Newspaper Page Text
BRATTLEBORO, VT., FRIDAY, AUGUST 2d, 1883.
The Vermont Phoenix
VERMONT RECORD & FARMER,
1-UDUIUfcb EVtUTT FH1DAY BT
JiUtli-IVClI fc HTBDMAN,
ItAiiffftr A TUomiion lllocfa, MiaJii Ml
1'kUMB. Two Dollar pir year lu advaucej $2.&01f
not paid withluthreo mouths.
It at l.a op AuvEnruino furnished ou application,
llirtus, Death and Marriages published gratis; Obit
uary .Notices, thirds of Thanks, etc., 75c per Inch of
li llui s or leu".
Hat c it n(i ArufurturoiVtt Ojjiee an HtconMat
O. L. Fkencu. D,D. Bxedman.
Uemral Insurance and Ileal KslaU Agents,
liifpreaoutlng Companies whose Assets rto er
T ENEMKNT8 TO LET.
Agents (or Daucock Fiiie KxiIniivipiifiis.
Olllee lu HUrr k Ete's New Hauls F.lotk, iurMaia
ana LI Hot streets,
J- Am: M. TVLEIl,
h a w oriMOii,
Wll.stou'B Ulock ..Hrattlebcro, Vt.
it. ai-i-i: tv co.,
DKALKltS IN LUMUKIt OP ALL KINDS,
tt22 Flat ft tret, Bratlleboro, Vt.
PUYHICIAN AND 8UK0E0N,
ofllce in Crosby block, over Vermont National Bank
Omce bourn 8 to U A.M., 1 to 3 P.M.
Residence, 19 Mala at. Dkati LEDono, Vt
ir.,f A. ItUTTU.'Vt Dealer In Marble autl
VY Urowu Htouo iUdKcotch Graulte Monuments
aud Headstones. UrattUboro, Vt.
Office and residence 37 Elliot at., Hraltleboro,
Ofllce hours before 8 a. M. J 1 to 2 and 0 to 8 p. u.
. AT'lOltNUY AN11 COUNSELLOll AT LAW,
Ulhcc, Kaviuga hank building. W It-MlKoioN, Vt.
8URUT0N AND UOMtKOl'ATlIlST,
Olbco lu Leonard's Ulock, Elliot Street. Ulnee hours,
1 :3u to a:uo au.l 7:eti to 'j:io r. m. special attention
given to chronic diseases.
f I it. iioirox, .,
LI. I'HYSK'IAN ANU HUllUKON,
OllUt1 aud residence roruer Alain and VvalnutHfs
At home from 1 to 2 and from G to 7 o'clock 1. M.
.INICIAM V fHTOIMsAItlf,
ATTUKNEYH AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
And Hollcltora of Patent!,
Dealt riuToj a. Fancy Goods, liooks.Htationery,
newspapers, Magazines & Periodicals. Hnbscriptfons
rocehed for tlio principal neuspapersaud magazines,
and forwarded by mail or otherwise.
WL. House and Hign painter. Or
uamental nnd Fresco Painting, draining, Kal
soniluing, Paper Hanging, etc.
Iv9 Green Street. Uratlleboro, Vt.
FIUE INSUUANCE AGENT,
Banking anti Enbestmrnts,
People's National Bank,
1 1 n ,v nr , i i 1 1 o 1 1 , vt.
Wo respectfully offerour services for tbe transaction
of any banking or collection business you may have
lu tula vicinity.
We buy and sell UNITED BTATKS HOSUS, and
for the accommodation 4f onr customers furnish IN
VESTMENT SECURITIES suitable for trust funds
and conservative Investors.
We draw FOREIGN EXCHANGE, and can furnish
Letters of Credit for travellers' uia In Great Ilrltaln
Any business entrusted to cur care will receive
prompt and careful attention.
V. A. FAULKNEIl, Cashier.
PAULEY STAW1, President. lyxt)
J. II. MEUUIF1ELU,
It. M. S1IEI1MAN,
Vermont Loan 6 Trust Company,
GltAXU JFOItKN, DAKOTA .
Itod Kivor Valley Farm Loans,
Bearing 8 to 9 per cent, interrst, net.
Full particulars, with references, f urnlbed on ap
plication. Correspondence solicited, 13
THE BEST TONIC.
Cures Completely Dipeiwio
ImI!c;etloii, fnlitrln, Liver anil
Kidney C'omnlHlntH. IriiKglttf
autl PliyMlcliuiM endorse It.
Use only Brown Iron Hitters made by
Brown Chemical Co., Baltimore. Crossed
red lines and trade-mark on wrapper.
Bitters, by increasing
vital power, and ren
dering the physical
functions regular ana
active, keens the sjb-
temlu good working
order, aud protects it
against disease. For
sia, liver complalut,
and rheumatic diseas
f s, tt Is invaluable.aud
it affords a sure de
fence against malarial
fevers, besides remov
ing all traces of such
(Unease irom me rj
For sale by all drug
gists ana ueaieis gen
m BE8T THING KNOWN
IH HARD OR SOFT, HOT OR COID WATER.
HAVES 1VAB0U, TIMKondBOAV AMAZ
INGLY, and glv unlveraal .nUsfactlon.
So family, rich or poor .houlil bo without It.
woll doilsnod to mislead. riSAHHNE la the
OSLV SAFE labor-saving compound, anO
al ways bears the abovo symbol, and namo o(
' JAMES r-YLE, NEW YORK.
A NEW DISCOVERY.
t2TFof several year wo have f uroUhed the
Dairymen of America with on excellent ; arti
ficial color for buttcrj so meritorious that It mot
lltheroat suwesa everylier recelvlne the
hUho.t and only prhu-s at both International
lUtat'1hy imllent andarlentlllo chemical re
scarchvelavo Improved In wvenil points, ana
nowolT(.rlUU new color as rn btitin thtvorld.
It Will Mot Color th Duttermllk. It
Will Not Turn Rnncld. It I. trie
Strongest, D Tightest nnd
Chenpest Color Madet
fWAnd, whilo prepared In oil, U so compound
ed that It H lmKsiillo for It to become r.ncid.
tifBEWARE ft all Imitations, aud of all
other oil color., for they ni llablo to become
rancid and poll tl butter.
1 tTTIf ToucannotEittUo"lmprovl" writ. us
to knovewhiroondbowto fit It without eitra
; HIUS, IllllltltllvOVI A 10., B.rlUrlOI.
run FMTJi.ouiiK votrvKtrrmtr.
ROME OF TUB TESTIMONY tUVEN Iir I1EMEVEH8
AT ONE OF DIt. OULLIO'S MEETINOS IIEM1 AT
OLtl OtlClIAtin JtEACtl LIST WEEK.
Illeported by a Cincinnati Gaicllo correspondent.
Tho chapel, which hold, near ona thou.
Baud persons, was crowded this morning
nlslon, galleries and wlndowH. Persons wero
oven looking through tho joints and looso
sliding of tho loft, the church being as yet
unptastered. Dr. Oullls, atter preliminary
cierclsen, read the flflh chapter of James i
is any man among you oillicted, let lilui
pray j is any merry, lot him slug psalms j Is
any sick among you, let him call for tho old.
era of tho church, and lot them pray over
him, annointlng him in the linnio of the
Lord i and tho prayer of faith shall novo the
sick and the Lord shall raise him up, and if
ho havo committed sins they shall bo forgiven
Dr. (Jullis said that about twontv vcarsaco.
n roadlng this chapter, ho was Impressed bv
its plain pointing of facts aud promises. Ho
argued, however, that it was for the apostles,
for tho early church, not for us. Hut, after
mucli thought, It seeming as If tho chapter
would eivo him no rest, and boina tiuable to
comprehend It, he ono night lifted his testa.
meni m torn nands towards heaven, and tola
tho Lord he couldn't understand, ho was so
feeblo aud fco biased, but ho pledeed God
that if ho couldu't understand ho would be-
Here every word In that book, tako every
promise, and serve God.
