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THE VERMONT PHCENIX, AND RECORD AND FARMER, FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1884.
BUATTLEBOKOi FltlDAY, MAT 80, 1B4. Hon. Frederick Hilling wont to Chicago tho firat of lb In week. His hoalth is greatly improved, anil ho will bo able to. do good work for Mr. Edmunds in the convention. Somebody In Philadelphia who wants to give Dob Ingersoll a free advertisement had notes taken of a lecture which he recently delivered In that city, and has submitted tbem to eminent lawyers to see if he did not violate the law against blasphemy. Samuel J. Tilden is Brand J. Tltdcnli a hale, hearty, robnet and nk, broken-down old elgorona. it nominates lor; the prcaideney be will ae- cept, and all the Indications are favorable for his being made tbe candidate or me. party. Abo re is tho latest news from Mr. Tilden and his probable candidacy in the coming campaign. It is absolutely reliable, nnd yon pays your money and you takes your choice. man. He canr-ot possibly thick of being a presldeu. tlal candidate, and la wrlt ItiD a letter nosltlvelv de clining In casehe should be nominated. Tho New York Tribune, which is the lead ing supporter of Mr. Blaine's canvass, states the case for him by Baying that tho real ques tion for tho Chicago convention Is, Who can carry Maine in September and West Virginia nnd Ohio in October 1 l)y implication the Tribune replies that Mr. Blaine is the only man who con do this, and clinches its argu ment by these further questions : "Does any practical politician believe that If Maine, Ohio and West Virginia all go Democratic next fail, any ltrpubllcan candidate can carry New York ? Dors aoybody doubt that If any Republican candidate abonld flnt carry Maine, Ohio and West Virginia, beam then carry New York 7 What, then, la the prcat question for the Chicago convention ? Is It who might proba bly carry New York,or la it who can first carry Maine, Ohio and West Virginia:" This Is a skillful statement of tfeo case, but wo nevertheless do not believe that tho Trib une's logio will convince tho convention of the necessity or wisdom of nominating Mr. Blaine. Ferdinand Ward, whose rascality brought about the failure of Orant & Ward, and James D. Fish, president of tho Marino bank, which wont down in tho same crash, aro both under arrost and in jail. Ward admits that ho bad known for a long time that the firm was in solvent, and that he had repeatedly raised large eums of money by false representations about large government and city contracts nnd opportunities to mako large profits by mining and other speculations. Mr. Fiab tries unsuccessfully to help his own case by charg ing Qen. Orant with writing letters assuring him that certain "government contracts" were all right, and that the firm of Grant A- Ward was financially sound. It is unfortunate for Qen. Orant that his effort! to establish bis Bons in business should have led him into a connection like that with the unprincipled Ward ; but no unprejudiced person bclievos for a moment that Qen. Qrant intentionally lent himself to any dishonest Bchemo. The whole affair was a gigantic confidence game, and Oen. Orant was led into it through tint aamo blind confidence in human nature which was bo often his bano in his publio career. The Benito committee to investigate the Danville, Ya., riot submitted their report on Tuesday. Tho committee find that tho riot or massacre had its origin in political causes, that it was premeditated, and that its purpose was to intimidate the blacks and produce a frenzy of feeling among the whites in all parts of the state, which would drive them to for sake all alliance with the blacks and voto strictly with their own race. No evidence was found that the negroes fired a shot until after the whites fired the first general volley. The fire bell was rung, not for a fire, but as a se cret signal for tho white military company. The whites camo rapidly from all directions, and arms were distributed among thoso who had none from the shops and stores. The committee believe that a remedy for such a elate of things as the investigation disclosed ought to bo found under the provision of the United States constitution that when the right to vote is denied or in any way abridged, in any state, the basis of representation shall be reduced accordingly. Senator Vance will sub mit a minority report. The) Ghlcaa-o Contention. The ltepublican national convention meets in Chicago next Tuesday. The delegates aro already gathering on the ground, and unless the contest should be an unusually protracted one, as was the cose four years ago, the re suit of the convention's work will bo known by the time another publication day comes round. The situation cannot be said to have shown any decided change during tho post week. If anything, the problem grows more mixed and uncertain as the decisive hour op proaches. The sentiment in favor of Presi dent Arthur gains new strength, apparently, and his friends now claim as confidently that he will lead on the first ballot as do thoso of Mr. Blaine that their favorite will head the oolumn. The estimate of votes for each of these candidates at the start varies from 300 to 310. The estimate of Mr. Edmunds's strength is placed by some confident friends as high as 102 votes on the first ballot, and by no one is his support reckoned at less than Gl votes. Our own opinion is that neither Ar thur nor Blaine will receive the nomination, but of the two we think the probabilities are decidedly in Arthur's favor. Around whom tho sentiment of the convention will crystal ize when the final break comes, it is impossi ble to foretell. Our faith remains firm, how ever, that the chance is more than an even one that the sober second thought of the body will turn to Mr. Edmunds as the really avail able candidate In the best sense of the word as the one leader under whom success is assured. After Mr. Edmunds, or along with him, come Gen. Sherman, John Sherman, Qresham, Lincoln and Uarrison as possibili ties, with no end of daik horses in training, The proceedings of the convention will be watched with intense interest by Ilepnblicans in every part of the country, and in every heart there will be a sincere hope that the convention will drop all prejudice and per Bonal feeling, and seek only the nomination of a ticket which shall be strong in the truest sense, and which shall assure a triumph for the foundation principles of Bepubhcanism. Tha llnllroud. In response to a petition from citizens of Brattleboro, supported by the expressed sen timent of the meeting held last Saturday evening, the selectmen have decided to call a speoial town meeting to be held on Monday, June lG,to see if the town will onoe more vote to aid the Brattleboro t Bennington railroad. In our looal columns we give a careful sum mary of the discussion at the railroad meet ing referred to, and in this issue we also print a letter from Mr. Crosby, summarizing the arguments in favor of the road, and one from Col. Fuller, giving comprehensive and valuable statistics bearing on the subject. The facts about the road, in ehort, are all be fore the people, and they demand the serious consideration of every voter. The time has gone by, if one ever existed, when there Is either disposition or need to coerce publio sentiment on the local railroad question. The trcoess of the Brattleboro & Whitehall road hasdemonstratedthefeusibillty of the narrow, gauge system, as well as the importance of a branch line of road in building up remote and deolining towns and in helping the busi ness of tha centre of trade from which such u line radiates. All the West Hirer valley towns have been helped by the Brattleboro fc Whitehall road, but the road has benefited Brattleboro most of all. The question which the friends of the Brattleboro ii Bennington road ask the people of Brattleboro to decide Is whether they can afford not to give their aid and assare the building of this one radi ating ami 'which is now needed to permanent ly centre at BraltUboro the trade and friend ly interchange of the whole county, save on ly that of leas than a half-dozen towns on cur northern border 'which find their natural outlet at other points. FACTS FOR J UK 1'JSOVLK. X ltullroail letter from JTtr. Crosby. The statements that appeared last week in one of our loeal newspapers relative to the Brattleboro A Bennington railroad would lead people to conclude that the authentic re ports given relative to the preliminary sur voy, etc., were forgotten or the writer of the article ignored facts Riven as not entitled to credit. As to the facts which I gave, cover, lug the survey and the statements of Chief Engineer Mitchell, which he mode before the directors, I- will ask tho people to revlow them. The map and profile wero exhibited at the town hall last Saturday evoning and aro now at my office, where they may bo ex amined. The first survey was made under gieat difficulties, as Mr. Mitchell was nnao qualntod with tho country end his time was limited. lie claimed that somo improvements could be made both In grades ana distance, yet ho considered his survey accurate. Tho map anil pronle ot nie survey were maun villi preat nnrn And exnensoand show the ex act grades, distance, etc. Mr. Mitchell, the chiof engineer, stated before the dlroctora that the route was a feasible one and Indeed a very favorable one. The second survey was a correction of tbo first, only over Important eootions. It wos made by A. U. iiutiricg oi Worcester, wuu has had large experience in building narrow gauge railroads. Ills report I also published, which showed a shortening up of the line without making the grades objectionable, lie pronounced the line perfectly practicable