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THE OMAHA DAILY BEEMO\TDAY. APRIL 12 , 1835.
FROM THE STATE CAPITAL , All the Important Happenings of Two Days at Lincoln , DEATH FROM A DOCTOR'S DELAY. A Hnt-cMlcnrtcil Pill Dispenser hot * nVonmn Dlo Par Imolc of Money Kicking On City Improvements. trnfm THB unr.'n MS-COLX nunnAul. Saturday the wlfo of Al. Rose , im ox- Ruard in the penitentiary , was taken with labor pains , nndlho husband telephoned to n Lincoln physician to como out to their homo near the pen and tittcnd her. The doctor , it is stated , refused to co unless ho was paid in advance. Itoso had no money , and in his despair ap pealed to the guards , who promptly raised him $20. Tills ho sent to the hardhearted - hearted doctor , and aflor n long delay the man of pills and miserly meanness jogged out to Hose's houtc , The angel of death preceded him , however , and when ho reached the humble homo the poor woman was beyond his power to aid. Tlio matter is to ho investigated , and for the honor of the medical profession and fcweol charity's saku it ought to bo. HHICr MKNTIOK. Mnyar Uurr is in the threes of dcap despair trying to justify his proposed dis missal of Policeman Liltloliold. The croakers and grumblers against city improvements nro beginning to Hpcak out in meeting. Ono man who claims to own a lot on 0 street , objects to paving that highway because it will cost him 100 , and ho has never derived n cent of revenue from his property. The Jlui : man will go so far as to say that ho novcr ought to got a emit from it while the street roniains in its proscnt dis graceful condition. The now Y. M. C. A. rooms will bo opt-ncd to-ni/ilit. / This U. & M. paymaster is malting his usual welcome monthly visit. Peter Anderson , of David City is in the custody of the sheriff of Hiillcr county pending his trial for attempting to impale the members of the state sanitary com mission on n pitchfork. Peter had some glandcrcd horses , and the commissioners were about to kill them when ho served nn injunction on them with his fork. Dr. ( torth said ho had business about then in New Jersey , Major llirncy wanted to go up into Choycnno county and look after his trco claim , and .Johnson and Ham- hart concluded it would bo wrong to lot him go iilono. The consequence was a hurried adjournment , and the subso quonl niTcstof the wild and woolly Peter. Messrs. Francis U. Grablo , Joseph L. nnd Lewis Parrotto , of Kearney , have organized the Kearney ( Jattjo company , the avowed object of which is the breed ing and raising of live stock. The capi- mistook is placed at ij 50,000. A wrestling match for a stake of $1.00 and the dmmpionship of Lincoln , was decided in the basement of the Globe clothing store late Saturday night. The contestants wore Low Wessons and a young lad about one-half Wcssolls' inches and pounds. It was a catch-as-eatcli-can struggle , and Wessells was defeated in the iirst bout. Will S. Jay , of the Journalhas brought his family down from Sioux City , and is starling a little homo of his own in Lincoln. A heavy thunder shower Saturday night flooded the collars and basements in the business portion of the city , burned out the olectrio light wires , nnd in other wavs served notice that spring , with its heavy rains , lightning and winds , has como. A delegation of elate oflicials have gene to Kearney to attend the funeral of Cap 4. tain Jack Crawford. Wherever there is n line fence ( hero is trouble. Women jaw over the dividing barbs , mon shoot at ono another on ac count of thorn , and now the superintend ent of the hospital for the insane is in danger of becoming an inmate of lite own asylum because the railway officials ignore - nero his request to set their line fence where it belongs. Judge Pound has refused to give the gamblers permission to replevin their tools from Policemen Hallowoll and Lit- tleliold , who seized thorn on a search warrant issued by Judge Parker some weeks ngo. Miss Alary II. Walters is acting as secretary - rotary of the W. C. T. U. of Nebraska during the absence of Mrs. C. M. Leighton - ton in California. All business commu nications should bo addressed to Miss Walters , at rooms 1 < 1 and 15 , Littlu'a block , Lincoln. There wore ton transfers of real estate , in which the money consideration aggre gated $1,000 ! ) , recorded in the county clerk's ollico Saturday. Messrs. Hell is McCandlish report a total of $20,000 , In Omaha on the day preceding. A pretty good comparison. ADDITIONAL OOUNOIL BLUFFS NEWS A Brilliant Opening. The spring opening given by Ilarkncss Brothers at tholr dry goods and carpet establishment , Friday and Saturday even ings , proved to bo ono of the most bril liant affairs of that kind over occurring hero. The ontlro establishment was In holiday attlro , brightly lighted , and deco rated and adorned with pleasing arrange ments of attractive and rich goods in all lines. The otlico in the rear was occu pied by an orchestra of string instru ments , and music , flowers and similar features gave to the affair the refinement and elcganco of a parlor reception , The weather both evenings was rath er unfavorable for such an occasion , but the establishment was thronged witli Jmlh's and gentlemen , and 'tho pniiso ol all was miito enthusiastic , Tlio display of goods in all lines was certainly such as could but nrouso a fouling of pride that Council Hlull's had suoli an estaulishmont located lioro , and many were heard to express congratulations that the Ilark ncss brothers had concluded to remain hero for a time longer. The well known reliability of the house and the popuhu nuithods of bu.Miii'.ss , the oharaclor of the goods handled by them , and tliu value ol both members of the linn as citizens , caused such congratulatory expression ! to bn spoken from the heart. With such a variety of now goods as was displayed , any description must hi meagor. The main floor , from tlu pleasantly decorated front to the vcrj rear , was filled with now goods , attract ivcly arranged and displayed. The now dross goods , silks and balms , scorned tc attract chlolly the