About that time ho heard of tho little
hunchback woman of Switzerland, who prayed
with tne sick ana they were bealed. Ho bad
promised God to believo all Ills promises and
to servo Iliui. Ito was n young physician,
with little money and no iullueuce. A young
man, tar gono In consumption, employed
him as a doctor. Human power was help
less. Ho took tho caso to God. Tho youug
man was .cured. Afterward ho tried to so.
cure a home for Invalids consumptives ; he
had only il.'O of his own. Ho asked God
for help, and tho money catno ip ; he had ro.
eclved over a half million dollars without so
licilalion. Thousands had by faith been ro
stored. Ho had prayed in lloston with ev
ery namablo disease. He had gono to Eu
rope to tell of God's power. Ho had met
witn religious peopio of all nationalities at
tho great meeting of Father teller in Switz
erland. The Queen of Swodcn, standing
with her lliblo in her hand, told him of her
belief and knowledge of faith in healing.
People had called him an impostor ; had
said that he healed by magnetism. Some
afllictod had written t "If I can only see you;
I could be at this mooting, I could bo
healed." "The ground don't heal," said tho
doctor j "the crowd don't heal. I don't s but
it is Jesus. It is not my magnetism. It is
God's power." Hut ono thing must be borne
In mind. This healing is not promised to
the ungodly. It is n promieo only to thorto
who have accepted Christ as the Saviour of
their souls. Now, tho next step is for the
man to btlievo In God's guidance and help,
spiritually, physically, temporally full trust.
"l'ooplu sometimes coiuo, said the doctor,
"for mo to pray for their bodies. 'Do you
trust Christ for your Saviour,' I ask. 'No,'
thoy ray. 'Then thcro Is no promise for
you ; it is for those who accept Jesus as a
Saviour, and who believe. He can save soul
and body.' 'Why don't God cure every
easel1' no are asked. Hecauso all aro not
Christians. In healing diseases cancers, for
instance they don't jump out of a person;
but tho system is renovated as the heart is
made over when God converts a man. Hut
now v,e WHtit testimonies to the power of
Christ." continued Dr. Cullis. "Itiso, tell
your name, whero you live, of what disease
youwerocurcdjWho had been yourphysicians,
and whether you were cured at onco or grad
A very sweet-faced lady rose and stated
that she had boen brought in a chair to llos
ton, not having walked for seventeen years.
She walked now without crutches or cane.
A young mother told of her baby givon up
to dio by the physicians. She prayed in
faith, and "here," said the mother, "is the
child, healed by tho Lord." Tho little girl
had soft anil long ringlets and a mischievous
face, and laughed reassuringly at tho great
An episcopalian lady bad been stricken
with paralysis in New Orleans; she was a
stranger, far from home and friends. Sho
could neither move nor sptak. Her faeo was
dranu ; her friends hardly know her. Aftir
several years in this state, there beiug no
hope, a minister. Dr. Sausome, asked her if
she could believo Christ could cure her in
stantaneously. She sighed "No." Afler a
while sho had faith to believe that ho could
do it gradually, but not at onco. Sho had
been currd in six months, and had been per.
fvctly well for several years. Whenever an
echo or a pain caruo to her, she believed it
was the temptation of the devil. "No, I
say, this is the Lord's body ; tho devil has no
longer dominion over it."
Mrs. Margaret Clark of Newark, N. J.,
had a tumor of the throat ; she felt the heal
ing power go through her like an electrio
shock. When she left the place her feet
hardly touched the ground. It was no grad
ual work with her. Dr. Cullis hero rose and
said smiliiiL'lv. that this lady was a Metho
dist, which may have accounted for this.
A very flegantly dressed young womau
said she had consulted pbysicinus in Europe
and America ; she had ltright's disease, an
internal tumor, ana such a complication 01
disorders that no physician gave her the
slightest hope. She was now perfectly well.
A Lowell lady bad a cancer on her face. 11
had entirely disappeared. She was a young
woman and wept with emotion when she told
Dr. Iluckley of tho Methodist church, a
minister, had disease of tho thigh bone nine
teen years, walked with a crutch ana cano
and sulfercd constantly. Dr. lliglow of llos
ton could not cure him. One day calling up
on Dr. Cullis ho was atked why he did not
have bis leg healed. "Do you doubt uod s
power V" he was asked. He answered I "Not
the power, but the will." "God wills to do
as He promises," replied Dr. Cullis. Dr.
Itordi'ii, who win present, said : "Let us
pray." When ho rose Dr. Iluckley reached
for his crutches. "No," said Dr. Cullis, "wo
must act. Don't uso your crutoh." "I car
ried away my cane ami crutch under my arm.
I often, from force of habit, pick up my
canj when I slart out, aud often loso it," said
Dr. Iluckley laughing, "leaving it where I
A gentleman came to these camp grounds
nearly dying with disease of tho throat aud
asthma. Ho heard the explanation of this
doctrino by accident, It seemed a rational
thing to him. "Thursday," said he, "it
would have killed me to walk to tho top of
that hill. Saturday I could run up it with,
out auy dilUculty in breathing. I am bub
bling over wilh joy. God has saved me,
healed me, sanctfUed me. l'raise Ilisname."
An Irish Catholic womau said, as she stood
here, the Lord had stirred her heart to speak.
She kuew her people would know our relig.
ion, and obtain a knowledge that neither
l'eter, tho Cardinal nor tho l'opo was God,
but that our God was theirs ; our powerful,
merciful, healing Saviour, who oould save
both soul aud body thruugh faith in him.
A man told of entire cure of chrouiarhiu-
matisiu, Another of organic heart disease
another of cousuiuptiou. There were b
many who wished to testify, and theohuroh
uaiso dentely packed, that It was proposed
that tho iu eting adjourn to auother day, and
that the xercises he held in the immense am
phitheatre uuder the pines.
Nothing daunted, Mr. Gaylord entered prt.
vately into negotiations with a couplo of spec
ulators who knew of a whllo nnd a spotted
elephant which might be obtained with tho
aid of two mercenary priests. Ho thereupon
cabled from Singapore t "What shall I offer
for two such elephants?" Tho answer was
sent i "Anything that will buy them deliver
ed lu Ilritish territory." Ily means of various
manipulations tho agent was ablo to cable the
latter part of March of this year t "Elephants
all right at Mautrnain, Ilurmah." This was
followed soon aftorward by a cable despatch
from an English lawyer saying that Gaylord
had been arrested for stealing Bacred olo
phants. Hut after uiuo days Gaylord was ac
quitted and the elephants wero gotten safety
to Singapore and on board a ship bound for
San Francisco, where, had nothing nverse
happened, they would havo arrived July 1,
This Information was all sent by cablo to Mr.
llarnum, and it seemed certain that America
would at last soe a white elephant, Tho next
day, however, news was received that the el
ephant (it should havo read elephants) was
dead. Tho King and "Agod Uncles" had, as
a last resort, to provent tho sacred animals
leaving tho country, sont emissaries on board
the ship who poisoned both beasts. At that
point tho outlay had been more than $1110,.
000. Mr. llarnum says, nevertheless, that
tho Amoricau public shall yet see a genuluo
sacred white elephant, and Mr. Gaylord has
alroady roturned for that purpose.
A 1411 lMcttir.:' of Jtiy umIi.
A correspondent of tho New York Sun con
tributes to that paper the following sketch of
Jay Gould, who was bom In ltoxbury, Dela
ware county, N. Y., in 18:11 1
He began to go to school at an early age lu
the little village of ltoxbury. It was soon ob
served by his schoolmates that Jay was differ
ent from other boys of his age. lie was not
what U generally termed "a manly boy" not
one who would join heart aud hand in their
rough btit good-natured games. Ho proferrcd
rather to remain indoors during recess and
noon time, safely enscousad in some remote
corner of tho schoolroom, and busy about no
ono know what. When approached by his
mates with a rough but hearty invitation to
couio out aud join their games, ho would sul
lenly refuse, If In banter the boys attempted
to forco him to join them, ho would at onco
make a great outcry, and, breaking away from
them, sit ami mope until tho school was called
to order. Then ho would at once go up to
tho master's chair and enter a (earful and
highly-watered complaint againit his enemy.
His accusations usually rosulttd in a vigorous
application of the birch to thu back of tho
offender. M my a sound thrashing lias the
writer received at tho instigation of this samo
Jay, for no greater an oIThuco than that he
had "dowutd" him In a friendly wrestle.
