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The Yale Expositor. I
J. A. Mkkiies, rubliaher. YALE, - MICH A scientist suys tlio earth Js Bbrink ng at the rate cf three Inches a year. This may account for the anxiety ot some peoleta get possession of It be? fore It dwindles away. Boxing In the Chicago public schools Is approved by the superintendent an1 the president of the board of education. It Is evident that tho future citizen of Chicago is going to be able to knock out all competitors, no matter what line they may pursue. A bill recently passed by the Ohio legislature provides that In tho ab sence of a contract agreement, women shall be paid the same wages as men. In the attempt to enforce a similar law In Kansas last year many women lost good positions. Wages, In the case of both men and women, are reg ulated by something more powerful than legislation: to-wit, conspicuous effectiveness. Readers of Dickens will recall the cure for a cold lued by Mrs. Nickleby, and described by the loquacious per son as most extraordinary. The rem edy was first employed the day after Christmas, and the middle of the fol lowing April the cold was gone. If only one-half of the cure-alls proposed by bills p nding In congress and In the state legislatures could be expected to accomplish their purpose with like magical efficiency! "We, the delegates of the party, In national convention assembled.bear ing fresh mandates from the sovereign people." How many national plat forms will begin like that this year? "Hearing fresh mandates from the sov ereign people" is the way It should be in all of them. The delegates repre sent the people who, when choosing them, instruct them what to do when they get to the national convention. Several members of the Chicago board of trade have been indicted by the federal grand jury for defrauding country patrons. This is a wholesome sign. Only a few years ago it was es teemed a great honor to even possess the aroma of the board. The thought that a member could be convicted of fraud never troubled anybody. Today members of the board who induce others to lose money in fictitious trans actions arc prosecuted like., ordinary criminals. That the laying of a cabls to Manila will prove to be "good business," be sides facilitating the; sending of army news, is shown by the strenuous oppo sition recently made to' it before the senate committee on commerce by a representative "of a British telegraph company, which claimed to possess concessions from Spain giving it ex clusive jamHtiK rights In the Philip pines 'yntil 1918. Of course'there 13 lit tle hqp of the concessions nor." "'.-Z'1" ing, iV:yiew of the complete transfer Of the rivillppines to the United States, but it Js interesting to note that shrewd capitalists see possible dividends in a Philippine cable. Step are being taken to preserve the famoiley Calaveras grove of big trees, which,:" will probably piss into the hand '.of a largo lumber firm which has secured an option on this famous California grove. It is the Intention of the new possessors to build large saw mllls'.in Calaveras county, and they will then turn all of the large trees, which; have been made one of the rolnts, of interest to visitors, into lum ber, unless some immediate step3 are tiken to save thenv Various clubs and associations in California are doing their best to sae the great trees, which are famous all over the world. It is urged that a national park such ns has been established in Mariposa and Tu lare counties woull;be most desirable at this point. .. i I : ,: ' The census .numerator's lot is not wholly happy, even in his and our own land; but; -compared with that of his brother official in Puerto Rico, it is ah enviable one. There he not infre quently has to invent or evolve Chris tian names for those who never had any, or who have forgotten them, if they ever had. And fancy his perplex ity when, after asking a woman her age, he Is told that so many years have elapsed since she "was pretty" her particular age when her beauty was conspicuous being a matter of mere conjecture. When the same query Is propounded to a man, it Is usually fol lowed by a perplexed grin. The omni present small boy Is of course at hand on these occasions, and beholding him, the relieved native will cheerfully aver, a3 he points toward him, that he "was as tall as that boy at the time of the San Filipe hurricane!'" Thus it hap pens that in striving to attain approxi mate correctness in statements of ages, the word "about" is In frequent use !n the census records of Puerto Rico. Columbus last descendant, the duke of Veragua, complains that the Ameri cans did not behave In a gentlemanly fashion during the recent war. The duke is right. Nothing more rude and insolent than Dewey's conduct at Man-: 11a bay has been chronicled in tho