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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, June 25, 1887, Image 4

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x nM8 or sunscntpnos !
Drtllr ( Morning Edition ) including Uundnjr
Ilr.r. Onn Vcnr . $10 00
For 8lx Months . 600
For Thrnn Months . S ( A
Tlie Onmtiii S ndny UKK , mailed to auy
nddroM , Ouo Voixr.4 , . . . Z 00
, . mi FAHWAM ST
OVATTA orrtcr No. mi Axn
Krw YOIUC orrtcE , Hon * . THIIIITNE mm.m.vo.
All communications relating to news nml odl-
torlixl mixttor should bo tuMioiSotl to the Kui-
iron or THK 11F.K.
AH Ini'lncsslottcrnniul remittances should be
Mclrossod to TUB Dun I'um.tsniMi COMI-ANT ,
OMAHA , Drafts , checks and pottofflco orders
to bo uindo payable to the ordtrof the comininj' ,
Sworn Statement of Circulation.
Btnto of Nebraska , 1 0 ,
Countyof Dmuslas. f8' " '
Oeo. 1J. Tzschucic , secretary of The Bet
FublishlnfC company , does solemnly sweat
that the nctital circulation of thn Daily J3cc
for the week ending Juno 17 , 1SS7 , wixs as
follows :
fiaturday.Junp tl . n.av
Sunday. Jttnu 12 . M,20 <
Monday , Juno 1 ! ) . ! , ( '
Tuesday , Juno II . U.UH
Wednesday , Juno 15 . 18O.V
Thursday , J unii 10 . HOW
rrlUay.Junon . 11,02 ;
Averaeo . 14.10 :
C5r.o. ii. T/'iciiiioK.
( Subscribed and sworn to before mo till :
SOtudayof Juno , I b7.
N. I * . Fnrr , .
FSEAL.1 Notary Public.
Oco. U. Tzscliuck , being llrst duly sworn
deposed and says that ho Is secretary of The
ifeo 1'ubllsliiui ; company , that the nctua
ftvcrneo dally circulation of the Dally IJeo foi
the montli of tor June , 1WC , m.29 ;
copies ; lor July , 18SC , 12,314 copies :
for August , 1886 , 12,404 copies : for Scplem
br , 18MO , 18,030 cotiles ; for October , 1S90
32,839 copies ; for November. 1880 , 13,34 :
copies ; for December , 18SO. 13,237 copies ; foi
January 1887 , 10,800 copies ; for February
IBS7 , 14,10s copies ; for March. 18b7 , 14,401
copies ; for April , 1887 , 14,310 copies ; for May
18t > 7 , 14,227 copies.
Ono. n. T/SCIIUCK.
Subscribed and sworn to before mo this 4tl :
Bay of Juno A. I ) . , 1887.
I SEAL. | N. P. FKIL , Notary Public.
THE foot pads still have control o :
'Kansas City.
TIIK Pacific investigating committal
appears to investigate.
CLEVELAND'S campaign history , re
Gently made , is all that is bothering him
Two men wcro hanged in Missouri
tfostordayand | the legislature has not ye
adjourned. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
THE school commencements through
out the country have ended , and childrcr
nud boquots receive a rest.
THE Pacific investigating commlttci
finds truth in the Scriptural injunctioi
reading , "Seek , and yo shall lind. "
THE wood cut pictures of Quinn Bo
lianan will cause the desperado to rotun
nnd surrender in order to vindicates him
MAsr papers of Nebraska arc nov
demanding a two-cent passenger tarift
What is most needed are lower freigh
THE most cheerful reports regarding
Nebraska's crop outlook come in. Tin
croaker this year is like Othello with hi ,
occupation gono.
IN view of the fact that the Cook count ;
freebooters are being speedily convicted
it will soon bo safe to write it , uneasy lie
the head worn by a boodlor.
EVKN Jell Davis has admitted tun
ordering the rebel ilags returned was :
mistake. This is the first time in histor.
that Mr. Davis has opened his mouti
without swallowing his boots.
YESTEUDAY was a black Friday ii
Wall street. The rumor that Jay Goufi
took advantage of the report to the eifec
.lhat ho was dead , to enrich himself , dem
pnstrates that the gambler was i\ vcr
lively corpse.
THE San Francisco Alia says "Omah
js making pretensions to being a soapor
city. They had a clam bake there th ,
other day. " And the Alia could , hav
Rddod that those in tittondanco at th
bake saw sea aorponts.
IT looks very much as if the strct
swooping gang had a grip on the counci
Last week they smuggled through
claim of extras for 1551.80 , which was
clean steal , and this week they pullo
through a resolution that will increas
the street cleaning expense by f2,000
t month. _
THE Hon. William F. Cody Buflal
Bill is credited by n London corrc
epondcnt of a Now York paper wit
being a greater man than Gladstom
Mr. Dill Uutl'alo , the honorable , may ju
now bo attracting rnoro attention , bi
when his cowboys and Indians disbani
bo will not bo the lion of society , as no
1 bEVKHAL cases of children being a
tacked by dogs in the street have como I
our knowledge within A few days , and c
Thursday a little girl was bittun by
Bavago brute on Twentieth street. Tl
thoroughfares of tne city swarm wil
dogs of high and low degree , and the a
copied theory is that at this season of tl
year they are particularly dungorou
Whether as a matter of fact this uotic
is correct or not , there can bo no qucstic
that too much freedom is allowed tl
canines. Pcoplo who own dogs shou
lo ) compelled cither to coniiuo or muzz
them. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
IT WAS striking evidence of the voi
important part which Mr. Gould plays !
conncctiou with tinancial affairs , so fi
us they are related to the stock excitant ;
that n rumor in Wall street ycstorday
his death caused great excitement nnd
tumble of stocks that throw the mark
into greater confusion than it had o
poriencod before tor a very long tiui
It was an indication of what may bo e
pocted whenever Mr. Gould docs d !
though in his present reported state
health it is likely the ofloot of his suddc
"taking oft' " will bo in a measure di
counted. The cfiorts of his friends at
those othnrwiso interested to conceal ti
faet that Mr , Gould has boon a very si <
man wcro not successful , and there is i
doubt that ho is growing steadily mo
fooblo. An indomitable will has pro !
ibly more to do with keeping him all
than any other influence.
