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THE YALE EXPOSITOK, FRIDAY, MAR. -19, 1909.
MATTERS THAT TOUGH TAX PAYERS THE WATER POWER COMPANIES SAW THE HANDWRITING ON THE WALL. UNIT SCHOOL SYSTEM. A Graphic View of Matter With Which the Legislature Is Busy Just New Shows the Reader What's Doing. (Special Correspondence.) Lansing. Mich., March 15, 1909. The past week has been quite an. eventful one in the state legislature and has advanced the general calen dar noticeably. The friends of civil service who have dreamed of the time when state employes should stand upon their merits only were obliged to see the Mapes bill slaughtered In the senate by the administration forces and an abortive measure pro viding for grading state employes put through the house by the same power. It Is a sort of civil service bill without the examination feature or any pro tection whatever against political pull. It does, however, permit payment of $1,200 per annum to certain grade em l)loyfs and $S00 to others and It Is claimed that the ones with the pull will have no trouble In getting Into the $1,200 grade. The Water Power Bill Important. The Investigation of the water powers of the state by a Joint com mittee of the house and senate is rapidly drawing to a close. When the Investigation was ordered there was absolutely no record of what the big power companies were doing except the reports that the streams were be ing gobbled up and would soon all be In the hands of a few men who would absolutely control the rates and sup ply of power when the coal became scarce. After the committee was ap pointed It was freely clainud that nothing could be accomplished, that the 6tate had waited too long and that the companies were in full control of the situation. The committee went vigorously to work to get at the real situation, calling on the general gov ernment for help, which was prompt ly furnished by President Roosevelt. Finally when it was thought that the committee was fully fortified the evi dence and conclusions were laid be fore the attorney general and the big power companies were summoned in conference. They were prepared with briefs and arguments but after a con sultation gracefully acknowledged the right of the state to control the rates and a law for this purpose is now be ing framed.- The result Is complete victory for the committee, which consisted of Representatives. Curtiss. Yaple and Davis and Senators Ward. Weter and Anhut, who have all the time contend ed that it did not matter so much who owned the water powers If the ftate could make the rates to be charged. The advantage to the state arising from the work of the com mittee will be greater as the years go by and our dependence for power, heat and light must be placed on this last of the state's great resources. With a law to prevent over-charging, the very ages may roll by without any man or set of men depriving the peo ple of the benefits of this great In heritance. "The Little Red School House." The question of abolishing "the lit tle red school houses" which dot the country was discussed before the Farmers' club of the legislature last week, with Superintendent of Public Instruction L. L. Wright appearing In favor of the township unit trhool system, and B. A. Holden In defense of the district schools. There Is a bill now before the legislature to allow townships to establish the unit sys tem, and the discussion was for the purpose of enlightening the legisla ture on the subject. Mr. Wright point ed out, that In his opinion, the unit system would provide for better and more economical business administra tion, high school privileges near at home, better teachers because there would be fewer and therefore better paid, expert supervision, elimination of small, weak schools, bringing the children together In centers with edu cation In music, drawing, manual training, domestic science and agricul ture. As against Mr. Wright's argu ment, Mr. Holden referred to previous attempts to pass similar measures, and the reiterated opposition of the people In rural communities to the plan. He presented a table showing that the township unit system would Increase the cost of maintaining all the rural schools of the state $1.3."2.324 annually, reach 7.5S4 fewer pupils and give an average of eight days more cf school. Forestry Reserves. The forestry bill Just Introduced by .Rep. Morrice provides that the state forestry commission shall select any tract of state tax homestead lands It considers suitable for reforestation purposes, and have It set aside for this purpose, providing the amount In any county does not exceed 20 per cent of the acreage. A tax of Ave cents an acre in to be spread against the state at large to provide funds for the