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THE OMAHA DAILY PEE ; THURSDAY. AUGUST 25. 1887. THE DAILY BEE. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. . "Dnlljr ( Mornl/tir Edition ) Including Sunday Her. Ono Year . $10 OS Forfllr Montht . r > M For Threw Months . 260 The Omahn Hunilajr Htc , malted to any nddreu , Ono Year. , , . 300 'OMAHA ornct. No. I4 ANH li r A mutt STKEET. W w Tonic OrrlCK. Konw fi. " , , TRtniixit llDlt.tiiia. I WASHINGTON Orricr , No. ll.irouuniMinSiKitT. COnRrSPONDENCKt . All cemmnnle-ilionii rolfitlnir to news nndrdl- torlalm liter xhoulU bo od'lroesod to the Kill- ton or THE Bit BCflNKUI.tmUJ ! All btif Inesn IPUOM nnd remltUncoi should lie ildroKsoil to THE II Kt 1'uiiusiiiNO COHI-ANT , OMAHA. Draft * , ch ck * nnd po'tofflco orders to bo in ado payable to tlio order of the ootu puny , THE BEE PUBllSHInTliPm , PROPHIEIORo , E. KOSEWATER , EDITOTI. THE DAII/T DRE. < Sworn Statement of Circulation. State of Nebraska. r8. 8. County of Doim ( leo. U. Tzschticif , secretary ot The Bee .Publlslilnic company , docs solemnly swear that the actual rirniiintlon of the Dally Bee for the weekending August lit , lbs , was as k , follows : Saturday. August 13 14ir,0 Hundav. Auaust 11 14.200 Monday. August 15 14,57. " . Tuesday. August 10 14,100 Wednesday , Aueiist 17 14,000 Thursday. AtiRiist 18 13.970 'Friday , Aui-ust lit ID.WO Averasro , 14.141 OEO. IJ.TZSOHUCK. Sworn to nnd subscribed in my presence this ISd day of AiiKtwt. A. D. 15S7. N. P. Fr.Ti. , fSKAUl Notary Public. 'State of Nebraska , I , . Doinrlns County. ( s Hon. U. Tzschuck , being lirht duly sworn , deposes nnd says that he Is secretary of The . lleo Publishing company , that the nctunl avfrnco dnlly clrculstlon of the Dnlly llee for the month of August , ItbB , l',4W coiiles ; for fieptembor , 18SO , 13u : cojilcs ; for October. at 0 , 12)89copies ! ) ; for Novenit > er , 1880. 1 , : U3 'cortes ; for December , I860. lS , ' tt copies ; for January 18S7 , iniGO ! copies ; for February , 1847 , l-f,19a copies ; for March. 1687 , 11,400 copies ; for April , Ib87,14Hincopies ; for May. 1K87 , 1-1,227 copies ; for Juno Ib87 , 11,147 copies ; tor July , 18S7 , 14.0011 copies. _ . f'KO. ' IJ. T7.SCIIUCK. Subscribed and sworn to b fore me this llth dyot August , A. D. , 1887. ( SEAL. | N. P. KKIL , Notary Public FAIHCIIIM > has instructed David Okoy , chief of division in his ollico to go to New York and make a thorough examination into the administration of immigration affairs. After this it may bocoino possible for immigrants to coino lioro without llrst being liarrassod by the Cfutlo Garden inquisition. SICHITAUY : : liAVAito has boon talking to an English correspondent about our relations with Canada. Ho complained of the present method of negotiating with that country through England. In this roundabout way of dealing with our neighbors long and tedious delay is inevitable - evitable and the results are almost in variably unsatisfactory. A LAKUi : inllux of gold from Europe lias recently begun , which speaks well for the financial situation this fall. This means that there i3 a counter-current of commodities , stocks nnd bonds from this country. The cotton crop promises to bo ono of the largest in recent years , and as the northern crous will also average well , the commercial outlook is favor able. I'm : boat that drifted away from the ill-fated City of Montreal , and was sup posed to have been lost with all on board , is reported to have been found by a Gor man vessel and the occupants , thirteen in number , rescued. This relieves the Montreal disaster of its most serious fea ture , while it shows that thirteen is not always an unlucky number. THE dominion authorities sootu to have great faith In injunctions. Another has ooon issued against the company con structing the Hod Uiver Valley road , but that obdurate corporation , reckless of further provoking the ire of Sir John Macdonald , is going right on with the work as if there wore no courts to bo re spected and no Hritish regulars to bo feared. SINCE the recent exposures of the op pression of their laborers by the coal barons in Pennsylvania , reforms have been instituted which show that the ter rible condition of the miners there was ohielly duo to corporate grooil. The first measure is a reduction in the price of commodities in the company stores. This alone will bo a great huh ) to those who are compelled to patroni/.o thorn. It is only by persistent hammering at monop olies by the press and by intelligent co operation among the laboring classed , that sollish and soulless comorants can bo made to loosen their deadly grip upon the throats of the impoverished toilers who are compelled to subsist on scanty earnings. _ _ _ _ _ - _ _ _ IT is all the rage. Every city ollioml now wants more deputies and assistants. Street Commissioner Kent , who gets f 1,800 a year , now asks the council for an assistant at f 100 per month. What Is this assistant to do ? Mr. Kent has plenty of leisure , as far as an outsider can ob serve. He can bo mot most any hour of the day walking about the streets hob nobbing with the politicians. Ho doesn't appear to bo hard pressed for time even In this busiest part of the season. According to the July appropriation ordinance Com missioner Kent employs four foremen , each of whom draws $3.50 per day for himself , and two or more of whom also draw | 3.50 per day for bossing their own teams. What in the name of conscience does the commissioner want with a flOO assistant ? Is the city of Omaha a gold mine ? AN investigation i. now in progress , by direction of the secretary of the treasury , into the alleged abuses at Castle Garden , N. Y. It is not doubted that if the in quiry is thoroughly and honestly made some very ugly facts will bo disclosed. For years there have boon complaints ol jobbery on the part of the commission ers , of which the poor and helpless Im migrants were the victims , but for some roiuou or of , , doubtless chiclly politi cal , the commissioners