '.w any term and to any amount
not axceeding aio.uuo at one risit. r. it. t aanuDca,
Urtttleboro, January tut, JS57.
the: sours parting.
If, when thli check growl pile,
If, when theic putos foil,
If, wh?D deatli'i gate nhall clore. all elne he gloom i
AdJ, to tli.3 day of light,
Endlc onJ dreauleia alght
ttaylem, ctcmftl night ihroud up the tomb
Pearcut and beit ! draw tilght
Oh ! how 1 dread to die !
How uij' noiil dhrlok from that all T(tU9 unkoown !
What phaDtom fright me hack,
From that dim, vtcwleM ttack
From that re tu roles track, t ravened alooe 1
Let thy otrong, frTent heart,
Courage to mine Impart 1
Clone, doner, claap me round, till It hath pwd (
AU1 let mo gaw? on thee
Gaze long aud loTlogly
Gaze long and loringty ai 'twere the lait.
Worda haTO no power to hleia
Thy aoul'i deep tendcrnoM j
Faithful and true to death 1 How can X part
From lore bo pure and high.
Surely It cannot die ;
Surely lore cannot die, echoea the heart.
Ahl His an anger tone
Bid these wild fcfta begone,
And lta atrong, gentle hand bursteth thaae barf,
And tti claap lead the way,
Up, up, to endless day
Up to eternal day, bejond the atari.
Higher ! It U our God'a command,
To matter, and to mind.
The humbltst need not Idly atand,
For thoughtf no chalni may bind.
Go, read from nature' mystic page
The record of our earth ;
How matter, still from age to age,
Hath known a higher birth.
Thtn onward prtts crowns may bo won,
Brighter than man hath worn.
All dangers acorn, and still toll on,
Night shall glre place to mora.
Higher 1 be this our battle cry,
Whatever work engage
Press on! another link supply,
1 Gainst trror war to wage.
The highest steep was nerer yet
By mortal mind attained.
Above, with brighter jewels set,
A crown is to bo gained. T
Cavendish, June 19, 1957.
Correspondence of tbe Boston Transcript.
( Staunton, Augusta Co., (Va.)
Junk, 1857.
Half a century am Bernard Weycr.n hunter
of Virginia, discovered tho eavo which bears
his name, it lies seventeen mues nortneasi oi
Staunton, and tho road width leads to it is well
worth travelling. We roue over ttie route to
wards tho cloe of a delightful day. The same
peculiarities that attract the stranger's attention
while travelling through Virginia the quaint
log-houses, with chimneys of 6tone built enttrc-
outsnle of the main structure, the cabins lor
e negroes, the dilapidated buildings and fences,
tho lisllest appearance of tho inhabitants were
observable along the road. Tho (lowers, so
marked a feature in the Virginia landscape from
pringtoautumn, were blooming in great va
icty. The rhododendmn, with its clusters of
lurnlo blossoms, the delicious wild honeysuckle,
the scarlet wood lily, the sweet briar almost
the only familiar flower to my Northern eyes
the wild coral bell, and a scoro of others, whose
names I know not, but whose beauty and perfume
added a welcome charm to tho attractiveness of
the scene, were scattered in great profusion
along the roadside.
There is a verv comfortable inn near the cave,
kept by the proprietor of the wonders wo wero
to sec on the morrow. It stands in a picturesque
v.tllflv. amons a cluster of hills, and near a
rusliing stream, and its appearance suggests an
American edition of a Swiss chalet. So at bed
time I fell asleep listening to the babbling of the
water, and trying to fancy myself in tho little
inn at Arnistag, which nestles among higher
mountains and has a larger river with which to
lull the travcllor to sleep. But when, at an in
tolerably early hour the next aorning, there
walked into my bedroom a very oiacn young
woman, with a cropied head and the whitest of
teeth, who chuckled out the information that it
was time to get up and enter tho cave, I realized
that I was not under the shadow of St. Gothard,
but in tho United States of America, and par-
. . ? If
ticularly in the Ancient uotmnion oi v irginia.
The entrance to Weycr's Cave is on tho side
of a hill which slop 's towards tho little river,
and commands a view ol great natural beauty.
You toil up the steep ascent, pass through a
wooden entrance, take a canaie in your uanu,
bid goodbye to the daylight, scramblo alter your
guide through a low nairow passage, and find
yourself in tho cave. In the absence of the
regular guide it was our privilege to ue escoricu
byaculored yoith of singular sobriety, who
lmd no: the remotest i lea of his own age, and
who yawned fiightfully in the most imprcssivo
localities during our subterranean journey. He
proved to be thoroughly acquainted with the
winding ways of tho cave, and gave the fanciful
names of the different stalactites in the most
elaborate and artistic manner.
I will not attempt to describe the numerous
wonders of this remarkable cavern. Suffice it
to say that for a space of two or threo hours you
mav wander throuuli its labyrinthine passages,
every moment discerning somo now beauty and
tracing some fresh resemldencn to familiar ob
jects in tho delicato forms which Nature has
. i mi
slowly woven in 6tono around you. Anete aro
two apartments, however, which will lio the
longest in my memory. One, called tho "Shell
Boom," has a ceiling of stalactites shaped like
shells, and of the most exquisite purity and brill
iancy. The effect of these at the light falls up
on them is remarkably pleasing. Another, a
room of some fifty feet in length, is of a differ
ent character, anil, although called "Washing
ton's Hall," its prominent feature is about as
euggfsliie of the Father of his Country as is
the Greek Slave of the Laocnn, Tho sides
aro lined wih rows of stalactites like pillais j
the ceiling sparkles and flashes as if covered
with diamonds : and nt the further end thero
stands a figure with half-averted face. Seen by
tlio aim iigui oi our Canutes, it geewuu ua h
Michael Angelo's slatue of Night had risen to
its feet and was standing in the gloom beforeus.
