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TTIMIE JJOHI CD COMET Thirty-Third Year. , JOHNSON CITY, TENNESSEE, THURSDAY, MAPCH 22, 1917. Whole Number 1707 SON THE ADAMSON LI IS VI THE ..DECISION IS ONE OF MOST EPOCHAL TIM CONGRESS HAS ALL MO N.ECKSSARY TO ..KEEP OPEN A 1,1 THE CHANNELS OF INTER. , STATE COMMERCE Washington, March 19.- In :.n e( ochal decision holding congress to li. clothed with any and all power ne essary to keep open the channels o interstate commerce, the Suprenn Court today dividing five to four, sua tained the Adamson law as constitu. tional and enforclble in every fea ture. k The immediate effect of the deck Ion will be to fix a permanent ,eigh hour basic day in compiling wag scales on interstate railroads, f which a nationwide strike twice h:. been threatened and to give enforc, ment January 1 this year, increasi ill wages to trainmen of about 23 pe cent, at a cost to the railroads est. mated at from $40,000,0(10 to $50 000 000 a year. The court, through Chief Justi; White, declared both carriers an their employes, engaged in a busine; charged with a public interest su ject to the right of congress to coi. pulsory arbitrate a dispute affoctiii the operation of that business. "Whatever would be the right of s employe engaged in private busine: to demand such wages as he desire, to leave the employment if he do. not get them and by concert of a( tion to agree with others to loav on the same condition," said the opt ion, "sich rights are necessary su' Ject to limitation when cmployme is accented in a business charged wit power1' to regulate commerce by co gress applied and the resulting rig' to fix in cas of disagreement ar dispute a standard of wages as v have seen necessarily obtained." SOUTHERN TO REPLACE EVERY FRAME TREST1.J Ashville, N. C, March 20. Ever frame trestle on the 228 miles of the Southern Railway System's line be tween Morristown, Tennessee an Salsbury. N. C, will be replaced Im permanent structures of steel and cot crete when the work of strengtheninl this line, which has been in progres for several month's is completed. Over this line is handled a large volume of coal moving from Virginia and Tennessee mines and a heav; miscellaneous traffic in both dire tions. That part of it between. Mor ristown and Asheville has the heav iest traffic of any line of the Southeri Railway System, including the recen ly inaugerated movement of Southeri coal for export through the port o Charleston. J CS1I00LS CLOSED FOR LACK OF Fl El Charlotte, N. C. March 10.' A fuel famine in Morganton, N. C, has be come eo serious that the public cshool were ordered closed today to rcmat closea either until the famine is bro ken or the weather grows warmer Coal dealers say the famine is due it a car shortage and that they are un able to get coal delivered. A Missouri editor refuses to pub lish obituary notices of people win failed to subscribe for his paper. H gives this pointed reason: People wh, dp not take their home paper are dea( anyway, and their passing has no new value. He's right. Campbell Count) Citizen.' .-ki. TlUYELl'sG KK Rl TINJ PARTY ARRIVE IN (ITV F Shea, B. M. First C. U. S. navy and D. M. Maxey. C. n. M., withe t traveling recruiting party, are in the city and have opened a recruitinf offlce in the postofflce building, when they will examine and take in younf men who wish to join the navy. It Is expected several recruits will be re ceived from this city and section dur fng their stay here, a holding it mi sterinV; oct of tenn troops Knoxvllle. March 19. Following the sinking of three American ships Sun day orders were received in Knoxvllle from the war department counter manding the orders for the muster ing out of troops C and D. Tennessee cavalry. .... ID MACADAM ROAD TO JOHNSON CITY Route From Bristol by Way f Plnev Flats Is Aow ..Provl4Ml For A new macadam road from Bristol to Johnson City, which will be some eight miles shorter than the present route by way of Elizabethton,. is pro vided for as a result of the bond issue voted in Washington county last Sat urday. The new road is by way of Piney Flats and Watauga, the Wash ington county road joining ine Sulli van county road at the Watauga river bridge at Watauga, four miles wese of Piney Flats. s While it is expected that tlio new road will divert some trade from Bris tol to Johnson City from the section )f Sullivan county that i;; closer to Johnson City than Bristol, in the man it is figured that the new n,ad will oe a great benefit to Bristol as well js its rival city. It will Ik- w.li-wiiu'd y many people living along the wad .ind tributary to it,' in Suliivyn and vV'ashington counties. The Washington county link of the new road isprovided for in the bond issue that has been voted and it will be built within the next year. - Herald Courier. SUPREME COURT UPHOLDS .SEED LAW OR STATE On Saturday, March 10th, the Su preme Court of ' Tennessee handed down an opinion holding that the Tennessee Pure Seed