attention of the admir ing ladles. Summer white goods , em broideries ami l.iccs , woru presented ir bewildering variety. The showing ol embroidered dress patterns were capcc ially lino. Tuo glove department was very full. Parasols appeared In groai variety. A great many styles of ncl spring wraps also attracted special attcn tiou. tiou.Tho The second floor was no loss attractive Hero worn displayed carpets , moquettes velvets , body brub&ells , ingrains , all o the choicest and newest patterns , mak ing n feast for the eyes , and a temptatioi for the porkotbook. There were nisi displayed many rich curtain and uphols tery goods autf a variety of boaulifu rims. The thlrd.lloor was by no means nog Icctcil. Hero were displayed various window drnpinga nnd curUiIns. Netting ham , Turcoman portions * , Inro , etc. Art squares , oil clotlis , window shades , poles , fixlnres.C.viton matting , cnrpot sweepers , In fact , a variety of articles. Altogether the opening was an inter esting and pleasing one , and Ilarkncss Bros , , may well feel proud of It. An Old Mnn's SavlnRi. Lovl Darling , nn old man who has re sided hero for years , died at the Crcston house early Saturday morning. Ho had reached tlio ago of 77 years , nnd had been In feeble health all winter , so that his death was not wholly unexpected. Ho was a carpenter by trade , but for the past few years has not been able to work very actively nt it. Ho has , when able , done a little job work of various sorts , and was very prudent' with what little money ho thus got. At the time of his death it was supposed that ho had noth ing , and some of his old acquaintances nnd friends raised a small purse for the urposo of having him decently interred , 'ho undertaker , Mr. Morgan , in prepar- ng the body for burial found , hov/over , a ttlo lump in ono of the old man's stock- ngs , and opening it found it to consist of 2i)5 ) in gold and | 80 in greenbacks. ' 1 his vas moro than enough to give him such burial as was fitting without depending jtoii the generosity of old friends. The Id gentleman lias ono son , living in Ore- jon , and a telegram was sent him , but as 1 would take soinotimo for him to roach tore , the body was placed in u metallic asket and burled Yesterday. The sor- ! ce.s were held in Morgan & Keller's mi- erlaking rooms , Hcv. Dr. Cooley ollici- lating. A large number of citizens were resent nnd followed the remains to the ometcry. Koulicut "WIillc Asleep. A young man who sleeps in Bokay's jam , whore ho is employed , found on iwakcning yesterday morning that dur- ng the night some follow had got away vlth his vest. There was in the vest a lockctbook containg a certificate of do- iosit for $50 and a silver watch. A col- red boy , William Wallace , had been All owed to sleep in the barn , and suspicion ell upon him , and upon another colored cllow , Henry Jamison , ami both were arrested. A little follow , Louis White , estorday found the vest stuck in the reck near Seventh street , and turned the ind ever to the police , The poeketbook md contents , and watch were with the cst , so that the mystery was not cleared UD very much. Personal Alex. Malmrosu was in off the road to spend Sunday. Senator Dooley , of Keokuk , is in the city visiting friends. Mrs. O. M. Urown , who has been visit- ng in Ohio , has returned homo. Mr. Buchanan , superintendent of the Council Bluffs & St. Louis railway , was in ho city yesterday. John Francia , assistant passenger agent , and II. L. Hall , western passenger agent of the B. & M. road , were in the city yes- erdayand left for St. Louis ever the Council Bluffs & St. Louis road. Ernest Brock , the well known mission ary for Perogoy & Moore , and ono of the iveliest knights of the grip , returned 'rom a successful trip Saturday , and will low start , on a well earned play spell , for the California clime. AND ORDER. The LicaRito Takes a Hand in tlio license Question. Tlio Law and Order League Hied a doc- uncut with the licence board Saturday evening denouncing the way that licenses iavo been granted saloon-keepers in the ; > ast. They say that it is not in nccor- : lance with law and order that non- property owners should bo taken as bondsmen for saloon-keepers , and wish an investigation and revision of this practice. They say : The league would further represent that heretofore it lias been customary for boinls- inen to bo on more than ono bond a plain violation ot law which should bo prevented in tlio future. To this wo call especial atten tion and runucbt that an examination ho iiuulo of bondsmen produced by applicants for license. The Interests of our citizens demand that tlio sale of intoxicating liquors should bo confined to reputable business nun and not entrusted to lawless , reckless individualsjwho seek to bocuro license by misrepresentations , perjury and violation of law. Your honor able board has full control In the premises ami a fair regaid for tlio good namoand pros perity of Omaha demands careful and con scientious action on your part. Nothing less than tills will satisfy our law abiding citizens or the JaiRo business Interests which this league represents. A colored railroad porter says of trav eling ; brides : " 'Sporiouce teaches dat doy is tickelcd mightily of you mistakes dero husbands for bruddcrs. 