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a it 'v$S $T 4 '&'•• I 1 "i:- J"".*, T~ v. Vs xxra. VOL. THE A Max J. Kehr Tl? jBr a "i 1 HUtorieftl tr Capital arid Surplus, $60,000.00 The Pierre National Bank PIERRE, Special Sale In order to make room for our spring stock of goods which is now arriving, we will daily place a large number of articles on our bargain counter, and these goods will be sold at ONE-Hf\LF of the regular price. There are Lamps, Clocks, Cooking Utensils, Stationery, Baskets, Toys, Trays, Pails, Jewelry, etc., etc. Come immediately in order to take advantage of the bargains before they are gone. Prices Cut One-Half! Cash only! Do not ask for time on this sale Hatch & Fisher. i. ~VT* SOUTH DAKOTA P. F. jncCLCJISE, President. LOUIS KEtllt, Vice President. K. mcKNIGHT, Asst. Canliier. PALACE STABLES $4 AND TRANSFER LINE Elegant Closed Carriages, lighted and heated, at your service at all times for parties, mak-inir. calls, or pleasure driving. Orders taken day or night. We meet all trains. Trunks and baggage transferred anywhere in the city, or delivered at the depot and checked to their destination. Rates on Application• We buy and sell horses. Telephone 0-4-A lUtastourl Avenue and Fori Street. When you buy Footwear you will find it much to your advantage to purchase at Pierre lOeeklv Pierre, S. D. STOCK E E S I E S O E S O E where the purchaser never fails to find THE LARGEST STOCK of BOOTS, SHOES, RUBBERS, OVFR SHOES, and, in fact, anything in that line .Mrs. IVIina Bi 1 jwulcig PIERRE, ml SOUTH DAKOTA, PIERRE, THE FUTURE GREAT The Coming Great City of the Upper J, Missouri Valley. Never before has the future greatness of a young city been so apparent aud assured. All states develop one or more large cities. South Dakota must have her trade centers and Pierre is and will be the greatest of them. This place has a peculiarly stragetic location, being on a large navigable ri7er at an important bend, close to a rich mineral and timber district but with a magnificient agricultural country surrounding. Abundant coal fields are located from 50 to 100 miles to the northwest of Pierre an 1 a bountiful supply of natural gas is underneath the city. Strong in dications of petroleum oil are found in the hills surrounding Pierre. This place holds the key for the large city of this reigon and has more and greater combined resources to make her a greattity than any other of the large western cities. All she lacks is a few more railroads to make her a great rail way center. Being the permanent Cap ita' of the state, will prove a strong ad ditional drawing factor in securing the new railroads. Nine different great systems are already operating within this state and most of them will ultim ately have either a main line or a branch into Pierre. Located as she is in the center of a magnificent farming, dairying and stock raising district, with abundant mineral, coal, natural gas and petroleum close at haDd, and already the capital of a growing young state, how can this place help but make a larg city? And yet, her greatest advantage is likely in the fact that there is no other large commercial city closer than 300 miles, thus giving her^an extensive exclusive territory. Her next greatest advant age is that we have the class of men already established here, who are the kind that build new cities. Wewelcome all ambitious new comers to help us build here the great city of this decade. —Pierre Hustler. Truth Is Stranger Than Fiction. "This winter puts me in miud of the blue snow-in Wisconsin," said a pioneer to the Free Pressman the other day. "The snow came suddenly, just as it did la.st November. It fell gently and softly, caking the blue out of the sky with it until the whole earth was cover ed with blue snow. I was working in a logging camp then. It was a large camp, so big that a pancake griddle was half a mile long. We used to tie aside of bacon to each of the cookee's feet and let him skate back and forth to grease the griddle. The batter was mixed in a mortar mixer and sent us frozen and baled. That was a great winter. The face of nature froze and pealed off. The finger of time was numbed with cold that it couldn't point with pride. It froze toe nails off the foot ot the hill, paralyzed the arms of Morpheus. Timber split with frost that winter. A teamster was sitting on a log drawing it to the river when it ex ploded with the cold, catching a part of the sheepskin clothes as the crack of the log closed up again. The log was fortunately hollow