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! THE OMAHA TAILY BEE : THURSDAY , : MAY .6. 1887 , THE DAILY BEE , PUDLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS Or SUDSCniPTIO.V ! Dully ( Mnml.iir Edltlou ) Including Sunday HIT , Ono Year . 10 01 For 8lr Month * . 6 W ) For Thrco Months . S DO The OmnUa Hundny Bun , mailed to nny wldrcsa , Olio Yonr. , . . . . . . . 200 OMAIU orricr. No. on Ain in FAHSAM STIIEKV. WKW VOIIK owcii. Koou M , Tnini-ME ntitf.iiisn. WASUI.NUTON OrrlC , NO.SUroL'KTKi.V7HSrHliKT. : oo nnns ww DEUCE ! All oommunlaitions rolntlni ? to news nnJedl- lorlul niDltur should bo ndaiussol to the Em- roit or TUB IIKK. All bii"lne slBttitr and remittances ilioulcl foe MdtOSSud tU Tilt IlEK I'Um.lSHtNO COMPANY , OMUIA. Drafts , chocks and poBlofllco orders to bo mndo payable to the ordtrof tlie compiuiy. THE m PDBLISmSliPJI ! , PROPRIETORS , E. ROSEWATKR. Eniron. HIE DAILY DEK. Sworn Statement of Circulation. State of Xebraskn. I _ _ County of Dotiulns. f8'8' ( It-o. B. TzschucK , secretary of The Bee 1'ublHlilnc coinjuny , does solemnly swear that the actual circulation of tint Dally Bee for the week ending April 5U ! , 1887 , was as follow ft : Bfittndny , April 2. ! . 14,420 Sunday. Aurll ! M . 14,000 Monday , April cr. . UT i Tuesday , April SO . 14,100 Wednesday. April 27 . 14,100 Thursday , April 2.S . U.100 Friday , April SO . .14,100 Average . U.221 Or.o. 11. T/.SCIIUCK. Subscribed and sworn to before mo this 80th day of. April , 1837. N.P.FEir , rSEAL. ] Notary Public. Gco. 1) ) . T/schuck , being lir.st duly sworn , deposes and says that ho is secrctaiy of The lieu Publishing company , that the actual average dally circulation of the Dally line for the month ot April , IbSO , 12,101 copies ; for May , 18SO , 12,41)9 ) copies : for June , IbbO , 13.298 copies ; for July , 1880 , 12114 ! copies ; for August , 1SN5 , 12,40-1 conies : for .Septem ber , 18.SO , iio : : copies ; for October , IBM. 12H ! > copies ; for November , 1880 , 13n43 copies ; for December , IbSO. ii,2.17 : copies ; for January , 1S87. 10,200 copies ; for 1'obruarv. 1887 , li.lOd copies ; for jtfarch , 1887 , 14,400 copies. GHO. n. TZSCIIUCK. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 15th day of April , A. D. , 1S87. I SEAL. | N. P. FKII. , Notary Public. As a candidate Unit ! proved n cipher , LONG was rather short on votes Ithis time. Blit. GAKNK.VU will continue business at the old stand. MiKr Lnn got there with both feet in spite of Mr. Vanderbum's displeasure. COUNCILMAN BAILEY received an en dorsement of which ho can feel proud. TUB pipes laid by the gas company on election day were rather suggestive than otherwise. ONK thing is settled very definitely , Mr. Humphrey Moynihan will not be chief of police. Tun most remarkable outcome of this election is that Isaac ilascall runs waj ahead of everybody. THE only thing that still agitates the politicians of Omaha is the coming po lice ami lire commission. Now Mr. Broatch will discover whal tortures arc in store for the man who has oOlcial appointments at his disposal. THE election of W. J. Brontch , as mayor , moans good government foi Omaha. The dives and crooks must go THE democrats are now kicking them selves because they didn't make Boyd run for mayor. Young blood was ratiiei thin this time. TIIUKE was an earthquake shock in Texas yesterday. It was nothing com pared to the shock which the democrats received in Omaha. ACCORDING to the llcruhl the splcndit republican victory in the city olcctior was won by boodlo. How about Gar- ncau boodle in the Third ward ? PitoniniTiox made a good scarecrow for the democrats , but the prohibition candidates received barely enough votef to entitle them to n record on the oilicia canvass returns. CHARLEY Goonnicn is a heavy weight but on a political race track ho is a llycr If he had been the democratic candidati for mayor the republicans might hav < had a close call. THE demand for Grant's Memoirs stil keeps up. The edition of 835,000 copiei is nearly exhausted , and a now one i now in preparation , though It will not to so largo as the first ono. THE St. Louis Globe-Democrat says "Tho members of the Grand Army of tin Republic may rest assured that they wil bo fully protected against all manner o extortion during their encampment hen this year. " THEY call an Indian domain a rcsorva tlou because the savage retains the rcsor vatiou to skip out and raise hnir whenever over hLs war-paint does not sot well 01 his stomach. ' Indian preservation shouli bo the question of the hour. AND now there is more trouble ii Washington. The proposed Frlda ; evening dinner is about to bo declare ) off because Queen Kupiolani Is "darko than midnight. " Two cabinet ofllcor have drawn the line the color line , thi timo. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ SISTEII ROSE has roturnnd to her firs calling by accepting the position of fin assistant In a well known school fo young ladles in Now York City. W can now rest assured that no mor poems of Rose Elizabeth will spread wo through the country. THE Atlanta Constitution says : "M < mortal day in Atlanta was celebrate with something of the old time forvoi The Now York Tribune will please tak notice. " Editor Grady loves to light th battles over again. Ho always could d better fighting oa paper than on tli field. = ssags sagsss NEXT month and Ignatius Donnelly Esq.It is presumed , will totally domolis William Shakespeare. It will cost us pang or two to part with William , for ti has boon a wlso friend , a true guide an m companion in times of need. liowove when ho is gone , wo .shall still have Ij latius. . , ' ' . Hotter Than a Boom. A communication from Mr. E , F. T6st , a citizen of Omaha , in the Chicago Tri bune of Tuesday , deprecates the practice of Including this city among those places which arc having a "boom , " as mislead ing with respect to the real nature of the rapidly advancing growth nd prosper ity of Omaha. Says the writer of the communication : "So far as Omaha is