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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 03, 1887, Image 4

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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : YIIUHSDAY. 3TEBRUAEY 3. 1887.
THE DAILY BEE ,
PUBLISHED EVERY MORNINQ.
TKHVS OF BuoscnriTio1 * :
Dullr ( Mornl.iir Edition ) Including tSundnr
BKE. Onn Vcnr . $1001
ForBlr StontlH . . f > M
IVirTtiroo Month * . , . Z M
Tlio Omabn Himlnr UEI" , mulled to nny
luldrou , Olio Year. . , . . . . . . . 200
OMAHA omrr. No.PH JIVD pin FATIVAV
Urn vnnic orrfCK. lioou . Tntnuvc nrii.tusa.
VVAXIIINUTO.f OrrlCE , NO. tl3roUHTIt.\TII SlUitT.
conntsro.iDr.Ncc :
t All communications relating tn n&ws nnd edi
torial mnllor should bo culdrusicd to I ho Kut-
son or TUB linn.
AH IntHnfn letter * unit remlttancpsiihoulcl bo
Mellowed to Tiir. linn PUIII.ISIIINO CoHi'Avr ,
OMAHA. Drafts , ohocks and po lnlTle < i onion
to bo mfttlopayabJo to the ordirof tlio company.
TOE BEE PflBLISHIliniPW , PROPRIETORS ,
12. noSKvYATEIl , KniTon.
Tim DAlIjY BKE.
( Sworn Statement of Circulation.
Etntc of Nebraska , I . „
County of Douglas , f
( Iro. II. Tz'cluick , nrcrctarv of The lice
Publishing company , does solemnly swear
thnt the nctiial cfrciilntlon of tlio Daily UPO
lor tlio week ending Jan. saili , 18S7. was ns
follows :
8atnrd.tr. .Inn. 22 14350
Hundav. Jnn. 23 ia,2.V )
jtlondnv , .Jan. 24 1 > , ( > .S5
Tuppdar.Jan. St llfi.V >
Wort ncMdny , J an. CO 11.07S
Tlnirpday , Jan. ! . ll,0
Frlaay , Jan , SO 14U5
Avcrnco 1I.HS
t.KO. 1 . T7SCIIUCK.
Etilisfrlbcd nnd swoin to In my presence
thlsi-tnii day of January A. 1) . , 18S7.
I SEAM Notnr'v Public.
Oco , H. TrsclHick , liclng llr. " ! duly sworn ,
clepo cs nod sa > s that lie is secretary of the
lice Pimllsldnccompany , that tlio ncdi.il av-
rrniro dally circulation of the Dnllv lice for
the month of January , 18-W , was JO.IlfS copk-s ,
for Ffbruarv ' , IbST , 10,695 copies ; for March ,
Jbtfl , 1J.KI7'coplos ; for ApHI , IbV , m,19t
copies : lor May. IbhO. ] ! i,439 copies ; for June ,
18N5 , l wycoplpi : for July , liteO , 1LVU4 copies ;
for AtlL'list , lbN5 . coiicsfor .
* / jiiiKiinkt * tj 7 , 12,404 U * IIIIT.H/I hcptombcr.
18i > 0 , ii.o.X : ) ropics ; for Octnlior , IbW , 12 ,
copies ; for November , IBM ) , 11S ! ! , : ! copies ;
December , 18bO , 13,237 copies.
GKO. H. T/.smucK.
Sworn to and subscribed belore tno this 1st
day of January A. 1) . 1887.
fSKAUl N. P. FKIU NolanPublic. .
Tin : backbone of winter is not yet
broken.
IN sending Mr. Reagan to the United
Stales semite the Lone Star State covered
Itself with glory.
Aur.usT SI-IKS and Miss Isina Van
Zandl have been married by proxy. This
> .tyle of matrimony is not likely to be
come popular.
THE linn congratulates Council Bluffs ,
the twin sister of Omaha , upon the real
estate boom and other booms which have
recently been inaugurated in that town.
FANNIE UAvr.Ni'our'3 diamonds , valued
at $31,000 , have been stolen by a Mem
phis hotel clerk. This time , it aecms , the
diamond racket is not an advertising
dodge. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
TUB latest addition to Omaha is on thu
cast bide of the river. It is called East
Omaha. The ne\t thing on the pro
gramme is the building of that long-
talkcd-of bridge. 1 lurry it up.
Mu. Port'iXTON was educated in the
Omaha claim club school , but the meth
ods of the club applied to the railroad
outlaws , who are corrupting the legisla
ture , would probably not suit him at tins
day. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ,
Tin : legislature , or rather the self-
styled stalwarts in that body , are press
ing a vote of thanks to Senator Mandcr-
6on for putting through the famous
Knovals bill. The same fellows were
willing to snuirout Senator Mandcrson
like a tallow dip by the secret ballot
which would have elected Thurston.
OUAHA donated over a million dollars'
vrorth of real'estalo and bonds to the
Union Pacific railroad. And now the
Union Pacific exhibits its indecency and
ingratitude by trying to defeat the char
ter , which would compel it to pay city
taxes on the property donated to the
road. Will the citizens and lavpaycrs
of Omaha tamely sit by and allow Mr.
Popplcton to dictate or defeat the charter -
tor ?
