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The Farmville herald and farmer-leader. (Farmville, Va.) 1934-1957, May 03, 1957, Image 15

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn98068377/1957-05-03/ed-1/seq-15/

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Test Plots On Gates Farm Help Prince
Edward Farmers Fight Altai!.a \\ ee: il
^leptachlor Proves
Best Insecticide
The alfalfa weevil is threatening
Prince Edward county's number one
hav cop
"Even w‘h the insect damage and
other threats to alfalfa. >t !s still
pii>- best hay cop.” savs F F S*rin
l;n. Prince Edward county agent
Alfalfa is about a $150,000 crop in
this county alone There are ap
proximately 1.500 acres of alfalfa in
the county. It yields a low average
of two tens per acre and is worth
$50 per ton.
Striplin and the Virginia Agricul
ture Experiment Station Personnel
have just, completed a test growth
rn Holly brook farm of John A
* Gates, local dairyman. T he test
shows without a doubt the value
of treating against the weeivil and
other insertions. Similar tests are
being conducted m the state and the
final results will be announcld later.
Test plots were marked off in a
field of alfaFa The 20 plots were
approximately 30 feet square. The
plots were treated with aldrin. Hep
tachlor. and dieldrin respectively.
Untreated plots were also included
in the test.
The differene in the treated plots
and untreated plots was easily
recognizable even to the untrained
eye One of the important factors to
come out of the test was to deter
mine what chemicals were the most
effective. >
Striplin said that the heptachlor
was the most effective. The chemi
cals were put down on March 20
and the heptachlor was the only one
that controlled the weevil satisfac
torily. The heptachlor was spread
dry at a rate of one and a quarter
pounds per acre.
All of the chemicals were put
down in a dry granulated form by
using a simple hand distributor.
"Aldrin did a fair job.'' said Strip
lin, as he picked up a handful of
alfalfa and showed several of the
green larvae, worm-like weevils.
“The aldrin applied at one pound
per acre didn't last long." Striplin
continued, "but when applied tw^o
pounds to the acre, it was pretty
effective "
Dieldrin was applied at n- pound
per acre and was about the same as
the aldrin at oiie pound per acre.
The untreated plots were com
pletely ruined and useless as far
as hay is concerned These plots
INSECTICIDES MAKE A DIFFERENCE: Cha 'lie Gates, left, holds a full green growth of alfalfa
from the field that he was cutting on the farm of John Gates Tuesday morning. This had been treated
with insecticides, fc. I . Striplin. right, holds some weevil-eaten, useless alfalfa that was cut from the
same field, hut not sprayed or treaeed with insecticides.
took a greyish-white appearance
similar to severe frost.
The alfalfa weevil has been known
in Virginia since 19)2. It was first
discovered in Utah in 1904. and
stayed in the dry western states for
almost 50 years.
However the insect has n o w
spread to 71 of the 98 counties in
Virginia and i' not treated, it can
completely destroy a stand of al
falta.
Once the weevils infest a field,
they usually cause damage year
after year. To continue growing al
falfa in an infected field, it must
be treated with insecticides.
Striplin advised farmers that are
troubled with the weevil to contact
their local county agent for instruc
tion and advice on combating tlie
insects. The agents will have in
structional pamphlets and up-to-date
information on when and how to
save the hay crops.
Farm Questions of the 51 eek
(I ditnr’s unto: Hero are the* flues- i
tiers asked mast ircflueiilly by \i:
l> uia farnin s during the past w eek,
as reported by county agricultural
agents. Stall members of the VI’l
Old Belt May
Change Opening
Date This Year
A resold;.on asking Hint the Vir
ginia-North Carolina Old Belt open
tobacco sales no later than one week
after auctions start on the Middle
Belt was adopted at Danville last
week at the annual meeting of the
Old Belt Warehousemen's Associa
tion.
The resolution will be placed be
fore the Bright Belt sales committee
at the time it meets to consider
setting opening dates In recent
years there has been discontent in
the Old Brit with its opening usually
being a couple of weeks behind the
Middle Belt.
In rounding out five years as
president of the Old Belt Associa
tion. George R Myers, of Danville,
voiced a strong plea for a tobacco
spacing program rather than the
present acreage allocation or the
proposed acreage poundage pro
gram.
Myers declared
"Since the tri nd in the past few
years has been to heavier tobacco.
I think a spacing program is the
only wav we can raise this type of
tobacco ' lie urged members to
work toward this end.