concerned there is no 'boom' hero. On the contrary it Is nothing but legitimate growth. " Ho states the familiar fact that tlio rush of immigration into Ne braska is enormous , probably unparal leled in the history of any state , justify ing the expectation that the next national coiisus will give Nebraska between 1,500- , 000 and 2,000,000 inhabitants. Omaha is receiving its share of this rapid growth of population , whllo as the metropolis of an extensive region it is having a steadily expanding market that keeps every department of business in rigorous activity. If the proportion of the city's population to that of thu state should bo maintained at about 1 to 10 , as it usu ally has been , Omaha could , with entire safety , count upon 120,000 inhabitants In 1890 , and it is by no moans an ovor-san- guino estimate that the city will have at that time at least 130,000 people. The percentage of growth in the financial \ commercial \ business of Omaha up to hat period will undoubtedly bo very much greater. The foundations of Omaha's growth md prosperity are permanent. All the conditions that have made the city what t is and are now contributing to its ad- ancement , are lasting and progressive. There is a vast country tributary to it capable of sustaining millions of popula- .ion whoso people are now counted by thousands. A great part of his country is among the most inviting to the settler on the con- inent , and will continue to bo sought or many years to como by the imlus- rious and thrifty people who leave the overcrowded cast for the larger oppor- unitics of the west , and by those who como from other lands to create homes n this country. Were Omaha dependent 'or its future upon Nebraska alone it would have the certainty of becoming ono of the larger cities of the country , though less rapidly , but it is now , and m the future isst'll ' moro to bo , the metro polis not merely of a single state , but of region embracing several states and from which others will bo created. Having its foundations lirmly laid , and with all the conditions at hand by which teat cities are made and maintained , Omaha's progress is purely legitimate , and cannot justly bo enumerated with what are commonly termed "booms , " in many cases the work of speculators or the result of seine superficial or temporary conditions. Wo have heretofore shown that the assump tion that real estate prices in Omaha are exorbitant is not justified by a com parison with other cities , even those of less population and business , and with fewer of the solid and permanent condi tions to prosperity.o think no ono who will acquaint himself with the real position- Omaha as the necessary me tropolis of a great and growing country , can doubt that it still offers to capital the assurance of profitable investment. Showing a Better Disposition. A dispatch from Ottawa , the capital of the Dominion , reports that the cor respondence in the fisheries controversy has been laid before parliament. AH the information it contains of interest to Americans was communicated to con gress by Secretary Bayard. The com munications that passed between the Do minion authorities and those of the im perial government are of minor consequence quence , or perhaps none at all , to the people of this country. The fact is stated that the officers in command of the fisheries protection vessels have boon instructed to grant the largest liberty compatible with the protection oi Canadian interests to United States fish ing vessels in obtaining shelter , repairs , wood and water. There is evidence in this of a bettor disposition. The proposition of Lord Salisbury , that the two countries should return to the old arrangement , omitting the compensation that was required of the "United States , ap pears to bo regarded in Canada as a mosl generous concession that ought to al once silence all complaint on the part ol this country. It is not apparent that that is largely the feeling hero. The United States government has not been in ques ! of concessions ; it has simply been seek ing international and treaty rights. The passion into which certain papers of tin Dominion have worked themselves ovoi this proposition they might have sparee themselves in view of the extrcmo im probability of this country giving anj serious consideration to the assumed lib cral arrangement proposed by the Brit ish premier. Even did the propositior appear to this country to bo as gonoroui as the Canadians affect to regard it , then would be little disposition hero to acccp it if it was offensive to any considerabh party in the Dominion. An itgroomon entered into under such circumstance ! could not bo made to work satis faotorily. There is , however , a largi clement of the Canadian pcopli who judiciously believe that it is wise t < meet this country iu an amicable spiri and uiako as good a bargain as they can If this element wore in the majority it ii not questionable that this difference could bo easily and speedily adjusted But as yet the hot heads constitute th < larger party , though there 'is reason to believe they are losing ground. Thi question of losses and benefits concorm the Canadian people chlotly , and the ; must determine it for themselves. Thi government of the United States has ni now propositions to make and no con cessions to offer. Its position has beei proclaimed and its policy defined. I has determined to secure its just demands mands or stop intercourse with a peopli who refuse them. Wo can afford to tak the consequences. There are indica tions of a bettor disposition growing ii the Dominion that may result m obviating * ating the last resort of the America ] government for the protection of th rights of iU citizens involved m tbl controversy. The City Redeemed. The brilliant victory achieved by th republicans of Omaha Is not merely i gratifying triumph for the party and it successful candidates , but a victory o law-respecting citizens over the law-defy ing elements. . The election of W. J Broatch as mayor of Omaha