Law, Enacted in 190!), was constitutional. It was car ried to the highest tribunal in an igreed case by Hon. H. K. Bryson, commissioner ot agriculture. He took this action after certain seedmen of the state objected to salien feature of the Act and for years practically ignored the law. In an opinion of wine twenty pages the court says that "The act stands under all the tests so applied to it." The decision of the court of last resort will no doubt meet with the approval of the farmers of the state since this same law affords them un usual protection and prevents Ten nessee from being made a dumping ground for field seeds containing all 'iinds of poisonous and noxious weed seeds. " IheWMnheJdjejtjijlres on every package of field seeds offered for sale within the -state a tag or label show ing the name of seed, name and ad Iress of .the dealer, statement of pur ity and germination and percentage if impurities if below standard and locality where seed was grown.,' Commissioner Rryson urges the farmers of the state to watch for this tag or label, as well as for the inspection stamp, and to see that the law upon the subject has been fully complied with. WASHINGTON' COUNTY TO BUILD INSANE ASYLUM Advertisements, for bids by the county for the building of an insane asylum at the' county farm,' located about three mile's south of Johnsboro. are now being made, and as soon as possible the work on the construction of this much needed building for the 3ounty's unfortunates, will be started Sentiment in this county is strong for .his worthy matter and at a late term of the county court a ten cent speci- d levy was authorized for this build ing, and the money resulting from the levy will be used in builing a one 3tory, twelve room hospital at the county farm. ,The building will be 3f brick and w ill have all modern con veniences. There are many persons in the county who are unable to send their friends to the insane asylum at Knox illfe, and this building will be ar ranged that it will fill the needs of .he county In every particular for p&tients entering It. rlORK. ON NEW COLLEGE ' WAS BEGlfi MONDIY ' 'Excavation for the foundation hav ng been completed, work on the foun dation walls of the hew Sullins col lege Bristol, was begun Monday. This ,vork is to be pushed with all possible ipeed, as Dr. W. E. Martin is planning to open the new school next fall, and the new structure will be absolutely issential under the circumstances. I'he new school is to be non-sectarian t is said, and will seek patronage .Tom families ot all church denomi nations. It ft expected to bring pat onage from many of the states. , UNIVERSITY BOYS PREPARE FOR WAR More than 100 students at the Uni versity of North Carolina, at Chapel Hill, have enlisted to drill two hours a week under a United States drill sergeant. A telegram has been sent i the War Department . requesting J the loan of the necessary number 'of ' guns. WANTED 20 to 40 acres good farm land within four miles Johnson City. W. B. Ellison, Slack Building, John son City. NEW The Tennessee Sunday School Association has designated Sunday, April 8th, as Go-to-Sunday-School Day, and Governor Rye has proclaimed and set aside said day as Go-to-Sunday-3chool Day for Tennessee. A welcome awaits you in the various Sunday Schools. MAJORITY FOR ; $-4 BIDS GIN fejk TOTAL ..VOTE IN ..THE OVER U'OO THIS MEANS THAT THE WORK OF BlILDING ROADS IN WASHING TON CO IN TV HAS TAKENOX A NEW 1NPETI S After another hard fight between the voters of the county on the ques tion of a bond issue for road build ing the $750,000 issue won in Sat urday's election by a majority of 514, according to the unofficial vole as tabulated. The total vote in the county was more than 4,20o, and 1, 547 of these votes were cast in John son City. In the Ninth district, which includes Johnson City, 1,343 votes were cast for the issue and only 133 votes against. The vote here fell off between five and six hundred, hence the majority for bonds was not as large as .had been expected. Several voters in each ward in the city did not vote for nor against the issue. o-Uv--i-i-t- otd" -tor wvna nf tkhm commissioners. Jonesboro, in which the Fifteenth district is located, cast 70 votes for and 201 against. The Sixth district cast 3 votes for and 91 against, and the Thirteenth district cast five vote.4 for and 145 against, being the ban ner districts against, the proposition Seven distlicts In the county gave majorities' in favor of the issue and eleven gave majorities against it. In the race for Road Commission ers, W. J. Barton, E. J. Baxter, Dr. J. R. MeCrary, O. C. Hale and K B. Mitchell were winners. The election passed off quietly throughout the county and is con ceded to have been one of the fairest elections ever held in the county. It is slated that for the first time in many years that no wnisKey nor money was used at any of the polling places. It is believed that there will be no contest or any litigation of any kind