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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE' WEDNESDAY , APKIIi 20. 1887.
THE DAILY BEE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. nsnvrs fcmir fMnrnl.iir Edition ) Incltullnii SunJnr ttr.K , Ono Vonr . , . $10 01 For Bl * Months . ft UO For Three Months . S 60 Tins Omaha Humlay Hen , inailo.1 to Buy iulJio 9 , One Yoar. . . . 309 OMAHA ornrr. No. oil ASH oil KARTAV STitrrv. Nr.vr yon * CIKPICK. Kooii tt. TIIIIIU.NK ntiu.nivu. WAmiiNtj ru.v urrici , No. Mi KuuuTct.xTii sriuir. , All communication * rotating to news nmloll- torlal ninltor thuuld bo aJ'lrossotl to the Km- Ton Of THE llr.n All huMnou letters nml remittances should be uliliCKiod to THE HKR I'uiit.isniNo CoMi'ANr , OMAHA. Drafts , checks anil pontollli-o orilart to bo tnatlo payable to thn ordtrof ttiucouipuuy , THE BEE PUBllSHIliciPW , PBOPBIETORS , E. KOSEWATER , EDITOR. Till ; DAILiY IHSti. Sworn Statement of Circulation. State of Nebraska , 1 a County or Douglas. j M > 8 > ( ! i-o. 11. TzschucK , secretary of The Ilee Publishing company , doe.s solemnly swniir that tlio actual circulation of thn Dally Ilco for the week ending April 15 , 18S7 , wns as follows : Saturday , April 0 14fiBO .Sunday , Aurll 10 H.O.V ) MondnV. April 11 14.H.V ) Tuesday , April 12 14WO Wednesday. Apill 13 14.035 Thursday. April II i : , Wl Friday , April 15 .14,185 Averaee MJXH ( iKO. li. T/tnilUCK. Subscribed and sworn to bcfuro mo tills ICtli day of April , 1SS7. N. P. Fr.ir , , [ SEAM Notary Public. ( leo. 1J. Tzsehuck , bclnt ; llr.st duly sworn , deposes and says that ho Is secretary of The lieu Publi.shlni ; company , that the actual average dally circulation of the Dally Hod for the month of April , 1880 , 12,1'Jl ' copies ; for May , 1880 , ia , * copies ; for June , 1880 , 12.20H copies : for July , 1880 , 12tl4 : copies ; for August , 18.vo , 12,404 cojiles : lor Septem- hpr , 18SO , 1.1,030 cojle.s ; for October , isso , 12,0X9 copies ; for November. ISSfi , 1IVM ! : copies ; for December , 1880 , 13,337 copies ; for January , 1887. 10,200 copies ; for February. 1887 , if.HW copies ; for March , 1887 , 14,400 copies. OEO. H. T/.srnrctf. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 15th day of April , A. I ) . , 1KS7. J8KAL.I N. 1' . FEIT. . Notary Public. MA YOU Bovu lias loft the 'city , but Put Ford still remains to look after his inter ests. IN the scramble among candidates for councllmon , tlioro are a great many aquaro pugs trying to got into round holes. THE recent cyclone in West Virginia nnd Ohio , in which sovural villages wcro laid waste , is one of the harbingers of breezy and balmy spring. Mil. BLA.INK has recovered his health sufticicntly to allow him to return to Chi cago. It is supposed that he went many miles out of his way to avoid passing through St. Louis again. THE Frco Congo State scheme , with Stanley as chief manager , is as costly an experiment for little Belgium as the American opera , with Theodore Thomas at a thousand a week , has bcou for Mrs. Thurbor. TIIR name of the man who struck the lamented William Patterson may forever remain n mystery , but it scorns that the man who stole the insurance bill just before - fore the legislature adjourned will bo named in a short time. WE learn upon reliable authority that Air. E. M. liartlott positively declines thu nomination for Mayor. Wo also discover that Mr. Bartlett is needlessly alarmed , ns nobody has seriously thought of him in connection with the mayor's ollieo. THE judge for the First Judicial dis trict has not yet been appointed. It is said that there is a lively scramble in that section for the position. Humphrey , the Pawnee railrogne blatherskite , is on hand as usual with a lightning rod .ex posed. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ THE republican state central committee loses its chairman in the death of Hon. A. J. Weaver. Although there is noth ing imperative to require action at this tirao , the committee will at its next moot ing have to solcct a now chairman. PKIWO Goitci \ , the accomplished editor of the Obscrvaldor Fronteri/.o , n paper puplished at El Paso , Texas , languishes in Cutting's old cell at Paso del Norto , for insinuating in rather-plain language that a certain Mexican mayor was a drunkard , and a tax-collector a robbor. The case is the same as Cutting's. It is not safe to stand on the Mexican line and call things by their proper names. AN indignant liveryman in St. Louis declares that Governor Marmadukc , of Missouri , in his last campaign "incurred a liability of f 3 on account of carriage biro , and. that in the hurry and excite meat of the time ho forgot to pay it. " The governor , who draws a salary of fS.OOO a year , maintains an awful silence regarding the matter , and a law suit will doubtless follow. This is ono ot the bills his excellency evidently forgot to yoto. IK the interest of thu fruit and wino crops of California , the board of trade of Los Angeles has , it is said , adopted a resolution requesting the inter-state com merce commission to suspend section 4 of the now law. It would seem that alt parts of the country are drawing the line lit the long haul clause. Wo would tug- Cost a pipe line with sample stations at proper Intervals , for the California wino raisers. Ouu dispatches state that there is n tlulinito rumor in toew York City that Jacob Sharp , the man accused of bribing the aldermen of 1831 to vote the Broad way aurfaco railroad franchise , and- who will bo tried very soon , threatens to con fess Unless the district attorney "doos not let up on him. " Hero is an opportunity for an olllelal to do good by continuing not to lot up on the Sharp boodlor and bribe-giver. DKTUOIT Is seriously considering the advisability of underground wires. It is proposed to bury the wires used by the city for tire and police purposes , and afterward compel the tolograuh and oleo- trio light companies to