Newspaper Page Text
--3 . - -r-f *
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : WEDNESDAY , F.EBEUARY 16 , 1887. TUB PAITA' BEE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. or sun-'cnirao1 * t InHr ( Momlaif FxlUlon ) Including Humlnr BIT. . Ono Year . , . tlO ( VI For Bis Monthl . 6 W ) KorThren Months . 8M Tim Omahn BMndny Ilur , mpllcxl to any tuldres * , One Voar. . . . . . . . . . . . 200 OMAHA Omcr , No. on Axn tin FAnuAM STRIFT. NKW YORK orriri. Uoo * ( ft , Tnini'NR nttii.niNci. WAIUIMUTOM urncc , No.MJKouKTi NTiiBTUr. AH communications rolntlnit to now * nnd edi torial mnltor Mioultl bo JuMrowoil to Ibo liDl- roil or IIIK 11 kr- nttSINCBS MtTTEtlSt All 1 > ll lnf .l letter * nml remittance * shonlJ bo MilrcMod to THE HCK rutiuBiiiNO COMPANY , OMAHA. Drafts , chocks nnrt posiofllco orders to bo nmdo payable to tlio ord r or the company , THE BEE PDBLISIIIlTciiPAIT , PROPRIETORS , E. ROSEWATEU. Eniron. THIS DAIIiY IMSE. Hvvorn Rtntcmcnt of Clrculntlon. Btntoof Nebraska , J. . County ot UouRlas. f ( Iro. li. Trschtick , secretary of The Heo Publishing company , does solemnly swear tlinl the nctual cirenlntlon of thn Dally lice lor the week ending Feb. llth , lb 7. was as follows : Batimlfty. 1'ob. 5. H.r.10 Stuidn.Y , Feb. 0 M.IMO Monday. , Feb. 7 14.0i Tuesday Fob , 8 14.145 Wednesday , Feb. 0 14OM Thurodav , Feb. 10 M.1IO Friday , Feb. 11 . .1.1 > ! Average 14.147 liKO. H. T/.SC11WCK. Subserllted In my prcsnnco nnrt sworn to be fore ino this 15th dny of February A. IlSb7. N. P. Fun * fSEALI Notarv Public. Geo. JJ , TzHchuck , belnc lirst duly nworn , dopoes anil says that ho is secretory of The Jlee I'titilhhliiL' company , Hint the actual av- eraco dally rlrculatlon of the Dnllv Uce for the month of Fobruarv.lBSO.was 10,50.5 copies ; for Match. 1860 , 11,687 copies ; for April , issd , 12,101 copies : for for May , Ibbfl , i'j,430 eoplcs ; for Juno. 18bO. 115,203 copies ; for .July , 1BW1 , iaii4 : copies ; for Auetist , IBs * , 18,464 rojlesfor ; September , 18M > , 13.030 copies ; for October , IH'-O , liW ! copies ; for November , Ibsr , , ll.H8 ! : copies ; for lecember , 1S80 , i,237 : ) copies for January , 1S87. lO.OTi copies. Quo. 1J. 'I'/.BcirucK. Siibscrlbert nnd sworn to belore me lids 8th day of Febiuary A. I ) . 1S87. [ SKAL. I N. P. VKII * Notarv Public. IT will bo presently discovered that this paper lias made no tie-up to prevent rail road legislation. IN the annual New York publication , "Men of the Time , " mention ofMr. Ageo is studiously and meanly omitted. WIIETIIIH : in Mexico or Utah it seems to bo a question Ur. Miller did not re turn soon enough to re.scuc his paper. A jrAN over in Iowa contemplated sni- oldo a long number of years. .Finally , in the darkest hour of his despondency , ho exclaimed , "why knot ? " and he knotted. Mit. AUDI : inclines to the opinion that the railroad bill sis submitted ny the com mittee is not his legitimate offspring , but he has so much pride that ho would rather father it than have it go about as an orphan. Tim legislature should not adjourn without taking some stops to protect the tale from bogus and graveyard insurance companies. Senator Mciklejolm has a bill in the senate which in thu main will servo the purpose. Housi : HOLT. , No. 440 reduces the price of marriage licenses to one dollar and fifty cents. This is a move in the direc tion of economy. If that bill becomes a law wo predict the failure of many old bachelor clubs , and consequent increase in the double majority. Wi : are informed by Dr. Talmago that the twentieth century "will see ilio victory of tlio church. " Well , by that time this legislature will have adjourned , and we see nothing in the way. This nine teenth century , or the hitter part of it , has been thn victory of the railroads. TiiKitr. is a generally accepted and somewhat doleful theory , that the only way to beat a life insurance company is to secure a policy and die. An investi gation of tlio Beatrice concern , recently mentioned in these columns , robs OTen that grim story of its only pleas antry. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ IF THIS thing comes to a war nnd the Canadians are fed on fish , a midnight Kin-prise would not bo as serious as a din ner hour nttack. A cannon loaded with cod fish balls would make ucruol weapon. The ravishing and penetrating porfnmo of such ammunition would oven excel the dreaded Chinese death-dealing stink-pot. THE Wisconsin gold find continues to create great excitement. There is a pos sibility that after the entire state attempts to locate at Cluppowa Falls , a town lot syndicate recently formed there will have sullloicnt wealth to retire. It should be remembered that the syndicate was formed before the gold waH found. AUTISTS have their romances like com mon pooplu. William M. Chase , the art ist , has Iron ted his fellow-craftsmen to a sensation by publishing a marriage notice dated ayeiirngo , in which the contract ing parties named wore himself and Miss Alice ( Jorson , a very pretty and bright young woman who hits posed as his model for two or throe years , This is one of the rarest romances in artist life , and it is kept secret no longer because there is a baby in the family. TIIKHK is nothing in this world like perseverance. Colby talked against the Omaha charter until his health failed , and although "being very sick in bed , " as his spokesman said it , instead of devoting - voting what might have been bflt a few brief hours left him for prayer and con fession , hii fooled his friends nnd physi cians by claiming that ho WHS preparing n will , when in truth , it was a vigorous written kick against the Omaha charter , A uist'ATcn announces that Alex M. Arthurs , of Winnipeg , with 1,400 pounds of supplies , has started to 11 ml the north pole. American newspapers will defray expenses of the trip. Another gentle man accompanies him. Mr. William Nye ono time Kent a