Tin : Douglas county delegation o\\cs
it to itself as a matter of self respect to
resent the insult which Union Pacific
Attorney Popplcton has deliberately put
upon it when ho engineered that
resolution through a fragment of the de
funct charter committee. If that com
mittee represented the wish and will of
this city , instead of merely registering
the decico of tlio railroada , it would have
boon content to make a respectful re
quest of the delegation to recede from
the changes which wcro maao in the
charter by the delegation. Hut
Mr. Poppioton , with the indolence
nnd arrogance of an autocrat , ig
nored the delegation nnd issued his
mandate through the lieutenant-governor
who is a fit tool of the railroads nnd rep
rcsonts no constituency. This is carrying
things with u high hand. No delegation
that has ever represented Douglas county
would have submitted to such iubolenco.
They nro the representatives whom
Omaha and Douglas county have chosen
to make laws for them , and they alone
nro responsible for charter legislation.
Were Mr. Popplcton a member of the
legislature from this county he would
rortamly consider sueh a method of bull
dozing as beneath con to nipt.
ShViiiAi : , months ago a United States
revenue cutter t > oizcd several British ves
sels in Alaska wateifl on the ground that
they had unlawfully taken ( teals there. It
was claimed in justification of the seizure
that all the waters of Alaska over which
Ihissiii had exercised control and claimed
jurisdiction passed into tlio control of the
United States when Alaska was pur
chased from Russia , and that as the seal
fisheries worn the most valuable
consideration in connection with
r the purchase this country pos-
L fesbcd thu unlimited right to them , without -
| * out icgaid to the throo-milo line. There
was dome plausibility in this position , al
though It was urged thnt it Involved n
renunciation of tlio principle which this
government hud alwayu maintained re
specting the three-milo limit , and was
then Insisting upon in the fishery dispute
With Canada. The matter has been under
consideration nt Washington , and it is
announced that an opinion has been
rendered by the attorney general that
the British vessels wore unlawfully
seized , haying been oufehto the three-milo
limit. This adheres to the position al
ways hold by the government , aud which
for obvious reasons it could not judi
ciously bin render at this tiuio.
Do They Nopilv
Do the pcowlo of N.brask.t really need
relief at thq hands of the stnta and 'na
tional legislatures ? Arc their burdens any
hc'iu ice or nioro grievous than those im
posed on other states which have been
under the Iron rule of tlio railway cor
porations ? These ire questions which
present themselves to the leglslatt re
while it is grappling with the railway
problem. Nobody desires to cripple the
railroads or to contiscato their property.
They have a right to earn fair Interest on
an honest investment , and lit their tolls
to meet the conditions of traffic. No fair-
minded man can , however , justify legal
ized highway robbery.
The exhibit which wo make in ano ther
column affords proof poiitlvoof the mon
strous impositions to which Nebraska has
bcon compelled to submit for years. It
may be startling , but It is a fact , based
upon the reports made by the railroad
managers through Poor's Manual , that
Ncbraskf , with one-half of ttio popula
tion and loss than one-half of the railway
milt-ago of Iowa , has boon forced to pay
three times as much railroad loll m the
aggregaloas Iowa. In throe years , endIng -
Ing With 1833 , Nebraska railroads
have wrung from the people of this
state ? , W,115,111 in tolls , while Iowa
di-ring the same period has paid to her
railroads $17,53(5,7 ( ! ) ! .
In other words Nebraska during llireo
years has bcon taxed fI3r > COCOO in round
figures more than Iowa , and the not
earnings of the Nebraska roads exceed
by over eleven millions the gross earn
ings of the Iowa roads. If Nebraska was
not a fertile country and her people
frugal , energetic and industrious , she
could never have berne up under such n
terrible burden. A comparison of the
figures which \vo have compiled is very
suggestive as to the prime cause of the
oppressive exactions. The 7,003 miles of
Iowa railroads are capitalized at u frac
tion ol over $10,000,000 , and bonded for
about an equal amount , making in all a
fraction over ? ! )3COO,000. ) They carry in
addition a floating debt of fO,500,000 ,
making in all an investment of
fiori.000,000 , which is only ? 7,000,000
above the estimated cost of the
roads and their equipment. Ne
braska with 8,000 miles of road at
the end of 1835 had capitalized their
stock at $05,000,000 , which is $15,000,000
more than the stock of 7,500 miles in Iowa.
The Nobiaska roads are bonded for
nearly-$129,000,000 , and carry a floating
debt of over ? 25,000,000 , as against a
total debt of 5,003,090 , tor the Iowa
roads. In other words , Nebraska has
been mortgaged by her railroai's ' for
eighty millions more than Iowa with
double the mileage , and the floating
debt , created by the Nebraska
roads , nsceeds by eighteen millions
the debt of the Iowa roads.
After being made to pay the interest on
overono hundred millions of fictitious
capital and fraudulent debt Nebraska has
been bled by the railroad cormorants tea
a decree unheard of outside of California
and Nevada. In the year 1883 alone she
was made to contiibuto over four mil
lions in dividends , after paying
over five millions of interest and
cloven millions for operating expenses.
During the same year Iowa only paid
two millions on interest aud a million
and a half in stock dividends , while the
operating expenses of her roads only
amounted to four millions as ac.iiust
cloven millions in Nebraska.
