Newspaper Page Text
The Yale Expositor.
J. A. Mcnzies, Publisher.
This favorite son-shlno business may
turn out to be only moon-shine.
Disappointed aspirants for Consul
ships In Spain aro becoming reconciled
to life once more.
The burning question with the Salva
tlon Army Just now is: "What shall
we do to be saved?"
Frenchmen are building a telegraph
line across the Sahara Desert. It re
quires both sand and Gaul.
The new project by which cars are
to run by air is doubtless a complement
of some ot those wind franchises.
Washington, D. C, we aro told, sup
ports seven theaters. The rest of the
country, however, supports "Washing
Congressman Woodman says there's
nothing open on Sundays in Washing
ton but the graveyards. Why doesn't
The prospect is now that the Keely
motor and Dr. Garner's Simian diction
ary will be turned loose oh the world
about the same time.
If the revolution Increases In volume
the parent Salvation army will soon be
compelled to recognize the belligerency
of the American branch.
Hon. Hoke Smith may possibly And
some clause in the political land laws
which will Justify him in declaring the
Crisp senatorial boom a "sooner."
John Bull has no claim on the north
pole, but it would be assuming a great
deal of latitude for Uncle Sam to claim
It by virtue of the Monroe doctrine.
An Englishman ha3 succeeded In tak
ing a photograph of a thought. En
glish thoughts offer peculiar advant
ages for photography because they are
so very slow.
A postofflce hsia been established in
Vie convent of New Mellary, near Du
buque, Iowa, but it is not explained
how they will get around the rule
against the admission of males.
An epidemic of mumps has broken
out in the Wesleyan university at
Bloomlngton, 111. ' These students a:e
bound to fill thefr heads -with some
thing, and when it Isn't hair It Is
Only 33 per cent of the graduates of
women's colleges marry. Of the re
maining 65 per cent there are some who
would marry if the right man came
along, but the statistics are silent on
Marriageable American men will re
joice to learn of the proposed tax on
the dowries of rich American women
who marry foreign noblemen. Could
they make the tax prohibitive these
gentlemen would not scruple to do It.
This Is what the telegraph editor will
have to tackle after the Greater New
York scheme becomes a reality:
Newyorkbrooklynlongisl a n d c i t y
gravesendjerseycltyhobok e n k i n g s -county,
July 1. Special. Miss Jo
hanna painted a new picture to-day
which will bo hung among her other
chef d'oeuvres In the Central Park art
It is pleasing to hear from the reprc
sentative negroes in conference at Tus
kegee, Ala., that the condition of their
race is improving. The prcseht genera
tion is freeing itself from the enervat
ing influences of slavery, and the next.
it is to be hoped, will gratify the pre
dictions of the negroes' sincerest
friends. Their progress, llko that of
all races, depends on their own en
Senator Proctor, formerly secretary
of war, last week made some very vig
orous remarks on the necessity of
Etrengthening our coast defenses. There
Is a feeling in the country that this is
a work that should be attended to, and
that loo without delay. Not that we are
in danger of immediate war, but the
very fact that our coast cities aro so de
fenseless might prove the occasion of
a war when strong defenses would bring
peace. Any nation wishing to punish
the United States for an alleged injury
would figure out that all they would
have to do would be to send a fleet to
some one of our great cities and demaud
a ransom. The senator also points out
that wo should have proper defenses for
the sake of our new and costly navy,
as there might come a time when a por
tion of our fleet, being suddenly out
numbered and out-classed, would need
a temporary harbor of refuge. It Bhould
also be remembered that this money
will not bo thrown away, since It will
all be spent at home and give employ
ment to home labor.
The amount of matter handled by the
Chicago postal department last month
was 20 per cent greater than the amount
handled during February of last year.
It is for young women and the politi
cians to decide whether leap year or
politics is responsible for this cnorraoua
The trouble with Italy Is that she hi
not a good Imitator. In trying to emu
late England's grab-all policy she choss
a strong nation. England-never does
'hat; she picks out the weak. Witness
TAL MAGE'S SERMON.