correspondent in search of the same pole. A relief party found a well kept diary. The happen ings Bftch day wuro faithfully recorded , On a certain Friday the historian sud denly ended Ids labors. His last page was something libo this : "J see a large Uear coming , lie is laughing. I think ho 6f03 mo. Ho is hero , lie scema glad to see mo. Ho is hugging and embracing we. I I . " Wo iioun Ao.y ! may return knfcly with ihs.polo in Iris possession. IlotJinokcT'fl Uoorlmcks. Wo deeply sympathize with Mr. . Roth- ncker. Ho is a sorely afflicted and Badly disappointed man. After a residence of Tour long months in the stale of Ne braska he has a right to feel angry nnd indignant that the slate senate has re fused to take his ndvlco to defeat the new Omaha charter. To bo snro Mr. Roth- acker will suffer no immediate hardship as a taxpayer in Omaha , but a man of his lender sensibilities would naturally grieve with the oppressed con tractors and disgruntled bilks who hang around the state capital , While wo appreciate the compliment that he has paid to the editor ot this paper , we feel compelled to correct his misleading statements concerning the contcnls of the charter as It passed the senate. According to Mr. Rolhacker , Omaha is to bo saddled with Iho follow ing objeclionablo charter provisions : 1. A property qualification. 2. A printing steal , 8. A provision allowing city ofh'eers to sell supplies to the city. 4 , A provision comjxlling the council to include and place under municipal taxa tion thirty square miles of country. G. A section continuing the present system of local control of the police. 0. Tlio concentration of power in tlio board of public works. 7. The right to charge any or all grades beyond the chance of appeal. Mr. Rothacker is either lamentably ig norant or is merely trying to crawl through a knot hole to cover his re treat. . . . . Pirst. The property qualification is generally misunderstood. It has been magnified by Colby and other common liars into $2,000 of real estate , when the charter says councilmen - men shall give a bond of ? 2,000 for the faithful performance of their duties. They arc required to bo freeholders but no amount is specified. Even Mr. Roth- acker may become a councilman under the charter if he will invest ? 25 or less as piirulin.su money in a $100 lot. This has been law for twenty years in every char ter Omaha has had. The some prop erty qualification is exacted from canvassers of elections in every city or county in the state. In the Ian guage of Colby , a man might bo prcsi dent of the United States without being eligible to canvass the election returns of a cowboy county m western Nebraska. Second. There is no printing steal in the charter , and there can bo no fairer law devised for letting the city advertising. All the hue and cry of rcadcrless papers is solely gotten up to befog people about their real grievance on the printing clause. Everybody must realize tlmtthis paper cannot afford to sell its advertising space to any patron at the rate charged by papers that do not circulate and cost- little to produce. To compel the council to accept the lowest bid der regardless of circulation would absolutely prevent bidding by the BEI : and give it to any mushroom concern that might choose to print a daily in Omaha. The common liars that have raved about printing steals have asserted that the charter gives the printing , re gardless of cost , to the paper having the largest circulation. This is untrue in every essential particular. The charter simply provides that every bidder shall furnish a sworn statement of circulation , and in awarding the contract the relative circulation of competing papers shall be duly considered by the council. In other words , if the BKE , with 0,000 city circula tion , bids lifty cents per square , and the Jlepublican , with 1,000 circulation , bids thirty cents , the council may award the printing to the BKE on account of the rcl ativo difference in the value gauged by circulation. But the council is in no way bound to award the printing to the paper having the largest circulation if for any reason its bid is not considered advantag cous. There can be no unreasonable charge by any paper because the charter prohibits the council from paying a higher rate than the lowest unco charged by such paper for advertising to its most favored patron. This clause is more ob jectionable to the disgrunted rivals of the BEB than Iho requirement to show tip their citculation. While the 13KB has uniform rates to foreign and home patrons , the other Omaha dailies curry advertising from abroad at any price they can get. It is common for them to charge from five to ten times as much to their Omaha patrons that they do to foreign advertisers. The printing swindle m Omaha is the criminal deccp tion and fraud practiced by papers whoso agents procure money under false pretenses tenses from business men. Last , but not least , the present printing contract gives the city the benefit of the present con tract rate , which is no higher than the Hwald charged twelve years ago , as long as no other contract is made. Third. It is absolutely untrue that any councilman can sell supplies to ttiu city. Councilman are expressly prohibited , under severe penalties , from being pecu niarily interested in any contract worker or lotting. Sou section 171. Fourth. It is untrue that the council Is compelled to include thirty square miles under municipal taxation. While the right is given , provisions are made for gradual extension of the city limits until tnirty square miles have been enclosed. Fifth. The present system of appointing policemen by the mayor and council is abolished , nnd a commission is substi tuted. Tho.ro can bo no moro peddling out of police stars or trading in police appointments by the council. Sixth. The new board of public works is modeled after those of Detroit , St. Louis and Cincinnati. In those cities