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POULTRY NOTES. Geese must have freedom to thrive Wfll. Two or three year old geese are more profitable than yearlings. Texas is credited with having more turkeys than any other state in the union. Board floors in the chicken house are better than wet ground, but dry ground is best of all. A sprayer that will force kerosene into all the cracks of the poultry house is' better than a brush. The man who said "the best poul try men on most farms are women" knew what he was talking about. Have the drinking trough deep, so the duck can get its head in the wa ter. Neglect of this will result in sore eyes. The bulk of poultry comes from the farm and not the fancier, but the best poultry usually comes from the fan cier or small farmer. The tiny mite becomes a mighty factor in reducing the egg supply un less it is constantly kept down. Half way measures will not do. If you allow eggs for setting to stand around for tvo weeks before putting them under the hen do not blame the dealer if they do not hatch. White China geese are very gentle. Tjhey are also good watchers in the poultry yards, as any unusual dis turbance is soon told by the noise they make. A house 8x12 is a very convenient size for a small flock of fowls. If a large flock is to be housed two o! more small ones would be better than a very large house. The incubator is always on the job, never has to leave the eggs for feed or water and requires less time and care than the average busy old sitting hen. COMBINATION FOWL HOUSE Detailed Instructions for Erecting Structure That Can Be Put to Several Purposes. An illustration is given below of a 100-chick brooder, a colony house and mating pen, all in one, together with detailed instructions for erecting the same. It is made 7 feet long, 4 feet high at the front and 3 feet at the back, 'aA.tuiKva'iiiiif Combination House. and is built of %-inch boards. A flooi is put in 15 inches from the bottom along the dotted lines shown. Two small windows are placed in front and a door in one end. There is also a small door in front to get at, the lamp. Over the lamp in the false floor is a hole 5 inches in diameter, which is covered with a heating drum ma'de of a 5-pound coffee tin with small holes punched near the bottom. A tin speaking tube is attached to the drum and runs across the brooder to carry off smoke and gas. Take a piece of felt 4x5% feet and tack it on 3 inches above the can the width of the brooder and 3 feet across the front. This will let it reach down to the floor, giving the cricks a hover containing 12 square feet, with 16 square feet left to feed and scratch in. Put a piece of wire netting and as bestos paper around the heating drum keep the chiclcens from the ex treme heat. The sides and top of the house should be covered with heavy roofing papier. If the brooder is put together with screws or hooks it can be taken apart in a few minutes and packed away. To make a colony bouse or mating pen remove the heating apparatus and lower the floor to the bottom. Labor Cost. On the general farm', where from 50 to 300 laying hens are kept, the labor item is practically nothing but on large poultry plants it is an impor tant item, and, if care is not exercised, the cost of labor will eat up the profit of the business. The work must be systematized so that one man can successfully care for a large number of fowls. On one large farm which was visited two men were caring for 4,000 fowls on another one man was caring for 2,500. A minimum number for one man would be about 1,000. Mr. Channy, who keeps about 800 fowls, is realizing a profit of about $1,200 a year, which is considerable more than many men are supporting large families with. This would nat urally show us that it is more econom ical to keep about 1,000 hens and per form the necessary labor yourself, rather than keep a larger number and be compelled to hire outside labor, whjjcb is often very unsatisfactory. fL Handling Geese, In handling geese they should al ways be taken by the neck, and when lifted from the ground the body should be turned with the back to ward the person handling it. In that position they cannot strike, and will remain quiet and docile. The body can be partly supported by seizing the first joint of the wing with one hand. If the goose .is."held facing 6nSaft"'Wni strike hard blows with its wings or scratch with its lee* ASS® PROFIT IN RAISING POULTRY Any Person of Intelligence May Hope to Succeed, But Much Depends on Experience. In this country poultry includes chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, guinea fowls, pigeons, and occasionally pea fowls, pheasants, quail