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1 ' 'i VOL. T: Celebration in 1778 BENNINGTON VICTORY OF 1777. INTKODCCTOUY NOTE. Tliobattloof Bennington was fought August 10th, 1777, and iti aniversarics liavo ever since been observed as holi- days in that and the neighboriug towns, aud haTO been cblebrated with all the deinonstrations of rjoicing that are us ual through tho country on "Indepond-, ence Day;" such as tho dischai'go of ean- non, tho display of banners, military parade, processions with music, orations nnd ptiblic dinners. The lirst anniversary celebration at Bennington took place tho 10th of August, 1778, one year after tho victory, uu wiiiun uuuiaiun --a speecn was ue 1; i 1 T .1 n in uvcroi uynoan Dinun. A. u., ana "a poetical essay, by Stephen Jacob, A. B." They were two young men whp had just graduated at Yalo College, and had come to tho new country and Stato of Vormont to remain and "seek their for- tunes, with the liko purpose that thousands of Vermontera havo since emigrated to the newer regions of the west. The clasa of 1778, in which they had graduated, contained also the names of Noah Webster, Jool Barlow, Oliver Wolcott, Zophaniah Swift, Uriah Tracy, and others who afterwards be- caine highly distinguished. Both Smith and Jacob adopted the profession of law. Both deservedly acquired siderablo prominence in the Stato. con- Noah Smith was admitted to the Bar of tho Superior Court of the Stato at Westminster in May, 1779; was at the sanio term appointed Stato's Attorney, pro tem.t for Cuniberland County, and was imniediately engaged in liis ofllcial capacity in the prosecution of a number of the adherents of New York, who had been concerned in resisting the author ity of the State.and whose conviction bo procured. Having settled in Bennington ho was the same year appointed State's Attorney for Bennington County, which ofilco ho held for several yeara. Ho was a Judgo of the Supreme Court for five years pnor to 1801, and ho was also Cbllcctor of the United States Internal Revenuo under- tho ladminiatraHon'-of'l "hls vouncerbrother. tead law with him nt Ronninirton: beirani Dractice at RU' pert, lemoved to RutlVnd. and becamo Governorof tho State Ym 1807. Noah Smith was born in Suffleld, Connecti cut, and settled in Bennington in 1779. He removed to Milton soon after tho year 1800, where he died December 25, 1812, aged 57. Stephen Jacob is belioved to liavo a native of Sheffield, Massachusette. Soon after ho camo to "Vermont, he settled in Windsor, where ho died in February, 1817, at the age of 01. Ho represented Windsor in the General Assembly on sevoral occasions, was one of tho Coun cil of Censors in 1785, a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1793, a State Councillorforfive years. ending in 1800; and a Judgo of the Supremo Court in 1801 and 1802. The speech and poem at the celebra tion of the victory at Bennington, Au gust 10th, 1788, were ' printed at Hart ford.Connecticut, in 1779. and were as followB: A Spccch delivered at Bennington on the Anniveraary of the 10th of August, 1777, by Noah Smith, A. B. Hartford: Printed by Watson & Goodwin. mdcclxxix. VOTE OF THANKS. Tho committee (consisting of fivo) chpsen by tho pepple who composed tho audience, return their thanks to Mossrs. Noah Smith and Stephen Jacob for their agreeable orations dclivored in com memoration of the battle fought at Bennington on tho memorable 10th of August, 1777, and desire a copy thereof for tho press. JONAS FAY, Clerk of the Committee, A SPEECII, ETC. Thehistory of America during tho last twelvo months relates events favor able to a degreo which has exceeded our oxpectations, cstablished our indo- pendenco and astonished tho world, Among which nono has been moro Big nal than that which happened on tho memorable 10th of August, 1777, of which this.is the anniversary. The recollection of past events, whethermorciful or aillictivo, ofton pro- duces a good effect in tho hnman mind by leading it to viow the oporatienB of that Bcing by whpso permissipn all