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THE MEANING OF "A
The Term Admirably and Incisive President of the National , ,, tii. Jintmry ("Orcntor Vcnnont") , , i of The Vormcmtor, Chns. S. I ,, . publlshcr. P ,r. s of tlie state 1ms licon glviiifi f,,( . . i ililo dlseusslon to what 1ms becn ,, , , i i New Vermont or a Greater Vor- Tlir lirst tltlo has been somotlmes , , Uic ldea that lt soinehow hnd ref . to tlie lcgl.slatlon of 1002, by whlch i (I'titury of prohlbltlon wns stip t,,l li a llccnso law. I liavo novcr i .vt,i,nl tliat mcn wlio used elthcr ol i,, .iini! oxprcsslons lti lta truo Iti. i (i -iKiicd to lltnlt thelr mennlng to , ior Iden. It wns used to cx- itluT thelr convlctloii of a chauKC :, n. aml lti Incronslng Industrlnl, , ul ami iinanciui wnrK turnugo- 0,i i . iuto, of modllicntlon ln old tlmo j,,ui l nplnlon, of nctual and prospoetlvo Ul. -" in populntlon, and of a truo Im pu , m tho dlrectlon of a broadcr do- v . ii' i t oi our oppui uinuies anii uutles, ; uln'i tlny bellevo oxlst, nnd to whlch I (1,, v i" yl.id to glve thclr best co-opcra- I ti.ii, support. Thoy do not cxpcct t,, ,. i Ut- values lnlo cxistcnce or to ! j.,k i the grand llst by statuto or sud- I d, ii t" astly ehango tho oppnrtunltlca , Mint piout uy a new stato poiicy on ii lniuor questlon or on any 01110 , -i. .n Thcy do bellevo that wlso laws. a:, l . nti ntaily tho cnforcoinont of wlso iull holp thcso matters nlong, and tii. lnlitvo, also, that thcro does oxlst i totl.: m Vermont tho Impulso of a new ; str. r.tli and a moro nctlvo dcslro for jj, .mk. directly traceablo to tho pcople. Tl . i I'.nposo Is to tnko hold of that fact, to n in tlie mlnda of all and to seek tln -.iii-titutlon of that ldea of practlcal w, i i rmont by Vermontera for what soii i m .its baek they feel has becn rnther tli. r. ciso. Ii true today, for cxamplc, that a gi. t m.iny voters regurd stato affalrs of ni. i. lire.'t eonccrn to thelr welfare than tm.1- .iutside matters, and they are com-ln- in dcmand, accordlngly, whllc Fed ci l i mics shnll not bo dlsregarded, that st ' isues, stato needs, stato economles ai .1 -i.ite acrountlng shall nelther be Hgl'lj iewod nor totally Ignoied. M u y nioii also thlnk serlously over the f. . -ih clally whoro local experlenco i i- i nipli islrd lt, that tho stato has nd di 1 "ul 1s now rocelvlng a consldcrable ti .. r of foielgners to Its llsts. Theso m i - uneis nro beglnnlng to 1 1 11 lts fnn- limdle lts slate, carve lts marbles, i ,t .- er.tnitc, help run lts shops, and, in. .i. th.in tli.il, are beglnning to inllu e: . .mr modes and klnds of thought. I I . Ui i'l.ire that theso men nro here to wmk iiul to stay, to makc values and h.."i.- In ie. to ralso thelr famllles here, ai d tl ate not merely saving Vermont from t'n oilium of on adversc ccnsus, but, (n f ii t .ire most valuable and wortby citi. - maKing large contrlbutlons to its . ilth and belng In no small degrec res'onsible for lts progress. They strong ly ! i,..r. on meilt, and urge, ns ood pub W l"'lny, the recoBnltion of these new ekni. nts Into tho ltfo of tho stato, and oru nther faet of eaual Importnnce, that our n.itlve-born youths today enjoy aml ari nilluenced by a illfterent envlron ment from that of yoro. Thereforo they thlat that Vermont la undciBolnt; u clnisje ln lmpuls.es and In sentlment, as lt o'm'ht to do and as it must do to keep up with and somowhat ahead of the nv. er.ig. woik ln lts slstcr statcs. Thoso wlio l.ave used tho cxprcsslons of a New or i Greater Vermont bellevo nnd admlt tli s f it, and they also aro lncllned to urgc it as good publlc doctrlno and polley for tl.r st.ite to act upon, to Ket tho beii ei.t of and to uso in its material devel opmciit. rather than tn stop it or bIvo it fi. ti.. i by iicRlect. They deelare for nn ciri.i t and activo work, locally dlstrlb u'. .1 far as possible, and hold that it is ! m wlsdom to stay set, witb nothlnK di i'-. wlien the rcst of tho country 1s rletih rfirhing aftcr tho beneflts of ex P ir.im and puhlle Improvements every w'.i. e A man may retlre from buslncss lf i i wa llt, but tlicre is no standlng stul for a stnte, and least of nll for such a st it. as thls, whoso history, whoso composition and whose opportunltles aliko commend It to prosperlty and growth. Self-government is not and was not do 6lgned to bo tho dead rot of a machlne made direetory, but tho livliiK forco of appll"d concluslons. reaclied by full, frank and fri'o debato and onforced by an hon est and independent voto. Vermont self gounuiient has been very honorable, be cause exceedltiRly conservatlve, and thero doe not exlst now nny deslro to ex chanRe quantlty for quallty In thls re spect lt Is solely that men today feel the need of a somowhat Rreater actlon, lf our people everywhero