At the first appearance of alarm the arms and ammunition
on hand, about five hundred stands, were distributed among
the settlers adjoining the reservations where the demand
was the greatest, in charge of a competent person selected and
commissioned as aiol-de-camp of the Governor with admonitory
instructions as to the organization of the citizens for protection
-.and general notice to settlers in case of danger. The demand
increasing, one thousand stands additional were obtained upon
application to the Hon. Secretary of War and likewise disposed
of, and still the demand continues.
The Executive takes pleasure in thus publicly recognizing
the valuable and unselfish services of Col. M. H. Day and Col.
V. T. McGillicuddy, in the Black Hills district, where all the
active demonstrations have occurred. Col. Day organized a
troop of one hundred volunteers who for some weeks patroled
the Cheyenne river opposite the principal hostile cam]) between
Battle crook and Spring creek, and kept back marauding par
ties in their raids upon the deserted property of settlers. At
Phinnoy's ranch the command had three lively engagements in
one day with the Indians, and finally succeeded in their total
defeat." Major (ieneral Miles, commanding the United States
forces, has complimented the volunteer command for its gal
lant. patriotic and efficient services.
No depredations have been reported east of the Missouri
river and the Executive has no apprehension of any. but the
demand for protection to properly from the settlers on the
upper Cheyenne. White and Bad rivers ought to receive a
prompt ami hearty response. The general government owes it
to them. 1.1 opened these lands for settlement and invited
their occupancy. These people ought not to be driven to pov
erty and beggary by savages in the midst of civilization. The
United States should protect them, and failing, the duty de
volves upon the State, and it is recommended that adequate
means be provided for the emergency.
A more trying position can scarcely be conceived than that
of the Executive, incessantly besot with calls for aid which ho
powerless to render. The crisis is now on as regards this
question and it is gratifying to know that the supreme law
making power of the State can be exercised as emergency
may require. Provision should be at once made for subsisting
a volunteer troop which can be instantly called into exis
tence for the defense of their firesides about the seat of
Stringent laws should be passed by the nation and State
prohibiting the selling and furnishing of arms and ammuni
tion to Indians and strictly enforced. The arms area constant
menace to settlers a,id a great obstacle to the control and
civilization of the Indians.
It is to be hoped also that in the adjustment of the diffi
culties (lie customary governmental policy of rewarding the
perpetrators of deeds of violence by extra rations and supplies
will be reversed, and the doctrine of rewards and punishments
applied among Indians as it is everywhere else This will en
courage the large mass of them who are well disposed, in their
fidelily. and discourage insubordination and settle the Indian
problem for all time in the interest of humanity and justice.
ORGANIZATION OF COUNTIES.
On the fourteenth day of February, 1890, a petition in due
form was presented to the Executive, signed by
over one hundred and fifty citizens of Stanley
county, praying for its organization, and after due in
vestigation, it being ascertained that the petitioners were bona
fide citizens and electors of the county, notice was thereupon
issued fixing voting places for an election in said county on
the fifteenth day of April. A. D. 1890, for the election of county
officers, and the location of the temporary county seat, which
election was held under provisions of law in such case pro
vided, and the county was duly organized.
On the twenty fifth day of July, a petition purporting to be
signed by one hundred and fifty-seven citizens of Sterling
counly was filed, praying for the organization of that county,
and on ilie iil'tli day of .September, a like petition containing
one hundred and fifty-six names, for the organization of Nowlin
county, both of which petitions were duly verified. The Ex
ecutive made a personal tour of the two counties and ascer
tained that a large majority of the purported petitioners were
not legal voters within the counties, and amajQrity of the bona
iide citizens of each county were opposed to organization,
whereupon the petitions were denied.
James H. Long, sentenced on the 12th day of September,
188'.). by Judge Chas. M. Thomas, first judicial district, County
of Lawrence, to one year's imprisonment in the county jail for
the crime of
was pardon February 18, A. D. 1890.