'DIVINE mission of THE NEWS
PAPER." HIS SUBJECT,
A Fair Statement ot the Condition
That Surround Newspupsrdom The
ATr Dally or Weekly Taper It an
Instrument for Great Good.
A S IIINQTON,
March 22. 1896.
as it Is called here
In Washington, the
long row of offices
land, pays so much
attention to Dr.
Talmage they may
be glad to hear what he thinks of them
while he discusses a subject in whlci
the whole country is Interested. Ills
text today was: "And the wheels wer
full of eyes." Ezeklel x: 12. "For
all the Athenians and strangers which
were there Rpent their time in nothing
else but either to tell or hear some new
thing." Acts xvii: ?1.
What is a preacher lo do when he
finds two texts equally good and sug
gestive? In that perplexity I take both..
Wheels full of eyes? What but the
wheels of a newppnper printing press?
Other wheels nre blind. They roll on.
pulling or crushing. The manufac
turer's wheel, how it grinds the opernt
or with fatigues, and rolls ever nerve
and muscle and bone and heart, not
knowing what it does. The sewing
machine wheH sees not the nchf" and
pains fastened to it tighter than the
band that moves It. sharper than the
needle which it plies. Every moment
of every hour of every day of every
month of every year there are hun
dreds of thousands of wheels of mech
anism, wheels of enterprise, wheels
of hard work, in motion, but they are
eyeless. Not so with the wheels of the
printing press. Their entire business
is to look and report. They are full of
optic nerves, from axle to periphery.
They are like those spoken of by Ezc
kiel as full of eyes. Sharp eyes, near
sighted, far-sighted. They look up.
They look down. They look far away.
They take in the next street and the
next hemisphere. Eyes of criticism.
eyes of investigation; eyes that twinkle'
with mirth, eyes glowering with indig
nation, eyes tender with love; eyes of
suspicion, eyes of hope; blue eyes, black
eyes, green eyes; holy eyes, evil eyes,
sore eyes, political eyes, literary eyes,
historical eyes, religious eyes; eyes that
see everything. "And the wheels were
full of eyes." But in my second text is
the worldls cry for the cewspaper. Paul
describes a class of peoplo in Athens
who spent their time either In gather
ing news or telling It. Why especially
in Athens? Because the more Intelli
gent people become, the more inquist-
tlvo they ure not about small things,
but great things.
The question then most frequently is
the question now most frequently
asked: What is the news? To answer
that cry in the text tor the newspaper
the centuries have put their wits to
work. China lirst succeeded, and has
at Peklu a newspaper that has been
printed every week tor one thousand
years, printed oil bilk. Home succeed
ed by oublishtng Uk; Acta Diuma, in
the same column putting tires, mur
ders, marriages and tempests. France
succeeded by a physician writing out
the news of Uto day lor his patients.
England succeeded under Queen Elizu
betu in first pub'l filing the news oi the
Spanish Armada, uud going oa until
she had enough enterprise, when uio
battle of Waterloo was lou&nt, decidu.
tho destiny of Europe, to give it oiie
third of a column in tho Louduu iUora-
ing Chronicle, about as much as the
newspaper of our day gives of a small
ilre. America, succeeded by Bcnjamiu
Harris first weekly paper, called Pub
lie Occurrences, published lu lioaou in
1G9U, "and by tho lirst daily, the Amer
ican Advertiser, published in Philadel
phia lu 1784.
