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I v,"» „r NO. 31. VOL. V, Defense Exercises First Peremptory Challenge by Excusing Pride Who Discussed Case With Deputy Sher iff—Talesman After Talesman Is Excused by Reason of Their Opin ions. Boise, Idaho, May 17.—During one session of the Haywood trial held yesterday, 11 talesmen were examin ed before a satisfactory juror was secured to replace William Van Ors dale, the grocer, at No. 2, who was excused Wednesday afternoon on. a peremptory challenge from the state. As was expected the defense exer cised its first challenge by relieving 'Allen Pride, farmer, at NoJ. 5. Mr. Pride had testified during the exam ination that he had invited to din ner the deputy who served him-with .the jury summons. He and the de "Duty |dlscussed the case for some time, the talk hinging particularly upon Harry Orchard, who Is to bts ,th« principal witness lor the -state. A talesman was called to rfeplace Mr. Pride, but his examination was de terred until today. s* Difficulties Increase' As the work of jury selection pro gressed, difficulties in the wiay of completing the panel seemed ever to be Increasing. One after another of the talesmen were excused yester day because of the strong opinions they entertained as to the guilt or Innocence of the accused of conspir acy in connection with the death of Steunenberg. One man called for service, but dismissed by the court, indicated that he was prejudiced aigainst the- state because of various acts attributed to the prosecution during the last year. Each side still has nine peremptory challenges to ^exercise and there remain fifty-seven members of the special venire to ,'::. |dnaw from. ftt Star Witness TWks^^,f*' g| (Harry Orchard, the prisoner wit "gSiiess, upon whom the state of Two illustrations used toy Mm to explain a change In the kind of 'books reads were Ohrlstlan-llke in char and religious tone. Orchard is perfectly sound and Wealthy In body, 1 clear and quick of, brain., If there ,l||he res :"®|pwas W% mm ^fxf'4 •, I J?t l4 ,» ",«* 31 JM t: ORCHARD SAYS HE ELEVEN MEN EXA %JED PORE SATISFACTO. OR IS FOUNl WILL PAY PENALTY Ida- ^Ijho chiefly relies to "prove its charge „|i|that an Inner circle of the Western ^Federation of Miners planned in con spiracy the murder of Governor Steunenberg, broke his long silence •yesterday and for more than (half an •hour discussed himself and his im ^^prisonment with representatives, of $5|jthe Associated (Press, with whom he '^expressed a desire to confer. Orchard Has Been Converted Orchard denied that he had been submitted to any mistreatment dur ing his long confinement, denied that duress or force had beon ufied upon Mm to secure the statements he had '. made, and denied that (Detective Mc- Partland and the, officers for the state have promised him immunity for his confessed crime or a Toward for the value of (his alleged confes sion in. the (hands of the state. Or chard's manner and conversation during flhe interview tended to: very rongly confirm asseratlons that hie been reconverted to and Is deep the sea of the Christian religion. «Ver anything la the reports '^sfcSjhat he was breaking in health and mind, there is nothing mow in his ^appearance or manner to give them mMm shadow of suggestion., The one condition Imposed' upon m*M Mf «•, hiff¥ &>*5^ .14ei 'V *Vi* prisoner himself when he appeared for the meeting asked the- same con dition be observed. Expects No Immunity Governor Gooding last night sup plemented the statement pf Orchard on tihe subject of possible Immun ity. He. said: ".At times, up to a few months ago I feared lest, in some of my in terviews with Orchard I might have inadvertently given him some hope of immunity. I am now very posi tive that he had no expectation of any such thing at the hands of the state of Idaho. This was demonstra ted to me one day by Orchard him self, when he stopped me in the mid dle of a conversation and warned me that I was treading on, dangerous ground. Orchard said: "Governor, I don't want you to say anything that might even lead me to hope for im munity for the consequences of my crime." I do not expect any"and am ready to pay the penalty.' DELEGATES FROM STATES MEET IN WASHINGTON TO MAKE PLANS' Congress Will Be Urged to Enact Uniform Laws Providing for Su pervision \AH ^Weights and Measures Used in Trade. t" I-.,,- -fy Washington, D. C., May 17.