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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : SUNDAY , NOVEMBER 21 , ISStt T > VELVE PAGES.
DAILY BEE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TTHMS np stHwcnipTiof : TDilly 'VTomljir Edition ) Including Sunday II p. Onii Vonr . $1001 Tor Sir Month . 6 ) VorThnoMoiitl'S . 260 trim Omnlm Hmidny HKK , mnllcd to nny , Ono Vvnr. . . 200 . No. on , sn 91ft j An-A f Jtrve VIIRK otrttr. Homi f.X. Tlltnt'vr Hl'll.iHNo. WASUINUTUX OmCC , NO.&U roUllTXhVTII STItLLT. . All commnnlcnlianfl rclnthiK to nors and nil- forliil j nnitlor liould bo udiliessod to tlio Km- Ton of TIIE ] Ui : > IltrSINESS I.F.TTF.ftSt All limlnem letter * mid romltlnncci should l > o flddrOfumil to TDK IIKI ! riJIII.lHIIINO ( 'OMI'ANV , OMXIIX. Drnftft , oliocks nml po tofflro order * toboirmdopajablo to tlio onltr of tlio company. THE BEE POBLISHIHTcipm , PROPRIETORS , K. KOSKWATT.U. Kniroit. THI3 DAIIiY IMSH. Sworn Statement of Circulation. Btate of Nebraska , l. s County of Douglas. f ( ! i-o. li. Tzschuck , ceorctary of The Bee Publishing coinjiany , does Rolemnlv swear that the actual circulation of tliu Dally Ueo Tor tlic xxeek uniling Xov. 10th , IbbO , xvstf as follows : Saturday. Nov. in . Air.2 Sunday. Nov. 14 . WOOD Monday , Nov. 115. . 1".71 ( ) Tuesday. Nov. in . li.WO ! Wednesday. Nov. 1" . . 12.S55 Thmcdav. Nov. 18 . 13,010 Friday , Nov. ID . iio : < n Axerage . irt.035 ( ! KO. H. T/.sc'iutric. Subscribed and sworn lu In my presence this -'Oth day of Xox umber , A. I ) . . ! > . N. 1" . Knit , , fbEAL ] Notary Public. ( jen. I ) . Tzschttck , being first duly sworn , deposes nnd as that ho Is secretary of tlio lice 1'tibllshlng company , that the actual nv- craco dally rlrculatlon of the D.illv Ileo for the month of January , ISsfl , xvas 10.3i8 copies , for February. ItM ) 10,6'.V > copies ; for March. lfc > M < 5 , 11.K17'copies : for April. 18M1 , 13,101 copies : for May. IS'-fl. rj.4'1 ! ) copies : for June , Ib8. ' . 13att copies ; for .Inly , lgy , 12iU : copies ; forAueust , lbN3. 12IM copicsjfor September. ISbO , l , ax ) copies ; for October , IbWI , 12ft > 'J copies. QKO. 13. Tzsc mrric. Subscribed and sworn to before me this Stli day of November , A. V. , Ibbrt. N. 1' . KKII , , ISBAIjl Notary Public. Contents of the Sunilny Flee. I'ago 1. Now York Herald Cablegrams Hl > ccmls to thu HUE. ( ionural Telegraphic News. Pace 2. Telcgiapldc News. City News. iMIscellany. 1'uec'I Special Adxtutlseuients. General nnit Local Jlarkets. I'ago 4. Editorials. Political Points. Pr"ss Comments. Sunday ( lossip. P.igoJi. Lincoln Xexvs. Aliscellany. Ad vertisements. Pace 0. Council B lull's News. Miscellany. Advertisements. Page" . Socially cuts in Omaha. Mlsccl- Innv. I'ngeS. Hcncral City News. Local Ad vertisements. Page U. ( ileanlnes For the Girls. lluse of n Persian Prince. Management ot Homes. The Old Detective's Story. Anarchist Par- bon'sv ilc , by Omar James. I'aijoio. Adventuies of Major North , by Alfted Sorcnson. Kald on thu Millions. Colonel Clovviv's Success. Artcmus Ward. Page 11. Among the Wits and Wags. Thoughts on Marrlnco. Jloncy for tlio Ladles. Impict'es. ' Kdiicational Religious. Musical and Dramatic. Connublalities. Pace 12. The Opera In New York , by Adam Uadeau. The Widow tlammersley , bv Clam Holie. ( treat Events In Boston , bv Franz Sopel. Uiuint Pox city In Hcilin , by Lena Moreenstein. Litciaiy Notes. Poppcunlnt Drops. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ SAM RANDALL is putting 111 his tinio bo- txvceu the government estimates and esti mates of his own majority in the nuxt congress. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ A i-AitK cointnission .should find : i place In onr amended chartor. Houlevards and parks : xre greatly ncodud to add to the attractiveness of our city. Each year that the preliminary steps towards se curing both arc ncglocted the moro costly and Uillioultit will bo xvhun the de mand can no longer DC ignored. SDMI : papers arc makhiir a great ado over the report that Alaska l being sup plied with whiiky through tlio Onicdium of sloops running from the Spattlc bar Woseo nothing remarkable in that. The rest of the country has boon supplied with boor for year.s through the medium of Hclioonot'H running from ten thousand jir.s to thirsty mo' ths. IK the charity ball is to be held at all this year thtiro should bo a prompt effort mudo to begin the organisation of com mittees to sot tliu ball rolling hast year a generous amount was raised by this method for charitable purposes , and thcro U no good reason why the sum should not be more than equalled this 'season. AND still thu real cstatu movement keeps on. Transform aru numerous and 'purchases ' for improvement larger in number. The settlement in the suburbs Js one of the most interesting forU'.ircs of the situation , scarcely less so than the 'improved ' class of stores and residences going tip on hitherto vacant lots in the city itself. A sroitr current some little time ago , 'that the president \vas bolicvod tq bo in collusion with curtain Washington real estnto dealers , is revived in connection with the police scandal In that city , Mr. 