are to hold a posltlon of eiiuality. lf not a relative ad vantaRe, in tho conipctltlve exclinnBO of servlres and values ln thelr times. Not one of them woukl dctract a sinBlo word from the i;reat pralse and respect whlch Is deservedly due to the men nnd achieve ments of Old Vermont. They hold thoso men and thelr times in the most abldlng and loyal esteem, but, then, too, they thlnk it no crlme to deelare tho reverse of somo anclent pioposltlons and, In thelr stend, say that Vermont Is ns Rood a state to live In as lo leavo, to mako mon ey In ns nnother, lf tho work is put up, and to develop, lf wo rlgtitly u?e tho wealth ut our doors, and that lt is and should bo kopt as a stato of opportunlty, In whlch the irten should bo cultlvated of developlnB Its own resources, of sus lalnlnc its own people, of really backins up lts own publlc servants, of BivlnB JACOB A. RHS, who is now contributlng to The Out look a notably tnteresting series of pa pers on "Tbeodore Roosevelt the Citi 2en,' the material for which is drawn from his own personal acquaintance with President Roosevelt. TYERMoT PHCENIX, GREATER VERMONT.' ly Defined by Joseph A. DeBoer, Lite Insurance Company. j-iMith, and partlcularly our own cducatcd Jouth, n chanco lo work, of securlnB Kiod locnl ndmlnlstrntlon ovorywhero nnd of tendlni; most of tho tlmo, to uso a homely phrnsc. to our own shop. Thls s not moant to imply tho sllhtest dls Intcrosl In publlc iiuestions nutslde of thls stnte. but 11 Is mcant to lniply and to do' claio that wo will probably contributo niost to tho common country by (lrst tnnklniT Vermont iiBilculltirnlly more frtiltful, clticatlonally moro prosresslve, ibdustrially moro construetlve, com merclall.v morc nctlo and cjmprlltive nnd j.iat ns fair ln tho distributlon of workltiB rosullK nmoiiB nll tho people as it can posslbly bo dono. Whllp such woik cannot bo dono all nt onee, it can be honored ln tho observance, lt can be mndo tho iuIo of dcbnte, nnd of bellef tlint cfTorts to that end can bo Inltlated, as has aljeady been dono tn many of tho laiBer eltlcs nnd lowns, ln e-ery town of the stnte-. Tho peoplo havo tho powcr. Therc ls nlieady n Kood momentum, aml it Is sus tnlncd by the ablest papers in tho state. What the thlnkln men of tho stato want nro botter roads, n rlsht use of publlc clinrters, InlelllBent supervislon ot cor putationK, n wlsely spant tax, the best attalnablo publlii schools, the Incrcnse niul prolectlon of our forasts, bctter nt tonti.m to tho loeal Kocrnmont ot our towns nnd inora attcntlon ln thelr proper tlmo to nl'fnirs of state than to less rol- evant issues. Thcy nnt largely attendcd and honest prlmark's, pure elcctlons, op portunltles on merlt, prompt and etfoctlve oxecutlon uf laws, and investments of money withln tho state. lt ls upon oxlst otico of moro of thls klnd of thousht, oplnlon nnd desire, and of ambltion to seek piosperlty, thrlft nnd honor, rather ln ourselves than vholly ln tho past. that tho ldea nnd term of a New or a (Jreater ermont is founded. In thls senso it Is a Kooil workiiiB idoa, wholly true nnd practicablo nnd bound to nehlove resolts of value, lf urceptcd and acted on, cs pcclally by the .vouiik men of tho stnte, in all of lts vllliiRes, cltios and towns. lt wlll ln lue tlme menn bettcr farms, bct ter roads, bctter schools, better buslness, bettcr shops, better work, bctter local self-frovcrmnent, moro beneflts to bo around, a better chanco for nll and n srowiiiK prospeiity for tho state. Thls idca aml thls purpose surely, nven if not today every whoro sustalned by the facts, aro in Kcneral upheld by tho consus, by incrensed bank dcposlts, by a prowlnR Brand llst, by moro nctlve and moro In depeiidcnt lnterest In publlc atTnlrs and by more acttvo work In the olllces of the state. As an ldea it may bo called op tliuistlc or seutimental, or both, but it has tho wciRlit of a fact and, ns a work Iub iiroposltion, ls Is mlghtlly moro fiiendly to the best Interests of our peo ple's futurc than Inactlon or dcstructlve crltlcism. I say thls from some ncqiinlntnnco wlth the history of Vermont, bellevlnB that lt has mnde proKress all of tho llnip, and that todny lt Is stronBer, wealthler and better as a stato In whlch to llvo and work nnd enjoy tho beneflts of reptibllcan instltutions than ovcr befoie. lt has chanKed In suino aspccta of its soclal and famlly Hfe, but not for the worse. Its posltlon ln the country nt larso ls rol atlvely as sood. At no tlmo havo Its sons at homo and Its Rraduates abroad becn moro numerously ldentlflcd wlth tho country's mllitary, clvll, commercl.il. eo lonlal and diplomatlc work. Never have lts natural resources undi'rBonc more nc tlvo convcrslon. At no tlme In half a century has tho publlc consclenco been moro active or more opon on