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Semi-weekly Windham County reformer. (Brattleboro, Vt.) 1897-1901, July 05, 1901, Image 4

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a. t- i
M, Nation bas separated from bis
rarrio Nation! Carrie
Willi, v.,ui," ,
. . .. i c..n,a tn ua we ve beard
moil ; uor".
that name acmewbere before.
ll riehtVlf "missionaries oh
ii .,., fho word "loot 10
POt WB won " -
connection with them any mow. We 1
simply say that thoy "collect."
?j it is renorted that L) H Lewis,
tbe Yergonnes bank wrecker, has. got
round to Silas M Waited state of
mind, and is claiming that instead of
his owing the broken banK money w
bunk oes him a balance.
n Kullowav of New
ii mnUfls a eood suggestion,
JlrtlliJ'F'"." " - L J
n.f ; thm-n is s cbfiuee in tbe bead
of the pension office, the new man
ought to bo the present first deputy
T, Davenoort of
C0milH9Sl"Ur, " "
Miesdnle. Mr Davenprt has a lor.
...j i;.hio record in the oflice;
.n,l , will venture the pruliction
that with, him a contmisi.Mior there
ij i,n iust ss rigid scrutiny if
claims as there ever has been.
Though trainsd under Spanish in
stitutions, tbe San Join (Porta Kico)
News, shows a remarkable under
standing of American court decisions.
That of the Supreme court on the
Porto Rian case could not be more
cleirly stated than this:
We are and are not a part of the Uni
ted SUtes. We are and are not a for
eign couuntry. We are and are not t.i
bale our money back. The tariff is
and is not void. The constitution
does and doss not extend and its ami
titiocs do and do not apply.
" The tiurlicgtorj News is generally
well up in history, as accurate as it
is interesting. But it slips when, tell
ing of the signing of the Declaration
of Independence by the 56 members
present of the Continental congress, it
adds :
Thnm.,i .Tpffersnn mid. "We must
hang together or we shall certain
all bane separately.
It was Benjamin Franklin who of
fereJ tis remark. It is doubtful if
all his long life Jefferson ever came so
near as that to perpetrating a joke.
John J Scannell, fira commissioner
of New York, and Jono cf the chief
niea of Tammany, is to be tried th
summer. It is this time to be for
murder, which 6eems to be a frequent
requirement for Tammany leadership
Like fCroker and Stokes, LScnnnvdl
baa bad this trial, seteral years Bgo
and was acquitted on the ground of
emotional insanity, spending six
months in an asylum. His icdictment
now, procured by District Attorney
Philbin, is for alleged neglect of duty
on two counts and for alleged con
soiracv to defraud tbe city on one
count. Scannell was deposed from
the fire cammissionerabip by Mayor
Strong, hut when Mayor Van Wyck
tame in be called Scanncll.back to'ex
ercise the great power conferrad on
tho single commissioner under the
now charter. Controller Coler gave
early challenge to Scannell'a methods.
and now they are to be icquired into
by the courts.
It is to bo said to tbe credit of
Postmaster General Smith that h
lias aloys been an opponent of Quay
in Pennsylvania policies and for that
reason Washington probably at
taehea too much importance to bis
message of sympathy to tbe monster
mass meeting at Philadelphia last
woe t organize a fight 8gairst Quay
rale as it bos manifested itself in the
great franchise st3l. Mr Smith
npobe right out :
It is time for a now Declaration of
Independence. Philadelphia ought
to ris in her might against the job
bers iu her public rights and the
sacred safeguard
ravisbers of her
But it does not follow that be
spoke for tho McKinley adajinistra
tion or that his message has any more
significance than a reiteration of his
own long timo views. The President
is not by nature a sympathizer with
thieves but be does rot go out of his
way to fight them. Io all his pur lie
caoer he has never been identified
witT sich organized scoundrclism rs
that of the Quay machine, nor has he
Ueon a man that such scoundreli son
particularly fearer). His disposition
would he to uo his duty manfully if
forci d to face the scoiindrelisT, but
otherwise he wnul i keep clear of it.
And that is in all probability bis at
titude now.
The Philosophy of Democracy.
The New Vork Tribune, which in
Horace Greeley's time was so powerful
u ehamnion of negro enfranchise
ment can hardly repress its indigna
tin t the idea of such an extension
to the otbor peoples of color that hav
en-a under our rule. Tie experience
Hamuli, it declares, has conclu
lively nroved "the folly of establish
in a a territorial government with
practically universal suffrage among
untrained to the exercise of
political power" with all the shanoe
it gives to "inoompetont legislators
and mischief-making demagogues,
anu 't sounds the warning as to tne
Philinninesi and ami West Indies
thusly :
Tf ;a tt, firat st.en that count?.