'Cleveland is nt something of a disadvan tage with eighty nine now.spaper corre spondence at the national capital in op position to him. UUVKUKOK GOKDON , of Georgia , declared - clared in his inaugural that "Joyali/.od Hluvory has been nboliihed in this coun try , " General Gordon has boon for years one of the most grasping and tyrannical 'of rail road monopolists. No one knows bolter than himself that thnro is ono form of "legali/cd slavery" which is still In 'force in thu union of etiti : > .s , the bondage of the shipper to the ennior and of the * -Btato the creator to tliu , , corporate creat ure , TIIKHI : appears to hax-u been n mistake about thu alleged ill-feeling between thu Austrian minister of foreign ufl'alrc and the American secretary of state , The former is reported to hax'o said .is re cently us last Friday that the diplomatic relations betxvcon the two countries were very frluiully , and that the fact of neither nation being represented In the other by R minister is duo to other causes than al leged ill temper of the hotuU of the for eign departments. ONLY those xxho "go down to the sea inbhipi" anil have battled xvltli the fury 'oi thu relentless storm and the mad Vntors can perhaps bo duly impressed Svith tint story of the lakti disasters which "was gix'on in our columns yesterday taornitiff. It was a pathetic and painful "repetition of the tale of death and do fclruclion whiph every year at this season 'comes from the great lakes , and the lirst of many that are yet to bo told before the teasou o.f navigation shall Intro closed. The Whole Story Told. The testimony given in Friday in the trial in progicss In Xcw Voik of ex-Alder- man McQnado , one of the thirteen "boodle'1 nldcrmen charged xvlth selling their votes to the Broadway Surface rail road company , laid bare tne xvholft story of that corrupt arrangement. After the evidence given by c.x-Alderman Inilgraf , corroborated by another of the boodln gang xvhose conscience xvoiild not permit him to hold the corroding secret , there cannot remain n doubt in the mind of any one respecting the guilt of this precious croxvd of bribetakers. Fnlgraf stated that in all his testimony before the senate committee , in xvhlch ho asserted that ho had no knowledge of thp alleged transac tions , he swore falsely , thus adding per jury to his other crimp , as did several of his confreres. He explained in detail the course of thp ra-callv compact by xvhlch thirteen men sold themselves to the cor rupting corporation. It Is a story of dc- llboratp and conscientious perlidy ueh as lias been rarely paralleled. Thosclicmo xvtts nut consummated in n day. 1'haro xvero n score or moro meetings of the gang held between May , 1831 , and the date at which the compact xvas carried out , December 5 of that year. At the llrst meeting the "boodlcrs" numbered eight or nine , and the particular matter considered xvas that of securing the other four or live necessary to poss- the bill. Tlios-c xvero secured at a meet ing held a week later , and it xvas agreed that tin- thirteen would hold together in any question that came before the board. Hxx'asthc fatal number united in a de liberate plan to steal. There xverc txvo companies bidding for the support of the rogues the cable and the surface road. Hut the bribe of the for in in * xvas to con sist of half stock and half cas.h , while1 the latter offuivd all rash and w.is of course preferred. This determined , the question of who should receive and ( lib- burse the money xvas the next matter to be decided. The rascally plotters natur ally distrusted each other. Finally Kce- nan xvas selected. The bill giving the franchise to the surface road xvas passed and the mayor vetoed it. It xvas noxv necessary to secure moro xotes , and the original boodlers found it necessary to reduce the amount each xvas to receive , $22,000 to S-0,000 , theainountrelinguished to bo used to buy the additional votes required Clerk Maloney , who is now sojourning in Canada , xvas designated to recruit the needed reinforcement , which he did , and the bill xvas passed over the veto. L'ulgraf received for his share in the transaction $18,000 , and Dully stated that he had recuix-cd but $10,000. .Neither of them has restored any part of this money , but the former declared his pur pose to do so "when he could. " Such succinctly is the story of this con spiracy as told by ono of the original con- spiratois. It could not be made more sug gestive by enlargement or embellishment It is sufficient to shoxv that xvhcie men are purchasable there are corporations xvill- ing to buy them , and these are not pecu liar to Noxv York. Wo do not knoxv of an o\act counterpart of this rascally scheme , but could the secrets of legisla tion in most of the states and the larger cities in the country bo uncox'crcd they xvould disclose an alarming array ot sim ilar transactions. Nexv York is perhaps the most corrupt city In the xvorld. No- xvhcro else , doubtless , arc there so many men xvho have bartered their trusts and sold their honor for lucre. IJut bribery and bribe-takers are broadcast in the land , and the groxvtli of corporate power and greed , xvitli the increasing careless ness of the people in the selection of public officials , are not reassuring of a diminished crop in the future. Such ex posures as that in Nexv York xvill have a good temporary ellect , which may bo prolonged if the guilty parties are ade quately punished. An Important Itnclslnn. The supreme court of Nebraska handed doxvn on Thursday its decision in the Solden vs Uorka case , brought on xvrit of quo xvarranto to determine the constitu tionality of the laxv passed by tlio last leg islature limiting the number of justices of the peace in cities of the first class. The point raised by the counsel for ex- Justice Seldon xvas that .such limitation xvas in violation of the provisions of the constitution , which requires that "all laws relating to courts shall bo of general anil uniform operation. " The claim xvas advanced and argued that by reducing the number of justices in specially specified districts in cities of the first class , and permitting the county commissioners to designate thu districts , the legislature broke the uniformity of operation of justices courts throughout the sUite and violated the constitutional proviso. In dismissing the application and af firming the validity of the three justices laxv , thu supreme court laid down a prin ciple of general application which is of much interest at the present time xvhen the question of the creation of a muni cipal court is under discussion , "A laxv , " naid Judge Ueeso , in giving the opinion , "xvhich Isgi'ner.il and uni form throughout the state , operating alike upon all persons and localities of a class , or xvho are brought within the re lations and circumstances