protection of the forestry re serves. An appropriation of $3,000 Is provided for starting the project, and In case the commission rimi cmo tracts suitable for growing young Trees, u is directed to report to the legislature the plan and estimate of the cost of planting. Provisions are Also made for private forest reserves, the tracts not to excerd 1C0 acres, and owned by residents of the county m wmcn the tract Is situated. Future sales of state tax lands mnxt he nt n rate not less than $." an acre, with tne state reserving all mineral rights Jn the lands sold. The Reduction of Expenses. That the House of Representatives is searching lor some way to reduce expenses In the state govrnment ' Is shown by a bill Introduced by Rep. Dusenbury, of Mt. Pleasant. The bill provides for the appointment of an "Economy Commission," which is the new thing in the commission line. The commission Dusenbury proposes shall have the power to walk through the departments and Institutions discharg ing this or that adjunct of the pay roll and telling the head of the de partment just how many employes he should have to do the work and the number of hours each should devote to work. The bill, however, does not give the commission any supervision over the staff of employes of the house and senate. One of Us features is that prescribing the manner in which It shall be appointed. The governor is allowed to name one member, the leg islature to name two and the state board of agriculture and the regents of the university another each, making a commission of five members. It is the theory of the introducer that such a commission appointed In such manner should feel free and un trammeled to use the ax with vigor and that Is what certain members of the legislature want. The state has on Us pay roll an army of employes approximating 4.500 whose annual salaries exceed $2,000, 000. This alone Is a compelling argu ment in favor of the state civil ser vice commission charged with the duty of securing competent employes, and of grading the work on an Intelli gent basis. It is doubtful If the taxpayers of the state have ever realized the number of people who draw salaries from the state, and over whom only Indirect supervision has ever been had. No at tempt has ever been made to provide for an Intelligent study of the system of public employment with a view to placing It upon a business basis, but with a tax budget In excess of $10,000. 000 the matter is forcing Itself upon the attention of the legislature. There are twenty-two public Institu tions In the state, Including the five insane asylums, four normal schools, three prisons, the University of Michi gan, the Agricultural college, two In dustrial schools and several other In stitutions for the care of afflicted per sons. Statistics compiled In the office of the state accountant show thnt these Institutions employ no less than 3.443 persons In various capacities, profes sional men, teachers, skilled laborers, etc. In the various state departments with headquarters at the capitol there are 500 employes. For Instance, the auditor general has 124 on the pay roll, the secretary of state has 45. the superintendent of the capitol has 52, land commissions IS, military depart ment 13, attorney general 11, state librarian 13, superintendent of public instruction 16, game warden 29, de- nartment of labor 30, state board of health 15, state tax commissioner 24. In addition, there are a multiplicity of commissions in the state employing secretaries and clerks, and besides this, there Is another small army of special employes who can only be lo cated by a systematic Investigation. These last two classes easily number 500. Bill Was Loaded. One of the sensations of the week was the discovery that on January 14 Rep. Copley introduced a bill which passed the senate and house and was signed by the governor before any one noticed that It restored to the state tax commission their old power to review assessments on complaint of cny taxpayer In the state. This feature of the law nearly caused a revolution a few years ago before It was repealed and had It been known or noticed the bill would have met one of the most desperate fights that the legislature has known in years. As It is the big mining Interests are frantic, the farmers are uneasy and the common people are shaking hands with themselves. The attorney gen eral says the result will be of great value to the state, only It ought to go further. It is not believed that Mr. Copley had In mind the far-reaching effects of the bill when he Introduced It. Agricultural Schools. The agricultural districts will be !n terested in the bill Introduced by Sen ator Fowle which provides for a sys tem of agricultural schools similar to the one already at Menominee, and after the plan in vogue In Wisconsin. The bill provides for four schools to start with, and the county where a school Is located is required to build and equip It, and to provide for Us maintenance,.