with favorable grades, and comparatively an easy road to construct. The report can bo examined at my office. Any statement I have ever made relativo to the preliminary sur veys oan be fully sustained, showing facts more reliable than fiction. The statement made that Wilmington only subscribed $20,000 was no doubt as near the facts as the other statements, it is wen known that Wilmington, with only about one-sixth as many inhabitants as Brattle boro, oilers and has actually raised more than three-fourths the amount of money that Brattleboro Ib asked to raise. This shows how anxious Wilmington people are to come to our town, and it also shows their faith in the enterprise and in their resources. They do not want to be compelled to go ten miles by horse power to lleadsuoro forever, iney aro ready to do all in their power and they cannot yet believe that Brattleboro people are going to withhold their aid to so important a work. East Whitingham is good for $12,000, and the other towns will no doubt respond liberally. Now I will tako the liborty to stato certain undeniablo facts in relation to this enterprise which tho people of Brattleboro will please consider. First, it is a fact that our town was built up by tho help of tbo surrounding towns. Our location was favorablo for a centre, our town became a live ono cn account of it, and it made a steady and healthy growth even be fore much manufacturing was done. Second, it is a fact that o-ir growth and prosperity still depend largely upon the thrift and business of tho back towns. If the back townB run down the effect on our town will be 6oriou6ly felt. Our town has been practi cally the pivot town of tho county in years gone by few of the country towns going to other states to trade. Much U said about our town being burdentd with heavy taxes. Well, !. allow it. But it is a fact that we have a light indebtedness banging over us compared to our valuation ; and there are few towns where the taxes aro as light as ours, compared to our advantages and rocoipts. Wo have our town house, we have our school house, some money invested in the old Vt. & Mass. rail road, some in the West river road, all of which will help the next generation. Wby is there bo much said about dur little debts ? We havo the valuo right before our eyee. In fact wo have it right in hand, and our chil dren mav Dossibly thank us for doiug tho work, but I do not believe they will thank us it we do not do all we can to uunu up ana improve tho town and county. How much happier should we be as a town or individu als if we were out of debt ? Snpposo wo had a chance to get back all the money tne town nas paia out jor im Movements and in exchanee qive them up would it bo wiso to do it Y 1 do not believe a man can be found that would be willing to cut off a single railroad thatoomes into town, even if this terrible town debt could be paid with the proceeds. What kind of a town would this be if all our public improvements were given up, even if wo owed coming Now the amount asked for this Wilmington railroad is so very light that it does not Beem possible that any one can go against tne en ternriso to save so small a pittance. When we figure out tho little that each one of us would have to pay to help on this great publio enterprise, it is plain we cannot afford to throw our influence against the work. If necessary we would smoke a littlo less, go to Chesterfield lake once less, go to shows and skatinc rink once or twice less, to meet tho small tax that would help the whole commun ity so much, especially our neighbors. Friends, think of it. Take a broad view of the subject. Let us work as did the fathers of revolutionary time for the generations to come after them. It it does not accord witn certain ones' principles to bond, I ask what is the real substance of a principle that for bids them to help make public improvements that will benefit their fellowmen and help them to such comforts and advantages as they themselves enjoy. Town aid is not asked for to benefit a few, but it is asked for to help a local enterprise which is euro to benefit every one. Precedents prove this statement. Now it it is to benefit this com munity cenerally. why is it not as just and right for the town to lend its aid as it is for it to build common roads or mase otner im provements. When men talk no bond they of course mean no railroad. It the towns will take hold in earnest and pledge a certain amount with condition that tho railroad shall be put under contract to be finished and equipped with good bonds given, I have no doubt mat parties can be found wno win tako our bonds and furnish the road in tip-top shape. In fact I havo tho best assurance from good and responsible parties that it can bo done. Tho different roads composing the Central and Connecticut Uiver line have now such an understanding that I am authorized to say that there are no grievances between them hence there is no disposition to fight or even to challenge one. These are facts without color as I know from what I have learned in the last two months as to the actual Btate of this matter. But with all this both roads promise to do all for us that can be reasons bly asked of them relative to better rates of freight. Fellow citizens, I now ask you to candidly consider all the facts and ask yourselves if it is not dangerous for us to let this opportunity tor Helping our town ana our wnole commu nity pass, and I think you will see tho neces sity of lending your aid in helping forward so noble a work which must benefit not only this but future generations. This is not a visionary project, it can be fully demonstra. ted that there will be ample business for the road. The narrow-gauge system of railroads all over the west fully proves their cheapness and utility. The Denver A Bio Grande narrow-gauge runs over grades of 220 feet to the mile and almost as crooked as they are steep. The modern etyle of making their engines give them great strength and power and put the grade of 120 to ICO feet to the mile of Ut ile consequence over a steel rail. How is the time to help our neighbors and ourselves at tne same time. jdwied Ceosbi, 1st year. .l im " 4th " th " oth ' 1th Mb " Sth " lot h" It was all met in ten years (at six per coat) la shown by the follow ing table t t.0 MO 6.W Mb S.M 6.9(1 1.00 4.10 4 M 440 4 M M .to .41 M .4) I WHO tt.m B.l in t.m t.n Ion Mo iM 3.K 9.1ft reuo fJB.IO Total, UM Anyone with Utile trouble can rendllr see tlio amount he will have to pay to get the road. This road is for loos I purposes. It will helplioth town and ooitoti. It will assist in soiling the transportation question which agitates llratile lioro. You arc at liberty to make use of this la aid of the enterprise. Yours truly, L. E. FX'LLEH. llRAmmOBO, Vt., May SB, Hi. Not. At your requeit I have (Inured the towns ujton a umereni oasis ami annex mc resuu i i'ltruree from Col. Tattler CXATTLIBOSO, VT., Maj 22, HI, E. CaoesT, Esq., Dear Kir : In reply to yours asking for certain Information, I submit the fol lowing as bearing upon the Ilrattle boro & liennington railroad. Table snowing population aud property on the line of the Ilrattleboro 4 Whitehall railroad as compared with the proposed Ilrattleboro & lien nlnffton railroad. l'op. O.L. pop. O L. Wllmlngton. 1130 SS371 Whlitngham, 1310 373s Dover, C21 2379 Uullford, 1000 417o Marlboro, 333 2003 Halifax, 831 2389 Brockline, 203 87S Dnmmereton. bis 3399 Jamaica, 1252 S3S2 Londonderry, 11M 4B5 Newfane, 1031 4780 -rownsnena, low 4SC1 Wardsuoro, 760 22W Total, 3191 2CC4S C323 21S50 Ilrattleboro & Whitehall railroad 37 miles ; popu lation per mile 170 ; grand list per mile SC71. Ilrat tleboro A. Bennington railroad 33 miles; population per mile l7;eTanaiutTS7. Bhowlng a large per cent 0 f population and grand list per mite In favor of the proposed road to Wilmington. It la stated bj good Judges that there Is twenty, ore percent more business watting freight faclll. ties than there was upon the line of tho Ilrattlebo ro A W hltchall railroad at the time of Its protec tion ; but 1 advise tho ascertainment of the precise amount now being Cone, and not let so important a question rest upon mere opinion. It would Uem. onatrate that the amount ot bntlness to be done per mile Is at least equal to and probablr greater than up the West RlTerVallej. '""-xmJ s"" The cost pi 'the llrauieboro 4 Whitehall railroad waa about 111,000 per mile, the orlgtnal contract price was ts.SOO, and with the prcaent low price of rails, it does not seem unreasonable to sar.that tho Ilrattleboro i Dwnlngton road ought to be built for 110,500 per mile, which would mako tho total cost about 1300,000. 1 The coat of operating the two roada per mile will probably be equal, The margin between expense! and gross earnings ought to be considerably lu f. vor of the Ilrattleboro A liennlngton railroad, lu ine absouic ut complete analysts ot the anuual eiotiKllturesotteeUratUtlxiroi Whitehall rail road It ts Impossible to state preelselr. One half of the coat, say 1150,000, must be raised by town aid aud prlratvsubscrlptlou; the balance by the bonds or obligations of the road. In case Ilrattleboro should bond for twice Its grand list, the amount of taxes which a person would be required to py for tau purpose, provided l'op. (IX. Halifax, fwt mm Whitingham, lain Jim Wilmington, llo Mil Unllford, leva 4175 431 1C073 Towpb more or less tributary Pop. O.L. I'on. O.L. llnmmcrston,4a) I17W Nrwfanc, 10)1 ITS? Tntrnshend, 1099 JM1 Jamalea, 1VH asi Londondorry, 1154 49: 4911 19916 Pop. O.L. Bll I12S7 Half Dover. 811 11247 I Half Dover. Kearsburg, 110 rms Halt lirookiine, ion 4M Homerset, M 301 Half Wltdham, 2S8 loss Half Jlaniioro, 177 1001 1 w amsiioro, . 