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II I si ri W I I 1 V' W*\ $ I I U4 I i*v .+ fee iO ])fA SOME FABM TOPICS. MATTF2H9 OF INTEREST TO TIL LI2IIS OF TIIK SOU*. The Fnrmop'H Gnrden, the Many A«l vanln^cM of Well Kept (iurd« n E*loT\ln«r—Shf pjiHuc, Early |4^prlu|( Lttiiibs-Corn Culture. One of the compensating advan tages offsetting depression of farm val ues Is to oblige farmers to give more Attention to their gardens. The great majority of farmers have not lived up to the opportunities which farm life affords in this respect. Instead of being noted for the freshness and ex cellence of the garden vegetables and l'ruits which can be procured in the country, the fact has been exactly the reverse. The market gardeners near lnrge cities produce vegetables in great quantities and sell them so cheaply that every city market is supplied at low rnt.es. Not only tills but the sur plus that can not lind an immediate market is canned or otherwise pre served for future use. Farmers, in stead of going to work in the old-fash ioned way and producing llieir own supplies of garden vegetables and fruits, have learned the bad habit of relying on what they can buy from the surplus products of the market gar den put up by the canneries. This evil poller has reached it« cli max. The depression in price of many of the staple products of the farm gives farmers less money to buy. and with fills 'jonditioi Icgins to come a realization that to grow such pro ducts for himself and family is more profitable than and satisfactory even though money were plentiful. The prodiution of gnrden vegetables for home use secures them fresh and in the best condition, liesidcs saving the profits of two or three middlemen through whose hands slcI goods must pass on their way from the market garden to the farm. If the farmer cannot make the garden pay under these circumstances, it is a pretty good sign that he cannot succeed In any kind of soil cultivation. When he buys ailed goods lie pays a much higher price than the market gardener ever receives, and what is worse, he gets an inferior product therefor. Much of the popular objection to life on the farm will be changed to enthus iasm for it just as soon as the farm garden is given the position that it deseives. Instead of bfing put second to everything else, the garden should subordinate all other farm work. No part of the farm will, if properly man aged. make so much clear profit as will the garden. It is always the rich est part of the farm. By tliat fact It ought to get the most care and at tention. Small cramped gardens are almost never seeded with clover. This is sown witli some grain crop and the garden is too small to be cropped with grain. Besides. owing largely to the difficulty In cultivating it with horse power,the farm garden is nearly always the weediest place 011 the farm. The treat anount of nan urc. ii receives helps towards tills nl-i-. "With heavy manuring the garden un der tin Di-st cnp.ijtions will lie hard to keep fr^e from v.ecds. Winn made so sni.^11 that the greater part if The work has to be done by hand the task becrr.'os impossible. If gardens were made in open fields, the work of keep ing garden crops free of weeds will be reduced two-thirds. Net everything cm be made grow profiralilv in rows each way, but if rows of root crops are made straight and the cultivator is fre?ly used one way very little hand hoeing will be needed. Hut cuiihnted by present net hods the I arm garden is, when properly cured for, the best paying spot 011 the farm. During the glowing season it supplies palatable food at cheaper rates thar It can be secured in anv other way. A good garden adds great ly to the attractiveness of farm life, ns its absence, where it should be. is the nitst frequent reason why wealthy men do not find their pleasure in coun try homes as they do in most Kuro pean countries. Many New England f«n mers liave learned the advantage of developing ns much ns they can the attractions of their locality as sum mer resorts for those taklng'their va cation from city life. The »-erv best way to make the most of these coun try attractions is to prepare a better home supply of all garden vegetables and small fruits In their season. American Cultivator. The Sprlair Plowing. In all the Northern stages the suc cess of the farmer in crop growing is aided more tlinn is often thought by the pulverization which the soil gets by alternate freezing and thawing In winter. This effect is most noticeable on soil that is open and exposed to repeated freezing and thawing. When