have until now escaped an investigation. Kooontly there , has been more than the usual dissension among themselves , and this , with the in quiries instituted by some of the news papers , and a ropo'tition of charges from B0iiroo.s oiititltvl to regard , have morn forcibly impressed the necessity of an in vestigation that will bring -to light the true Inwardness of afl'airs at Castle Gar den. The secretary of the treasury has done well In ordering the investigation , u'ld there Is every reason'to uolieva that the developments vr ill justify nil actioa The Nebraska Cora Crop. It mar bo well to keep it before the people of the country , and especially be fore the eastern papers that are writing down the "drought-stricken west , " that Nebraska's corn crop , In spHo of sun and storm , will bo larger this year than last by many hundred thousand bushels. The most oarnful inquiry throughout the various counties , and the verdict of the grain men In the largest purchasing cen ters , coincides In the opinion that the corn which has escaped all the dangers of a most trying season , will bo the larg est crop this state has over pro duced. There has been considerable damage from drought. Six or seven counties have stillercd very severely. Hut increased acreage will much more than make up for the loss. Six weeks ago the prospects wara almost certain for an immense corn crop through out the west and low prices to the far mers. The outlook now is for a greatly diminished crop throughout the country , a heavy crop in Nebraska , and handsome returns for our farmers. The. enhanced value of the crou will more than counter balance the decrease in the average per aero , and the outturn , unless the railroads arbitrarily raise their rates , bids fair to bo the best since fifty cent corn was the cry in this section of the country. An other cheerful feature of the situation Is found in the fact that the corn in crib carried over by Nebraska farmers since la t year is also reaping the benefits of the rise. Along a single line of railroad in the state , -1,000,000 bushels of old corn is reported on hand , which of course par ticipates in the advance. On such a showing , Nebraska declines to bo classed with the states not blessed with as fertile a aoll , retentive of moisture , a salubrious climate and an atmosphere unfriendly to drought. While Kansas , Illinois , Missouri , Indiana , Michigan and Wisconsin report total or partial failure of the crops , Nebraska will cheerfully contribute to make up the deficiency with the largest crop of corn she has ever pro duced. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Charities unfl Correction. The national conference of charities and correction , which will begin its ses sion In Omaha to-day , has been so fre quently and fully referred to in the press that it may bo supposed all newspaper readers are familiar with its character and object. These are such as should commend the conference to the hearty interest and sympathy of all who have any concern for tlie unfortunate and the fallen that portion of humanity which from incapacity or other cause is unable to make its way in the hard and unequal struggle of life , and therefore becomes the care of the state , and that other portion tion which , following the direction of evil predilections , has become the object of penal correction. Those elements are not a decreasing quantity. Despite all the reforming and ameliorating in- lluences of an advancing civiliza tion , of the church and the school , the press and the platform , they grow with the growth of the social struc ture. The army of the indigent finds fresh recruits every day. Thn cry for charity is an unceasing and swelling chorus that must bo heeded. Hourly throughout this favored and prosperous land some ono falls hopelessly out Of the race and the conllict , and piteously ap peals for the right to live , which cannot bo denied. So , likewise , the host of the victims of crime is being steadily added to. Every great city is a school with an ample faculty of teachers and a complete curriculum of crimes from which there is continually graduating pupils who are certain to find tho'r ' way iiito the prisons ot the land. The supply is not diminish ing. There are not many vacancies in the penitentiary of any state , and some of thorn are crowded to their full capac ity. Room for more is the demand in many of the states and is very sure to be come so in all. How to deal most wisely and justly with these classes , having reference at once to the best interests of society and the highest welfu.ro of thp unfortunate ob jects of Plato care , i.i a problem that has been long studied and Etill awaits a com plete solution. It is to this task , greatly important and always urgent , that the conference which will assemble in Omaha to-day is devoted. The majority of the exceptionally intelligent members ot this body have given years of practical experience and careful study to the sub ject of charities and correction , and the views they will present will have the claim to regard which only such experi ence and study can give. The conference is not a body of mere theorists , but of persons whoso opinions are based on accurate knowledge and an extended and diversi fied observation. It has exerted a most valuable influence , and as a means of collecting trustworthy information and imparting intelligent opinions on the sub jects coming under its consideration the conference is a most important and use ful body. Wo have no doubt our citizens will show that they fully appreciate the character and heartily sympathise with the purpose of the conference. The Virtues of Target 1'raotlcc. Very few people who have been aware of the fact that In military circles there was this year a rather more than usual interest In target practice , which found perhaps its largest development in this locality , have probably conceived of the necessary duty of the soldier to learn to shoot as having any other than the merest practical value. A casual contempla tion of the matter suggests that the ob ject of instruction and practice in imirk- manship being simply to tmablo the sol- tiler to properly handle his weapon and use It to the most deadlj advantage , the value of the exercise has only this oxtont. lint this in shown by the address of Gen eral Morrow to the .successful marksman at Dellcvuo to be ti narrow and tnsullio- iont estimate of the virtues of ' .argot practice. That vctcran soldier , whose address was a n > u.