700 re'J Total, 743 S1B1 141! nose ll.jt W.H.H., so m.; pop. per m.iai : o. Lper ro. t-SM Tributary m;(J. L. 110 Total 117 te2 1I..V li.lt.i:.. 29 m.: non. ncr m. 1 19 : o. L.rrr ni. M4 Tributary 2flU.L. loo Total, lie M Figures taken from Walton1 Register. THE SEWS IX lilllVV. During tlio holiday games at Chatham, Ont., Monday, tho grand stand collapsed and ir.0 people got broken arms, legs or ribs, and some were injured Internally. The east-bound express train on the Fitchburg road, due in Athol, Mass., at (i:UU Monday morning, collided with n west-bound freight train a short distance west of Erving depot. Both enginex wcro thrown from the track and threo cars were derailed. Fireman Price of tbo freight train was buried beneath the wreck, and badly hurt in tho bead. None of the passengers wero seriously hurt A bleacher exploded in Moore A Wilson's strawboard mill at vtaterford, K. V, Monday night, totally demolishing tho buildine. and killing fivo employes. Two of the victims wero blown to tho top of a four-story build ing. A stallion turned on his trainer, who had whipped him severely, at Lexington (Kr.1 Monday, tramped upon him, breaking hit wrist end leg and tore tno nesti from the man s breast and shoulder wttli his teeth. At Strafford. Conn., last Saturday, an 11 years-old girl who went to a school house to get a bouquet which her teacher had given her, found tho door locked and tried to climb in by the window. The sash came down up on her and she was found hanging by the neck, dead. The Fullltlvcr, Mass., strike has termi nated, lhe operatives have been idle for six teen weeks, spent from twenty to thirty thou sand dollars and have received no benefit whatever, as they arc obliged to resuuio work on tho terms of the mill owners. Many of mem nnd tucir places nued by new bands. The loss in wages is estimated at 2iK).(XK). which falls largely upon tho merchants of that city. Moody and Sankey began a threo weeks' farowell mission in Loudon Tuesday. "Dr." Franklin Pierce, a quack doctor who killed a woman by swathing her from bead to foot with kerosene bandages, was convicted of manslaughter at Worcester, Mass., on Wednesday. Tho St. Louis express was run into while going at full speed at Brighton station on the New York Central noar Itochester, N. Y., last week Thursday night, by a freight train on the Auburn branch ; seven sleepers were derailed and between 20 and 2. person were hurt, including Prince Yamashima of Japan, who is traveling through this country, and 11 members of bis suite. Thomas P. Qrinnell, son of tho late Judge George Griuuell of Greenfield, shot himseld dead at bis home, 117 West Thirty, fourth Etroet, New York, Friday midnight. No cause is given for his deed. ' It was discovered last Friday that Charles A. Hinckley, the paying teller of tho West side national bank. New York, had embez zled $!)G,000 of tho bank's funds and run away. A run on the bank followed on Sat urday and tho directors closed its doors as a measure of precaution. The French brig Senorino went ashore in a fog on the Grand Banks off Newfound land last week Thursday afternoon, and be came a total wreck in 15 minutes. Fifty three passengers and nino of the crew were lost. Two of the three boilers in Carr, llyder A Wheeler's sash and door .factory exploded at Dubuque, la., Saturday, killing and injur ing several people. A solid division wall be tween the boiler house and the mill saved tbo lives of 200 workmen. At Bowling Green, Ohio, last Sunday, Mrs. Geo. Anderson, aged C.", beat out the brains ot her husband with a hickory cane. She was insane. On the same day Mrs. Alex ander Edmont of St. Louis, while insane, forced open her husband's desk, took a razor from it, cut tho throats of her three little children and then cut her own. ltcv. William Gibbons, pastor of a negro Baptist church in Washington, baptized 118 converts in the Potomac the other day, and l.'O more are waiting all the fruit of a seven-weeks' revival in that one church. A crowd of 2."i,()00 curious people witnessed the oeromony. An oil tank belonging to the Atlantic oil works at Point Breeze, Philadelphia, was struck by lightning last Friday night and the result was a great oil fire which burned nntil Sunday night and destroyed a large amount of property. The lightning bolt first struck a tank containing 30, (MM) barrels of crudo pe troloum. From this point it skipped and struck another tank in which was Btorcd 15, 000 barrels of distillate oil. Cannon were used to make holes in the tanks and let ont the oil. In this way a lake of burning oil was formed which lighted up the country for miles around. James D. Fisk, late president of the broken Marine bank of New York, has been arrested on a warrant issued upon affidavit of the national bank examiner, who testified that, after a careful examination of the books of the bank, he found that Fisk had misappro priated $1,141,000 of its funds. This was done between March 1 and May G, 1881. Edwin C. Burt, the noted maker of Burt's shoes, died last Friday at his home in North Orange, N. J. lie was born in Massachu setts in IS 111. Ella Casey, the six years-old daughter of Thomas Casey of Crown Point, N, Y., was fonnd dead in her father's cow stable with her head through the "fall door" of the cat tle manger, the other day. It is probable that with the Intention of crawling through to the other side, she put her head under the door, which fell upon her neck and held her fast. The immediate damage to railways in Texas by tho recent flood is placed at two millions of dollars. Our Country Hour, Through the courtesy of Mr. U. D. Wat son, the publisher, every Fhccnix subscriber will this week reoeive the gift of a freo spec imen copy of Our Country Home the new paper for the farmer and housewife. If our readers prefer, they may regard it as a sup plement of 1G handsome pages added to The Phoenix but in any case we are sure the gift will prove on acceptable one. The new paper starts tiff on a high plane of excellence, with its several departments in the hands of eminent and experienced men, and with a determination on the part of its publisher to make the paper take the lead in all matters of advanced farming. The price of the pa per is only 0 cents a year, and at that price the publishers of The Fhconix are ready to receive subscriptions. We have the sole agency for this county. To all advance-paying Phceaix subscribers, old or new, we send Oar Country Home for 25 cents a year. This offer is a liberal one which every farmer in Windham county should avail himself of. If you don't al ready take The Phceaix subscribe at once and get both papers to July 1, 1885 for $1.75. The laying of a new Atlantio cable, owned by James Gordon Bennett of the New York Herald and the millionaire Mackay, is just now being completed. Its American terminus is at ltockport. Mass., the eastern point of Capo Ann. The eight or nine cables previ ously laid are all undsr Western Union con. trol, and the rate over them is CO oents a word. The new cable will .reduce the rate to 25 cents or less. Thirty million words are sent acioss the ocean annually by the cables. MKM01U Al, 1A Y sUWllXSS lly Hon. a. St. Xytrr. DELIVERED IN BKATTLEBOhO OX TBIIMY, MAI OU, 1PK4. Scaroely a nooro of years La slanted sluoe the termination of that eeuguiunry contest which onlled Into the field in their country's defence more than two milllous of men, aud yet, eo readily did the nation turn from tho arts 01 war 10 tbo pursuits of pcaoe ; eo near ly havo the scars of bnttlo been obliterated from tho fields ot carnage nnd from tho hearts of men ; so LuarvellouBhis been our advance ment lu population, wealth and power : so thickly have events crowded upon us to ab sorb our tbougbt, mat tbo llebellion would seem more like 11 dream than a reality wore we not reminded ot it by the surviving sol diers of the ltepubllo and by tbo hundreds of thousands of graves over which tho nation bends in grateful remembrance to. day. "The long years come and go, And the Wat, The sorrowful, splendid Tall, With Ita glory and Its woe, Bet ms never to bate been. The bugle's taunting blast Has died awsr by Houtberu font and gleu : The mock-bird sings unf rlghtened in Its dell ; The ensanguined stream Hows pure agalu 1 Where once the blsslug death-bolt fell, Aud alt along lhe artillery's level lines Leapt flames of hell, lhe farmer amilea npon the sprouting grain, And tends bis tnes. Beems never to bare been 7 O. aombre daj s and grand, Uow ye erowd back once more, Beeing our heroes' graves are green." There was an ancient custom among the Athenians of solomuizing publio funerals in honor of those who had lost their lives in their country's servioo. During the Pelopou nesian wars the bones of the slain soldiers were exposed to publio view, and the citizens strewed ilowcrs, incense aud perfumes upon them. These remains wero then carried tu a publio place in the finest suburbs of Athens, whero wero buried, in all ages, those who lost their lives in the field, exoept the warriors ot Marathon, who, to immortalize their rare val or, wero buried on the spot whero they fell. Earth was there thrown ovur,tbeui, aud then some distinguished citizen, liko Pericles, pro nounced their funeral oration. Not only were these high honors paid to the memory of the defenders oi their country, but their widows and children were afterwards maintained at the publio expense. Animated by that profound revereuco for patriuttsm which prompted the Greeks more thau two thousand years ago to perform their solouin rites, we have set apart a day for a memorial of those who laid their lives upon the altar of our country's liberty, when wo strew their graves with flowers, recount their deeds of valor, express gratitude tor the achievements and mourn the