redeems th city from the domination of thugs , crooks and keepers of dangerous resorts. Whllo Mr. Broatch is not a fanatic on temper ance or any other Ism , he will enforce better government and draw the line sharply between decent and respectable places and the hot-bed of the vicious anil licentious clement. The fact that all the cess-pools of vice and crime were emptied in the Third ward against him , and an on slaught was made upon him by the in mates of the slums and dives in all parts of the city , because ho would not pledge himself to a free-and-easy platform , is highly creditable to the now mayor. It places him in position to do his duty without fear or favor from a class that has heretofore dictated the policy of the city government. The election of a ma jority of councilmcu who are in accord with him politically and otherwise will enable the now mayor to give Omaha a clean and reputable administration. THE sentiment that prompted the people ple of San Francisco to petition the sec retary of the navy not to soil the ship Hartford , made famous by Farragut , is doubtless entirely commendable , but they arc hardly to bo commended for getting "hot" because the secretary was not touched by their sentiment and there- tore took a purely practical view of the matter. His duty is too plain to bo ques tioned. The Hartford is valueless to the government , and in such cases the secre tary of the navy is required to dispose of a vessel by sale. Such vessels do not im prove with ase , and the sooner they can be disposed of after being condemned the better it will bo for the government. This is undoubtedly the view of the secre tary of the navy , whoso business it is to consider what will bo for the best in terests of the government. It is a prac tical matter purely , and spiteful flings at the secretary's patriotism are childish. If the people of San Francisco want the Hartford preserved as a memorial lot thorn buy her. A VALUABLE contribution to the statis tics of convict labor , from the national labor bureau , has just been completed and will soon issun from the govern men t printing ouico. The report will present an elaborate review of the subject , bring ing the record of facts down to the close of 1885. In that year it is shown there were 45,000 , persons in the prisons of the United States engaged in civic labor. The average value of their productions amounting to $ 10,000,000. The goods most produced wore boots and shoes , over $10,000,000 worth having been made in that year. Hardware ranks next , and after that the largest items are stoves , brushes , brooms and clothing. An his torical discussion of the various systems of convict labor from the earliest times down to the present will bo annexed to the report. The abolition of all systems of convict labor is recommended , and il this bo not done the state account .sys tem is referred to as thu loait objectiona- ble. The report is the result of the first investigation of the kind over carried on by the government. WHILE all the franchise propositions curried by a large majority over the ne gative vote , it is a question whether they have actually received a legal majority. City Attorney Council holds that it re quired a majority of all the total votes cast at the election. The total vote cast was about 8,000 , and unless the total vote in favor of any franchise exceeds 4,00(1 ( it is defeated , even if the vote against the proposition is only 25 or 50. THE present national administration scorns determined to make a record foi benevolence. Secretary Endicott has just given $5 to the Centennial Associa- tied of Marietta , O. Adding this to the $20 contributed by the president to the Charleston sufferers , makes a record fOs the administration thus far of $25 devoted voted to charitable and benevolent ob jects. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ THE conduct of a large majority of the colored voters in the Third ward was dis gusting and disgraceful. They offeree themselves in the market and shame lessly deserted their colors for a paltry gain. Such conduct tends to prejudice men against their race and makes ii questionable whether the franchise giver to them was in their own interest or foi the public welfare. THE election of Mr. Borka as polici judge will create a vacancy in the ofllci of justice of the peace of the first district which the county commissioners will hi required to fill. It is to be ( hoped tlia the commissioners will appoint a competent potent man whoso integrity is tinim peachablo. THK city hall bonds have been carried , and if the council acts promptly in ad vertising for bidh , the building may bi enclosed by the end of the year and be finished by next spring. THE advice given by the BEE to th people to vote against railroad employe has been generally heeded. II is no safe to trust the affairs of this city in tin hands of men who wear brass collars. PAT Foitu lost a good deal of mono ; on the election. But that is nothhij compared to the grief over the loss of hi prestige , and the chance of dictating tin appointments on the police force. A GREAT many of the young ropubhcai bloods , whoso absence was notable at th polls , now profess to bo veryjubilan over the election. They are ono da ; older , and want some favors. FORTUNE AND MISFORTUNE. Millionaire Corcoran who d oos moro f o Washlneton than all the other millionaire lumped together , pays , taxes on 9,100,00 worth of property. F , M. Davis , known in the Occur d'Alene as "Dream Davis , " who found Dream Uulcl In a vision and cleaned up $10,000 , bus spen all his wealth and committed suicide at Lo Aneeles , Cal. Charles Lux , who recently died In Ssi Francisco worth 930,000,000 , began life as butcher In New York , Ilia success as an ac cumulator ot money would Indicate that h continued the same business In California. Dan Rice , the old clown , Indignantly d < nles that he Is either a drunkard or a pee man. Re gays : "If to own 300,000 acres c land In Texas and Now Mexico , and 1,00 In Calhoun