Buckingham Farmers
Win Third Place
1 n Slate ( on test
Buckingham Young Farmers
land judging/"'!! am took third
place m tin- State v wing Farmers
land judging com. s: at Powhatan
High School April ho Robert
Maxcv Robert Seay and Maurice
Manchester are members of the
team with David Word alternate.
Eleven teams from various sec
tions of flic state competed in toe
contest Climax Young Fanners
(Pittsylvania County won first
place and Will;.- Y*umg I ■
■Floyd Count.'- won second pi ar
Robe r Vaxcv > in !:• •(» 1 Si av
v, on $ 1 ' ad. ; i - .. •' 11 v •.’■■■.
■'eighth and ninth place in the in
dividual contests.
Contestants were scored on
their abilitv \q judge the produ -
tivitv. permeability, slope, depth,
classification and other charaett i
isti's ol different types ot soil Of
ficials of the’ Soil Conservation
Service acted as technical ad
visors The award money v(.i- c
tributed by Smith-Dough;-- Ferti
lizer Co of Norfolk
H E Maxev was coach of the
Buckingham team
Agricultural Extension Service and
or Experiment Station supply tin*
ansvv ers.
Ouestions concerning the alfalfa
weevil continue to lead the list, but
have been dealt with at length in
«ti•"lie** releases. Entomologists re
port that spravtng is well underwas
in most counties where the pest is
Present. In these fields where the
weevil is present and causing
damage, spraying should be done
immedia'ely. To wait any longer
might mean the less of the first
cutting.)
Q What variety of corn should
I plant'1
A Thee arc several good varie
ties recommended for each area ill
Virgiiva. County agents can furnish
1’sts of adapted va'ieties. and can
also give information oil yields,
standabilitv, insect and d'sease re
sistance. as shown in tests through
out Virginia
Q Is it too late to see permanent
pasture?
A Yes. all pastures in Virgiiva
should have been seeded by April
11. and earlier in eastern areas. To
extend summer e-azing. seed Sudan
grass and-or millet.
Q What s the production outlook
for the fruit crop this year?
A A recent survey of the major
frn’t grow ne counties in Virginia
s' wed httle eomme'C’al kill, al
though there was some damage to
buds in low a-pas Generally pros
pec's a-e b-iirht for a good Crop of
b-th appi'-s and peaches
O How can I reduce losses of
hogs on flic way to market?
A An-il. May and June a-e the
ent'cal hot - weather hog - shipping
months. Hog shippers can guard
against losses by insisting on a well
ventilated tH>ck with wet-sand bed
ding -and a trucker with lots of
"beg know-how
Q -Should 1 topdress my alfalfa
pew nr whait until after the first
cutting?
A Wait and topdress it immedi
ate’’- after the first eutt'ng. If you
do it now you run the risk of tramp
ing r dpwn. i-r ••burning” the
plants which are growing.
Q Should I sell my heifers and
buy steers, ot should 1 feed my
heifers on!0
A Unless you can get steers for
a very lew price which is unlikely
go on and feed your heifers and
sell as top good or choice.
Q When should I spray to con
trol the alfalfa weevil to get the
; best kill0
A In most areas of the state the
■ time has come to apply the hep
lachlor spray A single properly
tinted application should be enough
to protect the first cutting of alfalfa
Q — How can 1 tell if my elms
have dutch elm disease0 Are they
i likely in be affected this year?
A A laboratory diagnosis must
hr made to determine the presence
if the disease Collect a sample of
ftte or s;\ recently damaged twigs
and ser-d to the Southeastern Forest
t-x;-.r::..- Station. Federal Build
Herald Farm [Slews
Strawberry Outlook Good
Weather Conditions Ea\orah!e For
Farm Work !?i Week Ending April 26
Planting of soring crops moved
forward rapidly during the week
end'mf April 26. Warm temperatures
stimulated growth of vegetation but
by the end of the week soils w> re
becoming dry in many sections.
Some land needs rain before it can
be prepared for planting.
Rainfall during the week was
mostly in the form of thunder
showers and varied widely between
stations. Precipitation was light in
eastern and central sections but
mode”ately heavy at many south
western stations. Temperatures
i
mum readings exceed’rig no degrees
ir rhar y local
age was approximately 13 degrees
above normal.