and swans— chickens, of course, being the most important. Something like a quarter of a billion chickens and other poul try are consumed in the United States every year. The consumption of eggs is about 18 dozen per capita. The last census gave the total of chickens raised on American farms in 1899 as $136,891,877—of eggs as $144,286,158. '''o-day the American people consume Barred Plymouth Rock Hen. about half a billion dollars' worth of poultry and eggs per annum. Exports are increasing and one may enter on the raising of poultry and eggs with little fear of not realizing good prices on all produce. Probably 90 per cent, of the farms in the United States raise poultry as a side line feeding is more econom ical where general farming is pur sued. Still there are manifest ad vantages in specializing—greater at tention, knowledge and skill achieve better results. Poultry raising makes no great de mands on strength, and any person of intelligence may hope to make a suc cess of it. But. some have made the mistake of supposing that the busi ness can be taken up on a consider able scale without any experience. Hens lay all the way from none to 250 eggs a year, and it takes some experience to tell with what kind of hens and under what conditions, the upper limit can be reached. Probably the best course for the intending poul try raiser would be to work for a year or more on one of the large chick en ranches in order to learn the important points of breeds, feed ing, fattening, housing, brooding, in cubating, etc. The raising of broilers, roasters and capons tor the market may be a paying occupation on an egg l'arm. Squab raising is profitable provided one secures the right kind of stock and gives the work the prop er attention and management. No kind of poultry is more profitable than turkeys. The illustration shows a Barred Plymouth Ilock hen, one of the most popular breeds. CHICKEN HOUSE IS PORTABLE English Firm Making Specialty of Kind That Can Easily Ijie Moved from One Field to Another. An English firm is making a spe cialty of this portable chicken house, designed for use on farms where it may be desired to move the chick en headquarters from field to field, says Popular Me chanics. The small nip Portable House, coop on the shelf near the top is for brooding purposes, it may be left in that position, be placed on the ground, or, in wet weath er and at night, be shoved inside the house. The box, divided into five sec tions, across the end of the house, is for nests. The Poultry. They should have almost as impor tant a place on the average farm as other stock, and they must have good care in the winter if they are to pay their way and make a profit besides. A variety of food and warm houses are what the poultry flock demand. Do not let them roost in trees and on fences. Any animal that is worth keeping is worthy of the best care and attention. Do not keep more stock that can well be cared for. Keep the best stock, give the best fefed and care and they will pay a handsome profit for the time and money spent on them Weight of Eggs. The average weight of eggs is about eight to a pound, so that a dozen eggs would weigh about one and a half pounds. A pound of eggs con tains more nourishment than a pound of meat. There is no flesh food that may be served in so many palatable ways as eggs, nor as easily obtained by farmers. Eggs are a perfect food, containing all the constituent ele ments of nourishment. Cull Your Poultry. Cull your flock of poultry as soon as possible and get the surplus off to market, but don't forget to give them a week or ten days of extra care and feed. It will pay big in the extra price you will receive. If you ship them yoarself4iSelect those offcB near ly uniform size and appearance as possible to fill each coop. fj'VfMiW «**v-v*.. Pain i?i backache—regulate the urine. Every Picture Tells A Story. If tHeBsln is Tret's Its Your Kidtt hiS VISIT MOST OPPORTUNE Another Day's Delay and the Result Would Have Been Unfortunate —For the Physician. A lady was very solicitous about her health. Every trifle made her uneasy, and the doctor was called imme diately. The doctor was a skillful man, and consequently had a large practice. It was very disagreeable to him to be so often called away from his other cases for nothing, and he resolved to take an opportunity of letting the lady see this. One day the lady observed a red spot on her hand, and at once sent for the doctor. He came, looked at her hand, and said: "You did well to send for me early." The lady looked alarmed and asked: "Is it dangerous, then?" "Certainly not," replied the doctor. "To-morrow the spot would have dis appeared, and I should have lost my fee for this visit." Important to Mothers. Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for infants and children, and see that it Bears the Signature of In Use For Over 30 Years. The Kind You Have Always Bought. Truth "Sassier" Than Fiction. Most southerners are gallant. An exception is the Georgian who gave his son this ^advice: "My boy, never run after a woman or a street car—there will be another one along in a minute or two."— Everybody's Magazine. A Question to Be Considered. "Do you consider plagiarism permis sible under any circumstances?" "Well," answered Senator Sorghum, "it's pretty hard when you find your self compelled to make a choice be tween being interesting or original." Tightness across the chest means a cold on tne lungs. It means misery and dis comfort every minute, if nothing worse. What's the answer? Kub the chest with Hamlins Wizard Oil quick. Good Example. Mr. Crimsonbeak—Here's an item which says the swan outlives any other bird, in extreme cases reaching 300 years. Mrs. Crimsonbeak—And remember, John, the swan lives on water. WE PAY HIGH PRICE FOR HIDBg and furs & sell gruns and traps cheap. N. W. Hide & Fur Co.. Minneapolis. It costs a young man more to uriedu cate himself than it costs his father to educate him. PRKKY DAVIS' PAINKILLER when thoroughly rubbed In relieves strains and sprains In joints or muscles from any cause. All druggist*, 25,35,60c sires. Large bottles the cheapest. Even taking time by the forelock won't enable you to catch up with to morrow. A WARNING THAT MUST NOT BE IGNORED lis L'i-I fSold by all dealefs\rPrice~5cTcents.. Division Superintendent—How many fare passengers did you have on your last trip? New Conductor—Fair passengers? Say, do you think all I had to do was to notice people's complexions? Fair, Fat and Tide-y. A Kansan sat on the bench at At lantic City watching a fair and fat bather disporting herself in the surf. He knew nothing of tides, and he did not notice that each succeeding wave came a little closer to his feet. At last an extra big wave washed over his shoe tops. "Hey, there!" he yelled at the fair, fat bather. "Quit yer jumpin' up and down! D'ye want to drown me?"— Everybody's Magazine. Deafness Cannot Be Cured by local applications, as they cannot reach the dis eased portion of the ear. There Is only one way to cure deafness, and that is by constitutional remedies. Deafness is caused by an inflamed condition of the mucous lining of the Eustachian Tube. When this tube is inflamed you have a rumbling sound or im perfect hearing, and when it is entirely closed. Deaf ness is the result, and unless the inflammation can be taken out and this tube restored to Its normal condi tion, hearing will be destroyed forever nine cases out of ten are caused by Catarrh, which is nothing but an Inflamed condition of the mucous surfaces. BACKACHE.—A SIGNAL OF DISTRESS the hack is the kid?ieys" signal of distress. If this timely warning is ignored, kidney disease silently fastens its deadly grip—for kidney sickness first shows itself in. pains and disorders in other parts, and the real cause is too often hidden until fatal Bright's disease or diabetes has set in. Suspect the kidneys if you are rheumatic and nervous or have lame back, painful, too frequent or scanty urination, weak heart, dizzy spells, headaches, bloating or neuralgia.. What you want is a special kidney medicine not an experiment, bat one that has stood the test for years. Doan's Kidney Pills relieve weak, congested kidneys cure We will give One Hundred Dollars for any case of Deafness (caused by catarrh) that cannot be cured by Hail's Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars, free. A KIDNEY REMEDY OF 75 YEARS' EXPERIENCE DOAN'S KIDNEY PILLS began curing lame backs and sick kidneys 75 years ago. The demand lead a nearby druggist, James Doan, to prepare it for sale. From him the magic formula passed to the pres ent proprietors. Now, as in those early days, Doan's Kidney Pills are made from only the purest drugs and are absolutely non-poisonous. They are used and praised all over the civilized world. J. R. Black, 1005 E. Sixth street, Topeka, Kansas, says: 'In the spring of 1899 Doan's Kidney Pills brought me such great relief that I did not hesitate to make the fact known and give this remedy my most earnest endorsement. In my statement I said that for three years I had suffered from kidney complaint. I had a dull grumbling ache across the small of my back that greatly inconvenienced me when reaching and straining in doing my work, An annoying kidney weakness was also in evidence and it was out of the question for me to sleep well. In the morning