Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XLVIII. BRATTLEBORO, VT., FRIDAY, APRIL 1, 1881. JSTO. 13. The Vermont Phoenix AMI VERMONT KEOOBD & FABMER, Untied Slap 1,1880). rOSUIBlD BVXBI TB1DAV BX PltENCU S S'JT331BIAN, Ilang-rr dc Xliomon'..lllock, Main Ml., BIUTTLEBORO, TT. TBBire. Two Dollara per year In advance; fa.oulf uot paid within three snontbe. lurx. or ADTKATiiiKa furnlahed on application. Blrtbi, Death, and Marrlagee publlabed gratia; Obit uary Notlcei, Oardl of Thauke, etc., Ha per luch of 12 tinea or leia. Jintered at the Urattleboro Poet Office a eeeond-tlatt mail matter. O. L. 1TBEXCB. D.ll. BlIWll. BUSINESS GAUDS. eneral Inrurance- and Ileal Eitate Agcnti, Representing Companiea whose Aaaeta areorer 200,000,000. TENEMENTS TO LET. Agenta for lUBcocx Fibk Exiinouibhxks. OlUce In Starr & Estey'a New Bank Block, cor. Malg and Elliot itreeti, BltATTLEUOllO, VT. HEWltY XtlOKKII.m.U., SUKUKON AND liUMCEUl'ATlIlST, umce and realdcnce, No. 3 Oreen btrett. t,j.ecial at tentlou given to cbronlo dlseaue. Hit. uoiro.v, si. i., rUYBICIAN AND BU11QE0N, Bbattlbbobo. Vt. Office and realilence corner Main and Walnut Bta At borne from 1 to a and from 0 to 7 o'clock P. M. OUAS. tV. lllltlV. .11. ., rllVSlCIAN AND HDUQLON, llBATTLtBOBO, VT. OfllcewlthDr. llolton, corner Main and Walnut Sta, E W. HTOnilAlIII. ATTORNEY & COUNBKIXO). AT LAW, aou oouciior vi riKmi, Bbattleboko, Vt. EJ. CAIllr.XK, Market lilock.EUtot SI. Dealer la Toy i, Ftucy aootU, Booka.BUtlooery, Newipapcri, Magazlnri & rerlodlcali. Hubacriptlooi retired for tha prlDclpal uewvpaperiand ma ga sleep. and forwarded by mall or other wlic. WI.. IlE.niN, lloune and Rlgu Fainter, Or" namentaland Freico Tainting, Graining, Kal ominlnB, Paper Hinging, etc. Is9 Oreen Street, Urattleboro, Vt. C. A. Ola A 31. D., Uot Streit.'.Brattleboro, Vt. "TTr.TT. A. DVtTOJT, Dealer In Marble and Y V Brown Stone and Scotch Oranlte Monument! and Headstones. Drattleboro, Vt. JC. nOUTKll, . FIRE INSUBANOE AGENT, Office, Pntne?, Tt. Having taJcen possession of the Store'lalelu occupied by A. J. SIMONDS, Would aa j to the citizena of Erattleboro and vicinity that we ran be found at No. 49 Main Street, Six titty each nerk (extraordlnarlra excepted,) where we will anow our goods and quote prlcei that we think will give you latlafactlon'. We expect to take in exchange for goods moat klnda of Farmer' Prodnce at the very beet price the market afforda. We are receiving a fresh line of JAFA2? TEAS, both colored and uncolored. AUo OOLjOXGS that we think are hard to beat, A fall line of goodi uinally kept In a flrit-cliis Grocery store. t7Cotu and flee ti.jrj WALKER & HOWE. J, ft, CHURCH, man if ra Tint KB or Doors, aSasli & Binds, WINDOW AND DOOB FRAMES, SI OTJUJ IN 3 B , Insido Finish & Stair Hails. PLANING-, JOINTING- AND MATCHING, SCROLL BAWIHO 0 TUHNINO DONE TO ORDER. LATH, . . CLAPBOARDS, Oulldlng and Ylalalalns" Xuanbar, SPRUCE EAVE ST.DTS, Wood Fitted for tho Stovo, KINDLING B, ETC., Constantly on band. .Hod und Yard on Vlat aireet, oppoilll Brattlebora Uannfacturlag Co, rvoffic. at Hhop. urasra uy maiiorotnerwis Drattleboro, Not.31, 18T7. Ordera by mallorotberwlav promptly attended to. i . A. uuuncu, 6mi7 The following la the morn ilatemeat to lit I.BBrane. Commlaaloaer of Sfasaacliaaetta of tha aaanclal cOBdltlOB of tho Iff ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY or DoitOB, ob the Slat of December, 1880. ASSETS. Stock! and Eonda at market yalne.,.. 110,101,701 39 Loana and Mortgage. ...i 3,110,725 00 Real Eitate 1,313,728 70 Premium Notea aecured by pollclea worth double tbe amount loaned .... 1,289,231 M Amount of Deferred Quarterly Preml umi 207,407 15 Oatitandlng Renewal Premluma upon pollclea upon wblcb a valuation baa been made end reaerred 170,630 85 Accrued Ivtereat and Benta 198,031 13 Caab In Banka 117,303 18 Loana on Collateral 101,200 00 115,911,879 40 LIABILITIES. Reaerre at A per cent. In . compliance with tbe atatuteaof Maaaacbu- aetta 113,071,969 63 DIatrlbutiona unpaid. ., 1(3,923 98 Deatb loaaee unpaid.... M,09 00 Matured Endowment. unpaid 25,127 00 113,363,918 88 Burplaa,, .. 13,688,940 (3 37th Anneal Report bow ready for dlitrlbitloa. Free to ear addreaa. UKNJ. F. STEVENS, Prealdent. ur m. uiuucna, Decreiary. MlBOHll,1880. lyll rPO KENT. Two Rood offices In tbe new X Bank Block, on. of them with dm of a book tanlt. Apply at feupl.. National Bank. 1X1 Tne Mm astona -35 Doses rU5 cents. A Mothers 'cmcdy for sleepless and irritable l lilldrcn. The Recipe of Old Pitcher, Free from Morphine, and not Narcotic. Formula published with each bottle. For Flatulency, assimilating the food, Sour Stomach, Feverishness, Worms, and Disor dered liowcls, Custoria ljs the larg est sale of any article dispensed by Druggists. A Porfcoted Piiriflor of the System. Ttic. -"Increartng the ttrrngth. ofitlatlng the ffr.-tttf ilt!'IIlli,uiidmtorturl,eullhuruHCtkmi." WcijsTr.it. For Indigestion, and Dyspepsia, the many forms of Liver Coin ?!alnt, Impure and Impoverished Itlood, and Functional Derange ments attendant upon Debility, and for nnlMIng fip the weak, Asli Tonlc is doubtless the most prompt and certain remedy yet devised. In 1-2 lb. bottles, 75 cents; Sixbottles, $t. Accredited Physicians and Clergymen, who may desire to test the Tonic, will be supplied with not exceeding six bottles, at onc-liulf the retail price, money to accom pany the order. Sold by Druggists, and by D. 11. Dewey & Co., 46 Dcy St., N. Y. .mm The most Powerful, Penetrating and Palii-rclicvlng remedy ever devised by man. It soothes Pain, it allays inflammation, it heals Wounds, and it cures BHEuaiATisar, Sciatica, Lumbago, Scalds, Burns, Stlir Joints, Cuts, Swell ing, Frost Ijitcs, Quiuscr, Salt Ithcuni, Iicli, Siiralns, Cinlls, and Lameness from any cause. Suf ferers from PAiN IN TyE BACK, Fever Sores, Eruptions, Ilrokcn Breasts, contracted Cords, Neu ralgia, Palsyordlslocatcd limbs; and owners of horses, planters, me chanics, merchants and professional men everywhere, unite in saying, that CENTAUK LINIMENT bringrs relief when all other Lini ments, Oils, F.xtracts and Kmbroca tions have failed. WEST BRATTLEBORO, VT., Fob. 24, 1881. LATEST NEWS FROM THE FRONT! LARGE 8TOCK OF PAPER HANGINGS Just recti red. Alio, a fall line of DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, BOOTS & SHOES, OBOOEZB7, And, in fact, ererytblDg ntoally kept in a flr.t-cl.ri cocntrj atore. A FEW HORSE ULANKETS LEFT To le cloned oat CHEAT J Are tlolng- u lurffn Iultu-lr BuiIimi. EATON & NEWELL. ONE OF THE OLDEST AND MOST RELIABLE REMEDIES IN THE WORLD FOR THE CURE OF Couglis, Colds, Hoarsonoss, Soro Throat, Bronchitis, Influonza, Asthma, Whooping Cough, Croup, and Every afTeotlon of tho THROAT, LUNGS AND CHEST, including CONSUMPTION. A WELL-KNOWN PHYSICIAN WRITES I " It doca not dry up a cough, and leave the caute behind, at ii the cue with moat preparation!, but loosen! it, deansce the lung! and aliaya irritation, thua removing the cauac of complaint" 1)0 NOT HE DECEIVED by article! bear, ing aimilar name!. Be euro you get DR. WISTAR'S BALSAM OF WILD CHERRY, with the signature of "I. BUTTS" on the wrapper, SO Centa amd eM.0O a llottle. Frepareil by SETII W. FOWLE 1 SONS, Boa la., Mass. Sold by druggist! and dealers generally. DYEING-STEAM CLEANSING! Dreaa Qoodi. Bhawla. fiaconea.reallifri. etc. died a variety of colon. Men' Clothing dyed or attain- c lea Died and preaaed without ripping 01 crocking, C barge paid one way on good sent tj exprea. El. rcct to BraUleboro 1J Worka. 