In both there is the same half-defined expression
struggling through its stony covering, tho same
majesty, the same repose. But no mortal hand
has caived the wonderful likeness to the human
form that stands in Its solitary grandeur with
such fitting surroundings; no sound of chisel
has been heard in that almost unearthly solitude.
Drop by drop the water has fallen, and the fig
ure lias atisen and taken upon its df the sem
blance of man, There it has stood for ages in
the H.irkncss. and there it will stand until the
hour shall come when Nature shall destroy what
she has so wonderfully fashioned.
Wo walked for hours in the cave, groping
through windini' passages into jowelled treasure'
houses ih.it anark led like the nlacfl of Aladdin
till at last a faint gleam of da) light pierced the
daikness befoio us, and we reached die outer
world. The sun was'shining in a cloudless sky
as 1 stood at the mouth ot the cave, and, look,
inir on the charminir scene that lav before me.
contrasted It wilh the glittering brilliance of the
cold damp prison-house, we had iust left. The
sights that met my eye, the sounds that fell up
on my ear, were doubly welcome alter the si
Icnco and gloom of tho cavern of wonders.
The fresh tweet nir, tlio distant hills on which
the morning miit still lingered, the springing
grass In tho valley, the rustling trees, the notes
of the singing birds In llie branches, tho voico
of the rushing stream, tho wild flowers at my
feet, tho very carlh that lay bathed in tho bles
sed light of Heaven, never seemed sodelighlfu!
to my senses as when, emerging Irum tho dark
ness, I looked upon tho Cico of Nalurc, and
thanked God that he had made the heavens and
the earth.
'1 he fantastic wonders hidden in tho depths
of tho earth seemed to dwindle when compared
with the boundless glories of tho world on which
tho sun rises and sets. And yet, day aflcr day,
these glories aro unveiled before eyes that tea
not, and the voices nf nature fall upon cars that
hear not, because we are wilfully blind to the
exceeding beauty of the world, and deaf to its
harmonics. Only when for a tunc we arc de
prived ol what we aro too heedless to enjoy,
when perhaps we have traversed sea and land
and entered the bowels of the earth to look up
on some subterranean wonder on which a little
candle throws its beams and lights Into a tran
sient splendor, do we awake even to a dint ap
preciation of the lavish beauty with which, from
season to season, tho earth and the sky are ar
rayed for our delight.
As we rode homeward, the scene, which at
first had seemed so pleasing, wore anew beauty
to eyes that had experienced a temporary ban
ishment from the light of tho sun J and wo
reached Staunton well satisfied that the next
wonder to be seen in Virginia tho Natural
Bridge was to be looked upon in open day.
From the London Tlmts.
No thinking man wishes to prohibit missionary
enterprise in India any more than elsewhere.
We can all fully admit the sincerity, tho energy,
their live, to reclaiming those distant millions
from idolatry and barbarism. Nor aro the re-
...i ifii. .:: .i . n-...
what thev desire, thev vet produce eond which
.l,,. m,i:.,,.,.t v-,Zn.,a. ..ir..ni.l 1
and a strong philaiithropical impulse tunnotftil
of actios in some wav on ininKind. So much
energy and confidence could hardly bo lost. If
the missionaries make few converts, they yet act
on the great miss of the natives by mixing with
them, educating them, and instilling into their
minds the first rudiments of European knowledge.
So far, then, the Government of India may well
give to missionary exertions all the encourage
ment which is involved in a free permission to
preach and teach. Analogous is the case of our
philanthropists at home.
Since tlio days when orators became famous I
by their invectives on Warren Hastings we have
never wanted men to take under their protection
every kind of native sutfercr. Whether it be
the larnily id a dethroned Prince or the l'rmcc
himself, ora people which has fallen under our
dominion, or a people which has revolted, or a
race of savages at war wilh us, there is suro to
be a motion in Parliament or an agitation out of
doors tn redress their wrongs and denounce
BritislLaggression. We havo no wish that it
should be otherwise. The strength and solidity
of British rule are founded un the general justice
with which dependent races have been treated ;
and it is hy no means a disadvantage that a band
of over-scrupulous critics should exist ready to
question any act of our (Jenorals or Governors
whieli might in the least aavot of tyranny. Hut,
while granting to missionaries and to their allies
at home full liberty nf a 'tinn and comment, wo
mii't protest against making their influence part
of the machine of Government. Tho Ministry
had, we think, no choice on Thursday evening
but to oppose the resolutions by which Mr Kin
naird proposed to censure the whole administra
tion of Bengal on the authority of certain zealous
and well-meaning hut evidently imprudent peti
tioners. The state of the Bengal peasantry is, nodou'it,
most unhappy. For a hundred years they havo
been under tho authority of the East India Com
pany, and it cannot ho said that tlicy havo ad
vanced in cntctprisc or independence during that
time. It may well be believed that what they
were in the days nf Clive they are now; nay,
that in the present age they aro even more help
less than of yore. 'J he solid fabric of British
power weighs on them, but does not shelter them.