It soon btcamu generally understood among
the boys thathttle Jay v. as a "bawl. baby" and
a tattler, who could not bear, like oilier lads
of his ago, a trilling dofeat at play, without
endeavoring to bo revenged by blabbing to
tho teacher. I can soe now the look of satis
faction upon his face, the gleam of his black
eye, the rubbing together of his hands, ashe
gazed upon th" squirming victim of the mas
ter's rod or hi art! the culprit's yells coming
from tho dark entry sacred to punishment.
Although we are at the present time, aud, in
fact, havo beon through all our lives, friends
in a certain sense, yet I cannot rid myself of
tho impression that Gould has to day the
same revengeful spirit. I believe he would
sacrifice "JIO.IKX) yea, three times that amount
in gratifying that spirit of revenge upon
ono who bad worsted him to the exteut of one
tenth that sum.
As a scholar, Jay Gould applied himself
with diligence to his books, but in all branch,
es save mathematics he was regarded as a reg
ular dunce. Iu mathematics, however, ho
excelled all others of his age and many of his
elders. He seemed, in fact, to have a special
faculty for this one study, and he improved
it to the utmost. When he was lit), or there,
abouts, ho had already become a skillful sur
veyor, and he conceived the idea of making a
map of Delaware county and compiling a his
tory of its earliest settlers. Not wishing any
one, even his father, to profit by his venture,
ho first perfected an arraugetnent with GoulJ,
senior, by which for a certain sum ho (Jay)
should bo allowed his time until his majority.
His plans resulted in a careful survey of tho
county and in a map of it which, by tho
way, is a marvel of accuracy. Many of these
maps may still be seen hanging upon the walls
of tho homes of tho inhabitants of that coun
ty and the surrounding counties. His history
possossed somo mtrit, too, and many copies
of it are still extant. In this venture he clear
ed Ij.VKKl quite a fortuno in those days and
gained the reputation of beiug a smart and
sharp youug man.
Shortly after this his- shrewd business tact
and ability as n financier attracted the favora
ble notice of ',doo l'ratt, a woalthy tanner
of I'rattsvillc, who sent his son, afterwards a
colonel iu tho Union army aud killed in tho
lato war, to invito young Gould to call upon
him at his earliest convenience, as he ttiougut
that by pulling together they might make
money. Pratt, although very wealthy, was
of intemperate habits, and was generally con
sidered to bo more lucky than shrewd in busi
ness. It is needless to say that Jay lost no
time in calling upon his wealthy noighbor,nnd
it was soon known that together they had
purchased a large and valuable tract of hem
lock timber land In llrailloril county, l .". in
this venture Pratt put in his money aud Gould
his business talent. Soon an immenso tanno
ry was built, and tho place was called Goulds
ville. Hero Pratt and Gould conducted ope
rations for several years. When they dissolv
ed partnership Gould had secured a large
capital, while Pratt retained as his share a
Uouia s next move recalls to my mind the
Fisk and Gould transactions in Erie a few
years ago. Having now amassed a large cap
ital, he turned his attention to railroads, as
offering a speedy avenue for tho accumulation
of wealth. In a short time after becoming
an investor in them, ho obtained mtiru con
trol of the Saratoga &, ltensselaer railroad of
New York, whose ttock ho quietly watered to
thrice its real value. He then bulled it to the
hishefit possible point and suddenly unloaded.
pocketed bis profits, and left tho stockholders
to their meditations. His later achievements
are familiar to every one ; therefore I will not
recount them. Ho is to-day what he was 40
years ago retiring and reticent, but revenge-
ful and cowardly withal; a cool, crafty, long
headed and far-seeing strategist, whoso great
est delight is to revel amid tho fallen fortunes
of his opponents. He hates all but one, ho
loves none but one, and he is for that one first,
last, aud at all times and that ono is himself.
That's just my opinion of tho man, and l'vo
known him since he could creep. He has
never injured mo; on the contrary, as I said
before, wo are still friends. But, as sure as
you live, that's a pen picture of what little
Jay Gould of ltoxbury was and is.
aro unfitted for tho youth of this century, yet
tho college still lays chief stress upon tho an
tiquated curriculum, and tho youth bcos that
tho collcgo course which his own age demands
is of less actual honorable distinction in tho
college than tho studies of an earlier time,
Mr. Adams cites tho study of tho Greek bin
guago as a pregnant Illustration of his posi
tion, and, himself in tho fourth generation of
n distinguished family of collcgo gradiiatus
and of eminent men, he declares that it was
of no service to them aud that ho soon fotgot
all that he learned of it ill college.
His criticism is not a vaguo goneral assault
upon college studies. It is dollnlto aud con
cise, IIo is a collcgo man, aud not an icono
clast who strikes from a moan vanity and dull
jealousy. IIo concedes tho proterenco to Ilia
'classic tongues. IIo would not, nor in his
opinion would tho "modornists" as a class,
deslro that Oerrnau and French should tako
tho place of Greek and Latin In examinations
for admission to college ; ho asks only that tho
preference for ono should not bo practically a
prohibition of tho other. The applicant
should bo required to pass in Latin and Eng
lish, and In lleurow, Groek, Gorman, Spanish
or Italian, as he may prefer; and If.solectiug
ureek, he can stumble and stagger through a
half-page of Xenophon and a few lines of the
Iliad, let that suffice as now. Hut If, Instead
of tho Greok, ho select a modern tonguo, al
though no mercy bo shown him iu tho exami
nation, let him not bo rcpcllod contemptuously
as now. Tho orator would not object to de
manding two of the modern languages in
placo of the ancient, aud an examination ade
quate, to bhow that the applicant has command
of them as working toots.
As ho euded bis clear and strcuuuus plea,
tho worthy son of Harvard aud of sous of Har
vard might well havo said, "If that is treason,
make the most of it." llut his demand was
not a mere protest, it was tho rlpo and ripen
ing conviction of many who heard him, aud
who foel that mere tradition has beou too pow
erful iu regulating thecollcgo course of study.
Tho Phi lleta address of Mr. Adams was but
auother voice of thu spirit which has within a
generation changed the head of a college from
an elderly clerical recluse to nn active man of
affairs. The chango is symbolic and prophetic
of that which ho ndvocates, and which must
not bo taken as & demand for easier and more
On tho contrary, his argument and that of
tho "modernists" is that uothingismoroshat
low, sloppy aud superficial than tho present
college study of Greek, and consequently
nothing more ludicrous thau tho solemn asser
tion that it is an admirable intellectual disci
pline. Accuracy and thoroughness are indis
pensable in any method or pursuit which is to
train the menial faculties ; but these, ho in
sists, are tho fatal want of tho college study
of Greek, and it necessarily depletes instead
of disciplining the intellectual powers. Those
who aro familiar with Mr. Adams's interest in
what is called the Quiucy system of common
school instruction know that he states tho aim
of that system to bo accuracy and thorough,
ness. Its strongest criticism upon tho ordi
nary sybtem is that it neglects that very pre
cision and clearness of apprehension which is
the essential couditiou of really available
knowledge. (tea, Wm. Curti in September
Fhio JluHiling Lots for Sale.
I offer for sale at moderate price my laud on West
ern arenue, opposite D. H. Pratt's, or in exchange for
a houso aud lot In this village. It can be laid out ao
as to make several good building lots.
J, M. TYLER.
BrattUV.ro, lust 10, ll. tnt
Clow Illinium ill"! not Clrl u Wlilta III-e-iliuii-
While his ''greatest show on earth" is edu.
eating tho morals aud elevating the taste of
tho people of tho West, P. T. llarnuui is get.
ting himself lionized aud advertized at the
leading summer rosorts of the country. Noth
ing pltases the old gentleman better than to
gather a company of youug peopio around
him, and amuse them by tales out of his own
varied eiperieuce, At lilock Island be re
cently delivered a little Impromptu address
iu the parlors of the Ocean House, and con
eluded by performing several clever slight-of.
hand tricks. From the same placo bo has
caused tho following version of his alleged
attempt to secure a sacred white elephant for
his Bhow to go abroad : As no one has been
able to obtain possession of one of tbeso sa
crcd creatures, Mr, llarnum and his partners
determined to got ouo if possihlo by the aid
of diplomacy and an unlimited expenditure of
money. Mr. John II. Halderman, Minister
llesident from tho United States, was appeal,
ed to for assistance, and through him J. It.
