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Pierre weekly free press. (Pierre, S.D.) 1889-19??, October 10, 1912, Image 2

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Timely facts and Comment Con
eerning the Two Minor Parties
J^&nd Their Standard Bearers.
:S0Cialists* Gains Since 1900,
iwhen Debs. Now Presidential
lliiominee For the Fourth Time,
Jdnly 87,814 Votes.
Thia i« th* la*t articla ofa series on
Aaniinalw «f the presidential campaign.
I'tTteOUQH'tbe bulk of the noise
*, «nd/ruotoriety of the present
pre$ileutial campnign is fall
ing to! the lot of the two big
.|ftilties, wfhlch Is uaturul, and the new
.party,, tjhe cohorts of the cause of
^itocililiRin and Prohibition are no lag
I- *artJslh the great game that is being
%nd which will, be crowned by
wallet .of the voters of the United
a. few brief weeks. Of the
aft&ifc'Ptiirtfeli mentioned the Socialists
fft^&Httotyger and. therefore, in point
oC^b|»t||r Interest fheif part in a na
tloiurteMnpnlgn takes precedence over
0* tjte Prohibition party.
tlie first evidences of so
In,'this country were observed
poMtlcar epoch which closed the
^pejjildentlul career
lWa*^t$ifw j®t f-uS
Ulysafea 9. Grant
th&ttlaie most ot ithe So
rmani Immigrants. Lat
Boci«Ust movement made
-by accessions of inimi-
t» ftoin.other parts ot Europe.
SodftUat Labor party was the
of tile energies of these for
hota dttiens. But this party
49 Bbdw any* perceptible prog
those days and
th», pre*^ht time have ex
tai'theSoalalist Labor party
I9&w$f0fc&ope-for much because of
**1 'to trade unions. In
^mi^Oclalist Labor candidate! for
Matcbett, received only 30.
In 1899, however, there
It change wh«» Eugene V.
active and prominent in
UMi Otr DC«8
voominateid for presldent tn 1900
Democratic party. Debs
I7j|l4 yotfes. But he was con
•li»ta 8oclalist-Lalor «nd a
Candidate. The lat
thex remnant
"^Ke«^ao|y|R'a party, in 1904 Dehp*
tO '»SOl ti55. and four years
was 420,19?.
urea but then that if
Ion continued the
year would receive
votes. & million
estimate. But. the
itttp existence
i^lttjon ot nven keen
fflfiy ^nspicloiiHiy ex
8^ .now* nominee
^*"Wth time, and
rtiilQing n^ttte,
.^h^ry.ln jgrent
snttp aud
if ttnaes de
lt4c« ri36Jord.:
ot timett a
Ji $
Cliafln, Walking and Seldel photos by American I'ress Association,
Debs always has held decided opin
ions of his own, and sometimes as a
boy these were the despair of his teach
ers. His schooling, by the way, never
amounted to much. The Socialists'
candidate \Vas born at Terro Haute.
Ind., where lie still lives, Nov/5, 185o.
He became a locomotive firemun and
then. Sot a job with a wholesale grocery.
While thus employed he organized the
Emersonian society and succeeded in
landing the position of city clerk of
.Terre Haute, which he held front 1S79
to'18S3. Having resolved on a political
'-career, he planued to go to the Indiana
legislature ami was elected for two
years. Meantime he had been grand
secretary and treasurer of the Brother
hood of Locomotive Kirenieu, an office.
he held from 1880 to 18!«. He was
president of the American Hallway
union from 1893 to 1897 arid chairman
of the national council of the Social De
mocracy in 1807-8.
Emil Seidel, the vice ''presidential
nominee, was elected as Milwaukee's
{Socialist mayor in 1910 and was de
feated for re-election this year. His
vote Avas 30.200 against 43.172 for his
opponent. Dr. G. A. Badihg.
Seldel is a iiorn hustler. When his
campaign itinerary was mapped out
it was said -that it would cause him to
travel a distance of 25,000 to 30.000
miles. Starting at Cincinnati July 21,
he has been 011 the go continuously,
and his last speaking engagement is iu
New York city the Monday night be
fore election day, Tuesday, Nov. 5.
