Newspaper Page Text
WEEK IN SOUTH DAKOTA.
Important Events in the State Briefly Told. Pierre—Articles of incorporation have been filed for the bank of Lake Preston, with a capital of 532,000. Incorporators, R. B. Miles, Los An seles, ^?fi.lifornia Henry Lloyd, T. W. Miles. P. J. Laughlin, Lake Preston. Pierre—The state has received a draft for $40,567.34, as its share of five per cent of receipts from sale of government lands in the state. This has been credited to the permanent school fund of the state, and is the largest draft the state has ever re ceived- from that fund. -".'i fiti Aberdeen—Aberdeen attorneys are agitating the establishment of a mu :. nicipal court here. Such a court has power in civil cases where not more than $500 is involved, and tends not only to relieve the congestion of liti gation in the circuit court, but to ex pediate the settlement of cases. Sg Sioux Falls—James J. Kill is one of the prominent men of the country who has just been officially invited to be present and make an address at the annual convention of the South Dakota Retail Hardware Dealers' as sociation, which is to be held in Sioux Falls on February 15, 16 and 17. & Gregory—Miss Delia Howard, aged 22 years, is not only holding down a claim near Carter, but she has con structed a sod barn for her team of horses, keeps a dog for a companion and finds time to maintain a county Sundaty school, which she organized near *er home. Her claim is within a mile of the new townsite of Carter ,,and is considered worth fully $8,000. Pierre—Fifteen dollars an acre is what some of the Indian inheritance lands brought at the recent sale of such lands at Cheyenne iRver Agency. This price was reached after spirited bidding, R. J. "Warner being the pur chaser. With land among the In dians bringing this price, those who •'jget first choice tract on the Cheyenne reservation, at the government max imum of six dollars an acre will be getting a good thing at the price. Watertown—In the interest of un ciform game laws for North and South Dakota, Minnesota and Iowa, W. F. Bancroft of this city. South Dakota game warden, has started a move ment which has the approval of the fish and game athorities of the other three states. It is expccted Nebraska will also be interested. Letters have hen written to the executive officers of the fish and. game commissions of the states, suggesting a meeting of the officers, presvnably in the twin ^cities, at an early date. Lepimon—Bison, the county seat of the Uiow county of Ferkins in north western South Dakota, is confronted •with the possibility of remaining in darkness until the switchman's strike is settled. Bison merchants had but a small amount of coal when the strike began, since then they have been unable to secure any more, and 1t is feared the supply will be totally exhausted before the delayed ship ments will get through. Bison is off the railroad, its nearest shipping point being Lemmon. Quinn—R. M. Stephenson, a Stan ley county farmer residing near here, this year found good profit in rais ing musk melons and squashes for the seeds which he supplied to an eas tern seed house. He secured 4 00 lbs. to the acre of melon seeds, and dis posed of them at 18 cents a pound. His squashes yielded his 3330 pounds to the acre at 11 cents a pound. His net return was over $50 an acre, and lie is arranging to largely increase his acreage of both vegetables for seed growing purposes next season. Yankton—The formal opening of the new woman's building at the South Dakota Hosptal for the Insane located here took place on Wednesday of the state were present. Gov. Ves ssy being among the speakers on the program. The building is of con crete and asbuilatgt ea artagt: Crete and was built at a great saving to the state by the personal direction of Qfr. L. C. Mead, Supt. of the in stitution. The interior of the build ing is said to be finished the best of any building of similar use in the United States. Yankton—This city is making ar rangements for the entertainment of the South Dakota State Horticultural society which convenes in this city in annual convention on January 18. 19 and 20. A leading feature of this year's convention will be an address at the New Theatre Tuesday evening the 18th, which will be given by Prof. N E. Hansen of Brookings who has made four trips to Russia and Siberia in the interests of the United States in the study of horticulture. This lecture will be free to all and will be illustrated with stereopticon views. "Kimball—On December 5, E. L. Ffessenden, a painter, left Kennebec to go out about five miles in the country for the purpose of looking at a house just being completed to con tract for the painting. Being a very stormy day he lost his way and Tues day of this week his body was found not far from Kennebec in a hay stack where- he sought shelter. Mr. Fessen dew was an unmarried man and his den was an unmarried man and had WjOrked at his trade as painter and pftper hanger in this county for the pfeiSt two years. Pifrrren—'The state educational de ent has completed the mark on the teachers papers sent, in