Towaids the clnso of the last century the Gov
ernment of Lord Cornwallis, unable to under
stand any relation in the occupation of land ex
cept that of landlord and tenant, established the
present Zcmindareo system, which gives to the
Zemindar a power over the cultivators of the soil
which has been too often used for the purpose of
tyranny and extortion. 1 ho IJcngaless lumsell
is made by nature for submission, and, whether
it be to a Mussulman, a Christian, or a native
master, he yields in helpless servitude. As is al
so Generally the case, the worst oppressors aro
to bo found among his own people, and these are
every whete, while the presence of Europeans
is confined to a few localities almost beyond tho
reach of his complaints. A small band of Eng
lish hold this great ciiuntry of 40,000,000 or 50,
000,000 of people, and a few magistrates admin
ister justico to its dense population. How much
"..orance. inexperience, and natural incapacity
may add In the evils caused by the smallness of
. i A v i. . it.. : 1 MM...
tneir numocrs may wu rusny i-uucvivcu. sue
police are inefficient and corrupt, bribery and
fidso evidence abound in the courts, oppression
nnd extortion are continually practised with im
punity. The testimony to these things is too
constant to admit of a doubt that it is founded
in truth.
W:.y, then, should not missioniries not pro
claim these evils and demand an inquiry 1 Simp
I v. we would saw because the evils are known
and require no inquiry, and that tho remedies
indicated by the missionaries are hy no means
as eirectivo as those which the government is at
last engaged in applying. The defects in the
administration of justice and tho system of police
evidently nriso from the government of a vast
country being thrown into the hands of a few
thousand Europeans. Every year tho empire
lias been extended, while tho number of Eng
lishmen available for civil appointments has not
t'orresnondinrjlv increased. So far from Euro
pean tyranny being tho bane of India, it isjirov
cd that tho presence of Europeans In sufficient
numbers gives the only guarantee for common
right and justice, All these matters have been
and are under the consideration of the Indian and
Home Governments
Bills am before the Legislative Council of In
dia fur the improvement ol tho judicial adminis
tration, and we mav exnect that a stricter super
vision of tho nrocccdincs of the Zimindars and
an organized system of protection for the Hyots
will not uo long in louowing. nuwovur, no mo
not nmontr ihoso who behevo that rules and reg.
ulailons can of themselves cure inveterate evils.
The life of a people will be generally but the re
flection of its material and social condition, and,
as long as the country is poor ahd its inhabitants
as helpless as tho Bengalese, there will be petty
tyranny on the one hand and bitter discontent,
concealed uy n mask oi servuuy, un iuu uuiur,
To material improvements we look; lor the ele
vation oftho Bengalee's condition ; and, to do
the Government justico, there has been no lack
of encouragement to enterprise Vhen roads
and railwavs and works of irrigation increase In
number ; when the produce of those rich plains
can be brought to the best market within ono
thousand miles ; when consequently land becomes
valuable, and Euronean enterprise, bv that time
We trust freed fiom all legal obstacles, shall have
luuni h liulia a new and unwoiked Held, then
tho world may hnpo for the contentment and
prosperity ol the ilencalee. nil tacn wo tear
no decisions of Parliament or Leadenhall street,
tip devotion of philanthropists, no muttorlngs of
the suuerera win worn a cute.
We have nil through gone on tho supposition
that the Missionaries and their spokesman rep
resent the feelings of tho Hindoos, and are trust
ed by the race whose causo they are pleading.
Hut the fact is, that no set of men arc viewed
with deeper distrust by the nativo population
than the indefatigablo preachers who are now
demanding justice for the Bengalee. More than
one novelist has caricatured the humanitarian
who endeavors to benefit 'ho object of his sym
pathy by persuading linn that he is the vilest
and moU abandoned of mankind. This is the
tono of tho llengal missionaries: "Your peti
tioners havo reason to believe that tliero is a vast
amount of social disorganization and of conse
quent sufTcrin in tho whole country. Much of
this your petitioners can trace to the fearful su
perstitions of the people, to their ignorance, and
to the debasing effects of a popular mythology
which presents examples of every vice, and which
ascribes sanctity and Divino honor to a priest
hood which is tho principle curse of India."
Hindoo nature must bo widely different from
any other if such language as this it not suffi
cient to counterbalance all assurances of sympa
thy anil friendship. Wo may trace in these few
linos the spirit In which missionary approaches
uavu uei'ii iiiauu tu tne naiivu iinnu, nnu tan
hardly wonder that, after years of exertion and
expense almost incredible, so few conversions
have been effected.
"Phoenix's Felino Attachment" to a sewing
machine (with an illustration) is the best thing
out. He says
"Like most great inventions, tho attachment
Is of great simplicity. An upright shatt is con
nected with the machine by a cogwheel and pin
ion, and supported below by a suitable frame
work. Two projecting arms are attached to the
shaft to one of which a large cat is connected by
a light harness, and from the other a liting
mouse is suspended bv the tail, within n few
I inches of the noe of tho motor. As the cat
"P""8 ,0.ward ",0 "";use 1 10 lal.tc.r '? removed,
f,ml keep."g constantly at the origina distance,
the machine revolves with irrcat rapidity, the
pro'ligious velocity produced by tho rapacity of
the cat in its lutilc endeavors to overtake the
mouse, can only ho imagined by one who lias
seen the attachment in full operation.