Such stubborn facts are a terrible com
mentary. They speak volumes for
the forbearance of our people. They
strike dumb all the apologists for
the existing condition of affa'us. How
much longer can this state sustain such
burdens ? With the millions extorted
from their patrons the railroads have
been able to defy the popular wish and
will. They have subsidi/cd legislatures ,
impeded the ends of justiceby packing
our courts through conventions orgaimed
bv railroad machinery. At this very
hour they menace good government by
poisoning its well-springs with their cor
rupting methods. They are a law unto
themselves and above all law.
Do the people need relief ? Will they
have to take the law into their own
hands and deal out justice to their
recreant servants ?
COUHt DcfcilHOH.
Public interest in the subject of coast
defenses lias been greatly increased since
the fishery dispute has become more ag
gravated. People who hitherto have
taken very little interest in the matter
have been brought to see that it is really
of very serious concern , and those who
have always understood the national
weakness in this particular are urging
their views with greater zeal and ofl'i'ct.
Nobody seriously believes that this con
troversy will eventuate in Hostilities , al
though it is not doubted there are a great
many who would llko to see it take that
course. The sober second thought on
both sides , however , will not permit the
issue to develop into war , for which this
country is certainly not prepared , and
which Great Britain has many reasons to
avoid. The occurrence will , however ,
awaken the country to a realization ot
the fact that war is at all times a pos
sibility , ami with so much at stake as this
country has exposed to an enemy , that it
is a duty to provide adequate protection
for these great and valuable interests.
Tlio necessity for a more complete sys
tem of coast defenses is more generally
conceded now than ever before , and it is
hardly poublble that congress will fail to
givojieed to this feeling.
Two plans of coa-st fortification have re
cently DCUM promulgated , ono by General
Shendan and the other by Henry Bcsso-
mor , thu inventor of the process of mak
ing steel that bears his name. The plan
of General Sheridan is the rllle-pit sys
tem , adapted to the ritle cannon , the pit
furnishing protection to the gunners
against horizontal lire at all times , ex
cept when the pieces nro actually being
discharged , The guns would bo raised
and lowered by mechanical derices. This
plan is similar to that n little while ago
presented by a distinguished English engi
neer. General Sheridan proposes to with
draw thoganison and the guns from the
enemy's lire altogether , except when in
the act of tiring. As to an enemy's verti
cal lire or mortar practice , the gunners
would be rather less exposed than they
are in the old system , since a tort or
eaithwork-furnishes a broad mark for
the enemy's mortars as well as for his
hori/Ontal lire. General Sheridan says
the system lie proposes is the result of
much thought , and while acknowledging
its conUIct with other plans from capable
sources ho expresses full belief in its
practicability.
The plan of Mr , Bessemer proposes to
surround'thegarrl on and guns with : v
solid steel enclosure , impenetrable to tlio
heaviest artillery that can be carried ami
handled on shipboard. The fort would be
cast In ono solid piece by erecting fur
naces on the ground to bo enclosed and
pouring the molten stcol into n brick mold
of the size and shape of the proposed for
tification , instead of casting the plates
nnd fastening them together as an outer
shield. Saving in the cost of construc
tion , greater solidity , and more perfect
construction of the necessary openings ,
are the advantages claimed for this plan.
It is not likely , however , to bo seriously
considered.
Other plans will undoubtedly be forth
coming whenever congress shall decide
to proceed with this work , and It ought
not to bo very diillciilt to settle upon a
system of defenses that ulll bo thor
oughly effective and not too costly , and
which , furthermore , will not consume a
generation In the construction. If con-
jrrcss .sees Its duty it will m ike pr ovislon
to start this work at the present session.
Unheard eWe
Wo have bcon told by the railroad at
torneys time and again that the demand
that the railroads pay city taxes on their
leal estate nnd buildings the same as
other piopcrty owners is an unheard of
thing and without precedent. The slate
of Maine , which never has been alllictcd
with grangerism , has thu following pio-
vise in its revised statutes :
Page ISO , faction , sajs : The build
ings of every railioad corporation or as
sociation , \\hcthcr within or without the
located right-of-way , ami its lands and
iKtures outside of its located light of-
wav are subject , to t fcation by the cities
and towns in which the same are situated
as other property is taxed therein , and
shall bo regarded as non-rcsidont land.
There is also another little clause , page
135 , section 41 , which says : An annual
excise tax Is collected by the stito for
railroad franchises and 1 per cent on
the value of railroad stocks , which form
the basis of the franchise , is paid over
each year by the state to the tow us aud
cities through which the railioads pass.
An InillMuriM't Krloml.
A Washington papi-r is authority for
the statement that Mr. William Walter
Phelps , who represents a New Jersey dis
trict in congress , nnd who plumes him
self upon being very deep in the confi
dence of Mr. Blaine , has been recently
talking somewhat freely about the
chances of the Maine statesman being
the next republican candidate for presi
dent and his feeling in the matter. Mr.
Phelps is represented to profess a doubt
thai Mr. Blaiuo will be the candidate ,
and to say that his consent to bo s > o will
depend upon the decision of the republi
can leaders that his nomination is a
necessity to party success in the election.
