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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY , SEPTEMBER 10 , iaSO.-TWELYE PAGES * ,
THE DAILY BEE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. Dnllr Of ornl.iit'KdltloA ) Including Bumta ? UKE , Ono Vonr . . . . . . . . , . $10 M rorfllx.Memllis . C , 00 J-'oTTJirrn Months . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SM The OmnliA Hxivlny HEK , mnllotl to nny nclclroM , Ono Year. . . . 200 Omrr. No. mt Axn ws KAUVAM Nienr YOHK orptrit. IIIKIH nil. Tniiii'M ' ! Hrii.niMi. VYASniMOTei.N Ol'KICK , .Ml. All communlerUions rulntlrw to news nndrdl. torlal innttorMiould bo adcliojsoJ to tliu Kui- TOII OF TIIK liKR. nustNF.ss r-ETTEfist All burlm" " ! letter * nnilrurnlttnncosnlioiilil 1 > o Rdclrossod to TUB IlK * I'lliil.lsniNd CoMi-Asv , OMAHA. Drnfts , chocks nnil po toffleo orders to bo inndo payublo to the onlcrof tliu cotnpuny , 1HE BEE POBtlSHIlTlilPW , PROPRIETORS , E. IIOSKVVATEK , KniToit. TIIK HUB. Sworn Statement ofClroulntlon. Htnto of Nebraska , 1 Countv ol Douglas.B'S" \ ( Ico. 1) ) . T/schuck , secretary ot llio UPO Pub Jlshlnu company , tlowt solemnly swear thnl the ncuinl circulation of the Dallv Hec for the week ending Sept. 10th , It-SG , was as follows : Total Saturday.nil . 12,871 Sunday. fill . 13.HJC Slonilny , Cth . 1 ,2M Tuesday. 7lh . 12 , K Wednesday , 8th . . . 12.70C Thursday. ! . 1B.80C Friday , loth . .12boc Average . 12.8V. EO. B. T7.8CHUCR. Subscribed ana sworn to before tuo this llth ila.v of Sept. , 18Sa N. P. Kiir : , , IHHAI. . I Notary 1'ublle. Oeo. 13. Tzschuck , being firsteluly sworn.eio poses and says that ho Is scrrotary of tbo lice Publishing company , that the actual avcrazc dnlly circulation of the Daily Heo for the month of January , IRSO , was 10,378 copies : for February , 1880 , 10,5tti copies ; for March , 1SM1. 11.K1T copies : for April , 1880. 13,19 ! conies ; iorMav. 1880 , 12,439 copies ; for Juno , 18S6 , 12,208 copies ; for July , 1880 , 12SU copies for August , IbSO , 12.4CM copies. UKO. 1J. Tzscimcrc. Subscribed nnd sworn to before me , this 4th day of. Sept. , A. D. 1880. N. P. KBIT , , fsriAi. . | _ Notary Public. . Contents of the Sunday lice. Page 1. Now York Herald Cable Special ! to the Uici : Uoneral and Special Telcgraphh Nows. Pages. Telegraph. City News and State Political Points Advertisements. Pages. .Markets and Special Advertise ments. Page 4.-Edltoral-PolUIcal ! Points Press Comments. Page 5. Jjlncoln Letter Miscellany Ad VOrtisemeiits. Page 0. CouiK-.ll Dlulls Department. Pagei 7. An Hour With an Author , by Lyr Vlor-Stories of the Hall Miscellany Ad vertlsouients. Page 8. Thn City's Social News and Loca AdvertlsementR. PaL'o 0. The Primitive llailroads-IIo Soh Ills Wife Somu Idiotic Lawsuits A Day'i Visit to Hergnmo , by Miriam Chase. I'aso 10. The Matrimonial Bureau- Homo's Healthful Work In Wonderlaud- Adventures of Umpires. Page 11. Among the Wits and 'Wags- Ilonoy For the Ladius Connublnlltles Sin eularitlos Impieties i-P < ippennint Drops- ItoIIglous Educational Musical and Dram otic An Unfortunate Lawyer Poetry. Pace 13. Capital and Mononoly.byCharle Stanford Elgutter Africa's lllchest Man- Omaha Exposition Echoes , by Minnie Hath- Jluslcal Kvcnts In England , by Kaudolph. IT was another cold day for Churcl IIowo. TUB ovcrwhojtning success ol the How nnd anti-Van Wyck forces wns not visl bio to the nakoet. eye. vr1- ' * " Mit. HOYD and I'at Ford carried tin Third ward for Church Howe , but ti ! < Third ward isn't Douglas county. IT was a field day , for Van Wyck nl around. Douglas , Cuss , Sarpy and otho counties swung into line with York am Salmo. DoiiOLAa COUNTY will present her can dldato for congress to th'o Beatrice con vontion. Ills other name will not be Church llowo. KKPUIILICAN conventions are not re pudiating Van Wyck very fast. Tin politicians tire not all supreme when tin people are aroused. THE B. & M. managers are not quit na cttoctlvo in downing Van Wyck n Douglas county as they are down in Lin coin nnd Pluttsmouth. Mu. Sr.nawioic has gotten suiliclentli over his Mexican headache to pronounci nn opinion on Greaser "ginger ale. " II says it is "bad medicine. " K Omaha exposition association ar < figuring on morn room for their building Omulia blocks of 1857 are crannied qtuu tora for Omaha shows of 1887. TiiEiiE was no "war to the knife uni knife , to the hilt.1 amonir Douglas count ; republicans. The ticket nominated wii command the general and hearty sui port of the party. Tm : DANISH Picwaw of Omaha ha boon prohibited eatry into Denmark 01 accqunt of its severe criticisms of tli Danish ministry. Free advertisements , o this-charactor are as valuable us they ur rnro. IT has boon n good year for fairs. Th Omaha fair rolled up n surplus and th managers of the state fair are figuring ui how to dispose of a 20,000 surplus in ; manner which will cause the least dissat lefnetlon to all concerned. AN exchange prints a dispute ! headed "Mr Ulaino on Steel Rails. " Mi Hlaluu Is evidently Journeying outside o the state of Maine. The travel in llui section during the past ten years hasu' ' boon enough to wear the rubt on" the ol Hron laid down in 1870. TIIK political weather prophets wh edit broken down concerns called news papers In those parts , hsivp boon nwfull ; disappointed. Their predictions of Church Howe nnd Hiiti-Vnn-Wyo cyclone failed to materialize. It wn clear weather ami a ming barometer. ACCOIIIUKO to press reports the Jon fight over the Heading railroad is atlas to DO settled. The light had been ohioll to decide who was to pocket the leaving which remain in the treasury which Hire rjcco" > sivo managements milked c millions , leaving both bondholders an Blockkoidors out In the cold , MAVOU Courtouay of Charleston ha Issued a general appeal to the public fo aid. The damage dona by the earth quake to buildings alone is estimated a fO.000,000 , while Iiundroda of needy pec pie am homeless and without any mean of