Newspaper Page Text
THE YALE EXPOSITOR. FRIDAY. NOVEMBER 5. 1909.
ft n mtn W n Kv IF
NE day recently a man In
a buggy stopped at a
farm In eastern Jackson
county, Kansas, hitched
his hors.3 to the fence and
climbed over into a field
Mihere several big stumps protruded
frwni the plowed earth, lie bent over
tft stumps and examined them close-fV-
Then he crossed another fence
Into another field and examined some
walnut trees that grew there.
A few minutes later he went to the
fornitaouse and was talking to the
avrner. He told the farmer that he
was buying walnut timber, and that
tJiro were a half dozen trees In the
walnut grove on his place that he
would like to buy. They agreed upon
a price and then the stranger said:
"Now, I'll give you $10 more for
those three stumps in the plowed
IkM and will dig them out for you
.xr.il carry them away."
The farmer snapped at the propo
sition. For 40 years he had been
plowing around those massive stumps
3sd a thousand times he had "cussed"
5ri the point of his plow or a cor
ner of his harrow had caught them.
He had an idea that the man who of
ITtinetf to dig them out and give him
310 into the bargain must be a little
tit insane, but, anyway, he was glad
to RRt rid of them.
A few days later three men came to
tL farm and cut down the walnut
Serves and dug out the three old
stamps and hauled them all away.
On of those old stumps was worth
2QQ. The others were worth not
much more than the expense of dig
ging them up and hauling them to
.The stumps came to the mill of a
-walnut corporation on the bank of the
Blue river near Sheffield. There the
stumps will be trimmed and steamed
far hours and then fastened into a
v-Hoocr machine, where they will re
volts against the cutting edge of a
KTit knife that will slice off a thin
veneer as the stump turns.
This veneer will be used for cover
ICS pianos, the finest kinds of furni
ture and cabinet work, and the inside
finish of railroad cars.
This one stump was particularly val
nable because of the wrinkles and
burls and warts that ran through it.
The veneer sliced from It would have
a beautiful waving grain with bird's
eyes and all sorts of curious convolu
tions. The more of these a veneer has
the more valuable it Is.
There Is not one walnut stump In a
hundred that Is worth anything to the
eneer mills. There Is not one In a
thousand that Is worth $300. And
thre is not one man in a million who
kxs the value of a stump by look
ins at it In the ground. The men who
d know this and who spend their
ftfme looking for these stumps are
callni "cruisers." They drive all over
tire states of Missouri and Kansas
looking for walnut timber and stumps
that are good for veneer.
The men who buy these stumps and
cat them say that stumps of young
trees are of no value. The best ones
are of trees centuries old. The more
axed and gnarled the tree the richer
the etump will bo in burls and bird's
eyes. Some of the most valuable
tumps are of trees that were cut 50
years ago by the pioneers of this
country. The best of them are found
aSonx the rivers, where the lands were
too rough to be cultivated. From
f&rse tracts the trees were cut for
lumber or firewood and the stumps
remained to be dug up a half century
later and used to decorate some par
lor fn n modern house.
The men who cut these stumps Into
Tenter do not always get them for a
small price. Many farmers know
e&lr value and demand It. In the
yard of the mill near Sheffield are
stumps for which the owners paid
from $50 to $200 and there is one for
which the man .who dug it out de
mands $200. This stump Is nine feet
An diameter at the butt of the tree.
Tills mill has been sawing walnut
'lumber for 15 years. In that time it
las cut 90,000,000 feet of walnut lum
r. the greater part of which has
.woi etnt to Europe. Dut shipments
lave gone from here to Australia,
Russia and China.