The Executive's reasons for granting the above pardon were
owing to the "extenuating circumstance, in connection with the
commission of said offense that the prisoner had borne a good
reputation prior to the commission of the crime, his pardon
having been recommended by a large number of the reputable
citizens of Lawrence county, including the Hon. Dwight Cor
son, presiding judge of the supreme court of he State of South
Dakota, as also by the Hon. Robert Dollard, the Attorney Gen
eral of said State, their recommendations being accepted by
the Executive as the semi-official action of the Board of Par
dons, as created by article iv, section 5, of the constitution.
Reuben H. Shumway was pardoned November 8, A. D.
1890, from sentence pronounced April 80, 1887, confining him
to imprisonment and hard labor in the territorial penitentiary
for the period of seven years, for the crime of assault with in
tent to kill, upon the recommendation of the Board of Pardons,
in accordance with law as provided by Chapter 32, Session
Laws of 1890.
The Executive has been much embarrassed as to his duty
in reference to applications for return of fugitives from justice,
as no specific appropriation was made for the expense of serv
ing warrants. For this reason all applications have been de
nied except those in case of more aggravated crimes, or if sus
tained with the condition that expenses incurred should be
paid by the applicant. It is recommended that the agent's fees
for services in this behalf be fixed at a per diem and that they
be borne exclusively by the county in which the crime was
The number of applications for requisitions during the
past year was thirty-two, of which fifteen have been
and warrants issued.
While the law passed to enforce the provisions of the con
stitution prohibiting the manufacture and sale of intoxicating
liquors has not proven as successful as the friends of temper
ance could desire, it is believed the result is largely attributed
to the decision of the supreme court of the United States
which for the time weakened public confidence in the measure.
It is, however, enforced in.most sections of the state and
by its means the evils of intemperence are believed to be
It is recommended that earnest legislation be had for a re'
Ssi'® form of the present ballot system. Free government can sur
the timely death of Sitting Bull, the prince of the disaffected, vive all disasters except the pollution of the popular ballot by
as ho was starting' with his band from Grand river to join the intimidation, fraud or purchase. It can even withstand corrup
canip in the Bad Lands, has, it is believed, dampened their 'tion in public officers. This can be remedied so long as the
warlike ardor, although the main camp is yet to be captured.
The affray at Wounded Knee creek a fortnight since wherein
32 soldiers and a number of Indians were killed shows the
trouble is not yet settled.
people are honest, but when the fountain is contaminated the
stream must be impure and death-dealing throughout its course.
The secret ballot is recognized as the practical means of refor
mation, and the Australian system has been adopted by many
States of the Union with satisfactory results, and ought to be
introduced in this State, with any additional improvements that
can be devised. New and untried methods should be avoided.
Let inventors experiment at the expense of other States.
LOCATION OF PERMANENT CAPITAL.
The question of permanent location of the seat of govern
ment was submitted to the electors at the last general election
and determined in favor of the City of Pierre, that city having
received a majority of all votes cast on that proposition at said
It is expected the grounds upon which the present capitol
building is located will be donated to the State as soon as the
proper conveyance can be executed. The citizens of Pierre
have filed a bill of sale with the Executive for the capitol build
ing, with proper guarantee of title, and by this act have shown
a disposition to keep good faith with the people which is highly
DEATH OF SENATOR GRILL.
On the 27th day of November. 1890. the Executive re
ceived notice of the death of Hon. L. N. Crill, Senator-elect
for the first senatorial district of the State, whereupon a writ
was issued to the Sheriff of Union county commanding him to
call a special election to fill said vacancy on the aoth day of
ELECTION OF UNITED STATES SENATOR.
Section 4, Article 1. of the constitution of the United States
provides as follows:
"The time, place and manner of holding elections for sen
ators and representatives shall be prescribed in each State by
the legislature thereof but the congress' may, at any time, by
law, make or alter such regulations, except as to the place of
Congress has exercised its power under this section and
provided that the legislature of each State, which is chosen
next preceding the expiration of the time for which any sen
ator was elected to represent such State in congress, shall, on
the second Tuesday after the meeting and organization thereof,
proceed to elect a senator in congress. Revised Statutes U. S.
