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THE VERMONT 1MHEX1X
v 15 li mon r n 1 ; i i n i-1 u a n ,
is l'li'i.itm.ii t.vi.iir svriuii.vv moiixinu, at
Offlco No. 9 Qranito Row, Dwinell's Block.
TKHMSi SJ.O'J por year 51.50 In advance. No
deduction from I lie above prices will licrciillcr bo mailt)
except to I'ullill existing contracts.
OIIAS, Cl'MMIXOS, I'nlill-lirr.
Okas. S. i'iioitt, Printer.
TWKNTY-YIFTU VOLUME. FOl Kill OK NEW fcKKIKB
LEST OF A (135 NTS
To whom nil payments m.iy Ikj maue fur THE VERMONT
I'lHENIX, fur 1361.
Hrookllnc, c. vt. si i.imi.so.
, 1.1 ..U.l ll 11.
,.)! II. JUNKS.
..II. A KMOIir.
..s. vv. wilson.
. S. I., MHI.I.Y.
in. UrwuHircr.il. 8. IH'TTINll.
Halifax STEPHEN si 1.13.
Ho. West, W.J. HITCHCOCK.
Jamaica, A.J. lll.KASUN.
South Londonderry,.!. 1.. P1KIICE.
Marlturo, 11. V. llnLOIITON.
Knyettcvllle, J. lir.NKLKK, .111.
Williams! Hie, 9AMli:i, HltOWN.
Putney W.M. HOlllliroN. .
llellows Fulls, A. N. SWAIN.
Saxlon's Illnr,....C. W. FAllir.UOTIiKlt.
H'K'klimhntn 8. I.. Illl.t.lNllS.
Cambrlditeport A. A. WVMAN.
Somerset, (1. K. MOUSE.
Ctr.itton, DEA. A. llll'IPT.
Toivnshend, O. llUTTEIlUK.LU.
Do. West, F. U. HAVYYEIl.
Vernon, .. v ADDISON WIIITIIED.
WnrihlK.ro, llnLLVND PI.IMITON.
Ho. West MUKKTV VVILDElt.
Ilo. Soutl II. W. KUHlEIl.
Westminster, II. C. I.ANK.
Ilo. nt, IllA (lOOPHITE.
YUiltlngh.ini II. O. IlII.I.KTi'.
Jacksonville, E. P. HITCHCOCK.
Wilmington, II. (1. DEXTEll.
Windham, ..MM. IIAlllllS, Jit.
Do. South K.llA PIKltCK.
Cheslcrllild, N II.,. ...II. O. COUMlKli:.
Illnlale, ..." C. J. AM11NIX.
Winchester, ." E. l. FOHIIE3.
North Pcmnrdstoii,Ms.,N. P. CH.U'IN.
O" In any of the alwve, or In other towns, payments may
re made, When more convenient, in tne rnsimnsiers increoi )
or the amount nny ne sent uirecny to uns ouice.
QEW1NG SILK. Kiivvaiiu Hk-.inaud,
KJ wholesale Ileal r In all pra.les nli'l colors ol
T IIH KM I'tllt HI. II
sewing, L)iiii:i)ii)i:r.Y k sAUDim silk.
TWIST Ai ITAMAN SlhK
OK ALL Mill;
I am oiWantly supplied with nil the noore vn ami will
rurniim ro-huera in any qiinmuj ai me wwwi winn.-Piur iiiu-ea
lirattleberi, Au, i!4, 19&S. 33
S. P. FLAGG,
ATTOUNliY AT LAW, office No. 13 Went Main Street,
11 y STEVENS & SON.
Late Proprietors of-the Hotel, Woodstock.
SAMBEl I' 1 K V ,
lllri.K MAKl.R (; (ICS SMITH,
Will make to onhranil keep on haul
RIFLES &. RIFLE PISTOLS.
SllOt O XI. XL 19
or uxi own maxl niiun hk hill v ahiiant ur srpEulOR
II K P A 11 I N O 1)0 S ti TO O It II E It .
Shop on Riryc-St., '1 doom U'rnt of Canal-St.
E. CROSDV & CO.,
IS'D WII01.ALE IIVALKns IS
Flour G r it i ii it si el l1 r o il 11 r c .
No. 3 IlUU's Ilt-ick, .... UllATTLUlOltO, Vl.
K. CIIOSIIY. I. O. CIIANKLI.il. W. UA1.NE1.
I. N. THORN,
D r il ft K 1 h I n is S A p o Hi r r n r y ,
orroain. the fosr orttct,
J. II. & W. XI. ESTERDROOII,
Manufacturers ami HeahTS In
Kmplrr Slnlr, Virlor, Slrintrt anil nrncttcc
Vitllt'y Cook Storm. I'nrlor nml llox
Sloivaiiiitl Hot Air FiirmicfH.
Alsoi Plows, Cultivators, lloail fonilwrs, Churns, Iron Sinks,
llusslaand tonllsh Stove riband all klutliof Stole
Furniture, Japan anil Common Tin-ware.
Ao 1 Exenonue B(oc LltAlTLEBOBO, VT.
B. M. FORBES
ATTORNEY AND C 0 1' N S E L 1. 0 It AT LAW,
AVInrho.MT. . II.
l'ractlclns In the Courts of New Hampshire and Vermont.
IIEUSTIS & DDRNAr.
IInrnr, TruiiU, Vitllc Jt Tolliir Slniiufiic
lurrrs nmVCnrriiiH" Trliutucr.
Itepalrlnit Articles In the alwve business punctually attended to-Mais-St.,
OrrosiTR Amkrioas Hoiiie,
3. F. HliCSTIS. J. W. BfltSAP
CUTLElfS BLOCK OPPOSITE KBVEItE HOUSE,
O.MTTLE OHo, VT.
Wivtsi's CiiinRttiD Suit An Woon Bld Tablis, lth
the Nivr !nu l isnios. C?-Cloed at 10 V M
Attorney iind Coiin.ellor ul Lnw,
lUemovcd from SaxtonVltlver to Brattkhoru, t.
KT Ottce over the Sa lugs Bank,
UATIIAN & BRXGGS,
Dealers In all klnls of
Mnrblr, arnnlli', Miilr, Soiip-Sloin-, -.,
First door South of Joseph Steeu i: Sou's ll.iok-htore, Maln-st.,
BUTLER fit KNOWLTON,
Allornrya itittl Coiiu.rllor ul Law.
OlUce two doors Vint of the llauk. JAMAICA, VT.
J. B. MUIL I"- I H!0lT0.
ALEXANDER. II. PIKE.
I'liilllu'a I'liirut Lrrrr I'nrni mill Clly Cntc
nml Clolh lloiirili itiitl lloxt'M lur I'iivuhk.
Aud Dealer in LumlKT, Hills of Tlintier, Clap irds, Shingles,
&c., uianufactuml and furnished to order,
100,000 r rt of t'liililioiirnn on liiiuil.
XT AdJress WEST WAKL3U0H0, M.
C. W. IIORTON, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SUKOEON,
No. S Illnltc'ti Iliillliii.
