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Pierre Weekly Free Press J. C. McMANiMA, Proprietor. S. (•. Dkwki.i., Editor it Publisher. SOUTH DAKOTA. Terrible Need at Sioux Falls On the evening oi th-- 18th inst. when Frank R. Hyde, a prominent citizen of Sioux Falls, returned to his home, he found his young wife lying on the lloor or a front room, stupified and breathing heavily. In the cradle his live months baby was dyiug, and on the bed lay his two years old daughter dead. After a slight search the frantic husband and lather found a note written by his wife declaring that she felt insanity, hereditary in her family, creeping upon her: that her children were des tined to the same fate and rather than to live to burden her husband hlie had decided to die. An empty bottle, which had contained mor phine, lay near by. Mrs. Hyde had always been of happy disposition and no suspicion had ever warned the hus band of danger. The family occupied a high social position and the city is profoundly shocked. In the morning, when Mr. Hyde left the house, his wiie kissed him gaily and appeared in the best, of spirits. No one saw her until his return. Doctors were at once summoned, but can probably save neithet Mrs-. Hyde nor the babv. Prof. Foster has again been arrest ed at Sioux Falls on the charge of big amy. He will again light extradition. A. Fosdike, one of the leading cloth ing dealers of Mitchell, had his store closed by the sheriff on the 18th inst., on an execution by the Mitchell Na tional bank. Wni. McCraven, the wealthy stock man of the Cheyenne river, says there is no danger of another Indian out break. as the Indians were contented with the manner in which they were being treated by the government. The bail of Rev. W. E. Gilford. the Milbunk preacher who is in jail lor being loo tannliar with a lady mem ber of nis congregation. ha- been low ered to $1,000, but up to the time of penning this item he has failed to se cure the bail. Sam Moses and Ed Hart, two Fall River county men. started in a short time ago to clear that county of a gang of cattle and horse thieves infest ing it, but they have now received word from the gang that they must cease their efforts or sutler the conse quences. Notli withstanding this threat the two men will continuetheir [rood work. Senator Pettigrew has submitted a proposition to the people of South Dakota, by which the state can be represented at the World's Fair. His scheme is the organization o: a stock company with 20,000 shares at S5 per share, raising thereby §100,000 to make an exhibit. The proposition includes another that the state shall pay par value for the stock at the next session of the legislature. The board ofcommissionersof Burle county last fall purchased two artes ian well machines from agentleman in Aurora county. After unsuccessful ef iorts lasting several months on wells in different portions of the county, work has been suspended. The ma chines failed to reach down over a few hundred feet, when the drills would break. As expensive experimenting has proved them to be useless, the board oi commissioners has ordered that, the machines be shipped back to the original owner. At the recent sale of school lands in Burle county a school section located within the city limits of Chamberlain was disposed of by the county super intendent of schools to the highest bid der. But the state superintendent oi public instruction some months ago decided that this valuable tract of land should not be sold at present, and in a letter states that the land was sold unintentionally, and that said sale would not be approved by him consequently the tract will still remain in the possession of the state. It is now the intention of the state au thorities to plat the land and dispose of it by lots. A very sad and affecting scene took place a few days ago at Sioux Falls between Plenty Horse and his father, Living Bear, who came all the way from Pine Ridge to see his son for the last time, as he believes it to De. When he entered the cell in the county jail wiiere Plenty Horse is incarcerated, the aged father grasped the hand of his son, crying and sobbing like a child. Living Bear, amid his sobs, said: "Tsunkta ota." "You have a bad heart, you killed Casey. You are a man and you must suffer." On leav ing the iail the father presented his son with a large handkerchief and told him he would probably never see him again. The Manitoba boomers, says the Aberdeen News, arranged with the Great Northern railroad company for a special freight train with which to carry their dupes with personal effects, stock, etc., into the heart of thefrozen North—or the country surrounding Yorkton— where they were to begiven lands and make their homes. When it came to straightening up the mort gage indebtedness of the dupes there was a hitch in the proceedings, due to the absence of that all-in-all essential, the coin of the realm. In the mean time