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BRATTLEBORO, VT., FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1874.
THE VERMONT T1KENIX.
ratillihad every Friday ly
FRENCH A STEDM AN,
0.11:c No. 0 Omiltc How, Main Bt., Bratlleboro, Vt.
TEIISIS. To alnglo subscribers, by mall, SJ JJ per
annum in adtance; la clubs, fa.oo. When not paldin
adfance, 5,1 cts. additional, per year, will be charged.
ItATES Of fJ-i.7!rS)AO.0ne Inch epe?. or
loss, one wets, 81.50; cll ,ler insertion, 25 cents.
Ooltmry notices 10 cts. rcr line.
O. I,. FBE.SC1I. P.P. BTIPMiK.
UNJ. II. .IENN13 cfe CO.,
LIFE AM) I" I It K INSURANCE AGENTS.
HEAL E&TATE AGENCY. TENEMENTS TO LET.
Oluce la Thompson & Hanger. Block, next door to
I'llOtllV sV CO.. CommiltlonM.rrb.il..
. tnd Wholesale Doatct. in VMHTll .nil rtliAtN
171 J.CAIMMlATEll.MarsetBtock.Elliot Bt.
JU . Dealer In Toys, Fancy Good., Hooks, btalionrry,
Newspspcrs, Magaalnee and Periodicals. Subscriptions
received for the principal Newspapcra and Magazines,
aid forwarded by mail or otherwise.
CII.VltrjKS I. IS'OVjaH.Orocerand
J Jobuer In I'LUUtt, LIME, OIL i FERTILIZERS.
LlSO .VIt.Il : ltOJJHH, Manufactur
er, of CIGARS. Dealers In TOBACCO, PIPES,
Sc. i Brooks Block, Bratlleboro, Vt.
ATTOltNEV k COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
ADAMS GUAY, r. X.
Mhtftcian and 8nrge9nt
IN8LOW H. BIYERS-fAttornej
at L.aw, ueuows rails, vt.
, Cbosdt Block, Bbattlkcobo,Vt.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Office No. 3il Town Hall, PUTNEY, VT
ATTORNEY & COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
HATTLKBOHO FISH MARKET.
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In all kinds of
FRESH. SALT, SMOKED AND TICKLED Fisn,
OYSTERS, LOBSTERS AND CLAMS.
Litci's Building, orposite Bratlleboro House,
' Bratlleboro, TL
Same, Business and location of the leading
Jlusiness nouses in jjraiuevoro.
h.EccT Tula out ron ncrxBSKCl.
Ag-rlcultnrtal Implements .
C. P. THOMPSON k CO., Willl.ton'. Stone Block.
WOOD MU13IIALL, Eachange Block, Main Street.
B. A. CLARK, Tyler's Block.
ISAAC D. EAILEY, Elliot St.
llookselters unit Hlialloners.
CHENEY k CLAPP, 0 Crosby Block.
W. TELTON & CO., 2 Brooks House.
J. STEEN, Fisher'. Block, Msln St.
F. O. EDWARDS, 1 door north American House.
IIoe.ll anil Job lrlnlliisr.
HOUSEHOLD PUUL1S1IINO CO., Market square.
Iloots uuil fchoes.
A. F. BOYNTON, Matsball k Eeterbrook'sblock,M.et.
0. L. BROW, Marshall k Esterbrook'. block Main-st.
J. IlETTINO, Uigh-st., adjoining Broike House.
0. J. PRATT, 1 Granite Block.
C. L BROWN, Marshall fc rjlerbrook'a block, Miln-it.
J. IlETTINO, High-at., adjoining Brooks House.
Choir 1'anilly Groceries.
11. C. WILLARD t CO., 1 Brocks House.
r. K. BARROWS, offl:o with P. Bjrrows.
Conln. ami Cu.Utkt..
C. I. BROWN, Msrshall t Esterbrook's El'k, Msln St.
Contractor, itnil Builders
UIGLEY 4 CHURCH, Elliot Street.
Crockery uml Glu.. IVure.
M. T. VAN DOORN, 1 Crosby Block.
E. L. COOrER 0 Brooks House.
I!, A. WEBBER, Main Street, opposite ReT.reHouse,
Doors, Nulls nil minds.
C. r. THOMPSON S CO., Williston's Stone Dlock.
11. A.CLAItK, Tjler'a Block ,,.. .
Hill LEY S CIIUKCH, (Manufacturer') ElUot Street.
1. N. THORN k CO , 1 Cro.by Block.
II. C. WILLARD J: CO , 1 Drookt House.
NEWTON k ROSE, Main St., orrposite High St.
II r J Ciooil..
P. BARnOWS, Main Street, opposite Brooks House,
fi. I. I'RVTT, 1 Oranito Block.
C F. TnoMrsON i! CO., Wllliston'a Stone Block.
C. D. NOYES, Thompson k Ranger'a Block.
I'lour und Groceries,
J. W. FROST CO., 8 Crosby Block.
l'lUN'K O. HOWE, Marshall k Esterbrook, Main-it.
A. C. DAVENPORT, 3 Crosby Block.
E, T. HAYNES, Elliot Street.
0. D. NOYES, Thompson k Kinder'. Block.
C. F. THOMPSON k CO., WIlH.tou'. Stone Block.
J. RETTING, Hlgh-.t., adjoining Brooks House,
i!. L. BROWN, Marshall k Esteibrook'. Block.Maln at.
II. B. SOULE, Flsk's Block, Msln Street.
O. BAILEY, Oak atreet.
Gun., IM.tols und Aiiiliiunltlou.
C D. NOYES, Thompson k Ranger's Block.
IM. S. E. BALDWIN, nearly opposite Brooks House.
Ilurdnare, Iron and Mtrel.
B. A. CL IRK, Tyler. Block.
'. F. THOMPSON t CO., Wllllston'. Slone Block.
I1EU3TIS k BUUNAF, Main Slreet.
Huts, Cup. und Furs.
II. C. TAYLOR, 3 Union Block.
tMF.BICAN HOUSE, O. A. Boyden, Proprietor.
BRO:)K9 HOUSE, Chtrle. o. Lawrence, Proprietor.
REVERE HOUSF, II. C. Nash, proprietor.
BR VTTLEBOUO HOUSE, II. A. Morey, Proprietor.
Ice Crenni Itoom..
E. L. COOrER, Brooks Houae.
, twnni.rv I. ntinwnitTII Union Ttloek.
BESJ.lt. JENNEk CO., Thompson Ranger's Block.
IOODY !i HOWE, Batinga liana allocs.
F. H HOLDINO, (mauufactnrerN Union Block.
V 10MPSON k RANGER. 7 Orrnlto Row.