and he had noticed it that the pitch hardened as it ran down the center of the tree, so he lit a match and tied it.to his whip cracker setting the pitch on fire. The move ment of the team gave it a good draft aud the poor man thawed hiimself loose before he got to the landing place. How fortuuate that it was a hollow log." Rhode Island's governor suggests that George Washington has been surpassed both as a soldier and statesman. That depends on the point of view as to what constitutes genius. If anybody ever successfully Dossed the job of starting a bigger thing than the Un'ted States, his name ought to be furnished, so that discussion may proceed. Rapid City Journal. The Land Movementsr•• Farm lands in central South Dakota are advancing in value and good lands are now bringing ©15.00 or $16.00 per acre lauds that five years ago could have been bought at from $5.00 to $10.00 per acre. These lands are just as productive and as good soil as the lauds in Iowa and Illinois now selling for $100.00 or more per acre and all the land in cen tral South Dakota is soon going to $40.00 or $50.00 per acre in value and the best pieces and those located nearest to. good^railroad towns are going to $75.00 or $80.00 per acre. The population is increasing rapidly, •j more than. 2,000,000 a year now for the United ^States, but the supply of land grows less and less each year as the pop ulatioi. grows greater and the only out come of this can be the increasing in lues of ail lands. Ah4- THURSDAY, MARCH 7, LIEN'S LIFE BURNED OUT A. H. Lien a Victim of Kerosene Explosion—Duelling Burned., The farm dwelling of Andrew Lien, located near Harold, was destroyed by fire Saturday night, and Mr. Lien per ished in', ilamesi which later destroyed the family home. Our informant says that Mrs. Lien had retired, and Mr. Lien attempted to start a 'slow lire by pouring kerosenei oilS into the stove from an oil can, when the gas exploded, throwing the burning oil over his body. Mrs. Lien by the use of blankets tried to extinguish the fiames, but her efforts were of no avail. Mr. Lien started to leave the house but Cell upon the thresh hold, from which Mrs. Lien dragged hiniiSeveral feet, when she discovered that he had just expired. Looking about she beheld the interior of the home enveloped in (lames. Thinly clothed and suering from" personal in juries, she rode a horse to the home of a neighbor three miles distant, where assistance was obtained. & The New Bridge. Work has been progressing all winter on the big railway bridge [and the found ation is now about completed, and the first span of the steelwork is now up aud looks big. The steel work is forty feet high, above the foundation piers, and there will be eight of these great spans, so that tnis will be in reality one of the largest railway bridges in the country. The charter for this bridge'is a separate and distinct charter and places the bridge under the control of the Secretary of the Interior of the United States and makes the bridge a public or union bridge, so that any rail road that wishes can use the bridge by paying interest on their share of the in vestment annually. This is going to be a great factor in establishing this point as a railway center of importance. Teachers' Examination. The regular examination for teach ers will be held Thursday and Friday, March 21 and 22, at the County Super intendent's oliice in Pierre, beginning at 8 o'clock. Candidates for State and First grade certificates will be allowed to continue their writing on the 23rd, if necessary. New ItusilueKK Block built fcy (!hn» L. Hyde, 1006. Grund Opera HOUNP Capacity, 1,200. Oepartm enl Store, 14 loot IVont. Ofilco Build ing, 80]Koomri. Total street Iron ln.ee SOI) luet. All ol'Omaha Pros* Brick. Yours truly, IDA P. HATCH. Aiding Settlers. The Government during the past year has furnished $75,000, worth of timber to settlers and ranchers in or near the reserves, without charge. One of the regulations of the Forest Service provid es that legitimate applicants may se cure what timber they need by what is conveniently called the "free use" privi lege. Fifteen thousand permittees in this way obtained timber to supply their wants. From these figures it may readily be seen that the settlers are securing very material assistance without cost from the forest reserves. At the same time, the free-use business has been so hand led that the material taken out has irn proved the condition of the forest. Dead timber which would otherwise have rotted or helped to spread