provided for , is not objectionable as wanting uniform ity of operation. " This effectually dUposos of the chief objection made to the ciuation of a mu nicipal count , xl < 5 : that it xvould bo in violation of the constitutional provision called in question in the justice's case , A law creating a municipal court in cities of a gix'on class would be of "uniform op eration'1 undbr the ruling given , It xvould apuly uniformly to : i roi tain class of cities to xvhich its operations xxould be conUncd , There xvould bu no prejudice through its maintenance to other judicial bodies outside its jurisdiction or with con comitant jurisdiction , Tlioru may bo other objections to thu creation of munic ipal courts , but thu constitutional objec tion Is clearly not u valid one. Treacle , An interview xvlth that prlnco of policy sharps , Juy Gould , In xvhicii he ventures the remarkable opinion that Omaha Is "a thriving city , " much improved by its pavements , throws thu sycophantic editor of thu Herald Into spasms of joy. It calls out promptly another half column of slush upon the "Colossus of Bonds , " aud * xvhat ho ought to bu induced to do for Omaha. Jay Gould is excitedly pro nounced by Dr. Mlllor the Vt'ry man to build the Omaha iV Northern , his gra cious reference to this city muklnjj that fact clear beyond a question. Wo fail to see any astonishing merit in Gould's reference to Omaha AS n "thriv ing city , " made in an interview In xvhlch ho slops over St. l.onK Kansas City , Min neapolis , St. Paul , Wichita , KnnBas , and n dozen other points in xvhich ho is inter ested directly or indirectly. This kind of noxvspaper treacle Is used by the bucket ful by the great stock jobber xvhcncver ho has a iioint to gain in appeasing the commtmltips xvhlch ho has robbed. It is inxnriably dished out In largo ladles just before bond propositions arc to be sub mitted or noxv feeders built to tap and draxv axvay the trade of cities reached by Ins lines. Western people long ago failed lo take any notice of the smooth flattery of the wily Gould or to placp any dependence upon his xv.irm professions ot friendship or Interest. Fifteen j-ears of bitter ex perience with the great Wall street shark have not bepn without Ihplr ull'oct In these parts. Kven Wall street has learned the lesson ami left to speculators alone the handling of his xvatcr bur dened bonds and stocks. The suspicion that Gould is dabbling in any security is Millicicnt to drlx'e axvay in panic all le gitimate investors. As a consequence , in spite of his subsidised press and prom ised dividends , every Gould stock is a drug on tlio market. The great railroad xvreekur has shown his hand too often and his methods are too xx'ell knoxvn to deceive any longer the investing public. Hut for the editor of the Herald , xvho has for years prostituted his position to play stool pigeon for the Goulds and Dillons , this latest piece of gentle llattcry has all the charm of novelty. The groxvth of Omaha under his own eyes , the census reports , tlio clearing house statements , tlio hum of busy Industry and the sound of trowels and hammers on e\-ery street aru noting as evidences of Omaha's prosperity xvhi'n compared xvith the statement of his Goiilden idol that "Omaha is a thriving city. " This throxvs the old fraud into hysterics of ccstacy , because it furnishes a. text for the suggestion of new subsidies to the vo racious railroad xvrerkor to whoso coat tails Dr. Miller has hung for fifteen years xvith all the desperate energy of a bunco slcercr to his boss policy sharp. AiiHtrla's Attitude. The recent speech of Count Kalnoky , minister of foreign affairs of Austro- Hungary , defining the interests and policy of the empire in connection xvith the Hulgarinn question , appears not to have given that universal satisfaction in Europe which its moderate yet decided cxptessions might have been expected to command. It is reported to have been adversely cntici/cd by a portion of the Hungarian and Austrian press , xvhilo the policy it announced had been character- i/ed in high quarters as weak. U hat Kalnoky said xvas that Austria's interests in Htilgaria xvill bo the maintenance of treaty lights , and that it the essentials of the Berlin treaty are not infringed it is immaterial how Internal a flairs in Htilgaria proceed. llathoi1 in the nature of a warning than a threat , ho stated that it xvould bo most dillicult for Austria to avoid taking ac tion during the presentexcitement , but that she xvill patiently nxvait events. All this is certainly cautious , so much so , perhaps , as to warrant Count Andrassy in characterising it as xx'cak , hut it is more judicious for a nation desiring to avoid conflict , as Austria undoubtedly does , than xvould have been a delimit menace tu Russia. It must appear to pru dent and conservative men as convoying a < mitc sufficient assurance that Austria recogni/.ps her responsibility and xvill not attempt to ax'oid it , xvhatever de mands it may make or sacrifices it may entail. Another point that invited un favorable ciiticism xvas the rather limited significance given by Kalnoky to the mission of General Katilbars in Bulgaria. Ho said its importance hail been ox'cr- estimated , and that the course pursued had attained nothing calculated to decide the political existence of Bulgaria ; that xvhiloKaulbars had succeeded in making Russian influence fcU in a most disagree able manner , he also evoked the sym pathy of Europe tor the Bulgarian pee ple. This certainly teems lo underrate the nature of the Russian general's mis sion , judging it fairly by the course he has pursued , although it may bu entirely correct as to results thus far. It must be considered , however , that the full consequences quences of thu mission of tids emissary of Russian diplomacy and intrigue may not yet be apparent. It is not question able that Russia'H aim in sending Kaul- bars to Bulgaria xvas to establish in that country an absolute Russian domination , and it is said that the