CI1VS. S. PROUTY, r.)lhfr's Alcade.
Liisryaml Feedlnir Mtubles.
F. II. FARR. Blrge Street.
I. W, H1IITII, rear Crosby Block.
L. II. CiUXE, Canal Streit.
DUTTON k KATHAN, BrlduSt., nearR. R. Depot,
-tfurlittt Gnrdenrrusd Florist.
C E, ALLEN, Cinal Street.
W. F. RICHARDSON, Market block, Elliet-st.
U. iUUI.V.y, Main Strett.
.Vlllliuerr uml Funcr Goods.
WHS. 1'.. M. FARNSWORTH, 1 Crosby Block, 3d floor,
111 MRSII K 1II.LI.W. overniecn . n.urr.
MISS M. S. PICKETT, Crosby Block, 3d floor.
UU 1', AVERY. S Crosby Block.
0. I, PRVTT, 1 Oranito Bl'ick.
MRS. J. W, WUITNF,Y, Brooks House.
am. E. H. U VR'iF.R, at U. R. Jesse's, Oreen-St.
Iulnts und tills.
C I'. THOMPSON k CO., Wllllstou's Slone Block,
11, A CUKK, Tylir's Block.
Iader Kunirluirs und M'lndoir Shade.
1. STEKN, Fisher's Block, Main Sired.
M. T. VAN DOORN, 7 Crpaby Block.
B. A. HENRY, Cutler's Block, Main Street.
C. L. HOWE, Union Block.
WM. llOt'LD, Clark EtreL
lleuily Made Clotlalngr.
If P Tl VI (II, t ITnln Tllrt .V.
I'RVTT. WKIUIIT Ji CO., 3 Granite Row, Main Street
r.1. UUUtiEl l k UU., s Duranue iww.
UQI.npv l- wrT.T.lTtl). (alsoUoonns Slate). Maln-at
WOOD k MARSHALL, Exchange Block.Maln Street
C. L. BROWN, M.rtliall Esterbrook's Block, Mala ll
u, B. SOULE, Flak's Block, uainBireei.
CL.niT.VN, MtrahalltEiterbrooVe Block, Main st
I-, navunu, Itln si., adjoining uruua. iitnir,
Persona hi vino nut filnw tar will find market
lur is nut ty appiTiDZ at ins irtnAnc. abiisuu,
BnttUbiro. Feb. fg, .871. tf
C.F. THOMPSON & CO.
OFFER a full stock of goods In all departments, of
best quality, and which will bo told at the lowest
ruling market prices. Our stock conslits In part vt
HEAVY AND SHELF
Nails, Iron and Steel,
Doors, Sash and Blinds,
LIME & CEMENT,
WINDOW & PICTURE GLASS,
AND LACE LEATHER,
III.Tn.-tlATTtt 1'ATEST lVIICEl.,
DENT -IVOOnEX HVU IIIVEELS,
fcPOKEN, IClUlts, & lll'lia,
S1IA1TH AXD HEAT.
Malleable Irona for light and heavy Carriages,
Enameled, Dash, and Cullir Leather,
Oil Cloth, and Enameled Cloth,
Springs and Axles, both light and heavy.
We are Sole Agents for
ENOCH, AND K. P., COE'S
DIIAXDO-f I.I. HE,
akiiu.-v Illt.lI.X III'i:,
All of whlrhare unquestionably THE BEST of their
class in this msrkct.
Plows. Harrows and Scrtpfru,
unoTtif. rotsa. ana noes,
Rakcn, Cora 8 heller and Teed Cutters,
A cholM assortment tf Fine Groceries.
EAS AND COFFEES,
SUGARS &. MOLASSES,
Pure Spices & Flavors,
C0IX1ATES' FAMILY AND FANCY SOAPS.
Oar Ifadlne trends of Flour are civ In ft exczllkkt
results. We Initio trial and comparison, and gnarante
C, F. THOMPSON & CO,
Bratlleboro, Feb. 10, 187 1. 1)7
For I lir Uprlug of 1N1I,
Will be ready lu February. II will contain a list i t the
leading varictlea of
With a list of the best Tarlctiea cf
Fruit and Ornamental Trees,
dapted to this section, together with s list of the most
populsr Tarlctiea of
FLOWKIt A VEGKTAJJLE SHEDS,
with descriptions, and directions for cultlTStlon.
S-v nena lor USISlogur, maueu irre uu i'j,ui.uvu.
7 w nnATTiEnono, vt.
it In Store
For Pure and Fresh
Drugs s Medicines.
01 II STOCK IS COMPLETE
JTAIR BRUSHES, TOOTH BRUSHES, NAIL BRUSH'
ES, HAT BRUSHES, HAND BRUSHES, CLOTH
BRUSHES, VILVET BRUSHES, kc, Le. SOAP,
ENGLISH AND FRENCn, SPONGES, COMBS, TOI
LET SETS, TUNOENTS BOTTLES, PERFUME BOT-
TLES, PERFUMERY, TOMADES, COSMETICS, TUFF
BOXES, PUFF, TOOTH POWDERS, BATH TOWELS,
BATH OLOVES, SYRINGES OF ALL KINDS, NASAL
DOUCHES, NURSING BOTTLES, and aU other arU.
des found In a first claia drug Itore.
Choice Clffursund Tobscco, Confection
tr Pretciiptlona carefully compounded, and under
the peraouil supervision of Db. S. C. Nbwtoic, who
haa been In aetlvo practice and diipeneed his own
medicine for the past twenty years.
NEWTON Si KOSE,
Main St., opposite nigh,
p D. NOYES SELLS
Ten, Coffee, & Spices in Bulk
And warrants them free from adulttration.
,1 THlllfflit luntusj,
While twilight llngf rs. In the furple dusk
X loiter down the smooth-shorn garden walk,
Fast fragrantbeda of mignonette and musk,
Where tiny buds grouped round a parent atalk
Seem prattling low their tender, household talk.
And lo "Good bight, a ret mother," sighs tht rose
"Good night I good ntght ;" the Illy murmurs near
From flower to flower a lovtl; laughter flows
As In the moonlight, tremulous and clear,
The old fond greeting falls upon my ear.
vrlng my hands with anful Joy and woo
And tend my faco town to the no 1dtng flow en i
These ar the voices of the long apo
Come back again In night's warm, starry hours,
To the green beauty uf these garden bow era.