annala of society etiquette, while such behavior as that of Schley at Santia go would have been out of place in any drawing room, nut then, how could the duke expect briny tars, coarse, burly gunners, husky rough riders and people of such pattern! to ob?erri tho Chesterfieldian graces? TAbMAGiS - SEllilON. SPEAKS ENCOURAGING WORDS TO WOMEN. Text, Krc1ct:tta Iv, 1, "HelioM the Trure of Midi na Vci )irf hhI, uikI Tlit-y HhiI no Comforter" Kulth uuil Trust la Go. I. (Copyrighted, ISM. by Louis Klopsch.) Very long ago the needle was busy. It was considered honorablo for women to toil in olden times. Alex ander the Great stood in his place showing garments made by his own mother. The finest tapestries at Day eux were made by tho queen of Wil liam tho Conqueror. Augustus the emperor would not wear any garment except those that were fashioned by some member of his royal family. So let tho toiler every where bo respected! The needle has slain more than the sword. When the sewing machine was invented, some thought that in vention would alleviate woman's toil and put cn end to the despotism of the needle. Uut no; while tho sewing machine has been a great blessing to well to do families in many cases, it has added to the stab of the needle the crush of the wheel, and multitudes of women, notwithstanding the re-cn-foreeruent of the sewing machine, can only make, wont hard as they will, be tween $J and J3 a week. The greatest blessing that could have happened to our first parents was being turned out' of Eden after they had done wrong. Adam and Eve in their perfect state might have got along without work or only such slight employment ns a perfect garden with no weeds in it demanded, but a3 soon as they had sinned the best thing for them was to be turned out where they would have to work. We know what a withering thing it i3 for a man to have nothing to do. Of the 1,000 pros perous and honorable men that you know 999 had to work vigorously at tho beginning. But I am now to tell you that industry is just as important for a woman's safety and happiness. The most unhappy women ia our com munities today are those who have no engagements to call them up in the morning, who once have risen and breakfasted lounge through the dull forenoon in slippers down at the heel and with disheveled hair, reading the last novel, and who, having dragged a wretched forenoon and taken their afternoon sleep and having passed an hour and a half at their toilet, pick up their cardcase and go out to make calls, and who pass their evenings waiting for somebody to come in and break up the monotony. Arabella Stuart never was imprisoned in so dark a dungeon as that. No II: f plum In IdlenrHM. There is no happiness in an idle woman. It may be with hand, it may be witk brain, It may be with foot, but work she must or be wetched forever. The little girls of our families must be started with that idea. T:h curse of American society is that our young women are taught that the first, sec n' third, fourth, fifth, sixth. rcvuUh. tenth, fifteenth, tbousaudlu thing in their life is to get somebody to take care of them. Instead of that the first lesson should bo how under God they may take care of themselves. The simp.c fact is that a majority of them do have to take care of themselves and that, too, after having tbrou&h the false notions of their parents wasted the years in which they ought to have learned how successfully to maintain themselves. We now and here declare the Inhumanity, cruelty and outrage of that father and mother who puss their daughters into womanhood hav ing given them no facility for earning their livelihood. line, de Stael said, "It 13 cot these writings that I am proud of, but the fact that I have facility in ten occupa tions in any one of which I could mako a livelihood." You say you have a fortune to leave them. O man and woman! Have you not learned that, like vultures, like hawks, like eagles, riches have wing3 and fly away? Though you should be success ful in leaving a competency behind you, the trickery of executors may swamp It In a night, or some officials in our churches may get up a mining company and induce your orphans to put their money into a hole in Colo rado and if by the most skillful ma chinery the sunken money can be brought up again prove to them that it was eternally decreed that that was the way they were to lose it and that it went in the most orthodox and heavenly style. Oh, the damnable schemes that professed Christians will engage in until God puts his fingers into the collar of the hypocrite's robe and strips it clear down to the bottom! You have no right because you are well off to conclude that your children are going to be well off. a man died leaving a large fortune. His son fell dead in a Philadelphia grogshop. IU3 old comrades came In and said as they