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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE : FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 9. 1887.
THE DAILY BEE " PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. DPr Of ornlflif Edition ) Including BundAr Bin , One Year . | 10 0 Jar Bli Months . to rprThreo Month * . 2 6 Th Omftba 8 nd f IKc , mailed to any addrM , Ono Year. . . . SO 'OMAHA OmcK. No. 4 Ann m FAroUH Rntcn Stir TOBK orrtcr. KOOII ft , . Tutu UN litril.iiiNri WAABINUTON OMICI , NO. & 13 ruUKTIKNTH 8IBCK1 . AH communication * relating to newt and d terlal manor Miould be ad'lrouod to th Bui TOR or TH * DIE. BD8IHBM MTTCMt AH DBftnois letter * and remittances ihould b MdreiMod to THC B I'um.iimiNfi COMPANI OMAHA. Draft * , check * and poxtofflco order to be madopayablo to the order of thecompanj THE BEE POBLISHIlTiMPJII ! , PROPRIETORS , E. KOSENVATEtt. KnrroK. THE J&AII/y BKK. Bworn Stateroom of Circulation. 8tet of Nebraska. I . . County of Iou Has. (8 < H- Oeo. 1) , Tzschticic , secretary of The Itc Publishing companv , docs solemnly swea that the actual circulation ot tlin Dally lie . ( or the week ending Sept. 2 , 1887 , was , a follows : Saturday. August 27 . H.lfi Hundnr. Aueust 3S . 14.2C Mondav , August 29 . 14.02 'Tuesday. Auitust : ) . 1101 Wrdnoieiay. August 31 . 14.01 ThtiMday. Sept 1 . 14.00 Friday , Sept. 3. . 13.UC Average . i. . 14.14 GKO. b. TZBCIIUOK. Hworn to and subscribed In my presenc this 3d day ot September , A. D. 1887 : , , . . N.P. FKIU fSEAL.1 Notary Public. State of Nebraska , I Douirlas County. ( M Ueo. B. Tzscbuck , being fln.t duly swon deposes and says that he Is secretary ot Th Bco Publishing company , that the artui venire dally circulation of th Pally Dee fc the month of Scphrnbrr , 1R . IS.uiiu copies for Ortoberm > 12.W9 copies ; for Woven her , 18B6 , 13,348 copies : for December , 188 13.237 copies : for January 1887. I0,2f copies ; for February , 1887 , 14,198 copies : fr March. 1887 , 14.400 copies ; for April , 188' ll lflcopips ; for May , 1887 , 14,827 coplM ; fo June 1S87 , 14,147 copies : for Julv. 1887 , 14 003 copies ; for August , 1887 , 14,151 copies. OKO. B TZSCITUCK. Bworn and subscribed In my presenc this nth dayot Sept. A. D. , 1887. fBBAUl N. I' . Fr.iL. Notary Public. THE twelve counci.racn who train wit Hawaii nmy bo divided into two classo : rogues and chumps. In other word ! knaves or fools. JOHN A. McSiiANB plundering the ta ; payers of Oinnhu by combining wit rogues and tools in tlio council , affords grand cxttmplo of reform. WHY didn't Cadet Taylor pnt in hi bid for otlicml advertising at 30 cents po quart ? That would have been just n proper as " 30 cents per folio. " Mil. BUTMSK recently declared in boastful manner that ho know "same thing about parties. " This is likely to b true , for ho has tried them all. THE fall opens with bright prospect ( or business. A healthful activity ha begun in all business centers throughoi the country and "good times coming eems to be the general fooling. THE weather , the crowds of visitors , th evidences of prosperity everywhere , th mutual good will among all classes , at making this week a memorable ono i the history of the state and of the city. LIKE the late Boss Tweed , John 1 McSImno after pulling a job througji tl : council , contemptuously proclaims bin self roaster of the situation , and doflanti asks the taxpayers what they are goin to do about it. GEORGE WILLIAM CURTIS , the "hea big" mugwump chief , intimates to newspaper man who wished to intervio him , that this is a belter time for thinl ing than for talking. Yes , the fact unmistakable that the president has give the mugwumps a great deal to think o COKORESSHAN DORSET indignant ! epurns the intimation that the Itepvbl can palmed oil'a wood-out of Grovi Cleveland for a likeness of G. W. E. Do ; ey. Wo take it that It was a blunde like that of last fall , when the likeness < of the colored candinato for the legisli turo appeared over the name of the em nent Scandinavian who was running c the republican ticket. THE artistic genius who sketched tl triumphal arch on Farimm street for tl cheapest and poorest morning paper i Omahamust have been slishtly elovatei or aillicted with a poetic llight of iraagii ation. But the architect is the man wt will feel most indignant over the liberi taken with the goddess , the omission i the transverse arch , and the ruthless di placement of the brass six-pounders thi cap the pedestals. THE settlers of Wlnto Pine country i Nevada have nsk-jrt the land dcpartmci to protect them against the unlawful m propriation of lands by rich foreigner They allege that several largo comprmi of Englishmen engaged in raising slice are crowding them out. The griovanci of the settlers are to bn investigated at it is to bo hoped the usurping foroignc will bo dealt with summarily. This but another Instance of the lame motl od so often employed by our goveri nent in dealing witli important quo tions. While wo are trying to sift o the incoming alien who may bccoiuo ohargo on the public , the rich robber allowed to come here and practice tl tyranous and ruinous methods of fo eign landlordism. The foreign robb baron must go. The indigenous variol if numerous enough for every purpose. THK Omaha police can do nothing please Congressman McSlmnc , sin Paddy Ford's boarders huve been i licvcu from duty. Thuy do not keopste with the regulars of the army in the pr cession ; soiuu of them were unifoni thri'u months old ; ono of thorn actual appeared under the arch without glovi and several of them did not satu Grovov's picture in front of the Paste worst of all , thut man Souvoy , who "pi tends" to bo chief of police , put on ai and rode a horse , as if ho were n Co grcssman ! So Mr. McSlumn turns li hose on the whole police force , and hou bards them with his Herald mud batter This will please Ilascall and his chur and the chumps that sneeze