there is a very henry sod the soil is Blow to freeze in the early winter, and equally slow to tliaw when warm weather comes. This is especially true of land where •water stands on or near the surface, thus forming ice and preventing the air from penetrating the soil. On such land winter freezing does no good. There may be some expansion of soil while the ground is frozen, but when erer the ice thaws the soil and water run together again. If plowed, such land turns up sodden and cold. It takes time for the mellowing Influ ences of air, warmth and sunlight to fit it for a seed bed. This explanation of what freezing does to the soil is very suggestive as to how spring plowing ought to be done. It ought never to be deep. All the finer particles of soil, those which have been most thoroughly pulverized, are close to the surface, usually with in four or five inches. Below this the soil has not been so often saturated with water, and has run together again. Wherever the subsoil is soggy and turns up, wet when plowed, that fact shows that it is unfit for a seed bed, and the shrewd plowman will raise his plow and turn his furrow above It This Is not always an easy matter. The tendency of the plow in early spring is to go deep into the moist soil that has been loosened by frc#t and -. V-. jr.,-1 yj^ •tf:.. water. Tet with almost every crop planted iu spring shallow plowing if better than deep, especially on un drained land. The roots of crops can penetrate to the subsoil better aftei they have a good start on the surface than they can start In it when it lias been brought up cold and damp to be made into a seed bed. If the lnnd is rich and has natural or artificial under drainage deep plow ing for some crops may bo allowed. 1'lit even here if the surface is naked it is beter to plow such laud twice, turning under in the first plowing what finely pulverized soil the freez ing of winter had prepared, and in the second plowing bringing tills up and mixing It through the entire depth of the furrow. This second plowing ought nearly always to be done with gardens. If manure has been spread over the surface, the second plowing is needed to mix it. through the soil. Tills repeated stirring of the soil early in spring opens It to the warmer sur face air and encourages the forma tion of the nitrates, the most stimu lating manures for all plant growth. 1 The plowing of sod ground in spring ought always to be shallow. Kveu a clover sod does not need to be plowed deeply. The roots of crops will fol I low the decaying clover roots into the subsoil. It does not need to be turned up. If the sod be grass, and especially of June grass, its plowing ought al I ways to lie done in tlit- fall, and then not very deeply. Only by turning up 1 the roots of .(line grass late in the fall for the frost to mellow the soil around then) they can l»e killed sufficiently to make a good seed bed. We have known even a field filled with quack roots to be prepared so as to grow corn by turning tl:e soil rath er deeply in the fall, so as to bring most, of the quack roots near the sur face. where tlie winter freezing and thawing will kill many of tlse:u. I lardy as the quack root is while deep in the ground, it cannot stand freez ing and thawing several times in the winter when brought to the surface. The quack roots In spring will be dried and will gather iu heaps when dragged and raked over. Not aJl of them will lie destroyed by this process, but enough will be put out of the way so that a good corn crop can be grown the following sum mer. No possible spring plowing can fit a quack or June grass sod for prof itable cropping the same year. I Whore the land has been naked dur ing the winter following a corn or I potato crop it is sometimes fitted for spring grain without any plowing. simply harrowing the surface soil two, three or four inches deep.—American Cultivator. Corn Cultivator* The cultivation of corn depends to a considerable extent on the kind of soil and its preparation as well as on the season. When the ground gets warm in early spring and is not wet nor too dry, plow to the depth of eight or ten Inches, if the soil is that deep, but not deeper than the soil, especially In clay land.' If the land Is rich, well drained and lias rot been trampled It will now break up loose and mel low, so one harrowing or dragging will be sufficient to put the ground in the proper condition for planting which sltould bj done immediately, before the sun or beating rains maki. the ground hard. Mark the field off both ways, three and a half feet apart. Plant