support. Omaha should take proraji stops to do her * hare in forwarding relic funds to tlio stricken city. Tlio Convention' "Work. The njpublicans of Douplas county arc to bo congratulated upon the work of their convention. Considering the mag nitude of the Issues involved and the conllieting elements engaged , the har < mony and coed feeling that prevailed throughout were exceptional in the his tory of conventions that nominate legis lative tickets in n senatorial nnd con grcssional campaign. This was the first convention ever held In this county in which all the issues , state , congressional , senatorial and local , were pooled. Here tofore two conventions have always been hold , nnd candidates for the legislature were usually nominated only two weeks before the election , The now departure has proven satisfactory In many if not nil respects. l-'or the fir.st time in ton years the can- 'dictates stand on a , platform expressing the views of tl.o party on the living is sues of the hour the temperance , the labor and the railroad questions , For the lirst time In the history of Nebraska Douglas county has endorsed n senator not a resident of the county. The ticket , as a whole , is the strongest nnd most popular that has been nomi nated in many years. It possesses ele ments of strength which will bo more manifest as the election approaches. 1 ha legislative ticket is truly representative of all the mercantile , mechanical and professional classes. It is respectable throughout and will inspire popular con fidence. Of the candidates Individually wo pro pose to speak more in detail hereafter. Most ot them are wcllkuOwn , not'only in Omaha , but throughout the state. The compliment paid Mr. Clarke by the convention is significant of Ms strength in this community. The de cisive vote by which the convention delegated - gated the power to Mr. Conncll of select ing his own delegation to the congres sional convention was more thun signift- cant. It was conclusive as to republican sentiment with regard to Church Howr and a testimonial of which Mr. Conncll has reason to bo proud. There is no doubt now of repuplicati success m Douglas county in November , With n.11 factional difl'ereuces merged in a general desire for party success , the result cannot bo doubtful. Senator Vim " \Vyclc indorsed. Senator Van Wyck has every reason tc bo satisfied with the Haltering compli ment bestowed upon him in the metrop olis of Nebraska. By a practically unani mous vote the following resolution was incorporated in the platform of the republicans of Douglas county : Jtesolved , That It Is the senso'ot this con volition that the state of Nebraska has reason to feel pioud of the national fame of hoi brilliant , able , tearless and faithful repre sentative In the United States senate , General oral Charles II. Van Wyck , who has proven himself an earnest and constant champion of the producers and industrial classes , am ! has at all times labored zealously for the material advancement of the people of this state. In view of the bitter opposition to the senator from what claims to bo a leading republican paper , this expression of con lidonco allbrds the most striking proof o : the esteem in which the senator is heli among-intelligent republicans who have watch'jd his senatorial course and notee the records which he has made at Wash ington. With this endorsement from r county that will well more , than 13,00 ( votes the senator has certainly reason tc feel encouraged in his canvass for re election. Church Howe's \ \ ntcrloo. With Douglas , Lancaster , Cass , Sarpj and lllcliardson solid against him Mr Church Howe has at last struck the fata snag that will send him to the bottom o the political sen. lie has claimed every thing anu the lusty shouting from the democratic and subsidized republican press created the impression in some quarters that ho was invincible. The timid and time serving politicians' wen afraid to oppose him and the fence ridon wore getting ready to embark just as he was helplessly stranded. Since it is al up with Ilowo these political rats will desert sort the sinking ship faster than they wcnl into it. It speaks volumes for the integrity ol the republican masses that they have re pudiated this political mountebank am trickster when all the baser element ; of the party were leagued together U foist him into a scat in congress. Douglas county has been the pivoi upon which Howe's fortunes turned , am : hero , through the action of n harmonious republican convention , ho has mot with i rebuke such as bus seldom been admin istered to any politician of his pretenses The County Ticket. Yesterday's convention had simply tc do with two county nominations in the "off" year. These wore those of county attorney-and'county commissioner. Mr. Edward Simoral , the nominee o : the convention for county attorney , is : lawyer of experience and ability , whc has grown un in Omaha from boyhooc and won his spurs in the Doug las county courts. Ho has alwnyi been identified with the republican party , nnd for a year pas lias been chairman of the county ro'pub Ilcan central committee. Mr. Slmera will command the undivided support o Douglas county republicans , and will at tract a largo following outside of tin party ranks. He can bo commended un reservedly to cllteous nnd taxpayers as i candidate who will make a fearless , lion ofit and efllcidnt public oulcor. The choice of the convention for oouutj " commibslonur , Mr. Isaac N. Pierce , ha" been for a number of years pust suporin teiulnnt of the county poor farm , nm actively identified with party politics Ho Is a hoayy property owner' , and jvel acquainted with the wants of the count } and the details of Ilia county manage incut. Mr , I'iorco's nomination by ; heavy majority indicates that he will bi a hard man to defeat at the poll * . PnrnoM's nil ) . Mr , Parnoll's bill for tliu relief o' tin Irish tenants is a clover move to put tin conservatives where they must