?tow the sawing of walnut Into lum
6rr Is to be abandoned and the mill
onli cut only veneers. The reason is
Aat nearly all the large walnut tlm
Skt has been cut. There is plenty of
"snaJt walnut timber in Missouri and
'Xanras, but it does not pay to cut It,
he black heart is too small and the
white sap . of no value. It Is the
Mack heart of the tree that has the
Tine grain and takes the rich, black
Owing to the scarcity of big walnut
strip or vsnzR cir
logs and the small lumber that has
gone to the European market In re
cent years, the demand for It has fall
en off and it has been supplanted by
There are other reasons why ma
hogany has taken the place of wal
nut. Mahogany Is 20 per cent, cheap
er In Europe than walnut. It is much
larger, too. Walnut logs from which
segments four inches thick may be
cut are scarce, and walnut logs from
which such segments 26 feet long may
be cut are almost Impossible to get
Another factor in the disappearance
of walnut lumber Is that mahogany Is
much softer and easier to cut. The
Sheffield mill can cut 35,000 feet of
mahogany a day, but it will cut only
20,000 feet of walnut. A mahogany
log will cut nearly three times as
much lumber as a walnut log of the
same size, and therefore It Is more
economical to cut mahogany.
Although mahogany is taking the
place of walnut over all the world, it
is not nearly so good as walnut. There
Is no wood so good as walnut for fine
furniture and cabinet work. The rea
son is that it Is hard, it will never
warp and It takes a beautiful polish,
it has a more varied and beautiful
grain and the older it grows the rich
er it looks.
Instead of being sawed into boards
and posts the walnut will hereafter be
cut into veneers not much thicker
than a piece of blotting paper, and It
Is only the gnarled trunks that will do
Circassian walnut, which is much
used for veneers and costs more than
the American black walnut, is not
nearly so rich in color and grain. It
comes from the Ural mountains in
Russia. It is becoming exhausted, too,
and is very high In price. The wood
of the gum tree that grows In the
swamps of Arkansas and elsewhere is
used as an Imitation and substitute
for Circassian walnut. It is so nearly
like it that only an expert can detect
the difference. Millions of feet of
gum logs are shipped every year to
Europe and there cut Into veneers and
polished and sent back to America
and sold at a high price for genuine
In hundreds of homes in Missouri
walnut wood Is still used for fire
wood. But when a man burns walnut
lumber he is truly burning money, for
while the market price of the logs is
less now than it was ten years ago
and the demand is less, there is a
time coming when the lumber will be
worth 20 times what It is now. When
the walnut trees that are now a foot
in diameter grow to several feet
through they will be worth more than
any timber that grows In North Amer
lea. There will always be a good de
mand for timber of that size and the
larger the tree the more value it will
Teeth-Cleaning for Cows.
"Sterilize the cow, and the milk will
take care of Itself." This theory In
spired Mr. Kelsey of the School of
Experimental Farming In Cincinnati,
owner of 15,000 worth of Jer
seys, who declares. In a report Just
published, that he has largely In
creased the quantity and quality of
his milk, because the cows are bathed
every day, their teeth are cleaned
with a brush three times daily, and
during the hot weather the animal?
are protected by linen coats, which
keep off the files and mosquitoes and
prevent them from being worried.
Tha Best Fcod for Workers.
The best food for those who work
with hand or brain is never high
- The best example of this Is found In
Quaker Oats. It stands at the top
among foods that supply nourishment
and vigor, without taxing the diges
tion, and yet it is the least expensive
rood one can eat.
This great food value and low cost
make it an ideal food for families who
want to get the greatest good from
what they eat
Laborers, factory or farm hands, fed
plentifully on Quaker Oats will work
better and with less fatigue than If
fed on almost any other kind of food.
All of these facts were proved and
very Interesting information about
human foods were gathered by Pro
fessor Fisher of Yale University in
1908. In addition to the regular pack
age Quaker Oats is packed in large
sized family packages either with or
without china dishes. 8
SHOWED HIS HERO WORSHIP
Surely Nothing Wrong Could Go Forth
from Lips That Were His
Allen has a strong admiration for
roldiers. He seldom misses a military
parade and his childish fancy has so
Idealized ..the boys in blue that he
considers them little short of perfec
tion. Not long ago his mother took him to
see an elderly friend of hers a sweet
faced, silver-haired woman, who is the
widow of a veteran of the civil war.
