Newspaper Page Text
FHID.AY EVENING, AriUIi 14, 1805.
Take Notice- All notices nf births, marriages,
and ile i'hs sent to tlio l'hrcnlx for publication, must
bo accompanied by n responsible name In order to se
TltE G-LOHIOTJB NEWS.
The glorious news of tho surrender of Gen.
Lee to Gen. Grant lias caused n universal burst
of joy throughout the loyal States, nnd no tloubt
finds a ready responso in thousands ol hearts
in tho rebellious States. This event may be
regarded ns the breaking of the backbone of
the Confederacy. With their Capital gone
numbered with New Orleans, Savannnh.Clinilcs
ton, Columbia, Wilmington and other places
once important to ll.eni uth Jeff. Dm is and
his Cabinet and the Confederate Congress dis
persed and seeking safety in flight with the
most powerful and best disciplined army of the
Confederacy, and tho Commander-in-chief and
many general officers either prisoners "I wnr
or on parole, what now can they do? Wo may
have jet to fight Jolnston, but if bo his fate
must Ire that of Leo's, or worse. Mobile may
bold out for o time, but when the fato of Jeff.
Davis and Lee shall htvc been communicated
to its citizens and rebel defenders, they will at
once see the hopelessness of their cause, and if
prudent will surrender. The rebels now have
no Capital, no government, no effective army,
no Commander-in-chief, no Congress with a
local habitation, no slavery of the negroes to
maintain. And where is that boasted power
which was to have such a mighty government
founded on slavery ps i's corner-stone; which
was so insolent and defiant, and which Coasted
such great things where is it now? Demor
alized, disorganized, gone forever gone, and
sunk in the darkness of eternal infamy. Let
us then rejoice and give God' thanks. But with
our joy how much of grief is mingled! How
many hearts have been filled with sadness 1
How many homes hnve been made desolate !
How unspeakable the guilt of those who inau
gurated and have conducted this infamous re
bellion, and who by base deception and fale
hood led thousands of innocent men to join
in tl.cir infornal plot! And let us not suppose
that our work is done. The leadersof this re
bellion are to be punished as their dimes de
serve ; the masses they have deceived and led
astray are to be mercifully treated j the freed
men ore to be secured the lights and privileges
of citizens; the rebellious Slates are to be so
re-organized as to be restored as safe and loyal
members of the Union, and liberty and justice
ore to be established and made permanent and
secure wherever our flag waves, and our gov
ernment to be planted on a foundation which
shall make it honored -and respected by every
civilized nation on the globe. And this cer
tainly is no light task. It will require the wis
dom of the wisest and the strength of the
strongest, and the hearty co-operation of all
good and loyal citizens. Let all lend a helping
band and an encouraging word in accomplish
ing this arduous, this grand, this noble work
for our country mid our race.
Our correspondent at City Point, who has
been into the once rebel Capital, .gives some
particulars of his visit which will interest our
readers. He says, in a letter dated April 7th,
"We bad a nice -view of the rebel works along
the river, which are very strong. For eight or
ten miles there ore continuous lines of them.
Fort Darling of course attracted a great deal
of attention. Our navy has been at work
clearing the channel of torpedoes, and have
taken out one hundred and forty. They line
the shores all along the river. There arc seve
ral lines of obstructions between Dutch Gap
and Richmond, which have been blown up and
taken out sufficiently to allow vessels to pass
through. In many places the channel is very
narrow, and is indicated by litllo red flags stuck
in logs of wood moored in the water. At tho
wharf at Richmond arc visible the smoking
ruins of many steamboats, tugs, &c, all but
two or three having been burned. The larger
portion of the business part of the city is in
ruins, and many families were burned out, al
though the fire did not extend to any part of
the city which was exclusively dwelling-houses.
On our way up to the Spottswood Hotel we
stopped at the Libby prison now full of rebels,
and many heads of "grej backs" stuck out of
those windows where it was death for our men
to venture a glance. We put up at the Spotts
wood, which is kept by the same parties as be
fore, and the bill of fare was extrcmely.limited.
During the afternoon we travelled around the
city, nnd visited all the places of -interest, Jeff.
Davis's house, the Capitol, Custom House, &c.
The House of Representatives, Senate Cham
ber, Auditor's Office, and all public offices were
open, and papers of nil kinds were scat
tered ubout, everyone helping himself. The
streets were full of negroes, and a good many
men were out, but only a few women. The
people are suffering a good deal for want of
food. The stores were nearly all .closed, and
but little in those open. I noticed' a good many
drug stores open, and they appeared to be well
stocked; also a good many millinery stores.
Sutlers are filh'ng'up somo of the grocery stores,
and ore driving a flouiinhing trade. The Rich
mond Whig is continued by its old propiietor.
In the evening -we went to a theatre -run by the
aame parties as formerly. The performance
was as good as could be expected. The orches
tra played quite well. Hail Columbia, Star
Spangled Banner and Yankee Doodle were
played a if they had not been forgotten, though
for the past four years they must have been
rare tunes in that place. The audience was
composed mostly of officers and soldiers of our
army, and one may imagine the cheers and yells
when these national airs were jnayeu."
TOE BIOHMOND WIIIO.
Wo have been favored with a copy of the
Richmond Whig, dated Thursday, April Gth
four days after oirr troops entered the city. It
Is wonderful to we what a change bus-come
over its spirit, though conducted uy Us old pro
nrielor. Wo quote a few paragraphs to show
its present animus. Our readers know what it
lias been during tho wart "It is worthy of men
tion that the last 'Star Spangled Manner' dis
mayed in Richmond nfter the bombardment of
Fort Sumter, floated on the breeze from the
flag-staff surmounting the Whig building. The
hot-headed votaries ot secession vainly attempt
,1 io destroy It with rockets during the night
the fall of Sumter was celebrated and somo
of. the more excited and adventurous of the
niiomnted to cet to the roof of the
i...tl,lt.r for the nuriiosii of pulling it down
lu thev were happily foiled, and the flag waved
proudly till Uw following morning when it was
quietly taken down by some one connected with
the establishment and tho Stale flag hoisted In
its stead. Tho Confederate fla,; has .never been
raised over tho, Whig building, and never will
be. Tho halyards of the staff are so much de
cayed by long exposure to the weather that wc
are at present unable to hoist any banner. At
the first opportunity-tile old flag shall again
appear over the building." Sudden conversion
this, is it not?
Agein the Whig myti "The transition from
enormous prices and rt depreciated currency to
reasonable rates and real money has come so
suddenly upon the citizens that it will bo somo
time before tjjey can properly realize the change.
To put the parallel more plainly, it is only nec
essary to put in juxtaposition the prices of cer
tain staple articles beloroond since tho occupa
tion ol the cities by the forces of the Union,
llulter that was scarce at 923 n pound is now
plentiful at CO and CO cenlsi eggs that hid
away at $25 per dozen came out readily at the
beck of 00 cents,.nnd other commodities in an
equal ratio." Which is the better, the old
United Stales government, or Jeff. Davis's
Confederacy? In the same number of the
Whig we find the National songs, "Hail Co
lumbia" nnd "Star Spangled Hanner." Surely
those Southern chivalry cm turn pretty short
A convention of ministers and delegates of
Unitarian churches to the number of (ho hun
dred or more, assembled at New York city last
week to oranize for work to meet tho exigen
cies of the times and the demands of the coun
try. They came together not to define their
belief not to make a creed for themselves or
others, but to see how they could work more
effectually for the benefit of themselves and
mankind. Rev. James F. Clark of Boston de
livered a forcible and impressive sermon on
Tuesday evening, and Wednesday and Thurs
day the time was taken up in organizing, choos
ing officers nnd laying out work. The purposes
of the organization were set forth in the follow
ing preamble to the constitution which was
Whereat, The great opportunities nnd de
mands for Christian labor and consecration at
this lime increase our sense uf the obligation
of all disciples of the Lord Jesus Christ to
prove their faith by sell denial and by the de-
vuuou oi ineir lives ami possessions in ine ser
vice of God nnd the building up of the kingdom
of bis Son,
Therefore, The Christian churches of the
Unitaiian faith hercasembled unite themselves
in n common body to be known as the Nation
nl Conference of Unitarian Churches, to the
end of reorganizing and stimulating the de
nomination with which they are connected to
Ine largest exertions in the cause ot Uhristian
laitli and work.
