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THE VERMONT PHCENIX, AND RECORD AND FARMER, FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1884.
FltlDAY, MAT 80, 1B4.
Hon. Frederick Hilling wont to Chicago
tho firat of lb In week. His hoalth is greatly
improved, anil ho will bo able to. do good
work for Mr. Edmunds in the convention.
Somebody In Philadelphia who wants to
give Dob Ingersoll a free advertisement had
notes taken of a lecture which he recently
delivered In that city, and has submitted tbem
to eminent lawyers to see if he did not violate
the law against blasphemy.
Samuel J. Tilden is Brand J. Tltdcnli a
hale, hearty, robnet and nk, broken-down old
elgorona. it nominates lor;
the prcaideney be will ae-
cept, and all the Indications
are favorable for his being
made tbe candidate or me.
Abo re is tho latest news from Mr. Tilden
and his probable candidacy in the coming
campaign. It is absolutely reliable, nnd
yon pays your money and you takes your
man. He canr-ot possibly
thick of being a presldeu.
tlal candidate, and la wrlt
ItiD a letter nosltlvelv de
clining In casehe should be
Tho New York Tribune, which is the lead
ing supporter of Mr. Blaine's canvass, states
the case for him by Baying that tho real ques
tion for tho Chicago convention Is, Who can
carry Maine in September and West Virginia
nnd Ohio in October 1 l)y implication the
Tribune replies that Mr. Blaine is the only
man who con do this, and clinches its argu
ment by these further questions :
"Does any practical politician believe that If Maine,
Ohio and West Virginia all go Democratic next fail,
any ltrpubllcan candidate can carry New York ? Dors
aoybody doubt that If any Republican candidate abonld
flnt carry Maine, Ohio and West Virginia, beam then
carry New York 7 What, then, la the prcat question
for the Chicago convention ? Is It who might proba
bly carry New York,or la it who can first carry Maine,
Ohio and West Virginia:"
This Is a skillful statement of tfeo case, but
wo nevertheless do not believe that tho Trib
une's logio will convince tho convention of
the necessity or wisdom of nominating Mr.
Ferdinand Ward, whose rascality brought
about the failure of Orant & Ward, and James
D. Fish, president of tho Marino bank, which
wont down in tho same crash, aro both under
arrost and in jail. Ward admits that ho bad
known for a long time that the firm was in
solvent, and that he had repeatedly raised
large eums of money by false representations
about large government and city contracts
nnd opportunities to mako large profits by
mining and other speculations. Mr. Fiab tries
unsuccessfully to help his own case by charg
ing Qen. Orant with writing letters assuring
him that certain "government contracts" were
all right, and that the firm of Grant A- Ward
was financially sound. It is unfortunate for
Qen. Orant that his effort! to establish bis
Bons in business should have led him into a
connection like that with the unprincipled
Ward ; but no unprejudiced person bclievos
for a moment that Qen. Qrant intentionally
lent himself to any dishonest Bchemo. The
whole affair was a gigantic confidence game,
and Oen. Orant was led into it through tint
aamo blind confidence in human nature which
was bo often his bano in his publio career.
The Benito committee to investigate the
Danville, Ya., riot submitted their report on
Tuesday. Tho committee find that tho riot
or massacre had its origin in political causes,
that it was premeditated, and that its purpose
was to intimidate the blacks and produce a
frenzy of feeling among the whites in all parts
of the state, which would drive them to for
sake all alliance with the blacks and voto
strictly with their own race. No evidence was
found that the negroes fired a shot until after
the whites fired the first general volley. The
fire bell was rung, not for a fire, but as a se
cret signal for tho white military company.
The whites camo rapidly from all directions,
and arms were distributed among thoso who
had none from the shops and stores. The
committee believe that a remedy for such a
elate of things as the investigation disclosed
ought to bo found under the provision of the
United States constitution that when the right
to vote is denied or in any way abridged, in
any state, the basis of representation shall be
reduced accordingly. Senator Vance will sub
mit a minority report.
The) Ghlcaa-o Contention.
The ltepublican national convention meets
in Chicago next Tuesday. The delegates aro
already gathering on the ground, and unless
the contest should be an unusually protracted
one, as was the cose four years ago, the re
suit of the convention's work will bo known
by the time another publication day comes
round. The situation cannot be said to have
shown any decided change during tho post
week. If anything, the problem grows more
mixed and uncertain as the decisive hour op
proaches. The sentiment in favor of Presi
dent Arthur gains new strength, apparently,
and his friends now claim as confidently that
he will lead on the first ballot as do thoso of
Mr. Blaine that their favorite will head the
oolumn. The estimate of votes for each of
these candidates at the start varies from 300
to 310. The estimate of Mr. Edmunds's
strength is placed by some confident friends
as high as 102 votes on the first ballot, and by
no one is his support reckoned at less than Gl
votes. Our own opinion is that neither Ar
thur nor Blaine will receive the nomination,
but of the two we think the probabilities are
decidedly in Arthur's favor. Around whom
tho sentiment of the convention will crystal
ize when the final break comes, it is impossi
ble to foretell. Our faith remains firm, how
ever, that the chance is more than an even
one that the sober second thought of the body
will turn to Mr. Edmunds as the really avail
able candidate In the best sense of the word
as the one leader under whom success is
assured. After Mr. Edmunds, or along with
him, come Gen. Sherman, John Sherman,
Qresham, Lincoln and Uarrison as possibili
ties, with no end of daik horses in training,
The proceedings of the convention will be
watched with intense interest by Ilepnblicans
in every part of the country, and in every
heart there will be a sincere hope that the
convention will drop all prejudice and per
Bonal feeling, and seek only the nomination
of a ticket which shall be strong in the truest
sense, and which shall assure a triumph for
the foundation principles of Bepubhcanism.
In response to a petition from citizens of
Brattleboro, supported by the expressed sen
timent of the meeting held last Saturday
evening, the selectmen have decided to call a
speoial town meeting to be held on Monday,
June lG,to see if the town will onoe more vote
to aid the Brattleboro t Bennington railroad.
In our looal columns we give a careful sum
mary of the discussion at the railroad meet
ing referred to, and in this issue we also
print a letter from Mr. Crosby, summarizing
the arguments in favor of the road, and one
from Col. Fuller, giving comprehensive and
valuable statistics bearing on the subject.
The facts about the road, in ehort, are all be
fore the people, and they demand the serious
consideration of every voter. The time has
gone by, if one ever existed, when there Is
either disposition or need to coerce publio
sentiment on the local railroad question. The
trcoess of the Brattleboro & Whitehall road
hasdemonstratedthefeusibillty of the narrow,
gauge system, as well as the importance of a
branch line of road in building up remote
and deolining towns and in helping the busi
ness of tha centre of trade from which such
u line radiates. All the West Hirer valley
towns have been helped by the Brattleboro
fc Whitehall road, but the road has benefited
Brattleboro most of all. The question which
the friends of the Brattleboro ii Bennington
road ask the people of Brattleboro to decide
Is whether they can afford not to give their
aid and assare the building of this one radi
ating ami 'which is now needed to permanent
ly centre at BraltUboro the trade and friend
ly interchange of the whole county, save on
ly that of leas than a half-dozen towns on
cur northern border 'which find their natural
outlet at other points.
FACTS FOR J UK 1'JSOVLK.
X ltullroail letter from JTtr. Crosby.
The statements that appeared last week in
one of our loeal newspapers relative to the
Brattleboro A Bennington railroad would
lead people to conclude that the authentic re
ports given relative to the preliminary sur
voy, etc., were forgotten or the writer of the
article ignored facts Riven as not entitled to
credit. As to the facts which I gave, cover,
lug the survey and the statements of Chief
Engineer Mitchell, which he mode before the
directors, I- will ask tho people to revlow
them. The map and profile wero exhibited
at the town hall last Saturday evoning and
aro now at my office, where they may bo ex
amined. The first survey was made under
gieat difficulties, as Mr. Mitchell was nnao
qualntod with tho country end his time was
limited. lie claimed that somo improvements
could be made both In grades ana distance,
yet ho considered his survey accurate. Tho
map anil pronle ot nie survey were maun
villi preat nnrn And exnensoand show the ex
act grades, distance, etc. Mr. Mitchell, the
chiof engineer, stated before the dlroctora
that the route was a feasible one and Indeed
a very favorable one.
The second survey was a correction of tbo
first, only over Important eootions. It wos
made by A. U. iiutiricg oi Worcester, wuu
has had large experience in building narrow
gauge railroads. Ills report I also published,
which showed a shortening up of the line
without making the grades objectionable,
lie pronounced the line perfectly practicable
with favorable grades, and comparatively an
easy road to construct. The report can bo
examined at my office. Any statement I have
ever made relativo to the preliminary sur
veys oan be fully sustained, showing facts
more reliable than fiction.
The statement made that Wilmington only
subscribed $20,000 was no doubt as near the
facts as the other statements, it is wen
known that Wilmington, with only about
one-sixth as many inhabitants as Brattle
boro, oilers and has actually raised more
than three-fourths the amount of money that
Brattleboro Ib asked to raise. This shows
how anxious Wilmington people are to come
to our town, and it also shows their faith in
the enterprise and in their resources. They
do not want to be compelled to go ten miles
by horse power to lleadsuoro forever, iney
aro ready to do all in their power and they
cannot yet believe that Brattleboro people
are going to withhold their aid to so
important a work. East Whitingham is good
for $12,000, and the other towns will no
doubt respond liberally.