2(.J.UALA pHUor, Ish-ToniC ant Dumnieriton, ANOTHEn BTATZUXMT THOU THE BCrXBlNTKN DENT, Potilbly the time baa arrlred when tbe town m perlntendent muit wrlta hli report of achool In eea on to band It around among certain elaaa of yoang teacheri, who plead tbe "tin of Ignorance concerning tbe almplett acbool lawe, for tbetr InipMtlon and cor rectlon, before be Inforrai tbe pnblle in regard to the condition of acbool. wblcb they bare a right to know and whom the inperintendent la obliged to Inform, Judging from the temper of tbo teacber'a letter print ed in The Paoiitiz of March 18, It might be Inferred that abo waa made rpeclal object of attack became ahe waa Inexperienced. Why alngle herself out. any more than tbe teacher In No. 0 or tbe one In no. I. WetttT In the special reports made at the annnal March meeting, all tbe teacbera are named and tbelr work crltlctsed. without the thought of doing any one injustice; yet tbla teacher baa a auspiclon of lnjnry, sud. In Justice to herself and tbe district where she taught, takes the pen In defense of an Illegal course of proceeding. Tbe superintendent baa been tinder tbe fire of tongue and pen before this Instance, and yet bl duty must be performed rtgtrdlesa of such attacks. Tbe expression tbst "tbe teacher was not properly licensed until sbe bsd taught nine weeks" does not convey to tbe Intelligent reader that she was not licensed stall; neither is It an locorrect state ment. Bbe waa not properly licensed to teach tn Dommeriton until Feb. 5. It Is not the practice of all teachers from Drattleboro to do as ahe did get a certificate there, begin a acbool In thia town, and ssy nothing to tbe superintendent until too late to pre vent trouble for the district. MIsa Katban. a young teacher from that town.cinje and got a certificate a tbe law requires. Mr. Whitman, bsfore beginning his school, wrote that be held a state normal school cer tificate, gare tbe date, and slated wbere he was going to teach and when bis school would begin. How does a teacher suppose a super lb tendent Is going to know wbere sbe teaches and when ber achool will begin, by telling some one out of the town In which she teaches? All exsmlnatlon papers contain tbe questions: Whero do you expect to teach tha coming term? When Is tbe term to commence, and how long is ltto continual Upon the Information the answers to these questions gire, the soperlntendent arranges tbe time for Tislt logthe schools. Tbla 1a not the first lostance of trouble In District No. 1, West, on account of the teacb era not belog properly licensed. Tbe teacher who taught In tbe summer of 1179 was not properly li censed until tbe fifth week of ber school, and the win ter term was lengthened out two days tn order that the district might hs?e 30 weeks of legal schooling, and not lose the public money. There were many sharp threatening! about ngt paying the teacher that summer for the four weeka of Illegal acboollcg. All tbe serious trouble In town,, the rt year, abont achool. waa occasioned by three teacher not being properly licensed before beginning their schools. The teacher wrote to the auperlotindent, as the ssys; but not "again," ae she claim-. or, if she did. It wss not sent to this office. Tbe following letter la tbe one sbe refers to J "BBiTTXatnoBO, Tt., Jan. 39, 1881. Mr. Mansfield, fr. Sir; Not knowing until re cently that it Is unlawfa! for teacher to procure a certificate In one town and teach In another, I write to ask if you will pleaae be ao kind a to transfer my certificate, which 1 procured In Urattleboro, to Dam merston, if you think It Is necessary. I did not think it neceaaary to pass another examination In Dummer atou, knowing that the examination quest loos arealli throughout tbe county, I am teaching In District Nt, 1. Yours truly, Nona Tift." This letter la Introduced aa e tide nee in the case. It was written on Saturday, three weeka alter the new school laws were published, mailed Jaa. Slit, and re celred by the superintendent at bis boarding-place, Feb. 3d. It doe not read as though tbe teacher bad. wben sbe wrote, "no thought that all waa not right.'1 It doe not read as though ahe had previously written to him 'The following Saturday I again wrote him," he clilms, and tbe date, Jan. 39, answers to her state ment ; but only one letter f rem ber to tbe superinten dent was received by him. "Uut be did not answer my letter." Did he not comply with tbe request write her a certificate and date it Fe b. 6th, the earliest opportunity he had for ao doing ? Sbe begs hi par don for not aendlng a postage atamp, which waa of no consequence and was not tbonght of when tbe letter waa read; but fails to ask pardon for not aendlng tn the letter her Drattleboro certificate, hlch waa of much consequence to blm as evidence of ber scholar ship and moral character. No certificate could be sent lu a letter to her under tbe circumstance, as ah was a stranger and bsd furnished no evidence of schol arship. It waa necessary to withhold tbe certificate until the school was visited and aome evidence obtain ed of her quail II cat ions for teaching. II er achool wonld have been visited for that purpose Feb, lltb, bad 1 not been Informed the day before that tbe teach er waa sick and no acbool was la session. Hence the delay. Iter certificate from Drattleboro baa not been seen by the superintendent, although It waa called for wben her school waa visited. Bbe did not bare It with ber owing, perbap. to the "sin of Ignorance." Tbe necessity for It, as evidence was waived, a new one given, and tbe reasons explained; and she. In grati tude to blm for It, saya be said, "Aa yon hav written me, it is all right on your part." He bss no recollec tion of saying any such thing. There was no occasion for such a remark. Bbe wrote in ber letter sho bad found out that it waa unlawful for ber to do aa ahe bad done. It may be for tbe public good to state that there Is no such thing In law aa transferring or en dorsing a teacher' certificate. See Bec3l, Compiled School l-jwi of Vermont. Certificates may be ac cepted as evidence of scholarship and good moral character, and tbry4)ve thus been used. In regard to her willingness for a second examination, ahe saya lu ber letter that "ab did not think it necesi ary." So It appeara that she was her own Judge la that matter. The superintendent did not suppose his visit waa mad "tbe last day of acbool." Two persons, at least, had told blm, previous to bis visit, when tbe school would clpae. She asks, "Could he not have enforced tb law when It would not have ben a loss to tbe district ?" That Is where one of the "rigid points ef law" comes la, aud the teacher herself must answer Its require ments. She does not think that a "lady Is required" to know these thing. Tbe State of Vermont taluks differently, and haa bad tbeae very iawa about which Ignorance Ja ulalmed, od the urglect of which caused the district to lose It public mouey, printed on tb second page of tbe school register, which this teacher and all others hare an opportunity to read dally while la tbe schoolroom. It Is not a new law, for it was made In 1878. D. h. MAKSFirXD, Supt. Since sending the above article to Tub Phciwix, I have seen Rev, D. L. Miller, the Drattleboro auperio Undent for the year I860, and find that he did not license Miss Tift, lie ascertained, however, from du plicate of certlflcatea left in his bin Js by Rev. W. H, Collins, who waa aaperinteudent of schools for the year 1879, that he granted Mia Taft a certificate dated Feb. 23, 1880, a abort time before tbe election of bis succeisor, Mr. Miller. Tbe law in rrgird to tbe time for which a teacher la licensed Is this: "Each town superintendent shall bold two public examinationa