It is thus that man shows (lis supremacy over
the brute creation, by nuking even their rapa
cious instincts subservient to Ids use.
Should it bo required 10 arrest the motion of
the machine, a handkerchief is thrown over the
mouse, and the cat at once pauses, disgusted.
Remove the handkerchief, and again she springs
forward with renewed ardor. The writer has
seen one cat fa tortoise shell) of so anient and
j unwearying disposition, that she made eighteen
pairs of men's lantaloons, two dozen shirts, and
seven stitched skirts, before she lay down ex-
imuneu. n is to ue nopeu mat mu lames inruun
out the land will avail themselves of this beauti
ful discovery, which will entirely supersede tho
use of the needle, and make tho manufacture of
clothing and homchold materials a matter of
pleasure to themelves,and exciting and healthy
I'xcrciso to their domestic animals. I present
below an elevation of the 'feline attachment' in
operation, that all may ui.dei stand its powers,
and none fail to procure one, throush ignorance
of its merits. The attachment will bo furnished
to families having sewing midlines, on the most
reasonable terms, and at the shottest notice.
Young and docile cats supplied wilh the attach
ment, by application at 318 Broadway, New
York. Office of tho Patent Back Action Hen
Sewing machine, box pattern, - S75 00
Cat, at various prices, say - 82 50 to 10 00
Vertical shaft, 5 00
Proiectinc arms, ----- SO
Mouse, 12
Total cost of machine nnd attachment, S30 62
l'ersons wishing to avail themselves ot this in
vention, wilt have the goodness to address, as
above, John Phcenix, Professor Etc.
A gentleman entered tho ladies' car upon one
of the Eastern roads, and as the day was chilly,
appropriated an cntiro scat in the vicinity of the
stove. Passengers crowded in at every station,
and soon every seat was taken except the ono
occupied by himself. Presently two ladies (so
they appeared) entered the cir, and as no one
seemed inclined to offer a vacancy to his own
discomfort, our friend, whose gallantry is pro
verbial, gathered up his shawl, portmanteau and
himself, arose, motioned tho ladies forward, as
sisted them into the seat, and took a standee not
far distant. Not so much as a smile or bow re
cognized the kindness it was evidently consid
ercd a mark of respect due to female dignity
a privilege which any gentleman might bo proud
to acknowledge.
Uoollv done,' remarked an individual in lux.
tanosition to our friend.
'Decidedly,' was the laughing reply, 'hut I'll
give them a lesson by and by, and ono they'll
bo likely to remember.
vv hv. vou won l sav nnvtning, sursiy r
'Indeod I will ; the opportunity is too good to
iB lust:' and some what annoyed, it must be con
fessed, though less by the loss of his scat than
by tho rudeness of its ungracious occupants, he
walked away to the window, ana occupied ins
vision with the things without. Anuther station
another slop tho ladies rose to depart. I hey
had nearly reached the door when a clear, man
ly voice called out, 'Ladies 1' Thero was a gen
eral hush, while every eye was turned upon tho
tcrcno countenance of our traveller. 'Ladies,
ou havo occupied my seat during tho ndo Irom
j . nnd I cannot allow vou to leave without
expressing my sense of the obligation, also tho
hone that when vou enter a crowded car, and a
ocntlcman vacates his scat for your accommoda
tion, you win at least liavo tno pouiunuss to
thank him.'
A ehout of applause rewarded tho speaker,
and the ladies, (') lowering their confused faces,
retreated hasiily to digest, as best they might,
this sudden nut merited rebuke.
The above good story reminds us of an inci
dent which occurred on the New York railroad
some months since, and which forcibly illustrates
the 'power ot politeness, (as our menu Aiarim
l II -. MM . - 1
sanies wouni express h. hid eai uu
full, except ono which was occupied by a rough-
looking but honest Irishman and at one of the
stations, a couple of evidently well-bred and in
telligent VUUII; IdlllUS IUU1U III 1U I'llMllo urn. ,
but seeing no vacant ones, were about to oo into
a back car, when Patrick rose hastily, and offer
ed them his scat with evident pleasure, 'uut
you will havo no seat for yourself,' responded one
of the yourtg ladies wjih a smile, hesitating with
true politeness as to scccpting it. 'Niver yo
mind thatf said tho Hibernian, 'ycr welcome to
't 1 I'd ridn upon the cow-catcher till New York,
any lime, fur a smile from sich iintlemanly la
dies !' and retreated hastily into the next car,
amid the cheers of those who had witnessed the
incident. New Haven Itegitter.
An Otd Okficb IIoLoitrt Displaced. Wo
learn that Mrs Elisabeth Kiley, whoso husband
was an old defender, and to whom Ueneral Jack
son gavothe appointment of Lighthouse Keeper
at North Point, said position descending by gen
eral consent to the widow after her husband's
death, which she lias retained ever since under
all Administrations, was supplanted last week,
by thoappoinlmont in her slead of Thomas Han
Ion, who kept the Calethumpian Head Qunters,
18th ward. This act, effected by Mr. Mason,
present Collector, is received, we understand,
even by his own party, as ungrateful and con
trary to Previous usage. Mrs lliley was assisted
in the oflicoby her eon, and it is said the duties
of ihe station were always faithfully attended to.
Baltimore' American.