Hostility to Immigration.
The eastern press are giving a good
deal of attention to the immigration
question , nnd some of the most inlluon *
tial papers are pronounced in favor of
moro restrictive legislation than now ex
ists. It is evidently the intention to keep
the controversy on , whenever opportu
nity for referring to the subject presents
itself , with a view to interesting congress
nnd creating n public sentiment that will
make itself felt upon that body in favor
of lawd for the further restriction of im
migration. The matter lias importance.
It is now pretty certain that there will bo
; nero foreigners como to this country this
ear than during any previous year. In
ho month of May the arrivals were
0,000 greater than in April , and in the
urrcntyoarup to the first of the pros-
nt month the number of immigrants
tv.is greater by 70,009 than for the cor-
'cspondlng period of last year. We
are not only getting moro than usua'
rom the regular sources of supply , but
rom countries that do not in ordinary
fears figure as largo contributors to our
population. Italy , Sweden and Norway ,
or example , are showing n largo in *
crease , the Italian Immigration being
most marked. It is also doubtless true
hat in the matter of average character
he emigrants of the present year do not
compare favorably with those of other
rears of exceptionally largo immlgra-
It is this fact of the average Inforioritj
of the now comers , together with the
ircumstauccs that a few people have
been assisted by the British government
o come here , which gives the excuse for
lostility to the immigration policy that
tag prevailed since the foundation ol
ho government. If the purpose sough !
.vas . simply a moro rigid exclusion of the
classes already forbidden by law to como
hero would bo no reason to criticize it ,
but it is scon that the tendency is to go
cry much farther than this. The decis-
on of a judge in the case of the assisted
mmigrants landed in Now York , in
.vliich . it was held that the fact of their
saving boon assisted did not necessarily
ilnss them as pruipors.tho evidence being
, hat they wore fully qualified to earn a
ivclihood , has been raado the text of t
great deal of adverse comment , which
) lainly betrays a disposition to keep out
the very people the poor and the op >
pressed , who would naturally sock these
shores , and who in the past have beer
welcomo. In the case of these assistcc
mmigrants at Now York whom the com'
inissionors wished to return , thej
wore all shown to bo sound ol
body and mind , and for a number ol
them work had boon secured. I
would manifestly have been a most seri
ous hardship to these people to have son
hem back simply on the ground thai
they wore too poor to como hero unaided
They were certainly not less accoptabli
than thousands of others who have comi
lore by the assistance of friends at homer <
or others who had preceded them to thl
Hut there is another , and perhaps i
ogical , development of this hostility t <
foreigners comijig here which is cvci
moro serious , and that is an cxpressioi
favorable to restrictions on citizenship
A loading Now York paper has recently
used the argument that persons who de
not speak and understand the Englisl
language with sufficient case to servo a
jurymen are unfit to bo Intrusted will
the duties of citizenship , and suggcstei
as a remedy a longer period of proba
tion. There has just closed a
hicago a convention of an orgamzatioi
calling itself the "Patriotic Sons of Amcr
ica , " a part of the policy of which , ao
cording to its last platform , is to furthc
such views as that advanced by the Nov
York Journal. It will bo unfortunate i
there shall bo any extensive drift of pub
lie opinion in such a direction. As w
have said in a previous roforcnco to thii
question of immigration , all existin ;
laws for the exclusion of paupers , crim
inals , and the insane , should bo rigidl ;
enforced , but this country is not yet prepared
pared to shut out people from other land
who have the ability to earn an hones
livelihood here and are disposed to con
form to our laws. And in any event enl ;
sound and practical reasons , unmixe
with prejudice , should prompt any futur
laws or regulations on this subject tha
should be tound necessary.
The Street Sweeper Job.
At the last meeting of the council
resolution was adopted to double th
sweeping job. Heretofore each pave
street has boon swept once a wcok an
for this service Fanning & Slavcn.tho cor
tractors , receive 89 cents per 1,000 yardi
or about $ -145 per week , computing th
area of paved streets at 600,000 yardi
Under thn resolution of the council th
stt octs are to bo swept twice a week an
the street swooping expense is tin
doubled. This means an increase froi
f445 a week to f 890 a week , which wi
aggregate $4,000 for a mouth of thirt
days. The only excuse given fc
this reckless piece of extravaganc
is that "the boys must bo itelpcd out ,
because they claim there is no money fa
them in the contract at once a weol
Now the question is whether the ta >
payers are to bo imposed on for the bom
fit of street swooping contractors. Fou
thousand dollars a month for stro <
sweeping and only one-tenth of ov
streets paved.
Can Omaha property owners afl'or
this luxury even for the sake of "th
boys ? " But there is another questioi
When the bids for street sweeping wet
opened n responsible bidder offered to tl
the swooping twice a week for $1.50 ii
stead of f 1.78. This would save the cit
$140 per week or about $000 a month o
street sweeping.