questlons of stato nnd I-'ederal pollcles than now, ex cept, ol course, tho perlod of tho Clvll war, when all Vermont, wlthout rcBard to partles, roso to lierolc hclijlits ln tho dlscharBO of lts duty as a state. Ilence today men nro found ndvocatlnB meas ures whlch for ycars wcro Uept strenu ously suppressed. The ldea ls domlnant once moro that rcforms and progress como from the peoplo nnd not from with ln party oiBanizatlor and that slender votlns mnrKlns bctween partles may mean Kieater marglns of publlc servlc, and, finnlly, that publlo trusts aro best dlscharBed by tho best men wlthout so drastlc a resard for party supervislon as uscd to bo tho rulo. Tho ldea stands for olean towns, eood streets, plenty of llBht, puro water supply, decent sowcrs, flre protectlon, propcr sanltatlon, well-kept homes, attractlvo publlc bulldlnBs, the best attalnablo schools, evcrytlUng ln short, that wlll do most men tho most good on tho pure merlt of theso questlons. Men lnterested ln talking thls ldea aro merely seoklne to do work on a livlng basis. They nro for arbltratlng troubles instead of hatchlrig them. Thoy nre try ing to bo honest ln thelr loglc and Its uso and slmply urgo that ln our times wo shall strivo for what tho forefathers sought ln theirs, to nnd out what is rlght and best for the ereatest numbpr nnd do that wlth the utmost speed our- selvcs rather than In tho slow hopo that lt wlll do itsclf. There is much of thls new impulse at work in Vermont, ns will bo indlcatcd In the speclnl artlcles to whlch theso words lnsulllcient nreface. It Is not tlmt tho advocntes of a New, or Greater, or Uctter, or Moro Prosperous, or Moro Active. Vermont, or by whatever term ono may chooso to call it, thlnk less of Its past that they urB responsibilitles upon tho present, but they Denavo in non orlntr that past best by its oxtension and by handlne lt down to futuro genera- A Prlmltlve People, If lt Is hard to know anythlnB about the surface Hfe of the UlRoudlnes, lt is stlll moro dllllcult to penetrato thelr thousht; to know whether thelr bralns nro nsltnted by anythlnB but tho slm ple ideas of the very prlmitivo peoples, the naivo roverles of chlldren, or whether they havo preserved somo vasuo traditlons of tho upheavals of humanity wlilch havo ended by cast Ing them upon thls extremo polnt of land, Thoy speak a languago whlch has no alllllatlon with any ordlnary tonguo. It is liroton, uut a nreion full of tinknown words nnd strango idloms. na yet tinstudled by any pnn ologist, As to tho French lansuage, they ignoro it, intpntionally iBiioro lt Deccmber Century. I nm prlmarlly engaeed to myself to bo a servant of all the Rods; to do monstrato to all men that thero Is good wlll and Intelllgenco nt the heart of things, and even iuhii--i " lnmllnirs. Theso nro my en- mnin. If thero bo powcr in good intentlon, in fldcllty nnd in toll. the north wind shall be purer. tho stars "n heaven shall glow wlth a klnd Ior benm that I have iivcu.ijw.im. ..... do Emerson. llons, not Impalred, but lmproved by tho Btenter opporlunltles whlch wo todny en joy. Thero Is no such thlnB ns stnndhiB st 11 wlth honor in thls contest of ccon mlei nnd mntcrlal proBiess, cltlier here whoro wo llvo or ln New KiiKlnnd nt lnrBe. Consequcnlly. lt has becouio neccssary to pay moro nttontlou to tho consorvntlvc nnd sclontlflc llnanclng of our lowns nnd to ndmlt that the small olllco nnd tho woik ot tho mnti ln lt (ns dlstlngulshed from our olllcea for honor) usually moro nouily touches tho cltlzou In hls dnlly Hfe. 1'UI It cnrcfully and educato new tnalcrlnl up to the polnt of llllltiB It. Attend to tho voik of tlm town meetlngs nnd to ovcry mtlcle In tho wurnltiB. lt Is slinply publlc buslncss and should bo dono properly nnd tlioiiBhtfully. The voters tliemsclvcs nre the leBlslatois thero. Send your best men to tho loKlslature, your hard-headed lnen of good sense nnd Bood JudBinent, liard workcrs nflcr thelr nrrlvnl there ns well ns boforo thelr cloc tlons. lt s not good self-govorument for tho people to bn pushed too otten fiom thelr seats. 'lnxes should bo mado as llght ns possible and benr equally, but a well-spent tax Is n good thliiB and buys more publlc ndvnntnBcs nnd sorvlees than tuonoy usually does. It a tax stands bo tween good nnd wlso ndmlnlslratlou of munlclpal or sliilb affalrs, ralse tho tnx, but do so equltnbly, spend It cnrcfully nnd then exact a true nccountlng for the results. Good publlc Instltutions aro good things but lt takes taxos and geuulne su liervlslon to malie them so. Gcogrnphlcal dlstlnctlons ln stute mat tcis nre mylhs. lf a mountnln stnnds be twei'ii you nnd the man you want, cross tho inounluln. Good nieasuies requlre good men. As measuivs know nelther uso nor polnt of compass, so mun should bo chosen for thelr