of teachers sunuslty, in tbe moo tbe of April or May and October or November. Raid public eiaminattone shall be held Id all tbe towns in tbe county on the same dsy, and all certlflcatea granted by town auper luteodents shall be good till tbe first day of June In the calendar year next following the examination, and no longer." Tbe examination referred to in tbe hut clause does not mean aoy examination other than tb vub lie examinationa made In the montha named tn tbe law, "Aud no examination of teacbera shall be held at any other time or in any other manner, excrpt In tbe diacretlon of tb superintendent and for tb accommodation cf teachers prevented by sickness or other unavoidable circumstances from attending the regular public examination. It would be Strang In deed if teachers who avoid a public examination could get a license for a longer time than tboae who attend tbe regular examinations. The law is not to be thua eon it rued; therefore certificate granted by superin tendent of 1879 expired by limitation, Jnnel, 1880, and those for 1881 will expire June 1, 188X Itlaplaln to be aeen that tb teacher In District No.I, West, had no legal certificate at tb time ahe wrote to bare one transferred, because the one she bad waa good until June lat, 1880. and no longer rx w. In tbe correspondence now published, we hav given both aide a full bearing, aud think the mi Iter should be allowed to reat bare, ao far as newspaper discussion Is concerned. Ed. Pnatsix. ANOT1IKB OLD RESIDENT OOHE. When tb last census wss taken, In June, 1880, tber were eighteen persona In town over 80 years of see. On March 3d, 1881, Mrs. Betsey Joy Deed, on of tbe number who waa fourscore year of age and upwar 3s, being 85, finished ber conrs in life and paaaed "over the river" to tbe farther side. Her life waa replete with deed of klndneaa. She fought the gwod fight, waa faithful to the Captain of Salvation, and kept tb faith nnto tbe end. Keallxlng, in ber last slcknesa, that her friends on tbe unseeu shore would not have to watch and wait for her coming but a little louger, ahe aelecled for tbe text of th sermon to be preached at ber funeral t "Many are the afflic tions of tha righteous, but th Lord dellveretb him out of tbem all." Bbe died at the residence of her aon, Thomas Reel. Her husband, BimeOn Steed, died in 187S, aged 81. Uia father waa John Deed, one of tbe first settlers In Putney. He removed to that town from Digbton, Mass., settled on West Hill, where there was good, rocky soil, lived there many years, and died In 1840, aged 83. Simeon Reed bought tbe Reuben Km tad place lu thla town, and moved there with bla family In 1812, wbere be lived when be died. Mra. Reed was the daughter or Capt. Amos Joy of Putney, She was born In that town August 8, 1793, and be longed to a large family of children, only two of whom are now living Rev. A marls b Joy of Joyfleld, Mich,, and Thomas Joy or Woodstock, Joyfleld, Mich., waa named Jn bonorofRev.Mr.Joy. Defore ber marriage, Mrs, Reed taught acbool. In the cold summer of 1818 ah taught In District No. l.Dummerston Centre, and baa often aald, in reference to tb coldness of that seaaon, that at times ahe waa obliged to wear a shawl lu the schoolroom, and get into the aunshine, to make herself comfortable, x. l. u. Tux ForuLia Scixvcg Mouth ly fob ArniL con tains fifteen articles, all of tbem readable aud Instruc tive, and several of them of great practical value, Herbert Spencer opens the number with bla alxtb. pa per on "Tbe Development of Political Institutions," In which he discusses th subject of "Political Heads," or tha causes and condition that determine tbe con centratlonof authority and power In chiefs, kings, etc. Tbo Black Racea of Oceanlca," by Dr. u, Ver neau, Is an Illustrated article devoted to a atudyof tbe cranial and facial characteristics of tbe principal ne gro racea of th Pacific Islands. Dr. Felix L. Oswald continue his common-sens treatment of the subject of physical education In an article on "Out-door Life.' He claims, and with reaaon, that, as ft natural preven tive of disease, nothing equal active exercise In the open air; and, for respiratory ailment especially, It Is superior to anything else as a curative agent. For the healthful development of children It la Indispen sable, and with its aasoctated opportunities may be f roflt ably substituted for much of tbe dreary drill of be schoolroom. In the paper on "Tbe Ulstorj cf Chronology," by Prof. li. 8. Burns, we have a very In telligible account of the methods employed by th an cient In measuring time, tha errors they fell Into, with the resulting confusion, and the Improvements that have been effected with tha advance of accurate knowledge. Samuel Parsons writea briefly on "The Relative Hardness of Plants ; and In tb next article, alao a abort one, a media! man undertakes to anawer tbe question wblcb everybody la asking, 'Wbat la a Cold?" "Tbe Purification of Bewer Waters," by M. E. Aubrey-Vltet, la an account of several attempts that have been made to dispose of the sewsg of Par Is, wberelu they have failed, and the prospect of tba latest scheme, which consists In the removal of tbe aolld matter, to be use for agricultural purposes, and th return of th water, thoroughly pnrifled, directly to the rivers. The remaining article are ef an equal ly lnatractlva character. D. Appleton 4 Co., New York, an the puUlabcrs, A PRESIDENT B DAILY LIFE. noutlnelVork At thr lVlillw Ilonsr. THE PftEBIDENT's ASSISTANTS CURIOUS COLLEC TIONS OF LETTES8 AND CLIPPINOS DOMES TIC AND SOCIAL LIFE OF THE O ill FIELDS. tflta IT correspondence of the N, Y, Tribune. The routine office work of the White House constantly Increases. The early President were not even allowed a prlvato secretary by law. They had to pay for all clerical assist ance out of their own salaries. Afterward one secretary was provided for j then an as sistant was added. From Administration to Administration tho working force grew by the addition of clerks, or the detail of army offlcerB, until what is practically a bureau of appointments has grown up. Including the private secretary, there are now seven per sons attached to this bureau, And their places are no sinecures. Often they are busy until late at night bringing up the day's work. If they allow itto get behind It is next to Impos sible to deal with It satlafactorily. Perhaps a description of the current office duties of tbe President's personal staff may interest some readers. Au enormous mall Is received every day. Tbs pile of letters Is deposited upon the desk of t ho private secretary, Mr. Drown, and ho and Mr. Head ley, (the executive clerk, open and classify them. Of course tt Is Im possible for the President to read all the let ters addressed to him. If he should under take the Job he would have little time for any thing else. But ,it fs Important that he should be able to select from the mass such Utters jjs he wants to read. So there Is a system of briefing the correspondence, letter by letter on broad sheets of paper and mak ing a sort of unbound volume of the sheets of each day. By glancing over these abstracts the President can see Tn a few minutes what letters there aro that requlro his attention among tho hundreds that daily arrive. Such of the letters as are applications for office, and more than nine-tenths are of this class, are put each into a long envelopo which he a a printed form on Its back for Indorsement with name, date, office applied for and re marks. Most of these letters are distributed each day to tho several departments and go upon their files. There are, however, sever