Now I will tako the liborty to stato certain
undeniablo facts in relation to this enterprise
which tho people of Brattleboro will please
First, it is a fact that our town was built up
by tho help of tbo surrounding towns. Our
location was favorablo for a centre, our town
became a live ono cn account of it, and it
made a steady and healthy growth even be
fore much manufacturing was done.
Second, it is a fact that o-ir growth and
prosperity still depend largely upon the thrift
and business of tho back towns. If the back
townB run down the effect on our town will
be 6oriou6ly felt. Our town has been practi
cally the pivot town of tho county in years
gone by few of the country towns going to
other states to trade. Much U said about our
town being burdentd with heavy taxes. Well,
!. allow it. But it is a fact that we have a light
indebtedness banging over us compared to
our valuation ; and there are few towns where
the taxes aro as light as ours, compared to
our advantages and rocoipts. Wo have our
town house, we have our school house, some
money invested in the old Vt. & Mass. rail
road, some in the West river road, all of
which will help the next generation. Wby is
there bo much said about dur little debts ?
We havo the valuo right before our eyee. In
fact wo have it right in hand, and our chil
dren mav Dossibly thank us for doiug tho
work, but I do not believe they will thank us
it we do not do all we can to uunu up ana
improve tho town and county. How much
happier should we be as a town or individu
als if we were out of debt ?
Snpposo wo had a chance to get back all
the money tne town nas paia out jor im
Movements and in exchanee qive them up
would it bo wiso to do it Y 1 do not believe
a man can be found that would be willing to
cut off a single railroad thatoomes into town,
even if this terrible town debt could be paid
with the proceeds. What kind of a town
would this be if all our public improvements
were given up, even if wo owed coming
Now the amount asked for this Wilmington
railroad is so very light that it does not Beem
possible that any one can go against tne en
ternriso to save so small a pittance.
When we figure out tho little that each one
of us would have to pay to help on this great
publio enterprise, it is plain we cannot afford
to throw our influence against the work. If
necessary we would smoke a littlo less, go to
Chesterfield lake once less, go to shows and
skatinc rink once or twice less, to meet tho
small tax that would help the whole commun
ity so much, especially our neighbors.
Friends, think of it. Take a broad view of
the subject. Let us work as did the fathers
of revolutionary time for the generations to
come after them. It it does not accord witn
certain ones' principles to bond, I ask what
is the real substance of a principle that for
bids them to help make public improvements
that will benefit their fellowmen and help
them to such comforts and advantages as
they themselves enjoy. Town aid is not
asked for to benefit a few, but it is asked for
to help a local enterprise which is euro to
benefit every one. Precedents prove this
statement. Now it it is to benefit this com
munity cenerally. why is it not as just and
right for the town to lend its aid as it is for
it to build common roads or mase otner im
provements. When men talk no bond they
of course mean no railroad. It the towns
will take hold in earnest and pledge a certain
amount with condition that tho railroad shall
be put under contract to be finished and
equipped with good bonds given, I have no
doubt mat parties can be found wno win tako
our bonds and furnish the road in tip-top
shape. In fact I havo tho best assurance
from good and responsible parties that it can
Tho different roads composing the Central
and Connecticut Uiver line have now such an
understanding that I am authorized to say
that there are no grievances between them
hence there is no disposition to fight or even
to challenge one. These are facts without
color as I know from what I have learned in
the last two months as to the actual Btate of
this matter. But with all this both roads
promise to do all for us that can be reasons
bly asked of them relative to better rates of
Fellow citizens, I now ask you to candidly
consider all the facts and ask yourselves if it
is not dangerous for us to let this opportunity
tor Helping our town ana our wnole commu
nity pass, and I think you will see tho neces
sity of lending your aid in helping forward so
noble a work which must benefit not only
this but future generations. This is not a
visionary project, it can be fully demonstra.
ted that there will be ample business for the
road. The narrow-gauge system of railroads
all over the west fully proves their cheapness
and utility. The Denver A Bio Grande narrow-gauge
runs over grades of 220 feet to the
mile and almost as crooked as they are steep.
The modern etyle of making their engines
give them great strength and power and put
the grade of 120 to ICO feet to the mile of Ut
ile consequence over a steel rail. How is the
time to help our neighbors and ourselves at
tne same time. jdwied Ceosbi,
It was all met in ten years (at six per coat) la shown
by the follow ing table t
Anyone with Utile trouble can rendllr see tlio
amount he will have to pay to get the road.
This road is for loos I purposes. It will helplioth
town and ooitoti. It will assist in soiling the
transportation question which agitates llratile
lioro. You arc at liberty to make use of this la aid of
the enterprise. Yours truly,
L. E. FX'LLEH.
llRAmmOBO, Vt., May SB, Hi.
Not. At your requeit I have (Inured the towns
ujton a umereni oasis ami annex mc resuu i
i'ltruree from Col. Tattler
CXATTLIBOSO, VT., Maj 22, HI,
E. CaoesT, Esq., Dear Kir :
In reply to yours asking for certain Information,
I submit the fol lowing as bearing upon the Ilrattle
boro & liennington railroad.
Table snowing population aud property on the
line of the Ilrattleboro 4 Whitehall railroad as
compared with the proposed Ilrattleboro & lien
l'op. O.L. pop. O L.
Wllmlngton. 1130 SS371
Whlitngham, 1310 373s
Dover, C21 2379
Uullford, 1000 417o
Marlboro, 333 2003
Halifax, 831 2389
Brockline, 203 87S
Dnmmereton. bis 3399
Jamaica, 1252 S3S2
Londonderry, 11M 4B5
Newfane, 1031 4780
-rownsnena, low 4SC1
Wardsuoro, 760 22W
Total, 3191 2CC4S C323 21S50
Ilrattleboro & Whitehall railroad 37 miles ; popu
lation per mile 170 ; grand list per mile SC71. Ilrat
tleboro A. Bennington railroad 33 miles; population
per mile l7;eTanaiutTS7. Bhowlng a large per
cent 0 f population and grand list per mite In favor
of the proposed road to Wilmington.
It la stated bj good Judges that there Is twenty,
ore percent more business watting freight faclll.
ties than there was upon the line of tho Ilrattlebo
ro A W hltchall railroad at the time of Its protec
tion ; but 1 advise tho ascertainment of the precise
amount now being Cone, and not let so important
a question rest upon mere opinion. It would Uem.
onatrate that the amount ot bntlness to be done
per mile Is at least equal to and probablr greater
than up the West RlTerVallej. '""-xmJ s""
The cost pi 'the llrauieboro 4 Whitehall railroad
waa about 111,000 per mile, the orlgtnal contract
price was ts.SOO, and with the prcaent low price of
rails, it does not seem unreasonable to sar.that tho
Ilrattleboro i Dwnlngton road ought to be built
for 110,500 per mile, which would mako tho total
cost about 1300,000. 1
The coat of operating the two roada per mile will
probably be equal, The margin between expense!
and gross earnings ought to be considerably lu f.
vor of the Ilrattleboro A liennlngton railroad, lu
ine absouic ut complete analysts ot the anuual
eiotiKllturesotteeUratUtlxiroi Whitehall rail
road It ts Impossible to state preelselr.
One half of the coat, say 1150,000, must be raised
by town aid aud prlratvsubscrlptlou; the balance
by the bonds or obligations of the road.
In case Ilrattleboro should bond for twice Its
grand list, the amount of taxes which a person
would be required to py for tau purpose, provided
Halifax, fwt mm
Whitingham, lain Jim
Wilmington, llo Mil
Unllford, leva 4175
Towpb more or less tributary
Nrwfanc, 10)1 ITS?
Tntrnshend, 1099 JM1
Jamalea, 1VH asi
Londondorry, 1154 49:
Half Dover. 811 11247 I Half Dover.
Kearsburg, 110 rms Halt lirookiine, ion 4M
Homerset, M 301 Half Wltdham, 2S8 loss
Half Jlaniioro, 177 1001 1 w amsiioro, . 700 re'J
ll.jt W.H.H., so m.; pop. per m.iai : o. Lper ro. t-SM
Tributary m;(J. L. 110
Total 117 te2
1I..V li.lt.i:.. 29 m.: non. ncr m. 1 19 : o. L.rrr ni. M4
Tributary 2flU.L. loo
Total, lie M
Figures taken from Walton1 Register.
THE SEWS IX lilllVV.
During tlio holiday games at Chatham,
Ont., Monday, tho grand stand collapsed and
ir.0 people got broken arms, legs or ribs, and
some were injured Internally.
