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THE WEEKLY CALEDONIAN
The BiggestNewspaper Value for $1.00 a Year in the State of Vermont. Published Every Wednesday Morning at St. Johnsbury. ESTABLISHED AUGUST 8, 1837 ST. JOHNSBURY, VERMONT WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1919 83rd YEAR- NUMBER 4373 Our Local Red Cross Only Chapter in Vermont to Comply with Request for National Record St. Johnsbury i.'i one of the 24 chapters of the 108 divisions of New England which has forwarded a his tory of the chapter to New England division headquarters to -form a part of the permanent war record of the Red Cross. These records have been sent to the Bureau of File Records at National Headquarters. The St. Johnsbury chapter was the only one to tile a hhstory for the State of Vermont. Although it is the smallest county in Maine in point of population and is mainly rural, with no cities and few villages, Lincoln County, accord ing to its Chapter history, has never refused an allotment and has fre quently asked for additional work. A unique source of income, as well as. a means of spreading information about the Ued Cross, has been the Red Cross Library at Chapter head quarters. A survey of the county, said to be the first of its kind in Maine, has been made by Miss Eliza beth Murphy, of the Public HeaHli Bureau, and a Red Cross nurse wdl soon be at work there blazing the public health trail. "Hello" Girls'Pay Raised The New England Telephone 6l Telegraph company announces to its supervisory force and to committees of employees today, an adjustment of wage schedules, which award in creases varying from $1, to $.'5 per week for men employees, and from $1 to $2 per week for women employ ees. It was stated that consideration had been given to increases granted since the beginning of the war and that this action was taken in order to pnt the to put the wage schedules of the Company fairly in line with what has taken place in other business organizations, and to fully meet pres ent day conditions. The Company's decision is that good service cannot be maintained without the payment of fair wages and proper recognition of the work of the employees, and it was stated that this adjustment is in accordane with the policy of the Company to do everything to maintain the service at the highest standard. Thirty-five employees of the St. Johnsbury district under Manager C. E. Merrill's supervision benefit by this raise. The phone girls were wearing a happy smile today. The Weekly Caledonian The best paper of its kind in this field. Because It prints more local news than any other paper. B ecause It prints more town news than any other paper. k B ecause Its price now is only $1.00 a year. Single copies 3 cents. Why pay more. Subscribe N ow Cross-Continent Tour Two Ontario Cyclists Taking the Roosevelt Trail Will Cover 4000 Miles On their fourth day cut from Portland, Me., T. B. Whuiross and his 17-year-old son, Raymond Win dross, called at the Caledonian office Thursday morning to register with the secretary of the Commercial Club as a part ft their program on their 4000 mile tour of the Roosevelt Trail from Portland to Portland. They are from Sarnia, Ontario, and are making the trip in the interests of the Sarnia Chamber of Commerce and expect to eat their turkey on Thanksgiving day in the city of Port land on the Columbia River. Mr. Whuiross wa formerly editor of the Canadian Observer at Sarnia and is taking a three months' vacation for this interesting trip. They had their first adventure at Island Pond where they arrived by train Saturday on their way to Port land. The United States Immigration officer refused to admit them into the United States without passport.!, though Mr. Windross had a letter from the Sarnia Chamber of Com merce and the American consul at that city slating the object of the trip. Both father and son were taken off the train and locked up in a de tention room. After the train for Portland had left the officious inspec tor came around and was then gra cious enough to. examine Mr. Win dross' papers and let the two out of their prison. This delay caused them over 24 hours' wait at Island Pond and changed their whole schedule. They left Portland, Mo at 12.38 p. m., Monday andat the end of the day reached Casco, where they spent the night. It is their plan to travel eight hours each day and stop at the end of that time wherever they may be, avoiding hotels as far as possible on account of the expense. Their sec ond night's stop was at North Con way. They came through the Craw ford Notch Wednesday and the day's run ended at Waterford where they slept in a barn just across the Con necticut river. They left before noon Thursday for Montpelier and expect' to reach that city by night. So far their