foreign ofliccs of Vienna and London havu indubitable pioof that ho xvas sent to Sofia to upset the government before the great poxvers could interfere. His conduct gix-es cred ence to the statement , but the scheme xvas defeated by the firmness of the re gency supported by Austria ami Eng land. It xvould hive been moro reas suring to Europe if Kalnoky could hax'u given : i promise of thu retirement of Russia from liul- gana , agreeably to the pledges reported to have been gixen by Russia , but ho seems not to hax'o been authorized to go beyond the statement that "Russia is friendly enough and umlcttbly open to discussion,1' and that ho could "reckon upon the c/ar'b influence being decidedly in favor of a peaceful solution. " IVrhaps this ought to be accepted as biillicient.biit Europe xvill liuvo littlu faith in such as surances xvhilo Russia remains in partial occupation of Hnlgaria , mid her ngcnts and emissaries there continue to actively urge her claims to absolute dictatorship. Russian pledges are worthless xvhen not accompanied by acts. Russia having named her candidate for tlio Bulgarian throne , Prince Nicholas , of Mingrulia , and the selection having been appiovod by thu powers , it xvill require but a i-hort time to determine xvhether she is disposed to forego her pretensions in thu principality and respect treaty re quirements , She has gained an impor tant point and concussion In naming anew now ruler for Hulgaria und finding no opposition among the poxvers , Slut is noxv invited to propose a satisfactory so lution to the conflict. Huropo will axxait her rcsponbo xvith eager interest. About Tiih SUNDAY UKE xvill once moro bo found filled to overflowing xvith the xvcokly feast of good things , There Is thu usual inteiesting budget of nexvs and gossip from the political capitals of Eng land and thu continent , of xvhlch our readers have the exclusive bonalilin thcso parts. Thousands of words of special Cttblegranitf.ovcry week aru spread before .them > o be road as early at their humus as they'can bo found in eastern journals. rl he ablest foreign cprespondents In the world are drawn upon to serx-o the pat rons of a paper which Is'sparlng no pains und expense to make fts pages a daily miiror of the life nndnows ot the globe , Nor xvill the domestic npxvti bo found lack ing. Washington , Clucago and Noxv York , the great ncxvs centers of the country , are all covered by the Bali's special em ployes , hired at a regular salary to sprvo its readers xvltli fresh ami instructive in formation of xvhat Is going on all over thp country. Their dispatches are special In the most restricted sense , They nro sent to no other paper In the country nor arothpy scattered among n couple of hundred papers through n press associa tion , to bo ( llshpd up as "exclusive" to our readers. They are our renders' oxvn , bought and paid for as their special prop erly. As usual the departments of corre spondence and selected mtsccllnnv are replete xvilh bright , nuxvsy and instruc tive matter from nblo pens. There is no attempt to sacrifice quality for quantity or to glx-o undue importance to any .single topic. All classes of readers of every tnslo xvill find some thing to Interest or Instruct. Tlicto la dlx'crsity xvitli ftilnpss and variety xvith quantity. All this takes tiuio and money and hard xvork. Hut thcso nro just xvhat have built up the Omaha Btn : in the past and present and they shall not be lacking in the future. Hnoxv and tin ; Corn. Tie ! protest of hundreds of indignant patrons of the street car company against the needless delays during and after the late storm , as voiced in our ed itorial columns , is made the occasion for a prompt rebuke by Dr. Miller. Criti cism of any corporation , hoxx'cver just , affects the railroguo editor like Haunt ing a red rag in the fac" of a bull. IIo paxx's the air ana belloxx's loudly about the "assaults on corporations" and the excellency of the horse railxvay service , and makes some indirect reference to the cable car system as being in some way responsible for the statement of the plain facts regarding the blockaded streets and the street railway service. This is quite unneeesHary. The gross negligence of the street tailxvuy com pany in not making energetic attempts to keep their lines open during the storm and lor forty-eight hours thereafter cannot bo glossed over. It xvas duo to a lack of facilities in the line of scrapers and ploxx'.s and a spirit of economy exercised at the expense of their patrons. Of oourso after waiting twenty-four hours1 for sleighs and xvhcols to pack doxvn thusnoxx" , picks and shovels xvero needed to remayo the obstruction. Hut for that the company had no one to blame but itself. r , The BIB : has given the Omaha Horse railxvay company all-ereUit for the excel lence of its fair xveathor service. Its roll ing stock is v tile best , its horses and mules' superior to those driven on any othdr line of xvhich xve knoxv , and its operation' xx-ell conducted xvithm the limitations of its schedule. Let this bo granted. ' Hut'a system xvhich flies all to pieces the1 moment it encoun ters any extraordinary obstacle is not up to the mark. In other 'cities the street car lines arc prepared for snoxv and storm and begin their operations xvith the first sett ing in of the storm. It re mains for Omaha to bo obliged to chron icle a company xvhieh xvnits until fair weather sets in and then forces its patrons to tramp through the snoxv for days after the suoxv has ceased falling , while a foxv men xvith picks and shovels lazily scrape away the snow on the cross toxvn lines. The public hax-o a light to complain und their complaints shall find voice in thu noxvspaper through xvhoso columns for yearn they have been in the habit of ap pealing for thu lemedying of abuses. Fostering Musical Tnsto. The increasing culture of the American public is showing in the increasing patronage xvhieh it ia bestowing upon the sister arts of music , painting ann the drama. The opera has at hist become thoroughly acclimated in this country. East and xvest alike compote for the best artists ana pay exorbitant prices for the privilege. AVith Nexv Yorkers heading the 1'atti subscription xvith $10,000 , in a single day's receipts of the box ollicc , Philadelphia folloxving with a still larger sum for the American Opera season and Chicago contributing ? 