the Great Northern raised its rate of transportation to the promis ed land from $30 to something over 850 rikTthe grand exodus, which the boomers had worked up at infinite trouble and considerable expense, fails to come off as planned. So the efforts of the boomers in that vicinity have fallen as Hat as a pancake. iant Powder and Dynamite Send Sev eral Souls Into Eternity. A dispatch received at Winnipeg, Manitoba, dated the 18th inst., con tains intelligence of a terrible accident on the Canidian Pacific railway in the West, near Kootenay. Workmen had bored a 22-foot hole and loaded it with ten kegs of blast powder and a ran of dynamite. They retired about -150 feet when the fuse waslighted and shortly afterward a discharge took place. The foreman thought at the time that the explosion had not had the fctlect it should have had, but set the men to work again, when shortly alter a dense volume of smoke issued Irom crevices, and before they time to do any thing the had cliff beneath heaved and split and the granite hills oil every side rang with the echo of a loud report. When the roar had subsided Foreman .Smith, who was seriously injured although at onsiderable distance away, discover ed that, his men had been completely buried beneath the heavy boulders. A relief crew was organized anil the bodies ot the victims were taken out. Three men, whose names could not be obtained, wereinstantly killed. Fore man Smith, August Johnson, Henry Martin, Jas. Ryan and Justus Matlie -oii were probably fatally injured, large boulders weighing several tons falling on them, anil they with several others, were badly mashed. Ryan and Johnson lingered in great agony and died the next morning. They werenu tives of Nova Scotia. United States and Canada. Tiie following striking paragraph concerning the 1'nited States ar.dCan ada is taken from the March number of the London Nineteenth Century: "We all know what the I'nited States of America are. They are eon al sovereign States, which have delegat ed certain powers to a centra! author ity of their own creation, under a riu il written constitution. Tliey are contiguous to one another, contain ing some sixty-three million people, with identical language, identical insti tutions, identical aims, and identical currency: threatened by no strong neighboring powers: no part of the federation bound by obligations or treaties to which any other part ob jects, or is ever likely to object with freedom of trade internally and pro tection externally—a commercial pol icy, by the way, which seems to be the present ideal of the whole New World. Compact within themselves, and with continuous lines of railroad (about one hundred and seventy thousand miles in all) running through the whole length and breadth of the federation, they form a colossal pow er, solid by reason of the diffused own ership of the land, the diversity of em ployment between agriculture and manufactures? the rapidity of inter communication and, although prac tically only a hundred years old—not yet older than individuals still living among us—they are already, in actual wealth, the richest community and the greatest manufacturing commun ity in the world, potentially fabulous in population and power, but with no standing army and a compartively small navy. Vet they are strong for defense, because, having no outlying dependencies and in the last resort be ing obsolutely independent of external commerce, owning to their capacity for supplying abundantly within their own borders every need of man. all that they require is a navy strong enough for purely defensive purposes. Turn it which way we will, however, we shall find that there is always one thing clear—namely, that by tlie inex orable logic of facts, Canada is essent ially aNew World industrial power. She is approaching very rapidly to the parting of the ways, and one of the more interesting and far-reaching events of the near future will be the course she decides on as to commer cial union with the United States for it can scarcely be supposed that she will permanently cut herself off from the great market at her doors, and commercial union will almost inevita bly bring her to a cioser bond. No man can tell yet what her decision will be. All that can be certainly af firmed is, that it will be one of the most momentous decisions in the his tory of the New World, because, if the Dominioh and Newfoundland eventu ally determine to throw in their lots with the United States, the last mater ial link between the Old World and the continent of the Western Hemisphere will be snapped, and the North Amer ican continent, under a single federa tion, will present to view the most sol id power that the world has ever seen —purely industrial, armed only for defense, and with no bone of conten tion between itself and any other pow er either of the Old ortheNew World." Canadian Roads at War. Advices received at Chicago are to the effect that