The east-bound express train on the
Fitchburg road, due in Athol, Mass., at (i:UU
Monday morning, collided with n west-bound
freight train a short distance west of Erving
depot. Both enginex wcro thrown from the
track and threo cars were derailed. Fireman
Price of tbo freight train was buried beneath
the wreck, and badly hurt in tho bead. None
of the passengers wero seriously hurt
A bleacher exploded in Moore A Wilson's
strawboard mill at vtaterford, K. V, Monday
night, totally demolishing tho buildine. and
killing fivo employes. Two of the victims
wero blown to tho top of a four-story build
ing. A stallion turned on his trainer, who had
whipped him severely, at Lexington (Kr.1
Monday, tramped upon him, breaking hit
wrist end leg and tore tno nesti from the
man s breast and shoulder wttli his teeth.
At Strafford. Conn., last Saturday, an 11
years-old girl who went to a school house to
get a bouquet which her teacher had given
her, found tho door locked and tried to climb
in by the window. The sash came down up
on her and she was found hanging by the
The Fullltlvcr, Mass., strike has termi
nated, lhe operatives have been idle for six
teen weeks, spent from twenty to thirty thou
sand dollars and have received no benefit
whatever, as they arc obliged to resuuio work
on tho terms of the mill owners. Many of
mem nnd tucir places nued by new bands.
The loss in wages is estimated at 2iK).(XK).
which falls largely upon tho merchants of that
Moody and Sankey began a threo weeks'
farowell mission in Loudon Tuesday.
"Dr." Franklin Pierce, a quack doctor
who killed a woman by swathing her from
bead to foot with kerosene bandages, was
convicted of manslaughter at Worcester,
Mass., on Wednesday.
Tho St. Louis express was run into while
going at full speed at Brighton station on the
New York Central noar Itochester, N. Y.,
last week Thursday night, by a freight train
on the Auburn branch ; seven sleepers were
derailed and between 20 and 2. person were
hurt, including Prince Yamashima of Japan,
who is traveling through this country, and 11
members of bis suite.
Thomas P. Qrinnell, son of tho late
Judge George Griuuell of Greenfield, shot
himseld dead at bis home, 117 West Thirty,
fourth Etroet, New York, Friday midnight.
No cause is given for his deed. '
It was discovered last Friday that Charles
A. Hinckley, the paying teller of tho West
side national bank. New York, had embez
zled $!)G,000 of tho bank's funds and run
away. A run on the bank followed on Sat
urday and tho directors closed its doors as a
measure of precaution.
The French brig Senorino went ashore
in a fog on the Grand Banks off Newfound
land last week Thursday afternoon, and be
came a total wreck in 15 minutes. Fifty
three passengers and nino of the crew were
Two of the three boilers in Carr, llyder
A Wheeler's sash and door .factory exploded
at Dubuque, la., Saturday, killing and injur
ing several people. A solid division wall be
tween the boiler house and the mill saved tbo
lives of 200 workmen.
At Bowling Green, Ohio, last Sunday,
Mrs. Geo. Anderson, aged C.", beat out the
brains ot her husband with a hickory cane.
She was insane. On the same day Mrs. Alex
ander Edmont of St. Louis, while insane,
forced open her husband's desk, took a razor
from it, cut tho throats of her three little
children and then cut her own.
ltcv. William Gibbons, pastor of a negro
Baptist church in Washington, baptized 118
converts in the Potomac the other day, and
l.'O more are waiting all the fruit of a seven-weeks'
revival in that one church. A
crowd of 2."i,()00 curious people witnessed the
An oil tank belonging to the Atlantic oil
works at Point Breeze, Philadelphia, was
struck by lightning last Friday night and the
result was a great oil fire which burned nntil
Sunday night and destroyed a large amount
of property. The lightning bolt first struck
a tank containing 30, (MM) barrels of crudo pe
troloum. From this point it skipped and
struck another tank in which was Btorcd 15,
000 barrels of distillate oil. Cannon were
used to make holes in the tanks and let ont
the oil. In this way a lake of burning oil
was formed which lighted up the country for
James D. Fisk, late president of the
broken Marine bank of New York, has been
arrested on a warrant issued upon affidavit of
the national bank examiner, who testified that,
after a careful examination of the books of
the bank, he found that Fisk had misappro
priated $1,141,000 of its funds. This was
done between March 1 and May G, 1881.
Edwin C. Burt, the noted maker of Burt's
shoes, died last Friday at his home in North
Orange, N. J. lie was born in Massachu
setts in IS 111.
Ella Casey, the six years-old daughter of
Thomas Casey of Crown Point, N, Y., was
fonnd dead in her father's cow stable with
her head through the "fall door" of the cat
tle manger, the other day. It is probable
that with the Intention of crawling through
to the other side, she put her head under the
door, which fell upon her neck and held her
The immediate damage to railways in
Texas by tho recent flood is placed at two
millions of dollars.
Our Country Hour,
Through the courtesy of Mr. U. D. Wat
son, the publisher, every Fhccnix subscriber
will this week reoeive the gift of a freo spec
imen copy of Our Country Home the new
paper for the farmer and housewife. If our
readers prefer, they may regard it as a sup
plement of 1G handsome pages added to The
Phoenix but in any case we are sure the
gift will prove on acceptable one. The new
paper starts tiff on a high plane of excellence,
with its several departments in the hands of
eminent and experienced men, and with a
determination on the part of its publisher to
make the paper take the lead in all matters
of advanced farming. The price of the pa
per is only 0 cents a year, and at that price
the publishers of The Fhconix are ready to
receive subscriptions. We have the sole
agency for this county.
To all advance-paying Phceaix subscribers,
old or new, we send Oar Country Home for
25 cents a year. This offer is a liberal one
which every farmer in Windham county
should avail himself of. If you don't al
ready take The Phceaix subscribe at once and
get both papers to July 1, 1885 for $1.75.
The laying of a new Atlantio cable, owned
by James Gordon Bennett of the New York
Herald and the millionaire Mackay, is just
now being completed. Its American terminus
is at ltockport. Mass., the eastern point of
Capo Ann. The eight or nine cables previ
ously laid are all undsr Western Union con.
trol, and the rate over them is CO oents a word.
The new cable will .reduce the rate to 25 cents
or less. Thirty million words are sent acioss
the ocean annually by the cables.
MKM01U Al, 1A Y sUWllXSS
lly Hon. a. St. Xytrr.
DELIVERED IN BKATTLEBOhO OX TBIIMY, MAI
Scaroely a nooro of years La slanted sluoe
the termination of that eeuguiunry contest
which onlled Into the field in their country's
defence more than two milllous of men, aud
yet, eo readily did the nation turn from tho
arts 01 war 10 tbo pursuits of pcaoe ; eo near
ly havo the scars of bnttlo been obliterated
from tho fields ot carnage nnd from tho hearts
of men ; so LuarvellouBhis been our advance
ment lu population, wealth and power : so
thickly have events crowded upon us to ab
sorb our tbougbt, mat tbo llebellion would
seem more like 11 dream than a reality wore
we not reminded ot it by the surviving sol
diers of the ltepubllo and by tbo hundreds of
thousands of graves over which tho nation
bends in grateful remembrance to. day.
"The long years come and go,
And the Wat,
The sorrowful, splendid Tall,
With Ita glory and Its woe,
Bet ms never to bate been.
The bugle's taunting blast
Has died awsr by Houtberu font and gleu :
The mock-bird sings unf rlghtened in Its dell ;
The ensanguined stream Hows pure agalu 1
Where once the blsslug death-bolt fell,
Aud alt along lhe artillery's level lines
Leapt flames of hell,
lhe farmer amilea npon the sprouting grain,
And tends bis tnes.
Beems never to bare been 7
O. aombre daj s and grand,
Uow ye erowd back once more,
Beeing our heroes' graves are green."
There was an ancient custom among the
Athenians of solomuizing publio funerals in
honor of those who had lost their lives in
their country's servioo. During the Pelopou
nesian wars the bones of the slain soldiers
were exposed to publio view, and the citizens
strewed ilowcrs, incense aud perfumes upon
them. These remains wero then carried tu a
publio place in the finest suburbs of Athens,
whero wero buried, in all ages, those who lost
their lives in the field, exoept the warriors ot
Marathon, who, to immortalize their rare val
or, wero buried on the spot whero they fell.
Earth was there thrown ovur,tbeui, aud then
some distinguished citizen, liko Pericles, pro
nounced their funeral oration. Not only were
these high honors paid to the memory of the
defenders oi their country, but their widows
and children were afterwards maintained at
the publio expense.
Animated by that profound revereuco for
patriuttsm which prompted the Greeks more
thau two thousand years ago to perform their
solouin rites, we have set apart a day for a
memorial of those who laid their lives upon
the altar of our country's liberty, when wo
strew their graves with flowers, recount their
deeds of valor, express gratitude tor the
achievements and mourn the IomioI tho loyal
men who sleep iu soldiers' graves throughout
On this occasion we ask ourselves whether
this great sacrillou was required; whether tho
union of these states was worm tho heavy
price paid for its preservation.
"your hundred thousand mtu,
lhe good, the brate, tbotrue,
lu tangled ood, In mountain glen,
Uu battle-neld, lu prison ieu.
Lie deAd for me aud ruu !
Four hundred ttiouaaud 11I tu brsrr
llsvemade this ransomed suit their grsv-.
From western lalo to oceau tide
Arc stretched the grates of tbiiee who died."