'Good night! good night I 1 the dewy Uouoms sigh,
And lob and laughter follow, faint and low :
The Illy buds that on lay bosom Ho
Like baby trrsics, lu the itsr-besms glow
f s the cool winds across them scftly blow,
QccJ nlfchl! good night 1 sweet mother." algha the
Good night .-good night 1" the clustered lilies call ;
From flower to flower the gay, glad greeting flows,
And 'mid the bending blue bells, by the wall,
1 hear th rolcca of tha loved and gane
A be ye the hushed hum of the birds and bees
Singlrg the old, Umlllar mcltxlleal
Ah t thus they used to come In other diye
And wreathe my neck and toss my milled hair,
And make the houae ring Ilh their wilful ways ;
WUb dinting steps they hung about my chair,
Making my heart glad with thslr lender care.
And If I dream again that they hue come
Tou will not blame me, mother, reading this;
cm know how sweet the to1c is that Is dumb
In death ; you know what wealth of Joy I miss
In the lost laugh, the harry morning kltf.
'Good Light! good night! the moonlit lilies sigh,
And then a alienee follows, dull and dark ;
du'ky vtll drop down across the sky;
The wind Is up amid the trees; and hark!
I hear the house dogs In tutlr kennels Lark.
Perchance my darliogs have come Lack again ;
From some unknown and strange near land, who
They, feeling all my weary weight of pain,
Have homeward stole? "O, mother! atghs the
Oood night! good night!1 and thus the Tlslon
gots. ColJtn Jgt,
The Leisure Hour.
Brief HUrtcli of hi. life und l'lilillr
Condensed from the Boston Journal.
Charles Sumner constituted n notable ex
ception lo tho gicat majority of American
alcsmcn in not having sprung from a ru
ral and obicuio parentage, llu was born
n Iioston on tho Cth of February, 1S1I. Ills
lather was Charles Plnckney Sumner, a
adualoof Harvard, u lawyer by profes-
lon, who for fourteen years was High
Sbcrlffol'tlio cotintv of Sullblk. Ho was
highly esteemed among his fellow citizens,
ud It would seem I rum thu toast which ho
ao at a celebration he happened lo alien J
n the island of llayll, viz.: "Liberty,
Equality aud Happiness lo all men," that
Ills more dlsllngullied son ramo naturally
, the humane and lofty spirit vtblch It-
unilued bis career. It Is curious als'j to
bservo that tho Sumncrs always had
uolhcr peculiarity which uuikcd their
m:it famous representative; they wero of
tlic-e Kentish Englishmen whoso great
stature, strength aud endurance had given
them tho front lank In battle when tho
bow and tho spear wero ihe i-oldlei's wea
pon, wnai was saiu or one or iuo cany
Itosbury Sumners would read perfectly
ell of Ihe subject of this notice, beforo ho
ufiercd from bit almost martyrdom: "Ho
as of colossal size and equal strength of
rause'e, which was kept In lonoby regular
ity and good h.iblK Ho shrunk from no
labor, however arduous and fatiguing !t
nilht seem to others."
With such constitutional endowments,
Charles Sumner set forth in life from high
antago ground. Ho was prepared for col
li at the Iioston Latin School and at Phil
lips Academy. Tradition says that even at
this early period ho was knowu lo rlso bo-
fore daylight to read Humo and Gibbon
nd other historians. He continued tho
same nssldulty in study upon entering
Harvard University, whero he graduated
with honor In 13.10. Ho entered the Law
School tho next year, under tho direc
tion of Ills warm and life long friend, Judge
Story, Durlnghls law course ho wrolosev
cral articles for tho American Jurist, w.il.'j
gavo hlin such a reputation that lis was
soon invited lo bceomo the editor of that
aiporlatit journal. Alter completing his
Indies In Iho olllco of Benjamin Hand,
Esq., Mr. Sumner was admitted In the bar
at Worcester, but commenced tho piacltco
of his profession In Iioston in 1834. Short
ly after ho was appointed reporter In tho
Circuit C'oui.1, and published tho thrco
volumos known as "Sumner's reports."
For three successive winters alter bis ad
mission to the bar, during tha absence of
Professors Grecnlcafand Story, he lectured
to tho law students at Cambridge, and for
somo time had tho solo charge at tho Dano
lu tho autumn of 1S37, Mr. Sumner visit
ed Europe, whose advantages, literary, so
cial and artistic, he enjoyed to tho utmost,
till tho spring of 1840. In England, where
tho loiters of Judge Story and others as
well as his own fresh reputation, opened to
him the highest circles of the land, bo spent
nearly a year attending the debates In Par
lament and cultivating tho acquaintance)
of leading men.
In returning homo Mr. Suninor resumed
the piacllco of his profession, but not, wa
Infer, with romarkablo success In n finan
cial point of view, lie bad lo wait his turn;
but he did not pause In his studies while
biding bis lime. He again occupied the
chair of lectuier ut tho Cambridge Law
Scboil, and In 1841-IB edited Vesey's Re
ports in twenty volumes. His public rep
utation dates from tho 4lh ol July, 1S45,
when be delivered before tbo authorities or
Boston his oration on "Tho True Grandeur
or Nations." It was a billliant ploa for
universal peace luminous In thought,
ornate In Uyle, and Instinct with the most
advanced philanthropy. Indeed, one
would never luiagtno from lis porusal that
Its author could puslbly bo brought under
any clicumstances lo tolerate, much less to
support war for any purpose.
