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-f .M", .,„ v, 3 t\ O have many other experts, that dreams are merely the period of existence of another personality. In other words, when you are dreaming of murdering relatives, scaling mountain precipices, eating •wooden spinach, or doing any other odd and abnormal thing, you are actually doing this thing so far as your inner being is concerned. Of course your body doesn't move, but your mind is having its "day." The bad side of your character, say stu dents of dream philosophy, is apt to be shown in your dreams, or vice versa. This may be regulated by what you eat to some extent before retiring. Work and play teach men what they do when they are awake, but most of us know little about what we do in those seven or eight hours when we sleep and dream. Some people con sider dreams as truthful oracles re vealing happenings that are sure to follow. Others say that dreaming means one of two things, either a bad case of indigestion or a worse conscience. Scientific men do not accept any of thees explanations as satisfactory, though there may be a grain of truth in all. They find sleeping and dream ing interesting, but a most complex state of being. The most advanced students say that people think and live as much when they sleep as when they are awake, and that dreaming is one manifestation of this fact. Dreams Play Important Part. Havelock Ellis, in "The World of Dreams," states that sleeping and dreaming play a more important part in our lives than most of us imagine. The importance of sleep and dreaming 1b unappreciated because it is difficult to catch a dream and therefore to an alyze It The dream realized' is only a fringe of the experience we have known and never embraces the whole consciousness we get in sleep. Dreams are Irrelevant, tqp so much Is forgot ten and omitted, and then the logic of the mind tries to patch It together after we awake. As he explains: "We never catch a dream In course of formation. As it presents itself to consciousness there may be doubtful points or missing links, but the dream is once for all completed, and if there are doubtful points or missing links we recognize them as such. I believe that there 1b always a gap between sleeping con sciousness and waking consciousness. The change from the one kind of con sciousness to the other seems to be effected by a slight Bhock and the per ception of the already completed dream 1b the first effort of waking consciousness. The existence of such a shock in Indicated by the fact that even at the first movement of waking consciousness we never realize that a moment ago we were asleep." Be goes farther,' accepting the view of inch dentists as Foucault, Nocke and Sir Arthur Mitchell, and holds that the mind Is active while the body' sleepa—dreaming is only one of Its processes. The dream the mind real experiences Is different from what It records when the body becomes con scious. Even in somnambulism it is unusual for men and women to have any recollection on awakening. Thla & What Dreams Are By HAVELOCK ELLIS. HE mind is active while the body sleeps. Dreaming is the plainest indication of this fact. The dream the mind really experiences is much different from what It records when the body becomes conscious. Even In somnambulism it is unusual for men and women to have any recollection upon awakening. This is because thinking done when the body rests is different than that done when the body is active. The unusual pictures and objects seen in dreams have made some of the great pictures, po ems, musical compositions, and books of the world. REAMS—the day kind and night kind—are being stud ied by scientific men. Many have given the dream ques tion much thought. Have lock Ellis has found, as is because thinking done when the body rests is different from what it is when the body is active—the one is spontaneous attention and the other is voluntary attention. These are aa different as the north pole Is from the south. Voluntary Attention Restorative. Ribot thus explains the difference: "Voluntary attention is restorative and is used in sleep and dreams, while artificial attention exhausts and de mands a change. The basis of dream ing is a seemingly spontaneous pro cession of dream imagery which Is al ways undergoing transformation into something different, yet not wholly different from what went before. It seems a mechanical flow of images regulated by associations of resem blance which sleeping consciousness recognizes without either controlling or introducing a foreign element." It resembles a cinematograph pic ture which is made up of many differ ent pictures, but which are all related. They pass in quick succession with out one word of explanation. Long before cinematograph pictures were invented children discovered how to make these pictures both when awake and on going to sleep. Most children love to close their eyes and to let a series of strange pictures pass on the curtain of the closed eyelids. They get their most Interesting and unusual pictures in thle way. De Quincey speaks about these pic tures in his "Impressions of an Opium Eater" in these words: "Most chil dren have the power of painting aB it were upon the darkness all sorts of phantoms in some that power is sim ply a mechanical effect upon the eye others have a voluntary or semi-volun tary power to dismiss or to summon them as one child once said to me: 'I can tell them to come and go, but sometimes they come when I don't tell them to come.'" Day Dreaming Hypnotic State. What children do is to create a hyp notic