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The Yale Expositor.
J. A. Mexmes, Publisher. YALE, MICH TRANSVAAL WAH ITEMS. The reopening1 of Robinson's bank In I'retoria is duo to the good offices of, Mr. Hay. United States heeretary of htate. Mr. Choato and Adelbrt Hay, trie American consul nt the Transvaal capital. When President Kruger cloteil the bank he tried to commandeer the Pritish staff, nnd on their refusal to comply he threatened them with expul sion. Adelbert Hay sent the protest of the manager of the bank to Lord Salisbury through. -Mr. C'hoate, with the result that Mr. Kruger liberated the bank's stair" and restored the com mandeered gold. President Kruger has Kent a fervid religious appeal, with orders that it should be read by all the ollicers to the burghers, urging them to stand fast and strive in the name of the Lord, for unless they had faith in Him cowardice would set in and their position would be hopeless the moment they turned their backs on the enemy. Their past victories, he declared, shows that the Lord was on their side. The president beseeched the burghers not to bring destruction on their progeny. Ladymith has been relieved and all England is jubilant. After being shut up at Ladysmith for UM days (Jen. Sir Jeo. White and his forces were re lieved on the night of Feb. When relieved the garrison were subsisting on half a pound of meal a man per day with occasional meat rations of horses or mules. The relieved men will re quire quite a little nursing before they are lit for field service, as they were greatly reduced in strength during their long siege of fasting. Pi re destroyed the famous cannon factory at Le C'reusot, Prance, on the -'Nth. whence the lloers obtained their powerful "Long Toms." Two enorm ous buildings containing gun material and electrical stores, including a num ber of artillery models, were destroyed. The losses are estimated at between 800,000 and 1.000,000 francs. A large number of workmen have been thrown out of employment. The Transvaal agency at Pussels, Eng., confirms the statement that President Kruger is read- to conclude peace with (ireat Pritain on the basis of the independence of the two repub lics and that otherwise the struggle w ill continue to the bitter end. The agency believes that the Afrikander clement in Cape Colony and Natal will rebel rather than allow annexation. Gen. J Srabant's colonial division, af ter a night's march, on the morning of the 4th attacked the l'.oers in a strong position at La Pusehagne's Nek, on the road from Dordrecht to Jamestown. The engagement proceeded with great vigor and the Moors gradually retired before the Hritish shell fire, from three positions. The Hritish loss was six killed and 18 wounded. The Pritish army estimates, issued on the 1st show a total expenditure of i:(51.4'.i'.JOO, an increase over last year of iMO.S.sV-'M. The total number of ollicers and men is placed at 430,000, an increase over last year of 'Jb",147. (ion. Cronje on behalf of his party. and Commandant Wollmarans and 4,000 other prisoners, has returned thanks to lien. Roberts for his kind ness and consideration since they were taken prisoners. Prom a Pritish source it is estimated that the lloers cannot place more than 4 ).O00 men to oppose Lord Roberts, ex cept by a complete abandonment of Natal. According to a Pritish report Gen. .Toubert is now assmbing Ao.UOO men at Weinberg, TO miles northeast of Pl )cmfonteiii. The. Poer casualties at Colenso dur ing the week ending Feb. 25 are re ported to bo 31 men killed and 150 wounded. When Gen. Cronje and his family reach Cape Town they will be placed on board a Pritish llagship. A fierce lire broke out at midnight in a tenement in New York on the 28th, nnd the police and firemen made many thrilling rescues. After the fury of the flames bad been spent the bodies of three children were found. A doen or more people were rescind in a semi conscious or unconscious condition. THE MARKETS. MVK STOCK. Nm York Citt'i) S'.H.