It is furthermore stated that in talking
to a group of republican representatives ,
who were canvassing the uvailability of
possible candidates , Phelps remarked :
"Gentlemen , thorn are seven of you. If
you will , within twenty-four hems , agree
upon a man that will in jour judgment
bo blrongur than Blaine at the polls , 1
will , within a few days , or as quickly as
the mails can bring it , give you a letter
from Mr. Blaine that will absolutely pre
clude him from being a candidate before
the convention in 1888. " The story goes
that the seven failed to agree on
another candidate , and Phelps on being
told that Mich was the case laughingly
remarked that he had tried the proposi
tion more than once with the same result.
If all this wore not so entirely like the
Now Jersey congressman it might bo at
once discredited as a mere invention.
But it is quite in line with the habit of
Mr. Phelps of claiming to know the most
secret political views and purposes ol Mr
Blaine , and of arrogating the preroga
tive of speaking for that gentleman and
committing him to a certain policy or
action , as in the instance above cited.
Ho made himself conspicuous in this way
in the last national campaign , and there
is icason to believe not a little to the in
jury of Mr. Blaino. He was charged
with being mea-surably responsible , in
consequence ol borne remark ho made ,
for the feeling of Edmunds toward
Blaine , and it is certain that his ollicious-
ness and presumption did the republican
candidate no good in some quarters. If
he is pursuing u similar course
now , as would appear from the
Statement of the Washington paper ,
ho is very sum to do Mr. lilaiue
further injury , for it cannot bo otherwise
than to his disparagement to have it un
derstood that his political confidence is
reposed in a man who has not the discre
tion to protect it , and who assumes to
prejudge or dictate his action. Mr.
Phelps may bo a good local politician.
Ho is a man of education and wealth.
Ho is serving his second or third term in
congress , and thus far has not distin
guished himself as a statesman. Wo sus
pect that the political fortunes of a presi
dential candidate arc too large a matter
for him to manage , and Mr. Blaine will
consult his interests by relieving Mr.
Phelps of the responsibility.
Biinkon 1'ort mentions.
General Sheridan , in an interview with
the representative of a New i'ork paper ,
discloses a plan of sea coast defense
which certainly presents strong advan
tages and displays him as n theorist of no
mean order. Ho proposes to sink his for
tifications under ground , so that the guns
shall be perfectly safe from assault when
not in action and are only momentarily
exposed when raised while being fired.
General Sheridan explains that the idea
first struck him when ho was forced to
adopt fortified collars on the plains to
protect the old stage stations , and ho has
developed the idea with all the resources
of the leisure of recent years and the
insight of a mind fertile in expedients.
Imagination is the last quality wo asso
ciate with greatsoldiers , ynl there is no
place in life where the capacity of cut
ting loose one's mind from the usual and
the common-place and of discerning
with accuracy the ideal is more necessary.
It was this quality which projected Sher
man's march to the sea , and General
Sheridan shows It now in his scheme of
sunken forts. He is opposed "to putting
up marks which can bo fired at , " but
would excavatn forts , protect the rims of
the pits with stool plates , aud raise tlio
guiiH with hydraulic or pneumatic uowor
for tiring. The plan will save expense
nnd will at the same tlmo alibrd perfect
shelter for both gunners and artillery.
PHOMIM3NT I'UUSONS.
Genera ! .Simon Cameron will be accom
panied on his UeumuU trip by Wayuo Mac-
P.Uti111 entertain at lier home in Wales ,
'
In mlort , tin.e.'I'i evident Diaz of Mexico and
his wife.
Tl.ccomtpdo Pi 13 JIM attracted much at
tention in lrcliriil this winter by Ids fine
skatlne.
Or. Peteran / cm nent P.nlspliys'clan , re-
nmllntcsnnil denounces M. Pasteur's famous
treatment for hjOiopliobla.
Miss IXawes , dmichtcr ot the ftenntor , has
established ono 6f Ibc lincst literary clubs In
the country In Pittxacld , Mass.
Edward Hlakp , Iho Canadian liberal leader ,
Is the best orator In Canada. Lord Dufferin
used to say that ho Is a "perfect orator. "
Theodore Tidon lias rooms In a former pal-
nee of thedi'c dc Nemours in Paris , lie Is
pavsltiR the timequi tly. readlnR nndrltln ? .
Mis. hi7zl Pauline S.iwjc . < ) f Washing
ton , nnd Mrs Piesldcnt Cle\eland are so
much alike thnt thcv cannot bo distinguished
fiom each other.
( lenor.dSninner , whoso plcaslni pot-hooks
crnml so ninny million irrccnbacks , cele
brated his 1'itflitj.iifth birthday anniversary
at , lackMiivllh' , Kin. , a few d.ijs n.o.
J'r. C. C. Lancaster , n Washington lawyer
of Kentucky nntm-dcnts , \\edtlioeldpst
daughter of Samuel J. Itnnil.ill Pebrimiv 8.
There is no protective tariff on the Kandall
ulrls.
Ks-rn'sldont Santos , of Uruiruay , Islsil -
Inir Paris in meat Matt- , with a retinue of
( sixteen persons Urucui'V lias less than MX- ) ,
(0) ) inhsihitntiK U lieu flio iMnjMiror and cm-
prrssof Hiazil traveled in Kuropo last they
h.id in all only tun letaiiu'is Hnrll hns
some 12,00 l.OOJ Inhabitants. When General
( ir.mtcnt uioiuul tlio uotld he h id six com
panions nnd ho u.is ex pieslilent of a nation
of WJlXOCO ! ( ) ,
A Hint to Adjourn.
riiteauo 2'riliunr.