IomioI tho loyal men who sleep iu soldiers' graves throughout tho land. On this occasion we ask ourselves whether this great sacrillou was required; whether tho union of these states was worm tho heavy price paid for its preservation. "your hundred thousand mtu, lhe good, the brate, tbotrue, lu tangled ood, In mountain glen, Uu battle-neld, lu prison ieu. Lie deAd for me aud ruu ! Four hundred ttiouaaud 11I tu brsrr llsvemade this ransomed suit their grsv-. From western lalo to oceau tide Arc stretched the grates of tbiiee who died." Tho American people have a brief but most remarkabla history. The early eVouU that led to the establishment of a republic cu IU continent are of dramatio interest. "Rough are the ateps, alow hewn lu fllutltat ruck, Btates cttmb to power by." For noarly a ctutury after the dibcoieriau by Columbus and Cabot, tlio new world to the English mind was but little more thju the fabric of a dream. Just thrto centuries ago two ships sent out by Sir Walter ltaleigh, un der a puleut obtali.ed by him from the queen to explore aud settle America, crossed tbo At lantic, sailed alou,; the coat of Florida, aud came to anchor oil what i 1,0 Kurtb. Uato lina. TLe etplorurs ouly toucbid Ilia shore-, of tho new land, of which au old writer says: "Tho boumls tberoof on tho oast side ure the ocean ; on tho south lteth Florida ; on the north Nova Francla, aud as for the r,i tbete of the bounds are unknown." "lb; interior was an untraveiled realm, whero tho fancy might revel freely a land of fairer lruiuand flowers than tho truits and flow era of Europe . of green shores, majestic forests, aud blui mountaius filled with gold atd jewel. " Ou the return of the ships to England that au tumn, their commanders gao such glowing accounts of what they had sotu that Eliza beth called the country Yirgiuiu the virgin land. The events of the next third of a century the attempt to found a colony ut ltoanoke, and tho sad fortune and mysterious disap. earanco of tho colonists ; tbu settlement of Jamestown, and its abandonment after terri ble privations and Buffering by the settlers, who finally ro-cmbarked to return to Eng land, and were called back by the ariitul of supply ships under Lord Baltimore : tha land ing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth . the grant of representative government to Virginia . the sitting of the first American legislature in that colony these were small beginnings, but they were first steps in tbo march of grand events j "they wore the shadows cast before the coming of the great republic." Little bands of Englishmen, struggling with tho wilderness and the savages, half starved, dis heartened, many times on the point of return ing to their nativo land and leaving tho new world to its fate, in this inception of a coun try's history scarcely attracted the attention of the groat powers of Europe, then strong in their centuries of existence, controlled by the hand of royalty, end engrossed in their affairs of stato and endless civil wars. Pass over a period ot one and a half cen turies in the history of the American colo nists, during which they became imbued with the spirit of liberty and of opposition to roy. alty, when was being implanted in their hearts the sentiineiit that the will of the peo ple is tho only sovereigu power a sentiment which they subsequently formulated in their BUI of Bights and which led them to revolt and revolution against the crown and behold three millions of people declaring their right to independence and struggling through a long and unequal contest for national existence, which they finally achieved. William Pitt characterized the declarations ot the Conti nental Congress ot 1774. as being unmatched in the wholo realm of history for solidity of reason, force of sagacity, and wisdom of con clusion, under a complication of difficult cir cumstances, and said that all attempts to im pose servitude npon such a mighty continent al nation must be vain. At the outbreak of our civil war the growth and prosperity of our country had been so great that it possessed an area of territory thirtoen times that of Great Britain and France combined, rich in varied productions, traversed by majestic rivers that had been de veloped into highways for transportation, with a population of thirty millions, govern ed by their own constitution and their own laws, well advanced in education, in the arts and sciences and other refinements of civil ized life in short, with the means to acquire and the capacity to enjoy more of tho sub stantial blessings ot life than any other poo pie under heaven. "A state without king or nobles ; a church without a bishop ; a people governed by grave magistrates whom it had selected and by equal laws which it had framed." A great republic, proud of its brief history and of its position among the nations, full of prestige and power for fu ture achievements a republio worth living for, worth fighting for, worth dying for. The colonists were a liberty loving people. Men who could forsake their homes and na tive country, whether to escape oppression, from a love of adventure, or in search of for tune in a new land, were almost sure to be of courageous and independent spirits. Uow. ever separated they were from each other by their looal interests, by petty jealousies, or by differences of faith, until drawn together by their common cause against the mother country, they were alike pervaded by a love of liberty and a hatred of tyranny. The ex. istence of slavery was as greatly deplored by the southern as the northern colonies, and its establishment among them was one of the grounds of complaint against Qreat Britain. Virginia and the Carolina were as zealous for freedom as wero the colonies of New England. Patrick Henry sounded tbo tocsin of war in the old House of Burgesses and his eloquence committed Virginia to resistance to the crown. 'And echoing back her Henry's cry, came pealing on each breath Of northern winds, the thrilling sounds of 'liberty or death!'" Jefferson drew the Declaration cf Independ. ence. In June, 1775, Virginia, by IMchard Henry Lee, moved In Congress "that the United Colonies are and ought to be free and independent states, and that all political con. nection between them and the state of Great Britain is and ought to be totally dissolved," which motion waa seconded by Massachusetts through the voioe of John Adams. In the Constitutional convention in 1787 Governor llandolph presented the Virginia plan, which was to form "a strong, consolidated union, in which the idea of states should be almost wholly done away with." The arguments and eloquence of Wm. Pinckney aided great ly in reconciling differences of opinion and in the adoption of the federal constitution by South Carolina aud the other colonies. These are mentioned as some of the evi dences and Illustrations of tho great truths that pervaded and controlled tho colonists truths which they considered self-evident, which carried them onward to independence, and upon wbloh they founded the republic. But, In ooutee of time slavery so perverted tbu minds and corrupted the cunsoiencu of the Southern people that they forgot these fundamental principles and at lait denied their existence. Not content that the gov ernment protected, porjwttiuted aud even ex tended their institution, they demanded that the people ot the North should Htlfl.i their voice and the setiliuinnts of thi-ir hearts iu regard to this ovil. The proximate cnusn of tliu war was tho election of Abraham Lincoln ; not that his Administration threatoued interference with slavery, but because it was a declaration that the predomiuant sentiment of the North was oppoved to it. Tho real cause was the dying out of tbe spirit of republicanism in tho Bouth and the coming in of tho spirit of aris tocracy. Hut wn need not elaborately discuss tho causes of the rebellion, for they have passed into history and are known to all the world. It was enough for the bravo and loyal men of the country to know that tbe republio was in dauger, that tho red band of treason-was raised ugalnU its life, when thero rose up a citizen soldiery such as tho world never saw beforo. Farms, shops, offices, schools and colleges were nbandonod for the battle-field. The pale-faced boy and the hardy man of toll donned the uniform ot blue, shouldered the musket and marched side by side to the front, llomos, mothers, wives, children, sweethearts, wore left behind. All that men count precious in this lifo was given up by them that they might rally to their country's rescue. Friends, there is an unspeakable grandeur iu such lovo of country, In such self-surrender us this. When a man in obedience to du ty shuts tho door of his home behind him nud takes up tho lifo of n soldier with all that that life implies the weary march, the privation, the facing of doath on the battle, field and iu the prison-pen, the giving of himself and what is dearer to him than life that his country may live, by his self-iacrifloe he performs nn act of tho highest heroism. And this was tbe record of thousands. It was the uprising of patriots at their oouutry's call. Wo should not omit on this occasion to pay a tribute to the loyal women ot the land, whoso assistance in the great cause, at home and at . tho front, was of incalculable value. And It was hardly less heroic in them to seud their husbands, sons and brothers to tbe field be cause their country's need of them wss great er than their own, than it was iu tbe men to go to that country's aervic. "The wlbi who girds her husbsnd's sword, Slid little ones who weep or wvudrr, Aud bravely speaka tbe rbeertng word ttbat though her heart be rent aasutdi r Doomed nightly lu her dreams to hear The tiolts of wsr around htm