-ip I.rvnb IW'stsrnvle ftniA'H M ik) 18 3i : Luwt:i't,,i'.tlCi...U 7 '0.1 7.i 4 50 7 IK) 5 0J r.cvtifral'M HI fin) 7 3) i 81 Lowerr.t 34... otj,l 81 oil ft 0J 4 OJ Detroit ltcstrr.lo 3 7VTMR) 4 C 7 3) ! TO LowerrfiM le 4. . Sjj,;! it 3 7.' 0 5J IM ltufTi'o Host t-4 4H7JIG.) 7 1) 8 00 f. ?.) Lower i';t.liM . .3 2'il 0) 5 05 " 7S 5 ID CliM'liin it i llc.t rni let 4 F'fli 4 0 0) 7 Z'i h 0) Lower ra Id.. 4 4JJ.1 7 5 1 0 7 4 75 I'll tilniri; first Kr.ulfM S 10".. r, fl io p j) Lowci kiu le...4 2 dH 7 1) 5 tj 7 b) 5 CO (ittAIN, F.TCJ. Whiii, C.irn, Out. N . I r ! 1 No. mlt No. 11 whito Nwr Yorl 7.!'i,7l' 4l((l!i 23 Chlcico 6 4A 3.'i31'4 S4V.2 lietroit 71i4l V'V.rti C&IVi Toledo 7D.i"l 3 '4 Clii.'l Cincinnati 7;J',7.t'i "M-AW '..Vt.'. riltlHr. 7 iX.t.H CftJVi IttifTalo -t-I I" ,i.:17 Uj;V! II ?trott U i, N . I Timothy.fr! 0) per ton. Iotnt.ci, &z PT In. I.lvo 1'ou! try. sprm cliicUrrn. I H' per ll; fowl. Vc: turxoys, lie; ti neks. I H str.otltf fr..t. I 'U par ilo.j.t Hut tor, lit u.nry, -l pr lb; cr. mnery. ' 5a Earthrjunke in southern Mexico caused the sea to roll inland more than a mile, destroying several coast vil-Ing-es with loss of lifw. Five persons were burned to death nnd throe were injured on tha 4th ia a (. -,.piinn1 (n n unrn.ilnrv lodiring' house in New York city. TALMAUE'S SEltMON. TALKS OF NEEDS OF CHURCHES. THE Unont Front Fast Penitential Scnaon MT ! Helpful to All Churches Im portance of wa ObiiorvMuoe Thut Lend to ltelleotloiu Text: Acts II., 1: "And when the day of pentecost was fully come they were all with one accord In one place." lie Bald: 'The blessings of Episcopal Lent from a Presbyterian minister's stand point Is the theme of this sermon. The histories of hermits, ascetics, penances, macerations, sackcloth and ashes, pil grimages, monasteries, juggernauts, human sacrifices and medicine men prove that days of fasting and suppli cation have been among the sacred cus toms of all nations. St. Agnes day, Candlemas day, St. Plaze day, Valen tine's day, Hoke day, St. Patrick's day, St. George's day, Shrove Tuesday. Maypole day, Holy Innocents' day, AU hallow E'en, St. Urban's day. Royal Oak day, St. Nicholas day. St. itus day. SS. Swithin, Margaret. Bridget. Catherine, Andrew, James, Ethelbiirsh, Elizabeth, Barnabas. Simon. Jude days, Holy Rood day, Martimas day, Cor- pus Christ! day are only a few of the j many we could name in the gleaming constellations of past holy days, as j well as holidays. "The present close communion of the ! Covenanters dates back to the time of Scottish bigotries, when Lord Clavcr- I house, like Paul, 'persecuted them even ' unto strange cities.' As it meant lifo j or death if an enemy discerned the j worshipers, they had their tokens or little pieces of leaden metal about the size of an English penny. When these Covenanters came to the door where the communion was to be held they presented these tokens, which were the same as a soldier's countersign. S3 the modern custom of eating hot cross buns on Good Friday finds its origin j in heathen times when the devotees would bring the sacred bread to lay upon the altars. Down to the reign of Henry VIII. the Catholic church, in or der to celebrate the triumphant entry of Palm Sunday, made a wooden ass. nnd astride this ass they placed the wooden figure of Jesus Christ, and the people would drag it through the streets before which the worshipers bowed in holy rapture. As was quaint ly expressed in the ancient poem: "A wooden ass they have nnd Image great that on him ride3. But underneath the ass's feet a table broad there slides. Being borne on wheels which ready drest and all things mccte there fore. The asse is brough abroad and set be fore the churche's door. l"c:!t of the Jew. "Not only did the Jcwa have the feast of the Passover, the feast of the Tabernacles, the feast of the Pentecost, the feast of the New Moons, the feast of Charity, the feast of dedication, the feast of trumpets, the feast of the Sab bath, for these feasts were only an other