The "llriiltli'ltoro Ctirurl liiiuil'
are prepared to furuish MUSIC on all occasions, of the latest
aud most popular character.
Address, LMUS S. UlUtllNS, Clerk,
JAMES W. CARPENTER."
Altorury & Commrllor nl l.aiv ittitl Solicitor
SaAton's lllvcr i UlaRC, Kocklniiluim, YU
CIIAS. N. DAVENPORT.
Attorney & Counai'llor nl I.utr Si Solirltor in
W ILMINQTON, VT.
BRADLEY & KELLOGG,
Atlonirfc Couiix'llorisiil Law Si Solluitoris
Offlco opinsite Hie HraltUhoro House, IlllATTLEnOllO, T,
J. 1). UKAOLfY. 0L0. U. KCLLOOU.
II. N. IIIX,
Altorury Si Coiiu. ll..r hi I.utviiiiil Solicitor
W1HTINU1IAM CENTKE, VT.
WOODCOCK &. VINTON,
I'll icr AI a ii a t ii c I ii rr m.
XT All klnils of Printing Palr made t ordt.r, Caih paid
for Idle and Brow u llags. llllATTLKllouo, VT.
JOSEPH STEEN & SON
IfOottNrlli'ra, !'iiblilirr nml SliitlAurr.,
Corner or Main and High btreets, BllATlLKUoKU, T.
JOSAFU dTAkX. t it IHIMA ttktX.
S. A. MORSE & CO.'S
Iu llir rear of llie Uralllelioro Hoime,
Mais Stkakt, UltArrLEllOllO, YT.
aI win. a, xiuuivin uw,
llarneMM, 1 riiaU anil Valine .Mauliritf litrer,
A.iu uAitniAuu -iti.-ui-:it I VWbl, 11,
TS d T tvr ntme
Manufacturcraud Dealer In La.lUs, UintSi'Mlsses, Childrcns
IlooU. SI.or., Ci.Ii, r. ami Itubbem,
OpiKislte the Post office, Main street UKATfLKBOltO.
ATTORNEY Jsb COUNSUliA? .AW.practlclog lu
ul 'eiiuuu. "'m iiampsnire.
n- , "ent-t0 ,'"ou l ensloni, and Bounty Land
Coiaa. oner for the States of New York and N.w Haniu.
shire, California and Notary Puhlle, 27
... .. "o'l'eopiit'iilc! trrlaiirr's'iiriiroii.
Wl attend to all case, of Dl.ea!". of'llorl Il'ou.e on
li iiii ut streets
BrattUbore, Dm. M, 1847. 4
Iili M.IUAIS J)U CVG.VK.
iiy John o. vmrriF.n.
tFnm tlic Atlutitlo Montlily fur September.)
(I ho nuucru of ummned and unulll'mliiig men In
Southern Knnnst l(-)k placo near tho Mural ilu
A lilnli 114 of roc
Where never prcw!
Oiont ttrojn on ihc bunch-grus?,
Hut nut of tlio dew I
A taint in tlio sweet nlr
For wild hee to Mum I
A Ktnin that flntl! ikjvt
lllcacli out in tho Mint
llntk, steoJ of tho pnilrlet!
Sweet aon llnl ilv luck!
Wheel hither, bold utlture!
limy wolf, cill thy jmckl
Tho foul liuuinn vultures
Huc fe.iteit nml Hcil;
Tho woUeftof tho llonler
llmo crept from tho ilc.ul.
1'rom tho lienrthn of tho cnulns.
t ' he lieUN of tlieir com,
I'l.wurtucil uii't unweiipotiej,
'11m victim were torn,
It.v tho whirlwind of munlfr
hwooned up and Mvcit on
To thrt low, reedy fcn-luiid-i,
Tho Marsh of "tho Swan.
With .1 vain plea for mercy
No stout knee wna ofnikoil;
In tho mouth of thy rillei
l.iht Uiiinly they looked.
I low puled tho May -inrliitic.
Green MarnU dii Cyne,
When tho dentliinfku blow over
'Ihy lonely ravine!
In th? hornet of their renrhip,
A'et wurtu with their lhe,
Vet wait tiled wil oniv
l'oor children -indhcs!
l'ut out the red forjip-tire,
'1 he BTiith tvlmll not comej
Unokc tiic brov.n oxen,
Tho plongliman lie dumb.
Wind clow from the .Swan1 Mursli,
() dreary death-tniin,
Witli pressed lipt and bloodies
r A lip of the idahi!
Ki down the young eyelid,
Smovth down the pray h.iirj;
Let tear- (ineiieli tho curses
Tlutt burn thrfiugh your prayers.
Strong man of the pmne!.
aMouru Mttepntnl wild,
Wail, detct,itu wom.iti!
Weep, rathe) !e. child!
lint the grain of (unl -pring up
I'nnn uhcs beneatli,
And the crown of HU hnrveU
U Hie out of death.
Not In vain on th dial
The tlindo move along,
To point tho great eontriisU
Of rilit and of wrong:
Tree humc and fiee a't.irs
And lield-t of rii ftod;
The reed of the hwuiN Marh,
Whoso bIo.im H of blood.
On the lintels of Kiiniu
That blot.d s-hall not dryj
Ifenceforth the Had Angel
Shall go ImrmleM by:
Henceforth to the sunset,
Unchecked on her way.
Sh.Ul liberty follow
The march of tho day.
M I S C E L L N Y.
BATTLE OF BENNINGTON.
From the Oration of ltec. Charles Seymour
llobinson nf Troy, X. 1'., at the Hist Anniversa
ry of the Jlattle of llenninijton, delivered Alt-
mist IM, 18iS.
I'llIENlM AND l-'EI.I.OW CITIZENS 1
ICiirhtY-one vears airo, to-tlay, was fought tho
llattle of licnningtnn, and on this recurring an
niversary, we are all hero met for its honorable
commemoration. To a stranger it may, per
haps, seem a matter of invidious notice for us
to single out one Horn the many acts nl tlie Jlev
olutionary drama, and exult into such para
mount importance as this. Hut wo to whom
this day has been handed down, like a parent's
legacy; we, into whose childish cars a genera
tion now almost gone has whispered so many
thrilling reminiscences of the past; we, who
from our earliest years hate been wont to he re
minded of this day audits glory, until et en the
words "Sixteenth of August" have a Kind of
martial ring to us, ami betir in their cadence
somew hat of the drum, fife md cannon ; we
surely can find no harm in perpetuating with
peculiar honor a day so loved by our fathers and
bo hallowed to ourt.'eltes by dear old memories
of triends, childhood aud home. Our .sires were
in this battle, and its fame belongs to tho sons
of Ilcnningtoii, forever. The w eary band who
louglit it were (jlad, ot course, w lien the Declar
ation was read in the ears of tho world j for they
were patriots and loved their whole country.
Hut pardon their self-gratulation when jou are
told they were gladder still the night when the)
brought the Hessian prisoners into tot.u, and
shut tltVm up for safe keeping in the old church
on the lull.