I! grains of corn in each cross, I!y planting while the ground is fresh broken, waist and loose, the corn will come up in four or live days and grow rapidly and get an even start with the weeds, which must be kept down. As soon as the corn gets high enough to be seen in the row. cultivation must commence. Plow with a small shovel plow or cultivator deep and as close to the corn as possible both ways, which will loosen the ground all around each hill. The ground must, bo I kept loose and mellow, so the air and water can penetrate to the roots. In a dry season the moisture can come up front beliw, and In a w-t season the excess of water can sink below and not drown the corn. The third and fourth cultivation the same as the first and second, except not so close to the corn. The ground should be stirred thor oughly between the rows. The fifth and last plowing is to be done with a large plow so as to hill up the corn slightly. If the land is inclined to be wet, or if It Is a very wet season, the last plowing can bo done with a small turning plow to great advantage, hill ing up the corn well so the water will drain from the hill. Shallow cultiva tion will keep the weeds down and will do very well if the soil is deep, loose and mellow, and continue so.— Correspondence of the Indiana Farmer. Mlijadiflikff from llrief Experience. G. D. Martell, Wis., writes Orange .Tudd Farmer tliat he and a neighbor started last spring, with pure Brown Leghorn and Plymouth Ilock hens. G. 1). kept the fowls pure, while Ills neighbor's were allowed to mix. Both lots were given wheat and butcher scraps, and In addition the pure-bred fowls received all the burnt and finely chopped green bone they would eat. From the same number of pullets dur ing the autumn and early winter about one egg per dry was produced by the flock of thoroughbreds, while the other lot produced over dozen daily. A mongrel he owned, after hatch!"... chickens in July, begnn to lay in Au gust, while still taking care of her brood. She produced one egg every day until the end of November, when she stopped. Frcm the above, G. D. concludes thnt pure-bred fowls will not pay, and will try mongrels next season. He Is certainly partially wrong. It has been demonstrated over and ovoj again that keeping god blooded stock pays now while scrubs or mongrels cannot be depended upon. Odors of the Poultry Honae. Cleanliness !b the best mode of getting rid of the odor, but even with the greatest care in that respect, odors will often prevail. Tb» best remedy is to burn a spoonful of sulphur in the poultry house once a week, first clos ing it. The use of a tablespoonful of carbolic acid in a gallon of water, freely sprinkled in the poultry house once a week, will be found very ef fflctfve in disinfecting It. TRAINING A CYCLIST. TIMELY ATJVICR HIOM LKADIKU AIJTJtOHITlliS. Johnnon'n Mode of Preparation for the Knee Trneli—T(tu» uimI Kelt tilve Pointer* to nerrlnncrft 011 How to Develop Speed un«l Win lliicen. Training for cycle races, like pre paring for oilier competitions, involve skill and endurance. It requires hard work and tlie sacrifice of many pleas ures. A man to bo a successful rider must attend strictly to business or he can never hope to become a cham pion. There are many ways of prepar ing one's self for a season's campaign on the cycle track. The one which I learned from experience gives the best satisfactory results consists of a thorough cleansing of the system be fore training, and then a close appli cation to tlie schedule of work laid out each day by your trainer. When the time to condition myself for the opening of the racing season arrives 1 give myself a good physic and go to the Hot Springs for a "boiling out." This treatment results iu purifying my blood and puts me in good condition for the strains on my system tliat fol low. After a short stay at Hot Springs I journey to Savannah. Ga., where there is a fine cement track. My first work iu the direction of a complete course of training consists of a few spins oil the road, followed by a good rub down. The latter is the most essential thing in training for it takes ail the stiffness out of the mus cles. A trainer who can 1 ub a man well is worth his weight in gold. A bit of advice to beginners is always wear a sweater. It absorbs the per spiration and keeps the body wirm. A slight cold is apt to put a man back in his woik for several weeks, lie careful of draughts and always clothe yourself well after a hard practice spin. Kl rut Track Work. But to return to my plan of train ing. After a few road sides 