Seidel was 'born at Ashland, Pa.,
Dec. 13, 1804, He waff the founder of
the Socialist organization in Milwau
kee. nominee of that party for gov
ernor of Wisconsin in 1902. a Milwau
kee aklerman iu. .1904'and alderman at
large In 1909. Then he was elected
mayor of Milwaukee, being the tirst
Socialist to be placed at the liead of
an Important municipality. Milwau
kee made a clean sweep of that elec
tion, turning over everything to the
Socialists. The triumph put new life
in the party, and Seldel's career as
mayor was followed closely all over
the country. The mayor and Victor
L. Berger, famous Socialist leader and
active in his party's campaigns, said
it was not a personal victory for sel
del, but rather a vindication In the
minds of the Milwaukee electorate ol'
the principles of their party:?
In spite of the impression which
son»e idople get from Seidel's touseled
hair, lwrrfeally ls quiet and unassum
ing an(i tW Are eater on the stump.
XeserthefeM when he liecomes fully
ivrousefd to jbls subject 'he pitches ,lntp
It heart and soul with all the spiee of
natural Iwrn campaigner He wins
Mends readily and from evei^r view/
point jd'Qne 'of the strongest cards the
-Eugene W. Chaftn. 2—Emil Seidel. 3—Aaron S. Watkins. 4—Eugene V.
Debs. 5—Robert H. Patton. 6—J. G. Phelps Stokes, Famous Socialist.
.hold when it's thfelr work-
Ing Wm^. for Seldel, Is a ^rork4r, as his
courage' In, undertakJng that iffiiP)
'prxihlblUon Itn# adopted by the
''.IfijBf,"! That was In 184*1
«ra« reneal«K 188^
t^v, ~^Tr
State wide prohibition prevailed in sev
en pthei* states at that time—North
Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi. Tennes
see. Oklahoma. Kansas and North Da
Brigadier General Xeal Dow tvli's the
father of the Maine movement. It was
Ife who in 1S51 drafted the tirst severe
ly prohibitory law of the state. He
did not rest there, but was in the fore
front of the fight over all succeeding
prohibition laws, which culminated 111
the constitutional amendment of 1SS4.
That amendment came up for con
sideration after Maine had tried state
wide statutory prohibition for over a
quarter of .1 century. It was proposed
by the Sixty-first legislature and sub
mitted to a test vote on Sept. 8, 1NS-1.
It was overwhelmingly approved, 70.
78,-1 persons voting far it and only 2:5.
Sll against it. Governor itobie issued
11 proclamation iu regard to it on the
following Dec. 3. and the amendment
actually went into efl'ect in January.
I8S0. It prohibited the manufacture
and sale of intoxicating liquors, not in
cluding cider, but legalized the sale of
liquors for medicinal and mechanical
purposes and for the art:
Prohibition has won in other states
besides* those mentioned, but has not
held its strength. Various leaders of
the movement have urged that the
name of the party be changed. At the
national convention last July such sug
gestions were made, but failed of ac
tion. It was a coincidence that one
name suggested was the Progressive
party. Others favored the Liberal par
ty and still others the Conservation
The Prohibition nominees now In the
field, Eugene Wilder Cliatin and Aaron
Sherman Watklus. are good campaign
ers. They were teammates in 1U0S as
candidates for the same offices for
which they have been renominated.
Chalin is a native of Wisconsin, where
he was boru Nov. 1. 1852. He has
long been one of the most prominent
figures in his party. A lawyer by pro
fession. he was twice a candidate for
the oflici. of attorney general of Wis
consin, once a candidate for the same
office in Illinois and prior to that ran
for congress. He was a candidate for
the Wisconsin governorship in 48D8.
He removed to Arizona in 1000 and
now resides at Tucson, that state. lie
Is possessed of pleasimr manner and
makes it a rule In life to look on the
pleasant side of things
Watkins, th-i ProlubftioiKittind-idat#
for vice president, first saw the light
at Rushs lv inn, d, Nov 2!).