Before arriving at the house Mrs. Par
ker told Allen this bit of her friend's
history, and consequently the boy ac
corded this beautiful woman the most
In discussing a certain current sub
ject of literary Interest the two wom
en had a mild difference of opinion,
and Allen's regard for brass buttons
would not long permit him to listen
"Mamma," he asked In gently re
proachful tones after he had fidgeted
a moment in his chair, "don't you
think a soldier's wife ought to know?"
From the Housekeeper.
MAJOR OR MINOR.
Mr. Lunnon I suppose I may ad
dress you as major, sir! Every man
in these southern states seems to be
a colonel or a major.
Texas Bill I'm no major; I'm a
He Forgot Somethlrg.
"13 that all you have to say to me?"
she queried, looking off into space.
"Great heavens, girl" said he,
abashed, "what more can I say?
Haven't I told you that I worship the
very ground you walk on? Haven't
I offered you every Iota of my worldly
possessions? Haven't I said that you
would never want for anything, that
your relatives could come and stay as
long as they wished, that I would
work my fingers bare for you, and
that I would devote my entire exist
ence to you?"
"Oh, yes, you said all that," she re
plied, wearily, "but"
"But what?" ho asked, tremulously.
"You you didn't say right out and
out 'I love you,' and that's what I
wanted to hear most of all."
"How's yer wheat?"
"Pigs doin' well?"
"That puny colt come 'round all
"He sure did."
"Glad to hear things is bo llkelr,
Bill. How's your wife?" Washington
Heartless Parent Again.
Beautiful Girl Gardener, don't
make a flower bed there. It will
spoil our croquet ground."
Gardener Can't help it, mls3.
Them's my orders. Your father says
he Is going to have this garden de
voted to horticulture, not husbandry.
Coffee Usually Means Sickness, But
Postum Always Means Health.
Those who have never tried the ex
periment of leaving off coffee and
drinking Postum in its place and in
this way regaining health and happi
ness can learn much from the experi
ence of others who hare made the
One who knows says: "I drank cof
fee for breakfast every morning until
I had terrible attacks of indigestion
producing days of discomfort and
nights of sleeplessness. I tried to give
up the use of coffee entirely, but found
it hard to go from hot coffee to a
glass of water. Then I tried Postum.
"It was good and the effect was so
pleasant that I soon learned to love
it and have used it for several years.
I Improved immediately after I left
off coffee and took on Postum and
am now entirely cured of my indiges
tion and other troubles all of which
were due to coffee. I am now well
and contented and all because I
changed from coffee to Postum.
"Postum is much easier to make
right every time than coffee, for it is
so even and always reliable. We
never use coffee now in our family.
We use Postum, and are always well."
"There's a reason" and It Is proved
Look In pkgs for a copy of the famous
little book, "The Road to Wellville."
Kver rrnA h abor leMerf ' A new
onm npprars from tlm t time. Thy
r arsalae, tr, aid fall mt ha ma a
DEATH IS THE VICTOR
IRA FURIOUS RACE
Wild Carriage Drive Through Streets
of Chicago Fails to Save
Chicago. Death won a race in a
furious drive through Chicago streets
to a hospital with a dying man.
The victim, Hyman Kosharwsky,
had Buffered two years from tumor of
the brain. His condition was so seri
ous when Dr. Hendelmman called to
see him that he ordered an operation
at once. He said the patient had only
one chance in a thousand of living.
A carriage' was ordered from a liv
ery and the sick man, wrapped in a
blanket, was placed in the vehicle.
Four friends accompanied him on the
drive to Michael Iteese hospital.
"It's a case of life or death," said
one of the men to the driver of the
"The Man Is Deadl" Exclaimed the
carriage. "Get to the hospital as quick
as you can."