speedometers have reg istered 161 miles. They are travel ing on Cleveland bicycles, made in Canada, and equipped with Dunlop tires. So far they have averaged 61 miles a day and if the average should drop to 40 miles a day they would reach the Pacific coast in three months schedule. They are travel ing light, carrying only soldiers' kit bags on their wheels. The found the roads in Maine abominable, but fine in New Hampshire. So far they have only run 10 miles in Vermont,' but found good roads and plenty of hills. While the Sarnia Chamber of Com merce is backing the father and son in this trip because the enterprising city of Sarnia is at the western gate way of the Roosevelt trail, Mr. Windross expects to more than pay expenses by his newspaper work. One of the Portland, Me., papers and several western papers have already contracted for his stories and both the manufacturers of the Cleveland bicycle and the Dunlop tires will buy his story at the end of the trip. Mr. Windross has a camera with him and if the sun ever shines again, as he confidently expects it will, he plans to take many views for a Canadian' pictorial newspaper syndicate. The Roosevelt trail, which Mr. Windross and his son are the first to follow from start to finish, extends from Portland, Me., to Portland, Ore. and covers about 4,000 miles. Its route from Portland to St. Johnsbury has already been covered by the par ty and through the rest of the state the trail follows the regular highway to Burlington, via Montpelier. Thence it goes through northern New York to Sarnia. Following up the western side of Lake Huron it skirts through northern Michigan to Mackinaw straits to Duluth. From the latter city it skirts through northern Dakota and Montana to Spokane, Wash. Then it sweeps southward to Walla Walla and across to its termination in Portland. Fitzpatrick Indicted NEWPORT, Sept. 11 Earl Fitz patrick has been indicted by the grand jury of Orleans County Court for manslaughter and held under $1000 for trial. The respondent was in a card game here on the night of July 30 with Kenneth Carson and Roy Charland. Becoming irritated at Charland's good luck he took a revolver out of the drawer and said there would be some shooting pretty quick if the luck continued. Later he pulled the trigger and the hall landed in Char land's brain. The young man died the following morning. No arrests were made at the time as Fitzpatrick claimed it was all done in the spirit of a joke and that he didn't know Woman Architects In Serbia. Belgrade, the Serbian capital, was the first municipality In the world to employ women architects. DEFENDS Y. M. C. A4 Addresses Large Audience -i Grace M. E. Church -Night Don C. Stiles was the speaker at Grace .Methodist church Sunday night and a large audience was much interested in his defense of the V. M. C. A. in the war. The singing of war songs was abandoned, but a finely executed solo was given by Paul Farnham as an offertory. In presenting Mr. Stiles Rev. George A. Martin called attention to the contri bution which St. Johnsbury has made in the war in the quality of the men and the women and their service at home and abroad which has filled our hearts with n measurable pride. 'He referred to Mr. Stiles as one of the first to go and among the last to come home, adding that the presence of the large audience was an expres sion of their joy at his return. Mr. Stiles said he hud been re quested by many of his friends to to answer some of the charges made against the Y. M. C. A. in the war and the major portion of his address was along these lines. He said the service of the "Y" was for the many and not for individuals and that there were nearly four million soldier boys to be helped. With only 1,400 secretaries to do this work it was impossible to reach the individual very often, The Y. M. C. A. secured 1,500 buildings in England, France and Belgium, which was twelve times more buildings than was owned by all the welfare organizations com bined. The Y. M. C. A. did not want the canteen work, but it was thrust upon them by the army who could not handle it. The great criticism of the "Y" was that it did not give its stuff to the boys. They were ordered to sell the goods and run the canteen on business principles, though Mr. Stiles said it was worth remembering that the Y. M. C. A. did a business of $300,000,000 during the 10 months they operated overseas and lost in that time $25,000,000. Auswering the charge that the food and tobacco never reached the front lines, Mr. Stiles said it was not the fault of the Y. M. C. A. as they pur chased 1,000 automobiles for trans portation and the army requisitioned all of them for transportation of its own food supplies, ammunition and men. These were taken over at the. most critical period in the