If tin1 Inter-stale commerce bill , ulth Its
antl-jmss ) > to\lMou becomes a law before
suing , how on I'.uth nre membois of the
Icirlslatuics to u't't home ?
iil , I'nul's I
CMcut'o 7 ( mm.
A St. Paul imper f-ajs that "tho star of
moat parking empire Is taklnc its \ \ aveil -
\\iird and nnilhucstvuml from Chleaijo. "
KUdcnll ) soimbodv in St. Paul has opened
a new butehei shop ,
Tlicro AVns no NooOof It.
/VilfrtilfljiMa 1'ici ? .
"The Uev. Sain Jones lefused to addiess a
gathering of newspaper men in Iotou. ! . lie
was probably unwilling to waste time in
scatteiing the ddctune ot line iooilni : > ss
mound \\liute there \\as so little need ol It. "
More Aoilon AVaiiicil , or Iiess Talk.
. /Jrdlcafrd to dinar au 6y the Xav 1'or/t Sun.
To no nouer In cro\tion
The Yankee banner dins ;
We'll ntrlil like all tarnation.
But lirsto \ , MHIIO ships I
I'ach Insult from John Bully
To these United States
Shall bo nindi1 good most fully
When wts've more armor plates I
] ) OPS Bully put his ban on
OiirMeamrn in his ports ?
We'll talk to him with lannon :
\Vhen vto'\o built the needtul foils !
No fear nor foi > may i.itllo
Columbia's stnnb sons ;
lint tlu'slmnt bo shot like rattle ,
By John JSuIl's long-iango guns !
Make safe the teeming cities ,
bulwark the helpless coast ,
Or fruitless all our grit Is ,
lying all our boast I
STATE AMI IF2IIHJTORV.
ISct > r.isku , ) ottinis.
ou wants a court house.
Hastings has revived her board of
trade.
Smutty corn stalks have killed a num
ber of cattle in Beaver Valley , Booiio
county.
The Plattfliuotith Waterworks company
has been granted till the 1st of April to
complete tiie plant.
Pn'sidonl Potter , of the Chicago , Bur
lington Quitioy , is said to bo consider
ing the project of a fast mail train be
tween Omaha and Kansas City.
The authorities of Hastings and Adams
county will petition the legislature for
amendments to tlio law giving counties
the right to vote bonds for the erection of
jails.
Envious Nebraska City reports that
Plattsmouth had no funerals last year ,
and cruelly adds that "her dead arc still
in business at the old stand. " This calls
for blood or a back down.
The Union Pacific engineer corps is
camped on the Nebraska hhore opposite
Sioux City , having completed a hurvey
from Norfolk to that point. The loute
taps the counties of Pierce , Wuync ,
Cedar , Di\on and Dakota.
Couch and Tester , the weather proph
ets of Nebraska and Iowa respectively ,
have iurnishod a variety of weather for
tiie west , but Prophet Pr/yblowics , of
Kansas , is entitled to the medal for his
prediction that February will be u
"slumky , freo/.ing ami thawing month. "
The people around Hushvillo arc satis-
lied that there is as much coal underlying
Sheridan as any county in the state , but
they are not going to frut themselves
about hunting it. The hiipply of wood
in the Pine Kidge country on the north
'
and the Niobrara on tho' south , is suf
ficient to last for .several years.
Charlie Fields , editor of the Clearwater
Headlight , received last week coinmis-
bions us postmaster of the town and a
father , There is no mistake about the
latter. It is a bouncing baldhcaded baby
boy , with an enlarged idea of his im-
not lance. As a consequence the Head
light aliono brightly hist week.
"A stranjrqr on horseback , " with anew
now railroad in tow , dismounted at Bea
trice Monday , and feet speculators agog ,
He gave it out that ho was examining a
route for it bee line from Omaha to the
gulf and Incldent-illy to corral a section
of the legislative lunch and lemon peel.
Ho tarried m sight of the tarikark.
I OWH III ! II1H.
Barb wire is the favorite drink In
Mount Pleasant.
A planing mill and furniture factory
thieatcns to settle in Sioux City.
The Faucet family ) of , Mtiscatino , seven
in number , have movqi ! to Kansas. They
are expert drutrgisU. ,
Sioux City capitalists are investigating
tlio cable car sjritem with a view to build
ing a line in that city.
"A conservatory of music" is one of
the promised ( lower ? th.it will bloom in
the spring at DCS Moines.
The board of supervisors of Washing
ton county have raised the bounty on
wolf t > calps from $ ! td ? ! l.
There will bo a conference of the pub
lishers of afternoon papers in Iowa at the
Aboru house in Dos Alyinus on the 10th
mst. ,
Colonel Keatloy , of .Council Blufft , Is
named as the editor pf thu domocratio
Hciald to bo blurted at , Sioux City this
month ,
What Cheer revels in prosperity. A
Chinaman 1ms established a washee fac
tory there , the coul mines are booming
and seven now buildings are billed to ap
pear in the spring ,
George Brown , who robbed the Ham
burg postolliee and started on a tour
around the world , plead guilty in the
United States court at Kcokuk uijd got
ono year in prison ,
Dakota.
Gary spent f 81,000 , last j'ear In improve
ments ,
A number of Pierre citizens will go to
Alaska in the spring
Stockmen report that the cattle and
horses on the range near Hapid City are
now in excellent condition.