1878 Ed., Sec. 14.
Under this provision it will become your duty to proceed
under due form of law, on Tuesday, the"20th day of January,
instant, to elect a senator in congress to fill a vacancy occurring
on the 4th day of March, 1891.
It is urged that the ordinary work of legislation be not
deferred for this duty, and that it be hindered thereby as little
Much has been said in the public prints during the heated
campaign just closed, of dereliction of duty and improper prac
tices on the part of state officials. It is recommended that the
most rigid investigation be made in this direction, to the end
that the fair fame of the young State may be preserved unsul
lied, either by vindication or punishment, as the facts may de
mand. Such charges, if true, should be punished by exposure
and conviction, and if false, the vindication should be equally
emphatic. The Executive, under the constitution, is subject to
condign punishment for any corruption in office or improper
exercise of official influence from corrupt motives, and your
most, rigid investigation and unsparing discipline is invited and
urged in this behalf.
The constitution also provides the must severe penalties
for corruption on the part of members of the legislature. His
oath of office searches the methods by which his seat was ob
tained. Section 28, of Article 111, of our constitution, also
makes it an offense to approach any State official or member of
the legislature with a corrupt proposition, and makes it your
duty to fix penalties therefor.
A most disgraceful and deplorable incident occurred at the
close of the session of the first legislature by the abstraction
from the files of an enrolled bill, which provided for the assess
ment and taxation of express companies, as a result of which
this class of property escaped taxation. The Executive regrets
his inability to locate the responsibility for this infamy, but it
should serve as an inducement to extra precaution on the part
of legislative employes and committees, and the employment of
every means to prevent its repetition, the first one of which
should bo the immediate passage of an act declaring such an
offense a felony. A similar bill should be at once enacted.
It is but proper to observe, also, that the press, which is
the sensitive harbinger of threatened public danger, broadly
hints at improper influences to be used in the determination of
important issues in the keeping of this legislature, and it is to
be hoped that nothing will occur to give color to this suspicion.
REDUCTION OF THE LEGISLATURE.
It is specially recommended that the number of each branch
of the legislature be reduced so that House shall not contain
more than sixty nor the Senate more than thirty members.
Such a measure will reduce the expenses of the general assem
bly fifty per cent, and will leave a representation ample to pro
tect all the interests of the State and large enough for the
duties devolving upon it. It is at least urged that the present
apportionment be changed so as to include Fall River county.
These suggestions, mainly repetitions made to the first
legislature of the State are presented as the honest convictions
of the Executive, touching the pressing duties with, which we
are charged. In new or doubtful fields of legislation, proceed
with caution. Take heed lest your zeal outstrip your judg
ment and so increase the evils you would overcome. Weigh
your opinions with your opponents' hold fast what is good
and discard what is faulty, that truth may prevail. While civil
government was instituted to protect the weak against the
strong, the shiftless and simple-minded from the avaricious
and cunning, it was not intended to defeat God's first law, that
man should live to labor. The province of legislation is not to
foster idleness, but to stimulate effort not to destroy ambition,
but to elevate and direct it to preserve with jealousy the
social institutions which ennoble human nature to foster relig
ion, which furnishes divine ideals, and to promote a common
education, which is the preserver of all.
You are finally admonished that the time for your multi
farious labors is brief, and not to put off till tomorrow your
most important duties, but to enter upon their discharge today.