- except that the state shall give each year a sum not to ex ceed $5,000. The Menominee school has proved a great success on ac count of the practical methods em ployed In teaching how to make farm life attractive. The "David Harums- Will Kick. Rep. Austin, chairman of the agri cultural committee, has Introduced a bill aimed at horse Jockeys, because It makes It a felony with a heavy penalty for any person to dispose of a wind-broken horse or one having the heaves without voluntarily ln forming the purchaser of the fact Speaker Campbell evidently took the bill as a Joke and referred It to the committee on geological survey., but the farmers say they are going to put the bill through and make It a law. It In expected that a large delegation of "David Harums" will be on hand to fight the measure when It comes up for passage. The Ormsbee Bill. The liquor committee reported out the Ormsbee bill, and asked for con slderatlon of the same March 17, but Rep. Cramton secured a further delay of a week before the friends of the bill knew what had happened. It Is believed that the Anti-Saloon forces are seeking delay In order to carry the bill past election and the other side Eay they will not tolerate any further olitructlon to the passage of the bill for which they claim to have t2 votes. D. Z. CURTlflS. THE BURDEN WAS A HEAVY ONE THE QUARANTINE OF MICHIGAN CATTLE HAS BEEN REMOVED. COST FARMERS HEAVILY. Now Long Deferred Sales of Live Stock Can Be Made and Expense of Feeding Saved Farmers. Monday morning the quarantine placed on Michigan, November 25, 1908, by the United States department of agriculture was relaxed. . This quarantine went into effect after the discovery of the outbreak of the hoof and mouth disease among herds of cattle In Livonia township and at first covered the entire state, even preventing the interstate or foreign transportation of cattle, sheep and swine from the upper penlsula. By successive modifications the quaran tined area was reduced to a few town ships In the southern portion of the state, in Oakland, Wayne and Ma comb counties. The removal of the federal quaran tine probably will be Immediately fol lowed by the lifting of the quarantine imposed by the state live stock sani tary board, which covers practically the same area, although It Is likely the state officials for a time will main tain a close surveillance on Livonia township and on Avon township, In Oakland county. The latter contains the biological farm of Parke, Davis & Co., on which a number of cattle were found affected by the hoof and mouth disease. What the cost of the quarantine has been to Michigan shippers of live stock, hay and hides in the way of curtailment of business, it would be difficult to estimate. Some have set the figure as exceeding $1,000,000. The more direct expense to the fed eral government necessitates In main taining extra inspectors and In disin fection work runs ud Into thousands of dollars, while the- farmers whose stock was slaughtered are also out considerable amounts because of the interruption of their dairy business. The Sale of Land For Taxes. Auditor-General Fuller says that the printed reports that the Grimmer Land Co., of Marinette, Wis., has filed application for 125,000 acres of state tax lands In anticipation of a law be ing soon enacted withdrawing all such lands from the market, is wrong. Since Auditor-General Fuller took hold Jan. 1 last, he says the total number of acres of tax lands applied for and sold is 22.5C9 and the receipts from these sales were $20,730.65. The Grimmer Land Co. bought 15,192 acres of these lands and paid for them $7, 755.92. The company bought about $5, 000 worth during the closing months of Auditor-General Bradley's adminis tration There are no other applications now pending, says Auditor-General Fuller, except one small parcel which Is held for $04.75, being the amount of ac crued taxes, penalties and costs. There were no applications left over from last year. In refusing to consent not to sell any more lands as the legisla ture by resolution requested until an act can be passed withdrawing such lands from the market, he asserts that he is strictly obeying the law which the supreme court, In a decision by Justice Grant. 