00,000 loxxards the National Conservatory of America opera , the old reproach that xvc are not a "musi cal people" is not likely to bo repeated. The talent has long boon latent , needing only the example and impulse of true art lo bring it forth. Twenty-five years ago a straggling audience WHS xvith dillicully gathered in Noxv York to listen to the occasional quintette chamber concerts in xvhich Richard Grant White and Theo dore Thomas took part. To-day , each xvcok a hundred times the number croxvd the Philharmonic und Stoinxvay hull re- huar&als. Music is becoming a necessity of culture. It is ono of the elements in the humanlzntlon of society xvhich has grown steadily xvitli our German immi gration. Its cultivation has had nn Im- m-jnso extension during the past ten years in thu United States , and the ap preciation of excellence in music has more than kept pacts , but there are probably very few noxv xvho doubt its ultimata triumphant success , and there should be nonul xvho xvill not xvish It such. The rotortJry | ( of the com pany for this season * includes sixteen granu operas , and tho'costof preparation Is said to have been fnjly l"j,000 , for noth ing Is omitted that Is > necessary to the most complete production of those xvorks in the matter of statro setting and ap pointments , correct costuming , and gen eral un.iemblo. It is .an expensive and laboriors enterprise , but there is unlim ited faith and energy behind It , and these qualities the Ameriean'pooplo ' xvill in time rcc'ogni/.o and respond' to. ' Philadelphia has given thu season ,1 nios tauspieious opening , and it is safe to predict that Cin- cmnnli , xvhcro the eonrpany xvill lng this week , xvill bo no Jo s generous. Culture shows Itself in tusto for tlio beautiful , and conversely taste is in most pases the rpsult of culture. The proper method of fostering musical taste is to secure the best music. The car cannot bo educated through Iho eye. Concerts and opera by trained musicians and singers upon whom thp cultured xvorld has placed the seal of approval are the means for elevating tfiu mtibieal tustu , Proper musical instruction by competent teachers , the use of the higher class of music in the homo circle and at social gatherings , form the foundation upon xvhich to build up a tastu xvhich xvill not only contribute to the cratilicatlon of the possessor but udd to the sum total of human pleasure aud art education. ImliiMrlnl Ncc ltlrs. The brief article by Carroll D. Wright upon "Indusl.-lnl Necessities" of the present time , xvhich recently appeared in the roriiin , has attracted wide snrend and deserved attention , ns It xx-a * cprlaln lo do , coming from a writer of Mr. Wright's abilities and from the chief of thp national biucau of labor statistics at Washington , Mr. Wiight precedes his argument by the statement xvhlch Is ax- iomatle that the character of our Indus tilnl progress lor the no\t quarter of a century xxill depend very largely upon the spirit In xvhieh diflcrcnpcs betxxecn the laborer and the capitalist are ad justed. With labor trouble * proceed ing from txvo general causes , Ignorance on the part of the xvago xrorkur of the trno conditions necessniy to successful production nml Intelligence of xvluil Is necessary to constitute happy surroundings In the present civili/ation , the first great industrial necessity , says Mr. Wright , is a knoxvlcdgo of Industrial conditions. Labor is not unreasoning. Much of its unrest nndsuspleiousness has its origin in the refusal of capital to show clearly proper Information of the cost unit moiils of production , If xvage xvork- crs kncxv and believed that production xvas being carried on at small margins of profit or at no profit at all , as is often the case , there would bu no strikes at such times In the depressed industries. A fair proportion of share in gross profits is the demand of the xvage xvorkcrs. Whether they receive it or not can only bo knoxvn by carefully compiled and honest statistics of the various Industries "gained by frequent nml uni form censuses. " Any effort of govern ment , either federal or state , through bureaus of labor statistics , censuses or technical education , xvill result in a value n thousandfold greater than the cost of the effort. " In his last ofllcial report Mr. Wright called attention to the crisis in produc tion xvhieh o\isis throughout the conti nent and the United States due to "over- stimulation.1 Our industrial depression has been caused by an overproduction xvhich xvas c\ccssi\-o because xvo have oloscil all outlets for our surplus Suffer ing from a limited consuming power and a superabundance of productive poxvur , Mr. Wright linds the second industrial necessity to bu "tho rapid dovolopmcntof the south and xvcsl in every direction" in order to increase consumption. Increased production xvill of course attend the process of development but the increased consuming poxx-cr and the stimulus xvhich industry xvill give to bet ter atiricuUur.il methods xvill , in the xvriter's opinion , more than counterbal ance the added output by allording a still greater facility for consumption. Mr Wright comes out boldly and frankly for "an adjustment of the ttirill" as the third pressing industrial necessity of the times. He claims and claims truly , that xvilh the groxvth of industry the tariff assumes different economic rela tions to the progicss of the xvholc coun try. Industrial conditions have groxvn beyond the tariff of txvcnty years ago and the tariff lax should bo adjusted xvith a vioxv to the benefit of the many and not the foxv. Mr. Wright scouts the old and well worn fallacy "that the dif