He, too, beta
me a lau \ci. haxiug been
admitted to the bar ufter four years, tn
a la\v office He later euteted the
Methodist ministry and was ordained
hiJbUo lie took up college work iu
1005 :-s professor of literature and phi-*
!oiophj\ vftjn the Prohibition candidate
for g0\6ruor -of Ohio iu 11,05 aut} 111
1908 Received the double honor of bo*
lug ^nourittated for governor and
nominated Tor vice-president
AJnoug the'^arty's leaders are Rob-.
SfctHoward -Patton of Springfield, 111
Froblbition candidate for governor of
W» Eat Up Nearly $200,000,000 Worth
Yearly, Statistics Show.
Our consumption of fruit runs up
in one year to the enormous total of
nearly SUOO.OOO.OOO, says the New York
Press. The statistics for 1909 show
that our apple crop was worth S&V
000,000, our peaches $28,000,000. our
grapes .^JJ,000,000 ami our strawberries
$17,000,00), our oranges reaching the
same large figures. We consumed $10,
OtlO.OOU of plums and prunes. .^T.000,000
of pears and cherries and S-'o.'JUU.OOO of
the raspberry. And all of these things
are part ot the high cost of living, since
there has been an increase of nearly TO
per cent in the value of orchard fruits
between 1SM0 and 1000, while there lias
been less than
!r'.-o,./:-:vvv' v.
per cent in the in­
crease of production.
One oi the ennous features of tills
production of fruit has been the lessen
ing of the apple crop, which in the past
decade, with a growing population, has
decreased from 17."),000,000 to 1
000 barrels On the other hand, the
production of tropical fruits in conti
nental I luted States lias about tre"
in the same time, and ten times as
many pineapples are grown now as
were produced ten years ago. When it
is realized that since 1S!W there has
been a decrease of nearly -lo.ooo-oo!)
our small fruits ami that the jt
value of the crop
1100.000. It N ea
if living increases
0 el
ndvam ed. uearlv
to whv the est 1
a luomr I he sweeis
l.'iiiu I lie more suii-
si.iidk (liing.-s i.al man iit-eds hi.
A Voice In the Nijjlil.
i'.iisiness had detained the master oi
house. Strietlv speaking, it wasv.!
0 cluck in the morning as lie sollly
ercpl up ilie stairs, and everything was
calm and peaceful.
Carefully and noiselessly he opened
(he door of his bedroom and crossed
the threshold with the grace of an
Indian on the trail.
I'lifortunalely, however, (lie family
cat was enjoying a well earned rest
on the rug by the bedside, and tile
master of the household elected, under
a luisappi eheiision, to deposit the
weigh!, of lib foot' upon the feline's
candal appendage.
Naturally, the feline uttered a shrill
and noisome complaint, piercing sounds
that awakened the mistress of the
house. This good lady sat up in bed,
perturbed, but not at a loss.
"Frederick." she murmured, "don't
you think it's a tritle lale to lie sing
ing? The neighbors might complain,
you know."
Then Frederick nimbly ejected the
musical mnuscr and deftly slid between
the sheets. *,
According to Style.
During the Spanish-America
tlie navy department, by way of a
graceful compliment to the great uni
versities, renamed two converted cruis
ers Harvard and Vale. Not long after
Commodore Oowey was asked what
new names should lie conferred upon
two little Spanish gunboats that had
been captured in Philippine waters.
"Oh." said the commodore, "we'll just
call one the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology and the other the Pennsyl
vania College of Physicians and Sur
geons."—Chicago News.
Ho Stayed In.
Senator Bacon of Georgia passed a
constituent around the eapitol for
awhile and then, having some work to
do 011 the floor, conducted his visitor
to the senate gallery. After an hour
or so the visitor approached a gallery
doorkeeper and said:
"My name is Swate. 1 am a friend
of Senator Bacon. He brought me
here, and I want to go out and look
around a bit. I thought that 1 would
tell you so I can get back in."