The horses were lashed Into a gal
lop and the wife of the dying man
watched at the curb until the carriage
was out of sight.
A few minutes before nine o'clock
the vehicle dashed up In front of the
hospital. One of Kosharwsky's friends
leaped out and ran into the receiving
office. He told the clerk that there
was a man outside in a carriage who
needed an Immediate operation.
One of the staff of surgeons went
out to the vehicle and on examining
the man's pulse found that he was
"The man Is dead," exclaimed the
doctor. "We had better notify the
Refusing to believe the medical
man's word, the carriage with Its dead
occupant was driven to the Hahne
mann Medical college, about a block
away. Here Dr. MacLean made an ex
amination and for the second time
the man was pronounced dead.
Half an hour later the carriage with
the corpse in it stopped in front of
the Maxwell street police station, Just
one block from where Kosharwsky
lived. The four men who had ridden
with him in the race of death went
Into the station and reported the mat
ter to Sergeant McGeehan. The body
was then taken to the home of the de
SNAKE MASTER OF A SHIP
Big Reptile Comes Out of Hold of the
Peruviana and the Crew
Philadelphia. Pa. Where a big
snake came from which made Its ap
pearance in the pantry of the British
steamship Peruviana as the vessel
came up the Delaware river puzzled
Capt. Jones, master of the Peruviana,
and all the others on board. The crew
say that hissing sounds had been
heard in the vessel's hold all of the
way across the Atlantic, but no one
could be induced to go below and in
vestigate. The first tangible evidence that
there was a menagerie below was se
cured when the snake appeared in
the galley and wanted things his own
way. The steward did not think
there was any reason for having two
bosses In the culinary department and
killed the snake. The Peruviana came
here from Lulea, where snakes are
In Jail for Selling Bibles.
New York. "It seems to me an In
justice to compel me to spend a whole
night in a cell for selling the Word
of God on the streets," Aaron Koff
man of . 26 Clinton street. New York,
told Recorder Carroll when arraigned
In Paterson, N. J., on a charge of
peddling without a license. Koffman
was disposing of a batch of Old Testa
ments when arrested.
Near Death In the Desert.
San Bernardino, Cal. With a vi
cious burro tearing at a Jagged
wound In his leg for blood with which
to molster. Its parched throat, Jacob
George, an old prospector of the Mo
Jave desert, was found unconscious
and near death by. a party of miners
returning from the "furnace regions."
METHOD TO COMPLETELY
ERADICATE THE BINDWEED
This Injurious Plant May Do Exterminated In Any Field
or Orchard If Proper Effort Made
Dy II. R. Cox.
The only successful methods for the
eradication of bindweed must be based
on the suppression of all top growth,
in order to starve out the underground
parts. A great many farmers are look
ing for some easy method of killing
the bindweed, and In the meantime are
letting It cover the fields and festoon
the trees of the orchard. They are
looking for some magic "remedy" that
will completely eradicate the weed
with a small amount of exertion on
their part. It must be understood that
such a formidable enemy as this weed
requires heroic treament. Other farm
ers have gone at the problem less
heedlessly, as in the case of a man
who followed the root of a plant to the
depth of four feet and then applied
a large quantity of salt in the bole.
Various methods have been tried
to keep down the top growth, and
hence starve out the underground
parts. There are three methodsi that
have given satisfactory results, name
ly, clean cultivation, alfalfa growing
and hog pasturing. There are other
methods that have been tried, but not
with a large measure of success.
These include the placing of building
paper, beet pulp, apple pomace, straw
or manure on the ground to smother
the weed growth, and also the appli
cation of chemicals. Conditions in Ir
rigated regions are complicated by the
fact that bindweed is often allowed
to grow along Irrigation ditches, the
water in which distributes the seed.
The water of streams, especially at
American Soil Well Adapted to
Tree and Wide Opportunities
for Articles Made from It
-By W. F. Hubbard.