10 years ago, made man datory on him to give a tax deed to any person who tenders him the taxes and charges officially advertised as standing against the land. Died of Hydrophobia. The bite of a poodle four weeks ago has proven fatal to Mrs. Henry Ostrander, of Detroit. She noticed no 111 effect until Sunday evening. At 4 o'clock Tuesday morning, after being seized with successive convulsions she died at Grace hospital of hydro phobia. A month aeo Mrs. Ostrander's brother gave her a small poodle dog because his father objected to the ani mal at home. Mrs. Ostrander, who took a great liking to the dog, Imme diately noticed that It was sick. While the husband and brother held the ani mal, Mrs. Ostrander proceeded to ad minister medicine. The dog struggled loose and fastened his Jaws for an Instant on Mrs. Ostrander's thumb. She thought nothing of the wound and did not attempt to have it cauter ized. Her husband, however, asked the patrolman on the beat to shoot the animal. The officer told Mr. Os trander to kill the dog himself and Dm fnllnwine dav the animal was de stroyed before an examination had been made to discover whetner Hydro phobia existed. Walter Bessey, aged 22 years, of Wyandotte, was shot and fatally wounded by the accidental discharge of his shotgun while duck hunting be tween Grosse He and Hickory Island Tuesday noon. The new board of control of the Michigan reformatory, appointed by Gov. Warner, elected Amos Mussel man president of the board. The other members are Leonard Freeman ana Alfred R. Locke. "You can't kill a Kent county farm er this way," said 61-year-old Peter Mcpherson as he was picked up from the fender of a Grand Rapids street car, where he had been carried for 30 feet after being struck by the car. He sustained severe scalp wounds, but will recover. Two ex-Judges and a firm of promi nent lawyers in Colorado Springs have, been retained by Miss Maybelle De- Boer, daughter of John DeBoer, mer chant of Holland, Mich., in her sra tlonal libel suit against Mrs. Dorcas Tease. The girl says that she has a long list of witnesses who have read a letter from her father to Mrs. Pease, and which Is said to attack her charac ter. Two 14-year-old boys who applied for shelter at the Gcnessee county Jail have been nturned to their parents They said that they had run away from home because they didn't like their school teacher. Increasing the Salaries. An Increase of $184,600 for salaries of heads of state departments and some other high officials. That Is what Is already provided for In part by the new constitution and In part by pending legislative bills. The new constitution nrovlded a net Increase of $9,600 for heads of depart' ments, those benefited thereby being the governor, attorney-general, secre tary or state, state treasurer ana iana commissioner. A bill has nassed both houses, that is not yet signed by the governor, pro viding for an increase of $3,000 a yeai for superintendents of public lnstrue tion, and one is pending to raise tho salaries of the state railway commit slon $6,000 a year. Then there Is U Dusenberry bill to create three new commissioners at a Joint salary of $4, 500 a year, to supervise the business of all state departments and Institu tions, and another bill to create tne office of state InsDector of outdoor electrical equipment at $2,000 a year. The Mapes bill calls for $25,000 lor salaries and expenses of a new civil Bervlce commission." and the Flowers bill, that boosts the salaries of circuit Judges, would take $114,500 annually from the state treasury. These Items make a total of $164,600. MICHIGAN BREVITIES. It Is now assured that the electric line between Saginaw, Owosso and other neighboring towns will be built. Lola Colton, the 11-year-old Alpena girl who was suffering from paralysis as the result of a fall on an Ice-covered sidewalk, Is dead at her home. The March term of the circuit court ODened in Coldwater Monday. There are only three criminal cases on the docket, something unusual for Branch county. Without removing his coat or shoes, C. II. Spring, of Menominee, jumped Into the river and rescued Andrew Anderson, an employe, after the lat ter had gone down twice. Mrs. Violet Wiley, one of the first settlers of Allegan county, died at her home In Otsego township Tuesday. She was the mother of 11 children, nine of whom are living. She was widely known. Owosso township grange adopted a resolution Indorsing Rep. Whelan's bill to abolish the office of state high way commissioner. Sentiment teemed to favor the old system whereby the farmers are for the highways. Charles H. Schaffer, a Muskegon inventor who has perfected more than 50 appliances. Is authority for the statement that the present method of building airships, Is all wrong, and promised to Invent a machine that will need neither wings nor gas-bag. At a recent test of a fire escape, in vented by Saginaw parties, the super visors of the county made trial trips in the shoot-the-chuteB-llke apparatus from an upper window of the court house, and pronounced