—lA meeting was held yesterday at the bureau of standards of the depart ment of commerce and labor, to con sider the drafting of uniform laws providing for the supervision of all weights and measures used in trade. Enactment of such laws will be urg ed upon congress and upon the legis latures of the various states. At the meeting the following were among the states represented by.del egated officers or civilians: Color ado, 'Illinois, Ioyra, Michigan,- Mon tana, Nebraska, North Dakota and Wisconsin and the District of Col umbia. (Following the meeting the dele gates called as & body on Secretary Straus, who anade the a short ad dress, referring to the relations of the department, through its bureau of standards, to the question of weights and measures and pointed out the provision of the constitution that congress shall "fix the standard of weights and measures." /The secretary said this power has lain dormant but that the time had come when in his opinion some ac tion should be taken. The secretary said he had submit ted the entire question to the solic itor of the department of commerce and labor, who reported that the power of congress with regard to' standard weights an4 measures is plenary and complete. ^Sl'—— c: 'y MILWAUKEE ROAD FINED $20,000 (New York, N. *V, May 17.—Chi cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway company, through Charles C. Keel er, Its counsel, pleaded guilty In Un ited States circuort yesterday to pay. ing rebates on coffee shipments to the Woolson Spice company ofTo ledo, Ohio. Judge Hole imposed a fine of 120,000 which Keeler paid at once. BOMB FACTORY FOUND ^Tolutiimaiy Arsenal WHfc large lit terday's interview by Warden' ary arsenal, containing ar large sup tltaey of the Idaho penitentiary ply of bombs has been discovered at that' there must he no discus-j Ha&pala, a village in Finland close of, the "case" and the prisoner' to the Russian frontier. Eleven Bus idwhen be 'appeared for the" youths were taken into custody.' 5 $ Supply DeathDealers Helsingfora, May 17.—& revolu- $23 MiPfS 4JT- SlAi,iTi INVESTIGATION OVER s~'' Grand Jury Completes Metropolitan Life Probe New York, iN. Y., May 17.—The grand jury yesterday finished Its in vestigation of the Metropolitan Life Insurance company and It was said on apparently good authority that at least one official of the company would be indicted as a result of the probing. President Hegeman of the Metro politan was given an opportunity to appear before the grand jury to ex plain his conectlon with the affairs of the company under Inquiry but counsel for Mr. Hegeman sent a let ter to District Attorney Jerome say ing that Mr. Hegeman. would not apear on the advice of counsel. SHIP SINKS AT SEA CREW PICKED UP Toulon, (May 17.—The British steamer Marie Louise, whoch cleared a few days ago from Gibraltar, sprung a leak shortly after leaving that port. The crew worked at t/he pumps for two days and two nights in efforts to Seep the water under, but nally they were forced to take to the boats In the Gulf of Lyons. A few minutes afterwards the steam er foundered. The men were in the boats for fifty hours, iwhen they were pioked up, half dead from exhaust ion, by an outward .bound steamer and brought to this port. STR0MB0LI VOLCANO I GROWS EMPHATIC Messina, Sicily, May 17—^"violent eruption of Stromholi volcano occur red yesterday. It was preceded by a tremendous detonation and followed bv continuous explosions. which, borer ever, were les sviolent. ~'rr"". FURTHER DETAILS OF PLOT AGAINST HIS LIFE REVEAL ED YESTERDAY 11 js&i Preparations Dated Back to Second of February—Plotters Were to Dress as Cossacks as That Garb Gave Them Free Passage to the Emperor's Palaces—Gatekeeper at Palace Was in Conspiracy and Also Confesse^^^^fc^^^ ...SlllSIIMlll mmmm St. Petersburg, May 17.—'Further details of the plot at Tsarskoe-Selo against the emperor which came to light Wednesday were obtained yes terday. They indicate that the em peror's escape during the Passion week was narrow. The conspirators were members of the emperor's per sonal escort. The arrest of one man, a Cossack sergeant, has made it pos sible to trace the conspiracy hack four months, and shows that prepar^ ations were being made on the sec ond of (February when the secret po» lice issued orders to use every ef fort to identify the purchaser of a uniform of his majesty's own Cos sack escort which ihad ibeen found during a raid. The use of the regu lation uniform is a favorite device of the terrorists, and the Cossack garb is an open sesame to the pre clncts of the palaces,of Tsaifkoe Selo ind/Peterhotr^ WH 7' After the