uses to tho stnte In tho furthcraiice Df such measurcs nnd for the dlscharfio of publlc work. l'rlvato corporations look for the best men nnd do not often ask nbout thelr polltlcs or thelr resldenre. Thls is pure, ordlnary, publlc, slxtecn-oiince buslncss, prnctlcally self cvldent to nll. It ls also true of cllnBlng elose to good publlc servants, ns Vermont has ulwnys so honoralJy nnd so prolltably done, nnd especlally In the case of the Judlclary. lt Is doubtless wlse (and adlierrnts of the "new" ldea also bellcve In thls doctrlno) not to mako chaiiRos In tho statutes too often, well wrltten geneinl laws, wlth speclal lcglslallon reduced lo a inlnlmum, belnB tho servlceable publlc course. When a new iden comes to the frout and is mado law, it Is oqtially Bood publlc and politieal eeonomy, as an uff.ilr of pme ail mlulstratlon, to glve the new law a fair intieo tn prove Its merlt or demerlt. tlme beltiB nlways an essentlal element in the proof, and, by the s,une token. thero Is no more vlrtue ln continual trlfe miT a state polley whlch does not affeet the constltutinn than there Is in wnnt of hnrmony in any buslness organ- zatlou. lt Is very gratlfyiiiB to note the flne exnmples of industry and Browth whlch now exlst ln St. Johnsbury, HurlliiBton, Ilarre, Ncwpoit. rioetor, Hiitland, St. Albans, Noithlleld, llrattleboro, Uennlng- on. llnrdwlck, llellows Kalls, White Hiv- r Junctlon, Hyde l'ark, Winooski, Mont pelier irnil ln many other eltles nnd towns f Vermont, l'artleulaily pleaslng Is the act, also, of Inereaso ln the students and equlpment of our schools and coIIpros iiul the prospeets and expandlng pur- poses or tlie Unlverslty or ermont. When, Indeed, to everythlng whlch the stnte Is, wo add the splendor of Itself and of Its history nnd then begln to thlnk of ts future ln torms of Its men, women and chlldren and of tho wealth of oppor- tunltics at thelr doors, I am proud and glad that it came to mo to bo counted ono ninong the many thousands of men who bellevo In nnd are now woiking in nnd for a Greater Vermont in tho sunse n whlch I have tried to dellne it. ln the senso of honor, ermont s future mny not, perhaps, be greater than Its past, but honor conslsts ln nctlng wcll our own parts withln our own times, holding practlcal results In vlew, so that evory where ln the state Bood woik, thrlft, coin fort, health, happiness nnd contentment, may be the rullns factors ln our own Uvcs nnd In those of our chlldren. Galveston's Sea Wall. One-thlrd of Galveston's three mlles of ?ea wall ls completed. Constructlon began October 27, 1902. It Is expected that the cntlrc wall wlll be flnishcd with ln tho next elghtoen months. After tho people of Galvoston shooK ort tnp horror of tho calamlty of September s, 10X, whlch destroycd the clty, they sct about to nncl means lo preveni us reii ltitlon. They do not expect nnother tldal wavc, but thcy seek to bo prepared for one. Publlc meeunss were ncm anu bonds voted for a sea wall three mlles long nnd seventeen feet hlgh, whlch ls thlrteen feet nbovo mean tldit water and one nnd three-tenths feet abovo tho hlghest polnt renched by the water that destroyed t'.'c clty In 1900. The plans pro vlde for a wall slxtecn feet wldo nt tho bottom and live fcct wiuc on iop, wun a curvcd fare at tho bottom morgln Into i vortlcal face near tno top. The wall proper is made ot granlte con rpte. on a b.ise of plles. These plles are lound nnd driven from forty to forty- four feet to the clay suustratum anu faced with shect-plllng drlvcn to tho same depth. Tho concreto Is bullt up on me plle base. rne np-rap useu cuiisinia granlte blocks from two hundrcd to ono thousand pounds ln wcight. The rip-rap Is plled three feet hlgh for twenty-seven feet oiltslde tho wall. The concrete Is mado of crushed granlte nnd sand, wlth water and cement added. It hardens to i contlnuous block of Branite. pr.ictically The county commlssloners bought a rlght ot way for one hundred feet back ot the wall, whlch will le fllled to a lovol wlth the top of the wall. On thls a ten-foot sidewalk and a forty-foot drlveway wlll be bullt. The rtst of tho spaco wlll be parkcd. , lt Is expected that the bond Issue of Jl 500,000 wlll be sufllclent to pay for the wall and for tho Improvement of the rlght ot way. The sea-wall pnterprlse brought about a movemont for ralslng tho grade of the clty to a polnt determlncd upon by tho surveys now ln progress. Two mllllons ln bonds nre authorlzed for thls Improv oment.