history of the war, but it greatly cramped the work of the Y. M. C. A. The secretaries that reached the front did heroic work p-.J three-fourths of. them were cited for bravery and dis tinguished service. Mr. Stiles devoted the latter part of his address to his work in the ex cursion business on the Rhine. He was stationed at Coblenz where the "Y" had chartered six steamers for the excursion trade and where 1,200 to 1,800 soldiers were given daily rides. Everything in the excursion line was free and 200,000 soldiers had a chance to see the most picturesque river in Europe that would have cofct then $10 apiece. This scheme was fi nanced by George W. Perkins of New York and it cost the Y. M. C. A. $600,000. Mr. Stiles said the Y. M. C. A. was always opposed to the use of ciga rettes, but it had to be adopted as a war measure. He said one need not worry that America would get the cigarette habit, because thousands of soldier boys were giving up the habit now that the waf was over. AUTO ACCIDENT Warner Keith of Burlington Loses Two Wheels of Car Little Girl Hurt A narrow escape from a serious au tomobile accident happened a few miles out of Newport Sunday after noon when two cars crashed in pass ing on the Newport Center road and two, wheels were stripped off one car and one wheel off the other. A little girl in one car was scratched but not seriously injured. " In one car was Mrs. Maurice Wil cox of Burlington, daughter of Mrs. Florence Wood of Newport, and War ner Keith of Burlington, son of Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Keith of Newport. They1 had driven over from Burling ton in Mr. Keith's car to visit their relatives on Sunday. The other car was driven by Jos eph Phoenix of Newport Center and with him was his little girl. One car was passing the other when sufficient room was not allowed by the drivers to make the passing and the cars crashed. The Keith car had two wheels stripped off and the othr car lost one wheel. The cars were badly wrecked. Mr. Keith is employed at the Vermont Chocolate works in Bur lington. Wrongs That Harm. Not the wrongs done us harm us, only these we do to others. Longfek low. . . . DR. FAIRBANKS HOME Pays High Tribute to the Spirit of the French Thru the War "I've had an awfully good year with lots of rich experiences," said Dr. Charlotte Fairbanks enthusias tically when the Caledonian repre sentative greeted her on her return home and then she told of the awful devastation of the Huns and the sac rifices of the French people through four long years. Dr. Fairbanks left St. Johnsbury a year ago and for 11 months was the surgeon in the American Women's Hospital Unit. There were 42 in the unit, including doctors, nurses, chauf feurs and machinists, all women, and their work vas almost entirely among the civilian population of France. On her eastward trip she had the usual experiences of all the transatlantic travelers, making the voyage with all lights out on the ship and every precaution taken for sub marine attacks. The voyage over was a very rough one, but there were no incidents to mar the safety of the trip and after the boat landed on French shores the unit went to Lu zancy. Here they were quartered in a 16th century chateau which had 75 beds, and the unit remained there five months until the French doctors came back from the service with the troops and took up the work they had left when they enlisted in the war. In one corner of the prop erty there was a sman cemetery which contained the graves of 12 American soldiers that fell in the battle of Chateau-Thierry and which the French people kept decorated as a testimonial of their friendship for the American troops. After five months of service in the beautiful valley of the" Marnc the unitvas transferred to a village near Noyons where they lived in big tents and barracks. The latter were util ized for the operating rooms. "We were then," said Dr. Fair banks, "in the devastated regions of France, and the thoroughness of the Germans in their destructive work was simply awful. They were won derfully thorough and not a village was lelt alter they had finished then- job. The houses which were built of white limestone wore now a mere mass of powder. The gardens were completely destroyed and the Ger mans took' particular pains to cut down ill the fruit trees. In one in stance they destroyed 4,000 fruit trees in four days. The people came back to live in military dug-outs and in makeshift huts. In 1914 they had fled from their peaceful and happy. homes that were soon destroyed by the onrush of the Germans and again in 1918 they had to repeat their sad flight after the second sweep of the Germans towards Paris ad after the peasants were pretty well establish ed in their homes and started all their agricultural pursuits. When