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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : YIIUHSDAY. 3TEBRUAEY 3. 1887.
THE DAILY BEE , PUBLISHED EVERY MORNINQ. TKHVS OF BuoscnriTio1 * : Dullr ( Mornl.iir Edition ) Including tSundnr BKE. Onn Vcnr . $1001 ForBlr StontlH . . f > M IVirTtiroo Month * . , . Z M Tlio Omabn Himlnr UEI" , mulled to nny luldrou , Olio Year. . , . . . . . . . 200 OMAHA omrr. No.PH JIVD pin FATIVAV Urn vnnic orrfCK. lioou . Tntnuvc nrii.tusa. VVAXIIINUTO.f OrrlCE , NO. tl3roUHTIt.\TII SlUitT. conntsro.iDr.Ncc : t All communications relating tn n&ws nnd edi torial mnllor should bo culdrusicd to I ho Kut- son or TUB linn. AH IntHnfn letter * unit remlttancpsiihoulcl bo Mellowed to Tiir. linn PUIII.ISIIINO CoHi'Avr , OMAHA. Drafts , ohocks and po lnlTle < i onion to bo mfttlopayabJo to the ordirof tlio company. TOE BEE PflBLISHIliniPW , PROPRIETORS , 12. noSKvYATEIl , KniTon. Tim DAlIjY BKE. ( Sworn Statement of Circulation. Etntc of Nebraska , I . County of Douglas , f ( Iro. II. Tz'cluick , nrcrctarv of The lice Publishing company , does solemnly swear thnt the nctiial cfrciilntlon of tlio Daily UPO lor tlio week ending Jan. saili , 18S7. was ns follows : 8atnrd.tr. .Inn. 22 14350 Hundav. Jnn. 23 ia,2.V ) jtlondnv , .Jan. 24 1 > , ( > .S5 Tuppdar.Jan. St llfi.V > Wort ncMdny , J an. CO 11.07S Tlnirpday , Jan. ! . ll,0 Frlaay , Jan , SO 14U5 Avcrnco 1I.HS t.KO. 1 . T7SCIIUCK. Etilisfrlbcd nnd swoin to In my presence thlsi-tnii day of January A. 1) . , 18S7. I SEAM Notnr'v Public. Oco , H. TrsclHick , liclng llr. " ! duly sworn , clepo cs nod sa > s that lie is secretary of the lice Pimllsldnccompany , that tlio ncdi.il av- rrniro dally circulation of the Dnllv lice for the month of January , 18-W , was JO.IlfS copk-s , for Ffbruarv ' , IbST , 10,695 copies ; for March , Jbtfl , 1J.KI7'coplos ; for ApHI , IbV , m,19t copies : lor May. IbhO. ] ! i,439 copies ; for June , 18N5 , l wycoplpi : for July , liteO , 1LVU4 copies ; for AtlL'list , lbN5 . coiicsfor . * / jiiiKiinkt * tj 7 , 12,404 U * IIIIT.H/I hcptombcr. 18i > 0 , ii.o.X : ) ropics ; for Octnlior , IbW , 12 , copies ; for November , IBM ) , 11S ! ! , : ! copies ; December , 18bO , 13,237 copies. GKO. H. T/.smucK. Sworn to and subscribed belore tno this 1st day of January A. 1) . 1887. fSKAUl N. P. FKIU NolanPublic. . Tin : backbone of winter is not yet broken. IN sending Mr. Reagan to the United Stales semite the Lone Star State covered Itself with glory. Aur.usT SI-IKS and Miss Isina Van Zandl have been married by proxy. This > .tyle of matrimony is not likely to be come popular. THE linn congratulates Council Bluffs , the twin sister of Omaha , upon the real estate boom and other booms which have recently been inaugurated in that town. FANNIE UAvr.Ni'our'3 diamonds , valued at $31,000 , have been stolen by a Mem phis hotel clerk. This time , it aecms , the diamond racket is not an advertising dodge. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ TUB latest addition to Omaha is on thu cast bide of the river. It is called East Omaha. The ne\t thing on the pro gramme is the building of that long- talkcd-of bridge. 1 lurry it up. Mu. Port'iXTON was educated in the Omaha claim club school , but the meth ods of the club applied to the railroad outlaws , who are corrupting the legisla ture , would probably not suit him at tins day. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ , Tin : legislature , or rather the self- styled stalwarts in that body , are press ing a vote of thanks to Senator Mandcr- 6on for putting through the famous Knovals bill. The same fellows were willing to snuirout Senator Mandcrson like a tallow dip by the secret ballot which would have elected Thurston. OUAHA donated over a million dollars' vrorth of real'estalo and bonds to the Union Pacific railroad. And now the Union Pacific exhibits its indecency and ingratitude by trying to defeat the char ter , which would compel it to pay city taxes on the property donated to the road. Will the citizens and lavpaycrs of Omaha tamely sit by and allow Mr. Popplcton to dictate or defeat the charter - tor ? Tin : Douglas county delegation o\\cs it to itself as a matter of self respect to resent the insult which Union Pacific Attorney Popplcton has deliberately put upon it when ho engineered that resolution through a fragment of the de funct charter committee. If that com mittee represented the wish and will of this city , instead of merely registering the decico of tlio railroada , it would have boon content to make a respectful re quest of the delegation to recede from the changes which wcro maao in the charter by the delegation. Hut Mr. Poppioton , with the indolence nnd arrogance of an autocrat , ig nored the delegation nnd issued his mandate through the lieutenant-governor who is a fit tool of the railroads nnd rep rcsonts no constituency. This is carrying things with u high hand. No delegation that has ever represented Douglas county would have submitted to such iubolenco. They nro the representatives whom Omaha and Douglas county have chosen to make laws for them , and they alone nro responsible for charter legislation. Were Mr. Popplcton a member of the legislature from this county he would rortamly consider sueh a method of bull dozing as beneath con to nipt. ShViiiAi : , months ago a United States revenue cutter t > oizcd several British ves sels in Alaska wateifl on the ground that they had unlawfully taken ( teals there. It was claimed in justification of the seizure that all the waters of Alaska over which Ihissiii had exercised control and claimed jurisdiction passed into tlio control of the United States when Alaska was pur chased from Russia , and that as the seal fisheries worn the most valuable consideration in connection with r the purchase this country pos- L fesbcd thu unlimited right to them , without - | * out icgaid to the throo-milo line. There was dome plausibility in this position , al though It was urged thnt it Involved n renunciation of tlio principle which this government hud alwayu maintained re specting the three-milo limit , and was then Insisting upon in the fishery dispute With Canada. The matter has been under consideration nt Washington , and it is announced that an opinion has been rendered by the attorney general that the British vessels wore unlawfully seized , haying been oufehto the three-milo limit. This adheres to the position al ways hold by the government , aud which for obvious reasons it could not judi ciously bin render at this tiuio. Do They Nopilv Do the pcowlo of N.brask.t really need relief at thq hands of the stnta and 'na tional legislatures ? Arc their burdens any hc'iu ice or nioro grievous than those im posed on other states which have been under the Iron rule of tlio railway cor porations ? These ire questions which present themselves to the leglslatt re while it is grappling with the railway problem. Nobody desires to cripple the railroads or to contiscato their property. They have a right to earn fair Interest on an honest investment , and lit their tolls to meet the conditions of traffic. No fair- minded man can , however , justify legal ized highway robbery. The exhibit which wo make in ano ther column affords proof poiitlvoof the mon strous impositions to which Nebraska has bcon compelled to submit for years. It may be startling , but It is a fact , based upon the reports made by the railroad managers through Poor's Manual , that Ncbraskf , with one-half of ttio popula tion and loss than one-half of the railway milt-ago of Iowa , has boon forced to pay three times as much railroad loll m the aggregaloas Iowa. In throe years , endIng - Ing With 1833 , Nebraska railroads have wrung from the people of this state ? , W,115,111 in tolls , while Iowa di-ring the same period has paid to her railroads $17,53(5,7 ( ! ) ! . In other words Nebraska during llireo years has bcon taxed fI3r > COCOO in round figures more than Iowa , and the not earnings of the Nebraska roads exceed by over eleven millions the gross earn ings of the Iowa roads. If Nebraska was not a fertile country and her people frugal , energetic and industrious , she could never have berne up under such n terrible burden. A comparison of the figures which \vo have compiled is very suggestive as to the prime cause of the oppressive exactions. The 7,003 miles of Iowa railroads are capitalized at u frac tion ol over $10,000,000 , and bonded for about an equal amount , making in all a fraction over ? ! )3COO,000. ) They carry in addition a floating debt of fO,500,000 , making in all an investment of fiori.000,000 , which is only ? 7,000,000 above the estimated cost of the roads and their equipment. Ne braska with 8,000 miles of road at the end of 1835 had capitalized their stock at $05,000,000 , which is $15,000,000 more than the stock of 7,500 miles in Iowa. The Nobiaska roads are bonded for nearly-$129,000,000 , and carry a floating debt of over ? 25,000,000 , as against a total debt of 5,003,090 , tor the Iowa roads. In other words , Nebraska has been mortgaged by her railroai's ' for eighty millions more than Iowa with double the mileage , and the floating debt , created by the Nebraska roads , nsceeds by eighteen millions the debt of the Iowa roads. After being made to pay the interest on overono hundred millions of fictitious capital and fraudulent debt Nebraska has been bled by the railroad cormorants tea a decree unheard of outside of California and Nevada. In the year 1883 alone she was made to contiibuto over four mil lions in dividends , after paying over five millions of interest and cloven millions for operating expenses. During the same year Iowa only paid two millions on interest aud a million and a half in stock dividends , while the operating expenses of her roads only amounted to four millions as ac.iiust cloven millions in Nebraska. Such stubborn facts are a terrible com mentary. They speak volumes for the forbearance of our people. They strike dumb all the apologists for the existing condition of affa'us. How much longer can this state sustain such burdens ? With the millions extorted from their patrons the railroads have been able to defy the popular wish and will. They