The newspaper did not suddenly
spring upou tho world, but came grad
ually, me fccneaitgieal lino of the
newspaper is this: Tho Adam of the
race was a circular or news-letter, tre
ated by Divine impulse In human na
ture; and the circular begat the pam
phlet, and the pamphlet begat the quar
terly, and the quarterly begat tho week
ly, uud the weekly begat the eemi
weekly, and tho semi-weekly begat the
daily. But alas! by what a struggle it
came to its present development: No
sooner had its power been demonstrated
than tyranny and superstition shackled
it. There is nothing that despotism so
fears and hates as a printing press. It
has too many eyes in its wheel. A
great writer declared that tho king oi
Naples made it unsure for him to write
of anything but ratural history. Aus
tria could not endure Kossuth's Jour
nalistic pen, pleading for the redemp
tion of Hungary. Napoleon ., trying
to keep his iron heel on the neck of na
tions, said: "Editors are the regents
ot sovereigns and the tutors of nations,
and are only lit for prison." But the
battle for the freedom of the press was
fought In tho court rooms of England
and America and decided before this
century began by Hamilton's eloquent
plea for J. Peter Zenger's Gazette In'
America and Ersklne's advocacy of the
freedom of publication In England.
But I discourse now on a subject you
have never heard tho immeasurable
and everlasting blessing of a good news
paper. Thank God for the wheel full
of eyes. Thank God that we do not
hare like the Athenians to go about
to gather up and relato tho tidings of
the day, since the omnivorous news
paper does both for us. Th grandest
temporal blessing that Cod naa given
to the nineteenth century Is the news
paper. We would have better appre
ciation of this blessing if we knew the
money, tho brain, tho losses, the exas
peratlons, tho anxieties, the wear and
tear of hearts Involved in the produc
tlon of a good newspaper. Under the
Impression' that almost anybody can
make a newspaper, scores of Inexperi
enccd capitalists every year enter the
lists, and, consequently, during tho last
few years a newspaper has died almost
every day. The disease is epidemic,
The larger papers swallow the smaller
ones, the whale taking down fifty mm
nows at one swallow. With more than
seven thournrid daille- and weeklies In
tha United States and Canada, there are
but thirty-six a half century old. News
papers do not average more than five
years' existence. The most of them die
of cholera Infantum. Tt Is high time
that the peonle found out that the most
successful way to sink money and keep
It sunk is to start a newsnnoT. There
co'mes a time when Mmost everyone is
smitten with the nwspriner mania and
starts one. or have stock In one he must
The course of procedure Is about this
A literary man has an agricultural or
scientific or political or religious Idea
which ho wants to ventilate. He ha3
no money of his own literary men sel
dom have. But he talks of his ideas
nmone confidential friends until they
become inflamed with the idea, and
forthwith they buy type and press and
rent a composing room, and gather a
corps of editors, and with a prospectus
that proposes to euro everything tho
first ropy Is flung on the attention of an
admiring world. After a while ono of
the plain stockholders finds that
great revolution has been effected by
this daily or weekly publication; that
neither the sun nor moon stands still
that the world goes on lying and cheat
Ing and stealing Just as it did before
the first issue. The aforesaid matter-of-fact
stockholder wants to sell out his
stcck, but nobody wants to buy. and
other stockholders get Infected and sick
of newspapcrdom, and an enormous bill
at the paper factory rolls into an ava
lanche, and the printers refuse to work
until back wages aro paid up, and tho
compositor bows to the managing edl
tor, and tho managing editor bows to
the editor-ln-chlef. and the editor-in
chief bows to the directors, and the di
rectors bow to the world at large, and
all the subscribers wonder why their
paper doesn't come. The world will
have to learn that a newspaper is ns
much of an Institution as the Bank of
England or Yale College, and Is not an
enterprise. If you have the aforesaid
agricultural, or scientific, are religious,
or political idea to ventilate, you bad
better charge upon the world through
the columns already established. It Is
folly for anyone to try newspapcrdom.
If you cannot climb the hill back of
your house It Is folly to try the sides of
To publish a newrpaprr requires the
skill, the precision, the boldness, the
vigilance, the strategy of a commander-in-chief.