they came back again they did not try to reconstruct their villages, but gave their entire attention to raising crops and vegetables and the season this year has been a very favorable one fof their agricultural pursuits." "The French people are wonderful ly courageous. Many of them lived for weeks at a time, on soup made of nettles, and there was no milk, for all the cows had either been killed or driven away by the Germans. Really what the French have been through in the past four years is al most what the Armenians have been through. But they rarely talk about it, carrying all their troubles in the background. They are a won derfully brave people." Dr. Fairbanks did not see any of the American soldiers from this sec tion as her work was almost entirely among the French people, but she did meet some of her friends, includ ing Chaplain Chauncey A. Adams, Miss Grace McLam and Mrs. Bernice Chandler. She was at Paris when the armistice was signed nnd said the French capital was one mass of peo ple shrieking and shouting for three days. Later she had the rare privil ege ,with others of her unit, to sec the great Victory parade that pro cession of all the Allied troops which took over four hours to pass a given point and which was led by American soldiers and ended with thousands upon thousands of French poilus in the rear. The whole unit is now returning because the French doc tors are coming back to their homes to take up their regular work among their own people. Besides the hospi tal work the unit had numerous dis pensaries within a radius of 20 miles from where they had headquarters and everyone was busy from morning until night, as many of the populace had received no medical treatment since the war started some four years ago. "The French people," said Dr. Fairbanks in conclusion, "are taking up their work again with everything wiped out. The male population is badly decimated and the French wo men are now doing all the work in the fields. Their whole efforts now are to reestablishing their gardens and later they will rebuild their homse On account of the scarcity of coal and the lack of shelter it may be necessary to move the people from St. gonnsfounj Caledonian The Evening Caledonian Publishing Company St. Johnsbury, Vermont ARTHUR F. STONE, Editor Kutered at the St. Johnsbury Postoffice us inuil matter of the second class TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION Six Months 75c One Year to any Address $1.00 EDITORIAL WHY NOT JUDGE STAFFORD? Twelve months from this, time the citizens of Verntont will register at the primaries their choice for a United Stales Senator and the can didate elected in the following Nov ember will take his scat in March, 1921, for a term of six years. It is none too early to be seriously think ing of a candidate and the Caledoni an suggests that the wisest choice would be made if the voters nominat ed and then elected Judge Wendell P. Stafford of St. Johnsbury. Judge Stafford is too well known by the people of Vermont from Jay Peak to the Massachusetts line to need any extended biography. . When he began his public career as repre sentative from St. Johnsbury at Montpelier in 1892 some called him a radical because he championed weekly payments, prohibition and woman's suffrage. The years have come and gone and now all these measures have been adopted by the country, while both the leading po litical parties are claiming the credit of securing their passage. Judge Stafford was promoted from the Vermont bench to the Supreme court of the District of Columbia in 1904 and for 15 years has been at Washington where he has kept in the closest touch with national af fairs. Though away from Vermont a goodly portion of each year he nev er lost his legal residence in this state, spending every summer among his Vermont friends and in his Ver mont home. He has thus kept up his acquaintance with his own people as well as his grasp upon all state is sues. As an orator Judge Stafford stands unquestionably in the front rank of America's brilliant gallaxy of public speakers, and if elected Senator his voice would be heard with rapt at tention. But above all, he is a pro gressive republican and stands for the liberal and progressive measures which appeal to so many Vermonters in these stressful days. He strikes no false note in his public utterances and his Randolph speech offered a solution of the labor question that commands attention. If elected Senator his age ensures him a long and useful public service while the call for him to enter the lists comes from all parts of the state. The Caledonian confidently ex pects that if Judge Stafford should become a candidate he would win the election, and with such a statesman, in the United States Senate Vermont would soon come to its own