The contract was awarded to Fannin
& Slaven on the assumption that tt
streets wore to bo swept only once a wee
and that they were a trifle lower for sue
service than the rival bidder. If the coi
tract is to bo enlarged so as to roquii
two sweepings per wcclc they should t
required to do the work at the price :
which the rival bidder offered to do i
There is no excuse whatever for a subsid
to the boys which will take $000 a monl
out of the pockets of the tax payers eve
if it was really necessary to met
the additional expense of < N-
per week for double swooping.
It is the manifest duty of the board i
public works to enforce the contract an
compel Funning & Staven to do the wet
as required under it. Ono good sweat
ing and cleaning each week would t
ample. The doubling of the contra
without competition looks very much 111
a job. _ _ _ _ _
THE most blatent of all blatherskite
Captnlu Humphrey , of Pawnee , has no
up to this date , received an invitation to
dollvora Fourtli of July oration. It was
only a year or two ago that the captain
ipoko to the people of a neighboring
.own , nnd to fit his case an old fable was
revised , which read as follows : "An
ass who had found a lion's skin put it on ,
\nd , for a long time , cut the figure of a
ion among the other beasts without his
true character being suspected. At hist
a cunning fox by chance saw ills long
3ars sticking out one day , when the wind
liad disarranged his borrowed clothing ,
md laid a plan to show up the pretender
in his true light. So ho got a number of
the boasts together and persuaded thorn
to ask king llou to rnako them a speech ,
representing that they were greatly in
lived of enlightenment on various sub-
| ccts , as finance for oxarnplo , and who
else so likely as the lion to bo able to give
them the Information they needed ? The
ass took the bait at once , but when ho
opened his mouth to speak ho could only
bray. An old rat was standing near
with her young ones , ono of whom said :
Mother , see what an tiss that lion is
making of himself. " * 'No , my son , " said
the old rat"nature did that for him ,
and though ho has succeeded in cover
ing up his real character for a while ,
only occasion was wanting for it to mani
fest itself. "
Now that the Council Blufl's & Omaha
bridge company has a clear field , there is
no valid excuse for delaying the building
of the proposed wagon bridge. If the
projectors and promoters of this enter
prise mean business work on the piers
should bo begun at once , and the bridge
should bo completed within twelve
EVEN ten years from this time , Mac-
Cauloy's Now Zealander would find
wonders in the changes wrought in
How soon are wo to have decent side
walks on our principal thoroughfares ?
Other Lmtuta Ttmii Ours.
Jubilee week will end with the close of
to-day , nnd the memorable event will
have passed into history. For the past
six days the English people have been
concerned about nothing olsn , and all ad
vices from that quarter of the globe have
been attuned to this thoino. The event
has undeniably been a great and brilliant
SUCCOPS , regarded simply as to its out
ward manifestations. All testimony
agrees that the pageantry and enthusi
asm of Jubilee day were never surpassed
in London , while all the entertainments
of the nobility succeeding it have boon
on a scale of great splondor. The occa
sion brought honors to some and benefits
to others. England has moro titled gen
tlemen now than a week ago , and the
shopkeepers of the metropolis have pros
pered. What else has been ac
complished , that will contribute to
the real benefit of the nation ,
is not immediately apparent. The queen
at least ought to bo happy after such a
demonstration of loyal affection. The
ensuing week will bring a resumption of
interest in political affairs. The crimes
bill will probably bo pushed rapidly to
its passage , the understanding being that
the supplementary will bo dropped if it
encounters much opposition. It is re
ported to be the nrcsout intention of the
cabinet to prorogue parliament early in
French affairs are likely to take on
added interest at an early day. Whether
the present ministry is to stand or fall ,
and a now crisis bt averted or invited , is
expected to bo determined on the 12th of
July , when the session of the national
assembly terminates. The great question
that now confronts France , and which is
responsible for the retirement of the late
ministry , is financial. The country is
deep in debt. The policy of Boulanger
was oxponaivc , even if it did not provoke
war. Taking the report for 1880 we find
that the total debt of Franco was 35 billion
francs. This is $190 per head of popula
tion. The debt of Great Britain was
about 100 per head of population. The
debt of the United States , it may be
added by way os comparison , was about
$25 per head. Since then England and
America have reduced their debts as ap
pears by the estimates , while Franco is
Increasing hers. Since 1881 the annual
expenditures have been very much moro
than the revenue. Thus the revenue for
1885 foil below the expenditure nearly
03,000,000 francs. These deficits have
boon covered by onerous indirect
taxes. Sugar , wines , salt and railroad
transport have been sources of added rev
enue. The bakers have been the last to
feel the burden. When the actual neces
sities of lifo go up to meet public charges
then may bo expected political upheav
als. No French cabinet can expect tc
stand without chancing this condition ol
things. When M. Goblet fell , the candi
date for premier was asked to retain
Boulanger and a fearful army budget ,
reduce taxation and the public charges
all in ono stroko. It was very evident
that something must give way. The debt
lias made the French conservative foi
once and may prove a positive blessing ,
It has been before remarked that uioucj
problems are holding the nations back
from war. There have boon onougli
provocations in the last twelvemonth tc
provoke a dozen wars. But fighting with
heavy knapsacks on the back is as undesirable -
sirable for nations as individuals.