ARTHUR C. MELLETTE. SS
other audible sound with his
o'clock in the morning with an ever- payfor clerk.hire
There is nothing ho does not see. When
the first glow of sunrise appears he begins
the duties of the day by rousing nil the rest
of the fowls in the hennery in his orig
inal way. lie walks around to each one
and kicks it oil its perch. There is no re
sisting such an invitation to get up. It is
much more effective than crowing. When
he gets a challenge to fight he does not
stop to nimounco what lie can do. He goes
and does it. And liis battles are all vic
"The most remarkable thing about this
intelligent bird, however, is the fact that,
though deaf, lie can distinguish between
an admonition to "shoo" aud a request to
come to dinner. IIow lie does it is a mys
tery, but it is believed that ho tells by the
motion of the lips and general attitude of
the person who addresses him.
A course of instruction in a deaf and
dumb institute is all the rooster needs to
learn to talk with liis spurs.—Buffalo Ex
Thoroughbred Horses in liutlle.
"When I went to the war in 1801," said
Senator Wade Hampton, "I took with me
threo thoroughbred stallions that were
worth a prince's ransom. One was as
black .'is night, one was a dark chestnut,
and the other was a chestnut sorrel. You
aro perhaps aware that my father was not
only a noted importer of running horses,
but a famous breeder of the thoroughbred
"I rode the black stallionat the first Bull
Run battle, where I commanded tho Hamp
ton legion, comprised of infantry, cavalry
and artillery. At the famous cavalry fight
at Brandy station with Pleasonton in 18G3
I rode the chestnut. Ho was a hard horse
to control in a charge, and he nearly carried
luo into the enemy's lines on that day
twice. I rode the chestnut sorrel at tho
great cavalry fight in tile rear of Mead's
army on tho third day at Gettysburg, and
came naar meeting the same fate as that I
escapet^from at Brandy station a few
"My experience with thoroughbreds is in
time of war that they are safer horses to
get away from the enemy with than when
you are going toward him, especially when
on a gallop. But when it comes to endur
ance one thoroughbred will kill three cold
blooded horses in a campaign. They will
go further with less food, go faster, and
show more courage in tho face o£ danger.
I have ridden the stallions I mention into
federal batteries, and they never onco
flinched. All of them wero wounded three
or four times, but they pulled through."—
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Sea Fishing: Off the Cape*
If you wish to make tho best of your
time, and tho breeze is not too strong, you
can let go drift lines from tho stern on the
chance of Cape mackerel, a finer specimen
than that caught off the Devonshire coast
which are stacked in sheds close by.
gentleman living on the ontaklztMif Among the members of the house theee ^l*'^
Buffalo, near Black.Rock, owns aiCtnjBii- are comparatively lew who would not
ty the likeof whlchBarnumneverdrfijgnwi compelled to resign should their
of. It is a deaf and dumb rooster—affrill cease. Still there areannmberof rejfre
grown, brilliantly plumed, brownXeghora sentatives who pay far more than
chanticleer—that has lost his voloe, .caa year for
of serving their
neither crow nor cluck, nor moke any in the&alls of congress. Gen. Joo
-"•'O' .AO... "lull DUmi' UV.L. 11. 1L.T VitlllJ UL11.1W,
Tlio Value of Money.
"Few men realize tho value of a dollar,"
said a broker who had in recent years made
money. "I worked for along time as chief
clerk on an ordinary salary, and it was a
hard task to save $1,000. The people today
who speak of $10,400 in a sneering manner
as a small sum are the men that don't
havoit. Every good business man, though,
knows jnst what that amount of money
"I will wager thot in this city of rich
ment hero are few who can produce $50,000
in cash if suddenly called on. Tho man
who allows money to lie idle will come to
get too far behind. This rulo will apply to
men who have«omething to go on, but it
would prove disastrous to a poor man. I
have made my money on tips, and I have
worked them as a reporter would a good
Building Materials in Vogue.