the experience delightful, many of the solons making several trips. George Eck, of Daggett, slipped and fell In front of the passenger train which was bearing his aged mother to Menominee, and was ground to pieces 100 yards from Daggett station. The mother, who was standing on the platform at the time of the accident, collapsed and may die from the shock. When Henry Larvier, a 14-year-old boy, was arrested In Menominee re cently for burglary he told the officers that he would escape from the jail, and true to his word he is now miss ing. He had confessed to the burglary and also stated that he made a busi ness of picking the pockets of drunk en lumberjacks. Rep. M. L. Agens, of Ludlngton, is, seriously 111 with pneumonia at his apartments In Lansing. Agens was taken sick after the adjournment Fri day. He la now serving his third term In the house and because of his prominence and remarkable likeness to Abraham Lincoln has become well known in the state. Heavy voting marked the elections held in Wayne county Monday, espe-, clally In River Rouge, Highland Park. St. Clair Heights, Ecorse, Wayne and Plymouth, where there were vigorous contests to obtain control of the local administrations. In the latter two villages the fight was on the prohibi tion line, with the "wets" winning out. Harlow H. Howe; a wealthy real es tate dealer of Stanton, and formerly land agent for the Pere Marquette Railway Co., pleaded guilty In the fed eral court to sending obscene letters through the United States malls. Sen tence was deferred by Judge Knappen. Friends of Howe think he is insane and this had much to do with the court deferring sentence. Ex-Rep. "Johnny" Gordon threatens to break Into the millionaire class. Gordon has a suit pending in the U. S. supreme court over the ownership of some property In the Iron country. A big mining corporation sank shafts In the land. Gordon watched them do it, then stepped In and flashed papers showing he had bought tax titles to the land. Gordon paid $315 for his titles and the land Is now valued at $10,000,000. . Mrs. Rebecca Pierce, of Traverse City, acted as her own lawyer In de fending herself from the suit of Clin ton I. Arnold, and, although she was pitted against an experienced lawyer, practically won her case. Arnold sued for $236.75, the value of goods he al leged she took in excess of her schedule, when she foreclosed tho mortgage she held on his restaurant. The Jury was out only 10 minutes, re turning a verdict of $8.98 for the plain tiff simply because she acknowledged being Indebted to him to that amount, but he has to pay the costs. Karl &olosth, of Spokane, Wash., who brought action against Gunder Lieu, of Grand Rapids, for the recov ery of his 7-year-old daughter, who has been In the custody of the latter for the last six years, lost his case by the decision of Judge Perkins, who says that the child Is now in a better home than her father could provide for her. The coal miners In convention In Saginaw went on record as opposed to the sentencing of Gompers, Mitchell and Morrison for contempt, 'and a copy of the resolution to that effect will be sent to the president and principal legislators of the country. IHSUHGENTS WIN FIRST SCRAP CONGRESS ASSEMBLES AND IS ORGANIZED; CANNON SPEAKER. OLD RULES STRIKE SNAG Regulars Win on Shutting Off the Wind-Jamming by the Help of Some Democratic Votes. Promptly at noon Monday the gavel fell In both senate and bouse of rep resentatives and the extraordinary session of congress was begun. Busi ness was immediately taken up, fol lowing the reading of President Taft's proclamation. The st'.ate held but a short session, adjourning until 2 o'clock. It is al ready organized, having been in ses sion a short time, following the in auguration March 4. But the house was not organized and national In terest centered on the election of a speaker. As expected, Rep. Jos. G. Cannon, member of congress sinca 1873, was re-elected to fill the office, about which there has been 6uch a whirlpool of criticism In the past several months. Cannon received 204 votes. Champ Clark, the opposition leader, nomi nated in the Democratic caucus, was given 16C votes. Rep. Cooper (Wis.) got eight votes; Rep. Esch (Wis.), one; Rep. Norrls (Neb.), two, and Rep. Hepburn (la.), one. The speaker, after bowing his ac knowledgments, said: "The election to the high office of speaker, which I now bold for the fourth time by vir tue of your confidence and Judgment, is a compliment, the honor of which I do not underestimate and of which I am not lacking In personal appreci ation. "We have before us a most Import ant and difficult session of congress. The adjustment of the national reve nues has been since the foundation of the government a fundamental