Max J. Kehr
Capital arid Surplus, $60,000.00
The Pierre National Bank
In order to make room for our spring stock of
goods which is now arriving, we will daily place
a large number of articles on our bargain
counter, and these goods will be sold at
of the regular price.
There are Lamps, Clocks, Cooking Utensils,
Stationery, Baskets, Toys, Trays, Pails,
Jewelry, etc., etc. Come immediately in
order to take advantage of the bargains before
they are gone.
Prices Cut One-Half!
Cash only! Do not ask for time on this sale
Hatch & Fisher.
P. F. jncCLCJISE, President. LOUIS KEtllt, Vice President.
K. mcKNIGHT, Asst. Canliier.
Elegant Closed Carriages, lighted and heated, at your
service at all times for parties, mak-inir. calls, or pleasure
driving. Orders taken day or night. We meet all trains.
Trunks and baggage transferred anywhere in the city, or
delivered at the depot and checked to their destination.
Rates on Application• We buy and sell horses.
lUtastourl Avenue and Fori Street.
When you buy Footwear you will find
it much to your advantage to purchase at
Pierre, S. D.
E E S I E S O E S O E
where the purchaser never fails to find
THE LARGEST STOCK
of BOOTS, SHOES, RUBBERS, OVFR
SHOES, and, in fact, anything in that line
.Mrs. IVIina Bi
PIERRE, THE FUTURE GREAT
The Coming Great City of the Upper
J, Missouri Valley.
Never before has the future greatness
of a young city been so apparent aud
assured. All states develop one or
more large cities. South Dakota must
have her trade centers and Pierre is and
will be the greatest of them.
This place has a peculiarly stragetic
location, being on a large navigable
ri7er at an important bend, close to a
rich mineral and timber district but
with a magnificient agricultural
Abundant coal fields are located from
50 to 100 miles to the northwest of
Pierre an 1 a bountiful supply of natural
gas is underneath the city. Strong in
dications of petroleum oil are found in
the hills surrounding Pierre.
This place holds the key for the large
city of this reigon and has more and
greater combined resources to make her
a greattity than any other of the large
western cities. All she lacks is a few
more railroads to make her a great rail
way center. Being the permanent Cap
ita' of the state, will prove a strong ad
ditional drawing factor in securing the
new railroads. Nine different great
systems are already operating within
this state and most of them will ultim
ately have either a main line or a
branch into Pierre.
Located as she is in the center of a
magnificent farming, dairying and
stock raising district, with abundant
mineral, coal, natural gas and petroleum
close at haDd, and already the capital
of a growing young state, how can this
place help but make a larg city? And
yet, her greatest advantage is likely in
the fact that there is no other large
commercial city closer than 300 miles,
thus giving her^an extensive exclusive
territory. Her next greatest advant
age is that we have the class of men
already established here, who are the
kind that build new cities. Wewelcome
all ambitious new comers to help us
build here the great city of this decade.
Truth Is Stranger Than Fiction.
"This winter puts me in miud of the
blue snow-in Wisconsin," said a pioneer
to the Free Pressman the other day.
"The snow came suddenly, just as it
did la.st November. It fell gently and
softly, caking the blue out of the sky
with it until the whole earth was cover
ed with blue snow. I was working in
a logging camp then. It was a large
camp, so big that a pancake griddle was
half a mile long. We used to tie aside
of bacon to each of the cookee's feet
and let him skate back and forth to
grease the griddle. The batter was
mixed in a mortar mixer and sent us
frozen and baled. That was a great
winter. The face of nature froze and
pealed off. The finger of time was
numbed with cold that it couldn't point
with pride. It froze toe nails off the
foot ot the hill, paralyzed the arms of
Morpheus. Timber split with frost that
winter. A teamster was sitting on a
log drawing it to the river when it ex
ploded with the cold, catching a part of
the sheepskin clothes as the crack of
the log closed up again. The log was
fortunately hollow and he had noticed
it that the pitch hardened as it ran
down the center of the tree, so he lit a
match and tied it.to his whip cracker
setting the pitch on fire. The move
ment of the team gave it a good draft
aud the poor man thawed hiimself loose
before he got to the landing place. How
fortuuate that it was a hollow log."
