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THE BENNINlGTON BMDER, TUSDAY,,"A"D"G. W iS9&:; EANOTE OF TH "The Daily. Banneu ia to be published duirng Encampment Week, and' large editions -vvill, bo. ,printed,;of each issue, but in' order to bo assured of receiving ExtlSL CopieS itwillbe. necessary to fcband in'.!ypur orders-'at Offico of Publica tion, ITo. 2, BaHHGr Building, near Triumphal Arch, j&T 027GEL Nearfy One Hundred Illustrations will appear in , ita nnmmng durmg the week, givmg iiistorical Bcenes, sketohes, c., with correct portraits of Vermont s honored guests at Grand Colebration. The United States, New Hampshire, MaSSachUSettS aild Vermont will be fully represented in the Jisfc of Illustrations. . C. A, PIERCE, Publisheb. 01T SALE AT ALL THE PRINCIPAL NEWS STANDS. SINGLE COPIES, IN WRAPPERS, READY FOR MAILING at Office of Publication.s No. 2, Banner Block. S! -THE BANNERr -' BENNINGTON: TUESDAY AL'GUST18, 1891. Bntered at the Bennington P.O.asecond-class matter by.C. A. PIERCE, Publlsher. ilf Ex-Governor Hiland Hall's Description. 'N The Most Accurate Accnunt of the Battle Extant. .Ex-Gov. llall wroto in 1877, for tho Bannek, rin account of tho Bnttlo of Ben nington. It is by all odds' tho most com tirehbnsivo' 'skotch of that ovcnt, in cxistenco, and has been tho foundation of all the arficlcs writtan this year on this subject. Wo mako no apology in giving it again to our rcadors, now that tho monument oroctcd to commemorato tho valor ofthe patriots on tlio fleld of Bennington, is to bo unvcilcd tho 10th of this month, as follows: tm nkmx or denninoton acoust 16, 1777. BY nU-kXD IIALL. Inthe followlng acconnt of the Battle' of Ben nington only the leadlng facta ara attempted to be given, nnmeroui lnteresting and excitlng In cidcnts belng necesarily omlttea In order to hare a just appreciatlon of the bat tle and lti consequences, lt la necessary to call to mlnd the .conditlon or tbe country and of tho State at tbe time of lta occurrcnce. 11 kmJ fMi' . "s5- STAltK MONUJIESTi The campaign of 177B ln the northern depart' ment had bcen dlsastroui to the Amerlcan arms. After sufTerfng seTere losscs our forces hid been drlyen from Canada ln great dlstress, and the enemy, by the dcstructlon of the Amerl can flotllla, had obtolned fUU command of the waters of . Lake Champlain. Great numbers of troops were SrriTlng atQuebec from Europe, and a fearful lnvaslon was expected at the openlng of the lake In the apring. To meet such lnvaslon eatensive works had been erected atTlconderoga, on whlch great rellance was placed. But they were def ective In nrrangement and but partlally manned, and on the approach of Gen. Burgoyne. wlthapowerfularmy.0en.8t. Clalr founS they would be wbolly untenahle. and he feltconipelled to abandonthem. The rear guard pf his retreatlng army. under the command of Coh Setb Wanier, was orertaken the next day, July 7. 1777, at Hub barton, by a large body of the enemy. and. after a brave reslstence, daring whlch many were kllled nd wounded on both aldes, was OTerpow cred by numbers nnd obllged to gWe way. The greatcBt portlon of8t Clair's force incceeded In fonnlngojuncllon wlth Oen. Schnjler at Fort Edward. whlle the remnant of CoL Warner's reglment, about 140 strong, took post at Manches ter. Burgoyne'sf army, numberlng abontDOOO men, was cqnfppcd and furnlshcd with erery warllke rnatcrkl thatwealth and skill could supply, and conslited mostly of Brltlsh and German vcteians, wlth bodles of Canadlans and Tories, anda for midable horde of Indlans. Its commandcr ex pectedtomake a triumphal march to Albany, tbcre to be mct by an army from Ntw York, and thu, by obtalning the control of the Hudson rlvert and cuttlng ofl" New England from the other States, to completo tho conquest of tlie country for the klng, He had already issucd a Hamlng proclaniation, tbreatenlng destruction to the llves and property of all who should oppose hlm, but promislng protectlon and securfty to those who thould glre hlm their ndbcslon. and onering payment "in solld coin" for all provlslons that stiould bo brought to his camp. On te 10th of July. havlng rcached Skenesborough, noiv 'Whlteball, he issued another prodamatlon ln .whlch he directcd "the inhabltants of Castleton, Hubbardton, Hutland, Tinmouth. Pawlet, Wells, and Granville, with the nelghboring dfstrlcts ; alo the distrlcts bordeiing on White Crerk (Salem), t'amdcn, Cambridge, ctc. etc,'' to eend ten persons or more from each township, to meet Colonel Skene 'at Castleton on thelSth, who would "commnnlcate conditlons upon whlch the tiersons and propertles of the disobedlent mlght yet be spared." The proclamailon ' concluded wlth the iollowlng barbarous threat : "This fall Uot under paln of mlUtarr executlon." To a large proportlon of the frontier Inhabl tants. Burgorne'a army appeared irreslstlble. Ifho ihonld let loose hfs horde of savagesupon them, whlch ln his first proclamatlon be sald. 