to' hinder the carrying out of the wishes of the voters. The commission will meen at once and perfect an organization and the bonds will be advertised for sale and preparations for road building will b" started at once. VIOLATION OF THE "BLUE SKY LAW' Nashville, Tenn., March 21.JR. ti. Moss, of Hastings, Florida, was arrest ed by Sheriff Wright on a warrant charging him with selling Florida land in this state in violation of the "bfce sky law" governing investment companies operating in this state. Moss gave bond for his appearance and was released. This arrest is a result ot the determination of Secre tary of State Stevens to enforce the "blue sky law". This law was en acted in 1915, and regulates and sup ervises the operation, of investment companies in Tennessee. This law included in the ' definition of invest ment companies "every corporation, co-partnership of company, other than banks, trust companies, mort gages companies, building and loan association and corporations not or ganized for profit." ' VETERAN OF CtSfEIt CAMPAIGN PASSES AWAY Portland, Maine, March 20. Edwin B. Wright, of, this city, who was a member of the Seventh U. S. Caval ry at the time of the Custer massacre died at the national soldiers home at Togus yesterday, aged 67 ' years. Trooper Wright carried a dispatch from Gen. Custer to Maj. Reno just before the battle of the Little Big Horn and is believed to have been the last living man to have seen Cus ter alive. ' . , SUBSCRIBE FOB THE COMET . , "The Good Old V. S. A." Tn orniM t nmnr IU DL0IN HI Ul UL IILSlILiS OF CONGRESS APRIL TO TAKE ACTION' 0..S. OHEflCE OF ' t IS ADMITTED Tit AT WAR EXISTS BETWEEN THLi COUNTRY AND GERMANY-CONGRESS RELIEV ED TO BE IN f AVOIl OP DEC LARATHllir OF W AR , . Waul) iiyf r-n"V. Wilson today called an extra session of congress to convene on .Monday, April 2, to take action on the state of war which is admitted exists be tween the United States and Ger many. Congress at that time will probably be asked to declare that a state of war has existed since the recent date when German submarines began a series of warlike operations against American commerce. The president's proclamation states that he calles congress in extra ses sion for it to receive a communica tion from him concerning the grave questions affecting the national policy The proclamation does not state that the president considers that a state of war exists but leaves the puestion for discussion in his addross and for congressional action. The president's decision was made as a result, of yesterday's cabinet meeting at which practically a unan- moits opinion was expressed that while preparations were going for ward to put the nation in a state of armed neutrality, congress, which alone has war making power, should be summoned. The sentiment in con gress is understood to be overwhelm ingly in favor of a declaration of war as a result' of .Gemany's acts and the fact that a state- of war already exists. : ... ' ' NEW STATIONTO BE ERtft'TED AT KINGSPORT Kings port, March 21. Announce ment has been made that the contract for the construction of the new $50,000 passenger station for the , Carolina, Cliuchfield & Ohio railway, in. this city has been awarded to A. L. Marshall contracter, of Roanoke, Va., Clinton McKinzie, of 15 Braad street New York, is the architect. The station will be constructed of. brick and con crete and will bf; 36 by 160 feet. The floors will be of concrete and the roof of tiling. When the new passenger station is complete, Kingsport will , have one of the most modern stations in Tennes see. This will be the third station to be erected in this city by the C. C. & O., the others having been destroy ed by fire. TO ENLIST WOMEN' IN l" S SERVICE Washington, March 20. Secretary Daniels today ordered naval command ants at shore stations and all recruit ing offices to be prepared to nlist wonftyi in the actual naval service id case of an emergency. The judge advocate-general has ruled that wom en can be enlisted under the laws reg ulating recruiting. While it is not intended to place women. aboard ships, they may heutil ized for shore duty in connection with coast defense -work. ' I EXTRA SESSION E WITH GREAT OBLISK PLANS OF CONFEDERATES SPOT IS ON A FARM ON WHICH JEFFERSON DAVIS WAS HORN AND CONTAINS 22 ACRES Fairview, Ky March 21. The birthplace of Jefferson Davis on a farm near here is to be marked by a great limestont oblisk, according to plans trying to brfng to completion. A tract of twenty-two acres near Fairview, which originally formed a part of the farm upon which Jefferson Davis was born was acquired several years ago by Colonel A. S. Cunning ham, of Nashville, Tenn., publisher of the "Confederate Veteran" and Gen eral Bcnnet II. Young who was four limes elected commander-in-chief of the United Confederate Veterans. They raised about $20,000, converting the tract into he Jefferson Davis Park, and if Is upon a summit of this park that it is1 proposed to