judgmerjts are inflicted and to whose benignity all delivorance must be attrib uted. It is presumed that tho history pf these nerthern campaigna is bo freali in the memory of everyono present that a ro petition of it would bo noitherentertain Ing nor instructive; therefore, waiving the doscription of tho progress of our arms into Canada, and pf the defeat and death ef tho bravo Genoral Mentgpmory which was prpductivo of tho most pre- cipitant andconfused rotreat, we need only mention that Ticonderega was ad judgetl a prpper placo to make oppos ition. This boingby its natural situation tho kev of tho country, to maintain it was man who For more than fourteen motiths, whilo this was the object, no sums wero too great to be expended and no f atiguo too painful to be endurcd; so that when the third campaign was opened, the wprks wero so completely finished, tho std're- houeesso amply supplied with pTOvl sions, the Hnes so sufHciently namod and tho wholo country so ready to fly to their assistnnco upon any emergenoy, that lt was thought notlnng but tlio m fernalhands of cowardice or treachery could hare dolivered .them into the enemy's possession'. Under theso circumstauces the people in this dcpartment, not considering that disappointments are cotnmon to man kind in a state of imperfection, puraued their business with no less aecurity Uian diligence. Butatraia of evils, which at that timelikeo mighty torrent rushed in upon us, soon discovercd how vain and unscriptural it is to trust in fortifica tions, for within eight days after Bur goyno appeared upon the Lake, he found moans to possces3 himself of the forte, wlnch laid our numerous army under a necessity pf fleeing beforo him, nnd fllled the whole country with con- sternation and amazement. - In tliis condition every battle ho at tempted was succoeded by victory and every advance ho made waa conquest, The inhabitants of th northern dis- tricts for more than one hundred iniles inlengthwere obliged to quit every tliing they possessed, and for eubsistenco had no other jdependance but tho benig' nity of heaven and tho charity of their countrymen. "Whenever we had intelligence from our army it was mnrked by defeat and diBCOuragement; so that some, to their sliamo be it spoken, exclaimed, had not we bctter submit to any imposition than to be driven from any thing we pro ces3. Notwithstanding this town was tlien esteemod an asylum, yet the saga- city of the honorable Council then sit- tingat this placo induced them to be apprehensivo of an attack and prompted them to dispatch advices to tho neigh- boring States for tho purpose of procur- ing-assistanco. In consoquonce of wliich, Genornl Stark, who was hero to complofe thej Hampsmre at tnancaa oi au oftlienebleand Bpirited mllita pf that State was welcome to tlio commana. Butaspecialorderfor him to jom tne main body at Stillwater gave ris to new apprehensions; Under theso circumstances, mtoui- gence of the enemy's approach was ro ceived. Ifitbe proper to judge of f uturity by past events, nothing could now be expected but panic, retreating and confusion. But with thatmagnan- imity of eoul which is ever the char acteristicof real greatness, those pa triote who composed the council at that time, doliberately laid tlio plan which their penetration assured them would be tho destruction of tho enemy. Hav ing induced General Stark to return, they were indefatigablo in adopting Buch measures as might conduco to the success of the entorprwe. Alengthof time had now elapsed sufficient for the arrival of a number of respectable mllita from the adjacent towns in this State and that Pf Mass achusette. Tlio exertion of the people in Berkshire County were extraordinary on thia occassion and merited them particular honor. In convening, reso- lnt on. liko electric llre diUusea ltseir though tho whole body of the troops, while braverv marked tho countenance, and patriotism glowed in the breaat of every individual "The wigo new prudence from the wise acquire, "And one brave hero fans anothers fire." Prompted by