'amounted to thousands," tliere would eem to be no escapefor them. Great numbers from those towns, and some from towns still further to the south, repaln d to Col. Skene, and taking the oatU. of alleglance to tbe crowo, some from chotce, and some from supposed neresslty, re celred writtenprotectlons for thelr security. Of theie some took up arms agalnst thelr country, andjolned tbe Invadlng armr. But the more patriotlc and courageous portlon ofthe inhabl. lants, scornlng submisslon to the Inraders, aban doned thelr homes to tbe mercy ofthe enemy, nnd taklDff wlth them such ef thelr cffects as they were able to transport, fled to the south, some stopplng In Bennington, bnt most of them golng onto tbeir frlcnc'.s In Berkshire county and Connecticut. Berkshire county, in the languagn of a cotemporary, wai "burdened wlth thcse fugHlvci." Nearlyall ofthe territory bctwccn Bennington and the routesof Burgoyne towards the Uudjon and Albany was thus mado, ln efleet, nn encmy' country, and Bennington bccama a frontier town. . , , Prlor to the rcvolnllon the territory of ver mnnt was known by the name of the New Hamp shire Grants, over whlch tbe government of Isow TotU clolmed jurisdlctlon, and also the tltle to lts Isnds. This clalm was dlsputed bylts Inhabl tants, who after a longand sovere controvcrsy had, by a conventlon of thelr delegatcs held ln Westminster on the 17th of January, 1777, de clared the territory an lndependent State. At the tlmeof tho evacuatlon of Tlconderoga bvSt. Clair, asubequentconvention of the new State waslnsesslon at Windsor, engagcd Inthe work offramlnglts constltutlon or goYernment, ond' the abandonment of that post left the famlltes of many of its mctnbcrs in immcdiate peril. A' the news of this alarming ovent tlie constltutton was somcwhat hurriedly udopted, and havlng ap. pointcd a conncll of safety to manage the affairs of the Btate until the regular gorernment could boput ln opcrauon, tho conventlon adjoarned. The council of safety thus constituted mct at Manchester, but soon adjourned to Bennington, where it contlnued in permnncnt scsslonthrough outthe year, adoptlng and carrylng into efTcct tbe most enerpetic nicasures for protecilng the State againstitsfarelgu as well oslts domeslic enemles. Presslng messages havlng becn scnt to New Hampshire and Massachusetts for ald, such of the mllltla as could be gathcrcd wcre colled out to strengthcn the force of Coloncl Warser at Manchester, where an attack vras ap prehended. A permanent force to patrol the irontlers. and to guard agnlnst any corert out brealr of the Tnriis ln thelr mldst wna lndlspensl ble, and to provlde means for raalntalnlng such a force, and to inect their other ezpenses In de fcndlng the State, the council ordcred tbe property of those of their lnbabltanu that had joined the cnemy to be scfiuestercd add old. A proper fund befng thus recured. a-rcglmcnt of rangers was organized under the corumand of Col. tjamuel Herrick, which dld efflcient and val uable serrlce to the Htatc and country. Hevr Uampshlre responded nobly to the call of the Vermont council. The asscmbly at once ordered a large portlon of their mllltla lo bo or ganized Into a brlgade and placed under tho command of General John Stark; Ile had Reryed with credlt and honor ln tbe prenous Freneh war, and as colonel at Bunker II11I, and ln Cacada, and under Washington at Trenton and Frinceton, bnt Congress hadpromoted junlor ofticera over hlm. and he had reslgned his cora mlsslon and retired from tbe serrio:, tbongh he retalned the tame patriotlc ardor as before. He was reluctant to be placed under ofTlcers hehad formerly outranked. andtbere was also.at the tlme, a very general dlstrust in New England of Uen. Schuyler. who was in command of the north, era department; for whtcb reasona Gon. Stark'a wrltten lnstructlons wero,of a discretlonarr char acter. He was directcd to "repalr to Charles town. No. 4," and whfn the troops wcre collected thete " to takc the coumiand of them and march