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Imperial Press Saturday, April 27, 1901 PACIFIC COAST ITEMS A Rancher Killed, by a Train Near San Jose A New Oil Refinery for Los Angeles San Bardoo's Street Fair — Liquor Dealers Win A half inch of snow fell in Straw berry valley on Easter eve. In the Sal: River valley. Arizona, the bee men are anticipating 11 bip yield cf honey. W. E. Hodges, general purchasing agent of the Santa Fe, is on hie way to Southern California. Pasadena's Americus Club will ap pear in La Fiesta in Los Angeles. Hay cutting Las comm^'icsd in Or ange county. Fifteen hundred feet of the break water superstructure work is now com pleted, and rock is being hurried there as fast as possible. San Bernardino's fair will be a rec ord-breaking advertisement for that town if present plans materialize. Over $700 is offered in premiums. The Santa Rosa took away S.OflO boxes of oranges and lemon-j from San Diego one day last week. They go east via the Great Northern. Up to April Ist Riverside had sent out 3089 cars of oranges and 96 cars of lemons, as against 2658 cars of oranges and 102 cars of lemons at the same date last year. Frank R. Porter has applied to the Long Beach authorities for a fifty-year street railway franchise. His terms as sure no competition during the term of the instrument. The Paciflj Rural Press =t;:trs that buyers are early in the field this y; v.r for the deciduous fruit crop. At Hay wards the cannery men are offering $25 per ton for apricots. $20 for pears, 3 cents per pound for black cherries and 5 cents for Royal Anns. The Pacific Coast Steamship com pany announces an average reduction of about $2 a ton upon freight rates between Los Angeles and points on the Pacific Coast Railroad company, running from Port Harford to Los Olives, in San Luis Obispo county. Liquor dealers won out in their Santa Monica fight, as the trustees decided to issue licenses. Wholesale permits will cost $800 a year, hotel licenses for es tablishments of over seventy-five rooms $500, restaurant licenses the earne. The usual prescription liquor license concession was made to drug stores. A new refinery is to be established in Los Angeles. Asphalt, lubricating oils and distillate will be manufactured and all the by-products will be utilized to good advantage. Prof. Densmore and Prof. John L. Stabler, chemical in structor in the University of Southern California, are the founders and prin cipal backers of the new enterprise. James H. McHatton, a rancher, was killed by a narrow gauge switch train at a crossing near San Jose last Satur day. An engine was pushing six cars ahead of it to the brick yard, and the foremost car hit Hatton's buggy, throwing him out. He was picked up and brought to the city, but died ac the train reached the depot. An in quest was held and the verdict ascribed death to accident and no one is blamed. McHatton was quite deaf, and this may have had something to do with the accident, as the evidence be fore the coroner's jury showed that the train signals were given for the cross ing. Judge Follows Policy Redding— Superior Judge Sweeney has overruled the Supreme Court of the state. The unusual ruling came up in a case to enjoin the board of super visors from letting a contract to con struct a fence around the court house grounds. The contract was let without competitive bids. ■ In announcing judgment on the case, Judge Sweeney said that, while the Imperial preoo state law, as interpreted by the Su preme Court, upheld the action of the supervisors In letting the contract without advertising for bids, he did not consider it good law, and declared it to be against public policy. Peculiar Hog Case Stockton, Cal. — Arthur Ennls, son of ex-Supervisor Ennls of this county, was found guilty by a jury of petit larceny in having stolen, in company with Jack Stennett and Paul Davis, a hog from the Sargent ranch. The case was a remarkable and sen sational one in many ways. This was the fourth trial of Ennis. Stennett, his companion in crime, was acquitted of the same charge. He was afterward acquitted of perjury and later con victed of stealing a hog from another man. He then turned state's evidence and gave testimony which resulted in the conviction of Ennis. Davis was convicted on the second trial. District Attorney Ashley, who con ducted the case for the people, openly accused A. H. Carpenter, attorney for the defendants, with subornation of perjury, and Carpenter has sued Ashley for damages in a large sum. The Jury was out four minutes today. HOT MEETING OF FRUIT MEN Action of Association Is Denounced San Jose — The fruit growers of the state held an excited meeting at Hale's hall, a number of the speakers hotly denouncing the cured fruit association for cutting the price of prunes from 3 to 2 cents per pound. Some were in favor of putting the association into liquidation, while oth ers advocated a continuation of the combine, at least until the present surplus stock has been disposed of. Judge Bond, president of the associa tion, talked for nearly an hour, review ing the work of the organization from the