bent over his corpse, "What is the matter with you, Doggsey?" The sur geon standing over him said: "Hush, ye! He ia dead!" "Oh, he is dead!" they said. "Come, boys, let us go and take a drink in memory of poor Bogg- scy!" Have you nothing better than money to leave your children? If you have not, but send your daughters into tin world with empty brain and un skilled band, you are guilty of assas sination, homicide, infanticide. There are women toiling in our cities for 2 or $3 a week who were the daughters of merchant princes. These suffering ones would now be glad to have the crumbs that once fell from their father's table. That worn- out, broken shoe that she wears is tho lineal descendant of the $12 gaiter in winch her mother walked, and that torn and faded calico had ancestry of magnificent brocade that swept Penn sylvania avenue and Broadway clean without any expense to the street com missioners. No Disgrace lo Work. Though you live in an elegant resi dence and fare sumptuously every day, let your daughters feel that it ia a disgrace for them not to know how to work. I denounce the idea prevalent in society that, though our young women may embroider slippers and crochet and make mats for lamps to stand on without disgrace, the idea of dclng anything for a livelihood Is dis honorable. It is a shamo for a daugh ter to be idle while her mother toils at the washtub. It is as honorable to sweep house, make beds or trim hats as it is to twist a watch chain. So far as I can understand, the line cf respectability !k-s between that which is useful and that which is use less. If women do that which Is of no value, their work is honorable. If they do practical work, it is dishonorable. That our young women may escape the censure of doing dishonorable work, I shall particularize. You may knit a tidy fur the back of an arm chair, but by no means make the money wherewith to buy the chair. You may with a delicate brush beauti fy a mantel ornament, but die rather than earn enough to buy a marble mantel. You may learn artistic music until you can squall Italian, but never ting "Ortonville" or "Old Hundredth." Do nothing practical if you would, in the eyes of refined society, prcservj your respectability. I scout these finical notions. I tell you a woman, no more than a man, has a right to occupy a place in this world unless she pays a rent for It. In the course of a lifetime you con sume whole harvests and droves of cattle and every day you live and breathe forty hogsheads of good, pure air. You must by some kind of use fulness pay for all this. Our race was the last thing created the blrda and fishes on the fourth day, the cattle and lizards on the fifth day and man on the sixth day. If geologists are right, the earth was 1,000,000 of years in the posesssion of tho insects, beasts and birds before our race came upon it. In one sense we were invaders. The cattle, the lizards and the hawks had pre-emption light. The question i3 not what we are to do with the lizards and summer insects, but what the lizards and summer insects are to do with us. If we want a place in this world, we must earn it. The partridge makes Its own nest before It occupies it. The lark by its morning song earns its breakfast before it eats it, and the Bible gives an intimation that the first duty of an idler is to starve when it says, "If be will not work, neither shall he cat." Idleness ruins the health, and very soon nature says: "This man has refused to pay his rent. Out with him!" Society is to be re constructed on the subject of woman's toil. A vast majority of those who would have wom;; industrious shut !ltr up to a few kinds of work. My judgment in this matter is that a woman has a right to do anything that she can do well. There should be no department of merchandise, mechan ism, art or science barred against her. If Miss Ilosmer has genius for sculp ture, give her a chisel. If Rosa Bou heur has a fondness for delineating animals, let her mako "The Horse Pair." If Miss Mitchell will study as tronomy, let her mount the starry lad der. If Lydla will bo a merchant, let her sell purple. If Lucretia Mott will preach the gospel, let her thrill. with her womanly eloquence the Quaker meeting bouse. Tim IUhU of Woman. it is said if woman is given such opportunities she will occupy places that might be taken by men. I say if she have more skill and adaptnesa for any position than a man has, let her have it! She has as much right to her bread, to her apparel and to her home as men have. But it is said that her nature is so delicate that she is un fitted for exhausting toil. I ask in the name of all past history what toil on earth Is more severe, exhausting and tremendous than that toil of the nee dle to which for age3 she has been subjected? The battering ram, the sword, the carbine, the