erect the monument Geij. George W. Littlefleld "oi' .Austin, 1 ex. annoufiX'etf tliat he will guarantee an amount sufficient to In sure the completion "of the project if others would assume a fair share and Gen. Julian S. Carr, of Durham, N. C. has agreed to assume a further large share of the expense. In the mean time a campaign for further funds is in progress, and designs for the monu ment have been prepared with the in tention of beginning work on the fotiti dation this spring. The monument will be an obelisk of limestone and concrete 351 feet high, the tallest with the exception of the Washington monument of any other shaft of the kind in the' world. The base will be forty-three feet square with a room eightecgi feet square in the interion for the' sto. ing of relics. It is' pained to have the shaft completed some time early in the coming autum and to dedicate it October 22, 1917. SENATOR YARD A MAX W Ol LD SUPPORT WAR Jackson, Miss., March 21. J. K. Var daman, one of the 12 senators who prevented a vote on the armed neu trality bill during the last session of congress, tonight gave out a signed statement in which he promised that if congress should declare war on Germany, he. would "vote to give the president men and money, to the last soul and dwindling farthing, neces sary to hold my country's cause." LAUNCH DRIVE ON SOL10 SOUTH Washington, March 20. Convinced that the time is at hand to invade the thirteen states in an effort to assist the women who are struggling against "petrified constitutions the national woman's party will launch a drive on April 1 on the solid south, with Ten nessee among the first states to be visited. The campaign will be conducted from the tonneaux of motor cars which will carry the crusaders thru the principal cities of the south. At all state capitals conventions will be called of state bodies of suffrage and mass meetings Will be conducted in the larger cities. MANNING SAYS C S SHOULD BE ACTIVE Washington, March 20. Gov. Man ning, of South Carolina, a White Hous caller today, said that although he had, been opposed to war with Ger many until recently, he believed the time had ' come for using the full strength of the United States to pro tect its rights. He declared for an immediate summoning or congress, the calling out of the militia, the sum . 1 i.nnM .m1 .Via DtrgrPS- moning oi voiuuimu uu -oo . give use of the navy. J BIRTH MINERS ARE CONVICTED FOR DEFRAUDING COMPANY Officers and Men Chnrired With He porting Mure Coal Than Was Mined Lebanoh. Va., Marchlfi. The min crs who were arrested and lodged h jail here last Saturday for conspirac; !o defraud the Cliiu litiold Coal Co.-po ration in Dump's creek, have been put to workon the county roads. It lias developed that men liighci up, trusted employes, oilier than tho;; already arrested, are implicated an other arrests will follow. In all it i estimated that from 50 to Sit men ap implicated. Many made a clean g away. The plan was so well laid that i had been in operation several month causing a loss of several thousand di lars to the company it is claimed b. the script clerk and tipple buss repoi ing more coal going through the tij. pie than really passed through an. die miners drawing money to whlci they were not entitled. The othei men are being held for grand jury in vestigations. FARMERS ASKED TO GROW TOBACCO The following circular is being sent out by the Chamber of Commerce of Johnson City: "A movement is on foot to make the region tributary to Johnson City an important, tobacco growing sec tion. For this the climate and soil have been proved to be admirable, all conditions uniting to produce larg and fine yields of the well known Bur ley tobacco, which is in such de mand. i "Greene county, Tennessee, took up the raising of tobacco some ten years ago and it has made that sec tion rich. One farmer last fall sold a load of tobacco for $775. "One man can care for approxi mately four acres. If directions art carefully followed the culture is cam but lige everything else that is worth doinsat all, it must be done right. "If sufficient acreage of tobacco can be secured this season it is pro posed to build a tobacco warehouse ii Johnson City and thus secure a' per manent market for the product of the farms. Prices have run high for tin past year and there is every pros pect that they will continue so fot some years to come. "There was never a more opportune time to grow a crop of Burley to bacco than now. Kentucky is falli-.i; short of the. demand and manufactui ers of tobacco are desirious of haviiu a market established it Johnson City "We have a puntitty of seed an a booklet on the culture of tobacco or hand for free distribution to thpst interested; or a post card to tin Chamber of Commerce of Johnsoi City will bring you both direct. Ge: busy and He's make this sectioi known as a great Burley growing dis trict." TWO SUSPECTED GERMAN SPIES TLEAD GUILTY New York, March 21. Albert C. M. Sanders and Charles