rattle, Hath shed aa mered blood as e'er Waa poured upon the held of battle! Tbe mother who conceals her grief, While to her breast ht-r son she presses, Then breathes a few brare words, aud brlf Kissing tbe patriot brow she blesses, With no one but ber secret God To know tbe pain that weltha uun her, Bheda holy blood aa e'er the sod lteoelved ou Freedom's held of honor." When at last the nation camo out of that deadly Btrugglo tbe land was a sepulchre of slain heroes. Hundreds of thousands of tho living wero wounded or diseased. Nearly ev ery house contained a disabled soldier. The people mourned their dead, and their grati. tudo went out to the living and the dead, whose valor had saved tho republic. Tho first and greatest result of tbe war was the preservation of the Union. The doctrine ot state rights as paramount to those of tho nation ; tbe power of any people to nullify federal laws . nnd tho rights of states to se cede from the Uuicn those had all been dis turbing questions ever since the organization of the government. It ii not remarkable that even iu New England disunion senti taenia should have been expressed and that tbey should have been formulated into reso lutions as they were in the Hartford conven tion. But Ibey were unpopular in the North, and their exponents were always under the ban of publio opinion, whilu iu the South it was a prevailing doctrine, to maintain which that section ot the country arrayed itself in open revolt against the govrnmeut. To have admitted tho right of disunion would have been to admit that we had no govern nient worth tbe name; that the Union wai a mere confederation of states that might be broken up at pleasure, rather than a confed eration nnd organization of the peoplo of tho United States in order to establish justice and Becuro the blessings of liberty to themselves and their posterity. Tho people of tbo South fought bravely to establish the right of secession, but they overlooked tho fact that tho Confederacy, if established, could, on their own theory, havo no stability. Tbese questions bavo been forever set at rest. No ono save that infatuated and pitia ble old man, who mourns by day for tbe lost cause aud dreams by night that he is Presi dent of a Southern Confederacy whose chief corner-stone is slavery, survives to question the integrity of tho republic The union of I .11a nates ana 01 tno people is inseparably cementul iu tbe blood of patriots. The next grand result of tbo war was tbe abolition of slavLry, its primary cause. Not that tho army of the republic was called out to emancipate tbe slaves, but, under the laws of war, thii slaves were freed as a war lutas ure adopted for the suppression of lhe rebel lion, and thus the nation greatest curse, the foulest blot upon her fair fame, was removed, a rac- was set ftee, new possibilities were opened to the South.aud America thenceforth became in fact, what it had before been on ly in name, a land of liberty. In times of long continued ieace and pros perity wo become insensible to our obliga. lions to the government under which welive. We pay our taxes, obey the laws, maintain good citizenship, aud aro.iu a sense grateful for protection and the otner benofits which we enjoy, without a full realization of the amount of money and labor and thought it has cost to establish these freo institutions, nor of tho full Bcope and value of the bless, ings which they confer. But when they are imperilled by foes without or foes within our borders tbe latent fires of patriotism sudden, ly burst into flame ; the land is filled with men ready if need be to lay down their lives for their country. No recollection of the war is better worth preserving than that of tho mingled fire of indignation and patriot, ism that ran through the land and inspired every heart upon the firing of tho first shot upon our country's flag, and that increased in intensity until the crowning sucoess and glory of our arms at Appomattox. Great as was the coat of the war in treas ure and in lite : irreparable as was tbe pub lio and private I068, yot tbe nation is rich to. day rich in the products of her soil, her forests, her manufactures and in tho hidden treasures of her minos but richest of all in her men those who rendered her valuable service in civil life, and tho long line of her soldiers, from the great commander who led her armies to final viotory, to whom Lee handed his sword in token of surrender, and whom we shall always love and honor, wheth er in prosperity or adversity, down to the humblest man in the ranks who did his duty faithfully. The memory of tbese men, liv ing and dead, and their achievements, is a priceless heritage of the war for the suppres sion of the great rebellion. ltepublics are called ungrateful, but ours has certainly shown gratitude by tho compen sation it has made to its soldiers and sailors of tbe late war. It haa paid them In bounties, 1388,743,000 In pension ...1821,073,000 Number of Invalid pensions allowed, 243,201 To widows and dependent relatives, 200,710 About eighty million dollars are annually appropriated for the payment of pensions and tbe expenses of running the Pension of fice. In addition to all this must bo remem bered what the Government does for its sol diers by way of land warrants, hospitals and homes. Tho following extracts from the report of the Commissioners of Pensions, made up to June SO, 1883, the end of the last fiscal year, will bo of interest : PENSION POPULATION. In my last annual report I gave you tha reanlU of quite etteuaive inveatlgatlou Into the aubject of the posalbuiUes of tho pension business. It wss, I thought, quite important to know as nearly aa possi ble what to eipect in the matter of future applica tlona. 1 eougut first to ascertain the total nnmber of Individuals who euliated and served lu tbe Army and Kavy of the Dotted Btates; rejecting the re-enliat-menta, and third and subsequent services, there were, I found, actual individual enuatmenta durine the war 2,003,391, Theae may now be accounted for as fol lows 1 1. Ltnsa. Individual soldiers and sailors who have not applied for penaion 962,201 2. Lrvixo. Individual soldiers and sailors who Aaes applied for pension. 498,721 3. DxaD. LeaTiog pensionable rel atives who have no applied for pension 72,340 4. Deid. Leaving penaionabie rel. atives who hatt applied for pension 312,029 5. Pup Leaving no pensionable relatives 220,000 discriminate pensioning of tbem. However, the time is not distant when every tuau wbo rendered any substantial service in the late war will be placed ou the pension rolls. (Jon. resit spends half its tituo In attempts to re uce its revenues, and iu finding ways to ex pend the surplus Income, which could not be devoted to a worthier object than lu aid of those whose Kerviw saved the Government from destruction. Iu tho year 18UI) tho Legislature ot this state passed au Act enabling towns tu expend money la the erection of soldiers' monuments and lu the publication of soldiers' records. This town has dona neither of these things. Mr. Henry S. Knight, a formor townsman, but now dead, who was employed doting tho war In Adjutant General Washburn's office here, wroto out, as a labor of love, a careful record of Brattleboro soldiers, which our ex cellent Town Clork has faithfully preserved. By this record it appears that tbo town fur nished S8A soldiers, though it was accredited with 1U2. Ot this number ten wero killed In battlo, ten died of disease, six of wounds and five died in prison. Colonel Hasklns per formed a like valuablo service by prepar ing a record for Mr. Burnham's history of tho town, which slightly varies the above figures. A monument should be erected to the memory of those men, the record of whoso servioe and death la a precious pert of our town's history. It should be done at tho,publio expense. If that cannot be, let us do it by pri vate enterprise. The names of these soldiers should be carved In enduring granite and pre served to bo honored by all coming genera, tious. lly a custom of the Egyptians, wbou a citi zen died, a publio acouser appoared against him, and he was openly tried for tho aots of his lifo, and nons but the virtuous and brave wcro admitted to burial or remembered with honor. Did this custom exist in oar country, it would be sufficient to produce, as tbo record of any man, that be had been a soldier iu the army of the republic, and his name would bo held in everlasting honor. Friends, ou this occasion the best sontl. ments of our hearts aro moved. Our gratitude is renowed to tho intrepid men who fell in tbo groat cause of defending tho nation's life and honor, and who lio buried here and in almost evury cemetery In the land : and on account of their sacrifice we aro inspired with a deep er love of country than we have felt before. It is an ennobling act for tho peoplo to turn aside from their usual pursuits and honor their heroic dead. Thoso who rest here came from other states, and were unknown to us exoept that they were Union soldiers. Iu tbe national cemetery at Arliuglou, which con tains twenty thousand graves, are buried iu one sepulchre the uurecognizHl bodies of twenty-one hundred BOldiers, gathered Irotu the various battle-fields of the country. T'Ue nation has erected a tnasslvo monument in granite to their memory, "And glory guarda with solemn round This bivouac of the dead.' To-day we remember with the deepest sad ness the thousauds who died aud wero buried in rebel prison-pens, and those who fell and were buried ou tbe field, with no kind band to mark their rostiug-plaoo. "Their names no tongne may tell, buried there where they fell, Tho bravest of our braves ! Ah, but the life tbey gave la not ahut lu the grave: Tbe valorona spirits freed Live In the vital deed!" Happily, tho deeds of men din not with them, aud are not interred with their bones. goou ueeu, no noble life, is ever lost. It is not in tbe constitution of tho mind of man or of Ood that they should be lost. The lives of these brave men, given for tbo causa of free government aud humanity, will live on while the years in endless procession roll over their graves. 