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THE YALE' EXPOSITOR. FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 11.1910.
HE KNEW HER
The Army of
Is Crowing Smaller Every Day
UVER PILLS an
responsible they mat.
v I Carters!
f : ,iL.
T IS sober truth to say
that Abraham Lincoln
struck the noblest,
highest, holiest note In
of the American people.
'Lrtt:tti the inmost native soul
In the new paganism of commerce;
of money getting, no matter how;
of criticism of public men who.
whatever their faults, are to be
loved because they have been hated
by those who seek to make the na
tion sinister and corrupt, there is
nothing so sodden and sordid but
will in some tense uncover and
kneel at the sound of the name of
The average American does not
shout when ho hears the name of
Abraham Lincoln. Even the politi
cal demagogue, the stock gambler,
the captain of industry, is likely to
grow silent and reverential when
the name of Lincoln is spoken.
And while we are getting ready to honor
Lincoln it is well to udd that none may un
derstand his people who has not first discov
ered what it is in his character and in ours
that makes us love him above comparison in
the story of the world's great men love
him for his poverty, his simplicity, for his hu
manity, for I1I3 fidelity, for his justice, for bis
plainness, for his life and for his death
Sheer force of character must havo been
the inherent trait which he had well cultivated.
His attitude to women may have been but
an Incident, but there can be no question but
that the influence of various women with
whom it was his good fortune to bo associ
ated in his earlier days had not a little to do
with the forming of one of his most predomi
nant traits. He was. in his later life, one of
the kind of men of whom good women declare.
In all humility and honesty for their sex. that
through the fineness of his perception and his
gentility toward everyone and everything, that
he "might have been a woman." It is a high
In the first place, he was born of a good
woman. Nancy Hanks, his mother, neglected
In the neglect of those of her social status at
the time plus was born, must have in the sub
limity of maternity engendered In the life
blood of hei illustrious offspring the nourish
ment that made the great achievements of
Abraham Lincoln possible. Yet, to her is due
but the honor of instilling, with her own blood,
her own spirit, the character that enabled
Abraham Lincoln to become the first Ameri
can the conglomerate of all that is meant
In the phrase, "the land of the free and the
home of the brave."
Nancy Hanks gave Lincoln birth. She was
the daughter of supposedly Illiterate and su
perstitious people, but she was comely. Intelli
gent, knew how to read and write and taught
her husband, Thomas Lincoln, father of the
president, to scrawl his name.
The great Lincoln always believed that he
got his Intelligence and powers from his
The. family moved from Kentucky to Indi
ana when Lincoln was seven years old. Two
years later Nancy Hanks Lincoln succumbed
to a pestilence known as milk sickness. She
died in October. Her husband sawed a coffin
out of the forest trees and burled her In a
little clearing. Several months later a wan
dering frontier clergyman preached a sermon
over her lonely grave. No wonder the coun
tenance of the great emancipator moved all
who beheld It by Us deep melancholy. He
knew what rorrow was 43 years before he
paced his office In the White House all night,
with white fac$ and bowed head, sorrowing
over the defeat of Chanccllorsville, wondering
whether he was to be the last president of the
United States and praying for the victory that
came at Gettysburg.
All that year the sensitive boy grieved for
the mother who had gone out of his life; but
In time the father went back to Kentucky,
and In Klizabethtown, near the big South Fork
of Nolln creek. In Hardin county, where Lin
coln was born, he married the widow of the
town Jailer. Presently thereafter a four-horse
wagon creaked up to the door of the Lincoln
cabin In the Indiana forest and young 'Abe"
made his first acquaintance with Sarah Bush
Lincoln, who, next to his own mother, was to
become the second Incentive pf his youthful
Sarah Flush I incoln was a woman of thrift
and energy, tall, straight, fair and a kind
hearted, motherly Christian. The American
people oe a debt to this noble matron, who
did so much to Influence and develop the char
ccter of '.he boy who was yet to save tho
m cm vmmswe
reading every book he
-H7Tlg-slfll Ifl-vVU u 1 u W "L'u-el W " Cvu rnuA find. Later ho en-
All YfeW&fl aed in storekcening
-4W " '4 O Uh a partner, but he
y -AT- Jfe "SriWi 'was not cast for a mer-
L &V 4 f-' mW entile career.