1 go on the track and in a mild way make a circuit of it several times. Then I arrange a schedule for preliminary work, which consists of riding live miles in the morning and a like num ber in the afternoon at a four minute gait. This I continue for a week. I generally take my exercise in the morning at nine o'clcck and in the af ternoon at three, thus giving my food plenty of time to digest. Tile second week I do ten miles iu the Lioruing John S. Johnnou. at four minute clip and five miles in the afternoon at a three minute gait. The week following I do a quarter mile In thirty-five to forty seconds, say four times 11 week. After that 1 cut down the long work, doing live miles in the morning and in the after noon sprint 1200 yards four or live times a week and ride a fast quarter say in thirty-three seconds. Then 1 consider myself ready for the "fast re peat." By that I mean 1 ride a mile against time in 'Jm. L'Ss.. and after half an hour's rest go 011 the track and ride a mile in l!ni. 27s. Three days lat er I repeat again, riding a mile in "111. 24s„ and ride another in 2m. 20s. The mile and repeat work I cot tinue twice a week until the season opens. My plan is 011 the same system that a trainer pursues when handling a fast trotter. In tlie meantime 1 sandwich In 220 yard sprints. Of Cood IlnbltM. I don't drink, smoke or chew, and I believe that my success as a rider has been due largely to my habits. A man In training should be extremely care ful of his diet. Good, healthy food Ofciy should be eaten. By that I mean oatmeal, roast beef, chops, chicken and vegetables. Pudding is all well enough as dessert, but pastry should be barred. A man who does not take care of his stomach is apt to become irritable, and such a condition causes loss of sleep and flesh, lie cannot, therefore, do himself justice in con tests of speed and endurance. No man should ride himself out In a race unless he Is iu perfect physical condi tion. Riders who fail to observe this rule generally cripple themselves for life. —John S. Johnson. "Fre«I" Tltu*' Rules. It is a well known fact that there is no one rule set by which men are able to train. But there are a number of facts known which every man must stick to in order that he may he suc cessful as an athlete or a biclclist, and so It is only by these general rules that we must find the way to success. A few of these are as fol lows: In the spring, at the time one starts to train, it is necessary to take a good physic by doing so one cleanses the stomach and blood. Good blood makes good, strong muscle and bone —if healthy. Increases the size of both. One should be very careful not to overdo the thing when beginning the season. It is the lmrd work which so many ambitions riders are constantly doing, thinking, while they are doing it, that it is proper, that injures them. Instead, start in easy, with light ex ercise. Keep gradually increasing the length of your daily ride. I would •'iXCeet the *o».-j«Ing course: Daring the first week let three or four miles suffice, in the morning, at a 5:30 gait, gradually increasing this until the mile is traveled in 2:50. Finally, find your sprint, "let out" at the end of your ride for J00 or "20 yards. Fol low this plan for a couple of weeks then the rider will be in condition to do harder work. I)o your work about two hours after eating, 10 o'clock a. 111. and 4 o'clock p. in. It is prudent to work into your sprint slowly, in or der that you train no ligaments, as a strained muscle or cord is bound to lay a man up for a time, and one can- Fred Titan. not afford to lose any time when train ing. Good Itulililng: WcoMnry. Ho not ride too often after eat ins. as the stomach has its work to do 1:1 digesting the meal. If the blood is used by the muscle brought in use digestion suffers and the stomach is weakened. Great strength does not always imply good health. A man overtrained can show hard and well developed muscles, yet not of good quality. The great secret, in my mind, to be a groat rider is to have plenty of rubbing with liniment, and with the correct massage treatment the etiffness and soreness will leave as though by magic. 