We notice that tliero is more than the usual
excitement in regard to tho probable prico of
this year's clip of wool. The opinion is gener
ally prevalent among the farmers that the price
will be materially affected by the operation of
the new tariff, which makes all wool free that
costs twenty cents or under at the port of em
barkation, If invoices are honestly made, this
alteration will not materially affect tho finer
wools that have heretofore formed tho bulk of
the production in Ihe United States. The com-
S cling wools are the Australian, and part of the
outh American which correspond to our meri
nos. Those wools arc now comparatively high
er in London than in New York ; so much so,
indeed that it will be an object for manufactur
ers to purchase our wools at prices in advance of
last year.
The clip this year will not bo equal to that of
last, so that no surplus can be accumulated and
held over to bear down prices, nor is there now
any surplus for dealers or manufacturers to fall
hack upon. The only means they have to fright
en farmers into low prices will he to make them
believe that large stocks of foreign wool arc to
be brought in at low prices under the new taritl.
We hope that no farmer will be duped by any
such story, for, if told, it will be a sheer fabrica
tion. Ihe present price of wool in all the lor-
cign wool markets renders the wholo thing mor-
Uy impossible.
The price oftho finer grades of wool have ad
vanced from 10 to 20 per cent., in all the Ger
man markets, over last year's prices. The Ger
man wools are so high that the English find it
difficult to get a supply there, and are thrown
upon the better grades ol colonial, and have
thereby exchanged the value of all grades of
(Jape and Australian wools, as the better grades
ot houlli America. It it were not for the un-
sarisfactory condition of the market for woolen
goods, the price of wool, owing to the decreased
production, would rule higher in this market
than fur many years past. So precarious and
unsatisfactory has been the market lor some two
or three years that tho manufacturing has not
increased, lor, wnne our own cup lias not in
creased, the. importations of foreign wool for the
past year have fallen off nearly five millions of
pounds as compared with tho three past )ears.
'1 here should bo no good reason why the far
mers should dispose of their wool at any less
price than they obtained last year. The rates
at which it nould be safe to sell should be, for
Barony, CO a 75
Merino, 42 a 51c
Fine grade', 38 a 45c
Low do. and common, 82 a 38c
It must be understood, however, that these
prices ara only for wool in prime condition,
clean, well put up, and light. N. Y. Tribune.
The most remarkable and decided physiogno
my on tho American Continent is that of the
cstern man and woman. We speak of the
Yankee face as n marked and individual one,
but the Yankee fico is weak and characterless
compared to that of our Western and Southwes
tern brethren.
Y'ou know this face at once. March a com
pany of one hundred Americans around lh
Pyramid of Cheops, or through the great Pass of
the Himalayas, or over the tallest summit of the
Mountains of the Moon, and let me see one-half
the face of each as they move before me, and I
will pick out every man that was born and has
lived west of thn eighty-fifth meridian. Show
mo a hundred American women in a drawing-
room at Vienna or Moscow, or packed in a Rhine
or Mediterranean steamer, no matter how much
their faces may be disguised by lady-like colors,
or distorted by the miseries of sea-sickness, I
will select every one who was born and has spent
her days west of tho eastern line of Indiana.
The Western face expresses no solicitudo for
outward approval. It looks not to adjustments
or conciliations to right every thing. What its
owner has he keeps within himself, unconcerned
whether you want his thoughts or not, or wheth
er vou will approve it or not when you get it.
The Western soul is not a mean soul, but it is
a crude, careless, self approving soul, and the
Western faco is its transparent window, so hon
est and faithful that it reveals all the vacuity and
self-justification which a little refinement would
teach it to vail. Y'ou look into or rather at a
Western face, and feel repelled by its negativo
hardness and emptiness not as in the cane nf
the Yankee face by a positive hardness and de
votion to self which says to all the world, Here
I am come to take care. of my interests and get
what I can. The Yankee lights up his sharp,
angular couutcnanco with thoughts of other peo
ple if not his own ; he reads and talks ; he has
views if not ideas; but ihe Western man's views
lie along lln sights of his ritle, or over his corn
fields or prairies. They are at once keen and
broad, but they arc external, and then convey
nothing outward. If any mind-ray travels in
ward through them it is lost somewhere in the in
ternal void, and never reaches shore again.
Inquiry is made concerning tho cultivation of
pea-nuts, also called earth-nuts, pinders, syste
matically, Arachis hypagaa. Aracoa or Ara
cidna is anamo applied by Pliny, tho old Roman
naturalist, to a plant both stemfe.s and leafless,
being all root. Hence the name of this plant.
Its specific name signifies below ground, given
from tho fact of the pods, as they increase in
size, growing into the earth, where they ripen
the seeds, suggesting tho common name of earth
nuts. Why called pindar, weather from tho ir
regular oJes of Pindar, the old lyric poet oftho
Greeks, or some other circumstance, does not
readily appear.
The plant is of the leguminous family, said
to bo indigenous in Africa, and perhaps in
America, also, whero it is cultivated successfully
in the warmer regions of bolh North and South
America, as well as in Africa. The seeds, or
nuts, aro used in South Carolina, whero it is
cultivated as a substitute for chocolate ; in some
of the Eastern countries, it is used as almonds,
and in Cochin China, it furnishes a substitute
for olive oil, and is used for lamps. In Paris, it
is cultivated like the sweet potato, by starting in
hot beds, and subsenuenlly transplanted to llio
onen gaiden. where it matures and ripens, when
it is used as other legumes, or pulse, such as peas
nna ueans. it nas ocen miuariy piuuuccu in
England, anil the Northern States. It has been
experimented with in Western New York, with
what success tho writer does not recollect.