Alter adopting a constitution and bye-laws
the officers of the conference were chosen,
namely President, Vice Presidents, Secreta
ries, and a council of ten, half clergymen and
half laymen, who constitute a working board
to carry out the designs of the conference.
Gov. John A. Andrew of Massachusetts, who
was presiding officer of the convention, was
chosen Piesident of the conference.
The purposes which the conference ogteed to
carry out, so far as possible, were the placing
of Antioch College, in Ohio, on a foundation
to secure its healthful existence and its exten
sive usefulness in educating the youth of the
West; to lend aid and encouragement to the
Theological Schools at Cambridge, Mass., and
Mcndville, Pa. ; to help forward the cause of
Sunday Schools) to establish n paper worthy
the denomination anil of the cause in which
they are engaged ; to publish and distribute
tracts and books, setting forth the principles
and spirit of Christianity, and the woik devolv
ing on the disciples of Jesus; to send mission
ries of the Gospel to he West and the South,
and in general to help forward by every worthy
means in their power tho "new civilization"
upon which our country is now entering.
There wrs a great degree of harmony in the
conference in regard to the objects to be aimed
at, and the work to be lone, though in matters
of belief it was evident there was much diver
sity and wide differences. An effort was made
to have the conference adopt some articles of
belief, constituting a creed, and the discussions
that arose on this point between the conserva
tives on the one baud and the radicals on the
other, were spicy and earnest. Uul the great
majority of the conlerer.co was determined to
adhere to the grand purpose of the convention
which was to do the work that the times demand
nnd let each one make his on creed. There
were evidently present in the conference a large
number of very earnest and able men, who are
heartily devoted to the advancement of th
cause of a higher Christian civilization in this
land, now entering upon a new era in its histo
ry, nnd whose mlluence is on the side of liber
ty, justice, and the inalienable rights of man.
On Thursday evening a grand entertainment
was given in the Music Hall, at which Peter
Cooper presided, and after the refreshments
were disposed of the vast assembly which filled
nil parts of that spacious hall, was addressed
by Gov. Andrew of Massachusetts, Dr. Gannett
of Boston, Wm. C. Tlryant of New York, Dr.
Elliot of St. Louis, Hon. Thomas 1). Elliot of
New Bedford, Mass., and others; and the del
egatcs went home well satisfied, so far as wo
could judge, with tho work they had accom
plished and their program for future opera
SUMMARY OF NEWS.
The Navy Department has been informed of
the capture, off the coast of Florida, of th
British schooners Lost Maty and Conncss,
Their cargoes consisted of shoes, rum, cotton
percussion caps, &c. Tho vessels were sent to
There was a large attendance of sccesh la
dies in bluck, with a few Confederate officers
in gray, at the Episcopal Church at Washing'
ton on Sunday last. The officiating clergj man
did not pray for the President, but before next
Sunday he will probably be informed whot hi
duty is. At Ihe African church tho loyal Vir
ginlans with dark skins were enthusiastic
their gratitude to Providence and to the I'rcs
A National Bank of thd United States Is
be Immediately established In Richmond
where shares in U. 8. stocks will be sold
rates established in Northern cities.
The aggregate value of property destroyed
in Richmond foots up V,iw,'H0.
The number of U. S. pensioners Is increas
ing with startling rapidity, no less than 13,721
having been placed on Ihe rolls during tho)ca,r
1801. The number of invalid pensioners at
tho commencement of the present year was 29,
442, and the number of widows pensioned was
30,008 making a total ol GO.UGO.
A prominent Virginian once prophesied that tho
from tbolr slave. That prediction has been fulfilled.
Wasted at this ofllco a bn-hcl of clear, nice, plump
Purchase. Francis Phelps has recently bought
tho Ilutcl at Grafton.
Another Lecture. Our readers will bear In
mlml that Fiiedeiuo Dovoiass Is to give n lecturo
at tho Town Hall on Tuesday evening, April 26th.
Solo Tlio houso on Chnso street lately occupied
by Wlllard Ingram has bscn sold to l'ctcr Munkcl,
and he lias moved his family Into It.
ExttiniTioN. At a recent exhibition by tho young
men of bellows Falls, sixty dollars were realized alter
paying all expenses, which was paid over to tho La
dies' Soldiers' Aid Society of that village.
Moved. D. B. Sti;dman lias moved his printing
establishment from tlio old stand at tho foot of High
Street, to tho room In tho second floor In Thompson &
Hanger's building In tlio rear of onr office.
Somerset. This town has mailo application to
lmvo tho draft set nsldo on tho ground that they had
previously furnished twclvo men, and at tho tlmo of
the draft thcro wcro but four men In town liable to
do military duty.
Jon PniNTlxo. Wo announce to our readers and
tho public generally, that Frank D. Coblekiii lias
opened a -lob Printing Office In tho printing room of
I he Vermont Piicexix, where he Is prepared to do
all kinds of Job Printing In tho best style, and In a
prompt and faithful manner.
Dovr.n. A disastrous firo occurred at West Dover
on tlio 22d tilt. Tlio dwe'llng-houso and adjoining
uilding, fivo In number, of John Lnicllc, wcro con
sumed. No furniture was saved, and but little bon
ding or wearing apparel. Tho loss Is estimated at
S1300; no Insurance.
Windham Association. Tho members of this
inistcrlal Association nro to hold a meeting at
Towirsher.d, on tho 2d day of May, for tho purpose,
nniong otlscr things, of choosing messengers to attend
o National Council of Congregational churches to
bo convened at Iloston on the 14th of Juno next.
An unsuspecting, simple-minded Irish woman who
saw tho treatment the effigy of "JelT." received In tho
street on Monday, arid supposing it to bo tho verlta-
blo "Jeff.," related tho somcas follows: "An shuro I
saw them bntclng n man they said was John (JclT.)
Davis, and Ind.ido I thought they would bato tho poor
man to death." Had her suspicions proved true, but
few hero would havo mourned. c.
BakeIiy. Smith ami Horton havo purchased tho
iking establishment of Peter Munkcl, nnd continue
10 buslncs at the old stand. They aro prepared to
furnish their customers with tho best of articles In
their line, as we can testify from the samples of bread,
crackers, cake, &c, with which our table has been
generously supplied. This Firm of efficient business
men will not full to receive tbo patronago their cntcr-
Cos ven i ion. At the Convention of Breeders nnd
Manufacturers recently held at .Bellows Falls, Heniiv
BnvDEN anil Hesiiy Clark wero chosen Commis
sioners to attend the International Exhibition to be
holdeii at Stettin, in the Kingdom of Prussia, in May
nnd Juno next. Tho New York Herald says: "Tbo
ermont Merinos, which took the first prizo at tlio
Hamburg exhibition, will again contest for the pre
mium offered. American carriages, which aro begin-
Ing to nttract the attention of Europeans will bo sent
Townsiiend. Thero wcro lively and exciting
imcs at Townsbend, Monday evening. The news of
the surrender of Leo nnd his army was received with
utmost wild enthusiasm and joy. The entire village
was brilliantly Illuminated, and the church bclTs were
igorousiy rung for ono hour. In the meantime fire
works wero displayed on tho common, and tho boom-
ing cannon awoke tho echoes of the surrounding hills.