Xor is there reason for comiilaint. no matter
what bo thu sinule etent which in particular is
chosen. American independence was not the
result of one, hut of many battles; battle, not
nil of which were fought with bayonet and can
non. It makes but httlo difference where jou
tt.ke up the record it is all linked together.
One incident nuggcsts the rest. There is one
childish fable, the story of a joung giil who
stopped to pick up a jewel lying in the sand.
She thought it was there, alone but she found
another was strung to it by a slender thread of
gold, anil vet another, ohe kept drawing them
!.. .. t.it..T- .i. i .;c..i -l!.. i . "
in, v. inuiu me; iicuuuiiu ciiuiit tiuuuL tier arms
and over her neck, until she shone like a radi
ant l'rinccss. Nor tinliko these precious stones
in thu sand lie tho events of the revolution time.
'fluty are all one and in one. The patriot stu
dent may seize each or any at his will, and it
w ill draw the others after it. The llattle of Hen
nington leads us at once to tho whole contest
for freedom t tho 10th of Ausmst is blood cous
in to the -1th of July. And then comes Trenton
mid Princeton, and then. Hunker Hill and Lex
ington, and so all that our country honors, and
ull that this- grateful people lias ever) where
cherished and loved. ou may thus (ling any
circlet of beauty you find lung in tho historic
record around the forehead nfits chief hero, and
thcre-will bo btill enough left glittering behind
to grace tho brow s of even tho unrecorded sub
alterns, and show how lich is the wealth of a
history like ours.
Nor, among the many iu that protracted se
ries of incidents w Inch resulted in tho ultimate
establishment of our countiy's Independence,
w as the one we celebrato so insignificant after
nil. The opinion of Gen. Stark is worth much
here. Ho was no raw recruit, just beginning
his experience of war. Yet ho said iu Ins olli-
ci.u dispatches " l he action represented ono
continued clap of thunder j it was tho hottest I
ever saw in my life." Now, bear in mind, that
in tho former war this veteran had led a com
iiany of rangers on tho plains of Abraham ho
had learned his early lessons of conflict around
Fort William Henry and Woody l'ond an his
way to Hunker Hill, even in tho midst of the
cannon shot that sncjis Clurlestown Neck, he
had bidden his battalions wait their firo until
they could see the enemy's gaiters at Trenton
ho had rallied his troops to the chargo amid a
tempest of hailed iron and lead) yet alter all
this he could say, "It was tho hottest action I
ever saw in my life (" a great event chronicled
Iiy its ow u Hero.
And yet more: what gavo this event its chief
importance, was tho exigency of tho tlmo iu
which it occurred. There wero other"liattles in
which more men were engaged, and which v ere
fought on n more magnificent scale. Hut there
was none that told moro directly on tho great
niyll I Hum lln. A., ll I.....HH...J .1 P .1
.v.u.. ..ii-., .ul it n....iuiu nt iiiiu ui nunc
cries in ullnirs that fiooucntlv'nre the tumiiiL'
points of the whole. It was indispensable to
the royal cause that a junction should be imme
diately ellected between the two armies the one
coming down from Canada, the other up from
New York. And when oneo the Hritish forces
should be united tit Albany, hatinir possession
of the Lakes above and the Kiter below, they
could turn to the Kast mid Wft nt tlieir will,
and the whole country lav at their mercy. The
Knglish Commander souiht to ditert attention
from his true object of moving up the Hudson,
.)) every kind of feint of atlacks, now inonedi-
Gen. Howe below the Highlands," wrote he, "I I
think their schemes will be entirely ballled.
Hut this sort of warfare prolonged and erratic,!
however important it may be, has, like the di -
plomacy of politicians, little attraction to the
common people. And popular feeling was n
most ex-cntial matter ut consideration during
e .-Northern command, and placing tho less un -
ipular Cien. Gates in his steutl.
rection, now in anotiier. I lie only courno lor 1 turitv. Hut nt this time she was only begin
Hashmgton was tti hold his own firmly and ning'to develope, and to display her wonderful
keep quite on tho nlert, until some signal blow , lotiliness in prospect. Yet, thfiting under her
should be struck at tho North. "If! can keen hnnlv illf!iiliin'. it mnf t.n .... .....I il.m ....... ,i...
mi me war in mo itevoiution. tlic importance i our forefathers met the shuck of conlliit. I
oriireventing discouragement and distrust from should loe e en here, if 1 could, to pay a pass
making way among the towns and villages, was ing tribute of respect to tho venerated Council
felt by all the patriot leaders, liven Congress . of Safety, who sat tin ouch the long, anxious
admitted it, by remnvinir Gen. Schutler from ! il.iv. Itiiiii..i..,.l r..o..!. !...i.... .,..!.. .1....
-miw just at this most inauspicious time came ; the field, liven Gen. Stark wrote concerning
tho liens that St. Clair had evacuated Ticonder- - them: "I cannot iujuttice omit giving the hon
oga without firing a gun of resistance. And on orablo Council the honor of exerting themselves
us retreat he had struck into the woods so deep-' in Hie most spirited manner in this most critical
ly that no information of his whereabouts, and time." Hut ull theso thincs can be learned in
.. . ,....,, . iuiii.il-, ivuciieu me v nm- uiioiiier way. i am sure vou will he more plcns-maiider-in.LhioflorscuT.il
das. "An air.iir ; cd to hear what tradition has brought us, from
ol so much mystery, s-ud Washington, "as to . around the winter firesides of our early homes,
hallle con eoniecture." I'.inie and constema- It li., l.,.i.n vn!,l ,1,.,, I ,. i!
lll-lt ItMll. i..n r i.;.. . T I .1... I,
t on ran an inroegii tlie country, aim among mistake in .sending fo.lh so weak an expedition
liio rovalists tlicrc was corresponding tiati' ii for so important a purpose. And this notion
am joy. Lven in Kngland, the news filled all has been piessul to the extent of throwing a
witu exultation, for now the why seemed clear ; sneer upon those who term this a great victory,
or an ultimate subjugation ef tlie rebels. "The Hut llurgoyne had no such opinion of their in
loss in reputation, said an Knglish writer of significance. He said even of the Hessians, they
the tune, "was greater to the Americans, and were "the bct I had of that nation," and of the
capable ot more fatal consequences than that othe-s, thev were "chosen men from all the reg
of ground, posts, artillery or men." All the , iments ," men, as onu of the Hessians describe
contemptuous mid degrading charges which had them "of tried valor and enterprise." And old
been made bv their enemies of their want of the , f'.mt I!..!.;...,. ,.!,., ,...,i,.i .1... l i
resolution and abilities of men even in defence j
nr wliat was dear to them, were repeated mid1
believed. 1 he opinion was that the war in ef-,
leei was over.