name for fast, but In Zechariah we read, "The fast of the fourth month and the fast of the fifth, and the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth shall be to the house of Judah Joy and gladness and cheerful fasts.' After the ascension, when they were all with one accord in one place, the little band ot 120 disorganized followers cf Jesii3 Christ gathered together In an upper chamber In Jerusalem, and there they fasted and prayed day after day until at last the Holy Ghost came in the sound of a mighty rushiii? wind and it filled all the house wiicrc they were sit ting, and there appeared unto them cloven tongues of fire and It sat upon the heads of each. "The 6acrtdness of the Lenten sen son is the natural outgrowth cf heath en as well as Christian worship. Though we hold not allegiance to any bishop, nor reverence the ia of apos tolic succession, and use no; the Lit urgy, let us gather next Ash Wednes day in the different parishes under the shadow of the cross, and frr forty days bow the knee In worship, eide by eida with those who are merely sheep of another fold, of whom Jesus Christ U the same 6hepherd. "In the first place the text honors the Episcopalian Lenten season be cause it is a protest against social dis sipations. In order to ditsipate seme people believe one has to be a drunkard like Edgar Allan Poo, a llbertino like Lord Byron, or an opium fiend like Thomas do Qulncey, who on account of his physical infirmities made that marvelous mind so weird and unbal anced that in dreams he wandered among the clouds. The stars were the shining knobs which opened the dark doors of the night. In the strange pal aces of vision which fatal narcotics built, he heard his little baby playmate, the loving sister who died in childhood, 6ing the songs of the nursery. As an artist he painted hia pictures, and a3 a magician waved his wand until vast processions passed along In mournful pomp, friezes of never-ending stories, that to my mind were as sad and sol emn as If they were stories drawn from times before Oedipus or rrlam, before Tyre, before Memphis. And at the same time a change took place in my dreams; a theater sccr.irvl suddenly opened and lighted within my brain, which presented nightly spectacles cf more visions than earthly splendors. A Morm Katie nt I. int. "Pat at last in Thomas de Qulncey's visions the angels of heaven and the sweet Incense of the fields and the bright eyes of hope were driven away by the Satanic influences which sent him flying and shrieking through paco. He waa a maniac shivering in the clutches of despair. Trfc cemeteries were turned into mobs of ehatterin? BKeieiOnS. 1U6 rvdll I tSClt'H IUH "1 ' ove;1 caea wcre stretching forth their protesting arms across the dark chasms of horrors Into which he must fall and thoy could not change the eternity of his woe. "But there are 500 different ways of read: 'And God said. Let there be light, and there was light. And God saw the light that it was good, and God divided the light from tho dark ness. And God called the light day and the darkness he called night.' Too Much Lie lit. "In other words, those verses mean this: In the beginning God ignited for self-murder besides those found along the poisonous highways of opium, liquor and moral weakness. Tho de spised worm destroys the monster oak as well as the woodman's ax. The little seed or the frozen stream cracks the solid rock as well as the angry dynamite. The flowing waters of Ni agara river dissolve the mountains. "In the first chapter of Genesis we this planet two suns. The moon Is nothing but a burnt-out sun. But aftr the creation God felt too much light would destroy the human race, so he practically said: 'My children must have a time to sleep. The flowers close their petals in slumber. The trees be come torpid in a winter nap to give I forth the spring buds. Even tho ma j chincry must have a rest or it will soon I wear out. The angelus bell without i quiet will cease to chime, so, in order I to have