Willow growing gives an uncom
monly high margin of profit. A large
demand for willow is now supplied by
import, and as American-grown rods
are of good quality when proper care
is taken in their culture there Is no
reason why the further development
of the industry should not be possible
if more American farmers can be con
vinced of its practicability.
Of late years willow furniture has
sprung into fashion and to-day no
minor industry is more prosperous
than that devoted to its supply. Tho
wages are good and the manufacturers
demand a steady supply of superior
This Is now almost entirely received
from France at a price which will give
the entire trade to the American if he
can equal the quality.
Great care should be taken in the
selection of the willow beds. Rich, per
manently moist sandy loam gives best
returns, though ordinary moist sandy
land often yields profitable crops of
Poor soils produce paying crops
where there is a market for short
xds. Avoid land on which water is
stagnant during the summer. If by
drainage the water level on such land
can be lowered at least six feet be
low the surface the situation may be
Do not plant willows in localities
where early frosts occur. The tender
shoots are easily Injured by the
Plow ten or twelve Inches deep In
the fall, prior to planting the follow
ing spring. This turns tho top layer
of the soil so deep that weed seeds
cannot spring up.
If rain is insufficient, irrigate the wil
low bed if possible, but thorough
drainage must be provided, as water
must not stand on the surface. It Is
best also to keep the land well
drained during the winter.
Returns depend very largely upon
the method of culture, but more upon
the variety of the willow planted, be
cause the shoots of even the best va
rieties and in the most suitable soil
grow brittle after the stools become
The American green and Welsh wil
lows are most generally planted. The
rods of the former peel readily, split
snow white, hard, flexible
and heavy .
flood times, is also a factor in distribu
ting the seeds and roots to other land.
Bindweed can be eradicated by
clean cultivation If thorough and per
sistent. The case requires going over
the land once every week or ten days
during the entire growing season of
the weed, which Is between the spring
and fall frosts. Two years of this
treatment will accomplish the result
In most cases, and It Is probable that
one year will suffice where the plant
does not root too deeply. The diffi
culty Is that many farmers will not
cultivate as thoroughly as Is neces
sary. Even a small top growth Is
enough to form some new under
ground growth and rejuvenate the old
roots or root stocks, thereby carry
ing the plant over to the next season.
Cultivation has the further advantage
of inducing a rapid germination of all
Roots and Weed Cutter.
seeds of the weed which are In the
soil, the young seedlings being prompt
ly destroyed by the subsequent tillage.
Conditions in orchard lands are such
as to offer a favorable opportunity
to get rid of this weed, or at least sa
reduce It that It does not do much
damage. Many orchards use a type
of Implement that has been found
very successful in the control of the
weeds. It consists of a beam resting
on the ground, varying in width from
eight to 12 feet, with a series of
knives below, all inclined inward. Its
draft is light, It makes a wide cut,
It can be worked close to the trets
and Is comparatively Inexpensive.
They have a tendency to branch,
however, and unless the stools are
planted close together a large percent
age of the rods branch so much that
they are often unfit for peeled stock.
A good basket willow possesses the
following characteristics: (1) Abil
ity to yield an annual and uniformly
paying crop of rods; (2) flexibility;
(3) productiveness 1. e., many shoots
to each stool; (4) slender and branch
less rods; (5) smooth and white wood
Cuttings for plantings should be
made from one-year-old 6hoots. Tha
length of the slips is regulated by the
condition of the soli. The richer the
soil is the shorter the cuttings may be.
Generally they are made eight inches
long for moist,, rich soil, and 13
Inches for dry, sandy soil.
Although it Is generally advised to
prepare cuttings Just before planting,
they may be made several weeks in
advance and partially burled in mod
erately moist sand and stored in a
cold barn until needed.
Bury the cuttings in sand to with
in one inch of the top. Care should
be taken to have the buds point up
ward. Plant early in the spring, as soon as
the frost is out ot the ground. In
spacing the plants the following prin
ciple holds for all willows and for all
soils: The closer the cuttings are
planted the more valuable I. e., more
flexible, tough, slender and branchless
the rods become. On the other hand,
they must not be planted so close that
the soil In and between tho rows can
not be cultivated.