Tho American people have a brief but most
remarkabla history. The early eVouU that
led to the establishment of a republic cu IU
continent are of dramatio interest.
"Rough are the ateps, alow hewn lu fllutltat ruck,
Btates cttmb to power by."
For noarly a ctutury after the dibcoieriau
by Columbus and Cabot, tlio new world to the
English mind was but little more thju the
fabric of a dream. Just thrto centuries ago
two ships sent out by Sir Walter ltaleigh, un
der a puleut obtali.ed by him from the queen
to explore aud settle America, crossed tbo At
lantic, sailed alou,; the coat of Florida, aud
came to anchor oil what i 1,0 Kurtb. Uato
lina. TLe etplorurs ouly toucbid Ilia shore-,
of tho new land, of which au old writer says:
"Tho boumls tberoof on tho oast side ure the
ocean ; on tho south lteth Florida ; on the
north Nova Francla, aud as for the r,i tbete
of the bounds are unknown." "lb; interior
was an untraveiled realm, whero tho fancy
might revel freely a land of fairer lruiuand
flowers than tho truits and flow era of Europe .
of green shores, majestic forests, aud blui
mountaius filled with gold atd jewel. " Ou
the return of the ships to England that au
tumn, their commanders gao such glowing
accounts of what they had sotu that Eliza
beth called the country Yirgiuiu the virgin
The events of the next third of a century
the attempt to found a colony ut ltoanoke,
and tho sad fortune and mysterious disap.
earanco of tho colonists ; tbu settlement of
Jamestown, and its abandonment after terri
ble privations and Buffering by the settlers,
who finally ro-cmbarked to return to Eng
land, and were called back by the ariitul of
supply ships under Lord Baltimore : tha land
ing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth . the grant
of representative government to Virginia .
the sitting of the first American legislature in
that colony these were small beginnings, but
they were first steps in tbo march of grand
events j "they wore the shadows cast before
the coming of the great republic." Little
bands of Englishmen, struggling with tho
wilderness and the savages, half starved, dis
heartened, many times on the point of return
ing to their nativo land and leaving tho new
world to its fate, in this inception of a coun
try's history scarcely attracted the attention
of the groat powers of Europe, then strong
in their centuries of existence, controlled by
the hand of royalty, end engrossed in their
affairs of stato and endless civil wars.
Pass over a period ot one and a half cen
turies in the history of the American colo
nists, during which they became imbued with
the spirit of liberty and of opposition to roy.
alty, when was being implanted in their
hearts the sentiineiit that the will of the peo
ple is tho only sovereigu power a sentiment
which they subsequently formulated in their
BUI of Bights and which led them to revolt
and revolution against the crown and behold
three millions of people declaring their right
to independence and struggling through a long
and unequal contest for national existence,
which they finally achieved. William Pitt
characterized the declarations ot the Conti
nental Congress ot 1774. as being unmatched
in the wholo realm of history for solidity of
reason, force of sagacity, and wisdom of con
clusion, under a complication of difficult cir
cumstances, and said that all attempts to im
pose servitude npon such a mighty continent
al nation must be vain.
At the outbreak of our civil war the growth
and prosperity of our country had been so
great that it possessed an area of territory
thirtoen times that of Great Britain and
France combined, rich in varied productions,
traversed by majestic rivers that had been de
veloped into highways for transportation,
with a population of thirty millions, govern
ed by their own constitution and their own
laws, well advanced in education, in the arts
and sciences and other refinements of civil
ized life in short, with the means to acquire
and the capacity to enjoy more of tho sub
stantial blessings ot life than any other poo
pie under heaven. "A state without king or
nobles ; a church without a bishop ; a people
governed by grave magistrates whom it had
selected and by equal laws which it had
framed." A great republic, proud of its
brief history and of its position among the
nations, full of prestige and power for fu
ture achievements a republio worth living
for, worth fighting for, worth dying for.
The colonists were a liberty loving people.
Men who could forsake their homes and na
tive country, whether to escape oppression,
from a love of adventure, or in search of for
tune in a new land, were almost sure to be of
courageous and independent spirits. Uow.
ever separated they were from each other by
their looal interests, by petty jealousies, or
by differences of faith, until drawn together
by their common cause against the mother
country, they were alike pervaded by a love
of liberty and a hatred of tyranny. The ex.
istence of slavery was as greatly deplored by
the southern as the northern colonies, and its
establishment among them was one of the
grounds of complaint against Qreat Britain.
Virginia and the Carolina were as zealous
for freedom as wero the colonies of New
England. Patrick Henry sounded tbo tocsin
of war in the old House of Burgesses and his
eloquence committed Virginia to resistance to
'And echoing back her Henry's cry, came pealing on
Of northern winds, the thrilling sounds of 'liberty
Jefferson drew the Declaration cf Independ.
ence. In June, 1775, Virginia, by IMchard
Henry Lee, moved In Congress "that the
United Colonies are and ought to be free and
independent states, and that all political con.
nection between them and the state of Great
Britain is and ought to be totally dissolved,"
which motion waa seconded by Massachusetts
through the voioe of John Adams. In the
Constitutional convention in 1787 Governor
llandolph presented the Virginia plan, which
was to form "a strong, consolidated union,
in which the idea of states should be almost
wholly done away with." The arguments
and eloquence of Wm. Pinckney aided great
ly in reconciling differences of opinion and
in the adoption of the federal constitution by
South Carolina aud the other colonies.
These are mentioned as some of the evi
dences and Illustrations of tho great truths
that pervaded and controlled tho colonists
truths which they considered self-evident,
which carried them onward to independence,
and upon wbloh they founded the republic.
But, In ooutee of time slavery so perverted
tbu minds and corrupted the cunsoiencu
of the Southern people that they forgot these
fundamental principles and at lait denied
their existence. Not content that the gov
ernment protected, porjwttiuted aud even ex
tended their institution, they demanded that
the people ot the North should Htlfl.i their
voice and the setiliuinnts of thi-ir hearts iu
regard to this ovil.
The proximate cnusn of tliu war was tho
election of Abraham Lincoln ; not that his
Administration threatoued interference with
slavery, but because it was a declaration that
the predomiuant sentiment of the North was
oppoved to it. Tho real cause was the dying
out of tbe spirit of republicanism in tho
Bouth and the coming in of tho spirit of aris
tocracy. Hut wn need not elaborately discuss tho
causes of the rebellion, for they have passed
into history and are known to all the world.
It was enough for the bravo and loyal men of
the country to know that tbe republio was in
dauger, that tho red band of treason-was
raised ugalnU its life, when thero rose up a
citizen soldiery such as tho world never saw
beforo. Farms, shops, offices, schools and
colleges were nbandonod for the battle-field.
The pale-faced boy and the hardy man of
toll donned the uniform ot blue, shouldered
the musket and marched side by side to the
front, llomos, mothers, wives, children,
sweethearts, wore left behind. All that men
count precious in this lifo was given up by
them that they might rally to their country's
Friends, there is an unspeakable grandeur
iu such lovo of country, In such self-surrender
us this. When a man in obedience to du
ty shuts tho door of his home behind him
nud takes up tho lifo of n soldier with all
that that life implies the weary march, the
privation, the facing of doath on the battle,
field and iu the prison-pen, the giving of
himself and what is dearer to him than life
that his country may live, by his self-iacrifloe
he performs nn act of tho highest heroism.
And this was tbe record of thousands. It was
the uprising of patriots at their oouutry's
Wo should not omit on this occasion to pay
a tribute to the loyal women ot the land, whoso
assistance in the great cause, at home and at
. tho front, was of incalculable value. And It
was hardly less heroic in them to seud their
husbands, sons and brothers to tbe field be
cause their country's need of them wss great
er than their own, than it was iu tbe men to
go to that country's aervic.
"The wlbi who girds her husbsnd's sword,
Slid little ones who weep or wvudrr,
Aud bravely speaka tbe rbeertng word
ttbat though her heart be rent aasutdi r
Doomed nightly lu her dreams to hear
The tiolts of wsr around htm rattle,
Hath shed aa mered blood as e'er
Waa poured upon the held of battle!
Tbe mother who conceals her grief,
While to her breast ht-r son she presses,
Then breathes a few brare words, aud brlf
Kissing tbe patriot brow she blesses,
With no one but ber secret God
To know tbe pain that weltha uun her,
Bheda holy blood aa e'er the sod
lteoelved ou Freedom's held of honor."
When at last the nation camo out of that
deadly Btrugglo tbe land was a sepulchre of
slain heroes. Hundreds of thousands of tho
living wero wounded or diseased. Nearly ev
ery house contained a disabled soldier. The
people mourned their dead, and their grati.
tudo went out to the living and the dead,
whose valor had saved tho republic.