from the different counties for the November examinations, and has granted authority to teach to 563 of £he applicants. The number whj for certificates were 981, and of 418 failed to come up to the re qiilred educational-standard and had papers rejected. This new list ers will help out in the counties ,ere they yet have- a shortage of the ired number to fill their schools, still make the opening of the lol BUIiy:WUM.i. le-to, -pit. .""snassBga HOW TO CONSTRUCT A SILO Several Kinds of Material Can Be Used in Buiiding Feed Tank— Cement Is Aid. There are several kinds of material which can be used in making a silo, namely, wood, cement and stone. The stave silo is very good and gives splen did satisfaction. The cement silo is of newer origin, but is coming into use and those that have them are well pleased with the results. The Gur ler silo is a combination of cement and wood which we think would make a very good silo, says Hoard's Dairy man. While a satisfactory silo can be made as described by using sev eral thicknesses of lumber and pa per, yet we believe it is better as a rule, to saw the lumber into strips and make a stave silo of them, using iron hoops to bind them together. 1 "'a nit 1 E N I E W Cross Section of Silo. The Gurler silo is made by standing 2x4's on circular foundation and nail ing half-inch lumber on the inside of them, thus making a large band. The 2x4's should be set vertical and about 10 inches apart. To the inside sheet ing nail beveled lath. These are nail ed horizontally the same as the half inch sheeting, thus making a double band. The accompanying illustration shows end of a cross section of a half-inch strip nailed to the 2x4's and the dove tailed lath. The laths are covered with cement to the extent of one-half inch. This makes a cement lined silo and protects the wood from silage. The outside of the 2x4's may be covered by half-inch lumber and painted. This will make a very strong and durable silo, and when the cement shows wear, caused by the effect of the acid, it is very easy, when the silo is being filled, to wash it with cement. The hemlock could be sawed, and used for making this style of silo. A silo 16 feet in diameter and 35 feet high will furnish silage for 35 animals 250 days. SIMPLE REMEDY FOR GARGET Irritation Produced by Injury, Such as Kick or Being Stepped on, la Easily Relieved. Garget comes from irritation pro duced by an injury, such as a kick or being stepped on by another animal. Sometimes garget is caused by allow ing the cow to go too long without milking, and a frequent cause is germs entering the udder. A good remedy is to physic the cow with one pound of epsom salts dissolved in about a quart of moderately warm water. Then give a teaspoonful of pokerobt twice a day. Make a solution of one tablespoon of pokeroot and about a pint of witch hazel or alcohol and bathe the udder frequently. Keep the cow in a dry, cool place. Bathe the udder with hot water and manipulate it gently for 15 or 20 minutes at a time. This generally facilitates a cure. If the udder is very large suspend it in a strip of canvas fastened over the cow's back, with holes for the teats to protrude. This will relieve the strain upon the muscles of the udder. To Cure Hard Milkers. This is due to an unnatural condi tion of the sphincter muscles at the end of the teat and often what might be a valuable cow on this account is one that everybody wishes to avoid. The proper method of overcoming hard milking is to wash the teats off with an antiseptic solution, dip a teat plug into healing ointment and insert same into the point of the teat, per: mitting teat plugs to remain in the teats from one milking to another. A few treatments of this kind will overcome hard milking in any cow, without danger of infecting the teats or udder, but even this treatment should be handled with cleanliness. Feeding Silage. In feeding silage to dairy cows the mangers should be clean and no sil age allowed to accumulate. Feed no musty or moldy silage feed it only after milking and keep the cows' stable well ventilated for the escape of moisture and unpleasant odors. If you have never fed any silage be fore, give only a very small amount at first to each animal, and increase the amount of feed only as you learn the effects. When Cows Are Nervous. If any of your cows are nervous or troublesome in any way at milking time, try feeding them just before you begin to milk. The giving down of the milk is governed by the nerves, and the more the cow's mind is taken from the milking process the less ac tion the nerves will have on the milk secreting glands. Feed will make the cow more contented, which in turn wiii result in larger yields Increased Price of Elk Teeth. "During the last five years the value of elk teeth has more than trebled," said a western traveler at the Fred eric, according to the St. Paul Dis patch. "In 1904 you could get any num ber of fine specimens in Idaho, Mon tana, Washington and bordering states for $2.50 apiece. Now you will pay from $7.50 to $10, and they are hard to get for even that. The Apache, Sioux, Comanche