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OUTLOOK This is the way prospects for Virginia farm prirrs looked to the Virginia Department of Agriculture on Friday. The Depart ment offers it to farmers with the warning that no one can predict prices and be right all the time. Don’t look for much change in egg prices for the next week or so Although it's the time of year whf n prices should be turning up. the combination of heavy production and reduced storage demand is keeping prices down. There were about three per cent more layers on hand May 1 than a year earlier and the rate of lyy was up one per cent. Biggest in creases in production were reported in the South Atlantic States. Receipts from 20 Virginia mar kets this week show an increase of 12 per cent over the previous week, but prices were generally lowt • during the week. In Richmond, grade A large were 23 cenk- a dozen. Roanoke grade A large were 2(1 centstoNorfolk. 25 cents; the V.t! ley. 23 to 2t> cents. New York price was off three cents with grad. A large eggs ranging from 24 1-2 to 27 cents. Mediums looked like this: Rich mond. 17 to 1!) cents; the Valley 17 to 20 cents: Norfolk and Roanoke were both 20 cents. New York mediums were ranging from 20 • 22 cents a dozen. Wheat Plan to sell your wheat for a boa the same cash price as last r. If you are in compliance with : <•;••• age requirements, then your b - • bet will be to store under the :v ernment program with a siipport price of $2.01 for number 2 wit. at If you can't qualify for a loan, plan farm storage unless you can sell for a bushel or more at harvest.' 1 ‘m* M:\v 1 !!>:! ■.■ ; ;* of winter. win , ' nr:jil’iC!’oi) indicated a l‘»3H crop 1!) per cent l<-ss than List yowls record by i7 per cent above -■ > Virginia's crop is expected •o be’ the largest since I!i53 with a !•* r ci :.t i::r r -ase in acreage and • currently rood yield prospects. V. l'iichpiota!. tins week wheat war bni’rrer <!.!«: in the Valley •i > 't.ifi: R.ipitlan. SI.83: Roa ■ itnl Ptila-ki. Si: and Lyuch bur St.'«i :e S7.HI a bushel. Straw berries Price P r o p e c t ■ for Virginia -irawie-iT • s look brie lit for the rest of i::e ■ ■ .is.in. Supplies in compel-; :uu h.us to the south ate down t sharply from last year, ar.d north ern betri's whi not be moving in v huts' until after June 1. Mote lorn - are moving in the rev. cardboard flats whh plastic 1 It - < st.mausl that 17 pi r c. . : of to. cr :~i v.oil be shipped ;n tin;- container. On a comparable her. trowels ar 1 rm ivins around ! > cents a ••• ;o ; ti ore for berries in ! c irtlb ard fin: than those sold in hi r r-oor wooiii n crate. l.ntiP-s l r -.mb prtf . ■ e row approach- i .w i'. r r-al peak probably j vH c ■ ttr !•;.» i oh of May or first of' i; ■ ■ :h i “IPr: burl ■ this year, you I'.r.iv o! ttl to be graded ; I'oi . .hi si partpoly a. ::lt a one dol lar discount. HS I L O S "Silo of the South ’’ ORDER NOW TO INSURE ERECTION BY FILLING TIME We also carry P&D Si!-.' 1.•«;i c 1 . Bunk Feeders, and F\rn Fi 2 ;,? Distributors. C. J. SLAYTON Don't Delay! Write or Call C. J. SLAYTON Representative for Brcndon S«lo Ccrp. Telephone 1095 Route 2 Farmville, Va. Questions Of The Week? (Editor’s note: Here are the ques tions asked most frequently by Vir ginia farmers during the past week, as reported by county agricultural agents. Staff members of the VPI Agricultural Extension Service and or Experiment Station supply the answers.) Q — Is the use of stilbestrol ad visable on steer cattle weighing 400 pounds and being turned out on grass? A — This would be considered a borderline case. Stilbestrol gener ally is not used on cattle this light in weight. Q — When should nematode treat ment be applied to flue cured to bacco land? A — After soil temperature has reached 00 degrees or above and at least two weeks before planting. Q — About how much are beef cattle i cows and heifers > expected to drop in price by December 31. 1959 ? A — The usual seasonal decline in prices should be expected, but no major decline in beef cattle prices is foreseen in 1959. Q ■ — How can I eliminate chick week in strawberries and alfalfa at this time of year? A — Chickweed cannot stand hot weather and will soon disappear when it arrives. Chloro IPC is recommended for use on both al Management Ability Termed Important Tn Beef Business Managerial ability will be one of the most important factors in beef cattle business in the years ahead, says Curtis Mast, animal husband man at VPI. The cattle business is as sound as the manager’s ability to make it. in Mast's thinking. For penpl ■Ming into the beef business, he has this adice: S;>: ly resources carefully. Gen 's .ely. beef cow.