state known as day dreaming. This kind of picture making is sup posed to be the germ of dreaming. Therefore children, along with artists, writers and poets, can actually dream when awake. Elmer Jones not only agrees on this point, but he goes one step farther and argues that dream ing can be aroused by opium and chlo roform, for under chloroform the vision is stimulated first. In all these dreams, whether cre ated awake or asleep, th© pictures are as normal as when the individual is awake, excepting that there Is little color, the color field fading In a gray band. But they have qualities that the images created when awake lack. Many things we cannot recall when we are'awake are born once more in our dreams. Scientists and inventors often come to a standstill with their powers of reason, they do not know how to move on with their Investiga tions and experiments. The more they worry the more difficult the problem becomes, when suddenly their difficul ties are cleared up In their dreams. This Is explained by Bills and oth ers by the fact that a large part of the psychic life of sleep Is outside our power and some of It Is even beyond our sight. The unusual pictures seen In oar sleep and dreams have made some of the great pictures, poems, stories and plays of the world. It is only the man of genius who can bring theee strange and irrelevant pictures &y-> xxtArzOnfy Thinking, and Living in Another yj j. Tforte- -JfouArt. A-noihcfBeing? a Jay3*ffave.]ockjyiiS 'V inJfisHook on Dream./' together in a relevant way. To him acting and life, the picture and the reality, are no longer distinct tbey flow in the same channel. Normal Mind Has Two Intelligences. This is not as strange as it looks, for every normal mind has at least two intelligences, one conscious and the other subconscious. One might al most say that in dreaming the subcon scious Intelligence is playing against the conscious intelligence. This shows why great people often act on the re sults of their dreams, though they do not always know why. This also ex plains why we remember things we had forgotten and often reason more clearly when our bodies are nt rest. Because of this larger field of vision men often prophesy things that are to take place. Dr. Hammond, a well known physician, knew a man who be fore an attack of paralysis repeatedly said that he had been cut in two down the middle line, and could only move on one side, while a young woman who had swallowed molten lead in her dreams, on awakening wus at tacked by tonsilitis. The mind is so active when it Is supposed to be asleep that if the motor co-ordinates are not cut off somnambulism takes place, the body responds to the command of the brain, without the person ever realizing it. It is rather startling to hear that man thinks as intelligently asleep as awake, but no less an authority than Sir Arthur Mitchell admits that think ing is essential to life. Thinking when we sleep may be different than when we are awake, but the process goes on just the same. Man cannot think unless he Is alive, and he cannot be alive without thinking. Dreamt* Confused in Memory. Dreams are not as confused as we think. They become confused from the standpoint of memory, but are not from the point of the dream organ. Memory half-blurred in trying to re call them makes dreaming seem con fused. Dreams born under normal conditions are normal, it is only those that are created under abnormal con ditions that are strange. For as Cic ero said: "It cannot be doubted the number of true dreams would be greater if we were to fall asleep in a better condition filling ourselves with, wine and flesh obscures our dreams." Carl du Prel holds that every in dividual has two consciousnesses ris ing and sinking like the weight of the scale. These are in alternation awak ing and sleeping. "Potentially the dream consciousness is present even in waking," he says, "and the waking consciousness in dreams, just as the light of the stars is present when the sun shines, but is first visible when the sun sets. Were the light not so weak in most of us it would never have been necessary to have written on the temple of Delphi, "Know thy self," and Plate would not have said that "Most men only dream, the phil osopher alone strives to be awake." Mozart more than any other musi cian said that he was at his best when dreaming or in this stage of thinking. As he once told a friend: "When I am all right and in good spirits either in a carriage or walking and at night when I ennnot sleep thoughts come streaming at their best. The things which occur to me I keep in my head and hum them to myself. If I stick to it there soon come one after another useful crumbs for the pie, according to counterpoint, har mony, etc. This now inflames my soul, which keeps growing and expanding, and all the invention and construction go on as in a fine, strong dream." Cops and Cops. The. examining corps of the patent office is of an unusually high order of intelligence, and the members are generally acquainted with the various arts. Sometimes amusing things oc cur when an examiner fails to under stand a technical term well-known in another art. A "cop" is defined as "the conical roll of thread formed on the spindle of a spinning machine." In an ap plication now issued, and consequent ly a public record, the applicant re ferred to an illustration as "the repre sentation of a cop." Not understanding the word, the examiner wrote, seriously, a letter in part as follows: "The attention of the examiner be ing called to this case, he regards it ao in no condition for official judg ment on the merits. Applicant shows a device which the examiner would be inclined to regard as the repre sentation of a ball of twine. Appli cant says, however, it is "the repre sentation of a cop.' It does not look like a policeman, which to the ex aminer's mind is the popular sig nification of the word cop, and conse quently the word requires some limi tations."