in count whenever ho takes emit ) ' , but the coi nuuity at largo sees through tills trail parent exhibition of potty malice at 'wall-bore politics. . Taking a Broader View. The report of the majority of the civil service commission on the action of the custom collector at Chicago in demand ing the resignation of ono of the employe ; of his ofllco against whom no charge hail been preferred , and who was practically forced ont of his position , has attracted a great deal of attention by reason of the fact that it takes n somewhat broadci view of the political rights of public em ployes , and of the obligations of official ! having the power of removal , than ha ; hitherto prevailed. Webster , the em ploye in question , went into the custom ! service at Chicago under the civil service law , having stood exceptionally hlgl in tiio examination. Ho mudo an excel lent cleric , and so far as his rcla tioim to the servlcn were concorneei there was not a single complaint againsi him. Hut ho is a Republican and ar honorably discharged wounded soldier and his place was wanted for a Democrat At least this is the only fair inference from the fact that the collector dccllnci to give any reason for forcing Webster U resign. The matter was brought to the attention of the President by the Civi Service Reform league ot Chicago , and by him referred to the commission. The case has boon Investigated and re ported upon by majority and minority reports , and the decision of the President will bo awaited with considerable interest , yiie lines are clearly drawn and radically different principles announced by tin two reports , and it will b < quite important to ascertain whicl of these has the approval of tin administration. The majority roper holds that Webster had a right to his po litical views , which ho appears never tc have offensively obtruded , and that In had a right at proper times to give expression pression to these views. The opinion i : not to bo tolerated , says the report , thai because a man occupies a place in thi classified civil service ho must therefore surrender his right to take au interest u the politics of the country. No good cit izen , the report goes on to say , will d ( so , and no degree of activity in effort tc advance the interest of the party opposed to the administration should , providci his partisan activity m no way interferes with his public duties , render insecure it the service of the government the posi tlon of any parson who does no occupy a place the discharge of thi duties of which affects public policies The opinion also holds that reason : should bo given for removals , in ordoi that officials possessing this power shal not abuse it and such abuse remain un < challenged. The appointing officer i not an employer nor a master. Ho is : servant of the pcoplo. and as such it IE his duty to give the people the reason ; for his conduct. The minority report takes the view that the political opinions of Webster being hostile to the adrain < istratlon his declaration of them would bo justifiable ground of removal , and that the collector was not under an ) obligation to make public his reasons foi demanding the resignation of his sub ordinate , taidng the further position thai a rule requiring reasons for removals if not desirable because it would place ai improper restriction upon the power o removal. It is very easy to see that the positioi taicon by the majority of the commisslor with regard to the political rights ol public officials is an advance. Tht president's attitude in this matter has been distinctly unfavorable to any son of political activity by any class of olllco holders. Ho has not denied the right ol of employes io have positive politica opinions , but ho has in ovcry cxplici terms advised against such opinions be ing publicly and freely proclaimed , anc this advice was made applicable to the entire service and not merely to those numbering very few comparatively , whi occupy places "the discharge of th duties of which affects public poll cics. " It will certainly bo ai interesting fact in the history of civil ser vice reform if the president shall sub scribe to the more advanced and libora principle regarding political rights main taincd by the majority of the commission and concede the obvious justice of re quiring reasons in the case of removals It might have the effect of startingi great many republican tongues that ar now prudently held in restraint , bnt i would acknowledge an American privl lego which , as the report says , no gooi cituen will surrender , and which h should not bo asked to. As to the mi nority report , it is purely a partisat view , but it may not on that account liiu loss favor with the president , as it certainly tainly will not with thousands of demo crats all over the country. But if th principles it advocates were to becora the rule of action civil service reforn would bo at an oud , Iho decision of th president in the Chicago case will hay unusual importance. To Appear In Another Arena. The statement is mudo that Mr. Pow dorly proposes , on resigning as gram master workman of the Knights o J.abor , which he will do on the meetln of the national convention of the ordc at Minneapolis next month , to go to Ire land and lend his influence to the caus of homo rule under the leadership of Mi Parnoll. If after having been himsol for so long a time a leader of men Mr Powderly can biibmit now to become follower , there can be no reason to daub that ho might render very importan service to the cause of Ireland. Ho woul go there with a certain prestige as liavin , organized and been at the head of th most extensive labor order over inst ! luted , and although he has not been abl to maintain it at its high est numerical strength , and hostile element has developed of sutllcion strength to make it expedient , if itahouli not force him to retire , ho still has a fal claim to consideration for what he 1m done