have subsidi/cd legislatures , impeded the ends of justiceby packing our courts through conventions orgaimed bv railroad machinery. At this very hour they menace good government by poisoning its well-springs with their cor rupting methods. They are a law unto themselves and above all law. Do the people need relief ? Will they have to take the law into their own hands and deal out justice to their recreant servants ? COUHt DcfcilHOH. Public interest in the subject of coast defenses lias been greatly increased since the fishery dispute has become more ag gravated. People who hitherto have taken very little interest in the matter have been brought to see that it is really of very serious concern , and those who have always understood the national weakness in this particular are urging their views with greater zeal and ofl'i'ct. Nobody seriously believes that this con troversy will eventuate in Hostilities , al though it is not doubted there are a great many who would llko to see it take that course. The sober second thought on both sides , however , will not permit the issue to develop into war , for which this country is certainly not prepared , and which Great Britain has many reasons to avoid. The occurrence will , however , awaken the country to a realization ot the fact that war is at all times a pos sibility , ami with so much at stake as this country has exposed to an enemy , that it is a duty to provide adequate protection for these great and valuable interests. Tlio necessity for a more complete sys tem of coast defenses is more generally conceded now than ever before , and it is hardly poublble that congress will fail to givojieed to this feeling. Two plans of coa-st fortification have re cently DCUM promulgated , ono by General Shendan and the other by Henry Bcsso- mor , thu inventor of the process of mak ing steel that bears his name. The plan of General Sheridan is the rllle-pit sys tem , adapted to the ritle cannon , the pit furnishing protection to the gunners against horizontal lire at all times , ex cept when the pieces nro actually being discharged , The guns would bo raised and lowered by mechanical derices. This plan is similar to that n little while ago presented by a distinguished English engi neer. General Sheridan proposes to with draw thoganison and the guns from the enemy's lire altogether , except when in the act of tiring. As to an enemy's verti cal lire or mortar practice , the gunners would be rather less exposed than they are in the old system , since a tort or eaithwork-furnishes a broad mark for the enemy's mortars as well as for his hori/Ontal lire. General Sheridan says the system lie proposes is the result of much thought , and while acknowledging its conUIct with other plans from capable sources ho expresses full belief in its practicability. The plan of Mr , Bessemer proposes to surround'thegarrl on and guns with : v solid steel enclosure , impenetrable to tlio heaviest artillery that can be carried ami handled on shipboard. The fort would be cast In ono solid piece by erecting fur naces on the ground to bo enclosed and pouring the molten stcol into n brick mold of the size and shape of the proposed for tification , instead of casting the plates nnd fastening them together as an outer shield. Saving in the cost of construc tion , greater solidity , and more perfect construction of the necessary openings , are the advantages claimed for this plan. It is not likely , however , to bo seriously considered. Other plans will undoubtedly be forth coming whenever congress shall decide to proceed with this work , and It ought not to bo very diillciilt to settle upon a system of defenses that ulll bo thor oughly effective and not too costly , and which , furthermore , will not consume a generation In the construction. If con- jrrcss .sees Its duty it will m ike pr ovislon to start this work at the present session. Unheard eWe Wo have bcon told by the railroad at torneys time and again that the demand that the railroads pay city taxes on their leal estate nnd buildings the same as other piopcrty owners is an unheard of thing and without precedent. The slate of Maine , which never has been alllictcd with grangerism , has thu following pio- vise in its revised statutes : Page ISO , faction , sajs : The build ings of every railioad corporation or as sociation , \\hcthcr within or without the located right-of-way , ami its lands and iKtures outside of its located light of- wav are subject , to t fcation by the cities and towns in which the same are situated as other property is taxed therein , and shall bo regarded as non-rcsidont land. There is also another little clause , page 135 , section 41 , which says : An annual excise tax Is collected by the stito for railroad franchises and 1 per cent on the value of railroad stocks , which form the basis of the franchise , is paid over each year by the state to the tow us aud cities through which the railioads pass. An InillMuriM't Krloml. A Washington papi-r is authority for the statement that Mr. William Walter Phelps , who represents a New Jersey dis trict in congress , nnd who plumes him self upon being very deep in the confi dence of Mr. Blaine , has been recently talking somewhat freely about the chances of the Maine statesman being the next republican candidate for presi dent and his feeling in the matter. Mr. Phelps is represented to profess a doubt thai Mr. Blaiuo will be the candidate , and to say that his consent to bo s > o will depend upon the decision of the republi can leaders that his nomination is a necessity to party success in the election. It is furthermore stated that in talking to a group of republican representatives , who were canvassing the uvailability of possible candidates , Phelps remarked : "Gentlemen , thorn are seven of you. If you will , within twenty-four hems , agree upon a man that will in jour judgment bo blrongur than Blaine at the polls , 1 will , within a few days , or as quickly as the mails can bring it , give you a letter from Mr. Blaine that will absolutely pre clude him from being a candidate before the convention in 1888. " The story goes that the seven failed to agree on another candidate , and Phelps on being told that Mich was the case laughingly remarked that he had tried the proposi tion more than once with the same result. If all this wore not so entirely like the Now Jersey congressman it might bo at once discredited as a mere invention. But it is quite in line with the habit of Mr. Phelps of claiming to know the most secret political views and purposes ol Mr Blaine , and of arrogating the preroga tive of speaking for that gentleman and committing him to a certain policy or action , as in the instance above cited. Ho made himself conspicuous in this way in the last national campaign , and there is icason to believe not a little to the in jury of Mr. Blaino. He was charged with being mea-surably responsible , in consequence ol borne remark ho made , for the feeling of Edmunds toward Blaine , and it is certain that his ollicious- ness and presumption did the republican candidate no good in some quarters. If he is pursuing u similar course now , as would appear from the Statement of the Washington paper , ho is very sum to do Mr. lilaiue further injury , for it cannot bo otherwise than to his disparagement to have it un derstood that his political confidence is reposed in a man who has not the discre tion to protect it , and who assumes to prejudge or dictate his action. Mr. Phelps may bo a good local politician. Ho is a man of education and wealth. Ho is serving his second or third term in congress , and thus far has not distin guished himself as a statesman. Wo sus pect that the political fortunes of a presi dential candidate arc too large a matter for him to manage , and Mr. Blaine will consult his interests by relieving Mr. Phelps of the responsibility. Biinkon 1'ort mentions. General Sheridan , in an interview with the representative of a New i'ork paper , discloses a plan of sea coast defense which certainly presents strong advan tages and displays him as n theorist of no mean order. Ho proposes to sink his for tifications under ground , so that the guns shall be perfectly safe from assault when not in action and are only momentarily exposed when raised while being fired. General Sheridan explains that the idea first struck him when ho was forced to adopt fortified collars on the plains to protect the old stage stations , and ho has developed the idea with all the resources of the leisure of recent years and the insight of a mind fertile in expedients. Imagination is the last quality wo asso ciate with greatsoldiers , ynl there is no place in life where the capacity of cut ting loose one's mind from the usual and the common-place and of discerning with accuracy the ideal is more necessary. It was this quality which projected Sher man's march to the sea , and General Sheridan shows It now in his scheme of sunken forts. He is opposed "to putting up marks which can bo fired at , " but would excavatn forts , protect the rims of the pits with stool plates , aud raise tlio guiiH with hydraulic or pneumatic uowor for tiring. The plan will save expense nnd will at the same tlmo alibrd perfect shelter for both gunners and artillery. PHOMIM3NT I'UUSONS. Genera ! .Simon Cameron will be accom panied on his UeumuU trip by Wayuo Mac- P.Uti111 entertain at lier home in Wales , ' In mlort , tin.e.'I'i evident Diaz of Mexico and his wife. Tl.ccomtpdo Pi 13 JIM attracted much at tention in lrcliriil this winter by Ids fine skatlne. Or. Peteran / cm nent P.nlspliys'clan , re- nmllntcsnnil denounces M. Pasteur's famous treatment for hjOiopliobla. Miss IXawes , dmichtcr ot the ftenntor , has established ono 6f Ibc lincst literary clubs In the country In Pittxacld , Mass. Edward Hlakp , Iho Canadian liberal leader , Is the best orator In Canada. Lord Dufferin used to say that ho Is a "perfect orator. " Theodore Tidon lias rooms In a former pal- nee of thedi'c dc Nemours in Paris , lie Is pavsltiR the timequi tly. readlnR nndrltln ? . Mis. hi7zl Pauline S.iwjc . < ) f Washing ton , nnd Mrs Piesldcnt Cle\eland are so much alike thnt thcv cannot bo distinguished fiom each