1, -. mm-. r .
fill,,., no ara Drum' to DBV6 Mil "1
these peoples in tuir ignorance ana
unfitness ot tor American tiuwuamj
introduced into our electorate and
made instruments of unscrupulous
,,r, tn mln nsj. nr we are going once
and for all to establish the principle
that the union of sttes in an a men
i iinni and a continental uiii.j
and that its character is not to ne
changed by the incorporation not our
tizensbipof every semi eivuizej or
barbarous tribe which may chance at
m timn to emie under our eoter
.innti The inhabitants of
Hawaii .ire iustlv entitled to such
measure of self govercmnnt as tbey
show thev can wisely use, but cm-
urasa canr.nt aiura 10 bmuhmm. n
nmn ete autH(.ritV. particularly in
view of their aeuionsiraiBu uvm
If this is tree of Hawaii and the
Philippines, it was even more true of
nur rerroBS who at the cloae of the
war were far inferior in point of od
ucation and every other requirement
for self rule to the feople of these is
lands that will rank very well as re-
ards education with the average
white peoples of the world. Tbe
Trihur.n thirtv odd years ago was
thundering the contrary doctrine fram
the standpoint of the philosophy of
democracy. The negro, it declared
must have the ballot to protect him
selfthere was no other way to save
bim from being forced back to vir
tual slavery and from being subject
to all sorts of abuses and robberies at
the bands of men having unlimited
and unchecked power over him. This
was true, and it was alsj trte, as the
Tribune well argued then, that the
only way to train and and tit any peo
ple for self rule was to set them at it,
that the great virtue of Democracy
was that it contained within itself
the chance for remedy for its own
evil3 and short comings, not that Bny
people ever could b3 entirely fit for
it, cot that it would produce ideal
government, or ever bad done so even
among ourselves, but that taking into
account its poteooies of development
Bnd uplifting, it was on the whole the
best government any people could
have, wherever situated or however
circumstanced. To deny all this row
is simply to declare that the country
was all wrong on the negro question
after tbe war to "camp on southern
ground" as er-Secretary Herbert well
declares in tho article quoted else
The Tribune's presei.t argument is
unanswerable es an indictment of the
policy of annexation of distant terri
tories and peoples that we are cot will
ing and cannot afford to receive upon
an equality with ourselves. The mean
ing of it all is simply that we ought
to let them alono and leave them to
work out their own destiny, on the
democratic or any other basis they
chose, which they can do without in
jury to ua and without any responsi
bility on our part for either tbeir
successes or failures. And the prac
tical fact, attested by all human his
tory, is that they can do it better in
dependence on themselves than rnder
any foreign and alien guardianship.
An article by Henry R Marshall in
the July International Journal nf
Htnics well presents toe reason on
moral Bnd physical grounds why this
is so, and as a matter of strict science
combats the idea that mankind lives
under an iron law of nature which
mmands the individual to crowd
and crush and extinguish bis weaker
fellows. The law of struggle and sur
vival of fittest, as even Darwin icti-
mated, ends where reason begins. Mr
Marshall likens individuals and differ
ent peoples in tbe interracaial ori;aniz
ation to the elementary parts of the
pdividual animal, each expressing
its own instinctive tecdency and yet
all together producing the activites of
tbe whole organism, where it Nil:
to do so death or naralvsis results.
The announcement from Maine that
the strict enforce.xent of the prohibit
ing law has been made a part of the
Kepuhlican program of the state may
widl be receive! wita incredulity. Po
litical organizations are not apt to de
liberately resolve on suicide and that
in what it would mean to drive the rum
selling element out of the party. Ily
exemption from prosecution, or by
so lunient'prnsecntion as not really to
interfere with the traffic, the liquor
Klerneat hes been kept, passively or
actively, on tbo Eepublican side of
latfl yeirs, while by lip serviceand plat
form declarations in favor of f rohibi
tinn the sincere believers in the law
have also been kept pretty well in
line, in addition to tbe regular party
H-ipiiort for party r-asons." It is thus
fiat the party has so waxed in
Htrengtl of late even more than the
Bryan folly of the Democracy would
have helped it to do. It is rather a
delicate onerat ion to bold the felty
of both the rum and the prohioitory
element t the same tiaie, and prob
ably all the promise above referred to
means, is that it is recognized taal
tbe difficulty is seen f be increasing,
and ho more preterse of law enforce
ment is necvss-iry : but we mgy he
-sore thst it will not go to the extent
of really alienBtirg ihe liquor d.-al-ers.
Kven io Vermont such a poliiy
wouH fee dangerous to tbe party in
The Ml.sionary Looting
wannl TBirUriJ 111 UIII3''H
ii toeether by inter
racial bonds which rr.ust constantly
.i in intrioaev and power. Let
these bonda be multiplied and
strengthened by peaceful commerce
,l i,,top,.hnrDB rf thought, by the
nnnf.la influences of education and re
ligion, but without any offort to
nmuh 'he wea ker. nr another i:so of
force than such as is ".absolutely es
sential to the preservation from rte-at-,,
r.tin nf our own rivilization,
nH m.nilfnl for the furtherance of
tho erowtli of the interracial organ
Um t,ieh we dimly seo may some
day come to vigorous life.