Into the State of Vermont, and ther act Incon Junction with the troops of the State, or any otber ofthe States, or of the United States, or separately, as It shnuld appear expedlent to him, for the protectlon of the people, or the annoy ance of the enemy. Crosslngthe Green Mountalns from Charles town wlth the greaterpart of his command, Stark reached Manchester on the 7th ofAugnst where bemetGen. Lincoln, who had been sent from Stillwater by Gen. Schuyler to conduct his mllltla to the west bank of the Uudson. Stark communlcaled Uls lnstructlons, and decllncd obedlence on the ground of the dangerous condi tlon In whlch lt would leave the people of Ver mont, and becanse he belleved Hargoyne wonld be more rmbarrassed In his operatlona by his remainlng on his left than by Joinlng tbe army ln front. But for this ref usal of Stark. whlch was founded on the snundest mllltary vlew of the state of affairs, Bennington would doubtless have fallen a prey to the enemy. At Manchester Stark found that a conslderable large body of the enemy, whlch for some tlmo had been at Castleton, threatenlng Manchester andtocrossoverto Connecticut had marched to the Hudson, he. wlth his force, passed on to Bennington where he arrlred ,on the 8th. He was accompanled by Col. Warncr, whose contl nental reglment was left at Manchester, under commandofLieut-Col.SamuelSairord. At nen nington Gen. Stark encamped fora fowdays, collectinglnformatlon ln regard to tho posltion and deslgnsof th enemy, and consultlng wlth th-j council of safety aud wtth Colonel Warncr relative to future operations. The progrese of liurgoyne towards Albany had been so retarded by the natural difflcnltles ofthe route. and the obstructlons thrown In hlt way by the Amcricaus, that it was nearly a month after his departure fiom Tlcondcroga. .before ho reached the Uudson river. Here ho found hlm self so deflclent In provlslons. and also In cattle and carriaf.es for transportatlon that he wai much embarraased about tho means of advancing further. I.earnlug that the artlcles he most nceded had been collecfd in conslderable (juan tltles at Bennington, asa ronvcnlent deput to supply tlie Amerlcan forccs, he resolvod to sclze them for tbe use of his own arm. For tbls f errlce Lieut.-Col. Baum was telected. Burgoyne, ln his letter to the Knghsh minlstry, states the force under his cpmmand to havo con sisted of 00 mounted dragoons, "Capt. Frazlei's marksmen (called also rangers), whlch were the Only Brltlsh, all the Canadlan volunteera. a party of. Provlnclals, (Col. l'eter' corps of Tories). 1U0 Indlans, and two Ught pleces of cannon, the wbole detachment amounticg to about 00 men." There Is no doubt this number Is too smnll by severalhundreds. Tho Uermaa ofllcial accounts glvethe number ottbs troops of Baum at 374 fnsteadof 200; and of tbe Brltlsh Canadlans and Tories, the prisoners taken in the aetlon amounted to 230, as wlll he seen hereafter, whlch would swell Baum'a force to over 000. wlthout reckoning those who were kllled In battle and the many who eacaped by ftlght. There can be little doubt that ihe number of men brought Into action bv Baura exceeded 700, besldes his 1U0 Indlans. Col. Skene, at tbe rcnuest of Burgoyne, had accompanled tle expedltfon, that the Ger man commander migl-t have the benefit of bls betterknowledgo ofthe country, andof hlssup posed Influenoe with tbe people. rnirAniKO ron the nirru!, Baum set ofl wlth his force on the 13th ol August, and arrlvedthe same dayat Cambridge, slxteen milei from Bennington. Early tbe next mornlng be reached Sancolck, a small settlement near tho mouth of tho White Crcek branch of the Walloomsae river, about half a mtle below the present villago of North Uooslck, Hcro he foun d nparty of Amerlcans ln possesslon ofa mlll which they abaudoned pn his approach, andin the mlll, on tbe hcad of a barrel, lie wrote Hur goyne an sceount of his progress, Informlng hlm that by "flve prisoners taken here they agree that VW to 1890 men areat Bennington, but are supposed to leave ato jr approach." They dld leave on his npproAch, but not ln the dlrectlon he had antlclpnteH. ' ' ' inp old mlll nt sancolck Is still standlng . and In use by John nBurke. tho present owner, and Is abnut eight miles from Bennington. Gen. Stark, on the 13th, Jiad recelml Informv tion from rcouts thatu papyot Indlans was at Cambridge, nnd he sent Lieut. Col -Gregg, of hs brlgade, wlth 200 men to stop thelr progress, but during tho nlght h wan