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HOME STUDY COURSE scutr iu j:. ;. v.. i.i.v asdhehs, i.i.. . ,-jvrMm9yMWtn ', James Fenimore Cooper. .t , . . NEW JKIlMil judge wno had n uil d vast tracts en' 1 ; 1 1 1 I ill him! around the SMlll S Of till' SUSCIH- lllllllill ill ( 11 ' I'M 1 Ni-W II SHIti'lV mansion nil t!lB of ( itsi'irn lake mill removed his thilher in 17l. Hs son 1 1 ii year ulil. grow p In 5 The National Period s of American Literature h k' I :V .tc ST LOR1.N70 SK IKS. LIT. D Priiti :wr 1 turrimn l,it rtlturt I IliVt l'. . Ycnl; built slim .j famii.. S .lames 1 Of"'"i:'j;u;ji!oai3(-.it.j!0 Wrappers tins wilderness in tin' inld-t of n sort uf Imi'iiiiiiil grandeur among Indians, ,'ind Hip dependents of ;i landed proprietor, lie learned many tunics uiot )iu down in llii' sehoolbooks nail other books which wen- in Ins I at ni'i a liibrar.v, things xr,U- were to In- o!' value to himself iui'1 of .'it Interest to ethers when In' should lie-in to tell til;. nit tliem. Tin' lore of woods n nil wa ters, ilie i r.'ilt of savage and boast, 1 lie rival cunning of mi im nding nice, were lessons which were aoiiircd without urging. In IT years his education tn woodcraft -was tinislici, with some knowledge of hooks in three venrs at "talc. '.Mien )ie went to sea ;i ii. I lo.-irnod something alioiit it i. ml more about eliips mid sailors. I i .or. ns n naval orlioer stationed on Lake Ontario, lie came ito know t lie ways of t he Inlanil seas. Next lie married, staid three years. lon ger in 'oupirstou ii and wont to .Mainaroiiook to live in quiet eontentmont wirhin reio li of (In. Knickerbocker friends until lie was seized witli the notion M tin- age of ;su Hint he could write a hotter novel mi the one lie happened to ljf reading. He began to write "I 'r. caution." If he had taken a little him self, lie would not have written the dreary story of English society life, ahoilt which he knew very little. Hut at that time all Anierlean authors hud to do Imitative work before they bewail to quarry the wealth of material elose at Sand. Jn this very year of ls'i Irving was writing '"I'he Sketeh llook," half English in character. Cooper was next urged to follow Seott. who hail just finished the historical "I vanhoe." The outeoine was "The Spy," n novel of the Iieolution, already beginning to he historleal after -1) years. The scene was laid in the writer's neighborhood, the old neutral ground between two armies and plundered by both. 'I'he book was a groat siioeess at home and abroad, 5n England ns well as America. Translated 1 1 t French, it found its way into other languages and many lands, to IVrsia, Arabia and the far east. The new laation had now a novelist of its own to portray its iu w life to all the world. Tins was slill more evident when The I'ioneers" followed two years after ward. This time the author worked li e other lield, with which l.e was even unore laminar tiie wilderness, whore he had grown up. Harvey llirch. the py. v.;is succeeded by .Sally Iliimppo, the backwoodsman, appealing to that nbonirmnl love oi a. 1 vein ore and of the forest which elitms 1o every ln.y like a lTi'.'f--'e from the primeval life of t lie race. It was next to ret urniiiK to tin' Wltv::ln ami the elmse nnil ilie tribal feud. Then, had been nothing like it .'I) l'.iirope since ihe st..ue a'e. Here it was the experience (,f n youiia writer customary lenularity or lneiilarit.v. When he i tt nl i . l i , eess of hiH lir.