battleax, have made no such havoc as the needle. I would that these living sepulchres in which women have for ages been bur ied might be opened and that some resurrection trumpet might bring up these living corpses to the fresh air and sunlight. Go with me and I will show you a woman who by hardest toil supports her children, her drunken husband, her old father and mother, pays her house rent, always has wholesome food on her table, and when 6he can get some neighbor on the Sabbath to come in and take care of her family appears in church with hat and cloak that are far from indicating the toll to which she is subjected. Such a woman as that has body and bouI enough to fit her for any position. She could stand beside the majority of our salesmen and dispose of more goods. She could go into your wheel wright shop3 and boat one-half of your workmen ct making carriage?. We taiti about women as though we had resigned to her all the light work and ourselves had shouldered the heavier But the day of judgment, which will reveal the sufferings of the stake and inquisition, will marshal before the throne of God and the hlerarchs of heaven the martyrs of washtub and needle. Now, I say, If there be any prcferenco in occupation, let woman have it. God knows her trials are the severest. By her acuter sensitiveness to misfortune, by her hour of anguish, I demand that no one hedgo up her pathway to a livelihood. Oh, the meanness, the desplcablllty of men who begrudge a woman the right to work anywhere in any honrable call ing! The Fource of Btrrnglli. Toets are fond of talking about man as an oak and woman tho vine that climbs it, but I have seen many a tree fall that not only went down itself, but took all the vines with it. I can tell you of something stronger than an oak for an ivy to climb on, and that is tho throne of tho great Jehovah. Single or affianced, that woman is strong who leans on God and does her best. Many of you will go single handed through life, and you will have to choose be tween two characters. Young woman, I am sure you will turn your back upon the useless, giggling, Irresponsi ble nonentity which society ignomln iously acknowledges to be a woman and ask God to make you a humble, active, earnest Christian. What will become of that womanly disciple of the world? She is more thoughtful of the attitude she strikes upon the car pet than how die will look in tho judgment; more worried about her freckles than her sins; more interested in her apparel than in her redemption. The dying actrees whoso life had been vicious paid: "The scene closes. Draw the curtain." Generally tho tragedy comes first and the farce afterward, but in her life it was first the farce of a useless life, and then the tragedy of a wretched eternity. Compare the life and death of such a one with that of some Christian aunt that was once a blessing to your household. I do not know that she was ever asked to give her hand in marriage. She lived single, that, un trammeled, she might be everybody's blessing. Whenever the sick were to bo visited or the poor to be provided with bread she went with a blessing. She could pray or sing "Rock of Ages" for any sick pauper who asked her. As she got older there were days when she was a little sharp, but for the most part auntie was a sunbeam, Just the one for Christmas eve. She knew better than any one else how to fix things. Her every prayer, as God heard it, wa3 full of everybody who had trouble. The brightest things In all tho house dropped from her fingers. She had peculiar notions, but the grandest notion she ever had was to make you happy. She dressed well auntie always dressed well but her highest adornment was that of a meek and quiet spirit, which, in the sight of God, is of great price. When she died, you all gathered lovingly about her, and as you carried her out to rest the Sunday school class almost covered her coffin with japonieas, and tho poor people stood at tho end of the alley, with their apron? to their eyes, sob bing bitterly, and the man of tho world said, with Solomon, "Her price was above rubies," and Jesus, as unto the maiden In Judea, commanded, "I say unto thee, arise!" PRINCESS AND SMUGGLER. WlilHkpr It.llV Life HriRhteneU by tli Gnille I'rlncees of Wales. "Whisker Bill" Is de-ad. He was the last notorious smuggler of tho Isle of Wight, and for many years earned a living by fishing when contraband running had ceased. Yet, in the days of decadence he became the recipient of alms while lying by the wayside at Alum Bay. Says Pearson's Weekly 'u telling the story: When In the prime of life there was no finer or more fear less man around our coasts than stal wart smutrler Bill, but the hands which In his escapades once grasped the oar with a grip of iron became palsied and the erect figure as bent as a bow. Times were rough