their apprehensions, the enemy, having made. choioe of the most advantageous ground, began at this time to intrench. But bo detcr- mined wero our forces, that no circunv stanco of supcriority in nuniber, of per- fection of discipline, or of finished m tronchments was Bufllcient to bring dis- couragement to their viow, Stark gavo tho command, the attack was mado, tho intrenchmcnts stormed, and the enemy defeated. What mira cles will resolution and persoverance effect Thatanundiciplined militia, without the assistanco of a single fleld piece. should, in tho face of cannon, confront an enemy almost doublo in number, and drivo them from their intrenchmonta, marks tho determination of Americans, and nffords an instance of bravery with' Soon atter this tno enemy, coing re infprced, renowed tlio attack, and from the dictatcs of despair fought with per- Boveringintrepidity, which in any other circumstances must havo been the at- tainment of their wlahe8. In this crit ical momemt tho arrival of Colpnol Warner's regiment, by adding to tho spirit of tho men as well as to their num bars, comploted tho victory. Boast then, yn gasccnadihg Britons, that two thousand of your men can effect march frem Saratoga tP Springfleld for this action has ovinced that a Stark, a Warner and a Herrick, with a number the determination of every wished well to America. BENNMGTOy, YT,, TUESDAf, AUGIJST 6', .of riien little 'more than half equal youra could by tho assistanco of heavea. defeat your erityjrprise upon tho flrat at tempt, ana maae two-tbirds of your boay prisoners. But I check this languago becauspgas conade is no mark of bravery. Tlio, famo of this action spreairtlirough every part of America, and wa3 productivo of. the most salutary effects in raising the spints of our army, which was ,worn outby' fatiguoa and hardships, and in depres3ing thoso of the enemy which foralongtime had been flushed with victory. This battle' heing a preludo to those'fought at Stillwater, which were the lmmediate harbingers of Burgoyne's resignation, had a powerful oneration in ettecting tliat event, vhich was really tho most momorable and glorious that ever graced the annals of America. Canitbe thought possible that tho herpism of a few hundred Green Moun- tain bdys, by being exhibited when tho wholo cpuntry was depressed by re treat3.and misfortunes, should effoct'the resignatlen pf a genoral who com- manded ten thousahd men, and opefate the total dissolution pf hs army. To tho' effects cf this acticn must bo attributed in a cpnsiderable decrco that series pf Buccess which for the jpar past has con- stantly attended our arms, and which. has mado America so respectablo ambng tho nationo, that ono qf the mpst pptent mpnarchs in tho wprld has npt thought H derpgatpry to cpurt lier alhance. This establishes eur indepondence and muatsppnputaperipd to tho calamities of war Are these the effects of the bat tloof Benningtpn? Are these tho prps- pects which attend the Republio pf America? Then what laurels are duoto Stark and those bold asserters of liberty whoso determmed resolution and un- daunted courago effected the salvation of theii countty? iiutinnspoechof this kind it would be impiousBot tomake ascription of tho 8ublimest praise to that God whoso king domisovor all. "Had not the Lord been on our aide when men rdso un againat us they had swallowed' us up quick." The success of that day is not be attributed to the skill of the offlcors, and the prowess of tho soldiers, but to tho interposition pf heaven. That pmnipptent being who has bocn pleased directed tlielr' chargo in siicliTofiiannerv that opposition could produce nothing but carnage and immediate death. Those heroes who wereactivo that day wero the instruments by which our de liveranco was effected but God was the author. To Him, therefore, let the flrst and most gratef ul tribute be paid. As tho victory was complete, let the aong of praise be sincero and universal. It becomes all to unite in thisglad work, even those whose nearcst inenus wero numbered with the