—Scientific American. A Knocker. Mrs. Crlmsonbeak—If I had to earn my living at a trade, what do you sup pose I could go at? Mr. Oimsonbeak—Well, the way you can use a hammer. I should say the carpenter trade wouid suit best. ., .* *V..-.V.' IT OVERLOOKS PUGET SOUND Hermit Castle a Unique Buildinp Erected Many Years Ago by an Eccentric Englishman. Port Townsend, Wash.—On the summit of a high hill back of Port Townsend, the state's port of entry, and overlooking the town, stands a unique building, much resembling a castle. In the early days, when there were no neighboring residences, the structure often underwent searching scrutiny by eyes aboard ship peer ing through binoculars or field glass, as it does to this day, when some shap-visioned tourist picks it out as something distinct from the ordinary type of building. The "castl®," as the structure is called by the people of the town, was built many years ago, in boom times, by an eccentric Englishman, who through his habits and eccentricities was known as a hermit. There are, perhaps, few building locations in the United States afford ing views as grand as the one where The Hermit Castle. this freak in architecture stands. II stands nearly 300 feet above sea level, immediately overlooking a beautiful little bay with numerous inlets, and beyond great stretches of America's fir-fringed and greatest inland water way, Puget sound. In the distanc« are the green foothills, and beyond the majestic Olympic range, snow capped the year 'round, and behind which old Sol sinks from sight amid a wealth of color month in and out. After the old Englishman's death "the castle" passed to the United States, acquired by purchase of land for use as a military reservation. Th« building is of brick, and is substan tially built and well finished within. BIG ROCKY MOUNTAIN GORGE Grand Canyon of the Arkansas Rivei One of the Most Spectacular in the West.-.i% Denver, Colo.—The Grand Canyon of the Arkansas is one of the most spectacular gorges in the Rocky mountains. It is ten miles long and the railroad—the Denver and Ric Grande—by a marvel of engineering skill has made it a thoroughfare tc the west. The narrowest part of the canyoc is known as the Royal Gorge. Th red granite and gneiss walls, spark ling with mica, tower aloft on either hand 2,627 feet the sky is a thread almost obliterated by the jagged ram parts, and the stars may be seen al midday. Atone point, the hanging bridge, the width is but ten yards, and the road bed has been built out over the water. The river boils madly through the engine sways now to the right, now to the left, dragging the train the vista ahead, momentarily blocked, opens again a way is always found. f\ Grand Canyon of the Arkansas. And ever there is the ruddy granite, in walls and in huge broken masses, and the green stream foaming against its boulders, and glimpses of side canyons wooded and mysterious. Bands of mountain sheep are seen almost dally on the high cliffs as the trains climb the backbone of the continent. Lights on Baby Carts. St. Paul.—Baby carriages In Minne sota must hereafter carry warning lights when used after dark—two white lights in front and a red one a the rear. It's all due to a mistake, 8 kind o' "joker" that somehow got in the new law Just passed by the legia lature, but It "goes," according to an opinion rendered by Attorney Genera/ Simpson. Children's velocipedes, wheelbar rows and kiddies' express wagons are also included In the provisions of the law, which really was intended only to help automobllitfts and motorcy clists, by compelling horse-drawn ve hicles to carry lights. But the lap guage was clumsily put: "the oil users of wheeled vehicles." ON Rem mcRHSE Higher Rates on Seoond-Class Mail Opposed. BULLETIN FROM PUBLISHERS Postal Committee of the A. N. P. A. Calls the Post Office a Badly .Managed Business. Washington.—The protest of the publishers against the proposition to increase second-class mall rates as the congressional post office commis sion desires is growing stronger dally. The Illinois Daily Newspaper Publish ers' association registered Its objec tions recently, and now the American Newspaper Publishers' association's postal committee, of which the chair, man is Don C. Seitz of the New York World, has issued the following bul letin: 1 1-r "The extent to which the post office department does not carry sec ond-class matter is well revealed in the following abstract of inquiry of publishers conducted by house com mittee on expenditures in the post office department (William A. Ash brook, chairman) concerning the vol ume, weight and handling of the out put of publications entered as mail matter of the second-class for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1911: 'Inquiry was made of all publish ers, approximating thirty thousand, of which nearly seventeen thousand are weekly publications. 'More than ten thousand returns were received, embracing sixty-six plus per cent of all tonnage of pub lications. ." 'The publications reporting repre sent an annual output of more than six and one-half billion copies, the weight of which was one and three quarter billion pounds. 'These publications delivered by mail In such period weighed 633,012, 902 pounds. 