Everything that could emit sound was put in requisi
tion by "Young America," from tho drum down to
tho tea-bell. On tho whole, the scene, for brilliancy
nnd exciting Interest, Is without n parallel In tho his
tory of Townshend.
Lecture. Tho Lecture of Miss Dickinson nt tho
Town Hall on Wednesday evening last, was a noblo
nd touching plea for Woman: for a wider sphero to
labor In, nnd better pay for her work. We havo not
soaco to day to gtvo even an outlino of it. It should
bo heard by every man and woman In the land, nnd
its facts, statements, arguments and truths carefully
heeded. No ono hearing Hist earnest, truthful and
eloquent discourse, would bo likely to say that In de
livering it Miss Dickinson had stepped from her ap
propriate sphere. Wo bid her Ood speed In her mis.
sion of presenting tho Important subject of woman's
labor and woman's wages to the consideration of tho
The April term of the Windham County Court
commenced its session at Fuyettcvillo, on Tuesday,
tho 11th inst.
Present, Hon. James Barrett, Presiding Judge;
Hon. Peter W. Dean, j
Hon. Wm. 11. Jones, j Ass't Judges.
Grand Jurors. Athens, Mark Ball: Brattleboro.
SmmiM Killed! i llrookline. Hiram Whitney: Dum-
merstou, John F. Stearns; Guilford, Jeremiah Tavlor;
llalihix, Isaac woruent .mmalca, IJnvlu l.uuy; Marl
boro, Z. II. Whitney; Newfane, A. II Morso,"Marshnl
Newton; Putney, A. M. Winlow; Rockingham, B.
II. Stearns; Townshend,.!. S. Fullerton; Wardsboro,
Iru Bryant; Westminster, Edwin Hall; Wliitinghain,
II. U. llallou; vi umingion, Joseph Morse; vwminam,
J'etit Jurors. Athens, John II. Austin ; lsrnttlcboro,
Masa Willi". S. G. Smith; llrookline, Busscll Mason;
Dover, D. P. Leonard; Dummertton, S. L. Dutlon;
n CI W Hull. Cnlir,,r,l A K llrnimi. N.ilIf.T
N II. IHxby, W. vtoouwnru; Jamaica, unniortn Jloy f
imiionderrv. dimmer tin ioi -Manuoro. ji. u. iiei-
lows; Nowniiic, W. T. Bruce; Itocklnghnm, J. Arms,
W. W. Pulsipher; stratum, Amos u. Alien; towns-
iciul.-1.. C Wheeler I Vernon, Chester Leo: Vtnrds-
boro, J, S. Kuowltoii. I). A. Hammond; Westminster,
Homer tinodliue, 11. v. liamun; vimtlngtinm, uaivin
Baker; Wilmington, D. M. Warren; Wiudham, S. C.
Eighty new causes wero entered on the Clerk's
docket of this term. Upon the calling of tho old dock
et, thirty-one casos wero set down for trial by jury.
The first cnuso on trial Is that of
Kratmut Plimpton vs. Town of Somertel. This is
an action on tho case to recover damages for Injuries
received by being thrown from his wagon In conso-
quence of the Insufficiency of a highway over which
Hie plalntllT was tiding in August, 1654. Tills Is tho
fourth time it has been tried, the jury having failed
to agree heretofore. Tho cause Is now on trial nnd
will probably last till Into next week, and Is exciting
no little Interest
Nathan Hall of Brattleboro, G. W. Davenport and
II. F. Dix of Wilmington, wero admitted to practice.
Junn.EE. Our vlllngo was thrown Into a very ju
bllant stato on Monday last by the tclegraplilo dispatch
that Lee had surrendered the army ot Virginia under
his immediate command to our noble and persevering
Gen. U. S. Grant. On this announcement by tho tel
egraph the news was quickly spread through the vil
lage, passing liko electricity from man to roan. Soon
were seen groups of persons talking over the joyful
tidings, and congratulating each other on tho long de
tired though long deferred event. All seemed greatly
excltod, anxious In somo way to show their joy,
Flags wero raised, bells rung, cannon flrcd, all sorts
of Instruments of sound wero put In requUltlon, and
places of business wcro closed. The "boys" extern,
porlzcd a personage to represent tho chief of tho rebel
crew JclT. Davis and suspended the Imago In mid
air between the Brattleboro House and tho Phoenix
office, where it hung high as Haman. Oil the breast
of this effigy was written In eligible characters,
"Played out. Yours respectfully, Jeff. Davis." Af
tor hanging a suitable time this representative of tho
rebel Chief was taken down, placed on a cart, drawn
about tho street, treated with great Indignity, thrown
from tho vehicle, set on (Ire, torn hi sunder, and Its
scleral members carried in triumph through tlio
street, and then trodden under foot In tho deep
mud. At noon and nt even tide the bells of the vil
lage again pealed out their glad notes. In the after
fioon men and hoys contrived every meant In their
power to tuow the joy they felt, Horses wero har-
nested Into carriages, and thawi ailed with men way
Ing flags, and with cannon In tho rear which ever and
anon uttered their hoarso sounds, wcro driven through
various parts of tho village to testify tlio exuberant
.joy that was felt. In tho evening houses wcro brill
iantly Illuminated, and sounds of rejoicing were heard
till a lato hour of tho night. Tho schools of the vll
lago wcro allowed n holiday, and tho occasion will bo
long remembered as ono of peculiar rejoicing. Jn ad
dition to tbeso rejoicings we should havo been pleased
If the pcoplo of the village had assembled at tho Town
Hall, and there uttered thanksgiving and praise to Al
mlchty Ood for leading us In his good Providence to
such glorious victories, and listened to tho voices of
somo of our wlset and best, setting rortli tlio respon
sibilities now resting upon us, pointing out tho vast
Issues of this struggle, nnd tho Important duties that
yet remain to us.
One portion of tho first Union pnlrol In Blchmond
was commnmiea uy uopi. n. u. uvuvtunuim, .m
Iii-m-M lull., den. V.. II. Itiniev. (Col 0th Vt. Vols)
commanding 2d brigade, Sd divMon. 24th army corps
led tho advnnco of our troops into i.icnmonu.
Tim gvrpnth Vermont forms a nart of the forces on
rratlnc on Mobile. On tho 11th of March It was nt
Port tlnino, Ala., and is attached to the 2d brigade, M
division, 13lh corps, Mai. Gen. limnger commanding.
Col. tieorgo P. Foster, 4th Vt. has gone to the
fmnt. Hn liml lenvn of nbsenco for twenty days, and
In six da tho music nt the front was so lively that
ho could not stny nthomo any longer.
In anticipation of the wanlsoftlio Sanitary Com
mission, in view OI IIJO CXiccic uiieruuuin ui uiu iir
tnv, Gen. II. II. Baxter of Ifutlnml gave tho Soldiers
Aid Society' of Hint phico a check Tor SlOO.iastwccK
T. W. Park or Bennington did the same thing.
To thi-lr rejoicings nt Bellows Falls lat week Mon-
ilnv, muketry salutes were fired : nnd pnlns enough
not being taken to take nil the balls out of tho car
tridges. 18 or 20 went through Jnbcz Hill's house, ono
shot narrowly mislng a boy.