and Chippewa Indi ans used to have dozens of them in their possession and traded them for trinkets. But the redskin got wise to their value, and you can buy them from a regular dealer cheaper now than from the Indian. The passing of the elk and the great demand made by the members of the Elk lodge for teeth for emblems have boosted the price." The traveler recited an incident of an Oklahoman who bought a robe cov ered with elk teeth from a Wichita Indian for $100. He cut off the teeth and cleaned up $2,200 on the deal. A Drama on the Street. A remarkable coincidence occurred at San Bernardino, Cal., one day late ly, whereby a couple about to be di vorced were happily brought together again. Mrs. Walter Preston was on her way to the court to secure a di vorce against her husband when her little daughter darted in the path of an on rushing motor car. The moth er's screams attracted the attention of a man who dashed in front of the machine, seized the little girl and leaped to safety as the automobile shot by. The rescuer proved to be the husband and father. Explanations were soon made, and the two made their way to the attorney's office, where Mrs. Preston tore up the di vorce complaint. Some people swell up or "emotion" brewed from absolute untruth. It's an old trick of the leaders of the Labor Trust to twist facts and make the "sympathetic ones" "weep at the ice house." (That's part of the tale further on.) Gompers et al sneer at, spit upon and defy our courts, seeking sympathy by falsely telling the people the courts were trying to deprive them of free speech and free press. Men can speak freely and print opin ions freely in this country and no court will object, but they cannot be allowed to print matter as part of a criminal conspiracy to injure and ruin other citizens. Gompers and his trust associates started out to ruin the Bucks Stove Co., drive its hundreds of workmen out of work and destroy the value of the plant without regard to the fact that hard earned money of men who worked, had been invested there. The conspirators were told by the courts to stop these vicious "trust" methods, (efforts to break the firm that won't come under trust rule), but instead of stopping they "dare" the courts to punish them and demand new laws to protect them in such de structive and tyrannical acts as they may desire to do. The reason Gompers and his band persisted in try ing to ruin the Bucks Stove Works was because the stove company insist ed on the right to keep some old em ployees at work when "de union" or dered them discharged and some of "de gang" put on. Now let us reverse the conditions and have a look. Suppose the company had ordered the union to dismiss certain men from their union, and, the demand being re fused, should institute a boycott against that union, publish its name in an "unfair list," instruct other man ufacturers all over the United States not to buy the labor of that union, have committees call at stores and threaten to boycott if the merchants sold anything made by that union. Picket the factories where members work and slug them on the way home, blow up their houses and wreck the works, and even murder a few mem bers of the boycotted union to teach tuem they must obey the orders of "organized Capital?" It would certainly be fair for the company to do these things if lawful for the Labor Trust to do them. In such a case, under our laws the boycotted union could spply to our courts and the courts would order the company to cease boycotting and trying to ruin these union men. Sup pose thereupon the company should sneer at the court and in open defiance continue the unlawful acts in a per sistent, carefully laid out plan, pur posely intended to ruin the union and force its members into poverty What a howl would go up from the union demanding that the courts pro tect them and punish their law-break ing opp.essors. Then they would praise the courts and go on earning a living protected Jrom ruin and happy in the knowledge that the people's courts could defend them. How could any of us receive protec tion from law-breakers unless the courts have power to, and do punish such men? The court is placed in position where it must do one thing or the other punish men who persist in defying its peace orders or go out of service, let anarchy reign, and the more powerful destroy the weaker. Peaceful citizens sustain the courts as their defenders, whereas thieves, forgers, burglars, crooks of all kinds and violent members of labor unions, hate them and threaten violence if their members are .punished for break ing the law. They want the courts to let them go free and at the same time demand punishment for other men "out side de union" when they break the law. Notice the above refer ence to "violent" members of labor unions. The great majority of the "unheard" union men are peaceable, A Lesson in Economy. "I notice you always fling the driver your purse when we take a convey ance," said the heroine of the his torical novel. "I do," admitted the hero of the same. "How do you expect to support a wife? Give him the exact legal fare hereafter." Louisville Courier-Jour nal. The Novice. Old Lawyer (to young partner)— Did you draw up old Moneybag's will? Young Partner—Yes, sir and so tight that all the relatives in the world cannot break it. Old Lawyer (with some disgust) The next time there is a will to be drawn up, I'll do it myself!"