The county commissioners of Boa
Homnio county liavo fixed the retail
liquor license at $100 for the present .year.
The artesian well hole at Marion Junc
tion is down C53 feet , and work will bo
pushed as soon as a diamond boring ma
chine arrives.
The bill granting the Elkhorn Valley
road right of way through Fort Mcado
reservation has passed the lower house
of congress. This will enable the com
pany to push on to Dead wood the com-
IIIK summer.
I. II. Newby , who was reported as the
man caught at Omaha by a decoy letter
by the able-bodied shcriu"of Turner
county , turns tip to bo the able-bodied
shonir himself , while the decoy letter
victim is George C. Thompson , about
twenty-two years of age. Upon returning
'
ing to'Parker , Thompson waived exam
ination and was hold to the grand jury in
the sum of 1300. Failing to irivo bonds ,
Sheriff Ncwby will take him to Sioux
Tails to-day for safe keeping.
Colorado.
A convention of range stockmen will
meet in DcnrornoU Tuesday.
The Denver Circle railroad has bcon
sold to a New York syndicate for f 750-
000.
000.A
A mountain brec/o last Sunday blew
eighteen cars and a caboose from the
track of the Denver , Marshall it Boulder
road.
Ural estate In Leadvlllo has advanced
CO per cent in two years. Euthushstie
residents estimate the mineral output for
1887 at eighteen millions.
The revival in Denver is nutting a score
of sinners a day. Even the legislature
has been touched by the nospol healers
and almost unanimously agreed to pay
for inornint : prayers.
The Astor mines in Clear Creek county
have been sold to an English syndicate
for $ l , ! } . > 5,0 ( > 0. The propel tv trauslorred
consists of eleven full-sized mining
claims and mines , giving a length ol
three miles along the tidiest mineral
veins In the county , together with two
mill sites , the pl-tntof machinery , and all
the Improvements on the Astor proper
ties.
GttOKGK'S
Intelligently Combated l.nst
liy J. T. aioflurty.
M. .J , Toriarly delivered a lecture
Tuesday night at the Omaha Commercial
college on "Henry George's opinions
upon the land question. "
Mr. Moiiarty maintained , in substance ,
that Henry George was in favor of tlio
total abolition ot private properly in land
and that the latter's opinion on this sub
ject was based upon the following
grounds :
- 1. That private properj ! * in land an-
lagoui/ed the natural rights of the
human race.
a. That , owing to certain distinction
between tilings personal and real , the
rights of property , while justly attachin. .
to the foimer , could not attach to the
latter.
U. That private property In laud gave
risp to nearly all the evils with which
society isalllieted.
The speaker contended that these
grounds do not now exist , or , if they do ,
that theories based upon them may , with
equal propriety , bo urjied against the
right ot properly in things personal as
well as real.
Mr. Moriartv then synopsi/ed the
plan of lami-hoUing which Henry
George proposed to substitute for the
p icsent s > stem and then contended that ,
to it , with equal force applied the same
objections which Gcorgo charged against
the present system. Ho next set forth
the method which Henry George advo
cated to do away with the present svstcm
of property holding and putting his
theories into practice , aud insisted that
the method pioposcd hy Geotgo was , 1 ,
impracticahlo ; , founded on bad faith ,
ami ! ! , grossly unfair and unjust.
Each of these points were admirably
developed. Mr. Moriiuty displayed
great familiarly with the vagaries of Mr.
George , all of which he considered and
combatcu in a rational and learned man-
eer. Mr. Moriarty is a ready speaker , a
cogent rcasonor and withal , a debater
whose intelligence and honesty cannot bo
questioned. His remarks throughout
were followed by an attentive and in
telligence , hose' appreciation was fre
quently manifested by hearty applause.
DIDN'T SUCOK13D.
A landlord AVhn Tried to Knioko Out
a ToiKinr.
"Judge , T want to got a warrant for a
man that tried to .smoke mo out of my
house.1
"Smoke jou oul of your house , " re
plied the judge to the speaker yesterday
morning , an old gray-headed Irishman
named Thomas Welch.
"Yes. " answered the first speaker ,
"that's , what I want the warrant for. "
Welch then went on to tell a .story of
how hi.s landlord , Jorgensen , had tried to
get him out of his house because he had
not paid his rent for ( ho last month.
Jorgcnsen had stopped the chimney _ ami
tried to smoke him out. Failing in that ,
lie had taken out tlio windows and en
deavored to free/.o the Welch tuinily
out.
Jorgcnson was promptly arrested and
lined $10 and costs.
A Decided Convenience.
For the convenience of the public , es
pecially of those whoso time is occupied
during the day the American express
company has established a number of
branch agencies in different parts of the
cityfor the .sale of ita money orders ,
which are issued payable in about 1,000
places In the United States Mid Canada ,
and the principal cities of Emopo. These
orders are cheap , and a very convenient
medium for the transmission of money.
At the caiirpnny'fl main ollice , corner of
Farnam and Twelfth streets , the order
can be procured during the day up to 0
p. m. , and at the following named branch
ofliccs during the day and evening ;
Branch ollleo at B. & M. passenger do-
pot. E. W.yman's book and stationery
btoro , 118 South Fifteenth sit cot near the
postollico ; M. B Powell , druggist , etc. ,
corner Thirteenth and Jackson btrcots ;
W. J Whitohoiiso , druggist , etc. , corner
Sixteenth and Webster ; O , It , Bang ,
druggist , etc. , 3iU ! ( Ciimlug street.