indeed with Whisker Bill, as the old desperado was familiarly called at Freshwater, until, on that occasion of a royal visit, the Princess of Wales, learning of the former smuggler's career, addressed him with many words of kindly cheer f.nd, graciously taking the poor old man's hand, did not release it until she had dropped a sovereign into the wita- ercd palm. So delighted was the vet eran that, finding new life to his limbs, he hobbled away to the village painter, and, with a part of the money given hlrn by the Princess, paid for the in cident to be recorded on a board for future exhibition. Nor were hli hopes in valu, for visitors who read of so gracious an example and Interest in the aged suppliant also gave a little of their store. Want wa3 never agal: known by Whisker Bill after the fair Princess, daughter of the sea kins, had so graciously recognized the de crepit old fellow, who, upon the water3, had so oft evaded the Queen's revenue, thus proving that royal sympathy counts not the frailties of those who have fallen In life's battle. To the day of his death the once notorious smug gler declared that tho dark hours of his life had been brightened by "the gentle Princess of Wales." Oram's It I a; Krtliquke. The earthquake which has occurred on tho island of Ceram must. If tho accounts of it be correct, have been ond of tho most terrible 'of which we have any record, since no fewer than 4,000 people are said to have been destroyed. Ccram lies a little to the northeast of Java, and is, therefore, presumably well within the sphero of that volcanic activity which showed Itself in tho amazing eruption of Krakotoa tha greatest known in history in 1883. It is to be hoped that the earthquake which has desolated the Island is n t the precursor of a new outbreak on thj part of that tremendous volcano. It will be remembered that the great eruption was preceded by Just such a eaock Tit-Bits. M'YvVj W. carry. A W. receive JtT VWA lTNV- stock cf goods 1 from 10 000 lo r 29. A LXxYj-n: vafueJ at fl 25,000 letter ArWVlSJin I' rT We own and occupy tho tallest mercantile buildin In the wcrld. We have L l, VR2 over a.ooo.ooo caatomers. Sixteen hundred clerks are constantly JJ,B p " " engaged filling out-of-town orilert. Tir l I OUR GENERAL CATALOGUE ia the book or the people it quote I If.f' V--.4 Wholesale Prices to Everybody, has over I, ooo pages, i6,oco illustrations, a.id I '' j ji f3, ooo descriptions of articles with prices. It costs 7a cents to print and mail jfj J I each copy. Ve want you to have one. SEND FIFTEEN CENTS to show rlj you' Rood faith, and we'll send you a copy FREE, with all chargr s prepaid. 1 (Y JM0flTG0f.!EnY WARD & C0.BtcVSr,w WOU can pet WH G. CC C. rJerriam Co., g A FREE PATTERN ff year ersa lectio) to trtrj tt- z ftcrlber. Gal 7 ZJJ cents ft year. i u n pi A LADIES' MAGAZINE. ' z- Z A ra feeautiM ea?cr p1ti ; lt 2; Ittb.oiis ; jrinire fom- ; wwk ; houiahokl hint ; fictton, e Kr ibo to-day, or, erd c. (or 3 Lady t'cras wantrd. Sen! fcrf li ;5 Stylish. Ee!'b!e, Simple, Up-to-ixte, Kcomicl ftnd Absolutely . tT.c:-i .mag l apcr terns. ji (No-Seam.AHo-R'Jsncs Patterns.) r t Only n and 15 Ct. Meb-4ii fcir"' ' Ask for ihcta. 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It combines rapidity, reliability, and strong shooting qualities with a price within reach of everybody's pocketbook. Tor sale by dealers everywhere. FULE Scr.d name and atltlrcs on postal for loS-piie cata'oyue Vinchostsr Repealing Jlrms Co., Hew H?.ven, Conn. Hon. DJ.Brcvcf, Justice of U.S. Supreme Court, cays : " 1 co:mr.eud it to till ns the one i;reut ctaud- ard tiiiiiir.rlty." It creels In the civo with which thecj-cf p.c!t tho vord sought ; l.t accuracy of de'initiou ; i:i cCcot ivo nu.'thtHh of intlicatinjr pronunciation ; la t-rr-e an 1 forniirolionsivo statements of facta and in practical U!o U a vorkin-r dictionary. Specimen pagr, etc., sent on apUaiUm. v pi m in Publishers, SprinCfic!J, Mass., U. R. A. Old Established Results to Advertisers! f .icts That j Heady January 1st. Every Patriot 4 Vs. ukJi Ought to Know THE 1900 AND ENCYCLOPEDIA. Containing Full Information Upon All Statistical Facts and Figures. The New Congress. A Complete Guide to the Forthcoming Elections of 1900. SPECIAL The South African FEATURES, i War; War in the Phil w ; ippines; The Interna tional Peace Congress; Our Naval and Military Establishments; The Samoan Settlement ; The Great Trusts and Their Capitalization, and many other subjects of equally vital interest. A compteie History of e&ch of the Ships in the American Nxvy, by Edgar Stanton Mac hy. Historian (.. Mavy. THE STANDARD AMERICAN ANNUAL Postpaid to any address. THE YORLD, PuL'tztrBidj. IcrXe nrtner : . uest 'll fit iL WORLD 1C H Political Register a aaBBBr(i4l Over ; 600 Every Politician I ;WiIl Want ! ! a Copy. ;! 25d$.