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7 v rimiE JOHNSON CITY, TENNESSEE;! THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 1917. Thirty-Third Year. Whole Number 1711 ,.N FIGHT HAS mm GOVERNOR RYE'S slOIHINSON- EM COMET HENS WARNED H TAKEN BY THE ' ON THE FRENCH IN II BIG BATTLE BEGUN SOCIALISTS 'ARE FOR PEAdEMOVE PHIL1PP SCHEIDEM AN MAJORITY SOCIALIST LEADER OF fiERWA XV NOW IN COPENHAGEN i 7.000 1 MB MEASUBE PRO i I NT CHAIRMAN DENT LEADS FlfillT AGAINST SELECTIVE DRAFT FEATURE HOUSE FIRS VOLUNTEERS THOSE FAVORING AM) THOSE OPPOSING SELECTIVE DRAFT I.INF.II I P Washington, April 18. Lines were drawn today for a great fight between the administration and opponents In the house of the plan to raise the war army by selective draft. While President Wilson was at the Capitol telling senators and repre sentatives " that no compromise be tween the volunteer and draft system could be accepted with safety to the Nation, the house military committee by a vote of 12 to 8 adopted amend ments to the administration bill au thorizing calls for volunteers in in crements of 500,000 and provided that the draft shall be applied only in the event the president decides that the force needed cannot be raised and maintained under the volunteer plan. The president made very plain to those with whom he talked his deter mination to have the staff bill enact ed. There seems no doubt that he will appeal directly to the country, if necessary, and tell the people that, in the opinion of the military advisers of . the government, as well as adminis tration official national safety demand that the war be prosecuted under plans prepared by the army experts after long study and consideration of I lessons learned from the war in Eu rope. The president thinks that full op portunity for volunteers is offered un der the staff bill, since there will be room for 724,000 voluntary enlistment In the regular army and National Ia utldiuou the door is thrown wide open to men who are qualified to be come officers. The chief amendment of the house committee follows: That the president be and he is hereby authorized to call for 500,000 volunteers under and In accordance with the act of congress, approved April 25, 1914, (the army reorganiza tion act). "Provided that such volunteer for ces shall be recruited in local units as far as practicable and company officers may be appointed from such uujts upon passing such reasonable and practicable examinations as to fitness as the president may direct. "And provided further that upon the completion of the enrollment as provided in this act, and in the event the president decides that such ad ditional force or forces cannot be ef fectually raised and maintained under the call for volunteers as herein pro- vided, the president be, and he is heroby, authorized to raise and organ ize the same by the selective draft, as herein provided." In the senate committee a propos al to insere authority for the presi dent to call 500,000 volunteers under existing law was defeated. It was of fored by Senator McKellar, who was among those who conferred later with President Wilson and heard the fixed resolve of the chief executive to ac cept no compromise on the army plan ho has proposed. The publication today of the list of officers' training camps to be estab lished, indicates only an element of the work that already has been done. Most of the plans are held as confi- H.nfiai hnuvr fl,lfl will not be eiv-1 en out until congress has acted. IS. RYDER MAKES Mrs. John Hyder, who confessed to killing her husband at their home the 8th district on Easter morning and who was given a preliminary hearing at Jonesboro on Wednesday fnllnwlne has made bond In the sum nf Sr. 000 and has been released from jail. It Is stated that she returned to the home of her parents. Mr. and Mrs. A. P. Broyles, in the 8th district, Sun- day. It is stated that- Mrs Hyder's health is very bad and that she "has differed a number of nervous collap- gem. Nothing new in the case has de- rinnl accordlne to late reports, The case will be heard at the next term of circuit court at JoneBboro. RENEW EFFORTS OfJ STATE IRKS LEGISLATION WILL SEEK TO BRING ALL INTO FEDER L RESERVE SYSTEM Washington, April IS. A renewal of .efforts, on a nation wide scale, ro bring State Banks into the Federal reserve system is to be made shortly as part of a comprehensive program looking to the further mobilization of the country's financial resources, Legislation looking to this end was TO favorably reported today to the sen- of watchful waiting., exerting every ate by Chairman Owen., of the bank- effort to avoid a rupturo with Ger ing and currency committee. The many, striving in every May to pre commlttee not only favors the enact-! vein war, moved alone by a deep con mcnt of amendments to the reserve act which failed at the last session of congress, but proposes new ones which, it enacted, would result in re- moving one of the chief objections of State Banks to coming into the sys tem, the restriction against interlock ing ''directorates. Amendments reported today, by their failure specifically to mention interlocking directorates on the part of state and national banks will permit in the opinion of Senator Owen it formerly accept the status of bel the' entry into the system of state' ligerehls thus thrust upon It and take institutions whose directorates also may be directors of national banks. 