Up lo this llmo Mr. Sumner bad taken
no prou,luent part In politics. He was by
blrlb and conviction a Whig, although
oven then bo bad Imbibed that anti-slavery
sentiment which was enrolling In Its sup
port the best blood of tho North. The agita
tion of tho question or tbo annexation or
Texas-drawing In Us tralu tho mighty
consequences thon hid from vlaw attracted
Mr, Sumner away from bis law books and
bis literary studies. In the autumn uf 1815
Iio dellveied a spcoch on tlio qucsllon In
lAmcull Hall, charged wllh nil llio IndlK
nnt eloquence ot tils best days. Nearly a
year later on the 23d of Soplember, 1840,
wo find litm addressing tlio Whig Stato
Convention of MasacliusctWon"Tli8 Anil
Slavery Dulles or llio Whig Party." To
tlio question, What lias the North to do
with slavery T ho says : "It might almost
ba answered, that, politically, It had lilllo
to do with anything else, no are all tha acta
of our Government connected, directly !or
indirectly, with Dili institution." It It ou
servahlo that In this address Mr. Sum
ner sketched a practical lino orpolltlcal
rcslttanco to slavery upon which men
could stand and voto who agreed wllh Gar
rison, Parker and Phillips In abominating
tlio Institution, but who wished for some
olTcclual courfio at the polls, which theso
men did not point out. Tha Uows which
ho now enforced wcro entirely In accord
with tho doctrines of tho old Whig p.rly,
but then Mr. Sumner meant vtbat ho said I
Unhappily, a largo fccctlmi of his fellow
partisans, pal licularly of llio leaders, wero
too conservative In thotr Instincts to relish
tho earnestness ho evinced. Ho had, In
fact, como to the parting of llio ways, and,
of course, ho had no hcultallon lu making
It Is little wonder, therefore, that wo find
Mr Sumner thenceforward acting with tho
Free Soil Party, as It. was then called. On
tho 3J of October, ISM, ho delivered one of
his most eloquent and Impassioned speech
es beforo tho Frco Soil Stale Convention lu
Boston, on "Our presout Autl-Slavcry
Dulles." Ills denunciation of llio new fu
gitive slavo law signed by President Fill
luoro was particularly severe. Then came
the famous coalition In M issachusclls p 1
lllct, aDd, after a memorable contest, tho
election of Mr. Sumner lo thoUnitod Statos
Sonalo oa the 21th April, 1S51. Ills flist ef
fort on Ihe floor related to railroad bills,
and it was not till August ttf, ISM, that tic
inado his mark upon tho country in his
great speech entitled "Freedom National,
Slavery Sectional." It was at .1 crlod
when tho slavo power seemed to be tri
umphant at all points, and Its champions
at the height of their Insolence. And yet It
wa-s at auinh a llnm ll.ol .ei used
this remarkable lunguago :
"Tho movement against Slavery Is from
tho Everlasting arm. Even now it is gath
ering Its Torces, soon to bo confessedevery
nhcte. It may not yet be felt In Iho high
places of office and power; but all who can
put their cars humbly lo Iho itruund, will
near and comprehend Us inccsiant and ad
Such utterances were not lost, although
they seemed lo bo utterly thrown away In
tho United States Scnalo of that day. The
Kansas-Nebraska bill, Involving tho repeal
of tho Missouri Compromise, lollon cd, and
drew out another powerful protest from
Mr. Sunnier, May 23, 1S5I. He declared It
"the woist and the best bill on which Con
gress ever acted ;" tho worst, for obvious
reasons; the best because, he said : "it annuls
past compromises wllh slavery, and makes
all futuro compromises Impossible. Thus
it puts Freedom and Slavery faco lo face,
and bids them grapple. Who can doubt
tho result T" At the closo of his speech he
rises lo the following prophetic height :
"Thus, sir, now standing nt tho very
fravc of Freedkin In Nebraska und Kansas,
lift myselfto Ihe vision of ihat luppy res
urrrctlon, bjr wliR-li rrrruuin wlls In. w
cured, not only in thevo Territories, but
eicryirherc under the Xational Government.
Moro clearly than ever before, I now pene
trate that 'All Hall Hereafter,' when tin
ery must disappear."
During Ibis and llio following year ho
made several speeches of note, both In Con
gress and in various places bcfoio tbo pes
plo, donr,n:tatory of Ihe fugllivo slave bill,
ofsiuallor soveiolgnty and of tho general
couspliacy of llio slavery propagandists, as
show n particularly in Kaiuas. These aio
now mostly lost sight of in lha memory of
tho great speech or tho lfith and 'JOlb of May,
1838, nu "Tho Crlmo Against Kansas."
This was the speech which was made tho
pretext of the murderous assault upon Sen
ator Sumner perpetrated by Preston S.
Brooks, on tho 22d of May. All tho cir
cumstances or the atrocity arc still fresh lu
the public mind, and tho lapso of time has
done nothing to relieve their lildeousness.
It was nil act strictly characteristic of Iho
slavo power, and premonitory of tho lerrl
blo drama in w hich It was so shortly to
pass away. Tho edtcl ou tho public stand
ing of Mr. Sunincr was to Invest him net
only wllh tho chivalrous regard which be
longed lo the champion ol the frco masses
oftho North, but with tho tondor sympa
thies due to one who had well nlgli passed
through tbo gatoofmaityrdom. Ills phys
ical sufferings were extreme and long con
tinued, aud tho greater part of his time for
Iho next threo or tour years was spent
abroad, under the caio ot Iho best physi
cians of Paris. Ho did not feel warranted
in returning to bis duties till tho autumn
or 1859. In llio mjanllmo ho had been re
elected lo tho Senalo by the unanimous
voto or tho Massachusetts Scnato and with
only seven dissenting voles lu tho House.
On resuming his seat be found that bis as
sailant and ho for whose sako tbo assault
had bcon committed, bad both passed away,
but tho bad causo they bad served still re
mained. Mr. Sumner met it witb un
diminished boldness and power In llio
speech entitled "Tho Barbarism of Slav
ery." Ills opening remarks, wcro slugular
ly appropriate and magnanimous, but tho
tenor oftho speech was most Intrcprld and
In fact. It was the uiost thorough, com
plcto and terrlblo arraignment of slavery
ever made In one production. If ever our
posterity wish to know what tbe inslltn
lion was which dominated the Republic
ror seventy years and fed upon its life
blood, they will find it In this speech. And
yet the public sentiment bad become so
corrupted that Mr. S.uniner was rowardod
with quite as much blamo as prslse. Tbo
best elements of tho country, however,
wero unanimous In tho heartlost commen
dation. In tho campaign or I860 Mr, Sumner gavo
his cordial suppoit to Abraham Lincoln,
in a scries or speeches delivered In Bntton
and olsowlierc. In bis speech In New York,
July II, he reforrod to Lincoln "as ono
whose character no breath bas touched,
and whose beait Is large enough toembraco
tho broad Republic and all its people."
Like nearly nil at that time he gavo little
heed to tho Southern talk about secession.
When, however, upon tbo election of Lin
coln, tho cloud ofcomlng danger began to
loom abovo tho horizon Mr. Sumner saw
at onco tbe full Import oftho crisis, and ho
met It with unflinching intrepidity. Bu
chanan's recreant message, tbe retliemont
oftho Southern Senator, the meeting or
Stale conventions to decree secession fol
lowed swiftly. Then came the numerous
efforts at comproinlso and tbo Peace Con
gress. A couimllleo of Bostonlans appear
ed at Washington. Edward Everett called
upon Mr. Sumuer and said i "You aro tbe
only person who can Introduce such a
(compromise) proposition with any chance
of success." Tho answer was ; "You mo
mistaken in supposing that I might havo
success Willi compromise, If 1 could bilng
It forward. If I nm strong with tho North,
It Is becauso oftho conviction that I can
not ompromlso : but tho moment I com
promised, I, too, should bo lost."