—New York Sun. Graphic Variations. "Civilization," remarked the canni bai king, "promotes some strange ideas." "To whom do you especially refer?" inquired the missionary. "Among you the ultimate con sumer is regarded with sympathy. Here he is considered very lucky." All Kinds. "It takes all kinds of people to make a world," said the ready-made philosopher. "Certainly," answered the plain per son "look at explorers. Some of them excel with mathematical instruments and some with typewriters and picture machines." Would Surprise Him All Right, thirst Girl—I want to give my fiance a surprise for a birthdhy present. Can't you suggest something? Second Girl—You might tell him your age. upright citizens. The noisy, violent ones get into office and the leaders of the great Labor Trust know how to mass this kind of men, in labor con ventions and thus carry out the lead ers' schemes, frequently abhorrent to the rank, and file: so it was at the late Toronto convention. The paid delegates would applaud and "resolute" as Gompers wanted, but now and then some of the real work ingmen insist on being hoard, some times at the risk of their lives. Delegate Egan is reported to have said at the Toronto convention "If the officers of the federation would only adhere to the law we would think a lot more of them." The Grand Council of the Provincial Workingmen's Ass'n of Canada has declared in favor of severing all con nections with unions in the U. S., say ing "any union having its seat of Gov't in America, and pretending to be international in its scope, must fight industrial battles according to Ameri can methods. Said methods have con sequences which are abhorrent to the law-abiding people of Canada involving hunger, misery, riot, bloodshed and murder, all of which might be termed as a result of the practical war now in progress in our fair provinces and directed by foreign emissaries of the United Miners of America." That is an honest Canadian view of our infamous "Labor Trust." A few days ago the daily papers printed the following: (By the Associated Press.)) Washington, D. C., Nov. 10.—Char acterizing the attitude of Samuel Gom pers, John Mitchell and Frank Mor rison of the American Federation of Labor in the contempt proceedings in the courts of the District of Columbia, in connection with the Bucks' Stove and range company, as "a willful, pre meditated violation of the law," Simon Burns, general master workman of the general assembly, Knights of Labor, has voiced a severe condemnation of these three leaders. Mr. Burns ex pressed his confidence in courts in gen eral a"d Jv* those of the District of Columbia in particular. AITHOVE!) i!Y DKf.EGATKS. This rebuke by Burns was in his an nual report to the general assembly of his organization. He received the hearty approval.of the delegates who heard it read at their annual meeting in this city. "There is no trust or combination of capital in the world," said Mr. Burns, "that violates laws oftener than do the trust labor organizations, which resort to more dishonest, unfair and dishon orable methods toward their competi tors than any trust or combinations in the country." Mr. Burns said the action of "these so-called leaders" would be harmful for years to come whenever attempts were made to obtain labor legislation. "The Labor Digest," a reputable workingman's paper, says, as part of an article entitled "The beginning of the end of Gompersism, many organ izations becoming tired of the rule-or ruin policies which have been en forced by the president of the A. F. of L." "That he has maintained his leader ship for so long a time in the face of his stubborn clinging to policies which the more thoughtful workingmen have seen for years must be abandoned, has been on account partly of the senti mental feeling on the part of the or ganizations that he ought not to be de posed, and the unwillingness of the men who were mentioned for the place, to accept a nomination in opposition to him. In addition to this, there is no denying the shrewdness of the leader of the A. F. of L., and his political sa gacity, which has enabled him to keep a firm grip on the machinery of the or ganization, and to have his faithful henchmen in the positions where they could do him the most good whenever their services might be needed. "Further than this, he has never failed, at the last conventions, to have some sensation to spring on the con vention at the psychological moment, which would place him in the light of a martyr to the cause of unionism* and Don't Weep At The Ice House. Knowledge Enough. At the moment of their fall Adam and Eve, being innocent, were used to doing things In an unconscious man ner. That is to say, they didn't Fletclier ize. With the result that they failed of getting the full effect ot the apple— all the proteids and carbohydrates. However, in thier blind, blundering way, they attained to enough knowl odge of good and evil to maice them terrible bores to themselves forever after, and to all their descendants UKe wise unto the present generation.