Still it was needful that the two armies of
Howe and llurgojne should effect the junction
at .wu.inv. ii seemca now all tlie more desira
ble, for the enemy held the strong keys of the
country on tho North. As late as tlie middle
of July, the Commander-in-Chief of our forces,
w nen explaining an apparently imprudent mov
meut which he had ordered, wrote, "1 look up-
on it ns tlie only means ot preventing n junction eu them tint they might discover the right, and
of Howes and Hurgo)ne's armies, which if ef- luting been fivmlv peisuaded that blood must
ftctei., may have the most fatal consequences, be shed, and tint either themselves or the ene
tould we be so happy as tocut one of tlieir par- my must perish, thev thought it folly to waste
ties oil supposing it did not exceed four or fiv o any ammunition. Among the bullelt's found in
or six bundled men, it would inspirit the pen. the field, there were very few that were mnuld
Jile, and do aw ay with much of the present anx-1 ed in the town of lleniiington. Most of those
',ttV. ,, at t,"s however, the licet un-. found a more awful resting place than in the
tier Gen. Howe put out to sea. What this '. green sward or tho trees. Gen. Stark said of
111 mm1! l a',llnSton c'ou'11 llut understand. j these extemporaneous soldiers that "had each
hither they were bound w as inexplicable. man been an Alexander or a Charles of Sweden,
llut keeping a vigilant eve iu person upun their i he could not have behaved more gallantlv."
movements, he urged his Generals nt the North I Thce local floating anecdotes of men and
to redoubled energy ami zeal. The Hritish 1 tlieir doings on that famous day are interesting
General Chilton remained at New York, nod I to all those who are willing to march them out.
was as watchful as Howe had been for an oppor-1 Hut time and old soldier like enthusiasm, us well
tunity to push his way up to Albany. as oft-invited repetition, have doubtless given
In the meantime, liurgoyne was far from in- to many of the traditions an uir, if not a meas
active. Hushed with success, lie evidently be- ure of exaggeration. I am reallv afraid that if
lieved that six hundred men could march clear any fntnjv mpmiler shnuM , matv a li;.
tiiiutisjiiurett, tjttf,!,,..,, . . ivoii. nie lor lleniiington witnesses to swear ov, he
veinence. He had probably never heard the would have to put u most enormous npoervplm
name of Stark. Col. Warner was the only man somewhere in the middle, for those lie would
he feared and he was not much alarmed about hear too good to be lost, but quite too good to be
him. And indeed so many things had concur-1 exactly up to the line of inspired veracity. A
reil to his advantage, that not only he himself ' few of' the most authentic, how ev er will perhaps
was iu high spirits, but even Washington was i interest vou now.
apprehensive. Only nine davs before the great On the morning of the lGth, old C.ipt. Fay,
battle, he wrote, "as matters nre going on, Gen. who kept the Gieen Mountain tavern, received
Ilurgovne will find little dillicultv in penetrating a litlio note from tho Knglish ullicers, saving
to Albany." I they would dine with him that day. Theykcpt
In this confident spirit of sclf-rcli ance, al- J their word, but thev came as prisoners. Aud
though for a time pressed by need, the Knglish us they drew near tlie house just at dusk, out
commander sent forth Colonel 'hum a gallant came the old patriot and swung his three cor
Gcrman officer to pass through Vermont. I nered hat from the stoop, while with a kind of
district of country was called the "Hampshire
Grunts." The letter of instructions given Col.
Damn reveals the particular wants ot Hurgoyne'o
army. "Tho objects of our expedition," so it
ran, "are to try the affections of the country,
Aim mate was, ui course, unorganized. All tint
to disconcert the councils of tho enemy, and to from it. Anil soon came another on the oppo'
obtain largo supplies of cattle, horses and car- site side, and the head jerked nervously at the
riagen." It may. perhaps, be stated in passing, whistle. Mortified to think his neck 'was so
that somebody did get one horse in tho courso limber, he turned around to his men and said,
of their travels, for from un advertisement in n"llovs keep v our eve on me, and if I dodge
Connecticut paper, published ill September fol- i
lowing, wo learn that ono was htolai, in the midst
of the action, from Gen. Stark himself, llut
ihat "brown mare, five years old, with u star in
her forehead," vyas all til plunder they got iu
Vermont. H's'great mistake in the matter w us
in insanely believing that among tho settled re
gions of New Kngland there wero many who
wero only waiting for un overture to join him
and give tlieir nid to tho royalist cause. If he
had succeeded in his purpose, then the junction i
wan iiiiuou couiu easuy nave ueen cliectcd 1 1
the enemy would have become masters of the
Hudson, and our land would have lilted the wail
of defeat instead of the jubilant song which ero
long arose from tiio plains of Saratoga. 1 need
not recount tediously the events of history.
You know how he failed in every particular.
You kiiovv how like a thunder clap burst the
news on his" ear that one John Stark had met
and routed his' trained bands, slung his brass
drums around the Green .Mountain Hoys' necks,
fired his field guns nt the backs of the retreating
platoons, mid piously taken homo some hun
dreds of his Hessians to lleniiington to church !
It is to be Ijoped he had as edifying a Sabbath
as they did.
Of cowsc, there was great rejoicing all over
tho laud. Three days after the battle Geo.
Schuyler vvroto to Stark "Tho signal victory
) ou have gained cannot fail of producing tho
most salutary results.", Washington vvroto to
l'utnam that ho hoped "the great stroku struck
by Gen. Stark near lleiinington would crush
Gen. llurgoyne." And it is not saying too
much to assert that tho Hennington battle broke
the Northern army, turned tho tide of war, and
with Trenton battle further south, decided the
contest which eventually made America free.
"One moro such stroke' said Washington him
self, "and wu shall have no great cause for anx
iety as to tho further designs of Hritain." Kv
en. that other stroko he found ho did not need.
Tho alter struggle of tho Northern army was
only tho erratic wandering of tho pierced deer,
in whoso side is already infixed tlio urrow by
which he must die.
Surely, theso are reasons enough to warrant
tho celebration of this day by every lov er of his
country. Hut there nru others of peculiar mo
ment to us whonroiiovy gathered together.
Matters of local interst, traditions of unrecord
ed history, make tho occasion ono of tho great
est distinction. It is to be remembered that
lleniiington was not a simple scenoof conflict
a mere chessboard, where kings and queens,
knights and bishops of some far-off realm of Iv
ory, camo to play tho gamo of war. Tho par
ties iu it were friends and neighbors j tho very
citizens of tho villages, defending their wives
and children, and fighting for the possession of
tlieir ow n farms. In searching historic records,
I have been struck moro forciblytlmn ever with
tho fact of tho country's newness. Tilts' town
was the first in Vermont, yet it had not a single
settler till June,1701, How it musthavogrown,
and how peculiar must have been tho character
Jill ATTJLEB 0 110 , VT. : SEPT.
I of the people for in 1775, on the vcrv day w hen
tho C'ontiiiontial Congress met in I'l'iilaiftlphia,
1 - -.1 .... t f. . .1. . .. . - . I '
i nun oniy nays niicr mo untile ol Lexington,
there wero two hundred and thirtv-onu Cireen
Mountain Hojn tinder Ktliau Allen's lead at
Laku Chiimplaiu. And in July, 1777,tli!tCoun.
cil of Safety wrote to the councils of Massachu
setts ami New Hampshire, offering to victual n
whole urniy if they would raise and send ono to
lleiinington. And when this engagement wliich
we celebrate took place, only sixteen years hud
passed since tho earlieft emigration came to the
roadless forest from Hnrdwick. This sister
I nnmnt tlm Sint,. was net emnn ..r ...... ii,.,.. .