Rhode Island's governor suggests that
George Washington has been surpassed
both as a soldier and statesman. That
depends on the point of view as to what
constitutes genius. If anybody ever
successfully Dossed the job of starting
a bigger thing than the Un'ted States,
his name ought to be furnished, so that
discussion may proceed. Rapid City
The Land Movementsr••
Farm lands in central South Dakota
are advancing in value and good lands
are now bringing ©15.00 or $16.00 per
acre lauds that five years ago could
have been bought at from $5.00 to
$10.00 per acre.
These lands are just as productive
and as good soil as the lauds in Iowa
and Illinois now selling for $100.00 or
more per acre and all the land in cen
tral South Dakota is soon going to
$40.00 or $50.00 per acre in value and
the best pieces and those located nearest
to. good^railroad towns are going to
$75.00 or $80.00 per acre.
The population is increasing rapidly,
•j more than. 2,000,000 a year now for the
United ^States, but the supply of land
grows less and less each year as the pop
ulatioi. grows greater and the only out
come of this can be the increasing in
lues of ail lands.
THURSDAY, MARCH 7,
LIEN'S LIFE BURNED OUT
A. H. Lien a Victim of Kerosene
The farm dwelling of Andrew Lien,
located near Harold, was destroyed by
fire Saturday night, and Mr. Lien per
ished in', ilamesi which later destroyed
the family home. Our informant says
that Mrs. Lien had retired, and Mr.
Lien attempted to start a 'slow lire by
pouring kerosenei oilS into the stove
from an oil can, when the gas exploded,
throwing the burning oil over his body.
Mrs. Lien by the use of blankets tried
to extinguish the fiames, but her efforts
were of no avail. Mr. Lien started to
leave the house but Cell upon the thresh
hold, from which Mrs. Lien dragged
hiniiSeveral feet, when she discovered
that he had just expired. Looking
about she beheld the interior of the
home enveloped in (lames. Thinly
clothed and suering from" personal in
juries, she rode a horse to the home of
a neighbor three miles distant, where
assistance was obtained.
The New Bridge.
Work has been progressing all winter
on the big railway bridge
[and the found
ation is now about completed, and the
first span of the steelwork is now up
aud looks big. The steel work is forty
feet high, above the foundation piers,
and there will be eight of these great
spans, so that tnis will be in reality
one of the largest railway bridges in the
country. The charter for this bridge'is
a separate and distinct charter and
places the bridge under the control of
the Secretary of the Interior of the
United States and makes the bridge a
public or union bridge, so that any rail
road that wishes can use the bridge by
paying interest on their share of the in
vestment annually. This is going to be
a great factor in establishing this point
as a railway center of importance.
The regular examination for teach
ers will be held Thursday and Friday,
March 21 and 22, at the County Super
intendent's oliice in Pierre, beginning
at 8 o'clock.
Candidates for State and First grade
certificates will be allowed to continue
their writing on the 23rd, if necessary.
New ItusilueKK Block built fcy (!hn» L. Hyde, 1006. Grund Opera
HOUNP Capacity, 1,200. Oepartm enl Store, 14 loot IVont. Ofilco Build
ing, 80]Koomri. Total street Iron ln.ee SOI) luet. All ol'Omaha Pros* Brick.
IDA P. HATCH.
The Government during the past year
has furnished $75,000, worth of timber
to settlers and ranchers in or near the
reserves, without charge. One of the
regulations of the Forest Service provid
es that legitimate applicants may se
cure what timber they need by what is
conveniently called the "free use" privi
lege. Fifteen thousand permittees in
this way obtained timber to supply
From these figures it may readily be
seen that the settlers are securing very
material assistance without cost from
the forest reserves. At the same time,
the free-use business has been so hand
led that the material taken out has irn
proved the condition of the forest.