public works have been carried on for many years without detriment to taxpayers. While the now board will have somewhat extended powers , its ac on will bo under check and control of the mayor and councilwho can veto their work. There is a very strong safeguard in the now charter which is Jacking now. Regular meetings are called for at stated times , open to the public , and whoso ao tion must be recorded. Ample notice is to bo given to property owners of every proposed change of grade , and no star chamber work in the Interest of con tractors is permitted. Tliat is whore the shoe pinches Mr. Rothacker's clients of the contractor and scavenger brigade. Seventh. Changes of grade will bo much more dilUcult to make under thu now charter than under thu old. At present the mayor and coun cil can , by suspending the rules , pass an ordinance at one sitting that changes a grade and closes or gives away a street , nnd whan the damages assessed are ten- ' dcrad to property owners thu cbuugo is made , appeal ot no appeal. . Under tjio now charter the board of public -works must first give property 'owners twenty' days' noticb of Iho proposed change. A full hearing is accorded lo objectors and the change of grade can only finally take ef fect upon the passage of an ordinance by Iho council read at thrco different meetings and a pprovcd finally by Iho mayor. Appraisal of damages and final appeal lo Iho courts is provided for just as now , the onlydiflercnco being that the court is required to advance all such cases on the docket to give them a speedy hearing. Mr. Rolhackcr is an able nnd brilliant writer , but when ho deals with facts ho should curb his fiery imagination. To oppose a measure by misquotation nnd misrepresentation because it is supported by another paper Is not reputable jour nalism. It AHiurcH the Iloom. With the passage of Iho charter , public improvements and the extension of the city limits , excluding South Omaha , will bo an assured fact. Every owner of a foot of valuable real estate can throw up his hat over the prospect. The Douglas county delegation in light ing for the charter have been fighting for Omaha's prosperity. The result of their labors , if endorsed by the house , will make assurance doubly sure. Prop erty values will feel tlio impetus of en- cotirgcd enterprise , work for laboring men , extended streets , added pavements and the influx of foreign capital. No city was over built up permanently on wind. Omaha's steady and marvel ous growth has been due , more than to any one cause , to the excellence of her scheme of municipal government , the honesty of her city officials and the re sulting confidence of the community that the largo sums of money laid out would be honestly expended for the public wel fare. The splendid confidence of the people of Omaha in the future of their city has been the magnet which has drawn foreign enterprise and capital for reinvestment in our midst. With muni cipal clothes largo enough for this city , nothing can stop the good work now in progress. The boom has scarcely begun. Dans and schemes of private investment of foreign capital are now in prospect , soon to bo developed , which will make the most enthusiastic of boom ers open their eyes in wonder. Capital ists who have been waiting to see. whether Omaha would rest on her oars , satisfied with what she has done , will open their purses within a few weeks after our now charter becomes a law. Municipal growth is the foundation of advancing values. The passage of the now charter will lay that foundation broad and deep. AVnr nndYmoricaii Imprests. The belief is very general that war is imminent in Europe. The cable dis patches daily bring reports of active mil itary preparations. All the nations , and particularly Germany , France and Rus sia , are arming their soldiers with the most approved and repeating guns. Ger many has called homo her citizens so journing in other European cities who are subject to military duty. That country , Austria and Russia have prohib ited the exportation of horses. Bismarck is quoted as regarding the progress of warlike preparations in Franco , and the sentiment of an Influential clement in that country , as a menace to peace. Austria is arming with all possible rap idity , and ministerial councils denote un common solicitude. The czar is said to have declined to say what the attitude of Russia would be m the event of hostilities between Germany and France. Italy is not idle , while England , though mani festing less preparation than the other nations , is not unconscious of the grave nature of the situation. Such are the conditions which seem to warrant the expectation that a European , war is a probable event of the not very remote future. The magnitude and complete ness of the preparations for war may prove to bo the means of averting such a calamity. This would accord with the theory of Bismarck , so far as Germany is concerned. In his appeals to the relchstag for an increase of the army and an extension of the term of service , the salient point of his argument was that such preparation would be for the conservation of peace. It was plaus ible , whether or not sincere. It may bo that when all the powers are fully ready to light they will bo better disposed to try another way of settling their differences , if settlement In any other way bo pos sible. The probable duration of a European war may bo conjectured from the extent of the preparations , the protracted delib eration , and the certainty that wherever it might begin it would almost inevitably grow to involve all the great nowers. There is not ono of the continental nations that is not bettor prepared for war to-day than at any other period in its history. Their armies are as largo as ever before and much bettor armed and equipped. The moans of destruction have been greatly improved in the last ten yours , and these nations are well sup plied with the