Tho first and greatest result of tbe war was
the preservation of the Union. The doctrine
ot state rights as paramount to those of tho
nation ; tbe power of any people to nullify
federal laws . nnd tho rights of states to se
cede from the Uuicn those had all been dis
turbing questions ever since the organization
of the government. It ii not remarkable
that even iu New England disunion senti
taenia should have been expressed and that
tbey should have been formulated into reso
lutions as they were in the Hartford conven
tion. But Ibey were unpopular in the North,
and their exponents were always under the
ban of publio opinion, whilu iu the South it
was a prevailing doctrine, to maintain which
that section ot the country arrayed itself in
open revolt against the govrnmeut. To
have admitted tho right of disunion would
have been to admit that we had no govern
nient worth tbe name; that the Union wai a
mere confederation of states that might be
broken up at pleasure, rather than a confed
eration nnd organization of the peoplo of tho
United States in order to establish justice and
Becuro the blessings of liberty to themselves
and their posterity. Tho people of tbo
South fought bravely to establish the right of
secession, but they overlooked tho fact that
tho Confederacy, if established, could, on
their own theory, havo no stability.
Tbese questions bavo been forever set at
rest. No ono save that infatuated and pitia
ble old man, who mourns by day for tbe lost
cause aud dreams by night that he is Presi
dent of a Southern Confederacy whose chief
corner-stone is slavery, survives to question
the integrity of tho republic The union of
I .11a nates ana 01 tno people is inseparably
cementul iu tbe blood of patriots.
The next grand result of tbo war was tbe
abolition of slavLry, its primary cause. Not
that tho army of the republic was called out
to emancipate tbe slaves, but, under the laws
of war, thii slaves were freed as a war lutas
ure adopted for the suppression of lhe rebel
lion, and thus the nation greatest curse, the
foulest blot upon her fair fame, was removed,
a rac- was set ftee, new possibilities were
opened to the South.aud America thenceforth
became in fact, what it had before been on
ly in name, a land of liberty.
In times of long continued ieace and pros
perity wo become insensible to our obliga.
lions to the government under which welive.
We pay our taxes, obey the laws, maintain
good citizenship, aud aro.iu a sense grateful
for protection and the otner benofits which
we enjoy, without a full realization of the
amount of money and labor and thought it
has cost to establish these freo institutions,
nor of tho full Bcope and value of the bless,
ings which they confer. But when they are
imperilled by foes without or foes within our
borders tbe latent fires of patriotism sudden,
ly burst into flame ; the land is filled with
men ready if need be to lay down their lives
for their country. No recollection of the
war is better worth preserving than that of
tho mingled fire of indignation and patriot,
ism that ran through the land and inspired
every heart upon the firing of tho first shot
upon our country's flag, and that increased
in intensity until the crowning sucoess and
glory of our arms at Appomattox.
Great as was the coat of the war in treas
ure and in lite : irreparable as was tbe pub
lio and private I068, yot tbe nation is rich to.
day rich in the products of her soil, her
forests, her manufactures and in tho hidden
treasures of her minos but richest of all in
her men those who rendered her valuable
service in civil life, and tho long line of her
soldiers, from the great commander who led
her armies to final viotory, to whom Lee
handed his sword in token of surrender, and
whom we shall always love and honor, wheth
er in prosperity or adversity, down to the
humblest man in the ranks who did his duty
faithfully. The memory of tbese men, liv
ing and dead, and their achievements, is a
priceless heritage of the war for the suppres
sion of the great rebellion.
ltepublics are called ungrateful, but ours
has certainly shown gratitude by tho compen
sation it has made to its soldiers and sailors
of tbe late war.
It haa paid them In bounties, 1388,743,000
In pension ...1821,073,000
Number of Invalid pensions allowed, 243,201
To widows and dependent relatives, 200,710
About eighty million dollars are annually
appropriated for the payment of pensions
and tbe expenses of running the Pension of
fice. In addition to all this must bo remem
bered what the Government does for its sol
diers by way of land warrants, hospitals and
Tho following extracts from the report of
the Commissioners of Pensions, made up to
June SO, 1883, the end of the last fiscal year,
will bo of interest :
In my last annual report I gave you tha reanlU of
quite etteuaive inveatlgatlou Into the aubject of the
posalbuiUes of tho pension business. It wss, I
thought, quite important to know as nearly aa possi
ble what to eipect in the matter of future applica
tlona. 1 eougut first to ascertain the total nnmber of
Individuals who euliated and served lu tbe Army and
Kavy of the Dotted Btates; rejecting the re-enliat-menta,
and third and subsequent services, there were,
I found, actual individual enuatmenta durine the war
2,003,391, Theae may now be accounted for as fol
1. Ltnsa. Individual soldiers and
sailors who have not applied
for penaion 962,201
2. Lrvixo. Individual soldiers and
sailors who Aaes applied for
3. DxaD. LeaTiog pensionable rel
atives who have no applied
for pension 72,340
4. Deid. Leaving penaionabie rel.
atives who hatt applied for
5. Pup Leaving no pensionable
discriminate pensioning of tbem. However,
the time is not distant when every tuau wbo
rendered any substantial service in the late
war will be placed ou the pension rolls. (Jon.
resit spends half its tituo In attempts to re
uce its revenues, and iu finding ways to ex
pend the surplus Income, which could not be
devoted to a worthier object than lu aid of
those whose Kerviw saved the Government
Iu tho year 18UI) tho Legislature ot this
state passed au Act enabling towns tu expend
money la the erection of soldiers' monuments
and lu the publication of soldiers' records.
This town has dona neither of these things.
Mr. Henry S. Knight, a formor townsman,
but now dead, who was employed doting tho
war In Adjutant General Washburn's office
here, wroto out, as a labor of love, a careful
record of Brattleboro soldiers, which our ex
cellent Town Clork has faithfully preserved.
By this record it appears that tbo town fur
nished S8A soldiers, though it was accredited
with 1U2. Ot this number ten wero killed In
battlo, ten died of disease, six of wounds and
five died in prison. Colonel Hasklns per
formed a like valuablo service by prepar
ing a record for Mr. Burnham's history of
tho town, which slightly varies the above
figures. A monument should be erected to
the memory of those men, the record of whoso
servioe and death la a precious pert of our
town's history. It should be done at tho,publio
expense. If that cannot be, let us do it by pri
vate enterprise. The names of these soldiers
should be carved In enduring granite and pre
served to bo honored by all coming genera,
lly a custom of the Egyptians, wbou a citi
zen died, a publio acouser appoared against
him, and he was openly tried for tho aots of
his lifo, and nons but the virtuous and brave
wcro admitted to burial or remembered with
honor. Did this custom exist in oar country,
it would be sufficient to produce, as tbo record
of any man, that be had been a soldier iu the
army of the republic, and his name would bo
held in everlasting honor.
Friends, ou this occasion the best sontl.
ments of our hearts aro moved. Our gratitude
is renowed to tho intrepid men who fell in tbo
groat cause of defending tho nation's life and
honor, and who lio buried here and in almost
evury cemetery In the land : and on account
of their sacrifice we aro inspired with a deep
er love of country than we have felt before.
It is an ennobling act for tho peoplo to turn
aside from their usual pursuits and honor
their heroic dead. Thoso who rest here came
from other states, and were unknown to us
exoept that they were Union soldiers. Iu tbe
national cemetery at Arliuglou, which con
tains twenty thousand graves, are buried iu
one sepulchre the uurecognizHl bodies of
twenty-one hundred BOldiers, gathered Irotu
the various battle-fields of the country. T'Ue
nation has erected a tnasslvo monument in
granite to their memory,
"And glory guarda with solemn round
This bivouac of the dead.'
To-day we remember with the deepest sad
ness the thousauds who died aud wero buried
in rebel prison-pens, and those who fell and
were buried ou tbe field, with no kind band
to mark their rostiug-plaoo.
"Their names no tongne may tell,
buried there where they fell,
Tho bravest of our braves !
Ah, but the life tbey gave
la not ahut lu the grave:
Tbe valorona spirits freed
Live In the vital deed!"
Happily, tho deeds of men din not with
them, aud are not interred with their bones.
goou ueeu, no noble life, is ever lost. It
is not in tbe constitution of tho mind of man
or of Ood that they should be lost. The lives
of these brave men, given for tbo causa of
free government aud humanity, will live on
while the years in endless procession roll over
'High were tbetr deeda o'er whom our hearts are
Bafe bides their fsme In all men'e love and praise !
Hallowed the mold In w bleb their doit Is aleeplog,
And aweet the memory that has crowned their dava.
'Pile thick the amaranth and myrtle o'er them
lor whom our laureled banuera sash aod flow
lines that love, and pansles that drplore them.
And lilies, weeping from their hearts of snow I
"llrestbe to! ye murmuring plnee, ye whispering
Ye dews of summer night, fall softly here!
lie sorrow's surh iu every breeze that passes,
Abd every raindrop U- a mourner tear !
"And oh, ye atari, y,. holy light that cumber
Te deep of heaven, pour benedlctlona down!
Kbed your sweet Incense on this sacrrd slumber
Bright aa our love, and pure aa their renow n !"
-.'.i"iw 111 me aoove nguree mat
all the DM. 41)1 living who have not applied for Invalid
peOBloucBuor wuTdoao! rather it Is to be believed
that the greater portion of theae served without coi.
trading a pensionable disability, while many who did
contract Pensionable dlaabllltlea havo not and never
will apply. At all events all future invalid applies,
tionamnat come from thla nnmber. it may boeaid
of the remaining 72,340 who may be represented by
pensionable relalivea, that probably the larger portion
will yet apply.