again as the little state who sent its big gest meji to Washington. these devastated regions for the third time." Dr. Fairbanks sailed home from Havre on the French liner Savoie and aside from a heavy storm of two days' duration she had a most de lightful trip hone. She is delighted to be with her home friends again and has already been most cordially greeted by them. 1 Optimistic Thought Wo put too much faith In systems and look ton little to men. Thrift Brought Success to Franklin Franklin attributed his success in life to thrift. It is a virtue which is sure to bring a just re ward. Follow the example of many thrifty people who have accounts with the Wells River Sav ings Bank. 4 Per Cent Interest Paid Wells River Savings Bank. WELLS RIVER,VT. i m n imiif 1 1 rnniiii ii mi 1 1 nmrnnmimni h iimm PRESS COMMENT Onr New Factory Will Be Exempted (Barre Times) St. Johnsbury has an opportunity to secure a clinch hold on the maple sugar industry of the .eastern slates by exempting from taxation for a period of 10 years a proposed exten sion of the business already estab lished there by the Cary Maple Su gar company, said extension being intended to allow the employment of several scores of men a considerable part of the year, if not the entire year. Moreover, St. Johnsbury would become the chief distributing point of the product of all the branches of the concern, which is one of the largest on the continent. It looks as if St. Johnsbury could af ford to grant this exemption to help along its industrial advancement. In directly, Vermont is interested in the proposal because of the desire of Vermont people to realize their am bition to be the banner maple sugar state of the country and to compete successfully with the industry in Canada. Any growth of the distri buting end of the industry is calcu lated to stimulate the production of maple product; by Vermont farme r, which, in turn, means a greater de gree of prosperity for the state. The business at St. Johnsbury ought to be accorded encouragement. Squire Dunnett Could Surprise Them (Rutland Herald) "Squire" Alexander Dunnett of St. Johnsbury is quoted as saying that he has not time to 4un for governor. If the Squire should ever take time by the forelock he would probably sur prise some people. Advertising Pays (Northfield News) State papers toll us that "Many in creases in tourist trade are reported to the secretary of state by Vermont hotel men, mostly in the way of au tomobile parties. It is clear that the publicity and advertising which the state has bought for the past few years is getting results." What is true of the state is true of local publicity of any kind, but particularly newspaper advertising. They Don't Want the Honors (Hyde, Park News and Citizen) JUthough very favorable mention has been mode of the names of Alex. Dunnett, of St. Johnsbury, for gover nor and Elmer Johnson of St. Albans, for lieutenat-goveror, both of these men emphatically decline too much business of their own to attend to. Well, it is always the man who has business of his own to attend to that the people want, but when such men as these say no, they mean it ond so the people will have to look elscyhere for men to head a good strong Re publican state ticket. Farm Bureaus Do Good Work (Bennington Banner) It is far from likely that ony fair minded person who has any knowl edge of the subject and conditions would dispute the assertion that agri culture in Vermont has been mater ially benefited through the work of the different county farm bureaus. Recently there hove been indications that the young men who have had charge of the different bureaus are likewise being benefited in that they! are finding opportunities to take bet ter paying positions in other localit ies. Owners of large farms reolize that the diversified experiences gained J by these young men fit them for the position of superintendent and that it gives them qualifications that could be obtained in no other way. One county agent has resigned to stort an agricultural school in one of the large cities. Another has given up the bureau work to take a farm of his own. While the changes that will be necessary moy work to the detri ment of the farm bureaus in Vermont temporarily, the dissemina tion of knowledge concerning modern methods of farming will result in the general good. All the scientific re search that can be brought to bear and all the material progress that can be made will not take us away from the fundamental fact that human be ings must gain their sustenance from the soil. The spreading of knowledge that will result in greot production must result beneficially for the people as a whole. COLLEGE CLUB First Meeting of the Season at Mrs. Braley's Home The College Club held thei r first meeting of the season at the home