This is Christian doctrine certainly
and it is in Christian doctrine mat
Democracy has it? very concept,
An Aiiti-Iiiipcrialist Address.
An appeal fitting to the day wbs is
sued yesterday by the seven anti-im-
perialist leagues of the country and
signed by such men as Carl hchurz,
Bishop Hall of Vermont, bamuel u
Clemens, Wheeler II Peckbam, Wil
liam D Howells, Bishop Speldir.g of
Peoria, 111, Bishop Kyan of Alton,
111. President. Bacon, ex-Gov Hor-
ace Jioes ana u n Liiuimjoriniu, u .t
Lamb, Profs Norton and Sumirer
and maov others. It denies that the
battle against the adoption of
British and Kuropean ways omen
ing with other people is lost. Jlie
wait bus been for tliose who voieu
for McKinley while disapproving his
policy to make their disapproval now
and for the supreme court to right
the course of the ship of state. Hot h
these hopes hing disappointed, the
appeal urges "all lovers of freedom to
organize in defense of human rights
now threatened bv the greatest free
'overnment in history. Tl
incoming congress ia r.01 1
committed to the policy which I
prevailed so far." The v hole issue
admirably stated in these words:
In organised society there is no lib
ertv tliBt is not constitutional liberty
men in America, where we have only
to fear ha absue of Hwer by our f
low-citizens, we all rely on coisti
tutions, national and state, to protect
our riL'hts. no cannot, comeeivc
American community without ttiese
ifeiruards. Do not the inhabitants
of Luzon need agaicst us the protet
ion that we need (gainst ourseive
"Let it be remembered," sau
the continental congress, "that it hsi
ver been the pride and boist of
America that the rights for which
contended were the rights of Human
ature." When this country denies
to millions of men the rights wlui
have ever claimed, not only for
ourselves but for all men, its polic,
is suicidal.
These be wholesome words, truly
or this Fourth of Julv season. The
'agues are right in believing that
the American people will yet. come t
the support of the truths, but how or
Gen Chaffee, the late oommandor
of tho American forces in China,
gives considerable space in bis report
to tbo missionary lootirg or "levy
ing of contributions, as Jit is politely
called. Ho states tbo faets dispassion
ately but ell the more severely for
that reason, and it is a sorry story
that it makes He treats particularly
of tbo operations of Rev Mr Towks
bury, which were in the same line as
those of Uov DrAmont which have
been bo much disoussed, after every
thing possible has been offered in ex-
cuso and extenuation, wie laci re
mains unmistaKaoie mat tneeo men
carrying the words of tne i'rince or
Peace, .have made tbe severities of
war their policy, deliberatel assum
ing to execute, with themselves as
judges for private or denominational
benefit, the laws of ratribution and
compensation that are only tha proper
work of governmental authority. It is
inevitable that such a procedure, do
matter bow pious tbe men, should re
sult in gross abuse. It all reduces it
self to tbe simple commandment
Tbou Shalt Not Steal." They have
stolen for the glory of God. Their ox-
use is first that it was necessary to
feed and clothe the converts depend-
Th W.ll-Koown ArlUt A Natl of
Col Julian Boott, the well-known
artist, is dead nt bis homo io L'Ihiu
field. N J. Col Scott was born at.
Johnson, Feb 15, 1810, When tbe civ
war brotto out be enlisted in tin
Vermont regiment as musician Cnl
Scott was the first man to receive
medal of honor for official bravery on
the battlefield. At the close of tho
war Col Scott, entered the Academy
cf Dcsicn in New Vork. Ho finished
his studios in Paris. One of tbe best
known of his pictures, "The Kear
Guard at White Oak Swamps,' was
bought by tbo state of Vermont and
hangs in tbe state bouse at Mnntpel
ier. AnumDerof bis paintings are
in the art museum of Boston. Col
Scott was the possessor of one of the
two original deatb masks of napoleon
ben no man can see. Ibe address
points out how far wrong we have
gone, in giving the President pow
over the frilipinos as despotic as that
of the Russian czar, with no coisti
tution. no law, nothing but his ow
benevolerce to fetter him, and in tbe
"course of national perfidv before
the whole world" towards Cuba
And it is certainly true, in Lincoln
words, that co republic that persis
in such courses can endure.
The study of evolutionary doctrine
tnus leads us to see that it should he
our aim to nster tbe development of
individual life with as little restric
tion to its free unfolding as is com
putible with our ideals rf social eta
bilityiand, iu fact, most ictrlligent
men will agree that the ideal state
would be one io which the greatfEt
liberty cf the individual would l?
maintained without restriction cf
boss advantages which can nnlv ac
crue to the individual by co-operation
itn nia fellows. Jhetngt-est
ana dpbi; of world-pngresis. in a word,
is to do obtained from justsuihan
interracial organization as ia indicat
ed where no one social or race group
relentlessly pursues its own insrircts.
regardless of the interests or rights of
other rac-s, but where "the instincts
which bave been specially developed
io diverse racps must be modified or
reformed to subverse the interests of
the whole aggregate of diverse races.