ques tion, yielding to none other In import ance. Even In the Civil war the question of adequate revenue marched side by side with the valor of our arms and the patriotism of our peo ple. And in time of peace even dis ordered finances are a prolific source of national ills, not so acute as those of war, but yet fruitful of calamity for the general Interest and suffering for the Individual. "These considerations should ani mate us to a high devotion to the duty before us. We must subordinate per sonal feelings to the general good, trusting to the considerate Judgment of the people for approval of our work when It shall have been com pleted." As senior member of the house. Mr. Bingham, of Pennsylvania, adminis tered the oath to the speaker, who in turn swore in the members. The fight on rules was Immediately taken up. Mr. Dalzell (Pa.) offered the usual resolution providing that the rules of the previous congress should govern this congress. "And on that motion I move the previous question," he said quickly. It had been understood for weeks that this motion, designed to shut off debate, would be the signal for the long threatened fight on the rules. Mrw Clark (Mo.) demanded the ayes and nays before Mr. Dalzell had re gained his seat, while Mr. Fitzgerald (N. Y.), under the guise of making a parliamentary Inquiry of the chair, asked, to have the rules explained. The speaker promptly held the ques tion out of order and refused to recog nize Mr. Fitzgerald further. The.. Democrats forced a roll call on Mr. Dalzell's motion. Rep. Townsend. of Michigan, de clined to vote without making a per sonal explanation, which the speaker would not allow, and the Michigan man, half regular, half "insurgent, voted "present." He applauded the victory of the regulars, however. And It Is said he would have voted aye If he could have said that having se cured "calendar day" as an early compromise , he was willing to vote with the organization. The previous question was ordered. 194 to 188. Five Democrats voted with the Republican regulars, giving them a victory of six votes. This, it was thought, foreshadowed a com plete victory for the regulars. But when the vote on the resolution Itself was taken, the Insurgents and Demo crats emerged victorious. 189 to 193. accomplishing what they have long strlved for. President Taft up to Monday afternoon had not had an opportunity to write a single word of 'his tariff measure to congress. His time 13 still given over to callers and the prospect now is that he will not write the messaere before Tuesday. This naturally will mean a compara tively brief message expressing In general terms his views and In no manner going Into details.. WtRELETS. Matthew Aslor Wllks, who married tho daughter of Mrs. Hetty Green, will live with his bride in a hand some residence bought bv his mother-in-law, who keeps the title. It Is in Fifth avenue. New .York, and worth about $700,000. The richest woman in the world will live In It also. Theodore and Mrs. Roosevelt plod ded through three miles of slush to get to church Sunday, meeting and chatting with many of the Oyster Bay people on the route. Kermlt and Miss Ethel drove. Tho entire family left before the services were all over to avoid having to hold another recep tion. R. B. Glenn, who as governor of North Carolina, led a sensational flsjht against the railroads of the state, has taken to the pulpit and Intends to de vote his remaining dayB to religious work. He is a Presbyterian and a striking speaker. Was Suddenly Called. William Jennings Bryan, in Univers ity hall, Ann Arbor, Sunday night, was in the midst of an attack on the theory of evolution as advanced by Prof. Charles Darwin, when a loud fhriek from the balcony interrupted his address. An investigation re vealed that Mrs. C. I Grimes, 57 years old, a resident of the city, had died of valvular disease of the heart. The woman was quickly " removed to her home. Mrs. Grimes, with several friends, was occupying seats In about the center of the balcony. She 'had been in unusually good health all day and was apparently feeling fine. She made the remark to one of her com panions that she enjoyed Immensely the lecture as far as It had pro gressed. Dr. J. A. Wessinger, who waf in the audience, rushed to her side as soon as the alarm was given. Mrs. Grimes' death is thought to have been due to the closeness of the hall. The building was packed, every available chair and space being taken. Nearly 300 were turned away. Two other women fainted during the lecture. Mrs. Crimea 'had resided in Ann Arbor three years. A son, Charles L. Grimes. Is a Junior engineer In the university. She has three other sons, one In Detroit, one at Crystal Lake, Minn., and another in New York city. Worked