1 docs it every time now , an1 hits "om fo' a dollar , sluiali. ' ' _ HOUSEKEEPERS that fall to acquaint themselves with tlio value of JAMES PYLE'S PEAKLINE in the kitchen and laundry deprive themselves of the most convenient and useful artiolo of the ago- A demented and apparently poverty- striken woman , who was sent from Brooklyn to the Flatbush aslyum , was found to have over ! ? } JOO in her posossion upon reaching the institution. U. S. Senator Gorman , of Maryland , styles Ucd Star Cough Cure , a valuable discovery. The petroleum wells of Upper Burmah have boon worked for 2,000 , years and still produce abundantly. They are gen erally four foot six inches square and are sunk to a depth of 250 to 850 feet. The Burmese have novcr learned tlio secrets of relining , and their exports have no ! been largo. When fishermen ' * limbs are numb with cold , St. Jacobs' Oil gives thorn now life. A Grand Raplda , Mich. , lady , fearing burglars , hid her elegant diamond ring in a bunch of second-hand hair the other night. Next morning , having forgotten burglars as well us the diamond , she throw the hair into the stove. Don't hawk , nnd blow , and spit , but use Dr. Sago's Catarrh Remedy. Dr. Farrand. of Charleston , W. Va. was 100 years old on the 1st day of March Ho is a halo old man , walks about the city alone , and reads without glasses , Ho was once a very well known Philadelphia physician , _ P1LKS A suio euro for Blind. Uleedlnsr , Itchln ami Ulcerated Piles has been discovered by Dr. Williams , ( an Indian rciaedy ) , called lr William * ' Indian Pile Ointment. A single l > ax 1ms cured the worst chronic cases of ii or BO years standing. No ono need suffer five iiiiuutua after applying this wonderful sooth in ) ; medicine. Lotions 'and instruments do more harm than good. Williams' Indian I'llo Ointment absorbs the tumors , allays the intense itching , ( pattlcuhirly at night after cutting warm in bed ) , acts as n poultice , elves instant relief , and is proiiaied only for Piles itching of private parts , and for nothing else. K1CIN' DISKASK3 OUHHI ) . Dr. Vrazlurs Mairic Ointment euros as by made , Pimples , Black Heads or Grubs , Blotches and Eruptions on tie ) face , leaving the sKlu cli'Jir and beautiful. Also cures Itch. Bait Kl'imm , Sere Nipples , Sore Lips , ant Old Obstlimto Ulcers. Sold by druggists , or infilled on receipt ot CO cents. Metalled by Kuhn & Co. , and Schroder * Courud. At wholesale by 0. V. ANDREW CARNEGIE ON LABOR The General Question Intelligently Dis cussed by a Milllonniro Employer , SOME SENSIBLE SUGGESTIONS. 'employer ' nnd Employed Should bo Partners to ft ( Certain Kxtont Differences Should 1)O Set tled by Arbitration. Mr Andrew Carnegie , tlio rich manu- fnclurar of Pittsburg , contributes to the Vpril number of the Forum magazine nn able nrtlclo entitled , "An Employer's View of the Labor Question. " It is here with reproduced in fulls The struggle in which labor has boon engaged during the past three hundred rears , first against authority and then igainst capital , has been a triumphal narch. Victory niter victory lias been iclileved. Kvcn so late as in Shakes- icro's time remains of villeinage or serf- loin still existed in England. Hoforo hat not only tlio labor but the person of the laborer belonged to the chief. Tlio workers were either slaves or serfs ; mon xnd women were sold with tlio estate ipon which they worked , and became ho property of tlio now lord , just as did ho timber which grow upon the land mrcliased. In tlwso days wo hear notli- ng of strikes or of trade-unions , or dif ferences of opinion between employer and employed. The fact is , labor had then no right which the chief , or cm- > loycr , was bound to respect. Even as ate as tlio beginning of this century the ) ositlon of the laborer in some depart- nonts was such as can scarcely bo crcd- ted. What do our laboring friends think > f this , that down to 1771) ) the miners of Britain were in a slate of serfdom. They 'were compelled by law to remain in tlio ) it as long as the owner chose to keep , "ncm at work there , and were actually sold as part of the capital invested in the works. If they accepted an engagement elsewhere , their master could always iavo them fetched back nnd lloggcd as thieves for having attempted to rob him of their labor. This law was modified in 1779 , but was not repealed until after the Acts passed in 175)7 ) and 1709. " ( "Tho .Trades-unions of England , " p. 110. ) This is only ninety-seven years ago. Slon are still living who were living then. Again , in Franco us Into as 1800 , every workman had to procure a license ; md in Russia , down to our own days , agricultural laborers were sold with the soil they tilled. Consider the chance , nay , the revolu tion ! Now the poorest laborer in America or England , or indeed throughout the civ ilized world , who can handle n pick or a shovel , stands upon equal terms witli the purchaser of his labor. Ho sells or with- lolds it as may seem best to him. Ho negotiates , and thus rises to the dignity sf an independent contractor. When ho lias performed tlio work ho bargained to do , ho owes his employer nothing , and is not under any obligation to him. Not only has the laborer conquered Ins polit ical and personal freedom ; ho has achieved industrial freedom as well , as far as the law can give it ; and lie now fronts his master , proclaiming himself his equal under the law. But , notwithstanding this complete revolution , it is evident that labor and capital have not yet evolved their perma nent relations to eacli other. The pres ent adjustment does not work without friction , and chances must be had before wo can have industrial peace. To-day wo jind collisions between thcso forces , capital and labor , when there should bo combination. Tlio mill-hands of an in dustrial village in Franco have just risen against their employers , attacked the manager's homo and killed him. The streets of another French village are barricaded against the expected forces of order. The shipbuilders of Sundorland , in England , arc at the verge of starvation , owing to a quarrel with their employers ; nnd Leicester has just been the scene of industrial riots. In our country labor disputes and strikes were never so numer ous as now. East and \yest , north and south , everywhere , there is unrest , show ing that an equilibrium lias not yet been reached between employers and em ployed. A strike or lockout is , in itse t , a ridic ulous aflltir. Whether a failure or a suc cess , it gives no direct proof of its jus tice or injustice. In this it resembles war between two nations. It is simply a question of strength and endurance be tween the contestants. The gage of bat tle or tlio duel is not moro senseless as a means of establishing what is just nnd fair than an industrial strike or lockout. It would bo folly to conclude that wo have reached any permanent adjustment