— Puck. On Time. "That man spends his life in an en deavor to get people to do things on time." "That's fine and philanthropic! What does he do for a living?" "Sells book on the installment plan." His Business. "You see that man across the street? Well, you can always get cut rates from him for his work." "What is it?" "Trimming trees and hedges."—Bal timore American. j. And Mother Officiates. Eddie—Do you have morning pray ers at your house? Freddie—We have some kind of a service when father gets in. Occasionally we meet people who spend half their time telling what they are going to do and the other half explaining why they didn't do it. If you see a fault In others, think of two of your own, and do not add a third one by your h^sty judgment. exefte a wave of sympathetic enthusi asm for him, which would carry the delegates off their feet, and result in his re-election. "That his long leadership, and this apparent impossibility to fill his place has gone to his head, and made him imagine that he is much greater a man than he really is, is undoubtedly the case, and accounts for the tactics he has adopted in dealing with questions before congress, where he has unneces sarily antagonized men to whom or ganized labor must look for recogni1 tion of their demands, and where labor measures are often opposed on account of this very antagonism, which would otherwise receive support. "There is no doubt but what organ ized labor in this country would be much stronger with a leader who was more in touch with conditions as they actually exist, and who would bring to the front the new policies which organ ized labor must adopt if it expects to even maintain its present standing, to say nothing of making future progress." We quote portions of another article, a reprint, from the same labor paper: "Organized labor, through its lead ers, must recognize the mistakes of the past if they expect to perpetuate their organizations or to develop the move ment which they head. No movement, no organization, no nation can develop beyond the intellects which guide these organizations, and if the leaders are dominated by a selfish motive the organization will become tinged with a spirit of selfishness, which has never appealed to mankind in any walk of life at any time since history began. "It can be said in extenuation of cer tain leaders of organized labor that the precarious position which they oc cupy as leaders has had a tendency to cause them to lose sight of the object behind the organization. The natural instinct in man for power and position is in no small measure responsible for the mistakes of the leaders, not neces sarily in labor unions alone, but in every branch of society. tThis desire for power and leadership and personal aggrandizement causes men who have been earnest and sincere in their ef forts in the start to deteriorate into mere politicians whose every act and utterance is tinged with the desire to cater to the baser passions of the working majority in the societies or organizations and this is undoubtedly true when applied to tue present lead ers of the Federation of Labor. We mention the Federation of Labor par ticularly in this article, because that organization is the only organization of labor which has yet found itself in direct opposition to the laws of the land. There are other organizations of labor whose leaders have made mis takes, but they have always kept them selves and their organizations within the bounds of the law and respected the rights of every other man in con sidering the rights of themselves and their constituency whereas, the motto of the Federation is just the reverse, and unless the leaders conform them selves and their organization in accord ance with the laws of the land, the leaders and the organization itself must be disintegrated and pass Into history, for in America the common sense of mankind is developed to a greater extent than in any other nation on the earth, and the people, who are the court of last resort in this country, will never allow any system to develop in this country which does not meet with the approval of the majority of the citizens of the country. "This must have forced itself upon the leaders of the Federation by this time. If it has not, the leaders must be eliminated. The organization which they head has done many meritorious things in times past and the people are always ready and willing to acknowl edge the benefits which their efforts have brought to their constituency as a whole, but at the present time labor organizations in general, and the Fed eration of Labor in partiQulsr.stand before the bar of public opinion, hav ing been convicted of selfishness and a disposition to rule all the people of the country in the Interest of the few. The people are pattest and awaiting to Interesting Information. In an interview published in the Kieler Neueste Nachrichten, Grossad miral von Koster says many interest ing things about bis visit to New York, among them the following: "In ij) the absence of President Taft, who was away on a trip to the Mexican frontier, the place of honor was taken by the vice-president of the United States, Secretary of State Sherman of New York." Sorry He Spoke. Mr. Dubbs (with newspaper)—It* tells here, my dear, how a progres sive New York woman makes her social calls by telephone. Mrs. Dubbs—Progressive. Huh! She's probably like me, not a decent thing to wear.