surest and most terrible death-dealing weapons. To some of them war would be the realization of a desire long deferred. For sixteen j'ears Franco has nursed her bitter grievance against Germany. For a longer period Russia has awaited the time when she could strike again for conquest. Ger many and Austria have scores to settle or ambitions to subserve. In the arbitra ment of arms Italy ami England could not remain inactive , The possibilities of a war in Europe , wherever it should be btartoil , are far-reaching , and the conflict would bo prolonged until the resources of the weaker powers were exhausted. Deplorable as Mich a calamity would be , if there can be any excuse for consid ering it from a selfish standpoint , Ameri can interests can regard it a.1) ) an eventu ality whoso consequences would bring them no disadvantage , A prolonged European war would mean the assured market for all the surplus products of this country that armies consume. It would mean the diversion of a vast amount of European capital to American investments. It would mean the exten sion of our commerce in mnrkelK which the contending nations were unable to longer fully supply. It would mean the partial restoration at least of the ocean carrying trade of the United States , and in rendering this neutral nation the chief source from which to ob tain numerous commodities and supplies the production of which would bo cut offer or greatly reduced by a state of war , a general and long-maintained conflict in Europe would contribute most materially lo the growth of many industries In this country'nnd to the general prosperity. Nor would this at once cense with the close of hostilities. Years would bo con sumed m repairing the devastations of such a war , and while Ibis was in pro gress the United States would continue to be drawn on largely for the deficien cies. Possibly n generation would elapse before the contending nations could re store their industries to a condition of complete self-dependence. But American people will never desire - sire war between nations whoso friendship they possess becauao they may profit thereby. Their faith is in peace as Hie surest and best aid anil conservator of universal pros perity and happiness. And if their voice could sllcnco the ambitions and passions of European rulers and statesmen it would bo unanimously given for such a consummation. The HII si n CHI munition. Litllo change is noted in the general trade situation. Jobbers have had a bet ter trade owing to milder weather , which has quickened preparations for spring wants , though but few of tlio markets have shown any uecidcd activity. Indi cations point to an improving trade , how ever , as the season advances and the de velopment of out-door enterprises be comes practicable. Wool is moving very slowly , nnd while values arc not quolably lower Iho posi- lion is nol so strong , am ) therj is less confidence among the trade owing to the unsatisfactory opening of the now sea son for heavy clothing woolens. The lallor nro selling a little bettor than they did , but demand is not active and thus far has not real- l/.cd expectations. Business in Iron and steel has boon generally less active , but confidence In the future of the mar ket continues strong because production in all departments is heavily sold ahead. Old material is weaker in price , but there has been no decline in crude or finished products. Wheat declined heavily dur ing last week. Speculative sentiment is not unfriendly to wheat as an invest ment , but the outside buying interest is small , and operators who are "long" of the staple have become tired of wailing for a revival of export demand or other favoring influences to advance the mar ket , and many of them have been selling out on the theory that a lower range of values is inevitable before the expected rise shall take place. The downward turn of values has been helped along by the absence of sensational crop scares and by the more peaceful tenor of the foreign political news. The in tenor movememt of wheat is light , but exports have decreased in volume , and the decline in visible slock is unimpor tant , The foreign demand at the mo ment is light and unsatisfactory , and no improvement is looked for until supplies in the United Kingdom , recently replen ished by large imports , shall again begin to run down. The situation is tavorable , however , for a renewal of demand later in the season , as present stocks in Europe are unequal to requirements for the bal ance of the cereal ycrr and must bo sup plemented by liberal imports , which will have lo bo sent chiefly from the United States. The export demand for corn is very fair , and home consumption con tinues to absorb a largo amount of this grain at fairly steady prices. IT is probable that General Middlcton voices the sentiment of Iho moro intelli gent and judicious Canadians when ho says , referring lo Iho fisheries dispute , that "there is not the least chance of war between the two great English-speaking Anglo-Saxon races , " but there is reason lo believe lhat the element he speaks for is not largely represented in the govern ment of the Dominion. Certainly those in authority , whatever their views may have been as to the chance of war , have directed their efforts so as to invite such a result , and were they dealing with a people loss tolerant and forbearing than the American people it is not questiona ble lhat thuy would before this have brought it about. Having presumed to the last extremity upon our patience , the American people now only propose to apply lo them the same sort of treatment they shall apply to us , and make a trial as to who can stand it the longest. There is no general desire in this country to perform the not very difficult task of cas- ligaling Canada. There would bo noth ing gained by doing so. But wo may re fuse to have anything to do with her if she persists in behaving unfairly , as