I She was brought into Uncle Sam's family in
171)1, then in all the Hush of her beautiful' tna-
she possessed a glorious strength of womanho
for a sixteen )enr old girl.
If I were writing a history. 1 should love
1 copy thoso old papers and records which lung
in frames and glass cases, all over town, that the
world might see them, mid learn from them the
, stem earnestness aiidbraveinanhoodwitli which
, until sunset, ehaling under thu restraint of duty
which kept them in the cabinet rather than in
ll.umi lingered in his last huurs, and watched
gently ns a woman with him till he died, was
wont to say that a more intelligent and brave
officer lie had never seen, than this unfortunate
Against these troops came forth the tow nmen
and neighbors who dwelt here upon these farms.
They weio not professional soldiers at all. They
had no bayonets, little powder and few balls.
Hut every man could hit his man. There was
something terrible in tlieir aim. They shot to
kill. Hating liraved for conscience to cnliirht
prolessional ontliususm lie said, "louariAvcl-
come, gentlemen, dinner is wailing lor vou."
dpt. Samuel itobiuson, who commanded the
town militia at the lime, was loading and firing
like the rest, but a ball on one side of the head,
iust sinuinir bv tho ear. madr him iloilpn nu-nv
again put a ball through me sideways
Major Hawks liiutered like a kind husband.
as he was, for n while nt his home, nt the ear1
nest solicitation of the family. Hut ere long,
as tho boom of the cannon caine rattling up the
sides of the old Whinstock hill, his ardor in
creased, the sweat of simple excitement headed
his forehead. Hut ut last he came iu, sa)ing
"he shouldn't try to stand it nny longer." ' Ho
cniignt ins gun, and started on a keen run across
lots to the scene. Al! in a glow w ith his three
mile race, lie cam -on tlie ground just us a squud
of men w ero receiving their allotted pint of li
quor, lie caugnt tlie measure and swallowed
it at n druugt, "There," saiil he, thinking it was
water, "now give me some rum."
Old uncle Silas Hobinson was somewhat pe
culiar in his way of telling a thing, but his sharp
voice used to give great effect to the account of
his participation. "I had heard," said he, "that
these Kobinsoiis were all cowards, and I rather
thought if any of 'em wns.I was the man. Hut
somebody told me that gunpowder wns good for
courage, so I took about it gill of gin, and thick
ened it up, and when I drinked that, then 1 tell
ye 1 fit !"
lilcazcr Kgerton, in the midst of the second
battle, was firing away from behind a tree, when
all at once ho saw a Very young man looking
anxiously around for a standing place alike se
cure. "Here, boy," shouted hiy "take mytreej
vou fight behind and I'll fight before. The ras.
cals darsen't shoot me ) they know me." And
in an instant he had planted his giant frame
buck to tho trunk, nml there ho stood firing un
til the Hessians did know him and feard him,
and lied beyond tho reach of his bullets.
It is easy to call theso men rash, passionate
anil brutal. Hut they were tho most amiable
men of their age. There was not a cross of tlie
ru'llian in their blood. They wero men of ster
ling integrity iind undoubteil piety. Although
as a Shirkshiro wit might say, "Ihey were ns
full of grit as a pound of sixpenny sugar," they
were as devoted, excellent men as ever exhort
ed in a conference or prayed at a family altar.
Leonard llobinson, whose aim was as quick and
deadly ns lightning, declnred that every timo ho
shot lie saw u man fall j "but," said he, "1 pray
ed tho Lord to have mercy on his soul, and then
I took caro of his body."
Four men from this town wero killed. War
ner was u brother of Col. Warner. The Col
onel was riding by tho body nsitlay at tlio road
side. "Is it Jesse P" ho nsked as he sprang from
his horse. Ho stooped and gazed in the dead
man's face, but there was no timo for tears, and
he rode on ngain to tho head of his troops.
John Fivy was fighting behind a tree. His last
words as ho raised his musket to send another
man to death, were, "I feel that I am fighting
in a good cause." And as Ills eyo ran along tlio
barrel taking aim, his head just exposed from
behind the tree, a ball struck him in tho very
centre of tho forehead, and ho fell with his gun
undischarged. Quick us lightning rati tlie cry
over tho ranks of his townsmen, "John Fny is
shot I John Fny is shot ! John Fay is shot I"
.iiiuioeneti to tne iury oi demons, tney sprang
from behind the trees, firing tlieir guns in tho
very faces of tho foe, and clubbing the breeches,
r.,..r ,1... l,n,n.,...n.l. ..III. !.,.... 1 f
leaped over tho breastwork with an Impulse o
onset nothing mortal could resist. The fright
ened mercenaries fled before them like Hessian
flics. Aud by and by tiiese tearful old men
camo back, took reverently up the body of their
beloved townsman, and bore him homelike a
sober funeral train. His father met him at tho
door, and only put the simple question when
they told him the pride of his oltl igo wus no
more. "Wus he shot in tho back P" Then w illi
his own hands ho took towel and water, washed
the silent fact; proud ns ever nnd prepared
tho corpse for the gavc. The others who died
were Henry Walbndgc and John Clark. The
iaiiivuiuis oi tiit-ir ileum were tioiiotiess re
membered in the families of their descendants,
but they are not on record. Others were wound
ed, but these wero ull that died of our immedi
Most of the old landmarks have now passed
away. The Church where the prisoners were
confined until removed on tlieir way to Hoston,
has long ngo been replaced by tlie present,
standing not exactly upon, but near the' same
spot. The wounded were placed in a little build
iinr iust north, since used us a lirintinir ollice.
wi ttiu soldiers vvlio tiled, part were hurled in a , tlie submarine telegraph across the Gulf of St.
place still kept vacant in the Church) ard in tlie Lawrence, the first one attempted to be laid, ns
Centre Village, unmarked b) monument or slab, our readers will remember, being lost. Hence
nnd part in the field behind tho Wnlloonisae it is that Mr. Field trained himself for future
house, and a little north of the old Tichenor triumphs, for, undisma)ed, he immediately or
jitace. The building In which the stores were , dered a new cable ; then, against nil seeming
kept, for the poession of which tho battle was 1 possibility of success, secured the one at the
fought, was located just over the brow of the bottom o'f the Gulf, and thus finally relieved the
hill North of the State Arms House. It had as I company against any material loss. A tele-
many transmigrations as the soul ot a lluddlnst.
it iieL-anie u store, ami uieii a nam, aim men a
sheil, till at last it vanished forever.
nie lories in luwn were tlie most unfortunate
of all the prisoners, lor tlie people execrated
them. Thev marched them into the village
bound two Iiy two, beliiudnhor.se which was
ridden bv a negro ; the black man had the worst
ol the bargain. Hie women even took down
their bedsteads to tret rones to sttini: them on.
ns thev paraded thu streets behind the triumphal
procession. Some nf them had to run tin. gaunt-
let every day for weeks ; sonic were put on tho
limits of their own farms ; some were sent to
Siinsburv to work in the mines, mid some were
banished fiom the town on penalty ol'.death if
they should return. Sternly patriotic themselves,
these men of the Involution could not abide
even the presence of those who were at .such
times untrue to country and home.