Vrrested" «4-® Church. soldier "oon« fessed the news went the rounds among the members of the Imperial guard. .The Cossack sergeant who was gatekeeper at one of the ent rances to the palace, became fright* ened at possible discovery and made a confession. He ibetrayed the plan according, to which he was to let into the palace a number of con spirators dressed In Oossack uniform. Abrother of Ptemler Stolypln con firm* the report that numerous ar rests already have been 'made. The arrests were made b£ order ot the tmm ABERDEEN, SOUTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY MAT 17, 1907. I GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF PRESBY TERIAN CHURCH ELECTS Tffliir LEADER All Other Candidates Withdraw—Dr. Ira Landrith Delivers Able Ad dress on Complete Union of the (S Columbus, Ohio, Majr 17.—There were two features of the opening ses. elons of the 119th general assembly of the Presbyterian church which convened at Memorial hall In this city yesterday, the annual sermon of Reverend Dr. £ra Landrith o! Nash ville, Tenn., moderator of the last Cumberland Presbyterian Assembly, which was delivered in the morning, and the election of moderator, which took place in the afternoon. More than, nine hundred delegates ans twered the first roll call and several thousand visitors looked on at the opening sessions. The election of moderator was reduced to a formality by the wlthdraiwal of all candidates except Rev. Wllliaili H. Roberts of Philadelphia, who was chosen by ac clamation. iRev. Dr. Roberts has bee)i stated clerk, of the assembly for 14 years and is r.egarded as one of the ablest and most popular men In the church. The keynote of Rev. Dr. Land rlth's sermon at the devotional ser vices in the morning was an appeal for concerted effort toward a com plete union of the exarch. "The war is over," said Landrith, "southern Presbyterians without our co-operatlcta can neWCfxivertaka the Presbyterian possibilities and the der mands of the south in general and the southwest in particular. The southern church will welcome our co-operation and it will hasten the consummation so devoutly to be de sired, the ultimate union of the two churches. It is favorable acquaint ance and not sectional exclusiveness that brings churches together." The communion of the Lord's sup per was celebrated last night by the assembly. I'fDr. Landrith's Speech ,V The theme of Dr. Landrith's ser anon, iwas "The Call of (Presbyterian isms Enlarged Mascedonia," and his text "Possess Thou the West and the South," Deuteronomy xxxiii 23. The design of the text discourse was to arouse the general interest of the church in educational and re ligious work In the south and south west, where Cumberland Presbyter rans were onost numerous a,t the time of the union. The merging if the two churches has interpreted by the preacher as enlarging Presbyter ianisms field of work, and as utter ing a clarion call to the unfteid church to "possess the west and the south." The marvelous material prosperity of the southern half of the United States, he declared, con stitutes both a plea and a warning of danger if the spiritual advantages of the people do not keep pace with their commercial development. He favored co-operation and ultimate union with the Southern Presbyter ian. church declared the south to be ready for a wide-spread revival re viewed recent anoral reforms in that section, and announced his Relief that the wonderful temperance tri umph in the southern states ^ryyere due to the churches. i|| No War in Religions Matters He assured the Christians at the north that "the war Is over" In mat ters religious, the south' being fully ready now to welcome the presence and labors of any denomination that labors sanely and unselfishly for the present and eternal weal of the peo ple. The fact that the (Presbyterian church was mentioned, and the as surance given that protesting min ority, who have gone into the courts to claim all the property of the form er .Cumberland Presbyterian church shall have in the end every penny to Which they are moraly entitled, no matter what the courts may deter mine the legal right to be. The sermon frankly takes up. the race Question in the south, so far «s It Is involved 4n the union, and after Showing that the unlt*0cluii«h/4ad .(Continued on BIG FIRE RAGING IN PITTSBURG Pittsburg, Pa., May 17.