give a yo or no answer to the cry of distress bofon the estimates are passed. It forces the Irish question 0111:0 : more to the front ii spite of the government's desire to post pone all eliscussion of Irish matters untl the spring session. Mr. PurneU's bill Is s modification of Mr , Gladstone's land bit ol 1SS1. That measure provided for UK establishment of a land court for the pur pose of dealiug with the dift'orciices be tvuen landlord nnd tenant. This trlbu ual hud the uower to readjust thu rent 01 a scale of equity , running for lift ui years , during \vhlch no eviction should bb legal except for nonpayment ment of the decreed rent. In further dealing with the famous "three Fs" demanded by the Irish fair rent , lixlty of tenure and frco sale the land commission were empowered to buy for the tenants on favorable terms any land occupied by them , The cause for Mr. Pavnell'g demand that the land bill of 18S1 shall be modified lies in the great fall of the prices of pro duce in Ireland since Mr. Gladstone's bill became a law. The tenants in largo sections of the country are unequal to tlio task of meeting the judicial rents and the long lease-holders excluded from the provisions of the bill are In distress. They want the law changed to cover their case. This is Mr. Parnell's demand to-day. Ho nsks that the law be broadened and that evictions shall be restricted upon pay ment of 7o per coat of the judicial rent. There is the same cryof "communism" raised now that there was against Glad stone's bill , but a largo section of the lories see in the favorable consideration of Mr. Parnell's domamls the way to a quiet winter. Nervousness or Americans. Among the most valuable papers read at the session of the Social Science Asso ciation , held lit Saratoga recently , was one bv Dr. I'ecUham , of Now York , on the nervousness of Americans. This ailliction , the lecturer said , is more and more regarded as un undesirable charac teristic of our nation. The idea that we are a peculiarly nervous people is becom ing widespread ; this has been fostered by articles written on the subject , so that in tne last ten years "nervous" has be come almost a household word. It la diflleult to prove the assertion that Americans are more nervous than Euro peans. A high civilization elaborates n nervous organism , and renders it capable of responding quickly to a thousand nnd onostimuli which inthc savage state would be received unheeded. If nervousness la a national characteristic , it must be the resultant of national peculiarities which environ the individual. The conditions surrounding all nations 'alike which might react differently upon Americans , are heredity , climate , diet , government , social relations , education and occupa tion. The two latter pertain more closely to the individual. Americans , except tlio red men of the forest , have no ancestry. The influence of heredity , which bears so important n relation to the grave forms of nervous disease which all'ect the individual , can bo set nsido , and for the purpose of the argument an American is one who has been in the country long enough to have its manners and customs supplant those of the land whence ho came. There is not bo .much inlliicncu in ell mate as is generally supposed. All kinds of climate prevail in the United States , yet common national peculiarities arc soon everywhere. The dryness of the air and the electrical conditions are said to be the distinctive characteristics ol our atmosphere. The relation of these to the nerves has not been proven. While it has been stated by the National Board of Health that n dry climate is salubrious , and that the dry air of Colorado rado has been found beneficial.in cases o ; nervous exhaustion , more conclusive than thtvso is the fact that inhabitant : dwelling in places on cither side of the boundary lines of the United States exhibit hibit , contrasting national peculiarities A stirring Texas town , with all the enter pri&o and "go" of America , can bo seer on one side of tlio dividing river , while on the other is the Mcxican-Spanisl : town , with its sleepy inhabitants , with their customs of two hundred years age undisturbed. Since Americans are n well-fed people , it is not so much the food which gives dyspepsia , with its reaction - action on the nervous system , as tlio hur tied eating while the mind is anxious am lull of care. The conclusion must therefore be that ! is the governmental and social surround ings , occupations which are followed inordinately ordinatoly and against great competition an education and pursuit of knowledge which from necessity become yearly more complex , with art , music , science , ane : newspapers factors of rapidly advanc ing civilization which contribute tc American nervousness. Hut there are minor Influences operating in con uection with these great causes and they are very _ potent. Some of these are the American habit of taking patent medicines , worrying concerning health , imagination , unit imitation. Wo men are moro nervous than men , not because cause they have too much education , bu because they have too little mental nnc physical training. They miss the granc absorbing pursuits which give variation and pleasurable excitement when not par rieel too faro. To correct this growing tendency to nervousness American ! should not'hurry , should not oat at rail road speed , should not overdo in business should not over-indulge in excitement should take sufllciont physical exercise and live more out of doors , in : summer vaca'tion a man , anaconda like , must gorge Himself with his ru creation and physical exercise. He should take short vacations during the year , and hayo a variation ot routine The letting up on the tension is wha ! helps. The lecturer urged the constan exertion of the will power for keeping the nervous system in control , and con eluded by saying that there is no reason in tlu ) externals which surround Americans cans , if they properly