'High were tbetr deeda o'er whom our hearts are weeping I Bafe bides their fsme In all men'e love and praise ! Hallowed the mold In w bleb their doit Is aleeplog, And aweet the memory that has crowned their dava. 'Pile thick the amaranth and myrtle o'er them lor whom our laureled banuera sash aod flow lines that love, and pansles that drplore them. And lilies, weeping from their hearts of snow I "llrestbe to! ye murmuring plnee, ye whispering Ye dews of summer night, fall softly here! lie sorrow's surh iu every breeze that passes, Abd every raindrop U- a mourner tear ! "And oh, ye atari, y,. holy light that cumber Te deep of heaven, pour benedlctlona down! Kbed your sweet Incense on this sacrrd slumber Bright aa our love, and pure aa their renow n !" Local Intelligence, STATE AFFAIltS. Total.. ., .2,003,391 -.'.i"iw 111 me aoove nguree mat all the DM. 41)1 living who have not applied for Invalid peOBloucBuor wuTdoao! rather it Is to be believed that the greater portion of theae served without coi. trading a pensionable disability, while many who did contract Pensionable dlaabllltlea havo not and never will apply. At all events all future invalid applies, tionamnat come from thla nnmber. it may boeaid of the remaining 72,340 who may be represented by pensionable relalivea, that probably the larger portion will yet apply. Hitherto, pensions have been predicated up on tbe needs of applicants. Many members of tbe Grand Army are in sound health and many have acquired ample fortunes of their own j hence, there is an objection to an in. SI. ALUAXS nnsT KATIOXAX, BANK INDICT. SltNTH FOUND BV TUB CNITKIl STATES GRAND Jt-BY. Albert Sowle. Herbert Braiuerd, Edward A. Smith and J. ltuasell Armington of St. Albans and Farrinston H. Marshall, Perkins C. Page and Francis O. Nickcraon of Boston were Indicted by the Brand jury of the Unl-tc-d States court at Windsor, last week, for a violation of the national banking act in con nection with tho First National bank of St. Albans. Mr. Sowlos is the late cashier of the bank and Measrs. Braincrd, Smith and Armington are well known citizens of St. Al bans. Farrington II. Marshall is the Boston produce dealer wbo failed a few months since, owing the bank a Urge sum of money. The indictments are of the same general charao. ter and charge, the respondents with deceiv ing the national bank examiner by means of false fraudulent drafts. Ntckerson, for in. sunoe, signed a draft for sj;!,41C.(i; which was accepted by Page and made payablo to tho bank. Tho draft was absolutely worth, less, but it was exhibited by the cashier to the examiner as a substantial asset. It is un derstood upon the street that tbe total amount paid by Sowles as cashier on theso worthless drafts was about SBO.WK). Some time since a syndicate was formed for tho purpose of operating in Wall street. They proceeded to buy Union Pacific and Western Union stock at tho very highest point. Soon after pur chasing, both stocks began to fall and have been steadily falling siuoe. The syndicate's margins were soon exhausted, and then it be gan to take money from the bank, with the result of practically "cleaning out" that in stitution. There aro ugly stories in circula. tion to the effect that tbe signatures of some of tho drafts mentioned above are for forger, ies. At any rate, tho examiner and receiver found the affairs of the bank in a thoroughly corrupt and rotten condition. TWO UOSE OIllNOE COC-NTY MOOK8HIXEX.S COktE to onrtr. Early on Wednesday morning. May 21, James M. Jones cf Tunbridge and Miles Com eback of Strafford were arrested by United Btates Deputy Marshal Sprague of Jamaica on warrants issued by the United States Circuit Court for this district on tho charge of illicit distilling, and on Thursday both were tried by jury in tbe U. S. Court at Windsor and found guilty. On Friday, May 23, they wero sentenced by the Court to each pay a fino of iC(H) to tbe United States and costs of prosecution ; and Comstock, who is an old of. fender, was also sentenced to be imprisoned in the county jail at North Hero in tho coun. ty of Grand Isle for fifteen months, and Jones to bo imprisoned in the county jail at Iras, burgh in the county of Orleans for one year, and both to stand committed to said jails on til full sentence is complied with. The Methodist general conference at Philadelphia last week voted .lei to 8 to re. store the Burlington district to tha Troy con ference from which it was taken soveralyears ago, and over which separation there has been the hottest church fight known in tbe Btate for years. Tbo decision causes great rejoicing in the Burlington district George L. Tiffany, who has been in jail slnco his father, Postmaster Tiffany, ab. soonded from Bennington, and who pleaded guilty last week to an indictment for larceny in the United States district court at Wind sor, was sentenced to pay a fine of 4100. Tho government was unable to prove the larceny of any large sums, and could only show that ho had occasionally taken a few dollars from the publio funds. Tiffany's relatives paid the fine. Congress has been In session nearly two months, aud only two of tbe appropriation bills the military academy and the agricult uralhave been finally passed. There was s transfer of $3,000,000 of Wil. liatn IL Vanderbilt's government bonds, mado last week, and Wall street is dying to know what was done with the money. It was prob ably usod to bolster np the Vonderbllt stocks. Congressman Brown of Georgia, iu oppos. ing the antl-polygamy bill in the Senate this week, defended Mormonism by attacking the social morals of New England and New York and made his allusions so pointed that the la dies left the galleries. Tho New Yotk Herald reckons np tbe de oline of Jay Gould's stocks of late at 820 -000.000 and upward. Congressman Itnssell of the Lawronoe, Mass., district, and chief owner of the Bel lows Falls paper and palp mills, will decline another election to Congress. A Norwalk, Conn., paper did a lot of mis chief last week by publishing au alleged joke about a long and steady run on ono of tbe oldest banks in town, meaning a gravel bank in tho village. Tbe article was headed, "A Norwalk Bank In Trouble," and scores of do poeitors rushed and withdrew their money from the Norwalk savings bank, the oldest in the region. From S)2S,000 to $30,000 was withdrawn before the brilliant wit of the local scribe could be explained to the com. xn unity. AansnneementB, Lost. A wsllet eohtalnlog money waa lost some whero between Hradhrr'e green-house and the UIM farm last Toeeehy. The Under will be duly rewarded by leaving tbe saeae at this oftce. Hoard wanted In private families, In Ilntllehorn village and immedlati vicinity, during the snmmer, tor a nnmber of boys, no more than two In a family, to tie treated aa Its mr rollers. Address, stating terms, CmnLltn Ihstitoii, New York City. 1'tOTcaa Fluxes are cheap at Cheney k Olarp's. The old reliable Hartford, New York, Pennsylvania and foreign firs Inauranee companies represented by Cudworth k Chtlds afford absolute protection. The beatls tbe safest In the end. Anrtarlo I'lorUBKTniViito at Cheney k Ctapps. New supply of llaakets at Cheney k Olapp's. II rssttlboro. Tho currant worms are np to their old tricks. Mr. V. B. Francis is very sick with con. gostion of the brain. Tbo skating rink will bs open this even Ing, with music by tho First ltegiment band. Tho farmors who are "a littlo behind" with their spring's work aro tho ones who aro happy this morning. Elghtoen members of tbo Odd Fellow fraternity paid a visit to tbe Hinsdale lodge on Wednesday evoning. Perkins, tbo dye-house man, took a -' lb.-'loi trout out of Whetstone brook under the falls back of Brown's building ono day last wcok. W. 11. Bates, an employe at Smith A Hunt's carriage shop, had the thumb and two fingers of his left hand badly lacerated by a circular saw, last Saturday, the forefinger being nearly taken off. A friond who listened to ltov. Mr. Lee's sermon last Sunday morning makes tbe re mark that if, as report says, the parson styles himself a Democrat, it must be that he spells the word with a small d. The National W. C. T. U. Bullotin, Vol. 1, No. U, is out with a circulation of 2000 copies. It is hereafter to be a small 4-page paper and will bo issued monthly by Mrs. Esther T. Housh. The Good Templars are to bold a straw berry and ice-cream festival at Grand Army hall next Monday evening. Supper will be served from ft to H o'clock, after which there will be musical and literary exercises. The Estey Guard will have thair annual June drill on Saturday, the 7th. The plan is to go to Vernon by rail and invite tbe honorary members of the company to take dinner with them there. Bertie, 13-years-old son of J K. Tour ber, cf Uentrerille, fell on a scythe Monday afternoon and received a severe cut in tho left wrist, which severed one of tbe cords and penetrated to the bone. At the Baptist church next Sunday morning Itev.Mr. Tower will preach on "True Liberty." After the sermon tho rito of bap tism will be administered. The yonng peo ple's meeting will hereafter be held on Tues day evening. Michael Kennedy, the Irishman whoso death at Itinggold, Ga., we noted last week, formerly resided hero, but took to drink, de serted his family and wandered off to parts unknown. Hit former wife, wbo had obtain ed a divorce, now lives at Bellows Falls. Several young ladies of tho village have formed a "lied Letter Day Club," with Miss Grace Mansur as president. Miss Emma Dick, inson as secretary, and Miss Grace Leo as treasurer. Tbe purpose of tho club is to ar range tor pleasure parties, benefit entertain ments, and the like, during the summer. This year's drive of logs, amounting to 37,000,0XI feet, has passed Mclndoes Falls and is boomed at Wells Iliver, past which point tho logs are now running. They will be due at Brattleboro in about two weeks. Tbe water has been at a good height from tbe start, and tho season is tbe most favorablo for years. Four Swede girls, employed as domestics in this village, taking advantage of the pres ent low ocean rat, will sail from Boston to morrow for a visit to fruuds in Sweden. Tho fare from Brattleboro to Gottcnburg, Sweden, steerage passage, is only $2.'