The investigations of fire ruins show that
porous terra cotta bricks best resist fire as
well as water and frost. After these In fire
resisting qualities come the various con
cretes and burned clay work. In the most
approved building work now in vogue the
dorsal fins. It is these that the fishermen has little chance for thought, and hero is 4®
aro chiefly occupied in catching. Their
employers givo them
for each fish,
aud those that are not sold in Cape Colony
aro split and salted and dried for exporta
tion, chiefly to Mauritius. A single fisher
man can often earn 25 shillings to SO sliil-
lings a day at snoek fishing. These snoek truly not only the literary need of the htrnr,'
have curious habits of l&heir own, as thoy
will disappear altogether during the
months of June, July and August. Dur
ing these—tho winter-months—they proba
bly go to their spawning grounds off the
banks. The best time for catching them
is in May, aud in that month there are
generally vessels bound for Mauritius and The dealer was all attention, he brought
the east loading up with the dried fish, out all his rare old pictures, dusted them
grief. Better to close up the ledger every told them to stay there until his return,
day with you owing tho bank, but don't He went to the owner of tho house, and s&ld
he had been looking at his house and
would like to rent it for a number of years.
a a re a id
"Yes," he replied, "I havo five, but theypff
are all in the cemetery." The lease wasfli^
made out, and the happy father .soon re-Sf||
joined his wife and children to tell of their $3
good fortune.—Philadelnliiu Times. isBl
iron part is incased in term cotta, tile or time on one occasion and saved my life'by
brick work in roof, floor and tile construc-
tion, and the hollow tiles are faced with
vitreous tile, slate or any good weather
proot coating or with a single thickness of four hours to leave town, and I improved
Wck. Iron and steel work Incased in^fire
Wealthy Representatives. &
ratus, does not wake up the neighborhood eracy-as^'I'igbting Joe," uses his salary to
Be has not always been thus. Up to the money in having extra copies of hi*
time he was eight months old ho was as speeches printed. He has an office within
noisy as any young rooster need be. Then a stone's throw of the Capitol, and when
he got his head caught in a barbed wire not needed in the house he rushes over
fence in such away as to mangle his neck there and directs the work of his clerk*.:
and probably tear out the vocal chords. He is one of the hardest worked men in
Losing the power to make sounds he evi- congress. The general is a millionaire, Iv
dently forgot how to hear them. At least am told, and lie finds the greatest enjoy
now, at the age of S years, he gives no ment in his wealth in sending oat these
evidence of hearing. But he makes his
eyes answer for ears and voice, too. If any
one wanted proof that he was really-deaf
and aduinb those eyes would be convinc
It is pretty safe to say that there is not
any one of tho New York or Brooklyn
congressmen who does not lose money by
serving in cougress. Washington Cor.
New York Telegram.
—fat and smooth and about eighteen inches there never was a time when good literary
long. The bait used is very often a bit of
dried shark's skin, or, when you have
caught a fish, a bit of mackerel itself
sliced off abovo tho tail. If you get among
a good shoal the tugs on the lines are con
But the chief fish of commerce in tho
Capo is tho "snoek" (Thyrsites atun), a
long, hawklike looking fish, with sharp
known in the
lasting cock-a-doodle-doo does not give-an out more public documents than probably
alarm of hawks every time a black cloud any three or four other members of
crosseathe sun, but is still as ir'tch the gress.
lord-of the chicken park as ever. In addition he spends considerable
documents, so that his constituents may
be thoroughly well informed as to natiomU
Congressman Koswell P. Flower spends,
many times more than his salary in per
forming good deeds. Mr. Flower does far
more good iu the world than probably will
ever be known, ljccauso lie makes it a point
of never letting the donations he makes ta
charity become known. Congressman'
.Henry Cabot Lodge employs two or three
secretaries, and these luxuries cost him
more than his salary. But then, he is one)
of the rich men of the house and can easily
Football's Advantages. t-
Kootball is not a contest of more skill
and strength it is not the physical against
the physical it is intellect and will against
will and intellect. The feelings* are those
of cavalry in a charge, or of the old time
knight in a tourney.
What good player ever realized in a game
that there is such a thing «3 flesh and
blood? In practice yon sometimes feel as
if there is not anything else, but in a game
one is conscious of no such substance. It
is the spirit that goes through a game, tho
body doubtless sometimes attending.