county , Mississippi , and 1,000 Ii Lincoln county. Kansas , Is to be abjectl poor , then I am poor Indeed. " Dan Blee , the once celebrated clown , wh > made and lost several large fortunes- th circus ting , now lives In Cincinnati , old. ' am ) oor , and dependent on the charity of friends or a living , lllco'fl first appearance In pub ic was ns a pugilist , and In 1S23 the 1'enn- lylvnnlalcRlslaturo adjourned to witness a raxing contest between Uoorgo Kensett and D n Ulco. ' Louis Dub left Kussln about two years ace and reached Cincinnati , O. , without a cent. Ho blacked boots and soon saved $ SOO. Ho then sent money to his mother in Russia and she came to Cincinnati. Louts now owns two fine horses-which ho rides lor plea sure. He Is at present mnklnic money sell- ni ; eye-glasses. Ife will soon take a pica- sine trip to California. Onn of the most eccentric rich men'In New Toikclty Is the Veherablo Benjamin Hlch- ardson. lie Is said to bo worth 82.000,000 , or more , but lives tin a smitll tumble down louse In Harlem , lie holds a morUaso for ? 500,000 against ono of the most prominent insurance companies In the city. Mr. lllch- ardson owns the historic Washington coach , which ho lets out whenever there Is a de mand for this revolutionary relic. A Heform Needed. North Americans The practice of paying hills Is what keeps so many people poor. They Want the Earth. Life. Man Is 00 per cent water , and yet the pro- lilbltlonlsta are not satisfied. Ho Took to the Water. A'misas C'ilu Juimiiil. Within tlnee months 013 women In Now York city , widows , grass widows , young women and spinsters have proposed mnr- rlage to the editor of thn New York World. Wo now see why Mr. Fulltrer has purchased Tildcn's yacht. They Would Pass. Knit Lcic TrilMuc. The country will approve Judge Cooloy's ruling that the railroad companies may give passes to sisters of charity , under the clause wliich gives the companies permission to grant passes to ministers of religion. If slaters of charity are not ical ministers of re ligion , there are none In the word. They wear out their lives with no reward In this world except hard tare and poor clothing and such peacn as their work brings to them. If the true minister of religion Is ono who de votes his or her life , without reward to the service ot afflicted humanity , then surely sisters of charity aio such mlnisteis. - Ijohptijrrhi. Suscin CnoUtge. in KcHliner's Man Mine for Stan. To have touched hravcn , and failed to enter in ! Ah , Elsa. pronounon the lonely shore , Watching the swan-wings beat along the blue , Watching the clltter of the silver mail , Like flash of toani , till all are lost to view t What may thy sorrow or thy watch avail ? He cometh nevermore. All gone the new hope of thy yesterday ! Tlie tender gaze and strong , like tiewy firp , The gracious form with' airs with heaven bedight , The love that warmed thy being llko a sun : Thou hitdst thy choice of noonday or of night , Now the swart shadows gather , one by ono , To give theo thy desire 1 To every life one hea\enly chance befalls ; To every soul a moment , big with fate , When grown Importunate with need and tear , It rrles for help , and lo 1 from close at hand , The voicfl Celestial answors. " 1 am here ! " Oh , blessed souls , made wlso to underatand , Made bravely clad to wait ! Hut thou , pale watcher on the lonely shore , Where the surt thunders , and the foam bells lly , Is there no place for penitence and pain ? No saving grace la thy all piteous rue ? Will the hrU'ht vision nov r come again ? Alas , thu swan wings vanish In the blue , There cometh no reply. STATE AND TERRITORY. Nebraska Jottings. Plattsmonth celebrates to-day. Grand Island is blessed with two mayors. The republicans captured the bakery in Omaha. The Utica Herald and the Ashland Herald are listed with the dead. The Broatch will be a popular jewel in Omaha for the next two years. The innocents of St. Paul recently con tributed $100 to a snide jewelry fakir. The school treasury of Fremont is financially well fixed , having $10,000 cash in sight. Norfolk is promised two new railroads if the rcsielents rustle around with a lib eral bonus. A locomotive smote John Hipp , a sec tion polisher at Lawrence , on the thigh , and knocked him oft' and out. The court house in Fremont is suffer ing from premature decay , and threatens to topple into a grave unless promptlj posted and propped. The lifth annual tournament of the State Firemen's association will bo hold in Kearney , July 18-32. Cash prizes amounting to $8,200 and a number ol medals will be distributed. The school treasurer of Lee's Park , Valley county , has disgraced the default ing profession by disappearing with tlie insignificant sum of $ ! > 00. The uppoi circles of boodledom are mortally of fended. Mr. and Mrs. Nels C. Nelson , of Fro uiont , met with a severe runaway aeci dent while returning from the funeral of their infant child. They wore thrown out of the wagon , and Mrs. Nelson dan gerously injured about the head. An untamed poet in Nebraska Citj tearfully asks "Could I borrow Pe trarch's lyreV" Can't answer for he Ell of antiquity , but the luxuriant circulation liar of our o. e's. can bo had for the ask ing. Ho possesses the natural , and ac quired talents to till the bill. Two foolish young ladies in Grand Is land , for a wager , kept perfectly qiucl and mute for ono hour and a half. The jawoono of the winner lost its powcrol action for three days , whllo the othei silly maiden hovered between earth and angeldom for eighteen hours. This should be a warning against restricting the How of natural gas. Over 200 miles of the Broken Bow extension tension of the B. & , M. railroad has been built , and the company is now laying track thereon at the rate ot ono mile pci day. It is a little singular that the Crane extension is not being pushed forward as the company has not laid a rail 01 driven a spike this side of Central City Judge Kinkaid has already secured f warm corner in public estimation by hi ! prompt and rigorous } dealings with crim mals. The trial , conviction and sentence of the two negro ravishers at Niobrarn and their imprisonment in the poniton tlary within three ( lays after the comtnis sion of the fiendish crime will bo re mum bored to his credit forbears to come. Mr. Robert Hawkoi a pioneer of Nebraska < braska City , is dead. .Reared among the rugged navigators of the Mississippi , he developed into a man of strong force and wul power , and every enterprise he undertook was carried to success. He loft a moderate fortune to bis family , besides an honorable social and busme'st career and the respect and friendship ol the community. An ungrateful constituency in Valloj and adjoining counties perpetrates the following on a member of the late legis lature : "Crane returned from Iowa thu week with forty-six head of cattle Wonder where ho got the money tc p urohasoT A 'fox' would have had siifa cient self-respect to cover such visible manifestations ; but a Crane , bah ! fool : too good to guard his actions. " Mr. and Mrs. Kirkland , late of New York , settled down in Fremont ten 'daw ago. . They wore. a fly. and 'festive pan and were culling rv wide swath in church circles when an old acquaintance cast a , shadow on their path. It soon developed that Kirkland had deserted an invalid wife for hls vivacious mistress , and migrated to Fremont where every season is the summer of innocents , Kirk and his paramour skipped on the first train nnd their places in the choir are vacant. "At the last census , " says the Inde pendent , "Grand Island stood third city in the state as to the number of school chil dren enrolled ; she also stood third city as to number of votes cast , and third ns to number of school children in actual at tendance at the public schools. Having distanced Hastings , wo are now pulling away for a tinal content with Lincoln , as to which city shall hold second place' , with tlio chances decidedly in favor of Grand Island. Wei now acknowledge no rival west of Lincoln , in Nebraska , and will euvcavor to step up next to Omaha lutho near future. " Iowa ttcniq. DCS Moines business men have started a chamber of commerce building fund with $7,700. After drilling for eight months at Web ster City , an apparently endless flow of water has been struck at the city well. There" are lifty-thrco counties in the state where not a single person has been committed to the county jail during the entire past year. "Alorniugstar , " "Nooning , " "Night , " anel "MiddTomorning" are the names of some now families which have recently moved to Des Moincs. The suit of the Western Land company vs O'Brien County Squatters' association , and which was scut from O'llrien ' to Cherokee county , has been decided in favor of thn Western Land company. TJu : officers at Lucas captured thirty- four dozen bottles of beer nnd several kegs filled with contraband goods one day last week , and deposited them in the city prison for safe keeping. The same night the calaboose was broken into and the stuff carried off , and unto this daj there has been no clue to tlio jail breakers - ers nor their spoils. , Dakota. A premium of $250 was given for $10 , ' 000 worth of Yankton school bonds. The marriage elopartmcnt of a Deadwood - wood paper is headed , "The Miiiera ! Bolt. " By the terras of its contract with the clectrio light company Bismarck h to take eight 1,200 candle power arc lights for streets , at a daily cost of 50 cents each , without oilier additional expense. The citizens of Rcdfield arc consider ing the matter of raising $3,000 in ad dition to the $5,000 already donated foi court house purposes. With a contribu tion of $3,000 from the county fund a $10,000 building will be erected. The recent decision of the interior department partmont will throw ten townships , con taiuing 230,000 , acre's of surveyed land , into the market in the Devil's lake dis trict , while the surveyiiiff contracts to be carried out cover six townships of 118,00 ! ( acres. A heavy increase iu unuiigratior is looked for as the result. The marble beds of Pennington counlj arc attracting considerable attention al the present time , not because the marble js found to be of any moro superior qua ! ity than hitherto known , but on accounl of the multifarious and multitudinous de posits. In ful : : , it is said that Rapid Citj is immured within a marble wall. The trustees of the Rapid City school of mines have decided upon plans for the now mctallugical and chemical labora tory , and they have been forwardeet tc the governor for his approval. The ground for the now building will be broken as soon as the plans have received the approval of the governor. The plar contemplates a building 00x138 feet ground elimeusions , and 20 feet to the square , with stone foundations , the su peratrueturo to bo of brick , and to have a truss roof. The World's Greatest Foot. St. Xon(8 ( ainbc-Democrat , Aftrtt.23. A little over three centuries ago the greatest poet this world has hold , since Homer , was born. Two hundred and mty-one years ago , on his own birthday , ho elicd. Those three centuries have car ried English poetry through periods ol moro or loss creative powor.and it is now struggling once morn for a breath of free elom. Those same three centuries have created American literature. No group of English poets since Shakspoaro equals in average power those gathered in the Athens of Now England. Shakbpeare ilualt with the past. What added powoi can wo conceive lent to his dramas if he had been able to sco the world as it is to day ? Printing was in its infancy. Tlie newspaper was virtually unknown. Th ( drama was the only form of life that relieved lioved the dull daily trend of the popu lace. The theatre was the newspaper It was everywhere , and in all forms IE open fields , in barns , in markets , in in closures without roofs. Shakspcaro was originally a strolling player. Wo can , IE this ago of the telegraph and railroad , have no conception of what the power of the theater