understand thorn- Helves , nnd ivgulato their denims , tlioii methoels of living , their education , whj the quality of nervousness which hai been attributed to them should not be 2 glory rather than a stigma. A Noteworthy Contrast. The failure of thu president or an ; mcmberof the administration to take an ] action for the relief of the Churlcstoi sullorers , beyond that of the war depart inent in forwarding a few tents , has beer quite genor.illy remarked upon , and ir borne instances sharply criticised. O course this Inaction is not duo to iiidifl'er once , although Mr. Cleveland has for the ptt.st month evidently been more con ernod with hunting and fishing than anything eilsn. So engrossed was he will these sports that three days elapsed before fore ho replied to the telegram of sym pathy iont by Queen Victoria , which Is the only evidence ho bus givnn that the calamity has at any time engaged his at tuntiou. Wo assume , however , that neither the president nor any mem ber of his administration Is indifl'erent tc this exceptional catastrophe in the coun try's experience. lint it id one of those entirely non-political matters In which tlio president choojps to put a strict con struction upon hlsM ewers , and as ho has no lawful authorn jto j- extend govern ment aid ho wlthheV ds it. He is pleased to take the view } liat notwithstanding the severity of tire exigency , and al though the whole people would undoubt edly approve of any'cdnrso for the relief of the distress and pVlvHtlons of the si-f- forcrs ho might adopt , still in the absence of woll-dcllncel authority to help thorn ho can do nothing. Mr. Cleveland would bo less amenable to celticism in tills case If in all other matters and circumstances lie had been equally solicitous regarding his lawful powers. The course of the administration with respect to the Charleston calamity has suggested a reference to the contrasting action pursued m connection with the Chicago lire. There was no liesitatlon in extending aid to the sud'orurs from that disaster. While the fire wiu raging ( Jon- oral Sheridan telegraphed to St. Louis for all the available , tents and 100,000 rations belonging to tlio war department , and they were promptly forwarded to Chicago. This proceeding was approved of by the secretary of war , who further directed the transfer of clothing and blankets from St. Louis and Joflbrson- vllle for the use of the people whose homos had been destroyed. President Grant in turn approved the course of General Sheridan and the secretary of war. Thus the government was the first , to provide for the pressing needs of the suirurcrs at Chicago , and this prompt re lief not only greatly lessoned privation , but in all probability saved many lives that would have been imperiled by ex posure. There was no law for this action o\cupt that of common humanity , which in some circumstances is the lirst of all laws , but it was approved by the people and by congress. Perhaps in the uresont ease President Cleveland has a sufliulcnt defense in the fact that ho has no author ity to extend government aid to the sut- fercro at Charleston , but there are a grcal many people , believing quite us strongly as ho can in kcopingfctrictly within the le gal limitations of power , who will think that the Charleston Calamity presented an occasion when ho might have justi fiably allowed tlio law of humanity to prevail. Happily the urgency of the de mand is being met by the generosity of the people. THK brief of Pope Leo XIII. complet ing the restoration of thei Jesuit order To all the privileges enjoyed before their suppression in 1778 by Clement XIV. has been a matter of extensive comment dur ing the past week. ( According to leaders of the order m this , country , the new brief is really little , yiorp than n repeti tion of that issued , by Ijius VII. in 181-1 , which re-established thq.order. It is said to be perhaps more full § md grants cer tain spiritual coucossipns , immunities and powers withoutiixtujiding any of the temporal powers of , tuoprder. , The Jes uit fathers number . -abotjt 1,200 in the United States , of whicti , : i large proportion arc students not in full mem- bur.shii ) . The orclergro\ys slowly on ac count of its rigid qualilipations. , Fifteen years of study arc , , required to secure full admission , and tjho result of this se vere discipline isshownin the high char acter of the teachers , which , Jesuitism has always furnished. Nearly every largo city in the United States 1ms a college with a parish church attached. Omaha has the only institution which is self-supporting through the munificent endowment of the lamented Edward Creighton and his wife. SEVKNTV-FIVE tents only were sent by the war department to the houseless people of Charleston , and some of our eastern contemporaries are waxing facctioeis over the small stock kept on hand in Washington. About all the surplus touts are required to house troops and ofllccrs in frontie1- posts which n parsimonious congress neglected to supply with proper quarters. POltl'JUOAlt POINTS. Perry Celmont's ambition as n statesman Is not satisfied. Ho will try for a re-olcctlou to The Chicago Journal says : "The Texas republicans will nominate candidates for slaw ofllcers , and vote for thorn. They have neglected this duty forborne years. " Kx-Seuator Dorsey announces that ho Is making money in yn\v Mexico and will not lo-enter politics , Some people find the busi ness of making money not entirely Inconsis tent with politics. Interviewed In Chicago Senator Blair stated that bethought the prospects of the republican party were never brighter , that Cleveland is a sham reformer ; and that lilalno Is the strongest lepubllcan. Chicago News : Tlio Wisconsin democrats deserve commendation for courage enough lo adopt a platform which says something. In these days'of "masterly" straddles It Is re freshing to see a convention lay down a sort ot a doctrine whether wo agree with Hornet. St.'Paul Pioneer