she now seams disposed to do. Meanwhile Iho good offices of men like General Mid- dlolon ought to be actively exerted to bring the "hot-headed and foolish- tongued" to a sense of their mistake. Tin ; brokers of Mow York arc deeply exorcised over a bill introduced in the legislature of that htato providing for a lax of one-fiftioth of ono per cent , on speculative sales. According to a member of the block exchange who lestilied he- fore a committee of the stale sonale , such a lax on the annual transactions of the exchange would amount to $5,000,000 , averaging $7,000 to each member. This would be u very handsome revenue for tlio stale , and might be made to do great service in the charitable institutions , to which it would bo welllo tlovolo a rev enue from this hourcp. Such employ ment of it would justify the tax to the people at large , it anyijuslilicatlon wore needed , ami would be likely to give it a claim to pormanencL'i 'As ' to tlio justice of a law of this kind pa law applying btrictly to speculative sales there can bo no reasonable contention. Speculation is the bane of the limmcial and commer cial systems of this country , In no othnr country Is it so entirely a method of gambling as it is fieri. Its efl'ects are pernicious and demorali/.lng. It may nol be possible to abate il , but like other irremovable evils it citn and Mionld be made to pay for its exibleuco. The prin ciple of the bill before , the Now York log- islaluru is bound , but the success of the measure against the formidable influence in opposition to it Is nol probable. Mit. LITTLE , of Ohio , following Van Wyek's proposition , on Monday intro duced a bill m congress proposing a eon- Mitutional amendment for the election of senators by the people of the several states. Should such an amendment be come a law , there would be a cheerful rattling of dry bones out this way , about a yenrfjom next November , TIIKHE is no doubt now existing , and It Is proven that General Low Wallace Is a shrew diplomat , He recently lectured in Brooklyn , ; lns subject being : "Turkey and the Turks. " Of the Turkish women , he said they were beautiful , and graceful in everything except their walk , which resembled the waddle of a duck. Mr. Wallace shrewdly Awaited until ho had returned to America to refer lo the duck- like movement. IT was an "unholy deal" on the part of the Douglas county delegation to tamper with the tax clause as it left the com mittee of fifteen. H was an "unholy deal" in the same delegation to modify the clause in response lo Iho urgent sup plications of our representative business men. Anything and everything con nected with the charier was unclean and unrighteous which did not have the ap proval anil endorsement of the contrac tor and scavenger's brigade. IN Mn. MANNIXCJ'S withdrawal from Iho treasury , the president loses "a guide , philosopher and friend. " Lotus hope , however , that Mr. Miller and Mr. Morton will not trouble themselves about filling the vacancy. For once , let us give Grover a chance to make tv choice. The gentle ami childish resignation of Colonel Frank P. Ireland is earnestly and hopefully pointed out to the two great leaders of Nebraska democracy. SiNAroit : iloAit of Massachusetts mod- esllj claims over a thousand dollars as an attorney's fee for recovering the Ne braska saline lands from the strong em brace of a squatter a long time ago. lie prays Iho legislature to gr.int his claim. Tunes are pretty hard out here this win- ler , and Iho legislature had boiler recom mend lhat the Buy State senator take his pay in salt. Ho may need it to save his bacon the next lime ho runs. Wr. apprehend lhat Senators Meikle- John , Conger and Majors will survive the impertinent lecture to which they were treated by the grief-stricken champion of the Omaha paving gang. Wo imagine they will survive the wratli of Iho crowd lhat wanted the senate to fritter away two weeks more on a single bill that did not concern anybody outside of Omaha. ACCOKDIN.O to the Hcrnhl , Church Howe is reported to have said that the charter fighl cost his side $15,000. Ac cording to the llejmblican , Church Howe "all lasl week was wearying Ihe patience of the opponents of the charter by claim ing that ho could buy five votes in the senate. " Somebody is lying or else tales are being told out of school. Mn. SfLT.iVAir insists that he must write a book. Mr. Sullivan has always been treated kindly by the American pee ple. He is cold , unfeeling and selfish. It is generally regarded as hard to get near him. Aby ho should bo so ungrateful to his people is hard lo imagine , us Iho cul- lured Bostonians will be knocked out on the first chapter. Tnn city of Omaha is bigger in the eyes of the legislature than a few contractors - tractors , scavengers and small bore lob byists. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ A nw : agitated real estate dealers will wonder now what they were kicking about. KIMiS AM ) QIJISU.NS. Prince Rupert , of Uavaria , has been ap prenticed to a Munich wood turner. Kmpiess Kllzaboth , of Aiibtiia , wilt io to Ainsteidain at the bcglnnlni : of March to re ceive for the hoconil time the masbape cure ol the famous Dr. MeUcer. 