other. ( lenor.dSninner , whoso plcaslni pot-hooks crnml so ninny million irrccnbacks , cele brated his 1'itflitj.iifth birthday anniversary at , lackMiivllh' , Kin. , a few d.ijs n.o. J'r. C. C. Lancaster , n Washington lawyer of Kentucky nntm-dcnts , \\edtlioeldpst daughter of Samuel J. Itnnil.ill Pebrimiv 8. There is no protective tariff on the Kandall ulrls. Ks-rn'sldont Santos , of Uruiruay , Islsil - Inir Paris in meat Matt- , with a retinue of ( sixteen persons Urucui'V lias less than MX- ) , (0) ) inhsihitntiK U lieu flio iMnjMiror and cm- prrssof Hiazil traveled in Kuropo last they h.id in all only tun letaiiu'is Hnrll hns some 12,00 l.OOJ Inhabitants. When General ( ir.mtcnt uioiuul tlio uotld he h id six com panions nnd ho u.is ex pieslilent of a nation of WJlXOCO ! ( ) , A Hint to Adjourn. riiteauo 2'riliunr. If tin1 Inter-stale commerce bill , ulth Its antl-jmss ) > to\lMou becomes a law before suing , how on I'.uth nre membois of the Icirlslatuics to u't't home ? iil , I'nul's I CMcut'o 7 ( mm. A St. Paul imper f-ajs that "tho star of moat parking empire Is taklnc its \ \ aveil - \\iird and nnilhucstvuml from Chleaijo. " KUdcnll ) soimbodv in St. Paul has opened a new butehei shop , Tlicro AVns no NooOof It. /VilfrtilfljiMa 1'ici ? . "The Uev. Sain Jones lefused to addiess a gathering of newspaper men in Iotou. ! . lie was probably unwilling to waste time in scatteiing the ddctune ot line iooilni : > ss mound \\liute there \\as so little need ol It. " More Aoilon AVaiiicil , or Iiess Talk. . /Jrdlcafrd to dinar au 6y the Xav 1'or/t Sun. To no nouer In cro\tion The Yankee banner dins ; We'll ntrlil like all tarnation. But lirsto \ , MHIIO ships I I'ach Insult from John Bully To these United States Shall bo nindi1 good most fully When wts've more armor plates I ] ) OPS Bully put his ban on OiirMeamrn in his ports ? We'll talk to him with lannon : \Vhen vto'\o built the needtul foils ! No fear nor foi > may i.itllo Columbia's stnnb sons ; lint tlu'slmnt bo shot like rattle , By John JSuIl's long-iango guns ! Make safe the teeming cities , bulwark the helpless coast , Or fruitless all our grit Is , lying all our boast I STATE AMI IF2IIHJTORV. ISct > r.isku , ) ottinis. ou wants a court house. Hastings has revived her board of trade. Smutty corn stalks have killed a num ber of cattle in Beaver Valley , Booiio county. The Plattfliuotith Waterworks company has been granted till the 1st of April to complete tiie plant. Pn'sidonl Potter , of the Chicago , Bur lington Quitioy , is said to bo consider ing the project of a fast mail train be tween Omaha and Kansas City. The authorities of Hastings and Adams county will petition the legislature for amendments to tlio law giving counties the right to vote bonds for the erection of jails. Envious Nebraska City reports that Plattsmouth had no funerals last year , and cruelly adds that "her dead arc still in business at the old stand. " This calls for blood or a back down. The Union Pacific engineer corps is camped on the Nebraska hhore opposite Sioux City , having completed a hurvey from Norfolk to that point. The loute taps the counties of Pierce , Wuync , Cedar , Di\on and Dakota. Couch and Tester , the weather proph ets of Nebraska and Iowa respectively , have iurnishod a variety of weather for tiie west , but Prophet Pr/yblowics , of Kansas , is entitled to the medal for his prediction that February will be u "slumky , freo/.ing ami thawing month. " The people around Hushvillo arc satis- lied that there is as much coal underlying Sheridan as any county in the state , but they are not going to frut themselves about hunting it. The hiipply of wood in the Pine Kidge country on the north ' and the Niobrara on tho' south , is suf ficient to last for .several years. Charlie Fields , editor of the Clearwater Headlight , received last week coinmis- bions us postmaster of the town and a father , There is no mistake about the latter. It is a bouncing baldhcaded baby boy , with an enlarged idea of his im- not lance. As a consequence the Head light aliono brightly hist week. "A stranjrqr on horseback , " with anew now railroad in tow , dismounted at Bea trice Monday , and feet speculators agog , He gave it out that ho was examining a route for it bee line from Omaha to the gulf and Incldent-illy to corral a section of the legislative lunch and lemon peel. Ho tarried m sight of the tarikark. I OWH III ! II1H. Barb wire is the favorite drink In Mount Pleasant. A planing mill and furniture factory thieatcns to settle in Sioux City. The Faucet family ) of , Mtiscatino , seven in number , have movqi ! to Kansas. They are expert drutrgisU. , Sioux City capitalists are investigating tlio cable car sjritem with a view to build ing a line in that city. "A conservatory of music" is one of the promised ( lower ? th.it will bloom in the spring at DCS Moines. The board of supervisors of Washing ton county have raised the bounty on wolf t > calps from $ ! td ? ! l. There will bo a conference of the pub lishers of afternoon papers in Iowa at the Aboru house in Dos Alyinus on the 10th mst. , Colonel Keatloy , of .Council Blufft , Is named as the editor pf thu domocratio Hciald to bo blurted at , Sioux City this month , What Cheer revels in prosperity. A Chinaman 1ms established a washee fac tory there , the coul mines are booming and seven now buildings are billed to ap pear in the spring , George Brown , who robbed the Ham burg postolliee and started on a tour around the world , plead guilty in the United States court at Kcokuk uijd got ono year in prison , Dakota. Gary spent f 81,000 , last j'ear In improve ments , A number of Pierre citizens will go to Alaska in the spring Stockmen report that the cattle and horses on the range near Hapid City are now in excellent condition. The county commissioners of Boa Homnio county liavo fixed the retail liquor license at $100 for the present .year. The artesian well hole at Marion Junc tion is down C53 feet , and work will bo pushed as soon as a diamond boring ma chine arrives. The bill granting the Elkhorn Valley road right of way through Fort Mcado reservation has passed the lower house of congress. This will enable the com pany to push on to Dead wood the com- IIIK summer. I. II. Newby , who was reported as the man caught at Omaha by a decoy letter by the able-bodied shcriu"of Turner county , turns tip to bo the able-bodied shonir himself , while the decoy letter victim is George C. Thompson , about twenty-two years of age. Upon returning ' ing to'Parker , Thompson waived exam ination and was hold to the grand jury in the sum of 1300. Failing to irivo bonds , Sheriff Ncwby will take him to Sioux Tails to-day for safe keeping. Colorado. A convention of range stockmen will meet in DcnrornoU Tuesday. The Denver Circle railroad has bcon sold to a New York syndicate for f 750- 000. 000.A A mountain brec/o last Sunday blew eighteen cars and a caboose from the track of the Denver , Marshall it Boulder road. Ural estate In Leadvlllo has advanced CO per cent in two years. Euthushstie residents estimate the mineral output for 1887 at eighteen millions. The revival in Denver is nutting a score of sinners a day. Even the legislature has been touched by the nospol healers and almost unanimously agreed to pay for inornint : prayers. The Astor mines in Clear Creek county have been sold to an English syndicate for $ l , ! } . > 5,0 ( > 0. The propel tv trauslorred consists of eleven full-sized mining claims and mines , giving a length ol three miles along the tidiest mineral veins In the county , together with two mill sites , the pl-tntof machinery , and all the Improvements on the Astor proper ties. GttOKGK'S Intelligently Combated l.nst liy J. T. aioflurty. M. .J , Toriarly delivered a lecture Tuesday night at the Omaha Commercial college on "Henry George's opinions upon the land question. " Mr. Moiiarty maintained , in substance , that Henry George was in favor of tlio total abolition ot private properly in land and that the latter's opinion on this sub ject was based upon the following grounds : - 1. That private properj ! * in land an- lagoui/ed the natural rights of the human race. a. That , owing to certain distinction between tilings personal and real , the rights of property , while justly attachin. . to the foimer , could not attach to the latter. U. That private property In laud gave risp to nearly all the evils with which society isalllieted. The speaker contended that these grounds do not now exist , or , if they do , that theories based upon them may , with equal propriety , bo urjied against the right ot properly in things personal as well as real. Mr. Moriartv then synopsi/ed the plan of lami-hoUing which Henry George proposed to substitute for the p icsent s > stem and then contended that , to it , with equal force applied the same objections which Gcorgo charged against the present system. Ho next set forth the method which Henry George advo cated to do away with the present svstcm of property holding and putting his theories into practice , aud insisted that the method pioposcd hy Geotgo was , 1 , impracticahlo ; , founded on bad faith , ami ! ! , grossly unfair and unjust. Each of these points were admirably developed. Mr. Moriiuty displayed great familiarly with the vagaries of Mr. George , all of which he considered and combatcu in a rational and learned man- eer. Mr. Moriarty is a ready speaker , a cogent rcasonor and withal , a debater whose intelligence and honesty cannot bo questioned. His remarks throughout were followed by an attentive and in telligence , hose' appreciation was fre quently manifested by hearty applause. DIDN'T SUCOK13D. A landlord AVhn Tried to Knioko Out a ToiKinr. "Judge , T want to got a warrant for a man that tried to .smoke mo out of my house.1 "Smoke jou oul of your house , " re plied the judge to the speaker yesterday morning , an old gray-headed Irishman named Thomas Welch. "Yes. " answered the first speaker , "that's , what I want the warrant for. " Welch then went on to tell a .story of how hi.s landlord , Jorgensen , had tried to get him out of his house because he had not paid his rent for ( ho last month. Jorgcnsen had stopped the chimney _ ami tried to