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THE OMAHA DAILY BETS : TUESDAY. MAY 31 , 1887.
THE DAILY BEE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. TERMS or BUiucnrpTtoV ! Unity ( Mornl.ur Kdltlon ) iiicltullnv Sundnr Urn. Ono Yunr. . J1D 01 J-'orHlxMonthi . f > 00 I'orThroo Month * . 2 M The Onmtm HHinliiy HUK , moiled to nny uddre-48 , Ouo Vonr. . . " OC omrT , No , "It AXI > flll I'AnvAM NKW VOHK orrirr , IIHOM 61 , TWIII'NF IIIMI WASUINUTUN tmiCE. NO. 6Ul'OiUTBCNTlISTULItTl cnimcs PI IN DF.NCE : Alt coinmunlontioim rolutttitf to no r ndedl torlnl iiuiltor should bu ud'lic-ssoJ to thu Km TOIl OF TIIK lll.L. . Alt business lolteis mid remittances should \ < t < lUOr ( > 3Cll to Till ! IIBK 1'UHUSIIIMI COMPANY OMAHA , Drafts , nhocks nnd pn > tonicu order to bo lumlo puyablo to the onltr of Uiu company THE BEE POBllSHIHlcIpm , PBOPRIEIOHS , E. K03EWATKU. KntTou. THU i > AiiiY nnu. Sworn Statement of Circulation , State of Nebrnskn , I , , Douslas. a' a' County of f < ! co. u. T/schucic , socrctnrv o [ The Hoi I'ublishliiK company , does solemnly sweni that the actual circulation of tlio D.iily Ik'i for tlio week ending May 27 , 1SS7 , was a ; follows : Saturday. Mny 21 . U.ST.1 Sunday , AI.iv sa . 13.U7 ! Mimd.iy , MnyKJ . K-'l ' Titcsilny. MavBJ . 1S.M.1 Wednesday. May 21 . it.7 : ; Thursday. Mny 20 . IM.SKX Friday , May 27 . ll.OOi Average . 1 1.0,5 ! ( iP.O. It. T.f III'OK. Subscribed nml sworii to befoio we this 2 } t day of May , 1W7. N. P. Knit. , fSKAlj. ] Notary Public. Ceo. 1 ! . T/bclitirlc , bolnt ; first duly sworn deposes nnd t > ny that lie It M'crctaty ol Tin Jieo Publishing company , that the nctua nvcincc dully cit dilution of the Dally lieo foi the month of Mayiv-0 , I'j,4t9 : copies ; tor June 1SKO , lB.aiWcot > l < > s ; lor July , 1W > , WflU copies fet August , \kHj , 12-IG.i copies ; lor Septem tier , 1SM' > , ir.W ) ( ) copies ; for October , Ih r , lJb' ! ( ) copies ; lor November. IhSii. la.'H' ' copies ; for December , 1SW. l-- ; ! ! " > 7 copies ; fo January , ! Sb7 , lfison copies ; for February : SS7 , 14,103 copies ; for Miircli , 1SS7 , 14,4X ( copies ; for April , 1887 , ll.iWl conies. ( ! ro. H. T/.scHt'Cif. Subscribed and flwnrn tobofoio mo thlb 7tl day of May , A. I ) . , Ih87. ISKAL.1 N. P. FF.II , , Notary Public. Tin : lenth street railroad crossing is ; bad advertismont for Omaha. Now turn attention to the proper ob scrvanco of the Fourth of July. GovKitNOit Hn.t/3 presidential boon liad a short fuse nnd was lighted toi Boon. KVKN poor old Brownville , it is said , i flliglitly throbbing with nn tmboomei boom. ST. Louis authorities are trying to go tlio .spectral spooks out of the cfld towi before Grover visits them. l. ic : < > nATiON clay was generally ob served yesterday. The fallen heroe slept beneath a wilderness of llowcrs. SOMI ; of the base ball clubs of the stati refused to violate tlio law again last Sun day , as the result of the games showed. WIIUN Captain Humphrey , the Pawnee blatherskite , is made chairman of Hit Btato cential committee , the pigs wil begin to fly. Tin ; Sultan of Turkey is the Intcs European ruler who is trying to get in sympathy by having unskilled meuthrov bombs at him. Iy it had been ono or two other cortaii newspaper correspondents instead of Ma jor Pooro who died , thu country woul < have sud'ercd no loss. Tin : railroad commission , so-called considered ono complaint. The commis eion is like a faith euro doctor , llones people are ufraid of it. AT Findlay , Ohio , the board of trad will celebrate in Juno , the first anuivur snry of the big gas well , which has niadi the town double in population and mon than treble its valuation of property Can't some town in Nebraska find ; gushery . Mn. Ri\cicnuus was engaged in vcr email business wjion he marched a gaiij of ward bummers into the board of cdu cation rooms Saturday night to chok off the movement for the election of i non-partisan school board. Whether Mr lilackburn holds over or not it was vor ; unbecoming in any member of the bean to take part in the proceedings. TIIK Reformed Episcopal church , at it general council In Philadelphia , hav ndoptcd the following resolution : "N minister of this church shall solomniz marriage when cither of the person to bo married is divorced , unless th former consort was divorced for violatio : of the Seventh Commandment , or i cither dead or married to another. " Th festive justice of the peace , liowovoi noTcr inquires as to "previous cond tion. " TIIK national drill closed yesterday and there will doubtless be some diQ'et cucc of opinion as to whether it was i all respects a success. It showed the there is u fine body of citizen soldiery i the country , which , if required , woul form an excellent nucleus for u volun tour army , but the demonstration of thl was not nocos.sary. Thu fuct was ijnit well known before. The practical pui pose of the drill was to infuse this so tilery with a spirit of healthy emulatlot to .stimulate ellbrt for higher attainmcn nnd to encourage further organi/.utioi It cannot bo predicted wltncortalntj th ; such will bo the results. So far us th conduct of the southern companies wi concerned , while it marred the harmon of ilm event , it was derogatory only t themselves. If tlieso southern "gcnth mnn" can feel any pride in thoi course , with thu knowledge thu nil true gentlemen regard it with coi tempt , lot them do so It is not matter that ought to bo dignified by en Ing it serious attention. 