I was all tired out and it can be seen that I was in bad shape. The use of Doan's Kidney Pills quickly and surely drove away these symptoms of kidney complaint and I have since been iu good health. The foregoing statement was given in March 1905, and when Mr. Black was interviewed on Nov. 12, 1908, he said "I have never had a return attack of kidney complaint and I know that my cure is a permanent one. My faith in Doan's Kidney Pills is stronger than ever. A TRIAL FREE Cut out this coupon, mail it to Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y. A free trial package of Doan's Kidney Pills will be mailed you promptly. W.N.U. FARE, NOT FAIR. DOAN'S KIDNEY PILLS F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. Sold by Druggists. 75c. Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation* Anticipation Safer Than Realization. "It is not always necessary to make a direct accusation," said the lawyer who was asking damages because in sinuations had been made against his client's good name. "You may have heard of the woman who called to the hired girl, 'Mary, Mary, come here and take the parrot down stairs—the master has dropped his collar but ton!"'—Everybody's Magazine. Not a Model Family. "Your father doesn't think you have been especially well behaved," said the small boy's uncle. "I know that," answered the preco cious juvenile. "But things I have heard mother say make me think he isn't any great judge of high class de portment." Mrs. Window's Soothing- Sjmp. For children teething, softens the gums, reduces In fiamciation, allays pain, cores wind collu. 25c DOAN'S KIDNEY PILLS MAKE LASTING CURES FOSTER-MILBURN Co/Buffalo rTHtf, STEAD? 11TB JjGHT a bottle. Sermons are based upon texts po litical speeches upon pretexts. Dr. Pierce's Pellets, small, sugar-coated, easy to take as candy, regulate and Invigorate stomach, liver and bowels aad care constipation. Don't blame the phonograph It has a bad record. DEFIANCE ST»RCH-r —other starches only 13 'It r»*- -5- Vv 0 Tfc# I* The Flavor Lasts The RAYO LAMP ahlgh ounces—same price and "DEFIANCE" IS SUPERIOR QUALITY. When You're Hoarse Use tit tut ikvtmi Toi§ttw*%BS (dose Gives immediate relief. The first relieves your aching throat anri allays the irritation. Guaranteed to contain no opiate*. Veiy palatable. AODiamlrtfcSSe. V*1' a Mrs. James Crooks. First St., N. W., American Fork, Utah, says, "I had kidney complaint for ten years or more. Sometimes a twinge darted through the small of my back and I often became so helpless that I was compelled to go to bed with my clothes on. The attacks often lasted for days at a time and I could not even stoop to put on my shoes. My condition was certainly alarming. The secre tions from my kidneys were irregular in passage and contained a heavy sediment after standing. I well know what the misery kidney complaint causes and I can therefore appreciate the merits of a remedy that cures this disease. Doan's Kidney Pills lived up to the claims made for them in my case and effected a cure. My kidneys were restored to a normal condition and my health greatly improved." (Statement given Aug.22,1907.) On Aug. 24, 1909, Mrs. Crooks was interviewed by one of our representatives and she said: "It gives me pleasure to reendorse Doan's Kidney Pills. They cured my backache and my health is now good. Other members of my family have taken this remedy with decided benefit." 'N Y^ Proprietors WRIGLEY'S. SPEARMINT *9 wmi Every Picture STANDARD OIL COMPANY (Incorporated) I 1 '•V 1 •4 i- ill® 111®!! V: fftheftilnisT It's Your Kidney V» I mm I A jde Ump, soldi at a low price. There are lamp* that cost more, butthereis no better lamp at any price. Tire Burner, the Wick, die Chimney-Holder—all are vital things in a lamp these part* of the RAYO LAMP are perfectly constructed and there is nothing known in the ait of lamp-making that could add to the value of the RAYO as a light-tjiving device. Suitable for any room in any bouse. Brcry doaler everywhere. If Bot atyours,-writ© lor descriptive circular to the nearest Agency of the PIMPLES "I tried all kinds of blood remedies which failed to do me any good, but 1 have found the right thine at last. My face was full of pimples ana black-heads. After taking Cascarets they all left, ram continuing the use of them and recom mending them to my friends. I feel fine when I rise in the morning. Hope to have a chance to recommend Cascarets." Fred C. Witten,76Eim St.,KewwA,K. J. CUT THIS OUT, mall It with your ad dress to Sterling Remedy Company, Chi cago, Illinois, and receive a handaom* souvenir gold Bon Bon. FREE.- V-9SI DEFIANCE STMQI -r-r- fittest linens. W. N. U., SJOUX FALI-8, NO. 3^1910.