affiles in tho White House one of official let ter., to which the Fre.ident may wish to re fer, another of applications and recommend ations In cases pending for bis decision, one of personal letters, and one, which would furnish curious reading to students of human nature, called the eccentric filo. An hour spent in looking oxer tho contents of this file would make the least mUanthropic man be lieve that half the world had gone crazy, or causo him to apply to America tho bitter re mark of Carlyle, who said that England was Inhabited by 30,000,000 of people, principally fools. THE rnESIOKXTIal. SCBiP-BOOI. President Hayes carried off to Fremont the "eccentrio file" of his Administration, think in; it could not be considered by any stretch of tbo imagination valuable publio property. Hayes was a great collector of material of personal or historical Interest, and he had an active assistant in his son Webb. AU the newspaper criticisms on tho policy and appointment of the Administration were carefully preserved by him. Ho took with him a small library of scrap-books filled with such clippings. Hpeaking of these scrap books I must not forget to mention in con nection with the office work of the White House, the fact that there is a post similar to that of an exchange reader in a daily newspa per office. This place is filled by Mr. Morton, who serred under President Hayes. He goes through two or three hundred papers a day, cuts out everything be thinks the President ought to see, arranges his clippings in topical scrap-books and takes the books in once a day for the President's inspection. By this system a President can, if he gives sufficient time to the matter, keep almost as well post ed on pnblid opinion as tbe chief editor of a great daily. TIIE YV1IITK HOUSE STAJT. In length of service the oldest member of tbe White House staff is Mr. W. L. Crook, the executivo agent aud disbursing clerk, who dates back to the end of Prealdent Lincoln's Administration ; but there is among tbe ser vants of tbe house a man who was appointed by President Fillmore ; be is tbe fireman and bis name is Herbert ; and the principal door keeper, Mr. Loefiler, was put tn the place by President (Irani in 18G9. Tbe exchange reader does his work behind a big screen in the general reception-room. Tbe private secretary, Mr. Brown, and Mr. Headley have a room to themselves with two bay wiudows looking out on the Potomac and tbe Virginia hills and a door leading to tbe President's room. Adjoining is a smaller room wbere Mr. Prudon, the assistant pri vate secretary, keeps, with tho aid of two clerks, the records of appointments and re movals in formidable leatber-bound volumes like the ledgers in i counting-house. Besides the stall of secretaries and clerks is what might be called an official stnff of ser vants, who are appointed by tbe President and whose salaries are provided for by Con gress in the annual appropriations. It con sists of a steward, doorkeeper, four assistant doorkeepers, a messenger, four assistant messengers, two of whom are mounted, a watchman and a fireman. There is also a telegraph operator detailed from the Signal Service Corps. The other servant of the household, such as tbe coachman, the cook and the waiters, aro paid by the President Tbo repairs and general good order of tbe bouse, Its furniture and its conservatory and grounds are attended to by the Commissioner of Public Buildings and Grounds. Tne oiBriELits and society. Tbe family and social life of tbe Executive Mansion goes on quite apart from the routine official work, and is measurably secluded from it by the big mahogany doors which cut off the portion of the upper ball whero the offices are located. There u always a great deal of curiosity in Washington wben a new Presi dent comes in, to learn how tbe lady of the White House is going to treat tbe public Naturally, tbe social publio is eager to be en tertained and honored by opportunities to call and chat and show its fine clothes, and talk afterward about what is going on in tbe Presidential circles as much as possible. Nat urally, too, tbe wife of a President, while wishing to perform well the duties of her sta tion, Is desirous of keeping ber family life from being wholly broken up. So there is a conflict of forces going on for a time. Mrs. Hayes settled the question in favor of tbe Eublio, and gave it, I think, much more of er time than any of her predecessors. Mrs. Garfield seems disposed to draw the line to as to divide her time more fairly to herself and her family. She will give only two even ings in the week to recreations, and is, I hear, determined to keep up as much as she can her old home ways her reading of books and magazines, ber oversight of the educa tion of tbe children and ber care of her household and all its inmates. No one who has a home and appreciates its ties and da ties will find fault with ber. The hospitality of the White Houso will, perhaps, be less un limited than of late, but those who are so fortunate as to enjoy it will be able to do more than exchange a bow and a pleasant phrase with the mistress of tbe Mansion. If thero is less society there may be more real sociability. Tho darflelds, during their long life In Washington, were never at all fond of fashionable society because it was fashiona ble, but were always exceedingly sociable when sociability was elevated to an intellect ual plane. Any one who bad ideas to give or exchange was always treated as good com pany, whether ho made any figuro in the world of farhion or not. Tbo ways of their modest brick house on Franklin-square and of tbeir farm-house in Mentor are not likely to be greatly modified, except aa the duties of tbeir station require tbem to be. Certainly there will be no aristocratlo exclusiveness and no disposition to honor wealth unless it is playing some important part in advancing the culture, intelligence or great material In terests of the country. nous ura at tux wnm house. A President's family belongs bo much to the publio by custom and necessity that I cannot fairly be accused of overstepping the proper limits of a correspondent's field of ob servation irt thua glancing behind the parti tions that separata the official from the domestic part of the Executivo Mansion. Perhaps I may safely add that tbe family Is reunited now, tbe two oldest boys having left their Concord school to finish their prep arations for college under tho charge of n tu tor. Tfaoy are both to enter the freshman class At Williams, their father's alma mater, next September. Harry, the eldest, whose household name is "Hal," will bo a lawyer if his inclinations do not change during his col lege course. James has a taste for mathe matics and the practical sciences, which points to an actlvo business career. The younger boys, Irwin and Abram, are enjoy ing themselves famously rolling about tbe walks of the White House grounds on their velocipedes orranglng through tbe big parlors and broad ball of the maneion. Tho daugh ter, Molly, may be seen any moming hasten ing to school with her books under ber arm,as pretty a picture of youth and health as can be found In Washington. Tbe new mistress of the White House shows the quiet dignity and grace and the adaptability to the require ments of a social circle suddenly expanded a hundred fold which all her friends knew sbe would display. And the "little mother" min gles as much or at little as she pleases in this circle. Her place at the table is besido ber son and bis arm is always ready for her sup port. Her room is tbe pleasanteet in tho Louse, with its three windows looking out on