fercnce in xvnges must be ox-ercome by the difference in tlio rate of duty. " As a veteran student of economic questions , ho ki'oxvs too well the trilling influence xvhich ttuilT imports have upon the pay of wage xvorkois. "Tins being the case , " he remarks , "there can bo a xviso adjust ment of the tariff only xvlien all the ele ments of the cost of production are con sidered ; and one of the industrial necessi ties of our lime is to see to it that the tar ings adjusted , not on the old lines , but on the new , and that the greatest good shall be derived from such adjustment.1 The tendency of the times is toxvard concentration of energy , concentration of capital , consolidation of interests. The individual null no longer hums in independence of its fel lows aud places Its goods upon the market at prices made xvithoiit relation to other industrial productions of the same kind. Production is the re sult of huge combinations , and all other things that bear upon production must be subject to the same laxv. Capital consoli dated must deal xvith consolidated labor and orguni/cd labor xvith organi/.cd capi tal. Treaties butxvcen individuals count for nothing. Representatives must dual xvith representatives. This state of af fairs , which is a hopettil one , causes the xvrlter to assert that ' a broader compre hension of the vital principals of Amuii- can gox'criimont , ot the intelligent repre sentation of great bocies , of the power of dealing xvith other tlnough representa tives , leading to the highest form of con ciliation and arbitration , will show or ganization , complete , fair , just and intel ligent to bo ono of the chief industrial necessities of the near future. " Organi zation xvill roliox-e many of the aggra vated features of the present situation , It xvould tillable manufacturers to make production conform moro nearly to con sumption. It would put it in the hands of labor to establish rates of wages on a moru uniform basis , Pronurly carried out such organi/.ation xvould amount to practical co-operation of labor and cap ital for their mutual xvelfare , xvhilo the public at largo xvould reap the bone-lit ot enhanced quality in the goods resulting from increased interest In the workmen. The interests of Jabor and capital , re marks Mr.rlght , are not Identical. It is iibsind to say that they are. "They aru , however , reciprocal ; and the intelli gent comprehension of this reciprocity can only be brought into thu fullest play by thu most complete orgnni/ation , so that each party shall feel that ho is an in tegral part of thu xvhole xvorkmg estab- .ishmpnt. " As the final need of all thcro must bo something beyond the xvago system. Fair ami steady xvuges to labor must bo bijcuiod by an extension of profits to labor. "With xviso experiments , judi clously organised details , and a spirit of mutual concession and helpfulness , there may bu a participation of profits without injustice to cither of the parties necessary to production. " Labor must bo made the associate of capital , mutually inter ested in its prosperous investment , mil. tually reluctant to further aiii methods vxhich xvill reduce profits , 'flit : second season of the American Opera company opened in Philadelphia on lust Monday evening , with thu most gratifying results both us to artistic sue' ccds and financial returns. Thu present company is inoru. generally American in iU composition than xvns that of last sea son , thus coming nearer to the fulfilment of the plan o ( the projectors' to produce opera in this country with America ! singers solely. The main body of the performers in this year's company nro native born or nro persons xvho have earned the right to the name ot Amcrl can. Especially is this truoof the chorus xvhich numbers lee , only eight of xvhon arc not Americans , Moreover , they d ( not represent a particular section of the country , but xvere selected from New York , Boston , Chicago , San Francisco Sacramento , Philadelphia , and a do/en other places. A largo number of these xvho compose the oicheslra , also , xvert born in this country. This decided Amer ican complexion is particularly encour aging so early In the career of the com pany , and is extremely cratifj Ing as xvcll in domonsliatlng that there Is no want of superior talent in the country , but simply a lack of the means anil opportunity for its adequate development aud cultivation. The project of establishing an American school of opera , conceiyod and carried forxvnrd to Its present attainment by a patriotic American lady , xvas regarded by most people at the outset ns essentially Utopian , lf I'OIXI'S. Kentucky people say C.ullslp xvill piotiably be elected lo the scn.ilo In 1W. Mr. Aloirlson icthcs fuun consiesslonal Hie as pool as , If not pouter than , xxhen IIP eliteied It. ( laltisha A. ( lioxv.sajs : I am a candidate lor United Slates senator. Whenever I am a candidate toi any position I never hesitate to say so. Col. Tom Orhlltioo ays ho xvMies his chances of heaven xxcto ns pleat as Mr. Blalnc's chances of being the next president of the United States. A prediction Is made In n Philadelphia paper that the ne\t United States sonatoi liniii Pennsjlvanla xvill bo llemy W. Oliver , Jr. lie seems to have the iicressaiy xxealth. It Is announced that Speaker Oat lisle , on thoPNphatlon ol the leim in conu'ress foi xvhlch ho has just been elected , xxlll take up Ids icsttlenco at Wichita , Kan. , xvheio he has a son. Hullalo Commercial-Advertiser : Hardly a dcmociatlc paper has a xxoul to uttei in Cleveland's behalf. Xexei xxas a president a person of so little interest In the uevxspapeis of the paity that elected him. Minneapolis Tilbune : 31 r. CloxcLmil nexer neglects an oppoitunlty to scold the nevxs- papeis , but It It had not been for the press ho xxould still boa llfth-iate lawyer Instead of president of the United States. Pcorlu Tianscilpl : The Hon. Hill Moni- son says he did nodose his district ; the dis trict lost Moirison. It xxas tlio xxhjxram that