—Boston Transcript. Taking No Chances. Griggs—Odd that these doctors can't prescribe for themselves. There's Cutteim just gone to another physician to be treated. Briggs—That's where he is wise'. Cuttem knows how few of his pa tients recover. Mistakes Will Happen. Lady (to her sister, a doctor)— There—I cooked a meal for the first time to-day and I made a mess of it. "Well, dear, never mind it's noth ing. I lost my first pattern." Where Pepys Won Fame. "Who was this fellow Pepys, and what is his claim to fame?" "His claim to fame is well founded, my friend. He's the man who kept a diary for more than a year." Happiness in marriage would be more prevalent if a man would handle his wife as tenderly and carefully as he does an old briar pipe. js: see if' the object lesson which they have been forced to give to these lead ers is going to be recognized and if they are going to conform themselves and their (uture work and actions in ac cordance thereto." Let the people remember that com ment, ''The Federation of Labor in par ticular stands before the bar of public opinion having been convicted of sef flshness and a disposition to rule all the pebple of the country in the inter est of !the few." The great DO per cent of Americana) do not take kindly to the acts of tyranny of these trust leaders openly demanding that all people bow down to the rules of the Labor Trust and wo are treated to the humiliating specta cle of our Congress and even the Chief Executive entertaining these convicted law-breakers and listening with consid eration to their Insolent demands that1' the very laws be changed to allow them to safely carry on their plan of gaining control over the affairs of the people. The sturdy workers of America have .come to know the truth about these "martyrs sacrificing themselves in the noble cause of labor" but it's only the hysterical ones who swell up and cry over the aforesaid "heroes," reminding one of he two romantic elderly maids who, weeping copiously, were discov ered by the old janitor at Mt. Vernon. "What is it ails you ladies?" Taking the handkerchief from one swollen red eye, between sobs she said: "Why we have so long revered the memory of George Washington that we feel it a privilege to come here and weep at his tomb.' "Yas'm, yas'm, yo' shore has a desire to express yo' sympathy but yo' are overflowin' at de wrong spot, yo' is weepin' at de ice house." Don't get maudlin about law-break ers who must be punished if the very existence of our people is to be main tained. If you have any surplus sympathy itv can be extended to the honest workers who continue to earn food when threat ened and are frequently hurt and sometimes killed before the courts can. intervene to protect them. Now the Labor Trust leaders de mand of Congress that the courts be stripped of power to issue injunctions to prevent them from assaulting or per haps murdering men who dare earn a living when ordered by the Labor Trust to quit work. Don't "weep at the Ice House" and don't permit any set of law-breakers to bully our courts, if your voice and vote can prevent Be sure and write your Representatives and Senators in Congress asking them not to vote for any measure to prevent the courts from protecting homes, property and persons from attack by paid agents of this great Labor Trust. Let every reader write, and writo5* now. Don't sit silent and allow the organ ized and paid men of this great trust to force Congress to believe they rep-'"' resent th'e great masses of the Amer lean people. Say your say and lef'-iij your representatives in Congress know that you do not v/ant to be governed^'-*® under new laws which would empower®^ the Labor Trust leaders with legal'.k right to tell you when to work, Wherelgii^5 For whom! At what price! What to?* buy! What not to buy! Whom to vote for! How much you shall pay per month in fees to the Labor Trust! etc., etc., etc. 1 1 1 This power is now being demanded by the passage of laws in Congress. Tell your Senators a$d Representa tives plainly that you don't want, them to vote for any measure that will allow any set of men either representing Capital or Labor to govern And dic tate to-the common people, who prefer to lie free to go and come, work or not and vote for whom they please. Every man's liberty will disappear when the leaders of the great Labor Trust or any other trust can ride rough' shod' over people and mass their forces 'to prevent our courts from Affording protection. "There's a Reason.?' CJ. W» l?09!r Battle. Creek, Mich. *SI