- fit extensive farm ing operation. . They can handle steep land, poor grade pasture, and ’star made roughages better than any other class of carlo. On the other held. Peers fit intensive farmiri operations. They fit high r red land, good quality pasture, anti plenty of gram. Cows also re quire a ss know-how on the part of the operator and will often get ranch difficulties whicli tht farm .1 a it-sn’t know how to handle him •< If- Steers must be guided from day t ; day by the watchful eye a; d careful hand of the manager. If ’ -at don’t have much experi ence. and aren't too adept to hand k., 1 liv■ - a-ankil get along bet - r with b. ef cows than with the Stef rs. Mast says. Th“ ions time outlook for the cut’i • b :sine.-a in Virginia is ex et lit s' he says. Beef cattle utim s win increase across the board. Hilly and rolling lands will increase ... Cii.v numbers and Stocker steers. ■'-•1 tl.« rolling lands will increase in cow numbers and Stocker steers, and the coastal plain will step up i's cattle feeding. In the next 20 ' -air.-. Virginia should pass the mil lion mark in beef cattle numbers, as compared to around 750.000 to day. falfa and strawberries during their dormant period, for the eradication of chickweed. Q — Is it time to spray for al falfa weevil? A — Yes. spraying should be done when 50 per cent of the plant tips show damage. Q — What can we do about the sawfly on our pine trees ? A — Controlled spraying, using DDT and oil applied in mid-April or early May, at the rate of one pound of DDT per gallon of Num ber Two fuel oil per acre of pine land, will control this insect. How ever. spraying is not being gener ally recommended in woodlands by entomologists this year to control the sawfly. While the trees will lose some growth because of the tem porary loss of needles, in no in stance so far have trees died be cause of the eating of the needles. Neither has there been any evi dence that trees are weakened to the point where other insects will further damage the trees. Land owners are advised not to sell their trees just because of the sawfly activity. Q — Is there any practical way to control the pine sawfly in trees around my yard? A — The insect can bp effectively controlled by spraying with one pound of DDT per one gallon of Number Two fuel oil per acre in mid-April or early May. while the larvae are active. Q — Is there any indication on how many years pine sawfly is ex pected to continue damage? A — Pine sawflies are responsible for periodic defoliation of air spe cies of pine found in Virginia. How ever. it is rarely the population of these insects reaches epidemic pro portions. Q — How Ions does the alfalfa weevil larvae -stay active after hatching? A — Approximately six weeks from hatching to pupal stage, de pending on weather. Q— What price is wool expected to bring? A—At the first Virginia sale of 195!) clip wool held recently in Au gusta the pool of about 2<Wht)')0 pounds sold for 51 12 cents for the clear wool. Currently, the wool glowers association that includes Virginia is offering 50 cents a pound for clear wool. In the next few months, prices may rise, but in creases will probably be slight. Keep quality inj mind because the higher the price you get for the 1959 clip wool, the higher the 1050 incentive payment. Here's how the incentive payments are figured: It the national average i- say 1(1 per cf nt b- 1 >w tie -nceirive level of r.2 cents, yog ID per cent of the price you cot for your own wool in the form of an incentive payment. O What is the best silage crop in. Virginia? A Corn is about th° b"st there is for Virginia. However, there are several other chops and mixtures that are satisfactory. Your county agent lias a list of them. Q I- it time to spray for alfalfa weevil? Why do you use malathion with heptachlor in the spray? A Apply the spray when most of the plant tops show some feeding injury. Malathion is not used with I •*#* * ' ♦ :H *4 «» smart electric built-ins i* gzt’e jow more kitchen elbow room [* VEPCO BETTER LIVING DEMONSTRATION ALL-ELECTRIC KITCHEN Bon mnoK Yon can pot a built-in Electric Range top exactly Wheas yon want it... even on a center island where yon can reach It from any direction. And there are fold-back and