Poultry In the Orchard.
Poultry may often with advantage
be kept In the orchard. This makes
It possible to engage In poultry keep
ing on a considerable scale without
any cost for land, writes James Dry
den In Farm Tress. In other words
a double use of the land may be
made. The trees afford shade to the
fowls In warm weather. It will be
necessary to furnish them ample
green food at all times, especially
when the apples are on the ground
If no other green food is available
they are liable to eat an Injurioui
amount of apples. On the other hand
poultry Is a decided advantage to the'
orchard as an aid in the warfare on
Pay for Stock Destroyed.
The legislature of New York has
been asked to levy an appropriation
for the commissioner of agriculture of
$25,000 to pay one-third of the full ap
praised value of live stock destroyed
on account of foot and mouth disease
snd for the expanse of suppresslnf
and eradicating that disease.
Louisville, Ky. "Lydia E. Pink,
ham's Vegetable Compound has cer
tainly done me a
world of good and
I cannot jpraise it
enough. I suffered
ness, and a severe
pound has restored
me to perfect
health ana kept me
from the operating
table. 1 will never be without this
medicine in the house." Mrs. Sam'i.
TF.y, 3523 Fourth St, Louisville, Ky.
Another Operation Avoided.
Adrian, Ga. "I suffered untold
misery from female troubles, and my
doctor said an operation was my only
chance, and I dreaded it almost as
much as death. Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound completely cured
me without an operation.' Lena V.
Henry, It. F. D. 3.
Thirty years of unparalleled suc
cess confirms the power of Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetablo Compound to
cure female diseases. The great vol
ume of unsolicited testimony constant
ly pouring in proves conclusively that
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound is a remarkable remedy for those
distressing feminine ilia from which
bo many women suffer.
The Rare Gift of Courtesy.
Courtesy Includes not merely social
klnlness, graces of speech, absence of
rudeness, but honorable treatment of
business associates and of all the fel
low citizens with whom a man of af
fairs may have business to transact.
It is not American to keep one citi
zen valting all day at the door be
cause ho is poor, and to grant an
other citizen an Interview because it
is believed he Is rich. Wisdom is not
confined in a purse, and frequently
much wisdom may be learned from a
Mary, aged 14, was found one day
by an older sister sobbing and crying.
"What Is the matter?" she asked,
with great concern.
"Three boys have asked me' to go
to te dance to-night," was the unex
"Well, my dear child, certainly that
is not such a terrible misfortune."
"Yes; but I told the first one I
would go with him, and the last one
was a long-panter" Harper's.
"I suppose with all this modern
prison philanthropy, abolishing stripes
and convict uniforms generally, they
will soon Introduce dress suits for the
well-behaved prisoners in our penal
"Well, you know, they already give
convicts watches and chains."
A Terrible Disease.
"Do you own an automobile?' In.
quired the unobservant party. Tha
other shook his head sadly.
"No," he sighed, "I have been a suf
ferer all my life from chronic pedes
trianism." Some people would drown with a lift
preserver at hand. They are the kind
that suffer from Rheumatism and Neural
gia when they can get llamlins Wizard
Oil. the best of all pain remedies.
Knlcker- What is your definition of
Docker He was evidently my wife's
You don't have to run a boarding
house In order to board a train.
ARK YOU I.08INO FLESH
throtiBb racking tht jon cannot ini to
check? A bottle ot Allan's hnag Balaam will ear
to trouble and help jom pack to health.
The patriotism of the office seeker
is the greatest ever.
Don't Cough! Use
Will Instantly relieve your chin
throat. There is notbiof like it for
Aath'ma, Bronchitis and lunj
troubles. Contain bo opiate.
Very pleasant to take.
AH Dranbta, 2S (Mb.