Press : Senator Jones , of Florida , has the cheek of a granite Egyptian sphinx. Ho proposes to stand for ro-ehfctlem to the senate in his state next winter. The Florldlans will bo certain to inquire/whether Jones means the Detroit senate or the United States senate at Washington. Ex-Senator Joseph E. McDonald , being asked In New " ork last week If ho would bo a candidate for the United States senate , said ; "If the leglslnffiro is democratic my name will go before the caucus. Wo usually do not have candidates for the senate until after tho.olectlon. " I The utterance , "To the v/ctors / belong the spoils , " has general I v bejj'i } ' ascribed to An drew Jackson , but It Is ishpwn that it was lirst used by William L. Iatpy , of Now York In the dobatu In the * United States on the nomination of Mr , Van , uuien byJackson to be minister to England. . ] . . Mr. Edmunds , accoulngto | | tlio Haitford Courant , is not a popular man In the general acceptation of the term.It does not come natural to him logo around hissing the babies and assuming to know iina'to ' take personal interest In all ills constituents. To some of his best political friend , , ItTs saM , ho has to be Introduced on an averafeo about twice a year. Ho contents himself by doing his duty in tlio senate , where he has become one ot ! the mobt inlluuntlal leaders. Chicago Herald ( dem. ) : Practically com plete returns from Maine show that In the olex'tlon the republicans polled C9OQo votes ; the democrats , 50,000 , and the prohibitionist 4,000. In comparison with the vote in IHSI this shows a republican loss of 9,000 , a democratic loss of 3,000 , ana a prohibition gain of nearly 3,000. Proportionate losses and gains In all states of the union would give the democrats a plural ity in most of them and the prohibitionists a clear balance of power. The Hoiiij and Short of It. St. Ami Pou < tr 1'ieu. A Curllneton , la. , clti/en recently re marked : "Our brewers are selling consider ably less llemor to saloons , but they are Just about making It up among private con sumer. * . " This Is the "long and short" of pro hibition. Prohibitionists denounce high license ns a leaptto with the devil , but when they get a chance to operate tlToir own sys torn they give the liquor trafllc n big boom , only In a little different dlieclloir. Uy patlty of reasoning , Isn't prohibition a "le.ignu with the dovll , " too ? ( Jems and Gcittlomcn. trittfidipfuM lldtclict. C Only "gents , " say thanks. Clcutlemaii say "thank yon. " Very Ijlkoly. llmton llcnill , Mr. Check has been nominated for Insur ance commissioner of Wisconsin , Ho must havoilsen from an Insurance agent. The nilToroiiucB. fVitcmw J/mild. When a white man steal * n coat In Arl- roula he Is hanged. When an Indian butchers a family ho Is bent to Florida to r.ilse oranges. bo If ( icronlmo's lllu Is loft In the hands ot a commission composed of army oDlccis ( Scro ll line will soon bo a very Interesting bygone. Great Lovclor. A'cm York H'orM. The vote In Winchester , Va. , on the liquor license question divided both democrats and lepubllcan : ) , whites and blacks. The bottle tle Is a great lovcler In more wajs tlmn one. Some Are Inconvenient. Cincinnati Commercial. llragg Is n small man with a terrible tongue , and ho has himself picked up a few enemies , some oC whom arc Inconvenient , They Ilemcnibor tlio Pony. Chicago Tribune. The famous stallion Virgil has just died in Kentucky. All classical scholars who are familiar with Virgil will lomembcr the "pony. " _ _ _ _ _ The TJirco Dictators. Sprtnaflclti Union. There are many honest , well meaning people ple in this country who hope to live long enough to see the day when the fate of na tions in Europe will no longer depend upon the dictates ot three men. Absurdity of a Olilcngo Claim. Chicago Tribune. There are people in Franco who have faith yet In Do Lcsscps and his Panama canal scheme. This shows the absurdity of. the claim that the new Hat about to be erected in Chicago Is the largest in the world. Llvo and I-iot Be. The Spectator. Live and let bo I The Alpine heaven is bright ; Tlreel cloudlets sleep alone yon a/ure sea : Soft airs steal by and whisper , taint and light , Llvo and let be 1 iilvn aim let bo ! Is it not well to rest bonu'tlmes from labor ? Live as do the Hewers ? Not counting hours' ' 23 1 Not heeding ought , but on the pale , worn cheek To teel the warm breath of the murmuring pine , And watch on many a rose-flushed , hoary peak Heaven's glory shine 1 Is It not well ? Sweet , too , at wandering eve To list that melody of tinkling bells , And hear old Echo in her distance weave Endless fare wells I Night , too , hath here her music , deep and strong. O [ cataracts , solemn as an ancient psalm , Whence the soul's fever , born In heat and throng , Grows cool and calm. Live and let bo ! It will be time onouirh llere'altor to resume the irit-at world's care , Wneil autumn skies are troubled , winds are roiuh , And trees are bare. Then to renew the fizht , the cause reawaken , Dare all the stiife , the burden , and the pain , Rally the weak ; the downcnst , the forsaken , Lift up again 1 And what thou doest then , In peace begotten , Shall show like peace , her looks and tones recall , And , all the frail nnd faulty past forgotten , Bring good to all. Till then let nothing p.ist or future vex The untrammeleel soul , mid Nature's free dom free ; From thoughts that darken , questions that perplex. Ltvoiaml lettbol Another Mnn With an Chicago lleiald. John Ii. Reagan , of Texas , is another man who wins favor with the people bc- cuuso ho stands for bomothing. While nvmy of the Texas representatives have had great difliculty in securing renomi- nations , and in several instances have failed dismally , Mr. Reagan finds himscll in the field by acclamation. Ho is an elderly man who would natu rally bo giving away now to younger lenders if ho luid not iortilie > d himself by championing an idea. Ho has served under