-Colller's Wcekly. -piiorn la n mountaln of salt ln Cardona, in Spaln, whlch contains 500,000,000 tons of almost puro rocn aan. a T.nmlon nDnendlcltls assuranco com pany now Issues speclal pollcles Buaran teolng to holders all tho medical, surglcal .i ,,raino- nvnenscs. up to the amount Insured. incurred In nn nttnck of thls malady. The French nrmy has dlscovcred that bees can be used as messengors lu tlmo of war. One has flown four mlles ln 20 mlnutea wlth a message. When llberated they wlll roturn to thelr hlves, just as a carrlcr pigeon win ibiu.u m "' Jacob A. RMs. Mr. Rlls is a nowspaper reporter and miMinr. nnu has wrltten much on ti.omna nf cood citizenshlp nnd tho condl i..na r.r lifn nmong tho mnsses In sreat cities, besldes dolng practlcal work in the i,.m. un ls a. closo friend of I'resl- Honi nnosevelt. Just before rcturnlng tu Wimhlnston from hls Bummer vncatlon Mr. Roosevelt pald n short vlslt to Rich mond Hlll, U I.. Mr. Rlls's home, nnd ln m. io ndrirpss to hls nelshbors tho Prosl- dent sald: " When I preach about decent citizenshlp I can turn to Jacob Rlls and thlnk he haa practlced Just what I havo been preachlng." BRATTLEBORO, ERIDAY, DEOEMBER 25, 1903. NEWS IN BRIEF. lloscoo W. Detby. a meclmnlc. 45. cx- termlnntpd hls famlly nt Cleveland, Ohlo, Htinday by shootliiB hls wlfe, hls thrco chlldren nnd then hlmself. Tho crlmo Is bellovcd lo have been due to dospond- cney ovcr the Impoverlshed cnndltlon of tho fnmlly purse nnd tho nenr npnroach of Chrlstmtis. Wllbur nnd Orvillp Wilght of Onyton. Ohlo, mndo a sucepssful tilal wlth thelr llylng tnnohliie nt Kltty Iluwk, N. C, rcreiitly. They havp been experlinontlnB there tho past thtee ypars, nnd whou the mnphlne was flnally slnrted lt roso to n helght of CO feet nnd covored a dlslaiiPe of thrco mlles ngnlnst a wlnd blowlng 21 mlles nn hour, nnd llnnlly landed wlthout dnmnge ln n spot chossen by the navlgntor. Kormnl complaint that slavery cxlsls ' In AliiHka Is madp lo tho Intcrlor depart- i inent by Wm. A. D.ivin, tirluclpal of a publlo school ot t'nalaska. Tho depart ment of Justlce wlll be called upon to I luvestlgnto. Mr. DaviM declaios that In t L'nnlaskn there aie a number of pltlful, forlorn little Ksklino glrls held ln bond ngp. Thpy nre slnves of rleh famllles and made to labor as drudges, deprlved of nssoclntlon wlth frpp plilldren nnd for- bldden tho llrst estlge of cducntlon. The mlsslns wealth known to bo pos- sessed by the late I'ope Io XIII. was ac- counted for Kildny, when Cnidlual Gottl turned over to I'ope Plns X. t'.K 000,000. Thls wns entrusted tn hliu by I'opo I.eo. n presentlng thls vnst wealth Cardlnal Gottl sald: "Your llollness, the lamontcd I.eo just before hls death connded to me the money whlch I now lay nt your feet. saylng that If 1 snpceedpd hlm I was to use It as I thought best, but lf annther took hls plnre I was to turn the money ovcr to hlm after a perlod of four months had elapsrd. Thls 1 now do ln tho pris- encp of Mgr. Mnrzolnt, who has been tho , only other porson to sharo the secret." i John A. ISenson, u wealthy San I'ran- clsco l'oal estate operntor, charged by the Interinr dppartment wlth belng the head of the nlleged land frauds, oxtend- i Ing over a do.en western stntes and ter litorlps, to whlch Sccrctnry Hltchcock leferred ln hls anuunl leport, was nr- i rested Sunday at the Willard hotel ln Washington by Secret Scrvlce Olllrer , John A. Hurns, Just as lie was prepar- . Iiib to leave the clty for New Vork. The t charge on whlch the nirest was made . was brlbery, lt belng allegid lu the nf Ililavit of Mr. liuins and ln the wnrrant j that Benson had pald $5011 to Woodford I O. Ilarlan. forinerly chlef of the speclal servlce dlvlslon of the geni'rnl land of llce nnd now a clerk In that olllco. on Mnrch 15 of that year, for the purpose of extraetlng from hlm Informatlon regnid Ing the InvestlBatlon of hls oporatlons at that tlme belng made by the land nf llce. The four snfe bloweis who escaped af ter robblng tho Motropolltnn cnal com pany ln Knst Hostnn last Thursday morn Ing. aie stlll at l.nge. Tlie gang of llvo men brnKe Into tlie olllco, overpowered nnd pounded the ulgbt wntchmnn, and then blcw opcn the s.'ifc. securlng 200. rolicoini'n Aubons nnd llankard of the Hoston force. who wero seaiehlng for the men. found the live together and lu the darkness nll nf the robbeis opened flre. The policemen droppiMl upon the ground nnd escaped. Thcy llied three times In retuin nnd kllled nne of the robbers, one bullet pieiplng hls hertit nnd nnother lodglng in hls braln. The dpad man wns about S0, Ktnmcly bullt, and wore old raBged 'lothes. Hc clutclied in hls hand a revnlver whlch proved to be the one tuken from A. S. Nl.son, nlght watchmau ln Merrlmac. Mns1., when lie wns oer poweiid the nlght of Nov. 11 Jiy several men who loeked hlm ln a cell nnd then lilew open n safe. Nlxou also ldentlflcd the liody ns that of one of tho men who attacked hlm. It is suppnsed that the men who were In Knst Hostnn made sev eral brenks In Kastein Massachusetts. MASSACHUSETTS NOTES. J. Frank Brown of Rowe Kllled at