must have boon , and how iti arrival was heralded. The crudities of the age in morals were those of rusticity. The buffoonery o ] Falstalf , and a few others of the greal dramatist's chaiactcrs , wcro for thoavor ago crowd. Yothis genius is shown quito as strongly in his buffoons as in his heroes for Falstalfis prince of his kind , as Humlot is prince in Denmark. Bui the refinement of modern life is shown in no other direction moro marked ! ; than in the fact that these plays , to be put on the modern stage , must bo ex purgated. It is often said Shakspoarc spoke as his ago spoke. No , he did not not , at least , in his plays but vastlj above his ago. English wit of the Eliza bethan era was uncleanly , as id more manifest in Khakspcarc's sonnets. The last Hush ot such sensuous sentiment in literature was in Byron's Don Juan. It will never again find sufferance. Swin burne and Whitman essayed each a nude in poetry , but it was welcomed with uni versal condemnation. When will America bo ripe enough to consumato itself in one master mindi Our literature , so far ; is diflusive , and the influences that produce it too di verse. The only school that has devel oped fully is that of Boston the trans- ceiidental--and that has passed its ox- clusivencss. It will bo generations before - fore our literature will have gathered up the spirit and power of the continent , and given it expression. English litera ture was hardly born before the four teenth century. It is barely 500 years old. In it is now included a magnificent surfeit of genius. The tendency al pros- out is not to create another Shakespeare , but to average the talent of the people , The same is true of the wbolo world , Tht ) newspaper , going with the railroad into every hamlet , distributes power ol intellect. Yet thcro are also concentric forces. Probably the truly greatest men of our ago are , and for some time will be , scientists. Darwinism will not soon spend itself. All thought seems inferior compared with the drama of life. That now is found to have boon in progress for hundreds of millions of yoars. Beaut ) of expression is loss valued than grasp ol truth. But wo shall not fail to observe IE Shakespeare a marvelous summing u | and u3 of the knowledge that preceded him. His omnivorous .reading and dl gcstion Ii the most wonderful thinjj about tlio man. There 'seems to have boon uothinggoing that ho die ) not make his own. Will tlio greater minds of the fqturo surpass , therefore , the greatest ol 'tho Past ? , There is no reason for plaolnp intellectually ahead- Homer. The Slmkespcaro of the coming nge'S will probably in actual genius not surpass either the blind Greek or the Bard of Avon. It is thogcniu.s to IKO the whole age , mid to sum up in himself the whole past , and so to stand for humanity , that constitutes the universal mind. TOM POTTER. Some Gossip About the Now First Vloo President of the Union Pa cific. Chicago Mail : The resignation of T. J. Potter from the Burlington , and his con templated dcparturo for Omaha , makes the first break Into that quintet of old- time practical railroaders who have managed from Chicago lives of the biggest roads running out eif hero llughttt , of the Northwestern , Cable , of the Rock Island ; Newell , of the Lake Shore ; Mo- Mtilliu , of the Chicago & Alton , and Pol- tor , ot the ChicagoBurlington x Qulncy. These live general managers have boon the dernier resort of the upholders of the theory that , in tlie west at any rate , the managers of the big railroads wore men who had earned their places by merit , not occupants of the bo-It berths through their relations with the stocK-jobbing directors. When T. J. Potter was only a lineman on the embryo Burlington , Marvin Hughltt was ono of the two telegraph operators who handled all the business over Judge Caton's Northwestern telegraph line out of Chicago to the northwest. John New ell , of the Luke Shore , was then a chain- man and learning to bo a civil engineer , while R. R. Cable , favored a little per haps by his rioh undo , was keeping the books ; buying the supplies , looking out for the repairs , and doing all the rest of the work on one of the little divisions of the Rook Island. It has been no secret hero that the'so five railroaders have al ways rubbed up against each other with a little friction. When John Newell was on the Illinois Central Mary in Hughltt xvns with the same road , but il wasn't many months before it was plain that ono or the other would have to go. Hughltt was thn ono , because Newell was the su perior pllicer. All live are strong char acters , just a little too aggressive and un compromising to get along together with out occasional coullcts. Potter's removal to Omaha is another sicru that the railroad problems that are pressing arc not western nor northwest ern , but transcontinental. The Burling ton road is now so far along , so well foil , and so strong , that its general manager ship is not so much now a matter of practical railroading as good financier ing. The iuter-stato commerce law has already greatly changed the methods of the roads out of hero. Coups do main are not any longer possible. Rates can not be started over night , the business of a vast territory captured , and then rates restored the next week. The younger railroaders in this section of tlio west will find that the tactics which made some of their seniors famous and cave thorn preference , have been prohi bited. But in that territory we-st of St. Paul and of Omaha , the roads are still In that inchoate condition that requires brilliant management as well as careful financiering. The Union Pacilic , the Northern Pacilic , the Denver it Rio Grande in short about all the transcon tinental roads are still in the condition the western and northwestern lines out of Chicago were ton or fifteen years ago. It is no surnribe to see them drafting tlie big Chicago railroaders into their service to help them out. There are people who believe that if Pot ter had not accepted the offer of the