'J'bu most seriov charge against the management was i connection witli the Sunday proceeding when u price of admission to the cam ground was oxaoied after the public ha been told thorn would be no charge. Tli popular attendance , however , was not s largo during the drill as had been < ii portedand this last resort of the nianag < mcnt was doubtless taken to proviil against a threatened deficit. It is to li hoped the event , which was certainly n lalorustlng one , will have all the goo TCM'ilts ' uxpoctcd or desired , but as u bnre already iutiuiaioi ! , thU is not u 'Bred , Bltuntlnn oft tic Treasury. A report of the situation of the na tional treasury brought down to the 20th of the current month , with comparative ligurcs for the corresponding portion of the last fiscal year , and estimates based on these of the probable Income and outgo for the fiscal year ending Juno JJO , 1SHS , will have an interest for all busi ness men. Such .111 exhibit ought to pos sess an interest for everybody , since there is not a man In the country whoso earn ings , whether obtained from the invest ments of capital or from his daily labor , huvo not contributed to the results which the exhibit sets forth. Dry as igure ! always are to the average man , those that come from the national treasury have a siguilicancc that should commend them to cloju attention , and never more so than now , when the veo serious problem Ls presented ol what shall bo done with the already accumulated horde , and whal can bo done to prevent its increase. The people , not a portion or class , but all ol them , cannot be too well informed as to the facts , and if they appreciate thoii true relations to the matter there is no other subject of present public concern which they will more diligently study Popular enlightenment on this question is the surest way to wise congressional action in the interests of the people. The country would not to-day be perplexed with this problem had the people been adequately informed as to the exact facts. It is evident that at the close of the present liscal year , a month nonce , the surplus in the treasury will amount to al least $100,000,000. , Up to the 'JOth of the current month the receipts wore nearly $ : ' . 'J7,000,000 , and as they are flowing in al the rate of more than $1,000,000 a daj they will undoubtedly reach a total foi the year of not less than iJ70- ! 000,000. Tlio expenditures , the amount of which is determined , will be s2GO,000. ' 000 , so that a surplus of at least $100 , 000.000 is assured , The govern ment has expended up to tills time in the current 1'ucal year about $20,000,000 it : excess of the expenditures for the same time in the preceding fiscal year , bill tiie receipts have gone $0,000.000 in ad vauce of this excess , or in other words arc about $32,000,000 greater than for the same time last year , and of this excess nearly $29,000,000 have come from cus to i n 3. Having reached the end of the currcn fiscal year , with $100,000,000 takct from the people and locked in tin vaults of the treasury , what tliei will be the outlook ? The same machinery by which the treasury has accumulate ! this needless horde will still bi in operation , and the governmen must go on collecting from the pco pie in excess of its requirements am adding to the surplus. If any legisla tion shall be adopted by congress for re ducing the revenues , the promise o which cannot be regarded as altogethci reassuring , it is not probable it will b ( done in time to become operative befori the 1st of April of next year. In tha case there will be three-quarters of the fiscal year , beginning July 1 , durhif which the treasury will go on adding t < the surplus , and if at the present rate that incubus will bo swelled by $73,000 , 000 more. The prospect therefore is tha before a stop can be put to this excess o income over outgo there will bo pilei up in the vaults of the treasury $170 , 000,000 , for which there will bo no legiti mate use. llesides the manifest wrong to the pco pie which this needless drain represents thereis the very serious question whethei the business of the country will not sulVoi from it. The secretary of the treasury has not yielded to the alarmists , am he is said not to bo apprehensive now o any impending disaster. Ho has author ity which will unable him to relieve tin money market should an exigency nrisi requiring its exorcise. Uut this canno be done without some wrong to the groa body of the people. Indeed no mere ex pedients that may be applied to thu problem will operate equitably for thi whole people , the only just and straight forward policy , that will work alike fo : the welfare of all , being a reduction o taxation that will relieve the people o the needless burden now imposed 01 them. It would bo exceedingly gratify ing if there was any immediate promisi that this would bo ( lone. Van Wycks on the Intor-Stato ti w At the present time there are widel1 varied and divergent opinions given regarding garding the inter-state law , its working and ultimate results. After the law gee into operation under the ruling of an im partial tribunal , and nil its provision tested , there will then be ample time fo those interested to insist that it is of m advantage to shippers or producers The Now York Times says a Unitet States senator who took a strong intercs and an active part in the passage of tin inter-state commerce bill , and who IB 01 terms of personal friendship with a ma jority of the commission , expresses him self as disappointed at tha results thu far achieved , which ho thinks anioun practically to nothing. Ho especially re grets the action of the commission in sus pending the long and short haul clans without first allowing its practical effect to be tested. He says : "Instead of SUE pending it for ninety days , the commis sion should have tried it for ninety day and then suspended it if it was found t work badly. As it is , they go down soul and hear practically the same things the heard here and come back not ono whi the wiser RR to what the working of th clai.