date of it formation. He said that not only is the prune market over stocked, but there is the same surplus in the east and abroad in pears, apri cots and apples. He said that the east ern jobbers absolutely refused to han dle any considerable quantity of prunes at a rate exceeding a 2-cent basis. Judge Bond announced that the as sociation had decided to do no more advertising. Already $20,000 has been expended, and this sum hardly covers the total receipts for the extra sales in consequence of the advertising. Proposed changes to the laws regu lating the election of officers were ap proved. CUBANS RESOLVE TO COME TO They Will Decide Upon the Platt Amend ment i Havana — At the opening of the secret I session of the constitutional conven tion Senor Nunez asked that the con vention either reject or accept the Platt amendment, as the resolution adopted was not a formal declaration and was misleading. The conservatives considered that the resolution practically rejected the amendment, while the radicals and the radical press maintained that it did ■ not, and Senor Nunez therefore asked ; that a yea and nay vote be taken. This I was opposed by the radicals, who have always avoided taking a deefded stand. The conservatives were pleased at the point, and as a split was threat ened among the radicals, a compro mise was offered and agreed to, by the terms of which a resolution was adopt ed that the convention should not ex press itself either for or against the amendment, and that a commission be sent to Washington to secure the best possible agreement with the President. This commission will not be author ized to settle definitely the question of the relations between the United States and Cuba, but will report back to the convention. Appeal for Chinese 1 San Diego — Gaston Straus, the San j Francisco attorney who notified Col lector Bowers that he would appeal from his decision ordering the deporta ' tlon of forty-three Chinese who came here on the Belgian King, is in this city examining the reports upon which the Celestials were ordered returned. His appeal in each case will be pre sented to the collector, and should Mr. Bowers adhere to his former decision that none of these Chinese are entitled |to land, then Attorney Straus will carry his appeal to the secretary of the treasury. FOR THE FARMER Alfalfa Is Recognized as the Proper Food for Cattle The Lemon Shipments for 1900— Figures on^Hay Crops— Dairying in lowa — Ways of Using Lemons Last fall apples sold at Milton, Ore., for 25 cents per box; now they are quoted at $1.60 per box. The fruit growers there are becoming interested in a cold storage scheme. Lemon Shipments The shipments of lemons from Cali fornia in 1900 were 1477 cars by rail, about 400 by water and 150 in mixed cars of oranges and lemons, amounting to 2000 cars, which is about one-fifth of the lemons used in this country; an in crease over last year of nearly one twelfth. This rate of increase will be greater next year, as new orchards will begin to bear and old ones will bear more. In a few years it is manifest that California lemons will supply the homo market. Alfalfa the Stuff Alfalfa is the stuff. The handwriting is on the wall. The man who can sell beef will have buyers at his door. The great western ranges have been hurt — perhaps irretrievably — and the condi tions of the cattle Industry In this coun try is such that, unless more forage is grown, the poor man will be fortunate if he has meat on the table three times in the week. In 1890 there were in the country 589 head to every 1000 inhabi tants. In 1900 there were only 375. There will be no such thing as over production of beef cattle in the United States if .stuff can be produced to feed them on. Alfalfa is the stuff. — Fresno Republican. Dairying in lowa j According to a contemporary, lowa's I dairy interests are large and growing, there now being over 1000 creameries in the state. About 631,829 cows are i used to supply creameries, whose prod uct was 84,965,062 pounds of butter, a decrease of 3,000,000 pounds from 1899. Average of 22 cents realized, against 20.65 cents in 1899. Total value for the year about $20,000,000. Less than half of the milk of the state went to cream eries, for there were 1,295,960 milch cows on May 1, 1900. A true value of the butter output would be $38,000,000. There are now 75 cheese factories in operation. Increase of product, 500. 000 pounds over 1899, being 4,212,432 pounds. Only 12% per cent, was I shipped out of the state, home market using balance. Doctoring the Horse Not infrequently a horse gets "off its ' feed." It will be discovered that its | grain is untouched and possibly its hay j is merely mussed over and not eaten. In nearly all such cases the conclusion is jumped at that the horse is sick. Then, of course, drugs are the next thought. The horse needs "toning up," j and condition powders or some condi- j mental "stock food" is resorted to, with a child-like faith that it is good for the horse, "just what it wants," be cause somebody, never before heard of and that nothing is known about, has said so in an advertisement that reads as if written by a saintly benefactor. Now, before beginning to dose the horse with such stuff — stuff you can ! k:-.ow nothing about— try a change of feed, and it will probably be found that ■ the horse is not sick at all, save of the ' kind of food that it may have been i compelled to eat three times a day for \ possibly weoks and weeks. Some roots or other succulent food at such a time will be found excellent; substitute fod- ! der corn for hay, and corn or barley for oats, or vice versa, and give a bran j mash occasionally, warm if it will be more appetizing, and the chances are I that the sickness (?) of the horse will disappear at once.