Hitherto, pensions have been predicated up
on tbe needs of applicants. Many members
of tbe Grand Army are in sound health and
many have acquired ample fortunes of their
own j hence, there is an objection to an in.
SI. ALUAXS nnsT KATIOXAX, BANK INDICT.
SltNTH FOUND BV TUB CNITKIl STATES GRAND
Albert Sowle. Herbert Braiuerd, Edward
A. Smith and J. ltuasell Armington of St.
Albans and Farrinston H. Marshall, Perkins
C. Page and Francis O. Nickcraon of Boston
were Indicted by the Brand jury of the Unl-tc-d
States court at Windsor, last week, for a
violation of the national banking act in con
nection with tho First National bank of St.
Albans. Mr. Sowlos is the late cashier of
the bank and Measrs. Braincrd, Smith and
Armington are well known citizens of St. Al
bans. Farrington II. Marshall is the Boston
produce dealer wbo failed a few months since,
owing the bank a Urge sum of money. The
indictments are of the same general charao.
ter and charge, the respondents with deceiv
ing the national bank examiner by means of
false fraudulent drafts. Ntckerson, for in.
sunoe, signed a draft for sj;!,41C.(i; which
was accepted by Page and made payablo to
tho bank. Tho draft was absolutely worth,
less, but it was exhibited by the cashier to
the examiner as a substantial asset. It is un
derstood upon the street that tbe total amount
paid by Sowles as cashier on theso worthless
drafts was about SBO.WK). Some time since
a syndicate was formed for tho purpose of
operating in Wall street. They proceeded to
buy Union Pacific and Western Union stock
at tho very highest point. Soon after pur
chasing, both stocks began to fall and have
been steadily falling siuoe. The syndicate's
margins were soon exhausted, and then it be
gan to take money from the bank, with the
result of practically "cleaning out" that in
stitution. There aro ugly stories in circula.
tion to the effect that tbe signatures of some
of tho drafts mentioned above are for forger,
ies. At any rate, tho examiner and receiver
found the affairs of the bank in a thoroughly
corrupt and rotten condition.
TWO UOSE OIllNOE COC-NTY MOOK8HIXEX.S COktE
Early on Wednesday morning. May 21,
James M. Jones cf Tunbridge and Miles Com
eback of Strafford were arrested by United
Btates Deputy Marshal Sprague of Jamaica on
warrants issued by the United States Circuit
Court for this district on tho charge of illicit
distilling, and on Thursday both were tried
by jury in tbe U. S. Court at Windsor and
found guilty. On Friday, May 23, they
wero sentenced by the Court to each pay a
fino of iC(H) to tbe United States and costs of
prosecution ; and Comstock, who is an old of.
fender, was also sentenced to be imprisoned
in the county jail at North Hero in tho coun.
ty of Grand Isle for fifteen months, and Jones
to bo imprisoned in the county jail at Iras,
burgh in the county of Orleans for one year,
and both to stand committed to said jails on
til full sentence is complied with.
The Methodist general conference at
Philadelphia last week voted .lei to 8 to re.
store the Burlington district to tha Troy con
ference from which it was taken soveralyears
ago, and over which separation there has
been the hottest church fight known in tbe
Btate for years. Tbo decision causes great
rejoicing in the Burlington district
George L. Tiffany, who has been in jail
slnco his father, Postmaster Tiffany, ab.
soonded from Bennington, and who pleaded
guilty last week to an indictment for larceny
in the United States district court at Wind
sor, was sentenced to pay a fine of 4100. Tho
government was unable to prove the larceny
of any large sums, and could only show that
ho had occasionally taken a few dollars from
the publio funds. Tiffany's relatives paid
Congress has been In session nearly two
months, aud only two of tbe appropriation
bills the military academy and the agricult
uralhave been finally passed.
There was s transfer of $3,000,000 of Wil.
liatn IL Vanderbilt's government bonds, mado
last week, and Wall street is dying to know
what was done with the money. It was prob
ably usod to bolster np the Vonderbllt stocks.
Congressman Brown of Georgia, iu oppos.
ing the antl-polygamy bill in the Senate this
week, defended Mormonism by attacking the
social morals of New England and New York
and made his allusions so pointed that the la
dies left the galleries.
Tho New Yotk Herald reckons np tbe de
oline of Jay Gould's stocks of late at 820 -000.000
Congressman Itnssell of the Lawronoe,
Mass., district, and chief owner of the Bel
lows Falls paper and palp mills, will decline
another election to Congress.
A Norwalk, Conn., paper did a lot of mis
chief last week by publishing au alleged joke
about a long and steady run on ono of tbe
oldest banks in town, meaning a gravel bank
in tho village. Tbe article was headed, "A
Norwalk Bank In Trouble," and scores of do
poeitors rushed and withdrew their money
from the Norwalk savings bank, the oldest in
the region. From S)2S,000 to $30,000 was
withdrawn before the brilliant wit of the
local scribe could be explained to the com.
Lost. A wsllet eohtalnlog money waa lost some
whero between Hradhrr'e green-house and the UIM
farm last Toeeehy. The Under will be duly rewarded
by leaving tbe saeae at this oftce.
Hoard wanted In private families, In Ilntllehorn
village and immedlati vicinity, during the snmmer,
tor a nnmber of boys, no more than two In a family,
to tie treated aa Its mr rollers. Address, stating terms,
CmnLltn Ihstitoii, New York City.
1'tOTcaa Fluxes are cheap at Cheney k Olarp's.
The old reliable Hartford, New York, Pennsylvania
and foreign firs Inauranee companies represented by
Cudworth k Chtlds afford absolute protection. The
beatls tbe safest In the end.
Anrtarlo I'lorUBKTniViito at Cheney k Ctapps.
New supply of llaakets at Cheney k Olapp's.
Tho currant worms are np to their old
Mr. V. B. Francis is very sick with con.
gostion of the brain.
Tbo skating rink will bs open this even
Ing, with music by tho First ltegiment band.
Tho farmors who are "a littlo behind"
with their spring's work aro tho ones who aro
happy this morning.
Elghtoen members of tbo Odd Fellow
fraternity paid a visit to tbe Hinsdale lodge
on Wednesday evoning.
Perkins, tbo dye-house man, took a -'
lb.-'loi trout out of Whetstone brook under
the falls back of Brown's building ono day
W. 11. Bates, an employe at Smith A
Hunt's carriage shop, had the thumb and two
fingers of his left hand badly lacerated by a
circular saw, last Saturday, the forefinger
being nearly taken off.
A friond who listened to ltov. Mr. Lee's
sermon last Sunday morning makes tbe re
mark that if, as report says, the parson styles
himself a Democrat, it must be that he spells
the word with a small d.
The National W. C. T. U. Bullotin, Vol.
1, No. U, is out with a circulation of 2000
copies. It is hereafter to be a small 4-page
paper and will bo issued monthly by Mrs.
Esther T. Housh.
The Good Templars are to bold a straw
berry and ice-cream festival at Grand Army
hall next Monday evening. Supper will be
served from ft to H o'clock, after which there
will be musical and literary exercises.
The Estey Guard will have thair annual
June drill on Saturday, the 7th. The plan
is to go to Vernon by rail and invite tbe
honorary members of the company to take
dinner with them there.
Bertie, 13-years-old son of J K. Tour
ber, cf Uentrerille, fell on a scythe Monday
afternoon and received a severe cut in tho
left wrist, which severed one of tbe cords
and penetrated to the bone.
At the Baptist church next Sunday
morning Itev.Mr. Tower will preach on "True
Liberty." After the sermon tho rito of bap
tism will be administered. The yonng peo
ple's meeting will hereafter be held on Tues
Michael Kennedy, the Irishman whoso
death at Itinggold, Ga., we noted last week,
formerly resided hero, but took to drink, de
serted his family and wandered off to parts
unknown. Hit former wife, wbo had obtain
ed a divorce, now lives at Bellows Falls.
Several young ladies of tho village have
formed a "lied Letter Day Club," with Miss
Grace Mansur as president. Miss Emma Dick,
inson as secretary, and Miss Grace Leo as
treasurer. Tbe purpose of tho club is to ar
range tor pleasure parties, benefit entertain
ments, and the like, during the summer.
This year's drive of logs, amounting to
37,000,0XI feet, has passed Mclndoes Falls
and is boomed at Wells Iliver, past which
point tho logs are now running. They will
be due at Brattleboro in about two weeks.
Tbe water has been at a good height from tbe
start, and tho season is tbe most favorablo
Four Swede girls, employed as domestics
in this village, taking advantage of the pres
ent low ocean rat, will sail from Boston to
morrow for a visit to fruuds in Sweden. Tho
fare from Brattleboro to Gottcnburg, Sweden,
steerage passage, is only $2.'.. 70 cheaper for
most of us than staying at home.
Hereafter thero will be a regular busi
ness meeting of the Y. M. C. A. on the first
Monday of each month, aud accordingly
there will bo such a meeting on Monday
evening next at 7:42 o'clock. It is hoped
every member will bear this iu mind and be
Tho Brattleboro members of this year's
Moosehead fishing party will be Dr. Gale,
H. 11. Lawrence, W. H. Child., 1'. W. Childs,
A. W. Childs, and Nod Plutnmer. F. A.
Flagg of North Adams, J. H. White of Meri
den, and either A. 1. or Itolliu Childs will
join tho party. They will leave Monday,
Hon. B. D. Harris and his alternate, Mr.