Zoar. .1. Krank Hrown, T", one of the wldely knnwii men of I'lanklln county, was klll ed lnstantly Mnnday nioinlng at the rall io.nl statlon at JCoar on the I'itchbiirg dlOislon of llie Itnston & Maine ioid, nnd hls wlfe wns prob.ibly fatally lnjuied They w io ciossltiB the w-st bound track to tako n passeiiger traln to Greenfleld to spend ("lirlstmas wlth thelr sons, when they were struek by a West bound frclght traln In charse of Kngineer Hiown nnd Conduetor Conley, runnliig. It Is sild, nt a speed of 50 tn G0 mlles an hour. Mr. Hrowu pushed hls wlfe so that sho was not struck squarely by the engine, but she was thrown ngalnst tho passenEcr traln. The pllot hlt Mr. Hrown wlth full forco aml kllled hlm Instantly. Georgo Hasseno, conduetor of tho passenBer traln, had barely tlme to step to one sldp. It ls belleved that Knglneer Hrown wlll be nrrested on the charBc of manslaugh ter. The passenger traln was 10 mln- utes late and probably Hrown qlu not xpect to 11ml lt nt tho stntion. Mr Hrown wns a vetoran of tho clvll war, anu hau ncui numcrous puuuc oi Ilces. lie has tlueo sons Uvlng In Grcen llpld, one each In Mlllers Fnlla nnd North Dana, nnd n ilnugntor, Mrs. ueriruuo Hates of Mlllers Kalls. Mrs. Hrown dled ut Zoar Monday nlght. ,V double funernl wlll be hold today, and both bodles wlll be buried ln Green Rlver cemetery ln Greenlleld. The bodv of Arsen Herlbert. S0. a brnke- man, was found near the Hoston & Malne rnllroad traiek ln Orange Sunday. lt Is supposed that he fell from n movlng traln nnd struck on hls head, as hls skull was fractured. Sarah Martln, a woman of the street, was murdered In a resort at No, 9 James street, New York, and the lody was tcr- rlbly mutllated wlth a knlfe, the work belng slmllar to thnt ln the serlcs of Jnfck the Rlpper ' murders in the Whlte- chapel dlstrlct ln lyndon several years aBO, Thc pollce nro looklnB for n man who was evldently n Swedlsh llsherman who came lo tho resort with the woman. and ono susplclous charactcr Is under nrrest, Arthur D. Iester, 50, a carpenter, cm- ployed on the Thompson Memorlal hos- pltnl at Wllllams couege at williams town, fell from the peak of the roof to the basement, SO feet, on Tucsdny, and sus tnlned lnjurlcs whlch cniiFed hls death nt tho North Adnms hospital ln the even- InB. Tho nccldent wns causcd by the breakinB of a board ln tho staslnB. He struck a swlnglng staglng tcn feet be- low, then plunged 65 reet to the main floor. and trom thero through nn opcn- ins to the bottom of tho basement. He Ieaves n wlfe and two chlldren. Chlef-of-PolIco Willlam F, Dlneen of North Adams, who was shot by Patrol- mnn Gnrdner Northrup of hls forco Thursday nlght nf last week, wlll prob ably recover. Northrup. who cut hls own throat, Is ln no daiiKer. Northrup had been drlnklng nnd the chlef rcfused to nllow hlm to go to work. Tho men wero alone nn tho second lloor of the stntion wlieil Northrup opened flre. Threo of hls four shots took effect. Olllcer Whlpple, who rushed to tho nsslstaneo of Dlneen, throw Northrup on a loungo nnd dls armed hlm. After Northrup hnd been placed In a cell ho cut a gash two or threo Inches long ln hls throat wlth a jackknlfo, but dld not sever tho wind plpo. Ono bullet struck Dlneen ln the nb domen, nnother ontered hls mouth nnd lodged In hls neck nnd a thlrd struck hlm ln tho left hand. Dlneen Is 44 years old. has a wlfo and two chlldren. IIo camo from Stamford, Vt., to North Adams years ago nnd has been on the pollce force 10 years. Prof, Gray'a invention for transmlttlng sound under water haa been tested by tho Motropolltnn steamshlp company and tho caplalns report that they havd been able, Invarlably, to locate nccurately the Roston llBhtship, upon whlch a sub merged bell was belng rung, when ap- pronchlng at rull speea at a dlstance or three mlles and upwaro, Griddle of Att A hcarty brcakfast is more cssential than nuy other jncal. It forms the Jnnd of vitality from which tlictlay'sdcinatid is largely drawn. Whcnyoit can'tcat iii the ltlornillL'. Karo Corn Z vou cat. Fiiie for -11 1 v . . 1111 IIIUKCS. UirillUUb IICJICIOUS. CORN SYRUP The Great Spread for Vaily "Bread. Bold ln nlrtleht, frlrtlon-top tlns, iuc, 'iic, iioc, ny CORN PRODUCTS COMPANY, Tlio Kinrt You Havo Always ln uso for ovcr 30 ycars, y? aml lu All Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just-as-good" aro lmt Expcrimcnts that triflo with and cudanger tlio health of Inl'auts and Chlldren Expcrienco against lixpcriiiiont. at is CASTOR Castoria is a harmlcss suhstltuto for Castor Oil, Parc goric, Drops nnd Soothing Syrtips. It is I'leasant. It contains iicithcr Opium, Morphino nor other Xareotic fsuhstauce. Its aye is its guaraiitce. It destrojs "Worins and allays Feverishncss. It curcs Diarrhoea and AVind Colic. It relicvcs