•BY A. C. 8ATTBRLBB.
PIERRE) .SOUTH DAKOTA
NEWS OF THE WEEK
CONDENSATIONS OF GREATER OR
I BOILING DOWN OF EVENTS
National, Political, Personal and Other
Mattara In Brief Form for All
Ciasses of Ruder*.
Although the corporation tax for
this year is not due until June 1, pay
ments are beginning to turn into the
treasury. About $325,000 was paid in
March. The estimated total receipts
for th« year are 125.000^000:
The extent to which the telephone
has encroached upon the telegraph as
a means of dispatching trains in 1910
is shown in a bulletin issued by the
Interstate commerce commission. An
Increase of 15,373 miles of railroad on
which the telephone is used was
Former Speaker Cannon, Repre
sentatives Hanna of North Dakota,
Nelson of Wisconsin and Sloan of Ne
braska attacked the Canadian reci
procity agreement in the debate on
the reciprocity bill in the house.
Clark McCercher, formerly of Seat
tle, and connected with the attorney
general's office in the prosecution of
anti-trust and interstate commerce
cases, and investigations for the en
forcement of the Sherman law, has
been appointed special assistant to
the attorney general with "trust bust
Mrs. Charles W. Morse, wife of the
New York banker, now in the Atlanta
prison, has made a personal appeal to
President Taft for information as to
the status of the petition for her hus
band's pardon and has been informed
that Mr. Ti»ft will make an announce
ment in the case within a few days.
Senator Norris Brown, of Nebraska,
viWill not be given the chairmanship oi
the committee on territories. This
was practically decided at a stormy
meeting of the senate committee on
The Canadian reciprocity bill was
passed inthehouse by a large ma-
Nebraska sold $625,000 of bonds ot
California and Alabama out of a total
of $4,000,000 offered for sale.
Ex-Speaker Cannon attacked what
he said was a plan to put a free pa
per bill through the house.
Representative Cox, of Ohio, favors
making the independence of the Phil*
Ippines a party question.
The steamer Charles Posal, operat
ing between Manila and Corregidon,
foundered in a typhoon.
...Xl The allegation of Minister de la
s^Barra that shots were fired by Ameri
cans at the Agua Prieta battle was de
fans retains Iti posiuon as third
largest city in the world, the censuB
taken last month showing a popula
tion of 2,846,986.
W. H. Martin, judge of the Four
teenth judicial district of Missouri,
died suddenly of heart disease in the
court room while holding court.
Unspeakable conditions in many of
the bakeries of New York City are re
ported by investigators employed by
the city commissioner of accounts.
-Edward A. Moseley, secretary of
ths interstate commerce commission
and the originator of much labor leg
islation. died In Washington after a
st kaa refused to par
FfcaaUfa P. Mays, former United
district attorney st Portland.
Ore.,wbowas convicted In 1«07, of
constancy todeftaad the government
fc A tnmk filled with gold watch
ii*ases, valued at $20,000, consigned
manufacturer In Chicago from
Cincinnati house, was stolen from
express wagon In the downtown
^•treats of Chicago.
Although the corporation tax
litis re*r is sot doe until Jane Inpay
ments are beginning to turn Into the
treasury, About $S25,000 waa paid In
March, The estimated total receipts
the jCear are |tt,000,000.
The extent to which the telephone
4#ocroachea upon the telegraph
aTofeaas of dispatching trains In
l0#-?4lhyfB- In a bulletin Issued by
Interstate commerce commission.
Aa- Increase of 1S.373 miles of rail
on which the telephone Is used
diplomatic shakeup, which was
**. 5^aeic*^b7 reaignatio|#ot
tvld^ J&yne Hill as ambassador to
medwhen Jit'-was. an-
WNwiM-mtolste* t» Norway.
Cholera situation is again causing
some uneasiness in Honolulu.
A weevil has been discovered that
works havoc in alfalfa fields.