The discussion of the Army bill in the
National Assembly has brought out some
striking fact ? as to the condition of the
French army. This bill professes to re
tain the thrco years' obligatory service
and to abolish a number of the exemptions
tions now allowed , of which the ono thai
excites the most fooling is that of the
"seminarists , " or students for the Cath
olic priesthood , But while the law make !
thrco years' service obligatory for all , the
budget does not provide money enough
for the expense of keeping all who arc
liable in actual service. Some choice
must therefore bo made , and it is found
that under ono influence and another
ether the releases are so managed
that less than one-half , perhaps nol
one"-thlrd , of the soldiers are retainoi
long enough to receive any thorough
training. Ono of the worst features of
this system is that the number of compe
tent subaltern officers is much too small
and is constantly diminishing. The prac
tical result of equal and obligatory serv
ice for all this is that all are equally and
necessarily incompetent , and there is newell
well trained "nucleus" or enoadromont
with which the less trained troops can be
incorporated ana guided. A plan for a
considerable force of paid volunteers on-
listed for a considerable term and offered
liberal inducements for re-enlistment ,
with a two years' term for the obligatory
service , is strongly urged. It is not , how
ever , likely to prevail.
# * .
An international exhibition is to bo
opened In Melbourne on August 1 , 1883 ,
to celebrate the centenary of the found
ing of Now South Wales , the first Aus
tralian colony. Asd6 ! from the growth
of America , there is nothing moro re-
inarkablo than tho- growth of Australia
in all that rotates to population , produc
tion and the general distribution of
wealth. From a penal colony inhabited
fit first by those true patriots who loft
their country for their country's good-
it has developed Into a great nation , in
which the arts , commerce and education
are in hopeful process of development.
Some slight idea of its marvelous growth
may bo obtained when it is known that
during the year 1885 Australia , with n
population of 0,500,000 imported from
Great Britain alone goods to the amount
of $105,000,000 ; that the aggregate length
of railroads open for tratlic amounts to
7,700 miles , and that when the Hues of
rail now in course of construction shall
have been completed they will roach a
total length of 10,000 miles. Communi
cation between this country nnd Aus
tralia Is also rapidly growing , and a
number of American industrial and man
ufacturing establishments have now
thriving agencies in its chief cites ; so
that the proposed exhibition will doubt
less bo taken advantage of by many of
our manufacturers as offering an oppor
tunity for making the people of the anti
podes better acquainted with our natural
resources and with the products of our
inventive skill and general progress.
* %
The agent of the O'Callaghan ' estates
at Bodyko , whore the evictions : have
recently taken place , says in the London
Times that the refusal of the tenants to
way the rents demanded was owing to the
mandate of the national league , and not
from inability to pay. The Times nnd
and other tory papers may bo relied upon
to furnish ether evidence of the obstruc
tion methods of the league , and the mo
ment the coercion bill becomes a law ,
and that will not bo many days ,
the government will be under bonds
to take measures to suppress that organi
zation. Violent crime is at a lower ebb
than it has been for years in Ireland , and
the crimes bill is thus a political and rent-
collecting measure quite beyond prece
dent in its severity oven for Ireland. 11
vigorous government is what Ireland
stands in need of , she is likely to get a
good dose of it thissummer. But what
if crime increases andtsociety is still more
demoralized under'the iron heel ? The
lories certainly cannot claim that they
have not been given a free field in which
to work out their thpojcics .
* *
The sentence.1' of the Loipsio prisoners
for membership in the Patriotic league
and their avowed purpose to encourage
the return of Alsace-Lorraine to Franco ,
causes much irritation in France , but the
demand that President Grevy shah niter ,
fore in behalf of the'prisoners is absurd
Germany may bo committing a political
blunder in drawing the lines so sharply
in this territory , but the policy is within
the lines of political * privilege. It is no
ticcablo that the prosecuting attorney !
U9ed very moderate language during the
Lolpsic trials , and the sentences alsc
were mild , considering that the charcc
was high treason and that the vcrdlci
was guilty.
* *
Several circumstances combine to ren
tier the critical illness of Dom Pedro , em
peror of Brazilof interest to the reading ,
thinking people of the world. Ho is the
oldest sovereign in duration of rule now
living ; he is the head of the only inde
pendent government on the American
continent which retains the monarchical
system , and his nation ranks second
among the nations of the hemisphere in
area and population. Peter II
became emperor of Brazil six , years
before Victoria ascended the British
throne. The fact that ho has governed
by constitutional methods , and that he
has always shown a disposition favorable
to the enlargement of the political privi
leges and prerogatives of his subjects ,
lias reconciled the Brazilians to a mon
archy after all the ether South American
countries Jiavo adopted the republican
form of government. It is altogether
improbable , however , that the monarchy
will endure in Brazil uinny years after
Podro's death.
The persecutions of Jews in Europe
have again broken out , the Jewish quar
ter in a Hungarian town having been de
stroyed by fire and 125 families having
thus been made homeless. cTho op
pression to which Hungary was itself
once subjected , and the sympathy that
was extended to it by all lovers of liberty ,
do not appear to have taught a lesson tc
its people or to have enabled them te
free themselves from superstitions thai
savor of the bigotry of the middle ages.
Throughout Italy , at the recent uuinic
ipal .elections , there was a marked in
crease in the clerical vote. In splto of
the statements of the radical members of
the cabinet , the signs , of the times point
to a reconciliation between the qulrinal
and Vatican. If suoli reconciliation
should bo accomplished the intluonco ol
Italy would undoubtedly be extended
into European politics.W
The attempts of thoiAfghan insurgent !
to capture or destroy the British railroai
loading from the Indus valley toward
Caudahar Is ono more jiint that a large
part of the Afghan popple look upon tha
British forces us enemies , and desire there
to keep out of Afghanistan. Ouo of the
chief causes of the Auiccr's unpopularity
is the belief that he iVa ( tool of Great
Britain , and as botweqn { .British and Hus
sitiu rule it is dillicult to say which would
bo most cbnoxioiu to his subjects.