-t mer itorious ofl'ort , pointed out in a way en tirely convincing that target practice has a moral force which is by no moans to be ignored. Speaking from his own observation. . General Morrow said ho had found "that the personal denial , the self-control , and the enforced habit j of regularity iu liv ing in respect to drink , food and rest , required on the part of the candidate * foi honor in marksmanship , have had a Big- nitieai'.tly beneficial olTeot on the dls- ciplliu and morals of the Americas army * It is not at all difficult to bellove this to bu so when ono reflects that tlif necessary qualifications of the marksman am temperance , patience , persevor anco find Industry. Haying these vlrtuo obedience nnd a 'respect for necessary discipline como easily and naturally. The man who has learned to govern hlmsolf Is the ono who submits most cheerfully to proper government. To the extent , therefore , that the practice of military marksmanship Is Influential In requiring an observance of the qualities noted it Is obviously a moral factor con tributing doubtless all that General Mor row claimed for It In enhancing the value of the Indivldval soldier and elevating the standard of the army , After such competent testimony to the value of target practice as u moral , in tellectual and physical benefit , the ex pediency of continuing it and enlarg ing Its scope will not bo questioned. Whatever additional inducements maybe bo necessary to stimulate the sol diers to greater interest and effort in this direction should not bo withheld. What there Is of the American army should bo made a model of excellence in all those qualities and conditions which are essen tial to n perfect military establishment. Target practice appears to bo ono of the most valuable means to that end , and therefore It should bo maintained and en couraged. Co-oi-iitYTiVK : insurance is being at tacked all along the lino. It stands con demned by the insurance superintendents of most of the eastern states , and partic ularly by those of New York and Massa chusetts , and now the California com missioner adds his opinion that cooperative tive insurance schemes are iniquitous and deceptive in their character. The New York titnr has been giving a good deal'of attention to this class ol insur ance , and from a detailed review of the condition of the co operative associations it reaches the following deductions : "First , the mutual benefit plan has in itself neither safety nor vitality. Without adventitious aids companies doing business on this method must soon die of 'dry rot. ' Second , it is only by persistent puffing and quack ery , which involve great extravagance in management.that these companies can bo kept alive , so that the credulity of the general public may for a time replace a reserve fund and postpone the final set. tling day when all such organisations must succumb to the natural laws of business. The only way of prolonging their existence is by extravagance in offering inducenionts which involve a virtual false pretense. " A law of New York passed last year provides tlr.it no such company shall be organ- i/.ed until at least 200 persons have sub scribed themselves as desiring to bo in sured in it , with aggregate subscriptions amounting to $100,000 , on winch 'J per cent shall have teen paid in and de posited for a mortuary fund. It is ex pected that under this law co-operative insurance in the state of New York will soon disappear. A system that is bo widely and authoritatively condemned it will surely be safe to avoid , -whatever professions , claims and promises it may make in particular cases. I.v spite of the refusal of the board of public works to approve the claim of the street sweeping contractors and the pro < test of the mayor against allowing a claim for work not donn , the council has or dered this bogus claim paid. Now , what does this mean ? Have councilnion any right to vote away money for services not rendered ? Have the Chicago or New lork boodlers shown a moro reck less disregard of the rights of taxpayers ? The amount of this claim is very small , but coupled with the $503 "extras" which the street sweepers pulled through the council a few weeks ago , when under their con tract they had no right to extra allow ances , is certainly an eye-opener. It shows collusion between these contrac tors and councilmcn who do their bid ding. Wo have for some time suspected that there was crookedness between the street-sweeping contractors anil certain cuuncilmcn and wo are beginning to hc- liovo there is a huge darkey in that wood pile. Tin : council has passed over the may or's veto ordinances directing the grad ing of certain streets. The ground upon which Mayor liroatoh vetoed these ordi- ances was that they contcmuhuc expen ditures that will create an overlap in the general fund. 15y over-riding the mayor the council assumes the full responsi bility of an overlap if the general fund falls short of the amount voted for grad ing. Wo are not In position to pass an opinion as to the condition ol the general fund , but if the mayor is correct in his conclusions , these grading ordinances nro liable to give the council some trouble. While wo always have favored public improve ments , they should bo limited to the ex tent of the public purse. Overriding the mayor's veto may gratify the splcon ol councilman , but it is liable to bo carried to a point where the council will over reach itself , hud reuse taxpayers to an active intervention through the courts , TUB street commissioner's force ha ? been largely employed in doing work at the general expense of the city , whicli should in part , and often entirely , be paid for by private property owner , < This way of making donations to favored property owners at the public espouse is only another name for boodling. Al every council meeting instructions are voted to the commissioner to grade alloys and sidewalks at the general expense , when the charter contemplates that the adjoin ing property shall bear one-half of the expense of such grading. In othoi words , the favored few who have the in side can get their grading done at tin city's expense , while the great mass ol property owners are obliged to pay uol only for their own Improvements but foi those made for parties who have the oat of the council and its streets and grade : committees. A UKVIVAL of the "Knownothing1 party to tnko active part in the ncx presidential campaign is threatened Twenty or thirty men , called the Amor lean National committee , have beci quietly at work preparing a call for i convention to be bold at Fhiladolphi : during the celebration of the constltu tional contounlal. Delegates from thirty eight Etatos will bo present. They claln they hate 1,600,000 members in this organ izatlou , and the purpose Is to restrict im migration. Candidates for president am > president are to be nominated , nnd t state ticket put in tbo Hold In Pennsyl vanm. Powdarlj is iai.1 to ba identillot with tho. movement , but even Powdcrly cannot galvanize a political corpse Into semblance ot IIjo. Tun boy that carries the Republican across the rlver'cvcry morning must bo a prodigy or Mr. Vaughn slightly exagger ates when ho snyn that six hundred and eight people at Council Ululfs are regu lar subscribers for the Republican. Six hundred pnpers'would weigh sovonty-flvc pounds , and thd two little bundles which the boy carries across the river dally weigh fifteen pounds at the outsido. Vaughn evidently la bored under n delusion. Ho would not toll R lie willfully. It Is clearly a mistake of the mailing clorx and the fig ures ought to read 08 instead ot 608. 13y the way , wo will wager a basket of champagne against a bottle of pop that the UKK has a larger bonajidc circulation iu Council Itluffs than the lie publican has in Omahaj and wo will "go1 two boxes of Havana cigars that the Republican has loss than 1,200 bona fide subscribers in Omaha and Council Itlulfs together. "I'M somewhat liar I" of a myself ex claims Mr. McShano's editor. "Talk about Hlulfs circulation , why the Herald as long ago as the last presidential cam paign , used to scatter whole wagon loads of our daily across the river to carry Iowa for Grover Cleveland. Ho didn't carry Iowa , to bo sure , but we still carry the'paper. Anil we claim everything not only do wo claim a larger circulation over the river than all the other papers combined , .but wo claim a larger patron age all around. Confidentially speaking , this is a game of bluff in which I am not omg to let the Jlcntld be worsted if I can hell ) it. That much , I owe to Mo- Slmno. " Oi'U enterprising democratic contem porary has added over eight hundred names to its subscription list within the past three months , but wo are not in formed how many names have dropped from the list. The increase certainly has not been made in Omaha. The Herald is still delivered in every part of the city by thirteen carriers , while the HER em ploys forty-five carriers to deliver its city circulation. KINGS AM ) QUKEN8. Queen Kaplolanl , on her arrival at Honolulu lulu , found Kinp Knlaknua's constitution completely shattered. The empress 01 Japan , who will visit this country In October , will travel incognita , and IUT suite will Include two of the Imoe- rlal pilnces. Pilnccss Helen , daughter of the count and countess of Pans , lias been betrothed to young Dom Pedro , of Itrnztl. Her future father-in-law is also her uncle. The Crown Princess Stephanie , of Aus- lihi , has contributed srtmu chapters to her husband's great work , "The Astro-Hun garian Monarchy In Word nnd Picture. " Kinperor tVilllam lias presented to the pouo n metre of exquisite workmanship adorned with brilliants , uiblos , sapphires and emeralds , In honor of the Papal jubilee. The Kaiser nlso wrote a letter. King Kalakaua is said to be well posted on Eudlsh ecclesiastical history and very fond of studvlnc the subject. It has been sup posed that his principal fctrtdy was the His tory of the Four Klims. Victor Emmanuel , the crown prince ot Italy , has gone to live in Naples. Ho will iittiun his mnjoritv In November next , and will sot up a grand establishment In the Caserto palace , the home ol ! the old bourbons bens , lie bids fair to be as popular as Ins Ills father and grandfather. The royal family of Portugal is quite capa ble of earning a living by handicraft in case of necessity , Queen Maria Pia being a skilled Potter , King Dom lails a .sculptor of ac knowledged merrit , nnd the Crown Prince Dom Carlos an nmntcur locksmith. ICinnuror William received n large mall at Gastein , the letters from the members ot his family alone btdnz very Humorous. It is re lated that immediately- his arrival he found on his t\blu : a hitter addressed In very largo characters , which proved to be from the hand ol bis live-ycar-old great-crandson William. An inclo.suro by his mother us- suted the emperor that no one had dictated 'or oven looked ut the letter , the lirst produc tion of the writer. "I Cully believe it , " the emperor smilingly said , "for if she had seen It she would not Imvo allowed it to be gent. " A IUn .lob. St. Lmili l' , : t Uiwatch. The KentucKy democrats are nnxlous to have Mr. Cleveland visit their state and re pair the crevasse In the grand old majority Chanun Fur lio.'jiil Invention. Kt. Louts /\to-nf ( , l > flfo/i. / There is not much inn In inventing ballot boxes that e.m't bo stuffed. Lut some genius invent a more expeditious way of putting ballot box stulTcis in the nenlntentlary. That U the Mnthod. AVw'nrt ! H'u/M. Senator Stanford says he never cotrupted any member of the legislature or any mem ber ot congress , but when asked if any of the money secretly expended was used to in fluence legislation lie refused to answer. IVrhnns Imonlvgnvo the money to n man who gave it to tlio legislator. Ut course ho never corrupted anybody. Dnennnrato Politics. SouHi lieixl ( fiKf. ) Tinifn. There is to-dav more Insincerity , deceit , hypocrisy nnd downright humbucgeryln pol itical circles than has been known to exist for thirty years. Things have como to sucli a pass that it is considered the height of mi' prudence to express an honest opinion. Men say ono thln and mean something quite different. Privately and confidentially they denounce ) as "infernal poppycock" that which In nubile they affect to extol ns tlio essence ot political wisdom nnd patriotism , A Grim Got'inau ' Joke. Clitcnu1' ' 'Trtlmtio. It was recently reported that a few dayf before the collapse of the Chicago wheat cor ncr Lev ! Hosonfold cautioned his BOH Mau rice against attempting too much nnd re cotved the leply , " 1 shall bo another Phil Ar mouri" and retorted a week later with tin words , "Du blst vielmrmer" "You are inucl poorer. " If the will of the now deceasei parent bo construed'lltornllj the BOH Is In deed niucn poorer , the extent of his doprlvn tlou being measured by half n million do lars. Itut , as II amir t remarked about tin player queen : "If slio should break It now. ' Unrest. All day upon the Burden bright The sun shines strong But In my heart there is no light Xor any song. Voices o merry life go by Adown the street. But I am weary of the cry , And drift of feet. With all dear things that ought to please The hours are blest. And yet my soul Is 111 at case And cannot rest. Strange spirit , leave me not too lone , Norstint to give ; For If uiy soui have no sweet song It cannot live. BTATE AN PTKuiuTO U Y. _ Nebraska Jotting * . Canvassers are nt work preparing f now directory for Nebraska -City. Puving and spwer bonds to tha iimouu ot ? 30,000 were voted by Nebraska City on Tuesday. Norfolk has unconditionally surren dered to the North Nebraska veterans this week. 11 , W. Loewens , a former resident of Dcatrico , while on his way homo to tlio old country , died at Ucrlln on the 2d lust within VOOnillos of his destination. Fremont policemen will now bo more careful with their tongues. A judge the other day lined one of the coppers ? 4.GT for ctmiglng a man with being of dog matic origin , The new machinery is all In place lu the Nebraska' City distillery ready to begin operations next Monday. The only fear ot the citizens is that the estab lishment may bo sold out to the monopo listic "trust. " Tbo Hustler Is the name of a paper which made its llrst appearance last week in the new town of Hundley , in Furnas county. Olmsted & Carpenter nro the rustlers in charge and the first issue makes a most creditable appeaianco. A gray-haired veteran of sixty years living at Fremont , named Harris , has been arrested on a charge of indecent as sault on little girls of eleven years of age. if the charges are sustained no respect for hoary locks should prevent the deal , ing out of punishment. low iv. The Swedish Lutheran church at Ues Molnes , costing $10,000 , was dedicated Sunday. Charles Wilsoy , of Keokuk , loft his wile and new-born babe to elope with a young lady of that vicinity. Twenty-nine states are represented at the Spiritualist camp-meeting being held at Clinton. Over 100 tents are ui the grove and nearly 100 people on the grounds. M. W. Tan warmer started with his family down the Crooked Creek railroad on a hand-car on Saturday night , and ran into a coal car near Lohigh. His little daughter , aged twelve years , was in stantly killcif , her neck being broken. The government engineers will be at Dubuque this week to coiiMilt with citi- /ens relative to the now bridge whicli the Hurlington , Cedar Kapids it Northern Kailway company contemplate building across the Mississippi at that point. James Anita , of Davenport , is looking lor a polecats aroma exterminator. When ho went to his store Sunday ho found it in possession of a skunk , and although he killed the animal its strong breath haunts him still and is causing custom to fall oil' . Policemen JCrowloy , of Ottumwa , met William Frcbhour , a railroad fireman , as ho was going to his tram Sunday night , and without provocation clubbed Freshour with his billy , knocking him senseless and fracturing his skull. Crowley was drunk and is noin jail. Great indignation prevails. Dakota. Spencer , the new town on the Omaha road between Mitchell and Salem , is booming. At James yu , Delbert Uu//.lo , twelve years old , 'lucidentally shot and killed 15nieo Merry , aged tour years. The New Kngland colony has pur chased over 500,001) ) acres of land from the Northern Pacilic railroad. A duet of burglars rausaeked three of Yunktou's hotels thu oilier night but only secured a small amount of cash. The bricklayers employed on a na tional buiiK building at Huron quit work because a colored man was put to work with them. Captain Sears , of the engineer depart ment of tlio army , is at Yunktoii inspect ing the river front to sec what aid is necessary from the government in stop ping the encroachments of the Uig Muddy on the town. ' /ho I'acittc Coast. Apaches are killing stock in Arizona. Nevada is earning tlio name of a fruit- growinc st-ito. In Walla Walla , straw is spread on the streets. It prevents dust , is cheap and makes an excellent drive. Helena can soon boast the youngest railway messenger in the country. Frank Cochran , aged eleven years , is to bo com missioned a clerk on the Helena & liiutu railroad. A ono-aruicd man iu Salem lateiy ap plied for a divorce on the ground that the hand he had given his wife in mar riage was lost , and that the contract was therefore void. The Arizona oflicers now bollovo that they have a clue 10 the men who robbed the train near Tucson last April. They have biicceeded in tracing up