man nnd woman sleep. I will ' show them my will. For ten hours at j least I will envelop the earth in total ' darkness.' Like our grandmothers with a cand!e-snuflcr, God reached down and put out the light of that sun which we call the moon. And this Is the reason wo ought to go to bed with the chickens and answer early to the morning call of tho crowing cock. "In the ne::t place, the text honors the Lenten season because it is a pro test against human perfection. If there were any people on earth who by physical contact were fitted for the receiving of the Holy Spirit cn account of their natural conditions, they were the little baud cf 12) Christians, com posed of Peter, Janes, John, Martha. Lazarus, Mary, the mother of Christ, and Mary Magdalene, who had the seven devils, and the rest of the apos tles who sat with Christ at the last supper. They ato of his body and drank cf his blood. Many of them knew Jesus when he was in Galilee and made the wine at the wedding of Cana. They saw him crucified. They saw the tomb which was rifled. They saw him and talked to him and touched him when he was resurrected. Paul said: 'After that he was seen cf above 500 brethren at once, of whom the greater part re mains unto this pc-iiteccst, but some are fallen asleep.' ltrhw'd the AoMilon. "They saw Jesus' ascension, when he mounted higher and higher, until tho trees were under his feet; higher and higher, until his hair was moistened by the halo of clouds, as the gardens are besweated by the morning mists; higher and higher, until other wor!d3 crowded around him in love; higher and higher, until his white, flowing garments became as the wings of a dove; higher and higher, until earth itself to him must have dwindled into a star. Yet these disciples, before the Holy Spirit came, had to gather in one place, with one accord, for supplica tion and prayer. Cannot you and I train our eyes to See the tongues of fire; Etrain our ears to hear the spirit winds moving among the trees;, reach forth our hards for the gospel heart- clasp, and lift our lips for the kiss of divine love "One day among the arctic Icebergs a whaling ship sighted a strange craft. Its ropes were ropes of ice. Its sails and hull and quarter deck were all cov ered with ice. Its rudder chains cou'd net move, for they were In the grip of omnipotent ice. When the commander came near enough to this strange craft he lifted the trumpet and called, 'Ship ahoy, ship ahoy. Whither brund; f;o:.i what pert?' There was no answer. A boat was lowered. Wh:n the rcocuin party climbed over the bulwarks they found the captain frozen dead in the cabin; the sailors frozen dead in the bunks; the cock frozen dead in the kitchen; the wheelman frozen dead at the wheel. For thirteen long years that ship had floated helplessly about, the sport of every current, the play thing cf every wind, nnd tho only fu neral dirge was sounded by storm demons, shrieking and hissing In tho rigging. "So every man at 40 or CO years of age is a derelict, a divinely pUted hu man craft, drifting around with a full cargo of decayed opportunities, with his corpses of misapplied influences. We must first throw overboard our dead selves before we eia let Jcsua Christ step upon the decks. Art too lliat Com mind Contempt. "By our actions we try to push our selves down to the lowest depths of God's great ocean of ccntempt. This was not tha figure of tha pcntccostal gathering. Methinks wo see them. There Is Mary, the Mother, weak and old, with her eyes red from weeping. There is Peter, repulsive Peter, one moment all faith, next all discourage ment. There Is doubting Thomas, with I his face-growing longer every day. He ! says: 'Do you think Jesus will keep ; his word and fend tho Comforter? Do ! you believe he will forgive us the way ; we treated him when upon earth? j Why, I would not believe him until ho : let me prcbe my finger into his wound j cd side.' They talk cn, day afLer day, J until at last gentle John says: 'Breth i irn. let me pray