the drive, the lawn and tho gray walls of tbe BUte and War Departments. Among all the occupants of the White House, I question whether thero is any one as happy as sbe. An intelligent observer, and a keen but kind ly critio of persons and events, she finds life as full of interest for ber as it is devoid of worry and care. r. v. s. Tbe KbiiI of a ltmaiece. Among the obituary notices published In The Journal of Wednesday was a brief one of Lady Blanche Murphy, who died at North Conway, N. II., on the iitst inat. With tbe death of this lady ended a sad story which be gan in a very romantic fashion. She died in comparative poverty, and yet she was the eldest daughter of an English earl, Charles George Noel, Second Earl of Gainsborough. In ber father's house she was brought into frequent companionship with a young man named Thomas P. Murphy, a good looking and amiable gentleman, whoso position in the Gainsborough bouse was that of a muiic teacher. Between tbe young lady and her teacher there sprang up a mutual attachment, which resulted some twelve years ago in an elopement. Even tbe priest who married them endeavored to dissuado tho girl from ber unwise proceeding, but sbe was deter mined, and tbe ceremony of marriage was performed. English society had a fine sub ject for gossip, and the daughter of the house of Gainsborough became a stranger to ber father's home. Bhe was completely cut oil from the family, and never saw any mem ber of it again to the day of her deatb. With her husband she came to America, and here Mr. Murphy endeavored to earn a support by his skill as a musician. Like too many others in one calling and another he failed. Then his wife proved her love still further by tak ing up the burden he was unable to carry. Sbe had natural gifts, was well educated, and had been an observer of people and events. Beginning to write for tho press ber efforts were successful, and during her residence in America she baa made for herself a reputa tion aa a contributor to periodical literature and has been enabled to support both herself and her husband. She wrote good stories and excellent articles on subject of current social interest, and though producing nothing that will endure as a monument to her ability, produced much that attracted immediate and favorable attention. In religion she waa a Itoman Catholic, her father's family having been converted to that faith, and she was a frequent contributor to Catholic publications. She wrote frequently for The Galaxy, and was an occasional contributor to tbo New York Graphic. No children were born of her marriage. In character sbe was a woman of many virtues, and bore her trials in a spirit which might almost be characterized as hero ism. In person she could not be called beau tiful, but sbe was what many people call "in teresting," being small, delicate of figure, with fair hair and complexion and blue eyes, and a great deal of character in her face. Her voice was sweet, but when she spoke there was evidence in her utterance of a concealed power that might be wrongly exercised but still was power. Her body will be couveyed to England. llotton Journal. Wnziz the "IlxniL Bbioadiebs" Abe. Some prominent ex-Confederate Generals are employed aa follows i Major.General Marina, duke is a Missouri railroad commissioner, and, as a bachelor, lives comfortably in St. Louis on a salary of $5000 a year. Genera J. B. Gordon, a counsel for the Louisville and Nashville road, gets a salary of $14,000. Major.General F. B. Cbeatbam has a band some farm in Tennessee, and General L. J. Polk has another. General Toombs prac tises law and is very rich. General Basil Duke is a lawyer in Louisville, Kj., and has a good income. General Bradley Johnson is also getting rich in tbe same profession In Baltimore. AU tbe sons of Ilobert E. Lee, except one, are successful farmers in Virgin ia. Curtis Lee succeeded bis father as Pres ident of Washington Lee University. Gen eral Jubal Early Is living quietly at Lyrfch burg in comfortable circumstances. Genera J. O. Pemberton has become a resident of Philadelphia, is an invalid, and haa written a book on Vicksburg. It is about time to ring down the curtain on cat stories, but before. tbe beU sounds there is just time for a good one. A man now living In Kingston emigrated to the West many years ago and bought a houso which bad stood unoccupied for a considerable time. Tbe first night be beard sounds which con vinced him that there were rat in the cellar, and on investigation he fonnd that hundreds of the creatures were disporting themselves there. Having eaten a quarter of beef down to the bone, they were playing tag among shelves and boxes. He offered to introduce the family oat, but she declined to be present ed. The next day she was missing and tbe family supposed they had lost ber; but on the fourth day a familiar "meow" was beard, and there was tabby at the head of a column of three dozen cats in light marching order, their backs up and tails rampant. The front door was opened and the dotachment moved down the cellar stairs in good order. The next morning a flour barrel full of dead rats was buried behind tbe house and the cats re turned to their homes. A refreshing story for the dog-days, if it could be kept fresh until then, is related by a travelling salesman, Dow by name, who was in Minnesota during a recent "cold snap." Being snow-bound in a small vUlage, the only quarters be could find for the night were in a bleak, haU-furnlahed room, minus a stove, but plus two broken panes in the window. Mr, Dow accepted the situation, and, cblUed to the marrow, went to bed and feU asleep. The next thing be was conscious of was being carried down stairs. He could, n't speak or move a muscle, nor even realize what bad happened. It appears that a "bliz zard" bad set in, the thermometer bad fallen to 409 below zero, and Mr. Dow had actually frozen stiff before the other occupants of the bouse could break into his room and get him out of it. Fortunately, a vigorous course of treatment restored him to action, and he is slowly but steadily recovering. A Boston minister was asked a few days ago what was tbe result of tbe Moody and Sankey revival whether the churches had been ben efited. "Not materially," was the response. "There have been a great many backsliders. Tbe revival was a mistake.. Mr, Moody should have labored in the churches Instead of in a big tabernacle, for in this way be could do effective work. He sees his mistake now, and at Sun Francisco and Oakland, where he is now working, he is laboring in the churches, with the cooperation of mints, ters and laymen, and with better results. One good that grew out of that revival was that it had the effect of making more workers in our churches." Miscellany. Tbit J.ltll Olrl HI Tfftt't. "Tbera'a a liltle girl at Mre'a," Bo tbe ne Igbbora aald, wltb eigba. "She baa lost ber way, we fear, Poor loae birdie, ueaiUDg bere In a home so dark aud dreary, With a mother pale and wearr, With a father who Is waiting Hta atroog life, to roln haetlNg. Yea, ahe'e aurelr gone aatray! Qod ne'er aent ber here," they ear. Ah 1 we've eyes, but eannot see t Deaf, uncertain eara have wet God ia atlll a myatery. Tot "the little girl at Kye's," With her sweet and lorlog eyes, In ber bone a very beam Of the cheery aon did aeem. Till the mother half forgot All the bardabipa of ber lot, And lbe father, wltb a amlle, Think! of each bewitching wile, Tolling all the harder now, Wlplog off bli heated brow. "Quickly matt the work be done ; I tonit go at aet of ann, or ahe grieves, my little one." Tied at home with corda ao