Union Pacific ho might have been the president of the St. 1'mil. Phil Armour has always looked upon him with an eye of favor , and some of the knottiest ol the recent troubles in the old St. Paul & Omaha pools have been disentangled by these t\yo men taking them over iu the million aire's LaSullc street office. * * * Chicago Herald : The resignation of Vice President Potter , of the Chicago , Burlington & Quincy , has created quito a sensation among the many employes of that road. The Heraldin , giving a sketch of Mr. Potter's career some months ago , chronicled the fact that ho is one of tlie most popular railway officials in the country. The employes of the Burling ton cannot understand why Potter de cided to leave them , and an Iowa mem ber of the Burlington's staff offers the ex planation that the transfer of Mr. Potter to the Union Pacific simply means that the ambitious Burlington intends making the Union and Central Pacific roads a part of its great system , and that Potter is sent west to prepare the linal ac quirements. In marked opposition to this view is that of other railroaders , who say that Mr. Potter's severance of oilicia ! relation with the "Q. " was wholly duo to the harassing difficulties existing between him and General Man ager 11. B. Stone. Tlio latter is a brother- ill-law to President Perkins , and has sprung into prominence during the past four years in the managcrnontpf tlio Chicago cage , Burlington & Quincy. His progress from an obscure station to that of gen eral manager , a position next to that of Mr. Potter in point of authority , has been phenomenally rapid , and it is re lated on excellent authority that on .sev eral occasions the first vice president and Mr. Stone came into sharp conflict. Potter is not a man who will yield a point or recede from a position once taken , and us a result of these occasional collisions the general manager is said to have emerged Irom ttio contest consider ably flattened out and in anything but a pleasant frame of mind. Conscious that blood is thicker than wator.and realizing that his future management of the road vyould be attendcel with strained rela tions. Mr. Potter is reported to have de cided upon severing his oflicial relations with the Chicago , Burlington & Qninoy m order to avoid an open rupture. An Iowa railroad man writes as follows to the DCS Moines Leader : "It can bo said without flattery or adulation , but to the eternal credit of the man , says the Dos Moines Loader , that few , if any , railway officials having the prominence enjoyed by loin Potter , ever retained tlio affection , respect and unfaltering good will of all classes of em ployes as is accorded him by the em ployes of the Chicago , Burlington te QuFney. Years ago the writer fooled away several years of valuable time in the train service of the " ( J. " vibrating between Ottumwa and Creston on the festive freight train. During these years it was no uncommon occurrence to SOP Mr. Potter seated on thu end of a tie or basking in thu sluule of a convenient watur tank , talking over old times with conductors , engineers nnd others \yho had known him iiijont Ottumwa during the years he occupied the humble posi tion of lineman on the B , < V : M. and later , when ho became freight agent at Albia , where ho soi/cd the golden opportunity that eventually led to an enduring fame and deserved pros perity. In his relations with all em ployes , from the poorest section man to division superintendents and oflicials of a higher grade , ho was eminently juct. One of thu many instances that came un der the observation of the writer will illustrate : A certain conductor , whoso Identity is not essential , at ono time sev eral years ago incurred the displeasure of the division superintendent , the latter of whom embraced the first opportunity offered to veil n personal grievance behind an oflicial act , and discharged the conductor. The latter applied to thn superintendent for a pass to Chicago , stating his intention to appeal his case to Mr. Potter. The haughty oflicial denied the discharged employe a pass , where upon the conductor telegraphed Pottur , requesting a hearing. A Imlf hour later the arrogant stiRorlntonduut received a message from the first vice president or dering him to issue Bob P a pass to Chicago and return. The pass WHS made out and soon the conductor was submit ting Ins case bcforo the court of last re sort The result was that ho came bncU to the division station , not with an order ol reinstatement , as conductor , but with nn appointment as night trainmaster right under the nose of that superintend , out. Ho retained this position until about ono year ago , when ho reslgtied to accept n train on the Milwaukee & St. Paul. Mr. Potter has slated his intention , be fore leaving the Chicago , Burlington & 'Juiiicy ' , to make a lour of the entire sys tem , nnd bid the employes good-by , and it Is safe to assume that his departure ) will bo viewed with a sincere regret that never has before , and probably novel1 will again , follow a railway manager's separation from any road. " A I'M aw in tlio Gcrinnn Army. IttTton Admtiicr. A writer in the Blbliotlicquo Unlvor- sollo , ono of the bust French reviews , has lately given important particulars about the German , Army , to which attention has not been called before , showing that everything is not perfect m that hitherto supposed perfect engine of death. The main fact developed , and from which the others naturally How , Is that Ger many docs not retire her ollicors , as do almost all other nations , at a fixed ago , that is to say , when it is considered that they have done their Work and had bet ter give place to younger men , but theirs is a life tenure of office. There is no discharge in that war. " She keeps thorn and uses them as long as they are good for anything. Frederick the ( treat would not consent to pension men who were in capable of rendering service. A French traveller , M. lo Marquis do Toulongan , wrote in 1780 : "All the gen