f VI . iiW r -r? legislature In 1834 he met
' --i-S: teZJZzZr and fell in love with pret-
YrS A J) Tnl ' raT ty, auburn-haired Anne
Rrv'';"v-;V1 J rTr-r7r; Itutledge. daughter of the
fcfer x''; A bo. ri ""'yUzZU wn,ch he lived- 1118 pas
fH.-: .. .A;-.-t;;M"'Pi O' OSTf hZ5rWJ-J . alon seemed hopeless, for
Tli V" TV. X z?v - pieage 10 a young ih
Ci ' - soffit ' I-' 3' w i I
I m, . .. .fir - i-ir
She was good
to the Lincoln
mother lay out
in the wild for
est grave. She
gave them warm
threw away the
mat of corn
husks and leaves
on which they slept and
replaced it with a soft
feather tick. She loved
little "Abe" and the lonely
boy returned her kindness
and affection. In a primi
tive cabin, set In the midst of a savage coun
try, she created that noblest and best result of
a good woman's heart, a happy home.
The young Lincoln grew rapidly. Always
an Invidious reader, he ever found time for
reading. In this pursuit he appears to have
been tireless, but it seems not to have caused
him to isolate himself from tLe social life of
his primitive neighborhood. By 17 he was six
feet four inches tall. His legs and arms were
long, his hands and feet big and his skin dry
and yellow. His gaunt face and melancholy
gray eyes were set in cavernous sockets above
his prominent cheek bones. He was not, there
fore, a "ladies' man," but at the same time tho
mysterious something that made him beloved
above the average of prominent Americans
stood him In 6tead. He was always popular
with his fellows, even as a spraddling boy.
A clrl schoolmate has described him as he
appeared at this earlv time:
"His shoes, when he had any, were low.
He wore buckskin breeches, linsey-woolsey
shirt and a cap made of the skin of a squirrel
or coon. His breeches were baggy and lacked
by teveral Inches meeting the tops of his
shoes, thereby exposing his shin bone, sharp,
blue and narrow."
But this girl cared for him, even as, much
later In life, she was proud to have lrnown him.
Trivial as It may seem, the verse penned
by him when he was 17, at the time of his
sister Sarah's marriage to Aaron Grlgsby, may
give some insight Into his lifelong estimate
of the attitude of man toward woman. These
are the concluding verses:
The woman was not taken
Krom Adam's feet we see;
So . lie nniKt not abuse her,
The meanlne aeema to be.
The woman was not taken ,
From Adam's head we know.
To show she should not rule him
'Tla evidently o.
Th womxn alv was taken
Krom jinder Adam's arm.
Bo he must be protected
Krom Injuries and harm.
It was after he had passed through many
of his earlier vicissitudes that Lincoln encoun
tered his first great romance. The family had
moved from Indiana to Illinois. When they
migrated from New Salem, Sangamon county,
Abraham, who has assisted his father, step
mother and the rest of the family to passable
affluence remained behind. He split rails, he
traveled down the Mississippi on a house boat
and bad his first elucidation of slavery In Its
most hideous forms and of the uncertainty
and Irresponsibility of the negro race.
He returned to New Salem and became a
clerk. In drawing crowds of villagers he
proved a popular acquisition. The Job "pe
tered out" and be was elected a captain In the
Black Hawk war. His was a bloodless cam
paign, but he came out of it with honors and
Increased popularity. All the time he had been
made Lincoln one of their own family. She
was a taintly woman and through her he
learned, even more than by his reading, the
story and the precepts of tho Man of Naza
reth that In later years enriched his vocabu
lary and did so much to guide his conduct.
In two years Mary Todd became his wife.
It was a singular Jest of fate that he should
have won her away from Stephen A. Douglas,
who was later to be his rival in the great anti
slavery struggle that was ended only by mil
lions of armed men and that almost simul
taneous with its ending left Mary Todd a
Of the union were born the sons Robert T.,
"Willie" and "Tad." "Willie" died in the
White House February 20, 18G2, and "Tad,"
or Thomas, died in Chicago July 15, 1871, at
the age of 18 years. Robert T., the
eldest of the three sons, lives In Chi
cago. He is president of the Pullman
company and has enjoyed a highly
successful business career.
Of Lincoln's attitude toward the es
timable woman who became his wife
perhaps as good an estimate as any
may be found in practically his last
words to her, spoken on the after
noon of the day of his assassination,
as they rodo through the streets of
He talked to ber of what they
would do when his term of office was
over and they could take up a quiet
"We havo saved some money," he
said, "and ought to he ablo to save
some more. And with that and what
I can earn from my law practice we
can settle down in Springfield or Chi
cago and live cozlly to a green old
But God had otherwise disposed.