alender Baby Hep! and cooing! tender Cordi so alender, yet ao atrong They will keep bla feet from wrong. And hla lawlesa frlenda of old bneered, then coaxed, and then grew cold. Dot, atast one wintry day, Mournf ally tbe neigh bora asy t "Baby'edeadl And they lightly tread, and low Whl.per of the pareota' woe, And aweet nowera they eofuyetrew, Wet with tears aa once wltb dew, Boand ber bead. And the mother, day by day, Fotde ao carefolly away Daby'a things, Thinking, with, happy amlle Through ber falling tears tbe while, "Berapha eannot uny below; Heaven wanted thee, and ao Ood aent wlngi. Hot Ile'll take good care of thec als will keep thee still for me." Faler grew he father'a brow, And the comradee whisper: "Now, Wben bla heart la crashed and sore, lie will come to us ooce more. Let tbe fosmlog, sparkling glanea Tempt him dally as he passee." Tempt blm 1 yea, but be ie !trong ; lleir bl.anawer to tb throng: "I will glre you thU to ponder: I've an angel waitiog yonder Witting, aye, though time be alow, And yrara paea before I go. Barely, anrely, then tie meet That my Hp! be pare and aweet For ber greeting At tbe meeting. Think yon, comrades, that for thtn I'd give np my babya klaaT" So the "little girl at Nya'a" Waa an angel from the aklea Waa a bit of Ood'a own amlle Shining on them for a while. For.wkliel II aLlneth ever, Ood'a own amlle li darkened never. A SLEIQU.RIDB FOll LIFE. The month of February was drawing to a close. There had been a thaw with a warm, drizzling rain, all day ; but just before dark tbe wind changed, and great masses of inky clouds rolled up from tbe northwest. It grew cold very rapidly, and before a o'clock the soft 'sposhy' snow bad become a mass of frozen ice. The morning dawned clear and bright, with tbe mercury only four degrees above zero. Frosty particle glittered in the air, and lbe cleared fields at tbe base of tbe distant blue Oquago mountain seemed cased in fetters of ice. "Boys," said father rising from the table and going where the warm fire was glowing like molten gold in -tbe open grate, "can't you take Mr. Fenton' sleigh home this morn ing as you go to school ? It's down hill most of tbe way, and you can draw it easily by band. Yon will have plenty of time before school commences, and you'll not be bother ed to come home with the horses.' Of course, we could take it, just as well as not. John was 17 and I was 19, bale and hearty.- and, with our strength of muscle and ambitious spirits, we undoubtedly felt, as most young men of that age do, that we were a "full tram" for almost anything. The 1&K yellow sleigh, with three seats and heavy swan-neck, in front, was soon at the door. Tbe diuuer-basket and books were placed therein, and each took his place at the pole, for a briak run along the icy road. "Let me say one word to you, boys, before you go," said father, coming out upon the stone steps. "Don't undertake to ride down bill. It's icy and it's dangerous. Remem ber what I tell you." "All right," wo replied in concert, as we started on a run. The half-mile that Inter vened between our place and the school house was soon passed. A number of girls and boys were running about tbe yard as we came up. "Hurrah for a sleigh-ride a genuine old fashioned good one 1" I sbonted, as we baited before tbe door. "Come, boys and girls, get in. Load up the old sleigh and go down to Mr. Fenton's with us. We'll have a glori ous time, and we can aU get back before school commences. Cornel" Abu, in our momenta of excitement and hi larity, bow soon was the admonition of a kind father forgotten I "Good I" ejaculated Harry Siggars, but toning np his coat and drawing on his mit tens. "Girls, get your cloaks and shawls, and bundle up, and we'll have a half-hour's fun fit for a king." In less than five minutes the long sleigh was well filled with a laughing, merry crowd, and wa were ready to start. BiUy stood up in front to hold the pole, and two of the larger boys took their places on the sides to steer. Herb Martin stepped aside and pushed the sleigh two or three rods as fast as be could run, and then leaped aboard. We were fairly under way. Before we bad passed over 10 rods I began to see that wo had undertaken a dangerous ride. On we flew, gathering speed faster and faster with every rod we passed over, until the keen air blew in our faces, and the trees and fences seemed to dash past us at an amazing rate of speed. What if we should happen to meet a loaded vehicle ? I could not help shuddering at the thought. Tbe boys who were acting as steersmen were stout fellows, who kuew their duty well ; but I noticed they already had bard work, aud the sleigh, wltb it heavy load of human freight, was getting beyond their control. We had not taken into con sideration the icy road and tbe weight of the load that was propelling tbe smooth steel sleigh-shoe with almost irresistible power. We had a good mUe of down grade to ride, and scarce a quarter of the distance had yet been passed. A short way below us the road made an abrupt turn to the right, around a spur of tbe steep hiU-side. The ground bad slid away on the lower side of the road around this turn, and an almost sheer precipice yawned below for more than 150 feet. Could we make the turn ? We had little time to think. A loaded sleigh had passed along the road the night before, and the runners bad cut deep furrows in the soft slush, which wa now frozen liko adamant. Doubtless these aided greatly in keeping our sleigh in proper position. We dashed around tbe dan gerous turn like wildfire. I shuddered aa I caught an instantaneous glimpse of the tall tree-tops away below us, and lower still the clusters of willows that lined the icy shore of the river. At the same moment a column of whit, steam shot up from the foot of the black bank directly below us, and the sbriU shriek of the locomotive rang fearfully in our ears. It was the up mail train, sounding Its approach to the station, Tbe road extended along tbe steep hlU-aide in a southwest direction for half a mile or more, when it crossed tho railroad at the foot of the descent In many places the rocks had been sliced down 40 or 0 feet to form the road-bed, and a preolpltous cliff extended below to the railroad track. Neck aud neck we flew along, eveu with the great puffing iron monster below. It was a wild race for life for If we met tbe train at the crossing no earthly power could save us. The engineer saw us, and promptly sound ed tho danger signal sharp and distinct. It rang alarmingly in our ears, like the knell of approaching deatb. Tbe steersmen grasped the side of the sleigh with the energy of des- Ealr, and setting their teeth together, made a ist concentrated effort to check our lightning-like career. But the moment their feet 1 touched tbe surface they were thrown vlo lently upward, nearly jerking them from their positions, ami tne mad runaway Kleigb tiasb ed ou as before. Tbo engineer seeing our situation as we afterward learned opened the Ibroltle and threw on every pound of steam the cngino was mado to bear. Fearing for our live., be tnado the effort to pass tbo crowing before we reacned tuero. it waa an nwtui moment. Tho slelgh-track spun out behind un like sit. ver ribbons, and the slumps and torners of fences seemed to dash past us like flashes of llghtnlog. Little pieces of ice from the road bed flow spitefully in our faces, and the wind blew to hard we could scarcely breathe. Oh, how f oroibly did father's kind words of warning couto back to our recollection now, and pierce our disobedient hearts with men tal BUEuish I Thoucht of homo and eterni ty pasted vividly through