This is a very convenient arrangement ,
and the public will no doubt appreciate
the cll'orts of the company to please.
A Now CiiNlnmti JSiilldlni ; Needed.
Custodian Jordan , of the federal build
ing , bald yesterday morning , with refer
ence to the introduction of Senator Mand-
crsou'sbill for improvements in the pres
ent government building , that he had
changed his mind on enlargement
of the picsont btructiiro. lie says
he is now satisfied that no
enlargement which may be made will
satisfv the growth of tins city for more
than live j ears at the present rate of pro
gress , and then the same work will have
to bedoiuiover again. His opinion is that
steps ought to bo taken immediately to
erect a new building upon a new and
larger site , which will anticipate the
needs of the government here for at
least fifty years.
The Inline Tax.
The county commissioners have re
turned from Lincoln , wlu-rothoy went to
look after the bill abolishing the per
capita insane tax. They appointed n
party to watch all laws tending to affect
this county , in the legislature. They
fuel that the bill for the abolition of thu
tax in iiiifbtjon , will bo
KEEP IT BEFORE THE PEOPLE
Extortions of tie Railroads-Sixty Millions
Wrung Trom Nebraska in Thrco Years.
CHARTERED HIGHWAY ROBBERY.
Hnvn , "With Double Mllcnconml Tvvlco
tlio 1'optttnllon , Jinn 1'nltt IJGSS
Ilian Tvvon'y millions In
tlio Snino rcrlotl.
The people of Nebraska do not realize
to what monstrous cxtoilions and oppres
sive tolls they have boon subjected by
grasping railway corporations. It is
only by a careful compilation of the facts
and Inures furnished by the railroad
manuals that wo can form n correct esti
mate of the enormities which the people
of this state have patiently berne for
years. Wo doubt if the railroad manag
ers themselves have any litca to what ex
tent they have- pillaged the producers
and shippers. The standard work on
American railway statistics In Poor's
Manual , made up from olllclal returns
from the railroad olliccrs themselves , and
will thoreloro not be called in question by
railroad men ,
The following exhibit speaks for Itself :
From 1'oor's Manual \\o compile the
following facts concctnlnc railroad re
turns
rou Tin : YKAU 18S3.
Nebraska Total mileage , 2 , 191 ; share
capital , ? 0OH ( ? ) , 100 ; funded debt , ? lliy.-
8H,83r > ; total investment , ? .iS . ! ( ) , IIB.IW7 ;
cost of road and equipment. SIO- ! ) " ) " , I1J ! ;
cainiugs passengers , ? Itil,5-l8 ) ! ) ; freights ,
? ntllS03 , ; from all sources , $ S1,11) ) ? , .I2 ;
net earnings , ? 10,751,1101 ; interest paid ,
$5 131,122 ; dividend on stock , $1.MW,783.
Iowa Total mileage , 3,1111 ; share capi
tal , § i0UG..l71 ; ( , funded debt , 15,01)3,1UO ) ;
total investment , $110,80 ,050 ; costs of
roads and equipments , $ U,001,000 ) ! ) ; earn
ings passengers , ifl.UU 1,1)31 ) ; frolchts ,
. l.riS./.mS ; from all sources , .fO.317-130 ;
not earnings , $1,01)1,030 ) ; interest paid ,
$3,088,012 ; dividend on stock , sfl , 138,280.
FOR Till : Yl'.AH 188J.
Nebraska -Total mileage. 2,183 ; share
capital , $01,735,000 ; funded debt , $121-
103,21)7 ) ; total investment , ? l ! > 2,231oOO ;
earnings passengers , ? ! , 123,252 ; freight * ,
§ 12,271,828 ; from all sources , $18,8-0,300 ;
not earnings , $0,07(1,020. (
Iowa Total mileage , 3,515 ; capital
stock , $ O'li0,021 ) ( ! ; funded debt , ? jl,10S1-
820 ; total investment. $118,0')0,707 ; earn
ings passengers , $1,100,8811 ; fioiuhts ,
$3bOO,0)0 ! ) , from all sources , $5,100,010 ;
not earnings , ? 1,180,851) ) .
rouiiin YKAU 1835.
Nebraska Total mileage , 2,037 ; capital
stock 505,107,000 ; funded debt , $128-
01)0,101 ) ; Heating debt , $25,250,100 ; total
investment , $251110,830 ; cost of rail
roads and equipments , $177157.000 ;
cainings passongerst4,121,703 ; freights ,
$ 13,217,078 ; earnings from all souices.
$10,121,113 ; net earnings. $8,821-101.
Iowa Total mileage , 7,003 ; capital
stock.l,30.,071 ! ) ; fun ( fed debt , 5-40.780-
258 ; lloatinii debt , ? 0,512.871 ; total in
vestment , 105,035,103 ; cost of railroads
nnd equipments , f08uC7OSl ; earnings
passengers , $1,337,715 ; heights , $ -1,337.-
358 ; earnings from all Eources , $0,028,718 ;
uet earnmirs , $1,008,118.
SUMMARY TOK THIlKi : YKAKS.