1 have seen a rider come in after a hard race played out, his energy gone, and groaning with pain. 1 have seen his trainer take hold of his man and in ten minutes start him ont for another nice to win or die. It is very hard for the begin ner to think of all these little tilings he should not have to think—a trainer does all that for him. The position a rider strikes on his machine is another very important point if he wishes to be a success. So many ride too low a reach, or else too long, or too far forward, or too far backward. There is a happy medium, viz: Turn the cranks of the machine so that they are parallel with the top of your saddle. Then take a plttml) line and move your saddle forward so that the peak Is just about two and one-half to three inches forward of the pedal. The human body Is a true machine. A trainer who does not make a study of the man will posi tively prove a failure. A great many of these fellows who call themselves trainers iwy 110 attention to the upper body, which is a great mistake, for here is the center of all "human ma chinery"—the heart, lungs, etc. Alco hol is the barrier to an athleto's»suc cess: lie stops and falls to pieces if addicted to its use. It not only ruins the stomach but plays havoc with the muscles and nervous system and ren ders a man unlit for any mental test of nerve and ability. —Fred J. Titus. In a letter to the American Wheel men "Torn" Eck, the trainer, gives the following advice to cycle riders: A numlter of books have been written 011 how to train, and by some of the best racing and cycling authorities iu the world, and you will find good sug gestions in any of the works. Others will write books on the same subject, but it will take a large book to cover all the little tilings that turn up in a man's training and racing. It takes years of experience to catch on to all the tricks or tactics to be used in or der for your man to win in these times of close finishes and fast speed merchants. There are but two or three trainers in this country who know most all these things. The man who contemplates racing this season should begin aliout April 1 to prepare himself, by taking several doses of physic every other day, and during that time eat plenty of light food, such as oatmeal, rice pudding, bread and milk, soft boiled eggs and food of that nature. After that, with a rest of four days, begin light work on your wheel, say a spin of three to five miles twice a day. 1 do not believe In long work at the start. After a week of this kind of work you can go two T. B. Eck. hundred yards at a good sprint, about once a day, and take spins of from three to five miles at a good fast clip, as you must now begin to work for your wind, and good sweats are essen tial. After two weeks of such work .a rider can begin to repeat in his work. That is to say, he can go out and ride a quarter of a mile at top speed, then come in, take a good rub down, and. after a rest of twenty minutes or half an hour, go and ride it over again at your best speed. Note the time in each trial, and, in fact, in all your trials. Then you can see bow you ar~ },- ••& Hon* to ft 11 li lioun, Never loaf around on the track just after your work, but always come in while the perspiration is out on your body. Cover yourself well for a few minutes, then take a rub down, one part of the body at a time, keeping the other parts covered. See that there are no draughts in your train ing quarters, and thus prevent your self from catching cold. One of the principal features in your training is to sweat. When you do not sweat you are not in good condition. This is a sure sign. Racing men should eat plenty of vegetables and soft food, and not all beefsteak and 'mutton chops. I believe in steaks and chops or meat of any description except pork. Any kind of fruit a man likes is good—in fact, it is grass to a man. Another thing a rider should look to is his sleep. Take two men of equal speed, and the one who will go to led early and rest well through the ni-lit will win the race. Sleep is verv essen tia] to a man's best speed. Bet wren and !:.'',o clock p. in. is the best time to go to bed. ami 7 o'clock a. rn. the proper time to rie. (Piod rub downs wirh the hands should he taken on arising every morning and before retiring every evening. Hand rubieng beats any kind of towel or instrument that can be used. Walking around i-* tiresome and makes the muscles vl5!T and sore. If a rider would only re main indoors, as a horse is kept in his stall when receiving preparation for a race, he would be able to do much faster work anil repeal his races oft ener. Itunning is not bone:V:al to a cyclist: therefore, run as little as pos sible. In fact, do all your work on the wheel. An occasional spin 011 the read would not do a man any harm provid ing tie does not "scorch" on the trip. Don't drink soda water on these trios. Take a glass of milk: it will do v.»u more good. A man can drink what he desires during training and the racing season, except on the day he races.