follow suit. In fact , Detroit is experiencing a goner.il slinking up of dry bones with the bursting - ing buds and anil vernal bloom of spring , The building inspectors have boon exam ining the lire escapes of the different hotels , and are compelling landlords to put up rod lights acd cards showing the ways to escape. And , by the way , many eitiea , including Omaha aa well , could , with profit , imitate Detroit in these two Tory important matters. The National Domain. At the recent quarterly mooting held in Boston of the American Statistical as soclation , Professor Hart of Harvard uni versity subhilttcd an interesting paper on the extent ami value ot the public lands of the United Status. At the date of the organization of the government the area of the national domain was , according to the mosUrustworthycomputatlon , 810,815 , square miles. The first additloh was made in 1933 by the annexation of Louisana. This added 877'JC3 square miles. The dis covery of Oregon in 1805 , made by the LouLs and Clark expedition , enlarged the national domain by the further addition of S'JJ.OIS square miles. For forty years , however , our title to this territory was disputed , nnd not until the treaty of 18IU with Great Britain did wo obtain undis puted possession of it. Our claim to West Florida , as a part of the Louisana pur chase , was also not admitted , but it was annexed by force in 1813. Florida was annexed by treaty in 1819 , add ing 01,210 square miles to our domain. In 1815 wu obtained pos session of Texas , thereby adding 2i'J,2t)0 ( , ) square miles , and the treaty with Great Britain covering territory north of the Columbia river , in 1810 , added 58,8s1) ) square miles. In 1818 the cession of territory from Mexico added 011-139 , square miles to the national area. The Godsden purchase of 1353 added 17 , ! ) ; ! ( ) more square miles , and the acquisition of Alaska in 1837 gave us , as nearly as can be estimated , a further expanse of do main of 531 , iUJ square mites. The aggre gate of thcno ligurns gives as the present area of the United States 35,001,101) ) square miles. There were contentions of a more or less serious character incident to the ac quirement of a large part ot this dominion. It has been noted that our disputed clai in to west Florida was finally Drought to an nnd by our taking forcible possession of that territory , while the remaining portion tion of Florida was secured by treaty seven years after wu had seized a part. But the most important difference , which long threatened to involved the United States and Great Britain in a war was with respect to the northwest ern boundary , both countries claiming a part of t lie territory to Oregon. Treaties were made providing for the joint occu pancy and use of the territory claimed by both HID people of the two coun tries. This arrangement did not ullav the irritation and controversy winch , as al ready stated , was kept up for forty years , sometimes manifesting great heat and bitterness. A treaty concluded in 1810 extended the boundary lines from the Rocky mountains to the Pacific ocean along the forty-ninth p.ir.tllcl of north latitude. Another dispute , however , arose , and was continued down to 1871 , when the Washington treaty provided for the submission of the boundary ques tion to the arbitration , for decision with out appeal , of the Emperor of Germany. In 1872 the emperor rendered his decision sustaining t'.ie claim of the United States and settling finally the northern boun dary line cast and west between this country and Great Britain. This ques tion was really in controversy ninety years. A distinction is to bo made between the area of the national domain and the area of the public lands. Of the latter the United States had surveyed to Juno ! 50 , 1830 , 753,557,195 acres , and there wore then remaining unsurveyod , estimated , 1.0U5- , 905,327 acres. At that date the surveyed lands undisposed of were estimated at 304,802,711 acres , which with the Unsur veyod made a grand total of 1,370,703,033 acres than the property of the United States and subject to disposition. The data is not at hand showing the whole amount since disposed of , but the govern ment is still possessed of nearly or quite athousand million acres , estimated to bo worth as many dollars. It is probable , however , that the estimated value of the remaining public lands is much too largo , as nearly all the most valuable and till able land has been sold or given away by thn government. If all the public lands now the property of the government were available for settlement , it is esti mated that they would provide about seven million homesteads of 103 acres each. To June 30 , 1830 , the public do main had cost in cash $1151,310,740 more than it had realized. All Are AVolcunio. With the advent of spring , many people ple in the slow-going and over-crowded east , doubtless have in contemplation n change of base for future operations. Before settling elsewhere , Omaha re spectfully invites all persons seeking locations - cations in any enterprise whatsoever , to call and sco the advantages she offers. Hero wo have a rich , prosperous , beauti ful city of 85,000 inhabitants in ono of the best agricultural states of the Union. In all branches of manufacturing industries , Omaha is well represented , yet with rapidly increasing population and extended - tended territory , there is ample room for all who care to come. In many enter prises there is already a great demand for increased representation. Omaha is oven now an important job' bing center. Slio donunands a largo field in Iowa , Nebraska , Kansas , Colorado , Wyoming , Dakota and territories further west. Her railroad facilities are excel lent , and she lias llattoring prospects for several new lines this year. Her social advantages and educational facilities are unsurpassed by these of any city of equal population in America. En joying all the modern improvements