'ie .proposed amendments also would -allow state banks to exercise the privileges now accorded them un der state laws and would impose upon them a minimum of restrictions. An other feature of the amendments would permit state banks to withdraw from the system should they for any reason desire to do so. 115 TO BE BuLU liiiAPiilL- SOI: Governor Thomas C. Rye has an pointed Messrs. W. J. Barton raid G. C. Hale as delegates to the fifth m i nual U. S. Good Koads Association i which meets in Birmiiurham, Alt'., this week. .Messrs. Barton and Hale left Monday morning for Birmingham, where they will attend this Meeting and where they will satire informa tion on how to 'build good roads Uiat when road building in The couir.y is begun that Washington county may have the best, system of pike roads to be found in any state or section of the cou.it ry. It is announced by tlm Road Com mission of the county that the ?ib0, 000 bond issue voted by the 'count n March 17th, will be sold on April 30. Already more thau one hundred in- Juil ics. have been received bv the commission relative to the bnds ihd it is believed that they will find a fine market. When the bonds are sold ihe com missioners will begin the building of the roads and the work vill be push- ed as fast as possible throughout the county, so that much of the work may be completed before the winter weath er sets in. Messrs. Barton and Hale will spend several days in Birmingham and while there they will get all the information concerning roads that is possible lor them to get. They will meet with road builders from many states and get their ideas and methods of build ing roads, all of which will be of great benefit to them in building the "isuways ior vtasn.ngion count. AX EXPLANATION WILL HE DEMANDED Bouenos Aires, April 17. The fact having been established that the Ar gentine sailing vessel Monte Proteg ido was sunk by a German submarine the Argentine government, it is stated on scood authority, has decided to de- mull1 au iinmc,uate explanation from Germany. Buenos Aires, April 17. The Ger- man minister is said -to have intimat- ed to the Argentine government the possibility of assuring that in the future no Argentine vessel will be at tacked by the Germans under certain conditions. ' The German minister has with drawn his protest relative to the re- cent hostile manifestation, in view of the fact, as he himself expressed it. that they were not due to Argentln eans. PLEADING WITH THE PEOPLE TO - STAND BY THE PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS ESPECIALLY TO F REQUESTS ALL CITIZENS TO THINK SOBERLY THAT AVE MAY PROFIT WITH HONOR To the People of Tennessee: Nashville, Tenn., April 16. Presi- dent Wilson, after days and months sciousness of duty to the' American people,- governed and controlled by unselfish motives, yielding to the al most universal demand of a peace- ; loving, but patriotic people, on the 2 mst., requested . the congress of the United States assembled in extraordi nary session, to "declare the recent course of the Imperial German gov ernment to be, in fact, nothing less than war against the government and the people of the United States that immediate steps, not only to put the country in a more thorough state of defense, but also to exert all its pow ers and employ all its resources to bring the government of the German Empire to terms and end the war.".. By reason of these conditions, American has never faced a graver crisis with reference to its foreign affair in all its. history. Confronted as we are by impending war, our people should take counsel on the vital question of food supply. It is just as necessary to organize the peo ple for economic production in times like these;, as -it is to-' organize our fcWrtr-s. tr dfifeni'e. '.' 'fjccrctaiy of Agriculture Houston, I in a statement Issued March- ZTgives sound advice to the nation. He says: "Both for economic and patriotic reasons, the American farmer should strive this year for the highest stan dard of efficiency in the , production and conservation of food." AVe have been so . prosperous and lived so extravagantly until extrava gance has become a national vice We are notoriously wasteful in the use of food, and we have never practiced economy in food production. Impressed with the gravity of the situation, and being desirous of invit ing the attention of our people to this important question, I, Tom C. Rye, Governor of Tennessee, do by this proclamation call upon all the peo ple of the stale to put forth every effort for efficient food production and