Tecthing Trouhlcs, curcs Constipution and FIatulcncJ. It assiuiilatcs thc Food, rejjulatcs tho Stoinach iintl Bowcls, giving hcalthy and natural slccp. Tho Children's Pauacca Tho Mother's Friend. GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS Bears the The Kind You Have Always Bouglit ln Use For Over 30 Years. THC CCNTAUH COMPANY, TT MUnRAY STRCCT, NCWVOnKCtTV The Vermont Loan'S Trust Co. Make first mortgage farm loans in the best counties in eastern North Dakota and Washington. We control a fine line of loans all of which have been personally exam ined. Our experience extends over the settlement of these sections, and we know the troubles of money lenders and how to avoid them. We not only loan your mcney, but we care for it until it is returned to you. Your success means success to us. F. B. PUTNAM, Gen. Agent, R. J. KIMBALL & CO. 7 Nassau Street, New York. More Than Thirty-Five Years Membership in The New York W. Eugene Kimball Perfected Poulfry 7 will rcal e hens lay in cold weather. It is guaranteed by the man ifacturer and rerommended by the highest authori ties. No hot drops," but a real food that nourishes the hens and produces eggs. We want Agents in every village and town. Send for ourbooklet, it gives prices and full particulars aboat our liberal offers. We send also a long list o testimonials from New England people who know a few things about poultry. They all say that Page's Food is tlie best. We pay the frelght, guarantee the Food, and send your money back if y"u vant t. CARROLL 5. PAGE, HYDE PARK, VERMONT. Jmt pnt yonr riamo on a poiul and nuil it to -dijr. Cakes Makes Svrun mahts criddlc cakcs of JS. ? l 1 ; r nll grocur. Now York and Chlcogo. Bouglit, and which has liccn has horno tho sinatnro of has becn mado undor his pcr- 1 supcrvision sinco its infancj'. Allowno ono todcccivo you in this. Signaturo of Brattleboro, Vt. J Stock Exchange. Leeds Johnson. 3 34cjo;tl toticcs. UTATE uy VHIIMONT. Marlboro, SS. O Tho l'robate Court for sald Dlstrlct lo nll persons lnterested ln tho cstato of LUCIMJA li. OllOWN, lato of Urat tleboro, dcceased, Urcetlng: Whcrcas, l'nrley P. Crcwn has pro senlcd to thls Court an iustrumcut pur poitlng to be tho last will of sald do ceused, for piobato: You nio hcrcby no tllled that thls court will dccido upon tho Piobntc of sald Iustrumcut at tho ses slon thereof to be held at tho i'robato Ullico in Hiattleboro, In sald dlstrlct, on tho 2Cth day of Decembcr, A. D., 1U03, when und whoro you mny appear and contest tho samo, lf you seo causo. 60-62 A. K. SCHWKNK, Iteglster (JTATK of Vermont, Westminster, SS. kJ Tho I'robato Court for Salil Dlstrlct. Jo nll persons lnterested lu the cstato of UKO. S. HUUAni', lato or Townshend, In sald Dlstrlct, Ueceused, Urcetlng: You nro hereby notllled that thls court wlll ileclilo upon tho ullownnco of tho ac count of Jl. Ktta Ilobart, Admlnlstrnlor upon sald estate, and Uccreo dlstilbuliun thnreor to the persons cntltlcd, ut tho sesslon thereof to bo held at tho I'robato Olllce, In Ucllons Kalls, 011 the 'M day of Janunry, A. D. 11)03, when nnd whero you may bo hcard lu the premlses, if you seo causo. 60-62 Z1KA II. ALLUEU, Judgo. QTATK of Vermont, Westminster, SS. k3 The I'robato Court for SaiU Dlstrlct. To all persons lnterested In tho estate of C. C. Taft, lato of Townshend, Ue ccased, Ureetlng: Wheieas. Abblo li. Taft, has prescntcd to thls Court an lnstrument purportlng to be tho last will of salil deceused, for probatu: You ate heieby notllled that thls court will decido upon tho probato of sald lnstrument nt tho sesslon thereof to be held ut tho hotel ln Townshend, ln sald dlstrlct, on the 3d day of l-'ebruary, A. D. 1U01, when and whero you may ap pear and contest tho samo, lf you seo causo. 6U-32 Z1XA II. ALLUlili, Judge. yTATK of Vermont, Marlboro, SS. O The I'robato Court lor sald Dlstrlct. I'o all persons lnterested ln tho estato Of N. W. SAltGENT. late of Brattleboro. ln said dlstrlct. Qreetlng: lou are hereby notlflcd that thls court wlll declde ution thc nllowance of tln. nn. count of lt. K. Gordon, ndmlnlstrator up- un uiu oaiaie oi .n, v. sargeni, lato ot Brattleboro, ln sald dlstrlct. doeeaKert. and dccree distributlon thereot to thc per sons entltled thereto, at the sesslon tliere- oi io uo nciu at tne 1'rouate Ulllce ln Ilrattleboro, In tald dlstrlct, on the 20th iy of Deccmber. A. D. 19U3. when nnil where you may be heard in the tiremlses. if you seo causc. 60-62 A. F SCHWEXK, Register. QTAT12 of Vermont, Westminster, SS. O The I'robato Court for said District. io all persons lnterested in tho estato f KL.VJUA D. FL'I.L.EIt. lato of Putnev. in sald Dlstrlct, 'deceased, Greetlng: iou aro nereuy noiineu tnat tnis court 111 decide upon the allowunce ot the nc- count of A. V. J. Wilklns, Administra tor upon said estate, and decree distri butlon thereof to the persons entltled, at the sesslon thereof to be held at tho l'ro bate olllce in Uellows Kalls, on the 2d day of January, A. D. 1U01, when and where you may bo heard in tho premlses lf you sce cause. 