- t Aiueriean novel, "'I'he Spy," In "I.ioii. l attain eminence. In "The I.a'it of the Mohicans," Isd, Cooper, pick, , i beiiiit on his own ground ouee more, hand In hand v, iii, ., nowln the niaiily prime of a forester, than whom no hi. or w, Pus been ereateil since tiie day of the mythical Hobin . , American specimen an outlaw and a prim-dy thief, ., under .Norman oppression. Instead he had every ln.i!i-iy - adorn a iioMoumli of nalure unspoiled by contact with s , or the si'ltleliieiils. With this book Cooper achieved . : homo and abroad among the multitudes who lead what tie , denf ear to the charmer critics, charm they never so :-,.! means inrroc anions t licmselves and thereby made pad ; ,.. It was at this point that our siweessf id novelist w;is hi.!,. ,, seven years ami im-iueniaiiy io enjoy me uioiiie nin.-n v. bv foivi'ners who had confidence in their own estimate, .; ' even If the.v did not enrich the author by a share in !!,. - , ; editions of his works. Vet they nave him cordial welcome :. made a lion of hiui if he had permittee the show.. ( n, ti... scenery was more attractive to him than social displays. ; enjoyment In the smnny skies, of Italy, the mountains of S, :; old Cermaii e'ties. Meantime his pen was busy with '"'Ilie , lied Kover," " i.e Wept of Wish-ton-Wish" and ' 'i'he Wat.-i these "Tile lied liover" was most approved, surpassing "'1 l.e its interest to lovers of sea stories. Imitations ut these si..; v . had been jsprinxi'iK u after liis lirst venture like catboms i..' wake of a racer. His own books, however, wen? multiply;! , their imitations, belli;; published as soon as written in over in Kuro)ie and read as far east as Kirypt. .lerusalem and lspah.-p ill the "Letters of a Traveling liaehelor," "iiesideiice In j. to His Countrymen," "Homeward Hound" and "Home as 1.,. censor of ids native land and .shared the hatred which ..,,y. especially when self appointed. He was not fitted to lessen tl, . pleasantness atlached to his mission. His own arrogance voked a similar spirit, which retorted In virulent personal a hi. checked In its jHiblie expression -by law suits, which laid the , limiting the license of the press in personal matters, but the enemies was undiminished for years. This was fostered by p-. he took in his ".Naval History of the I'nited States," ( outran ; view of the rcil hero In tin; battle of Lake Krie, hut fort;li. .i decisions in arbitration, in this ease, as in others, Cooper v.a. i.. right as from urbanity and suavity in maintaining it. ."still, it eeded that lie had not much encouragement to cultivate lli. se ;: lie much inclination. Hence it was "Atlianasius against tie more. lie mote thun held his own, but the record of the come.! to his literary reputation. "opjTiifht, 1WJ0. 1 w 8Uc. ' Hot 't-M'ti, '"t'i, '''t-r t!. -;.t '.'.v - at Mil A ffl M nf Q Mi ' ' '"''''.'Hi for r,l..j ' 1 ' .:.':.!.,J ";MU"., "'! tit 1 ! Lit ::..' TU ' " t!" ,raj, ' : -' in tie : : tijh all ' "it flatei "I.cttr.r :" '' is t ..hii.i,. U!J. :; ''- pro- '1 .'.is ivn ' '.-'"t of ...f L:i ' -m wMci '" l"KI :i!;.i., J" ' ar r'rijij ni.r Ul "rij" DLt not add .-J It 'ill wa ii- throwing a thin tissue of roman ". :i a Iiinidi'e.l line s. Tiie story ietii.u and alwa.is a favorite of d.ng blocked tiie proKr.-s of ev i'laiiL' li'i. i,, Muni limes to their h s re. ited (,r Iniiislaicl from liie a g!'' and t!;e most, numing li'm tin., j'-ar the nana- of '.eat!iei,s..el.:ng. from t wo . .;it nr.. -' c. nta.l of wihh .nicss, lie lias taken on ! titor Willi the wil.l I.eaM a e e witlioiit l'iHB de--ra.li 1 to tin nature have fallen upon a white so mid true nobility until a ; duel .! w lnrli Ulil.t be t:l -.vhi' e as only wavay he had i i.nteri'-tiug ;t I JfHiTjJU ive pa l art.v learn i ne si. Ilul in per h i I . l:ie mail" the be yronona'.'S liicii I Am. i can, ovolv. I adv nrnrer with ;! jpan i'I its life, a struggle for ei.!e siobb'r l'nehill's i.i W (' I ' "'fyrw ' I wn.i 'I er the trapper and tiie as g-ood as true and as tutl.or. Sometimes the but impatient reader' and a-.'a:u to their gain. at charai b r. i f whom U-'ll tiie MT.cs (if tie " lie is t 'a' primiti e (he i a: !y ctiloihst and Is color and be. ome a in wild Lidhin in the e level of either. The III ftsll of lia'ivo justice : pe of humanity is pro-k.