the Canadian Pacific and the Grand Trunk are fighting over the grain traffic from the Northwest. It seems that the Canadian Pacific is the aggressor, having adopted a tariff from Minneapolis to Montreal, all rail, on the basis of the lake and rail rates recently established. TheGrand Trunk has retaliated by taking ship ments of grain to Sarnia by lake, and thence by rail to Montreal, at 2 1-2 cents below the Canadian Paeific's tariff. The chances are favorable for a rate cutting contest in which it is probable some of the American roads will be forced to participate. CHEAPER SUGAR. Twenty-five Pounds For a Dollar Will Soon Be tlie Uniform Price. The Solicitor of the Treasury Imparts Interesting Information oil the Subject. British Authorities India Arousing the Fanaticism of the People. Hon. W. P. Hepburn, of Iowa,solic itor oi the treasury, who has been es pecially charged with an investigation of the customs business of the repub lic for the past six months, in a re cent conversation said: "I am im pressed with the belief that the Dutch standard No. li will be the sugar of the people in the very near future. It is a great deal better sugar than I ev er saw on the tables of the common people before the war. It is better for everyday use than refined sugar. It is perfect crystal, absolutely pure sugar, and incomparable for all pur poses of home consumption. More over, mark yon, it will besold through out this country at the rate of twen ty five pounds for a dollar." '•What is the present condition the customs service in the New York custom house?" "That will be exhibited in the report which I shall submit in about two months. I cannot talk on that sub ject at present. My investigationsare made for the information of the department, and it would not do for me to give any opinion nor state any facts until the report is laid before the secretary ol the treasury. I can say, however, that I have learned some things which were surprising to myself, and which will probably prove ot interest to thecountry. But my work cannot be foreshadowed nor even hinted at, just now, save in a general way. 1 have been very busy for some months past, and am not idle now. either." "How much time are you giving to this work?" "I usually leave here either on Mon day morning or after midnight on Sun day. It is my aim to return to my of fice on Saturday to look after "the routine business of my office, and see that things are going* along all right during my enforced absences." Solicitor Herburn h:is undoubtedly discovered abuses in the customs ser vice in the great port of New York, but it would be manifestly improper to have them diviuged at present, and therefore we must await his report. Your correspondent is personally aware of the fact that this government is losing more than SI ,000,000 annu ally by the present system, and alleg ed precedents prevailing in the New York custom house, by the laxity, of discipline, and the carelessness exhib ited examining persons and baggage coming into New York on foreign ves sels. "We lose annually more than this government collected any year during its first 25 years of existence," said an old employ of the treasury department a few days ago. "We lose that much every year at the port of New York alone," he added, and specifically called my attention to the tact that a certain jeweler in this city was recently discovered in smuggling $10,000 worth of diamonds. Col. Hepburn would not say anything "definite concerning his investigations of thecustoms business, but emphasized his views on Dutch standard sugar, saying: "Gov. Boies either don't know what he has been saying about sugar, or else he has been willfully deceiving the people of Iowa and others who have read his remarks." Ail Idiotic Policy. The excitement in Benares, India, a few days ago, originating from the demolition of a temple in order to provide a site for the new waterworks is on the increase. All the shops in Benares are closed and all the natives in the city and district have suddenly stopped work and are gathering in large crowds in and about the princi pal thoroughfares ot the holy city. The result is that serious riots have already occurred between the disturb ed natives and the local authorities of Benares, who are supported by the British troops quartered in that vicin ity. In response to several dispatches sent to the marquis of Lansdowne, the governor general of .In dia who is now at Bimia, directing the movements of the troops marching on the Manipur dis trict in order to avenge the Manipur massacre and themurderofChief Com missioner Quinton and his staff, strong reinforcements composed of European and native troops have been drafted into Benares' and further reinforce ments are on their way to the same city. British troops are guarding all the banks, public buildings, and also occupy, in force, many points of vant age throughout the city and district. It is consequently