— New \ork Herald. —Thomas Eck. "AUI-: WAS A TKA It) OK WATER." An Old riayninte Tell* Hon- lie Saved the Ufe of Youue Lincoln. Not a few persons now living can re cite incidents and recall fresh to their memories the many noble qualities and commendable traits of character exhib ited by Lincoln as they knew him as a man, statesman and a president, but there remains but one who knew him as a boy. a playmate and "a youth to fortune and to fame unknown." That person is Uncle Austin Gollahrr. who lives about five miles northeast of Hodgenville. Ky„ among a chain of Muldraugh's Hills. Mr. Gollaher is a hale and sprightly man. despite his ad vanced years. As a boy. Mr. Gollaher says Lincoln was overgrown, awkward and homely, but was studious, generous and posses sed a keen sense of humor. In his classes at the country school he gener ally ranked first, and was especially good in mathematics. His parents were poor, almost illiterate, and young Lin coln often was compelled to study his lessons at night by the firelight. He had high aspirations, though, :nd seem ed not to be discouraged by the difficul ties in the way. When his paivtrs moved from the country. Mr. Gollaher savs. Abe knew more than does the av erage boy in this enlightened age. Asked his opinion as to what were the greatest factors that contributed to Lincoln's success in after life. Mr. Gol laher said: "I suppose they were the traits he possessed in his youth, name ly. honesty, strict adherence to busi ness. his ability to read human nature and an innate desire to elevate and benefit his fellow men were the chief factors to his success." "Tes," added Mr. Gollaher. "I once saved Lincoln from a watery grave. Abe was afraid of water in his young days and could not be induced to learn to swim. One day when Knob creek was swollen we wished to cross to the other side. We started to cross on a foot log. I in front. I made it all right, but Abe became dizzy when about half way across, lost his balance and fell Into the stream. I seized a rail, threw it to him, and by aid of it he reached the shore."—Cincinnati Enquirer. THEY CHEKI1HU WK1.1,I.\(J1 OX. He Whipped the French, nul Old It Like a Gentlcnauu. While Wellington was still a mar quis he went to Paris from Toulouse, where he had fought and won the last battle of the Peninsular War. He went to the opera the same evening, and though he wore plain clothes and sat in the back of the box he was almost immediately rec ognized by some one iu the pit, who cried out, "Yellington!" The name was taken up by others, and at last the entire pit rose, turn ed to the box and called, "Vive Yel lington!" Nor would the people be satisfied until he had stood up and bowed to them, when he was cheered and ap plauded again. At the end of the performance the passage from the box was found to be crowded with people. The ladies of the party drew back nervously, but the duke said, "Come along," In his brusque way, and conducted them on. While they were still in the corridor a man in the crowd was beard to say to hit companions: "But why are you applauding so much? He has always beaten us." This was very true, and the ques tion seemed a natural one but the answer was charming: "Yes, but he has always beaten us like a gentleman."—Harrison's Month ly. v~ &ps*r-* !XT "wM" Improving, and if you are taking the right kind of works. As long as you improve keep up the same work. If you don't improve lie off for a day or two and change to longer and slower work for a week, and no speeding at all. Then do some more repeating. Never repeat over twice a week after you get so that you can go a full half or mile at top speed. You must do the quarter mile repeats for a week, then the ialf miles the next week, but make them in the afternoon, and In the morning do stiff work for three to live miles. 1U.X OX THE SOCIALISTIC PI.AH. A Plnnll Colony Founded unit I' toh— in rliin In the Still•* of WiikIiIuk- I on. Fifteen miles south of I»ike Park, on Spauawav l.ake. is a en-operative colony which is "anarchistic in its es sence," but wise enough as yet to 1I0 nothing which will bring upon it ttie wrath of the law, says the Tacouni News. It is called the Glctiuis Go-op erative Industrial I'ouipany. illennis being the name of the town lx fe-. the Bellamy idea struck it. A. Kl" niencic, a tailor at I.VI'J l'.aiiroa.J street, represents the colony in this city. Mr. Klemencic is a Slavonian. He says most of the colony are Ameri cans. Mr. Klemencic nave some of the particulars of the organization. The company, he says, was organizeii under the laws of the State of Wash ington. May lat. He evaded tii^ question of what the name of the president is. bin said that 1 diver Ver ity. who ran on ttie popidist ticker for member of lhe legislature iast fall and was defeated. i« the secre tary of the company, and a Mr. r.rie ger. whose lirst name lie did not know was its treasurer Mr. Klenicnci. says he is not an officer. The colony has :!2 acres of land free of incumbrani e. It is good farm ing land, and about twenty-live a of it are cleared and under cultiva tion. The colony has seven buildings, is free from dent .