If we learn tbe lesson tUrbt
by tbe comparison of individual life
itb social life, we must see to that
the course rf development cf inter
racial organization, which is most
hopeful, and, which it is most ration
al withal to faster, is one which will
allow each special ra:e cf dive-se
lualities and nbilitie?, wheti-r it
appear to cs with our limited view to
be metier ' or lower.." to exercise
and strengthen its full capacities wi'b
the utmost freedom, and under uch
strut'on only es may be nreiful to
subserve the ecds rf tost higher nr
ganic growth to wbich we aspire,
and wbich it ill imply tbe existence,
side by side, of the most diverse of
Tbe charge of Bishop A C A Hall
at the reennt annual corference of the
Vermont diocese on "Marriage With
Kelatives:JProhiliited Degrees nf Kin
ared and Atnnity, ' Das just been
printed by Longaans, Green & Co.
London. Ag the able and eloquent
bishop's sympathies are strongly high
cburcb-ward be naturBlly takea the
Knglish view of the subject and with
much that is sensible and wholesome,
regarding the prohibited degrees as
printed in the English prayer book,
but not in this country, be gets far
fetched, as it teems to the lay mind
at least, in advocacy of prohibition of
marriage with a deceased wife's sis
ter. He says :
Tbe argument in favor of allowing
marriaire with a deceased wife'a sis
ter, bated on the supposed practical
advantages of such an arrangement,
seems to me entirely fallacious What
so natural, it is asked, as for an aunt
to cate for a-.d play a mother's part
to her sister's children, in whom she
will have a peculiar interest? The ar
gument, fails to consider that this ar
rangement, in itself most antirral and
desirable, will in many cases be ren-
Oerea impracticable, if tne wife a
sister is regarded as ber possible suc
cessor. Sbo can more rcaoily he tbe
guardian of her sister's children
when she stand in no other relation to
them or to their father. To permit a
man to marry bis wife's sister is to
abolish ber privileged position as bis
sister-iii law. Tre recognition of re
lationships of affinity witDin wbich
marriage is forbidden is seen by this
instance to lie co mere arbitrary nr
technical theory, but to Lave a dis
tinctly practical bearing on tne pur
ity and the intimacy of intercourse
between members of a faiuilv.
It hns been estimatud that t iking
together all industrial activity, includ
ing transportation a day's labor by one
man will average' ta equal that cf 2,500
men a century ago, and however ac
curate the estimate may be it is in a
rough way a meesure cf the marvel
ous progress of this ege, of tho rise
io wages, and tbo mcreBse in the
comfort of living. Generally speaking
it would bo thought that agricul
ture partakes but little of this in
crease of the productiveness of labor,
but a rpnrt from the agricultural
department at Washington, prepared
by Geo K Holmes of the statistical
division, shows even this ide con
tains much of error. Since 1ST).) be
snows that the time of human labor
required to produej a bushel of wheat
including wowing, hamwirtr. cut
ting, threshing and winnowing, bas
by tbe use of machinery decreased
from three hours and tbren minute.
to ten minutes, and that for a bushel
of corn from four hours and 31 min
utes to 41 minutes or in other words
the effectivenes of labor is miiltir,liH
eiebteen-fold in one case and seven
fold in tbe other. This is cf course
in the west, where farm macbinrry is
most used. If the old met bnds were
employed in producing the seven crops
of wbeat, corn, rye, barley, oats, jin
tatoes, an J hay, the cost to the
country in 13P9 would bave been some
X0.000 000 greater than it was, and
J'.SXOOO.OX) greater tbe esse of ecru
ing on them. If this is true or
far as it is true, it is a reproach ta
the government's of Christendom that
were behind them and abundantly
able and bound under tho laws of
war, to provide bII BOpplies oecessar,
Is there any evidence tbat they rt
fusod to do so? for intstanee, was
our own government applied to for
the relief necessary, and did it refusi
or neglect! This is something oeces
sary to know, before tberej can b
any defense of tb missionary opera
The second excussis that the mission
aries lost largo amounts of property in
tha Boxer outrag'S. Therefore they
proceeded to colle;t indemnity from
anybody or anythitg thoy could get
hold nf. Tbe mortlity of it is exa -tly
tbat r f the man rbo bss bis pocket
pickej of il(X) and knocks down the
next man be meets and takes flOO
from him. The proper way of col
lection of ourse as from tbe Chi
nese government tbat failed of its
duty in preventing tbe outrages, not
from individuals or familifs or vil
lages. The ore way is tbe way of
law and government, the other the
way of barbarism ami anan hj, and it
ia a queer state cf affairs when the
Church of Christ 'iBcomes the spomer
for the latter way. Moreover, all
the3e damages wilj presumably be cov
ered and more, toe, in the indemnity
that is to be squi'ized out of China,
so tbe effect of the missionary opera
tion is to collect it twice.