presumed that the troops will be able to suppress promptly any serious outbreak upon the part of the natives, but the event ual effect of the spirit of resentment and indignation existing among the Hindoos, already felt far and wide in India, cannot at present be correctly estimated. Suicide of a Grand Duchess. The correspondent of the Standard at St. Petersburg telegraps that pa per, declaring that there no longer re mains any doubt that the Grand Duchess Olga Feodorovna, sister in law of the czar and the mother of the Grand Duke Michael Michaelovitoh, who was recently privately married to the countess of Meremberg, daught er of the duke of Nassau at San Remo, committed suicide by taking poison. The czar was greatly exasperated when informed of the marriage, and indicated his deep displeasure by strik ing the name of tne grand duke from the list of Russian army officers, and by ordering the elimination from the army list of the titles of such regiments as" werenamed for the grand duke and of which he was zo'.onelj the Grand Duchess Olga, who had unavailingly exhausted every means of placating the czar, and of inducing him to condone the offence of her son, died suddenly on April 13. It was was supposed at the time that death was from natural causes, precipitated, perhaps, "by grief that her son had fallen under imperial displeasure. The Standard's dispatch seems to make it clear that the unfortunate lady put an end to her existence rather than to survive her failure to make peace between the czar and the grand duke. Prominent Men Implicated. It has transpired tnatCapf Verney, the Liberal member of parliament, who lleil to escape prosecution for ab ducting girls, was betrayed by a French woman recently arrested and convict ed in 1 jondon for procuring young women in England for immoral pur poses in Paris. The French woman gave the authorities valuable informa tion, implicating prominent men, both American and English, as the patrons of her traffic. An American in Paris, whose name has not been given, is said to have been the worst of the ab ductors. Capt. Verney was a popular member, a favoi ite in the clubs, and a welcome associate of Mr. Gladstone. A Preacher Murdered. William Denny, a preacher ot the Cumberland Presbyterian church of Greenville, 111., died from wounds re ceived a few days ago, at the hands of Bud Thatcher. A-- Denny was leaving the village of Sorento that night, tor Irving, where he had just been called to his first regular charge, he was met by Thatcher, who began a discussion about a balance which he claimed Denny owed him for clearing some land. In the course of the argu ment Thatcher sevtral times called Denny a liar, and the latter finally losing patience, struck Thatcher with his gloved hand, whereupon Thatcher stabbed him three times with a knife, making a wound near the heart by the first blow, and penetrating his left arm with the other. Bolivia a Claimant Too. A singular fact in connection with the Italian matter, which has entirely escaped attention up to the present time, is that one of the leading Ital ians lynched at New Orleans was act ually, at the time ol liis death, the recognized counsul at that port of a foreign government—not that of Italy. Jose P. Macheca, the alleged head of the Mafia and the moBt prominent: of the victims ot the mob, still stands on the records of the state depart ment as the duly recognized consul of Bolivia in New Orleans. He was a wealthy merchant. His firm of Me checa Bros, still continues as the agency of one of the important steam ship lines touching at New Orleans and trading with South American ports, and it'was probably Iromtliis connec tion that Macliecacameto be appoint ed consul for Bolivia. The hard fact re mains that he was such consul at the time of his unauthorized execution. Boli\ ia has no diplomatic representa tive here. Its most prominent agent is Consul-General Obarria, of New York It does not appear that lie has made any movement in the mat ter. Mr. Obarrio was a delegate to the recent international monetary com mission which sat in Washington. In cideutally. during his visits to the cap itol in'that connection, he mentioned with regret that since the disastrous Chili-Peruvian war, Bolivia had been left without any seaport and had to do all her commerce through neighbor ing states. Bolivia, without a navy or seaport, is a very small factor among nations. Nevertheless, it is possible that some explanation may be asked of the United States as to killing of one of its consuls. Opened a Registered Letter. In the United States court at Bis marck, N. D., on the 15th inst., sen tence was pronounced on William Kelley, ot Grand Forks, for taking valuables from a registered letter. The sentence of the court was that he pay a fine of $250 and stand com mitted until satisfied. The grand jury returned indictments against John A. Fisher, of Ardock, and John A. McLain, of Grafton. Both