some bills that wore stolen from a Wells , Fargo & Co. safe. Ij.YIsOK OKNSUS IIU11I2A.U. For the Gathering of Industrial and Lnhar Statistics. The last Nebraska legislature passed a law creating a labor census bureau for the gathering of industrial and labor sta tistics. The law also empowers the com missioner to compel hotel and boardin < r house keepers and proprietors of fac tories to provide proper lire escapes. Mr. John Jenkins , of Omaha , was recently appointed to fill this olllcc. The law is as follows : Section 1. There is hereby created a bureau of labor census and industrial statistics , with headquarters in the cnpi- tel building , for which stationery , postage , exprossago. printing and facili ties for transacting business shall be fur nished the same as for other executive departments , bcc. 8. The governor of this state is hereby made commissioner of said bu reau. Seo. U. Said commissioner shall have the power to appoint a deputy at u sal ary of $1,500 per annum , \yho , when acting for or instead of said commis sioner , shall have nnd may oxcroiso equal power and authority subject to the approval of the commissioner. bcc. 4. The duties of said commis sioner shall bo to collect , collate and publish statistics and facts relative to manufacturers , industrial classes , and material resources of the state , and es pecially to examine into the relations be tween labor and capital ; the moans of escape from tire , and protection of life and health in factories ana workshops , mines and other places of industries ) the employment of illegal child labor ; the exaction of unlawful hours of labor from any employe ; the educational , sanitary moral arid financial condition of laborers and artisans ; the cost of food , fuel , cloth ing and building material ; the causes of strikes and lockouts , as well as kindred subjects and matter pertaining to the welfare of industrial interests and classes. Sec. 5. The commissioner or his deputy shall have power to enter any factory or workshop In which labor is employed , for the pruposo of gathering facts and statistics , or examining the means of escape from fire , and the pro visions nmdo for the health and safety of operators in such factory or workshop ; and in case the ofliccr of the bureau shall discover any violation of , or the neglect to comply with the laws with ro- spoot to child labor , hours of labor for women and children , lire escapes nnd similar enactments now or hereinafter to bo made , ho shall notify the owner or occupant of such factory or workshop in writing of the offense or neglect , nnd if such olfense or neglect is not corrected or remedied within thirty days after the survlco of the notice aforesaid , ho shall lodge formal complaint with the attor ney in which the oflensa is committed or the neglect occurs , whereupon that ollipor shall proceed against the ofleudur 'according to law. Soc. 0. The commissioner or his deputy may examine hotels nnd lodging or boarding houses , for the purpose of dis covering whether they nro properly equipped with lawful tire escapes ; and he may post In any hotel , lodging or board- iue house BO examine the laws upon this matter , together with his olllcial state ment ns to whether said laws nro fully complied with by said hotel , lodging or boarding hoiiso ; and any hotel , lodging or boarding house keeper , or other who shall mutilate , destroy or remove from any building or buildings the said laws or statements so posted shall , upon conviction , bo lined any sum not to exceed $50 , for each and every offense. Whenever any hotel lodging or boarding house that has been posted as not having compiled with the terms of the law in respect to lire es capes , shall be properly provided and equlppedin the lawful lire escapes , and the bureau shall be notified thereof , the commissioner shall at ouco order a new statement , setting forth that fact to bo posted in said hotel , lodging or boarding houseand the b.ircau shall keep n record of all buildings so examined and posted. Soc. 7. The commissioner or his deputy may post in any factory or work shop examined by him , the laws now or hereafter to be made in respect to child labor , hours of labor , lire escapes , or others pertaining to the health and safety of artisans or employes ; and if the owner , manager and proprietor of any factory or workshop , or his "gent , or any person wliomsover shall remove , destroy or mutilate the law so posted , ho shallupon conviction , bo lined iu any sum sum , not to exceed $50 for each ofhmso. Sec. 8. The said commissioners shall have power to prescribe blank forms and transmit them to employers , which shall bo filled out clearly and completely under oath , by the person or persons to whom they are bent , with the facts , sta tistics and statements asked for , and re turned to him within such reasonable tinio as ho may fix. In case nny owner or occupant , or his agent , shall refuse to admit any ollicer of said bureau to his works-hop or factory when open and in operation , he shall lorfeit the sum of $10 for each and every oOVuse , and if he shall , through his agent , or ortherwiso. m-gloct , fail or re fuse to fill out said blank forms , and verify and return them as required , ho shall forfeit the sum of $10 for eauh and every day said blank is de layed beyond tlm time fixed by the com missioners for their return. 