Clops
Pastures have tirade lush growth
in all parts of the State and are
funrshing more than the usual
amount of forage for tins dale
Small grains have made fast growth
and the yield outlook is promising
Hay crops have made h e a v y
growth and early cuttings are ex
pected to yield well w'th the ex
ception of alfalfa. Alfalfa weevil in
festation increased during the week
hut had about reached the peak in
most northern count es Nearly all
grove's were spraying but there
will b" some loss in yield on the
first cutting.
Warm weather hastened openuiu
' f apple buds and at ilie end of the
week orchards in the northern Shen
andoah Valley were in full bloom.
Present P' ospec's a’ e tSr icht
The main producing peach coun
t es are expecting a heavy crop but
some freeze d / iaee occurred to
some cchards in the Roanoke sec
tion Fruit prospects arc variable in
southwestern counties whe"c there
has been some freeze damage.
Tobacco plant beds arc still
slightly behind schedule but are
catching up rapidly. Some blue mold
has shown up but growers have kept
this d'scasr under control.
Early planted corn in eastern
counties is coming up to good
stands.
Strawberries have responded to
wa-nt weather and picking is ex
pected to begin about May fi. Frost
damage was less than earlier ex
pected. Other vegetable crops are
developing satisfactorily but most of
thorn are behind their usual growth
because of cool weather earlier in
the season.
Farm Work
Corn planting was activr in all
parts of the State and by the end
of the week approximately 20 per
cent of the acreage had been put in.
Tilts is si ghtly ahead of the prog
ress made last year but is about
normal for this date.
Tobacc-o growers were busy get
ting land ready for transplanting.
In eastern and southeastern sec
tions the first cutting of alfalfa was
being made and sonic farmers in
other sections were cutting early be.
cause of severe weevil installation.
Sheep shearing was getting under
ing. Asheville. N. C The disease is
increasing and yes-your trees
may be affected at any time
Q Will there be any profit in s v
bean production this year, and when
is the best planting date?
A- Prices this year will likely be
somewhat lower as a result of re
cent bumper crops, but there should
still be profit for the efficient pro
ducer Plant between May 20 and
June 15 in Virginia
way in many sections and orchard
ists were busy with spraying opera
tions.
Vance Favors
Ahbi t Rill To
Separate Type 21 '
Speaking in favor of the p-oposed
legislation that would separate Type
2! davk-fired tobacco from othe'
types J B, Vance, president of
Virgli mers t n n Isa d Vir
■i
pounds less of Type 21 tobacco than
used last yea 1
He told the tobacco sub-committe"
rf House Agricultural Committee
that 12.7 million pounds of Type 21
do k-f red tobacco were sold, but
lb" fannc s raised only in.7 million
pounds.
“In the face of this favorable
Ttw!” and disappearance situation,
the 1957 allotments for Type 21 weed
reduced by ten per cent." Vance
complained.
"I would like to point out.' said
Vance, “that m addition to the ap
proximately 1,000 acres of Type 21
taken out of production by the man
datory ten per cent cut. an addi
tional 1.351 ecres or about 15 per
cent of the total 1957 allotted acre
age have been taken out of produc
tion through the Soil Bank Acreage
Reserve P"ogram. This means
something like 23 per cent less pro
duction of Type 21 In 1957 than in
1956.”
He continued by saying. “Now
that there is a need for more Type
2! dark-fired tobacco, we certainly
are entitled to grow it: and I do
not believe it is the intent of the
law to deny any farmer any where
the p ivilege of growing ever v
pound of tobacco the market will
absorb And, yet that is exactly
. what is happening in the case of
Type 21 as the matter now stands."
Vance said that the Agricultural
Adjustment Act of 1938 that re
quires Type 21 to be grouped with
types 22 and 23 “is working an ex
treme hardship on the dark fired
tobacco farmers of my State and
has and is creating a situation
which, in my opinion, is completely
foreign to the ini eat and purpose
of the tobacco program.”
Vance explained that his interpre
tation of the tobacco marketing
quota and price support program
has a two fold purpose; “First it
is cl> signed to assist the producer
in maintaining a reasonable balance
between supply and demand, thus
preventing the accumulation of
Stem Nematode
p]ae:;:es Lowers
In Local Counties
Alfalfa p-owp s in several Vir
ginia counties now tr’.ve another
worry.
Plant patholorsts at VPt say the
alfalfa stem nematod*' is present in
at least s^x counties, and farmers
t!r ouRtvmt the state .i ■ alerted to
its possible so'Tad.
The itemstede has bean udentlf e 1
in Pittsyl' anie. Halifax. Bedford,
Pt ince Edwa-d. arid Arael'a coun
ties.