Banks for $600. An 18-year-old girl In the guise of a decidedly green maiden, flimflammed two Lansing banks out of nearly $600 March 11. on two forged checks drawn on the State Savings bank of Mason to Helen Carpenter. One check for $257.30 was supposed to be signed by Oscar Driver, a well-to-do 'hay buyer of Mason, and the other by Harper Reed, a wealthy business man of the same town. Each of the men do business with the Mason bank, also with the two Lansing banks, and the checks were taken at once. When the checks were returned to the local banks It was discovered that they had been let down about $000 by a clever forgery. The girl who to cleverly turned the trick obtained the blank checks at Mason and there evidently learned all about the prominence of the two men whose names she forged. Lansing de tectives and Pinkerton men are work ing on the case. The girl Is described as about 5 feet 7 inches tall, slight of build, dark brown hair and eyes, and to have worn a brown dress and a very cheap hat. FLASHES FROM THE WIRES Mrs. Charles W. Morse, of New York, whose husband, the former Ice king, is now in prison awaiting the outcome of his appeal against his 15 years sentence, has sold her furs and Jewels to pay attorney fees and her own expenses. She confirms the re port that his fortune Is entirely gone. "I only did what any other woman who loved her husband would," sho said. East Liverpool, O.. experienced the nearest thing to a blue Sunday the police were able to supply. The lid was ordered clamped down hard, and the old Puritan laws enforced to the letter. No arrests were made but the names of all those working, including street car men, chauffeurs, telephone operators and the like, were taken, and they will be prosecuted. THE MARKETS. Detroit. Cattle Market 10c to 15o higher than last week. We iuote dry- rod steers. f: steers ana neirers. i.uuu to 1.200 $5fa 5.25: steers and heifers. 800 to 1.000, $4.&05: steers and heifers I, of arc fat Kflfl tn 700 14 2.1(!H S3: choice fat cows, $4.25(0)4.50; . good fat cows. $3.75; common cows. 3&3.25; canners. l.tv((iz; cnoice neavy uum, S4.25ftr4.S0; fair to pood bolognas, bulls, $3.75fiiJ4; light. $3fi'3.2i: milkers, large, voung. medium age. $40 450; common milkers. $20z'30. Veal calves Market fiOc lower than last week: best. $848.25; others. Hit 7. B0: milch cows and springers, good steady, common dull. Sheep and larabs Market strong at last week's prices; best lambs. $7.50ff0 7.60; fair to good lambs, $. 2547. 25; lltrhf tn I'Ummnn limhi l.ri.RO H 8 vear- lln.ts. $5.f06.25: fair to good butcher sheep, 4(y 5; cuiis ana common, ii.tuw 3.50. Hops Market quality common. lOo to 15c hiffher than last week. Range of prices: Light to good butchers. $6.65ft 6.75: pigs. $6&'6.16; light yorkers, $ 25 46.50; stags. 1.3 off. East Buffalo Cattle Market 10015a higher; best steers. $6 25S6 75: best 1.200 to i.3Qo.in snipping sieers. t nha 6 50; best 1.000 to 1.100-lb do. $5 60K; hest fat rows. $45: fair to good.. $3 75 4- trimmers. $2 4042 75; best fat heifers, $5 2505 75; butcher heifers. 800 to 900-lb. $4 254J5: light fat heifers. $3 &0 4IM: best bulls, $4 50475; bologna bulls. $3 75H4 60. Hogs Heavy. $707 10: yorkers, 16 90ifi7; plfrs, $6 7006 75; roughs, 5 00(6; stags. $4 25 o. Sheep The market was active and about 5c higher than Saturday; top lambs. $7 7547 80: fair to good. $7 40 fi? 7 to: cull lambs. $6 75(&7 50: skin culls. $5 S076: yearlings. $6 5047; wethers. $5 75476 25; ewes. $5 2505 75; cull sheen. $3 50(T4 56; best veals.$94 9 25: medium to good, $78 75; heavy, $4475 60. firalo. Kte. Detroit. Wheat Prices In the De troit market a year ago were 97 He for No. 2 red wheat, 65c or No. 3 corn and 55 He for No. 3 white oats. No receipts- and no shipments of wheat on Thursday. Stocks are 324.824 bu. against 299.443 bu a year ago. Corn had a weak spell yesterday and closed with a loss of 4c Receipts have been large for several days. Reans are lifelens and unchanged tn price There has been no business In this line for several days. Oats closed with a drop of 14c and not much business doing. Receipts of flour yesterday were 1,209 bbls. No shipments. Rye Is quiet and In fair demand. No change In price. Chicago reported a decrease In cash demand. Rarley Is firm and In good demand. China Is about to take a census of the uncounted millions within her borders. The returns for the census for families must be completed by 1912. All Chinese living In foreign lands must be enumerated. Jacob M. Dickinson, secretary of war and a Democrat, explains Taft's reason for selecting him for his cabinet He says Taft has always betn friendly with thp south and wanted to show his friendship. Selecting a southern Re publican wouldn't do this and taking a Democrat