To edit a newspaper require?
that one be a statesman, nn essayist, a
geographer, n statistician, and in acqul
sltion, encyclopedlac. To man. to gov
em, to propel a newspaper until It shall
bo a fixed Institution, a national fact.
demand more qualities than any bus!
ntss on earth. If you feel like starting
any newspaper, secular or religious,
understand that you are being threat-
ercd with softening of the brain or
lunacy and. throwing your pochetbook
into your wlfe'a lap. start for some In
sane asylum before you do somethin
desperate. Meanwhile, ns the dead
newspapers, week by week, are carried
cut to the burial, all tho living news
papers give respectful obituary, telling
when they were born and when they
died. The best printer's ink should
give at Ifast one sticl'ful of epitaph. If
it was a good paper, r.ay, "Peace to its
ashes." If it was u bad paper, 1 sug
gest the epitaph written for Francis
Chartreuse: "Here contlnueth to rot
the body of Francis Chartreuse, who,
with an inllexible constancy and unl
iormity of life, persisted in tho ptac
tlce of every human vice, excepting
picdlgality and hypocrisy; his iusatl
abie uvuriee exempted him from the
lirst, his matchless impudence Horn the
second." 1 say this because 1 want you
to know thai a good, healthy, loug
livcd, entertaining newspaper is nut u:i
easy blessing, but cue that comes lo ua
through the lire.
I'list ot all, newspapers make knowl
edge democratic and for the multitudes.
The public library 13 a hay-mow so high
up that lew cau reach It, while tne
uewspuper throws down the lorage to
our leet. Public libraries are the reser
voirs where the great hoods ure stored
uigh up uud away oil. The newspaper
ij ihe luiihel that bring them duwu lo
the pucners of all tho people. The
chief Ubo ol great libraries is to make
newspapers out or. Ureal libraries
make a lew men and women very wise,
newspapers lilt whole nations into liie
sunlight. Better have fifty million peo
ple moderately intelligent than one
uundred thousand solotia. A talse im
pression 14 abroad that newspaper
knowledge m epaemeral because period
icals aru thrown aside, and not
ono out ot teu thousand people
files them for I mum reference,
lauch knowledge, so far Irooi
being ephemeral, goes into the very
structure ol the world's heart and
biBin and decides tho destiny ol
churches and nations. Knowledge on
the shelf Is c' little worth, it is
knowledge afoot, kuowledgo harnessed,
knowledge In revolution, knowledge
wihGcd, knowledge projected, knowl
edge thunder-bolted. So far from bo
ing ephemeral, nearly all the best
minds and hearts have their hands ou
the printing pres3 today, and have had
since it got emancipated. Adams, and
Hancock and Otis used to go to the
Boston Gazette and compose articles
on the rights the people. Benjamin
Franklin, De Witt Clinton, Hamilton.
Jefferson, Qulncy were strong in news
papcrdom. Many of the immortal
things that have been published in
book form first appeared in what you !
may call tho ephemeral periodical. All
Macaulay's essays first appeared In a
review. All Carlyle'a, all Ruskln'a, all
Mcintosh's, all Sydney Smith's, all
Ilazlett's, all Thackeray's, all the ele
vated works of fiction in our day, are
reprints from periodicals In which they
appeared an serials. Tennyson's poems,
Burns' poems. Longfellow's poems,
Emerson's poems, Lowell's poems,
Whittler'a poems, were once fugitive
pieces. You cannot find ten literary
men In Christendom, with strong
minds and great hearts, but are or have
been somehow connected with tho
newspaper printing press. While the
book will always have Its place, the
newspaper Is more potent. Becauso
the latter Is multitudinous do not con
clude It Is necessarily superficial. If a
man should from childhood to old age
se only his Bible. Webster's Diction
ary and his newspaper, he could bo
prepared for all the duties of this life
and all the happiness of the next.