— Farm, Stock and Home. Figures on Hay Crops "There is no line of work more inti mately connected with the agricultu ral interests of the country than inves tigations of grasses and forage plants. "Grasses are so common, growing everywhere in meadows and waste places, upon hillsides and plains, cov ering the bare places of the earth with their myriad hosts of individual plants, that we are apt to forget their vast significance in the economy of nature, and that th«y constitute the greatest of our agricultural resources, and form the very foundation upon wmch rests all our agricultural wealth and pros perity. According to estimates of the division of statistics, the hay crop of 1896 alone amounted to 60,000,000 tons, valued at nearly $4,000,000,000, exceed ing by a third the total value of the wheat crop. In addition to this vast quantity of hay, which would barely suffice to carry through the year the 16,000,000 milch cows owned by the United States, enough pasturage, fod der and green forage were supplied to feed 37,000,000 sheep, 30,000,000 cattle, 14,000,000 horses and 2,000,000 mules. A conservative estimate places the to tal annual value of the grass and for age crops of this country at more than $1,000,000,000. "Among the great nations of the world, ours has been the first to give official recognition to the importance of these crops by establishing in the department of agriculture a division of agrostology, especially devoted to working out grass problems. "During the past year 6000 trial packages of seeds from the collection made by the division have been dis tributed, more than 300 grasses have been identified for correspondents, and replies to more than 600 inquirers, rel ative to the methods of cultivation, uses and feeding value of grasses, have been prepared." — Arthur Henry in Ainslee's. Farm Cattle It is not true that the cattle business to be profitable must be conducted on the broad ranges of the western plains, says Texas Farm and Ranch. That is one profitable system of cattle raising, but there is another which yields fully as great profits for the cattle invested. Raising cattle on the farm has in all countries and all ages been found prof table, and more so now than ever. By raising cattle on the farm the farmer has a good market for all the feed he can raise, saves labor and expense of transportation and avoids much loss from waste and the hocus pocus of commerce. , And one of the main fea tures of stock farming is that it can be made to continually improve the fertil ity and value of the farm. Points and Pointers Don't allow your horses to go too long without shoeing. Keep a little salt where your stock can get it when taey want it. Gritty men get the business; timid ones jet the blues. The United States has $3,000,000 in vested in its army horses and mules. According to ruling prices, milk is about the cheapest food used by man. Exports of live cattle ' from the United States during the "year 1900 I were 361,179 head, valued at $32,400, ! 188. i Germany purchased $1,500,000 worth ;of horses in California during the year j 1900. They were shipped to China. The practice of allowing cows to swallow their placenta or after-birth is a bad one. It will stay in the first stomach undigested for over a month, I and cases are reported where it be ! came wedged into passages and caused death. The extensive cab business of R. H. White &. Co. of Boston, which has been employing twenty-eight automobiles In its service, has dismissed them and gone back to the horse as a motor power. I The British government has been shipping 10,000 American horses every 1 month to South Africa. Horses of every class have increased 1 from 125 to 150 per cent, in value in the last year, and judging from present indications they will continue to in crease in value for the next two or three years. The causes for the in crease in price are the large purchases of horses and mules for use in Cuba, Porto Rico, Philippines. South Africa And China.— California Cultivator. Found in San Francisco San Francleco— G. Emile Rieviere who disappeared from Denver on April 2, taking with him one of his children, a boy two and one-half years old, has been located in this city and the child has been found. It was placed by the father In the care of Mrs. A. L. Lage, who resides on Fell street, last Satur day. He paid for a week's care for the little one and yesterday announced his intention of taking it away.