advlsed tbnt a largo liody of troops, wlth artlllery, were inthe rear ofthe Indlans. and that they wcre advanclng towards Bennington. Ho Immedlatcly nent to .Manches ter for Col. Warner's contlnental reglment, and also for nclghboriug mllltla to rally to his sup- Eort. On Ihe mornlng of tho 14th he nsembled Is brlgade. and ln conipanv wlth Coloncls Wamer, Williams, Herrick aud Bush, went out to meet the enemy. Ho had marched about flve mlles when he met Gregg, ira- his retreat from Sancolck, and thn enemy ln close pursuit. Stark drew up his men In order of battle, but Baum halted ln a commandlng portlon. and the ground vccupled bv Stark bcltigunfavorablo for a general attack-, he fcll back about a mile and encamped Uls enctmpment was lu the northwest part of Bennington, oif tlie farra formerly owncdjiy Paul M. Henry, on the hill. Upon whlch a new dwelllng. hltn.' latoly ieen rected by Lewis Northoufc. tho prexent ptopr(etor. Thn Wallooinsac nvef U branch of thn Hoo5lck,fordablclnmanvplace,havlngln general awestcrly counc, butwhfch.after passing Stark' encampment. runiln a northern dlrectlon f.ir half a mile, then westerly fora mlle anda half. where It turnn suddenly tothe south and pursues that conrse for three-quarterx ofa mile or more. Here, on th west side ofthe river, Baum halted and made hlt arrangemenu for defense, On the top of a thlckly wooded hlll, whlch rlse abruptly three or fuur hundred fet from the west bar.k of thestream, ho posted the gieitcr part of his Gennans. under his own iinmediate command. The posltion was west of the sudden bend In tlio tream.and Baum's front tothe east waswell secured agalnst an a'tack by the preclpltous ascent of the hlll ou tbat side, whlch Impractlca ble ascent exrended from his camp for half a mile along the bank of the river to tbe bridge at the southern foot of the hlll, over which the J-oad from Bennington to Sancolck and Cambridge passed. On the top of this hlll Baum prcpared entrenclimenta of eartli and logs to reslst attacks from the west and on his flanks. For the defense of the Important pass at the bridge Baum caused a strong breastwork to be thrown up on the blgh bank ofthe rlrer, on whlch was mounted one of his cannons, In cbarge bf a body of German Grenadlers. Two small breaat works were also erected on opposlte sldes ol the road near the west end ofthe bridge, whlch were manned bv Frazer's marksmen; and tbe posltion was atllt further strengthened by posting all the Canadlans In log huts whlch were standlng near tlie bridge on both sides of tbe river. Tbls point is where the river Is now crossed by the covered rallroad bridge. about three mllcs from North Bennington, on the route to Tmy. Baum on his way from the Hudson, and at his encampment, had beeu jolnrd by a conslderable number of Tories. inany of them under the lead of Colonel Francls Pfhter, a half-pay Biltish offlcer of wealth and extenslve Inflnencp, who occupled an imposingresidcnce erected bv hlm on the west bank ofthe Uoosick, near what Is now known as Uooslck Corncrs. Thesc witli most of Peters corps of loyalists were posted on a hill east of the stream, 40 or 60 rods to the sontheast of the bridge. Here strong works of defense were erected. known as the "Tory Brcastworks.'l'and of which CjU Pflster I s understood to have been placed In command On lt right was a sharp ravlne, and both flanks would have the protectlon of balt and grape from tbe cannon at the bridge. The other cannon. ln cbarge of German Grena dlers, supported by some Tories, appeari to have been placed further to the west in a cloared .field near the road. It wa on a hlll side whlch ver looked and commanded the approaches tothe bridge, and to the Tory encampment. and also the south flankof Baum's encampment. Ittaay have been mored nearer to Baum's poslttonjdur. Ingthe engagement. (The several posltloiis In Baum's forces are ahown by tbe planofjBur goyne'A account; of bls expedltlon, In wflch a copy on a reductd ncale, (s glren ln the "llhnor lafs of a Centurr," by ihe Ilev. Isaac Jf FiInTfS; and another atlll smallor la found In Loving's Fleld bok pf tbe Revolutlon. The top of tbelnap Is west, and upon lt the Tories are deslgnatfu as "Amerlcan Voliinteers," Ihe Brltlsh marximen as "Ilangers," th Amerlcans as "llodtes oi tha Enemy." AUo'hers, cxcept thn "Canadlfns," ara Germans. the "Chasures." bclng Oeman, marksmen. On Burgoyne'a map Ihe Wallooinsac is called the Hooslc.) The encampmenta f the two hostile