To every appeal or friend or threat or
foe, ho polnb'd to tho Constitution as his
only platform, proposition or remedy, Lin
coln had been rightfully otectcd by tho
American people, let tho decision bo ro
speclcd and tho President inaugurated, nnd
then there would bo time to listen to all
complaints. Tho advlco was Ineffectual, of
course, becauso tho llmo had como for that
power which was lo perish by tho sword
to tako II.
At llio Republican Stato Convention at
Worcester, October 1, 1601, be delivered bis
great speech, entitled "Emancipation our
Best Weapon." In II, bo said : "The dom
ineering oligarchy Is dislodged from tho
National Government, never moro to re
turn. This far at least has emancipation
prevailed. The greatest slave of all is free"
an oratorical turn which for simple bill
llancy and culling fnrco is unsurpassed In
all his speeches.
His support uf all tho war measures or
the Government, oven when tho 'adoption
or his own policy seemed msU doubtful,
was constant and effective. As Chairman
of the Senalo Committee on Foreign Af
fairs he did much In aid of Mr. Seward's
masterly conduct of our International re
lations, though he did not always ngrco
with tho Secretary's policy, particularly In
tbo memorablo Trant case, or Iho seizure of
Mason and Slldoll, tho Confederate Co.T
mlssloners. At this period of his life tho friends of
Mr. Sumner weio much gratified by tho
announcement of his marriage with tho
widow of a son of Hon. Samuel Hooper,
formerly Miss Mason of Boston. The un
ion, however, proved unfortunate, and a
separation by mutual consent soon follow
ed, Involving no diminution of respect to
Mr. Sumner on the pari or thoso best ac
quainted w ith tho circumstances.
It is not necessary lo fnll- him llirougb
tho rm-r'ei ol ISil, when bo vigorously
advocated tho re-election of Lincoln, nor
through the events consequent upon the
death or that great man. Iu tho issue bo
twccii acllug President Johnson aud Iho
Sccietary of War, Stanton, bo earnestly
sustained the latter, whllo bo was among
the foicuiost In iclstlngand counteracting
tho general reactionary course of Johnson
on reconstruction. Ho took an active part
in the Picsidential campaign of 1808, mak
ing several speeches for Grant and Col la. i.
At the opening of the new Administration
bo gavo it bis support, though not with the
manifest cordiality which had been antici
pated by some of his friend'. Tho new re
gime brought in a military flavor which
was not agreeablo to him, and possibly be
was not consulted at'he had thought bis po
cltlon requited, paitlcularly as bead of tbe
Foreign Affairs Committee. When Iho
question ot the Alabama damages came up,
Mr. Sumner dellveied a most powerful
speech, in which ho pressed to the fullest
extent the claim for consequential dama
ges. Tho Administration took a different
view, and 1. tho subsequent negotiations,
although after some inconsistency of maii-
nueiiiunl, it iibaiiiluneJ tl, tlli .ltnli.-
er. On lug lo this disagreement, and possi
bly other reasons, Mr. Sumner's Intimate
filcnd, Mr. Motley, was icmoved from tbe
post of Minister to tbo Court of St. James.
Then arose the Santo Domingo question,
which elicited from the Senator a speech as
slienuous and unsparing lu ilscilliIsmsof
Piesident Grant as any he had been In tho
habit or dliccllng against tbo slavo power
or the rebel". By this llmo Iho alienation
between .Mr. Sumner and llio Administra
tion was well nigh complete, and his own
removal from the Chairmanship or Ihe Sen
ate Commlllee on Foreign affairs certainly
did nothing lo mitigate it. We aro not now
called upon lo adjust tbo responsibility for
this unhappy result. If It wasduo In some
degree lo a want of properconsldcratlon on
tho part or the AilmluMrutlon, It was also
rcndcicd nearly Inevitable by the peculiar
ities uf Mr. Sunincr. The alicnalion whoso
beginnings wo have traced proceeded rap
Idly, till, In the nomination of Mr. Greeley,
In tho Presidential campaign of 1872, Mr.
Sumner, while Hill claiming lobo a Repub
lican, loll the Republican organization and
Joined Its confederated opponents. Tho rea
sons which ho gavo fur this course elabor
ately aud aldy us they wcro given mado no
Impression upon tho great body ot bis old
frlonds and admirers, least of all In tlio Com
mon wealth which had given him such un
failing aud grateful support. Ills defection,
however, was regarded more In sorrow than
in anger, and the bitterness and personal
Invective which, In his public efforts, wero
directed against President Grant, were Just
ly re.'encd lo tho ihetorical habit of tho
man, rather than to any real nnkindnessof
Tho time bas not como for doing full jus
tice lo the great careerand tho great charac
ter so faintly outlined In tho pieced In;
sketch, Mr. Sumner was essentially differ
cut from the most distinguished American
statesmen who had gono beforo htm. Ho
was primarily a scholar, constrained by
prophetic moral Impulses Into the field of
politics. In cncyclopedlac knowlcdgonono
of our statesmen aro lo bo compared wilb
him, unless It may havo been John Quincy
Adams. In philosophical tendencies bo
somewhat resembled Jefferson, whllo bo
revealed an earnestness, breadth and fervor
In his humane symi athles which wero as
much superior to Jefferson's as his clo
quenco was greater.
His speeches wcro treatises winged with
oratory. Thero Is nothing like them In tho
records of our national eloquence, Thoy
aro wanting in tbe masslvo simplicity, the
conciseness and severo tasto of Webster's
speeches ; their pioftislon of historic allu
slons and quotations would seem artificial
but Tor lis being tbo natural expression or
the author a mind, nnd it is doubtful If Ibe
peculiarity will give pleasure to another
generation or readers. But Iho force of rca
soiling, tho broad energy of purpose, sweep
ing along like tho Mississippi like that
too, showing its power in Us crevasses as
well as In Us legitimate channel and tbo
soul of moral heroism which illumines ev
ery sentence, will never want for admirers;
what Is belter, will never cease to dlssem
Inale good influences and toboargood fruit
This moral borolsm, indoed, constitutes
tho crowning distinction of Charles Sum
ner, and gives him bis lillo to Immortal
fame. It shouo about bis wbolo worklug
life as a public servant. Throughout his
checkered career no ouomy and none had
bitterer thai) he was ever found bold
enough to connect bis name wilb any Job
bery or Interested schemo. Ills Integrity
was moro than Roman, It was Christian,
So, too, Ibis heroism was seen in Us trl
umphlng over the adverso influences of bis
training, and In IU transformation of bis
own character. Ho was not democratic In
his porsonal sympathies, while the associa
tions of bis early life woro limiting, If not
aristocratic In their tendencies; and no ono
from thence could havo predicted that hero
was to bo the champion of equality, tho a-
postlo of dellvcranco lo tho poor and do
splsod or another race. But tbo principle
that was lu him took him up with tho de
votion or a Luther and thozoal or a Loyola.