especially do I urge you to so plan aud work, as you have never planned aud worked before, that our people at home and abroad may be properly fed. Let me urge that you grow your own food supplies for family and for live stock, that you practice economy conserve labor, avoid waste and deny yourself luxuries. Jo not be tempted by speculative prices to plant large crops with which you are not familiar, or which disturb the ordinary practices of sound agri culture. The times demand that every citizen think soberly and act wislcy, so that the high honor of the nation may be maintained. In order that we may profit the more by the suggestion herein made, and that they may result in some sub stantial good, let me urge that repre sentatives of all organized bodies in terested in agricultural productions in Tennessee , meet at some suitable time and place in the near future for a conference on the problems in volved. In testimony whereof, I hereunto set my hand and cause the great seal of the state to be affixed at the de partment in Nashville on this, the third day of April, nineteen huudred and seventeen. TOM C. RYE. Governor By the governor, IKE B. STEVENS, Secretary of State. 1(H) PER CENT INCREASE IN. BREAD PREDICTED Jacksonville, April 19. S. P. Mc Donald, president of the National As sociation of Master Bakers, speaking here today for the convention for the Southeastern Master Bakers, predict cn a hundred per cent increase in the price of bread within a year. Will Till II IB HEREIN PAPER ADMITS WELCOME IN PETROGRAD MAT NOT RE SO WMlH Copenhagen, via .London,' 'April 17. Peace within twoimonths and a half is predicted by the Copenhagon cor respondent of the tanish socialist press, who confirmSthe reports of un official negotiation, between Kinsia and German socialists as against the diplomatic denials;in the socialists' newspapers here and in Berlin. The first negotiations says tiie cor respondent, who is a socialist member of the Danish parlhnent, wore broken off, enabling two papers to launch a denial that they were in progress but they immediately resumed and .re be ing prosecuted vigorously. The cor respondent then eaters into a discus sion of peace terms" in which he ap pears to take German socialist expec tations and hopes Car the government policy. : i ','"'". "I am assured fom an absolutely trustworthy soun.," he says, "that Germany is ready fo restore Belgium and Serbia, evacuate France, and with . Turkey arrange an . agreement with Russia over the free navigation of the Dardanelles. An agreement is also possible on the Polishi.auestipn as the Russian government knows. The correspondent.;; pictures En-v HiinH na the sold, .obstacle at' neace. There is reason t k believe that the I first part of his s;atement regarding negotiations between Russ ia and Ger man socialists is correct,'' hut. his. ex position of Germa'tC peacRtetims con flicts .with the; rjeAnt official zette, that Germany is willing to con clude peace, but on tea ms compatible with the great sacrifice which she has made. He expressed the hope that the re newal recently of the proposal for a peace conference by Count Czernin, the Austro-Hungarian foreign minis ter, which the socialists are now trying to emphasize, has been barred definitely, saying it is undesirable to permit the western powers to have a hand in the Russo-German settlement. He intimates that Russia must rec oncile herself to the loss of territories considered necessary for the future greatness of Germany, but that she may procure compensation elsewhere probably in Rumania and Persia, which would enable her, he says, to Consider honorable and advantageous terms of peace. JOHNSON CITY WILL HAVE A LABOR PAPER J. WY Vance, district organizer for the American Federation of Labor, has announced that he will begin publishing a labor paper as soon as he can make the necessary arrange ments. Mr. Vance, states that he will issue a Weekly paper, as the official organ of organized labor for his district, which covers Bristol, Kingsport, Er- win, Jonesboro and Johnson City. He says the demand for skilled labor as well as common is greater now than ever before. He expects to publish his initial issue the middle of May. BOLIVIA lilVES PASSPORTS - TO HERMAN DIPLOMATS La Paz, Bolivia, April 18 The Ger man minister and his staff have been handed their passports by the Bolivi an government with a note declaring that diplomatic relations between Bolivia and Germany have been sev ered. v " RCSSIA WILL NOT ACCEPT PEACE Washington, April 19. Assur- ance reached Washington today that under no conditions that are now conceivable, will -the provis- ional government: oi EussJiA Jiild" to the overtures from Germany and Austrian Socialistic represen- tatlves to negotiate a separate peace. " ACTS OR ATTEMPTS TO SHIELD THOSE COMMITTING THEM WILL P.E PROSECUTED OF RESIDENT ALIENS AS WELL AS CITIZENS ARE SllUECT TO PROCLAMATION Washington, April 16. All persons in the United States, citizens and aliens, are warned in a