our minds in quick succession. The gitls clasped each other's hands, and with staring eyes and bated breath tremblingly awaited the dread moment. A moment only wo bad to think and wo were at tbo crossing, and the crisis was at band. The sleigh struck the iron rails just ahead of tho cow-catcher, and with a sudden shock leaped forward and upward. Thero was a frightful clanging and hissing around us, and a deafening screech from tbe steam valves as we leaped tbe track. Tbe hot breath of the fierr monster fairlr swent in our faces m we dashed before Mm i.nil he even left bis mark, in tne snape of a loug and deep Inden tation, on the rear of the sleigh-box. The girls uttered a wild shriek of despair, and two of them fainted in each other's arms. Billy Smith sank down pale and trembling, and the steersmen lottcred and shook as though tbeir almost palsied limbs were struck with deathly weakness. It was all over, however. We had won the race ; we wero at the bottom of tho hill, and .we were safe. The engineer and fireman swung their bats, and a score of handker chiefs fluttered at tho car-windows as they dashed past us ; but we were too much fright, med and excited to return the congratula. tions. Our rate of speed diminished rapidly as we crossed the liltle flat, and, sboitly after we struck the ascending grade, ceased altogeth er. The shock to our nervous systems had been considerable ; but nevertheless we soon recuperated, and while the girls slowly wend ed their way back to the school-house, we drew tho sleigh to its destination. We returned to the school-room that morn ing 10 minutes late. Tho teacher had heard the story of our narrow escape, but did not mention it to us then. Perhaps our blanched faces and nervous glances revealed tho fact that we had learned a lesson we wero not soon to forget. Aye, so It was ! For wocks after that ex citing event I often saw in my dreams the great, hissing iron stoed just dashing upon me, and with the alarming scream of tbe steam-whistle I would give back the answer with a despairing shriek, and awake, trem bling with mortal terror. Father kindly for gave us when he heard of it, but it was the last of our riding down hiU ; and from that day to this I cannot witness the sport any where near tbe raUway without recalling uiy fearful experience, when so many'of us pass ed through such a narrow escape from a death so horrible. Golden Dayi. Tbe Way Tblng. do. Affairs do go oddly in this world. Tbe other day there was a railroad disaster in New Jersey, wbereby several persons wero hurt, but only one, as It turned out, fatally. He was a young man of singularly industrious habit and of a most unselfish character. Up on his labors an aged father and mother and two sisters wholly depended for their support. It was tbo ambition of this young man to give to his mother a deed of the bouse which the family occupied. To this end be bad foregone marriage, and toiled early and Tale ; he personally attended to tho smallest house, keeping details, managing them with the most painstaking economy. Tbe family it self had s.en better days, and he was the last prop left. His manly and self-sacrificing spirit had gradually impressed itself upon the community in which he lived, so that he was respectfully and kindly regarded on every hand. He Lad been in one place of service and trust for eight years, and only life and time seemed to be needed to enable him to finally securo the end toward which all his en ergies were bent. Well, out of eight car loads of pasrengers he was the only ono kill ed. Sitting in the seat with him at tbe time of the crash was a man who has sajd since that be thought ho wo ready to die and that no one would have suffered by his death, or, according to his own perhaps excessive mod esty, missed him. This man was not even scratched, whUe bis fellow occupant of the same seat, about whose life so many Interests were linked, was so hurt about tho head that even his remarkable natural strength gave no hope from the first that he could survive. Things do go strangely In this world. JVVao York Evening Pott. Tbe sew PsoniBmoN Law or Kansas is meeting with the strongest opposition from a quarter whence trouble wag least expected. The law absolutely forbids the use of wine in the sacrament, punishing the minister who so administers the sacrament with two yearB Imprisonment in the penitentiary, and shut ting up tbo church itself as a public nuisance, according to the interpretation of tbe Itev. Dr. Beatty, rector of the Episcopal Church at Lawrence. On a recent Sunday Dr. Beatty administered the sacrament as usual, regard less of the consequences, having previously announced to the congregation his determi nation so to do. He said: "We are willing to render unto Csosar the things which are Ciusar's, but we will still give to God the things that are His. I say, as did Peter, 'Judge ye whether we should obey men rath er than God.' Of one thing you may be as sured, we shall never recognize fora moment the attempts of human legislation to destroy the great sacrament of the Christian church." It is probable that tbe Itev. Dr. Beatty's ao tion will be Imitated by other clergymen and the result is bard to predict. It will bo ar gued that the State cannot permit the pro hibition law to be openly violated by clergy men without arousing a storm of opposition from those to whom its enforcement ia a pe cuniary loss, and, on the other band, that to consign the Itov, Dr. Beatty to prisou and close his church as a nuisance would place sharp weapons in the hands of those who wont to see the new law hewn down root and branch. The Scene in the Senate Between Mae-one and Uiu, is said to have been so bois terous that even the reporters could not catch all the angry words spoken. A correspondent of The Syracuse Journal says that before Ma bone left his seat he rose, and looking across at Hill, said, in a tone of defiance i "The Senator haa charged me with what no man shall dare to charge me I" and pointing his finger in a menacing way, shouted, "Stop I I say stop, right there I" with emphasis on the closing words. It was manifest that Hill quailed ; but so full of ire was he that the passion was irresistible, and he could not or would not desist. When Mahone left his seat he talked as he moved over toward Hill, half couching, half creeping, and saying: "You want to know, do ye f who it is (raising his voloe to a high pilch) : you waut to know who it is that dares to vote as be pleaso3 f" When Mabone came close to Hill, shaking tbe finger in a manner that was in keeping with the flash in his eye, he suddenly stood erect and shouted) "Weill here is tbe man who dares to vote as he pleases." A New York lady, well known for her good works, whose rule it has been to Investigate before granting the applications for alms at her door, reports that in seventeen years' ex perience she has never found a deserving case among persons thus applying, a fictitious ad dress having been given In every cose. The Sunday School Times argues that this does not prove that there are no deserving poor, but It does show the folly and wickedness of indiscriminate giving. Tbe poor are "always with us," but so are the idle and tbe vicious j and there is need of tbe utmost care in giv ing, lest, instead of relieving actual want, Christians propagate pauperism and crime. I.f UK Ell AC. Six electric lighting companies aro now orgaulzcd In New York city. The pork scare abroad has reduced the exports of bacon from New York from 12, 000,000 pounds weekly to 7,400,000 pounds. Seven masked robbers bound and gagged an old couple living at Catfish, Pa., oile night last week, and robbed the safe of over $10,. 