three governments those of the republic of Texas , the ill- starred confcdcnic3r , and the United States. Almost alone among the men who were conspicuous in the Confederate Government Mr. Reagan is now in high otlico in obadicncato a-populnr vote , and this is due moro to the fact that he has placed Iiiinsclf.in advance of the people than to any other reason. As long as Mr. Reagan remains in the House of Representatives there will bo one man who will make ) it a point to senk a solution of , the interstate commerce problem. He has stood for that ielea for more than ten years , nnd it has been through his instrumentality that public sentiment has been educated upon the subject as it has been. Ho may not live to see his bill a law , but ho will ut least have > thu satisfaction of knowing that ho has sown seed which will some day bear fruit. The Tnmplur Conclave , ST. Louis , Sept. 18. All arrangements for the reception anil entertainment of thu KnlghU Templar , who will attend the tri ennial conclave In this city , haw been pre pared for all visiting eommauelerlos. 'lo-day a reception committee of nfty fiom various local comuiiiudcrles went Into camp near the Union ddpot , where ) they will bo htatloneel until the last of tne visitors arrive , giving thu knights a re ception and furnishing a band to escoit them to their headqimiters. Yesterday there loft In a special car a detonation from Ivanhoo commandery and Invited delegations for Kansas City whore they will meet Sir Knight Withers , rurht eminent grand master of the United States , and the California delega tions , undescott them to this city , nrrlvluc hem to-morrow morning. Tlio conclave opens Slonday. A Cardinal IlnnKerousIy 111. ROME. Sept. 18. The illness of Cardinal Jacoblni. papal secretary of state , assumed a critical state. The attempt to relieve the pa tient tiom gout in the chest , from which he sutle'rs , was unsuccessful. The greatest anx. iety Is felt In papal circles about the Issue of the card.nal's Illness. 1'ostofllco Changed. WASHINGTON , Sept. 18. The nan-eof the postolllco at Forest City. Sarpy county , Neb. , is changed to Grctna. A mathcmetlelan estimates that a ma chine of one-horse power would keep 37,000,000 watches running. The star spangled banner is soon oftener - oner in the towns of Ireland no v than any other ilag , save , perhaps , the green itself. NEW YORK'S CAPITAL CITY , Albany's ' Great Bl-Oentonninl Veok and How It Was Oelobratod , A CITY OF FAMOUS TRADITIONS. lllstorlo Incidents Which Mnvo Upon Unnoted Near ItB Conlliicn Kloeuly TruKCdles nnd Talon of Indlixu Outrages. TholUI-CcntcMblnl. Nnw Yonic , Sept. 15. [ Corrcspon- elcnco of the HKE. ] September Is always a gala month among tltei Now Yorkers. This season Is no exception to either farmers or tourists. Crops have all been fair , except tlio fruit harvest , which In many localities has fallen below the average , both as to quality and quantity. The farmers are , however , In the main quite jubilant over their well-earned ro- turns. Tlio watering places have received their usual share of patronage , and the guests are flocking homeward once moro to participate in the joys of urban life. Till' III-CKNTUXNIAL. Probably the greatest anniversary ex hibit over held on this continent ( with the exception of the famous Philadelphia pageant of ' 7tl , ) was the grand bl-centen- nary of Albany , which opened on July 18 and closed on "the ! Wd Western as well as eastern papers have been so re plete with descriptions of this ge > nrcous Hpootuelo , that it might seem superllous for mo to essay more than a brief notice. What a chapter of changes , revolutions , triumphs , fears nnd hopes , could the past two hundred years unfold , could we but glunce over the annals of Albany. Albany was then Fort Orange , u humble little hamlet , nnd the worlel stood on the brink of impending political changes. On thu very tlay the e-ity charter was signed the treaty of Augsburg bound the princes of Germany to unite in curbing the power of Lotuls XIV. The celebrated Peter of Russia was plotting for the rebuilding of his great empire ami Spain was just com pleting hur ruinous war with the French. So Albany as she looked back over her unlimited experience and noble enter prise , might well exult in her two hun dred years. The dear old city shook off the dust of centuries and "for the nonce" felt herself gifted with all the vivacity of a. young western town. Indeed that cos mopolitan element which characterizes the west entered strongly into her com position during bi-centcnnial week. Each clay during the period of the cele bration Intel iLs special significance. The lirst ( Sunday ) was dustirnnl day , and many of our most celebrated divines re turned public thanksforthecity'sgrowtb and prosperity. Monday evening was trades day , and the parade of manufac turers and trades organizations , together with erection of historical tablets , was a spirited feature of the anniversary. The cauro races in the evening for the win ning of elegant prizes drew crowds to the borders ot the Hudson. A concert in Washington park , given by a chorus of one thousand trained voices , together with n gorgeous display of fireworks , closed the exorcises of trades day. All nations' day wn cclebrnteil on Tuesday. A memorial oak wns planted in Wash ington park nnd a grand procession of Germans , Irish and Scotch , as well as other societies , took place at intervals. Games were held by the different nation alities in the fair grounds , while various exercises were conducted by the colored organizations. Wednesday was civic dsiy and opened with a national salute of thirty-eight guns. Tlio national pageant of the evening wns one of the grandest feature of the week , it consisted of sixteen "Jloats , " each representing some chapter in the city's history , from its early settlement up to the present time. Crowds from places hundred of miles distant came for the special purpose of witnessing this spectacle. Each ffoat was lit by electric light , the whole number costing ? 