proclamation issued today by President Wilson that treasonable acts or attempts to shielJ those committing such acts will be vigorously prosecuted by the govern 1 inent. I The proclamation defines treason, , citing statutes, provisions of the con stitution and decisions of the courts, ! and declares that the acts described j will be regarded within the borders of the United States or elsewhere. . Far-reaching importance attaches to the direction of the warning to aileus and the declaration that "resident aliens as well as citizens owe allegi ance to the United States" and there fore are oqtially subject to the laws against treason and like crimes. .. Citizens and Aliens Warned "And I hereby proclaim and vkrn all citizens of the United States, and all aliens, owing , allegiance to the ' government, of the. United 3tat3.?, to ' abstain from committing an and ell j acts which would constitute a viola- ' ir t unv ef (ha laa'j hai'aln cot forth; and I , further proclaim and warn all . persons who may commit such acts, that they will be vigorously prosecuted therefor. '..'' "In witness whereof, I have he3un to set my hand and. caused the seal hOf the United States to be affixed. " Done at theotty of Washington, this I'-t't ti;iy of April.' in the year of "our'lLoid one thousand nine hundred and Seventeen, and of the independ ence of the United States of America, the one. hundred and forty-first. "WOODROW WILSON. "By the . President, . "ROBERT LANSING, "Secretary of State." s GREASE THIS WEEK The local recruiting officers here report that recruiting from the lo cal office was some better during this week. Nine men were sent away Sunday. It is stated that since negroes are now being drafted for service that it is expected that great er activity will result. Four of the number sent away Sunday -were col ored men. More than a hundred men were taken Into the army in the Knoxville district last week. A recruiting officer stated to a reporter today that a majority of the recruits so far received at the local office were from rural sections, and that these sections so far have fur nished their pro rata share or recruirs He stated that in the cities and towns recruits "were very slow in coming in, but "that it was believed that a better showing would be made in a short time. . . EARL JONES IN HOSPITAL WITH PNW MONIA ATTACK Earl Jones, son of Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Jones, who was taken to Me morial Hospital Sunday for treat ment for pneumonia and pleurisy, is reported to be slightly improved. His many friends hope for him a speedy recovery. Mr. Jones is the congenial young clerk of the Jones-Vance Drug Co., He Is a student of the State Normal school, where he is very popular among "his classmates. HEAVY PELALTY FOR INJURY TO GOVERNMENT PROPERTY Washington, April 18. The senate bill imposing a maximum penalty of $10,000 fine, thirty years' Imprison ment, or both, -on "whoever in the United States, during time of war, shall willfully injure or destroy by fire, or by use of explosives, or by other violent means, or shall attempt so iit Injure or destroy any war util ities, building or other United States property," was favorably reported to the house today by the Judiciary com mittee. The bill passed the senate Monday. IN GAS FURNAGE RC.MORS OF MISCHIEF MAKING AROl'T JOHNSON CITY Reports of an alleged attempt to destroy .the gas plant and other prop erly at Johnson City. It is claimed that a fireman who was raking coke from one of the furnaces found a quantity of dynamite which blazed up and burned without explod ing as was probably expected. It is said the officials do not sus pect pro-German activity, but rather charge the redent attempts of this nature in the vicinity to some med dler who desires to create some ex citement. It is. said that the watch man 'at the .gas plant was fired upon a few nights ago, the bullet striking a watch in the man's pocket. The officials are placnTg guards about important' plants. in the city The Boy ' Scouts are guarding the sources of the city water supply. T AVOID THE RUSH The Southern Railway train No. 26, passing through Johnson City this morning was pulling an extra coach carrying Navy Recruits from Ashe vllle, and vicinity, enroute to Norfolk, Virginia. A sign was aglor with inscription, "Enlist now and Avoid the Rush. The boys seemed in jolly good spirit and anxious " to . respond to their country's call. . - MiimLniTicr ' Iniiflnr. MKIII THE "BONE-DRT LAW Washington, April 1C "Tennessee is bone-dry, but Memphis and Nash ville are anything but desert wastes," says the National Hotel Gazette in its latest issue, commenting upon the ef fect of prohibition and its enforce ment in the Volunteer State. The Gazette further says: "In Mem phis beer may be obtained in several clubs, while almost any wise chauf feur will guide the thirsty to cellars carefully guarded by lookouts. Once admitted, it is possible to buy whiskey in any quantity." The Gazette charges that quantities