plead guilty and were sentenced to pay a line of $100. William R. Schendle, of Grafton, was indirted for selling li quors with a governmentstamp. The case was consigned to the Fargo term, convening in May. Court adjourned after the above business. Asked for $100,000. H. B. Walmeley,theactiveprojector of the Duluth, Red Wing fc Southern railroad line, will have the name of Superior inserted in the corporate title. He urges Superior citizens to subscribe $100,000 to a construction company to build the line as their share of $750,000 required to put the work under way. The citizens do not show great enthusiasm, but it is stated that the consolidated land company have intimated their will ingness to give at least $50,000. Mr. Walmsley appeared before a special meeting of the chamber of commerce and explained at length the benefits that would arise from the building and operation of the proposed roads. A GHOST OF OLD. South Carolina's Latest Stand ON the States Rights Issue—Gov. Tillman and Nolile Clash. Over the. Method of IHtision of the Ap propriation for Schools—The RaeeQuestion Involved. President, Hill Decides In Extend Hie Montana Central—Vessel Owners Wage Scale Refused. A Charleston, S. C., special says: A unique and interesting phase of the state rights question has just been presented in a correspondence which has taken place between Gov.Tillman, of that city, and Secretary o) the In terior Noble. The subject of the cor respordence is the division of the state's share of the federal appropria tion for mechanical and agricultural colleges. At the session of the state legislature which adjourned last De cember, an act was passed providing that the quota to be received by South Carolina should be divided in to two equal parts, one-half to be giv en the Clemson Agricultural College for whit es, at Pendleton, and the other to the Clatlin College for colored youth, at Orangeburg. A tew days ago Ciov. Tillman addressed a letter to Secretary Noble, applying for South Carolina's quota of the fund ap propriated under the act of con gress,, approved Aug. 30, I8'.i0. in re ply, Secretary Nobie objected to the method of division decided upon by the legislature and informed the Gov ernor that this state's quota was at his disposal, to be divided between the two colleges on the basis of the pro portion of tne school population un der census of 18!'0, which was 30.7 white and '.3.3 colored, and the secre tary announced that it was only by pledging a division on this basis that south Carolina could get her money. Gov. Tillman promptly raised the issue that the money was due South Carolina and that the secretary oi the interior had nothing whatever to do with the division of the fund. Natu rally Secretary Noble differed with him, and the Governor, a. day or two ago, issued his ultimatum in a letter to Acting Secretary George Chandler, in which lie says: "South Carolina lias dealt liberally with her colored col lege in the past, and I am sorry to see it crippled by a refusal on your part to accept the apportionment propos ed by the state. As Governor, I have no authority to do more.and if Iliad. I would refuse to accept the money under the terms you offer. I nder the act of congress, the mon ey will remain in the hands of the se cretary of the interior until congress meets, when the state can appeal to that body. The state authorities an nounce their determination to carry the matter to the supreme court if necessary. The South Carolina legis lature does not meet again until next November, and Gov. Tillman can take no further steps toward accepting the qota until instructed by tlieassembly. President If ill Decides to Extend the Montana Central. President S. J. Hill is on his way back to St. Paul from Helena, Mont. His present trip will not extend to the coast as announced. It isnow known that the object of his visit was to in vestigate the subject of extending the Montana Central, a branch of the Great Northern, from Butte to Ana conda, a distance of 20 miles. The only line between these places is a short Union Pacific branch and it has troble, and that annually, with the Anaconda Mining .t Smelting Com pany. The latter company pays over §500,000 annually freight charges on ore and fuel handled by the railroad. A Great Northern official recently stated that there was no doubt but that the Great Northern president has arrived at a satisfactory agree ment with the officers of the Anacon da company for the business of that organization and that work would be gin in ji short time on the new line. The Vessel-Owners' Wage Scale Itefus ed—Engineers May Strike. Chicago vessel owners have thrown down the gauntlet to the Seaman's Union and will establish an independ ent shipping office, where sailors will be engaged regardless of the rules laid down by the Lake Seaman's Benevo lent Association. This decision was reached at a recent meeting of the Lake Michigan Vessel-owners' Associ ation, held in the Lumbermen's Ex change. The ship-owners made a pro position to base wages on freight pro fit. The rate of Menominee and Man istee was .to be taken as the basis. When the rata to either of these plac es was §1.50 per 1,000 feet of lumber wages were to be $1.50 a day. This was a minimum rate. When the rate of lumber advanced to these places wages were to be advanced in the same ratio. The Seaman's Union met this with a point blank refusal. The sailors would have nothing to do with scale. They demanded $2 a day and the employment of none but union men. The negotiations came to an abrupt end, when both sides be gan to organize for a struggle. Marine engineers in Chicago are or ganizing in anticipation of a general strike. Many of the vessel-owners at Cleveland, Buffalo, and Detroit have declared their intention to reduce wag es the coming season. Thus far but few attempts have been made at re duction, as only a small proportion of the steam vessels in the different ports have been put in commission. It is barely possible that with the general pening of navigation an all-arcundo cut may be made in the salaries of en gineers. mie engineers are prepared to resist this to th© extent ot ordering & general strike. The wages paid last year to first-class engineers was $125 a. month, the second class received $76 \i-n! ^rfw^^iTr' 1 Without An Equal To Purify the Blood, re S a S a Rheum, etc., to give strength and overcome That Tired Feeling,— the People's favorito Spring Medicine is Hood's Sarsaparilla and the third class SG5. The reduc tion to be miide in each case amounts to 10 per cent. |?aiv was £irte, wo ner Castona, When she was a Child, she cried for Castoria, i\'ht»n xh«» hf/ame Mia, she clung to Oa*toria, iVhcu she had C'hiliirvu. she fate them Castoria, A Drinikiin Farmer Is Faithfully At tended hy a Beautiful Dog. It was at the corner of Fourth and Main streets, about 2 o'clock one morning this week, and a bunch o: newspaper men were on their way to the police station at Fourth and Dele ware, says tht- Kansas City Times. Just as the party turned up Fourth street one of the number noticed a drunken man 011 all fours in the mid dle of Main street. He was scrambling to get up, but no sooner did he get halt on his feet than down he would come again. Each time he fell his head struck the hard blocks, and in iess than two minutes his face was a as of an is drunken man's side was a handsome gray dog. He was a blocky young ani mal of 110 particular kind, but a look into his eyes demonstrated that lie was an animal of great intelligence. The dog put bis nose under the lallen man and helped to raise him, whinning piteously every time the unfortunate fellow fell. The dog's efforts were al most human, but he was unable to get his master on his feet. A couple of bystanders went to the man and lifted liini. The dog growled ominously at lirst, but half a minute later he seemed to understand that it was all right. The man, who was a Clay county farmer, was helped to the police station, where he was put in a cell for the night. The dog followed nis master up to the captain's desk and down into the prison. When the bars were closed between the man and the faithful pet, the latter broke out dismally. It was more than the turnkey could stand and the hand some gray animal was let into the cell. He sniffed around a moment to see that everything was all right and then jumping on the bunk curled down at his master's feet and went to sleep. While Grand Keporter J. W. Jacobs, of the Knights of Honor, anil Abraham Carr, a prominent citizen, were attendingafuner al at Bennitville, Ind., their horses were stopped by a train and b'tli gentlemen were thrown out and probably fatally hurt. Michael Posz, ex-treasurer of Shelby county, Intl., ban been indicted for embez zling $1M,0JU of the county funds. When oncc used, you will like others, rail for Johnsons' Anodyne Liniment, and noth ing else. Heechani'b Pills cure bilious and nervoiiH ills. ONE ENJOYS Both the method and results when Svrup of Figs is taken it i3 pleasant and refreshing to the taste, and acts gently yet promptly on the Kidneys, Liver and Bowels, cleanses the sys tem effectually, dispels colds, head aches and fevers and cures habitual constipation. Syrup of Figs is the only remedy of its kind ever pro duced, pleasing to the taste and ac ceptable to the stomach, prompt in its action and truly heueficial in its effects, prepared only from the most healthy and agreeable substances, its many excellent qualities commend it to all and have made it the most popular remedy known. Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50c and $1 bottles by all leading drug gists. Any reliable druggist who may not have it 011 hand will pro cure it promptly for any one who wishes to tiy it Do not accept any substitute. CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO. 8Af FkAMCMCO, CAl. utmviue.gr mcw torn. *r.