The "farmers' free list" finds favor
with the Nebraska delegation in the
lower house of congress.
Mrs. Matusek, of South Omaha, kill
ed her two children and then took her
Senator Brown holds that the in
come tax amendment is on the verge
The reapportionment bill in the
house provides for an increased mem
bership of 40.
Senate regulars declined to recog
nize the progressive republicans as a
The new Mexican ambassador as
sured President Taft that peace in
the republic was assured.
Congressman Kinkaid introduced
37 bills providing for increases of
pensions for Nebraskans.
The insurrectos who defended Agua
Prieta all day Monday, quietly stole
away during the night.
State geologists from almost every
state met in Washington with the of
ficials of the geological survey.
The house, by a vote of 296 to 16,
adopted the resolution for direct elec
tion of United States senators.
With the Mexican situation on his
hands the president has reason to be
thankful that congress is in session.
The James bill, providing for wo
man suffrage in Wisconsin, has been
"bottled" by the assembly elections
Mrs. J. Elliott Langstaff, of Brook
lyn. N. Y., will witness the coronation
of King George of England by special
Wool will not go on the free list in
the democratic revision of the wool
schedule of the tariff, at this session
President Taft has gone as far as
he cares to on his own initiative, and
if there is to be intervention congress
must declare it.
Investigation cf alleged extravag
ance in the government departments
wp.n endorsed by the house committee
President Taft has signed a procla
mation setting aside 301,360 acres of
land in Humboldt county, Nevada, as
the Santa Rosa national forest.
Kage Adams, a wealthy planter liv
ing near Holt, Fla., was assassinated
from ambush. It is believed the kill
ing is the result of an old feud.
George S. Terry, assistant United
States treasurer at New York, died at
Aiken, S. C. He had been suffering
for a week from an attack of dia
The New York assembly adopted
the resolution of Senator Roosevelt
advocating ths slsctios of Unitsd
States senators by a direct vote of the
Plans were filed by the Broadway
Park Place company for the construc
tion at Broadway and Park Place of
the highest building in the world. It
will be 55 stories.
Delivery of parcels post matter
from many European countries will be
expedited in the middle western
states by an arrangement made by
the postofflce and treasury depart
James Speyer of the banking firm
of Speyer and company, and H. I.
Miller, receiver of the Buffalo & Sus
quehanna railway, have been elected
directors of the Missouri Pacific rail
The Episcopal cathedra! of St. John
the Divine, the largest ecclesiastical
structure in the country and the
fourth largest In Christendom, was
solemnly consecrated in New York
Telegraphic orders from Washing
ton, received at the Mare Island navy
yard, started 100 marines for San
Diego and the Mexican border under
the command of Captain Fred A.
Postmasters of the country are to
be subjected to a rigid investigation
by congress. The house committee on
expenditures in the postofflce depart
ment has decided to act in response
to a resolution to this effect.
President Taft, addressing the open
ing session of the Twenty-ninth con
gress of the Protestant Episcopal
church in the United States, said:
"We have no state church, because all
churches that are working for the
uplifting of men and the spirit are
state churches within the protection
but not within the guidance or control
of the government."
Senator Norris Brown, of Nebras
ka, believes that before any tariff
legislation shall have panned congress
the Income ffc* amendment will have
been adopted. "If this proves the
«&e," said Senator Brown, "the whole
tariff situation will be completely
revolutionised^ The argiiment that
duties cannot be reduced or wiped
out because we need the. revenue, wlU
no longer be valid.
House democrats have an .ambitious
program of tariff -revision.
Mrs. Matthew T. Scott, of Illinois,
was declared re-elected president gen
eral of the Daughters of the Ameri
can JUvshsiiss £er sest two
Norris Brown Is the only progres
sive in the senate in favor of the Can
adian reciprocity bill.