slain. By yield- ing themselvos a sacriflce to the flagitious exertions of tryanny, they discovered a stability of sentimonts in the cause of ffeedom and sealed it with their blood. It was a custom among tho ancients to canonizo those who foll in battlo, and to scnd them im niediately to the ElyBian flelds. Tliis was productive of good effect among the soldiers, as it made them believe that to die in battle was only to enter upon a moro happy state. "It is sweet and glorious to die for one s country," was a maxim which they firmly be lioved. In fighting, the death of someisneces sary, even on the siuo 01 victory ; ana that individual who would not resign his life for tho salvation of hia country muat be possessed of a soul tho most par- tial and contracted. There is, therefore, nojuBt cause of lamentation to thoso whose frionds were alain, for by their deatlis our country was saved. Since that event, the situation of affairsin this northern department has been very dif- ferent. Thehurry ana bustlo ol war are nowsucceeded by tho sweeta of tran quility and retirement. Those who by the savago cruolty of tho enemy were driven from their habitations are now returncdto a peaceful and flourishing settlement, and instead of those horrors and depredations which are lnscparablo from all wara, and with which tliis has been particularly marked, all havo now the glorious prospect of a pormanent and uninterrupted poace. When this takes placo, the necessity of maintaining so numerous an army will cease, our currency will again revert to its proper value, and thousands will resort to this Stato with dcsigns of making it the place of their residence ; all tho avonues of commerco will bo laid open, and the inestimablo blessinga of government es tablished. Then, if wo may bo allowed to put a literal construction upon the enraptured prophecy of Isalah : "The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and " tho dcsert shll rejoice, and blossom aB tho rose." TITLE PAQE OF POEM. A poetical essay delivered at Benning ton on the anniversary of the 10th of August, 1777, by Stephon Jacob ; 1778, Hartford : Printed by Wateon & Good win, MDCCLXXIX. A 1'OETIOAL ESSAV,fTCi 'Whcro blood-brought famo jtho glowing sago ihpircs. Whoro tliirBt of glorious doath tho pa- triot flros, Wnero futuro scenos in haiplor pros pect riso, JVhoro giiefs aro sooth'd and grating dis- 'Springs tho rich thcmo that wakcs the i enrapturea soiip u,uuu oiiuracs an audienco 01 tno as- somDicd throug. Whon angry f action rolling from afar JJUrst " our shorcs, and spread the jiuinu oi war, llouB'd fair Columbia with its drcad aiarnis, And bid hcr Bons indignant rush to arms. JUB niinnt oiaro, wnoro Doasts ol mid nignt nowrd, Jwng'd tho broad waste and thro' lono dcscrts nrowl'd. Vid this fair town whcro felino monstors 14 . cfw.rll floko from their dons and on :tho help- Their martial .ofTuiing. to tlicir country n sharo its victorics or a glprious gravo, Upsprung tho horoes from their new nuotie. Itispircd by freedom and by frecdom's uoa. With heaven-born vigor drovo tho 6p- And crop't tho flrst blowu laurels of tho north; Nor cpuld a tryant's rago or fettcrs bind iho uncpnquercd Allcn's moro uncon (lucred mind. IIo rose superior to tho chills of foar. IJisdaining threats, dofy'd tho upllfted spear, Whon shifting victory flushed tho ad- vnron flirhf then war's, palo torch display'o a glim- 'ring light, When foar our lcss'nincr band Jnsnlred. Tho foo advanced and back our arms ro tired; When too this trembllng scat our troops were drivon. Lko hosts subdu'd or disapprov'd of 'A- heaven. That dread Supremo whoso thundoring tcrrors roll. Dart from tho storm and blast the gullty r soul, Mark'd all our griof from his1 briglA .' tlironn ahov. Ey'd our distressndsoften'd into lovo; Tho foo's rash boasting in llorce angcr Pointed their fato and our cold bosom Then from his scat sublimo scnt Miclfacl forUi To rouso tho anlor of tho droopingnorth. In awful grandour on tho dusky storm. 