Its stem attains the height of two feet, with
branches trailing on the ground, flowering in
May or June, single, on lung foot-stalks, suc
ceeded by pods, as already stated, that bury
themselves in tho earth. Negro sUvea, it is said,
knew its burrowing habits long before their
masters, and accordingly helped themselves to
tho nuts. It is cultivated in Southern Europe,
and the Southern States of this country, as in
dicated. It is denominated ono of the oleagin
ous plants of the warm countries, and is called,
bv fore!, mum. American earth-nut.
Mr. M'Caughan of Mississippi, gives tho fol
lowing account of the "ground pea," as he calls
it, being the pea-nut, as it is known here.
It was planted Febuary 18th, in rows fivo
font apart, and a foot opart in tho rows. Tlio
weather was cold and wet In March, and
killed many of the seeds after they had sprouted.
so tliat thero was a poor stand ; these grew
finely, and coveted tbe ground very well. On
the 271b of October, commenced digging, for
fear ol trost, by loosening the ground a little
I ound the bunch willfati iron fork with three
Drones, each about thirteen inches long i a man
follows, lifting up tho bunch, most of the peas
adhering thereto, shakes off the sand, and lays
it out to cure, like beans; when dry, It is tied
tip In bundles, and housed for winter food for
horse and cows. It boiiig vory nutritious. Tbe
peanuts remaining in the ground can be easily
gathered after a rsln, or hogs may be turned In
to glean nnu taitcn thereon, as on corn, ihe
poorest land yields from fifty to eighty bushels
tier acre, besides a ton of forage, altogether ren
dering it ono of the finest crops of the South.
Bio Bank Notes. We have seen it stated
somewhere that two notes of oni hundred thou
sand pounds sterling, each, had been issued by
1 i . ti i i i r i . r
the IianK ot .ngianu, out wc nnu no mention
made of it cither in 'Francis' History; of 'the
Bank of England,' or in 'Lawson's History of
Banking,' or in 'Gilbart's Practical Treatise on
Banking.' As to tho issue of a note for one
million tterling, (as the communication suggests)
we cannot find any ono who has heard ot such
It was said that somo yearssince that Rogers
the poet, had ono of the above mentioned notes
of 100,000 enclosed in a case nnd kept on his
mantle piece ; but even of this there is some
doubt. The only authentic anecdote of largo
notes by the Bank, is of the issue of one for
10,000,mentioncd in Lawson's History of Bank
ing, in which it is said that extraordinary affairs
happened about the year 1740. One of the di
rectors, a very rich man, had occasion for 30,
000, which he was to pay as the price of an es
tate he had just bought. To facilitate the mat
ter, he carried the sum with bim to tho bank,
and obtained fir it a bank note. On his return
home ho was suddenly called out upon particu
lar business ; he threw tho note carelessly on the
chimney ; hut when he came back a few minutes
afterwards to look it up, it was not to be found.
No one had entered the room: he could not,
therefore, suspect any person. At lost after
much ineffectual search, lie was persuaded that
it had fallen fiom the chimney into the fire.
The director went to acquaint his colleagues with
the misfortuno that had happened to him ; and
as he was known to be a perfectly honorable
man he was readily believed. It was only about
four-and-twenty hours from the time that he had
deposited his money ; they thought it would be
hard to teluse his request tor a second Dili. lie
received it upon giving an obligation to restore
the first bill, if it should ever be found, or to
tiay the money himself, if it should be presented
by any stranger. About thirty years afterwards
(tho director having bei n long dead and his
heirs in possession of his fortune) an unknown
person presented the lost bill at the Bank and
demanded payment. It was in vain that they
mentioned to this person the transaction by
which that bill was annulled ; he would not lis
ten to it; he maintained that it had come to him
from abroad and insisted upon immediate pay
ment. The note was payable to bearer and the
thirty thousand pounds were paid him. The
heirs of the director would not listen to anv de
mauds fur restitution, and the Bank was obliged
lo sustain the loss. It was discovered afterwards
that an architect having purchased tho director's
house and taken it down in order to build anoth
er upon the same spot, had fuund the note in a
crevice of the chimney, and made his discovery
an engine for robbing the Bauk. Courier
A PiONF.Eit and Mioiity HoNTK.it. Sam
uel Askey was born in Northumberland county,
served under Gen. Harrison, and after the war
visited the wilds of the Snowshoe country, Penn
sylvania. He settled about one mile from the
little or Black Moshannon, and 17 miles from
tho Bald Eagle Valley, the then nearest settle
ment. He was one oftho two first u-tllera that
followed in the trail of the Indians, they having
left but a short lime previous, leaving their hunt
ing grounds to be occupied by white men. The
life of Mr Askey as a pioneer and hunter would
comaro with that of Daniel Boon or Col. Crock
ett. Many of the most thrilling adventures with
hair-breadth escapes fiom the wild denizens of
the forest, have been heard from the lips of the
deceased by the writer. He carried with him to
the grave, scars, the result of wounds received
in several contacts with panthers, in which his
life depended on his own presence of mind, and
the faithfulness of bis dog. Much of his time
was spent in hunting, which proved the most lu
crative business in which ho could engaga in his
new home. He killed dunng the time he lived
in Snowshoe, 60 panthers, 98 wolves, (to this
the records of Centre County will bear testimo
ny,) about 500 deer, and a large number of bears,
the precise number could not be ascertained, but
in a statement given by himself to the writer, he
sold in one season, 2700 weight of bear's meat.