--e ) would be in aetuul practice. Tho. only know what it is said it would bu ac cording to th cry. " Senator Van Wyck , who is unquostior ably well posted on railway discrimius tions and abuses , cordially indorses tin view , and adds an illustration in point lie says. "Tho corporations are avoit iug this law. The bill requires that th rates shall bo reasonable , and that n greater charge shall be made for a shoi haul than for a long haul , lleretofor the rate established by the railroad coir panics themselves from Chicago t Omaha was li cents a huudrodweigh1 they themselves being the judges tha this was n reasonable rato. At interim diatc points on the same route the charged 18 cents a hundredweight for shorter haul from Chicago. That was n violation of law. To get over the dill culty they now charge 40 cents from Chicago cage to Omahn , which is an unniasou.-.bl rate , so as to maintain their charge of 1 cents for intermediate points , thus vie lating the law at both ends The coi positions' ' ask the r.oinnnsjlou to main tain lids long r.iul short haul discrimiur tion , so thut Ucj can defy watorwa oompotition , and at the sarno time the United States is asked to expend millions a year for the improvement of rivers and liarbors , so that they can successfully compote with railroads. Thcso are some of the points I have boon anxious to present to commission in person. " The law's success depends alone on the ability of the Inter-state commission to require the railroads to charge "only n reasonable rate. " It h , of course , left tc the railroad to determine what a reason able rate Hhall bo , and there is no rcconl of whore a railroad company over oochib' ited any desire to make a lower rate than wa.s necessary for it to secure its share ol business. Yet it may bo that when the iic\t congress amends the law , the pro ducers will bo benefited as was the oilg- innl intention. A Fail ( Ml Hero. Jeff Davis has again accepted an in * vitittion to deliver an oration , or make r speech at a southern college. His last effort had the desired effect. The petti coated hero of the collapsed confederacy has been trying very hard for mans years to become prominent again in northern papers. Hy announcing thai ho intended to support the union here after , good words have been showered upon the lost cause traitor from man.i sources in the north. It certainly is a matter of total indifference once to the union whether Mr. Davis is friendly or not. There have boon thou sands of better men than Mr. Duvis die and many of them are forgotten. CUccatiso a childish old fraud should sa1 that ho is friendly , especially after hi misguided followers have boon routed and made throw up the sponge and ac knowledge they were whipped , it is no of stilHcicnt importance to eyoko tin columns of panegyric thatsuoh a rcmarl from the ex-president has called forth. And on the other hand , if the traitor ous imbecile should announce that tic did not acquioso in the establishment o : thu union , it would again bo of no ini' portancu. There was a time when blinded men followed Davis and honcstl ; thought he was a great man with gram ideas. They fought for what they be lieved to bo right. It was proven a fal lacy and right triumphed. That shouli end it , The day that ho was capt tired ii Georgia rigged out in his wife's bes dress , Jefferson Davis became a chestnut A generous people can afford to tolorati his tedious harangues because he is an old man. Gray hairs will always com mand sympathy if not respect. It will be the privilege of the cominc generation to view a monument erected over the ashes of Davis after they an lain away to further decay. The facl that for twenty yeans or more his onlj pride was in a public exhibition of his disloyalty to the government from which ho purloined peace , plenty and protcc tion will not be considered. His treasonable enable exultations that the southern heart still throbs with disloyal impulses will all bo forgotten when the totlerinj old man finally finds that obscurity o oblivion which a few years will bring. A Farmers' Convention. There is to bo hold at Atlanta , Ga. , ii August , an intor-stato farmers' convcn tion , and it promises to bo a most im portant and interesting meeting. Abou four hundred delegates , representing tin different southern states , will bo in at tendance , and the result will withou doubt bo beneficial to all tillers of th' ' soil. soil.In In the now south a mooting of the rep rcsontativo agriculturists , at which view ; on farming will bo interchanged , and al the conditions of farming discussed al length by those capable of discussing tin subject intelligently , is more domandee than a similar gathering at the north , ye the result of a like meeting hero could prove only advantageous. The farmers' institute is in many way beneficial , yet as these organisations as : general rule lind their membership ii counties alone , the field for discussion i necessarily limited , and the institute becomes comes more of a social gathering , whicl in its way is a splendid thing. The southern idea , where rcprosenta live farmers from many states meet am discuss the different phases of farming exchange ideas and relate experiences ii handling now seeds , and in short con ducting the entire work of the farm , i novel and will certainly prove valuable Politicians arc to bo excluded , and non < other than actual , hardworking tillers o the soil will bo recognized. The man whc farms by theory and allows weeds t ( grow and crops to spoil is also not in vited. Such a gathering must result in grea good to the south , and a similar mooting could do no harm in the north. An Open