'I'ho forfeits named and provided in this act shall bo sued for in the nr.me of the state , by the county attorney of the respective county where such ollenso is committed , upon the complaint of nny ollicer of said bureau , or any citizen , nnd shall bo paid into the school fund. Sec. 1) ) . There nhall bo provided a seal of ollice for the use of said bureau , and the oommissionar or his deputy , for the purpose of making any investigation contemplated by this act , shall have power to administer oaths , take testi mony and subpuma witnesses , which witnesses shall receive the name fees as arc allowed to any person testifying in the district courts of this state , to bo paid juit of the contingent fund of this bureau ; Provided , however , That no person subpa-nii'd by the said commissioner or his deputy shall bo compelled to go out side the city or town in which he resides to testify in behalf of such investigation. Sec. 10. The commissioner shall report biennially to the governor , accompany ing his report with such suggestions and recommendations as may be deemed wise and proper. The said report shall bo printed and distributed accord- jug to the provisions of the law govern ing the printing of otlrer state reports. Sec. 11. The commissioner shall be allowed a sum not to exceed $500 per an num for traveling and contingent ex penses , and n further sum of ? 100 per annum tor the purchase of books and periodicals on labor and industrial mat ters for the bureau library. There is horehy appropriated annually out of any moneys in the state treasury , not other wise appropriated , a sum sufficient to carry out the provisions of this act. THE STUPENDOUS WHISKY TRUST Western Distillers Unite AVith a Capital of $1OOOOOOO. Now York Mail and Express : Ono ot the most stupendous schemes ever under taken in this country.now interesting the handlers of whiskies in all sections of the United States , and which is attracting wide attention.is known as the Distillers * and Cattle-feeders' Trust. Western men are at the head of the movement , and these are holding frequent conferences witla view of organizing a combination still moro powerful than the Standard Oil company and the American Cotton Oil Trust. The capital stock will not fall short of $40,000,000 , and dividends of (1 ( to 8 per cent per .annum are expected. The majority of loading distillers in the west have already signified their intention of alliliating with the new combination , and the success of tlio move ment is assured. S. li. Grccnthut , the Monarch Distilling company and Woolner Brothers , of Peoria ; Janscn , Walsh & Co. , and Maddux , Ho- ban & Co. , of Terra Hanto , and Warren II. Corning , of Cleveland , are a few of the millionaire distillers who are leading the movement. All of the gentlemen have become convinced of the absolute neces sity of keeping the production down to the actual demand. Heretofore this has been impossible. During the j'cars 1880 and 1883 there was a very largo increase in the production of hfchwincs , alcohol and spirits iu the northwestern states , and iu these larger distilleries were built than had ever oeforo been operated in this country , resulting , of course , In an overproduction. Distilleries were then losing largely on the productions , and an association was formed which was know as the Western Kxport association. This embraced between fifty and sixty , or nearly all , of the distilleries of the northwest. Their object was to limit the production to the requirements of the trade. Of cour.su , it was necessary to close down a largo number of these distilleries , and as a rule the < o of the greatest capacity were only operated. The e that ceased operations were paid from 1'J to 15 cunts a bushel on their capacity , which was about as much as was earned by the distilleries that were runnmg. Many of tl'oso ' that were closed received every year as niuoh as they were really worth , and it was neces sary to pay them liberally , otherwise they would IIIIVH threatened a disruption of the pool by resuming operations. Even under those circumstances there was found to bo each year a large mir- plus , and the only way to get rid of that was by moans of exportation to foreign countries. Durin" ; this period the pool paid a bonvs of irom 15 to 25 cunts a gallon on all alcohol thus exported , which was n heavy drag upon them , amounting as it did in some yuara from $ ' , ' 00,000to 1100,000. bast winter many of the distillers expressed dibSutisfauUou With the Western Export association. Some of the large distillers decided that a change was necessary , anil since Febru ary last they have been orgnni/.ln } ' the Trust company above "referred to. So far they have been as successful ut they expected , and have Induced about 80 pur cent of the distilleries to join. It Is believed that those still standing out must soon como in. It is the intention of the trust to select from the distillers those that can mnko the cheapest spirits , and they will run at their full capacity , thus diminishing the cost of production. During the pust six years the distilleries that have boon running were doing no upon a reduced capacity , say at 25 to ! iO per cent of their full capacity. This nat urally increased materially tlio cost of production. ntiDUCKD Aixonoiir KXI-OUTATIONS. One , p. ' the principal causes of tuo pro ducing capacity of the distilleries bolng so fnr nhcad ot the demand Is found in the fact that the largo trade in alcohol which this country formerly carried on with Europe and South America , an well as Australia , has boon entirely lost , A few years sitico our exports of alcohol amounted to from 200,000 , to 250,000 bar- rel.i per annum , Hvo years back wo supplied Spain with from 40,000 to (30,000 ( barrels , and Franco with 50,000 to 75,000 barrels each year , while South America required 20,000 to 25.000 every twelve mouths. Owing to the commercial treaty between Spain and Germany this immense trade has all been lost to us. The same ap plies to Franco , which also enjoys a fa vorable treaty with Germany. In South America corn is being grown nbout as cheaply as in the united Slates , and many distillery plants have been cx ported to that country , where alcohol Is now boine made as cheap ns hero. Wo now have to depend upon the domestic market ! ' , nnd our total exports of alco hol do not exceed 15.000 barrels a year. From these facts whisky men infer that immense benefit is to bo derived from the whisky trust , while it is also urged that it is very dangerous to the government and the pcoplu when the distillers are not making n profit , ns the chances for ilefriuuling Undo Sam are thereby largely Increased. It Is thought that 75 per cent of the spirits to bo made under the Trust will bo mude in Peoria , as it is claimed that they have the facilities for making whisky cheaper than other sections of the country , It being a largo corn producing country , and coal being worth nbout but live cents to six cents a bushel. Some of the Chicago cage distilleries will , of courses bo oper- alhud as well as those in Cincinnati , and possibly one In St. Louis. Many of the IVuria distilleries cost from & ' . 