again, and then. Mother, remenib?r the Savior told mo ' to call you mother then, Mother, you ( follow with another prayer.' Vhi!o tho party knelt, suddenly there was a ' noise like a mighty rushiiv; wind, and ; some one cried: 'What U that? A ; tornado la coming; listen!' As they j lifted their blanched face-t. John point- 1 ed to Mary the Virgin. Over her head W 33 U lOEgUC Ol lire, IUU, HKe 1110 IP- numerable lights of k chandolier whici burst into a blaze when one tip is touched, the tongue of fire flamed over every head and they all cried: 'It Is tho Holy Ghost! It Is tho Holy Ghost!; "I love my church, my own church, the dear old Presbyterian church. I was baptized at her altars. As a little child I went to sleep in her pews. As a boy I found my Christ at her mercy seat. As a husband there I brought my bride. As a young minister there I received tho holy touch of ordination. When I lay me down to sleep the last 6leep at her pulpit I want to have spoken over me the same words which I have said, at the same place where I broko the bread of the holy com munion. But because a minister love3 his wife, that is no reason he cannot reverence his sister. At the holy altar of the Episcopalian chancel I have bowed and wept. I have reverently re peated the prayer: 'From all blindness of heart, from pride, vain-glory, and hypocrisy; from every hatred, malice, p.nd all uncharitableness, good Lord, deliver us.' "And I now plead with you. my Pres byterian people, to answer with me the call of Episcopalian Lent and go to tho upper chamber In Jerusalem, where 'we can be all with one accord In one place.' " ORIGIN OF 'HOW.' l lrst re! Iy tlie IndUm tin the VOatcrn l'lil.n. They were all sitting around a table in the Gibson House cafe. Farny and a few other congenial spirits. Some one ordered a drink, nnd when it came nnd every one was about to raise hi3 glass Farny said: "How?" It is an expression that is heard in a cafe hun dreds of times a day, and yt few peo ple kuow its origin. Seated In the crowd at the table In the Gibson House was an army oHlcer, and someone said: "Where in the world did this expres sion 'how come from?" Then the army officer laughed and said: "Draw close, my children, and I will tell you." And he did. "How" is an expression used by every man when he drinks, but It had its beginning in a joke. Years ngo. when the army wa3 engaged In driving the red man out farther and farther toward the setting sun, the officers had many experiences with the Indians. Many pow-wows and meet ings were held, and at those assembled many Indians who could speak but a few words of English. Army officers are proverbially hospitable, and at these pow-wows they always produced a bottle and asked the chiefs to drink. In those days the officers said to the chiefs: "I drink to your good health." The chiefs, who knew but a few words of English, always replied "How." The thing started as a Joke, but every army officer fell into the habit of saying "How," and now it 13 recognized as the proper thing to say when drinking, particularly when doing so with tho sons of Mars. Cincinnati Enquirer. Wine from Ap;le. Science ha3 lately made it possible to obtain pood wine for the table, which has always been devotod to sparkling cider, says an exchange. Experts have been deceived In sherry, madeira and - sauterne, which came from apple Juico instead of grapes. Juice from the ap ple is fermented with years of differ ent kind? brought from the grape growirg districts of Europe to thi3 country. For instance the flavor of sherry is not due to the grapo, but to the Infinitesimal fungus germs that cause its fermentation. The American crnipanie3 import these g?rms from j the district in Spain where they flour I ish, inoculate the apple Juice an l ob i tain a fine wine. These yeasts are ob j tr.ined from tho sediment In the vat3 i cf Europe. They are easily propagated j and tho only difficulty i3 to separate j the different kind3. As the quality of j th-2 wine depends on these