xvas lost In the caseot the bewildered In dian ; the Indian knew xxlieio Iiexxasall the time. Ilr. Mi'Cosh Keels That Way. ir < i 'ffiif ) ( < m Citltc. Since li. Holmes' poetic remaiks about Ralvinlstlc I'liiieeton , attho Harvard sesqui- ccnlcnnial , It xxill bo in order lor Pilnceton to confer the dogiuc of double hell d on the doctor. I'icsldeiit McCosh feels that way about it. It IH Very H'f/ffiim / K. Hull It. It is strange that , in administering justice , the xvisdom of this \\-oild for 0,000 ycais has discoveied no oilier xv.iy than lor both bides to liitca man to exaggerate their side , and then tiy to Und out what Is the tiuth between them. "What Holinan Ou ht to Do. Cliltau" 'Jilliiinr. Ill view of the laet that Objector Hotmail's majority Is onlv one-fifth as large as it xvas two years ago , lie ouuht , In all letwon and to abate fom-liftlis of his consistency , - objec tions in ctmgi ess. Tills ix-ould make him , compaiatixely speaking , Inonciiously desue- tudlnoiis. _ Dr. Mtller'n Abdication. Abdications aupe.ir to bo the older of the times , rollovvlni ; close upon tlio neels of Prince Alexander's letlrcment fiom the Bul garian thiono comes the nevxs that Dr. < ! corfc L. Miller , of the Omaha Herald , has turned over all the fedeial patronage in Ne braska into the hands ol ono John A. Mc- Shane , democratic congressman-elect. Tlio Message. I'lilcnao Tribune. The piesldont By the way , Dan , that's tlio message xoii ate xvuildng on , isn't II , L > anV D.in Yes , Mi. Thu piesldent 1 xvas only coins lo Hiipfjest that somevvhcie in the message poi haps at tliu bo inninu lheio .should bo a suitable acknowledgment of the Divine mercy ami goodness In vouchsafing abundant crops and cener.il piospetity during the year. And don't foi get to touch up the infernal news papers. Dan All light , sir. Orlp ll'dllr r Crane. Kail Roy lay down ono summer eve , Ho la > at the casement wide ; Ho looked at tlio green and fertile lands , And h.dd with a Hush ot pridn : "Son Robert , this lordship fall Is ours ; 1C any dispute thv tight , I have but two xvnids to say to thco , Uiiptlghtl" Two short stiong words llko n tiumpct call , Now listen to vxh.it thov say : There Is a tldoln the aflalrs or men And it comes not every day , It It brings thee good In some good hour , Take It , It Is thy light ; Wouldst lima keen It thine',1 there Is ono way , ( Jiip tight ! And If thoii hast found thy xvoik to do. Then this is thy xvlnest unit , Count It as one of the best of clfts , And do it xvltli hand , md hoirt , If .slack or cai el ess others xvill st-i/.e A blessing Hum heldst too II. lit , The skirt ot a happy circumstance ( irir tight ! ( last thou a home , tho' ' humble and poor , If lovo. sits down by thy side , ( irlp It so tight that notiihiL' on eaith Thv home and th > heait divide ; If nil gilts film tioin thy heedless hand , Keep this null a Ju.dmismiu'lit , Tlicut'a hone toi tint man xvho homo and wife ( irlji tlk'ht. Thou hcroV to thu man who can win anil Keep His love , his gold and hl.s lmnl ; Hi'iu's to tint true and steadfast heait , To the MIUI nml htionu' liuht hand ; To him llmt knows and o.m buhl Ids place , Who knows ami c.ui hold his right , \VlmaH to his heait In thn tin : of life The two shoit words ol the bravo old knight , ( irlp tight ! SUNDAY < ; OKSI1' . "I notice from the dljpatches , " Kild a prominent tlti/.eii , ' ( hat lllnlnu h < m ii'centlj bcuu In New Yoik In consultation xxllh Oeorco Jones , of the Times , and that the pa- pciMhro taking this Incident 11 * evidence of the earnest ( lesile of lilalne to deal up the feuds In New Vork lepubllcan politic * with a view ot Ids future natlon-d leadership of the party. Theio la A rener.xl misapprelientlon astnthopart plajeilby Bhdnu and Uonk- linif in tholato national campaign in Now Vork. It seems to be assumed that all thu overtures tow at ( H u reconciliation between Conkllng and liluiuo ciuiio liom thu half- breed side. J nm in a position to positively 8tatotho opposite , 1-et mo tell j ou my ntoiy , which I assure jou was obtained from a soureo widen I know to be absolutely i ( -liable. It Is a contribution to political history which has never bccu lu print , and which must nrox-o IntoreMnr.on that account. Knrly In the late natio ial campaign Iho friends ot Uonkllng In V v York became alarmed over the glow n v strength of the Hlnlnc movement. The m nctlsmof thcicpubllcan leader xxas makn 4 Itself felt In ox cry mmtcr. Uccriilts xv < being obtained from tlio ranks of stalxxn Ism Itself. The friends of Conkllne ci. i stilted xxllh him nnd luged strongly the i cc.sslty of a reconciliation xxlth Hlalne. 'I l > o Intoriiu'd him that lll.due's success XN . < dally becoming moio r.nd more inobnble , , tn < l that In that event ho ( Com\ln. ! i xvould bo Inevitably relegated to t i lear of republican counsels , lilalne vas booked foi a speech at Ullca , the home , Conkllng , early In the sumtupr of ISM. ( M his xvay to central ow York ho slopp I ovci at the 1'lfth Avenue hotel In New Yin \ City. A personal friend oCCoukliiiK ami u stiongstalvxaitheldan tntcivlew with Mi ( onkllng. What took place at that Inlei view 1 am not prepared to state , nor will I ever tell. Hut s to Its lesnlts , my liiiorm int. a prominent statesman , said : 'J felt aiitluu I/ed after my four hours' talk xvith.Mr. Conk- ling , to xlsit Blalno at the I'm a Axenue hotel , on the night pi lor to Ids Utlca speech , nnd to make him this proposition That If in Ids speech at Utlea he would n-fer In courteous and kind tetms to the stalwa-l eadei , statins In effect that ho xvas speakliu In the homo of an honored republican loadei , that whatever personal dllTorences mUl t have existed between himself and Air. Conk ling , he was admittedly ono ot the ablest , up right and staunehest upholders ot leptibllc.in principles In the country , an eloquent advo rale of republican Ideas , a friend ot hh friends , and a leader of a largo follow Ing in the country-lf Blnlno In words similar to these xxould icier to Ids old enemy Conk- linc , then the lulhienco ot stal- vvartlsm xvould not be thtoxxn against him In Ids eanxnss In New Yotk , and the f i lends of Mi. Conkllng might bo counted on to assist him in his aspliatlons. 