between capital nnd labor until strikes and lockouts are a.s much things of the past as the gage of battle or duel have become in the most advanced communi ties. Taking for granted , then , that some further modifications must bo made be tween capital and labor , I propose to consider the various plans that have been suggested by which labor can advance another stage in its development in rela tion to capital. And , ua a preliminary , let it bo noted that it is only labor nnd capital in their greatest masses which it is necessary to consider. It is only in largo establishments that the industrial unrest of which I have spoken ominously manifests itself. The farmer who hires a man to assist him , or tlio gentleman who engages a groom or butler , is notalVectcd by strikes. The innumerable cases in which a few mon only are directly concerned - corned , which comprise in the aggregate the most of labor , present upon the whole a tolerably satisfactory condition of ullhirs. This clears the ground of much , nnd leaves us to deal only with the immense mining and manufacturing concerns of recent growth , in which capital and labor often array themselves in alarming antagonism. Among the expedients suggested for their better reconciliation , tlio first place must bo assigned to tlio idea of cooperation tion , or the plan by which the workers are to become part owners in enterprises , and share their fortunes , There is no doubt that if this could bo effected it would have the same beneficial effect upon the workman which the ownership of land has upon the man who has hith erto tilled the land for another , llio sense of ownership would make of him moro of a man as regards himself , and hence moro of a citizen us regards tlio commonwealth. But wo nroHiero met by a dllliculty which I confess I have not yet been able to overcome , and which renders mo less sanguine than I should like to bo in regard to co-oneration. The dillloulty is this , and it seems to mete to bo inherent in all gigantic manufac turing' , mining and commercial opera tions. Two mon or two combinations of men will erect blast furnaces , iron-mills , cotton-mills , or piano manufactories ad joining each other , or engage in shipping or commercial business. They will start with equal capital and credit : nnd to these only superficially acquainted with the personnel of these concerns , success will scorn as likely to attend the ouo as tlio other. Nevertheless ono will fail after dragging along a lifeless exist ence , and pass into the hands of its creditors ; while the neighboring miller or business will make a fortune for its owners. Now , the successful manufactu rer , dividing every month or every year u proportion of his profits among his workmen , cither as a bonus or as divi dends upon shares owned by them , will not only iiavu a happy and contented body of operatives , but ho will inevitably attract from his rival the very best work men in ev < 5ry department. Ills rival , Imvlng no profits to divldo among his workmen , andpaylug them only n small assured minimum , to enable them to live , llnds himself dl'spollod of foremen and of workmen necessary to carry on his busi ness successfully. His workmen nro dis contented anil ) in their own opinion , de frauded of tlio proper fruits of their skill , through incapacity or inattention of their employers. Thus unequal business ca pacity in the management produces une qual "results. It will bo precisely the same if ono o'l these manufactories belongs - longs to the workmen themselves ; but in this case , in the present stage of develop ment of the wdrkmon , the chances of fail ure will bo cnbrnSdusly increased. It is Indeed greatly to bo doubted whether any body oFworkiugmon in the world could to-day organize and successfully carry on a mining or manufacturing or commer cial business in competition with concerns - corns owned by men trained to affairs , If any such co-oporativo organization succeeds , it may bo taken for granted Lhat it is principally owing to the excep tional business ability of one ot the mali ngers , nnd only in a very small degree to the efforts of tlio mass of workmen own ers. This business ability is excessively rare , as is proved by the incredibly largo proportion of these who outer upon the stormy sea of business only to fall. I should say that twenty co-operative con cerns would fall to every ono that would succeed. There are , ot course , a few suc cessful establishments , notably two in L'ranco and ouo in England , whioh are organized upon the co-operatlvo plan , in winch tlio workmen participate directly in tlio profits. But these wore all created by the present owners , who now gene rously share the profits with their work men , and who are making tlio success of [ heir manufactories upon the co-opera- Live plan the proud" work of their lives. What those concerns will become when Llio genius for affairs is no longer with them to guide , is a matter of grave doubt ami , to me , of foreboding. 1 can , _ of jourso , picture in my mind a state of civ ilization in which the most talented busi ness men shall find their most cherished work in carrying on immense concerns , not primarily.for their own personal ag grandizement , but for tlio good of the masses of workers engaged therein , and their families ; but this Is only a foreshad owing i of a dim and distant future. When a class of such men has been evolv ed , the problem of capital and labor will lc permanently solved to the ontlro satis faction of both. But as this manifestly belongs to a future generation , I cannot consider co-operation , 01 common own ership , as the next immediate slop in ad vance which it is possible for labor to make in its patii upward. The nest suggestion is , that peaceful settlement of dillcrcnces should bo reach ed through arbitration. Hero wo are up on firmer ground. I would lay it down as a maxim that there is no excuse for a strike or a lockout until arbitration ot dif ferences has been offered by one party and refused by the oilier. No doubt seri ous trouble attends oven arbitration at present , from