Again, n good newspaper Is a useful
mirror of lire as it Is. Tt is sometimes
complained that newspapers report the
evil when they ought only to report th
ccod. They must report the evil as
well as the good, or how shall we know
what Is to be reformed, what guarded
nralnst. what fousht down? A news
paper that pictures only the honesty
and virtue of society is a misrepre
sentation. Thfxt family 1? best pre
pared for the dutios of life which.
know!nrr the evil, is taught to select
the goo-!. Keep th children under the
Impression thnt nil Is fair and right In
the world, and when they go out Into
It they will be as poorly prepared to
"truprrle with It as a child who Is thrown
Into the mlddl of the Atlantic and told
to learn how to swim. Our only com
plaint Is when sin is rride attractive
and morality dull, when vice is painted
with great headlines and good deeds
nro put In nbsrnre corners. Iniquity set
up In grent primer and righteousness In
nonparlel. Flu Is loathsome, make It
loathsome. Virtue Is beautiful, make
It would work a vast improvement
If all our paners religious, political,
literary should for the most part drop
their impersonality. This would do
better Justice to newspappr writers.
Many of the strongest and best writers
of tho country live and die unknown,
and are denied their Just fame. The
vast public never learns who they are.
Most of then are on comparatively
small Income, and after awhile their
hand forgets its cunning, and they are
without resources, left to die. Why
not, at least, have his Initial attached
to his most important work? It al
ways gave additional force to an article
when you occasionally saw added to
some significant article in tho old New
York Courier and Enquirer J. W. W.,
o. in the Tribune II. G., or in tho Her
ald J. G. B., or In the Times H. J. It.,
or in the Evening Post W. C. B., or in
the Evening Express E. B. While thl3
arrangement would be a fair and Just
thing for newspaper writers, it would
bo a defense for the public.
Once more I remark, thr.t a good
newspaper is a blessing as an evan
gelistic influence. You know there is
a great change in ouv day taking place.
All the secular newspapers of the day
for 1 am not speaking now of the re
ligious newspapers all the tecular
newspapers of the day discuss all the
questions ot God, eternity uud the dead,
and all the questions of the past, pres
ent aud futuic. There U not a siugle
doctrine of theology but has beeu dis
cussed in the last tea yearu by the sec
ular newspapers of the country.
They gather up oil the news ot all iho
earth bearing on religious subjects, and
then they scatter the Dews abroad
again. Tho Christian newspaper wm
be the right wing of the apocalyptic
angel. The cylinder of the Christian
ized printing press will be the lrcut
wneel of the Lord's chariot. 1 lake the
music of this day, uud 1 do not mark it
diminuendo 1 mark it crescendo. A
pastor ou a Sabbath preaches lo u few
Hundred, or a lew thousand people, and
ou Monday, or during the week, the
printing press will take the same eer
inou and preach it to millions of peo
ple, uod speed tne printing press: uou
suve the printing press! God C'hris-
uuuize the printing press!
When 1 see the printing Dress stand
ing wltn me eieciric teiegrap on ino
one side gathering up material, and
the lightning express train on Ihe
other side waiting lor the ions ul fold
ed sheets of newspapers, 1 pronounce
it the mightiest torce in our civiliza
tion. So 1 commend you to pray lor
ill those who manages the newspapers of
the land, for all type setters, for all re
porters, for ull editors, lor all pub
lishers, that, sitting or standing in po
sitions ot such great influence, they
may give all that influence lor God una
the betterment of Ihe human race. An
aged woman making her living by knit
ting, unwound tho yarn from the ball
until sho found lu the center of the ball
there was an old piece of newspaper.
8 he opened it and read an advertise
ment which announced that she had
become heiress to a large property, and
that fragment of newspaper lifted her
rem pauperism to affluence. And I do
not know but ns the thread of time un
rolls and unwinds a little . further,
through the silent yet speaking news
paper may be found the vast Inheri
tance of tho world's redemption.
Jesus shall reign where'er the sun
Does his successive Journeys run;
Ills klndom stretch from shore to shore
Till suns shall rlre and set no more
This truth comes to ua more and
more the longer we live, that on what
field or In what uniform or with what
aims we do our duty matters very little,
or even what our duty Is. great or
mall, splendid or obscure. Only to fol
low our duty certainly, .and somewhere.
somehow, do It faithfully, makes ua
good, strong, happy and useful men,
and tunes our lives into some feeble
echo of tho life of God. Phillips
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