pos- sessessed by larger and older towns , com posed of a class of liberal , progressive and enterprising citizens , Omaha is des tined to become ono of the largest cities west of the Mississippi. Her invitation tc capitalists and good citizens to locate hern is general and cordial. Tlio 1'ilinnry Election Law. Ollieial notice has been rccniyed from the secretary of state that the primary election law , unacted by thu last logi * laturo , was passed with the umergoncj clause , and is now in full foivii , The full text of this law will bu found uhcwliorc in tills Issue. Thu main features of thn nu\v primary law are : 1st. The polls at all p"i u.iry elections in metropolitan citie.ui'l ' cities of tuu llr.st and second chm , ' in it bt * kept open from noon until > uvon p. tn. standard time. 2d. < o person is ontitktl to vote at n primary election unlo ho 'n of lawful ago , and a duly qualiliu 1 voter , undoi the laws of the state , and under sucli rules and regulations as may bo pro scribed by the parties holding suet ok'ctions. 3d. Any person offering his vote kt primary election may bo challenged as a non-resident , minor or suspected re peater. The judge of election is em powered to examine the challenged party under oath , and make record of his re sponses. Any person who attempts to vote under another name , or falsely tes- tilics as to his age or residence , is liable to prosecution and punishment for per jury. 4th. Tamporingwlthballots.fulsification of returns , or allowing persons who are not entitled to vote , to cast a ballot at a pnmary election , become.a ) misdemeanor meaner punishable by Hue and imprison ment in the comity jail. This marks a now era in our po litical methods. Heretofore primary elections in Omaha have been worse than a farce. During every tsxcltingcampaign , hundreds of mun were marched from poll to poll , and allowed to vote when ever the judges of elections thought they were favorable to their own faction. At some of the primaries the same men were allowed to vote a half do/en limes , under ns many different names. Ballot-box stuHitur was quito common , and in some instances the billot-boxes were smashed and the ballots scattered to the four winds by the judges , when they discov ered that the opposite faction had carried the ward by a largo majority. Such outrages can no longer be per petrated with impunity. Primary elec tions hereafter will represent , in some degree , the wish of the majority of the party. Wtint la a Freeholder ? NOIITK Uu.vi ) , Neb. , April 10.-Editor [ Omaha I < IK : : | Will you In the daily Bii : : . explain ami define the meaning of the word "freeholder , " as It Is used In Hue. 1 , chapter f > 0 , entitled llqunr.s , compiled statutes state of Nebraska , and greatly ohll.-e , yours 10- speotlvcly. llr.NiivK. SMITH. Our version of themcaninprof the word free-holder , a ? applied to the high license- law , is a person who owns real-estate in fee-simple. Such ownership need not represent real property of any speci fied value , but simply a clear title to land. Tln > high license act which re quires each applicant for license , to pre sent a petition signed by thirty free holders , contemplate- , our opinion , resident property owners. Tun oracular utterances of Mr. George William Curtis to a correspondent of a Cincinnati paper , regarding the outlook for certain gentlemen who have been named as possible candidates for the presidency , tire receiving rather more at tention than they appear to us to merit. Tlioro is nothing in the record of Mr. Curtis as a politician that wo can now re call which entitles him to bo regarded as a particularly wise judge of public opinion or an especially .shrewd political prophet His ability to discern .self-evi dent facts is probably ns good as the av erage , but the cultured gentleman lives too far away from the people to know much of the tinder-currents of popular fooling. The failure of Mr. Curtis to im press his importance as a political force , and to draw all men under his banner of reform , has evidently rendered him pes simistic. No one appears to him to pos sess quito the attributes to lit him for the presidency. The country is barren of statesmen of the Curtis standard. All of her distinguished public men have some unfortunate defect that disqualifies them for presidential purposes. With John Sherman the fault is a lack of personality * . Ho is not responsive in his methods anil wants those qualities that attract admira tion. Ono cannot read such comment without recalling Mr. Conkiing's charac terisation of Curtis " ' " as a 'man milliner" and admitting its justice. There is reason to believe that neither party will call upon Mr. Curtis for council in choos ing its candidates , nnd it is1 not question able that the campaign can be conducted without his assistance. It will bo a gum all round if Mr. Curtis shall take himself entirely out of politics. ONE of the great merchants of the county is John Manamaker of Philadel phia. Ho gives employment to 4,500 pee ple. This large body of employes ho has just taken into partnership by adopting the profit-sharing system with them. He proposes to share profits with all who have boon in his service seven years and with others whoso term of service shall hercaftiir roach seven years. This di vision will bo made according to the value of the services rendered and the usefulness and faithfulness of employes. Ho proposes to add to the salaries of all each week a sum graded by tiicir sales. Marked business ability and olllciency are to bo rewarded by advancement. The amount to bo divided annually Mr. Wanamakor says cannot bo loss than $100,000. This principle has boon tried in a number of manufacturing estab lishments and found to work well. Tho.ro appears no good reason why it should not do so in a mercantile business. It oilers an incentive to industry , thorough ness and faithfulness which cannot fail to make bettor employes1 This must