fires has been removed first of all.. Where it was necessary for the settlers to have green wood the rangers, so tar as possi ble, marked trees which were suppress ed, diseased, or from some other cause no longer in a condition tor further growth, In this way the ranchers se and left stocked with the thriftiest trees, whose chance to develop will be unrnndered. cured material which they desire, at the same time the forest was The free use privilege has been grant freely to ranchers who are building up nomes, and enough timber will here served to supply their wantsjeven it this will considerably reduce the amount oi timber that can be sold. aS£ Mr.'Lawrence Evart. This talented young actor made a splendid impression on an immense audience at ..the Ilyde'Cirand "opera house, Tuesday evening, in his new play, "We 'Are King." The play is the most interesting,* fascinating play that has come, before'the public for'a long time and Mr. Evart and his company are certainly well adapted to the pro duation. This young star is a great genius aud with his remarkably strong support, is more thaiH making good all claims they put forth in their advertise ment. The richness, elegance and ap propriuteness of the eostumejhave never before been equalled by any perform ance given in Pierre. 'The l-'ree Press is not given to recommending theatrical companies generally, but we are pleased to recommend this company to every one with our l'uilest assurance that they will not in any way be disappointed. The newspaper is a law book forjthe indolent, a sermon for the thoughtless, a library for the poor^ It may stimu late the most indifferent, but it cannot be published without cost. Heulistie Mnfilo. Once, during his second term, Grover Cleveland was asked to speak at a function in a certain town, and when he arrived at the depot the 'wind was blowing a gale, sleet was driving and hailstones nearly as large as marbles were fiercely falling. Of course the inevitable brass band was there, and at the sight of the president the per formers struck up with all the stren uosity at their command. "That Is the most realistic music 1 ever heard," re marked Cleveland. "What are they trying to play?" asked Secretary* oi- ney, who accompanied him. "'Hail to the Chief!' replied president, with a cheerful smile. Ore and Foci. Pennsylvania, which makes more than half the iron used in the United States, produces less than 2 per cent of the iron dre mined. Ohio, which corn ess next to Pennsylvania us an iron maker, mines less than 1 per cent of the total. In both cases the ore is bhmght to the fuel, and this Is the policy in this country. Only in Ala bama are the ore and fuel found to gether.—Scientific American. THE DIFFICULT TASK. Combing llie Particular Mmi'n Hale llollierH tlie Bnrlier. "Do you know, one of the most diffi cult tilings in this business," said,the barber as lie ran the comb through the hairbrush, "is in the matter of combing a customer's hair? It is a rather singu lar fact that you will find few barbers who have succeeded in solving the problem of combing a customer's hair just as he wants it, no matter how long the man may have been a patron of his chair. Of course there are a few exceptions to this rule. There are a few men in the world who do not care whether their hair is combed at all. With this class of men tot course it doesn't make much difference how the barber combs the ha.'r. But at least ninety out of every hundred men who patronize barber shops are very partic ular about the way you comb their hair unless you have Inspired them with an extraordinary confidence. Un less, in fiict, they have a better opin ion of the barber's judgment than they have of their own the barber will miss the mark when he comes to put the finishing touches on the hair. The rea son for this Is not altogether a" matter of vanity. There are a great many men whose looks are completely^ altered by a charig^ in the way. th^ «hair is combed. Take the man, for in stance, wli is in «e habit of parting his hair on the side, and part it in the middle?, or#the man who is in the habit of combing his hair down and parting It cfti one side—suppose you roach or pompadour the hair—can you not see what changes would follow In the gen eral appearance of the man? This fact .has much to do with making the comb ing of a man'fc hair a matter of much difficulty, and do not exaggerate when I say it Is fine of the barber's hardest taska."