tlio dilliculty of procuring suitable men to judge intelligently be tween the disputants. There is a natural disinclination nJmotig business men to ex pose their businosstp men in whom they have not entire ! confidence.Vo lack so far in Ainerica.a reJired class of men of affairs. Ourj vijo practice is to keep on accumulating more dollars until we 'die. ' ' If it were the custom here , as'it is in England , for men to withdraw from active business after acquiring a fortunethis class would furnish tlio proper arbitrators. On the other hand , the ox-presidents of trades- unions , such asMrY Jurrett or Mr. Willie , ' after they have'retired from active con trol , would commend themselves to tlio manufaoturors"andto the men as pos sessed of the necessary technical knowl edge , and educated ton point whoredom- mcrcial reasons would not bo without their proper weight upon them. I con sider that of all the agencies immediate ; ly available- prevent wasteful and em bittering contests between capital and labor arbitration is tlio most powerful and most beneficial. The influence of trades-unions upon the relations between the employer and emploj'ed has been much discussed. Sonic establishments in America have re fused to recognize the right of the men to form themselves into these unions ; al though 1 am not aware that any concern in England would dare to take this po sition. This policy , however , may be re garded ns only a temporary phase of tlio situation. The right of the workingmcn to combine and to form trades-unions is no less sacred than the right of tlio man ufacturer to enter into associations and conferences with his fellows , and it must be sooner or later conceded. Indeed , it gives one but a poor opinion ot tlio Amer ican workman if ho permits himself to bo deprived of a right which his follow in England has conquered for himself long since. My experience lias been that trades-unions upon tlio whole are bono- licial both to labor and to capital. They certainly educate the workiiigmon , and give them a truer conception ot tlio re lations of capital and labor than they could otherwise torm. The ablest and best workmen eventually como to the front in these organizations : and it maybe bo laid down as a rule that the moro in telligent the workman the fewer the con tests with employers. It is not the in telligent workman , who knows that labor without his brother capital is helpless , but the blatant ignorant man , who re gards capital as the natural enemy of la bor , who does so much to embitter tlio relations between employer nnd cm- ployed ; nnd the power of this ignorant demagogue arises chiefly from the lack of proper organization among the mon through which their riyil voice can bo ox- pressed. This voice will always bo found in favor of the judicious and intelligent representative. Of course , as mon be come intelligent more deference must bo paid to them personally and to their rights , and oven to their opinions and prejudices ; and upon the whole i greater share of prolits must bo paid in the day of prosperity to tiie intelligent than to the ignorant workman , Ho cannot bo imposed upon so readily. On llio other bund , ho will bo found much readier to accept reduced compensation when busi ness is depressed ; and it is better in tlio long run for capital to be served by the highest intclligunca , and to bo made well aware of the fact that it is dealing witli men who knowVhat is duo to them , both ns to treatment and'compensation. Ono great source oi the trouble between employers and employed arises from the fact that the immense establishments ot to-day , in which alone wo iind serious conflicts between capital and labor , are not managed by their owners , but by sal aried ollicerri , who 'cannot ' po.isibly have any interest in tlio welfare of the work- ingmon. Thosffoniclals nro chiefly anx ious to present a Mitisfuctory balance sheet at the mid of the year , that tnpir hundreds of shareholders may receive the usual dividends ! , and that they may therefore bo .securejin their positions and bo allowed to manage the business with out unpleasant interference ) cither by directors or shareholders. It Is notable that bitter strikes seldom occur in small establishments where the owner comes into direct contact with his men , and knows tlicir qualities , their struggles and their aspirations. It is the chairman , situated hundreds of miles away from his men , who only pays a Hying visit to the works and perhaps finds tune to walk through the mill or mine once or twice a year , that is chiefly responsible for the disputes which break out at intervals. I have noticed that the manager who con fers oftenest with a committee of ids leading men has the least trouble with His workmen. Although it may bo im practicable for the presidents of these largo corporations to know the workingmen - men personally , the manager at the mills , having a committee of his best men ( o present tlicir suggestions and wishes from time to time , can do much to maintain md strengthen amicable relations if not ntorfcred with from headquarters. I , iheroforo , recognize in trades-unions , or , icttor still , in organizations of the men of each establishment , Who select repre sentatives to speak for thorn , a moans not jf further embittering the relations bo- : wecn employer and employed , but of improving them. It is astonishing how small a sacrifice ipon the part of the employer will some- .lines greatly benefit the mon. I rcmoiu- jor that at ono of our meetings with a committee , it was incidentally remarked jy ono speaker that tlio necessity for ob- .ainlng credit at the stores in the neigh borhood wns < i grave tax upon the men. An ordinary workman , ho said could lot afford to maintain himself and fain- ly for a month , nnd , as ho only received his pay monthly , ho was compelled to obtain credit and to pay sxorbltantly for everything ; whereas , if 10 had the cash , ho could buy at twenty- five per cent , loss. "Well , " I said , "why cannot wo overcome that by paying every .wo weckst" Tlio tcyly was : "Wo did not like to ask it , because