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The Farmville herald. (Farmville, Va.) 1957-current, January 04, 1963, Image 9

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The Farmville Herald
Member Virginia Press Association
Member National Editorial Association
Subscription Kates in Virginia
In Prince Edward and Adjoining Counties
(Amelia, Appomattox, Buckingham, Charlotte, Cbeeter
cieiu, oumberidiHi, bunenburg, Nottoway, Prince Edward,
Powhatan 1.
12 Months (By Mail)__.._...._ $8.60.
6 Months (By Mail) ...................... 2.00
In Farmville
12 Months (By Carrier) .....____ $4.00
1 Month (By Carrier) ...4o
in^Virginia, But Outside Counties Listed Above
12 Months (By Mail) .... . .
9 Months (by alaii) ..
Outside Virginia
i Year ..
(With Comics)
J. B. WALL _..__-__Editor and Publisher
WILLIAM B. WALL _ General Manager
W. G. “Buckle** FORE ...—.. Advertising Manager
JOHN C. STECK_Managing Editor
M. L. DAVIS ..—.................... Mechanical Superintendent
All communications and monies should be addressed
to THE HERALD, Farmville, Virginia.
Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice »♦
Farmville. Virginia, undei Act of Congress of
March 3, 1879
Crewe’s Great Loss
^jlK sister town of Crewe suffered
a great loss by fire in the business
section Tuesday night. Older residents
remember only the fire of 1916 in com
parison to the present disaster. Farm
ville resident and businessmen, having
experienced similar losses, understand
the frustrations which follow. We feel
sure that a quick recovery will be made.
This is the time when the business
community can plan for the future,
widen streets, provide parking lots, and
construct modern buildings in the busi
ness section. Losses are severe at pre
sent but we would believe the business
interests of our sister town will rebuild
so as to make the main business section
more attractive for the future. We cer
tainly hope so.
Taxes Go up, Up, UP
JANUARY 1, 1963 |aw taxes going up.
" Federal Social Security tax increases
for both employer and employee. State
income taxes due in May 1964 will be
withheld beginning January 1, 1963, and
full State income taxes for 1962 will be
paid in May 1963. Take home pay en- *
velopes will evidence these difference.
It is interesting to note that almost
every news account records the increase
in the Social Security tax as a “full one
per cent’’. To make it sound even less,
many accounts add further that the
increase is one-half of one per cent for
the employer and one-half for the em
To a certain extent this is true. Rut
the tax actually increases by 16 per
cent. This is a pretty healthy increase.
This true rate of increase is seen in a
new light, if you stop to think that the
rate increases from six and one-quarter
to seven and one-quarter percent on
wages and salaries. This is an increase
of one whole digit, which figures out to
be an increase of 16 per cent of the tax
now being paid, even though it is an in
crease of one per cent of salary or wage.
These increases are made to sound
small, but in aggregate they mount up.
The Medicare program to be propos
ed in the coming session of Congress
would add further to the Social Secu
rity tax if passed which would ulti
mately reach ten per cent.
In addition postage will increase one
cent on January 7, from 4 cents for a
first class letter to 5 cents. The increase
is 25 per cent.
A little here and a little there is
gradualism by which taxes go up, Up,
Too Many Sundays
Ir you have been mixed up in the days
during the Christmas holidays don’t
worry — so have we. Sunday came two
days before Christmas, Monday was a
holiday (for some), Christmas Day
seemed like Sunday, then before we
knew it Sunday came again.
I his week, Tuesday was a general
holiday, although we, at The Herald,
worked half a day, looked at the foot
ball games, which generally is a Satur
day custom in the fall, and Tuesday be
came Saturday. So — we overslept
Wednesday morning, thinking- it was
Sunday, which put us behind in our
work. We will look forward to next
Sunday to rest up a bit from too many
Sundays in the Thirteenth Month, the
month between Christmas and New
Year’s holiday.
We have often remarked of the wis
dom ot Our Maker, who worked six
days, and on the Seventh rested. Sun
day is, or should be, a day ot' rest, when
the pressures of the workingdays are
off, and one can store up energy for
the days ahead and worship the Good
Lord, who sustains us in our daily ef
forts, and instituted the great day of
rest, Sunday.