.. 70 cheaper for most of us than staying at home. Hereafter thero will be a regular busi ness meeting of the Y. M. C. A. on the first Monday of each month, aud accordingly there will bo such a meeting on Monday evening next at 7:42 o'clock. It is hoped every member will bear this iu mind and be present. Tho Brattleboro members of this year's Moosehead fishing party will be Dr. Gale, H. 11. Lawrence, W. H. Child., 1'. W. Childs, A. W. Childs, and Nod Plutnmer. F. A. Flagg of North Adams, J. H. White of Meri den, and either A. 1. or Itolliu Childs will join tho party. They will leave Monday, June li. Hon. B. D. Harris and his alternate, Mr. Babbitt of Bellows Falls, leave for Chicago this afternoon. Col. Hooker is already on tbe ground. Several Brattleboro people, among them Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Frost, will avail themselves ot tbo low railroad fares of fered daring the convention for a visit to Chicago and the west. Gov. Smith camo to term with tbe Am herst peoplo when summoned before the Massachusetts railroad commissioners on Tuesday, and next Monday morning another train will be put on the New London road be tween Palmer and that point which will prac tically restore the accommodations lost by the withdrawal of tho owl train. The new cloak and shawl room which O. J. Pratt has recently added to his store is proving a very valuable and attractive ad junct of his business. This new department occupies a largo front room, immediately over tho main store, which boa been elegant ly fitted up and offers to tbe ladies an oppor tunity to examine over garments and make their selections under the moat favorable cir cumstances and entirely at their leisure. The stock of goods which this department con tains is large and attractive, and will at all times be kept fully up to all the demands of the trade. Mr. E. P. Carpenter left on Tuesday for Mendota, 111., having been called thero by tbo serious illness ot his father, Mr. E. B. Carpenter, who is a manufacturer of cabinet organs. Mr. Carpenter will probably close up his father's business while there and hereafter supply tbe trado of the Mendota concern from his own works in Brattleboro. On returning j from the west Mr. Carpenter will go to I oiaine ana urmg nis lamtly Here for perma nent residence. At the meeting of the officers of the Y M. 0. A. held tho 22d inat., the various com mittees wero appointed with the following men as chairman : Devotional, J. 0. Howe ; membership, E. W. Harlow; entertainment, J. E. Hall; room, E. C. Crosby ; finance, Malcolm Moody ; lecture, L. W. Uawley ; distribution and invitation, Geo. Bliss . re ception, Edward Kirkland. At the meet ing of tbo executive committee on Monday evening, tbe 10th insL, it was voted to retain the general secretary another year, also to take rooms in Hooker block, the first south of the hall leading to the second floor together with the basement, ' The Grand Army campfire held at tho town hall last evening was attended by an audience which completely filled tbe hall. The exercises, which were of a memorial character, were unusually interesting and in cluded music by the Philharmonic orchestra prayer by Bev. B. H, Lee, singing in solo and quartet by some of our best vocalia s, a recitation by Mrs. Whiting, and addresses by Messrs. A. V. Cox, A. FMtee, E. Crosby, E W. Whitney, K. Haskins, L. K. Fuller and H. E. Taylor. Mr. A. V. Cox, chairman of tbe Menfbrial day committee, presided over the meeting, and its sucoess was an ample vindication of the new plan of holding these meetings adopted last year. The following item from the Now Mexi. can Stock-Grower is of interest in conneo. tion with tbo advertisement of J, G, Clancey it Co., which appears in our oolumns to-day : "Dlnltle Handy Bros. A Co. havo 10,000 head of Fpanlah Merino sheep ou their range lu Texasand have sold for $Jeo3 four hundred and eighty head ot ewes which were not selected but taken lust aa they came out of the herd. This ts about M.is per head. Whosajsthe sheep business Is not what it used to betM The sheep from which this herd has grown were bought of Clancey & Co.,. two years ago and are of the same stock now offered by them. Tho past two weeks havo furnished an exoellent Illustration of tho capacity for weather of this New England section ot ours. After several days of midsummer warmth, with the meroury rising as high as 85 to 68, the temperature fell off to a delightful cool, ness and freshness at tbo beginning of this week, followed by rain on Monday night and Tuesday. Wednesday brought a decided fall in the temperature, and during Wednesday night the mercury fell below the freezing point and thin ice formed. Last night was still colder, tho mercury going as low as 2S-, This morning on all low lands there was a white frost, and in all this section there was a decided freeze which has killed tonder vegetation. Telephone messages from tbe hill towns this morning state that on both nights the ground was frozen to a stiff crust and ioe formed one-fourth to one-halt inch thick. In Wilmington and Dover there wera snow squalls last evening. On tho hills in the latter town the air wm thick with the au falling flakes for some minutes. But ,ulo field corn was up and the geniral crones, cap injury. Potatoes were ont ot th, ground in many 001 aud the situation for lbs bags is a dlseosraaing one. The moil serious damage bat undoubtedly been to tfa fruit crop. Whether apple, which are now just ont of tbe blonwom, Ihiva been gennrallv rnlnoil. It U iuipmslbln to tell. The cold wave has affected all this section, south as well , north. Tbe telegraphic bows In tbu B,otu lugs pajiers shows that the cold snap has ex leuuesi n inr wwi an inuiaun and an f south nn Pennsylvania Early crops of 1 sorts Jiave iieeu lujurru. At tho Democratic caucus held on Tuts, day evening tho following delegates to the state and distriot conventions were chosen BTATk John Heltlng, V. W. Chillis, J , , 1 ,, N. T. ltjau, o. A. Marshall, Jaraos loulanl YV V Uulhl. msrniOT Howard 1'ratl, W. II. Child j , tlalrln, K. F. Ilrooks, O. II. Ilurnt.l. 11. Dav. u,, Chat. Hlierruan. ' ' MEIIontAL DAT SERVICE. The services of Memorial day occurred to-day according to tho programme ar rangtdby tbe Grand Army post and announe ed last week. Some 7ft members of the poBt, in teams, beaded by tbi- First Hpd. ment baud, visited tbe cemeteries in the west part ot tbo town and decorated the grans ot soldiers buried there, with apprnpriab- rites including prayer by Prof. H. II Shaw, a brief address by Itev C. II. Merril' and singing by the Philharmonic quart. Id At 3 o'clock a procession embracing th- hand and drum corps, Eitey Guard and Fuller Battery, Post Sedgwick, Ladies' Belief Corps (3(1 strong), Hons of Veterans, Pbajnix engine company and citizens, was formed ou Mun Btroet in front of tbe town ball and man lad to tbe village cemetery, where the customary exercises were held, consisting ot a pray, r by Prof. Shaw, singing by tbe Pbilhartnonir ijutr tet, and an address by Hon. J. M. Tyl er f0i lowed by tbe decoration of graves both there and in the Catbolio cemetery. The weather was very favorable, and the attendance large. The ladies arc deserving of epecial credit for the ptominent part which they took in the exercises and their abundant floral offetioga, The address by Mr. Tylor is given in full m another column. ill SB MAKO ABET MATHEU AS "LEAH.' Mlsa Margaret Mather's performance r.f th' tlti part In Dr. MosentbaTa drama, 'Leab, tbaFureakeu at Croahy ball on Tneeday evening, was the strongest piece of dramatic work which has been seen In Brat, tieboro in many years. The play in Itself m ni.tm attractive one. It la gloomy In character, stilri m style, abounds In long declamatory speech, ai.d from beginning to end la fairly turgid with paam 11 With any but a real artiat in ita leading part the pu would be uninteresting aud even repnlviri lii tin reaped It compares closely wltb "Conrad, th' Out. law." in which Halvlnl, the great Italian master "f hla art, wlna ever new lanrela by the sbesr force i,f fcta own genius; and It requires no stretch of either (art or courtesy to carry the comparison sti'l farth'raiLl aay tbatla an equal degree Miss Mather, by ber real power aa an artist, lifts "Leah" out of tta hsavineia and drearlnoaa, makes It seem a play of atlrnng movement, excites the sympathetic Interest of bir audlenee from the outset, and carries it on to a plti u of positive enthusiasm as the curtain falla npon tl,e curse aeeoeat tbecloaeof tbe fourth act There waa no alow and labored workiog mi t heigbta of artistic excellence In Miss Mather's Imper sonation on Tuesday evening. Her geniue waa maoi feat and ber place waa won from tbe Instant she sprang on tbr stage In the firat act tike acnon wild hunted thing wltb tbe mobot relentless and super atltlooa peasanta at her beele It required a quick eye to catch tbe