bodles, though little overto jnlles npart were entlrely hld from the slght nfeach other by a iicavily w ooded lntervenlng hlll. The force under General Stark was comiosed ofthe greater part of his brlgade of New uamp shlre t&tlilla, a small number of Vermont ritilltia from the east alde of tho mounlatn, under Colonel WillUms, who had been stationed at Manchester, CoL Ilenick's corps of rangers then forming, the State mllltla from Bennington nnd lts vldni tr under Col. Nat'ian Bush. and on the mornlng of the 16th Stark was jolned by Col. Simonds and sotne mllltla frdra Berkshire county. His whole force mlght perbaps have numbercd 1,600. On ihe nlght of the 14th, after ascortalning the potltlonj ofthe enemy, Stark called a council. conslstlngof the leadlng members of the council of safi-'y, as well as Colnnels WarnernndUerrlck, and other mllltary officers, In whlch a plan for attacklng tbe enemy wns dlscussed and arlopted, and it was agrced that the attack should be made thn next mornlng; but the 15th was so exccsslvely ralny as to prereit any attempt at a general action. Scouts were however sent out, some of whlch were engaged in succewful klr nilshcs. Tlie BXTTIJC. The mornlng of the 16th was brlght aridclear, and Siark prepared for the attack in accordance wlth the iilan prcviously aureed upon' Col. Nichols, wlth two hundred of tho New Hampshire troops, :o whom a relnforcement nt.one hundred was afterward added, was drtnched to make a wlde clrcult to the north of Baum'a post and eome round upon thn rear of his left, and f-olonel Herrick wlth three hundred men, composed of his rangeri and Col.Biish's mllltla, was to raakea llke wlde southern clrcult to th rear of bts right, tho twopartlea to meet and make ajolnt attack upon his entrenchments, Cols. lfubbard and Silckney wlth three hundred men of Stark'a brlgade,' were ordered, to tho enemy's jextreme right. Whlle these three detachments were giln Ing thelr asslgned positlons, the cnemy was amused by a tbrestened attack on thelr front. UOUSE WIIKHl: About 3 o'clnck in the afternoon' flring was rom menced by the party under Nichols, whtcb was a slgnal for a general auiault. It was Immedlately rollowea oy tne uetacnment unacr jierncn.uuu hvthxtnr itiihhnrd and Stlcknev. whlle Stark hlmself, wlth his reserve of New Uampshlre mllltla, In tbe face of tbe enemy's cannon, as aallnd thnTnrv hrpastwork and the nassat the bridge ln front The engagement thus became general. and "lasted," sars Stark ln his report to Gates. "two hours and was the hottest I ever sw, It roprftsented one contlnued nlapofthun der." The Indlans, alarmed at tho prospect of belng cnclosed between tlie partlet of Nichols and Herrick, fled at the bcgtnnlng ot tbe flght. but Baum, wlth his Germans iiad allotbers under his command. havlng the adrantage of thelr posltion behlnd entrtucbments which the raln of tne iotn nau given ineni ampje umv to crcv auu make stronir, fougLt wlth great resohitlon and ' brnvery. but tbey Were overpowered by thelr mllltla assailants and elther lled or surrendercd prisoners of war. , i The battle belng endod and tlie prisoners sent ofl to Bennington under a proper gusrd, the mllltla dlsperaed to look over tho fleld and col. leyt plunder. But very soon Intelllgence was bfoughtthat a large addltlonal foro from the jiusn array ws approaening, ana witnin tne sstanoe ot two muos. xiih opjy ot uicu was nder the command ot CoL Breyman, and con- i f i nt saiTB ai 1hi i mjTii ... w uxaj. ' -jsl m m - mit i r slstd, beside 22 officers, of 620 rank and and flle all Germans with two pleces of cannon. whlch Burgoyne, on hearing that tho force at Benning ton was greater llian had been expected, had dl patchod to relnforce Baum, The raln ot the preceding day and the hcavlncsi of the rnads had delayed Breyman's arrlval until the victory over the men he had been sent to ald had becn ac complishcd. The vlctors were, however. In great conlusion, and lt appeared difflcult-to stop the Jirogress of the new enemy, Ilappfly at tbls uncture Warner's reglment of about 140 men, whlch had becn delayed by the raln In lts march from Manchester, came up' fresh under Lieut. Col. 8alford, and took lts posltion in front, eervlng asa rallying polnt for the scattered mllltla, Breyman advanced wlth his two brass fleld pleces up the road, wlth wlngs of Infantry on each sldc ol lt, occasionally flring his cannon to clear tbe way. tha Amerlcans slowly retlrlng before him. When a conslderable body ofthe