Similarly, every day should be divided
into three periods, 8 hours for labor, 8
hours for recreation and refreshment,
and 8 hours for rest (sleep). Too many
of us are burning the candle at both
ends and fail to get the required amount
of sleep.
As the New Year dawns make a re
solution to divide your days into three
parts, and your weeks into seven parts,
one ol each for rest. You will live long
er and be happier — if you can do it.
The trouble is that there are not enough
hours in the day to do the work we be
lieve to be necessary. But we can try.
The Clara City (Minn.) Herald
IT has become fashionable to lament
*■ the dropping of telephone exchange
names in favor of digits alone. This has
already happened in some exchanges,
and the telephone company seems bent
on making the change universal.
In San Francisco, those who deplore •
the switch have gone so far as to band
themselves together as the Anti-Digit
Dialing League. The League plans to
protest formally to the California Pub
lic Utilities Commission and. if no ac
tion ensues, to carry the matter to the
Federal Communications Commission.
Though this position is admittedly ex
treme, opposition has risen-to nearly
this pitch in other places.
The lamentation runs along the lines
that all-digit numbers are terribly cold
and impersonal, whereas there is human
warmth and even a touch of romance
about such exchange names as Sunny
side and Harnev, The lameuters cringe
at the thought of doling mere digits.
They also insist that, quite aside from
the spiritual bruises entailed, all-digit
numbers place too much of a strain on
human memory.
Though we are no more pleased than
the next man bv the growing imperson
al ization of society, the corning of all
digit phone numbers does not strike us
as being much of a tragedy. The ex
change names can be something of a
nuisance. Besides, dialing “847-3301''
doesn't seem much worse than dialing
“SU 7-3301” or “JA 7-3301.”
The Carroll (loica) Times-Herald
Echoes of War of 1812
TMIE War of 1812 probably moans
more to Canada than to the United
States. Much of the fighting centered
around our attempts to compier and
annex our northern neighbor, and was
accordingly largely fought on Canadian
soil. The tourist is reminded of this as
he visits Canada, especially this year,
the 150th anniversary of the beginning
of the war.
The Canadians have restored a num
ber of historic sites. One is fort Henry
in Kingston, near the meeting place of
Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence
River. This was a blockhouse built dur
ing the war. During the anniversary
years the Fort Henry Guard wears uni
forms of 150 years ago, and uses old
fashioned firearms with black powder.
Both the river and ihe lake possess
many historic sites, properly marked.
Bo too iii the Niagara Falls and Detroit
Ihe United [States has fewer import
ant sites associated with the war. The
most notable is at, Fut-in Bay on Lake
Erie where Commodore Oliver Hazard
Ferry defeated the British fleet. That
was the victory he announced in his
famous message. “We have met the en
emy and they are ours.”
The boundary between the two coun
tries has for many years been a line of
disarmament and peace. It, is hard to
realize that once they were enemies.
Bible Material: Mark 1:1-13.
Devotional Reading: I Timothy
4:7-10, 14-16.
Ready, When?
Lesson for January 6, 1963
The same man or woman wall
be admired by different people
for different reasons. Our Lord
was no exception. What is it in
Jesus that draw's, as He said,
“all men" to himself? It is now
as it was then. Not every one
would say the same. The four
Gospels are not alike, and one
reason they are not alike is that
the four evangelists (writers of
the gospelsi found different as
pects of Jesus' life and thought
challenging and compelling.
Mark, from whose short book
, these Bible studies for the next
three months are to be taken,
was drawn to Jesus on account
of what he did rather than what
He said. Jesus is here intro
' duced to us as the mighty Son
of God, who demonstrated His
right to be Master of Men by
His acts of power. Jesus had a
meek and gentle side; but there
is not much in Mark about a
meek and gentle Jesus; rather
about the kind of character that
I would appeal to the Romans
among whom the book first cir
culated, Jesus the Mighty One.
j Not by Age, not by Books
When is a man ready to go
I out and begin his life's work?