slide-out models ttat gfce yen extra counter space when you’re not cooking. toot Bat aren’t you forgetting the oven? Bom advisor: Oh, a Built-In Electric Oven-Broilor takes no Boon space at all! It fits into the wall or a room divider. And you cm have it at Just the right cooking height for you. SOW Is a built-in oven as roomy as one in a range? BOBS advisor: You can get a size to fit your family. And with Its automatic clock control, it can cook whole meals by itself. And hoe are some more space savers. An Electric Dishwasher built-in under the sink top. An Electric Food Freezer that slides out like a drawer from a kitchen counter. Even a Refrigerator Aat hangs on the walL So even if you’re short of floor space you can still have an All-Electric Kitchen with smart looking, Bock-saving, space-saving Electric Built-Inal ' Ail-Electric Kitchen helper* at your Applianae Dealer**. VIRGINIA ELECTRIC and POWER COMPANY heptachlor to control the weevil. Q—How can I control wire worms in corn fields? Is there a fertilizer insecticide mixture that can be used? A—You can use aldrin or hepta chlor in granulated form, or as a 5 per cent dust, or as an emulsion, or you can apply either in fertilizer, or you can treat seed before plant ing. Details are given in VPI Circu lar 614. available from county agents, or the VPI Agricultural Ex tension Service. Blacksburg. Q—What kind of flies are being found on young dogwood leaves at this time? A—They might be one of hun dreds of species. Send specimens to the VPI Entomology Department for study and identification. Q—What can I use to control caterpillars on yard or shade trees? A—-You can use an arsenate of lead dust or spray when the cater pillars are feeding actively. Or a DDT dust or spray can be used. In small amounts, a good DDT spray can be made by mixing two table spoonfuls of 50 per cent DDT wet table power in a gallon of water. For larger amounts mix two pounds of 50 per cent DDT wettable powder in KM) gallons of water. Remember that now many spe cies of caterpillars are in a late caterpillar or pupal period and are not feeding. Arsenate of lead will not be effective m this stage. DDT kills larvae through contact only. ; Q -What effect will rain have after alfalfa is sprayed for weevil ! control? A - If it rains immediately after ! the spray is applied, the spray will wash off. However, if six to eight hours elapse before it rains, the spray Mill stick. Selling JJuht ( an lie Profitable Practice For Hog Producers Hog producers can pocket extra profits if thev sort the:r hoes out and st-:; the m at light weights, says R. M. G o d < e y. a: -opiate animal husbandman at VPI. Topping out th ■ animals weigh ing from 200 to 220 pounds lias been an accepted practice f- some time now. This practice has sev eral advantages. God.-ey -ays. F instance, marketing a pi;; crop in | Mechanization Can Help Producers Cut Egg Costs Mechanization is helping many I farmers to stay in the poultry busi- 1 ness, says Denver D. Bragg, poul-; j try specialist at VPI. Proper use of labor saving de vices and equipment allows many ! | farmers to increase the size of their j operation and cut operating costs! per bird so as to maintain a more J satisfactory income during this j period of narrowing profit margins. ! A study conducted in Illinois ; showed automatic watering equip- | ! ine rt is desirable for most any size flock. Studies reflected a cost of IS30 per 1,000 birds to water hens | using mechanical equipment compared to $260 per year to water them by hand when labor made up : 00 per cent of the cost. Elevated tanks built in the water- j ing system or new mechanical drip four or five different groups take i : some of the gamble out of hog rais- ! ing. Topping the hogs means more : ' efficient use of feed, as feed effi-! ciency drops off quickly as hogs go ; above 2(M) pounds. A pound of gain can ire put on j I for each three pounds of feed up to : about 20t> pounds of weight. At three cents a pound for feed, this j is a cost of nine cents per pound of gain. But the same hogs will eat from 4.5 to 5.5 pounds of feed for - each pound of gain after they reach 20(1 pounds. This moves the feed cost up to an average of about 15 cents per pound. A hog will put on only a small ! amount of lean meat from 2JCi j pounds on. Most of the gain is in j the form of lard. As the weigh*1 roes up. so< does the proportion of fat to lean on a carcass. So sorting not and topnmg the animals