As a matter of pidicy, to put it on
no higher ground, it is most unfortu
nate for tho menory, of it cannot
fail to be a heavy drag weight for
generations to come on missionary
work in C'hica.
The law of associations bill, after
long and bit'er tight, becomes a law at
,it in France by the con
currce of tie Assembly In the
Senate an endnients. It is a rc-
markablctriumph for the Waldeck -Rous
seau Ministry thi.t, when first formed.
was euppistd to be only a temporary
mabeshift, tu: nccmplished its pur
pose iu carrying the republic through
the Dreytin trouble with some sort of
honor, and bis now held the reigns
longer than any of its predecessors un
der tha Tuird Republic. The bill, which
has been fought with all the vehem
ence and power of Home, aims for tbe
purpoe of controlling fducation.to keep
the religious orders within reach of the
government arm. Those orders, a ma
jority of whose members are French,
or tbat are governed and managed in
France, are not interfered with, but!
those tbat consist in the main of for
eigners, or "have foreigners to admin
ister them, or have their headquarters
abroad shall be liable to be dis
solved by a decree of the President of
tbe Republic made in Council of Minis
ters" and their property, except what
belonged to members bofore they en
tered the congregation or, what ha3 ac-
rued to them, either by acquisition or
donation in the direct line, shall go
back to tha heirs of the persons who
originally bequeathed it. It ts certain-
a drastic measure and likely to be
effective in keeping clerical enmity to
tbe republic within bounds. It applies
Jesuits, the Carthusians, the Do
minicans and the Assmnntionists. M
Valdeck-R( usseau declared in bis speech
or tbe bill tha tthe association keeps in
mortninln property to the value of
00,000,000, and that this wealth had
been employed for political as
well as for religious purposes, and
gbt continue to be so employed to the
constant danger of the republic. So
rapidly has the education of well-to-do
people passed into religious bands that,
according to M Waldeck-Rausfeau. there
are now two classes of youths in France,
tbe one faithful to the traditions of lib
erty and free inquiry, the other reac
tionary an.1 clerical. It is certainly
within the fair province ot government
to so regulate education at not to be
suDversive of the government itself,
and the idea of the property provisions,
he said, was to make the existence of
the orders entirely dependent on the
will of the government.
of Orattl.boro Called
Diaadoir Pulpit
TThe First church (Congregational)
of Longmeadow, Mass, has extended
beartv and unanimous call to Key
Honrv L Hailev, a native of lirattlo
bcro, for 10 years past pustor of tbe
church at Middletown Springs and
one of the nronisinB men of tne oe
nomination io this state, who will
assume his tew charge about Oct 1st
Mr Hailey was born Mav 8, in
the octagon house, now occupied by
H H Thompson, while his father wa
preaching about the county, having
bis headquarters here. Ibe father,
Key Geo ii liailev located at Ferris
burg, had local connections and
friendships here in bis youth and was
assisted to bis education at, Amherst
by llrattleboro ppnple. The young man
was graduated from Middlebury in
lHSd, salutatorian of his class, an
during the suinntier vacation of 'ri!i b
served as aunplv for a small church
in the Aoirondacks where be met .Miss
Nellie Clute of Scbroon Lake, N V,
and they were married tbe folloaiog
vear, and sailed tbe same summer
for India as miesionaries of the Amer
ican board. The climate proved near
Iv fatal to Mra liailev and after t
year's absence thev were advised to
return to tbis countrv Tscon sftr tak
ing bis pastorate at Middletown
Spings where the church has been
unusuallv prosperous under him, tbo
membership having increased and the
contributions multiplied five fold. He
is one of the directors of the State
Homo Missionary societv and one of
the Vermont editors of tbo Congrega
tionalist and bo baa several times
been secretary of tbe state convention
Whlta.ilaa TMravd Tcllow.
Great consternation was felt by the
frieuis of M. A. II grty of Lexington,
Ky, whn tbey mw lie w.ib turning yel
low. His skin loly changed color, also
his eyes, ard he suffered terribly. His
malady was Yellow Jaundice, lie was
treated by the best doctors, but w ithout
benerit, Tlun he was advised to try
Electric t itters. the wonderful Stomach
and Liver remedy, and he writes : "After
UkiPR two boMle. I was who: cured. "
A trial proves its matchless merit for all
Stomach, Liver and Kidney trouble..
Only 50c. Soid by F. H. Hjldea Co..
Mob of Wilmington Nt Ilamp.hlr. and
Main. LiH),
Edmund M Forbes, a native nf Wil
mingtoo, but all bis active life until
10 vears ago located at Winchester,
N 1), in the practise) of law. died Sat
urday at bis home in Portland, M
where he has been engaeed in tbe in-
urancu business since leaviog Win
hester. Mr Forbes ws the onlv
hild rf Klavius T and Kliza (Pack
ard! Forbes, and studied law in the
office of O L Shafter. having for fal
low students the late Chas N Daven
port, Judge F M Crosby of Alinoe-
sttn wbo is concodeJ to tie one nf
tbe ablest trial judgej of the West.