1 left Mi. Ulalne,1 continued my Informant , 'so fully assured that ho xxould do as icquested , that 1 felt authoil/ed to so Inform Mr. Conk- Iniff. On my xvay down to Broadxxay I met Ooorgo liobeits , of ( ho Utlea Herald , a lire- long enemy of Colliding , eifionto to Blalne's private apartments , liobcrts accompanied Blalno lo Utlca. To my astonishment when I toad thorepoit ol Blaine's speech the ne\.t morning I could not Und a won ! In tefcretico to Conkling , but I lead a long eulogy of Itobeils in that speech. It xvas some weeks after this xvhen an e.u nest appeal xxas made bv Ulahiu's filends to Conkllng to " pe.it In Blalne's canvas in New Yonc. It xxas then that Conkling made Ids historic icply : ' 1 have Riven upcilmlmd ptactice. ' " "I xvtsii ( o heaxen , " said a society man , "that the tomists who have letmned ftom Kmope xxould give us a lest on their experi ences xx lien abroad. 1 xvas boied to de.dh the other night , vv bile making a call , bv being compelled to listen to xvorn-oiit chestnuts about the strcct.s ol Parcc , tlio magnillcent aittie.ismes of Home and the Louvre , the beautlfulgiilsof Vienna , the togs of London , and the hoiriblc discomforts ot se.i-hickncsi on tlm rolling deep. 1 haxe been abroad my self seven or eight times , and themxi as noth ing new or paiticiil.uly Inteiesting to me in the conxeisalion. Tlio Impression xvhich cuch coiixei.satlons alwa.xs leaxo on the minds of cultivated people Ls that the relatois ate not so anxious | ( ) entertain then heaitrs with what will IHJ novel to them as tliej are to impiess upon them the fact that the > have ti-axcled bi-en 'abioad.1 ItS.xcry tiresome , to say the least. " Tit xin : Is to a veiy largo extent ( -oveincd bytlicxveathcr. Thus , foi Instance , the snow storm of last Tuesday eatised an Immense run on tlio shoestote.s forrublieis and ovci- shoes. Ono dealer sold oxer S7W ) worth , nnd soveial otheisiiad equally as laigo sales. The leading dealers xveto o illued to employ an extra fou-eot cleiks. Tlio next day , how ever , the ullmtd completely Ihitlened out tiade in every line. Atone of the leading dry toods houses not a doll.u'b xxotth of goods xxns sold ou that day. "The board ol ciiiiratinn Is guilty of crimi nal negligence so Ions : as It falls"to ptovido safe and convenient iho escapes for the high school building. ' said a gentlemen xvhoso children have to climb up to thu fourth story. "Should a hie occur thete , or oxen an nlaim , thcstampedoofthefilghteneil children xvould be box onil tiie control of any te.u-hei , ami the esidt xxould bo a toiriblo sacrifice of life , i'hls Is a matter that deeply Interests the pai- entsot children vxliii are compelled logo to school In the upper stories of that building. Such an accident as I fear may noxer occur. I IIODU it never xvill : but every pre caution .should bo taken. The boaid of ducatlon should not lose another moment n this matter. Immediate steps should bo ukeii to pio\idu piop.T llro escapes. 1 be- love in pulling up convenient Iron stairways in exeiy side of thobiilldlng. The cost xvill 10 nothing xvhen compared to the assmaiicu t will give to patents llmt ilinlr chlldien are comparatively s-ife. In Its present condition tliu upper poitlon of the high school building cannot by regarded as a safe place lor chll- tien , and the consuquencu Is that much un easiness Is lelt by parents. Some xxealthy lareiits have on this account taken thelrchll- lien out ol iho high school building and inx-e sent them to pilvato school but I can't itfoid to do that , and there are hiuulieds of otheis who cannot allord It. " IT Is not always safe to toll a joke , es pecially If it Is a good one. Such ajoku al- nest lesnlled fatally a few daynauoattho llnnor table of a well-known plij.slclan In his city. The doctor told a funny story and iU xvlfo laughed Immoderately nnd ucclilont- nllyflxvnllovxed a cranbeny , which stuck In iorthro.it. Shoramoveiy nearly choking to loath , and xxould hax'u dona so had not the itislund Instantly made 110 of an insti nmeiit n shoving tlm cinnhcrry doxvn her tin out to Lspioper destination , lie has resolved to tell nn moru nt his funny stories xvhilo Ids xvllu Is eating cianbeiiie.s. Incidentally wo would suggest lo him that ho might earn n mellifluent balmy on some funny paper , Tin : hog plays nn Important part In Riving lames to the cities xvheio hu become * u Icuil- ni ! factor In eominerulid Indtistiy , Oln- liinall XVHK called 1'orkopolls , until his hog- ship depaited for Chicago , xvhlch Is now called I'.icUngtown. Now that thu hoi ; h owning mi In Omaha , this clly will soon bo cinnwi ns Omuho upolls. Tin. lavoillo topic xvlth the "old settlci" its ! now is tlm icecnt bll//.nd. Of umrfo ircniling ( to his estimate It was nowhcto cnmpircdto tint oailj-day sno\v \ storm when snow tell to the depth of nine lent on the eveland pcoplu ! id In tuiind fiom hott.so o hoioo. This vs way back In 1M J , or licic.ibui'ts. 'J in. ill ixIng of pilefoi the foundation of ho law Merchant Bank building dally nt- i.ict a l.iigociowd of HpecliitoiH , xvlio xxon- ler why piles aio necessary forthlsbtruvtuic. I'hny have been ne-essllated by the soft con- lition of thoholl la tlmtlocality , ft Imsbwm isseited that u creek used to run between 'annum und Douglas , ami that It wits cov- led oxei xvilh made gioiind. The old net- lei , hoxvoxor , say that lliuy cannot reincm- > ei any nock In that vicinity. Thu builders lavosimpl ) Htiiick n xx-ator xcln. Incident- illy. It maj bu Mated that lids pilo-drlxlng vlll cause an additional cxponso of bO.O'X ) to bo .Mnictmnt'fi Xational bunk. "If any man xvantu to knowinylprefereirco ur Lulled Mateseunator , " said l.cxvMU - , one of thu srato lish couiiiilstiluiicrs.V can tell ItliU that 1 am tor Uuri > . ' '