N, Wunnenberg today pleaded guilty to the indictment charging them with engaging in a military enterprise to send spies U Enland to get information for the Gel man military authorities. BONE-DRY BILL IN GEORGIA COM INI Atlanta, March 20. Members of the legislature, prohibitionists from ever) section of the state, and thousands o! Atlantans attended the prohibitior. rally held by the Atlanta "Bone-Dry' league here last night on hte eve of an extra session of the legislature called to consider . "bone-dry" meas u res. DOUBLE PROVEN Johnson City Readers Can No LnM . Doubt the Evidence This Johnson City citizen testified long ago. Told of quick relief of undoubter benefit The facts are now confirmed. Sucl testimony is completethe evidenc eonclusive. It formes convincim proof of merit. Mrs. Sarah Foran, 405 W. Popula street, Johnson City, says; "My bac' ached constantly and I was afflicte( with pains through, my . loins. M: kidneys acted irregularly, too. Whe I heard about Doan's Kidney Pills, : got some from the Whitehouse Dru; Co., and they fixed me up in goo shape. .Mrs Foran gave the above accoun of her experience in December, 193 ' and on March 10, 1915, she said: .", have taken Doan's Kidney Pills of and on since I last recomended then and have always had good results They are a worthy kidney medicine.' . Price 50c, at all dealers. Don't simply ask for t kidnoy remedy get Doan's Kidney Pills the same thai Mrs. Foram has Jwice publicly recon mended. Foster-Milburn Co., Props. Buffalo. N. Y. 11 AGAINST I SUB MENACE PLANS ARE STARTED AT DIREC TION OF PRESIDENT SPEEDS UP-S CONSTRUCTION . AUTHORIZES EXPENDITURE OF EMERGENCY FUND. SIXTY CHASERS TO BE BUILT Washington, March I !. Prepara tion for aggressive action by the navy against the .German submarine men ace began today at the direction of President Wilson. The president authorized the ex penditure of the $115,000,000 emer gency fund provided by congress to speed up naval construction and pay for special additional war craft, and he suspension of the eight hour labor law in plants engaged on navy work. Immediately afterward Secretary Daniels ordered the New York navy yard to begin building sixty subma- ine shasers of the 110 foot type, to e completed in from sixty to eighty lays. With the president's approval, the secretary also ordered the gradua- ion of the first and second classes at the Naval Academy. The first class will go out on March 2!i, releasing 172 unior .officers to fill existing vacan cies, ami the second in September, I'urnishing 202 more a full year be fore they otherwise would be availa ble. While the energies of the navy will be concentrated for the present of ef forts ' to get into commission craft designed principally to destroy sub marines and guard the coast, war ship building generally will be speed ed up under the recent agreement with private builders and with the funds now available. "' NEW PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IS FORMED Kingsport, March 19. First steps to organize a Presbyterian church in his place were taken yesterday. Four jf the commission appointed by the Jolston Presbytery met here to con fer with local Pesbyterlans and to issist in the organization of the churc The commissioners were Dr. C. C. Carson, Rev. McMillan and Elders S. 3. McCormick and J. D. Faucette. Following a sermon by Rev. Mr. dc.Millan the new church was form- lly organized . with 62 members. NATIONAL FOOD SUPPLY POLICY TO BE PLANNED New York, March 10. A national ,-ongrcss of farmers, producers and growers will meet here late in May . r early in June, it was announced oday by Mayor Mitchel. It is pian led to have the governor of eacli state -end three delngates. representing rain producers, animal food indus- i-ies and vegetable and fruit, growers it also is planned to develop a nation al food supply policy. 'RAM ERS TO GET MONEY AT FIVE PER CENT Washington, March 10. The farm ian board annouced that the in, ercst rate on all loans of land banks nade to farmers through the country vill be five per cent. A rate of four tnd one-half per cent on bonds of ianks will be issued also, It was an lounced. ERMAN LOSS FOR MONTH IS (.0,471 London, March 10. According to of icial lists kept here, the total casual ies or Germans retried for the .lonth of February in killed, dead tie to wounds, or sickness, men made trisoner and missing amount to 60, 71, making teh total German causal Ies since the beginning of the war, xcliirive of those in the navy or the olonnes 4,148,163. 1 1! I) K IIS HOME BEEN ' ISSUED FOR LOCAL REASONS Washington, March 21. War De partment officials said no new orders concerning National Guardsmen had gone out from hero since the recent instructions to State Adjutants Gen eral outlining the plan to bo followed In the event of an other call upon State troops for Federal service. Any orders suspending mustering out, they said, must have been issued by the Southern departmental commander for local reasons.