All men became alike In bis cyos allko en
titled to Justice, to tho protection and tho
Immunities of tho law. In pursuit of b'a
object ho feared nothing on earth und be
pared nothing that stood In bis way. And
though bis unswerving fidelity brought
hint to death's door, ho lived as few of tho
world's heroes have to ceo bis complete
triumph, and to feel in his heart, we havo
no doubt, the sweet consciousness that man
kind would never willingly let bis memo
The Delusion, of ItrlnU.
King Solomon has thecredlt of being tho
wisest man that ever lived ; nnd bo declar
ed that be who Is deceived by wine, tho
mocker, and strong drink, Iho raging, is
not wise. Tho delusion's or drink aro as
old as drink 1 1 self, and aro as prevalent
now as In Solomon's lime. There aro men
who honestly belicvo that alcoholic drink
Is good Tor them ; yet there is not ono or
them who would touch It crcept as a pro
scribed medicine If It wero notforlts pleas
ant tasto. The delusion touching Us health
fulness grows out or tho deslro tojustlfy
an appetite which may either be natural or
acquired. If a man likes whisky or wine,
he likes to think that it is good for him,
and bo will tako some pains to prove that
it is so, both to hlmsolf and others.
Now, alcohol Is a puro stimulant. Thero
not so much nutriment In It as there is
n a chip. It never added anything to tlio
permanent forces of life. ' never can
add anything momentary Intensifica
tion ur force Is a permanent abstraction oT
force Irom the drinker's capital slock. All
artificial excitants bring exhaustion. The
physician knows (his, and tho simplest
man's reason Is quite capablo of compre
hending it. If any man supposes that dai
ly drink, even In small quantities, Is con
ducive to health, he is deluded. If he pos
sesses a sluggish temperament, be may bo
ble to carry bis burden without much ap
parent barm, but burden it Is, aud burden
It will always be.
After a man bas continued moderate
drinking long enough, then comes a change
a domand for more drink. The old quan
tity does not suulco. The powers which
havo been insensibly undermined, clamor,
under Ihe pressure of buslnoss for Increas
ed stimulation. It is applied, and tho ma-
hine s'arts off grandly; tho man feels
strong, his form grows portly, and he works
under constant pressure. Now holsln a
condition of great dinger, but tho delusion
is upan blm that be Is In no danger at all.
At last, honovcr, drink begins to take the
place of food. Ills appetite grows feeble
and lltrul. He lives on bis drink, and, of
course, there is but ouo end to this viz. :
dcalh I It may come mddenly, through
thocollapso or all bis powers, or through
paralysis, or ll may como slowly through
atrophy and cmacialion. His friends see
that he is killing hlmsolf but he cannot see
it at all. Ho walks In a delusion from his
early manhood to bis dcalh.
A few weeks ago oue ufourcitv physi
cians publicly read a paper on tbe drink
ing habits of women. It was a thoughtful
paper, based on a competent knnwicdgo or
facts. It ought to havo been of great use to
those w omen oftho city who are exposed
to the dangers It portrayed, and especially
to thoso who havo acqulroJ the habits It
condemned. Soon afterward there appear
ed lu tho columns of a dally paper a pro
test from a writer who ought to be a good
deal more Intelligent than ho Is, against the
doctoi'a conclusions. Tho health and
physique of tho beer-Ji Inking Englishwo
man were placed over against tho health
and physique of the water-drinking Amer
ican women, lo the disadvantage of tbo
latter. The man Is deluded. It Is not a
year i-Inco Sir Ilepry Thompson, one or
the most eminent medical men In England,
a man nolorlously beyond tho reach or
any purely Christian considerations, de
clared against tho bccr-drlnklng or Eng
land on strictly sanitary gromds. Our lit
terateur declares that tho Englishwoman
can outwalk her Ame-ican sister. That
doptndi entirely upon the period or llfo
when tho task Is undertaken. Tho typical
Englishwoman who has stood by tbo beer
diet until she is moro lb in forty years old,
is too fat to walk anywhoro easily out of
doors, or gracefully within.
During our lale civil war this matter of
drinking for health's sako was thoroughly
trlod. A slock of expcrlonco and observa
tion was acquired that ought to havo lasted
for a century. Again and again, thousands
or limes, was It proved that the man who
drank nothing was tbe better man. He on
dured more, ho fought bolter, be came out
of tbo war heallhlcr than tho man who
drank. Nothing Is moro easily demonstra
bio than that tho liquor used by the two ar
mies, among officers and men alike, was
an unmitigated curso lo them. It disturb
cd the brains and vitiated the councils of
the officers-, and dobilitatcd and demoral
Izcd tbo men. Yet all the time tbo delu
sion among olllcers and meu was, that
there was both comfort and help In wbls
Tho delusions or drink aro numberless,
but thero Is ono of them which stands in
tho way of reform so deeldec'ly thai It calls
Tor decided treatment. Wo alludo to tho
notion that It is n nice thing to drink nice
liquors or wines at ono's homo, to offer
them to one's frlonds, and to make thorn
minister to good fellowship at every social
gathering, whllo it Is a very different thing
to drink bad liquor, In bad places, and In
largo quantities. A man full of good wlno
feolsthatbo bas a right to look with con
tempt up-m the Irishman who Is full o
bad whisky. It is not a long time sinco
the election of a professor In a British uni
versity was opposed solely on the ground
that be neither drank wlno nor offered It to
bis friends; and when, by a small majori
ty, bis election was effected, tbo other pro
fessors doclded not to recognize blm social
ly. Thero are thus two men whom theso
sticklers for wlno despise viz. t tbo man
who gets drunk on bad liquor, and tbe man
who drinks no liquor at all. Indoed, they
regard tho latlor with a hatred or contempt
which tboy do unt feel for the poor drunk
ard, Tbo absoluto animosity with which
many men in society regard ono who Is
conscientiously opposed to wlno-dilnklng,
could only spring from a delusion In re
gard to tho real nature or tbolr own habits.
Tbe sensitiveness of Iboso pooplo on this
subject, bowover, shows that thoy suspect
tbe delusion of which thoy are tho victims.