In tiring the National salu'o of 200 guns from the
hill beond the Iw-pitnl gronnds nt Muntpelicr Mon
ln rjnr os II. Cu'hmiin. of tho 3d Vt., Battcrv, was
badly Injured by the premature discharge of one of
the gun. One firm wns broken, several lingers blown
nwnv, and his arms aim lace unnry uurnca.
Ren. I,. A. Grant Informs tho Ailiutnnt nnd Inncc
tor General that a new foitiflcnllon has been erected
In front of Petersburg!! by tho Slxlh Corps and that
it has been namcu"t,ort iracy. In Honor ol Uapt.
William C. Trocv, of Windsor; who wns killed in ac
tion June 23, 11:04.
The counlerfclncrs in Ncwfanejnll have all been
balled nut in the sum of $600. Ono of Ihem was dis
charged. We understand this action has been
brought about by testimonials of their previous pood
standing in Washington County N. Y. Doubtful
business to sny tho lciit.
From the report of tho Adjutant nnd Inspector Gen
eral it appears that up to Sept. 30, 16C4, the number
of troop furnished by tho stnlo of Vermont was 32,
710, Sinco that time recruiting has been constantly
going on, so that nt tho present dato tho. number fuj
iil'bed by tho Stnto must bo hi tho neighborhood of
The Union School District of Bellows Foils, at lis
lato annual meeting, voted a tax of 40 cents on tho
dollar for the support of schools tho ensuing yenr.
The St Alhnns High School ditrict votcda tax of 40
cents for support of schools nnd 30 cents to pay the
indebtedues. Bnitlleboro district raises 30 cents and
Windsor district 40.
Tho prudential committee of District No. 4, St
Albans, it being the vlllngo dpitrlct, which supports
n union or graded school, reports that tho expendi
tures for the school, lor the yenr ending March 21,
were SD",411,43. The committee recommended a tax
of forty per cent, to defray the expenses of tlio ensu
ing j enr, nnd an additional tax of sixty per cent, to
pay tho Indebtedness of tho district.
. n, i.. I i 1 ( . VI 1 - 1 "t f I
inpr. v.uiirius wt. jiiiiiiii-, u. n, ih t k. v.u,.iu.,,
arrived In 'nhineton on Monday last, havine escaped
from tho rebel nrison nt Charlotte. N. C. about a
mouth since. He made his way out by way of
Knn-cTllle. footlncr tho wholo distance 360 luilei
Capt. Adams was wounded nnd taken prisoner at tho
great cavalry engagement nt Brandy Station, Oct.
ltth, 1SC3, nud has therefore been in rebel prisons
nearlv eighteen months.
The llennlngloii Banner says our townsman, Major
,1. K. rratt has received ins commission which manes
hiin Lt. Colonel of tho 4th Vermont I.'egiiucnt it
portion which ho is eminently well fitted to fill, alike
V t. , in. r i.ii r.l -!-!..
ironi irue inerii, niiu iiiiniury lhi'iiuiiii ui mc npu
sfntnn From the cominr ucr.ment of the war Lt.
Col. Pratt's whole heart has been In the business of
crushing rebellion, and to this end he has stood laitli
ful at his post, even though tho personal malice of cer
tain parties caued him to be "jumped" in rank nt
least two succe-slvc times, by at the most, no more
deserving officers. Ills promotion Is just anil merited,
and tho'o who know him best, feci that tho service
will never sudor disgracent thohandsot u. uoi. rrnii,
CATEiirtLLARS are beginning to break from 'heir
eggs on Ihe lirst hot days. ?ow I the time to t'e
stioy Ihem. Tho egg of the tmttci flies were laid last
season upon the twigs of the apple, cherry nnd other
trees Infested by their vermin. The eggs nro fastened
in clusters or groups around the figs nnd nro cement
ed together by n gluten furnished by tho butterfly nt
the time of depositing its eggs. This cluster of eggs
can readily be seen before the leaves nine out upon
tho trees, nnd can as readily be removed. As tho
rlnten becomes hard and brittle in the Snrinz so that
the effort of tho yonng caterpillar in emerging from
tho csg detaches the shell from tqe cluster, it will
readily be perceived that a gllght pressure of tho n-
Sers, or a blow from n stick will detach and destroy
lem The first of this month every fanner should
look nvpr the tiecs In his enrdcti and orchard nnd de
stroy these niiimnls in the egg. Now Is tho time to
do it. Do the work thoiouchlv nnd vou will have
few or no caterpillars' nest to trouble you with their
swarms or voracious aim destructive vermin.
Middling cotton sells nt 30c at St. Louis.
Cotton'told at 3So nt New Orleans on tho Cth.
Seven-thirty subscriptions Thursday $2,600,000
Tho New York hotels nre lowering their charges,
Jav Cooke sold $3,132,400 of tho seven-thirties
The venerable Jeremiah Day. ex-President of Yale
College, and now 93 ears old. Is the oldest male citi
zen 111 iew linven. i ncro nro twenty-seven uuiers
in the city over tu years oi age.
A Pittsbum man has Intented a rival to tho Arm
stronc un. nnd challenge Sir William to n trial in
November, each gun to bo fired 200 consecutive
Extensive frauds by Illinois whiskey distiller havo
been discovered, uinuuntine to half a million, by evad
ing tho revenue. Some 1500 barrel consigned to mer
chants nt at. L.ouis nave occn scizcu.
John Pierpont, oet, author, minister, abolitionist
and temperance rclorincr, and now a treasury clerk
nt Washington, svns EH years old otr tho Cth hist. Ile
had a surprise visit from his friends in tho evening.
and had lots oi vaiunoio presents.
Tlio number of men surrendered bv Gen. Leo on
Sunday was about 22,000. It includes ono gencr.d
3 lieutenant generals, 17 major generals, and ui
brlpido commanders. Among tneso otneers nro lien
rv A. Wise, John A. Preston, James B. Longstrect
Henry lletn, and iiiciinru ft. l-.weu
At nn enthusiastic meellnir of tho citizens of Hart
ford. Ct., on Monday evening, 3d inst., to celebrate the
glorious Union victories, n sliver half dollar was put
tin nt auction, and, being sold and resold, brought
SR17 for tho Sanitary Commission. Tho last bid
A largo amount of liquor stored In East Boston was
seized recently by the iuternnl revenue officers, for
not hnvlag the tax stamp nnd inspector s marK upon
lt. 1 lie liquor is alleged to Lie long to vv in. r.. r rencu
distiller, whose establishment was nlso taken posses
slots of by tho officers. Tho amount of tax would
havo been about 350,000.