Babbitt of Bellows Falls, leave for Chicago
this afternoon. Col. Hooker is already on
tbe ground. Several Brattleboro people,
among them Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Frost, will
avail themselves ot tbo low railroad fares of
fered daring the convention for a visit to
Chicago and the west.
Gov. Smith camo to term with tbe Am
herst peoplo when summoned before the
Massachusetts railroad commissioners on
Tuesday, and next Monday morning another
train will be put on the New London road be
tween Palmer and that point which will prac
tically restore the accommodations lost by
the withdrawal of tho owl train.
The new cloak and shawl room which
O. J. Pratt has recently added to his store is
proving a very valuable and attractive ad
junct of his business. This new department
occupies a largo front room, immediately
over tho main store, which boa been elegant
ly fitted up and offers to tbe ladies an oppor
tunity to examine over garments and make
their selections under the moat favorable cir
cumstances and entirely at their leisure. The
stock of goods which this department con
tains is large and attractive, and will at all
times be kept fully up to all the demands of
Mr. E. P. Carpenter left on Tuesday for
Mendota, 111., having been called thero by
tbo serious illness ot his father, Mr. E. B.
Carpenter, who is a manufacturer of cabinet
organs. Mr. Carpenter will probably close up
his father's business while there and hereafter
supply tbe trado of the Mendota concern from
his own works in Brattleboro. On returning j
from the west Mr. Carpenter will go to I
oiaine ana urmg nis lamtly Here for perma
At the meeting of the officers of the Y
M. 0. A. held tho 22d inat., the various com
mittees wero appointed with the following
men as chairman : Devotional, J. 0. Howe ;
membership, E. W. Harlow; entertainment,
J. E. Hall; room, E. C. Crosby ; finance,
Malcolm Moody ; lecture, L. W. Uawley ;
distribution and invitation, Geo. Bliss . re
ception, Edward Kirkland. At the meet
ing of tbo executive committee on Monday
evening, tbe 10th insL, it was voted to retain
the general secretary another year, also to
take rooms in Hooker block, the first
south of the hall leading to the second floor
together with the basement, '
The Grand Army campfire held at tho
town hall last evening was attended by an
audience which completely filled tbe hall.
The exercises, which were of a memorial
character, were unusually interesting and in
cluded music by the Philharmonic orchestra
prayer by Bev. B. H, Lee, singing in solo
and quartet by some of our best vocalia s, a
recitation by Mrs. Whiting, and addresses by
Messrs. A. V. Cox, A. FMtee, E. Crosby, E
W. Whitney, K. Haskins, L. K. Fuller and
H. E. Taylor. Mr. A. V. Cox, chairman of
tbe Menfbrial day committee, presided over
the meeting, and its sucoess was an ample
vindication of the new plan of holding these
meetings adopted last year.
The following item from the Now Mexi.
can Stock-Grower is of interest in conneo.
tion with tbo advertisement of J, G, Clancey
it Co., which appears in our oolumns to-day :
"Dlnltle Handy Bros. A Co. havo 10,000 head of
Fpanlah Merino sheep ou their range lu Texasand
have sold for $Jeo3 four hundred and eighty head
ot ewes which were not selected but taken lust aa
they came out of the herd. This ts about M.is per
head. Whosajsthe sheep business Is not what it
used to betM
The sheep from which this herd has grown
were bought of Clancey & Co.,. two years ago
and are of the same stock now offered by
Tho past two weeks havo furnished an
exoellent Illustration of tho capacity for
weather of this New England section ot ours.
After several days of midsummer warmth,
with the meroury rising as high as 85 to 68,
the temperature fell off to a delightful cool,
ness and freshness at tbo beginning of this
week, followed by rain on Monday night and
Tuesday. Wednesday brought a decided fall
in the temperature, and during Wednesday
night the mercury fell below the freezing
point and thin ice formed. Last night was
still colder, tho mercury going as low as
2S-, This morning on all low lands there
was a white frost, and in all this section there
was a decided freeze which has killed tonder
vegetation. Telephone messages from tbe
hill towns this morning state that on both
nights the ground was frozen to a stiff crust
and ioe formed one-fourth to one-halt inch
thick. In Wilmington and Dover there wera
snow squalls last evening. On tho hills in
the latter town the air wm thick with the
falling flakes for some minutes. But ,ulo
field corn was up and the geniral crones,
cap injury. Potatoes were ont ot th,
ground in many 001 aud the situation for
lbs bags is a dlseosraaing one. The moil
serious damage bat undoubtedly been to tfa
fruit crop. Whether apple, which are now
just ont of tbe blonwom, Ihiva been gennrallv
rnlnoil. It U iuipmslbln to tell. The cold wave
has affected all this section, south as well ,
north. Tbe telegraphic bows In tbu B,otu
lugs pajiers shows that the cold snap has ex
leuuesi n inr wwi an inuiaun and an f
south nn Pennsylvania Early crops of 1
sorts Jiave iieeu lujurru.
At tho Democratic caucus held on Tuts,
day evening tho following delegates to the
state and distriot conventions were chosen
BTATk John Heltlng, V. W. Chillis, J , , 1 ,,
N. T. ltjau, o. A. Marshall, Jaraos loulanl YV V
msrniOT Howard 1'ratl, W. II. Child j ,
tlalrln, K. F. Ilrooks, O. II. Ilurnt.l. 11. Dav. u,,
Chat. Hlierruan. ' '
MEIIontAL DAT SERVICE.
The services of Memorial day occurred
to-day according to tho programme ar
rangtdby tbe Grand Army post and announe
ed last week. Some 7ft members of the
poBt, in teams, beaded by tbi- First Hpd.
ment baud, visited tbe cemeteries in the west
part ot tbo town and decorated the grans ot
soldiers buried there, with apprnpriab- rites
including prayer by Prof. H. II Shaw, a
brief address by Itev C. II. Merril' and
singing by the Philharmonic quart. Id
At 3 o'clock a procession embracing th- hand
and drum corps, Eitey Guard and Fuller
Battery, Post Sedgwick, Ladies' Belief Corps
(3(1 strong), Hons of Veterans, Pbajnix engine
company and citizens, was formed ou Mun
Btroet in front of tbe town ball and man lad
to tbe village cemetery, where the customary
exercises were held, consisting ot a pray, r by
Prof. Shaw, singing by tbe Pbilhartnonir ijutr
tet, and an address by Hon. J. M. Tyl er f0i
lowed by tbe decoration of graves both there
and in the Catbolio cemetery. The weather
was very favorable, and the attendance large.
The ladies arc deserving of epecial credit for
the ptominent part which they took in the
exercises and their abundant floral offetioga,
The address by Mr. Tylor is given in full m
ill SB MAKO ABET MATHEU AS "LEAH.'
Mlsa Margaret Mather's performance r.f th' tlti
part In Dr. MosentbaTa drama, 'Leab, tbaFureakeu
at Croahy ball on Tneeday evening, was the strongest
piece of dramatic work which has been seen In Brat,
tieboro in many years. The play in Itself m ni.tm
attractive one. It la gloomy In character, stilri m
style, abounds In long declamatory speech, ai.d
from beginning to end la fairly turgid with paam 11
With any but a real artiat in ita leading part the pu
would be uninteresting aud even repnlviri lii tin
reaped It compares closely wltb "Conrad, th' Out.
law." in which Halvlnl, the great Italian master "f hla
art, wlna ever new lanrela by the sbesr force i,f fcta
own genius; and It requires no stretch of either (art
or courtesy to carry the comparison sti'l farth'raiLl
aay tbatla an equal degree Miss Mather, by ber real
power aa an artist, lifts "Leah" out of tta hsavineia
and drearlnoaa, makes It seem a play of atlrnng
movement, excites the sympathetic Interest of bir
audlenee from the outset, and carries it on to a plti u
of positive enthusiasm as the curtain falla npon tl,e
curse aeeoeat tbecloaeof tbe fourth act
There waa no alow and labored workiog mi t
heigbta of artistic excellence In Miss Mather's Imper
sonation on Tuesday evening. Her geniue waa maoi
feat and ber place waa won from tbe Instant she
sprang on tbr stage In the firat act tike acnon wild
hunted thing wltb tbe mobot relentless and super
atltlooa peasanta at her beele It required a quick
eye to catch tbe rapid play of her emotion aa abe half
lost her terror under the protection of the good vil
lage prieat, only to abrlnk to a new hormr under hla
uplifted handa and offered bleaaing, and to rise in a
wild exultation aa he proclaimed to tbe clamuncg
crowd: "lie among you that la without aln may east
tbe firat atone at her." The Uve acene in the third
act waa well done and aa free from atageineaa as each
scenes can well be made. The play, aa we have al
ready Intimated, reaches Ita climax, and tbe power of
tbe artiBt is pot to Ita aeveroat teat. In the "curse
scene" In tbe fourth act, when tbe forsaken Jewess
gives way to a whirlwind of paeslon, hatred and re
venge, hurls a torreut of malediction upon the lover
who haa been faiaely led to doubt and discard hi r.
and the curtain falla upon ber dreadful "Amen,
amen, amen !" In the fifth and closing scene her w
man's love and gentleness reaasrrt themselves and tbe
play ends wltb Leah dead and the "Amen" cf f orglre.