Rear Admiral XUchard tw?h, U. S.
d. dled in.the. naval hospi
tal at Wasj^ingtop afteran extended
The president nay appoint Con
Longworth ambassador to
'William A. Day was selected' as:
Paul Morton'«r«uoeessor tu president
ot Saul table Assurance. society,
rwolutie*. hySenilor L*PFollett
*11» uPO? tli* secretary of toterl^r tah
BISHOPS TO OKU.
SESSION AT WINONA DECIDES ON
MEETING PLACE FOR NOV. 1—
REPORTS ARE MADE.
EXECUTIVE SESSION HELD
Business Men's Association Give Dele
gates Auto Ride Around the
Winona. The college of Metho
dist bishops spent all of T"
day in executive session. The fol
lowing bishops reported their work:
Bishops Quayle, Hamilton, Berry W.
Neeley, Anderson and Nuelsen.
The chief matter under considera
tion during the morning was the place
for the next meeting. Bishop Will
iam A. Quayle extended an invita
tion for Oklahoma City. Okla. It. was
accepted and the bishops will hold
their next meeting on Wednesday, No
An interesting detail of the arter
noon was the visit of T. D. Collins,
a wealthy lumberman of Nebraska,
Penn. He is well known to the board
of missions of the M. E. church, it
having been favored by him with many
handsome gifts amounting to more
than $100,000. Mr. Collins was a close
friend of the late Bishop C. A. McCabe,
whose battiecry startied the church,
when it was first heard, "$10,000,000
Mr. Collins' principal business here
was to impress a great movement to
enlarge the subscription list of all
Methodist periodicals. It is said that
if the ministers and district superin
tendents led by the college of bishops
became active at once in this depart
ment of church work, Mr. Collins pro
mises a handsome donation to put the
church papers on "easy street."
An automobile ride around the city
was arranged by the Winona Business
Men's association to the great pleas
ure of the bishops after a most strenu
ous day's labor.
In the evening the bishops were en
tertained at different private func
tions in various homes. Saturday
three sessions were held. The ap
pointments for Sunday were made as
follows: Bishop Mclntyre, First Con
gregational church, Winona Bishop
John L. Nuelsen, First German Meth
odist church, Winona Bishop Charles
W. Smith, First Baptist church, Wino
na Bishop Thomas B. Neeley, First
Presbyterian church. Winona.
Outside of the city the following
assignments were made: First Church,
Eau Claire, Wis., where the new
church is to be dedicated, Bishop John
Hamilton First church, Mondovia,
Wis., where a new church is to be
dedicated, Bishop Joseph F. Berry
First church, Rochester, Minn., Bishop
Earl Cranston Kasson, Minn., Bishop
David H. Moore Fowler church, Min
neapolis, Bishop William F. Anderson
Olive church, Chicago, Bishop William
Rev. E. M. Evans, pastor of the
Trinity Methodist Episcopal church in
Des Moines, Iowa, was in the city and
secured Bishop Joseph F. Barry to
consecrate a class of deaconnesses on
June 16. and to dedicate the new
church there, costing $40,000. The
whole amount is subscribed so that
no money will be asked on the day
The closing sessions of the St. Paul
district, German Methodists, were
held. Rev. J. J. Hoffman, of St. Paul,
was elected a fraternal delegate 1o
confer with the conference of the
evangelical association which meets at
Blue Earth City next week. The prob
lem at that time will be union of
small churches of each denomination
iu & tuwfiB iii Tniuueeuia.
The German branch decided to work
for federation of the churches in as
many localities as possible.
An extended discussion participated
in by nearly all of the bishops was
had in regard to how the church may
make its labors among the colored
people of the south more fruitful.
Rev. C. A. Thiele, of Nerstrand,
spoke on "The Preacher and the Pul
pit." Rev. Hoffman of St. Paul, was
heard on "St. Paul as a pastor." "The
Evangelical Sermon," was the topic
by Rev. M. G. Dorsdall. Rev. H. W.