FORMATION OF THE UNION
Oil Monday, the uth September, 1771, the;
was assembled in Camcnters' Hall, iu t u-ritv ,
riuiatlelplua, n number ot delegates who had
been chosen and appointed by tho several Kng
lish colonies iu North America to hold a con
gress, for the purpose of discussing certain griev
ances imputed against the king and his ollicUs.
This Congress resolv ed on the next day that
each colony should have one vote only.
On Tuesday, July L', 177(1, the Congress re
solved, "That these' united colonics are, nnd of
right ought to be, free and independent states,"
etc. t und on Thursday, the Ith July, the whole
Declaration of Independence hav ing been agreed
upon, it wus publicly read to the people. Short
ly lifter, on the lHh September, it was resolved
that the words "United Colonies" should be no
longer used, and that the " United States of
America" should thenceforward be the style and
title of the Union.
On Saturday, the lothNovembcr, 1777, "Ar
ticles of Confederation nnd Perpetual Union of
the United States of America" wero agreed up
on by the State delegates, subiect to, the ratifi
cation m tne mate legislatures severally. Kight
of the States had ratified these articles by the
Oth July, 177S j one did so on the Hist July j
one on the IMth July ; ono on tho 20th Nov. 'of
the same ) ear j one on the "JlM February, 1 7711,
and the last one on the 1st March, 1781. Hero
was u bond of union among thirteen independ
ent States, whose delegates in Congress legis
lated for the general welfare, and executed cer
tain powers, s.o far as thev were permitted, by
the articles aforesaid. The w ar of the Hev olu
ticm wns closed in 17SU, nnd thus the Union,
which hitherto had existed only de facto, now
became a government ic jure.
On the -Ith March, 17h'J, the present consti
tution, which had becli adoptetl in a convention
nnii ratified by the retjuisito number of States,
went into operation. The dates at which the
State legislatures ratified this instrument were:
Union by ratifying the constitution was confin
eu to tnose states mat vveie parties to tho con
federation by which the constitution had been
framed. This constitution had been adopted
by the convention on the 17th day of Septem
ber, 1787. It required that nino States should
ratify it before its provisions could go into ef
fect. On tlio llllbof September, 1788, Congress
determined that, as n sufficient number of States
hnd complied with with this reservation, eleven
having done so, it should become operative on
the first Wednesday tlie 1th) of March, 1789.
North Carolina and Ithodo Island had not yet
given it sanction ; but as soon as they had ac
ceded to it, they were admitted to n participa
tion of its benefits.
Since the period of the adoption of tho con
stitution twenty new States have been admitted
into the Union. These arc us fpllows; Vermont,
1792 ; Kentucky, 1792 ; Tennessee, 1790 ; Ohio,
1802 ; Louisiana, 1812 j Indiana, 1810 ; Mis
sissippi, 1817 ; Illinois, 1818 ; Alabama, 1819 r
-Maine, 1820; Missouri, 1821 ; Arkansas, 1830 ;
Michigan, 18.'17; Florida, 1813; Texas, 1813;
Iowa, 1810; Wisconsin, 1818 ; California, 1830;
Minnesota, 1838 j and Oregon, 1838.
THE MAN OF THE TIME.
livery great 'victory must have its hero.
Wherever thero is a Waterloo there must bo a
Wellington, and in such a victory ns has been
achieved in tho Atlantic Telegraph thero must
have been n leader to whose courage and gen
eralship tho world is Indebted for the comple
tion of that stupendous work. Wo bcliev e thero
is no doubt as to whom this distinguished lion
or belongs. Mr. Cyrus W. Field, if not tho
originator of tho sclieme, is as much entitled to
the distinction of being called its author, as Do
Witt Clinton is of being tho author of tho
lirie Canal. Without his courageous energy
und perseverance it is not probable that tlio work
would huvo been curried through in many years,
and his name will ns justly bo remembered iu
connection with tho enterprise, ns that of Ful
ton is with steam nnv igation. Mr. Field is a
very good specimen of the American character,
and a tpyo of that boldness and enterprise which
hav o placed America iu the front rank among
tho nations of tho earth, lie was born in Derk
shiro County, Massachusetts, where his father,
a distinguished Congregationalist clergyman,
still resides, and ho is ono of a family of six
brothers, w ho have all risen to distinguished
positions in their v urious professions. The eld
er brother, tho lion. David Dudley Field, of
.1.!.. r.l... s il i t ...i. -i
tin. v.iiy, is weu ituuw it on uotn siues oi me
Atlantio as ono of the authors of our revised
Code. Matthew Dickenson Field is a leading
citizen of his native State, and was recently a
Stato Senator. Jonathan Edwards Field is a
lawyer in Stockbridge, and also a Stato Sena
tor. Stephen Johnson Field is ono of tho Judg
08 of tho Supremo Court of California. Henry
Martyn Field, the )oungest brother, is an emi
nent clergyman, und Editor of tho New York
l)..TUnn. ITK7. ll..nnu.K-.,l.i ITM7. V...
, -; z.r . "i"".", " h muj o ran. ii was so smuiia
Jersey,! .8, ; Geoj-gia, 1 1 , ,88 , Connecticut, 1 ,63; j sum that ho thought he might as well spend it !
Massachusetts, 1 ,8J ; Maryland, 1 ,88 ; South i as not. It was poor encouragement to him to ',
Carolina, 1 ,88 ; New ) Htmipshirc, 1 ,88 ; ir- lay by so little. It is. probably tho operation of
gmie, 1 ,88 ; New W, 1 ,88 i North Carolina, tins principle which leads so many persons, who
1,89; and llhode Island, J.UO. were liberal in moderate circumstances, to he-'
I lie privilege of bccomiuir members of the mmn ...in. I, -.11.. .. i. .i m.. i
Kcamjelist. Cyrus West Field, whuwill be re-
I memiiereil mall timo tor lus connection with
j the Oceanic Telegraph, was born at Stockbridge
in tho j ear Wl'l. Upon arrivinir nt a tironer
,. l. . .t.f.'... ..f V.... '.I - 1
ago he came to tho City of New York, and com
menced business unuer lite training of A. T.
aicwuri, wu eminent merchant. Jto subsequent-
jy became the head of one of the largest houses .
in tho City engaged in the manufacture and
salo of paper. Four years ngo In a social par
ty, composed of some four or fivo of our emi
nent business men, tho subject of connecting
liuropo vith America was broached. Mr Field
at once became impressed with tho idea of its
feasibility, nnd turned tho whole energies of his
mind to hear upon the subject. He very soon, '
with others, formed an association iu this City,
composed of I'ctcr Cooper, Moses Taylor, Mur-
shall O. Iloberts. Chandler White. S. F. 11.