Ncbrabka 1'asbPiigor earnings ? ! " , -
511,103 : freight , $ .l)00,100. ! ) ! ) Karnings
from all somces , $50,115,111. Net earn
ings , $28,052,081.
Iowa Passenger earnings , 'i.SOO.Ol.l :
freight , $12,720,303. learnings fiom all
sources , if 17,530,101 ; net earnings , ? 0,173-
407.
SI5NT TO VOIIK.
rtcinnlns Forivnrdi-cl IJnst
3 Ir. nnd J Irs. Ciif-wlcr.
The remains of John M. Ziegel , the
suicide , enclosed in a costly casket , have
been shipped to York , Pa. , whore the deceased -
ceased has relatives.
The linking of the name of Mrs. Gass
ier , the woman who was to have mairied
Xiegel , with this case has called forth
some little discussion of the character of
that lady and her husband. The latter ,
as already stated in the HIE : , has been in
jail since August last. He was arrested
at the instance ol his wife , who claimed
that ho tried to kill her. Ho was unable
to give bonds to keep the peace towards
her , and has consequently been rotting
in jail ever since. A friend of his told a
icporler that a year aijo this u inter
Gassier separated from his wife because
ho could not live with her ,
and went to visit relatives in
Pennsylvania. Three months later he
returned , and ncain wont to Jiving \\ith
his wife. lie lived with her until An ust
last , when the trouble occurred which
caused his arrest and imprisonment.
Since that time , it is claimed , I\lrs. \ G.iss-
ler has treated her husband unhuniauly ,
refusing to allow her children to Bee him ,
or to send him his clothes , which have
been in her house since his arrest. Gass-
lor's friends accuse Mrs. C. of having
sent hur husband to jail , in order to make
room for Zii-gul. Mra Gassler'fi friends ,
on the other hand , claim tlml Mr. C. w.is
n most Inhuman husband , and that he
was continually drunk and abusing his
wife.
The Midwinter Number.
For February Is of ummml interest and va
riety. Us notable features include ;
THE BAILING OF JEFFERSON DAVIS ,
When accused of complicity in thu at > sai > -
binalion of President Lincoln , A remark
able chapter of inside hUtory compiled by
jcn , Parsons Lnthrop ,
FICTION.
Serials by Frank K. Stockton nnd George
W. Cable , the latter's illustrated l.y Kein-
Lilc , together with two ilhifctr.itcil thort
stories.
ABRAHAM LlNCOLNi A HISTORY.
) ) j John U Nicolnj and Col John Hay ,
Lincoln' * , cartel In Cungrcs ? , aud the na
tional questions of the period , ami his six
years' law practice , The history is. told
\\ilh many anecdotes aud > ketches of prom
inent men , and accompanied } > y miincrous
portraits and other illustration * .
OTHER FINELY ILLUSTRATED PAPERS
'Ihc Star * . Hj I'rol , h. P. J..mili ; )
A Mjdwintci Kesorl , Uy Win. C.
Church.
Recent Art Discoveries in Koine.
The Oldest Church in London. Illus-
rated bPenncll
FURTHER CONTENTS
Comprise l o articles , with portrait , on
l-'atlier Talor , the I'amoni. Doston preacher ,
by Walt Whitman and the Kev. C. A.
Uartol , "Lee's Invasion of Pennsylvania , "
> y Gen. J-on stieet ; "The Relative
Strength and Weakness of Nations , " by
[ Mwaul Atkinson ; a sketch , \wtli frontis-
> iece portrait , of President MtCoih ,
I'oems by E. C. Stedman , Jo.itjuin Mdlrr ,
ind others , Tojiics of the Time , Jinc-a-
liiac ; Ojien I.etteis , etc ,
Price , Sic. f 1.00 per year.
New Hubscribcrs&ttiwntw/with IlieJan'
uury numlir can hue * , A'ocemlur anil lh-
cvmber numbersfric , if claimed when or-
Icr ts ijtccn , t/tta > iitji > nnnrj llic volume
ami uriati
Sold b dcalera ex < \\liere and by Tim
Co. , Jse\v York.
2o seen re a Jot in thai beautiful ad
dition ,
All lots left on Fob , 1 , will bo advnnc
cd 25 per ncnt in pi ice. Now is the time
to buy and get thu bcuellt of the raUc.
Several lots were sold in
Before it could bo staked out. Do not vl
bo deluded by additions advertised to bo
nearer than Lipton Place , bnl como and
take a ride out and see for yourself thai
what wo tell you is true.
G-oin.2 out at all Times-
A lumber yard will be in operation as
soon as a switch can bo laid.Vu are
also negotiating with Kansas City parties
to locate a patent
Here which will employ from -10 to JiO
men. This is a sine thing , as they are
waiting to decide which of two ploocs ot
land they want , both on
To you who want
HOMES IN S. OMAHA
bo sure to eo Lipton Place before buy
ing elsewhere ,
Not more than 1C lots left in
Cotner & Archer's '
which has only bcou on the market 30
days.
Improved and unimproved property in
all parts of the city.
on
The most of lots we have sold here nro
to bo built on in the spi ing on account
of their nearness to the picking hoiif-os
and slock yards , as people living in Lipton -
ton Placn and wet king in the stock yiirita
nnd packing houses have plenty of time
to go home to dinner ami get back to
work ugainln less than an hour.
AND
RfloioflRcilick'sBloek ' ,
1509 Farnam St ,

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