The Library Funds.
"How about those library funds ? '
City Treasurer Rush was asked by a Bui
reporter yesterday morning.
"Thoy are all right , " ho answered
No warrant will bo drawn upon that fum
until after July 1st , and that gives mi
plenty of time to ascertain just who is thi
proper official or officials to authorize th <
issuance of those warrants. "
"No trouble with the council , then ? "
"None at all. "
"Fly Killer" Dutctier'i
The most successful exterminator , Ev
cry shout will Kill n quart. Quick .work
Persistent usu will keup aliaad of repro
duction. Dutcbor's Dead Shot for bee
bugs ,
Buffalo Bill Telia All About Them Out
West '
Sonic Information Graciously Vouch
safed to Her Majesty's HrltUIi Sub
jects by the Hon. Colonel W. F. Cody
Early lllooil-Ijottlntts in nioodlnjt
Hnnsna Ulll s n Trnppor llnlr-
Urcndth 'Scapes Interesting Facts
About the Indians Not Generally
Known ,
W. F. Cody ( "Buffalo Bill" ) In Murray's
Magazine for Juno : I am frequently
asked whether the Indians who accom
panied mo to this country are old friends
of mine , accustomed by a long course of
training to the parts they play in my ex
hibition of the "Wild West. " It would
bo moro correct to call thorn old enemies.
Their rehearsals hhvo taken place on the
war-path , and possibly they may some
day return to it. Their experience of
civilization is small ; their services are at
my disposal for a limited period , never
exceeding a year , after which they re
turn to their rcAorvcs , richer nnel possibly
wiser men. It is indeed only by obtain
ing a constant succession of untutored
braves that I can insure that freshness of
incident and spontaneous action which
are so peculiarly characteristic of the red
men. Civilization has very mixed offoi.'ts
upon an Indian ; if lie once learns to
speak English ho will soon forget his na
tive cunning and pride of race. I find
no difficulty in persuading a sullicict't
number to join mo. I explain
to them what I want done , and
they have perfect confidence in my word
that whatever agreement is made will bo
carried out to the le-ttcr. They know that
they will bo well paid and well fed ; jn
other matters , clothing.for instancetheir
requirements are small. It is of course ,
only possible to arrange with them dur
ing a period of peace ; if they over go on
the warpath again our relations will per
haps bo of n different character. But in
peace their most relentless cnomies can
safely traverse their country. They abide
honorably by pledges once given , and
among them , when the hatchet is buried ,
treachery is unknown.
This is moro than could always bo said
for the white men in my young days. My
father was killed beloro my eyes by a
coward's hand striking treacherously
from behind. I was but a boy ot ton at
the time ; wo were living in Kansas , and
there was a struggle between the freo-
state party and the slave owners as to
whether slavery should bo permitted or
not. In some states it was allowed , in
others prohibited. As now territories
wore bought from the Indians or opened
up to settlement , pending their subse
quent creation into fresh states , the two
parties disputed the question so hotly
that a kind of guerrilla war com
menced between those who wcro
trying to extend slavery into those
northwestern territories and free state
men , who opposed it. My father was a
strong frco state manand in the political
agitation winch preceded the outbreak of '
actual hostilities ho took a leading part.
One day , in 1855 , he was speaking at an
open-air meeting , I behove the lirst po
litical meeting held in Kansas ; the pro-
slavery party mustered strong , but my
father made no secret of his views ; the
temper of the crowd grow violent nnd
threatening ; they began to press around
the dry goods boxes on which ho was
standing before a frontier store ; while ho
was trying to pacify the ungry mob ono
of the scoundrels , Charles Dunn by
name , jumped onto the box behind and
stabbed him in the back with a bowie-
knife. Ho died from the wound , and for
the moment the murderer escapedfor the
sympathy of the mob was with the crime.
But a few years afterward , when the civil
war broke out , I had my revenge. The
pro-slavery party of Kansas joined the
southern cause ; Charles Dunn was killed ,
and out ot all those who had participated
in my father's murder them was only
ono who escaped death at the Lands of
the free state men.
Thus I had to shift for myself at an
early ago , and those wcro days when it
was almost impossible to avoid coming
into contact with Indians at every turn ,
I drove a stage , rode the pony-express ,
took freight across the plains , did what
ever I could for a living , and gained a
knowledge of every mile of country
which none could beat ; I got to know
the ways of the Indians , too , and they
soon know me. I went trapping and
hunting all over their country ; they hated
the trappers and were always on the
lookout for thorn , so that it was a dan
gerous game , and a man always carried _
his lifo in his hand on such expeditions.
One or two of us would penetrate up
the stream in the wildest part of the
country , far from any _ settlements and
only inhabited by roving bands of In
dians. Choosing the ground , we would
build a tog hut , or dugout , as it is called ,
and set about trapping beaver or hunting
buffalo and wapiti. Hundreds of trap
pers have been killed while setting their
traps along a stream or skinning the
game they have caught. I have had
many a tussle myself , but been as lucky
as a man who goes unhurt through a bat
tle in which thousands are killed. When
the Indians "jump" you , if you have
been on the lookout , there is generally
time to get behind a tree , and then make
the best tight of it you can.