operate to the advantage of the business , so that the benefits will bo mutual. An other good ofl'eet of the principle is in holding men to their employment. In making every man in a sense a party to the business , there is created a desire to remain in it. It establishes an identifi cation that prompts to self-respect. The result of Mr.Vanamakcr's \ experience with this commendable system will bo interesting. It is not doubted that it will bo gratifying , and if so his example maybe bo largely followed. Ouu board of education is disposed to bo extravagant. Because a largo revenue is derived from tlio liquor trallic , under the high license law , the board acts very much like a man who has inherited a fortune. The proposed purchase of a school lot on Lcavonworth street , for $ J5,000 , strikes usas a reckless project. There is no need of locating our school buildings on the principal thoroughfares , unless the city already owns the lots. Even then it is a questionable policy , [ nether other cities the school buildings are us ually on side streets , within two or throe blocks of trallic streets. Schools located on side streets within easy reach of the street railways , are , in fact , more desir able , because their surroundings do not distract the scholars. Such lots , within a few blocks of Leavenworth street , can be had at from $5,000 to f 10,000. To pay out $25,000 for an ordinary school lot , is an inexcusable waste of money. TUB mayor's proclamations have now been published just three times in the two morning dailies tbat smuggled that little printingsteal'through the council committees. Their bills for thcso three publications at legal rates amount to | 102. If they are allowed to keep on with this printing stoat their bills on the third of May will amount tA over $1,000 , and If the afternoon ( endue In the combine is also Included there will bo $1,000 chipped out of the pockets flf thu taxpayers. In asmuch as the city\lisi& \ an oDlcial paper , which roaches everybody , this Is a little too too for anything. . TUB battle of Shlloh , which has been fought so many rimes , is to bo fought over once more. This tlmo the engage ment is to bo between JolV Davis and General Beaurcgard. They are shooting at each oilier at very long range through the columns of a .southern paper. It wns all brought about by Mr. Davis making uomu impromptu remarks at the unveil ing of the Johnston statue rellecting se verely upon Beaurogard's manner of handling troops at the battle of Slnloh. It is understood that In this smokeless skirmish Mr. Davis will not wear his pe culiar uniform of petticoat and boots. Mu. MrSiiANMi's organ offers an insult Kilts own patrons by intimating that the circulation of the BIK : in Omaha is confined to places of ill-repute. There are not one hundred names on the car riers' li.st of Mr. McShano's sheet that are not al.so regular subscribers of the BKK. Hcncn the lliug aimed at the BKK is a boomerang. Higlit here let ns also re mark that there are more than 4,500 reg ular subscribers on our city carrier delivery - livery routes who never sec the syndi cate organ. Oru Douglas street contemporary tells the republicans of Omaha that they need pay no attention to the now primary law , because it has not boun adopted by the republican city committee , and therefore docs not go into effect. This is the first time we have heard thai an election law which makes repeating and fraud at pri maries a criminal oflenso does not go into effect until it has boon adopted by a political committee. "A little learning is a dangerous thing. " UNPKU the provisions of the new char ter , it is necessary for persons before erecting buildings within the increased limits to bccure a building permit. The residents of the nntioxed territory should understand the importance of this , and save the building inspector much time and trouble , by complying with the law. THK appointment of J. K. t'ochran , as judge of the Eleventh judicial district , will bo favorably received. Mr. Cochran - ran is an old resident of McCook , engag ing in the practice of law at that place several years ago. , ? J THK death of Alexander Mitchell , pres ident of the Chicagn , Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad , removes one of the most prominent railroad men and bankers of this country. THE wonder on the Pacific coast is not so much what Kissane has done ns what the law wilf3o with Kissane. THK 1 < ' 1KMJ OF INDUSTRY. The London pi In tors woik lifty-ono hours a week. * 'l Workmen from tlurinterlor towns are bo- cliinlng to lloclc to the cities tor hldier wages. English skilled labor ot various kinds is making inquiries on this side as to oppor tunities of employment. Krnpp , the Cerman manufacturer , has taken a iontiact tor.VJ.OOO tons ot rails , to bo made at 818 at the woiks , tor the Victoilan government. Tlio prospects for the Irish woolen trade were never fairer than at the present time. The textile foods maiuifactuiers are lindinf : demands crowding in on them and their mills. Gold , silver and copper mining companies are springing up in the west. St. Paul capi talists are preparing to operate new mines near Boulder. A 10,000,000 company has been formed to work Nevada mines , Small locomotive engines are boluc shipped to Mexico aud Central and South Amuilca from this state In successful competition with engines from England and Franco , 'the engines weigh from live tons up. The Vermont marble workmen , number ing 3,000 , have organized , and propose to strike unless wages shall bo advanced Irom 1. cents to 85 cents. Store orders , hluh rents and tyrannical managers are complained of. The German hardware and cutlery manu facturers are muklnir a great commotion In Uiltlsh manufacturing anil trade circles be cause 200 ironmongers have been discovered diitnbutlm ; German goods with Sliellield trade mark ? . Seventeen persons In every 100 enlaced in the tobacco Industry are