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't. el te id e- %,V« St. 'ir'/: ^5 Vn advantage' to liave a heafcmy stove that will I urn wo 1, 'tall and spring PIERRE when winter sets in for keeps The genuine OAK "ROUND made by Beck- with, Dowagiac, "bums any kind of fuel with economy and cleanli and will last a life time. We g'uaran- tee it to please and it cost more than other stoves day vou have drop in. Corner Drug Store Best Selected Stock Of Dra^s, Paints, Oils and Brushes, etc., in) Pierre, Your Patronage is Solicited. M. J. SCHUBERT IF YOU WANT to purchase a Birthday present get a hand some piece of CHIN AWARE at Loekhart's. He also has the Best Line of the citj Groceries to make nice things from Who has a Buggy or Vehicle of any Kind, get your tires reset on one ol jj§§ [Henderson's Tire Selling Machines. It Sets Them Cold. No more guess work, but tires are reset accurately and uiokly, without any chance ol?giving t»o much dish tVr the wheels, or in any by injuring it. Having one of these Tire Setters in practical operation, the atrouage of the public is solicited, All work thoroughly warranted. co •4,u H||Ifte, mm plants Wonderful Variety of Grasses, Native and Foreign, in South Dakota. •. (From T1i l'iejft&iiust.ldrr l'rof. J. II. Shepherd^ director ol' the United states exjieriuiental station, tit IJrooUings, S. D., states a! during the winter's connect ion with the station it has been his privilege to make a most thorough investigation of the native and introduced forage plants of the state. Upwards of two hundred and fifty varieties of forage plants: have lie*!, investigated and the results given in bulletins which have bepn issued roui the station at various times. One thing which has impressed me most is the wonderful variety of forage plants at the command of the agriculturist. There are upwards of 100 varieties of grasses native to the state, while nearly an equal number have been introduced and found to be hardy here. In pre paring an article for the perusal of the I public it would seem best to consider the subject under two divisions- First 5rasses Native 10 the State, and second, -ose which have, been introduced. First—The entire area ol' South Da jkota east of the .Missouri river was formerly one vast meadow. In this natural meadow were growing a seldom equaled variety of grasses. Here'was the natural grazing ground lor buffalo, deer, and elk. With the, advent of the white man this great meadow soon be came dotted with homes, the prairie t.od was broken, and to a certain extent the character of the vegetation has changed. There are, however, millions of acres which have not yet been dis turbed by the plow. These still fur nish vast quantities of hay and pastur age even in the eastern and southern parts where the country is more thickly settled. Nearly every farmer has some unbroken prairie sod devoted to forage purposes. An inspection of the native prairie grasses reveals the presence of a huge number of very valuable forage plants. Among these are the different blue stems, of which""~u*6 less PIERRE. SOUTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1905. tharP'l'nree-. varieties occur. They make good «hav and readily eaten by stock. Next co.::e the panic grasses, which are common throughout the eastern part of the state and are especially rich in protein, giving as high as 10 per cent, in the cured hay. the most valuable of our native grasses growing on all kinds of soil and fur nishing a large amount of our native hay. The fox tails have been intro duced, and although partaking,of the nature of weedS to a certain extent, nevertheless furnish a vast amount of forage for sheep and stock on stubble lields aft^r harvest. These, when grown upon prairie soil, afford irom 10 to 15 per cent, protein in the cured hay. Along the edges of ponds and in the mghs we find the reed canary grass, grass, and the coarse but nutritions grass. These grasses furnish a la Ere amount of pasturage. On the higher upland grows the prairie grass, wire grass, sand grass, grama, grass, ana far-famed buffalo grass, i'he buffalo grass was once plentiful over the entire state, but owing to severe grazing and wild shy nature it is gradually retreat ing to the west, while its place is being taken by the blue joint and the hardier western' wheat grass. The western, wheat grass is one of the most valuable of forage platilg. Not only is it high in protein, but it is also a vigorous grower, nourishing under the most difficult con ditions When lields are plowed up ami abandoned it takes possession and soon covers them with a close, dense sod, furnishing valuable hay and pasturage. The fescues, although not so large as some of the preceding, nevertheless furnish a large amount of pasturage. Again the small but nutritious sedge.i grown between the larger varieties of grasses, thus covering the ground with a compact, velvety surface. These sedges, though small, furnish an ex ceedingly nutritious loragn. This survey oi Lhe native forage plants is by no means complete. There are many others which, with these men tioned, form the well-known dense prair.ie sod. One peculiar fact, is tin uniformly high percentage of protein found in South Dakota grasses, which renders them extremely valuable to the stock grower. Another unique feature is that tn our dry and vigorous climate these grasses cure standing iu the iieiu, thus furnishing hay during the winter months as well as a large amount of mo«.t valuable pasturage. 