Tho Rhode Island election on the 6th inst. resulted
In the re-election of James Y. Smith as governor, nnd
the choice of the win lo Union ticket for Stato officers
nnd members of Congiess by largo majorities. Prov
idence gave S-nlth 3781. to 460 scattering-, and tho
county, Smith 5000, to 553 scattering. 1 lie Assera
Llv Is 'lamely Union. Thomas A. Jenksof Providence,
nnd Nathan F. Dixon of Westerly, are ro-clected to
Sometime ago Slldcll, tho rebel representative nt
Pari, gave n mortgage to a French banker for 500,
000 upon his property at New Orleans. Tho banker
now claims the nronertv under tho laws of Louisiana
nnd tult is to bo Instituted In tho United States Court,
and it will be mado n test case. Interesting and Iin
nortant letral noints will lm raised tinder tho confisca
tion act, the decision of which will govern similar
1 ho N. Y. Herald announces the return of the rebel
Foote In the steamer I'.tna from Europe. Government
has slnco provided for hint, temporarily, a retreat ns
sequestered nt any that could be found fp Europe. Ho
iins oeon lougeu hi i.udiuw tail, n ueu iicu, nix whs
notified of the ex-rebel Senator's arrival ho telegraph
od to Washington for Instructions. A reply was re
celved that Foote wnt to bo kept In close confinement
nnu seni uhck to i-.urcpe uy me nexi steamer, nv
cordlngly the ntetido icbel. orotestlng and complain
Ine. was locked no In l.intlow street fail. Tho gov
ernment will be more lenient to Foote than Foote was
to himself. He will not be tent back In the steerage
The Now Orleans Timet of the 23d ult.. savsi V
havo already given an account of tho attempted de
struction of iho steamer Shooting Star, at Havana, by
Capt. Muffit of the piiato Florida fame. Ho was ar
retted and put In Irons bv our well known citizen,
Goorgo E. Tyler, tho owner of tho Shooting Stan-
After Maffit's cscapu from custody, Mr Tyler went to
tho Havana authorities and asked for his re arrest,
Ha was asked If hn cm, 1,1 Upntlfv Mafllt as tho man
who attempted to dostroy his steamer, Mr. Tyler
said it would ho found that his hands would show the
marks nf tho Iron orncclett that ho had wrenched
from his wrists. Muffit was thereupon arrested, nnd,
its was suspected wouW bo the case, his hands wero
found to be much lacerntnl. Air. T ler had the pleas-
uu of stelng ho ex-pirate safely ensconced lu u cell
- 1 of Moro Gtttle.
As tho surrender of Leo Is n matter of much Im
portance and Interest, we glvo In full tho correspond
ence of Grant and Leo In rcferenco to It, and the dis
patches nf Secretary Stanton I
n Department, J
Wasiii.ioton, April,. 9, lfC5 Oo.clock P. M. J
To Major Gtntral Dix, Ktw Yerki
Tins Donnrtmonl hn received tho official rennrt of
tho surrender this day of Gen Leo and ids nimyto
Lieut. Gen. Grant, on tho terms proposed by lien.
Grant. Details will bo given ns speedily ns possible.
l.DWIN M. STAMTON,
Secretary of War.
Headquarters Armies of Uniti is States, I
Anrll. ti 4.30 P. AI. 1
lion. A'. M. Stanton, Steretaryof U'urj
ucnerni i.eo surrendered tno Army or northern
Virginia this afternoon upon Iho term proposed by
myselr. llio accompanying additional correspond
ence will show tho conditions fully.
U. S. GItAVl, Lieut. Oancrnl.
' Al-iitL, 0, 1605.
Ocnernt t I received vour note of this mornlniron
tho picket line, whither I had cotno to meet you and i
ascertain what tcims wcro embraced In jour propo
sition of yesterday with reference to tho surrender of
this nrmy. I now request nn Interview, In nccordanco
with tho offer contained In your letter of yesterday,
for that purpose
Your obedient servant,
It. E. LEE, General.
To Lieut. Gen. Orast, Commanding II. S. Armies.
Ai'iitL, 0, I SOS.
Cm. 11. .'. Let, Conmondinr) Confederate Statct Ar
Your note of this date Is but this moment (11.60
A. M.) received, Inconsequence of my hnvlng passed
from the lllchtnoni nnd Lynchburg road. I am at
this writing about buunlle west of Waller's Church,
and will push fornirdto tho front for tho puiposo of
meeting you. Nitlce seut to me on this rond where
you wish the intcview to tnko placo will meet me.
, Very respectfully,
Your obedient servsnt,
U. S. GUANT, Lieut. General.
ArroMAmx Cociit Hoi-sk, April 0, lf06.
Gen. 11. K. Let, Commanding C. S. A. I
in accordance wiiii tno sutistnuco ot my letter to
you ofthe 8th Inst.. I propo-.o to receive the surrend
er ol the Army of Northern Virginia on tlio following
terms, to wit :
Itollii of all tho officers nnd men to bo mado in du
plicate, one cony to bo civen to nn officer deslsnntci 1
by me, the other to be retained by such oilier a
you may dcslgnnte. Officer to give their Indivldut 1
parole liot to tnke up arms against tho Government
of tho United States until propcily exchanged, anil
each company or rcgimentnl commander to sign
liko parolo foy tho men of their commands. Tint
arms, artillery nnd public ptoperty to bo paraded
and stacked aiid turned over to tfliccrs appointed by
mo to,reccive menu mi win not emoracc tno sido
nrmsoftho officersnor their private horses or bag
gage. This done, each officer and man will be allow
ed to return to their homes, not to bo disturbed by
tho United Stale authority to long ns they observe
their parole and the hws In forco w hero they may
reside. Very respectfully,
U. S. GUANT, Lieut. General.
HKADQt'ARTKns AllMT NoRTHKRN VIRGINIA, I
Anrll . 1505 I
Lieut. Genearl V. S. Grant. Comnuindlnn V. S. A.:
General : I hao received vour teller of this dato.
containing the terms of surrender of tlio Army o.f
Northern Virginia, ns proposed by you. As they nro
substantially tho same ns those expressed in vour let
ter ofthe 8th Ir.st., they nro accepted. I will proceed,
to designate the proper officers to carry tho stipula
tion into effect. Very respectfully,
l our obedient servant,
It. I.'. LEE. General.
Tho following is a previous correspondence between
Licat. Gen. Grant nnd Gen. Leo referred to in the
foregoing telecrnm to the Secretary of Wnr :
1'i.trros Hovsk, Va., April !t 1665.
Horn. Kdtein Jt. Stanton, Secretary of War:
i tio lotiowing corresnonuenco nn luken pmco oe-
twecn General Lee nnd mv self. There has been no
relaxation in the pursust during its pendency.
u. a. ui;..M, ueut. ucncnii.
Ami. 7. 1605.
Gex. Ii. E. Zee Commanding. C. S. A, ;
General t Tho result of 'tno hist week must con
vince vou ofthe hopelessness of further resistance on
the part of the Army of Northern Virginia in this
trnggie. i icel mat it is so, nnd regard ii as my uu-
ther cfTudon of biood, by asking of vou the surrcndei
v to tunc irom mvse l t ne resiionsin iv ot nnvtur-
of fiat portion ofthe Confederate States Army known
as tno Army ot riortuern irgliiin.
'Your obedient tervant,
U. S. CHANT.
Lieut. Gen. Commanding Armies ofthe U. S.
April 7, 1605.
General : I have received your nolo of this date.
Thongh not enlirely of Ihe opinion you express of the
hopelessness of further resistance on tho port of the'
Army oi ortnern v irginin, i reciprocate your uesirci
to avoid useless cfl'usiun of blood, and therefore, bo
f. re considering sour proposition, nsk tho terms you
will otter on condition of Its stiricnder.
It. E. LEE, General.
To Lieut. Gen. Grant, commanding Annies of tlm
Amu. 8. 1665.
To General Ii. E. Lee, (bmmandinf Conftderatt;
General : Your nolo of last evening In reply to mine
of tho same date, asking the conditions on which 1
will accept the srrrender ol the Army or northern
Virginia, Is just received. In reply, I would fny thai.,
pence being my first desire, there is but one conditio n
that I insi-t upon, viz ; that Ihe men surrendered
shall bo disqualified for taking lip nrms against th c
government of the United States until properly ex
changed. I will meet you or designate officers nn y
officers you may name for tho tamo purrofe. nt an v
point ngieenoio to sou lor ine purpose ot arranging
ueiiiiiit-iv ine lemis upon which tno surrenuer oi u,
Army of Northern Virginia will be received.
v cry respcciiuiiy,
Your cbedient servant,
U. S. GRANT,
Lieut. General Comdg. Armies ofthe U. S.