The pathologists say it is very
miportant to avoid planting alfalfa
in soil known to be infested with
stem nematodes Such fields should
be planted to a row crop, prefer
ably corn, and kept cleanly culti
vated for several years
Other legumes should not be
grown in the rotation, since n: uiv
of them are also susceptible. The
only legume that may bo safe to
grow is soybeans in the row. There
is also a possibility that small
grams are susceptible to stem nem
atodes. so small grain cover crop
should not be planted on infested
fields.
S pee nematodes may be trans
ported in drainage water, do not
plant susceptible crops in a field
that might receive drainage water
from an infested area
f?vp*>r!ni»nt Station workers are
♦’•vine to develop varieties resistant
to the stem nematode, and have
spvp'al promising strains However,
thev a’e not yet available Chemi
cal controls have not proved satis
factory and are not recommended
at the present time.
a total of $1 .(>00.000.000 in Federal
support went to R1 educational pro
s'smr in the 1954-55 school year,
afy : : to th. • Off,ei r,f Educa
tion. This is less than half the
amount spent in the 1948-49 school
year, when education of veterans
under the G I bill was at its peak.
Ttu amount then was $3,500,817,000.
of v.luch ?2.70(>. 184.090 went to col
li"'*' education for veterans.
price depressing surpluses: and sec
ondly. it is designed to assure the
consumers and the trade that there
will be an adequate supply of to
bacco to meet both domestic and
export iemand."
I
Weekly ....
FARM PRICE
OUTLOOK
This is the way p*-ovp?cts for Virginia farm prices looked
to the Virginia Department ot Agriculture on Friday. The De
partment offers it to .armers with the warning that no one can
predict prices and he right all the time
I.hnibs
A 'ruing Mr the May market and
the sneeir.i salfls set for then
looks like the wise course in selling
your lambs. Price should gain
■ h . vt hie net < tases
interest.
The ea ly market is the most
nmniis'ne. and :t is shaping up a
little earlier than usual. The price
always drops ofjf rapidly after the
Mav peak.
A few VirgTua lambs sold in the
Piedmont area last week b'ought
50c to $1 more than last year,
with prme iambs nearly $2f>;
choice. $25-$2o. Chicago, while about
S3 above last yrjar. is still running
» V ■ ia nrii
Lambs front Mississippi, are
moving into the state. California
:;p:-ip3 iambs a-a1 about six pe" cent
fewer this year; Texas lambs about
1! per cent lead
Virginia’s special state graded
sales w 1! include one in Richmond
I [aj 9 Pre-cons i nent is not
5
incentiv e.
Wool
WU’ plenty ofj wool in prospect,
the sooner you ■■ ell yours the better
off you'll probably be
Eggs
Keg pi ie s, hitting a seven-year
low have dropped about as far as
we think they will.
M st markets dropped a cent or
two last week, mostly in white
> y s. simply ah adjustment from
the Easter demand for that kind.
Richmond was .'54 cents for Grade
A Large. Roanoke■ and Harrison
burg. 39-32 cent
In the longer U. S outlook, the
pgg-type Chick hatch gives some en
e iragement with 25 per cent few.
c' ‘cks than last year this time. Vir
giiva dropped It per cent It’s not
too late to consider putting in layers
for fall production.
With hot weather coming on. re
member that quality is a big price
factor in eggs and summer calls
for extra spec’al care.
Turkeys
Turkey producers have made a
move that may head off disaster
prices next fall and winter.
January. wh‘le it's a light egg-set •
month, showed a 43 per cent in
c-ense we ■ last January But by
April-always the pe -k month ‘n
egg-sets—producers had shaved the
margin over last year to three per
cent. Some eggs were even going to
b'onkers ft a b‘e less.
We’re st‘11 well above a year ago—
the accumulated total of January
th-ne-h VTareh shows about 12 per
cent more turkeys, but April figures
will t'im that a little. June is the
last big month in hatch.
Next item to watch is whether or
not breeder hens are moved to mar
. ket That’ll be the key to the holiday
market outlook next fall and winter.
A quotation on one lot of small
fryc s last week was 2.4 cents a
pound.
Broilers
We're probably turning bottom
now m broiler prices, and for a
few weeks at least there should be
a gradual pick-up. maybe as much
as two to three cents from now into
June.
The placement line is narrowing
the margin over last year, and by
June will bo even with last year,
then dip below for a little. At the
same time, consumption will be
well into the summer strength.
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