000 in Government bond. The public debt of tho United Stales is $C8 per hcadj of Spain, $164 1 of France, 13C; otEugland, 8117; of Holland, $114 ; of Canada, $28 ; of Mexico, $3D ; of Switzer land, $2. A desperate burglar named Pat Ebert at tempted to rob tbe National Dank at Holla, Mo., and was shot dead by an officer's posse whowero watching for blm. Sothern, tbe actor, requested that his friends should not attend bis burial, as "peo ple catch such colds standing about in grave yards with tbeir hats off." Cypress trocs have been plantod around tho spot where the czar fell, and sacred pict ures with lamps burning beforo them have been placed there. At one of the Moody meetings in San Francisco, Mr. Miller, the new senator from California, rose nnd asked prayers that he might be enabled to lead a Christian life in Washington. President Grevy of France has accepted tho invitation of the United States to send representatives to the Yorktown centennial celebration. A German physician, Dr. Hcrz, has in ventsd a telephone by which conversation was carried on through a distance of more than COO miles, over a circuit having no special adaptation to tho purpose. Mrs. Mark Hopkins, of San Francisco, is fitting up a haudsomo home in Great Barring ton, Mas'., intending, it is reported, to make that town her legal residence, thus saving a large amount of taxes in California. Kossuth is now living in a pleasant villa near Turin. Although nearly sevtnly-nlne years old, he Is in good health, and his intel lect is unimpaired. He spends a great dial of time in studying natural science. The importation of opium for smoking into tho United State in 1880 reached 77,190 pound?, an increase of 10,518 pounds over the previous year. It is chiefly consumed by Chinese smokers. Its total value in gold is $773, 790. For the year ending March 1, there were packed in Chicago C,7A2,401 hogi", an in creaso over tha previous year of 1,071, 554. This Is said to be the largest number ever packed in one year in any city in the world. Texas prohibits by law the opening of telegraph offices on Sundays. Tho Detroit Free Press expresses the hope thot tbe good state-will go a little further and make it a mis demeanor to murder a man on Sunday. A recent compilation of the criminal sta tistics of the country gives one convict to every 6,000 of population. Although this ap pears a largo percentage, it is less than shown by any other nation. Nearly one-fifth of all the cotton raised in this country in 18S0 as raised in Texas. That year Texas produced about 1,000,000 bales, or eighty times as much as sbe produced in 1810. Iron sleepers for railroads are coming in to quite general use in Germany, aud hare been tried in this country. Tbey are not made solid, but shaped nearly liko tho wood tioj, with tho bottom and inside left out. The Massachusetts supremo court has de cided that if a passenger ou a railway train leaves the train while it is in motion he is no longer a passenger, and has no rights against the company for damages in case of accident resulting from his otu act. Tho Congregationalist warns people against subscribing in advance for copies of tbe revised Now Testament, which agents are offeriug at $1.50, since it will be scarcely a week after tbe appearance of the new Lock in this country before it wiU be sold every whero at from 10 cents upwards. An Englishman named llowe, profiting by Mr. JoTju Burroughs's suggestion that tbe English skylark might bo naturalized in this couutry, is about to ship twenty-five pairs of these birds to tbe United States and liberate tbem bere. The great desire of the negro visitors to Washington is to see Secretary Lincoln, and they flock to him in crowds, sayiog they want to shake hands with tho sou of tho man who issued tbe emancipation proclamation. The way of trangressors is hard. A man in Missouri worked tbreo months and spent $150 in casb, getting ready to make bis for tune by counterfeiting coin. lie made just sixteen bronze cents and took n vacation of four years in tbe penitentiary. Miss Kate Field recently bad a dress made iu Paris by the famous Worth, of American silk, and Mrs. Bonanza Mackey so admired it that she went aud did likewise. Worth says the Americans will soon beat tba world iu making silkr, as tba French fabrics are constantly deteriorating. Gen. Grant's house in Galena is in charge of an old soldier and his wife, wLo take pride in keeping it in perfect order. Many of tho presents bestowed upon tho General and Mrs. Grant daring their sojourn in China and Japan are to be seen in the parlor and library, There aro now 2209 lager beer breweries in the United States, and during tho year end iug May 1, 1880, tbey turned out 12,800,900 barrels of bier, or one barrel for every four persons in the country. This is an increase of 2,019,712 barrels over the production of 1879. Moody and Sankey liavo finished their four-months' campaign in San Francisco. Al though San Francisco bos no great reputation for piety tho meetings of the evangelists have been crowded, and tbe number of converts is placed at 1000. Moody visits tho Yosemite vaUey before returning East. Big ocean steamships are now'a necessity to meet the demands of trade. The City of Berlin of the Ionian Line is 488 feet by 41 feet, and tbeir new steamer, tbe City of Home, building at Barrow, England, wiU be still larger, viz. i Length of keel, SIC feet ; length over all, 590 feet ; breadth, 52 feet, and a gross registered tonnage of 8000 tons. A white pine tree of remarkable dimen sions was feUed recently at- Crystal Spring, Yates Co., N. Y, The tree was perfectly sound and vigorous, 13 feet in circumference at the ground, and nearly 200 feet in height. Tho "rings" on its stump indicate an age of 315 years, and it is estimated that 4000 feet of lumber will be cut from its trunk. John and Michael Sullivan, laborers on the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, discovered a crooked rail on the track near McKeesport, Fa. While they were endeavoring to straight en it in. order to prevent a train from being wrecked, a passcngor train came around the curve. Tbey frantically worked at a crowbar to get the rail replaced to save the train, and succeeded just in time, but both men were struck by the engine and killed. The famous insurance case of Col. Wal ter Dwigbt of Blughampton, N. Y., is decid ed by the New York court of appeals against tho insuranoo companies. Dwigbt obtained $225,000 in various companies between Au gust 18 and September 17, 1878. ne died In November, 1878, and it was alleged that he bad purposely taken means to undermine bis health, and, again, that be had committed suicide. Somo of tbo companies, however, paid tbo claims presented. In April, 1879, the body of Col. Dwigbt was disinterred and a Jury of inquest found that death resulted from natural causes. The litigation has gone on, and has now reached a decision as above, An important discovery has been made in connection with tbe telegraph systems of some parts of Europe, The wires have in many parts been laid in leaden pipes buried beneath the roadways, and in some places embedded in mortar or cement. Whenever this has been the case, on opening tho pipes It is found that the lead has disappeared and given place to a basic carbonate of a brittle and porous nature. Experiments conducted by an expert, it is said, have shown that lead, when placed in contaot with lime for a time, invariably loses it weight and becomes sub. ject to a corrosive action, which ultimately destroys it.