Koenig and F. C. Schultz of Waseca
spoke on the topic, "The Family Altar
and as a Factor in the Development of
the Christian Character." Rev. W. E.
Baumgarten's topic was "How can the
Spirit of Revival be Perpetuated
Through the Year?" Rev. S. A. of
Red Wing, gave his "Address- on the
Bible," and Bishop Charles A. Smith,
who is attending the college meeting
here, gave an Interesting interpreta
tion of Methodist law.
The following committees were made
pubiic: Episcopalian—Bishops Cran
ston, Berry, Bashford, Neeley, Quayle
'iAw7 aim aumini«irmiion—Blsnops
Warren, Moore, Burt, Anderson, Smith,
Mclntyre and Mallalea.
Twin City Markets.
Minneapolis,-Apr. 39.—Wheat, May,
£8%c Julyi S?%c No 1 northern,
99%c 'No. S northern, 97%c Ko. 1
durum, 85t&c Noi 8 corn, 50c No.
3 -white oats, 32c barley, malting,
No rye. No, l„flax.
$ 2 6 8
Duluth,"--April 29.-^-Whea£ *May.
97c July, fe8%c No. 1 northern, 98c.
•e s^th st. Paul, April 29.—Cattle—
3teers. $5,[email protected], $2.?ftf$4.00
•fibres, $3.06$6.7S hogs,$5.«5€
MORMON HOME IN A CLIFF
Unique Dwelling Place of Family of
.v"Mormons in the State of
Reno, Nevada.—The state of Utah
does not, by any means, contain all of
the people who are known as Mor
mons. As time has fiown, since the
far-away days when Brigham Young
first established the church at Salt
Lake City, the Mormons have become
more or less scattered. Especially is
this the case in the Pacific coast
states. Outside of Utah, perhaps Ida
ho contains more of the Latter Day
Saints than any of the extreme west
Nevada comes next to Idaho in re
gard to the numbers of Mormon set-
Mormon Patriarch and Wives.
tiers, and Arizona Is, perhaps, the
third state in line.
There are several colonies of these
people located in the extreme south
ern part of Nevada. The accompany
ing illustration shows a Mormon fam
ily that is living here. On the extreme
left of the group may be seen the pa
triarchial head of the family then
comes the three wives sandwiched be
tween off-snrlng. The two younger
looking men are older sons.
These people live in a very rude and
primitive looking abode—In fact, a sort
of rock—cave dwelling in front of
which stands a large brush shed sup
ported by stout wooden posts. Yet,
with all these rude and semi-squalid
environments, this family seems con
tented and happy with their humble
and lowly lot in life.
UNDER A PULLMAN 29 HOURS
Carl Ruhno, Who Started on 50-Mile
Journey, Locked in Storage Box
Kansas City.—When the Golden
State Limited to Chicago pulled into
the Union depot recently, "Hal" Coop
er, the Rock Island pilot, heard a
knocking proceeding from one of the
storage boxes underneath a Pullman
car. He opened the box and was as
tonished to see the body of a boy hud
dled up inside, with a broken water
bottle beside him.
The boy„ who appeared to about 1G
years old, told the pilot that he had
climbed into the box at El Paso, Tex.,
and had intended to remain there for a
ride of about fifty miles. At the next
stop, however, a train inspector shot
the bolts, fastening the lid of the hox,
and the boy remained a prisoner twen-
lllli I 111!!!! rni7T"m
8torage Box Where Boy Rode.
ty-nine hours, the time the Golden
State Limited takes to travel the 938
miles from El Paso to Kansas City.
He had a bottle of water, but no food.
The box in which he rode was about
six feet square and eighteen inches
"My name is Carl Ruhno,," said the
boy, after a meal on Union avenue.
"I worked in El Paso in the iron
works. When I got paid off I deter
mined to get work on, a ranch. I
thought I could 'bum' my way, BO I
crawled in that box. I was compelled
to lie in the same position all the
time, but I slept part of the time.