smoke him out. Failing in that , lie had taken out tlio windows and en deavored to free/.o the Welch tuinily out. Jorgcnson was promptly arrested and lined $10 and costs. A Decided Convenience. For the convenience of the public , es pecially of those whoso time is occupied during the day the American express company has established a number of branch agencies in different parts of the cityfor the .sale of ita money orders , which are issued payable in about 1,000 places In the United States Mid Canada , and the principal cities of Emopo. These orders are cheap , and a very convenient medium for the transmission of money. At the caiirpnny'fl main ollice , corner of Farnam and Twelfth streets , the order can be procured during the day up to 0 p. m. , and at the following named branch ofliccs during the day and evening ; Branch ollleo at B. & M. passenger do- pot. E. W.yman's book and stationery btoro , 118 South Fifteenth sit cot near the postollico ; M. B Powell , druggist , etc. , corner Thirteenth and Jackson btrcots ; W. J Whitohoiiso , druggist , etc. , corner Sixteenth and Webster ; O , It , Bang , druggist , etc. , 3iU ! ( Ciimlug street. This is a very convenient arrangement , and the public will no doubt appreciate the cll'orts of the company to please. A Now CiiNlnmti JSiilldlni ; Needed. Custodian Jordan , of the federal build ing , bald yesterday morning , with refer ence to the introduction of Senator Mand- crsou'sbill for improvements in the pres ent government building , that he had changed his mind on enlargement of the picsont btructiiro. lie says he is now satisfied that no enlargement which may be made will satisfv the growth of tins city for more than live j ears at the present rate of pro gress , and then the same work will have to bedoiuiover again. His opinion is that steps ought to bo taken immediately to erect a new building upon a new and larger site , which will anticipate the needs of the government here for at least fifty years. The Inline Tax. The county commissioners have re turned from Lincoln , wlu-rothoy went to look after the bill abolishing the per capita insane tax. They appointed n party to watch all laws tending to affect this county , in the legislature. They fuel that the bill for the abolition of thu tax in iiiifbtjon , will bo KEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE Extortions of tie Railroads-Sixty Millions Wrung Trom Nebraska in Thrco Years. CHARTERED HIGHWAY ROBBERY. Hnvn , "With Double Mllcnconml Tvvlco tlio 1'optttnllon , Jinn 1'nltt IJGSS Ilian Tvvon'y millions In tlio Snino rcrlotl. The people of Nebraska do not realize to what monstrous cxtoilions and oppres sive tolls they have boon subjected by grasping railway corporations. It is only by a careful compilation of the facts and Inures furnished by the railroad manuals that wo can form n correct esti mate of the enormities which the people of this state have patiently berne for years. Wo doubt if the railroad manag ers themselves have any litca to what ex tent they have- pillaged the producers and shippers. The standard work on American railway statistics In Poor's Manual , made up from olllclal returns from the railroad olliccrs themselves , and will thoreloro not be called in question by railroad men , The following exhibit speaks for Itself : From 1'oor's Manual \\o compile the following facts concctnlnc railroad re turns rou Tin : YKAU 18S3. Nebraska Total mileage , 2 , 191 ; share capital , ? 0OH ( ? ) , 100 ; funded debt , ? lliy.- 8H,83r > ; total investment , ? .iS . ! ( ) , IIB.IW7 ; cost of road and equipment. SIO- ! ) " ) " , I1J ! ; cainiugs passengers , ? Itil,5-l8 ) ! ) ; freights , ? ntllS03 , ; from all sources , $ S1,11) ) ? , .I2 ; net earnings , ? 10,751,1101 ; interest paid , $5 131,122 ; dividend on stock , $1.MW,783. Iowa Total mileage , 3,1111 ; share capi tal , § i0UG..l71 ; ( , funded debt , 15,01)3,1UO ) ; total investment , $110,80 ,050 ; costs of roads and equipments , $ U,001,000 ) ! ) ; earn ings passengers , ifl.UU 1,1)31 ) ; frolchts , . l.riS./.mS ; from all sources , .fO.317-130 ; not earnings , $1,01)1,030 ) ; interest paid , $3,088,012 ; dividend on stock , sfl , 138,280. FOR Till : Yl'.AH 188J. Nebraska -Total mileage. 2,183 ; share capital , $01,735,000 ; funded debt , $121- 103,21)7 ) ; total investment , ? l ! > 2,231oOO ; earnings passengers , ? ! , 123,252 ; freight * , § 12,271,828 ; from all sources , $18,8-0,300 ; not earnings , $0,07(1,020. ( Iowa Total mileage , 3,515 ; capital stock , $ O'li0,021 ) ( ! ; funded debt , ? jl,10S1- 820 ; total investment. $118,0')0,707 ; earn ings passengers , $1,100,8811 ; fioiuhts , $3bOO,0)0 ! ) , from all sources , $5,100,010 ; not earnings , ? 1,180,851) ) . rouiiin YKAU 1835. Nebraska Total mileage , 2,037 ; capital stock 505,107,000 ; funded debt , $128- 01)0,101 ) ; Heating debt , $25,250,100 ; total investment , $251110,830 ; cost of rail roads and equipments , $177157.000 ; cainings passongerst4,121,703 ; freights , $ 13,217,078 ; earnings from all souices. $10,121,113 ; net earnings. $8,821-101. Iowa Total mileage , 7,003 ; capital stock.l,30.,071 ! ) ; fun ( fed debt , 5-40.780- 258 ; lloatinii debt , ? 