—New Orleans Tlmin Wm »t «-v lit ift'i STFRI 5(4 NO. 47. THE NEW CAPITOL Ample Provision Made for the New Capitol Building. The Legislature now in session at Pierre has passed a bill appropriating S6C0,000.00 for a new Capitol building. This bill passed both the Senate aud the House unaimously, without a dis senting vote and has already been sign-' ed by the Governor. The former legislature provided for plans and architectural work for the new building, also for the foundation and this work has already been provid ed. Bill provides for thfe finishing and furnishings. The building when com pleted aud furnished, will doubtless cost considerably more th&n a million dol lars and will be a splendid ornament to Pierre as well as for the entire state. Tlte location of this building is near the center of the Capitol Grounds, the present buiding having^been erected at one end of the grounds so that Improvements. Many new buildings are already be ing started in Pierre. This is going to be the biggest year yet in the growth of Pierre. The place is going ahead splendidly and altho real estate has not advanced greatly in value as yet, there is undoubtedly.a big upward movement now started and a great growth and in crease in values is certain for the next few years. Now is certain a most op portune time to secure real estate in Pierre. ROME VERSUS PARIS. When the Kternnl City Was tlie Art Center of the World. There was a time when Rome was the world's art center. No artist's edu cation was considered complete unless he spent some time in that city. There was always to be found there a coterie of strong men, many of them famous, In whose society the tyro might min gle and gain much by the companion ship. That day has gone-by, however, and a change has taken place. Taris has usurped tlie prerogative of the old city, and it is to her that tlie world now turns for new ideas of art. The Ital ian galleries i-emain, tlie masterpieces hang in their accustomed places, the sky is as blue, the air as soft and the outlook as lovely, but the glory of Ro man art life has departed. The hu manity that gave the art impetus, the interest to the student, has betaken it self from the Seven Hills to the peace ful Seine, where it flourishes in the wilder, more luxuriant growth, nurtur ed by the hothouse forcing of fin de siecle ideas, untrammelcd by conven-. tlon or tradition. For good or bad— 1 and the judgment must be left to the reader—the fact remains that today Parts is the hub about which the wheel of art revolves. Yet from °aris there go annually to the Italian capital a number of young men, winners of the annual competi tions for the prize of Rome, to spend four years in the most idyllic manner as "guests of the French republic at the Villa Medici, a beautiful palace own ed by the government and specially Ar ranged for their reception. These men .have not won their spurs without hard work, without great preliminary train ing and many struggles.—Arthur Hoe ber in Century. Loyal to His Friend*. John A. Sutter, on whose land gold was first discovered in California in 1848, was always loyal to his friends. "During the winter of 1852 Sacramento was a marsh, and drainage ditches had just been dug," says Thomas E. Far lsh's "Gold Hunters of California." "One evening Sutter and a friend had been indulging a little too frilly in the cup, and they were taking a stroll be fore retiring for the night, when the friend inadvertently fell into one of the newly dug canals. 'I cjannot pull you out,' said Sutter regretfully as he look ed down at his less lucky friend, 'but I can come down and Bit with you.* And he did." Good Men Named. a- Governor Crawford yesterday made the following appointments: C. Englesby re-appointed to the positioiy of adjutant general and the following to act on the Board ot Soldiers' Home: J. H. Geddes of Huron, J. F. Pratt of? Spearfish, A. £. Nelson of Pierre to fill the unexpired term of Thomas Ficch JVlilbank, who left by order of the gov ernor on March 5th] also John D. Pat ton of Rapid City to fill the unexpired,. term of T. C. DeJean of Plankinton who was also removed by reuueat of the governor on March .... «r 'Vi. i*5 Ji- 4 $L *-v it can be used while the permanent biiilding is being built. The Capitol Grounds in Pierre are a splendid piece of land in the heart of the cit •. No other state capitol has a finer and more suitable location for the capitol building, right in the business district of the city, and a nice high smooth piece of land. South Dakota is fulfilling her destiny. —Pierre#Rustler. r^t $ a J» c? \njj 4 jM rlSr «, r/f & ot»* -.•'km- AW f.