rapid play of her emotion aa abe half lost her terror under the protection of the good vil lage prieat, only to abrlnk to a new hormr under hla uplifted handa and offered bleaaing, and to rise in a wild exultation aa he proclaimed to tbe clamuncg crowd: "lie among you that la without aln may east tbe firat atone at her." The Uve acene in the third act waa well done and aa free from atageineaa as each scenes can well be made. The play, aa we have al ready Intimated, reaches Ita climax, and tbe power of tbe artiBt is pot to Ita aeveroat teat. In the "curse scene" In tbe fourth act, when tbe forsaken Jewess gives way to a whirlwind of paeslon, hatred and re venge, hurls a torreut of malediction upon the lover who haa been faiaely led to doubt and discard hi r. and the curtain falla upon ber dreadful "Amen, amen, amen !" In the fifth and closing scene her w man's love and gentleness reaasrrt themselves and tbe play ends wltb Leah dead and the "Amen" cf f orglre. Deas on ber Una. The play la one which requlrea ei treme physical and emotional exertion througbnnt, and the wonder Is that a young girl can carry it through without once weakening or flagging Mlaa Mather iiosBesses every physical requisite of her art, Sbe baa a Blender, supple form, a graceful carriage, an Ideal face, a quick gesture, and a nervous, eicita ble temperament. The leading polots In her deline ation on Tuesday evening were greeted with wsrm applanee and abe gradoualy responded to repeated calls to appear before tbe cnrtaln. Mr. Alexander Halrlnf, aon of the great actor already alluded to, played ltudolph In a manner abowtng a Juat concep tion of what the part required. Tbe support waa no lformlygood, aod In several Instances, a in that of Madelena, Nathan and Fatbera Lorrntz and Herman, the delineation was notably falthtnL It will long tie a source of satisfaction to rcioember that Brattleboro haa aeen an artist like Mlsa Mather npon Ita horns ctage, and we sincerely hope that in tbe future such occaalonaof satisfaction will be frequent. THE ALXXN-nASSELL JICBDES. The statement made In several of the dally pa pers that the Ur. bamuel J. Allen, Jr., whosbot a man named lianaell In a bar-room In Boston last week, waa at one time an Inmate of the Vermont asylum, la a mistake, lie has s. brother younger than himself In tbe asylum here, but be has never been an tnmste of this or any other asylum, and It does not appear that he has ev,er shown any symptoms of insanity, lie wss on a debauch at the time he committed thecrime, and killed lianaell with a deadly aelf-eoctlng revolver which he carried in hla pocket. He had been lu Boa ton on a spree lor two days when he went Into the saloon where he met lianaell, wbo waa an entire atrangerto him. lianaell waa drunk. Some ques tion aroaeabout tbo change lu payment for drlska. Haoaellaru Allen took a plqoe agalnat each other, and Allen whipped out hla pistol and fired with im mediately fatal reanlta. The murderer is the eldest son or Dr. 8. J. Allen of White ltlver Juneuon, a loading physician of his section, and at present one oi the supervisors of tbe Insane in this state. Tbe young man wbo has atalned his life with this crime through his fondness for drink wss educated at Hart mouth, waa in the war when but a boy, and several years ago began the practice of medicine In company with hta fathet. About three years ago be moved to 1'UlnvlUe, Conn., but removed to White Iliver Junc tion about two years ago. An Inquest on Hansen's body Is now in progress. It Is understood that on Allenw trial he will be defended by Oen. Butler. LAST SATURDAY'S RAILROAD MEETIXG. At the adjourned railroad meeting held at the town hall but Saturday evening, the maps baaed upon tbe original aurvey by Mr. Mitchell, and prepared by one of hla aailaunts, were displayed for the examination of all Interested aud explained by I'reaident Crosby. As surveyed by Mitchell, tbe route was 33 miles a length, with a grade rarely exceeding 120 feet to the mile, but In one place reaching liO feet. Subsequent ly another aurvey or partial survey waa made by Mr. Buttrick of Worcester, by which the distance waa shortened to about 28 mllea, with a grade not materi ally different from that previously obtained, though for a abort dieUnce rlalng to nearly 150 feet per mue Mr. Croaby then repeated some facta which he had auted at the previous meeting lu regard to tbe amount of money which it waa necessary for Brattle boro to ralee In order to eecure the road, lie had re ceived propositions from several responsible parties who aund ready to build the road when the towna shall have completed tbe necessary ateps. What la asked of the town la to bond for the same amount rrevioualy voted, on conditions which shall insure the building of the road beforo the money Is paid. Uon. II. D. Harris eipreeacd himself aaduidedly In f avor of building the road, believing that It would yield good returns both to this and the other towns co the line. In his judgment the estimate present-f!?.'"'i?1e-..i,?0.mU" ln length, 30Cl,t0 he IDOaCht Van Li hrHt-t an.l .winln Is - .1 L VHauf 4J m luucusjgu (li All Col. Hooker, chairman, then read, with running comments, a paper which CoL L. K. Fuller, who waa abaent, had prepared, giving estimate of tbe amount i.ih..TT . weaoaung in tno towns which would be tributary to tbe proposed road, comparing with that previously existing along the line of the West .I.'.-mi"'' ,'" H'V.i!'g how inalgnincant would be the tax which tbe majority of our tax-pay-,r"w'"Jl'il"cu'inP0Ill0I,arln order to have the road. Tbeperaon who paya nothing but a poll tax would only need to amokeune less dear a year dur- lE'fV 3'?'r,.,"i m P1"1"! '""" road, while the individual who pays taxes upon 1 1000 worth of r.!'0''?Hw?a.1i01115' n"d O one leas trip to Cbeaterneld lake lu order to make himself whole. Though personally Interested In the skating rink, tho chairman did not hesitate to eipreaa hla wmingneaa that persons who could not stand the expenae of both the rink and railroad abould withdraw their latron age from the rink for a whole yearm order to help pay for the road. Aa with Individuals, he remarked, aowlthcommnnlUea: Ills often wtae and necewry tT1 a?0,0? f ln ord" 10 brln8 money ln ; and la thla bf lief he favored bonding the towna lu order to carry out tbe enterprise now in hand. Dr. II. D. llolton said that whatever would Increase the prosperity of Brattleboro be was In fsvor of. In dividuals prosper, he observed, ln proportion aa they !r.P0.,!!Cir,'?r,r,i111""' mii " ' " towns. He Instanced Burlington aa apiece which years ago ww;S iW'".'),'y dr""nS "aytfie raUroad "r k i? h18 had) and the present generation of Its Inhabitants curse the plgbeadedneia of thoao who were reaponaible for the present isolated situa tion of the place, which necessitates the paving of higher rates of freight, etc., than would otherwiae bo the caac. The propoaed railroad to Wilmington la all that la needed to concentrate the bualneaa of tho county at Brattleboro for au time. Tbe Dootor aald hat It had been urged aa an argument agalnat Ilral tieboro a putting money Into thla road, that, if limit, perhapa other partita would extend the Beadsboro road to connect with It; but ahould that be done, the road would benefit Brattleboro by constituting a com peting line. CoL UaakluB aald that he had been aecnaed of throwing cold water npon tbe enterprise: but If be had manifested disagreement with what had been aald or done It waa not because of opposition to the road or the plan of bonding, but to the continued calUng of meetings like this. Hla idea waa that the people ahould be called together ln town meeting. Then the opponenu of the road, as well as ru friends, wlU turn out, and there will be a chance of making converU. In order to convert sinners, you must get them within your reach: it waa a waste of effort to talk to people who wero already converted, lie bad been reported aaaaylog at a former meeting bat those who were to be benefited by tbe road ought to pay for It. He waa prepared to ataud by that atatement. The road would ba a benefit to every property.holderandUborlnglnaulu the town. He believed that Brattleboro would be benefited more than any other town on the line. The banking bual neaa and tbe probate and legal bualneaa of the coun. tymnet come hero; and here doubtleaa tha county seat will eventually be located. The town could bel ter afford to pay tlou,ooo than not have the road. I.Mr. Uaaklnaa suggestion for calling a town meet !J?n'Jed b Uo"- u- D- Hrrla and J. L. Martin. The latter referred to tbe objections which had been urged against granting eld tc the Wilming ton road by mea who honestly believed vhat tbi y talked, and aald that theae objections should be given their due weight and argument met by argument' and when the town la called upon to vote In aid ot the road, the terma must be so conditioned that not a dollar ahall be paid until the road la contracted for under adequate bonds. Mr. C. r, Thompson spoke ln concurrence with the rci-euiuir remaraa. us aalo I list thoao wbo weri wuraiog lonue roaa wouia nna 1 to be uone, but sucoess would 1 hard feeling, aa he had fouud ii ltlver road. Wraona who Lad 1 board that nroieet were now pralae. Concerning tbe ueoeeeify of building a rail. road to Wilmington, he likened the case to that of a' uisu wumo uuuie Biua leaay roof. He cannot af- loru not to repair the leal. On motion of K. floodhna it .-. 1 v 1 -.1- Voted to instruct the directors of tbe road to netltion the selectmen to call a town meeting for the purpose of seeing If the town will aid lathe instruction of t he Brattleboro and Bennington railroad. lientyofhard worla uelt all opposition aald alt.Munllh. U'.t I tll nin.t 1.1,1 &rl rrt fl, . ... ,,T)