-n as pristin,. la its j I Struck (lie WK(l(i Place, j Now I am (lOintr lo the KKillT : (Hie, the Braitlelioro Blue Store, I BLUE FRONT. 1 , l. native s.i sible that (II a I it'll i; It lhl.,1 piicity in a travesti i.i. siirvi e f all A me: It r less of : ;vts an s sl,,e t!: d honest d i i : : ; f - i . 1 1 1 Pi the L lvi! i a lis as ba- k in d giiil.-. and M'l-et.:. uiar is b !' t!:i h.i'! l.V pos. nriuimil 1. mal I ! u iae-e ret nr. pr. This i; !tm."M!o!!S Sl.e iiil; with sent of a inieli slainid be d:st ilil uished fnlil I 'on;., r's Irontiers teaa: als,, his Indian Jr. ::! !!:.. se a al a railway slai.oii on the J'lains. Tie ,.. charge that l.e i'li aii:'.i d the ri d proprietor . :' ti e woods and wabTs may lie partly lint by say in:: tt.at the race ; has ,t b. en liapioiid by rum or the ethics of i 3Cpi:r. trader- and the a-.-uts of a pat. Tail irovoriiiaoiit. j lie (loobiicao had liis unlovely siieaks, Put tiie early edm atiou furnislli d i ty tlif l'r!t'sli Auierleau settler deeUKH the vices of bolii races ill a for- ; ( Vie sod. 'Jn learn what was Cooper's r. st, ration of the abog lial type the Ev. i.e-ili.ei-.slo'-kin:,''- tales !H be fee! and in tiie r..Hov.-1'ig order If the career -:t the woodsman is to be tract. I to tie- did: 'The I ' :-!::. r." -''he Last of the Moiiieaa--." "The I'at'ilimh r." "'I 'he I'ioneers" and "'I he I'rairie." although this is not the or lor in Uieh I hey . re w ritt-n. When i '..Hjper had i'-atiiied ins p.ve of r.ihnv by .:. turing life tiptm tiie frontier i;i "The I'iniie. he tared to his v. ! l.v m- of s.-, -'a liie.; years ,-ind wrote "The Pilot." iieellel.'-il is said, by Scott's h'tiii.!. rs in his "l'irale." Two flesh holds had been blokell wl he I ;il. -r.-d ! i 'i ett.- ..I.I as the sc. I am) . uilivaiiil evor since C!yses sailed tlu' "imharvi Mod deep," from which. Siowever. a large el-op of stories has been taken fi'oia Virgil's t lint thoie vias enough h it in its dep'hs and on its am) bree;'.v .ori of man, lie loved tiie wide ocean next lo the boundless finest, i'le was j ot aluays linically i areful about ih tai's of ...iup...:;,1. but nimle ;ao lands!. .an'.-, mistakes about ships' rigging and sail : Inr..., A man-of-war wa-) in l is day n thing of beamy when under full - hi. if no so f-rritie in tiatti- .-is lis hard sl;.-!l sii. cess..:-. 'I'he romance of ' agine n-oi-.i is now the toi.ii on s..Ven .-as but i ...H-r's "Wing and Wl: g" faie-i.-s will always ; ieop!e a r. . e.pii ; age with n r:n e of li-.-liting sailors v. 1... h. loi -,-,1 t.. a perilous "line in oil!- a:!y dier,. Tl.e'r c.iiMs.-ts with a gi-ai iaa:i::'ie i..M-rcan ':ics.t be i..,l, i-sto.ul in tie. p i...- oi "Tli,. I'iioi" ,rl "Tiie I.'e.I liover." In :.hese departments el fr.-ati. r an.l m :i hie Cooper l.o. aiae m.r lirst historical -iMVi-bsi, having Scot: ca! f. r a i.val. and Unit wi;!i. i!t being his imitator. Jn )ii-iiish g'-oiiiid their I ..:, . -Id sid.. by side and had the same translators 'into foreign tongues. La. h in hi own way brought credit to his country and .treat renown to himself, ihr, ii v as in sir Waiter's ow n Lilinburgh and in .its Iteriow that tiie words were written. "The empire of the sea is conceded to Cooper by niMamjttion." Kvery writer must have liis i;;, an,) downs, and Cooper's alternated with .Stove., Ilaii'.'cs v Ware, I'liiiiil. Le:ul J'iH', Steam Fitting an. you Liken :i look :it tliat new FURNACE! leafs tiie woiM ! Soinetliinir new! (heat liai'giiins in Tin, .Japnneil :md IIolI in It me onward. to make a most was. A large JOHN GALVIN, - 53 Main St. Good Morn ins! DO yOU USE A QUAKER RANGE? 6 i-Vi"'" "'" -o i a. "yr I .i.;--. IT- s HOLD I3-V- LOCK, Saxtons River, Vt.