Within 24 hours the woman who, In
tho ultimate, had shared the tribula
tions and the adulations of the great
emancipator was widowed and his
sons and the entire nation were or
phaned. LINCOLN MADE NO MISTAKES.
The Rev. Dr. T. L. Cuyler says In
the Horailetic Review: "Terrible as
was the tragedy of that April night.
," , ....
coin loved and
when his suit
Finally t h e
ing to come
friend. After a
while It became
the New York
er had deserted
offered the girl his heart and it eventually
was accepted. But Lincoln's happiness was
short-lived. Anne Rutledge sickened and died.
Lincoln was Inconsolable.
Following this bereavement he plunged
into politics and statecraft and built the foun
dation for his later life. During this period
he met Mary S. Owens. He wrote love letters
to her, but later on frankly told her that,
while he was willing to keep his engagement
with her, it were better for her own sake that
she should not hold him. She accepted his
honest explanation and his second romance
withered and died.
Still another woman who was Instrumen
tal in framing Lincoln's strong and impres
sionable character was Lucy Gilmer Speed.
Her husband owned tho tavern at Springfield,
whither Lincoln rode when the capital was
changed from New Salem. Lincoln became
their guest and throughout his remaining life
numbered them as his stanchest friends. He
often descanted on the sound counsel and sis
terly care bestowed upon him by Mrs. Speed.
Although ho became at this time one of
the foremost statesmen of Illinois, Ms pre
vious experience caused him to douM bis
own heart. He became engaged to Mary Todd.
After a brief period, doubting his love, he
broke the engagement. It even has been
charged that he deserted her when she was
attired for the wedding. To his bosom
friends, Joshua F. and Lucy Speed, Lincoln
described the parting:
"When I told Mary I did not love her," he
said, "she burst Into tears, and, almost spring
ing from her chair and wringing her hands,
as if in agony, said something about the de
ceiver being himself deceived. To tell you the
truth, it was too much for me. I found the
tears trjckllng Jown my own cheeks. I caught
her in my arms anj kissed her."
So great was Llnccln's remorse that he
was watched by his Mends lest be commit
suicide. Here again came In the sound influ
ence of Mrs. Speed. She and ber husband
it is still true that Lincoln may have died at
the right time for his imperishable fame. He
had conducted an immense nation through the
most tremendous civil war ever waged and
uever committed a Blngle serious mistake. He
did not possess Hamilton's brilliant genius,
but Hamilton never saw the future more sa
gaciously. He made no pretensions to Daniel
Webster's magnetic oratory, but Webster
never put more truth in oratorical form for
popular guidance. He possessed Benjamin
Franklin's Immense common sense and that
twenty-line address on the battlefield of Get
tysburg is the high-water mark of American
sententious eloquence. It is fitting that after
such a career his own life should be the last
to be lost in that stupendous struggle. He had
called over 200.000 heroes to lay down their
lives, and then his own life was laid down be
side the humblest private soldier or drummer
boy of Gettysburg or Chlckamauga."
PCISON IN MIDDLE AGES.
In the middle ages so little was known ol
toxicology that all Budden or mysterious
deaths were attributed to poison, but In the
light of modern knowledge many of these are
now easily explained by such diseases as ap
pendicitis or gastric ulcer. Even the Borgias
can be absolved from many of the poisonings
laid to their charge. Nevertheless, says the
British Medical Journal, from very early times
in Italy poison was a favorite means of remov
ing an enemy. In England, France and Ger
many cruder methods of vengeance prevailed
and it was not until the sixteenth century
that the Medici Introduced poisoning Into
France. The fashion spread with terrible rap
idity and poison was employed in every rank
of society to get rid of Inconvenient persons.
The art Introduced into France by Catherine
de Medici and her followers took, root so
deeply as to blossom later Into the black
magic of Louis XIV.'s reign.
She It's three o'clock. I'm going
to my dressmaker. I shan't bo more
than a quarter of an hour.
He All right; don't forget we are
dining out at eight o'clock.
For Shame, Mr. Staggers.
"Our splendid cook left to-day and I
had to take her place," said Mrs. Stag
gers. "I hope I 6hall be successful in
"I certainly hope you will be suc
cessful in following in her footsteps,"
suggestively remarked old man Stag
gers as he chewed on a crisp-boiled
, Isiig eitiaa, Sick IWaclc, SHow Skia.
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