"That's all right," said the doorkeep
er. "but I may not be here when you
return. In order to prevent any mis
take 1 will give you the password so
you can get yOur seat again."
"What's the world?" Mr. Swate
'I guess I'll stay iu
Washington Star.
l, said Swate.—
An Attraction
Manager Krohbert (to piaywright.)-^
Your phty is all right ,' but the title
won'I draw.
"IloW would 'The Mustfird Plaster'
phonetic Spoiling. ••••'.-.Cj-
lit Indiana It is-necessary for man
seeking :a marriage Heeiise' to tell hi:
the 'nppihnfiou if ..he has boon
"ma mod
l»eforei:and if so, .AVhnt bochme of Ins
^'t her 'wife Or1 wives One politician out
there desired to wax a 11 lie poetical
when he enme to the question about
what became ot, Avife nod he
•'Gciiu1 to tue grate boyomi/- \Vasi4
Uugtou Heraiti.
Coach Brewer kept iu touch with the
men and early in the seafeon asked
them to begin getting in condition.
Among those who have returned to
school arc Hilly Blees, the crack lit
tle quarterback ot last year, and
Woodward, the St. Louis boy who
may beat Blees out of his job this
year. lie is looked on as a "com
er." although he made several costlv
tumbles in games last vear. It: is his
gameness. though, which has impress
ed the football enthusiasts, as he uev
er lost heart after his mistakes.
Woodward has a good bead and runs
back punts well. Ilis tendency to fum-
I ble the ball is his eulv weakness, and
tlllu ht l,()lls1a,lt
John McKadden and Dr. W. W. Was
soii have been added to the University
of Colorado coaching staff, according
to the announcement, of (ieueral Man
ager Herman Weinberger. The em
ployment of two additional coaches
was recently authorized by the ath
letic board.
McKadden will be assistant coach to
football, head coach in basket ball and
*PacK. of Sheer ffonjense
Ticklish Proposition.
Clerk—Your ad. reads. "Plain cook
wanted." They rather tight shy of
that. sir.
Subbubs—-I-Iow shall I put it. then?
Clerk—I should say. "Woman want
ed to do plain cooking."
Subbubs—Change it. will you? Glad
you mentioned it. And, by the way,
instead of "woman" you'd better make
it "lady."—Boston Transcript.
Mrs. Diplo— My husband and 1 never
dispute before our children. U'lieu
trouble comes*up we send them out.
Kind Neighbor Oh. that's whv I
see tliem oil the streets so often.
Roturn Postage.
He had wruieu to me magazine edi
tor's daughter, asking if sin: could re-,
turn his love. "How careiess fit linn."
she sit^cl. throwing the epistle in the
wastebasket. "He should have inclos
ed return- postage."—Philadelphia Iicc
A Now Slo0anf''«-r -X--'
"The fcuuin" tlawg soeins. to have,
worked W,en in puHlics.''
"l'es I vnpp ^e some uftrai.elte wii!
come forward now with a sioua.i iiout
a mali.ese cai."--Ioiiisville Courier-
Joint.a I.
Her Address:
Husband ot militant snffriigette (to
his secretary)--Take fids noie around
to mr wife, please.
Secretary Ccrtaiuly. sir. 'At which
er jail Ls she slopping? Harper's
will overcniiie this weakness.
The l'S nt' liiickncy, thu best player
win. ever 'Imiiieil ii Tiger football suit,
according to many, is not causing any
pessimism in the Tiger camp. The
built up around Hackney
was put mil of
I he game for till? rest of the season by
lorn ligaments ill hi- shoulder I'.rewer
had lo change his whole style ot play.
plavs Were
las year, and when he
•lolin Keiily. the former 1 leorgctown
nni\-ersily athlete, now physical di
rector of (lie Kansas City Athletic
club, claims thai l.ec Talbot, the for
mer Cornell champion weight thrower,
will lie one of the leading heavyweight
wrestlers during the coining season.
Talbot weighs about i!"(l pounds.