Confession. Young Mr. .Blackburn cot the best of Mi Hosewater's anti-partisan school board mec ing. lie got there first and organl/.od the meeting against the Jlr.r. editor. This re minds the mibllc that tbu celebrated clmrte nieotlns was captured the same way , Hci aid. aid.This This is an open confession that tin school board meeting was packed byjintoi csted politicians. It is the first time , also that the paper which has all along up held the infamous attempts to throttl public sentiment in the framing of on charter , has admitted that the expositioi building meeting was purposely packed And who headed that move ? The tw rowdy editors nnd ono of G. M , Hitcli cock's roustabouts. Supported by Hugh Murphy and hi gang of roughsand liill Fanning's scav ungor brigade , they took charge of th meeting and placed Con Gallagher in th chair to rale down the respectable , citi /.ens. It was at that historic meeting , w are credibly informed , that the rowd. editor of the Republican swung his rnur deroua billy in open view when the excited cited crowd , exasperated by Gallacher' outrageous rulings , demanded a diylsioi of the house , The open confession of his contedorat was doubtless a slip of the tongue. I shows what these political dcsperadoc are capable of doing. If young Mt Hlacuburn is following in their footsteps he is in a fair way of going to the bad. An lll-Ailvisnct Move. A prominent member of the counoi has publicly stated that oleton member of the council have mutually boum themselves to defeat tlio appointment a Chief of Police Scavoy. Exactly hov this is to be brought' about wo do no know. It Is an ill-advised move , calcu latcd to precipitate a conflict of authorit. in which the council would place itscl iu opposition to the letter and ipirit o the law and In opposition to an over whelming public sentiment. It would bo a serious blunder which would lower the council In the popular confidence and esteem , The charter vests the control of the po lice force from chief of pollco elown to patrolman in the police commission. The commission may , if disposed to do so , consult cotincllmenns to police appoint ments , but the law docs not contemplate that the council shall have a voice in those appointments , directly or in directly. They may disagree with the commission aboiiti the rules governing the police , but they cannot make rules for it , much less prescribe qualifications for police olllcers which are designed to nullify the appointments made by the commission. Right hero lot us warn the council against taking any course that that would justly subject its mem bers to the charge of collusion with the lawless elements which are tiO' toriously conspiring to prevent the or ganization of an olliniont police under n chief who has no sympathy with them , The great mass of our citizens want good government , and they will not tolerate , much less approve , any action by the council that would demoralize the police force and place the community under the dominion of the rowdy and desperado element. PUOFESSOU UurNhU has a perfect nghl to aspiru to the supcrintcneloncy of out publio schools. Hut the patrons of the public schools arc satiMicd with Mr , James and will not countenance any scheme to supplant him oven by a mucl abler man than Mr. llruncr. CHINA has a railroad now , the first it : her history , at least for many years. A telephone company will soon bo operated atod there , and the Chinamen yet has holies of civilization. Decoration Diiy. H'i iftrii/ur Uic Omaha Ike. Hark ! 'tis n.aitial muslc,3iuelythat I heard All my pulses quickened ; all my llfo-blooci stirred ; And my mi'iu'ry hastou'dlii50 a flash of light To the day * \\hen led-hand war filled thi laud with blight. Hut again 1 listen , and the solemn strains , Thrill mo with emotions uenr akin to pain For , In dirge-like sadness , on my ear thoj fall , O'er the glorious spring-time spreading as r pall. Slow , and sad , nnd solemn , comes a mlnlit\ ttironi : , Moving , like a phalanx , powerful , grandaiid htrona ; Towaids tlio lovely resting-places of oui fallen best , Gallant sons ot Ifreecjom.dylng at their post Here , in holy sllencq , sleep our noble braves ; Here , in gratitude , - > we meet around the clust'rinK gruves , 131eudlm ; tears in uhlson with the motnlut dew , And their deeds of daring , bdng to mind anew. Oh ! my fallen brethren , not vainly did yo die Not In vain vourobbine blood , your quickly glazlmtoye , " Not for naught your agony , your suffering , and dontli , < i For In your hour of dying , to Freedom ye gave breath I From your bitter struggles , from j our awful woes. , Freedom , giand and glorious , I'otunix-llkc , aiose ; From your shrieks of anpulbh , from youi groansof pain , Peace , tlio linuvon-sqnt aiiRol , smiled on us ng.itn I On this bright May morning wo assemble here O'er our fallen heroes to drop affection's tear ; Keeping ever fragrant the uiciu'ry ot the past , And on your lonely pillows our floral trib utes cast. Flowers ! types of resurrection , from seed intei red in earth ! Floweis ! emblems of the purity whence Freedom took her birth I Flowers ! symbols of the beauty whlcli 'round your mom'ry glows ! Flowers I hei aids of the glory which man o'er valor throws I While this earth remalnetli , the glorious deeds you've done Shall bo told In story , blazoned 'neath the sun ; Told to childish Innocence , soon as it can know Itlglit from wronc to separate ; chaff from wheat to blow. Told to youth's wild fancy , filing U with zeal To emulate your virtues for Its country s weal : Teaching it that clory cometh to thu biavo And no bourne's so honored as a soldier's grave. Told to smiling maidens , loving mighty elceds , Told to widowed motherhood that III