4'J,184,000 acres are land surface. The state riinks twelfth in size in. the union. tins huger by one-fourth that! the com bined area of the New Kngiand state The population is not more than In short, the South Dakota of today, with its thriving farms, its well built cities, towns, and villages, its banks, schools and educational institutions is the ideal spot for a home for those who wish to thrive and make money, in a climate that is nearly perfect and where sickness is hardly known. It has been truly, said that South Dakota is a poor place for doctors and landlords for illness is a rarity, and every land owner owns so much land that he can afford to laugh at landlords, for he is lord of his own manor. Farming pays. The farming in South Dakota, so those tell us who live there, pay better than in any other state in the union. That is a broad statement, but these men who say so are farmers from New En gland, lrem New York and other states, who have farmed it all their lives, and who have made more money, they say, with the same effort in South Dakota in live years than they could have made in three times live years in any other state." Next year Pierre will have an exten sive amount of grading and build ing, and the first real movement toward city building will begin. Pierre must .ii»ctgfi£6, her population several times even if no attempt is made to bring in manufactories. There is bound to be great improvement, however, and more real changes will take place in the ap pearance of the town the coming year than for twenty-live years bel\jte. It is not at all improbable that Pierre will Switch grass also is one of have at least 5,000 people nexty year. It is Out a few days since railway ex tension jwas announced. Already peo ple are coming to get in on the ground floor for the boom. We do not look for any stampede and in fact would rather see a steady growth, but with 11,000,000 acres of land open to development west of us along the new line of road, and much of it to be homesteaded there is bownd to be a rush. Men who have lived in Pierre almost from boyhood are now looking for homesteads. The land that three years ago was the un disturbed range of the cattle king is today the object of homeseekers. The country that congress was asked to make a 640-acre homestead land will now be settled by men who will prove up on. 1(50 acres. Where, but a short time ago the bones of a dead critter marked a spot on the prairie an artesian well will soon gush forth. Instead of vague stories and undefined rumors this vast land, larger than all New Eng land combined, will become the field of individual exploitation. The time has come when a new city in the gal axy of commercial centers is going to spring up, and Pierre is that city. Ma ture has endowed us with fine water anda good climate. ..The mighty Mis souti will sweep away the unhealthy sewerage of the city, and from holes bored in the ground come an endless supply ,ot natural gas. Light, heat and power is solved. Only the energy of man now remains to be spent to .trans form Piene into on# of the great trade center* .ol the northwest. Pierre will be a good place for young men to start in with their commercial life.—Capital- Joiutitil. paper in a recent issue A New York has this say of our great common wealth: '•South Dakota:is rectangular in shape and has an area of 77,650 square miles ot which 76,850 miles or •ESJS# To Locate During the next? couple of are Pierre will, no doubt, witness many large nianufacturing plants of the east locate, distributing depots in Pierre. Already one of the greatest implement houses on earth has commenced uego tiations with one of our local firms to handle their transfer business. T! is business alone will mean many large Uiildings to be erected It will .furnish nploymtjnt to labor, and will add to the taxable property Qf the city. Deal ers in the surrounding territory wilj com® her*J° trade i,,eteatl ass haif a million. For seven consecutive years this state has led all others in produc-1 tioti wealth per. capita, the state re ports' for HKW being $ 143.1*50,or est.inisVfc-d at 500,001) population, S2W7.91 for ertch man, woman and child. Men •f thecast who have traveled west and locivt^j, in South Dakota, popularly knowu as the "Coyote state," either on land or purchased outright or upon some'of the Kid-acre farms granted as homesteads by the government, say that'they have never repented the bar gain. It has always proved a bargain to he live man, whether he be a farmer, a business or professional man. Those wild visit this mid-western state for pleasure go back to it for profit, to till its fertile soil, to raise livestock or to establish a business that is as sure to grow as the sun is to rise daily to the meridian, for its prosperous population are money makers and money spenders. iliSiMiSJipia $IV & ^W.\ *. JUST HEAR IT 1ALK! The Edison Phonograph sixes and styles an* on sale at iund\s Tailor Shop. You can save monev by buying one of those wonderful machines in Pierre in stead of sending awav for it. A large supply-of records always on hand. Call and hear il,.- Villi* til Ikruminoiidi WU.c PHOKE 20. °'f St. Paul, Sioux City, or elsewhere ti close contracts. All this will heij. l'ierrc, and this -is only one of th« line ot benefits that the city will reap by rail road extension.—Capital-Journal. My Stock Is Always iver UOUOR STOBE AND SAMPLE ROOM R. B. MATHIESON, PROP. First door west oi First National Buna, Dakota Ave. rr»de Solicited A full line of popular brands of Whiskies, Brandies and Fine Wines' esSS1. Rust-Owen Lumber Co, Lumber Peoples Meat mm Cattle. Hu tellers the Finest, Hogs that it is possible Highest T&& NEf\T LEf\ B. D. NO. 28. Hard and Soft Coal Market Sheep and ill) obtain Cash Price Paid For* Hides. y. C. JAYNES IHZS& ICKEYJ Dealer* In1.. WOi^KS pVj|ls CelebratedjLine of Crackers. one Fast TJirough Trains Daily tne only double-track railway between Chicago and the Missouri River, Excellent train service and fast train schedules from all points in Iowa, Minnesota and the Dakotas. Two trains a day to San Frandsco,Mos iagdes, Portland Through service of Pullman compartment, drawing-room an4 tourists sleeping cars, dining cars, library and observation cars, buffet smoking cars and free reclining chair cars. DaiJf and Personalty Conducted Excursions on Far tickets and Information apply to agents of The North-Western Line or alrfresj B. 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