10,000 at the lowest estimation , its features being similar to those of the Mobile and mardigras parados. Bi-centennial day was ushered in on Thursday by the ring ing of bells and a salute ot 200 guns. A municipal reception was tendered Presi dent Cleveland and cabinet in the even ing , and was attended by Governor Hill and many distinguished guests. The expenses of the exhibit were enor mous , the fireworks alonceohting10OJO. No less than 150,000 strangers are said to have h/Jcn present. As the city alone numbers 1)5,000 ) , , thu concourse of people was immense. A OMMl'SU AT AI.11ANY AND VICINITY" . Albany and its immudiato neigborhooel are rich in historic incident ami famous for their traditions. Eight miles south of the city is a plneo known in "Groat's Wooels , " which was formerly the head quarters of the great chief of tlio Mohi cans , a terrible avenging Zeus. Arrow heads have been found hero , the points of which are said to have been dipped by this chieftain in a poison deadly as night shade , which furthered his schemes of total annihilation. Just south of Albany is tlio great mound containing tlio ashes of the departed chieftains of the royal tribe of the Mohicnnt > . A few miles to the south of the city and In the coutor of the Hudson lies the great "Firo Island , " or in llio Indian "Es-cho-da. " It is dian tongue , - - a long strip of laud noiTio two miles In ex tent. Hero history tells us that in au tumn the Indian chiefs hcM their "coun cil fires. " Thu island is rich in myths ami traditions. Like many other cele brated isles , it has not escaped the accu sation of being the store-house of Capt. Kidd's fortune. Some live or six years ago a wild rumor was given crcelenco that Kidd's pot of galel ( or nithcrnilvor , In this case ) was unearthed at hist. A plow-boy , in cultivating tliu lower part of the island , had struck some obstacle which proved to bo n silver tank , and , armed with piek-axes , the untliiisiiistio villagers surrounded the t-pot. Nothing more oxeitrng than several silver spoons beting brought to light , the ) wiser heads snilleel contemptuously , nnel again con signed the pot of gold to u place among the myths , Other points of interest of all ( he ob jects which Imvouwnkone'd cunojilty.nono has occasioned u doepar interest to tbo relic-hunter than the ) "Bloody Stone. ' , This is a miuwvo * boulder , lying under an overhanging clin" , just on the out skirts of the city. During the early history - tory of the settleuuuit a feud arose be tween the whiles and Indians , nnd the latter , in revenge , neil/.e-l - a young white woman and banging her to a tree which grow upon the margin of the din" , elelib- erately murdered her ami then mulilatiid her body in a shoe-king manner. Her arms and le-g-s were mil oft' while she was yet alive ami her heart torn euit anel tosn- ed into hur face , Her pitiful screams brought no succor , but lieu1 drops of blood tailing upon the botihler beneath have left a stain which , tradition whinpers , 1ms never been wiped away. For some years it was "currently believed that who- oveir touched the < > toue would instantly fall dead. That superstitious fear , how- liver , has long since cmistul to exist. It has bi-en rumored that attempts to wash away the bloody mark * hnvu be-en made , but till without'effect. . Tm | trunk of the treje to which the murdered maiden wan hung is still stanellng , and the Mains whieh remain will , it HII | > OUM , latt as long as thei hi.story of this section , ( \nothor itiitUlcnt recently brought to ight is the liiullugof the Indian skeleton , Soinei months ugo , u laborer In digging a rvull eaine upon the bones of what > roved to be a n Indian hunter. The .still entire and \v mine was . preserved , s liscovored in u Kitting posture. Th heads of a bunch of arrows were' Iji' ! by the reel man' * side , together with , v portion of the carthlm jug which con tallied the water with which the spii' t hael refreshed Itself on Us journey to tnei hunting grounds. ' This skeleton was fen' ninny ( lays on exhibition , nnd cxotdl wldo spread Interest. TIIK KOMI : OFMAirrrx VAW nunns Fifteen miles south of Albany Hostile village of Klnelorhook long since fain- ous as the birth nlaco and life long ri'i eleMico of Martin Van Huron. Thi.s village finds Its origin In the Dutch Inn- giiago. The early Dutch wcro ratlu-r remarkable for the numerical value' e > f their offspring. Everywhere those little ) wooden shod urchins perched ; tlu'.v hung about the wagons of the jmsMM-s by , in as many fantastic and almost iui possible attitudes as those assumed by Lasso Forrato's bnby angels. A tnivoli'i1. passing one day through the streets or Ivindorhook , was so annoyed by these little human pests that ho is said to have exclaimed , angrllyi "Woll , this must Im 'oin kinder hook' " ( a place for the children ron ) , ami this name , KIntlerhook , thu village has retained up to the present time. The homo of Martin Van Huron , "Lin donwald , " i.s a quaint , old fashlone-d building , of the antique Dutch typo , low and roomy. It stnnets just on the out skirts of the town , nnd Is an object of much interest to tourists. A handsome monument , plain , but substantial , Is orectcel over the president's grave in the village cemetery. It boars the slmplo inscription : MA1CTIN VAN imitF.N. vm i'iti iii.XT : OK Tin : UNITED STATCS. Horn , Dec. B , 1782. Dieel , July 31 , 1800. The life of Mr. Van Huron is too well and currently known to awaken any interest by u recital. Many of his per sonal traits were peculiar in the ex treme. Ho was below tlio average in stature and bus been criticized as having been rather overbearing to his inferiors. His haughtiness and diminutive build re- somblcel the historical description of IrfHiis XIV. , but unlike that monarch , ho wore no six-inch heels to increase his height. Mr. Van U.'s complexion was rather of the sandy