anguish bloods ; Told to .stricken fathers , mourning for theli dead , Told to bllchtml households , grieving foi their head. Told 'mid glory's halo , sanctified by blood , llow 'mid death and danger , ye for Jout country stood ; llow for the loved aud dear ones , f ar yc dally spurned , While for liberty and right , your hearts so nobly burned. I heaven's hlehcst trensuro-house doth grade * of glttsatford , Surely those for heroes bravo are by arch- angelb stored , Crowns to deck the victor's brows , wreaths to strew their way * From thn darkest paths of llfo to the realms of day I Noble martyr-army I legion , glorious ! bright ! On lame's highest plnaclo. clad In glorious lik'ht. Stand your names forever , recounted year by year , By beat of drum , by tramp of feet , by sympa thetic tear I For Freedom , homo and country , your blood yo freely shed : Your country showers. Its benlsons forever on your head ; " Your homes , though sadly blighted , cannot their dead foi got , And Freedom , priceless gem , In man's dla- dom IB bet. ' Sleep on , then noble army ! sleep on and take your rest. Uclovod by all that's losing , blessed by all that's blessed : v Sleep ! with Nature smiling upon the lowly sod , Cherished by your country , guarded by youi GodI Farewell ! yet once again , yo dead ! the Hie ye freely gave , . Was waiting tor your tnl Ing up , the othci sldo the grave : Where 'mid assembled in Illlons , whore peace hath perfect swaj , Ye ever keep , In heaven Uwvo.ono loner etor- ual day. - J. N. CAMPION. OMAHA , May , 1837. FORTUNE AND MI8POUTIJNE. Andrew Carnegie gives his wife 830,000 a year pin monoy. /Cola Is still much abused , but bis Income is 300,000 francs a year. Mrs. Grant has so far received S& M.w.S. as profits on the sale of "Grant's Memoirs , " The duke of Connanght has a fat berth In Bombay. He gets $50,000 a year besides bin parliamentary allowance ot 8125,000. Crown Prince Hudolpli , ot Austria , during three days at Berczencze recently , shot wltn his own gun forty-seven head of roebucks , a feat unprecedented In tlio annals of Euro pean sport. While ex- Senator Jones was wasting hi * time courtlus Miss Pa'.ms in Uotrolt.a young woman of Florida fell holr to SrsOOO,000 And married a local assemblyman In Mr , Jones' own city , Jonas G. Clatk , of Worcester , Mas ? , , who recently presented SlOuiWO ) to that city Jfor the founding of a university , has made a further gift , consisting of 5500,000 worth of real estate , books , nnd works of art and S500.000 In cash , for the establishment of professorships. John Amleisou pcfutnutntcd 8 ,000,000 by the manufacture and sale of n certain brand of chewing tobacco. To his granddaughter , Mrs. Mary Maud Watson , ho loft the In come of 8'JO,000. She Is now seeking further "solace" by a suit to bicnk the will , claiming onn-llfthof thooiittre , Accenting to the British chancellor of the exchequer there are nlnety-llvo persons In England with nn Income ot over Ssoo.ooti , or ftbout Jr.O ? an hour. Yet It Is said that those very wealthy people are really poor. Their responsibilities are always Involving them in expenditures which It Is difficult for them to meet. They manage their wealth , but do not enjoy it. STATE AND TEltlUTOIlY. NelirnBkn Jottlnus. The now Masonic temple nt Hastings will bo dedicated Juno 21. Ulysses creamery butter sells readily in Now York at fancy prices. The question of waterworks in Sownrel will bo submitted to a vote of the people. The school census of Gage county foots up 8,825. The girls lead the procession with a total of 4,805 against 4,500 , boys. Jofl'Shcddy , a Heaver City crook , grc\\ restless in the narrow quarters of the jail , kicked the door olT the hinges and walked oil' . It is rumored in knowing quarters that he took with him a coat ol tar studded with young quills. A young sprig of a lawyer in Homer' villo , overloaded with gas and a desire to distinguish himself , invited the court to step outside and secure u pugilistic pol ishing. The court fell on him ut lonj > range , imneised a heavy line and ordered him to jau until the cash was paid. "You will never catch him iu a hole with thumbs up , " remarked ; i member of a switching gang in the Union Pacific yard , pointing to" the foreman. "He dropped them on a drawhead years ago , and has been on the move over since. " "Thumbs up" is a private signal for n lay oll'to.soak the whistle. Miss Zadia Winslow , a spirited school teacher in Shariuan county , tackled a cowardly gossipcr of the male persua sion , who huel circulated falsehoods in regard to her character. She brought him into court and secured a verdict foi $500 damages from a Ktishvllle jury. It is probable the verdict will bridle his foul tongue for some time. A peculiar coincident in the life ol "Skip"Villard , the murdered editor ol the Sherman County Times , is related by Hev. Mr. Nilcs , of Hornellsvillo , Now York , one of the delegates to the- Presby terian general assembly. Mr. Willard was the son of a Methodist minister , and was born at Wutortown , Wis. On the evening of his birth the father was sud denly called from the pulpit of lih church , and Mr. Nile's was called on tc preach. On receipt of the news of the tragic death of Mr. Willard last Satur day , the duty of preparing a sketch of his life fell to Mr. Silas W. Niles , son of Uev. Mr. Niles , and telegraph editor of the HEC. Iowa Items , The city council of Jetl'erson has appro priated $500 to sink an artesian well within the city limits. Hod Oak is malting an effort to raise $1,000 to bo used for prospecting for coal aud gas in that neighborhood. Hon. W. W. Junk'in has just completed the thirty-fourth year of continuous edi torial service on the Fairliold Ledger. There are seven