for the organization of labor in th ) county. This identification with the in torosls of labor here would cause him t bo received with respectful attention b , the Irish pcoplo and by English working men , and a fuwof his aggressive speccho would doubtless give him command of i wide sympathy , which would certain ! not ho without effect. It is evident thn Mr. Powderly sees that his resignation i the only course to save himself fron overthrow , such has been the recent dc volopmont ot opposition to him auion ; the knights. The reasons for this ho : tllity it may be worth while to ir quire into hereafter , but for th present it is suflicent to say that the pot sonal ambition of rivals is not chic among them , if indeed it has played , an ; largo part. The greatest men nave thoi limitations , and those of Mr. Powdcrlj are not so broad as most of his adycr sarics have thought. It should perhaps in justice , bo said of him , however , thai bo is Honestly devoted to the interest and welfare ot the laborer , as ho under stands them , and wlnlo no responsible man has ventured to cast a doubt upor his integrity so there can be no qucstioi regarding his zeal. All this will bo rec ognized in whatever arena ho shall here after appear , and among the servi ccs which offer him an immediate oppor tunity , there is none in which ho couli probably be more useful than In the con test for homo rulo. Hot and Cold Our antique cotemporary which hni recently fallen into the hands of met who came to Omaha for blood am boodle , blows hot and cold , just as suit ita selfish purposes. Notoriously a mem ber of the unholy alliance that keeps this city in constant turmoil and socks t < make Mayor Broatch's administration o city affairs a failure , the ItcpttbUcan ad ministers soft soap to the mayor evori other day to make him believe in th ! personal good will of Its proprietors The latest performance in this dlrectioi is as ridiculous as it is disgusting : The wily Cadet pretends to rebuke it ! running-mate m jobbery the Ilcrahl- for charging that Omaha property hai declined 25 per cent during Broatch' ; administration. This absurdity is mad < the text for half a column of hog-wash it defense of the mayor and the fair farn < of Omaha. McShano's paper may assert that tin moon is made of green cheese , and tha statement would receive credence just n1 readily as the assertion that Omahi property has declined 25 per cent withii four months , in the face of the fuc that prices huvo been very firm niu business property has been changlnj hands right along at an advance. Bu even if property had declined win would bo so idiotic as to hold Mr. Hroatcl responsible ? How could the mayor's of flcial conduct affect property values ir Omaha ? Hut Cadet gallantly throw ; himself into the breach and takes hi : chances of offending the council con splrators by defending Mayor Broatcl against the terrible accusatioi that ho is responsible for at Imaginary decline in real estate If McShano had charged Broatch will being the cause of hog cholera , cattlt distemper or drouth , Cadet Taylor wouli be on hand promptly to refute the accu sation. and in the same breath ho would give aid and comfort to the rogues and chumps who notified the police forct that no pay would be voted to them , ai the very time when Omaha needs pollct protection the most. If Mayor Broatcl is stupid enough to believe in the sin centy of Cadet's professed indignation over the Herald's imputations , ho is cer tainly more susceptible to hypoeritica flattery than any of his worst enemies believe him to be. THE growth of the cotton industry of the south has become a mallei of quite serious concern to the New England - gland manufacturers. The doubts tha have heretofore existed regarding thi chances of southern success in competi tion with Now England are yielding before fore the stubborn argument of facts , anc the manufacturers of the latter scctiot arc forced to admit that the South is al ready a formidable competitor and grow ing more so every day for the cottot goods markets that have heretofore beei monopolized by Now England. Tbi south has raw material and fuel right ai her doors , while New England ha neither , and the spirit of the latter ha within u few years taken possession o the latter to a degree that is easil ; measured by results. These shov a very large increase in tin manufacture of cotton in the south sine 1880 , and a commensurate growth of tin sales of the product in markets until nov monopolized by Now England. Mean while this industry has made no progrcs in the north. With raw material am fuel right at hand the south is able ti surmount any adverse climatic influence or native genius and place its goods u successful competition all over the coun try with those from Now England , will all the latter's economic positions nm momentum and great plants scaled dowi in cost in a long series of years. Evidently dontly the New England manufacturer must bestir themselves , or in a few year they will bo badly loft in the race. THE position of doorkeeper of the nn tional house of repiesentatives is not , a some might be led to suppose from tin title of the office , an insignificant o menial position. On the contrary it is : very important one , financially and po liticaliy , and in the matter of patronagi the doorkeeper of the house has more ti dispose of than any other employe o congress , or than the speaker of tin house or the president of the senate. Thi favorite position is likely to bo an objoc of contest m the next congress , The in cumbent , Captain Donelson. of Tennessee nesseo , appears not to have given ontin satisfaction with his appointments , tin New York delegation especially haviiij found fault with him , and it is an nounccd that the pivotal state wil have a candidate for the phici backed by its entire demo cratic delegation in the house. Jus now the Now York man is to the democ racy what the Ohio man used