TLey claim to bo on tbo side of temper
ance. They deprecate drunkenness, and
really don't see what is to be douo about It,
Tbey wish that men would be more ration
al In their enjoyment or the good things or
Iho world, clc, etc.; but tholr eyes seem
blinded lo tho fact that they stand In Ihe
way or all reform. The borrlblo drunken
ness or tho larger cities or Great Britain,
with which no hell (hat America holds can
compare ror a moment, can never bo re
formed until tho drinking habits or tho
English clergy and tho English gentry aro
rcformod. With eleven-twelfths of lha Brit
ish clergy wlne-drlukers, and walcr-dtlnk-crs
tabooed In society, and social drinking
tho fashion in all tfio high llleof tho realm,
t io workman will stand by bis gin, brutal
ity will reign In Its own chosen centres un
disturbed, and those centres will Increas
ingly becomo what, to a frightful extent,
they already aro restoring sores upon tho
body social, and stenches In tho nostrils of
Tho habit", neither or Great Britain nor
America, will bo improved until men of
InfJucnco In every walk of llfo aro willing
to dlspcnso with their drinking customs.
Hundreds of thousands of English-speak
ing men go to a drunkard's grave every
year. There Is nothing In sanitary consid
erations as they relate lo Iho moderate
drinker, and suroly nothing In the pleas
ures of the moderate drinker, to mlllgato
this curse. It is all a delusion. The wa
ter-drinker is the healthy man, and tbo
happy man. Spirits, wine, beer, alcoholic
beverages of all sorts aro a burden and a
bano, and thero Is no place where a good
man can stand unshadowed by a ratal de
lusion, except upon the safo ground of total
abstinence. Until that ground Is taken and
bold, by good- men everywhere, there can
bo no temperance reform. Tho wine-
drinkers of England and America havo
tbe wblsky-drlnkers in their keeping.
What do tbey propose to do wllh them 7
Vr. J. O. Holland; Seribner't for Marrh.
aVI.h's rune In Italy.
By nay of Illustrating Low American
contemporary history Is sen ed up, I give
the following from the Fanfulla or Rome, a
Journal better Informed than most, prefac
ing toy translation wllh the remark tbattbe
common misuse in Italy of A for k (which
latter loiter is not in tbe Italian alphabet)
bas many timos caused a confusion in tbo
public mind between James Fisk, Jr., and
Secretary Fish. During the trial of Stokes
many wcro tbo questions as to tho Identity
of bis victim, and upon bis conviction
somebody athirst for accurate Information,
wrote to the above named Journal, asking
for it. Here Is the editorial rcsp.mso:
"Fish was a fine rellow In his day; cbler
or the Tammany ring and or tbo Eric ring
two clubs of speculators at tbe bourse,
about which lh3 Fanfulla spoko a month
"Fish plunderd by handfuls from Ihe
public treasury on the ono side and from
He treasury of Ibe railway from New York
to Erie, and made the millions dance as If
they bad been made of India rubber.
"In chronological order, ho was tbo last
of tbe nabobs, in order or riches, tho first.
"Now It happened that in tho courso of
bis adventurous life be stumbled upon tbo
sister of Stokes. To seo her and well, all
tbo rest was tho affair of a few days. Tbe
fair Stokes laden with gills and gold, might
soon have given points to Cleopatra, to the
queen ofGoIconda, and all their pearls.
nut love soon passed away; for some
nature's love is money, and circulates,
circulates, circulates, endlessly. Aud ono
fine day the fair Stokes fouud herself in
the condition ;f Olympla, abovo mentioned,
abandoned high and dry on tlio rocks.
"At this Juncture steps out tho brother,
"Whllo theio was anything to nibble at,
tho tine rellow nibbled away behind tho
scones and held his peace. But when tho
bone was gnawed, all .be rage of injured
honor took tho Held withlu bis generous
soul, and be put himself upon tbo tracks of
his psoado brother-in-law, claiming satis
faction for his sister's honor , and a
tilling compensation. What I lessed fel
lows aie theso positive men I
'But bis anxiety was vain. Fish stood
firm, and Stokes, ono fine day, ambushed
upon a hotel staircase, showered pistol shots
"The revenge was consummated, and tho
family honor, in default of a bath of gold,
was washed In blood.
"Since that day two years have rolled by;
and having been brought to trial, tbe mur
derer, by dint of remands from one court
to another was nearly going unpunished.
"English and American laws require
unanimity for a verdict of condemnation
one dissenting voice carrying tbo remand
or tbe case.
"Tbe unlucky Stokes roll at last upon a
Jury less Amerian than tbe others, and
was, as the telegraph reports, condemned
to four years of Imprisonment.
"There's tbe whole story for you." Let
terfrom Home to Boston Advertiser.
The Girl Nrxt Doon, A correspond
ent writes: Wo moved lately. Before we
wero many days In our new quarters wo
learned, among other neighborhood gos
sip, that "next door to us lives tho Widow
Delany (shades of St. Patrick I) and har
daughter Maria, a beautiful sluger." I
soon had an opportunity to Judge of her
abilities. Our gas was out for tha night,
and I was just entering dreamland, linger
ing In Ihat semi unconscious condition ono
enjoys so much before falling as'eep, when
a wall so long, unearthly and agonizing
broko upon rbo stillness, It seemed as If
soma misused tom-cat, despairing or all
hu plness In this world, bad given vent to
ono last heart rending cry.
"Do you hear thoso catst" I exclslmed,
giving my better-half a poke in the ribs
by way of emphasis.
"Taln't cats," ho snappishly answored ;
"they're blowing oil' steam at the elevat
But I was not satisfied ; so gottlng out of
bod, I seized ono of bis boots and softly
raised the window, In time to bear more
plainly one last frightful Intermingling of
a groan and yell, and some one say, "Bul
ly for you, Mariarl"
It was the girl next door.
Five districts lu Chester county, Pa.
havo elected women to Ibe office of school
Gall Hamilton says, piously : No man
can go Into an airy, pleasant church, sit
down among bis friends and neighbors, aud
fall softly asleep to tbo sound of holy words
from holy lips, without great gain to tbo
llfo that now Is, and, I bellevo and trust,
wilb uo loss to that wbleb Is to come.
There aro In Vew York city 8620 retail
liquor shops, employing 17,000 persons and
dispensing annually drinks to tbe amount
of $32,812,000. Tbe licenses paid by these
bops range from IUO to 1250, bat one-fourth
of the whole number are selling without
any licenses. Tbo annual business done at
tbe shops ranges from 1 500 to 182,600, there
being twenty or tbe latter class1.
Letter front Jaftun.