makes it possible to market meatier According to the National Safety Council, excessive speed is the most frequently reported violation among d-ivers involved in fata! rural traffic accidents. The Coun cil says more <>f those fatal acci denis occur at night than during daylight. WIRING CHECK-UP FROM AN AUTHORIZED HOUSlil’OWIiR CONTRACTOR Now’s your chance to find out free, about your home wiring. Is it giving you top performance from your lights and appliances? What added wiring is needed to bring your home up to full modern houskpowf.r? Your power to Live Better . . . Electrically! CALL TODAY ABOUT A FREE CHECK-UP W. A. PRICE CO. Across from Taylor Mfg. Co. PHONE 1033 FARMVILLE, VA. WIRING CHECK-UP FROM AN AUTHORIZED HORSEPOWER CONTRACTOR Now’s your chance to find out free, about your home wiring. la it giving you top performance from your lights and appliances? What added wiring is needt'd to bring your home up to full modern houskpower? Your power to Live Better . . . Electrically! CALL TODAY ABOUT A FREE CHECK-UP FLIPPEN’S STORE Phone HY 2-2401 Cumberland, Va. i WIRING CHECK-UP" FROM AN AUTHORIZED H0U8EP0WER CONTRACTOR Now’s your chance to find out free, about your home wiring. Is it giving you top performance from your lights and appliances? What added wiring is needed to bring your home up to full modern housepower? Your power to Live Better . . . Electrically! CALL TODAY ABOUT A FREE CHECK-UP SMITTY BROS. ELECTRIC CO. "Trade With the Boys" FARMVILLE, VA. PHONE 92 proportioners also help to reduce labor requirements. Research indicates that mechani cal feeders can help cut costs if the operator has as many as 1,000 layers and labor is worth as much as one dollar per hour. It should be noted that in many instances family labor or even the time of the oper ator cannot always be sold for as much as one dollar per hour. Mechanical feeders become more desirable with larger enterprises. Arranging to fill automatic feeder hoppers by gravity from elevated feed storage bins is still another way of cutting down on labor costs. Dropping pit cleaners which re move the droppings from under the pits every two or three days help to keep the litter dry and reduce the fly problems. By placing most of the feeders and waterers over the pit area and with more fre quent elimination of the droppings from the--house, more birds can also be placed in the budding and overhead costs be reduced. With a trend toward less floor space per bird, more and more im I portance must be placed on venti j lation. If the moisture given off by I the birds is not removed, objec I tionable odors, wet litter and even ■ disease troubles may occur. Some ; moisture can be eliminated by fre quent removal of droppings. How ■ ever, there must be an exchange j of air and additional moisture re moved by proper ventilation. I 1 , ~ LINOLEUM 6x6 TILE 4c block j The FLOOR SHOP FARMVILLE, VA. f As an Authorized I . < I Housepower Contractor, ) I*U give your home a j FREE i wij$.ng check-up. Now, during vepco’s housepower special I’ll check your wiring from cellar-to-attic . . . and it’s free. No cost, no obligation. CALL TODAY FOR FREE WIRING CHECK-UP Southside Electric Supply Co. Rts. 15 & 460 West Phone 233 Farmvilie, Va WIRING CHECK-UP FROM AN AUTHORIZED HOIJSEPOWIiR CONTRACTOR Now’s your chance to find out free, about your home wiring. Is it giving you top performance from your lights and appliances? What added wiring is needed to bring your home up to full modern housepower? Your power to Live Better . . . Electrically! CALL TODAY ABOUT A FREE CHECK-UP Supply Engineering Service ALFRED FAHM, Prop. PHONE 156 AMELIA, VA. WIRING CHECK-UP FROM AN AUTHORIZED HOJU>EPOWI:R CONTRACTOR Now’s your chance to find out free, about your home wiring. Is it giving you top performance from your lights and appliances? What added wiring is needed to bring your home up to full modern housepower? Your power to I jive Hetter . . . Electrically! CAI.L TC?DAY ABOUT A FREE CHECK-UP Jack Wilson’s Electric Co. Electric Contractor PHONE 413-M Farmville, Va. WIRING CHECK-UP FROM AN AUTHORIZED HOIISEPOWIIR CONTRACTOR Now’s your chance to find out free, about your home wiring. Is it giving you top performance from your lights and appliances? What added wiring is needed to bring your home up to full modern housefower? Your power to Live Better . . . Electrically! CALL TODAY ABOUT A FREE CHECK-UP GEORGE A. TRENT Electrical Contractor PHONE 1081 FARMVILLE, VA.