to bo ti the republicans a person not to b ignored or trilled with and the Tonne secan will have something to fear if th Kmoira state pits a man against him The proposed candidate is not unknowi to the house , being an employe of an other department than that of the dooi keeper. OUR veterans are fighting their battle : over again in the light of the bivouai fires. And a pleasant warfare it is Most of them have grown gray now am their stop is not so light as when the : marched to victory nt the front , but thej still possess their indomitable spirit and should occasion call , could still show hov fields are won. These reunions of voter ans. when they can sit down peacofuli ; and talk over the past dangers and pros out prosperity of the country they helpei to save , are pleasant milestones iu tbei life's march. SIR JOHN MAcnoxALi ) , with Scotcl pertinacity , again threatens the Manila- bans with troops in case they persist ii building the Red River Valley railroai in opposition to the federal will. It Si John bo wise ho will lot the "rebels' alone , fur their light is not against tin government but in opposition to mono poly. England hns enough to do besides opposing subjects Who1 are ondoavorlnji to bettor their condl6n ( ( , STATE The light fingered crooks are working travelers at Grand Island. "Tho excitement In Omaha is in tent ; this week , " cheerily Vcmarks the Norfoll News. * ' The Fremont Trlbuno lias beer changed from a morning to nn ovenlnc paper. * ( The free delivery system will bo inau gurated in the Grand'Island postolllcc next month. I i The democratic county central committee mitteo of Cass will meet In Plattsmoutl on the 15th. Hastings will invest 115,000 in extend ing water mains , to keep up with tin growth of the town. Columbus is about to swerve from tlu straight and narrow path and slake it ! prospect of salvation in a brass band. The Adams county fair is in progrcsi in Hastings. The attendance is Furg < and the exhibit varied and extensive. The threo-rcar-old son of Charles McGuire - Guire , of CVdar Bluff : ) , died from Iho of foots of a kick of p. horse , last Tuesday The Pie Biters and Biscuit Slingers , ol Grand Island , are doing some tall worl for the baseball championship ot Hall county. The Fremont Tribune generously BUS ponded the boycott to allow the residents to picnic In Omaha. And they came bj the hundreds fair.frolicsome and pretty , The NyoAVilson-Morchouso Co. , tht Fremont elevator and lumber syndicate , is out from $3,000 to ft.OOO. R.'II. Giles , agent of the company at Lindsay , has dis appeared with the boodle. Frank Hoagland , of Fremont , lias con fessed that ho tired his store at Colon , tc realize an inflated insurance , but the policy men hopped on his game ; and compelled him to settle for f 1. During a period of aesthetic eloquence Alderman Hottnian , of Nebraska City , feelingly referred to a brother membei nuiucd Bartling as having as much sense as a dog. Bartling raised a point of dis order and complimented Rollnian with : i blow in the mouth that enlarged his ex haust pipe and knocked him down. The point was well taken and timely , and was followed by a peroration of Hatio periods and athletic exclamations. The debate ended after the first round. Since the enforcement of the herd law in Cheyenne county the farmers in the Mitchell bottom have had a snap on the cattlemen just across the lino. Recently sixty head strayed across the dead lint ; and were immediately seized by the farmers. As cattle soiled before had been mysteriously liberated during the night , these men decided to stand guard over the sixty head , boldly averring that they would till the first cow puncher wlic bothered them full of lead. They car ried two sixsliootcrs each and had truly thn appearaco of bad men. About the third night that the entile Imd been held , and when one of the most blood thirsty of the farmers was oh guard , armed as as above stated , a strariger rode up to him and saluting him politely said : "Well , pardner , 1 guesst we'll take the herd now awluioand you had bettoi make tracks for the .camp. . " "All right , sir , " quaked the facmer.c "I don't want you to think I am doing this , 1 am just working here , " although in reality he was the leader of the crowd. The farmot then rode off , and tho. stranger , assisted by four olhors who joined him , took the cattle across the line before morning , The farmers now swear Rleath to cow boys. u Colonel Wfttcraoii'a.'Neyv York Friends , , Couriti Jaurnal. iIn the very cxcefleiiC and expensive | ( company kept by these old friends ol mine there is but ono vice which youi thourougnly line gentleman must avoid , That vice is conviction. Ho who belie ves in something is a crank. He who persists in talking about something is a bore , You may bo a rake or a tough , ami , pro vided you have money enough , it shall go well with you. But you must not bo a crank or a bore ; that is , you must nol have opinions and express them , unless , indeed , they relate to the cut of a yacht's jib , or the turn of a woman' * ankle , in which case , you may discourse most lengthily and learnedly , and have an audience of yawpinc youngster , who .hope ono day to sit among thso admired elders of the bald- headed brigade. They wear silk stock ings and check shirts ; and care nothing about how much they pay for them , They build great rows of costly houses , and reck not whence they got the money. They swarm in Wall street by day and bloom of an evening at Delmonico's. All the while grimy hands nro toiling foi thorn in bounty-fed furnaces , and tax- cursed farmers are paying thorn tribute from mortgairr.il bomest'iuds in the west and south , and the government of the United States is enacting and enforcing laws to increase their opulence and grandeur , and subsidized philosophers in the press are writing articles to induce plain , honest pcoplo to emulate their vi cious splendor and to accept