of liquor are stored in warehouses in Nashville and Memphis. It further says traveling men report much whis ky is smuggled from boats .plying the Cumberland and Mississippi rivers U-BOATS NOW IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN San Francisco, April 19. Warning that German submarines are believed to be operating in the Pacific were sent to all steamship captains at sea late yesterday by wireless by order of Lieutenant Commander E. C. Woods of the Twelfth naval district here. The warning said: "Information has this day been re ceived that German submarines are operating In the Pacific. Please noti fy all ships under your control and ask that they spread the warning broadcast." The location of the submarines was not made public. E TO PAY Washington, April 19. The house military committee today closed its hearings on the universal service bill after a large delegation of anti-con-scriptionists had voiced their views. The senate military committee work ing on amendments to the national defense act, has recomended to in crease the number of machine gun companies In each army division and increases of the general staff and non commissioned officers. Another proposal which will be ac cepted by the committee is to pay de pendents of. soldiers Sl5 monthly while they are in the service, a half year's pay to them if killed and twice that to survivors of men in the avia tion corps. HAVE ALSO CA PTC RED SEVENTY FIVE CANNON, SAYS OFFICIAL - REPORT HEAVY FIGHTING REPORTED DESPERATE GERMAN COl'NTER ATTACKS PUT DOWN WITH (ill EAT LOSS Paris, April IS. Since the begin ning of the great French drive on the southern end of the battle line, the i French have captured 17,000 unwound . j ed prisoners, together with 75 cannon I according to the official statement is sued by the war officers tonight, i The text reads: j "South of St Qucntin, after a very spirited bombardment, the Germans . attacked oiir positions east of Gauchy. The first attempt, stopped short by . our fire, was followed by a second of greater violence in the course of which groups of the enemy succeed ed in penetrating our advance ele ra nts. In the immediate counter-at tacks all the occupants were killed or taken prisoner. Our line waJ'om- pletely re-established. . Brilliant Success "On the west front of attack, these" operations resulted in a most brilli ant success. North of Chavonne- our troops occupied the village. of Osteb and drove back the enemy a kilometre (two-thirds of a mile) to the north. Braye-En-Laonnls was likewise cap tured, as well as all the ground to the east as far' as the outskirts of Court o son. .. Enemy Ronted "South of Laffaux our troops, cov ered on the south by divisionary caval ry, ; routed the enemy, and occupied Nanteuil-la-Fosse. "About 4:30 o'clock in the after noon the Germans launched a very vio lent counter attack, with two dlvis- our positions between Juyincourt and the Aisne. Our barrage and the fire of our machine guns broke down the attack and inflicted sanguinary losses on the enemy, who was able to reach our lines at one point. Russian Success "Tast of Courcy a Russian brigade completed its success, carrying a for tified work and taking prisoners. "In the course of the operations in all that region we captured 24 heavy field guns and three cannon of 150 militres intact with a thousand shells for each piece. These guns were turn ed against the enemy by our artil lery.. The total number of unwounded enemy prisoners whom we have tak en to the rear since the beginning of the battle exceeds at the present time 17,000. Seventy-five cannon have so far been counted." . t BELGIUMS ARE DYING FOR LACK OF F Havre, France, April 19. The Bel gian government has received by trust worthy means letters from responsi ble Belgians who have, been deported to Germany. The letters dated at the end of February or early in March, were written from the camps in which the men are being confined. Some passages follow: "Since February 1 we have had only two meals a day. The one In the evening has been discontinued. That was the best one, because we had corn." From another letter: "It is frightful here. We are dying of famine. We have a ration of bread, water and beets. That is all. We are skeletons covered with skin. Thirteen were counted in the Morgue yesterday and fourteen today. That is from among the 3000 or 4000 here: Conditions are most frightful in the and amps. If any one gives us" a little soup or something else to eat ho is punished with five days in prison." From another letter: "The situa tion becomes more and more unbear able from day to day. Every morn ing two or three dead are found in the huts. The doctors decline all respon sibility. Today 120 are dead at Camp We hope for our deliverance by the great offensive." r SECRET MEETING Washington, April '17. Plans for receiving the British and French war commissioners went forward today, surrounded by official secrecy, which is deemed necessary until the com missioners are here. J .