-•nil prosperous. At present there arc twenty-nine members, iuciuditig several women who are wi\es of the mouthers. Mr. Klcmencio says lie is a citizen of this country and that iieaily every other member of the colony is also. they expect to get out of it and the.v want is a good living. The pro tits will go into improvment^ ia tb~ clony. Vegetables are alre.-dv sobl iu tile market. They have c! ,y on tie land suitable for the making of pot tery. and as soon ns the ne.-es-.ary apparatus can be put in piitety will be made. A horse-shoeing shop and a blacksmith shop are in operation. Mr. Klemencic says the members -1 all happy and well-to-do. lie suid they thought it was a great deal bet ter to work and p,-educe something than stand around on the outside of a grocery store in town and look i:m gr.v. In the near future itiey expect to publish a newspaper. A stagir runs from Lake Park to the colony tnree times a week. A sentence from -4 All M! mi in kissia. ItA Abolition HefVrw to tlit» I of the Plote, and Not tli«* Knout. The St. Petersburg dispatch to tlirt effect that an imperial edict had been heen issued abolishing the Hogging criminals apparently refers to the use of the plet or pletl, and not to tin? knot, as was at first supposed, l'unisii nient with the knout, or more cor rectly the kmit. was abolished by Km peror Nicholas I. more than forty years ago. The lash of the knout was composed of broad leather thongs, prepared to a metallic hardness, ami often intertwined with wire. Phi 10 blows whs considered equivalent to death. When the knout was done away with, the plet. a simple lash, was substitut ed for it. This was considered :t much milder form of punishment, but the prison officials found ways of in creasing its efficacy and George Ken nan. in his recent book 011 SiberiH, says that he was informed by llus sian officers, that death might I»t caused by a hundred blows of the plet. Flogging has always been a favor ite mode of Ilussian exptession of dissatisfaction. An invariable wed ding gift from the friends of the bride to the groom is a rawhide, and on« of the first duties of the newly wed Russian peasant if lie wishes to re tain his self-respect is to beat hiss wife. The story is told of a German resident of Kussia whomarried a na tive wife. All went joyously for three weeks. One day the husband foiimi his wife in tears. "You do not love me." was the best Information he could get. In vain In protested and caressed her. Day after day came the same wee[ ing. protesting condition. At last the wife in a burst of despair made the full charge: "Y011 do not love me. else you would beat me as other men beat their wives." The woman's doubts were set at rest and by judicious clubbings the German was enabled to live happily and unrecriniinatingly ever after ward. TOO VIGOHODS ACTIXU. An Ambitious Yonnir Hlaitorljtn Kickn Over tfce Set AVuvea. A young man Joined the "Ole Olson"" Company to run props, but at the same time had within his soul a yearn ing to "act out." The first opportuni ty presented itself one day the gentltv man playing the doctor was saddenly called away. The emergency afTordeil the ambi tious "props" a chance to try the part the next evening. He studied all night and early next morning when the company assenflile'i on the stage to rehearse he emerged from the dressing room in complete costume for the part, even to th» grease paints, wig, false beard and spectacles. He got through the lines at rehear sal. and fasted all day that his mindl might be clear at night. Early that evening he hied himself to the dressing room and again array ed himself for the part. Ills scene was an exterior, at th* back of which were set waters and a bridge. He. was supposed to go on the bridgn and rescue from the river old Mrs. O'FIanuigan. His acting, however, .was over-vigor ous. He overthrew the set waters. say» the Chicago Mail, revealing to the au dience Mrs. O'Plnnnigan lying oa 1 nwf.trces behind them.