of Mrs. Charles G. Braley on Boyn ton Avenue Thursday afternoon, some 25 ladies being in attendance. Miss Eva L. Wilde and Mrs. Mar garet N. Heywood assisted the hos tess in her duties. A short musical program was given consisting of two piano solos by Mrs. Jean Stanley Goodrich and a duet by Mrs. Good rich and Miss Helen Hilton. Light re freshments were served and a de ligchtful social hour was spent. Sev eral of the new teachers were pres ent and welcomed to membership in the organization. NEWS OF THE STATE Interesting Happenings Here and There From all Sections of Old Vermont The grand jury of Windham county have just completed its first session since 1812. They reported to the Court that the county's jail upon which $25,000 was expended a few years ago in repairs and improve ments needed a more modern plumb ing system and that three of the cells did not have proper locks. They also reported that several cemeteries in the county were not kept up accord ing to law, recommending that the state's attorney be asked to bring the matter to the attention of the town officials. A large consignment of fingerlings trout from the Bennington hatchery have just been received at Rutland. The trout which arc excellent speci mens of the square tailed native brook specie were planted in several small tributaries feeding the larger fishing grounds. They varied in length from two to three and a half inches. A 720 gallon truck belonging to the Standard Oil Company went through a bridge in Hancock Thursduy and landed in the White river. The truck was not badly damaged, bufthe bridge is a total wreck. It took sev eral horses and mules to drag the truck downstream where it could be drawn back into the highway. The 95th annual meeting of the Vermont Baptist State convention which is to be held September 22, 23 and 24, at the Rutland church, is ex pected to call together between 800 and 400 delegates. To receive an alternating electric current of 44,000 volts through one's body and to live is an experience that has come and will come to very few, if any others, than Lieut. -Col. D. H. Maury, a consulting engineer of Washington, D. C. Col. Maury is in Rockingham hospital, Bellows Falls, badly burned in several places as the result of an electric shock at the Cavendish station of the Colonial Power &' Light Co. He will recover, thanks to a miracle and to the prompt first-aid efforts given him by those who were with him at the time of the accident. The 19th season of Camp Abnaki was officially closed last Monday, but there is quite, a party of campers there yet, closing up the camp for the winter. The season just closed has been a very successful one, and with the largest number of campers in its history, a total of 338. The enrollment in the Brattleboro high school which opened for the fall term was 325. This is the largest enrollment in the school history and is 60 larger than that of last year. There was also an increased attend ance in the grades and in the paro chial schools. - Floyd, 10-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Williams of South Read ing, was seriously hurt one day last week, when he want to drive a neigh bor's horse out of the yard. The horse kicked him in the face, knock ing out every tooth and splitting the upper jaw, beside s cutting him about the face. Prof. Henry E. St. Antoine of Bur lington, a graduate of the college of medicine in the University of Ver- mont in the class of 1915 and who took a post graduate course at Har vard college, has been appointed a member of the medical staff of the United States marine hospital, Balti more, Md., and will be in charge of the new psychiatric ward building, which will accommodate about 34 patients. Prof. St. Antoine is quite a young man and is an expert on mental and nervous diseases, having treated hundreds of cases while serv ing in France, where he was located at base hospital, No. 117. Alargc Apperson automobile from Brandon, bearing the number 23005, while en route to Rutland Saturday, to carry a local party to the Rutland fair, did a triple complete turn on the macadam road between Rutland and Pittsford while traveling at a high' rate of speed. It is stated that one or both hind tires blew out as the auto hit this strip of road, the ma chine turning completely around three times, taking off the rear rims and ripping up the road. The only damage was a broken wheel, smashed rims and tires in the rear. The Resurrection of Poland The Sacrifice of Countess Walewska The Genius of Napoleon The' Valor of America 1 All Tragically Blended by Justice Wesley O. Howard Into a Romantic Story, which tells how they all worked their part in making Polond a Free State, standing proud among the nations of the earth, in the NEW YORK HERALD Sunday, Sept. 21st A 1 K 1 ;f.