mllltla had bcen collected, a stand was made (about 41 or 60 rods east of the present Walloomsae depot), and B reyman'a force brought to a halt. Here liewas attacked lu frontar.d flank". a most deadly flre belng poured Into his runkHfromawoodcd hlll on his leit The action was very severe, and con tluued tlU After -1111 jet, wheu tnany of Breyman's men belng. kllle.'l'und woandnd, and his, attlllery hnrses shotdown. habiu,loned his cannon and lled. Gn. Stirk pursued his ilvlng forces tlll the approachlng darknejwrendereditneccssary to drawou his mntopreveut thelr flrlntr upon each other. "Wlth one more hour of dayllght," says Stark In his oITlcliil report, "wo should have cap turcd the whole body." KFTECTg Or THK BATTX.K. Among the trophles of this day's vlctorles, were four brass fleld pleces, 12bruss drums, 250 sabres, fouramunitlonwagons, several hundred stand of arms and 638 prisoners. and 207 were left deadonthe fleld. Tlie whole loss of tho enemy could uot have ben much less than 900 men. Some of the coniemporaneous acwunts make the number still larger. Of tbe prlsonrrs, 20 of them were officers, 87 Brltlsh soldtns, 39H Ues slans, 3S Canadlans. and 1S5 Toriss. Col Baum wasmortally wounded and taken prlaonor, as was also Col. Pflster, tbe commander of tho Tory Intrenchments. Both were taken about a mlle to a houss In tbe town ot Shaftsbury, whlch afew years ago was still standlng opposlte the present papermlllof Charles E. Welling, known osthe ''Baum Uouse." In which they both died withln a day or two afterwards. Tbe loss of the Amerl cans ln both engagements was about thlrty kllled and forty wounded. The victory, ln whlch undlsclpiincd husband men wlth thelr' huuting guiis w thout bayonets. brarely stormed entrenchmeiits manned with regalar troops and defended by canneo, Is jnstly styled by Bancrort as "ono of the most bnlllant and erentful of the war." The loss of the enemy lu men aud lnaterlal was severoly felt. But tbe consequences were otherwlse still more impor tant. By Inspirlug confldence on the one side aud depresslne tlie Bplrltsct the other, thecur rent of success wai at once turned from tho Brltlsh to tbe Amerlcan arms The fate of Bur goyne and his army was. ln effcct, sealed at Ben nington, and his flnal capture well assured. Gen. Washington, on belng lnformed oi the event, considered lt as declding the fate of Burgoyne, and dismlssed his anxlety about his Invaslon. Its effect upon tbe enemy was most dUheartening, Madam llledsel, wifo of ttie commander ot the German troops, who accompanled her husband through the campaign, says In her memolrs, that by Baum's fallure "tht army was prerented from advanclng. whlle the enemy recoverlng suddenly from depresslon increased thelr num bers dally." Burgoyne blmseir, though he strug led on for a few weeks longer, was evldcntlj Islieartened. Four days after Baum's defeat, after preparlng a dlspatch to the Brltlsh mlnlster for the. puillc car, he wroto hlm another letter marked(prtvate) dated "Camp near Saratoga, Aug. 20th, 177,," In whlch be gave qulte a gloomy account of his affairs, trcatlng the fall ure ofthe exptdltionto Bennington ashls great mlsfortune, in whlch he says of lt. that "Had 1 succceded, I should have formed a juncture wlth St. Leger, and been now before Albany." After speaklng dlaparagingly of the Tories, he says, "The great bulk of the countrv Is undoubtedlr witli tbe Congreas,"and ofthe Vermonters be b)t-' wrrijauus, -me uampsmre urantsin panicu lar, a country unpeopled and almost'unknown ln tbe last war, now abounds wlth the most re belllous race on the cnntinent, and hanga llke a gatberlng storm on my left," ToGen. Btark should be asslgned thehlghest lneed of pratse for ihe victory. But he was nobly alded by the sklll and valor of botb his officers and men, and thty are all wlth hlm en titled to the lastlng gratltude of their country. Of his ofTlcers, Col. Wamer ls undoubtedly rn titled to special crndlt, Warner was a colonel lo the Contlnental army, bad acqulred a hlgh repu tatlon as a mllltary leoder by hlsservices in Canada and at Hubbardton, and hehad long been a reslrtent of Bennington, and was famlliarly acqualnt-d with th ground occupled by the posts of the enemy and their approaches. He was Stark's cbtef adviscr In planning thn attack on the cnemy, he went Into the action by his side, and was his active assoclate in the first eneage ment, as wol as in rcpelllng the attack of Brey man's relnforcement. Dr. Thatcher