Morse nnd David Dudley Field, for the purpose
of effecting a communication iictwecn the Kast
ern and Western world. As a first step, Mr.
Cyrus W. Field, with his brother Div id Dud
ley and Chandler White, w ent to New foundland,
nnd after overcoming many legislative difliuil
ties, procured a charter, under which they con
structed n line of telegraph from St. Johns,
Newfoundland, across that island of more than
DIM) miles, through a sterile wilderness, compos
ed of rock, forest und morass. Then followed
graphic communication with Cape Hreton vva
thus accomplished, connecting with the then ex
isting lines in Nov ia Scotia. The company then
procued grants und charters for lines from Prince
Ldw-urd's Ishnd, Nova Scotia, New-Hruiiswick,
Maine and Canada. All these things accom
plished, Mr Field st irted for Kngland, ami there, ,
by unremitting efforts, succeded in establishing
the Atlantic Tclcc'ranli Comnanv for tho nor.
i pose of LounectinL- the IiiiriniP.ui nml American
-nr .:.... .i.. i , .. , , - i. ,
i Continents. What Mr. Field has had to d j to
bring about this w onderful consummation is fa-
miliar to the world. Failure after failure never '
! damped his ardor or lessened his enthusiasm, i
I and on the memorable occasion when the cable, I
I upparcntlv without cause, untwisted ns it was
i paving out from the Aijamomnou, when all were
j despondent, it was stated that Mr. Field alone
Was sanguine nml sure of success. Such enor.
gy, such determination to triumph, has creative !
power, and is only to be found in characters il-'
lustrated by Columbus, Franklin, and other dis
coverers, who led tho way in the advancement !
of civilization, and been the eyes, as it were, of
the world in uhieh they liv ed and lrad material !
association. .v. j. Times.
A NEST EGG.
In the "Grevson Letters" we ore tolrl nfn
man who was accustomed to contribute bencvo-1
lenlly to various objects, while his means wero
somewhat limited. One gentleman alwavs call
ed upon him annually iu bchalfofatihilanth.ro- I
pic society, and he had never called in vain. It 1
happened, however, that this generous man re-!
ceived quite a legacy from some departed rela- j
tive, and the above gentleman hearing of it,1
flattered himself that he should get a much lar- 1
ger contribution than usual, when he called the '
next time. As the year came round, he visited
his oh! friend, and 'asked for a subscription,
when, to his utter astonishment, the man rcfus- ,
ed to give him a cent. He endeavored to make !
an impressiou upon him, but all his efforts were
fruitless. At last he said, "Why, Mr , v ou !
alwavs used In In) must HOrinl, 'and I laiiuui'ac-
countlor ) our present mood at all. .1 thought I
that having, as I hear, come in for a considera-1
ble legacy, you would probably have doubled1
) our subscription. that," replied the man,
i0 reason I can give )ou nothing.
v lule ir m receipt merely ot' mi sulaiy, I
could sace nuthiny. Hut now that 1 hav e a lar-
ger sum, which 1 am not compelled to touch,
and which will go on accumulating, every little I
1 call add to it will tell."
This incident contains a principle of fallen hu- i
man nature which it is worth while to look at.
IBB.inan had no encouragement to hoard mon
ey, so long as he received only his salary. He i
coma sa,v- iii ,Imt he co-ncaicd it
best to try to save any. a muimuuc u(
sons, from children to' adults, act upon this prin
ciple. A little child, who was told by his fath
er to lay up it cent that had just been given him, !
Cllt. Hie accumulation of a few dollars nnnnnl.
ly, does not appeal very strongly to tho lovo of
money; but when the accumulation amounts to I
thousands every year, the uppeal to moncy-love I
is irresistible with many. I
The Loan Fund Association grew out of an '
incident wherein tho same principle is discover
ed. It is said that an English gentleman, who j
had many employees in charge, proposed to take
all the earnings they could save monthly, and
allow them interest on tho Loan Fund 'princi- j
pie, and. at the expiration of a given number of
years, the accumulation would pay for the hou
ses in which they dwelt. They had previously
spent nil their earnings, a portion of wliich hail
gone for intoxicating drinks, and the result was
intemperance and ruin. They wero interested 1
in the plan ; they saw that rapid gain was now
promised, that in a very few veins they could
rise from the dependent condition of tenants to i
that of proprietors. They laid aside their cups, I
prectised tho most rigid economy, and not only i
sav ed their property but their character. Hci e
tho samo stimulus of large accumulations cleva- j
ted those who seemed willing to bo degraded
because tlieir income w as so limited. I
A friend told us of n young clerk, whose sal-'
arj; was twelve hundred' dollars, all of which he !
spent upon his own person every year. He I
proposed a small investment to him, in a cer-1
tain way to which tho yoiiuir man obicctod on
tho ground tint so small an investment as he
should inako would not amount to much. He
finally consented, however, and fifty dollars wero
devoted to the purpose. It yielded him so much
tho first year, that the next lie increased the in
vestment by five fold, still living on tlio remain
der of his salary. We seo here tlie operation
of the same principle. So long as he could sav e
but little, ho was satisfied to save none. When
he savv n fair prospect ofrapidly augmenting Ids
gains, ho was encouraged to economize, and
spare moro from his yearly income.
llut wo need not multiply examples. The
man of whom Greyson tells us was not a strange
man, after nil. Poor weak human naturo v ield
ed to ono of its favorite principles. Nor is this
development of so gross a nature that nothing
can be said in its favor. If we had time and
space we might glance at this side of tlio pic
ture. Hut we can only mid, that it is not tlie
w orst sin in tho world to want a "nest egg," and
to be encouraged thereby. We havo seen that
it once saved a whole neighborhood from moral
degredation and ruin. A nest without an egg
looks so barren nnd desolate it is so much like
an old ono that it cannot awaken high hopes.
Wo novcr" blame tho hens for refusing to lay in
a nest that had not a sintrlo ectr. Neither can
wo altogether blame man. Hut it is nuitoadif- j
ii-ivut iiiiiil; tu ui-iuuu purling wuu mo eggs
when tho nest is full and running over. The
person of whom Greyson speaks did not sin in
allowing himself to bo encouraged by tho pros
pect of rapid gains, but in becoming ungenerous
as he became rich. Vongreijationalist.
vu.i.b aw. .a.. I.liu IllUUaiUII llllL'll IIIL'V UfH 111III1 I
Fo ono square nf 13 line, or less nonnarell itp ., (the smal
lest sljo used,) three hislltlons tl I for ench sohsriu'nt In
ierlloii 20 cents. The numlier of Insertions must bo marked
on all aaurtls-ments or they will le..ntlnu .1 untllorder d
out. Conlr.uu will hs nt,. with n lrerlll.rs l.r the col
umn or fractional pans thereof, at liberal rates. Transient
advertising to be paid In advance.