1'rlnco Ferdinand , of Uavaila , who is a distinguished biugeon.lias , during his recent visit to Madrid , performed several delicate opciatlons. The prince is a brother of the empress of Austria-Hungary. His majesty , Fianz Josef , of Austrla-llun- Kaiy , lw > loeentlv caused a revolution In btate etiquette. Hitherto at the receptions of their impel ial and royal m.ijestle.s , the wives ol state olllcluls who weio not of noblnbli ( h could not bo admitted. At the fastball of the llofbnrtf several ladies who did not enjoy this privilege Aoie Invited and picscnted by the emniess to the ompuior. This revolution in impuiinl etlijuetto is now a subject of t'OJalp in Kuiopean couit citeles. If the prince or Wales , as is announced In Iho cable dispatches , has appealed in a box at a London theater with a conspicuous doiibln wutch-c'lriin diawn across Hie lolund protuberanceot bis vest , he has bet a fashion which \\Illbe rej.uded with disfavor. A watch-chain never looks well with e\iiilng dre.ss. A fob with se.ils is quite recherche , lint If the pnnco is not averse to displaying Ins ve.st jewelry other people will he forced no doubt , to ov'uicomu their prejudices. Which Kycn nrn KnlreHt ? Jascj > Ji Miriummut Viinell in Atlanta CumtUulliin. Which eyes In woman are Iho laircbt 'MoiiKHt tlioso ot every hucl * I've iibked a doznn , and now dearest , 1 ask j on which you think the uircst Come , tell me tell mo true , Ah. sweetest Mabel , to your query An answer you ictiuebt Know , then , the fairest eyes , my fairy , Thouu'li brown or blue , though sail or merry , Ate those we love the bust. BTA.TL3 AND TJ-JKHITOJIY. Nohraskn . Culbcrtson has organized a fire brigade. riattsmoulh has bold her fire engine lo Ogallala. W. A. Wilson , ox-treasurer of Sherman county , is under arrest for embezzle ment. MoCook reports fluttering prospects for a band of horn looters. The surplus of calorie there stored insures an early our- splitting success. Among the prosperous business inter- csts of Schnylor lhat of baling and whip ping hay holds a leading place. Over 100 men are engaged in it , Aliirfworth has laid aside all other schemes and is concentrating her ener gies for the grandest effort of her life bonding the county for $10,000 to build a court house. The election will take place March 1'J. Beaver is promised a railroad with a name longer than its credit. The .Minne seta , Kansas & Nebraska railroad pro poses to cross the hlato troin Duluth to the coal fields of Colorado. Grand Island neatly Riefed the sails of all rivals in the house for the location of tlio boldlers' homo. Ninety six out of one hundred voles is so nearly unani mous that there is no room for a kick. Messrs. Allnin & Holtry , of Des Moines , have been awarded Ihe contrael lo build and operate a Hour mill in North I'latte. They receive a bonus of $ ; il)00. ) The mill will have a capacity of 101) ) barrels per day. There is considerable activity in real estate on the Nebraska sida of the river opposite Sioux City. A tract of eighty iierus s-old there recently for $20,000. Tun belief is growing that the railrdads will erect a bridge at that point at an early day. day.An An orator at a boom meeting in Crcs- ton ono evening last week btated that Omaha was the deadest town in the we&t "until a lot of cranks" got control of the city government , inaugurated a b.Vbtom of public improvements and made the city the best and most progressive in thewobt. . Strike out "orautw'-1 and insert thu named of two old residents nnd pioneers-blames E lloyd , mayor , nnd James Crclghton , lirst chairman of the board ot public \vorks , and the record shell stand. Mr. Scully , of Dublin , an Irish landlord - lord of the worst tvpe , owns 15.COJ acres of land in Nebraska , which ho refuses to sell at any prico. The land Is leased to tenants and all improvements , such as buildings , sheds , rtc. , revert lo the land lord under ironclad contracts , when the lessee departs. To meet this and other flagrant cases ot absentee and alien land lordism , the house of representatives has passed a bill to make such hind revert to the stale al the death of the owner. Mr. Scully can't die lee soon. Iowa Horns. Bromcr county claims lo bo the Eden ot line horses. Plans for a now packing hotiso to bo built in Sioux City nro being drawn in Chicago. The Rock Island railroad ofllcials agree to locate the company shops In Daven port provided the city give the site , Ihe estimated cost of which is $10,800. , The buildings will cover 42,000 square feet of ground. Two inmates of the Harrison county poor house , each of whom was about sixty years of ago , applied to the clerk recently for a license to enable them to marry. The request was very seuslbly refused. Tlio report that a Iltlle girl from Bon- Ion county was being ill treated at the soldiers' orphans' home at Davenport is erroneous. The little girl is from tlio orphans' home , Jacksonville , 111 , nnd is living with a family at Vinton , which , it in reported , has not been treating her as she deserves. The governor has called a meeting of the board of regents of the slalo uni versity to be held nt Iowa City on the USlli hist , The purpose of Iho meeting is to graduate the students from the med ical department , but the subject of n suc cessor to President Pickard may also be considered. The official record of marriage licenses in the Carroll county clerk's oilice bears a minute in red ink over the face of a permit issued lasl monlh to the following cfi'ect : "This license returned and can celled , no marriage having been con- tracti'd or performed thereunder , the parties having changed their ideas. " There ought to bo material in those few words for a first class breach of promise suit. _ Dakota. The ground is frozen to a depth of four feet in the Black Hills. The Methodists of Yankton Imvo de clared for woman suffrage. A gentleman In Washington writes that 2,500 miles ot new railway will be built in Dakota this year. The attempt to sink an artesian well at Brookings has been abandoned at great depth on account of rocks and other dilli- cullies. During Iho progress of a trial at Lead last week knock down arguments wore resorted to freely and much other un seemly conduct resulted. Oliver Gaar , a ranchman living on the Belle Fondie , bclweeu Empire and Vale , was found a few days ago almost frozen to death. Ho was living in bachelor quarlcrs , and when found was in a bed scanlily covered and no lire in Ihe house or fuel on hand , it is believed ho will die. His age is seventy-one. The troubled waters of municipal strife in Lusk have subsided , and the residents have disarmed. The Union Pacific shops at Ernnston