In his con temporary mllitary joarnai says: "Stark, assistcd by Warner, maturrd his plans for the battle," and Stark hlmself. in his letter to Gates, after speaking in the blghest terms of the daring bravery of tbe ofllctrs and soldlers under his command, says: ''Col. Warner's superlor skill in the action was of extraordlnary aurvlco to me " Uordon in his bistory, also speaks hlgbly of tbe nervices of Col. Warner, and also those of Col. Herrick of the Vermont rangers Other officers and men deserve notlce for thelr meritoriont ex ertlonsin galnlng the victory, but tbe space allowed for tbls nrtide will not permlt lt. There are also numerous interestlng matters and lud denu connected with the battle that must for the llke reason be omltted. It has been ouly posslble to give tba leadlng facts Gen. Stark from his arrival ln Manchester octed In accordance wlth the Vermont Council of Safety, and received thelr earnest countenance and support ln his moyementa, whlch were duly appretiated by him, as la shown by a pablicatlon In the Connecticut Courant over bls own aigna ture, ln whlch he passed ou the council a hlgh euloglum for thelr patriotlc exeitlons andser vlces, When ths Congress at Philodelphia wasin formed of Gen. Stark'a declining tomove his force from Manchester to the west side of the Uudson, as before mentloned, a resolye was passed dlsapprorlng of lt. Hut after the wisdom BAUM I)IKD. of his conduct in that respect bad been demon. strated by his victory and Its fortunate effect on tbe campaign, they came tardllr to the determin. atlon to do hlm full jutttce, by approvlng his fiairiuucBcrvicesana restonng nim toms mer tcdrankln the armr. Notice. , To the taxpayers of tne Bennington Graded Sehool Oistrlclt : A rate bill bas been placed ln my hands for collectlon of 60 cents on tne dollaron tbe Grand Llst of 1891; I hereby demand the amount of sald taxand notlfyyon that Iwlll at ten 1 to the receptlon of ihe same at First Natlonal Bank of Bennington, on and after July 1st. 1891, from 9 o'clock a. m. until 4 o'clock, p. m. There will be a dlseount of 4 per cent, on sald tax if pald withln 90 days. GEO. F. GAVES,Treasnrer. Bennington. Vt- July 1st. 189h Wotice. , , To the tarpaversol the Town of Bennington: The rate bllfof Ihe Town taxes of 1691 aronowln my hands for collectlon; I hereby' demand tho payment of sald taxes and notlfy you that I wlll attend to tbe receptlon of thu same at First Na Uonal Bank of Bennington, on and after July lst, 1891, from 0 o'clock, a. m. until 4 o'clock p. m. There will bo a dlseount of 4 per cent. on tbe Town tax lf pald withln 90 days. GEO. F. GBAVES, TTcarurer. Bennington, Vt., July lst, 1891, . DEDIG-ATION " " OF TnE BENNINGTON . BSTTLE MONUMENT, ' And Oentennlal of 'tbe ' Adrhission of Yerifiont into the Union. f. ' AUGUST 19, 1891. . OFFICE OF THE CHIEF MARSHAL. Betnnington, Vt., August 10th, 1891. OitDEits No. 2. For the information of pfficers commanding organiziitions in vited to participato in the parade to be held in connection with the Dedication o the Bennington Battle Monument, and celebra tion of tho one hundredth anniversary of the Admission of Ver mont into the Union, on Wednesday, August 19th, 1891, the fol lowingregulations governing the parade are announcsd: ORDER IN COLUMN. Platoon ol Mounted Deputios, commanded byJohn Robinson, Sheriff, Platoon of Polico, commanded by John Nash, Chief of Police. Brig. Gen. Wiluam L. Gbf.enleak, Chief Marshal. , , Bvt. Lt. Col. Marcus D. Grceno, Chief ofStaff. Bvt. Lt. Col. Wm. Smith, Chief Quartermaster, Major Robert J. Coffoyr Frovost Marshal. Perscnal Aides Capt. Ralph W. Hoyt, 11th Infantry; U.S. A.;Capt Horbert S. Fostor, 20th Infantry, U. S. A. Headquarters Flag Red, white and bluo. Escort to Chief Marshal John A, Logan, Mounted Post, No.88, G. A. R H. G. Hibbard. Commander, FIRST DIVISION-fRed Flag.) Col. Jolius J. Estey. lst Regt. V. N. G Asst. Marshal, commanding. Aides Lieut. James A. Lillis, Liont. Charles H. Fuller, Lieut. J. Gray Estoy, Lieut. Arthur G. Eaton, lst Regt. V. N. G. Rubleo's Band, Lake Villagc, N. H. Battalion of Amoskeag Veterans, Manchester, N. H.. (Maj'or Charles Bartlett, commanding, as escort to the reviewing party, consisting of tbe President ofthe United States and mombcrs of his Cabinet, Governorsof States and thelr Adjutants General, President of the Day, Orator of tha Day, General Officers ofthe Army, and Vermont Senators and Rep rcsentatives in Congress. Detailfrom theG. A. R., as special escort to Presidont Harrison, Major John S. Drennan, commanding. Montpelier Mllllary Band, 40 pleces. First Regimont Vermont National Guard, Lieut. Col. Charles C. Kins man, commanding; First Regiment Band, N. H. N. G. Battalion New Hampshire National Guards (3 corapanies), Maj.jFranci O. Nims, commanding. Doring's Band, Troy. N. Y. 21st Separate Company, N. G. S. N. Y., Troy, Capt. Jas. H. Lloyd, com- 1 manding. 