April 8. 166".
General t I received at a lato hour vour note of
to-day In answer to mine of vesterdnv. I did act in
tend to propose the surrenderor the nrmy of Northern
Virginia, uut to asa tno term oi your proposition!.
To be frank, I do not think the emergency has nrise.n
to call for the surrender ; but ns tho restoration o f
peace should be the sole object or all, 1 desire to knot v
whether vour tironosnls would tend to that end. I
cannot, tfiereroremeet you with a view to surrende r
the Army or Northern Virginia. Hut as far ns you r
proposition iiinv ntiect Hie Loniedernte fttstes force s
under my command and tend to tho restoration c if
peace, I should be nleHted to meet vou nt ten A. M
to-morrow on tho old stngo road to Richmond, be
tween tno picket lines ot tno two armies.
Very respectfully, yourob't servant,
II. E. LEE,
General Confederate States Armies,
To Lieut. Gen. Grant, Commanding Armies of tl to
ArniL 0, 166S.
To Gen. Lee, Commanding Confederate Stale i .Ar
General l Your note of vesttrdav is recelved.sA s 1
havo no authority to treat on the tiildect of pen co,
the meeting proposed for ten A. M., to-day could I ead
to no good, i win state, However, uenerai mat i am
equally anxious 'or peaco with yourself, and the
wtiuioKortii entertain ine some leeung. ineiti-nis
upon which peace can bo had aro well understu od.
Hy the South laying down their arms they will has ten
that most desirable event, save thousands of hue inn
lives and hundreds of millions of property not yet do-
ci I.. I.nnl.. .1.... ..II .... .i:Af..l .1
.iivjcii. full l-IUI V nuiili lllllk nil Ulil UII1ICIII UC3
may bo settled without the loss of another life, I sub
scribe myself, very respectfully,
U. S. GRANT,
Lieut. General United States Armies.
War DErAKTMipiT, Wasiiisoton, D. C,
April 1665. j
Lieut. Gen. Grant:
Thanks be to Almighty God for the great vlo tory
with which Ho bus this day crowned vou aud the
gallant armies under your command j The than! it of
tills liepanment and ot tno uoveriimem ami o-. mo
people ofthe United States, their reverence and hon
or, linvo been deserved nnd will bo rendered to you
and the brave and gallant officers and soldiers of your
army for all time.
' EDWIN M. STANTOM,
Secretory of War.
War pKr-AKTMENT, Washington, D. C, (
10 o clock P. M-, April 0, 1666, I
Ordered, that a salute of two hundred guns bo fired
nt tho headquarters of every nrmy post and arsenal
In the United States, nnd nt Iho Military Academy at
West Point, on the day ofthe receipt of this order. In
commemoration or llio surrenderor Gen. R. E. I.eo
nnd tho Army of Northern Virginia to Lieut. Gen.
Grant and the army under Ids command.
Report of tho receipt and execution of this Order
to bo made to the Adjutant General, Washington.
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
the eorces or FomirsT and nonor cai-tuiiei).
Citt Point, Va., April 12. Hon. Edwin M, Stan
ton, Secretary of Wnr I Lynchburg surrendered yester
day to a lieutenant ot Griffin's forces, at tho head of a
scouting party. Gen. Grant has ordered the McKen.
tie brigade of cavalry to occupy the townnnd(tako
cam of the public property. C A. Dana,
Assistant Secretary of War.
HttNTsyiLLK, Ala., April 11, 0 a. in. Major Gen.
Thomas i The following is just received frofn Col.
Hoover at Somersvllle. Men directly through from
Selmn report thatplacocaptured by Gen Wilson's for
ces on the 2d Inst. Forrest nnd Roddy with their entlro
command wero captured. Our men dismounted and
charged the Intrenchinents, and carried nil before
them. They also report Montgomery captured,
lt. b, GlIANQLIt,
Tho notod cuerlllas.lohn Hodresand Enoch Downs
were executed at St. Louis, on tbo Oth lust., by mlli-1
j tuy order.
llr llio Prrshlrnl of Uic United Slnlm,
Whereas, for lomo tlmo past vessels of war of tho
ltnlicl Ktnte linvii been refused In certain norts tlm
privileges nnd Immunities to which they nro entitled
by treaty, public law, or tho comity of nations, at tho
samo time lltai vessel ui war u, iiiiiituuuirjr wurrein
said privilege nnd Immunities have been withheld
of .OTed Sta.
always been forcibly resisted by tho United States,
Hon with tho same. In the view ofthe United States,
claimed to i
no condition of thing any longer exists which can bo to
usiuy wm utiiiiii . I . "i. "I
i of tho customary naval rights, such as
iro been so unnecessarily persisted In.
lio here'oforo been so
Now, therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of
lllvitluiv, ., ..w...
l.n ITt.ila.1 Ktain. .in llr(lll- niAkf !
tcr ft reasonable time shall h'uvo elapsed for tho Intel!!-
genceofthls Proclamation to havo leached any for-
Known Dial 11, III-
eign country In wnose ports tno sniu privileges nnu
Immunities shall have been re used ns aforesaid, Jhoy
sliall codtlnuo to bo so refused, then nnd thenceforth
tho tome privileges and Immunities shall bo refused to
the vessels of war ofthe country In tho ports of tho
United States, and this rcfu-al shall coiitlnuo until
the war vessel or the Un ted state sW
iilnccu utton (in entire en null ty Iti the rurtiiiMi pom
'.foresaid with slmlllar vessels of other countries. Tho
United Stales, whatever claim or nictcnse may havo
existed heictolore, nro now nt least entitled to claim ed public attention, suppose Ihnt they have ar
nnd concede an entire nnd friendly equality of rights , rc,,Pj :. permanently, while in fact nothinc is
unit hnsnitnlitlps with all maritime imtiot s.
In witness whereof I h ive hereunto set my hand
nnd caused tho seal of the United States to bo affix
ed. Done in the city of Washington this 11th day of
April, in tho ycarof our Lord 169, and of the Inde
pendence of tho United Stales of America tlio eighty
ninth. AltltAHAM LINCOLN.
By tho President I
Wm. ii. Seward, Secretary of State.
Washington. Anrll 10 Noon.
The rain continues to fall, but enthusiastic crowds I
nro perambulating tho sticets, singing or catling out .
Tho President Is understood to havo compromised .
uv agreeing to address nil ki-.o may can nt the white
lfn..r .., r. n'nlli. ,1,1 nrtAr.ir.nn I
Iloiie nt 6 o'clock this afternoon.
Thus far tho only good speech made has been that
of Gen. Butler, to an immense crowd nt Wiilard's Ho
tel. Tho general refened to the surrender a tho
closing of ttio first sanguinary net of the great Irnmn.
What Is in tho futuio V Thero are, ho snld, Tour
classes of Southern men to bo dealt with : First,
those educnled at the Military Academy nt tho ex
pense of the United States, who followed its flag, but
who deserted it to obtain higher rank from its oppo
nents ; shall they l o pt rmlttcd to re-enter the scr.
vice which they disprnccfiilly deserted ? The nudl
enco rosponde'd, ",V rr r nerer " Then we have
those who sat In the Capitol, and who, thero plotted
tho treason which has llonrishcd nnd has been over
thrown. Shall they bo permitted to return to those
halls and to again become In w-tnnkcrs for the govern
ment which they endeavored to destroy 1 (Shouts
of No, never I")
Then there Is n tiiiru class, the poor whites of tho
South, who havo been led to religiously believe that
thev were doing riclit. and who have faithfully served
tho cause Into which they were beguiled. Shall wo
not forgive them a thev repent, nnd reecho them
back to our hearts ? Cries of ', l es take them back."