candidates already in the field for tlio seat on the bench made vacant by the death of Judge Hodgcrs. The Burlington Odd Fellows dedicated their now building on Thursday. The property cost $43,000 and is one of the lineht odiliccs in-tho city. The editor of the Missouri Valley Times lias been in the newspaper business twenty-two years , and says if he pros pers financially in the next twenty-two years as he has in the past the county will have to pay his funeral expenses. The board of trustees of the agricul tural college at Ames has tendered the position of professor of agriculture to Prof. E. M. Shclton , who for several years hold this position in the Kansas Agricullural college. It is not known whether ho will accept. The Independent Order of Reformed Soaks is spreading rapidly throughout the btato. The rigid enforcement of pro hibition made unity of action nncessary to secure an eye-opener occasionally. A correspondent describes their mystic methods thus : "In order to get sutliii. ' soothin' the boys have to go around be hind a shoo store , crawl over a barrel , under a dray , dive through a back yard , aud give several distinct knocks at a cel lar door , where , after giving a hailing sign and taking an oath , they arc allowed to pay fifteen cents a drink for sonic fearful poor whisky. " Dakota. The Rapid City ruining school's ' survey of the Black Hills is under way. The acreage of cultivated land in Brown county has increased &H per cent , over last year. At the election last week the people of Fall River county voted bonds to the amount of $10,000 to erect county buildIngs - Ings at Hot Springs and start a summer resort. Suit has been commenced against the Sioux Falls Water Power company and the city of Sioux Falls by John W. Smith for the loss of his planing mill ana stock , valued at sfl,803.50. ? , A suspicious character was arrested , at Fargo and a valise which ho had shipped to Aberdeen was opened and found to contain a Smith & Wesson revolver , file , six drills , a box of cartridges and a pow der horn. An increased demand for Yankton real estate since the Omaha project material ized , is causing an advance in prices above the advance occasioned by the opening spring demand for property. The market is firm aud buoyant and it is the buyers who are crowding transac tions so says the Press. I'ostollleo ClmiiKos In Nebraska During the week ending May 23 , 1837 , furnished by William VanVlcck , of the pejstotlico department. _ . , . IUIYIUUi. } \uiiui > y , uvuif t ) f * * u < T com ; Pleasant Dale , Suwtrd county , Thomas A. Blackburn ; South Bond , Cas.s county , Silas 0. Patterson ; Summerhill , Douglas county , II. M. Hunter. DibContlnued"Me3oweirllc1Gugo county IOWA. Postmasters appointed in Iowa during the week ending May 23 , 1887 : Avon , Polk county , Newton Do.tton ; Delaware , Delaware county , Clara Mar shall ; Fttyotto. Fayotto c-ounty , Frederick Holmes ; Golden , Drlawiiro . county , Michael F. Sheppard ; Gracttinge'r. Palo Alto county , Herman N. Osher ; Holme * , Wright county , David Mownrs ; Leonard , Taylor county , Jamcd Whitecotton ; Nashville. Jackson county , Martin Fox ; Panora , Guthrie county , John D Lcnon. It is said that London is to have a "hy gienic restaurant , " whore dyspeptics will dino. When they outer they will toll their symptoms toono of tha attendant doctors , who will plan out proper dinnord for them , which they will them proceed to out iu a prescribed manner. Perhsps the Most Rcamknblo Oaso oa Record , NEARLY HANGED FOR ANOTHER. An IiitcrcfltlnK Story of the I'arly liH on thu Pa e : I lie Const Kociillcil by tlio Dentil or an Ohl-Tinio Judge. The death of Gordon N. Molt in Sui : Francisco a few days ago recalls an al- mo.'t forgotten incident in which ho ligured in thu days when the Caucasian was compare lively now in California , Meitt went with the first tide of gold hunters in 1319 , and settled at Auburn , where ho engaged in mining operations. In 1850 the people wanted a county judge , and ho was elected to that place. Ho gave such satisfaction that a year later , when it became necessary to choose n circuit judge , the appointment fell upon him. While bo hold this otllco ho pre sided at a murder trial winch developed ono of the most remarkable cases of mis taken identity ever heard of in that region. A prominent miner in thu vicinity of Mnryvillo had cleaned up ? 5OUO worth of dust.and had started for San Frane'1-.cp , whore ho expected to take ship for his homo in thu Mates. On the way there , and when not many miles distant from Maryville , ho wa's attacked by : i highwayman , killed and his gold was taken from him. Wliou his do.ul body was founel n few days later there was in tense excitement among the miners , but for a time suspicion rested upon no one. Kvery stranger and every hard citi/.im was closely examined to no purpose. At length , when the authorities had well- nigh given up the idea of capturing thu ollundur , somebody pointed out a desper ate looking character as the notorious Jim Stewart , a man who was known to be : v murderer and thief , and ho was ar rested. As soon as the word was passed around that Jim Stewart was in the vi cinity , every ono knowing him said that he was undoubtedly the nun. Justus most people bad made up thuir minds that the murderer had been taken and were congratulating the authorities on the result , it was learned that the prisoner denied that ho was Stewart. To the sheriff and to a number of minors who called on him he declared that ho never know Jim Stewart and that his ' iitinin was Tom Bordtte. At first his t'u was not believed , but in the course of time men who know Stewart began to dispute with each other on the question of identity , and the public