wo have al ways understood that It would cause uuch trouble ; but , if you do that , it will jo worth an advance of live per cent , in our wages , " We have paid semi-monthly since. Another speaker happened to say that although they were in tlio midst of coal , tlio prices charged for small lots do- ilvorcd at their houses was a certain sum [ ) or bushel. The price named was double what our best coal was costing us. How easy for us to deliver to our mon suoli coal as they required , and charge them costl This was done without a cent's oss to us , but with much gain to tlio men. Several other points similar to these have arisen , by wliich their labors might bo lightened or products increased , md other suggesting changes in machin ery or facilities , which , but for the con- [ oronco referred to , would have been un- .bought of by the employer and probably never asked for by the men. 1-or thcso ind ether reasons I attribute the greatest importance to an organization of the men , through whoso duly elected representa tives tlio managers may bo kept informed from time to time of their grievances and suggestions. No matter how able the manager , the clover workman can often show how beneficial changes can bo made in the special branch in which that workman labors. Unless the relation be tween manuacr and workmen are not only pmicablo but.friendly , tlio owners miss much ; nor is any man a first class manager , who has not the continence and respect , and oven the admiration of his workmen. No man is a true gentleman who docs not inspire tlio affection and de votion of his servants. Tlio danger is that suoli committees may ask confer ences too often ; three or four meetings per year should bo regarded as sufficient. I como now to the greatest cause of friction whioh prevails between capital and labor in the largc&l establishments , the real essence of the trouble , and the remedy I have to propose. The trouble is that the men are not paid at any time the compensation proper Lo that timo. All hlrgo concerns neces sarily keep filled with orders , say for six months in advance , and these orders are taken , of course , at prices prevailing when they are booked. This year's oper ation furnish the best illustration of the dilliculty. Steel rails at tlio end of last year for delivery this year were § .29 per ton at tlio works. Of course the mills en tered orders freely at this price , and kept on entering thoin until tlio demand grow ing unexpectedly gr at carried prices up to $35 per ton. Now tlio various mills in American are compelled for tlio next six months or more to run upon orders which do not average $151 per ton , at the seaboard and-Pittsburg , and say $31 at Chicago. Transportation , iron stone , and prices of ail kinds have advanced upon them in the meantime , and they must therefore run for tlio bulk of the year upon very small margins of profit. But the men noticing in the papcrn the "great boom in rails , " very naturally de mand their share of the advance , nnd under our existing faulty arrangements between capital and labor they secure it. The employers , therefore , have grudg ingly given what they know under pro per arrangements they should not have been required to give , and there has boon friction and still is dissatisfaction upon the part of the employers. Reverse the picture. The steel rails market falls again. The mills have six months' work at prices above the prevailing market , and can afford to pay mon hihger wages than the existing state of the market would apparently justify. But having iust boon amerced in extra payments for labor which they should not have paid , they naturally attempt to reduce wages as the market price of rails go down , and there arises n discontent among the mon , and we have a repetition of the negotia tions and strikes which have character ized the beginning of this year. In other words , when the employer is going down tlio employe insist in coin" up , nnd vice versa. What we must scolc _ is a plan by which the mon will receive high wages when tlicir employers are receiving high prices for the product , and hcnco are making largo profits ; nnd per contra , when the employers arc roceivincr low prices for product , and therefore small if any profits , the men wilf receive low wages. If this plan can bo found , em ployers and employed will bo "in tlio same boat , " rejoicing together in their prosperity and calling into play their fortitude together in ad versity. There will bo no room for quarrels , and instead of a feeling of antagonism there will bo a feeling of partnership between employers and em ployes. There is a simple moans of producing this result , and to Its general introduc tion both employers and employes should steadily bund their energies. Wages should bo based upon u slidiug-scalo , in proportion to the net prices received for product month by month , And I hero gladly pay Mr. Potter , president of the Chicago North Rolling Mill company , the great compliment to say that ho has already taken a slop in this direction , for to-day lie is working his principal mill upon this plan. Tlio result is that lie has had no stoppage whatever this seasonnor any dissatisfaction. All has gene smoothly along , and this in itself is worth at least as much to the manufac turer and to the men as the difference in wages ono way or another which can arise from the now system. The celebrated Crescent Steo works of Pittsburg , manufacturers of tliu highest grades of tool steel , pay their skilled workmen by n slidlng-scalo , based upon prices received for product an impor tant factor in tlio eminent success of that firm. The "scale" adopted by the iron manufacturers and workmen is only an approach to tliu true slldlng-scalo ; never theless it is u decided gain botli to capital and labor , as it is adopted from year to year , and hence eliminates strikes on ac count of wages during the year , and limits those interruptions from that cause to the yearly negotiation as to tlio justice or injustice of tlio scalo. As this scale , however , is not based upon the prices actually