For all Probatoa.lmt!s.ments, excepting notlcctof applies,
lions lo sell real cslale. 11.60 each for llireo Insertions.
r-osTAOKi Tin Vsasosr Pirini Is sent Into all the townsof
Windham County free of Postage, Touny part of this Stato
out of this Coutity,for3cciitScryear! elsewhere 2d cents
per year payments Itiall cases to be made iiuarttly la
Tho New York Union Conventions.
Tlie republican state convention of New York
was called to order Wednesday noon, In Whit
ing hall, Syracuse, by li. D. Morgan, chairman
of the state committee, lizra Graves of Herk
imer wns made temporary chairman. The iisn.
nl committees were appointed, nnd the conven
tion took a recess till -1 o'clock.
The feature of tho morning session wns a
speechby li. H. Wnshburne of Illinois, who said
that tho republican fires were burning brightlv
in that state. They were now anticipating thb
presidential campaign of two years hence, nnd if
in the great battle now fighting they should como
off triumphant, the banner of victory will float
from the dome of your capitol in 1800. Tho
little giant has undertaken tho job of taking old
Abraham Lincoln down !nto Lgypt and bring
ing him to his milk. Wo propose to bring tho '
I'ttlc giant into Canaan, nnd show him how we
do biisincss there. He concluded by urging n
union of all opponents of slavery extension nnd
of th nntiuntil administration.
The ropublkans effected a permanent organ
ization, witli Daniel T. Jones of Onondaga as
A preamble and resolution, appointing a com
mittee of conference with the Americans, offer
ed by Mr Heals of Columbia, was adopted.
At tho evening session n motion for n ballot
for gov emor was rejected, 1 GO against 07. Ad
journed till Thursday morning.
The American state conv cntion met at Cor
inthian hall. Daniel Ullman of New York was
appointed permanent president ami made a glovv
ing specch. After the rountine of preliminary
business tho convention took a recess till 7 in
Tlio American convention adopted a similar
resolution to that of tho republicans, and ad
journed till morning.
Committees met Wednesday night. The pros
pect favors union, but it is not certain.
Tkiikiule Collision. A collision occurred
on tho Hudson itiverllailroad a few day s since,
which was destructive to life as well as proper
ty. On Monday evening two extra cattle trains
were sent out from Kast Albany, one at 5,15
and the other at 7 o'clock. Hoth arrived at
Poughkccpsie in due time, the first train being
one hour and seventeen minutes in. advance of
tho other. After the usual stop, the first train
proceeded on its way, followed an hour after
wards by the second. Ou the arrival of the
first train at Fishkill, about twelve o'clock at
night, fifteen miles from Poughkccpsie, it was
discovered that the box ofn wheel on one of
the cars was hot, and immediate steps were ta-i
ken to detach the car from the train and switch
it oil'. To do so occupied some considerable
time, und while the work was under way, tho
second train came along at tlio usual rate of
speed, nnd run in to tlio stationary train. As
it was near a curve, the engineer o'f the second
train did not discover the danger till too late to
prevent a collision. Tho second train was
drawn by two engine?, the Kochester and tho
1 utnam, and the crash, w hen they came togeth
er, was terriblc. The locomotives were smash
ed to pieces, and ran up on a pile of rocks,
somo portions being elevated at least 20 feet.
Alongside the track was a machine shop with a
high brick chimney. The concussion caused
this to fall upon the train, as also a portion of
the gable end nf the building. Some seven or
eight ears in tho rear of the first train wero
smashed to atoms, and fortv or fifty head of cat
tle were slaughtered. In the caboose, or the
ear used by the drovers, were two men, one of
whom, on hearing the approaching train, jump,
ed out and saved his life. The oilier, w ho it is
supposed was asleep at the time, was found dead
alter the accident, about twelve feet from tho
wreck on the bank. Ho was badly smashed
about the head, and from appearances was in
stantly killed. Hisilame was Hoswell.ofGreen
castle, Indiana ; he was about 50 years of a"o
and leaves a wife aiul six children. Tho collFs
sjon was so sudden that those on tho locomo
tive had no time to escape. George Hayward,
engineer of the Putnam, the second engine in
the last train, must have been instantly killed,
as his body was found hanging over the side of
the locomotive between it and the tender, hav
stomaci? tei?lllj; l)ruisc'1 a"d Cllt about 'ho
1) scalded and owlnj WW
not supposed seriously. Chas. Robertson, en
gineer ot the Rochester, was badly cut and oth
e wise injured, but his wounds w ere not consid
ered fatal. A. Hirmingham, fireman, fortunate
ly escaped with very slight bruises, the most se
rious being a sprained shoulder.
A ItEMAr.KADLi: District Now that tho
republicans of the 7th district of Ohio navo
nominated Thomas Corwin for Congress, the
Cincinnati Gazette tukeAhe county (Warren)
in which Mr. Corwin resides, and follows it in
its varied Congressional representation since tho
organization of the state in 180:1. Jeremiah
Morrow, a resident of Warren, was tho first
representative, from 18011 to 1813, during all
which lime he was the only member of tho
House from Ohio. He then serv ed in the Sen
ate until 1819, was afterwards governor from
1823 to 1827, then canal commissioner, and
again from 1811 to '13 represented tho AVanen
district in the House. His successor from 1813
to 1810 was John McLean, nn editor and law
yer at Lebanon, Wurren county, who has since
1829 graced the supremo court of the United
States. McLean's successor to 1819 was Wil
liam Henry Harrison, in succession general, sen
utor, ambassador and president. From lfJIO
to 1823 the district was represented by Thomas
It. Itoss, then until 1829 by John Woods, and
afterwards for ono term by James Shields, of
neither of whom is anything special to ba said.
Thomas Corwin, the present candidate, succeed
ed Shields from 1831 to 1810, and since the lat
ter year has been governor, senator and secre
tary of the treasury. Old Gov. Morrow then
serv ed the single term above mentioned, and in
1813 the district sent to Washington Robert C.
Schenck, who continued a representative until
1817 and was afterwards minister to Hrazil.
His successor for ono term was David Fisher,
and in 1819 Lewis 1). Campbell was elected, tho
district then embracing tho county of Hutler,
where ho lives. In 1832 the district was rc-or-ganized
and Campbell thrown into another dis
trict, which ho has continued to represent until
tho present summer. Tho new district of which
Warren county was a part elected Aaron Har
lan, tho present republican representative.
What other county in tho country can show
such a record of Congressional representation.
Dissolving the Union. Tom Corwin, in
his speech accepting tho nomination to Con
gress, said ;
"I have seen about threo dissolutions of tho
Union. Laughter. When I was in tho Sen
ate, an honorablo gentleman solemnly assured
us that if a certain bill wero not passed, tho Un
ion would bo dissolved the noxt Thursday, at
about six o'clock in the evening. Renew ed
laughter. Well, Thursday and 0 o'clock came
and went, and tlie bill was not passed, and tho
Union w as dissolved, I suppose, but it camo to
gether ugain tho next minute," and was more
firmly cemented than ever before."
"I say Jack, how, do de taters turn out di
"Well, Cuff, da am very much liko the long
hair gcramcn, all top and not the least bit bottom."