erals 1 have seen in Berlin , oxccpt M. do Molleudorf and do Priuit/ , are old , worn out , anil iucapabju of making war. " About the same time the Count of Dicsbach wrote : "There are adjutants ( aides do camp of the king ) of the great est merit and capacity wno stagnate in the grade of captains. * * * The greater part of our general officers are very old. " Some of Iheso same ollicors wcro the opponents of Napoleon 120 years later , and could not mount their horses with out help ! The emperor William docs not like to part with his old servants. In vain they tell him they arc worn out with ago , rid dled with wounds , and that the time has como for rest. "Do I rest , " ho answers , with proud sadness ; "ami on a bed of roses ? " Hence the very unfortunate sit uation of matters in the army , which several writers elo not hesitate to speak of , among others Col. Von Dor , Golt/ , who refers to it at different times , as may bo sccii in this extract from his book , "The Armed Nation : " "In the German army , all the men who occupy high positions have reached the ago when the physical and intellectual faculties begin to fail. Napoleon at forty-one complaincit that ho had not his former strength. The least horseback ride,1 ho wrote , 'requires an effort on my part. ' Frederick tno Great was forty- eight when ho wrote , 'I have tlio task of Hercules to accomplish at a time when my strength is leaving mo , when my in firmities are increasing , when to speak plainly hope , that consoler of tlio un- huppy , has just left uio. ' And this is the ago of the majority of our duels of bat talion , who still have to mount the greater part of the ladder of promotion , lew of f ho colonels are under forty-eight. Among pur generals of brlirado you wifl hardly line one who is not older. And it is only from this grade that the functions of a great commander begin to bo im portant. Men who are bixty or older certainly cannot have all the rapidity of comprehension , the memory or the vigor of their earlier years. " The General Prince do Hohenloho , in his "Military Letters , " aid not hesitate to touch upon "the delicate point which v j wo would prefer to pass in silence" his own words to wit : Prussia has not for her independent cavalry a sufliciont num ber of generals who , to 'experience and knowledge of service , join the physical qualities necessary for this special and particularly difficult command excellent sight , vigor and the habit of remaining long in tno saddle without fatigue. Except in case of war , the ollicors arc promoted by seniority in the German army. For this reason promotion is very slow , which causes much dissatisfaction. All tiioso officers ambitious of promotion their name is legion and those who rightly feel thmnsolvesconfined lo grades below their merit , chafe and fret at the restraint to their ambition , and urge the nation on to now conquests. Meanwhile tlio people , who bear thu burden of this immense army , are asking for the dis arming of the soldiers , as the socialists are now doing , or trying to limit tlio ap propriations for military purposes. In an army where the oilieors are not put on the retired li.st at a certain ago , and promotion is too slow , there arc but two ways of remedying the evil. War , which makes a great many vacancies , or an increase of tin1 army which will allow numerous promotions , as lias recently been carried into clfuct In Germany. If wo reali/.o how the desire of promo tion makes the array urge on and excite the people to .war , wo may perhcps bo- liuvo there was some truth in the words of General Von Moltko and I'rinco Bis marck when they declared there must bean an increase of the army or war , an asser tion which can bo interpreted moro easily in view of the necessity of satisfy ing the restless , ambitious spirits among the o Hi cor ? . It seems impossible to maintain the German army much longer in the fctate in which it is now. Neither the finances of the state , the progress of parliamen tary rule nor thu democratic idea will permit il. As we have said above , the ollicnrs who have contributed to make the Prussian army what it has been the past twenty year ? , site growing very old , and must soon disappear from the scene of action. Who will take their places ? This is certainly a serious question , for it involves , in a Iiinro measure , the future of that array , and consequently the for tunes of Germany Itself. If you arc suffering with wen k or In flamed eyes , or granulated eyelids , you can bo nuicklj cured by using Dr. J. II. McLean's Strengthening Eye Salvo. 2/5 / cents a box. Jinan Htorlcn Alitclo Hliort. Twonty-livo yearn ajo , says the Lewiston - ton ( Mo. ) Journal , Albert Ellis , of Winslow - low , filled up a clay pipe for a good hiuoko. Ho had used only half of its con- tenti , for on the next day ho wont to war Ho hiirv.ived and came home but did not finish that smoke until a few days ago , when ho happened to liiui thu old pipe , partly empty , Just as ho had left it. An old farmer at Kingston , N. Y. , was hailed a day or two ago by a man who wanted n ride. The farmer looked al the man a moment and then asked : "Bo you a prohibitionist or a diimnycr.it ! " The man answered that to a certain ex tent ho wus both. Ho ] said ho believed in prohibition , but always voted the straight democratic ticket. "Git out , " shoutud the fanner , " 1'vo got a jug of old tipple whisky in my wagon , nn11 couldn't trust you together. " Man's inhumanity to woman makes countless thousands mourn , would bo an applicable rendering of Popu's line , in view of the ImliKimticH oho has suffered and pains undergone at the hands of un skillful physicians and quacks. Natur ally modest who suffars on untjl forced to consult a physician regarding some female difficulty which she well know.s is sapping her stongth. All this embarrassment can bo avoided and a cuni effected by purchasing Dr. Priorce's "Favorite Prescription" of your drug gist , and taking as directed. Price re duced to ono dollar.