This veteran of tho woods has just died at Snow
shoe, at tho advanced age of 81 years.
A Rich Oratorical Climax. The Tole
do Blade says that a good story is told of an as
piring orator who held forth on the 4ih of July,
at one of the many celebrations in the "rural
districts" in Ohio. His maiden speech duly pre
pared, and the telling portions committed lo mem
ory, ho found himself, in a slato of thrilling ner
vousness, netore the people. All went on well,
and he had, in a measure, recovered his self-
command, when he arrived at the grand climax
of his speech, that portion of it in which he was
lo allude to "TAe American Eagle." Proudly
he began, and tossed off, almost flippantly.
"The American i-agle, gentlemen, that proud
bird I the emblem of our liberties, gentlemen, as
she stands "jvhen suddenly the rest of his la
bored simile faded from his memory. Terrified
at the difcovery he gasped he seized, nervous
ly, a tumbler of water, and turned it by mistake,
insido his cravat, and took a fresh start with a
rush of desperation which bid fair to burst the
bonds of his fettered imagination, and soar ma
jestically away on the wings of the apostrophized
"bird." "Tho American Eagle I the American
Eagle, gcnilo mkn, that proud bird of our lib
erties, as she stands standing as she 6tands
standing" (with great vigor,) "with ono foot on
tho Allcghanies and the other on the Rocky
Mountains, and stretching her bruad wings from
the Atlantic to the Pacific, shall stretching her
broad wings with ono foot on the Rocky Moun
tains, and tho other one on the Alleghanies,
shaU shall howl, gentlemen and fellow citi
zens, in the galoriou freedom ot her Native
The following anecdote by Brown shows how
easily somo young ladies repress any of that
"undue familiarity," which is agreeable from cer
tain persons only:
"Wo cither from 'Pbiggs.' who writes us from
Port Chester, that thero aro curious notabilities
about that place. Among them is 'Brown,' of
whom tins little anecdote is related : 'lie had
been for some time very much in love with a
young lady, and wishing to bo a little particu
lar, asked permission, on taking hit leave one
nizht. to call her by tho name of some auimal.
which request was granted, on condition that she
should have the same privilege On leaving,
Bruwn said: 'Good night, Dear' 'Good night,
ISore I said she Urown has sinco foresworn
the company of young ladies,' "
"BnANDY Straioht." Sol. Jones was a
stage driver for many years before the railroads
had becomo plentituland ue lias loiioweu van
nna oecunations since. His Drincipal employ
ment now is drinking strong liquors, and his nose
reuecis cunsuiiii.y mo -uicii.iiiik
One tlsy last week Sol stepped into one of pur
fashsonablo restaurants, and called for brandy.
Tho decanter was handed tn him, and he. pour
ed out n tumbler nearly full. With a. look of
aversion at the water pitcher, which was stand
ing near, ho tossed offfhe brandy, and set down
his glass with a strong exprcssipn of disgust up
on his humorous countenance. "Auvthintr the
matter with that brandy V." inquired Ihe bar ten
der. "Yes." WW .bo cruff reply, "What nils
asueii ill
ojiifaee. "Why, confound it,"wld
Sol, "! kin 'tW the water in' it "
Another from John Phcenix on "Encoursging
Truthfulness," and wo shall commend the rest
of the Knickerbocker to our readers i t
'"As I know the fondness of the ancient Knick-
erlxxkerfor stories of little children,' writes John
Phcenix, (ah I ha ! 'are you there, old True
penny ?') 'I venture to contribute the following,
which, besido its rare merit as an actual occur- I
rencc, conveys a useful lesson to mothers j if, si I
Bunsby has it, 'the bearings lie in the applica
tion thereof.' Small Joel L was playing
ono sunny morning in a yard at the rear of bis
residence, when essaying to cast a slone high in
air, ho found he had miscalculated, his strength, !
and the wcightoflhe stone, S3 that missile slipped
from his fingers, and taking an entirely different
direction from that intended, went whack through
a pane of glass in tho neighbor's window. Mrs '
Connolly, who was engaged in washing in the
kitchen, hearing the smash of glass in her spare
room, rushed hastily to the scene of action, and
through the broken pane beheld Joe in active
retreat. Irate and indignant, the injured matron
sought the presence of Mrs L , and straight
poured forth the story of her wrongs. Mrs L
assumed a dignified air : the culprit was called
to 'the prcsenco ;' and the inquest on tho depart
ed pane commenced. 'Joseph,' said Mrs L ,
with awful solemnity, 'did you break the glass
in Mrs Connolly's window i" 'Ycs'm,' replied
Joe with promptitude. 'Joseph,' said MrsL ,
'if you broke that pano of glass, I shall certainly
correct you ; did you break it, sir?' Joe hesi
tated, but conscience was powerful, and he re
plied that ho did. Mrs L took a stick from
the mantle-nicco : 'Joseph,' said she, 'if you
hroke that glass I shall correct you most severe
ly : I ask again, did you break it? Joe looked
at his mother ; he looked at the stick j and hang
ing his head, ho murmured: 'No, ma'am.'