Gaylord, Mr. Haraum'a representative, ob.
talned au audlcuco with thu King of Slam,
who in turu introduced him to tho counsellors
called tho "Aged Uuoles." They spurned
tho idea of partiue with one of their idols,
and asked la turn what tho American peopio
would think should they ak for the tomb of
Washington to exhibit in ft Biameso circus.
Tlltv CoIlrilH lVtlcll.
The college cpmmcncement season excites
more public attention every year, and tho rea
son doubtless is that tho college comes con
stantly moro and moro Into sympathy with
modern convictions, and places itself more in
harmony with modern methods. This year
general attention was concentrated upon tho
Harvard commencement for two reasons : one
was tho omission to confer the Doctorate of
Laws upon Gov, Butler, which was a tempo,
rary excitement, and the other was the ad
dress of Charles Francis Adams, jr., before
the Phi lleta Kappa society, which command
ed serious attention.
Two vears ago. at the centenary of the so-
cioty, Wendell Phillips arraigned the college,
or the educated class, for its moral timidity
and avoidance of Its natural public leader
ship. That memorable and powerful discourse
will long remain one of the brilliant and valu
able traditions of tho society. For, however
it may have been criticised as too sweeping in
its generalization and too unqualified in state
ment, eveu to tho. point of iniustice to the
class which it denounced, it will long serve its
undoubted purpose of making tho college and
the educated class for which it stands more
watchful of Us course and tendency, aud more
positively heedful of its natural and historical
position in lue leauersuip ui prugreus.
Mr. Adams also arraigned the college, not
like Mr. Phillips for its sluggish conservatism
amid the great forward movements of the time
and of civilization, but for failure to achieve
its own especial object. His accusation was,
in substance, that although the peculiar func
tion of a collcgo is to supply the highest edu.
cation, yet our colleges to-day even Harvard,
tho oldest nnd in many ways most admirably
equipped of them all are so wedded to an
cient preoedent that tholr course Includes much
that is useless to raauy If uot most of those
who must pursue it, and that its chief empha
sis is laid upon branches which are but super
ficially acquirod and soon forgotten. With
the lapse of time, argues the orator, the stan
dards of education have changed. The prop
er studies for the youth of three centuriea ago
Hantan, tho oarsman, is worth $..1,00,
all made within thu past six years.
Mr. llurnctt, husband of the v, oil-known
novelist, is a clerk iu the Surgeon General's
office, lu Washington.
Prof. C. II. F. Peters of Clinton, N. Y
anuouuecs tho discovery of a new asteroid of
tho ninth magnitudo by him Sunday night.
As tho local rato of postage governs, Ut
ters from tho United States to Canada will go
for two cents after October 1 and from Cana
da to tho Uuittd Slates for three cents.
At tho end of tho year 188'.' the deposits
in tho Euglish Post-Office Savings Hank were
nearly CIU,000,(Sl. During tho year ovor a
quarter of a million new depositors opened
accounts with the bank,
Workmen havo discovertd a subterranean
forest sevon feet bolow the surface of tho
ground near thu lunulu of Sivage river in
Chazy, Clinton county, N. Y. Many of the
trees are declared to be iu an udmirable stato
of preservation. One of them is a largo oak
over forty feet in length.
Brooklyn has one clergyman who won't
have any scandal in his. "Hishop" McNa.
ruara announced to his congregation on Sun
day that, among his epistles, ho had received
somo love letters, and then said : "If I ro
ccive any more tender epistles, I will give
them to my wife and have her read them
from this stand," This would give piquancy
to tho services.
A western paper with "no nonsenso
about it," suggests that whipping upon the
baro back be substituted for expulsion as a
punishment for hazing at West Point. "Tho
cadets that do the huing," it says, "are not
geutlemeu ; they are brutish boys, and should
bo served out as such, with a punishment be.
fitting their brutality. One whipping would
forever extinguish haziug iu auy college."
The Suez caual is iu a fair way of becom.
ing nn open and stagnant sower. Tho stations
on its banks aro drained into its waters. It
is nover Hushed, there is no tide, and tho
stench is becoming intolerable. Diarrheua and
sickuiss prevail iu voxels detained in the ca
nal, and as detentions are increasing iu num
ber and duration, tho matter is becoming se
rious. Gen. Grant recently went into the United
States Natioual bank iu New York and asked
its vice-president to get for him twenty Eng.
lish sovereigns. As the twouty English gold
pieces were counted out to hiui, he took out
a handsomo new poekctbook, in which he do
posited tho gold, saying, as ho did 60, "I have
a little niece who is going to Europe to-morrow.
Sho never had $100 of her own before,
so I am going to delight her heart with this."
Iho use of limo in blasting coal, which
has been adapted in many English and Bel
gian mines, has beon successfully tried iu a
mine at Williamsport, Pa. Tho lime is form,
ed by pressuro into cartridges about four
inches long, which are placed in tho hole
drilled in tho coal. Water is then introduced
with a force pump, aud the stoam generated
by tho action of tho water on tho limo cauGes
an expauslon, which cracks away the coal.
Dunne a deer hunt at Scarboro , Ga,, a
doe with two fawns was beset by the dogs,
when the doe attacked her canine pursuers by
ruuniuc up near them, leaping into tho air
ana coming down upon tncm witn her sharp
hoofs, stamping tbem most violently, by
which means she succeeded in putting them
all to llicbt. and then takiug the two fawns
iu charge the tbreo galloped leisurely away
without being further molested.
In the village of Downsville, N. Y,, live
a couple who havo probably enloved a longer
wedded life than any othor couple In the state,
if not in the Union. They aro tho venerable
Peter Bogart and his wife, who were married
in 1808. There is but a few days' difference
in their ages, both being nearly ninety-six,
Mrs. Bogart is in excellent health, aud walks
a mile dally to minister to the wants ol an in
valid daughter. The venerable couple re
cently celebrated the seventy. ulth anniversary
of tbclr marriage, when there were present
descendants to tbe mtn generation.
An Enolish magazine writer says that in
tbe wealthiest nation in the world one in
overv tbirtv-oue is a pauper, without includ
iuc any of that vast army who are maintained
by private benevolence ; that iu one year, in
tho richest city In tne world, mere were 101
deaths from actual starvation in full sight of
well-stocked shops, while yearly there are
180,000 arrests for drunkenness, f.00,000 sum.
mary convictions before magistrates, and over
IS. 000 persons charged with indictable crimes ;
that in London, Liverpool and all the large
towns of England there are extensive districts
iu which the people live in a trills moro man
half the ground required for a corpse, and
which they could claim it they wero dead
and in tenements which are the graves of all
decency and chastity.
Penny postage has worked wonders in
England. In 1839, the yoar when it was
adoptod, 70, 000,000 letters passed through mo
post-office. The next year the number bound
ed up to nearly 100,000,000, and has ever
sinco increased tapldly. Last year the num.
ber of letters delivered in tho Unitod King
dom was no less than 1,2SO,VSC,L'00. In ad
dition to tho letters there wore ltl,010,'J0O
post cards. HO,C82,COO newspapers and 288,.
200,400 book packets and circulars. Tbe av
erage number of letters per bead of tho pop
ulation is larger than any country on tbe
Continent, and considerable higher even than
tho averago in the United States. Tho aver,
age number of letters per head of tho popu
lation in the United Kingdom is 3G, aud in
the United States 21. Tho highest averages
on the Continent are in France and Germany,
15 and 13 respectively. In England and
Wales together tbe average reaches as high
as 40 1 in Scotland 30, and in Ireland 10.
Tim lllacb Is bedridden, you say f
Well, now, I'm sorry, IVKr old Tim I
There's not In all the place to-djy
A soul as will not plly hltn.
These twenty years, oomo hall, cnhie snow,
Cotnc winter cold, come summer heat,
Week atler week to church he'd Ro
Ou them two hobbling sticks for fect.