I remember ono occasion , however ,
when the red men treated mo quite gen-
creusly. It' was an oxpcrioncc I shall
never fortiet. I was fourteen years old-
still only a boy trapper , as one might say
and started on an exhibition with a
man named Dave Harrington.Vo went
right away , 125 miles from any settle
ment , with a yoke of oxen and a light
wairon to carry supplies and haul our furs
back. We found a crook where there
were lots of game , and there wo made
our wintci camp. On a side of a hill wo
built a dug-out , and turned the oxen out
to graze upon a small island , where wo
loft them ; then wo began trapping , and
did splendidly for a few WCOKS , every
thing going well. But ono day , while
wo were out after elk , as we were going
round a sharp bend of the creek , I fell
so heavily upon a slippery hill slope that
1 broke the shin-bone of my leg ,
Dave Harrrington managed to carry
mo back to the dug-out ; but , unluckily ,
not long before tins ono of our oxen had
slipped upon the ice in trying to cross
from the island and received injuries
which obliged us to kill it. Wo had thus
only ono left , and ho was not strong
enough to haul mo back in the wagon to
the settlement. So Dave had to leave mo
lying in the dug-out , and started upon
his journey of 135 miles to get help ,
promising to bo back in twenty days. I
had plenty of food and snow water , so
there was no fear of my starving. On
the eighteenth day , hearing a noise out
side , 1 supposed it was Dave returned
before his time , and sang out to let him
know I was all right , lor answer there
sprang into the little dug-out a party of
Indians ; I was soon susroundcd by as
many as the hut would hold , and 1 saw
at a gliuico that they were on the war
path. They began threatening mo with
knives and tomahawks , and things did
not look very bright ; then the chief looked
in , and I rccociiized him as ' 'Ham in the
Face , " an old man whose camp I had
once visited. 1 called out to him
that I Knew him , and that a year
ago I had lived in the same place as
he did , and had played with his children.
Ho remembered me ; and , jumping into
the midst of his warriors , stopped them
iust as they were about to kill me. "Thia
Is only a papoose a boy ! " ho exclaimed ;
"we do not , fight with boys , but with
men , " So they spared my lifo ; but
everything I had in the hut , except some
moat , they took away. After this the
days came and went , but no Dave liar ,
rington appeared. I feared ho must have
porisluHl in a storm or bnon caught by
the Indians , for the twentieth day was
long past. But ho came at last on the
twenty-ninth day , bringing a yoke of
o\cn. Ho had suffered terribly in the
snow drifts ; but ho persevered through
everything , and , putting mo in tiio
wagon , convoyed mo back safely to the
settlement , where I finally recovered.
Dave was a bravo follow. Ho imperiled
ills life to rescue me , and showed what
what ono man , whoso nerve does not fail
him , wHl sometimes tltiro for another in
that wild country.
During the rebellion the Indians took
advantage of the defenseless state of the
the frontier , and became much bolder in
their raids upon our territories. They
liiado no distinction of parties ; but saw
their opportunity while the whites were
fighting , and let themselves loose upon
us , as there was no one to stop them. As
soon , therefore , us the north had whipped
the south our troops wcro sent straight
to the borders to quell the Indians. I
know that part of the country better than
most men , and was employed on scout
ing duty. The difficulty was to lind thn
enemy , who had no fixed quarters ; and
men well acquainted with their habits
and customs were rcqvirod to guide the
troops in their haunts. Evnn when the
whereabouts of a tribe was known it was
not easy to como up with them. To fol
low the trail over dry grass needed much
care and patience. A single hoot mark
sometimes cave the only indica
tion ; this must bo followed until it
led to others , where the main body
had passed. No tricks such as turning
back along the track ought to deceive a
clover trailer ; and ho must bo able to
move along quickly , or ho would never
overtake the Indians. The troops often
got near them in the evening too late for
an attack ; all night the men would lie in
wait , holding their horse ? by thu bridles ,
while the scout steals forward on foot
to discover the best side to approach.
Disguised as an Indian , ho can often got
close up to the Giicampnuntuiiporccived , ,
and thus enable the commanding officer
to form his plans with certainty. Cun
ning as the Indians are , the white man
can beat them at their own game. In
deed , whether it bo in shooting.or riding ,
or trailing , or anything else , it is my ex
perience that a white man who is up to
his business can always outdo men of
any other race in the world , even on their
own ground.
Not that I mean to underrate the fight
ing powers ol the Indians ; our troops
have often enough had to retire , as every
one knows. Capture is tha worst tlnng
to bo feared. For this reason the Indians
made but few prisoners. Men know that
it was better to die lighting than to betaken
taken , with the fate in store for captives
of being tortured and burned at the stake.
Yet it was not always possible to avoid
oapture.and there have boon friends of my
own who suffered that awful death. I
have been caught myself more than once ,
but my good fortune has stood by mo
each time. On one occasion , while scout
ing in 18G8 , a tribe with whom wo wore
at peace suddenly took to the warpath.
I had been in their company in the morn
ing and found thorn perfectly friendly ,
but happening to visit the cam'p again in
the evening 1 discovered that their atti
tude had changed during the day. and
without anything to warn mo I rode
straight into the midst of the enemy , as
they had then become. Instantly the
warriors closed in upon me , circling
round and beating mo with whips and
clubs. The surprise was so unexpected
ana I had no time to usomyrilloor make
any attempt at escape , so I had recourse
to a stmtagpm. Putting a bold face on ,
I told them that I was bringing a num
ber of cattle as a present from the com
manding officer , who believed them to
bo still friendly. They know that if I
were killed all chance of obtaining the
cattle would bo gone , and I was allowed
to retire for the purpose of collecting the
herd and driving it Into the camp. Once
out of sight , 1 made a boll for it lind suc
ceeded in reaching the fort , seventeen
miles off , leaving the Indians to wait for
the cattle as long as they pleased.