chlldien. During the last decade lor evi'ry two additional men set to woik live children were employed. This was partly due to the Increasing ellect ivencss ot machinery. Labor Is daily coming into more active dumaud. Spring and summer orders are crowding in , and .skilled workmen are find ing employment In all kinds of machinery establt.thmcuts , locomotive works , car works , foundries , implement works and mills , ThoXinv York master builders have agreed with the brlcklayma union. Wages are to bo forty-live cents nn hour for nine hours , ex cept on Siturday. Tlio joint nibltratlon committee Is to meet on the third Thuisday 'evening of eajh month to settle all matters of clllleit'iicy. Over 100 large European linns practice profit sharing , ot which oge-lialf are French. Mr. Gixlen , of Guise , has l"iOO men employed this way. The protit slotted to labor varies from 2 to 75 per rent. "American employers are picking up all tlio factsj In regard to these experiments that they can * iid. The largest gnu over made has Just been turned out at the Woolworh arsenal. It Is 41 feet lonz , weighs 111 tons and requires dOO to 000 pounds of powd'er fj > r a charge. The gun and platform weighs 2i5 | tons , and the projectile weighs lMp pounds , which will go through an armor pUto33 | inches thick a mlle away. ( i | The two extremes In Iron are nails and rails. 'Ihonalhnakers.ara restricting pro duction and the nijlimjkerg have many mouths work ahead. A , general movement will bo made among ironmakurs for an ad vance In wages this summer. Eastern pud- dlers are Indltfureutly organUod. It Is rumored that a good many English aim Welsh puddlers will Immigrate to this sldo. It Never Holts , Oh , No ! Ctuler ttad4r , Lincoln elected a democratic mayor , thanks to the State Journal , that suit-styled stal wart journal that never bolts a republican nomination. Gere Is much the aame as other politicians. Ul8 honesty of principle can be measured in a pint cup. The National Game. IfeiP Yorlt World. It appears that draw poker Insidiously nvaded Gbautauqua lost summer as the serpent InvadM Eden. Can It be that even the Concord School will some time learn the QU * > 3 Kt * * philosophical significance of the lluMiuess ot the Hush and the fullness of the full ? A Shallow i'rotenic. San Fniiicl'cn Chnmtcla. The Southern 1'aclllc Itailroad company has found that the so-called emigrant ex cursions tnjura the fust-class business. Hence tha sale of such tickets Is stopped , but not without puttliii ; the odium on tint Inter state commcico act. This Is the shallowest pretense yet. The Vi J , tt. t'/i/iliir / / , liiMel * of I'ltntrnlum , " The future passed Before his ca/o In solemn majesty. With prophet's eye ho saw his printing press , The million folded duplicate of thoticht , Of progio s , fact auU fancy. Sight took wonts , And thus he spake : "Its million tongues of sacred llamo Shall tcrrlty the tyrant wrong ; Its million double-edged swoids Shall sa\e the weak and slay the strong ; " Its million torches , bright with hope , Illume the moonless , starless nixht ; Its million thouirhts. now burn , full grown , Procure the futuie ri-luu of light ; Its million type on vellum trace The thoughts and deeds which glory gem ; Its million voices , trumpet-toiinl , Sway sceptre , throne ntid diadem ; Its million suns .shall turn to day The night of Ignorance obscure : Its million altars , muic tilled By IminhiK truths , shall make men pure ; Its million steel-barbed spears of wrath Shall pierce corruption .s coat of mail ; Its million powers , by Heaven ordained , Make truth and Huoity prevail ; Its million multiples of good , Incicasing through all coming time , Shall usher In earth's iiaradlsn ; And men be gods oh , thought sublime I" Ho ceased. The vision pasted , And , like thn blue Hhlno rolling at his feet , lie went toi th to his toil and destiny. STA.TK AND TKKlUTOilV. Nobrnskn Jottlnga. The school census gives Red Cloud a population of D/JtO. Grand Island is planting street mil- ways , gas works ami electric lights where they will do the most pood. The town lacks a bell line on paper to equal Hast ings. An unknown man was hurried into the better land by n train near Inavalo , Web ster county , last week. He was about forty years of age. A letter in his valise bore the address of F. Schmidt , and on the lining of his coat was found the name of ( t. Canoon. The little three-year-old daughter of Charles Starmcr , of Glo coc , Dodge county , ui > : et a kettle of scalding water over itself Wednesday. It lingered in great pain until Thursday , when death relieved it from all suffering. Fremont is struggling with brawn and brain to hold the commerce of the Elkhorn - horn valley. A committee of leading citi/ens visited Scribner last week and challenged the town to a foot race. The innocents swallowed the "deli" and were thoroughly taken in. The Fremontcrs made a lonz haul of $300 and the town booms in consequence. The enterprising city on the Kaw river is pushing another feeder into Nebraska. Articles of incorporation of tlio Kansas City , Wyandotte & Northwestern wcro signed in Wymore recently. The mcor- porators are Gen. A. D. Yocum , of Hast ing ; B Burch. of Wymore ; E. S. N. Drouth , of Wyandottc , Kan.E. : Summer- field and C. F. HurthiRs , of Kansas City. The line will run from the point at which the Kansas City , Wyandotte & North western intersects the state line in south western Pawnee county through the towns of Ci'.ster , in Custer county , and Koya. Paha , in Holt county. The line runs through Paw nen , Gage , Jefferson , Fillmore. Saline , Clay , Adams , Hall , Buffalo , Dawson , Seward , Custer , York , ' Polk , Merrick , Howard , Nance , Boone , Grecley , Wheeler and Holt counties. If any county feels slighted It will bo ac commodated with a plug road for a lib- en ! bonus. _ town Item * . Waterloo claims 8,000 inhabitants. Webster City pcoulu will invest $1,000 in a base ball club. The