50,000 to $800,000. There are also valuable plants in other localities in the wot. Experienced whisky merchants say that the formation of the Whisky Trust will have no ollect on the market , anil they generally favor tlio proposed trust mainly because It Insures u .steady narket and uniformity of price. In New York are eight extensive rectify ing establishments. They are the mid dlemen between the producers and the jobbers. After the spirits are produced at the distilleries they are shipped here , and are refined and prepared for the requirements of the jobbing trade. Thcsd rectifiers luuo invested in their business over $1,000,000 , and transact nil annual business of $12.000,000. During the past live or six years these rootiliers inndo a very insignificant profit , owing to the competition here , nnd the same was tlm case in other cities. Under the trust It is understood that their interests afo to bo protected , and they are consequently strongly in favor of the new scheme. Taxed Should ho Jtcilucoil. A'cir Yoitt H'orM 1. IJecause it is right. "Unnecessary taxation is unjust taxation. " It is a mon strous injustice that the government should collect from the people $120,000 , 000 a year beyond its needs , 2. Dccauso it is wise. A treasury sur plus is a standing temptation to extrava gance. To enter iijTon schemes for spending the surplus is to perpetuate for another generation the already wickedly prolonged war taxes. To make extrava gance tlio national policy is to mortgage the future and to discount prosperity that may not continue. U. Because it would be a relief to the taxpayers. It is an insult to intelligence to say that the people "do not feel" an increase of15 per cent in the cost of $400,000,000 of dutiable imports throe- fourths of whicli are classed as necessa ries. 4. Because "thn best place for every dollar not needed for the legitimate ex penses of the government is in the pook- cts of the men who earned it. " Stupid Partisanship. C/ifmyn / Kent. So far as the republican state pi attorns of1887 go it appears as if that party were content to emulate the.stupid-exam ple set by the democrats when they were "in the cold shades of opposition. " At its meeting iu Harrisburg on Wednesday the Pennsylvania republican convention put the party's real attitude upon all national issues in this single sentence ; "Wo arraign the democratic party nnd the present national administration for their general imbecility in dealing with all great national ( jucHtious. How this must remind the reader of passages in democratic platforms prior to 18851 They always arraigned and de nounced their rivals in ollice , but tailed to initiate a single practical administrat ive reform. The republicans occupy thnir cold shoes now , and have adopted their phrase of envious misery with stupid unanimity. At tlio Ilillo Itnnun. Tha next contest at the Ueltovuo rifle range will be between the four depart ment teams composing the division of the Missouri , the members of which will commence to arrive on Monday next. The contest , including the days of pre liminary practice , will consume about ton days. This will bo followed by the competi tion between distinguished marksmen of the army. These man , by reason of their previous successes with the rille , are de barred from taking part in department , division and army team competitions , and for thoir-eako , and to still further ad vance the cause of marksmanship , this latest species of competition has been established. It will bring to this city the best shots in the United States army , and this will bo the first time that they will meet for contest. Thn Humane Society. Ollicor Clark , of this society , lias been very busy during the last few days. Tues day ho reported a case > of glanders had by.u horse owned by a man named Moore , residing on Popploton avenue bn- tweun Twenty-fourth nnd Twunt.v-lifth streets. To-day ho reported S. E. llur- dick for working a span of horses hardly able to walk. Ho also wishes it known thit the wull-known "epileptic lit" woman , who has mndo so mneli trouble on the bidowals , is living in n dug-out on the bottoms with three little children in a destitute condition. Ollicor Clark Ksiyn the Humane society has no jurisdiction in this caso. _ American UnivorKltU : ? . Seribnor's for September : It is pitiin that the development of the university in tills country involves n marked and per manent dillerentiatlon into two daemon of the hlghcreducational institutions now in existence. The vast majority ot the "colleges , " so called , in this country hhouliibo content to remain dollegns- that is , ploces which make no prottinco to carry men beyond such yftcondary education us is preparatory to a genuine university education. To improve the secondary education which they im part , and to make U somPMrhat worthy of the Idua connected In the minds of our people with the word "col- Icj'Kto , " may well satisfy their highest anibition. On the other hand , thnra can bo no doubt that the grout majority of tli * ) institutions now onllcd "imlvorsitirii' ' should renounce both thn n-iino aod ibu pretence of thn thing. Only Ihoso few institutions that have x I ready acquired largo resources o ( fiiniiiut ; iriKii * t.d cMut- hshed courses and equipment ot tha high est instruction , and Unit run hr > pu lo draw from tlulr ; own and from mnr wl- leges n fiiilliciont constituency of pnpil > already trained in u thorough sscondnry education , should strlvr. to develop Ui is i'M into