But there is vet another class. There have been
lovnl men nt the South who have over aided Union
soldiers to escape froni rebel dungeons who have pi
loted them through swamps and sheltered them in
their cabins. Shnll wc no treat these men kindly,
even ir their skins ore tlarker than ours V Thev have
fought for us and with u. Shnll thev not bo receiv
ed as equals before tho law ? (Shcuts cf "they shall;
bully for the colored men.")
When quiet wns restored, nnd tho General wa
thanking tho crowd for thus complimenting him, a
voice cried out. ''What nbout Mexico V" "Ah." said
Gen. Butler, "you must remember that I am not
secretary oi state. it.klkv.
While resolutions of thanks to Gen. Grant
were pending in the New York legislature, on
Monday, some members expressed strong dis
approval ofthe liberality of the terms offered
by Gen. Grant to the rebels. They seemed to
understand that Gen. Giant bad given a ccn-
cral amnesty to Lee and his whole nrmy. This
is a misapprehension. Lee and his at my are
simply paroled for exehange, instead of heing
held as prisoners. The act is a strictly milita
ry one, nnd has no reference to the status of
any of the parties concerned after the war is
over. Gen. Grant declined to negotiate for
peace, because not authorized to do so. Gen.
Lee cannot be arrested and tried for treason
while the war continues, anymore than if he
were in our possession as a prisoner of war.
When the chil rule supersedes the military, he
may lie legally ueait witn, like any ottier citi
zen. That there is to be genernl amnesty ii
not at nil to be inferred from ihe terms of sur
render ofTeied by Gen. Grant, though the whole
proceeding undoubtedly indicates the purpose
ot me government to wise leniency in clos ni;
up the war. Hy paroling Lee's officers nnd
soldiers, Gen. Grunt not only relieves the coy
eminent of tin trouble and cot of cuardinc
nnd feeding them, but scatters throughout the
South the most effective missionaries of peace
and reconstruction. The other rebel forces
will fall lo pieces and scatter under their influ
ence, tt the rebel commanders do not nnticipat
that event by acrepting the same terms offered
to Js-e 8 nrmy. As to t lie treatment to be ex
tended lo the rebel leaders there are widely dif
ferent opinions. We do not expect lo see even
the chiel traitor hung "on a sour apple tree,"
but if the government shall not ndhete to the
disfranchisement of the leaders ot the rebellion,
it will mistake weakness for magnanimity.
Tun Hedel Dedt. The Richmond En
quierer has a new project foi accomplishing th
repudiation of the rebel debt. It sat s that the
whele debt amounts to about two thousand
millions, for which the government lias not re
ceived the specie value of two hundred mil
lions. And so it asks : "Can there be any
wrong or injustice in reducing this indebted
ness, and bringing it within the capacity of the
resources ofthe country to pay, and to provide
for its payment at about what the government
received lor it ?" Besides, it says :
"These thousands of million bewilder one, confuse
nil Ideas or enumeration, and do much to destroy our
credit. Tw o thousand millions. Think or it. Who
can estlmato it 1 Who can comprehend it ? Not the
pcoplo whoso bone and muclo nro to pay it. Xot that
aimy in the tremhes, hatltst, thoelets, foiidlets, nakeu
hungry tuffering. Shall tlie-o men, ni ter years ofsncli
euflering, work and toil through long sears or labor
und privation, nnd bequeath to their children the leg
acyofwork and toll to relmburso tho bondholde ,
who, having now paid one dollar ofgold value, then
U1.-1111111111 ii.il ( j.ii me iiiiiui, luvdfti, ririii, jui "r,
negroet, all le talcen, and then lei tht hmiU be lalen
With less striking arguments than these,
Jeff. Davis carried repudiation in Mitsissippi
years ago, and why should he hesitate now f It
is plain that the fate of the rebel debt is one of
the things that will least trouble those who
have created it when tho upshot of the rebel
Payment of the Public Debt. Tne best
mind in the country whether in Congress or
out of it should give to Ihe notional debt an
Immediate and thorough consideration. The
debt was reported at the close of the lost month
at S2, 3G0,!3,077. Hut that sum, large as it
is, is not a full exhibit. Ilesidcs what has been
reported as standing upon the books of the
government, there is n lnruo mass of indebted
ness floating about that is vet to bo gathered
logetiiei- anu maue conironaoie lor liquidation
in ouuuton to tins limeiitcuness, ;ronaiou
ought to be matte at once hu Connrtsa for an
assuwiition of so mrth of the imleUednest of
lite several btales as is strictly aud legitimately
a War licit. Thorough investigation nnd close
scrutiny can determine for each of Ihe States a
very near approximation to the actual claim
that each would have. Tho Stoles, irenerallv.
that havo been lojal, have battled manfully for
tho Union, nnd the expense they hare incurred
jor me nation lo liquidate, Palladium.
Tun I'r.EEDMEN and Mr. Lincoln. Mi"
Tletsev Canedv. of Fall Iliver. Mass.. who Is
teaching school among the colored people of
rsoriolk, va., wri'es that she Had in nrr si-noui
room a life sized portrait of tho President.
She called some colored carpenters, who were
nt work on the building, and showed ll to them,
writing down their remarks, some of which
wero as follows :
He's brought us safe through the Hed Sen.'
'He looks deep ns tho sea lilnnell.' 'lie's
king of the United Slates.' 'lie ought lo ho
kinr? of all Ihe woild.' 'We must all nrav to
Ihe Lord to carry lilm safe through, fur it 'pcois
liko he's got ever thing hitched lo him.' 'There
lias been tight smart prajing tor mm, and It
mutn't stop now.'
Pacts as to Auvkiitisino. The advertise
ments in an ordinary number of the London
Timet exceed 2500 1 tbo annual advertising
bills of one London firm arc said to amount to
'10,000; and three others are mentioned who
each annually expend 10,000. The expense of
advertising the eighth edition of the Kncyclo-
ptcdia tlriltannica is said to bavebeen 3000.
In r 1 cVIe": nol,,inB h-T e comm?? ,,,nn lo
see large business establishments, which seem
have nn Immense advantage over all com-
peuiurn uj me weaun, experience ami prestige
,le.. have acquired, drop grnduollv oul of mil).
; ,, ,i ',, ' .' ,p . ..
."' i ny nrni. ot sman
lo have Ihe fact that they sell such and such
commodities known from one end nf the land
...... ........ ..v.ftj muic mvichhiiiiiii'
, ,he otneri j 0iCr .wor(i, ,,,,, new ,
h , n,vr,j,, ,f, i,i ,i; nr tfii
J"' , auvcrttse; ine oiu (Ho ot dignity,
I he former are ravenous lo pass nut of obscu-
rily into publicity : the latter believe that their
publicity is so obvious that it cannot be ob-
icured. The first undci stand that they must
i i. ' ,
'ust themselves on public ntlrnlton or be
disregarded ; the second, basing once obtain-
more characteristic of the World than the ease
with which it forgets. Boston Ttanscript.
Do.n't Srr.ci't.ATn i.v Gold. A citizen of
Iloston, some weeks ago entered somewhat ex
tensively into gold speculation. In speaking
with n fiiend n day or two sinco he said tint he
had given up that exciting traffic for the reason
that it threatened lo subjugale his loyalty alto
gether. "Yes," he added, "I pot up one morn
ing just about the time Gen. Grant made his
mnvement on Hatcher a nun, nnd lounu. on
rending the newspaper accounts ol that affair,
tnal 1 wns greatly ui-oimintid because l.ee
1 I . 1 . , ,.!..-
had not given Grnnt a thorough whipping.
when gold would iiave been surt to rise. Mam
mon and I had nbrief struggle. I sold out my
gold for what it would bring, anil have not had
a lympathizmg feeling icith JeJJ. Davis tinee.