Third Iowa cavalry and Sixth Iowa infantry will hold a reunion at Center ville this summer , but the date has not yt-l been decided. The Sioux City Journal ascribes the fall of Judge Labour , of Des Moines , to wlns'ky. The Journal also asserts that Iowa is a prohibition state. The time for laving the corncr-stono of the soldiers' home ut Marshalltown has not yqt been determined upon , notwith standing reports to tlio contrary. Des Moines county's poor-house con tains thirty-two inmates , eighteen of whom are incurably insane. The expense of running the farm last year was $3,073.55. The Iowa Water company , of Ottum- wii , has filed artiulcs'of incorporation with the secretary of state. The capital it ) § 750.000. The purpose ot the company is to supply water power in the state and outside. The jewelers ot Iowa have organized a guild for the protection of tliomsolvcs and their patrons from bogus jewelry. They think they have already succeeded in raising the quality of cheaper jo. vclry gold without increasing the price The guild has a stam | > of its own which is a guarantoeof genuineness , and many goods are manufactured for it expressly. Dakota. Work has begun on a new hotel in Yankton. A fatal cattle plague is raging in Tur ner county. The introduction of quail in Dakota is being encouraged by gun clubs through out the territory. The farmers of the southern counties report prospects of good crop * better the coming season than for many years of the past. The Yankton woolen mill has bosun operations for the spring , summer and fall of 1887 , and the season promises to bo a prosperous one. Brookings has sent abroad a committee to look up the best points in the different electric light systems. It Is intended to establish a plant in that town this sum mer. _ Wyoming. Chuyonnn is threatened with a deluge of hired railways and belt lines. The corner stone of the capjtol build ing in Chovenno will bo laid in accord ance with Masonic rites and ceremonies the 18th of May. The Cheyenne & Northern road , an ex tension of the Union 1'acilio , will bo com pleted to the Platte river by the 1st of July. The plea of "self defense" was success- felly worked on a jury in Rawlins in the casu of John Tonnar , n German , who slaughtered three of his countrymen near the Yellowstone ) Park in May , 18SO. The Wyoming , Colorado & Pacific , supposed to bo the Denver &Kio Grande , has been incorporated in the territory. The proposed road will enter Cheyenne from the south and then build northwest. The contract between the authorities of Cheyenne and the B. 6s M. gives the now road the right of way on Morris street to the extreme northern limit of the city nnd 300 acre's of land when the road is completed und in operation. Hoard or Trade. The first board of trade meeting in the now building will take place this evening In the room which Is hereafter to be used as the restaurant. A number of the lessees of the ollices of the building are now moving in every day und before the 1st of May nearly all the rooms in the structure will be occupied. . . - THK TWO FUOKUAn JUUIUS. GrnnU and Potlt Jurors fur tli c Mny Term of Court. The following are the lists of the grand and petit jurors , for the May term of the federal court , as drawn by the United States jury commissioner and turned over to Marshal Blerbower yesterday ; (1KANI ( ) .1UUOK.S. C. W. Hamilton , John Dennis , J. J. Brown. A. S. Patrick , V. K. Parker , Thus. F. Boyd. , Iol n B. Furay , L. S. Heed , T. H. Scluvalcnberg , Adam Mor- roll , John Campbell , Clms. Turner , Ucu- ben Allen , Louis Konnar J , L. P. Pruyn , Clms. II. Dewey , Chas. Ferris , Guorgo W. Uoberts. nrriT.Tuitous. M. llobllng , Krnst Brandt , Charlo.s P. Thirmun , Omaha ; M. Bonsliclil , Auburn ; Albert Davis , McCook ; G. W. Enslow , Alexandria ; O. A. Cooper , Humbolilt ; Charles Halstead , Tecumseh ; F. W. Pal- mcr.Oilell ; Milton Slavens. "limsanl Hill ; B. F. Shepherd. Lincoln ; E. T. Mitchell , Falls City ; John M. Snowdon , Cnlbert- son ; John Burton , Dorchester ; W. C. llcddleson , Lincoln ; M. French , Wilbur ; 11. Elliott , Merrii-k City ; Samuel Strat- ton. Ashland ; P. S. Hearock , Falls City ; J. K. P. Hayes , HopublicanCity. sun BAYH'MIUIKD. . The McNiuht Girl Kaceil nnd Out. Homer Kirk , the manager of the barbet shop at the Arcade hotel , ono of the hotel proprietors , and two reporters for the BKK to-day called upon the girl who rep resented to a reporter that she was cither Kirk's wife or had been deceived by liim. She stated that she was not Kirk's wife , and that her child was not Kirk's child. She admitted that she had told a repor ter that she was Mrs. Kirk , and was mar ried to him at the Commercial hotel in Lincoln , as .sho supposed ; and that Kirk was the father of her infant. Mrs. Spoils , with whom the girl lived a few weeks in Omaha last fall , seated that Miss McKiiight told her repeatedly that she was Kirk's wife , and that ho was the parent of her child , Yesterday , in the presence of the girl , two persons stated that she hail told them morn than a week before the reporter saw her. that she had been married to Kirk in the Commercial hotel in Lincoln , aa she supposed , and that ho was the baby's father. _ Now Oliotnlcnl Engine. Fire Chief Galllgan , in conjunction with the committee of tlio council yostnrpay ordered a now chemical engine , from the llolloway Manufacturing company of Chicago. This will bo light and easilv hauled about by two horses , and will consequently be of great service in handling small or incipient fires. It will hold 100 gallons of chemical mixture , which it will throw a distance of seventy- live feet , in a ono inch stream. Attached to the engine will bo 300 inches of hose. The engine will be here in about a month and Will be stationed at the house of the No. 3's. Chief Galliiran says that it will be a valuable addition to the apparatus of the fire department. Stone Masons Orgnnlzlni ; . The stone masons