are crowded wilh work , requiring niglil and day gangs. Four section men , it is reported , were frozen tn death on tlio Oregon Short line near Granger last week , Tlio bill granting the Billings , Clarks Fork & Cook City railroad the right of way through the Crow .Indian reserva tion lias passed the senate. The con struction of Ihis road will revolutionize the range , mineral , oil and agricullural conditions of the best portion of north ern Wyoming This portion of northern Wyoming lies in Fremont and Johnson counties , and comprises the enliro region of ( lie Great Big Horn basin , with an area larger than Iho stale of Connecticut , and only some hundred square miles less than Massachusetts. Dr. Hayfoid , of the Larnmio Sentinel , who visited Cheyenne recently , gives the following picture of the capital city : "Cheyenne winds are peculiar. You will bo walking along bracing with all your might against a head wind when sud denly somclhing will strike you in tlio back which you imagine is a bale of hay. In walking the length of a block you will bo turned hind side before and wrong end tin from thirty to fifty times. It is consoling to know that no quo will wit ness these interesting gyrations and aero- batio performances , biieau.se the air is all the lime so filled with dust , gravel , awn ings , signs , barrels and dry goods boxes thai nobody can see as far as they can reach. Even Cheyenne ladies with their largo feet and slim legs can perambulate the streets with perfect impunity. " SCHOOLS FOIl KKFOU.M. Views On tlio Work of Stuto and 1'rl- vato Inatltiillons. CounvATKit , Mich. , Feb. 10. To the Editor of the Bun : In the Chicago Tribune - uno of the oighlh insUnl there was an article on "An Industrial School For Girls , " in which thu closing sentence is as follows : Tlio mother superior , In speaklnif of Iho lack of lunds yesterday , said that if thn log- fblaturo would but apart onn-thlid of Hut money now nbked fur In the bills now pendIng - Ing for rclorm hdiools for children for llielr UPC thuy would take care of SW ndill- tlotiul yirls without ruKiml lo nationality or creed. This was evidently called oul by Iho meeting held Ihe day before ul the Tro- monl house of Ihe ladles and gonlhunon interested in the passage of a Jaw in Illinois for an institution for dependent children , in some respects similar to the .state public school of Michigan. Very complimentary words were said at the mooting for the Michigan system , This has encouraged the writer to present n few facts regarding that system and others , illustrating tlio propriety of state aid lo private charities. The work of the various churches in Mils country and in Europe for depen dent children , has been for many yeans of wonderful magnitude. In this re spect the Cutholio church has always taken thn load. Only words of the highest commendation need be said for tlio pri- vulo charity which hits built up and oper ated these vast enterprises for destitute children. But when this private charity Is united with public charity , thn results have not been satisfactory. Before Illi nois or Nebraska places the dependent children in private institution and pays a per capita for their support , the exper ience of other governments may well bo consulted. The experience of New York and California in this respect ure the most striking and convincing. In 1871 a now Jaw had been.onacted In Now York , by which no dependent child of sound mind and body , between three and sixteen years of age shall be sent to the county poor house , but should bu sent to families , orphan asylums or othnr ap propriate institutions of the same relig ious faith as their parents , Thut provi sion which excludes those children from the county poor houses was admirable , nud has been adopted in Michigan and Pennsylvania. But thu commitment of j their children to priv.nte asylums , the j county to pay for their support. tl : public 1 .to huui no control over tlHrMiiiiAbion or | the lime of dctmitbu , bus jiiovcd very j unsatisfactory * Mrs. J. S/ Lowell , Iho intelligent lady member of the STACK uoAiti ) OK citvnrricfi of New York , regarding this law and its operations , says ; "Since the passage of this law , and ap parently ns n consequence of its pro vision , not only lias the number of dependent - pendent children increased in n ratio out of proportion to the increase of the popu lation but the sectarian institutions of the city of Now York have likewise Increased in n remarkable Jegrco. " This and other facts regarding the New York experience is from her address be fore the state convention of superintend ents of the poor , held In JamestownNew- York , last fall. At this convention Super intendent McGonegal , of Rochester , In his remarks said : "There should bo no sectarian Institutions In the Mnto sup. ported by the ptlblle. The laws of 1H7 * , and 1881 making it obligatory to commit children to institutions which are con trolled by persons of the same religious faith as iliu parents of Iho child , should bo repealed. They have moro than doubled the number of children to bo supported by the county. " Tlioso were the general sentiments of the convention. The following statistic * moro than ptove the correctness of the < u speakers. 