Oh, you mothers, who are so careful of
your darlings, why do you prepare them ••'•.:
for a swimming match by keeping them
away from the water? Send them out on
the "scrub side" and let them learn life's
lessons. Tliey will derive many benefits,
as well as pleasures, from the game. IIow
much more it enables one to enjoy study!
"Nothing great was ever accomplished
without enthusiasm," says Emerson in his
"Self Reliance." In football tho boy will
learn that nothing even tolerable can be
accomplished without it.
When yon see an effeminate man yon
feel that if you could play opposite to him
in tlie rush line you could give him a few iws
ideas of solidity and manliness. You see a wjfe
hottempercd man youcouldbring his ene
my nnder his control in a season. Indeed,
the kicking, tackling and running aro tho
insignificant things that you learn in foot
ball. What is important is tho complete
mastery of yourself that the game teaches
you. Tho disciplinemakes all tho personal
spites, grudges and passion that a begiri'ner
experiences subject to tho interests of his
team and those whom ho represents.—Har
per's Young People.
Literary Need of the Hour. '&&&<
There is "aching void," so to speak, in "$&''•
the literary market today, and that is
creative minds. Give mo a young man or
woman—sex is neither a hinderance nor
an advantage—who has, first aud foremost,
a correct idea of the literary tendencies of
the times, and, secondly, a creative mind,
and he or she need never write a line tor
print to insure a quick and large success—
I mean financial success. The fact is that
ideas wero-so valuable and so scarce as at
present. The cry of today with tho modern
magazine is for "features" and "ideas,"
and the person who can supply this need
iu a bright, original manner is the literary
want of the hour.
Literary competition is sharp, very sharp
in fact, and originality tells. The editor,
the publisher, absorbed in his daily duties
whero the outsider can step in, and with
profit. Editors and publishers aro always jS
ready to entertain afresh idea, a striking
novelty—of course always barring the sen
sational they are seeking, iu fact, for the
man or woman of creative mind. Here is
but of the moment. The need is there
question is, Where aro the people to tfteet
it?—Edward W. Bok's Letter
He Can Tie Himself into a Knot. dSH in order to snore one must keep the
t^wia G. Tewksbury, of the Stock Ex- mouth open as well as the nose,»and in
change, is a member of the Manhattan this-cqndition the'twocurrenta of air pass-X
Athletic club, and is perfectly at home ing in and-out' togBthepduring the act o(^
npMta horizontalbar. hr^hing,*^.1«a^ik7T.nirj
Irate Father—You are an unprincipled'
follow, without anyregard for the value of'
Erring Son—Haven't I? I was given-®
proof materials is just now very much' in Bulletin.
favor.—New York Commercial Advertiser.
Mr. Tewksbury can tie himself into them and',throw-it into rapid vibrattot#
other ath- This vibration,..znore or. le»sMntense and^p?S
drcus performer.—New*York Journal. Journal.
Uaron Botlisclilld'a Regrets. ii®.
Baron Rothschild one day entered an old S®sf
curiosity shop to buy some old paintings.
and set them in tho best light.
"Look at this Rembrandt: quite au-^l|
thentic, M. le Baron."
"Authentic, you say? You have got there Mm
a Raphael of the first style which is a good|4S
deal more authentic."
"Oh! ohl" said the dealer, "why, youarojpfs•
a connoisseur, M. le Baron."
"If" observed Rothschild, with a 8igh ||^S
"if I had gono into tho old curiosity busi- j^^
ness I should have made a fortune."—LcsPS
Journal Illustrc. T&&
Toll the Truth to lleat tho Landlord. SJ®
A family man in Wilkesbarre desiring to|||ij
rent a house which he know would not bbJJjga
let to parties having children, took his wife"
and children to Hollenback cemetery, and
properly valuing my gift.
I. F.—May I ask for.particulars?
E. S.—Certainly. I was given twenty-:
second of the period.—Pittsbtfrg
How to Snare.
'a real sonorous, is whatrwe call snoring.—
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