of this city have no labor organization. They have several times attempted to organize one , and lately they have boon particularly im pelled in this direction by certain ques tions which have arisen between them aniKcmployers with regard to daily wages. At present thcro is no regular scale of prices , some men receiving less than others and for superior work. For the purpose of ofl'uctlng a change in this state of affairs , n number of members of the trade have decided to make another attempt to establish a union , ami a meet ing for that purpose willl bo held at 1310 Douglas street on next Thursday night. A Pelican of the Mr. Field , the well known builder , has the distinction of having killed the larg est pelican which lias boon known to have como to this city. It is on exhibi tion in the show window of Penroso & Hardin's , and measures eight feet from tip to tip. Its ugly looking jaw seems capacious enough to stow away it bale of hay. The bird was shot near Rogers , about sixty miles out on the Platte. Rlr. IMorseiuan'H I'urclinsc. At a mooting of the directors of the Woodman Linseed Oil works hold y ? stor- day , Mr. E. M. Morsoman , of this city , was duly elected a director of this com pany. Mr. Morsoman acquired the stock formerly held by Mr. Lloyd Tevis , of San Francisco. THE NEGRO MESSIAH \Vlio Has Thrown tlio Colored People or the South into a Kronzy. "Yellowstone Kit , " the negro mounte bank who has startled several southern cities by appearing in the role of the Messiah aud _ cloing works meet for such a pretension , is the sensation of the day at Jacksonville , Fla. The colored popu lace of the city and suburbs , even for miles into the country , seemed to bo pos sessed with feelings of frenzy over a man who has the reputation ot restoring sight to the blind , making the lame to walk and curing by the laying on of hands. So far has this man worked upon these people that he lectures them on their moral duties , voting , social conditions , rights and re ligious beliefs. He harangues violently , with a peculiar How of words ; dresses gorgeously and gives away barrels of bread , crackers' , meat nnd dresses to col ored women and colored servants in ho tels and families. The latter leitvu their work undone to such an extent , while they hover about the speaking stand , that complaints come in numerously to the city authorities on the matter. Sunday night over 4,000 whites ami blacks , many respectable citucns among the former , were gathered about hi.s stand , when somu one throw a stone , aimed at "Kit , " but which , striking an electric light , de molished the globe. In an instant a wild uproar followed , people crowded about the stand , thinking an assault was in tended on him. Uiot was imminent when the sheriff came over , but by his loud out cry the "Messiah" hushed the crowd and had the blacks com pletely under control. Ho lectures in favor of gamblers oncomiiigclections , and is tlio talk of the day. Ho is a man of slender build ; dark , swarthy features , ciirliiiir , kinking hair of raven Slackness , piercing black eyes , and dresses very particularly , fairly bla/.ing with genuine diamonds. The cast of his features siuil wild talk are partly responsible for the belief among the colored people thathnis "Messiah , " asvoll as his alleged euro. In Key West excitement ran M high that factious wcro formed and an attempt to assassinate Kit was made , in which ho was severely injured. In Tallahassn , Fla. , Balnbrk'gu and Albany , Gn. , and other sections the name peculiar excite ment existed among thn colored pcoplu. all claiming th.it ho Is the "Messiah. " It is said that ho carried uway $ W,000 froin. Key West. The CorjioratloiiB unit llio IJAW. Thcro is a ludicrous side to the propara lions for compliance with the inter-itato commerce law. The great magnates have already held numerous meetings to dis cuss the situation , and In almost every one of thcso they hare dovoUid the major orlipon of the time to interpretations of the law's provisions. Strange to say , they discover that the statute forbids alt the existing customs and measures which the companies dcslro to abolish , and su. < tains all the points which they prefer to bo continued. For instance , they find , after prayerful deliberation , that it is well and proper to continue to Issue passes to members of the legislature while that body is in session and can vote for their measures ; wlilhi it is necessary to call in the siuim parses the moment that the legislature adjourns , when it is beyond the power of the member from Cranberry Centre to do them harm. Likewise they discover that the law tvill compel them to put a stop to the sale of nil sorts of commutation , school and other tickets which they have long been desirous of abolishing , while. it will force them to raise freight rates all along the lino. According to their read ing , the law says turkey for the corpora tion and crow for the public every time. Now this sounds first rate , but as chance will have It there is a commission which will have a thing or two to do in the prcmiscs.and it is just possible that under its rulings the people will now and theu secure a share of the goodies , Hydtiey Kinlth an nn Temple Bar : No man , wo think , ever equaled. Sydney Smith in the wit of o\- travagati7.it. Ho understood better than any other the artistic use of exaggera tion. More exaggeration is not wit ; tier can wo lay down any law for making it become .so. It succeeds , when It does succeed , not by rule or method , but by a certain natural happy Instinct , impossi ble to analy/u , but which acts by intui tion. It was in this faculty that Sydney Smith excelled all men. Wo will take a few examples : "Tho Scots would have you believe they can ripen fruit ; and , to be candid , I must own that in remarkably warm summers I have tasted peaches that made most excellent pickles. " Part of thu effect of this Is due no doubt , to the art with