Mark Warren, wbo died in Montana a
few years ago after a varied career in
the West, which rumor asserted ta
tavo included a Modoc chieftainship
and Hrmeowav, who died voung but
after attaining considerable reputation
novelist and in the litrarv world.
Immediately after his admission to
the bar in ls.V Mr Forbes settled io
Winchester where he roada a particu
lar reputation es referee and auditor.
He attended the Wilmington reunion
in L0i and responded to the sub
ject, "Briefs."
He leaves one son, Klbrulge Graves
Forbes, residing in Kustm. His wife
died a few weeks since. Her death was
severe blow M hit. and he grxduallv
declined from the time of her decease.
Son of Walt.fleld Vnmaui Clock Inven
Daniel .1 Gale of linstol, t;nnn, a
idingvlock inventor of that state.
ie.i at bis hom June Id. He was
born in Waitshcld, December 'JM. 13.',
ard was the voungest son of Richard
Gale. jr. who ws a soldier of tbe
Revolutionary War. Mr Gale spent
the earlier years of bis life in this
town and went West at the age of 21
ears, locating in Sheboygan, Wis.
had a tatte for mechanical work
and was a born inventor. After going
West he began to study clock move-
meats with tbe idea of miking a cai-
ndar clock, f A ter 20 years he was a
successful i n patenting a calendar
movement for clocks and came East
with it when be met the customary
inventor's luck and someliotlv else
made be money in his 20 years'
study He becsrae connected with
Kristil clock companies where he held
important positions. His abilitv is
devising new ideas for clocks was rot
excelled, but he never realized ade
quate financial returns from his in
ventions. Mr Gala was a member of
ttio Advent church for 20 years. He
married Miss Lucy A Wheeler of Rod
man, N' V, in lt.Vl, wbo surivives
bini with three children, O J Gale
of WilUmnstown is a nephew of the
subject ef tbis sketch.
(Othet Sons of Vermont news on 7th
page. )
Mi-.. L. E. Caiiflaltf, Prominent Home
Ml.alnnary, Take Kinalipoj From
Dmiffhter ftemoved to Rutland Pest-
Mrs L K Canfield, wbo came to I
Rutland from liurnside, South Da-
Kota, June 10, tt deliver the prinoi
pal address to tbe lOtith annuBl Con
gregational convention of Vermont,
whs taken ill v itb smallpox there
Wednesday morning. She showed
symptoms of the disease Tuesday and
Bn examination was made by several
physicians wbo pronounce it a gen
uine case, bbe bas been confined in
the pest house in tho woods eist of
Mrs Canfield is prominent in mis
sionury worlc in this country and is
one of tbe founders of the missionary
caaemy at liurnside, S D.
Just after the close of tho conven
tion at Rutland her danghter
was taken ill with smallpox
ana tier motner, no doubt,
contracted the disease from her. The
child is now convalescent. It is not
known wiere tbe daughter caught it.
Doctor. Find HI. Condition From appen.
l lll. ofo.t Herlom.
Kx-Cashier Charles W Mussev of
the. Merchants' National bann of
Rutland, who was pardored by Presi.
dent McKioliy last week, wbs operat
ed upon for appndicitis Rt tbe Rut
land city hospital at 11 o'clock Wed
nesoay morning. J.ne operation was
performed by Dr E M Pond of Rut,
and, assisted by Dr II A Francis. Dr
Charles A Gale, Dr J D HaDraban,
Dr J M Hamilton, all Rutland, and
Dr McDonald of Albany Tbey found
Mussey to be in a serious condition.
The opinion of the physicians is tbat
he mav recover but if he does it will
very slow as it is tbe third attack
Mu.-sey bas had of the disease. They
have been waiting nearly a month now
for Mussey to get strong encough to
tand tbe operation.
mis ruture tuans if no recovers are
not known.
ICniiaroo (Jul
(lood solid soli's
Steel C'irdettes
nil over lhi:in.
!iissin Calf
JJouble Soles
Extra value.
' to 0
Leave, the Heellns; Beilntu For Pa.tur
Ins; Hons He PtallosopnUes ow It.
Bradley C Newell, the former Jack
sonviuo rjiacKsmita, wno caused so
mucO talk some five or six vears ago
by his powers as a "healer," is farm
ing at Kowe, in Franklin county.