gave up the problem and turned it over to the court over which Judge Mott presided. The trial was the first of much impor tance in the state. Borduo was ably de fended , and the prosecuting attorney had two or three assistants. So tar as direct testimony was concerned thoru was very little. The whole tiling scorned to turn on the identity of tlio prisoner. If it was Jim Stewart , then ho was guilty and must be hanged. If it was not Stewart , then the verdict was to bo an acquittal. For every man produced by the state who swore that the prisoner was Stewart the defense brought for ward a man who swore that ho was not Stewart. Twenty-two such witnesses swore on both sides. Mnnv of them ex plained how they could identify Stewart. Ono man said ho had known Stewart in the cast , and that ho had a peculiar lump on his shoulder , a hard substance under the skin which , nevertheless , was mov able. The prisoner was told to lay oft' his coat and open his shirt. On his shoulder , just above the blade , was the identical lump. "Is it thorn ? " asked the witness. "Yes , " said the examiners. "Then that is Jim Stewart , " con cluded the witness , confident it was set tled. tled.Other witnesses were equally positive , and for equally good reasons. It was thought that the testimony favorable to the prisoner was so strong that the jury could not convict , but in this the out siders wore mistaken. After a short de liberation the twelve came into the court and announced that they had found the defendant guilty of murder in the first degree. Judge Mott remanded the pris oner to jail , and fixed a elay ten days in advance as the time when ho should pass sentence of death upon him. On the day before this ceremony was to have taken place some arrivals from San Francisco reported the operations of the vigilance committee in that city , and among others of its victims included the name of the notorious Jim Stewart. Stops were at once taken to verify this report , and it was found that the vigilantes had indeed taken , tried and exterminated the mur derer and robber. Judge Mott post poned sentencing the prisoner from time to time , until there was no longer a doubt that Stewart hud been hanged in San Francisco , and then , on motion of an.attorney , ho gave the defendant anew ' new trial , and the' prosecuting attorney at once dismissed the case. Tom Bor duo was glad enough to get out of the scrape. Ho made bin way to San Fran cisco , where the story ot his adventure had preceded him , and for a long time ho lived comfortably on thn donations sympathetic people madu to him. One of the witnesses who swore that Borduo was not Stewart now lives in San Francisco , and ho says that thu resem blance between the men wa.s most strik ing. In speaking of the matter ho said : "lean give no reasonable explanation of mv conviction that the prisoner was not Stewart. I simply did not belmvo ho was. 1 had soon Stewart , and. though at first , or even sit second or third glauno Borduo lookeel like the outlaw , there was some thing about him his manner , his speech , his gait , or what not that did not neem to mo to be thn samu ; so I swore that he was notStowart. though all the time I was doing it I was expecting that , likely as not , something would turn up to prove that I was mistaken. No two men ever looked more alike- . "I remember that one wjtncss who know Stewart well said that if the pris oner was the follow whom they took him for they would find a long scar on his head well covered by his long luiir. He knew that Stewart hud 'hat scar , because- ho had given him Mm blow that produced it. Borduo's head was examined , find there was the identical scar Another witness identified Berdue us Stewart liy looking at Ins hands. H said Stewart had short , slubbv figor.s , with very blunt nailH , and that there was nn India ink mark on each hand between tlw thumb ami the forofinxer. Borduo had the .same lingers and nail.s , and there were India Ink markrf in the places specified. "On the other Kiilo there were men who swore that the defendant was not Stewart , because while thn resemblance was close , there wore curtain marks on Stewart which they could not find on Borduo. i remember that ono man who Hworo positively that the prisoner wa- . not Stewart , said that the latter had a big powder mark on his chin on which no beard would grow. Borduo win looked at by several people , and ut length it was announced that there worn txnvder marks on his ohm. but that the beard had well nigh concealed them. The witness who had just sworn that thu priioiuir was not Stnwart , then took a look himself and said that ho bolii-vmt ho had made a mi.stako. On asking tint jndjio what he .should do. that worthy told him to give his best opinion in view of al ! llio fttct" . J'hn witness started nut to iixplain , aud after a while Im ; < > l mixed up , grabbed hi- > hat and left lint .stand , muttering ihut hu would bo blessed if ho know what hu did think. Nothing was said to him as ho took liis scat with the crowd , but n good many people , including Judge Mott , laughed.n little , Some otners got mixed up in thu same way. It wouldn't have taken much to have made all the witnesses change nlaces and .swoar against each other from dlll'crcnt standpoints. Xuboity win very sure. ' Ik1 fore ho was lynched , .Jim Stewart confessed sin-oral of his crimes , but hu did not have anything to say about the murder on the Maryvillu road , so that to this day it is not known who committed the atrocity , After Tom Horduo ratuo to till.