their gaudj and gauzy system of morality and econ omy as an embodiment ot the ouly true theory of life. TOM GREErrsTcATS. An Kx-Dnrtcnder With a Bin Hotel In Philadelphia and , a Mantn Tor Cats. A Philadelphia correspondent says A few years ago Tom Green stood behind a bar in a little saloon on Dock street , down by the river , and handed out a neat napkin with each drink of whisky. That napkin idea was his own , and no had a lot of other like it that ho put into effect , until now Green's hotel , which began operations in ono building just below Eighth on Clie.slmit street , takes in a quarter of a city block and covers an acre with tiled floors' , mirrored walls and frescoed and upholstered ceilings , while the annual increment to his hank account is placed at $100,000. One other idea Tom Green lias which is not so conspicuous feature . as his ono about napkins and mirrored walls. This other idea is cats. Down 'in ' Ins basement under his marble lloor'Iio ' lias the great est feline menagerie to bo founiF in a week's journey. TIfcro1 are anywhere from 75 to 100 cats prowling around in the regions under ground. They are in all stages of growth , fr6m kittens just opening their eyes to patriarchal old cats grown gray and 'rheumatic. ' There are cats with long t iiisf and cats with bobtails and cats with no tails at nil. There are handsome ' 'tabbies and uglv toms , and and if thero'is u'cat anywhere on the earth that the owner wishes to duplicate ho can find the exact image in Tom Green's bosehcrlt. Those cuts roam around at will in their gas lighted quarters. ' ( "What's the matter1' asked ono of the waiters. "Matter ! Dar's a millyun debb lca down dar. 1 put down dat dar pan ob milk and called. 'Kitly , Kitty , ' nn1 yo' ohghter see 'em come. Dar was eyes astarin' out ob every corner. Talk about keyatsl Say , dey's a-comin , yet. Yo1 don't git mo down dar no mo' no sail ! " Said ono of the old hands : "They live high. They can have anything they want. There's plenty of waste in a bl place like tlfis , and they can have tenderloin - loin and mushrooms if they want it. Thcro isn't a rat about the hotel. There used to bo lots of themand big ones , too. but you can't find a trace of one now. It's a sight to co down there , though. You catvt see anything but cats , aim if you happen to get into a dark corner cuts' uyes are staring at you like coals oi lire from all around. MEtHCAL VIEWS ON SMOKING Two Eminent Physicians Give Their Opinioi on the Effect of Tobacco. MODE RATE SMOKING HARMLES Mow to Smoke- The Evil * of Clgai ctto 1'ufllnR Clicwlnn Tobacco U a Vile and Decidedly * . tnjurloaa llablu ! ' John C. Shaw , M. D. , cllnio.il pro fcssor of diseases of the nervous systoi at Long Island College Hospital , Brook lyn , N. Y. , says in the Epoch : Whenyo compare the Americans with the Spar ards , the Mexicans uud the Cubans , should hardly say that our countrymc smoked lee much. Those nations suiok a great deal more , but I am not able t say whether they are Injured by so dolnj The excessive use of tobacco will some times causa a trouble in the heart1 action , and the oculists claim that thor is a disease of the optic nerve produce by the satno causo. But 1 am not quite positive of that , am rather inclined to think that in thos cases there is a general condition of th nervous system which brings about th trouble , and probably alcohol has a much to do with it as tobacco. Thcro is no question about tobacc being a poison , and it may bo a poison t certain individuals ; but among all wh smoke I have never scon any ncrvou disease which I should attribute direct ) , to the use of tobacco , except the hoar trouble already alluded to. I doubt whether "tobacco heart" couli bo produced by cigarette smoking , doubt whether cigarette smoking is an ; worse than cigar smoking. Some poopl claim it is worse and that it deus mor harm , but I do not believe that. I do not think a boy bos any busincs to smoke. Such a habit may bo tolerate * m older parsons. We all know that as i man grows older ho can bear mor stimulants. The man who works hard i boiler able to stand artificial stimulant than the man who doesn't. From what I sec of smokers I sliouli say that the man who smokes : i pipe i worse off than the man who smokes : cigar or cigarette. Ho gets a good dea of oily material which forms in the piui and stays there. I think chewing tobacci is the worst habit of all a beastly habit A man is more apt to injure himself b : chewing than ho is by smoking. Some laymen with whom 1 have talkcc say that ono reason why cigarette smok ing is bad is because the smoker inhale ; the smoke into his lungs. That is n bac thing for anyone to do. I do not knov that such a practice would affect tin lungs , but the smoker would get more o the nicotine into his system than if ho du not pursue the practice. Nicotine , o course , is the deleterious principle in thi tobacco. I do not bolicvo that tobacco has evoi made anybody insane , and I have bin largo experience among insane pcoplo I believe that the tobacco habit can bi broken much cosier than the alcoho habit. Smokers have the craving , bu they abandon the habit after a shor time. I have heard thai some doctors declarer they had to smoke or chow as a means o warding off contagious disease whet making.thelr round of calls. I am in clined to think that such doctors mus have boon fond of "tho weed" and prob ably gave this as a sort of excuse foi using it. I do not smoke myself , but I have nc prejudice on tbo subject. I do not smoke because 1 cannot. If I should attempt tc smoke and persist in smoking it wouli damage my nervous system. I do not think there are any case : where a physician should advise a matte to smoke. A man is as well off if hi doesn't smoke ; in fact , better off. When I talk with a patient and ones tion him about his smoking , I find on how long ho has suinke'l and if ho ha : over had any trouble from it. Then ] advise