Mass, and evidently is making a sue-
ss of it. He writes to the Rural
New Vtrkor: "We never ring our
hogs; as our farms are on the hills,
we let our bogs in a large pastures to
run in. When we started our pastures
they contained a grett many brakes or
crns. uur nogs will riot these nil
up and eat tbe roots, and are killing
tbem out. In tbe fall, after the crops
are Harvested, we let tnem on our
mowing. Some of the mowing is dry
rocky, and has never plowed: then
there are plots where we .have taken
the rocks off and seeded down. We
find tbat the hogs will rever root the
newly seeded places, but will work tfce
Id mowing thoroughly, and after
y nave rooted them well over tbey
ome into clover, now, wnen we turn
the hogs on to tbem, they will feed
tbe clover don, but do not root the
turf, except under apple trees. We
lso notice that fcfter the boos have
rooted around the tree, tbe apples are
not wormy on that tree tbe text sea
son, and that tbe leaves have a deeper
lor and tbe apples are better. 1
would adtise every fara.er to keep
more bogs, and never ring them.
nee off a plot and let tem root.
and thei geei it down and take an
other plot. It is surprising to see
what the hogs will do for tbem. Get
some good, ncre bred bugs, bs it does
not cost any more to raise them after
me gets started than it does to raise
cheaper grace and there is a satis-
'tioo in lousing at a good uuiform
rd. As to breed, should advise
lecting what tbe raiser thinks be
would line the best, as any one will
lie liltely to have better success with
what be taKes a fancy to than with
something be is not so interested in."
Lact, spring Ziecfs,
All solid,
Stout soles.
Blin k or russelt.
Otohi 98c.
The r.ew postmaster at Greenville,
S C, is a Democrat of trie McLaurin
pers'iesion. and this rnuMes the third
federal appointment, of a McLsnrin
Dmnocrit bv tbo President withiu a
fo months.
No it. is announced that President
McKinlny will appoint no more fed
eral oticers for IJeliware until it
shall elect senators.
Tbe ststisticans reckon t'e June
gifts t i American colleges at 612,al7.
082. And tha list cintains nothing
strange to say, for th university of
Cougressrrun Hull of Iowa, chair
man of tin Hons) cf Committee on
Military Affairs, who aocomuanipd
Geo Chaffee on his Southern tour,
characterizes the rapidly established
provincial srovernments as hothouse.
pUnts," unable to withstand adver
sities " He predicts manv dimVtil-
ties under the dual civil-military go-ernments.
The federd treasury statement the
fiscal yesr just closed snows a sur
plus for the year of 3,8fil,!9. The
total receipts' wer S3."),S48..'JOrt. The
war department tnuk atmut 141.(100.-
000; niy. &TO.00OOO0: n-nsions.
!3!).0O0.0'1 civil and iniscellanenos
Randolph Centenarian Scrapper.
There was a hearing before Justice
Nichols and Fowler Monday in the of
fice of M M Wilson In Randolph, tbe
case being Hgainst Mienael O'Connor
for assault on Kmerv V Steele Satur
day. "1'ncle Mike." who is said to be
nearly lot) years old. had ordered Steele
not to cross bis land, but be continued
to trespass, and Saturday 'L'ncle Mise"
was in the act of chopping un an old
box used by him in mounting the fence,
wnen oteeio came into his Held to re
monstrate. "Mike" claims that Steele
struck bim with a wrench, upon wbich
he struck him with an axe. cuttiug a
g.ish iu Steele's side about two inches
loug. Steele denies hitring O'Connor.
1'ne justices decided that the ca.-e did not
come under their jurisdiction and a jury
trial will bs held later. He was placed
under 925 toods.
Labor Tarty Calls Attention tothe Powers
of Socialism.
The gfneral council of the Helgiac
labor r"(rty has issued a manifesto to
the public, maintainitg that tbe gov
ernment bus forgotten the lessons of
tbe p st, sa)irg it appears to be un
aware of the power tf socialism and
adding tbet if tbe government refuses
to listen to the penple the latter, con
scious of the legitimacy of tbeir
rights SDd the justice of tbeir cause,
will fioht for universal suffrage and
secure it. "The hour has arrived for
battle." says tbe manifesto, wbich
appeals to all socialists to organiz9
demonstrations coincident with tbe
reassembling of Parliament and coo
eludes with saying tbat if pacific
means fail, the working people will
cot shrink form a revolution.
Kodo! Dyspepsia Cure
'Plcesls vvrci ioa cat
ti, chanre tor Tuewlay isme ehonia
sen.l In ti wv1iy Vo&laT hood at the leu,t:
fr tsaKrl itr v Thur-lv nnon. Thou,
wno rot it in eift-.er ana avcM tiie rasii&lwvs
bve i., x-wi an-4Uc serTlcc
A colored woman from the Sonth who
is employed In a family in Barrt-, went
to N'orthtield a few days since. While
waiting on the pbitform at
Moutpelier Junction. three young
men began to crnaH (it could not
by any streteh of the imagination he
called singing) "All Coons Look Alike
To Me," mid they levelled their glances
f t the southern l?.dy. After a moment's
hesitation she struck tha pitch and
tune and sang also; but she changed the
wording to "All Fools Look Alike To
M," and bel l the boards after tha in-
suiters had vanished, lollowed by the
lnuuli of the crowd j
Napoleon Durnnt, a patient at the
Vermont State hospital for the insane at
Hteroury, ha made a uiiuuitutc battle
ship about five feet long, which is now
on exhibition.