8(ion as commandcd flow tho ethereal form. Horo in mid heaven slow hov'ring on tho wlnir. Dlffus'd Sio ardor that ho carao to brinir. by the Eternal'8 conquering broath Insnir'd. VKor roturn'd and zcal eaoK bosom -tfasatpaswt. EajL-h f66k- hlsPQBtMflgKgryqr. Ea!ch hore glow'd to meot th' insulting 4 too, ltciolvod to fnll or givo the conquering blow. High o'er tho hills th' ethereal scomed to sall, And from a cloud susponds tho dubious Where voil'd in darkness near tho oppos ingfoo, Thffsignal given, forth rushed tho mar tial train, Nor mountainn, floods, or hosts their zcal restraln. Thoir shining arms a dazzling pomp display, Gloam o'er tho valo and brighton on tho Thoadvorso legions oyo tho trcmbling And flushed with conquest, rush amid tno lignt; Our dauntles8 troops th' impetuous shock sustain, Burst through thoir ranks and multiply Then back recoil liko yanquish'd war- nors drivon, Now blazo afrosh as roinspir'd by heaven, Now On tho foo in lcaden volleys pour, Now baek on them tho thundoring can non roar, Now closo chgag'd the opposing heroes meet; Now fly their hosts and ours again ro treat. Thus long conceal'd the dubious victlms Till lengih'ning shadcsproclaim'd tho sotting day. Wlien from our Bight tho angollo form wlthdrew. itn noiRcd tho scalo and back their niinrlrniifl flow. Great Stark, a warrlor from that day mayclalm, iVith tho bravo Hcrrlck, an immortal To many moro wo'd gratcful trlbutos pay V1in foucht. who connuor'd and who lilmt thnt dav. And thoso flrm souls. that now cloctcd Whicji f orms vour Senato our bost thanks demancl. Thfiir iiL'i-severiuir minds 'mid thiek nnnld rw.iv tho nublie and dircct its arms, And midst tho din of war and rough do bato Fir tlio flrm basis of a risinc stato. Yon bright'nlng orb, whoso bcams tho nntions clicor. Has marked ono circuit round tlio Yaricd year Since thoso fair prospeots flrst ap nro.ir.hnd tho siclit Which groot our wond'ring oyes with pleasing light, Whon seo flerco discord ceaso, seo trea- son blccd, x Sco war's rough tumult cnd, and pcaco succccd. Aatonlsh'd BtrangorB oyo tho now born stato Whoro Chittenden prcsidcs in cach de- h.ito. Whoso patriot mind no selflah viows can charni, And whoso mlld bosom gcn'.rous pas- slons warm, Deneath whoso oyo seo scionco strotch hcr winir. Chcor tlio lono wasto and mako tho dos- ort sing, And hoavon at last, tho' long it scoms , tofrown, On its own sons oonfor a laurol crowu. frhc'n war's rdugh gonlus flr'd tho angry plain. iado-orphaus weop and paronts mo the slaln, 1891, Bado sor'rowing thousands PurnPd fleld oyo tho c'm Whoro Blauehter.fag'd, In various forms rovoai'a, Whcro countlesa warriors lo'ft thoir part-. IHg U1UULU, r- And many a hero swcll'd tho tido death. of Wo mako a Bolemn,paua.o to mount thosoj aeau Wlioso famo shall livo tillgratoful heartb nro ueu; Who, to defcnd an injur'd, blccding Dar'd blced thcmsclves at heav'n's- so vero command. Wo mourn thoir fall, yet joy thoy onco Wero herb. To Bhow their jgountry what thoy held must ucar." Heroes thus bravelv fallirur wn dnnlnrn Yet hail them wclcomo to tho, immortal shoro I Horo blamoless envy might' with justico cry, , . i . "Ohl, could I virtuous livo, and liko tkom dio." Each matron, too, with anoient Sparta's damo, ' ' ' Whoso son for freedom blcd, might thus oxclaim: "For this I birth to that young warrior uavo. Thatho by fallintr micht a countrv savo Yot such rough flrmncss wo but seldom lina. And tendcrncss adorns tho foraalo'mind Ono sympathetic tear wo now impart To sooth tho paront's and tho orphan's lieart. Console tho widow and th' afflictod maid. Whoso dcarest bliss bcneath tho dust is laid. T For you -who wall a tendor offspring cicaa, Whoso sons for ueodom.fought and no- blybled. You, whoso companipns met tho fatal Bpoar. Wo groatly mourri and drpp tho friendly tear. For you, fair virgins, who in boauty's bloom Fadointo griof and wcar a saddening cioom. In secret1 languish and your pains ap- nrovo. Mclt in distress and mourn your haplcss lovo. Wo feol, wo feel for you tho tendorest . nain. And floods of softncss rush through overy velnl But stopl