32d Separate Company Band, Hoosick Falls, N. Y. 32d Separate Company N. G. S. N. Y Hoosick Falls, N. Y Capt. ' Charles W. Eddy, commanding, Drum Corps, North Adams. Mass. Light Guard Battalion, North Adam, Mass., Major F. H. Flomming, com- ' manding. ' . f Battery B., 4th Artillery, U. S. A. BrevofMajor Harry C. Cushing, com . . manding. First Light Battery, V. N. G.,T Bvt. Col. Lovl. K. Fuller. commanding- SECOND DIVISION-(Whito Flag). Col. Albebt W. Metcalf, 2J Rogt. N. H. N. G.J Asst Marshal, com manding. Aides Major Charles E. Nelson, V.JN. G., Liput. Sumner Nims, N.H. . N. G., Gen. Lovi G. Kingsley, G. A. R. , Gen. Charles F. Branch K. T., Capt. Frank L. Grpeno , S. of V. U. S. Military Academy Band. Corps of Cadets, U. Si Military Academy, West Point, Lieut. Col. H-'8r Hawkins, U. S. A, Commandant. Rutland Cornet Band. Department of Vermont, Grand Army oftho Ropublic, D. L. Morgao Commander. Fairfax Drum Corps. Willard Post G. A. R., Troy, N. Y., Charles M. Leot, Commander. Other visiting G. A. R. Po3ts. Vermont Veteran Association,Boston, Mass., JohnJM. Warden President, Mount Calvary Commandery No. 1, (molmted) of Middlebury. Sir Frank A. Goss, Eminent Commander, as special escort to tbe Grand Commandery. St. Albans Brigade Band, (80 pieces) H. W. Hatch, leador. Grand Commcnderyjof Vermont, Sir Kittredge Haskins, Right Eminent Commander. Lafayette Commandery No. 8 of St. Albans, Sir George W. Bnrleson, Eminent Commander, Burlington Commandery No. 2, of Burlington, Sir Henry H. Ross, Eminent Commander. Meacham Drum Corps, (8 pleces) H. E. Meacham, leader. Vermont Commandory No. 4, of Windsor, Sir Henry L. Williams, Eminent Commander. PalestineCommandery No. 5, of St. Johnsbury, Sir Fred W. Taylor. Eminont Commander. Killington Commtfndery ITo. 6, of Rutland, Sir Edward V. Ros3, Emi nont Commander. First Regiment Band of Brattleboro, (25 pleces) Fred C. Leightsinger, leador. Beausoant Commandery No. 7. of Brattleboro, Sir Wllliam H. Vinton, Eminont Commander. Mount Zion Commandory No. 9, of Montpelier, Sir N. W.Frink, Emi nent Commander. Malta Commandery No. 10, of Newport, Sir Edwin B. Truo, Eminont Commander. Taft Commandery No. 8, of Bennington, Sir Wm. Bogert Walker, Eminont Commander. Subordinato Commanderios Knights Templar, as escort for captured cannon. Putnam Phalanx, Hartford, Conn,, O. H. Blanchard, Major Command ing. as Guard of Honor. Detachment of Fullor's Battery in Continental uniform. in chargo of two plcccs of artillery captured by General Stark at tho Battle of Bennington. EiVermont and other State Socioties Sons of tho American Rovolution, Col. W. Soward Wobb, Presldent-Genoral. Camp Capt. Frank Ray. Sons of Veterans , Bennington, Capt. Androw Maurer, Commanding, as escort for Illinois Association Sons of Vermont, and kindrcd societies'. THIRD DIVISION-(Bluo Flag). Col. WnxiAM M. Stbacuan, 9th Regt., M. V. M., Asst. Marshal, Com manding. Aides-Capt. Max L. Powoll, Capt. Allen H. Sabln, V. N. G., Cher. J. I Loomis. I. O. O. F. Undorwood Hussars, Patriarchs Militant, Boston. Mass., Lieut. Gen. Jno. C. Underwood, Commandor-in-Chlef, Patriarchs Mili tant, and Staff, mounted. Col. N. M. Puffer, Commanding Dopartmentof Vermont, Patriarchs . Militant. and staff. Shornian'a Military Band. First Rogimont, Patriarchs Militant, Dopartment of Vermont, Lt. Col. Lowell C. Grant, Commanding. Brig. Gen. James 0. Woodward , Commanding lst Brigade, Patriarchs Militant, and staff. CantonNemo, No.l, Albany, N. Y.; Canton Leo. No. 8, Troy, N. Y.; Canton Amsterdam, Amsterdam, N. Y. Brigadier-Genoral Goorgo H. Carpenter and staff, commanding Second Brigade, Divlsion of tho East. Colonel W. H. Ralph and staff, commanding Second Rogiment of Massachusetts. Cantons of Second Regimont of Massachusotts. Colonol Gcorgo II. Randel, and staff, commanding Third Rogiment of Massachusotts. Third Regiment Military Band Third Regimont comprising all Cantons in Wcstorn Massaohusetts. Indcpenaont Order of OddT Follows, J. W. Goodoll, Grand Mastor. Invitcd guests in carnagoa .