cast , his eye quick and piercing his whole appearance ani mated in the extreme. He wns n sincere hater and nn ardent friend. Seldom blinded by political prejudices , ho hael many associates , some ol whom are still living in the vicinity , and speak in cordial terms of their honored and do- parteel associate. There is one thing , which , however , cannot fail to Impress the spectator with surprise and indigna tion ; that is , the manner in which the grave of the departed presiele-nt is tie- gleetud. The spot is literally overrun with reeds anel noxious plants. That fact , occurring as it docs , in the very heart of a civiliziul community , is a sad rulloction upon the nature of nn American people. It is .shameful that when our leaders fall their memory should bo so cruelly neglected by an unsympathetic world. Many humorous stories illustrative of Mr. Van Huron's characteristics are told in this section. One of them 1 recall. During his presidency an old friend from Kindorhook is said to have called at the white house , for the uurposo of having a friendly chat with the highly honored friend of his youth. The servant who answered the summons refused to admit him , saying Mr. Van Huron was not in. The caller had seen the president outer the mansion but a few minutes be fore , so told the servant to return and toll Mr. Van Huron that an old friend wished to set him anel gave his name. The servant did as rcqucbtcei and again came back , saying the president was not in. At this tlio irate visitor exclaimed nngrilv : "Yes , he is. for 1 saw him enter a few minutes ngo , " but tlio servant was crjjiinl to the emergency , and stamping ; his foot in a passion , cnod out : "I tell you Air. Van liuren is not in. for ho just lolil nc so himself. " Like all politicians of prominence Mr. Van Huron was the victim of many dej rogntory witicisms and partisan abuse , but bo was a genial nnd kindly friend and neighbor. irom Henry Clay be won the cnconiuni of being "civil , courteous and gentlemanly" and of "dispensing in his elegant Kinder- book mansion a generous and liberal hospitality. " A HEVIKW OF 3A11ATOCIA. The watering place season is now drawing to a close and the "day" is over at Saratoga for the year. Tlio hotels have all been well patronized but "Tlio States" has recoiveel the largest share of patronage from the mil lionaire ! class. One of tbo novel and pleasant features of this establishment is that here , one can have all the i/riviligcs of home life life , together with the oxollo- mcnl attendant upon outdoor life at thu Springs. "Tho States" is nothing inqro than a series of elegant cottages combin ed each oli'rring a private family all the domestic retirement to which they have been accustomed , The ) garden parties have been weill atleinelea , many of the ball costumes being of unusual elegance. I'ho diamonds worn by Mr Dr. Muim of New York city are said to havn been the linef-t over seen at the "States " The liusbnnel Dr. Miuin is the family 3ian of Jay Gould , anel lust your accom panied the hittesr to Cuba. Among many if the notables present during the past month we notice the names of Hoar-Ad miral Haldwln , Coiigros.snmn Mllohol of N'cw Haven , Mr. lulwnrel Avery , the .veil known banker of Auburn , Nuw I'ork , Prof , Francis Wayland , of Yale Jollogo , Frederick Kmgsbiir.y , president ) f the Scovillo manufacturing company , > f Waterbury.Conn. , and Dr. II. Holbrook Jurlis of New Vork. AV. S. s. , IjKAOUKINDCIIUllCII. . i.'rol > nbl < > Content HutwocuDr. O'Hellly A- and Hlsliop JIorgcsH. f DRTIIOIT , Mich. , Sept IS. [ Special Tele- ; ram to the HKK. j It i * Mut el that If Hover- nidDr.O'Itclllyiloe'.s not resign thotie'asuier- hip of tin ; Irish National leawio by to-night ' he probability Is he will bn summoned by ils bishop , the Klglil Itoveiond Oamiar II. 5orgo.ss , lo explain why ho refuses to cemiply vlth tlio older promulgated by the Sandwloh , ynoel last month. Kxaetly what Dr. O'ftdliy I turpo.se ! ) Is not asceitalnablo from himfor ho ? Bfiibes to bo Intel viewed. Kiom a icllablo ouree , however , It Is learned that Dr. > 'lcollly will not ic.slgn as treisnrar of Ihn .i.tgue , and that If thu IHSIIO IH thereby formed etweun himself anel his bNhop he wilt light lie matter to the ) end in Urn eccle-lusllrul ourts. TlioMiknowlnicDr.O'He'llly'scliaractPt eliovc If a light oectnn U will throw Into thu hade any previous contest In this dlocesu , 'liicli hns become noled for ItH nhurch lIshensloiiH. it is we-ll understood lu-ie that he order of the hihliop was almeel at Dr. CHeilly nnd ho known it was hlmsitlt. The editions bniween Dr. O'lteilly and nishop toige-sx were litiver cordial tuid for hoinu iinu havet been leporli.'d stialned , AA the ( shop's older iloes not nniim any priest ho raiil'l choose lei asinine Hint it does IKH refer i ) him itnd will ignoiii It Thnrei Is nn doubt lint the ) leicui : ) trr-.isuieuhip I'iills within thet Illce'rf banned by tlm binhoji , but Dr. O'Hellly t IH rviioiteel , will Je-av Unit fiu-t feir thu ilshop to eie-elniv. The ) bishop's preibnblo ctlon , upon learning Dr. O'Hellly's rotusnl i re-sign , will bn to misponel him from the laiteirate ) of St. Patrick's rliurch , this city , > i. O'llellly will them appeal to the pone , 'lioio Is teason to bellevtt that Dr. O'Heilly eels confident of winning In ratio ho bishop mien that the lanel leairue Is a olitieal Institution and no jiriest can hold Hire therein. It will bn urced that If tins is o then the bishop must go further and rule Imt a priest find oven no ( ' .ithollo shall Im- une to the oreler. Dr. O'Heillly will uiuloiiU- : clly Inivn at his bank the leiegui * . which may il xe-'rl e'linslelt'iables Influencual Homo. It I.s ; , ] yell known hejr that certain Itxuil iulluenpes : iieve < been iirrul/ried : ; ngainbt O'lteilly In this natter , It has been stated on thu stiucls hat hu.would bo forced to resign from the lunch. I't'iinsylvanln nut uuiil is worth $15 per ou in Duudwood.