Deas on ber Una. The play la one which requlrea ei
treme physical and emotional exertion througbnnt,
and the wonder Is that a young girl can carry it
through without once weakening or flagging Mlaa
Mather iiosBesses every physical requisite of her art,
Sbe baa a Blender, supple form, a graceful carriage,
an Ideal face, a quick gesture, and a nervous, eicita
ble temperament. The leading polots In her deline
ation on Tuesday evening were greeted with wsrm
applanee and abe gradoualy responded to repeated
calls to appear before tbe cnrtaln. Mr. Alexander
Halrlnf, aon of the great actor already alluded to,
played ltudolph In a manner abowtng a Juat concep
tion of what the part required. Tbe support waa no
lformlygood, aod In several Instances, a in that of
Madelena, Nathan and Fatbera Lorrntz and Herman,
the delineation was notably falthtnL It will long tie
a source of satisfaction to rcioember that Brattleboro
haa aeen an artist like Mlsa Mather npon Ita horns
ctage, and we sincerely hope that in tbe future such
occaalonaof satisfaction will be frequent.
THE ALXXN-nASSELL JICBDES.
The statement made In several of the dally pa
pers that the Ur. bamuel J. Allen, Jr., whosbot a man
named lianaell In a bar-room In Boston last week,
waa at one time an Inmate of the Vermont asylum, la
a mistake, lie has s. brother younger than himself In
tbe asylum here, but be has never been an tnmste of
this or any other asylum, and It does not appear that
he has ev,er shown any symptoms of insanity, lie
wss on a debauch at the time he committed thecrime,
and killed lianaell with a deadly aelf-eoctlng revolver
which he carried in hla pocket. He had been lu Boa
ton on a spree lor two days when he went Into the
saloon where he met lianaell, wbo waa an entire
atrangerto him. lianaell waa drunk. Some ques
tion aroaeabout tbo change lu payment for drlska.
Haoaellaru Allen took a plqoe agalnat each other,
and Allen whipped out hla pistol and fired with im
mediately fatal reanlta. The murderer is the eldest
son or Dr. 8. J. Allen of White ltlver Juneuon, a
loading physician of his section, and at present one
oi the supervisors of tbe Insane in this state. Tbe
young man wbo has atalned his life with this crime
through his fondness for drink wss educated at Hart
mouth, waa in the war when but a boy, and several
years ago began the practice of medicine In company
with hta fathet. About three years ago be moved to
1'UlnvlUe, Conn., but removed to White Iliver Junc
tion about two years ago. An Inquest on Hansen's
body Is now in progress. It Is understood that on
Allenw trial he will be defended by Oen. Butler.
LAST SATURDAY'S RAILROAD
At the adjourned railroad meeting held at the town
hall but Saturday evening, the maps baaed upon tbe
original aurvey by Mr. Mitchell, and prepared by one
of hla aailaunts, were displayed for the examination
of all Interested aud explained by I'reaident Crosby.
As surveyed by Mitchell, tbe route was 33 miles a
length, with a grade rarely exceeding 120 feet to the
mile, but In one place reaching liO feet. Subsequent
ly another aurvey or partial survey waa made by Mr.
Buttrick of Worcester, by which the distance waa
shortened to about 28 mllea, with a grade not materi
ally different from that previously obtained, though
for a abort dieUnce rlalng to nearly 150 feet per mue
Mr. Croaby then repeated some facta which he had
auted at the previous meeting lu regard to tbe
amount of money which it waa necessary for Brattle
boro to ralee In order to eecure the road, lie had re
ceived propositions from several responsible parties
who aund ready to build the road when the towna
shall have completed tbe necessary ateps. What la
asked of the town la to bond for the same amount
rrevioualy voted, on conditions which shall insure
the building of the road beforo the money Is paid.
Uon. II. D. Harris eipreeacd himself aaduidedly
In f avor of building the road, believing that It would
yield good returns both to this and the other towns
co the line. In his judgment the estimate present-f!?.'"'i?1e-..i,?0.mU"
ln length, 30Cl,t0 he
IDOaCht Van Li hrHt-t an.l .winln Is - .1 L
VHauf 4J m luucusjgu (li All
Col. Hooker, chairman, then read, with running
comments, a paper which CoL L. K. Fuller, who waa
abaent, had prepared, giving estimate of tbe amount
i.ih..TT . weaoaung in tno towns which would
be tributary to tbe proposed road, comparing with
that previously existing along the line of the West
.I.'.-mi"'' ,'" H'V.i!'g how inalgnincant
would be the tax which tbe majority of our tax-pay-,r"w'"Jl'il"cu'inP0Ill0I,arln
order to have the
road. Tbeperaon who paya nothing but a poll tax
would only need to amokeune less dear a year dur-
lE'fV 3'?'r,.,"i m P1"1"! '""" road, while
the individual who pays taxes upon 1 1000 worth of
r.!'0''?Hw?a.1i01115' n"d O one leas trip to
Cbeaterneld lake lu order to make himself whole.
Though personally Interested In the skating rink, tho
chairman did not hesitate to eipreaa hla wmingneaa
that persons who could not stand the expenae of both
the rink and railroad abould withdraw their latron
age from the rink for a whole yearm order to help
pay for the road. Aa with Individuals, he remarked,
aowlthcommnnlUea: Ills often wtae and necewry
tT1 a?0,0? f ln ord" 10 brln8 money ln ; and la
thla bf lief he favored bonding the towna lu order to
carry out tbe enterprise now in hand.
Dr. II. D. llolton said that whatever would Increase
the prosperity of Brattleboro be was In fsvor of. In
dividuals prosper, he observed, ln proportion aa they
!r.P0.,!!Cir,'?r,r,i111""' mii " ' " towns.
He Instanced Burlington aa apiece which years ago
ww;S iW'".'),'y dr""nS "aytfie raUroad
"r k i? h18 had) and the present generation
of Its Inhabitants curse the plgbeadedneia of thoao
who were reaponaible for the present isolated situa
tion of the place, which necessitates the paving of
higher rates of freight, etc., than would otherwiae bo
the caac. The propoaed railroad to Wilmington la all
that la needed to concentrate the bualneaa of tho
county at Brattleboro for au time. Tbe Dootor aald
hat It had been urged aa an argument agalnat Ilral
tieboro a putting money Into thla road, that, if limit,
perhapa other partita would extend the Beadsboro
road to connect with It; but ahould that be done, the
road would benefit Brattleboro by constituting a com
CoL UaakluB aald that he had been aecnaed of
throwing cold water npon tbe enterprise: but If be
had manifested disagreement with what had been
aald or done It waa not because of opposition to the
road or the plan of bonding, but to the continued
calUng of meetings like this. Hla idea waa that the
people ahould be called together ln town meeting.
Then the opponenu of the road, as well as ru
friends, wlU turn out, and there will be a chance of
making converU. In order to convert sinners, you
must get them within your reach: it waa a waste of
effort to talk to people who wero already converted,
lie bad been reported aaaaylog at a former meeting
bat those who were to be benefited by tbe road ought
to pay for It. He waa prepared to ataud by that
atatement. The road would ba a benefit to every
property.holderandUborlnglnaulu the town. He
believed that Brattleboro would be benefited more
than any other town on the line. The banking bual
neaa and tbe probate and legal bualneaa of the coun.
tymnet come hero; and here doubtleaa tha county
seat will eventually be located. The town could bel
ter afford to pay tlou,ooo than not have the road.
I.Mr. Uaaklnaa suggestion for calling a town meet
!J?n'Jed b Uo"- u- D- Hrrla and J. L.
Martin. The latter referred to tbe objections which
had been urged against granting eld tc the Wilming
ton road by mea who honestly believed vhat tbi y
talked, and aald that theae objections should be given
their due weight and argument met by argument'
and when the town la called upon to vote In aid ot
the road, the terma must be so conditioned that not a
dollar ahall be paid until the road la contracted for
under adequate bonds.
Mr. C. r, Thompson spoke ln concurrence with the
rci-euiuir remaraa. us aalo I list thoao wbo weri
wuraiog lonue roaa wouia nna 1
to be uone, but sucoess would 1
hard feeling, aa he had fouud ii
ltlver road. Wraona who Lad 1
board that nroieet were now
pralae. Concerning tbe ueoeeeify of building a rail.
road to Wilmington, he likened the case to that of a'
uisu wumo uuuie Biua leaay roof. He cannot af-
loru not to repair the leal.
On motion of K. floodhna it .-. 1 v 1 -.1-
Voted to instruct the directors of tbe road to netltion
the selectmen to call a town meeting for the purpose
of seeing If the town will aid lathe instruction of
t he Brattleboro and Bennington railroad.
uelt all opposition aald
alt.Munllh. U'.t I
tll nin.t 1.1,1 &rl rrt
fl, . ... ,,T)