-1 town ho was mistaken once or twice for Stowa-t , and finally to save himself fiuther trouble , ho shaved ln.s face clean , rut his hair and got n Scotch cap. Ho was u harmless fellow , anil 1 guess no body knows what became of him. " The Governor Mcnril Ki'Oili. l-'iriiioiit Tiifume. Governor Thayer has finally given hh side of the stoo concerning the attack ol some of the Omaha newspaper * , notably the Republican , made upon him. If it wore only a matter winch concerned the relations of Governor Thayer and the editor of the Republican to each other the Tribune would not care a .snap of the linger one way or the other. Hut the at tack , to the extent that tlio Republican professes to be and is a representative and exponent of the republican p.irty of Nebraska , makes it of that much concern to the party , From the governor's statement it is plain to bo seen that the ronl animus of the light made upon him comes from Ins refusal to appoint F.dilor Rothuekor , of the Republican , as a member of the now police commission. Rounds iV Taylor , the proprietors ol the paper , labored hard with the governor to accomplish this end. To fortify lib statements thu governor oxInULs this telegram : OMAHA , Nob. , May 5 , ' 87.Governor Thayer \Ve strongly renew our original request on annoiiitiuent of police com missioner. Tins is an earnest personal request ROTS-MS & TAT i.oit. Tliis is siillicient to convince the public that the dirty light upon the governor is prompted by purely personal spite , The harm that may grow from it can come only from members ot the paily being misled by the Republican. When the faet.s tire known , however , vvo believe - lievo there will bo few people who will endorse the Republican's moannoss. What right any way has Rothnoker to an oIlicnY Ilo has only been in the state just barely long enough to bo entitled tea a vote. Furthermore , he is a democrat , and why ho should bo made an object of special favor from a republican governor is not apparent , Rothuekor , it appears , is only a political adventurer unless hu be called , also , a professional rowdy and the Republican as a newspaper is to bo used as a medium for extorting olli- cial preferment. The Republican has fallen into base hands. Tlie Alli-ii Ijiimt fcnw. Denver lleimlilleiin. The attempt to account for the failure of the Swan Brothers Cattle company by attributing it to the alien hind law en acted by the last congress does not pre sent a satisfactory argument against the law. It may bo true , as is claimed , that if it had not boon for this law ono of tlio Swans would have been able to make a sain to foreign capitalists which would have put him in possession of f 00,000. Tliis amount , we presume , would have saved thu company Jroin bankruptcy , lint to use this as an illustration of the bad policy of the law involves the as sumption that our laws should bo framed to protect from bankruptcy financial ventures which are tottering upon the verge of ruin. If the Swan Brothers Cattle company had been in a healthy financial condition it would not have needed a sale to foreign capitalists to save it from ruin. Posiioly the foreign capitalists are feeling grate ful that they wore prevented from mak ing the purchase. Tliis law does not prohibit the invest ment of foreign capital in the United States. Its oti'ect is merely to prevent foreign capital from acquiring such a po sition of powerthrough the possession of real propeity.as might endanger the wel fare ol the country and the liberty of its citi/.cns. It should be remembered nt nil times and under all circumstances that this country is the homo of Americans aud that it belongs to Americans. Foreign cajiital cannot complain of not having re ceived sufliciont encouragement in the United Slates. It has been encouraged and welcomed , and it has by r.o moans been driven out by the law referred to. It is welcome now ; but it must come , if at all , with the understanding that this is America , : ul that it is not Holland nor England. "Tho heaviest locomotive in the woTFld weighs 100,000 pounds , and is on the Can adian Pacific. The next heaviest is the Southern Paci'ic'.s ' 151,000 pounds ; the the third weighs l-lfi,000 pounds and is on the Noi thorn Pacific ; and lrn/il ! owns the fourth , weighing 141,000 pounds. The duchess of Galliora and 83.000 of her countrywomen have presented a pe tition to thu municipality of Genoa ask ing for the restoration of the stuliiR of the Madonna above the gales , in recogni tion of this preservation of the town dur ing the recent earthquake. Hard crabs are $2 nor ono hundred in the Fulton market , New York City. THK PERFECT , H II I)1 * * I 1 ri rt t rt * i ' Jb Quiukcit Selling Article Kvor Iimutod. i UUlin ! hill ) ( ! ' ! < < lie ProlltOJ' Showlij Arlia'H on.fa \ M irLc't. OMAHA , Neb. , April i * , 18S7. This 'n to certify that \ve , the undeiM ncd , have LhU day witnessed a churning by ' 'The 1'erf.jct Self- Revolving Churii Li > hen > , " which ickullccl iu producing ! ! U'io.uuU ; of first clans butter from ODD gallon of crram in jiiRt one ininu'c ami | i/'i ) secoiuls W U Wrl lit , prol'rltitoi ' "Omthi Il'ilry ' ! " o W. lVlu' l r , nmnicur "unmhi Dilryi" r.uil II T.ila , Mercli-into V itm ill I ! in ! . , A. I ) Tmii ill-i , Nut > r uki ' . ' . IU lliithliurn , - > rlcU'i' S'nllonnl II ink. t'ruf. lioorirn | 'i-n ; 'Dinalii llu ln f Og'luu ' : ; " l'-nr. U J. Itlnlo. te.-c-- ! unj , ! J uittlia'i'ti Hirer MlrrUm , eilll'r"l ' itliUa hulU 'lil. "llai" Will J. tioiiU * , It. II. Aai I V. UMII. " World " Kriuik K. ( .rcoii.-HoralP llr J W jtaiK.li , Dr. JN l ) art. ) r O M ( I. 0'irt. Or ! l inlllon W rr n II U n-ill.UMl minis , J. V. ' , ll.iuuc . .folo Ut . rhrl lrr fir-llviro Stain anil Cnvni'j JlliiM * / > ' mil Hi AG-EN-TS WANTED. ; . Call or write vi u * at once. ' 4uck al < rt : an. ! 1.1130 piofit . Very tniiy , j I.V. . & A. POIMIAM , Pnp' : . Ilo'jnil Ci > on Ult.m N.Klk lUOdkkfc Xufc.