'They delivered by their own car riers, newsboys, and news companies 840,466,574 pounds, of which an unas certained percentage was carried to destination by express and other rail shipments outside the mall. They de livered by express, 202,729,510 pounds, and by other rail shipments 121,491, 748 pounds. The rate by express and rail varies from to 1 cent per pound, but the bulk of these ship ments went at a rate of to cent per pound. 'The post office for the year end' lng June 30, 1911, handled 951,001, 669, and excluding one-half million pounds free In county matter, it re ceived one cent per pound.' "All this goes to add to the ab surdity of the proposed Hitchcock leg islation doubling the second-class rate from one to two cents per pound, and limiting the 'privilege' to publications that carry as much reading matter as they do advertising. "The proposition was stupid enough when the postal deficit reached $17, 000,000 two yearB ago. It becomes preposterous in face of a surplus. "What business has a transporta tion corporation, which is all the post office is, to prescribe how a business shall be conducted? "Newspapers cannot afford to ex pand their columns beyond the call of the day's news, nor can they be expected to control the requirements of their advertisers who have a right to reach the public as copiously as they care to. "It cannot be assumed that such legislation will ever get by congress. But publishers are requested to fight the theory that the right to send their output by mail is a "privilege." The figures show it is not. "The post office is a badly man aged business. That is all. Wo should fight its dictation, its censor ship and its inefficiency." "r -\f 'A Brigand Also a Patriot. Gravely, solemnly, with enthusiasm and a large mixture of national pride, the Turkish newspapers publish the following remarkable piece of news (says the London Globe). A brigand chief, one Salin, who has been carry ing on operations for some time in the mountains of Gambiek, In Bithy nia, not a great distance from Con stantinople, and for whom the Turkish gendarmerie have for long sought in vain, alive or dead, has placed his talents and services at the disposition of the Turkish authorities. The brig and's letter is a curious document. He says it is against the wishes of his heart to give up his calling, but "the audacity of these Italian brigands"— an expression which frequently occurs in the letter—in waging war upon the Ottoman empire and brutally seizing an Islamic province, impel him to offer his services, with those of his band, consisting of a hundred men, to avenge the national honor and to chastise these infidel brigands. il', Altered the Csse. 'Mrs. de Mover—"Good gracious! This Is the noisiest neighborhood 1 ever got into. Just hear those children screech!" Maid—-"They're your own chllders, mum." Mrs. de Mover—"Are they? How the little darling are en joying themselves!"—Tit-Bits. Called "I asked the audience to lend me their ears," said tho-verbose speaker "But in three-quarters of an hour tfcr were dosing." "I see," replied ti financier. "They called the loan." MUNYONS PAW-PAW PILLS I want who la bUhme, patedor bM any itoa •eh or liver attaeat is send for a tree package of my Paw-Paw Fills. *ut to pme thai they positively ear* digestion, Bow Otoe* sea. Belching, Wlatf, HeadaeheTwe nets, Sleeptessaeeo aaQ are aa Infallible cue tor Constipation. Tote (r thla I aa willing to give millions of tree ]. age*. I take all the risk. Sold toy drumMs lor £5 cents a vial. Tor free package adores^ Prof. Muiuon. B3rd&J*f*raesSts.,PMMel|Ms Ph Your liver Is Clogged Up That's Why You're Tired —Have No Appetite. CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS will put you right in a few days. Genuine CARTERS They do their dutyv Cure Con stipation. Bilious Indigestion and Sick Headache SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICS. must bear Signature WANTED HER TO 8UFFER. & Mr. Henpeck—Do you pull teeth it pa in Dentist—Oh! yeB, sir. Mr. Henpeck—Then you won't do. My mother-in-law wants to get seven extracted, so I'll have to take her elsewhere. 1 The Better Part. A certain woman went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and It chanced that her gown was not fully buttoned up In the back. Now, a priest and a Levlte, meeting the woman and per ceiving her plight, passed by on the other side, without saying a word. But a certain Samaritan, Journeyed that way, was touched with compassion. "Madam," quoth he, "your ha— hub—" "Sir?" the woman thereupon ex claimed and gave him a look which froze him on the spot. When it appears that' discretion is the better part of valor.—Puck. He Knew the Worm. A country girl was home from col lege for the Christmas holidays and the old folks were having a reception in her honor. During the event she brought out some of her new gowns to show to the guests. Picking up a beautiful silk creation, she held It up before the admiring crowd. "Isn't it perfectly gorgeous!" she exclaimed. "Just think, it came from a poor little insignificant worm!" Her hard-working father looked a moment, then turned and said: "Yes, darn it, an' I'm that worm!"—Ladles' Home Journal. A Pioneer. "Why was Jonah thrown over board?" "I'm not sure, but I've always thought he ya^.the first man to rock a boat." -*S\ W? The .IK Promise .£ Of a Good Breakfast WM'i'1' 1 «s is fulfilled if you start the meal with Post Sweet, crisp, fluffy bits of toasted corn*— ready to serve direct from the pacK&ge with cream and sugar Plei Particular People "The Memory Lbigert"