Huit Fish of Ira ftepped into a fruit
store on Center ctreet in Iitlaud, leav
ing his wife and child in the carriage
ouiscie. j ne norse was scared and ran.
throwing the two nccupants out bv the
wneei striking a curbing. Tbe child
struck underneath Its mother but in
sorui miraculous manner it escaped io-
jury with tbe exception of a few
scratcnes on the lace. Mrs Fish struck
on ber face and wai badly cut about her
nose, nps and loreiiead.
Part of the rails for tbe new electric
road which the Kurland Street Pailwav
company is to build from West liuiland
to hair Haven have arrived and work on
the new road will probably begin next
week. The original idea of the company
that the road could be put through to
Lake Uonioseen, near Castle ton. ia time
to catch the Euauuier travel, has been
Ground has been broken fur the r.ew
bt Mary s score building wbici is
toheerectel on land oated by the
Villa L'arlow convent bet Sean the con
vf nt building and tha bosrital in St
Aitisns. Tho building will measure
G by 10X1 fort, will be three stories
high and will be built of brick. i
Xenport Family gutters Three Death.
From Measles In Five Daj-S.
The summer vacation of the family
of Wilbur F Hawes of Newport, at its
very begicniug. has been plunged in
sadness by tbe death of two children of
the family as well as Mrs Hawes's
Mrs Hawes with two children, and
he sister. Christie Matters n. went to
the Megnntic region in Canada fivedavi
aeo. Shortly after their arrival Mr
II. iws received a telegram stating thst
the oldest air had died of measles. He
strnted to join his family but before be
reached them bis boy had died of the
same disease.
Hardly had he arrived whenMls9 Mat
te ron al-o succumbed to the disease.
During ti e Tierce temptest of Tues
day night flu three lay dead in tb
house, three miles from neighbors and
20 miles from a doctor.
Censes of StaK"tlon Plain.
fFrom the Moutpelier Watchman.)
The atKindiinuient of the forestry eomm's
ion i,f Issij. reactionary lei.-lation on ui:it
lers pertaining to the huhwavs the t'hupia
law being voted up I y one legislature auj
down by the next see-sswing laws relating
to puhlie pchnol. the hoard of nsricultare.
and ether public matters of vital importance
to the welfare of the tate, and which have
been uhject9 of freouent discussion, present
similar instances of the anarchistic rourse of
the lody the Constitution, of the State de
signed tor making its laws, which it pre
scribed ebnnld he composed of citizens most
noted for virtue and wisdom, but which have
heen often and fatally conspicuous for abys
mal folly. The causes of Vermont' stagna
tion may he discerned without the use of a
Deafness Cannot Be Cnreil
by local applications, a thev ratinot reach the
disease,! pnrilen ot the ear. There ts only one
way to cure deafness. nnl tbat Is hy constitu
tional remedies, l'eat'ness u caused by an In
flamed coneirlon of the mucous limns- of the
butpachian Tube. VI ben this tube sets inflamed
you bave a rumbling- wind or Imperfect hear
ing, and unless the inflammation can he tafeea
oiu and this tube restored to Us norma condi
tion, h-arm will he destroyed forever; nine
rasi' out ot ten are caiiM,, ,v catarrh, whirl Is
noitiint but an lultained condition of the niutov-4
Mt rt aces.
v e me will rive I me Hundred Dollars for ay
ca.o of iK-alitc-s ,-au-t-d bv catarrh tliai,'n
, I cred bv Ha;:"a Catarrh Cure. Scud I t
circulars lree.
r. J. CHENEY A CO- T.iV lJ. O.
SoM l,y drnjilMs. T.V.
Haii's Faaiiiy 1 lii j are the best.
IT Chester.
Mrs C L Elulett of Poston is a
guest of Mr and Mrs u Jrlulett on
Main street.
Jason Jones, jr. is quite ill from the
effects of overwork and the heat of last
Mrs Eliza Smith bs sold her plaon
on Grafton street with ber personal
property and will go to Springfield,
Mass, for a future borne.
D II Huletr s prostrated froru
the heat last Tuesday while working
in the hay field and was carried to his
home. He is somewhat better.
IJetween 1")0 and 200 people attend
ed the celebration at Lowell lake yes
terday and a good number went t
F W Cady of Middlebury is in' town.
H to Roth spent tbe Fourth at Brat
tlobon with his brother.
Psdiller Drowned In Connecticut.
yThe body of Clarence E Chase, a
peddler of trinkets, was found in tbs
Connecticut river near Wilder Wed
nesday nfternoon He was a crippln
and walked with two crutches and
was about 20 years old, light hair
and complexion." He is supposed to
have been drowned while bathing
Tuesday afternoon. The body was re
moved ti Whits River Junction whers
tho authorities are anxious to learn
about his relatives.
A Syrian woman named Mary Hsr
was married in White River Junction
last week Monday to Dorxinick Izz),
an Italian of tbe Junction. Tuesday a
cousin of the woman, accompanied by
an officer, came from Lowell, Mesa,
and had her arrested on a charge of
stealing money from him to pay her
expenses from tbat citv to the Junc
tion. She went back with the officer

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