These years he's (rone on crulches. Ytt
Ono never benrd the least complaint.
And see how other men will fret
At nothing ; Tim was quite a satut.
And now tlicro's service every day,
I say they keep It up for him ;
Wo. busy ones, wo Veep away
There's mostly no on. there but Tim.
Yes, quite a saint lie w as. Although
IIo never was a likelymsu
At his own trade; Indeed, I know
Many'a tho day I've pitied Nan.
Bho had a time of it his wife
With all those children and no wage,
As tike us uol, from Tim. Tho Ufo
Hhe led 1 Hhe looked three times her age.
The half bo had he'd give to tramps
If tiny were hungry or 'twas cold
Tampering up them Idle scamps.
While Nan grew lean aud plnihed and old.
He'd let her grumble. Not a word
Or blow from him she ever bad
And yet I've heard her sigh, and heard
Htr say she wished as he vras bad.
Atop of all the fever eamo J
And Tim went hobbling past on slicks;
Still, one frit happier, all tho same.
When he'd gono by to church at six.
Not that 1 wished to go. Not 1 1
With Joe so wild, and all those bos
It tikes my day to clean, and try
To stttle down tho dust and noise.
Uul still out of It all, to glance
And see Tim hobbling by so calm,
As though he heatd the angels' chants
And saw their brauchlug crowns of patin.
And when he smiled, he had a look,
One's burden seemed to loose and roll
Like Christian's In tho picture-book:
It was a comfort, on the whole.
It made ono easlerllke, somehow
It made one, somehow, feel so sure
That far abovo tho dust aud row
The glory of Uod doe still endure.
Ynu say he's well, though lie cant ellr;
I'm auro yon mean It kind but, see,
It's uot for him I'm crying, sir,
It's not for Tim, sir; It's for me.
.1. Mary KIlobtnMtm in CumhiU Majazim.
Till-: XOIIT1I FA Ml: VOJI".
Now : for it does uot do to think of it us
Then it was qulto a different place; albeit
not one inch of grouud has altered, and but
few treos have fallen sinco those days, fifteen
long years ago when wo saw it first, let
perhaps it is as well, ere paintinc tho picture
as it is to-day, to pause for a motneut, and
raise the soil grey veil thot hides Iho sem
bianco of thoBo dead hours, when all seemed
joyous enough, and wo wero all too oblivious
of the presenco of tho tiny rift within the
lute, that, like that in the poem, has widened
until tho music is indeed mute and mute forever.
How could wo pcrceivo it when from every
window streamed the hospitable gleam of
light that, brightened by the warm crimson
blind through which it came, seemed to say
to us: hurry, hurry out of the wild January
storm into the tpiiet haven of rest and peace
on which lam now bhining!
And what a night It was: lhe tiny sta-
tisn whero we got out, stiffened and wearied
with our fire hours' journey from town,
seemed to shako and shiver as the great north
wind tore up the valley and threw itself in ajl
its fury ou tho building that is but an atom of
wooden btructuro. Great bwisbcs of ram
swept past us, and we wero in despair, until a
cheery voico called to us through the dark
ness aud revealed tho whereabouts of our
host, who was buried out of the storm iu
surely the queerest vehicle over invented by
man, and that seemed like a cart with a head
on, in which we sat sideways, and which was
driven through thj window at the extremo
Iuto this wo got, and theu pluugtd down
head first, as it se. mcd, iuto the black night.
Tho witul howleel and raved, and the rain
:eltcd down on our carriage roof. Bounding
like a perpetual shower of peas falling from
tho loose grasp of a child. We bumped over
stODes autl rultleel round corners, and seemed
to undergo various and many imminent os.
capo3 of sudden eleath ; and all this time our
host talked gaily, expounding to us his plans
for our amusement, and confiding to us, with
tolly chuckle, his wife s mental agonies and
perplexities as to what she should possibly
do "with company from Loudon," and the
sepjiro coming tho very next day, dear, dear !
to shoot tho home coverts.
Wo drew ousrelves up fantl then wo wero
uot very high) nntl thought ourselves equal
to any amount of squires, pensively wouder
iug, too, what the ftiuire would say to our
gun, tho first wo had been trusted with, by
the way, aud which we bad carefully carrieel
with tho teudercst care from Waterloo Sta
tion until the present momeut, aud which
was pronounced by all who had seen it tho
very best specimen of a wcapou that surely
was ever possessed byjouth, Aud that drew
forth from our undo a long account, given to
us as he helel tho gun aud gazed at it, specta
cles on nose, aud bead ou ono side, of bow
ho used'to go shooting, making bis prepara.
tious himself, punching out wads out of old
hats, and getting gunpowder and shot-belt
ready, and starting as boon as the sun was up,
with his dogs and ouo man ; walking miles
through dank turnips, and theu through blaz
ing hot stubblo fields, returning to cat his
brace of birds at six o'clock dinner, and then
sleeping like a top iu his armchair, ouly
roused to read prayers aud tumble Into bed,
rising ugaiu at early dawn, to carry on the
same process as long as tho shootiug season
"That was 6port." said ho ; "now 'tis very
different, but the world goes loo fast nowa.
days, and thero is no time for anything.
Even wheu you youngsters go shooting you
aro all too lazy to find your birds, but require
lucui brought to you; i ve no patienco with
such ways ; not I."
As wo heard what the squire generally did
for our hostess, we felt constrained to believe
that for once old folks kuew more than wo
young ones, aud that our uncle was right.
let we looked forward to tho morrow, and.
ero we went to rest, flattonedour faces Bgain&t
the many.paned window, and wondered what
we should see outside it when tho dawn came
and the darkness lied away.
Surely never was there such a room, or such
a heavenly place for perfect slumber : not
dead, heavy sleep, mind you ; that is not iu
the least perfect ; but a warm, genial, tired
feeling ; when wo wero just conscious that
outside the wind raved through creaking
trees, and that the rain Hung itself wildly
against tho window, that later on we dreamed
nf lavender and rose leaves and a slow walk
in an August garden, and then once more wo
heard life had begun again, a cart creaked
awav down the lane ; carters called to their
horBes, and presently, we beard the curious
sound of tbe bandl. of the pump, and tbe
ring of tho pail ou the stone-paved yard ;
then came tho voices of children ; a gleam
of sunshine told us it was late, and tbe rob-
ius singing down iu the garden seemed to
call us to arise and mako the most of our
time in tho heart of tho Bweet, pure, dibtant
Naturally the great event of that day was
tbo visit of the squire, who was much more
like a squire in a book than any real living
man ; strange enough stories were told of
him to be sure; farmers who had pretty
daughters never allowed them to be at home
when the squire was coming, for hlB cnarao
ter was as bad as his language, and that was
of tho good old-fashioned kind, and instead
of tbe adjectives that are lawful, was sea
soned by wild, strange words, that were heard
all over the farm should things oe not quite
as he liked tbem at the moment. He was
thoroughly typical specimen of a thoroughly
bad landlord, and in those days usecLhis
shooting solely as a means of ascertaining
what improvements wero done on the land lu
each place he went to ; if the land did not
satisfy him the tenant had notice to quit, and
if all were in order, gates up and the land
yielding its utmost, owing to tbo expenditure
of the farmer's timo and money, up would
go the rent, and tbe farmer must either bo
prepared to pay or go.
no wonaer our pretty, smiuug, uguaieu
hostess quivered when she heard what was
expected ; no wonder we shared her indigna.
tion at having to prepare her cosy rooms for
an incursion that would result in either raised
rent or a fiercely expressed replmau 3 to get
ready a meal that would bo eaten to the ao
companimcnt of great oaths, that would send
tbe servant-maid shaking from the room ; and
to a coarse volley of chuff directed at his host,
who could afford such luxuries as were put
before him, and yet objected to a slight rise
in tho rent.