which it is ex pressed to its air of candid confession , which seems to bo yielding the point in favor of the Scot.s , sit the veiy moment when it tells so ludicrously uirainst them. Again : "When so showy a woman as Mrs. - appears at a place , though there is no garrison within twelve miles , the horixou is immediately clouded with Majors. " In this casu It Is not so much the mere exaggeration which gives it its effect as the urotcsqtiorio of the picture which it presents to the mind's eye. Again : "Such is the horror the French have of our cuisine , that at the dinner given in honor of ( Jtil/ot , at the Athoii- : eum , his cook was hoard to exclaim , 'Ah , my poor master , 1 shall never sco him after dinnerl' " again an English it is , perhaps , scarcely necessary to say that Gui/.ot's cook , of course , never "exclaimed" anything of the kind , and that Sydney Smith invented the whole story. And a line example of artistic ex aggeration it is. \Vl.ld mil's AGO Full. El Paso Correspondence St. Louis Re publican : "Did you over hoar of Wild Bill's ace full ? " asked a local manip ulator of the cardboards. "Tho story mav be old , but it's true. It happened in 1870 at Sioux City. Wild Bill had a wcajtncss for poker and know no more about it than a baby. The consequence was ho was a picnic for the sports , and they ileeced him right nnd left. He was repeatedly warned that ho was being robbed , but ho always replied that ho WHS able to take care of himself. Ono night ho sat down to play with a follow named McDonald , a fine worker and ex port. McDonald did as ho pleased , and the scout found his piln getting smaller and smaller as the game progressed. As ho lost ho began to drink , and midnight found him in a state of intcnsu but re pressed excitement , a condition that made him one of the most dangerous men In the west. It was ut this juncture Hint McDonald , smart gambler as ho was , made his mistake. He should have quit. However. Wild Bill's apparent coolness deceived him. Finally the scout scorned to get an unusual hand and began to bet high and heavy. McDonald raised hint back every time , until the too of the table . was about out of sight. At last there wns a call. 'I've got three jacks,1 said Mc Donald , throwing down his hand. 'I have an ace lull on sixes , ' replied Bill. 'Ace full on sixes is good , ' said McDonald coolly , turning over his opponent's cards , but I see. only two aces and a. six. ' 'Hero's the other six , 'suddenly roared Bill , whipping out a navy revolver , 'and here , ' drawing a bowie knife , Ms the on ? spot. ' 'That hand is good , ' said McDon ald blandly , arising ; 'take the pot. ' " Reflect innti of an Imperial Snortunmn Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria , in his now book on "Hunting nnd Observa tions , " addresses the following remarks to the modern sportsman. He has boon describing the scene of one of ins sport ing expeditions , and continues : "Some what sadly wo looked at the beautiful forest , the mighty river ; every ono of us would gladly have turned back , once again to penetrate the Interesting re gions , and to continue as long as possible the changing lite , so different from the common daily routine. It is only on ex peditions ! iko these that ono begins to understand what it means to have real interesting sport. Wl-ero hunting has scientific interests , whom it moans the exploration of unknown districts , the absence of all comforts , and often the necessity of hard fatiguing work , it becomes enjoy able , and a past-time superior to all others. But except in our glorious Alps thcro is no such sport to be had in central Europe. In all the districts which have been reached by culture the poor beasts have boon driven into narrow hiding places , or , systematically tamed , have become almost like domestic animals. A comfortably arranged sporting expedi tion , with a largo number of attendants , is no real pleasure , because it requires no exertion , no work. It Is simply a shooting match and an armed walk. 'ihereforo ho who would have real , manly sport should go to districts whore the beasts are still free and untamed where man has not yet begun to take earo of them to seek sport which re quires such exertions which not every body would like to undergo , " PatontHto Ho Vnrntod. Commissioner Sparks , of the general land ollicu , has recommended to the sec retary of thu interior that suits bo Insti tuted in the territorial courts of New Mexico to vacate tlio patent to about 550,000 aores of laud m Colorado and Now Mexico , alleged to have been errone ously included in the .survey and patent of the Tiurra Armilla grant dated Febru ary , 1881. This recommendation is based upon a report of Surveyor General Julian ot Now Mexico , from which it appears that the patent embraced the common lands that were loft tree to the publio by reservation ot the Mexican government. which , therefore , could not puss under the grant and confirmation. Acting Secretary Mnldrow has recom mended to the attorney general that suit be instituted to cancel the patents for twenty-two homestead entries made in the township bounded on thu cast by ILiiton creek and on the west by Turner's creek , in the Pueblo ( Col. ) land district. It is charged that those entries , with ono exception , were all luadn in thu names of fictieions persons , and that thu main portions tions contains the largest and finest coal deposits in the bouthorn Colorado tlio coal cropping on the surface. Mention in made of the statement , as significant , that E. B. Soprls , the reputed owner of these lands , was , in 18711 , a deputy United States surveyor , nnd as such surveyed these hinds , lint made no mention of their mineral character. Frequently accidents occur in the household which cause burns.cuts , sprains and bruises ; for use in such cases Dr. J. H. McLean's Volcanic. Oil Llnlmont has for many years boon the constant favorite - ite family remedy. ,