—Two alarms have been sounded for fire at Penn avenue and Second street In the downtown district. At 2:30 this morning the fire had destroyed four dwellings and several manufacturing establishments are threatened. At 3 o'clock several manufacturing establishments had been destroyed by flames and a number ot firemen have been injured and'the fire is still beyond control. The fire is sweep ing the north side of Ponn avenue between Second and Third streets. The buildings already destroyed are small, but the flames are rapidly spreading toward valuable property. The loss at this time cannot be esti mated. BEGS FORGIVENESS!! FOR MARRYING COREY 'New York, N. Y., May 17.—Rev. John L. Clark, pastor of the Bush wlck Avenue Congregational church, Brooklyn, who recently officiated at the marriage in this city of W. IB. Oorey, president of the United States Steel corporation and Mabelle Gil man, submitted to the credentials committee of the church at a meet ing last night, a letter in which the minister begged forgiveness for hav ing performed the marriage cere mony in question. In the letter Dr. Clark said he realized that he had done a great wrong both to the congregation ot his church and to the Christian con ception of marriage relations In mar rying a divorced person, and he said he would humbly receive whatever censure the committee mighj Impose. iDr. Clark concluded by promising to use his ecclesiastical office in the future strictly in accordance with the.^principles of his denomination. The committee decided to recom mend in Its report to the congrega tion that, in vlsisr of the pastesfs ia tegrity and righteousness, together with his letter of apology, no action in the matter be'taken. TURNS STATES EVIDENCE AND RELATES HOW RAILROADS fug PAID $200,000^g Were Allowed to Electrify 250 Miles of Street Railway for That Amount —Reported That Grand Jury Has Indioted Railway Officials and Ma yor Schmitz. ppp 1 San 'Francisco, Cahjf-'May 17. Abraham Ruef yesterday made good his declaration of Wednesday that he would, -following his change of pica to guilty in the extortion case against him, turn state's evidence and assist the bribery-graft prosecu tion In its campaign against muni cipal corruption. Ruef, obeying the subpoena frotm the grand jury served upon him at the Fillmore street pris on house Shortly before 3 o'clock, went in charge ot Special Agent ®urnB, Elisor Biggy and another guard to the grand jury chamber in the 'Native Son's hall, where he took the witness stand apd submitted to an examination which lasted from 3:20 until after 5 o'clock. $200,000 Paid in Bribes I When the ordeal was over he. cal led the newspaper men around him and said that he had promised the grand jury to divulge nothing. Dis trict Attorney Langdon and Assist ant District Attorney Heney refused to make any statement whatever. From Special Agent &urns it was learned that the only matter in •vhlch he was questioned was the al leged bribing of Mayor Schmitz and eighteen supervisors of the United Railroads to grant to that corpora tion. a change in Its franchise allow ing the electrifying of its 250 miles of street railway system In this city? If Burns' understanding of Ruef's testimony is correct, the fallen boss told the grapd jury that President Patrick Calhoun, assistant to Pres- 1 ldent Thornwell Mullaley, Chief Counsel T. L. Ford and distant Counsel William M, Abbott of the TJnlt&d Railways, paid or caused to be «ald the sum ot $200,000 for the provision named that $61,000 of this amount was Ruef's fee, that $50,000 dollars went into the pock et df Mayor Schmitz, and that the remaining $89,000 was handed to eighteen supervisors, sixteen of them "receiving $4,000 each, another de manding and getting $10,000, and Chairman Gallagher ot the finance committee being paid $15,000, for acting as go-between. 'A^tter the exaiJdnationi ot Ruef was concluded the grand jury re mained in executive session until 6:30 o'clock. Subsequently the state ment was made, but not officially confirmed, that Indictments had been voted against four high officials of the United Railroads and Schmitz, as predicted by an officer of the prose cution two weeks ago. WILL FORCE SCHMITZ TO RESIGN AS MAYOR San Francisco, Cal., (May 17.—It was rumored last night that a move ment is on foot to bring about a tlon by forcing the resignation of Mayor Sahanltz and choosing In his stead 'Frederick W. Dorhemann, a prominent wholesale |mei(ohant as mayor. The report lacks official con firmation. THE OCTOPUS ADD LAKE SPENT AN ENTIRE DAY BELOW THE SURFACE OF WATER All Hands Came Through Test in Good Shape and the Boats Stood Long Submergence Well—Could Stay Below Surface 45 Days if All Went Wefl. Newport, R. I., May 17.