It was a curious experience for a London,
erl Neither our host nor ourselves was ex.
pected to shoot ; cay, indeed, we were not
allowed. We oould walk with the shooters If
wo wlshetl. aud our host was obliged to do so.
or would be ordered to, lu terms more offen
sive than can be Imagined In a freo country,
wune mo uirus, fed on the farmer scorn, ana
thu rabbits, tho curse of tho couutry, fell bo.
foro Iho ouns. and were carcfullv counted
aud tskeu away, with perhaps a brace of
pheasants and a couplo of rabbits thrown on
tho yard pavement at the farmer's feet, just
as tho dogcart drovo away. Then tho return
ing to a so. called luncheon was another mar
tyrdom. Tho comlngln at flvo o'clock, when
ordinary people had tholrs at one ; tho muddy
boots on tho tidy green carpet, that had been
down somo twenty years, and that must last
as long as a carpet was necessary ; tho agitat
ed crcaturo, tho squire's toady, who was di
vided betwoen his fear of tho Bquiro's anger
and a still moro abject dread of catching cold,
and who woultl mako hurried excursions in
search of the hostess, to procuro dry stock
ings, and to see that bis hat remained warm
ing in front of a firo, from tbo moment it left
his head until he required it on leaving; the
smoke all over the houso. and at last the tip
sy keepers and beaters to get rid of and satis-
ly, ueioro any pcoce was allowed to enter in
to tho desecrated home. All theso things
made us thankful indeed that tho snulre onlv
shot tho coverts onco during tho entiro sea.
son, and that all the rest of the year the
birds might go freo, only coming to grief oc
casionally when a poacher passed their way,
or the keeper was ordered to shoot a few
uraco for tho tquire a table.
It is pleasanter to turn from this rccollec.
tlou to thodrivo to tho uioel across the mead
ows, when tho frost gave suddenly, and the
river crept up tho lano aud entered the low
"four-wheel as wo went : the cheerv greetings.
tho magnificent view as we waited for tho
master ou the silo of' tho old ltoman camp,
surrounded by its three rings or walls, and a
couple of deep ditches, and crowned by the
clump of fir-trees iu which the wind never
ceased moaning softly ; the great, white,
fleecy clouds rushing along over a pale-blue
sky, tho sight of tho men ploughing a little
way ou, takiug no notice oi anything save
tho stralghtncss of tho f urrowB and tho move
ments of tl.elr horses; and then as the
hounds went away, the rapid drive aerobes
down. land and through fields, cutting off
corners ami coming into a lane, where we
wailed iu lonely silence, listening to the gur.
gle of a wee brook, the busy wind among the
hedges, tbe wakening of tho bird world, and
the distant eound of tho hunt.
These had crown distant indeed : when
suddenly, out of tho copse to tho left, tho
minted creature crept ; our host started up
to givo the view-halloo, but something stop-
pea us; tbo eye looked so appealing, tho
movement was so abject, that we silently re
garded each other and Bald not a word;
while, as if interpreting our very thoughts,
the fox crept under our "four-wheel" and lay
there, panting bard.
was it a lie, when a rod coated stranger
bursting through tho brushwood, and asking
bad we seen tho fox, wo merely shook our
heads and turned the subject ; well,lio or not,
we did it, and remained wbere wo were until
sounds told us of tho coming of another vic
tim, at whose death wo assisted nobly a little
later on in the day.
llow our conduct was regarded by our host-
ess wo know not : for sho was too gentle to
do aught save point speechlessly to her poul-try-yard,
whero tbe next morning lay the
headless corses of sundry turkeys and noble,
motherly hens, who had fallen in the night
timo into tbe mischievous clutches of perhaps
tho very fox we had so foolishly saved, and
who had only mangled tbe poor creatures, as
it was too lato in the year for him to carry
off more than he wanted at tho moment,
that being reserved for the time when a large
and hungry family requires support, and for
the which ho forages ruthlessly, taking tur
keys from the nest, and ducks and hcus or
chicken, in fact just whatever fell into his
Then tbe year creeps on ; each season em.
bcllisbcd with a most appropriate picture. A
mile away from any other habitation, tbe
farm was a village in microcosm, a tiny king
dom with our host as a king; a king un
crowned then, but now talked of with bated
breath as the good man, whose first thoughts
were for his men, and his second for the
land, and his last for himself, and could not
rest wbere the cottages, tbe landlord's prop,
erty, mark you, were unfit to house the men
who worked for him. Then, too, his pas
sionate attachment to the land was in itself
It was toy to him to plan for tbe welfare
of each field, as If it wero some separate and
well loved child ; and each season of tbe
year brought to him subjects for thought and
lovely suggestions, given out to us at times.
and telling their own story of the silent poet,
with whom wo were for a timo permitted to
He it was who taught us to watch tho gen.
tie travelling of the cloud shadows over tho
swelling tlowns ; to see tho soft flash in the
trees that told of a spring ; to joy in tbe
tender different tints of the tender copses ;
to note the divers ways and habits of the
creatures and birds ; to tell from tho shades
of green in tbo distant fields, which held bar
ley or wheat or swedes or turnips, laughing
at us until wo overcame our ignorance and
become as wise as over he was in time.
winter scenes rise up before us, when all
is white and silvery and we follow up the tlnv.
half-frozen stream with him iu search of
duck and teal ; oveuiugs when wo crouched
iu a furze bush, clad in curious gray night
raiment, holding the dog back until the last
lino of yellow light got entangled in the
rushes, and tho whirr of tho snipe told us to
look out, because "fight" had in truth began.
spring scenes, when it was ioy enough to
know that we were alive, and that summer
was really coming, when we found every
flower again, even to the wbito violets in the
lane, and the wonderful golden lent lilies iu
tho copse, among tho wan anemones and yel
low primroses; when the lane was full of
mysterious, soIt,amber-colored stun we called
sago pudding,- and that in time gave place to
myriads of tadpoles, that wo never could re
sist disturbing, even when we wero in our
Sunday clothes, and marching religiously to
church ; and when tho hedges were white
with blackthorn, or nuBblng with velvet
palms, that somehow or other always look
pink iu tho distance, although they are yel
low enough closo to. The meadows were
crowded then by cowslips and cuckoo-blooms.
and great marsn mangolds guttered In tbe
sunshine iu tbe "lakes," as we called the
ditches dug for draining purposes ; and the
village children looked ou angrily while the
big iron roller went to aud fro over them,
marking them out in broad ribands of pale
and dark green that crushed tho flowers down,
and made it apparent that theso favorite
play-places were "laid up" for hay, and were
therefore no longer open to all who liked to
walk them. Summer and autumn havo all
such golden memories, memories of drowsy
Sundays, when the hot walk to church be
hind the servants was enlivened by our host
css's strictures on the broad embroidery-trim-med
petticoats of the damsels, or "maidens"
as wo always termed them. When we used
the afternoons to wander about with our host,
becoming learned in this or that farming op
eration, and seeing with his eyes deep down
into nature's very heart, it all seemed so safe,
so lasting; it was so certainly a place where
change never came never could oome, that
we were not heartbroken when, tbe harvest
supper over in the great hot barn, lighted by
a yellow horn, that rose suddenly over tbo
top of tbe fir clump in Lowood, wo realized
that our stay at the North Farm was over,
and that we must go. We had obtained all
wo came for; health and an intimate knowl
edge of country life; and we were young and
eager to begin life onco more for ourselves.
rtAaMno tpA iintilrl rnlurn fit Hlninst nnv timn -
and so good-bye. Ah me, it was lAoug good,
bye, and more than fifteen years had passed
before we camo came agaiu, anei emereei
thoso once all familiar, all hospitable portals.
It was an eerie sensation, aud oua experi
enced always, we take it, by those who come
back ou a very familiar spot, aud makes one
seo no ouo person who is really there ; but
the forms and faces of those who ouce were
component parts of lhe place, and who ap
pear round corners suddenly, and vanish as
wo come up to them, eager to speak aud to
bo spoken to.
We knew where to find our good, kind
host. He had not gone away, but lay very
still and quiet, under the tree in tbe church,
yard, where the suowdrops are liko an angel's
wing covering God's aero in tbe early sun.
sliino ; aud as wo stood beside his grave, his
widow with her hand iu ours, we could not
speak because we know he had gone away
from us far too early in the day, and had fall,
cn because the fight was too much for him to
But bis work should remain, wo thought ;
and so turned away, while the cuckoo moved
us with his monotonous call from tbe newly
buddod sycamore tree, and went on up tho
lano to visit the shepherd in the oottage we
knew so well. But what a change was there
tho cottages were all fallen down, and a little
farther on llirio wero standing, windows bat
tered iu, runts lu In places, and only ono in
habited as it was wont to be, and tho dweller
therein remembered us and camo out Ireni-lillno-
m lit. .Ilekd. a vnunir man too. aB men
should go, at fifty five, yet too infirm to work ;
and only onxious that this miserable sheltor
should bo bis until he follows his dear old
master to tho churchyard.