Although their usual method of warfare
is by moans of ambuscades and surprises ,
the Indians arc not afraid to meet their
enemies in a stand-up tight m the open.
In the war of 1870 , when I was chief
scout under General Carr , wo came one
day face to face with the Choycnnes , and
the two forces were drawn up opposite
each ether in regular line of battle , about
half a nillo apart. I had boon employed
in so many expeditions by this time that
I had acquired a high reputation among
the Indians as a "warrior , " and while
our troops were halted preliminary to an
attack the Cheyenne chief , Yellow-Hand ,
rode out in front of his line and chal
lenged me to single combat. Ho shouted
out that ho was the greatest warrior in
his own tribe , and honored mo by saying
that I was reputed the greatest warrior
among the whites. If I dared he wanted
mo to come forward and fight it out with
him , to sue which of us proved the butter
man. I accepted his challenge , of course ,
and rode to moot him without delay. Wo
both had rilles and both our horses were
soon shot under us. Then wo continued
tiiu battle on foot , ho with a tomahawk ,
I with a bowie-knife. But I was too
quick for him , and at last as he was rais
ing his arm to strike 1 seized hold of it
and hold him until I could deal a deci
sive blow. I have his scalp now had it
ended the other way he would have had
mine , for one of us must have been
That affairs was thought a great deal
of by the Indians , for Yellow-Hand was a
famous chief , and after It 1 was looked
upon as a mighty warrior indeed ,
although , as I have said , a white man
does not really deserve any special credit
for beating an Indian when they meet on
equal terms. Still , it is a good thing fern
n man who has to deal much with In
dians to gain their respect as a lighter.
When peace is made they will always
come in first to the man that lias fought
them hardest. They uro great admirers
of bravery and skill on the war-path ,
and although they will devise every pos
sible moans ot Killing an enemy ami
taking his scalp , yet the oftener ho de
feats them in battle , the further ho out
wits them in trailing , and thu moro of
their braves ho slays , so much the mure
do they look up to him as a great war
rior , and when the war is over pay him
all honor if ho visits their country.
I have frequently proved this to bo the
case during the hunting expeditions I
have organized when wo have been right
through the Indian territory without any
mishap. When the Grand Duke Alexis ,
of Russia came over to the United States
I took him out into the buffalo country.
and we had ono of the largest hunts I
can remember. Of course wo wore es
corted by troops , although the Indians
were pretty quiet all tiio time , so there
Wius no danger on that occasion. But it
was an instance of thu confidence which
the tribes place in a man they know and
respect that I was able to fetch 150 war
riors from a district ' . ' 00 miles away , who
were willing to accompany me all that
distance in order to give the grand duke
a war dance on the plains.
Only a few years before I had been
hunting bullalo under very different cir-
eunistancos. It was when the Kansas Pa
cific railroad was being graded , and I
had undertaken to supply the workmen
with meat. Troops were stationed all
along the line to protect the works which
were being carried through a dangerous
Indian country. It was not safe to go
even a few miles from the soldiers ; but
meat had to bo procured , and 1 used to
take my ceanco , often traveling six , ten ,
or oven fifteen mile.- , after game without
an escort. A wagon accompanied mo ,
with ono man to drive una another to
cut up the moat ; all the shooting I did
myself. .Wu were often jumped by the
Indians , but 1-arranged with the o&cor
commanding the troops that whenever
this happeded I would , if possible , not
the grass alight , and as soon as ho savt
suioKo rising ho sent a company ol
soldiers to my rescue , Until thot f"
came wo managed to kcuptho Indians ofl
ns best wo could. Directly wo found
that they were upon us wo used to throw
the buffalo hams and hind-quarters , the
o.ily parts wo kept for meat , out of the
wngon , and make a sort of breastwork
of them , from behind which , lying un-
etornuuth the wagon , wo kept shooting
away at the Indians as they rode round
IH. 1 also sot the grass on lire , nnd wo
never failed to keep them at bay until
help arrived , for they did not find II
easy to come to eilosc quarters over the
open pralrio with men who could shoot
as well as wo did.
The actual hunting was easy enough
to a man who know his business. There
were hundreds os thousands of buffalo ,
and thu only difficulty lay in the rough
ground over which It was necessary to
gallop'wlth full speed in order to comu
up with them. Sometimes a wounded
bull would turn upon you , but In all
kinds of hunting , whether pf grlz/.liea
or buffalo or anything elseit is generally
only the _ greenhorn who gets mauled
through his ignorance.
Ohio Natural Ons.
M. II. , in Cincinnati Commercial-Ga
zette : The business street of Findlay
happens to bo on the boundary line between -
tween thu gas and oil fields. North of
the street there is gas , south of It oil
this is at a depth of between twelve and
thirteen hundred fret.
The Karg well is thu greatest of the gas
strikes. It was for buvoral mouths mi-
controllable , pourine : out with a roar like
that of Niagara. When it had boon har
nessed down for a couple of mouths , it
broke out again worse than over. The
power of the well , so far as it is possible
to judge , is greater than at first , but the
instrument used to test tiio force of the
gas in firing heavy artillery would bo re
quired to vrovo anything. If one could
imagine a string of steam boilers under
about four hundred pound pressure
put up like Chinese crackers and
exploded as a pack of crackers nnel
fired , ho could realize the Karg well
turucel loose. Even the engineer who
handle's the lover to turn the gas on , or
off , rather that is , to lot it go Is afraid
of it , for it screeches , yells , roars , howls ,
and reverberates. It si-ems to bo mad-
to have an awful fit of everlasting anger.