Tho following letter which we copy from
the Chicago Alllanco of Feb. 21, Is from the
pen of Mr. P. R. Chandler, a fornior resi
dent of this county ;
My Dear Friends i I dined to-day with
Prlnco Nagagawa, who owns a block of
stores 3,800 feet front, near tho railway sta
tion. Ho is very wealthy, and bas throe
godowns," or lire-proof warehouses, each
20x21 feel, two stories, filled with nlco
Ihlugs. Every merchant bas a "godown,"
whero ho keeps bis valuable goods, to pro
tect them from tho conflagrations so nu
merous here. On tbo 01b Inst, an immenso
tiro occurred In tho heart ot tho city, cov
ering a largo area of ground ; loss estima
ted at 2,000,000, and no Insurance. Yes
terday I dined with Prlnco Yoto, one of tho
great men of Japan. Iio lives Just lu tho
outskirts of tbe city, seven miles from tbo
centre, tho Intervening distanco one vast
city, wllh streets and buildings In all di
rections. A half mllo beyond Prince Yo
lo's commence the farms, tbo rlco all cut
now pulling "dlkon," or Japanese turnips,
which aro tho length and size of a man's
arm; they are tho cheapest food In Japan,
and dug ovcry day In the year, and brought
Into Toker (Yeddo) market in large quan
tities. 1 11 ud tbeso farmers all well off and
bappr. Being near a large city, they ob
tain good prices for tbelr vegetables, poul
try and eggs. In company with Prlnco
Yoto, and two English merchant princes, a
Portugucso gentleman and a Japanese, we
went bunting and brought borne wild
geese, snipe and pheasants. I bsve visited
'Hamagotln," the castle, wbere tbe Mika
do and the Japanese government entertain
all foreign persons or rank and distinction.
Duke Alexis and suite were recent guests.
It ha. Immense walls, except where bound
ed by the sea, and could bo easily defend
ed by a few soldiers sgslnst a largo army.
Tho enclosure Is about 320 acres, and con
tains live different fish ponds, with bridges
crossing the same, and handsome summer
bouses on the borders, all carpeted and fur
nished in foreign style. There is a model,
thirty feet high, or tbe celebrated Fusigami
mountain. Every kind oftreo In Japan Is
to be seen here, and all kinds or flowers
and fruits. American grass is introduced
and grows finely. The caurellus aro In
full bloom, and oranges growing, even at
Christinas lime. The American grapes
have been dono up In straw. Tbe place Is
some 400 years old, and contains trees of
very great age. Afler entering .the great
gate we approach, on a granite cut pave
ment, twenty feet wide, tbe new buildings
made for the entertainment of foreigners.
Thero Is first tbo reception, or cloak room,
then tbo tea, or smoking room, when wo
stop to lake a sip of tea, or smoke a Jap
anese pipe, which is tho custom on enter
ing ail Japaneso bouses; then tbe parlor,
richly furnished as the best in America,
and wilb expensive Japanese bronze vases
filled with flowers, picked in the open
grounds in mid-winter. There wcro many
large albums witb 2,000 different views of
Japanese scenery and objects of Interest.
Tbo dining-room and chambers are all
largo and magnificent. The walls are dec
orated with Japanese scenery ; one called
tbo "Fan-room," covered with paintings or
fans, and In fact everything Is to be found
In the bouse that money would buy, for
elegance and luxury. Tho Mikado and the
Mikadoawit)uflon spend several days bcroat
a time. "Hamagolen" compares favorably
with Central Park, New York, but stilt
more inteiosting did I find tbe palaco and
grounds of Prlnco Insagawa, tbo undo of
tbo Mikado, who, at tbe death of tho pres
ent ruler, dying without male issue, would
come In possession of the Imperial scepler.
On Invitation of tbe prince, I had the hon
or or dining with blm aud his family. The
Princess is a second wifo only nineleen
years old, and very handsome, polite and
accomplished, who speaks Just enough
English lo be decidedly Interesting. She
was dressed uiost regally In a while bilk,
and over that a rich crapo material of di
vers colors, with an "Obi," made by band,
of silver and gold thread, allko on both
sides, which must have cost a cool thous
and dollars In Mekican stiver, tbe current
coin oftho realm. Her bead was dressed
in the greatest style, with tortoise shell
bair pins and combs, perfectly splendid In
their way. She wore wbito silk Japanese
stockings, aud when we took a stroll
through tbe grounds, put ou wooden shoes.
Nino servants followed to wa't upon us,
the fair Princess requiring three for her
special service. Japenese ladles never
wear bonnets that is a foolish habit of
more civilized countries ; tbey take pride
in displaying tbelr Jet black bair, which Is
always well oiled. To bolgbten tbelr beau
ties they deem It qulto necessary to use
paint, but tbo moro natural the beauty, tbe
less or tbo artificial required. Tbo Prlnco
bas a son by bis first wife, a bright lad of
ten years, who speaks, in addition to bis
native tongue, English and German. Tbe
Japanese lovo for tbe antique is very great.
Prlnco Iusagawa In bis garden bas four
Immense granite gato posts, which be bad
taken from an old temple and brought
thitber, a distance or fifty miles, and set up
as relics of tho past. On our arrival wo
were usbored Into tbo Tea room, and par
took after the customs or tbe country, tbo
Prlnco at the same timo being engaged in
burning Incense, In a handsome gold and
sliver lucense burner; for In bouses as well
as In temples, tbey burn Incenso to their
gods. Before dinner we were Invited to
take a sip or clear Holland gin. This cus
tom must bavo been Introduced by tbo
Dutch when tbey monopolized the Jap
aneso trade some centuries ago. Tho din
ner was In most spiendld Japaneso style,
served wllh all kinds of wine. My Imper
fect vocabulary of tbo Japanese language
must bo my excuse for not giving a more
detailed account or (lie Innumerable dish
esespecially of tisb and vogelable, the
great diet of the country. Afterwards the
fair Princess, with true fomlulno delight,
showed us her Jewelry, w-atchos, diamonds,
and even her dresses, which were very
beautiful. Tho "Fan room" was also an
object or Interest, with Its many colored
palntlngsj of fans, no two alike; but in the
grounds nature outdoes all things. On one
side tbo lolly, anow-oappod "Faslgaml,"
tbo holy and venerated mountain of Japan,
wblloat your feet the green follago and
bright blossoms of summer, and yonder
tho great ocean, with Us broad expanse,
and Iben Iho vast and busy city of Yeddo,
with its million and a bair or struggling
humanity, and you have a scone not equal
led on Iho race of tbe globo for Us grandeur,
boauiy and vanity.
Tbo revision or tbo treaties I now tbe
subject or Interest, and It Is to be hoped
that tbe country will soon be oponed witb
that freedom to all that characterizes cm
Bishop Cumnilns's dissenters from the
Kplaoopal Church organized at New York,
recently, adopting by-laws, etc., for the ntjrT