Wo sat down and lookod around us ; how
familiar it all was, yet how ghastly I ovor
tliera tbo shepherd lived, and WO could lust
soo the traces of the path from his cottage to
tho lambing-yard, now all broken down and
used for hay, a scanty crop of which had
boon gathcreel .off tho arable land, and sold
to a neighboring shopkeeper, waiting his
couveulenco thcro until ho choso to fetch it
away ; yonder, too, onco lived tho well-known
laborers; tho litllo conveniences put up for
them by our host falling bit by bit into decay,
or taken by passers by as the Bpirlt moved
them, for thore wero nono left to prevtnt ;
the tidy garden going back into a wilderness,
and tho place where the beehives stood, and
whero wo helped Betsov Smith to tie crape
on tho hives when ber mother died, as a po
lite Intimation to them of tho family bereave
ment, was thick with nettles, and defiedour
attempts to pass into the field in tbo old ac
Indeed, the whole placo was full of heart
breaks ; the cottages were all liko this, all the
men had gono "up country," all tho girls had
gone away to service, and only old Cherritt
was loft to talk over old times and tell us how
tho placo had fallen Into decay ; ono after the
other, farmers had tried but failed, owing to
wet seasons and the squire's rent ; how tho
squiro had tried farming it himself, but had
only cursed tho times and tho Independcnoo
of the men who would no longer slavo them
selves to death for him to have his rent and
to die finally worsted in the struggle, their
capital bunk in tho land, and only a pittanco
left for tho wife who had fought tho battle
side by side with her husband.
And she stood beside us thero in the old
houso porch, and wo thought over tho past
and even smiled at all the pictures we remem
bered so well; the gate was gone in truth,
but there was the sty left, where old Billy the
pig lived, and eat every chicken that crept
into his warm straw bed ; and aB long as the
bty remained, we should recollect bow ho
roused himself, and tried to get over the gate
after some specially fat duckling, and only
succeeded in hanging himself on the topmost
bar, wbere he was suspended squealing, while
we all laughed too much to help him either
backward or forward.
Tbo long row of sycamore trees was still
standing, but no bees camo there now, as
thoy used to when tho flowers wero out bo
low tho loaves, and made such a noise tbe
while that the whole place was in a regular
"charm," as they say in those parts ; and the
slope after slope of lovely fields, where once
corn waved in the soft wind, and where our
host waged perpetual war with the yellow
"charlock," have gone back to a rough sort
of grass that it will take months to eradicate ;
and months more before anything can be
grown there again.
But the very sight of them reminds us of
our host's cheery patience and his many diffi
culties, and how once, when ho thought be
had beaten that yellow fiend, and he had
come in rejoicing and rubbing his hands to
think of his enemy's defeat, he arose next
morning to find a soft rain had fallen, which
had brought it all up again as thick as ever,
and "I do believe," he said laughing then,
even if ruefully, "that if I dug up a spade
full of earth from tho bottom of a well, and
flung it abroad, tho stuff would spring even
out of that as strong as over it did."
Every door is off in tho stables, the cor
ners of which aro as if bitten off, and the
houso is desolate ; it is impossible to believo
it tho samo in which we had so many happy
hours ; but that it is is shown by the very holo
in the wall, where one night wo saw a rat's
eyes regarding us, whllo wo were playing
whist ; and by tbe crooked stairs, wbere once
wo found a governess who was a martyr to
neuralgia and stupefied herself with lauda
num until she felt about "all over the placo"
and frightened us dreadfully for fear she was
Desolate, dreary, and terrible as is the de
struction of the farm, we find it too full of
remembrances of good times to bo really as
disappointing as it was at first ; there is no
life about it, no trim neatness, no fine culti
vation, yet the past has so much power, that
the present has much ado to keep itself be
Still when we turn away, we realize the
difference terribly, and know how bad all
this is for tbe village and the laborers who
aro fast being exterminated from these parts,
and we pause again by old Cherritt who
wants us and is waiting for us at his cottage
door, to show us how nice the cottages could
be made if only the farm wero once moro
We go to him up three stone steps, worn
pathetically thin by tho feet of many genera
tions of laborers, silent martyrs, who have
never realized their martyrdom, happily
enough, and who only dread two things,
change and tho workhouse ; and we go into
tbe cottages once more, while the old fellow
discourses ou his rheumatism which is aggra
vated by heat, and for which he has a hum
blo prescription to give us, consisting of half
an eggcup full of benzolino oil, poured slow
ly, as he expresses it, Into his hips, and when
wo Biggest that a cottage where the windows
aro glazed, and where the water doesn't climb
up tho steps into tbe floor would be a belter
prescription for it after all, he declares the
water is beautiful water, and it would kill
him to leave the cottage where be was born;
a tiny atom of a baby, for which it would
seem tne woria naa small use ; ana mat ine
world has treated very hardly ever since.
The soft spring twilight begins to fall on
tho downs, and the thrush sings loudly in the
tree over the. crave, a cad wind moans across
-the riror, and slico.ee glides over the land
scape with her hand on her lips. An inex
pressibly sad feeling seizes us; wo realize
that tbe Indian poet was right when ho told
us that "Spring restored all things savo our
dead and our youth," yet cannot help think
ing that we find both, ay, even if only a pale
reflex of either, in the desolate, lonely placo
that is the North Farm now. J. K. I'anton
in TinnUy'i Magazine.
Tiie Whoso Sion "Into-belt." A miser
able ragged fellow was seated on the low wall
of old St. Paul's Church-yard. Suspended
from his neck was tbe familiar sign, "Please
help the Blind." A young merchant passing
by looked at tbe beggar, paused, looked agaiu,
and then walked up to htm and pretended to
strike him with the cane he carried. The
mendicant dodged tbe blow,
"Ha 1 ba I" the young man almost scream
ed : "you dodged 'that, just as I expected.
You humbug! you fraud I you scoundrel I-
Now will you go about your business, or
shall I call the police ?"
Tho mendicant's face showed alarm, but he
uttered not a sound. Tho angry merchant
bade bim speak quickly, A crowd gathered.
The beggar went iuto a paroxysm of earnest,
almost frantic, gesticulation. Tbe merchant
grow furiously angry, and as he stormed and
the beggar made pantomimic gestures, a po
liceman came up.
"What's tho matter hero ?" the officer in
epiired. Tho mendicant made signs that he didn't
know, and that be was innocent apparently
"Why, this villiau is no more blind thau I
am," said the merchant, "I saw bim turn
his head to look at mo as I was passing by. I
pretended I was going to strike him, and he
dodged tho blow."
At this the mendicant's face worked as If
in mortal aconv.
"Och, bad cess to it, I must shpake or I'll
bur-r r-st I" ho said ; "I'm not bloind at all, at
all. And havo I tbo bloind soign on ? Sure
I cau not rade a loine or letther. Oh, wurra I
wurra ! I beg vour pardon, sir: it's all a rnish-
take intoirely. thought I itatl Vte dif and-
tloomb soign on ine, so J am."
Then, after a pause, he added, desperately.