Dead timber which would otherwise
have rotted or helped to spread fires
has been removed first of all.. Where
it was necessary for the settlers to have
green wood the rangers, so tar as possi
ble, marked trees which were suppress
ed, diseased, or from some other cause
no longer in a condition tor further
growth, In this way the ranchers se
stocked with the thriftiest trees, whose
chance to develop will be unrnndered.
cured material which they desire,
at the same time the forest was
The free use privilege has been grant
freely to ranchers who are building up
nomes, and enough timber will here
served to supply their wantsjeven it this
will considerably reduce the amount oi
timber that can be sold.
This talented young actor made a
splendid impression on an immense
audience at ..the Ilyde'Cirand "opera
house, Tuesday evening, in his new
play, "We 'Are King." The play is the
most interesting,* fascinating play that
has come, before'the public for'a long
time and Mr. Evart and his company
are certainly well adapted to the pro
duation. This young star is a great
genius aud with his remarkably strong
support, is more thaiH making good all
claims they put forth in their advertise
ment. The richness, elegance and ap
propriuteness of the eostumejhave never
before been equalled by any perform
ance given in Pierre. 'The l-'ree Press
is not given to recommending theatrical
companies generally, but we are pleased
to recommend this company to every
one with our l'uilest assurance that they
will not in any way be disappointed.
The newspaper is a law book forjthe
indolent, a sermon for the thoughtless,
a library for the poor^ It may stimu
late the most indifferent, but it cannot
be published without cost.
Once, during his second term, Grover
Cleveland was asked to speak at a
function in a certain town, and when
he arrived at the depot the 'wind was
blowing a gale, sleet was driving and
hailstones nearly as large as marbles
were fiercely falling. Of course the
inevitable brass band was there, and
at the sight of the president the per
formers struck up with all the stren
uosity at their command. "That Is the
most realistic music 1 ever heard," re
marked Cleveland. "What are they
trying to play?" asked Secretary*
ney, who accompanied him. "'Hail to
the Chief!' replied president, with
a cheerful smile.
Ore and Foci.
Pennsylvania, which makes more
than half the iron used in the United
States, produces less than 2 per cent
of the iron dre mined. Ohio, which
corn ess next to Pennsylvania us an iron
maker, mines less than 1 per cent of
the total. In both cases the ore is
bhmght to the fuel, and this Is the
policy in this country. Only in Ala
bama are the ore and fuel found to
THE DIFFICULT TASK.
Combing llie Particular Mmi'n Hale
llollierH tlie Bnrlier.
"Do you know, one of the most diffi
cult tilings in this business," said,the
barber as lie ran the comb through the
hairbrush, "is in the matter of combing
a customer's hair? It is a rather singu
lar fact that you will find few barbers
who have succeeded in solving the
problem of combing a customer's hair
just as he wants it, no matter how
long the man may have been a patron
of his chair. Of course there are a few
exceptions to this rule. There are a
few men in the world who do not care
whether their hair is combed at all.
With this class of men
it doesn't make much difference how
the barber combs the ha.'r. But at least
ninety out of every hundred men who
patronize barber shops are very partic
ular about the way you comb their
hair unless you have Inspired them
with an extraordinary confidence. Un
less, in fiict, they have a better opin
ion of the barber's judgment than they
have of their own the barber will miss
the mark when he comes to put the
finishing touches on the hair. The rea
son for this Is not altogether a" matter
of vanity. There are a great many
men whose looks are completely^
altered by a charig^ in the way. th^
«hair is combed. Take the man, for in
stance, wli is in «e habit of parting
his hair on the side, and part it in the
middle?, or#the man who is in the habit
of combing his hair down and parting
It cfti one side—suppose you roach or
pompadour the hair—can you not see
what changes would follow In the gen
eral appearance of the man? This fact
.has much to do with making the comb
ing of a man'fc hair a matter of much
difficulty, and do not exaggerate when
I say it Is fine of the barber's hardest
taska."—New Orleans Tlmin
THE NEW CAPITOL
Ample Provision Made for the New
The Legislature now in session at
Pierre has passed a bill appropriating
S6C0,000.00 for a new Capitol building.