him to bo quite moderate in th < use of tobacco. I do not prohibit it , bin I advise moderation. But a man would bo better off if ho did not smoke ut ail Wo hear men eay constantly thatthoj derive a great deal of comfort fron smoking , and I presume that they dc obtain a certain stimulating effect fron : the use of tobacco which gives a certait : amount of satisfaction ; but a man cat : just as well get alone without it. Mei got along without tobacco before thoj knew what it was. How htrange the use of tobacco sccmct when It was lirst introduced is illustrator by an anecdote. An historian says that the valet of Raleigh once ciime to hi ! apartment , carrying a pitcher of beer and saw his master through a cloud o : smoke. Thinking that lie had caughi fire , as Raleigh kept blowing the smoke out of his mouth as thougli it wore f chimney , the servant , in his eagerness tc "put out the fire , " quickly , ami without any ceremony , threw the contents of tlu pitcher on the great man and then rar tiwaj to give the alarm. * # W. M. Butler , M. D. , says in the sam < magazine : I suppose that the least harm ful method of smoking is the use of s clean pipe with mild tobacco a pirn that has not absorbed the nicotine. Tin harmfulness of a pipe comes troiu iti having absorbed a great quantity of nicotine tine , so that you are constantly taking more or less of it into the system. Tht cigir would come next In favor. Oi couro , the stronger a pipe is the more nicotine there is iti it , ami the more nicotine tine you have the creator is the chance ol injuring your system. Tlio chief con stituents of lobacco smoke are water carbonic acid , carbonic oxide iu a state of gas , and nicotine. When u man smokes too much the excess produces redness and irritation ol the stomach , and tlvo membrane secrete ! irregularly and does not produce tlio dm amount of gastric lluid. llonce , digustior is interfered with. That is the first phase. After awhile the stomach cuts into such u condition that it tolerates this state of existence , sc that there is not the same nausea produced ducod In an old smoker that wo find in a young smoker. Whether smoking is good for a mar depends on his organization. I do nnl think that smoking is ever really bene ficial for a nervous man. Then , again , much depends on how much a man smokes , and when ho smokes. There arc certain men who , when they are tired , when their nervous system hai been on too great a strain , will smoke ouo or two cigars ; they will become quiet. The nervous man slioulei nol snioUe at a.i. Phlegmatic persons would no least liable to bo harmed. It depends on how much you smoke as to whether you will become harmed by the practico. The people who are in- jtirnd by tobacco tire those who smoke too much , those who sraoko on un empty stomach , and those who use strong tobacco. But if a man only smoked in moderation say two or three cigars n day ho would not stand much chance ol bom" injured yery sariuusly. on can not lay down a rule how much u man blmll smoko. Some men are more BUS coptlblo to the effects of tobacco than others. When smoking makes a man feel bad or nervous , ho u > ay consider that lie bail rccnlvrel notice to quit , A man might omokcfu cigar after a heavy dinner , nnil feel quieted by it , but if ho continued smoking , ho would excltn the norrou system so that ho could not sloop a night. And there are a gront man people who cannot snioko at all at nigli without interfering with sloop. Some men got the habit of smoking s fixed that they smoke constantly. Th tobacco habit Is just as hard to break a the alcohol habit. 1 know a man wh discontinued smoking for eight yean and , at the end of that time , ho wantei to sraoko as badly as ho did at first When the tobacco habit Is once llrml formed a man seldom loses his taste fo "tho weed. " Tbo dlseaso known as the "tobacc heart , " which is caused by oxcosslv smoking , may bo described as n weal action of the heart. In a certain discos ot the heart produced by smoking th symptoms arc retro-sternal pains , will extrumo anguish , paleness of face , coli sweat , faintness , deep and sighing rcspi rativn and slowness of the pulse , whicl Is also Intermittent. 1 have seen i case where a man's ordinary mils was 110 , simply from excessive smoking Eventually the man's nervous systen broke down entirely. Then there is the smoker's throat That consists of an irritable state of thi mucous membrane at the back of tin throat ; redness , dryness and enlarge mcnt of the tonsils which renders swal lowing painful. This Is more often pre duccd by cigars than pipes , and is tisn ally cured If the smoker stops smoking Writer's cramp , steel pen palsy tolrgraphor's cramp and pianist's crami nro often brought on by an excessive usi of tobacco. Smoking tmmoeleratoly wll also cause a trembling of the hands , sucl as we sea it. old ago. A man who has any disease of the lungs will Increase the throat trouble i : he smokes excessively. The man with t cough is sure to be more distressed iu t room full of tobacco smoke. While it ii questionable whether the smoking habil produces any disease of the lungs ir itself , after the disease has once bcguu there is no doubt that tobacco smoke acts as an irritant. General Graut died of cancer of the throat , but it is very questionable whether the disease was produced by smoking that remains to bo proven. I have never seen any man who smoked enough to warrant being sent to an in sane asylum. I have scon ono case ol sub-acute mania that was said to have been produced by tobacco , but I question the statement. The patient die ! use n great deal of tobacco , but many mcu outside of insane asylums use much of it. Cigarette smoking is , by all odds , the most pernicious of tobacco habits , be cause the cigarette smokers Inhale n largo quantity of tobacco sraoko. Noth ing too sovcro can bo Raid apuinst boys smoking cigarettes. Cigarette smoking interferes with