'There T said Mrs L .triumphantly, 'that
boy never told me a Ue in his life. I know'd he
never broke no window ; 'spect your little Ous
ter broke it ; she hove a stone clear over our fence
yesterday.' That's a good style of encouraging
truthfulness in a child, 'we don't think 1' "
An Anecdote of Washington. Not in
his Life. While the American army, under the
command of Washington, lay encamped at Mor
ristown, N. J., it occurred that thi service of the
Communion (then observed semi-annually only)
was to bo administered in the Presbyterian
Church of that village. One morning, in the
previous week, the General, after his accustom
ed inspection of the camp, visited the house of
Rev. IJr. Jones, then pastor of the church, and
after the usual preliminaries, thus accosted him;
"Doctor, I understand that the Lord's Supper
is to bo celebrated with you next Sunday; I
would learn if it accords with the canon of jour
church to admit communicants of another de
nomination ?" The Doctor replied, "Most cer
tainly ; ours is not the Presbyterian table, Gen
eral, out tbe L,ord s table; and we hence give
invitation to all his followers, of whatsoever
name." The General replied, "1 am glad ofit;
I thought I would ascertain it from yourself, as
1 propose to join with you on that occasion.
Though a member of the Church nf England, I
have no exclusive partialities." The Doctor re
assured him of a cordial welcome, and the Gen
eral was found seated with the communicants
the next Sabbath. N. Y. Express.
Power of Enduring Cold. The follow
ing paragraph is taken from Dr. Kane's jour
nal: "The mysterious capacities by which we
adapt ourselves to the climate are more striking
hete than in the tropics. In the polar zone the
assault is immediate' and sudden, and unlike the
insidious fatality of hot countries, produces its
result rapidly. It requires hardly a single win
ter to tell who are to bo heat-makiig and ac
climatized men. Poterson, for instance, who
resided for two years at Uppcrnavich, seldom
enters a room wilh a fire. Another of our
party, George Riley, with a vigorous constitu
tion, established habits of free exposure, and
active, cheerful temperament, has so inured
himself to the cold that he sleeps on our sledge
journeys without a blanket, or any other cover
ing than his walking-suit, while the outside
temperature is 30 below zero."
Neoho Wit. Judge Burke of South Car
olina rode on horseback from circuit to circuit,
accompanied by a servant, who was directed to
keep close behind him, while ho meditated as
pleased himself by tho way. Jogging along in
this way, on one occasion, the servant pressed
up too near to the horse which he rode, and
which happened to be an ill-natured brute, and
the consequence was that tho horse kicked the
negro on the leg, who, observing that it had not
interrupted his master's study, sprang off his
horse, and picking up a stone threw it at the
horse, which it unluckily missed, and took effect
between the Judge's shoulders. The instant the
negro saw what had been done, he fell in the
road with his hands clasped about his leg, and
crying out in apparent agony ; as soon as tho
Judge could straighten himself, he turned around
nnd says to the prostrate negro, "Stephen, child,
what ails you ?"
"Lord, mater," was Ihe reply, "your horse
just now kicked me on the leg, and almost broke
"Well, child," said ihe Judge, "he just now
kicked me between the shoulders, and almost
broke my back, too."
The art of visiting is well worth a special trea
tise. Whom to visit when to visit how long;
lo visit ; those would form the staple of a useful
essay, if anybody would take the trouble to
write it, and would write it cleverly. Some peo
ple visit nearly all the time, and so waste their
own lives and their friends' substance; some
rarely visit at all, and so deny themselves and
their neighbors one of the greatest pleasures of
s'icial existence. Somo people make their visits
so short that they are not worth tho trouble they
cost ; others stay so long that the visit becomes
a "visitation," like a fever, or a famine. As use
is always essentia! to cxcelleive in any art, only
those who havo a certain amount of practice
know how to visit well; whilo those who visit
too much, sin another way, and become bad vis
itors from impudence and carelessness.
A Minister Nonvlused. The Rev. Mat
thew Wilkes was once passing through one of the
crowded streets of London, when he heard a car
man, who found great difficulty in gelling his
vehicle along, owing lo the numerous obstruc
tions he met with, cursing and swearing at a tre
menduusrato. Hequietlywent upto the offend
er, and tapping him gently on the shouldor, said
to him:
"Ahl for that cursing and swearing, of which
you havo been puilty, I will appear a witness
against vou on that creat day of judg nent I"
"Oh, 'yes," said tho carmtu. to his clerical re
buker, "the biggest Mgue always turns king's
Tho minister, in relating this anecdote to his
ftiends, owned that this answer so completely
nonplussed him, that he was obliged to walk off
without saying a word, in roply.
Thinob Fiiist. Natuie teaches us, first the
patticular fact, afterwards the general uuiu.
In all cases this plan of instruction seems pref
crable to any other. A boy should learn to add
before he commits the rule of addition ha
should learn to speak before he studies grammar,
So, in acquiring i knowledge, of any language,
the first step W o pronounce it well, regardless
of tho .ens J. Tho principal reason wrhyAmer.
cY as few accomplished linguist, is. because we
1 not commence Varly enough in life the .tudy
of any tongue. Watt, learned Latin at four
yean of age. Johnson committed, Latin ie'
teccci twlier than ihit,

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