Many young people begin too
soon. They drop out of high
1 school and get married, they
; are burdened with the cares of
a job <or trying to find onei and
a family at a time when they
should still be preparing for
such responsibilities. Others
keep on "preparing” because
they are actually afraid to go
out and get into the swing and
1 the fight of living. A person is
! not necessarily ready when he
1 has read a certain number of
books. A book, many books, can
i help handily in preparing those
who read them for active useful
I living; but a young man may
! have put his nose into many
; books without ever having put
; his mind into any one of them.
S In many books is much knowl
edge; but in many books may
be little wisdom. Age by itself
will not prepare a youth for liv
ing. In two states young people
can legally vote at the age of
18; in two others, 1!» and 20: and
in all the rest. 21. The theory is
that anybody old enough to
fight is old enough to vote. But
is this true? Does any one sup
pose that every boy or girl just
turned 21 is suddenly endowed
with the sense and the ability
to make the serious choices de
manded of a good voter? Mere
years will not bring wisdom.
The Call of God
Jesus of Nazareth, be it re
membered, was not a bookish
man. He knew His Bible, but
there is no evidence that He liad
attended any of the great
schools of that day. His ‘•ignor
ance" was always thrown up
to Him by those who failed to
"see” Him. Furthermore, Jesus
was what some would call over
age before he embarked on his
life-work. He was 30 years old
before beginning to preach.
Book-wise, He. was less than
ready: age-wise. He was more
than ready. But He considered
these things (if at all) as being
far down the list of indispensa
bles. Jesus did not enter on His
life-work until He was convinced
that He had a divine call. Now
the call of God comes to people
in various ways. But surely it
stands to reason that no matter
what you know or have experi
enced. if you sot out on a course
God does not want you to take,
you are headed for real failure.
The Voice of the Tempter
There was once a dedicated
woman missionary. On her fur
loughs in this country, she would
go from college to college, look
ing for those who had volun
teered to go as foreign mission
aries. She would talk to these
young people, and try as hard
as she could to persuade them
not to go. She turned more than
i 200 away in this fashion; but
those who could not be discour
aged were the ones she was
looking for. They w e r e the
ready ones. Now if it is neces
sary to bear the \oioe. of God
(which may well come iw us m
the voice of a friend or loved
i one) before we axe actually pre
pared for our life's work great
I or small as God wills, it is also
! well that w • should listen 1 as
Jesus had to) to the voice
j tempting us !o do something
| else, anything else but what
God calls us to do. Only
those are truly ready who have
learned to say NO to the Evil
(Based od outlines copyrighted
l*y the Division of Christian Edu
cation, National Council of the
Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.
Released by Community Press
W. O. Workman
Pressure By Boycott
To be ... or not to be ...1
that is the question — with the
“b” standing in this instance
for “boycott.”
Apparently the answer lies in
determining who is to be boy
cotted, by whom, and for what
purpose. After all, boycotting
can hardly be considered in the
abstract, since it necesarily in
volves people, places, and
For example, let us look at
several developments of last
week, and see just how confus
ing the situation can get.
President Kennedy, at his Dec.
12 news conference, took a
dim view of those Americans
who undertake to shun goods
made in Communist-bloc coun
tries, and to boycott those
shops which sell such merchan
dise. He doesn’t think this is a
very effective way to strike a
blow against Communism.
So, this would be a ‘'bad'’
But in that same week. U
Thant, the Secretary General of
the United Nations, called for a
strict and meaningful boycott by
UN members against the Kat
anga province.
Here is a deliberate aaid cold
blooded effort to pressure Ka
tanga into joining the rest of the
Congo, which is under UN su
i pervlsion.
This then, would be a “good"
Grocery Hit
umric UR1 UIgiUU&t'U
| effort on the part of the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People to launch and
sustain a boycott against a Phil
adelphia food store chain which,
in NAACP eyes, does not hire
enough Negro workers.
Oddly enough, this punitive
tactic is be lag sponsored by
s some 400 Negro ministers in the
! Philadelphia are„ who apparent
ly favor the "eye for an eye"
doctrine mere than the “love thy
neighbor” theme.
This, then,- would be he sort of
boycott whi:-;h would be labeled
"good" by ..the protesting Neg
roes, and "Ijad" by the victimiz
ed whites -4 who stand to lose
patronage hnd profits unless
they kowtow to outsiders who
tell them hfw to run their busi
And there is another sort ol
boycott in Ihe news these days
This one egibrances the refusal
of certain dock-workers'' unions
to handle dargo on ships whicf
may be parrying Conunainisl
, goods to C^jba.