60-32 Z1NA II. ALL.UEE, Judge. CJTATE of Vermont, Marlboro, SS. O The l'robate Court for sald Dlstrlct. To all persons lnterested ln the estato of Chalmer V. Stebblns, lato of Newfane, n saiu uisinci, ureetlng: You are herebv notlflcd that thls Court wlll dcclde upon tho nllowance of the de count of J. H. Menilleld, Executor upon me esiaie oi uuaimer v. arcuuins, laie of Newfane, in sald District. deceased. and decree distributlon thereof to the per sons entltled thereto, at the sesslon there of to be held at tho Probato Olllco in Urattleboro, ln sald District, on the 26th day of December, 1U03, when and where ou may bo heaiu lu tho premlses, if ou see cause. 50-52 A. F. SCIIVVENK, Kegister. CJTATE of Vermont, Marlboro, SS. IO The Probate Court for said District. To all persons lnterested in the estate of EI.l.ICN E. COLE, late of Brattleboro, In sald dlstrlct, Greetlng: You are hereby notifled that thls Court wlll decide upon the allowance of the ac count of C. II. Pratt, Executor upon the estate of Ellen E. Cole, late of Brattle boro. In sald dlstrlct, deceased. and de cree distributlon thereof to the persons entuiea mereio, at tne sesslon uiereot to bo held at the Probate Ottice ln Brat tleboro, in said District. on tne 2tith day of Deccmber, A. D. 1903, when and wnere you may oe neara in tne prem ises, if you see cause. 60-52 A. j?. sciiwjsivxi, uegister. STATE OF VEIIMONT, Marlboro, SS. The Probate Court for Sald District. To all cersons lnterested In the estate of JOSEPH M. HOUGIITON, late of Guil ford, ln sald district, deceased, lireeting: Whereas. Georce E. Houchton. Admln- Istrator upon the estato of Joseph M. iiougnton, lato oi uuiuoru, in saiu uis- trlct, deceased, has tlled hls pttltlon in this Court, settlng forth that the sale of the whole of the Iteal Estate of said de ceased will bo beneticial to the heirs and all persons lnterested thereln, and pray lng for llccnse to sell the same, and at the same tlme iueu in tnis court wnat pumorts to be the consent ln wrltlng of all the hclrs reslding in thls State to sucn saie. wnereupon it is oruereu tnat the samo be heard at the sesslon of sald Court, to be held at tho Probate Olllco in Brattleboro, on the last Saturday of December, A. D., 1303, when and where you may be heard ln the premlses, if you see cause. 50-52 A. F. SBHWliKK, uegister. -t UAItDIAN'S NOTICE. LT Estato of NOAH W. DUNKLEE. The undcrslgned havlng been appointed by the Hon. Probate Court for the Dis trict of Marlboro, Guardlan of sald Noah W. Dunklee, by vlrtuo of an order of sald court, hereby gives notice to all creditors of said Noah W. Dunklee to present thelr clalms to sald guardlan, and that 6 months from the 14th day of Deccmber, 1903, is the tlme llmited by said Court for sald creditors to present thelr clalms to hlm for cxamlnation nnd nllowance. Dated at Brattleboro, this 14tn uay ot December. A. D., 1903. 51-1 PllliSCUi i . tiAaijiS. uuaruian. txilvontls. Central Vermont Railway Co. Southern Dlvlslon. Effectlve October 11. 1903. Tratns leave Brattleboro as follows: 6:23 n. m. dally for Springfleld, week daya for New Yorjt. 7:25 a. m. week days for New Ixmdon: connects at Mlllers Falls for Troy; at Palmer for Boston. 7:50 n, m. week days for South London derry. 9:07 a. m. week days for Sprlngfield and New York. 10:15 a. m., week days for Mlllers Falls anci uoston. 2:27 p. m. week days for Sprlngfield and New York. 4:35 p. m. week days for New London and New York vla. Norwich Llna steamers; connects at Palmer for Bos ton. 4:35 p. m. dally for Sprlngfield and New York. 3:54 p. m., Sunday only for Sprlngfield and New York. 5:45 p. m. week days for South London derry. Subject to change wlthout notice. E. II. FITZHUGII, Vice President and Genernl Manager. J. E. BENTLEY, General Passenger Agent. Boston & Maine Railroad Co. WINTEU ARRANGEMENT. In effect Oct. 11, 1903. Tralns leave Brattleboro, northbound: 11:05 n. m. for statlons to Windsor, Lan caster, St. Johnsbury, Newport, Sher brooko, Montreal, vla. C. P. Hy., Quo bec, Burlington, St. Albans and Mon treal. 2:30 p. m., Montreal express. 6:30 p. m. White Rlver Junctlon passen ger. 10:15 p. m. nlght express. Dally, 7:57 a. m., Sunday paper traln to Wind sor. SOUTHBOUND. For Northampton, Holyoke and Sprlng field, 6:23 a. m., 9:07 a. m., 2:27 p. in 4:35 p. m (dally), Also 3:54 p. m, (Sundays only.) D. J. FLANDERS, Gcn'l Passenger nnd Tlcket Acent. JOHN DUNLEAVY, Custom Taltor. Cleanslng, Repalrlng and Presalng done to Order. Ryther Dulldlna. Up ono fllaht.