An attempt was made to discharge the
Karg Weil through a lofty perpendicular
pipe , but the pressure was so great the
pipe could not bo maintained , so the
blow-off is at the otlgp of the river and
horizontal. When it is lighted the flame
is as a balloon or a pear in shaps , and
glows like the sun , looking like ono of
those rcsplendant protuberances the as
tronomers see at the edge of the sun in
There are thirty wells about Findlay
that yield gas , and there have been but
three or four failures to get it on the
right side of the town. Very little gas is
wasted at this time when now wells are
opened. The earth is removed near the
drill , heavy walls built , and iron braces
arranged to sustain the valves , and thus
the beneficent monster is collared and
made ready for the connecting pipes.
But the gas is not tractable as oil. It
refuses to ilow down hill , and its force
departs from it rapidly. This is largely
the reason for thu rise of real estate
prices about Findlay. They have the
fuel and offer incomparable inducements
to manufacturers. The naturnl gas will
burn brick or limo to perfection and
without cost , or at any rate an expense
so trilling that it need not bo counted.
This provides building material of the
best , and the supply is sufficient to repro
duce Babylon.
How long will the gas last ? That is the
conundrum. It is found in a porous lime
stone , which must bo a prodigious store
house of gas and oil. Wo cannot well
estimate what is going on in the bosom
of the carrh. The wells at Fiadlay are
about a quarter of a mile deep. What
there is in tiio next ton miles who shall
say ? The burden of belief is that the gas
will continue to bo evolved from the
earth ; that it is the product of certain
vast combinations , including the oracl
ing of the crust of the earth by the
rjiiakcs that are the convulsions of the
continent. Some hold that the gas is a
product of petroleum , but the weightor
opinion is that the petroleum is the pro
duct of the gas , even as whisky is a con
densation of vapor. The gas , under
pressure anel subjected to a low tempera
ture , is distilled into petroleum , is the
The division that Findlay marks be
tween gas and oil fields is remarkable.
Just now Findlay talk is all gas. The
Jay may como when petroleum will bo
liighcstm favor.
As the case stand it costs something
ruoro then $1,000 $ ' . ' 00 or $300 moro pos
sibly to bore a gas well and got it ready
for piping , and ifit.OOO to drive an oil well
inel provide tankf that the Ilow may not
bo wasted.
In the oil country the drill strikes first
peas , feccond oil , and third salt water
rvithout tapping it. The deeper you
go without striking the salt thn bet
ter , and if the salt water is struck the
ivcll is spoiled. A now oil well a gusher
about four miles from Findluy , was
milcd. It was in the corner of a corn
Held , and thrco UOO barrel ; tanks had
boon made ready. Ono of those was full
with one day's gush , and the oil was
Forced into the second through two
two-inch pipes. At intervals the etark
product poured wltn an immense splut
tering , fairly boiling with gas , and ran
into the tank as if rushed by high Ktoum.
Then the How would ccaso 'for a few min
utes , and bo resumed with lioar.se and
gurgling fury. The action is qulto like
that of a geyser , only the geyser is a
jtuam hole , and the petroleum in thrown
to the surface by natural gas , and with it
bubbles like champagne.
Along the country road to the oil well
sno could see in the grass thn rusty lines
Df thn pipe.1 carrying the product 'of the
neighboring wells to storage tanks nine
miles distant , and the gutters by the
roadside were often dark , and the grass
stained with oil. The murks ot super
abundant flows were frequent in this
nouiity. Thn littjo river lilanchurd was
greasy. There were pools thai appeared
lo bis of petroleum in some of the fields ,
iliseolored by it.
Embody the hiuhcst cxcllcncics in Shape
liiicssComfort nud Durability and
are the
Reigning Favorites
i fashionable circles Our name is on eve
ry sale. J. & T. COUSINS , New York
JJUAMin proposals will bo rncolvort nt this
J ollk'O until fl o'clock p m. AIIKUUI " , ltW7
or thu construction ciml uniintnimiico of a fiyg ,
uiii of wiilorworku lor thocityof Cruto. Ni-lj.-
ici'oniliiK' 10 tiio pliiiis nml spfolllciilions wliioh
vlll IJD on IIlo In this ollico on ami nfttT July 6 ,
Ml. ' 1 lie oxcluftlvo Iranulilso will to Klvon for
wontytlvo yours to thu lowoit uuil best bidder
vllli propur nud ciiultnlilu conditions , ns to tbe
lurclmso of tiio system by the city lit the end
) f the term , or Buuh oarllur ditto un nuiy bo pro-
rldud for. 1'ropoeali ) must be aculrd nnd on-
loraud , "Proposals for constructing w lit op
vorkH "
The city reserves the right to reject auy or
ill bid * .
lly order of the imiyor and city council.
K ii. VtlLUAAlS , City Clork.
lliu a I'wl lUtlrrcnt Irani all
ether * , U run vital * . ltbKJf.
adjuttlntf lulllni nUr aitU
luclf to all iieiltlonj ( lUe
liud/ while the 1)011 I" the cup
proaaea bock ini InUs-
_ ilnea iiiBt oa a person
& yww $ & xsK
feiT' 'tavQav iKryssHisr

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