too fast thcsd piercing sor- rows roll. . And spread a gloom o'er overy "fceling soul. ' ' Now lcd by fanoy, burst tho fllins of night, To futuro scones oxtcnd tho ploasing slght, Survey tho paths your unborn sons shall trcad When you're forgot and thoirs, when . y.pu aro cleaa, l I .y noniA'oion's less'.n'a.novt suau. lisap-. When tho fair olivo shall hor brancii ex- tond, And long lost pcaco again from hoaven descond, ... When fleets for trafflo skim along the tide, Hoavo to our shorcs, or in safo harbors rido, Whoro with sof t smiling commerco thoy impart Th' cnsnaring vices of each aistant court, Invado ourahores and spread a moral d(jath, Whero pamp'r'd lux'ries with malignant breath Internal sweotness and domestio easo Hore flx their gontlo rcign and spread tho charras ot pcaco. No tryant hero shall daro orect his throne, . . No griping landlord wako th' opprcssed'a No cringing minion bo for flatt'ry fed, No menial slavo a haughty mastor dread, No hatef ul monstcr suppllcato defenso Who boaste his spoiia oi ariiess iuuu ccnco But injur'd'virtuo sinking in distress Flvhoro for safotv and obtain rodress. No jarring f euds royivo the martial ilamo, Or war DO Known oui as a irunaivui. nnmn. No tender matron feels tho pangs of fear, Or moltinc vlrinn drop tno parting tear, No mourning consort of hor fato com- piam, Or lisping infant weop a parent slaln, But gentle friendship spread hor balmy wing Whilo musio softens from tho trombling string, ' Each youth oxcel in overy poblo art, rasto tno puro Dicssiugn lieart, Disdaln tho follics of a vicious age. And spurn decoit and meaness from tho stagc, Nor daro pormit tho polish'd tonguo to ai-knnlr What wakcs a blush on virtuo's modcst cheok, Or yicld assistanco with malicious joy Tn l.l.ist tho fair and innoconco dcstroy, But taught by heaven their generous aid oxtcnd, Protocttho helplcs8 and tho wcak do- fena. Nor theso alono th' enraptur'd tho'ts in snirc. iint fa rer charms tho clowing bosom flro. " t Tho heavcn-born sweotness and an angel ' mind, WMi beautv'a soft oxccss to sweetness Bywisdom taught tho just distinction Vnnw 'Twixt worthy morit and tho flutt'ring boau, Thoy scorn thoso vulgar arts that fools pursuo, imi afi.m Hm ttdn of custom to bo truo. Thero conscious virtuo holds hor gentlo And knovvs'no foar but that of causlng pain. To these blest scenos our fondeat hopcs oxtcnd, wimn discord flits and hated factlon Long peaceful years in calm succcssion rou, , , Aud lovo of wisdbm anlmates tho wholo: Art and roflnemont wako and , spread tlinlr Miarins. ' 1 Tim vouth in lottors Bhino as now in nrma ' Whon many a fair adorns tho polish'd Thatboams instruotion o'er tho rising age, Whon vvarring boxcs lay thoir arts asido And tako fair virtuo for thoir guiltlc guido, mJMBBR 2. AVhon worth and grandeur iu our.bosom.-. shino, 1 .'.'! And age and youth in Bacrcd chorus jo'in,, . Whero nono shall court tho rich' uhpol- ished clown, "', ' . " On ncedy mcrit east a sneering frown, ' Spurn from.their prescncetho dojected poor, Or seud the hungry fainting from their door, ' . . But hcavori-born freedom spread hcr. wido domain, J And peace and justico nnmolestcd reign. Coldpoverty Bhall fly, nor'anttipnear, But hcalth and plenty overy bosom clieer, . Tho blooming mead, tho hill and fcrtilo, plain Yiold a rich blcssing to th' indiistrlous swain, Tho fatal stcel'destroy tho noxious wood, And blushing orchards to ,their place succccd, . Tho tracklcss waste, tho tough uncul- tur'dsoil, And desolation's solf bo scon to smile. Whcr6 beauts of proy onco found , safo abodo Riso tho fair tomples of tho, immortal God; , yiiorel suporstition's zcal obscur'd tho dav. , t . . . Truth uncontested shlno with' piercing rav: -t . Whero savago ignoranco held hor' mld- night reign, And bound wholo natlons in hor gloomy chain, Unnumbcred ages these blcst scenos ro veal, To miido tho Dublio and thonrlvate weal. Point to fair virtuo hor unbeaten road,,. And mark with censuro hated foes to God; Bid scionco rise and strotch her bright- -? 