This sounds like the poini
! where we dmc in— except that
: here the pressure against Com
munist trade is being appliec
through organized labor insteac
of tlmough disorganized citizens
It All Depends
What about this boycott — is
it "good"tor “bad?" We don'
recall the ..president's doing anj
knuckle-raffing in this instance
And then ’{here were those dis
tinctly different boycotts which
Your Pharmacist Speaks
By: Brantley "Jeff"
Jefferson, R. Ph.
Louis Pasteur, a French
schoolmaster, must be
considered one of the
greatest figures in the his
tory of medicine. Al
though not a medical
man; Pasteur's effort on
medfeine reached out in
all ^.directions, opening
greaO new vistas of re
search and leading to es
tablishment of the im
portant field of bacterio
logy. ?
Although a few probing
minds had long contend
ed that many illnesses
were due to infections, it
remained for Pasteur to
supply definite evidence
that the germ-theory of
disease was accurate.
Speaking of accuracy
prescriptions filled at
CO., INC., are carefully
and aS’Suroiely filled for
your health and well be
ing You are assured of
the highest standards of
qualify in all purchases
DRUG CO., INC., in the
Farmville Shopping Cen
HOLD HINT: Cellophane
tape strips placed over
labels on medicine bottles
will keep directions and
prescription information
dear and unsmudged.
caught some measure of public
attention a couple of years ago.
About the same that the NAACP
was calling for organized boy
cotts against selected variety
stores, the Federal Bureau of
Investigation was being brought
into Tennessee to determine
whether white merchants were
refusing to sell to Negores. and
whether Negro tenants were, in
effect, being pressured off the
white-owned farms winch they
had been tending.
"Good" boycotts or "bad?"
Again it depends on who you
are, and where you're sitting —
and whether you are moving to
the left (“good") or to the right
What about the original boy
cott? Was it "good" or
"bad?" Let's review the story.
In Ireland, back about 1880, a
Captain Charles Cunningham
Boycott was land agent for the
Earl of Erne in County Mayo.
When he refused to accept the
rents which the tenants- .thexna.
selves fixed, he was "isolated
from his kind" by the collective
action of Irishmen who banded
together to make his life miser
able and solitary. Hence, the
captain's name — Boycott —
came to ‘ mean the "isolation"
treatment applied by the social
group. *
Tricky Business
Here was an instance of an
agent attempting to perform
his duty in the face of popular
resentment and resistance. The '
result — concerted action
against hnn. and the birth of a
new word. Was it for the better
or for tlie worse?
Wlhatever it is a boycott is |
tricky business, for it can be a
two-edged sword. Every individ- i
ual has his own right to do!
business, or to refrain from do
ing business, with anyone else, j
But when this decision is made
for him by someone else, and
when it is attended by planned
and disciplined action, the con
sequences may wreak havoc on
the innocent bystanders as well
as on those against whom puni
tive action is directed.
Tlie most dangerous of all
these possibilities is tlie devel
opment of boycotts on the basis
of blacks vs. wliites, or wliites
vs. blacks.
This is the sort of business
that foprnents the worst in race
I relations — on both sides of the
i question.
| _
‘hermit GORDON, former
member cf the President's coun
i cil pf economic advisers, was
! ■- worri in Friday as Director of
the Budget. He succeeds David
Bell i*iho is now head of AID,
which" handles most of the U. S.
foreign aid program. Gordon
conferred with President Ken
nedy for 90 minutes in Pal m
Beach, Fla., then flew back to
Washington to p u t. finishing
touches on the 1963-64 budget.
He said some changes may yet
be made. However, observers
1 say the major decisions have
already boon reached. The bud
get is expected to total a record
99 to 100 billion dollars with
more than 50 billions for defense.
News Report
WASHINGTON, D. C., Jan. 2|
—The new Congress, meeting
January 9, will almost cer-:
tainly go slow on much of the !
Kennedy Administration pro-1
gram. The easiest bills to pass |
were passed in the first Ken- j
nedy Congress and, except in |
the Senate, sentiment’ hasn't
been changed a lot by the re
cent elections.