"Please let me go, gintlemln, that I may be
afthcr foindlng me brother. Buro he'll bo
bringing disgraoe on the family. Upon me
word, sor, me brother Is bloind compiateiy,
aud begorra he musht bo shtanding some.
wheres wid me dif-and-doomb soign hanging
onto him, and him a singing out, 'Plate help
the bund. "
Stanley's Woek on the Congo. A corre
spondent of tbe London Telegraph who has
been with Stanley on the Congo represents
Stanley's success in his work, that of estab
lishing commercial stations for the African
international association, as thorough as it is
extraordinary. He has opened nine stations,
each of which consists of one considerable
store-houso and several other buildings, and
the sixth of these, above the cataracts ou
Stanley pool, he has named Leopoldville, in
honor ot the king of the Belgians, president
of the association ; and he intends that this
shall be tho great trading ronter ot tho Lual
aba, or as he proposed to call tho great river,
the Livingstone. The Btreani is navigable
from this point to tho eastern Bide ot tho con
tinont, hear Lako Tanganyika. Tho Tele,
graph correspondent says that Stanley has
completely won tho confidence of the natives,
whoso hostility toward an toreign intercoureo
aroso naturally from their experience of the
slave trado. Tho correspondent with only
tho escort of throo Zanzibar!, Stanley's men,
traveled '2M miles beyond Stanley pool, and
was rcoelved overy whero with entiro cordial!,
ty, Thcro Is-, in his opinion, nothing to be
feared from Do Brazza, whoso "annexation"
of a tract on tho Congo was so wickedly and
foolishly accepted by the French government.
Stanley intends Bimply to let him alone.
Thcro are three missionary societies that have
stations alongside Stanley's trading posts be
low the cataracts, ono ltoman Catholic, one
Baptist, and tho Livingstone inland mission,
PiiAyino aiiainst Time. Talking against
timo is common in Congress, but praying
agalust timo Is tho dovico of a clever Brook
lyn child, who will know how to get her rights
when ehe comeB in sight of them.
Tbe fire burned low in the Franklin stove,
the cat was asleep on the rug, and not a mouse
stirred behind the wainscot as tho motbor
wrote by a shaded lamp with a noiseless pen.
All the bouse put on slippers of velvet when
little Itose went to bed, for sleep and she were
enemies, and she had fought him to the last
eyo-lash. Her voice camo from tho bedroom
now with no sound of surrender in it. It was
better to be at prayer than to be asleep, and
of course no one could reprove her for pray
Ing. "O Lord," said she, "make mo good, and
let me go in tho omnihns to see Aunt Marga
ret aud all tho aunts and nieces and mothers.
Keep me safe, for I want to go and seo Aunt
Margaret, and see what I can see. Don't let
it hail, or snow, or rain, for I want to go in
the omnibus to boo Aunt Margaret very much
indeed, and all tbo aunts and nieces and moth
ers. Make me well bo that I can go In tho
omnibus; please do. Bless grandpa and
grandma, Aunt Kate ana Aunt ftopma ana
Mr. Charles Swan. Bless papa and mamma,
and make us all good, so that we can go to
heaven at last, for Jesus s sake. Amen.
There was a short pause, and then the
wido awake, defiant voice went on :
"Keep grandma from dying before sho gets
here. Don't let anything happen to -her.
Don't let any bears or wild beasts eat mo up.
Bless grandpa and grandma and Mr. Charlos
Swan, and Aunt Kate and Aunt Sophia."
Another pause, a little longer than the first,
and the unconquered began again :
"I long for apples. I long for milk. I
long for pie. I long to be good. I wish I
had not that cold. I long for some water. I
long for some wine. I long for some brown
bread. I long for some molasses. I long for
some wbito bread. I long to be a woman. I
thank Thee that it did not rain or Bnow. Give
me a clean spirit. Let me be good when pa
pa is hero, for it grieves him to have mo
naughty, and he buys me things playthings.
I havo nraved that I should co to sleep.
That makes thrco prayers."
A yawn, a long drawn breath, ana then si
lence presently announced that the last pray
er was answered, and sleep reigned. Em
Ton's Diiaweb, in Harper's Magazine for
Birth among tbe Sakhalavas, one of tho
tribes of Madagascar, is a moro than usually
risky piece of business. Every child that is
born ou Friday, an unlucky day here as in
other parts of tho world, is placed in a shal
low hole in tho nearest wood and left to its
fate. Certain children born on Sunday are
also doomed to death by exposure. Sunday
being a lucky day. it is considered that Sun
day's bairns whoso fathers hold high rank
will, if they aro allowed to grow up, become
dangerous to their progenitors, and they are
therefore put out of the way lest trouble
Bhould ensue. Twins, too, are killed, and
every infant whose birth has caused the
death of its mother is destroyed, because, ac
cording to the law of tho Sakhalavas, it is a
murderer. And when a child is born at mid
night it is customary to place it next day up
on a path by which oxeu go to water. If the
beasts do not touch it on their way, me in
fant's life Is saved ; but If a hoof or a hair
brushes it, no matter how lightly, the child
Tnn Nation's Oldest Soldieb. The hon
or of having attached to it tbe oldest soldier
of the United States Array, is without doubt
to be accorded to Fort xviagara, at tbo mouth
of tho Niagara river. The individual to
whom this distinction is accorded is Ordnance
Sergeant Lewis Leffman, a man ninety years'
of age, who is still In service, although by a
special act of congress ho was retired on full
pay several years ago me only occurrence or
tho kind on record. Leffman is a Waterloo
veteran and entered the army of Hanover in
1813. serving with tbo allied forces against
the great Napoleon through many severe bat
tles, lie has now in nis posssesston a num
ber of medals granted bim for special brav
ery during that war. In 1824, having come
to America, ho enlisted in the Unitod States
army, and has served in it ever since, having
been nfty-nine years In tho Government employ.
A Paeadibe fob Editobs. The Colorado
idea of justico may bo rude, but it is certainly
correct. An exasperated editor in Bed Bluffs,
having tried persuasion on one of nis delin
quent subscribers until forbearance ceased to
be a virtue, finally went gunning for bim, and
sent the beat "over tho river." The friends
of the corpse bad tho editor arrested, but tbe
sheriff sympathized with him, and allowed
bim to edit his paper from the jail. Finally
the grand Jury determined that it was justifi
able homicide, and refused to Indict him. As
soon as this became known, all tbe surviving
patrons of tbe paper hurried In with their
subscriptions, and the editor is now flush and
happy as tbe proverbial clam at high water.
Colorado must be a paradise fur country odl-
Little five-vcar-old Annie, who was suffer
ing from a bad cold, went to pay a visit to
auntie. During tbe day she related her vari
ous successes at school, and ended by declar
ing that she could read a good deal better
than Sabrina, who was eight years old.
Well, eiuestioned auntie, "wouldn tit sound
better if some ono else said it?"
'Yes," answered Aunie, with a sober coun.
tenance, "I think it would ; I have such a
bad cold, I can t say It very wen."
Leader of orchestra to young Irishman,
who wants to join "Do you play by ear or
note ?" "Nayther, be jabers. I play wid me
Notice in a Iloboken ferry boat; "The
seats in this cabin are reserved for ladles.
Gentlemen are requested not to occupy tbem
uutil the ladles aro seated."
'Dunn has good ears for music, hasn't he?"
asked one member of a choir of another.
"Well," was the reply, "be has good ears,
but I didn't know they wero for musio ; I
thought they were to brush tbe flies off the
top of his head with." ifofen Transcript.
Ituskin savs that a couple should court
seven years beforo getting married. Mr.
Itusklu evidently nover iovea a ijuuuiuuu gin.
Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe has begun a
new novel which she calls "Orange Blossoms."
A German commercial colony Is being es
tablished on the west coast of South Africa.
Gov. Blackburn of Kentucky has pardon
ed 815 criminals.
A state hospital for colored lunatics has
just been completed at Milledgeville, Ga. It
contains COO rooms.
John Wanamaker, of Philadelphia, paid
out $200,000 in advertising last year. His
profits were $1,000,000.
Among the notable bridges in the world
is tbo ono at Langang, China. It crosses an
arm of tho China Sea. This structure is somo
five miles long, and has not less than 300
arches. Over tbe pillar of each arch reclines
a lion made out of a single block of marble
and yet 21 feet long. The roadway of this
bridge is 70 feet wide.
More than seventy per cent of the people
of Massachusetts have their homes in towns
of more than ten thousand Inhabitants. That
commonwealth has a larger number of oltles
of twenty thousand or more than any other
state. About four fifths of ber population is
In towns of more than five thousand.
Great advantages are claimed for the
new-fangled steel nails. They can be driven
into hard wood as easily as an iron nail will
go into a pine board. They have been drlvon
iuto a white oak knot without bending.
Nothing else is now used in laying hardwood
floors, aa they require no boring, but are