HER FLAT DAYS ARE ENDED
Hetty Green to Move From Hoboken
New York Hotel in May—To
Reside With Son.
New York.—More high life for Het
ty Green. The little list In Hobo
ken was closed on May 1, and Mrs.
Green, it Is understood, will reside
with her son, Coi. Edward H. Orwii,
at the Waldorf.
No one will undertake to say bow
long Mrs. Green will remala at the
there were predictions
when she moved Into the Plata a !?v
te stct s- 'yeitr -ago thftt -bad
thrown economy to the wind*. She bad
done nothing of the kind, ttgh life
palled on heir and she went back.
But Colonel Green is a hearty man,
who can't be beld under a bushel nor
in a Hoboken flat, and be insisted on
feeing some of the good .things ot
life., Already. Mts. .Qirjeep. has spent
several: days at the Waldorf with her
son and she seemed to like the Uf?
W iSIHSGTON.—When it comes to
*T a keen understanding of domes
ic economy, there is no man living
who has anything on Representative
J. Hampton Moore of Philadelphia.
He has completed a list of luxuries
which shows that the candy con
sumed in a single year represents
the cost of a complete chain of canals
Crom Boston to Key West that the
lewelry sold represents twice the cost
af building the Panama canal, and
that the nickels annually dropped on
soda water counters are sufficient to
establish a complete inland water
The statistics with which Represent
ative Moore backs his assertions are
colossal. They represent his investi
gation into the reason for the high
cost of living, and prove that the in
dividual himself Is in a large meas
l«V»A KAnnnnnlkl. .« j.*_
M« tvopuuoiuic iUl UCUliiie U1 tut)
According to Mr. Moore, the boys
PRELIMINARY statement show
ing the general results of the
1909 census for establishments en
gaged in the manufacture of woolen
and worsted goods has just been is-
by the director of the census,
E. Dana Durand.
Although the number of establish
ments has decreased, denoting a ten
lency toward concentration, which
has been the rule in the wool manu
facturing industry since 1870, on the
other hand the amount of capital re
ported as invested shows an increase
from $256,554,000 in 1899 to $415,4«5.
000 in 1909, or 62 per cent, during the
decade. The cost of materials used
Increased 85 per cent, and the amount
paid In salaries auu wages 58 per
cent. The number of salaried offl-.
cials and clerks increased but 47 per
cent, and the number of wage earn
ers only 29 per cent.
The value of products increased
from $238,745,000 in 1899 to $419,826,
000 in 1909, or 76 per cent. The
greater part of this increase took
place during the second half of thjj
decade in fact, the increase of over
$100,000,000 in the five years sinc.e
1904 is far greater than that of an?
decade prior to 1900 in the history
of the industry.
HE economy and efficiency board is
beginning to get results. It has
reached a point in its labors where it
thinks it foresees where a million dol
lars may be saved during the first year
of its existence.
At present it is devoting its atten
tions largely to the item of traveling
expenses of government employees and
to the duplication of work in the de
partments. The president and the mem
bers of his cabinet were surprised to
learn from this board that the travel
ing expenses charged against the treas
ury last year aggregated about $12,
Just how mucb this enormous sum
can be reduced without crippling the
public service in the least is still a
question, but the members of the econ
omy and efficiency board are confl
4ent that a great saving can be made.
HE navy department probably wil*
be unable to comply with the
wishes of the people
Great Sums Spent in Luxuries
the farmer's wife in Idaho,
tame all along the line."
Shoddy in Much Less Demand
Economy Board to Save Millions
CAM BE QUtTE
Can't Have the Old Portsmouth
have asked that
old sailing ship
New York navy
y«rt, be towed to the Pacific coast to
be preserved there as a naval mu
seum. The people of the Pacific coast
are anxious to have the Portsmouth
sent to San Francisco bay because
she was identified with the early bls
tory of California. She sailed Into
8an Francisco bay and tobk possession
In the name of the United States. If
she bad not taken this action what is
now California might have become a
nart of the British empire, as two
British cruisers arrived there:only a
San Francisco people want to use the
old vessel as an exhibit In-connection
with the coming exposition there.