—(With all hands contented, with a bountiful supply of fresh air and with re cords of submergence broken, the submarines Octopus and 'Lake rose to the surface of Maragansett Bay at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon end ing a test of twenty-four hours un der water. The Octopus rose first and the members of the naval trial board crowded about her as the conning tower hatch flew open. A member of the trial board at once /what below to see what oondltions existed on board and also to test the air supply. Samples of air were bottled every two hours throughout the test for analysis by the boardj7'^ The Octopus blew out'iteui air only twice during the twenty-four hours she was at the bottom of the bay. It was computed that only one-forty-fifth of her air supply was exhausted, and if these figures are correct they tend to show that the boat could remain submerged 45 days, provided the fod and fuel sup ply was sufficient. The 'Lake also stood the test well, although a leak was sprung in hoard Itwssg the superstructure. She pumped out two different times, hut what proportion of her air supply was used up could not be learned. The trial -board made a thorough examination of the Lake after they had .finished wltL the Octopus. 'Both crews passed the time 5»m-. forUhiy while at the bottom of the bay. They slept well during part of (he time, and games, ibooks and other diversions heiped to pais th« 24 hours below the surface. (During their period of et|ce both boato were In communica tion with the Qtembers of Uft trial by xnearis oif submarr to «. "r 1 Three Are Killed Outright and Oth ers Will Die—'Freight Engine tad Cars Sent Crashing Creeks Rocks Hurled Far and Wide Leav ing Havoc in Wake. Chattanooga, Tenn., May 17.— Three men killed outright, three others so seriously injured, that they will die and two others badly In jured, in addition to the crashing of a Southern railway freight en- Sine and "eleven "cars' thi'oug"h the bridge neaihy was the result of a premature explosion at 8:4fr o'eloofci yesterday afternoon of a blast at the foot of (Lookout Mountain on the Stevenson extension which Is being constructed by the W. J. Oliver com pany. The bridge was crushed in by several tons of rock hurled by the' blast just as the Southern railway, freight train (Number was going .goto the bridge. Other pioces of red yards and crashed throw^tlMK ville, ^hatrtad|0oga & roaii/whioh wo)i'at ^rorfc ^fing piles in Vhattanooga creek for tlhe new viaduct, killing JSnglneer Shafer and Flreman Ryder instantly.' Other pieces of rock hurled five and tlx hundred yards, struck residences on the side of Ldiokout Mountain crash ing through the roof and floors of the buildings. (Four Greeks who were working no the new line some dis tance .from the .blast were struck by flying pleoes of rock. Two of them: are at the hospital In a serious con dition. The blast was set off by J. Ford, powder man tor Yarnell -Brothers^ contractors fur Oliver. Hls action It is said was against the Instructions ot the contractors. 'At a late hour last night he Could not be located. The Dead Will Hyder, fireman of the pile driver of the •Nashvlle, Chattanooga & St. IJOUIB railroad. Clint Shafer, engineer of the pile: driver. J. Fitz-G«i'ald, negro fivemili" O? the Southern railway. The injured: Will (Dleko Samuel McMahoh gineer of the Southern railway, buis ed about the head. it OhrlBtG^rge.Gree^i^tire^sfeult fractured, other injuries. Chris Costa, Greek laborer, skull fractured. STEPHENSON WINS SENATE NOMINA ten, an dthe final .result was an nouqeed as follows: Stephenson, 64 Slsch.^S: Batten^ ijf Mattering, t- ir .. ONE DOLLAR PER YEA&l PREMATURE EXPLOSION CAUSS8 WIDESPREAD DEATH AT CHATTANOOGA V' Madison, (Wis., May 17.—The Wis consin senatorial deadlock was brok en last night by the nomination on the first ballot of the iBepublloaa caucus of former Congressman Kb aac Stephenson of Marinette. The i'-'JT result was accompanled by thebreak result was accompaniea ny ine j»reai- \-h\x ing up of th^opposition, which^ when. !L^ the ahti-Stephenson men nall«M' that they were beaten. returned to their former favorites ffifech and Hat., .j '-J, y.'. "4 .•i S m, A 1V 3. 'j# The Credit for the Sti]hensoh &*• tory Is given to Lieatenant or Connof. who secured for Stephea son the support of? two members" claimed to have heen pledged Xvlfr Btattiij If ^they had Voted tor-Hab-,^ te^!:«ephe4sim ^wMild Haw. fiiated.