fungi, wine ' ciaker3 have usually left to chance tho kind of w::i? t'icy piwiuce, depending on the org-r '-".i? which float in the air r.nd attach t.e:.:-:c ivc.i to tho gr ipes. The yeasts are sold bottlad cud are ' much in demand. A Vindictive Woman. An actor who is thoroughly con vinced of the vindlctivenes3 of women relate. thii anecdote in support of his opinion: "I had a woman enemy once. She wa.3 leading woman in the com pany when I was leading man. Ou the stage we were lovers. Off the stag3 we didn't even speak when we met. I had a sceno with her in which I ha. I to clasp her in my arms, while her head sunk on my breast. I wore a frock coat nnd a beautiful light satin scarf. And what did that woman do? She used to make up with grease paint, snd when her head sunk on my breast she used to rub her cheek on my tie, and well, a light satin tie with red and grease paint on it Isn't a thing of beauty. I had to buy a new tie for every performance. I stood It flvs nights, and then another woman told me what to do. I filled my scirf with pins, polnt3 out, and when mjr lady rubbed her damask cheek against my breast that night sho looked like a war map." Tle Rllrr.-mople Kximlniitlon n Cit'M, Cotton fiber, when magnified about 150 diameters, has the nppearanco of a band of ribbon twisted in a spiral. It Is thicker at the edges than in the mid dle, and has irregular surface mark ings. In tome cotton the spiral char- acteristK'3 are much more apparent than In others. In tho hotter cpialitiea tf Sea Island cotton a transverse sec tion shows a central cavity running longitudinally with tho liber. The breadth of cotton fiber Is less than that cf wool. It Is a curious f.'.ct that cot ten. wool and silk present characterist ics In common, being ribbon-shaped nnd spiral. The wonders of the micro scope are many, and familiarity with Ibis instructive instrument furnishes an endless source of knowledge and j entertainment W&mn ?0mk7 raCMOTj J&cigi wOTf Wc own and occupy tha tallest mercantile building in the world. We have over t,ooo,oo) customers. Sixteen hundred clrks are constantly engaged filling out-of-town orders. OUR GENERAL CATALOGUE ia the book ot the peopte it quotas Wholesale Prices to Everybody, has over i.ooo pajes, 16,000 illustrations, a id 60.000 descriptions of articles with prices. It costi 71 cents to print and ir.ail each copy. Ve want you to have one. SEND FIFTEEN CENTS to show your pood faith, and wn'U sena you a a few aOHTGOEEHYWARQaCO. mm "0U enn pet m WEBSTER'S INTERNATIONAL DICTIONARY G. Cz C. r.lcrriiXll Cot i A FREE PATTERN l 2 tyonr corn ptrrtlm t trrtj iK- I" ncriber. 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V ' - -. i r- .IMJ.M Hou.DJ.E.-cv.'e?, Justice cf U.S. Sttprenw Court, says : "I cn::iraw! it to sill us the crvut etand ard authority." m m MM It eiceh i:i tho rive with which thTjro flr.d.i t'.'.o v.rd sought ; i 1 nceurm-y tlcflnitlon ; i: cO t Ivo nictlnxM rf inr.U'utins? pronunciation ; In tcr-c ami corr.prc'.nnr-ivo ft utomouts of factJ r.nJ in practical ure r-i a workin;? dictionary. &irciir.cn pn'jc.i, tie., etnl on ;p; lsa?'.':n. Publishers SpiinsficlJ, Mais.,U. S. A. Old Established Bring Best Results to Advertisers! fxctz That ( Reaclv Every Patriot January 1st THE 1900 nd Vote Ought to KaiOV7. AND ENCYCLOPEDIA. I! Containing Full Information Upon All Statistical Facts and Figures. The New Congress. A Complete Guide to the Forthcoming Elections of 1900. SPcCtAl j The South African FEATURES, j War; War in the Phil- ? ippines; The Interna tional Peace congress; Our Naval and Military Establishments; The Samoan Settlement; The Great Trusts and Their Capitalization, and many other subjects of equally vital interest. A complete History of cs.ch of the Ships in the American bhvy, by Edgar StirJon M&c Uy, Ktstortan U, a. yv.'y, THE STANDARD AMERICAN ANNUAL; cp rostpau 10 zr.y siuurcss. ..II or-, TIIE WORLD, -a World tine I Political liepr Every Politictan!; ; Will WuRi I i Copy. ! Over "? 600 i Pagti.