One of the big issues is fed
eral aid to education. The Presi
dent's bill is not likely to be
passed by this Congress, main
ly because of an effort by some
to get public money for their
parochial schools — and the re
sulting opposition from the ma
The truth is that the wall be
tween church and state, as we
ha-ve - observed iU has been
cracked steadily by Congress on
the educational front for many
years. And although, ironically.
President John Kennedy is a
Roman Catholic, opposing pub
lic money for parochial schools.
Congress almost opened the
door to it at its last session.
For the first time in the coun
try's liistory the people of the
United States have a Catholic
leader in both houses of Con
gress and a Catholic President.
I Speaker John McCormack, in
the House, is considered an ad
vocate of public aid to parochial
schools. Senator Mike Mansfield
: Senate Majority Leader, was
i apparently going along last
i summer with a compromise
which would have opened the
! door.
Student Grants
Would President John Ken
nedy. himself a Catholic, have
vetoed such a bill? Some
Catholics thought not. But Ken
nedy has not dodged this issue
and he has repeatedly express-1
ed the view that public funds j
cannot constitutionally be al
located to private or religious;
schools. Congress is set to get
around this — on the college
level — by voting a program of
student aid. This would give the
money to the student and let
him turn it over to the school.
Congress was also getting set
to circumvent the issue on the
construction question by merely
stating that public money giv
! en to private and parochial
I school cculd not b'' used for
; religious purposes. This was at
tached as a flim-flam Many
' took it to be nothing but a play
■ on words, for obviously money,
given a private, college or uni
versity for construction could be
i allotted to "nonrehgious" build
ings. and the college or uni
versity could use the money it
would have applied in this di
1 rection for religious purposes.
This will be a big and quiet
issue in the new Congress.
The President will push hospu,
tal care for the aged but his
medicare program seems doom
ed by the 19G2 vote. -
Foreign Aid
j Foreign aid seems sure to
be trimmed. A campaign
against it has already been
started by the Congressman
who perhaps knows more about
it than any other — Otto Pass
man. Louisiana Democrat, who
heads the House group which
screens the program.
Defense spending is expected
to go up — by about three bil
lion dollars. Yet little new hard
ware is being acquired. The
bulk of this money goes to in
creased operational costs and
pay and allowances and retire
ment — though some goes for
research and outer space work.
Public works spending will be
high and there may not be the
tax cut most taxpayers have
been expecting. If Congress
does vote one, as President
Kennedy has suggested, it may
be less than anticipated and it
may not take effect until July,
instead of January, 1963. The
Congress is generally expected
to be a middle-of-the-run Con
gress, and even add liberals
know any new march toward
the New Frontier will have to
await the 1964 elections when
President Kennedy will be mi
ning again.
The business news of recent,
weeks has dissipated just about
all expectation of a recession in
the first half oi 1963. The gen
eral opinion new is that busi
ness will continue on a saiis
! factory level, at worst, in the
' first half of 1963. Some few
i economists predict a minor
1 down turn in mid-1963 but most
; of them expect a pick-up later
I in 1963.
j No doom is forecast but good
i business is expected for the
year 196.1 as a whole.
A TAX CUT during 1963 is es
sential to boost the nation's
economy. Secretary of Com
merce Luther Hodges said Sat
urday. In his year-end report on
business conditions. Hodges
warned the pace of progress will
be slower in 1963 than in 1962
"and at a level well below full
employment of the nation's eco
nomic resources." His statement
fitted into administration ef
forts to build up support for a
tax cut in 1963. He noted the
economy is basically sound and
has reached record levels, but
added that a tax cut is impera
The Governor's Highway Safe
ty Committee, on this Thanks
giving Day. asks all of us to be
thankful we are not numbered
among the more than 850 people
who have died already this year
on Virginia streets and high
Telephone EX 2-3661
Southside Electric Supply Co.
Above the 35,000 mileage mark, parts hpgm
to need replacement’
If your car or truck is pushing 35 thousand,
it’s a good time to visit the showroom of your
favorite car maker. Before you buy, it’s a good
time to visit our bank—and let us tell you how
simply you can arrange low-cost financing
here, on convenient terms.
First National Bank
Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

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