who had voted for him would cause comment. Therefore he chose an out-andout Democrat. NEWS QFAWEEK1N CONDENSED FORM RECORD OF MOST IMPORTANT EVENTS TOLD IN BRIEFEST MANNER POSSIBLE. AT HOME AND ABROAD Happenings That Are Making History Information Gathered from All Quarters of the Globe and Given In a Few Lines. WASHINGTON NOTES. The Democrats In the congress have determined to fight any attempt te place a duty on coffee. A bust of former l--Presldent Fairbanks has been placed In the sen ate chamber. It was given a place In the reserve gallery on the Democratic side alongside of the bust of the late Vice-President Hobart. Representative Henry of Te. is has asked permlLsIon of Sre-.ke- Cannon to introduce the first measure In the Sixty-first congress, a Joint resolution proposing to amend the constitution of the United States so as to change the date of inauguration from March 4 to April 30. Minister Espinoza of Nicaragua called on Secretary Knox and pre .sented important Information concern ing affairs in his country. In a statement Issued by the treas ury department it is 6hown that the assassination of President McKlnley cost the government $42,517, la sur geons' bills and other expenses. President Taft has been drawn Into the fight being waged by the insur gents against the rules of the house. He held conferences with both sides but declined to announce how be stands. PERSONAL. Former President Roosevelt was served with a subpoena to appear In' a case growing out of the old "Fads and Fancies" scandal. P. J. Kleran, former president of the Fidelity Fum.lr- Company of New; York,, whose financial operations brought him Into wide repute recently, was Indicted In Pittsburg on charges, of embezzlement and larceny by. bailee. Robert O. Bailey, a Washington, newspaper man, has been chosen as; private secretary to Tranklln Mac Veagh, secretary of the treasury. Mr, Bailey, who is a native o" Leena, 111.., has been in newspaper work In the? national capital for the lr.st 12 years. Mayor Arthur C. Harper, who re signed from office at Los Angeles. Cal. rather than have facts about his prl vate life published, is the first victim, in the country of the "recall" system., President Taft was made a member of the Optimist Club of America, '. William Childs, who has been wan dering over the country for two years,1 his mind a blank, was cured In Mil waukee by the click of a camera Harry Selfrldge, formerly of Chi cago, opened a department Btore on. the American plan In London. Mrs. T. P. O'Connor, wife of the Irish parliamentary leader, who has arrived from London, says her visit! here is in the hope of establishing a depot for the Irish Industries society.: an organization that has been in exist-; ence on the other side for some years.' GENERAL NEWS. "Time will tell," said former Presi dent Roosevelt to a young man who declared he bad carried a Roosevelt banner In two campaigns and hoped to have the honor again. . The miners' and operators' confer ence at Philadelphia adjourned with out any agreement being reached and it is believed a strike will result," John W. Wallace and D. W. Lazelle, who have been engaged In a card-playing contest for 20 years at Mancelona, Mich., have played their last game. Wallace finally winning ten times In. succession, which was the conditio under which they played. Mrs. John Davers, 26 years old, and her husband, 20, are the parents of five children, twins and triplets. Gov. and Mrs. Willson of Kentucky and Robert M. Lyman of New York were hurt in a runaway in Frankfort. The Japanese naval training squad ron, consisting of the armored cruiser Aso and the protected cruiser Soya, has sailed for Honolulu under com mand of Capt. IsoJI. The ships carry 180 cadets of the Japan navy. They will visit San Francisco and Seattle. President Zelaya of Nicaragua, it is reported, has called another confer ence between his own country, Hon duras, Guatemala, Salvador and Costa Rica, with the view of arranging per manent peace for Central America. More than thirty persons, fourteen of whom were white, were killed and sixty were Injured by a tornado which destroyed Brinkley, Ark. Klngdon Gould, son of George Gould, was elected a director of the Missouri Pacific Railway Company, which U controlled by his father. A bill to enact the initiative and ref erendum was defeated In the Nebraska senate by a vote of 17 to 16. Officers were elected by delegates to the convention of the United Mine Workers of America, district No. 11, convention at Terre Haute, Ind, W. P. Rollins of Linton Is president Opinion That Counts. Public opinion is a weak tyrant compared with our own private opin ion. What a man thinks of himself, that It is which determines or rather Indicates his fate. Thoreau.