Tell lienia is through with running,
lie said
himself when he relumed'
10 Cornell from Xew York and I'urope.
where lie had taken part in the Olym
pic games? The great Cornell runner
admitted that it was hard to quit, but
he decided to stop while he was win
ner. Resides, he wirtited to enter busi
ness right awav
F. K. Teiiler, bowling with the Hlue
Jays iu a match game at Los Angeles,
achieved the remarkable feat recently
of making seventeen straight strikes,
scoring :t00 in one game and having
live strikes to start his second game,
which lie finished with a score of 27S.
All of his strikes were "pockets," none
having the earmark of a fluke.
Grist From the Sport Mill
Sixty lueu were listed by Coach assistant
Chester L. Brewer us ••available ma
terial" iu preparing for the 1912 foot
ball season at the University of Mis
souri. For the first time in years all
the men who were \Vanted for the
team are eligible, and there lias been
no trouble on that score.
in track. During tIn- .past
season MeFaddeu undermined his
health bv playing in a big football
game when sick with a lever and a
bad cold, lie was compelled in drop
school before the end ol I lie tji si se
mester and since that time has been
taking treatment, at Denver.
1 he great fault with
aie football
team last year was the Jailure of the
backs to work
coiiiis.en!I ..
A rn^ri
Before I.ee began tlie arduous task
of turning out meu tit to row against
the best amateurs in the world he was
in charge of a lot of men who had
never accomplished anything in the
rowing line. lie was
the midst of a
I lot of young men who had never been
used "to being "kept in line." and be
cause of this Lee had to overcome
many breaks in rules of discipline that
he framed when the club engaged him.
But his knowledge of the game and
perseverance enabled him to send to
the races men who won eight firsts,
three seconds and one third. Tlie club
won eight cups, six plaques, one ban
ner and- sixteen medals.
The Flight of Time.
One must be a genius to be a suc
cessful barber. One is reminded of the
tonsorial artist who operated iu tlie
same village for fifty years and never
made a mistake. In bis qarl.v days a
handsome boy got in his chair/
"Shave, sir?" asked the barber.
^011 Hatter me. No 1 can only use
a hair cut."
^ears passed. I11 fact, thirty years
did. 1 lie same man came to tlie same
Haii cut. sir?" asked the barber
"You flatter me!" sighed tlu
"No only a shave."—Cle\ el ind
Camp. Jr.. was tli onl.v ste.oh pl.i .d
behind the line.
Because ot tins positive lliat
Walter Camp, Jr., Vale Star, Watching
a Forward Pass.
they will build the scoring machine
1 around him this fall.
Camp is a heady player who runs
strongly a.'id is an adept at the use oC.'
the stiff arm. lie has worked hard to
perfect tlti* most valuable asset and1
can stop tacklers from either side with,
equal facility.
I Ceorge I.ee. I lie rowing coach,,
who prepared the representatives of
Grand Uapids (Mich.i Boat and Canoe
club, which won seven races in five
days at tlie tri-regatta at Peoria, III., is
entitled to a place in the hall of fame,
I if the rowing authorities ever organize
such an institution. Lee put the Grand
I liapids club
the map. so to speak.
1 lie accomplished more in the two
months in which lie coached the row
ing men than was ever credited to one
man in rowing.
Too Prosperous, eg
"Pink, 1 in at raid yu'rt Unj?
your time brushing mj? hat. 1 don't
seem to have anything smaller than a
ten dollar bill."
"1 kin change dat.all right,
"Then you don't need the tip so
long. Pink."-.Chicago Tribune-.
Hopeless Quest.
Uogular (to Ins landlady)--\Vh
the new lionrderv
A dctc'tive. 1 think."
:"\Vbat rf.'ikes yott .think"*
I saw hs
look under
''••Wen.S'-VnYl t»?'flig yon
ho top crust
of the uiin^o..pie." ... \.—
They Come High.
belote we ere
ma rneil
used ty briiigame flowers nearly
day. .for that matter, but if I do I'll
Iiiive* to cut out the asparagus."- Stl'"
Louis Post-Dispatch.
AV -ir

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