0,512.871 ; total in vestment , 105,035,103 ; cost of railroads nnd equipments , f08uC7OSl ; earnings passengers , $1,337,715 ; heights , $ -1,337.- 358 ; earnings from all Eources , $0,028,718 ; uet earnmirs , $1,008,118. SUMMARY TOK THIlKi : YKAKS. Ncbrabka 1'asbPiigor earnings ? ! " , - 511,103 : freight , $ .l)00,100. ! ) ! ) Karnings from all somces , $50,115,111. Net earn ings , $28,052,081. Iowa Passenger earnings , 'i.SOO.Ol.l : freight , $12,720,303. learnings fiom all sources , if 17,530,101 ; net earnings , ? 0,173- 407. SI5NT TO VOIIK. rtcinnlns Forivnrdi-cl IJnst 3 Ir. nnd J Irs. Ciif-wlcr. The remains of John M. Ziegel , the suicide , enclosed in a costly casket , have been shipped to York , Pa. , whore the deceased - ceased has relatives. The linking of the name of Mrs. Gass ier , the woman who was to have mairied Xiegel , with this case has called forth some little discussion of the character of that lady and her husband. The latter , as already stated in the HIE : , has been in jail since August last. He was arrested at the instance ol his wife , who claimed that ho tried to kill her. Ho was unable to give bonds to keep the peace towards her , and has consequently been rotting in jail ever since. A friend of his told a icporler that a year aijo this u inter Gassier separated from his wife because ho could not live with her , and went to visit relatives in Pennsylvania. Three months later he returned , and ncain wont to Jiving \\ith his wife. lie lived with her until An ust last , when the trouble occurred which caused his arrest and imprisonment. Since that time , it is claimed , I\lrs. \ G.iss- ler has treated her husband unhuniauly , refusing to allow her children to Bee him , or to send him his clothes , which have been in her house since his arrest. Gass- lor's friends accuse Mrs. C. of having sent hur husband to jail , in order to make room for Zii-gul. Mra Gassler'fi friends , on the other hand , claim tlml Mr. C. w.is n most Inhuman husband , and that he was continually drunk and abusing his wife. The Midwinter Number. For February Is of ummml interest and va riety. Us notable features include ; THE BAILING OF JEFFERSON DAVIS , When accused of complicity in thu at > sai > - binalion of President Lincoln , A remark able chapter of inside hUtory compiled by jcn , Parsons Lnthrop , FICTION. Serials by Frank K. Stockton nnd George W. Cable , the latter's illustrated l.y Kein- Lilc , together with two ilhifctr.itcil thort stories. ABRAHAM LlNCOLNi A HISTORY. ) ) j John U Nicolnj and Col John Hay , Lincoln' * , cartel In Cungrcs ? , aud the na tional questions of the period , ami his six years' law practice , The history is. told \\ilh many anecdotes aud > ketches of prom inent men , and accompanied } > y miincrous portraits and other illustration * . OTHER FINELY ILLUSTRATED PAPERS 'Ihc Star * . Hj I'rol , h. P. J..mili ; ) A Mjdwintci Kesorl , Uy Win. C. Church. Recent Art Discoveries in Koine. The Oldest Church in London. Illus- rated bPenncll FURTHER CONTENTS Comprise l o articles , with portrait , on l-'atlier Talor , the I'amoni. Doston preacher , by Walt Whitman and the Kev. C. A. Uartol , "Lee's Invasion of Pennsylvania , " > y Gen. J-on stieet ; "The Relative Strength and Weakness of Nations , " by [ Mwaul Atkinson ; a sketch , \wtli frontis- > iece portrait , of President MtCoih , I'oems by E. C. Stedman , Jo.itjuin Mdlrr , ind others , Tojiics of the Time , Jinc-a- liiac ; Ojien I.etteis , etc , Price , Sic. f 1.00 per year. New Hubscribcrs&ttiwntw/with IlieJan' uury numlir can hue * , A'ocemlur anil lh- cvmber numbersfric , if claimed when or- Icr ts ijtccn , t/tta > iitji > nnnrj llic volume ami uriati Sold b dcalera ex < \\liere and by Tim Co. , Jse\v York. 2o seen re a Jot in thai beautiful ad dition , All lots left on Fob , 1 , will bo advnnc cd 25 per ncnt in pi ice. Now is the time to buy and get thu bcuellt of the raUc. Several lots were sold in Before it could bo staked out. Do not vl bo deluded by additions advertised to bo nearer than Lipton Place , bnl como and take a ride out and see for yourself thai what wo tell you is true. G-oin.2 out at all Times- A lumber yard will be in operation as soon as a switch can bo laid.Vu are also negotiating with Kansas City parties to locate a patent Here which will employ from -10 to JiO men. This is a sine thing , as they are waiting to decide which of two ploocs ot land they want , both on To you who want HOMES IN S. OMAHA bo sure to eo Lipton Place before buy ing elsewhere , Not more than 1C lots left in Cotner & Archer's ' which has only bcou on the market 30 days. Improved and unimproved property in all parts of the city. on The most of lots we have sold here nro to bo built on in the spi ing on account of their nearness to the picking hoiif-os and slock yards , as people living in Lipton - ton Placn and wet king in the stock yiirita nnd packing houses have plenty of time to go home to dinner ami get back to work ugainln less than an hour. AND RfloioflRcilick'sBloek ' , 1509 Farnam St ,