This bill passed both the Senate aud
the House unaimously, without a dis
senting vote and has already been sign-'
ed by the Governor.
The former legislature provided for
plans and architectural work for the
new building, also for the foundation
and this work has already been provid
ed. Bill provides for thfe finishing and
furnishings. The building when com
pleted aud furnished, will doubtless cost
considerably more th&n a million dol
lars and will be a splendid ornament to
Pierre as well as for the entire state.
Tlte location of this building is near
the center of the Capitol Grounds,
present buiding having^been erected at
one end of the grounds so
Many new buildings are already be
ing started in Pierre. This is going to
be the biggest year yet in the growth
of Pierre. The place is going ahead
splendidly and altho real estate has not
advanced greatly in value as yet, there
is undoubtedly.a big upward movement
now started and a great growth and in
crease in values is certain for the next
few years. Now is certain a most op
portune time to secure real estate in
ROME VERSUS PARIS.
When the Kternnl City Was tlie Art
Center of the World.
There was a time when Rome was
the world's art center. No artist's edu
cation was considered complete unless
he spent some time in that city. There
was always to be found there a coterie
of strong men, many of them famous,
In whose society the tyro might min
gle and gain much by the companion
ship. That day has gone-by, however,
and a change has taken place. Taris
has usurped tlie prerogative of the old
city, and it is to her that tlie world now
turns for new ideas of art. The Ital
ian galleries i-emain, tlie masterpieces
hang in their accustomed places, the
sky is as blue, the air as soft and the
outlook as lovely, but the glory of Ro
man art life has departed. The hu
manity that gave the art impetus, the
interest to the student, has betaken it
self from the Seven Hills to the peace
ful Seine, where it flourishes in the
wilder, more luxuriant growth, nurtur
ed by the hothouse forcing of fin de
siecle ideas, untrammelcd by conven-.
tlon or tradition. For good or bad—
and the judgment must be left to the
reader—the fact remains that today
Parts is the hub about which the wheel
of art revolves.
Yet from °aris there go annually to
the Italian capital a number of young
men, winners of the annual competi
tions for the prize of Rome, to spend
four years in the most idyllic manner
as "guests of the French republic at the
Villa Medici, a beautiful palace own
ed by the government and specially Ar
ranged for their reception. These men
.have not won their spurs without hard
work, without great preliminary train
ing and many struggles.—Arthur Hoe
ber in Century.
Loyal to His Friend*.
John A. Sutter, on whose land gold
was first discovered in California in
1848, was always loyal to his friends.
"During the winter of 1852 Sacramento
was a marsh, and drainage ditches had
just been dug," says Thomas E. Far
lsh's "Gold Hunters of California."
"One evening Sutter and a friend had
been indulging a little too frilly in the
cup, and they were taking a stroll be
fore retiring for the night, when the
friend inadvertently fell into one of the
newly dug canals. 'I cjannot pull you
out,' said Sutter regretfully as he look
ed down at his less lucky friend, 'but I
can come down and Bit with you.* And
Good Men Named. a-
Governor Crawford yesterday made
the following appointments: C.
Englesby re-appointed to the positioiy
of adjutant general and the following
to act on the Board ot Soldiers' Home:
J. H. Geddes of Huron, J. F. Pratt of?
Spearfish, A. £. Nelson of Pierre to fill
the unexpired term of Thomas Ficch
JVlilbank, who left by order of the gov
ernor on March 5th] also John D. Pat
ton of Rapid City to fill the unexpired,.
term of T. C. DeJean of Plankinton
who was also removed by reuueat of
the governor on March
be used while the permanent biiilding
is being built.
The Capitol Grounds in Pierre are a
splendid piece of land in the heart of
the cit •. No other state capitol has a
finer and more suitable location for the
capitol building, right in the business
district of the city, and a nice high
smooth piece of land.
South Dakota is fulfilling her destiny.
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