nutrition. Boys who am persistent cigarette smokers are apt to be dwarfed and stunted in their growth. They do not grow as they should , and their nervous system is not projiorly developed. Not only is there arsenic in tlio paper used , but there are often for eign substances in the tobacco. If they will smoke cigarcttcx , the least harmful ones are the "tobacco" cigarettes. A cigarette smoker is generally pale , and has an air as if lacking nutrition. ] think a law should bo passed prohibiting the sale of cigarettes to boys. Only lately I read an item in a newspa per to the oft'eot that out e > f twenty young men who competed for a West Point caeletship at Wcstfiold , Mass. , ten were rejected by the physician because they had "tho tobacco heart.1'brought on by cigarette smoking. They were unfit for West Point service. Cigarette smoking is always injurious. It is true that the French , the Cubans , the Spaniards and Mexicans are great cigarette smokers , but they are a very nervous people. Still , 1 do not think it injures them as much as it does Amer icans. Switches are Hitchwaya. St. lout * neiiuhltcan. An interesting decision on the subject of switching ; urivilegcs has just been ren dered by the Iowa railroad commission ers and it involves a reversal of a de cision in a precisely similar case rend ered three years ago. Two largo and wealthy roads , the Illinois Central and the Chicago , Milwaukee & St. Paul have managed to secure possession of nearly all the available space for switching grounds in the city of Dubuquc , and have excludcel other roads from using their tracks , oxoopt at exorbitant prices for the privilege. This has been a seri ous inconvenience to the other roads and to the business of the city also , and the Dubtiquo chamber of commerce took up their cause and made complaint to the state railroad commissioners. The switching grounds , together with the terminal arrangements on them owned by the Illinois Central and the Chicago , Milwaukee & St. Paul , had become so adjusted to the business habits of the city that access to the leading mills , elevators , depots , warehouses and factories could bu had only over tlutm. Other roads were charged $2 per car fo using thoHwitchcs when takingon freight for non-competing points , unel were de barred from them entirely when they de sired to take on freight for points served by the Illinois Central and the Chicago , Milwaukee & St. Paul. Theses two roads claimed the grounels r.ml the switches thereon as their exclusive private prop erty winch another road had no right to cso , except on their terms , and that they illicit exclude other roads from them entirely if they saw lit to do so. The other roads and tha chamber of com merce claimed that sueli exclusive ownership would give tlio two proprietor roads a monopoly of a largo share of the business of the city and deprive the mer chants of the advantages of competition. The question is an interesting ono , fur there are other cities besides Dubuque where a very nearly similar state of things exists anel it is important to know , once for all , whether ono or two roads that are first to bocuro possession possession of tlio only entrance to a city , or thn only available switching access to its loading and unloading points , may exclude all others , and thus place the business of tlio city at their mercy. The commissioners decided against the claim of tbo two roads , holding that ono road has a right to use , when necessary , not only the main track , but the switches also of another road. It may use oven the station houses of another road , and nil other property employed for railroad pur poses. "Tito sidings of the Illinois Cen tral and tlio Chicago , Milwaukee and St. Paul roads in Dubuquc are public high ways , as well us tliuir main tracks , and those companies tire required to hall over them the cars of alt other companies at reasonable rates , whether the business is or is not competitive. A reasonable rate is $1 a mile , $1.50 for two miles , and 13 for three miles. " How a I'lfjknockot nnt On . Special Officer Clark has been tryiug for a long time to make a record for him self. He Imd an opportunity to do so yesterday. Felix Redely , a pickpocket , was caught by a lady with Ins hand in her pocket. She sei/.ed him and cried for assistance. The man , in his efforts to get away from her , tore the woman's dres.s almost into shreds. O Hi cur Clark rushed to the rescue , caught the prisoner , and without getting tlm niiino of the womanwith a flourish ol trumpets marched - od tlm man to the central station. The woman disappeared and no Information us lo bur whereabouts could be ) gathered. Under those circumstances Judge lierlca hud to roleuso Iho prisoner , and Clark came in for a round share of condemna tion from the court , County Attorney Slmcrul and City Attorney DavU. A LAOS MEROHAST. - : . - ; The Wuo Juno sky stretched Itself like nn azure tent over the farmhouse ; tbo chestnut trees were all in blossom ; and the yellow-bolted boos were murmuring over the white pinks and cinnamon roses iu the garden , whem the sound of a soft volco roused Joab Martin from the etozo into which he had sunk. Dinner was just over , and Joab had worked hard in the hay-field that morn ing ; nevertheless , ho sat upright and looked around In some surprise at that strange , unwonted accent. The volco was ut the back of the house , whore his mother was spreading table- linen out to bleach on the short , sweet grass. "Would you like to buy n little lace , to- dayf" It asked ditlidcntly. ' No , " shortly responded Mrs. Mnrtin. "A collarf Or atichuT" pleaded the voice. ( | 'They are the very latest styleVJ This time ths Widow Martin's tone was a degree more decided than before. "But vou will allow mo to show them to you ? ' ; "Needn't trouble yourself , " tartly re torted Mrs. Martin. "I never wear such kickshaws. " Then followed a brief silence : "Could you