Tltr. I'hacticai. Cook Hook, nnd Economical
Housekeeper s Umde. Hy 15. A. IIolnnd.
lioston: Huberts Brothers. For sale at Fel
tnn's. This book contains a large collection of rs-
ceipts for cooking, to which are added cookery
for the sick, also medicinal and miscellaneous
receipts, which will be found useful to the in
experienced. A large proportion of the re
ceipts has been procured from experienced
housekeepers, nnd they embrace all the various
branches of the culinary art, no pains being
spared to render each one as correct as possi
ble. We judge that this book would be a val
uable aid, especially to young housewives.
Its Liueral Interest Tho general rate of Interest
i six per cent, payablo annually. 77ii'j is seven and
three tenths, payable temi-annually. If you lend on
mortgage, there must be it searching of titles, lawyers
fees, stamp duties and delays, nnd you will finally
have returned to you only tho same kind of money
you would receive from tbo Government, nnd less of
it." If you invest in this loan, you have no trouble.
Any bank or banker will obtain It for you without
charge. To each note or bond are affixed five "cou
pons" or intereil tickets, duo at the expiration of each
successive half-year. Tho holder of a note has simply
to cut ofi" one of these coupons, present it to the near
est bank or Government Agency, and receive his In
terest ; tho note Itself need not bo presented at all.
Or a coupon thus payable will everywhere be equiva
lent, when due, to money. If you w ish to borrow
ninety cents on tho dollar upon these notes, yon havo
the highest security in the market to do it with. If
you wish to sell, it w ill bring within a fraction of cost
and Interest at any mordent. It will bo very handy
to have In the house.
REVIEW OF THE MARKETS.
ntportfor tht Uftek endiny Aprit 12, 1S03.
CnmbrldKC Cnltle Mnrkel.
AMOUNT OS' LIVi: STOCK AT MARKET.
Cattle. Sheep. Swine.
This week 402 1617 1160
Last wee c 725 4175 550
One year ago, April 13,.. 608 3700 340
Beeres Extra,$l4 00gS15 60; 1st quality, 814 00
14 CO: 2d do, $10 763S115Q; 3d do, S9 0'0g9 25.
Store C'ttle llorttn Oxen S90, S150SS276.
Itoi nnd Cahet S30, 37, 45S580.
7Vo lVnrs O.J-S30SS40.
Three Yeart Old 545SS50.
Sheep and lj,mbtMY1 at market. Prices in lots,
S2 60, S3 003 54 00 each; extra, 58 00, 57SS15 00,
or from 4 to 12c V lb.
I Vol Calres S4SS10 each.
Hides 7's7Jc. V lb.
Tallow 7Jii8c V lb.
relit $1 25SS3 00 each.
t'lijr Skins iO Si.
N. B. lieef Extra and first quality includes
nothing but the best largo rat stall fed Oxen. Sec
ond quality includes the best grass-fed Oxen, the best
stall-red Cows, nnd the best three- v ear old Steers.
Ordinary consists or Hulls, nnd the reluse or lots.
Sheep Extra Includes Co-sets, nnd when those of
inferior quality are thruwn out.
Xesv Vork Mnrlirt.Country Produce
Aitles, common, P bb!., $6.5027.50
" selected, " " 7.00&8.00
" dried. lb 13ifi 14
Beans, good to prime, V bush., 2.70S3.25
fOTATOES, V Dill.,
Butter, good to choice, P lb., 35ffi 40
Cheese, factory made, good to choice, I lb 21SS 22
Eor.s. P doi 2535 28
Poultry, chickens, choice, P Ih., 26
turksvs. " P It 26i!S 30
" geese, " P 6.' HSS 20
JJcst York Mnrkrl. Flour nml Mrnl.
The market for Western and Stato Flour Is moder
ately active, tho lower grades aro 5c easier; the sales
nre 6,400 bbls. at 57 20SS7 60 for Superfino State,
S7 SS3S8 10 Tor Extra State; S8 20SS8 40 Tor Fancy
State; S7 05SJ8 25 for tho low grades of Western
Extra: SS203S8 60 (ot Shlppine Ohio; S8 70359-
76 hr Trade and Family brands, nnd $9 003S12 00
fni- Sir. Inula V.irtriis. r'ntmillnti l-'toiir Is mn.i(nitply
active and is steady at doo; tales of 450 bbls. at S i
26'3S8 60 for tho low grades of Extra, nnd SS 763
11 00 ror lrauo ami ratnlly t.xtrns, i,ye r lour is
dull nnd prices nre heavy; sale of 225 bbls. at ii 60
$0 00. Com Meal I heavy and rather easier, sales
of 760 bbls at S5 75 for Jersey, and $6 50 for Brandy-
Tho Wheat market opened stronger, but buyers
held off and tho market closed tame at former ratest
the sales aro 29,000 bush. Amber Milwaukee at 51 60
$1 61, and Amber Michigan at SI I0&S1 66. Oats
are moro active and better, tho supply light; the sales
are 17,000 bush, of Jersey and Penn. nt c8&E6c, and
Wcteni at OOo In store. P.ye is dull and prices nro
nominal. Corn Is plenty, nnd is steady at close; tho
sales are 17,000 bush. Jeiev and Penn. Yellow t $1
35 a II 37, aud new mixed Western at SI SO.
Pork has been moro nctite nnd decidedly firmer.
Sales, cash and regular nre 5E60 bbls.. t tii , 233
$24 60 for Old Mess; 120 671B S27 S7i for .New Mess;
nnd$20 60 for Prime Mes. Beef Is hi fair demand
at former prices; sales of 250 bbls. at S133S16 60
for Plain Sless, and S17 603819 00 for Extra Mess.
Bacon Is In good demand, but prices arc lower; sales
of 350 bxs.nt 1413160 fir Cumberland Cut, and 160
for Short Ribbed. Lord opened firmer, but closed
nulel; sales or 900 bbls. and tes. at 16 317c. for No.
1, und 17J316. for fair to primo Steam aud Kettle
Hops re In moderate demand ; choice qualities aro
scarce and flnnt wo quote nt 20325c. for Common
to Prime Oldl 30a35o for fair to choice New crop,
and 40346c tor Fancy lots.
Clover Seed is In moro active demand; tho supply
Is light; sales of 300 biigt at 27J32SJc. Timothy
Seed It dull at 553 SO per bush. Bough Flax Seed
is heavy nt Si 60352 76 per bush.
At New York, on Wednesday, Gold closod at 145).
Two thousand Germans are coming from Germany
to work on the Kansas railroads and take their pay
George II. Hoyt, the young lawyer of Iloston who
went to Virginia to delend John Brown on lilt trial, l
now lieutenant colonel ofthe 16th Kansas cnvulry,
A novel plan for paving the state debt of Missouri
Is to haro the railroads charge 1 cent ndditlonul Inro
per mile and pay It Into the stato treasury.
The friends of Bey. John Pierpont, formerly of
Boston, paid him an unexpected visit on 1 hursdav
last at his boarding-house in Washington, l. C. It
wns tno elf tilt em uirthrtiy or tho pntrlot.poet re
j former and divine, and brought with It A shovierof
I (raceiul gifts, among which wore a (old witcb, a til-