received for product , but upon the published list of prices , which should be received in theory , there is not complete mutuality between the parties. In depressed times , such as the iron in dustry has been passing through in re cent years , enormous concessions upon the published card prices have been nec essary to effect sales , and in these the workmen have not shared with their em ployers. If , however , there was added to the scale , even in its present form , n stipulation that all causes of difference which could not bo postponed till tliu end of the year , and then considered with tlio scale , fahould bo reserved to arbitration , and that in case of tlio failure of the owners nnd workmen to agrco at the yearly conference , arbitration should also bo resorted to , strikes and lookouts would bo entirely eliminated from the iron business ; and if the award of the arbitrators took effect from the date of reference , the works could run without a day's interruption. Dismissing , therefore , for llio present nil consideration of co-operation a.s not being within mensurable distance. I bo liuvo that the next steps in tlio advance loward permanent , peaceful relations between capital and labor are First : That compensation shall bo paid the men based upon a sliding scale in proportion to the prices received for pro duct. Second : A proper organization of the men of oyerj' works to bo made , by which the natural loaders , the best men. will eventually como to the front and confer freely witli the employers. Third ; Peaceful arbitration to bo in all cases resorted to for the settlement of differences which the owners and the nill committee cannot themselves adjust in friendly conference. Fourth : No interruption over to occur io the operations of the establishment , ilnco the decision of the arbitrators shall > o made to take effect from tliu duo of reference. If these measures were adopted by an establishment , snveral important advun- .ages would bo gained. Iirst : The employer and employed would simultaneously share their pros perity or adversity with each other. TUo scale once settled , the feeling of antago nism would bo gone , and a feelinc of mutuality would unsue. Capital and la- jor would bo shoulder to shoulder sup porting each other. Second : There could bo neither strike nor lockout.slnco both parties had agreed to abide by a forthcoming decision of disputed points. Knowing thai in tlio iast resort htrangor.s were to be called in .n ' decide what should be a family a Hair , the cases would , Indeed , bo few which would not bo amicably adjusted by the original parties , without calling in others ; o pidgo between them. Whatever tlio future may have in store [ or labor , tlio evolutionist , who sees noth ing but curtain and steady progress [ or llio race , will noyor attempt to set bounds to its triumphs , oven to its final form of com plete and universal industrial co-opera- : ion , which 1 hopn is some day to bo readied. But I am persuaded that the next step forward is to bo in tlio direc tion I have hero ventured to point out ; and as ono who is now most anxious to contribute his part toward helping for ward the day of amicable relations be tween the two forces of capit.il and labor , whicli are not enemies , but are really uuxiliurics who stand or fall together , ! ask at tlio hands of botli capital and labor a careful consideration of these views. OF AND ThOBweotRiim.ao Rnthcrod from n tree ot the inm < * name , growlua along tbo small streams in the Southern mates , conuiln * n cumulating ex pectorant principle that loosens tlio nbltgm pro- duclnii the early mornlni COURH , ana stimulates tbo child to throwoff the false membrane In cronp and nliooplni-couph. When combined with the aoahnz mucilaginous prlnciplo In the luulloln Mont of the old flcldi. presents In TAYi.on's CllEHOKCU llEMEIir Otf BWBET OUSI AND MUt- I.KIN the linott known remedy for Coughs. Croup , WhoopliiE-counh and consumption ; and fa pala * table any child Is pleased to tulo It , Aek your OniKOistforlt. 1'rtroCKo. nndSl.OO. WAJ.Tllll A.TAYraHS.Atlnntn.Oa. OMi Oil MOKE AT WHOLESALE 1'IIHI- I PAY all oiprnu charges to all points nllhln 3IJO mllos. l.oOOcarrlnifts to wlcct Irom. Bend t o ecu , ttampforlllustratedcntaloffuu. Ikntiontillspn | > cr. L. Q , SPENCER'S TOY FACTORY , ZZW. \ . MADISON ST. , CHICAGO. UuilthulycurtdlnGO daynrl. orno' KlortroMaffnctlo licit * Trusscombined. Uuoranteedtuo onljr nnomthn world ircncratlnic AContlnuoua Eltctrio tt Magnetic v. - nirrrm. Bclontlnc , 1'owerful , Durable , Comfortnlile and Firt-cilvo. Arold frnudn. ovcrO.OOO curort. Rendfitnmpforp7iiihlet. . AI.KII lii.Kofjua JII-.I.TS Foil ilisiJAKlin. Di. HORNE. INVENTOR. 101 WAEASH AYE. . CHICAGO. REMINGTON STANDARD TYPE WRITERS , Potter & Hdgeaih. Law Reportora and Copyists , Btuto Agents for Nebraska. Typo-writer supplies and paper Itopt In Block. Bond for cataloguo. OMAHA NATJONAH HAKK IiiiiuiiNn , OMAHA. HAMBURG -AMERICAN Faclcot Cona.j3an.3T. A DlUUCr LINE FOU England , Franco & Germany , The Bteainalilpsof this \rull. known line uro built of lion , in wutor-llKhl unmpaitmontB , und mo 1'uniUhod with ovury loiulsiio to iiiiiko the pncBiivo both tmfo mul UKroutiblo. They carry the Uiutotl htntoH mid liuropniin mulls , nnil limvo Now Voik Thursdays nnd Saturday * for I'lv. mnulh , ( [ , ONLONChorboUi/l'Altlb ) ) ( mid 11 AM- Iti'tufnlntfi the steamers louvo Hamburg : on Wodnusdnya mul Siuidiiye , via. llavro , tuklnjr puasunffcrsut Boulhnmpton und London. 1'irbt uubln (51) ) , tUJ and $75 ; Stum-ago tiS. Itiillioucl tickets from Plymouth to Ilrlslol , Cur * dlir. London , or to liny plnco In the South of Knulnnd , FHKIt. Btuomifo from Kuropo only | ii. Bend for "Tourist fliuotU' . " C.U. HICHAUD&GO. , Ocnoiul I'nsscngcr Afe-unts. (1 Ilroadwny , Now York ; Washington and La Ballot-is. Chlcatro. III. _ PrBOYEB & CO. and Jali Work , v 1020 L'urnain Street , Oinahu , Neb. hood , & .c.harln < r tried ( nlouvcry linowu rented r pa * discovered etmplo fel ardwldctl lie will tend fltKK to liU ( ellow iiTerer ( < . Addrew ) . ll.ltliliVKa. ii Clutlura-ttreet. K w Yotk CiU. Ctap Milwaub& % Paul Tlie Short Line and Best Route From Omaha to the East.