plvo mo a drink of watcrf" at last spoke the ice merchant. "I have walked Homo distance nnd am tired and thirsty. " "There's the well , " said Mrs. Martin , curtly , "and there's the bucket hanging up alongside , with a gourd shell to drink out of.'r Joab bit his lip. They sounded so brnsqtic and uncotir- tcous , those words of his mother. He strode round to the rear of the house. "Let mo draw you n bucketful of fresh water , " said ho kindly to the woman. "Sit down on the green bench , there under the trees. Mother , haven't f you n little left of the fricnsseoy chicken that wo had for dinner nnd n piece of apple pie and a glass of milk for the young laely ? " "I suppose ) so , " was Mrs. Martin's eruelgingly-givon answer , ns she spread out the pocket-handkerchief , and taking up her basket wont into the house. The dinner was plain nnd simple , butte to Abby Linton it tasted better than any thing that Voroy could have served up. " 1 haven't sold anything to-day , " said she with n faint sigh , which was pain fully nigh to a sob. "I should have gone hungry had it not been for your kind ness. " "Isn't a peed business , then ? " said Joab. "Soiling laces , I mean ? " "Not " answered . very , Abby. At that moment the clock struck 2 , and Abby rose. " 1 must now go , " said she. "I am very much obliged to you , Ma'am. " And she dropped the prettiest of hftlo courtseys to Mrs. Martin , who rcsnondeel only by a grim inclination of the head. < Joab looked after her as she walked down the long , arched path with the heavy basket on her arm. "I almost wish you had bought something " said ho. "She's thing of her , mother , such a slim creature ; anel , after all , life la not easy for a woman who has her own way to make in the world. * "Stuft'and nonsense ! " said Mrs. Mar tin. "Like enough , after all , she's an impostor. " Joab smiled. } ' "She don.t look it. " said ho. Scarcely an hour afterwards they brought poor Abby Linton back to the house. She had fallen by the roadside , overpowered by the heat. * . "Well , I declare , " said Mrs. Martin , "I bliovo she did it on purpose. " For three long weeks Abby Linton lay there ill and weak. Her stepmother , a feeble , skimmilky sort of little woman , was telegraphed for , but was unable tote to re'ndeir any assistance ) . "I'm sure I elon't know what's to bo- corao of Abby"groaned the little step- s mother. "She never seems to succeed in t | anything. But she must earn her own * , living somehow , for there's nine at home without her. I do hope , Abby , you'll try to be directed in some more satisfactory course. The Ince business certainly can't bo depended upon. And you know you're in debt to the Manchester firm for all them collars and thingumbobs that was scattered on the grass and fingered over by the neighbors when you fell. They can't be returned now. " "That is the worst of It , " said Abby , turning her poor , pale little face to the ) wall , and the tears welled Into her eyes. "And Brigsby and Co. are awful par ticular , " added the stepmother. "Oh , dear ! oh , dear ! you always was unlucky , Abby. " Joab , who was standing out on the poroh , ground his teeth furiously. "That woman would drive a saint mad , " eaid he. The next time a receipted bill came to Abby Union r. bill for tliu value of the goods in lace and muslin which Miss Abby had last had from the firm of Brigsby anel Co. , in Manchester. "What can it moan ? " sale ! Abby , with the tears of joy glistening in her eyes. "Oh , how very , very thankful i am. " And from that day she began to mend. But when she first wont out into the sunshine , with the scent of ripening peaches on the wall and the hollyhocks beginning to open their grand crimson cups against thn hedge , she looked vaguely around. " ( t is a beautiful world , " shn said ; "anel yet anel ye > t if I had elicd the prob lem woulel have been t > olved so easily. " "Wliat problem ? " naked Joab , who was carrying a cushioned chair out under the chestnut trees , whore she could sit and watch the sunbeams coino . . . and go. * "Shall I tell you ? " asked Joab com posedly. Abby looked wistfully at him. " 1 should bo very thankful for a little good advice , " said she , "whether I am able to follow it or not. " "Well , then , don't go anywhere , " said Joab. "And elon't ' do anything. " "I elon't think I understand , " said Abby , timidly lifting her eyes to his face. "Stay Hero , Abby , " pleaded the young man , "and let mo elo what is to bo done for us both. Bo my wife , dear my mother's cherished daughter For I love you Abby , ana I cannot bring myself to let you go. " Abby's eyes were actually radiant as ihe looked at him. "It seems as if I miiat bo dreaming , " laid she. "Oh.Jcab , lam so glad , so liappvl But your mother ? " "Wo will ask her , dear , " said Joab , tenderly passing his arm around the ston ier young waist. "Sho will welcome you , never fear. " Anel to Abby's infinite surprise , Mrs. Martin received her tenderly lo her heart. "I am glad you've taken to Joab , jhild , " said she. "It has alwajs ap peared as if there was something wani ng about the plnco since my little girl Heel , fourteen years uyo. You bcom to ill up the vacant placo. I'll do my best o fill a mother's place to you. " It was nol until after the wadding day hit : Abby exclaimed , it if with a sudden 0 : liought , "Joab , it was you that paid ( hat ' ; iillnf Ungsby andCo.'s. " 'I'us , " . aiel Joab , calmly , "it was I. " Abby's eyes ellmmed with tender tears. "Oh , Joab"she said , "that was the Irst medicine that did mo any real ( rood . Dear Joab. how kinel you are ! " And to receive the tender little kiss ; hat Abby prohscel upon hla cheek , Joab \lartiu \ would have cheerfully i > : ild a loz en such bills us that of Brigsby uud Jo. 1)1 ort From Ilia InJurlcH. John McAfee , who was Injured on S. lie railroad e-ast of Crete Wednonuny morn / ne , died nt 1335 p. nt , lie did not refill ! : onsclou3ness.