1111875 there were 8,041 chil dren on Randall's island and in private institutions , costing the cily that year $700,237. The new law took ollect Jan uary 1 , 1370. Eight years after , in 18S-I , there were on Randall's island and in private institutions Kt,7Vl ( children , cost ing lle city that year il-iG,377. : ! , The im mediate effect of the law was 10 largely increase Iho number in private institution ! ! and to ex tend Iho lime of detention for Iho in mates paid for by Iho county. It was for the interest of the niivato chanty to so- euro and retain llio.se for whom the county paid. There was no haste to dis charge or place in a family home any of these children. Non-paying inmates were readily converted into those for whom the public paid. Tlio admissions and detentions were entirely in the dis cretion of the officers of these private in- stiltitions and there were serious abuses by them of this trust : If the children were improperly admitted or improperly obtained Iho county paying the expenses could not object with effect. In Brook lyn the rate of increase after the passage of Ihe law of 1835 was us follows : In 1875 Ihero were . ' 100 children in Iho alms house. These were transferred to private institu tions : In 1870 , 70:1877 : , 871 ; 1878 , 1,1(59 , ( ; 1879 , 1.40I ; 1830 , 1-lTW. Then the law , so far as il related to thai city , was amended by. which the county commissions greatly reduced the admissions. This was the way taxpayers were affected. But the result of this svslnm was even worse on the children. "By this law they were and are detained long in pent up public institutions constructed and operated on the congregate nlan in ono large building , with hundreds of others with no family life. In Mich a place chronic paupers are made of litllo children just as surely as they are made by country poor house influences. Many oilier facts might bo given regarding tlio New York experience showinc the great expense to the public , tlio increase , building up and prosperity ot sectarian iiibtilutions under this law and the great wrong which it works to destitute chil dren who ought lo have been placed in good family homes. The California experience is remarka ble , especially for a western state , where we have a right to expect progressive ideas. The population of Ilia ) Mate is only about one half that of Michigan which to-day has only about 2.10 depend ent children in its state public schooland cares for all the dependent children of the state of sound bodv and mind. 1 have at hand only the California statistics of 18S3 and 1884. There were then in pri vate inslitntions Ihero ! 5,303 children. The state has no will in the management of these asylums. For these two fiscal years there was paid by the stale to these sectarian charities the sum of 100,1)83.01 ) , and not one cent was paid to put these children in homes. The legisla ture for Ihe biennial period suc ceeding the above considerately exceeded this enormous sum for this object. The money was divided among twenty-one asylums and the highest amount paid to anyone was $73,4121.1 ! ! . This all look.s like a lack of stalesman- ship in Iho golden state. But the secret of the continuance is right here. In California there are twenty-one sectarian institutions , interested vitally in keeping up this system. In New York there are over one'hundred and fifty. All of these furnish a powerful influence on the legis lature , preventing repeal. Were this system adopted in Illinois , would not the same influence .soon appear in Spring field ? Now only a few words , where there might bo many , regarding the Michigan syslom. 11 was established in 1871 and the school was opened in 1871. H has received about two thousand two hundred dependent children out of a population now of about two million. Most of these arc now in good homes in Iho state. It has cost the state for grounds , buildings and current expenses , so far. only a little over what California paid the sectarian schools iu two years , ami this has worked for about thirteen years. It iecei\cs and places in family homes about two hundred children an nually. These homes are carefully ex amined and approved by a trusted ugont in each county. Regular visits are made to the children by the slate agent of the school , and the county agents. The run ning expenses are about thirty- five thousand dollars annually. There are now about two hun dred and fifty in the school , the average lately being only about iiuri. All admissible cliildron are received. None can bo kept in the county poor houses. The state cares for all. There Is no taint of crime attached to any of these chil dren. Poverty is the only price of ad mission. Crime admits none , any moro than to the district school. Tlio radical separation of these dependent from criminal children , and placing them as soon as may bo in family homes , gives tins school an unique character. Ills Iho \ lirsl of the kind ever established. The states of Rhode island , Minnesota and Wisconsin have re-enueted the Michigan law. Tlio writer , who has had thu pleas ure to draft nil statutes regavding the Michigan sohool , wrote by icqunst the bill now In the Nebraska senate , and which appears to receive favorable con sideration The Michigan byNtein is not moro popular anywhere than at home. Governor Alger , in his late messagebald : "It is as near perfect as can bo. " It was established to save the depend ent children of thn state from pauperism and crime ; to make them rcspcclahlo , self-supporting citizens. And in all this work , tlio far-seiuiig statesman will per ceive that the success of the enterprise secures the safety of tlio btate. C , D. RANHAU , . I < 'roiu the Atlilollu Trainer in 1'riiice- ion College , I'lUNPUTON , N. J. , Jan. 21,18SO. I have found It imperative to have sure and simple remedies on hand in case of cuts , bruises , strains , sprains , colds , rheumatism , elc , Shortly after entering upon my profession I discovered such a remedy in AM.COCK'S Poitotis Pi.Asnus. I tried Benson's Oapolno and other plas ters , but Immd them too harsh nud hri- taling. ALLCOCK'H Poitous Pi.AbTKiti give almost instantaneous relief , and their trenglhening power is remarkable. In cases of weak back put two plasters on the small of thu b.iclc , mid in a short time you will be capable o ( qnitrj ditvcru cxorc.'ibti , In "sprint" and "dit noi " races and jumping , the iiiiidcloa or tec- ilons In thu log * and feet homotimoa weaken This cun invariably be. relieved by cutting thu plaster in narrow strips , sous to jrivo fico motion , and applying 011 iii'-'i-J'e. , uffucti > U.