- TWOTIUIN3 DAILY HimvT.KN OMAHA AND . MlmirmpolK Mllwnukoa ft. Paul , Oodar IhiplJ } , ] ) jiuxitl Clinton. Dtibinino , lloehronl , . . . - - , Kreoport , , Kltrln , Mndl on , J-nCro-iso , IH'lolt. Wlnonix Andall ether Important point * nnst.NortUou mul Southeast. Ticket ofllco nt 1101 Pnrnnm street , ( in Hold ) , nnd at Union I'noltlo Depot , I'llllnmn Sk'opern find the Klniwt lMnlnfrC.lM in the \\oild nro run on the innln lines of th l IIU'AOOMU.WAUIOKAHr : ; , I'Atlli HAlt.M'AY , nllJ u\try intention M paid to nii otiRors bjr ooutto ons rmplori-9 of tbo company. U. MII.I.KII , Ocnornl Mnnnirar. J.K.TUOKBII. Aosl.itant Hiniornl Mnnnicr. A. V. II. C\ut-BSTKii , Qontrnl rnssougorail Ticket ARPiit. GM > . K. HKAITOIID , AssUtnul OunoraU'asjou BcrnnaTlckolABOiit. A STANDARD MKDIOAL WORK FORYOUNfi AHD MIDDLE-AGED MEH ONIA' 81 1IY JIAll. , 1'OSTI'AIU. IM.USTUATtVU SAJU'LU ritKU TO At-f. KNOW THYSELF. nihrni'tpilVIHIItr. Ndrroni nnil PhrslnM n bMtr | PrommuroDoi'llnom Mnn. Hrrors of Vonlh , ami tUa ontold rolnPrloi roniltlnzrrom Imllncrotlnii nnd or- ri'incs. A. liook lor cverr nun , j-ounn. mliMlo-niol nml old. llcnntilni Hi pro'crlinloin for nil ncuto mil clironleillKCme , pnchono ot wliloli H InTahinlilo. Ho found by tlio author wlio < o oxporlonoo Tor HI TOraii pitch no protmblr novrr ticrorn foil to inn lot or unr nlijulrlnni.tNpitKO * . Imund In bountiful French raai- 11nemboM0.1 cover * , full clH , uuirnntotHl to l > oatlii3r ircrkln pverjr nonvi raoclmnlcnl. literary nivt nrnfoi- Moniil-thftiinnr nihor work In thl < country fortl.H orthomonejr will bo rotund In every InMunco. I'rlsa onlr II bjr mull , | > o < tpiM. IlltntrntO'l ' Kimnlo. 411. pendnotr. fiolil moilnltiwnrdoil the author l < r tU Nv UoimlMudlcil AMocliitmn , i tlio lion. A.I * , lllsjotl , ami nwoclnta omrnn of the lioird the rcnitarli ri > - Mindfully referral. ThoSclonrooCl.lfM' worth moro to Inn vntumanl mlilillo-nunil men of this Ronomtlou thin nil the gold mlnci orcatirnrnlnnnd Uiu silver mlnoi ot Novella combined. 8. K. Ohronlolo. The Science of l.lf" points out the rooks mid aulok- Hindi on which the comlltullon mid liopot of miinr n TOUIIR man unvo boon fatally wrcokoJ. Mancbottor ThoSclonco of I.lfeHof creator vnluo ttianalltlo medical worki puliltsho I In this country for llio i > ai COM-ar * . AtliuitiU.'ointltutloii. ThoPcloncouf I.lfuls a miporb and ra-int rly trail- Iso on nervous mid physical ilumllly. Detroit I'roj AddrOMlho 1'cnboilr Medical Institute , or Dr W. IL 1'nrker. No. liulltlticli street , Iloston , Mnn.wlio mar bceonsultedon ull dlsoaau * requiring sltll Innil ozparl- en . Ohnniloiiiid obilnalo dlsuuitti tlmllmvu baf fled tlio skill of nil othcrnhyslclins n spoclilty. Muoli treated successfully without au i nsUnoo of ullurJ Mcutlon Uuiahn llao. VALENTINE'S Short-hand Institute LINCOLN , NEBRASKA. Tlio largest , best and ohonpoit short-hand and typo-wiltlnir school In the west. Learn this valuublo nrt uuJ Boouro n , lucrative position. Short-hand tnunht liy mull to these who cnnnotnttond the Institute. Wo keep on hand a lull supply ot Pitman's Ehort-haiul text books , nleo typo-writer supplied For particulars soml for circular * to Valentino's ' Snort-Hand Institute 1118 and 1120 O street Lincoln , Neb ] Rooms 12 and 13 Granite Block , Grade Systems and Bowerazo Plans for Cltlos nnd Towns a spnclultx. Plans , Estimates an ! Specifications for Public and ether Knirlnoorlii , works furnished. Surveys nnd Uoport on Public Improvements. ANDIIEW KOSKWATKR. llouibor American Sooto. Oty Civil Enirlnoers. City Kiiffluoor of Dinah * EO. U. CimiBiiK , Civil Eii Or the I.lquur ilublt , Cured by AilminlNtcrJnfr Dr. IIulnoH' llolilcu KpecHlo. It can be Riven In n cup of colteo or ten without the knowledge of the poraon taking U , U absolutely barmleii , and nlll oflcct a permanent r.nJ speedy cure , whether the patient Is a uioderniut-rlnkeror n utcohollo wreck. It han liecn Riven In thou- nv.itls of cases , uud In ovary Instance rperfect euro baa followed. It never fhlla , The oyntom once Impiecnntcd nltb tlin Hpccl.lc , It tircomeiinii uttci lmpOf lblllly fur the liquor appetite to oxlsu FonsAi < n IJY roLLOwirrci rmuamsTB : KUHN & CO. , Cor. 13th nnil Dauntim. and IStli & C'nnilne HIM. , Ornahh , Neb. ' A. U. I'O.STIJR & IIUO. . Council Illiiirn , Iowa. Callorwrlto for pamphlet containing hundreds c ? testimonials from thebct women aim tucu ( raai cU Darts of tbc countzv. ESTABLISHED 1803. CHAMEMROWNCO. GRAIN AND PROVISION Commission Merchants Board of Trndo , Chamber of Commerce , Chicago. ftlllwuuUeo , , C , MILLER , V/estern / Business Solicitor , V\T. 3 ? . OPBCTZ , Local Business Solicitor , 1Q01 Doug T -CO-SIT Omaha Council Bluffs And Chicago The only row to talto f.ir Jos ) Moinns. Mar- Imllt ownCedar HupMH , Clinton. Dlxlo. Chlcngo , Mllw aukuu und all points oast. To I ho pooplu ot Nobnibkn , Ikilorado , Wyoming , Utah , Idaho Novudu.Ureijoii , Wiishlnk'ton and California It otfor8t > upoiior udvnntaKos not nos lbla br any ether line Amen ; , ' n fuw of tuo numoioua points ot supn. rlority enjoyed by thopuiiong ot this louabo- tuuonUniahu und CMuuigo. nro Ha two tnilnsa day of DAY COACIIKd which uro the llnust that human nrt nnd Ingenuity can croato. ItsI'AIc ACK Biail'.l'INd OAHH , whlcu mo inoduU of comfort und eluunnuo. Its I'AHIXJU UHAW1NU UOOM CAIlS.uinurnnBBod by any. nnd Itg wldo- ly colohralwll'ALATIAI < UlNIN6 OAI13 , tlio ooualof which cnnnot bo found oleowhpro. At Council ItluIfH Hit , trains of the Union Paci fic Ity. connect in Union Ik-pot with tliosb f UMU Chiciiyo.ii NorthwoHtcrn Ity. InChlcaeo IhQ trains of this line inako close connection wltu these of till ( iitetorn llnoi For Dotrolt , Columbus. Indianapolis. Cinoln null , Niagara 1'ulU , HulTalo , Plttsburir. Toronto Montreal , Iloston , Now York. 1'hlludblphla , llal * tlmorr.WuBhliiKtonand nil piilnlaln the east , asS for tlokots via the the ticket UKOIU "NOUTJI-WESTKKN , " Uyou wish the beet nooommodatloas. Alltloke ( " ' r'8tb""fc ' U.8.UAIH. Gouora Munaaor.