The navy department, however, has
received a report from a board of sur
vey, which estimated that about $25,
ttOO would be necessary to fit the old
sailing vessel for the long cruise to the
wast coast In addition the expense ot
such a long trip would be considerable,
Ib vieY^Qg the outlay biTolted la the
and girls of the country and the old
er people, too, spent $25,000,000 last
year on chewing gum.
The country's confectionery bill for
1910 amounted to $78,000,000.
The $80,000,000 spent on jewelry is
twice the amount required to build
the Panama canal.
Our soda water bill was $320,000,
The representative says: "Take
the egg, for instance it doesn't cost
the hen any more to lay an egg today
than it did 100 years ago. but we pay
more than our grandfathers did be
cause we don't let the hen lay the
egg where we can get.out the back
door ourselves and pick it up. The
farmer's wife in Idaho goes out and
gathers up an egg, keeps it till a man
comes along with a buggy and takes
It from 1 sr. He crates, sorts and
packs it along with others and then
carries it to the railroad. It is laid
in April, May or June you don't get
It until the following Christmas, and
you have to pay for its keep all that
time, pay for the cold storage, pay
the railroad rates, the expense of the
man who went around in a buggy and
but thf best
The quantity of wool consumed, in
condition purchased, increased from
330,179,000 pounds to 474,751.000
pounds, or 44 per cent. reckoned on
a scoured wool basis, the increase was
60 per cent. The quantity of raw cot
ton consumed decreased from 40,245,
000 pounds to 20,055,000 pounds, or
50 per cent., while the amount of
cotton yarn purchased increased
from 35,343,000 pounds to 39,169,000
pounds, or 11 per cent. The net re
sult is a decided decrease in the
amount of cotton used as a material
by wool manufacturers.
The figures also show a marked de
crease in the use of shoddy.
This is explained by the fact that
the manufacture of worsted fabrics,
into which shoddy does not enter as a
material to any appreciable extent,
has increased enormously, while the
quantity of woolen fabrics in which
shoddy is utilized was actually less
in 1909 than in 1899.
The heads of the executive depart
ments have received instructions to
pare traveling expenses wherever pos
sible. This order is applicable to the
war and navy departments, as well as
to all other departments of govern
Of course, the largeness of the item
for traveling expenses is due in great
measure to the laws under which men
in the navy and in the army, either
as officers or privates, receive travel
allowances. The travel expenses of
the department of agriculture and
the department of the interior are
also necessarily heavy, and the same
is true, though not to so great an'ex
tent, of the post office department.
The injunction that has gone out
simply is that travel pay must not be
authorized except where travel on
government business is absolutely
Soon after President Taft entered
the White House, and long before the
present economy and efficiency board
was created, instructions went out to
the heads of the executive depart
ments to curtail traveling expenses
wherever possible. ,f
proposal Secretary of the Navy Meyer
feels that it would be inadvisable for
the government to undertake the seng.
Ing of the Portsmouth to the Pacific
coast It is probable that she will
be turned over to the Marine Hospital
service for use- as a floating hos
tlifr 'Portsmouth. The
old .sailing vessel Independence,
flcrlr at thiis Mare Island navy yard,
will also be disposed of soon. Aboard
of survey has been ordered to inves
tlgate her condition and recommend
what disposition should be made of
her. The Independence
It is the
for the Barbary coast under Commo
dore William Bainbridge to arrange
the difficulties between the United
States and the Barbary powers. She
h*s been used as a receiving shi** sj
U» Hare Island aavy yard since 185&
tins*sa KZ am
xml | txt