'ningwand, To dash out darkness from this blissfuL, land. None of that impious race shall then rc--' main, Whobondtho gospol to incrcaso tlielr gain, J' Who point to heaven a new and noarer wav. In unknown paths mako crring mortals strav. . Avoid clcction aa a theme too high; Who preach up works, but pass repont-ance-bv. Leavo faith untaught, or to ono scct con fln'd And damn the rcst as heretlcs and bllnd. - But fair rcligion warns tho hoary sage, Ana lib'ral tho'ta inspiro tho rismgage, Puro trospol truthrt in full meridianblazo To gray hairs, wisdom and to infants nraiso. Fardistant climcs tho bliasful tidings greet Rough, bolsterous sects in boavenly union meet. Swift gathering crowds in listening clus- ters throng, And hang Irapationt on tho spcakcr's tonguo, cr- i Wlille tho calm toachoV marks the gJoriJJl ZZS ' vearHtcrthD the poem which follows lt was aonverott also on that occasion Both wero kindly f urnished us by W. P. Baxter of Chicago, 111., for publicatlon in tho Ccntonnial numbor of tho BAJraEn. Mr. Baxtor has a largo collectlon of Vermont books and pamphlots, numbering over 2000, and is constantly adding to it His carliost book datcs at Bennington in 1784, ana is entitlcd "Rcason the Only Oraclo of Man." It was printed in Bennington by naswoll Russell. Mr. Baxter has over 400 manuscrlpts, "aH'ycrmontera" as ho says. Hia thoughtfulnoss in f urnishing tho Banneii with theso intercsting docu ments for this occasion is ccrtainly fully appreciatcd by us, and will bo, wo aro suro, by all our rcaders. Tho matorial is such as wo could scarcoly havo sccured in any other way. I'lue Plcinre of nennlnetou Bat tle Monument. Tlinrn Is nn w on exhibition at tllO BAN- xeh ofllco tho largest and most beautiful photo-engraving of tho Bennington Bat tlo Monument tliat has over been mado. Tho photograph was taken for tho archltect. J. i'h. ninn oi linatiin ltl tlio larcest nicturo of tho Monument over taken, and lt shows tho noble shaft in all its coiossai proporuons as it appcars to an observor, stanaing on Monument avenuo, a short dlstance abovo the Bito of tho oia uatamount lavora. Tho plcturo shows tho monument ana tho avenuo oxactly as they appcar whon- looked at from that point to-oay. aa great hoight of tho shaft is impresslvely brmiL'ht out bv comnarlnc it with the horscs and wagon and tho frisky ronro scntativo of Capricornus that stand in the mU((lIe-foregrouna oi uio pioiuro. Tho perapoctivo of tho long avenuo is flnoly repi-csofitod, tho Hghts and shadj ows on tho walks and tho trunks of tho trecs and among tho foliage bcing so completely dovcloped as to mako tho obsorvor feel that ho is really in their presenco. Tho picturo uas tno great morii; oi uo ing as perfcct in dotail a any sinall pho tograph, and tho additional advantago of being of grand size. It Is developcd on tho llnost coated stock. 18x24 inches in sizo, and is intonded for framing. It is not a trashy, coarso pnnt on common paper, but a highly finished, artlstio half tono photo-engraving, fit to put in tho most clegantly f urnlshed llbrary or par- ' lor. No handsomor souvcnlr of tho Cen tcnnial Celebration, nor ono bettcr rop resentingtho contnuidoaof tho occasion, can oo sent Dy peopio in jienningioii m distant frlends. Tho plcturo will bo put in a strong tubo or caso, mado espcclally for sending it with perfcct safcty by niall. It Ts bo attraetivo that coples havp already been oitlcrod for pcrsons of distinction in various places, governors, jildgcs, historical societlca, tho Tresl dont and some also to go to Eurppo. While Uio picturo is ot largo bizo ucan bo mailed in a momont, in its caso, as easily and safely as a lottor. To mako it moro ciesiniuiu, vmy u uuuiii jiumuv. pf coples will bo sold. C'all and seo it nnd learn Its prlco. Fhank Pcjidv, repicscnting Wells & Covcrly of Troy, was In town to-day, making arrangomonts fpr tho salo of a handsomo lithograph of tho Bennington Battlo Monument, issucd -by tho abovo namcdfiriu. Mr. Purily iswoll known horo nnd will doubtlcss disposo of a great many of tlio lithographs. 4k ri i